Building Service

LEED Project Site Sustainability
.
Instructor: Dr. Sahar Kharrufa

What does mean SITE SUSTAINABILITY ?
How does your project impact a site? Buildings have significant effects on their surroundings, including vegetation, wildlife habitats, and water movements (hydrology). A building can also influence a site's cultural history, urban density, and local infrastructure. The key is to realize that your development is not only sitting on the ground, affecting the site adjacent to it, but also radiating its affects on larger systems, both local and global.

Parking Capacity 9.1. Light Pollution Reduction . Heat Island Effect . Construction Activity Pollution Prevention (prerequisite) 3. Public Transportation Access 6.Quality Control 11. Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms 7.Non-Roof 11.Maximize Open Space 10.Quantity Control 10. Brownfield Redevelopment 5. Development Density & Community Connectivity 4. Low Emission & Fuel Efficient Vehicles 8. Site Selection 2.Roof 12.2. Storm water Design .2. Heat Island Effect .1.1. Site Development .Context 1.2. Storm water Design . Site Development .Protect or Restore Habitat 9.

Public parkland (Park Authority projects are exempt) Submittal Phase: Design • • • • • • 1.S. Implementation: DO NOT develop on sites: Prime farmland as defined by USDA1 Within 50ft. rivers. Habitat for any endangered or critical species. To reduce environmental impact from the location of a building on a site.Site Selection • • • Intention: To avoid development in inappropriate sites. Department of Agriculture . of a water body (lakes. seas.U.) Comply with Clean Water Act. etc.

Construction Activity Pollution Prevention (prerequisite ) • Prevention This is a prerequisite credit. Construction Activity Pollution Prevention is the first. 1 .2 LEED-AP reference guide . There are 7 overall prerequisites in the New Construction version 2. • Submittal Phase: Construction 1-Prerequisite credits are mandatory credits that MUST be accomplished for a building to become LEED certified.

structural : silt fences . earth dikes .Erosion and Sedimentation Control . there can be a lot of pollution going on. • Goal is to prevent the loss of soil. especially when it rains. • Follow the EPA 2003 (Environmental Protection Agency) standards. pollution.• • • • Intention: During construction.stabilization : seeding and mulching 2. • Ways to control sedimentation: 1. Pollution on construction sites can be reduced by controlling: Soil erosion Airborne dust generation Waterway sedimentation Implementation: (Erosion and Sedimentation Control) 1 • Provide ESC plan into construction documents and specifications. sediment traps 1. and sedimentation.

• Protect green fields and protect habitat and natural resources.000 sq. Implementation: • Density Development (OPTION1 ) 1 Minimum 60.Development Density & Community Connectivity Intention: • To channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure. per acre compare to 2 story downtown building previously developed site. churches. • Community Connectivity (OPTION 2) previously developed site within 1/2 mile radius of 10 basic services such as Banks. restaurants . within 1/2 mile of residential area averaging density 10/units per acre 1-unit of area used to measure plots of ground • .ft.etc.

1 Brownfield definition by the EPA and CERCLA . 2 1-ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 2.Brownfield Redevelopment This credit happens to be one of the most expensive to implement. and Liability Act . Compensation.Comprehensive Environmental Response. Intention: • Rehabilitate damaged sites (environmentally contaminated sites) • Reduce pressure on undeveloped land • • Implementation: Rebuild on a contaminated site as documented by ASTM E1903-07 or local codes. Thusly there are many government incentives / tax breaks to help.

Public Transportation Access Intention: Reduce Pollution from auto use and Reduce land development from auto use Implementation: • Case 1: locate project within 1/2 mi. from two public or campus bus lines . from existing or future planned (and funded) train or subway station • Case 2: locate project within 1/4 mi.

Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms • This is the first credit that deals with FTE1 occupants. An 8-hour occupant has an FTE value of 1. The definition of FTE is a sort of calculation explained here: Calculate the full-time equivalent (FTE) building occupants based on a standard 8-hour occupancy period. FTE Occupants = Occupant Hours / 8 This calculation must be consistent for all LEED for New Construction credits. while a parttime occupant has an FTE value based on their hours per day divided by 8. • • • 1.0.Full-Time Equivalent .

005 FTE) within 200 yards Case 2 (residential): provide bike rack for 15% of residents • • . Reduce land development from auto use .Intention: Reduce Pollution from auto use . Implementation: • Case 1: provide bike rack (based on 0.05 FTE measured at PEAK periods) within 200 yards AND provide changing room and shower (based on 0.

• preferred parking EXCLUDES handicap spaces . with preferred parking (0.Low Emitting and Fuel Efficient Vehicles Intention: • Reduce Pollution from auto use • Reduce land development from auto use Implementation: Option 1: provide low emission cars (yes.03 FTE) Option 2: provide preferred parking for low emission cars Option 3: provide charging station and refuel stations for low emission cars • low emission car = ZEV (zero emission vehicle) = minimum energy star of 40. provide cars to people).

• provide carpool parking Option 2 (non-residential): • for projects that provide parking for less than 5% of FTE building occupants: provide carpool parking Option 3 (residential): • do not exceed local codes • shared vehicle program Option 4 (all): • provide no new parking .Parking Capacity Intention: • • Reduce Pollution from auto use Reduce land development from auto use • Implementation: Option 1 (non-residential): • do not exceed local parking requirements in proposed parking scheme .

for utilities less than 12in.000 sq.ft. min/acre) and using vegetated roofs may apply vegetated roof surface for this calculation • 20% of site area to be green • include building footprint in calculation 1. of main utility trenches & 10ft. of roadways • 10 ft.variation in life forms . of walkways • 15 ft. diameter previously developed sites : • keep 50% of site green (using native species) • exclude building footprint in calculation zero-lot-line: • projects earning SS2 (60.Protect or Restore Habitat Intention: • Conserve existing natural areas • Restore damaged areas • Provide habitat space • Promote biodiversity 1 Implementation: Green field sites : protect by limiting site disturbance beyond: • 40 ft. of building perimeter • 25 ft. of constructed areas • 15 ft.

Maximize Open Space Intention: • A high open space to footprint ratio • Promote biodiversity Implementation: • Case 1: there IS a local code for open space restriction – open space should exceed local code by 25% • Case 2: there is NO code (campuses or military bases) – open space is to be same size as building footprint • Case 3: there IS a local code. but ZERO open space requirement: – open space should be 20% of site area .

Quantity Control Intention: • • • • • • • • • Limit the disruption of natural hydrology Increase on-site filtration Manage storm water runoff Eliminate sources of contaminants Reduce impervious cover Reduce/eliminate pollution Remove pollutants from storm water runoff Storm water Design (for reduction of impervious surface) alternative surfaces: rain gardens. pervious pavement. vegetated swales. rainwater recycling non-structural surfaces: vegetated roofs.Storm water Design . • . grid pavers .

Implementation: • case 1: impervious surface1 less than or equal to 50% of total site area – post-development peak discharge rate and quantity equal to or less than predevelopment – implement a storm water management plan that protect receiving stream channels from excessive erosion by implementing a stream channel protection strategy and quantity control strategies. which replace naturally pervious soil with impervious construction materials. such as pavements and building roofs. • case 2: impervious surface more than 50% of total site area – post-development peak discharge rate and quantity 25% less than predevelopment 1-artificial structures. .

Quality Control Intention: • • • • • • • • • • Limit the disruption of natural hydrology Increase on-site filtration Manage storm water runoff Eliminate sources of contaminants Reduce impervious cover Reduce/eliminate pollution Remove pollutants from storm water runoff Storm water Design (for reduction of impervious surface) alternative surfaces: rain gardens. rainwater recycling non-structural surfaces: vegetated roofs. vegetated swales. grid pavers .Storm water Design . pervious pavement.

swales • natural and mechanical treatment: constructed wetlands.Total suspended solids 2.Implementation: • treat and capture 90% storm water runoff 1 • remove 80% TSS2 use acceptable BMPs considering the following: • sustainable design strategies: low impact. vegetated filters and open channels 1.Best Management Practices . environmentally sensitive design) • alternative surfaces: vegetated roofs.

(Countrysides) . This credit reduces this effect. Basically. It ranged from 0 (black) to 100 (white).Non Roof • The Heat Island effect occurs when warm temperatures are experienced in urban areas compared to adjacent rural areas1 because of solar energy retention on constructed surfaces. all of that black asphalt and concrete on the ground makes areas a lot warmer. It’s a way to measure a materials ability to reject solar heat. This is not to be confused with emissivity.Heat Island Effect .are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities. • This credit also mentions the Solar Reflectance Index (SRI). which is the ratio of the radiation emitted by a surface to the radiation emitted by a black body at the same temperature. 1.

sidewalks) with paving material of SRI 29 or higher.Intention: • Reduce heat islands • Minimize impact on microclimate and habitats Implementation: • option 1: – provide shade to 50% of site area (within 5 years of occupancy) – provide open grid area (parking. . • option 2: – provide 50% parking underground or under roof – provide paving material with SRI 29 or higher. roads.

.5) is greater than total roof area.75) + (Area of vegetated roof / 0.Heat Island Effect .Roof Intention: • Reduce heat islands • Minimize impact on microclimate and habitats Implementation: option 1: 75% roof material should be: SRI 78 for a slope less than 2:12 (low-sloped roof) SRI 29 for a slope more than 2:12 (steep-sloped roof) option 2: Install a vegetated roof for at least 50% of the roof area option3: combination of options 1 & 2: Calculation of (Area of SRI roof /0.

Light Pollution Reduction Intention: • Minimize light trespass from building and site • Reduce sky glow • Improve nighttime visibility through glare reduction • Reduce development impact on nocturnal environments .

5 times building height from property line – Credit does not apply to 3 story buildings. – DO NOT install lighting more than 2. entertainment districts) • Interior Lighting: – stays inside – non-emergency lights shut down at non-business hours • Exterior Lighting: – provide for comfort and safety only – DO NOT exceed 80% of lighting power densities for exterior area and 50% for building facades and landscape features.Implementation: 4 Light Zones • LZ1: dark. density less than 200 people per square mile • LZ2: low (residential) • LZ3: medium (commercial. and manufactured homes. industrial and high-density residential) • LZ4: high major city centers. . warehouses.

Done by • Mahmood • Rashed • Siyavash .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful