IPTV Design Document The Pearl Qatar

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The contributors to this document are noted here and may be contacted regarding any changes or to discuss other aspects of the content.

Contact Information
Name Andre Mendes Karel Debrouwere Kashif Rashid Jim White Marco Bonomi Robert Giacomuzzi Simone Arvigo Venkataramanaiah R Silju Pillai Srihari Moningi Jeby Mathew Philip Organization Widevine Scientific Atlanta Cisco Systems Scientific Atlanta IP STB’s Minerva Networks Cisco/Scientific Atlanta Media Power SeaChange Mannai Mannai Mannai Mannai Email Address amendes@widewine.com karel.debrouwere@sciatl.com krashid@cisco.com Jim.white@sciatl.com marcob@minervanetworks.com giacomr@cisco.com simone.arvigo@seachange.com venkat@mannai.com.qa Silju.pillai@mannai.com.qa Srihari.ramana@mannai.com.qa Jeby.mathew@mannai.com.qa


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Table of Contents

1. Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 2. Objective of this Project ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 3. Scope of Work (SoW) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
3.1 IPTV Logical Design -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6

4. Scientific Atlanta ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
4.1 IPTV Head-End System Description------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. --------------------------------------- 8 4.1.3 IPTV Head end System. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 4.2 System Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 4.2.1 MPEG2 Encoder- Model D9022. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 14 4.3 MPEG2 vs. MPEG4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 4.4 Major Assumptions ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18 4.4.1 Headend Topology solution------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 4.4.2 Scenarios ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19 4.5 Set Top Box Basic Information ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21 4.6 Network Management -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22

5. Minnerwa Networks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
5.1 Services and Architecture overview ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 24 5.2 Technologies implemented and main components -------------------------------------------------- 26 5.2.1 Oracle DB 10g----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.2 Oracle Application Server 10g------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.3 Linux ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 27 5.2.4 Java ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.5 Swift MQ JMS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.2.6 Swing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.3 The Database Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.4 The BackOffice Server --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.5 The Application Server--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.6 The Boot Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.7 Servers and Platforms --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33


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6. Widevine Technologies ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 34
6.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution---------------------------------------------- 34 6.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management ------------------------------------------------- 35 6.3 Renewable Security ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 36 6.4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 36 6.5 Application-Level Encryption------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37 6.6 Widevine Cypher Overview -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38 6.6.1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority --------------------------------------------------------------- 39 6.6.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40

7. SeaChange ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
7.1 Axiom Core Functions---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45 7.2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers -------------------------------- 48 7.3 Features --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 51

8. Networking Part of IPTV ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 53 9. Booting Process --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 57 10. References --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58


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1. Introduction
The purpose of this document is to provide a detailed design about the IPTV implementation in Pearl Qatar Island, integrated with five various vendor components, namely, Cisco, Scientific Atlanta, Minerva, Widevine, and SeaChange with a proven ecosystem

2. Objective of this Project
The objective of this project is to design and implement an Ethernet to the Home/Business (ETTx) access network to the PEARL Residential/Business customers. The main criteria is to have a converged IP network where the network shall be able to support multiple services such as Internet, VoIP, IPTV etc, on a single connection.

3. Scope of Work (SoW)
This document defines the Detailed Design of the IPTV solution provided to “The Pearl Qatar Project”. IPTV Solution is integrated with four different IPTV vendor components: 1. Scientific Atlanta, 2. Minerva Networks, 3. Widevine, and 4. SeaChange

1. Scientific Atlanta deals with the Head End System and IP STB 2. Minerva Networks deals with the Middleware 3. Widevine deals with Content Security (CAS) 4. SeaChange deals with Video on Demand (VoD)

This document details only the IPTV solution design. The design details that shall support the IPTV solution will be provided in the Data Center and WAN Services Module Detailed design document. The Network requirements for the IPTV solution are gathered and documented in TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119 and hence is not discussed as well in this document.


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TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The logical diagram for IPTV network is shown above.3. As per this diagram.7 6 . the IPTV Network is segregated into separate VLANs and discussed in the Networking Part of IPTV.1 IPTV Logical Design Logical Diagram A proven/tested ecosystem has been considered and built for the Pearl IPTV network.

2. DCM will further process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format (MPEG2 transport) and send it to the distribution network.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream 1. 4. which is inserted in it.1 Composite Video & analog audio signals from Pay Channel Decoders goes to MPEG2 Encoder (D9022).1. and to Pay channel decoders using IF splitters and L-band test point.1 The ASI output from IRD goes to ASI splitter and further fed to main DCM and redundant DCM.2 4. And the ASI out of these is fed to DCM’s.2. Again output of some IRD’s goes to Transport Stream Descrambler to descramble the scrambled channels and send to DCMs.1 IPTV Head-End System Description 4. The DCM will process those selected channel from the pay channel decoder fed through MPEG2 encoder to IP format and send it to the distribution network. 5.1 5. 4. LNB’s connected to the dishes will convert these QSPK signal to IF and send to Amplifiers for boosting the signal before splitting it and sending to multiple devices. 3. The IRD will tune a particular transponder and pulls out the contents in ASI format.4.7 7 .2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 5.1. Scientific Atlanta 4. DCM will process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format and send it to the distribution network 4. Receives L-band QPSK signal from Satellite using the Dishes installed at the dish farm. IF splitters will split these signals to multiple IF feeds to feed IRD's. Pay Channel decoder gets IF signal and is tuned to one channel according to the smart card subscription from the channel provider.1 4.

As Microwave satellite signals do not easily pass through walls. amplify and convert them to similar signals carried at a much lower frequency (called intermediate frequency or IF . Arab Sat-26 ° East Nile Sat 7 ° W. satellite antennas are normally installed outdoors.The system consists of mainly 2 sections 1.7 8 . To provide 200 L-Band feeds to IPTV head end (12 Main feed + 12 Redundant feed) in the data centre room. Three satellite dishes will receive and distribute L-Band signals and for redundancy three more dishes shall serve as backup. Following are the Satellites that are considered: • • • Hot Bird-13° East. for lownoise converter) The LNB is usually fixed on the satellite dish. The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds. The four outputs of the LNB are as follows. or sometimes LNC. and the signal needs to be passed indoors via cables. for low-noise block. LNB: A low-noise block converter (LNB. roofs or even glass windows.2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. as well as TV monitor and DTH receiver to monitor the live programs from each feed. The Satellite dish farm consists of 6 dishes and will be located on the Roof top of the BDC (Back up Data Centre).F.1. Quattro universal LNB: A Quattro LNB has four fixed outputs and is used only in "head end" I. frequency ranging from 950Mhz to 2150 Mhz). Horizontal Polarization Low Band. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 4. Satellite dish farm and 200 L Band signal feed for IPTV Head End system IPTV Head End system. The job of the LNB is to take a wide block (or band) of relatively high frequencies (Lband). The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB are fed to the Coaxial patch panel installed in the standard rack located in BDC building data centre room. we propose two 42 U standard racks. 2. distribution systems.

Vertical Polarization High Band. The outer conductor/shield is encased in a PVC jacket. and converts the block of frequencies to a lower frequency range in the L-band range. These lower frequencies travel through cables with much less attenuation of the signal to provide best quality picture. The name "coaxial" refers to the common axis of the two conductors. with the help of appropriate IF splitters. Their differing electrical and physical characteristics make it important to select the correct type of cable to suit the application. Most coaxial cables for video applications have a nominal impedance of 75 ohms. The extent of the loss will depend on the quality of the cable. filters the block of frequencies in which the satellite TV signals are transmitted. The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB ranging from 950 MHz to 2150 MHz with an input signal level of -25dBm to -65dBm is fed to the coaxial patch panel. Vertical Polarization Low Band. However. all coax cable will lose more signals at higher frequencies (2150 MHz+) than at lower frequencies (950 MHz). All types of coax cables will lose signals. A coaxial cable has a solid copper or copper-clad-steel centre conductor surrounded by a nonconductive dielectric insulating material. The dielectric is surrounded by foil shield/s and/or copper braid/s which form the outer conductor and also shield against electromagnetic interference (EMI).7 9 .Horizontal Polarization High Band. The LNB amplifies the relatively weak signals. CABLES: Coaxial cable (or "coax") is the most common cable used for transmitting IF signals. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The required amount is 200 L-band signal feed carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping. These virgin signals are further splits and distributed to IRD and to Pay Channel decoders.These losses are compensated by an IF amplifier.

Three dishes are designed for redundant use.) to ensure the availability of IF signal always in case of failure from main dish feed. To overcome these losses an IF amplifier is used. A LCD monitors and a FTA satellite receiver (Free to Air) is provided and is connected through a multi switch to monitor the programs from each satellite feed. you drastically decrease the signal's strength logic dictates that splitting this signal in two with a "passive" device will result in two signals that each have-at most--half of the original signal's strength. This design ensures the availability of IF signal (950 MHz – 2150 MHz) with relevant signal level that ranges from -25dBm to -65dBm. makes possible to determine/ measure the signal level without interrupting the signal fed to the IRD’s and pay channel decoders. all these types of splitters as to attain the 200 no’s of IF signals.Boost the IF signal to get more mileage and compensate for the cable loss in the distribution system.7 10 . The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds. Arabsat and Hotbird) Multi switch: This makes possible to select one satellite and transponder from different dishes through one cable. these dishes are tracked and tuned for the same 3 satellites (Hot Bird-13° East. In TPQ. Every time you split an IF signal with a splitter. one set of main and another set is redundant amplifier. 3ways. Essentially they are transformers that split the power in the input signal to multiple outputs.e. 6way and 8 ways. 4 ways. all the 12 IF feed for Nilesat.. while maintaining the 75 ohm impedance.IF splitters:. This is done via a multiswitch distribution system. a set of two SAT 900 (IF amplifier). Each ports driving a separate 75ohm load. such as 2 ways. This is used to compensate for signal loss when the IF signal is split into a number of IF signals (200 no’s) by passive splitting. IF amplifier: . (I.A splitter is a small device that has one input (the 75 ohm load) and 2 or more outputs. Arab Sat-26 ° East & Nile Sat 7 ° W. A DiSEqC switch is a device which TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. However. DiSEqC (Digital Satellite Equipment Control) pronounced "Die-Sec" is a special communication protocol for use between a satellite receiver and a device such as a multi-dish switch or a small dish antenna rotor.

here this is used as we have 3 dishes.enables you to connect multiple LNB’s to a satellite receiver. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The system currently comprises four parts: Acquisition Encoding Multiplexing Monitoring Acquisition In the Acquisition.3 IPTV Head end System. 4. we will be using the D9850 program receivers together with the Indus Stream Descramblers for the scrambled channels. and second rack will be equipped with all passive and active equipments for distributing the L-band signals. Solution is based on MPEG-2 technology platform.7 11 . providing DCM redundancy. All the testing points and monitoring equipments will be in one rack. MPEG-2 FTA Channels (Free to Air) Satellite program is received and decoded by scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board. carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping.1. A centralized MPEG-2 head end is installed in single geographical location (BDC building).

taking into consideration that the source media output should be Audio Video Baseband (Composite video and analog audio). ensuring maximum availability for the system. which will be fed to the Aggregation switch in the network. This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder. These are further fed to the DCM.MPEG-2 Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and Power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed to scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII transport-stream descrambler. Multiplexing In Multiplexing part. Each descrambler board carries 2 CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple descrambling capabilities of the same transport stream. The source media is to be decided and procured by the operator. which will be used in the project with 7 as main DCM’s and 7 as back up. Since the output of the Decoder is audio video baseband (Composite video and analog audio). we will have the Digital Content Manager which receives the ASI input from the D9850s/D9022s and the Output for the DCMs will be Gigabit.7 12 . Encoding Satellite program will be received and decoded by the Service providers’ proprietary satellite decoder (Pay channel Decoders to be decided & procured by the operator). These Encoders can be also be used for the advertisement insertion (in-house channels) and displayed as a TV Channel. To ensure redundancy. Monitoring TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. the DCM’s will be connected in 1+1 configuration. these signals need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 single transport stream. The descrambled (Clear) stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board. There will be a total of 14 DCM’s.

These 200 ASI outputs will be in 1+1 configuration.For monitoring. we will be using 70 ASI splitters. The same scheme will be used for the redundant DCM’s also. The output from the ASI splitters will be connected to both the main and Backup DCM. So. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. This will give as 100x2 ASI streams at the input of the DCM. Main DCM 1-6 will be having 30 ASI inputs and the DCM 7 will be having only 20 ASI inputs. This will provide fall-back procedure for the DCM in case of any downtime on the primary/backup DCMs. we will be using the Copernicus MKIV server together with the ROSA system software. which will be providing us with 70x2 ASI streams.7 13 . As every D9850 has only one ASI out and our requirement is to connect the ASI inputs to both the primary and redundant DCM. we will be having 200 ASI outputs. As the INDUS has 2 outputs per card so both these outputs can be used for connecting to the main and redundant DCMs. interfacing will be done with the 10/100 Base-T IP network and all the systems will be further connected to the monitoring server with the help of the Ethernet cables. For these 30 Encrypted streams as we will have 1+1 output for every stream so no ASI splitting is required and we will have 30x2 ASI streams into the DCM. The Acquisition/Encoding network will receive the input from the L-Band splitting network for the satellite signal. All the 14 DCM’s receive the 200x2 ASI input. At the Acquisition phase. For the complete system monitoring. which will further be going to the DCM. • The D9022s which will be used for the digital encoding will be having a 1+1 output at each output. 70 D9850s Receivers are used for the Free to Air channels. These 200 streams have been calculated as follows: • Out of the 100 D9850s in total. one will be connected to the main DCM and the other will be connected to the secondary DCM. • The output for the remaining 30 D9850s will be going into the Galaxy System rack containing the Indus MKII Descrambler Cards. The output from these D9850s will be connected directly to the DCM and there will be no interfacing equipment in between.

and open communication protocol (SNMP). Having 0.7 14 . 4. Two audio stereo channels as either analog or digital audio output.1 MPEG2 Encoder. Has an encoding rate of 0.5 to 15 Mbps. Analog and digital AES-3id audio inputs.2. Single-ended 75Ω impedance. D. 4.Model D9022.2 Program Receiver .2. stackable. Two stereo pairs or four mono number of channels. Low power consumption. 16:9. MDI. Control of the encoder is supported via the front panel interface. Refer TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001 drawing for more details. Features: Web-based GUI and SNMP management interface for interfacing to third-party management systems to control the encoder. 0. Contact closure alarm outputs. BNC and terminal block connector.2 System Description 4.5 Mbit/s for 4:2:0 DVB-ASI output. Two IPTS output in eight-pin RJ-45. 1 Ru. BNC connector with aspect ratio of 4:3.5 to 1. and K) and 75Ω unbalanced impedance.Model D9850 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Two transport outputs and also used BNC connector. I. Description: Designed to deliver high quality MPEG-2 video and supports ASI output. Has 75Ω output impedance.5 to 2 Vpp nominal input level. Encoding MPEG-2 video and audio processing. Specifications: Standard Composite input for video systems PAL (B. Adaptive comb-based composite video encoder.The detailed connectivity for all the HE components will further be given in the Rack Layout and System Cabling diagrams.600Ω or ≥20 kΩ balanced impedance. Power consumption of ≤45W fully equipped at the voltage range of 100V to 120V AC or 200V to 240V AC ±10%. an on-board web browser. H. G.

10 Gbps internal processing throughput with 8 Gbps of I/O capability. Specifications: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Variable Field Error Correction (FEC) (1/2. 4. Input impedance of 75Ω and symbol rate range of 1. 16:9 and 14:9) and Active Format Descriptor (AFD) control. RS-232 asynchronous data at rates up to 38. With Aspect ratio conversion (4:3. The unit can be configured with up to 4 I/O cards. Tuner frequency range 950MHz up to 2150MHz using C-band and KU-band satellites frequencies. Features: This has four L-band inputs and PowerVU conditional access.Re-multiplexing of services and content routing from any input to any output port.2. with each card having either 10 ASI ports or 4 Gbe ports. The DCM supports up to 8Gbps of input and output capability.7 15 .0 to 45Msymbols/s. Specifications: MPEG-2/ DVB Compatible system with Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) De-modulation process. having 3available card slots and 1 card slot dedicated for IPTV ).Transrating of single SD ( Standard Digital ) and HD ( High Definition ) programs. Features: Interface up to 40 ASI interfaces ports ( 30 ASI ports per ASI I/O card.Description: The PowerVu® Model D9850 receiver is designed for satellite content distribution applications requiring 4:2:0 video decoding. ( recompression to lower bit rates. The DCM comes in a compact 2RU chassis with hot swappable and redundant power supplies.3 Digital Content Manager (DCM) Model D9900 Description: A compact MPEG processing platform capable of supporting extremely high numbers of video stream processing. 3/4.4 kb/s data outputs. Power consumption of 50Wmax and voltage range of 100V to 240V AC. 5/6 OR 7/8). 2/3.

Maximum bit rate of 56Mbps.This has 10 ports per ASI interface card. Bit rate of 0. Specifications: Having 1 main input and 2 outputs. Bays for two DVB Common Interface Conditional Access Modules ( CAMs ). Features: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Nominal input voltage 100-240V AC. Having 2 CI slots using PCMCIA connector type I and II.2. 4. Provide ASI input and Dual ASI output and selection of Programs or individual PIDs. Input impedance of 75Ω. The power supply can be either single or dual power supply with a free choice of AC and DC. Power consumption of 250W fully loaded.1 to 213 Mbps. 4. Using a BNC-type of connector (on panel board). Nominal power consumption is 10W. Using a BNC-type connector and an output impedance of 75Ω.5 Modular Rack System-Galaxy Description: The Galaxy Sub-Rack Concept is housed in a 3ru unit designed with a common power and communication interface to all inserted modules. Features: Simultaneous descrambling of the selected services in a transport stream. It also supports all Common Interface compliant CA systems.2. Descrambling capacity of services depends on the used CAMS. Physically consist of an interfacing rear-card module and the application front-card module. each port configurable as input and output. The removable Common Interface Module allows the operator to easily select the required CA System for transport stream descrambler.4 Transport Stream Descrambler -INDUS MKII Description: Capable of simultaneously descrambling selected programs in a transport stream to provide a “clear” digital signal.7 16 .

Power supply of 100 to 240 VAC ±10%.7 17 . TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and does not improve video quality. but only in the core and distribution layers. the bandwidth constrains are overcome at the last mile (access layer) with an MPEG-4 solution. Specifications: A relay contact type which has 2x25-pins female Sub D connector. 5 VA. Hot-swappable. Communication port of 9-pins male Sub D connector type RS-485. without the need to upgrade the entire network.Holds up to 12 application cards of the Galaxy family in only 3RU. there always arises bandwidth issues. Capable of transmission speed up to 19200 bit/s. easy accessible application cards and low power consumption. In the case of an existing data (internet)/voice network that is to be to a “triple play” network that includes Video. 250 Ma. Multiple powering possibilities with or without redundancy. Maximum load of 60 VDC. 4. 47 TO 65 Hz. MPEG4 MPEG-4 is a technology that reduces the bandwidth requirement of a network.3 MPEG2 vs. Therefore.

etc.7 18 .In the case of a Pearl network. A centralized MPEG-2 solution in a single geographical location (Backup Data Center) providing DCM redundancy. taking into account all three major services (internet.4.. which is built from the beginning. 4. ART & Orbit) As an example. and the bandwidth engineering is considered.1 Headend Topology solution 1. one single satellite receiver is needed. voice and video). the worst-case scenario has been considered: (1) 100 satellite receivers for 100 channels. (2) 100 channels via encoders for proprietary transmission with the appropriate decoder in the customer premises provided by the content provider (Show Time. 4. transponders.4 Major Assumptions In the case of a detailed channel plan to be received and agreed between the supplier and the customer showing satellites. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. if multiple channels are part of the same transport stream received from the satellite. conditional access. the number of satellite receivers and encoders can be reduced since at the moment.

4.4. 2. MPEG-2: Free To Air (FTA) Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board. MPEG2: Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed to Scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII Transport-Stream Descrambler. Each Descrambler Board carries two CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple Descrambling capabilities of the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 19 .2 Scenarios Dish Farm and L-Band Distribution Three main scenarios have been considered: 1.

120.125.117-120 192.105-108 192.113-116 VLAN 120 120 120 120 120 120 125 125 125 125 127 127 127 127 Channels FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 2 DCM Pair 2-1 DCM Pair 2-2 3 DCM Pair 3-1 DCM Pair 3-2 4 DCM Pair 4-1 DCM Pair 4-2 5 DCM Pair 5-1 DCM Pair 5-2 6 DCM Pair 6-1 DCM Pair 6-2 7 DCM Pair 7-1 DCM Pair 7-2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.127.105-108 192.168.7 20 . Since the output of the Decoder is Audio Video Base Band (AV BB).168.109-112 Orbit. This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder and the encoded STPS will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.101-104 192.101-104 192. and ART and others where no descrambling CAMs are available Satellite Program will be received and decoded by the Service Provider’s Proprietary Satellite Decoder.168.168. Proprietary Services like Show Time.168.113-116 192.168. The descrambled (Clear) Stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.125.168.127. Sl. 3.109-112 192.168.109-112 192.same Transport Stream. the signal need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 Single Transport Stream (STPS).120.No 1 DCM Pair DCM Pair 1-1 DCM Pair 1-2 IP Address (Slot-1/Slot-2) 192.168.113-116 192.125.101-104 192.

4. display does not support the selected size it will auto-negotiate. 16x. IPP330HD: For Minerva middleware For Widevine CAS using auto-entitled or dynamic encryption @ 25% level For SeaChange VOD with 4x. For the initial deployment it is disabled. 4:3 letterbox. It is controllable via Minerva middleware. 64x and 256x trick mode speeds Utilizes Sigma Designs 8634 System-on-chip (SoC) silicon 256MB DRAM / 64MB Flash memory Supports MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 for SD and HD content Supports RCMM IR protocol @ 36Khz Supports IGMPv2 Supports 188 byte MPEG-2 transport Composite output fixed 576i PAL B/G format HDMI output configurable via settings page using Minerva middleware. RGB output via SCART is disabled Component output is YPrPb and tracks HDMI setting 7 segment display will provide boot status during boot up. 16:9 with universal change across all outputs Supports English font only with standard Minerva “Swirl” user interface No SNMP support Example of the IPP330 and front and rear panel connectors is shown below: If the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 21 . Teletext and teletext subtitle supported via VBI pass-through only USB ports are disabled Supported displays 4:3.5 Set Top Box Basic Information Two types of set-top boxes are designed for this project.

IPP430MC: Same as IPP330 above. 50x and 300x 4. except that MPEG-2 HD is not supported (only MPEG-4 is recommended for HD content for DVR models) Includes fanless 160GB hard disk drive for DVR services. supports DVR trick mode.7 22 .6 Network Management The proposed solution is managed centrally from the Rosa Network Management with focus on: Fault Management Configuration Management Performance Management Security Management SNMP to 3rd Party Devices (excluding IP set-tops) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. speeds 2x. 15x.

It’s meant to act as a primer for iTV Manager Administrators. As the cornerstone of the IP television headend. the server software or BackOffice and 2. live television. interactive television management suite. Minnerwa Networks This section of the document is an introduction to iTV Manager’s features. terms.7 23 . and concepts. iTVManager offers true Video on Demand (VOD). television and other data services over an IP Network.2 is a scalable enterprise solution that manages the distribution of video.5. The BackOffice suite of software includes: • Tools that let you manage: Subscribers Channels STB device inventory Service and pricing Asset management Billing • EPG (Electronic Programming Guide) Loader that manages the data that is ingested from an EPG provider and sent to the Set-Top Boxes (STB) • VOD (Video On Demand) Delivery System (VODDS) module that talks to VOD content providers to automatically deliver to iTVManager the most up-to-date VOD assets The Think application presents a UI that lets the television viewer see the EPG. search for titles in the EPG and VOD catalog and schedule recordings and program TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. iTVManager is a scalable. iTVManager is comprised of two major components: 1. iTVManager 3. the set top box software. purchase VOD programs. the Think application. and complete web integration.

2 Electronic Program Guide (EPG) ingestion.1 Services and Architecture overview The following table summarizes the services that are included with iTVManager 3. through customization can be used to present custom branding and layout design. SSN. and thereafter “share” customer information.7 24 . 5. Customer Management It’s anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to (at least) import existing customer records from their own database systems into the Minerva database. RTSP server for “trick play” functionality (Pause. Fast Forward. "favorites" lists. Channel lineup management that maps EPG channels to multicast addresses Not included with iTV Manager 3. Video on Demand Delivery of VOD catalog listings to the STBs. VOD asset categorization (“Drama”. “Comedy”. Collection and storage of “real world” data (address. thus allowing a Telco to easily import and export customer records database. Purchases (and other transactions) are recorded in the iTV Manager database. Ability to tag a customer record with an "external ID".reminders. and so on. and entitlements. Flat-file "Billing Reports generation that can be fed into the Telco's existing billing system VOD streaming.2 and those that are provided through third-party components: Services Included with iTV Manager 3. Conditional Access scramblers in the headend and descramblers on the STBs. Rewind). Broadcast Video VOD metadata ingestion. etc. service package. etc) Assignment of the devices. The user interface. It's anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to manage billing through their own systems TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Electronic Program Guide data. Storage of the Customer's purchased assets. VOD asset ingestion (for VOD content suppliers that don’t supply their own ingestion functionality). VOD playback bookmarks. phone number. Billing Invoice generation.). “Sports”. VOD purchase. blocked channel lists.2 Video encoders that generate multicast IP streams that carry Live TV video content. Supply of VOD asset and metadata.

trickplay use. SVOD catalog. 2. EAS: An external EAS box must be connected to the system. you can configure the system to force a channel change to the EAS information channel. In addition. or they can be sent directly to the STBs themselves. text-based thinkstuff language.“Vault” (the customer’s repository of purchases and messages). Caller ID: An external system has to listen for incoming calls and generate the caller ID information that’s sent to the STB. Emergency Alert System (EAS). All UI strings are stored in a localized string table for easy translation. VOD catalog. STB manufacturers implement a well-defined API (called the “MvLayer”) that lets the Think application talk to the STB hardware. The user can choose a specific UI skin (or “Theme”). Client UI and Graphics Complete. UI customization is provided through the proprietary.7 25 . Caller ID messages.(next column) Minerva works with Conditional Access providers (sometimes through STB vendors) to ensure that complete Conditional Access is provided. This includes both a server and an STB component. Some of these features have a third-party component: 1. generated by an external mechanism. However. The STB can record the user’s events. The full range of EAS messages are understood by the server and broadcast to all STBs. can be posted to the server which then distributes the message to the appropriate STB. Other Features TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.. program recording. such as channel changes.. and so on The Search module and onscreen keyboard let the user search for keywords in the EPG and VOD catalog. user preferences screens.Conditional Access iTVManager doesn’t provide Conditional Access functionality directly. and so on. PVR access. and then send a log of the events back to the server for data mining. off-the-shelf UI for the EPG. User Event Logging (“Transaction Profiling”).

STBs. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Apps) STB Multicast (Skins. VODDS etc.The diagram below shows a high level picture of an iTVManager 3.2 Technologies implemented and main components A variety of technologies are utilized by iTVManager. Stored Procedures Data EPG Ingest Guide Listing Services 5. Skins. CA. Applications. Mozilla Think X Porting API (MvLayer) Porting Library. Packages.7 26 .) Server Middleware Billing Reports Customers. The following is a description of the technologies and applications that are used by iTVManager.2 system. Transactions. VOD. Lineups. HW/ OS STB CA Client 3rd Party Admin GUI Admin GUI Admin Applets Network dhcp VOD CA Servers Servers Broadcast Catcher Content Backoffice SDK (Enhydra) Admin Servlets (Enhydra) STB Unicast Services (Configuration. Apps. with components supplied by Minerva in green and components supplied by 3rd Parties in pink. Listings) VOD CA Connector APIs Integration Managers (VOD. Config. Entitlements. Listings. Transactions.

Two other features of Oracle that are leveraged by iTVManager are its widely recognized methods of scaling and reliability.3 Linux iTVManager server side components are written to the Java layer. Some of these are in the process of being migrated to Java.2 Oracle Application Server 10g Most of the iTVManager Java components are hosted within an Oracle Application Server 10g environment. 5. and Unix computers. J2EE defines most of the base platform and is also used for the BackOffice Console GUI. The procedures that are most embedded are those that are part of the billing process.7 27 . Macintoshes.2. including Windows PCs. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.1 Oracle DB 10g The Oracle database is central to the iTVManager system.2. The only implementation detail that functionally ties the product to Oracle is a variety of stored procedures. The main features utilized by iTVManager are: • Java VM • J2EE • JDBC connections 5.2. Think is therefore kept compatible with all flavors of Linux used on the STBs.5.2. For the client side. Linux is the predominant environment on IPTV STBs (like the Scientific Atlanta ones).4 Java Java is a technology that allows software designed and written just once for an idealized "virtual machine" to run on a variety of computers. 5. iTVManager is distributed with specific versions of Linux to allow for configuration and compatibility with other tools such as Oracle.

5 Swift MQ JMS SwiftMQ is a micro-kernel based J(ava)M(essage)S(ystem) enterprise messaging platform. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. robust. It is one part of the Java Foundation Classes. 5.7 28 . Swing includes graphical user interface widgets such as text boxes. buttons. this is not extensive and is only used for some selected situations. Enterprise Edition (Java EE) is the industry standard for developing portable.2. scalable and secure server-side Java applications.2.6 Swing Swing is a GUI toolkit for Java. 5. split-panes and tables. There is some messaging within the server using JMS. The admin GUI is written using Swing. however.Java Platform.

iTVManager is a suite of applications and processes that are spread across two servers: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. below is a description of the various supported implementations.7 29 . On the headend side.Coming to the software components of the platform and their distribution across multiple physical machines.

7 30 .TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

as employed by iTV Manager. The Console is divided into modules that correspond. During normal operation. the BackOffice Server.7 31 . and then another will read from it. and so on. VOD assets. channels. In this document. What’s not as obvious is that the Database. “material” content of an IPTV deployment. roughly. the SDK will let that user invoke Customer procedures only. we’ll focus on each of these servers. to the different Database entities: There’s a Customer module. or by calling the functions in the BackOffice Software Development Kit (SDK): The BackOffice Console is a set of HTML/DHTML pages and Java applets that are hosted by the BackOffice Server’s built-in Web server. devices. The BackOffice SDK and the BackOffice Console share the same pool of user accounts: If you use the Console to create a user who can only access the Customer module. one iTV Manager Process will write to the Database. stores nearly everything that describes the system. a Device module.3 The Database Server The Database Server hosts the iTV Manager Database. even ephemeral data such as STB-bound messages and the running states of certain processes. There are two ways to access the BackOffice: Through the Web-based BackOffice Console. 5. the BackOffice is the only way for an administrator to modify Database data. 5. The function of the Database might seem obvious: It stores records that describe customers. which is currently implemented using Oracle Database 10g software. The BackOffice SDK is a procedural API that communicates with the BackOffice through http posts and XML replies. simply. It does this to facilitate a common means of communication: Rather than talking directly to each other. and the Boot Server installed on the second server. This approach yields slow but reliable communications.4 The BackOffice Server The BackOffice Server (or. the BackOffice) knows how to read data from and write data to the Database. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. channel packages. Access to the modules is selectively protected through the use of BackOffice user accounts.The Database Application is installed on one server. and so on— everything you need to populate the persistent. the Application Server. a Channel Management module (for channels and lineups).

you’ll want to automate the task by writing a script that invokes BackOffice SDK procedures. thus allowing the user to watch his movie.e. and Data Services logs the purchase in the Database. instead.6 The Boot Server The Boot Server handles “informational” multicast communication between the iTV Manager headend and the STBs and hosts most of the processes that act as interfaces to third-party modules. and fill out the customer’s data. if you want to add a customer. or they use the Data Service applications..These two BackOffice access methods—Console and API—perform the same functions. need to access the Database. when a user rents a VOD asset through the STB. Of course.add_customer() procedure. For example. It does this through an iTV Manager process called Data Services. augment. ingest VOD metadata into the Database and download and store actual VOD content (i. The Boot Server’s most important process is the Dispatcher. or fine-tune some aspects of the system. they either talk to the Database directly.5 The Application Server The Application Server’s most important role is to act as an interface for unicast communication between the Database and the STBs.but they do not use the BackOffice for this. if you just want to change the address of a single user. it means that the other iTV Manager processes. these are the processes that. from the Database. Data Services then retrieves. Implicit in this description is that the BackOffice is an administrative tool. For example. The Boot Server also hosts the Video on Demand Delivery System (VODDS) and the Video Server Manager (VSM). 5.7 32 . which provides an interface between the other iTV Manager processes and the Database.. 5. movies) on the third-party Video Server (such as those provided by Entone or TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. you can either open the BackOffice Console’s Customer page. the IP of the VOD’s video server and passes it back to the STB so that the two components (the STB and the video server) can create a unicast connection. press the Add button. or you can invoke the SDK’s md_cst. On the other hand. you’ll want to use the BackOffice Console. respectively. The difference between the two methods is mostly a matter of scale: If you’re adding thousands of customers at a time. since almost all iTV Manager data and state are stored in the Database. which sends boot-up and runtime messages to the STBs. It’s meant to be used by an iTV Manager administrator who needs to modify. including the Think application running on an STB. the Think application (on the STB) sends a message to Data Services.

“Edit Favorites”. A minimal amount of hardware is used. “Play VOD”. where there are all the choices that the customer has from the STB side and that require a communication with the Application Server. etc. Caller ID.. the Database Server runs on a platform that’s placed behind a firewall.7 Servers and Platforms The two iTV Manager Servers are “servers” in the sense of “software hosts.Bitband). thus reducing the overall cost and administration. and the Conditional Access system. In the diagram mentioned below.” Both servers can reside on the same (physical) platform. two-tier installation is considered as a part of the design In a two-tier installation. 5. are summarized and described in the section “User Actions”. and the other Servers are run on a second platform. Other Boot Server processes include the interfaces to the Emergency Alert System.7 33 . such as “Purchase Transactions”. In the case of Pearl Qatar. there are the communications between STB and Minerva during the "steady status" which happens once the box has already booted up and keeps the fingerpath with the middleware through the Announcement Stream configurable (happening after the RunTime Stream and the Boot Stream). All the main actions. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

It enables linear broadcast. VOD. Widevine Cypher is underpinned and protected with eight patents that cover all aspects of downloadable CAS.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution Widevine Cypher offers a comprehensive content protection solution that secures content delivery to a wide range of consumer devices and video formats. Widevine Technologies Widevine Cypher is the first and only “session-based” content security system for interactive TV (IPTV). Cypher Management Console makes system management simple through an intuitive browserbased interface that is compatible with major fault and performance management systems. Cypher's patented application-level encryption also keeps operational costs low.6. digital ad insertion and trick play on consumer devices.7 34 . The most integrated solution in the industry today. Cypher works with most major middleware vendors. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. In the home. This unique multiplatform and multiformat capability means that operators efficiently get the content protection required. Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients enforce secure consumption of content and can lock down consumer piracy across an entire subscriber base in minutes to hours. 6. DRM and real-time piracy detection and prevention. while retaining the flexibility. now and in the future. a single Widevine Cypher system can secure TV. Cypher’s optional digital copy protection keeps content protected after it is decrypted using a patented method of monitoring. detecting and responding to potential piracy on PC-based consumer platforms. streamed media and file downloads to be encrypted once and to remain encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain. Designed to secure content delivery over any network. each with potentially different video formats and consumer devices. VOD server vendors and consumer device manufacturers for complete operator flexibility and control. choice and control over future devices and service options. This patented protection offers operators the ability to operate freely in the patent-laden world of content protection. PC and mobile services. accommodating storage on CDN or P2P networks and during VOD ingestion.

Since legacy CAS technologies only protect content during transport.e. the certificate cannot be copied or tampered and the item the certificate protects can only be used in conjunction with the certificate itself. Content is distributed in its digital file format and needs persistent encryption. Decryption occurs when the transport session was terminated upon reaching a set top box. content stored on devices to accommodate for VOD is stored “in the clear” and is susceptible to theft. This security architecture ensures that content is secured in transit from a head-end to a receiving device. personal computers. today’s IPTV deployments require a combination of both technologies. the item cannot be used. DRM deals with the concept of ownership and is only appropriate for file-based content. 6. and a wide range of consumer electronics devices. The following details the benefits of utilizing Widevine and particularly Widevine Cypher to protect Pearl Qatar’s video deployment. If the certificate is not present. DRM is based on the idea that there will be an electronic “certificate of ownership” issued to someone or something as proof that rights have been assigned. Encryption is applied at the file level at the point of encoding and rights are maintained by the content copyright holder (i.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management There are two ways to protect video content: conditional access (CAS) and digital rights management (DRM). while TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Legacy CAS products were designed for the specific requirements of broadcast television in the cable and satellite domain. mobile phones. However. The systems function by protecting content only during transport. DRM systems are designed to protect files and are historically targeted at industries where ownership is transferred.7 35 . a movie may be distributed as a file amongst many users but its DRM properties require the owner to be paid each time a unique user attempts to watch the movie). Ideally. yet the rights of the new 'owner' to copy or distribute content are restricted.Widevine Cypher can protect content on set top boxes. CAS is aimed more at permitting access without transfer of ownership and is only appropriate for broadcasted content. personal video recorders. home media gateways.

it secures PC-based platforms such as Windows. The value to Pearl Qatar is that a Widevine Cypher system can be used for securing multimedia content delivered in multiple formats. the highly secure Cypher Virtual SmartCard can be renewed within minutes to hours and at no additional charge to the operator. This digital copy protection ensures that content is monitored for potential piracy in what TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms Cypher for the PC is an extension of the industry-leading Widevine Cypher. Widevine’s Cypher Virtual SmartCard technology eliminates all of the cost of ownership and vulnerabilities of the physical smart cards used in legacy CAS systems while still maintaining all of the security benefits. Macintosh and Linux devices.264. streamed media.7 36 . giving service operators the ability to deliver media in the most efficient. Designed for wide consumer device support. This multiplatform. it secures all major video formats such as MPEG2. H. VC-1. file downloads and progressive downloads (Widevine owns the patent on encrypted session-based video delivery). including linear broadcast. Widevine has designed a comprehensive system that together delivers CAS to secure linear broadcast and DRM to secure VOD. multiformat approach ensures that IPTV Design in Pearl Qatar has the flexibility to choose the video delivery infrastructure. RealMedia and Adobe Flash.the access control is essential to the operator’s revenue. video formats and consumer devices that meet business and technical requirements today and tomorrow.3 Renewable Security Widevine introduces and uses the concept of a renewable security client. Cypher for the PC enhances security at the client side by adding digital copy protection on de devices. a unique software approach to the functionality of a smart card. profitable manner. Built for complete multimedia protection. 6. 6. platforms and content types. This coupled with the lower fixed cost burden provides a much lower cost of entry and ownership. Windows Media. By implementing the management and use of keys. QuickTime. the content security solution of choice would ideally deliver both in a single system. Therefore. VOD.

The technology is also applicable for protecting STB and PVR devices.5 Application-Level Encryption A key challenge in the encryption and delivery of content across a video network is how to keep the content secure through the entire video distribution chain. Each decryption process is a point of vulnerability in the network In response to this issue. traditional content security systems must employ an extensive integration effort between the security system and both the VOD server and playback application. Figure 1: Traditional encryption-decryption process.7 37 . (Please see Figure 1 below for an illustration of typical encryption and decryption processes that are employed in a content delivery network. This solution detects and responds to the many utilities used to record and redistribute media.) This need to intermediate decryption introduces points of vulnerability both at the operator’s head-end and on the consumer device. 6. which is contrary to studio and broadcaster content security requirements. This solution adds cost in terms of headcount and equipment in order to accommodate this. To rectify this weakness. Legacy CAS systems encrypt at the network (transport) layer and traditional DRM solutions wrap an entire video file or broadcast stream in an encrypted packet. Therefore.is known as the digital hole — the place content resides after decryption and before being display on the screen. the only way that operators can ingest and create trick play files for VOD or splice in digital ads or programming before distribution to subscribers is to decrypt the content. while keeping the content available for optimization and modification when needed. Widevine developed digital copy protection to secure untrusted platforms such as PC-based consumer devices that are highly vulnerable to piracy. Widevine Cypher offers application-level encryption: a patented alternative approach that keeps content persistently encrypted through the entire video TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

Figure 2: Application-level encryption process Widevine’s Application Level Encryption enables pre-encryption. Application-level encryption further enables persistent protection of linear content (i. which lowers the cost to integrate security across an operator’s network.6 Widevine Cypher Overview Widevine Cypher uniquely combines CAS and DRM into a single content security system for IPTV and broadcast deployments. trick-play file creation and digital ad/program insertion in the encrypted content. Only at the point of consumption is content decrypted. Application Level Encryption (ALE) provides stronger security than traditional encryption methods because it keeps content persistently encrypted. 6. With application-level encryption.7 38 . ALE equals pre-encryption.e. and to keep it encrypted throughout the entire delivery cycle. early in the content distribution chain. The system is vendor.distribution but allows VOD ingestion. (Please see Figure 2 below for an illustration of application-level encryption). Time Shift TV. Widevine Cypher uses application level encryption to encrypt multimedia content once. With ALE VOD. leaving key aspects of the video stream such as the control and metadata in the clear. broadcast channels) even when used with network personal video recorder (nPVR) and client (cPVR) applications. protocol and device agnostic. The following diagram depicts the components and how they will be integrated into a typical head-end: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. This method enables trick-play ingestion and file creation without having to decrypt the entire video stream. only the video data are encrypted. digital program insertion and connected home solutions are made possible. The modular design of Widevine Cypher permits it to be utilized independently or as a consolidated package. preventing points of vulnerability in the network.

6. cable. internet. Using the time-tested model of Entitlement Control Message (ECM) and entitlement management message (EMM) distribution. Cypher CA is also responsible for the communication with other video ecosystem components and manages encryption key exchange with Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients. Cypher CA enables operators to deliver a comprehensive content protection system for video deployments of all sizes. Designed to scale to the requirements of fast-growing telco. it ensures subscribers only access and view content they have paid for.7 39 . Cypher CA’s comprehensive approach enables operators to deliver a single-content security system for broadcast and file-based content.1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority Cypher Certificate Authority (CA) manages the generation and distribution of encryption keys to Cypher Broadcast and Cypher VOD encryption appliances and the delivery of entitlements to subscribers enforcing the digital rights.Figure 3: Widevine Cypher Architecture The below sections detail the components comprising the Widevine Cypher solution.6. with strong renewable encryption. mobile and satellite service environments. This highly secure and bandwidth-efficient approach enables the secure delivery of multimedia content TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

In order to dimension correctly. 6. Cypher Broadcast offers line-speed encryption performance in a single appliance. including set top boxes. Cypher Broadcast has a realtime encryption throughput of 900 Mbps of standard or high definition content. PCs.to Widevine Secure devices. one must only dimension the bandwidth needed for the planned live TV channels. Designed to scale to the high-demand channel requirements of video operators globally. Through Widevine’s patented Application Level Encryption (ALE). PVRs. This solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption. The following table has been used to determine the bandwidth. It receives content constraints and encryption keys from Cypher Certificate Authority before distributing encrypted linear broadcast content to a Widevine Secured consumer device. even when stored on content delivery networks and in nPVR or cPVR applications. and thus Cypher Broadcast dimensioning for PEARL-QATAR. stream splicing and custom ad insertion.7 40 . Cypher Broadcast enables all linear broadcast content to retain interactive television capabilities such as PVR.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast Cypher Broadcast is a real-time encryption appliance for securing the distribution of live streams and linear broadcast channels. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and re-encrypt content for digital ad and program insertion. portable media players and mobile devices. trick-play. Utilizing next-generation appliances.6. Utilizing Widevine’s patented application-level encryption.) 1 Cypher Broad Cast unit supports up to 900 Mbits/s. it enables operators to encrypt content once and keep it encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Cypher CA is scalable to an unlimited number of subscribers and offers hot failover options should an operator require them.

7 41 . Utilizing next-generation appliances. The system applies encryption keys and content owner constraints to multimedia files before distribution to a VOD or asset management system. No real scaling limitations on the Cypher VOD dimensioning. only a few practical observations were made. 6. Cypher VOD enables secure consumption of content along with critical trick-play functions (Stop. It also enables stream splicing and customer ad and program insertion on encrypted assets for a more targeted and customized video delivery. FF. Pause. stored and consumed on set top boxes.Compression / Definition MPEG 2 MPEG 4 Standard Definition 5 Mbits/s 3 Mbits/s High Definition 18 Mbits/s 9 Mbits/s Eg 20 SD channels and 5 HD channels • • • 180 SD X 3 = 540 Mbits/s 20 HD/MPEG4 X 9 = 180 Mbits/s Total of 720Mbits/sec initial bandwidth needed with an extra bandwidth of 180 Mbits/s available. In the home.6. resulting in a highly secure and streamlined workflow. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and reencrypt content through support of digital ad and program insertion on Widevine encrypted content. PVRs.3 Widevine Cypher VOD Cypher VOD is a pre-encryption system designed to protect file-based multimedia content. portable media players and mobile devices. This highly available solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption. Cypher VOD can encrypt one GB of content in one minute or less. 1 Cypher Broadcast Unit is needed. Rewind. Play) through any Widevine Secure device. With Cypher VOD. a multimedia asset can be persistently encrypted. PCs. • Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts at 1 min/Gb for AES and 8:30/Gb for DVB-CSA TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Cypher VOD utilizes Widevine’s patented application-level encryption which enables encrypted assets to be ingested into a VOD server without having to decrypt.

5 Widevine Cypher Management Console Widevine Cypher Management Console offers intuitive configuration and monitoring of Widevine Cypher suite. it may be interesting to expand the Cypher VOD rack with 1 or 2 more units.5 min / NDS Knowing that.g. This secure and highly renewable approach eliminates the potential for device cloning. The Cypher Virtual SmartCard interfaces to the Cypher CA for key exchange and entitlement management. theft of service and content piracy that can occur on devices within a subscriber’s home. including overall appliance performance. entitlements and digital rights for any subscriber in the network. encrypts a 2-hour movie in 45 minutes ) (TVN Entertainment customer source: Widevine encrypts a 2-hour movie in 1. 6. Designed to work in concert with Widevine Cypher components in the headend.000 min of total VOD asset re-encryption time 6. once the VOD vault becomes rather big. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. each client can be configured to refresh encryption keys. Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts a 2-hour movie in less than 4 minutes.6. every consumer device on the network can be uniquely identified. web-based interface provides detailed real-time status monitoring.4 Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients bind the identity of a consumer device so that it only receives content that is has paided for.7 42 .6..• e. 1000 VOD assets at each 2 hours/asset = 1000 X max 4 min = 4. SNMP.g. for security reasons. This secure. providing the basis for unicast delivery and stopping any attempts at cloning. e. it is advised to re-encrypt a part (or all) of the VOD assets every X time period. Because of the Cypher Virtual SmartCard. client licensing and consumer device provisioning.

service delivery and more.Enhanced logging of Cypher appliances and Virtual SmartCard clients enables quick troubleshooting of the entire system. start or restart services View logs View SNMP traps Monitor server states CPU load (numerical and graphical representation) View memory usage View licensing information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 43 . so operators always know what’s happening with Widevine Cypher. Cypher Management Console allows users to: • • • • • • • • View state of services Stop. access can be made using a secure. device connections. Designed for use in a centralized head-end or in remote locations. A well defined MIB and the support for SNMP v1 and v2 traps offer the capability to seamlessly integrate and communicate with third-party management systems. including the status of entitlements delivery. SSL-based connection. health status.

anywhere. with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange patented RAID advantages. • Asset Manager for VOD contents: Contents stored can be streamed free of charge including Gigabit Ethernet for IP TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster.is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system. Scientific Atlanta) to generate a modern and powerful IPTV system. Some important features supported and in continuous implementation by SeaChange developers Convenient “stop light” graphics identify Figure 5: Service status and SNMP traps can be actionable responses for fast troubleshooting. Video Server will be integrated with other partner products (Minerva.7. operators than 1. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200 . reducing time to identifying and troubleshooting potential problems. are given below: easily accessed anytime.600 hours of VOD programming – to can reliably offer more thousands of subscribers from a transport single cluster . The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types of MPEG.alone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations. • Video server HDS200: The SeaChange MediaServer HDS Series represents SeaChange focus on bringing greater economical solution to on-demand television applications. • Contents Provider: SeaChange can provide a proposal for contents and metadata production. On2.7 44 . SeaChange The features that will be employed at present and in the future for the Sea Change Video Server for Pearl Qatar Project are described below.based on commodity technologies . Widewine. This video server is designed for deployment as a stand. Figure 4: Cypher Management Console offers at a glance status of the Cypher system.

for execution at specific times. Contents can be rented with various prices. Propagation Service – optimizes both network usage and storage by continually monitoring demand for content. 7. bandwidth. Allowing you to maximize your capital investments ensures that popular content is replicated to the edge servers closest to clients.7 45 . and moving content to locations where it is needed most.or with price. Session and Resource Manager Service – manages network bandwidth to insure that content can be delivered efficiently. A complete schedule of reports can be set through the administration screens. • Multiuser Access: It is to possible to create more than one user on a single STB. and less popular content is moved to central locations. Operational staffing requirements are minimized because replica management across the network is completely TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. It presents a logically abstracted deliverynetwork-independent interface to the client or service. Core services are the heart of every on-demand system. • Multiplatform System: Contents from the same user can be viewed on different platforms (for example one content can be purchased on pc and viewed in part on TV and other parts on 3G phone). Scheduled reports can be configured system operation.1 Axiom Core Functions The Core Services designates the essential functions that manage core on-demand network resources (servers. It presents a highly available interface for requesting the streaming of video and controlling the streaming process. mode and durations. This can manage parental control and other types of filters.). storage. automatically optimizing network resources to serve requests from every client in the most efficient manner possible. weekly or monthly. Information can scheduled to be run daily. • Data Warehouse : The variety SeaChange® be Video Server can record or a wide can be of information that provide system operators with a comprehensive view of obtained interactively. etc.

uploaded. establishing the shortest path between the client and the requested content. Capabilities in this service include ‘playout while record. it automatically ‘moves’ (fails over) the failed server’s failover group from its home server location to its away server location on the surviving cluster member which. Automatic Failover When CoStandbyServer detects and verifies that a failure has occurred on one of the cluster members. the surviving member (in addition to maintaining its own tasks) automatically assumes the tasks and the identity of the failed member.7 46 . The Asset Manager provides full visibility into the location and state of managed content through a browser-based GUI.automated. recording Service – captures broadcast programs and publishes them as VOD content. which are then distributed to the VOD system for on-demand viewing by clients. To support the CoStandbyServer failover mechanism. in addition to TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. in the event of a hardware failure on one Command Center cluster member. Asset Manager Service – manages the life cycle of content stored on the system. permitting continuing operation of all ITV services ordinarily provided by both members of the cluster. delivering a high quality user experience with minimal latency. Content is typically created. Connection Manager Service – mediates client requests. the Command Center servers are typically paired together in twin-server Command Center clusters running Legato® Corporation’s CoStandbyServer™. high-speed Ethernet link to its partner over which the instances of CoStandbyServer software running on each machine communicate with each other and continuously monitor the operational status of both systems. activated. The Recording Service can simultaneously ingest multiple channels of broadcast content inreal time.’ enabling time-shifted viewing of broadcast TV programs. It provides a bidirectional failover mechanism so that. deactivated and deleted by the Asset Manager in accordance with business rules supplied by the operator. Each server maintains a dedicated. Axiom fault-resiliency To help ensure that the services running on the Command Center server remain available in the event of server failure. The Connection Manager ensures that content is streamed from the closest storage location to the requesting client. both servers in a Command Center cluster maintain identical Windows registry configurations and identical file sets on their respective C:\ drives.

For example.to support thousands of simultaneous viewers. MediaServer HDS includes best-of-breed technology components. Our MediaCluster technology permits the addition of servers to a rack and the addition of racks to a system. VOD server: HDS 200 This video server is designed for deployment as a standalone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations.7 47 . commercial. On2. all services ordinarily provided by both cluster members will be running on Server 2. thereby significantly reducing the stream cost for a large video library with maximum reliability. After the transplanted services have successfully completed their startup sequences. TV program . begins performing the tasks of its failed companion. if a failure is detected on Server 1. working in tandem with the System’s automated Command Center software or several standards-based VOD back office software packages. The MediaServer HDS provides guaranteed delivery of video output to meet the challenges of television operations and their demanding subscribers. operators can reliably offer more than 1. The unsurpassed capacity and modular scalability of SeaChange’s VOD System is derived from its patented MediaCluster technology. Windows Media and many other advanced compression formats. The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types – including Gigabit Ethernet for IP transport of MPEG. including off-the-shelf disk TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange’s patented RAID2® advantages. With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster. the CoStandbyServer software running on Server 2 automatically moves the Server 1 failover group to Server 2 and (while continuing to process its own tasks) starts the services listed in Server 1’s failover group on Server 2. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200TM – based on commodity technologies – is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system.its own tasks. MediaCluster enables a single copy of video to be accessible to every output in the cluster movie.600 hours of VOD programming to thousands of subscribers from a single cluster.

drives. generates trick files. The Video Server is the streamer: it sends the VOD mpeg stream to the STB.7 48 . The network communication conducted between and among the various component systems and services that make up the VOD system is logically divided into the following categories: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. order a VOD server to start streaming etc. switched PCI buses and a range of standard network interfaces optimized for video. high performance processors.2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers AXIOM is the command center for the VOD: it has all the logic and the processes to ingest content. propagate the content to the video server. Windows® Server 2003 operating software. 7.

The VOD Asset Manager Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. also called Server-to-Server network is used for the servers to communicate together. Please note that the VOD server REQUIRES an active Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) port to stream. and assets. applications. this dedicated network is key because the assets (mpeg files) are transiting through it. create assets. In our example.7 49 . The second part between the QAM and the set top box is RF: the set top box tunes into an RF channel to see the VOD. Asset Manager Workstation The VOD Asset Manager Workstation provides a complete asset management system that can download content files from a Content Receiver.The management network. So the servers will be manageable from this interface usually using Mstsc (Microsoft Remote Desktop). In a live deployment. and other high-priority communication. The communication on the server-to-server network consists primarily of control data. messaging. this is very simplistic: it is just a link between the Axiom command center and the video server. it mainly consists in control commands (DSMCC) and web traffic generated by TV business when the subscriber browses the VOD catalog. The first part between the VOD server and the QAM is also called transport network (usually based on IP). add and modify information about VOD sites. The Video Delivery network is the network that connects the media source (VOD server) and the cable set-top boxes used by the subscriber. For the VOD. The Client-to-Server network is where all the traffic between the set top boxes and the servers flow. The Propagation network is the network where the content is copied from the ingestion point to the media cluster.

default values. Assets can then be copied and distributed to multiple VOD sites from the VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation. Asset Distribution Interface Service (ADI) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and default behavior for the system. such as VOD site information. The values of service variables can help you troubleshoot the VOD System.Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation is a central asset manager location to which assets are downloaded. This application allows you to set up system information. A VOD Asset ManagerPLUS workstation is used to move assets to multiple VOD sites from which the assets are streamed. import or export assets. The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service Propagation Service (PS) Directory Service (DS) Asset Manager Service (IAM) The VOD Asset Manager Workstations include these software components: Asset Manager Application The Asset Manager application is the component you use to manage and monitor VOD System assets. Encryption and Trick File Service (ETF) The ETF service is used to encrypt content and to create the trick files of the encrypted content before the Propagation service loads the content files to the Upload cluster. and find and respond to errors. You can add and modify asset information.7 50 . Service Management Utility The Service Management Utility displays information about the variables associated with various SeaChange VOD System services.

Movies on Demand) Allows you to manually add or modify all asset information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and maintains the work queue that shows work that must be completed automatically by another service or manually by an operator. Asset Manager Service (IAM) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Asset Manager Service. details about automatic import.3 Features Receives assets imported from a Content Receiver Stores asset information (metadata) in the VOD master Directory database Lets you configure VOD site information. and information about content providers Lets you add and modify information about VOD applications (for example. Directory Service (DS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Directory service. it does not load content files for VOD assets onto the VOD MediaClusters. It manages and controls access to the Master Directory database. SQL Database The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the MS SQL 2000 database.7 51 . Propagation Service (PS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Propagation service to manage the work queue entries correctly. monitors and manages assets and asset elements throughout their life cycle. 7. It imports assets from asset data files. such as the addresses of the Directory Server. stores and maintains asset management data in the Directory database. However. which maintains the asset management data for a VOD site. when the Propagation service is on the Asset ManagerPLUS workstation. which stores the asset management information.The ADI service provides a method to transfer assets from a content provider to multiple Asset Management Systems. which manages a VOD site’s assets.

but have not yet been made available to subscribers AMPLUS workstation allows copying files to local sites TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. or move) Lets you monitor work queues Lets you inspect assets that have been loaded into the VOD MediaClusters. and manage the assets (modify. remove.Allows you to pre-encrypt content files and generate the corresponding trick files Allow you to view the status of assets within the VOD System.7 52 .

8. Networking Part of IPTV TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 53 .

0 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.0 192.DCM pair 5 IPTV .0 255.0 192.0.DCM pair 7 Subnet 239.5.0 192.1 IP Addressing and Naming convention Following are the VLAN details defined for IPTV network. 239.0 Sl.255.4.0 239.128.0 255.DCM pair 1 IPTV . 239.0 Sl.0 pair 3 IPTV .0.0 192.0 239.168.0 Mask 255.0 192.0 239.0 192.0 255.DCM pair 2 IPTV .3.255.0 255.168.0 Mask 255.125.DCM pair 6 IPTV .0 192.0 255.0 255.0 192.# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Subnet Purpose IPTV .0 54 .255.DCM pair 4 IPTV .# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 VLAN Name 5 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 NMS FTA IPTVSBEN IPTVSFEN VoDDN VoDPN Premium1 Premium1 Enc Premium2 Premium2 Enc Description Management Free to Air Channels IPTV Servers Back End Network IPTV Servers Front End Network VoD Delivery Network VoD Propagation Network Pay channels Encrypted Channels to Network Pay Channels Encrypted Channels to Network IP Range 192.0 255.

73 192.124.71 IPTV Seachange Srv2 192.BDC-DC2 Services SA IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 192.63 192.117 192.109 192.168.74 192.168.101 192.121.111 192.122.72 IPTV Seachange Srv3 IPTV Axiom -DS 192.168.64 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/25 Gi 10/26 Gi 10/27 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/29 Gi 11/30 Gi 11/31 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192.113 192.168.65 IPTV Seachange Srv1 192.72 192.168.101 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/32 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 BDC-DC4 Service Seachange IPTV Axiom -AM 192.105 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/26 Gi 11/4 Gi 10/27 Gi 11/5 Gi 11/6 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/7 Gi 11/8 Gi10/29 Gi11/9 Gi 11/10 Gi 10/30 Gi11/11 Gi 11/12 Gi 10/31 Gi11/13 Gi 11/14 Gi 10/32 Gi11/15 Gi 11/16 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port SA IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 192.120.65 192.71 192.7 55 .168.64 192.168.64 IPTV Axiom -DS 192.101 IPTV Seachange Srv4 192.121 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/19 Gi 10/20 Gi 10/21 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

125.168.7 56 . IPTV Cypher VOD Srv 192.168.47 IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv2 192.125.47 192.11 IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 DB 192.103 192.168.45 192.107 192.168.12 WideVine IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv1 IPTV Cypher Core Srv 192.46 IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 192.127.43 192. detail designing is described in the “Data Center Design Documentation.121.44 192.168. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version BDC-DC4 IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/22 Gi 10/23 Gi 10/24 Gi 10/25 IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192.168.11 192.107 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 Gi 10/39 Gi 10/40 Gi 10/41 Gi 10/42 Gi 11/17 Gi 10/43 Gi 10/44 Gi 10/45 Gi 10/46 Gi 10/47 With respect to the Networking part for IPTV.123 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/12 Gi 10/13 Gi 10/14 Gi 10/15 Gi 10/16 Gi 10/17 Gi 10/18 Minerva IPTV Boot/App/Admin Srv IPTV IPTV Cypher EIM Srv Cypher EMMG Srv 192.103 192.168.121. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143 “.115 192.168.47 192.124.127.

x Video on Demand: SeaChange 3. From the STB to the DHCP Server The STB boots up The internal OS starts The STB asks a DHCP address from the Data Center server The DHCP Server assigns an IP address to the STB 2. Channels. Subscribed channels. From the STB to the Middleware The STB starts the communications with iTVManager to gather the info needed MW info: Subscribers. etc… Flow during the Renting of an Encrypted Asset 1. From the Middleware to the CAS and back to the STB iTVManager sends the key-request to the CAS TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. From the STB to the CAS The STB with the assigned IP starts the client/communications with the CAS 3.2.1 Conditional Access: Widevine 4. Booting Process STB initial process of proceeding for Booting up with various vendor components and their respective versions • • • • Middleware: Minerva iTVManager 3.525 Set Top Box: SA IPP 330 Sequential steps and the procedure for Booting Process and Renting an Asset Flow during the Booting Process of STB 1.7 57 .9. From the STB to the Middleware The STB requests to purchase an asset from the asset list The request reaches iTVManager 2.0.5.

From the CAS to the STB and from the STB to the VOD server The CAS gives the key to the STB The STB sends playback request to the Video Server 10. 5.7 58 . TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119. 3. References 1. “ IPTV HeadEnd System for PDC ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0003. “ Data Center & Services Module BoD” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0125. “ IPTV HeadEnd System Design for BDC” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DOC-0002.iTVManager sends playback info (VOD location) to the STB 3. 4. 2. “ Metro Ethernet Infrastructure BoD ” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001. “ Channel List ” 6. “ Network Requirements for The Pearl Qatar IPTV Solution ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143.

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