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Ahmed EL-Ganayni Ahmedelganayni@huawei.com
Soft ware needed in Drive Test 1- TEMS (Data collection) 2- TEMS (Rout analysis) 3- MapInfo 4- Google Earth Tools needed: 1- Dongle 2- Mobile 3- GPS 4- HSDPA cart 5- Inverter 6- Scanner
Call blocking Could be hardware problem or congested .
Cross Sector in 2G site : ● This is a cross sector between 2 and 4 .
Variation on Hopping channel : Variation in hopping Channel due to hardware problem (DTRU) ● The Power variation on hopping channel must not increase than 10 db .
2.Interference ratio : Bad C/I due to interference .Adjacent interference (Interference between two different frequencies).there are two types 1. .Co-channel interference (Interference between same frequencies).Carrier -over .
LAC : The site LAC cannot be different form all neighbors .
How to check the 2G to 2G Relation System Information type 2bis (Relation of the same band) System Information type 2 ter (Relation of the different band) Note : this for idle mode for dedicated 5bis & 5 ter .
Range of RxQual 0 -7. Depending on BER RxQual is measured. BER is a measure for the voice quality in network.2 % corresponds to RxQual 0. • BER Actual : Ratio of the number of bit errors to the total number of bits transmitted in a given time interval.. It is indication of voice quality in network. BER countable and useful is up to 12.Definition of Radio Parameters: • • • RxLev : Receiving level in terms of dBm that mobile is receiving from the site. Max.g. RxQual : Quality of voice which is measured on basis of BER.5 s intervals. FR – 21 & HR – 17 are respectively ideal values. . Range of -30 dBm to -110dBm.8 % which corresponds to RxQual of max. This means that when optimizing the speech quality in your network. • SQI : SQI is a more sophisticated measure which is dedicated to reflecting the quality of the speech (as opposed to radio environment conditions). SQI is updated at 0. It is computed on basis of BER and FER. BER 0 to 0. For EFR 30. SQI is the best criterion to use. 7. FER : Frame Erasure Rate it represents the percentage of frames being dropped due to high number of non-corrected bit errors in the frame. E.
This feature reduces the power consumption of the transmitter. • RL Timeout Counter (MAX) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. Decrease by 1 but increase by 2. which is important for MSs.. 0 means no power control and 1 means level that is defined by operator viz. • TA : Value that the base station calculates from access bursts and sends to the mobile station (MS) enabling the MS to advance the timing of its transmissions to the BS so as to compensate for propagation delay. it shows current value of RLT. To airtel. for instance whether handover is disabled or multiband reporting enabled. Value of 0 means MS in radius of 550mt. • DTX : Discontinuous transmission (DTX) is a mechanism allowing the radio transmitter to be switched off during speech pauses. 2 dBm less acc. Range of 4 – 64 in step size of 4. • MS Behavior Modified : This window shows current settings for the mobile station. It should be atleast > 9 . . and decreases the overall interference level on the radio channels affecting the capacity of the network. 20. • MS Power Control Level : Displays range of power control from 0 to 8 depending upon network design.g. When it reaches zero it results in normal DROP Call. it shows current value of RLT. Normally 16. • RL Timeout Counter (Cur) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. From BS. E. Range of 4 – 64 in step size of 4. 24.• C/I : The carrier-over-interference ratio is the ratio between the signal strength of the current serving cell and the signal strength of undesired (interfering) signal components.
It consists of MCC. GSM 900/ 1800.MNC. Values are Yes or No . 3.LAC.CGI : It stands for the Cell Global Identity which is unique for every sector of the site.g. TCH ARFCN: On which Traffic Freq.Time: It is system time of computer. 2. Band : It tells in which Freq. .CI. Band mobile is operating e. call is going on. MCC: Mobile Country Code 0 – 999 MNC: Mobile Network Code 0 – 99 LAC : Location Area Code 0 -65535 CI: Cell Identity 0 – 65535 • • • • Cell GPRS Support: Tells sector is having GPRS or not. BCCH ARFCN: It tells by which BCCH is the mobile station getting served.Cell name: It displays the name of the sector which is serving according to the cellfile that is loaded in TEMS.nDefinitions: 1.
Channel Message. E.g. 1 – 63 random hopping sequences. MA List for hopping of that sector.g. • Ciphering Algorithm : It shows ciphering algorithm used by the system to protect data for privacy. It is decoded by mobile on every Sync.g. Values are Yes or No. Time slot: On which time slot of current TCH call is going on. E. • Speech Codec: It shows FR for Full Rate. E. viz. • Hopping Channel : It shows that current sector is having hopping feature or not. on which mobile is allowed to hop. time slot no. from given MA list for sector hopping has to be started. Idle. 62. • Channel Type: Type of channel mobile is getting now. • Channel Mode : Shows mode of coding like Speech Full Rate of Half Rate. of TRX. 0 for Cyclic Hopping.• BSIC (Base Station Identity Code) : It is combination of Network Color Code (NCC) (0 – 7) & Base Station Color Code (BCC) (0 – 7). Viz. HR for Half Rate & EFR for Enhanced Full Rate. • Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO): It is the number which tells from which freq. 0 means sector will start from first freq. • Hopping Frequencies : It displays no. • Sub Channel Number: It is displayed at a time when mobile is on dedicated mode at time of call setup when it is getting SDCCH at that time it shows which SDCCH it is getting out of 8 available. . to hop. • • Mode: It is shows in which state is mobile operating. 2. e.g. Cipher by A5/2. 0. Like BCCH / SDCCH/8 + SACCH/C8 or CBCH / TCH/F +FACCH/F +SACCH/F. of freq.63. Dedicated & Packet. • Hopping Sequence Number (HSN) : Indicates sequence in which frequencies are allowed to hop from the MA List.
Cross Sector in 3G site : ● This is a cross sector between sector 1(SC 27) and sector 3 (SC 29) .
After solving the Cross : .
3G Tilting Problem : ●Because the power near site is good so it must be wrong tilting or blocking In this case no blocking .
After Adjusting : .
Missing Relations in 3G : SC: Scrambling Code in idle mode AS: Active Set in dedicated mode MN: Monitored Neighbor can make soft Hand Over to this SC DN: Detected Neighbor can not make soft Hand Over to this SC .
Shift in Azimuth : ●There is shift in sector 2 azimuth .
Pilot pollution : .
3G LAC ● From call attempt in layer 3 you can determine the 3G site LAC .
HSDPA Throughput Presentation WCDMA Data services HSDPA Analysis .
The frequency is defined but with wrong BSIC Or LAC .The frequency is not defined .How to check the Compressed mode process (IRAT) ● Click on layer 3 →Compressed Mode in Event Layer → Measurement Control(DLDCCH) in layer 3 IRAT failure : 1. 2.
How to check the relation from 2G to 3G (Cell Reselection process) ●Check it from System Information Type 2quater Note : The Scrambling Codes maybe sanded in several 2quater) (System Information Type .
a primary CPICH leaves the reporting range replacement of AS a non-active primary CPICH becomes better than an active primary CPICH e1a e1b e1c e1d change the order of AS.3G Events : Addition of active set e1a. a Primary CPICH enters the reporting range removal of active set. change of best cell .
5 video.B and c) 4-CW & ACW HO to the site Note : RX Level is taken from idle mobile & QUAL is taken from dedicated 3G site : 1-make detailed coverage to the site included by SHO between neighbors 2-Loop video 3-10 calls . PS and SMS on every cell(E . F and G) 3-CW & ACW HO to the site 2G Dual band : 1-make detailed coverage to the site included by HO between neighbors(mobile normal) 2-Loop (mobile locked on 900) 3-10 calls . F. G .make detailed coverage to the site included by HO between neighbors 2-10 calls . A.Etisalat Site acceptance tests 2G 900 : 1. SMS 4-PS R99 throughput must exceed 350 kb/s 5-HSDPA throughput must exceed 1000 kb/s 6-IRAT & Cell Reselection 6-CW & ACW Internet connection username: password: APN: etisalat dial: *99# Test number 537 .PS and SMS on every cell (E .
Abbreviations in TEMS BCC BER BSIC C/I CQI DTX EGPRS HSDPA IMEI NCC SQI Base Station Color Code Bit Error Rate Base Station Identity Code Carrier-to-Interference (Ratio) Channel Quality Indicator Discontinuous Transmission Enhanced GPRS (= EDGE) High Speed Downlink Packet Access International Mobile Equipment Identity Network Colour Code Speech Quality Index TA Time Advanced RNC RAT RSCP Radio Network Controller Radio Access Technology Received Signal Code Power SAN Serving/Active Set + Neighbors KPI CI Key Performance Indicator Cell Identity Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (= EGPRS) General Packet Radio Service Global Positioning System Packet Data Protocol EDGE GPRS GPS PDP .