# Definitions

Mechanics
Displacement: the vector of distance Velocity: rate change of displacement Acceleration: rate change of velocity Linear momentum: the product of mass and velocity Impulse: the change of momentum Power: rate of transfer of energy Efficiency: the measure of usefully transferred energy

Thermal Physics
Mole: it is the measure of the amount of substance relative to the number of atoms in 12 grams of C12 .Molar Mass: is the mass of one mole Avogadro number: equals the number of atoms in one mole of 12C, 6.02×1023 Specific heat capacity: it is the energy needed to raise the temperature .of a specific unit mass by 1 K Thermal capacity: energy needed to raise the temperature of a body .through 1 K Specific latent heat is the latent heat per unit mass, latent heat is the .energy associated with the any change of state for the substance .Pressure: equals the force per area

Fields and Forces
.Gravitational Field Strength: the force per unit test point mass .Electric Field Strength: the force per unit test +ve charge

Atomic and nuclear physics
.Nucleon number A: the total number of protons and neutrons .Proton Number Z: the number of protons in the nucleus .Neutron Number N: the number of neutrons in the nucleus .Radioactive half life: the time taken for half of the sample to decay Unified mass unit: one unified mass unit equals one twelfth the mass of ;a Carbon-12 Mass defect: is the difference between the mass of the nucleus and its .component nucleons Binding Energy: is the amount of energy released when a nucleus is .assembled from its component nucleons

Definitions Binding Energy per nucleon: energy needed to separate a nucleus into .its individual nucleons

Electromagnetic induction
.Magnetic flux: magnetic field lines Magnetic flux linkage: product of N turns of the coil and amount of flux .passing through one turn of a coil ɸ: flux linkage = N ɸ

Digital Technology
.Capacitance: it is the charge per p.d Quantum efficiency of a pixel: is the ratio of number of photoelectrons .emitted to the number of photons incident on the pixel Magnification: is the ratio of the length of the image in the CCD and the .length of the object

Astrophysics
.Light year: the distance travelled by light in one year .Luminosity: total power radiated by a start .Apparent brightness: power received per unit area .Parsec: is the distance where the parallax angle is one second Absolute magnitude: the apparent magnitude that a star would have if .it was observed from a distance of 10 parsec Critical density: it is the theoretical value of density that would create a .flat universe

Electromagnetic Waves
Principal axis Focal point Focal length Linear magnification Power of a convex lens Dioptre Far point Near point Angular magnification