IPTV Design Document The Pearl Qatar

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The contributors to this document are noted here and may be contacted regarding any changes or to discuss other aspects of the content.

Contact Information
Name Andre Mendes Karel Debrouwere Kashif Rashid Jim White Marco Bonomi Robert Giacomuzzi Simone Arvigo Venkataramanaiah R Silju Pillai Srihari Moningi Jeby Mathew Philip Organization Widevine Scientific Atlanta Cisco Systems Scientific Atlanta IP STB’s Minerva Networks Cisco/Scientific Atlanta Media Power SeaChange Mannai Mannai Mannai Mannai Email Address amendes@widewine.com karel.debrouwere@sciatl.com krashid@cisco.com Jim.white@sciatl.com marcob@minervanetworks.com giacomr@cisco.com simone.arvigo@seachange.com venkat@mannai.com.qa Silju.pillai@mannai.com.qa Srihari.ramana@mannai.com.qa Jeby.mathew@mannai.com.qa


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Table of Contents

1. Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 2. Objective of this Project ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 3. Scope of Work (SoW) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
3.1 IPTV Logical Design -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6

4. Scientific Atlanta ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
4.1 IPTV Head-End System Description------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. --------------------------------------- 8 4.1.3 IPTV Head end System. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 4.2 System Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 4.2.1 MPEG2 Encoder- Model D9022. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 14 4.3 MPEG2 vs. MPEG4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 4.4 Major Assumptions ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18 4.4.1 Headend Topology solution------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 4.4.2 Scenarios ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19 4.5 Set Top Box Basic Information ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21 4.6 Network Management -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22

5. Minnerwa Networks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
5.1 Services and Architecture overview ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 24 5.2 Technologies implemented and main components -------------------------------------------------- 26 5.2.1 Oracle DB 10g----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.2 Oracle Application Server 10g------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.3 Linux ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 27 5.2.4 Java ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.5 Swift MQ JMS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.2.6 Swing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.3 The Database Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.4 The BackOffice Server --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.5 The Application Server--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.6 The Boot Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.7 Servers and Platforms --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33


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6. Widevine Technologies ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 34
6.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution---------------------------------------------- 34 6.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management ------------------------------------------------- 35 6.3 Renewable Security ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 36 6.4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 36 6.5 Application-Level Encryption------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37 6.6 Widevine Cypher Overview -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38 6.6.1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority --------------------------------------------------------------- 39 6.6.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40

7. SeaChange ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
7.1 Axiom Core Functions---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45 7.2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers -------------------------------- 48 7.3 Features --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 51

8. Networking Part of IPTV ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 53 9. Booting Process --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 57 10. References --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58


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1. Introduction
The purpose of this document is to provide a detailed design about the IPTV implementation in Pearl Qatar Island, integrated with five various vendor components, namely, Cisco, Scientific Atlanta, Minerva, Widevine, and SeaChange with a proven ecosystem

2. Objective of this Project
The objective of this project is to design and implement an Ethernet to the Home/Business (ETTx) access network to the PEARL Residential/Business customers. The main criteria is to have a converged IP network where the network shall be able to support multiple services such as Internet, VoIP, IPTV etc, on a single connection.

3. Scope of Work (SoW)
This document defines the Detailed Design of the IPTV solution provided to “The Pearl Qatar Project”. IPTV Solution is integrated with four different IPTV vendor components: 1. Scientific Atlanta, 2. Minerva Networks, 3. Widevine, and 4. SeaChange

1. Scientific Atlanta deals with the Head End System and IP STB 2. Minerva Networks deals with the Middleware 3. Widevine deals with Content Security (CAS) 4. SeaChange deals with Video on Demand (VoD)

This document details only the IPTV solution design. The design details that shall support the IPTV solution will be provided in the Data Center and WAN Services Module Detailed design document. The Network requirements for the IPTV solution are gathered and documented in TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119 and hence is not discussed as well in this document.


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TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The logical diagram for IPTV network is shown above. the IPTV Network is segregated into separate VLANs and discussed in the Networking Part of IPTV.3.1 IPTV Logical Design Logical Diagram A proven/tested ecosystem has been considered and built for the Pearl IPTV network. As per this diagram.7 6 .

Receives L-band QPSK signal from Satellite using the Dishes installed at the dish farm.1.2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.1 The ASI output from IRD goes to ASI splitter and further fed to main DCM and redundant DCM. DCM will process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format and send it to the distribution network 4. LNB’s connected to the dishes will convert these QSPK signal to IF and send to Amplifiers for boosting the signal before splitting it and sending to multiple devices. The DCM will process those selected channel from the pay channel decoder fed through MPEG2 encoder to IP format and send it to the distribution network. which is inserted in it. 4. and to Pay channel decoders using IF splitters and L-band test point. Pay Channel decoder gets IF signal and is tuned to one channel according to the smart card subscription from the channel provider.1 4. 5.2.2 4.1. 5. And the ASI out of these is fed to DCM’s. DCM will further process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format (MPEG2 transport) and send it to the distribution network. 2. Again output of some IRD’s goes to Transport Stream Descrambler to descramble the scrambled channels and send to DCMs.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream 1.7 7 . 4. The IRD will tune a particular transponder and pulls out the contents in ASI format.1 Composite Video & analog audio signals from Pay Channel Decoders goes to MPEG2 Encoder (D9022). Scientific Atlanta 4.1 IPTV Head-End System Description 4. IF splitters will split these signals to multiple IF feeds to feed IRD's.1 5.4. 3.

Horizontal Polarization Low Band. or sometimes LNC. As Microwave satellite signals do not easily pass through walls. Following are the Satellites that are considered: • • • Hot Bird-13° East. The job of the LNB is to take a wide block (or band) of relatively high frequencies (Lband).2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. and the signal needs to be passed indoors via cables. Arab Sat-26 ° East Nile Sat 7 ° W. Quattro universal LNB: A Quattro LNB has four fixed outputs and is used only in "head end" I. Satellite dish farm and 200 L Band signal feed for IPTV Head End system IPTV Head End system. To provide 200 L-Band feeds to IPTV head end (12 Main feed + 12 Redundant feed) in the data centre room.The system consists of mainly 2 sections 1. Three satellite dishes will receive and distribute L-Band signals and for redundancy three more dishes shall serve as backup. frequency ranging from 950Mhz to 2150 Mhz). as well as TV monitor and DTH receiver to monitor the live programs from each feed. we propose two 42 U standard racks. The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB are fed to the Coaxial patch panel installed in the standard rack located in BDC building data centre room.1. The Satellite dish farm consists of 6 dishes and will be located on the Roof top of the BDC (Back up Data Centre). LNB: A low-noise block converter (LNB. for lownoise converter) The LNB is usually fixed on the satellite dish. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds. for low-noise block. satellite antennas are normally installed outdoors. roofs or even glass windows.F. amplify and convert them to similar signals carried at a much lower frequency (called intermediate frequency or IF . 4. The four outputs of the LNB are as follows. distribution systems. 2.7 8 .

The LNB amplifies the relatively weak signals. Most coaxial cables for video applications have a nominal impedance of 75 ohms. The name "coaxial" refers to the common axis of the two conductors.7 9 . Vertical Polarization Low Band. The extent of the loss will depend on the quality of the cable. with the help of appropriate IF splitters. all coax cable will lose more signals at higher frequencies (2150 MHz+) than at lower frequencies (950 MHz). However. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB ranging from 950 MHz to 2150 MHz with an input signal level of -25dBm to -65dBm is fed to the coaxial patch panel. The required amount is 200 L-band signal feed carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping. The outer conductor/shield is encased in a PVC jacket. The dielectric is surrounded by foil shield/s and/or copper braid/s which form the outer conductor and also shield against electromagnetic interference (EMI). Their differing electrical and physical characteristics make it important to select the correct type of cable to suit the application. These lower frequencies travel through cables with much less attenuation of the signal to provide best quality picture. All types of coax cables will lose signals. Vertical Polarization High Band. A coaxial cable has a solid copper or copper-clad-steel centre conductor surrounded by a nonconductive dielectric insulating material. These virgin signals are further splits and distributed to IRD and to Pay Channel decoders. filters the block of frequencies in which the satellite TV signals are transmitted.Horizontal Polarization High Band.These losses are compensated by an IF amplifier. and converts the block of frequencies to a lower frequency range in the L-band range. CABLES: Coaxial cable (or "coax") is the most common cable used for transmitting IF signals.

However. This is done via a multiswitch distribution system. all these types of splitters as to attain the 200 no’s of IF signals.. while maintaining the 75 ohm impedance. (I. DiSEqC (Digital Satellite Equipment Control) pronounced "Die-Sec" is a special communication protocol for use between a satellite receiver and a device such as a multi-dish switch or a small dish antenna rotor. Arab Sat-26 ° East & Nile Sat 7 ° W. Arabsat and Hotbird) Multi switch: This makes possible to select one satellite and transponder from different dishes through one cable.) to ensure the availability of IF signal always in case of failure from main dish feed. such as 2 ways. these dishes are tracked and tuned for the same 3 satellites (Hot Bird-13° East. one set of main and another set is redundant amplifier. The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds. makes possible to determine/ measure the signal level without interrupting the signal fed to the IRD’s and pay channel decoders. This design ensures the availability of IF signal (950 MHz – 2150 MHz) with relevant signal level that ranges from -25dBm to -65dBm. Every time you split an IF signal with a splitter. Essentially they are transformers that split the power in the input signal to multiple outputs.7 10 .Boost the IF signal to get more mileage and compensate for the cable loss in the distribution system. a set of two SAT 900 (IF amplifier). This is used to compensate for signal loss when the IF signal is split into a number of IF signals (200 no’s) by passive splitting. In TPQ. To overcome these losses an IF amplifier is used. all the 12 IF feed for Nilesat. A DiSEqC switch is a device which TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. IF amplifier: . Each ports driving a separate 75ohm load.e. A LCD monitors and a FTA satellite receiver (Free to Air) is provided and is connected through a multi switch to monitor the programs from each satellite feed.IF splitters:. you drastically decrease the signal's strength logic dictates that splitting this signal in two with a "passive" device will result in two signals that each have-at most--half of the original signal's strength. 6way and 8 ways.A splitter is a small device that has one input (the 75 ohm load) and 2 or more outputs. 4 ways. 3ways. Three dishes are designed for redundant use.

enables you to connect multiple LNB’s to a satellite receiver. Solution is based on MPEG-2 technology platform. and second rack will be equipped with all passive and active equipments for distributing the L-band signals. we will be using the D9850 program receivers together with the Indus Stream Descramblers for the scrambled channels. carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.1. A centralized MPEG-2 head end is installed in single geographical location (BDC building). MPEG-2 FTA Channels (Free to Air) Satellite program is received and decoded by scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board. The system currently comprises four parts: Acquisition Encoding Multiplexing Monitoring Acquisition In the Acquisition. 4.3 IPTV Head end System. All the testing points and monitoring equipments will be in one rack. here this is used as we have 3 dishes. providing DCM redundancy.7 11 .

7 12 . ensuring maximum availability for the system. These Encoders can be also be used for the advertisement insertion (in-house channels) and displayed as a TV Channel. the DCM’s will be connected in 1+1 configuration. which will be fed to the Aggregation switch in the network.MPEG-2 Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and Power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed to scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII transport-stream descrambler. which will be used in the project with 7 as main DCM’s and 7 as back up. taking into consideration that the source media output should be Audio Video Baseband (Composite video and analog audio). This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder. Monitoring TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. To ensure redundancy. Multiplexing In Multiplexing part. Each descrambler board carries 2 CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple descrambling capabilities of the same transport stream. Since the output of the Decoder is audio video baseband (Composite video and analog audio). These are further fed to the DCM. we will have the Digital Content Manager which receives the ASI input from the D9850s/D9022s and the Output for the DCMs will be Gigabit. The descrambled (Clear) stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board. these signals need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 single transport stream. The source media is to be decided and procured by the operator. There will be a total of 14 DCM’s. Encoding Satellite program will be received and decoded by the Service providers’ proprietary satellite decoder (Pay channel Decoders to be decided & procured by the operator).

These 200 ASI outputs will be in 1+1 configuration.7 13 . This will give as 100x2 ASI streams at the input of the DCM. The Acquisition/Encoding network will receive the input from the L-Band splitting network for the satellite signal. • The D9022s which will be used for the digital encoding will be having a 1+1 output at each output. which will further be going to the DCM. As the INDUS has 2 outputs per card so both these outputs can be used for connecting to the main and redundant DCMs. This will provide fall-back procedure for the DCM in case of any downtime on the primary/backup DCMs. The output from these D9850s will be connected directly to the DCM and there will be no interfacing equipment in between. interfacing will be done with the 10/100 Base-T IP network and all the systems will be further connected to the monitoring server with the help of the Ethernet cables. one will be connected to the main DCM and the other will be connected to the secondary DCM.For monitoring. So. which will be providing us with 70x2 ASI streams. Main DCM 1-6 will be having 30 ASI inputs and the DCM 7 will be having only 20 ASI inputs. The output from the ASI splitters will be connected to both the main and Backup DCM. All the 14 DCM’s receive the 200x2 ASI input. For the complete system monitoring. The same scheme will be used for the redundant DCM’s also. 70 D9850s Receivers are used for the Free to Air channels. we will be using 70 ASI splitters. • The output for the remaining 30 D9850s will be going into the Galaxy System rack containing the Indus MKII Descrambler Cards. These 200 streams have been calculated as follows: • Out of the 100 D9850s in total. we will be using the Copernicus MKIV server together with the ROSA system software. we will be having 200 ASI outputs. At the Acquisition phase. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. As every D9850 has only one ASI out and our requirement is to connect the ASI inputs to both the primary and redundant DCM. For these 30 Encrypted streams as we will have 1+1 output for every stream so no ASI splitting is required and we will have 30x2 ASI streams into the DCM.

2. Encoding MPEG-2 video and audio processing. Two IPTS output in eight-pin RJ-45. BNC connector with aspect ratio of 4:3. I. Adaptive comb-based composite video encoder. MDI.5 to 1. stackable. Has an encoding rate of 0. H. Low power consumption. 4. 16:9. Two stereo pairs or four mono number of channels.Model D9850 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.Model D9022. Has 75Ω output impedance. BNC and terminal block connector. Contact closure alarm outputs. Refer TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001 drawing for more details.7 14 . Control of the encoder is supported via the front panel interface.5 to 2 Vpp nominal input level. 4.2 System Description 4. Power consumption of ≤45W fully equipped at the voltage range of 100V to 120V AC or 200V to 240V AC ±10%.5 to 15 Mbps. Having 0. and K) and 75Ω unbalanced impedance. Analog and digital AES-3id audio inputs.2. Description: Designed to deliver high quality MPEG-2 video and supports ASI output. Two transport outputs and also used BNC connector.1 MPEG2 Encoder. Features: Web-based GUI and SNMP management interface for interfacing to third-party management systems to control the encoder. Two audio stereo channels as either analog or digital audio output. an on-board web browser. and open communication protocol (SNMP). Single-ended 75Ω impedance. G.The detailed connectivity for all the HE components will further be given in the Rack Layout and System Cabling diagrams.600Ω or ≥20 kΩ balanced impedance.5 Mbit/s for 4:2:0 DVB-ASI output. 0. 1 Ru.2 Program Receiver . D. Specifications: Standard Composite input for video systems PAL (B.

With Aspect ratio conversion (4:3.Re-multiplexing of services and content routing from any input to any output port. Specifications: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The DCM supports up to 8Gbps of input and output capability. The unit can be configured with up to 4 I/O cards. 2/3.7 15 .2. RS-232 asynchronous data at rates up to 38.Transrating of single SD ( Standard Digital ) and HD ( High Definition ) programs.10 Gbps internal processing throughput with 8 Gbps of I/O capability. 16:9 and 14:9) and Active Format Descriptor (AFD) control.Description: The PowerVu® Model D9850 receiver is designed for satellite content distribution applications requiring 4:2:0 video decoding. Variable Field Error Correction (FEC) (1/2. Input impedance of 75Ω and symbol rate range of 1. 3/4.0 to 45Msymbols/s. ( recompression to lower bit rates. Tuner frequency range 950MHz up to 2150MHz using C-band and KU-band satellites frequencies.4 kb/s data outputs.3 Digital Content Manager (DCM) Model D9900 Description: A compact MPEG processing platform capable of supporting extremely high numbers of video stream processing. Features: Interface up to 40 ASI interfaces ports ( 30 ASI ports per ASI I/O card. Power consumption of 50Wmax and voltage range of 100V to 240V AC. 4. Features: This has four L-band inputs and PowerVU conditional access. 5/6 OR 7/8). The DCM comes in a compact 2RU chassis with hot swappable and redundant power supplies. with each card having either 10 ASI ports or 4 Gbe ports. Specifications: MPEG-2/ DVB Compatible system with Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) De-modulation process. having 3available card slots and 1 card slot dedicated for IPTV ).

Input impedance of 75Ω.1 to 213 Mbps. Using a BNC-type of connector (on panel board). Bit rate of 0. Nominal input voltage 100-240V AC. 4. Using a BNC-type connector and an output impedance of 75Ω. Features: Simultaneous descrambling of the selected services in a transport stream.4 Transport Stream Descrambler -INDUS MKII Description: Capable of simultaneously descrambling selected programs in a transport stream to provide a “clear” digital signal. Having 2 CI slots using PCMCIA connector type I and II. Features: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.This has 10 ports per ASI interface card. The removable Common Interface Module allows the operator to easily select the required CA System for transport stream descrambler. Bays for two DVB Common Interface Conditional Access Modules ( CAMs ). Nominal power consumption is 10W. Provide ASI input and Dual ASI output and selection of Programs or individual PIDs. each port configurable as input and output.2. Power consumption of 250W fully loaded. Maximum bit rate of 56Mbps. 4. Physically consist of an interfacing rear-card module and the application front-card module. The power supply can be either single or dual power supply with a free choice of AC and DC. Specifications: Having 1 main input and 2 outputs.5 Modular Rack System-Galaxy Description: The Galaxy Sub-Rack Concept is housed in a 3ru unit designed with a common power and communication interface to all inserted modules. It also supports all Common Interface compliant CA systems.7 16 .2. Descrambling capacity of services depends on the used CAMS.

Communication port of 9-pins male Sub D connector type RS-485. Hot-swappable. Therefore. Specifications: A relay contact type which has 2x25-pins female Sub D connector. Maximum load of 60 VDC. and does not improve video quality.7 17 . MPEG4 MPEG-4 is a technology that reduces the bandwidth requirement of a network.3 MPEG2 vs. easy accessible application cards and low power consumption. 47 TO 65 Hz. 250 Ma. Multiple powering possibilities with or without redundancy. there always arises bandwidth issues. the bandwidth constrains are overcome at the last mile (access layer) with an MPEG-4 solution. Capable of transmission speed up to 19200 bit/s. 4. In the case of an existing data (internet)/voice network that is to be to a “triple play” network that includes Video. without the need to upgrade the entire network. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Power supply of 100 to 240 VAC ±10%. 5 VA. but only in the core and distribution layers.Holds up to 12 application cards of the Galaxy family in only 3RU.

ART & Orbit) As an example. A centralized MPEG-2 solution in a single geographical location (Backup Data Center) providing DCM redundancy.7 18 . conditional access. (2) 100 channels via encoders for proprietary transmission with the appropriate decoder in the customer premises provided by the content provider (Show Time. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.4. etc.1 Headend Topology solution 1. taking into account all three major services (internet.4 Major Assumptions In the case of a detailed channel plan to be received and agreed between the supplier and the customer showing satellites. transponders.In the case of a Pearl network. the number of satellite receivers and encoders can be reduced since at the moment.. if multiple channels are part of the same transport stream received from the satellite. one single satellite receiver is needed. the worst-case scenario has been considered: (1) 100 satellite receivers for 100 channels. which is built from the beginning. and the bandwidth engineering is considered. 4. voice and video). 4.

2 Scenarios Dish Farm and L-Band Distribution Three main scenarios have been considered: 1.4.4. MPEG-2: Free To Air (FTA) Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board. Each Descrambler Board carries two CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple Descrambling capabilities of the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 2. MPEG2: Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed to Scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII Transport-Stream Descrambler.7 19 .

same Transport Stream.109-112 192.120.127. Sl.168.101-104 192.168. Since the output of the Decoder is Audio Video Base Band (AV BB).105-108 and ART and others where no descrambling CAMs are available Satellite Program will be received and decoded by the Service Provider’s Proprietary Satellite Decoder.168.105-108 192.101-104 192.168. the signal need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 Single Transport Stream (STPS). 192.113-116 192.127.7 20 .168.120. The descrambled (Clear) Stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.109-112 192.No 1 DCM Pair DCM Pair 1-1 DCM Pair 1-2 IP Address (Slot-1/Slot-2) 192. This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder and the encoded STPS will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.127. Proprietary Services like Show Time.109-112 VLAN 120 120 120 120 120 120 125 125 125 125 127 127 127 127 Channels FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 2 DCM Pair 2-1 DCM Pair 2-2 3 DCM Pair 3-1 DCM Pair 3-2 4 DCM Pair 4-1 DCM Pair 4-2 5 DCM Pair 5-1 DCM Pair 5-2 6 DCM Pair 6-1 DCM Pair 6-2 7 DCM Pair 7-1 DCM Pair 7-2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.121-124 192.105-108 192.101-104 192.168. Orbit.117-120 192.168.

RGB output via SCART is disabled Component output is YPrPb and tracks HDMI setting 7 segment display will provide boot status during boot up. 16x. It is controllable via Minerva middleware. For the initial deployment it is disabled. Teletext and teletext subtitle supported via VBI pass-through only USB ports are disabled Supported displays 4:3.5 Set Top Box Basic Information Two types of set-top boxes are designed for this project.4.7 21 . 64x and 256x trick mode speeds Utilizes Sigma Designs 8634 System-on-chip (SoC) silicon 256MB DRAM / 64MB Flash memory Supports MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 for SD and HD content Supports RCMM IR protocol @ 36Khz Supports IGMPv2 Supports 188 byte MPEG-2 transport Composite output fixed 576i PAL B/G format HDMI output configurable via settings page using Minerva middleware. display does not support the selected size it will auto-negotiate. 4:3 letterbox. 16:9 with universal change across all outputs Supports English font only with standard Minerva “Swirl” user interface No SNMP support Example of the IPP330 and front and rear panel connectors is shown below: If the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. IPP330HD: For Minerva middleware For Widevine CAS using auto-entitled or dynamic encryption @ 25% level For SeaChange VOD with 4x.

except that MPEG-2 HD is not supported (only MPEG-4 is recommended for HD content for DVR models) Includes fanless 160GB hard disk drive for DVR services.7 22 . 15x. supports DVR trick mode.IPP430MC: Same as IPP330 above.6 Network Management The proposed solution is managed centrally from the Rosa Network Management with focus on: Fault Management Configuration Management Performance Management Security Management SNMP to 3rd Party Devices (excluding IP set-tops) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 50x and 300x 4. speeds 2x.

2 is a scalable enterprise solution that manages the distribution of video. Minnerwa Networks This section of the document is an introduction to iTV Manager’s features. terms. and complete web integration. iTVManager 3. the server software or BackOffice and 2. the set top box software. iTVManager is comprised of two major components: 1. purchase VOD programs. iTVManager offers true Video on Demand (VOD). As the cornerstone of the IP television headend. The BackOffice suite of software includes: • Tools that let you manage: Subscribers Channels STB device inventory Service and pricing Asset management Billing • EPG (Electronic Programming Guide) Loader that manages the data that is ingested from an EPG provider and sent to the Set-Top Boxes (STB) • VOD (Video On Demand) Delivery System (VODDS) module that talks to VOD content providers to automatically deliver to iTVManager the most up-to-date VOD assets The Think application presents a UI that lets the television viewer see the EPG. search for titles in the EPG and VOD catalog and schedule recordings and program TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. It’s meant to act as a primer for iTV Manager Administrators. iTVManager is a scalable. live television.5. interactive television management suite. television and other data services over an IP Network. and concepts.7 23 . the Think application.

5. Rewind). The user interface. and thereafter “share” customer information. "favorites" lists. Ability to tag a customer record with an "external ID". “Sports”. Conditional Access scramblers in the headend and descramblers on the STBs.7 24 . Collection and storage of “real world” data (address. RTSP server for “trick play” functionality (Pause. VOD playback bookmarks.2 Electronic Program Guide (EPG) ingestion. etc) Assignment of the devices. Video on Demand Delivery of VOD catalog listings to the STBs. thus allowing a Telco to easily import and export customer records database. VOD asset categorization (“Drama”. Electronic Program Guide data.2 and those that are provided through third-party components: Services Included with iTV Manager 3. service package. VOD purchase.2 Video encoders that generate multicast IP streams that carry Live TV video content. and so on.). phone number. Channel lineup management that maps EPG channels to multicast addresses Not included with iTV Manager 3. Purchases (and other transactions) are recorded in the iTV Manager database. Flat-file "Billing Reports generation that can be fed into the Telco's existing billing system VOD streaming. Billing Invoice generation. It's anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to manage billing through their own systems TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. VOD asset ingestion (for VOD content suppliers that don’t supply their own ingestion functionality). Broadcast Video VOD metadata ingestion. Customer Management It’s anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to (at least) import existing customer records from their own database systems into the Minerva database. blocked channel lists. through customization can be used to present custom branding and layout design.1 Services and Architecture overview The following table summarizes the services that are included with iTVManager 3.reminders. etc. Fast Forward. SSN. Storage of the Customer's purchased assets. Supply of VOD asset and metadata. “Comedy”. and entitlements.

7 25 . 2. such as channel changes. PVR access. UI customization is provided through the proprietary. Caller ID messages. and so on The Search module and onscreen keyboard let the user search for keywords in the EPG and VOD catalog.(next column) Minerva works with Conditional Access providers (sometimes through STB vendors) to ensure that complete Conditional Access is provided. Some of these features have a third-party component: 1. you can configure the system to force a channel change to the EAS information channel. The user can choose a specific UI skin (or “Theme”). trickplay use. Client UI and Graphics Complete. off-the-shelf UI for the EPG. STB manufacturers implement a well-defined API (called the “MvLayer”) that lets the Think application talk to the STB hardware. Emergency Alert System (EAS). EAS: An external EAS box must be connected to the system. User Event Logging (“Transaction Profiling”). user preferences screens. In addition. program recording.Conditional Access iTVManager doesn’t provide Conditional Access functionality directly. Other Features TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. However... The STB can record the user’s events. All UI strings are stored in a localized string table for easy translation. This includes both a server and an STB component.“Vault” (the customer’s repository of purchases and messages). SVOD catalog. can be posted to the server which then distributes the message to the appropriate STB. and then send a log of the events back to the server for data mining. VOD catalog. Caller ID: An external system has to listen for incoming calls and generate the caller ID information that’s sent to the STB. or they can be sent directly to the STBs themselves. and so on. generated by an external mechanism. text-based thinkstuff language. The full range of EAS messages are understood by the server and broadcast to all STBs.

HW/ OS STB CA Client 3rd Party Admin GUI Admin GUI Admin Applets Network dhcp VOD CA Servers Servers Broadcast Catcher Content Backoffice SDK (Enhydra) Admin Servlets (Enhydra) STB Unicast Services (Configuration. Transactions. Lineups.7 26 . Applications. Listings. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.The diagram below shows a high level picture of an iTVManager 3.) Server Middleware Billing Reports Customers. Stored Procedures Data EPG Ingest Guide Listing Services 5. Apps) STB Multicast (Skins. STBs. Transactions. Listings) VOD CA Connector APIs Integration Managers (VOD.2 Technologies implemented and main components A variety of technologies are utilized by iTVManager. VOD. Entitlements. with components supplied by Minerva in green and components supplied by 3rd Parties in pink. The following is a description of the technologies and applications that are used by iTVManager.2 system. Config. Apps. VODDS etc. Mozilla Think X Porting API (MvLayer) Porting Library. Packages. CA. Skins.

The only implementation detail that functionally ties the product to Oracle is a variety of stored procedures. Two other features of Oracle that are leveraged by iTVManager are its widely recognized methods of scaling and reliability. Linux is the predominant environment on IPTV STBs (like the Scientific Atlanta ones).5. 5. The main features utilized by iTVManager are: • Java VM • J2EE • JDBC connections 5. Think is therefore kept compatible with all flavors of Linux used on the STBs. The procedures that are most embedded are those that are part of the billing process.2. including Windows PCs. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.3 Linux iTVManager server side components are written to the Java layer. 5.2. Macintoshes.1 Oracle DB 10g The Oracle database is central to the iTVManager system.2 Oracle Application Server 10g Most of the iTVManager Java components are hosted within an Oracle Application Server 10g environment. For the client side. iTVManager is distributed with specific versions of Linux to allow for configuration and compatibility with other tools such as Oracle.2. Some of these are in the process of being migrated to Java.7 27 . and Unix computers.4 Java Java is a technology that allows software designed and written just once for an idealized "virtual machine" to run on a variety of computers. J2EE defines most of the base platform and is also used for the BackOffice Console GUI.2.

TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 28 . There is some messaging within the server using JMS. 5. It is one part of the Java Foundation Classes. Swing includes graphical user interface widgets such as text boxes. however.6 Swing Swing is a GUI toolkit for Java. this is not extensive and is only used for some selected situations. split-panes and tables.5 Swift MQ JMS SwiftMQ is a micro-kernel based J(ava)M(essage)S(ystem) enterprise messaging platform.2. Enterprise Edition (Java EE) is the industry standard for developing portable. 5.Java Platform. robust. The admin GUI is written using Swing. scalable and secure server-side Java applications. buttons.2.

below is a description of the various supported implementations. On the headend side.7 29 .Coming to the software components of the platform and their distribution across multiple physical machines. iTVManager is a suite of applications and processes that are spread across two servers: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 30 .

7 31 . VOD assets. 5. In this document. The Console is divided into modules that correspond. During normal operation. and then another will read from it. a Device module. It does this to facilitate a common means of communication: Rather than talking directly to each other. The BackOffice SDK is a procedural API that communicates with the BackOffice through http posts and XML replies. to the different Database entities: There’s a Customer module. the SDK will let that user invoke Customer procedures only. we’ll focus on each of these servers. the Application Server. What’s not as obvious is that the Database. one iTV Manager Process will write to the Database. The function of the Database might seem obvious: It stores records that describe customers. channels. There are two ways to access the BackOffice: Through the Web-based BackOffice Console. and the Boot Server installed on the second server. which is currently implemented using Oracle Database 10g software. and so on. or by calling the functions in the BackOffice Software Development Kit (SDK): The BackOffice Console is a set of HTML/DHTML pages and Java applets that are hosted by the BackOffice Server’s built-in Web server. The BackOffice SDK and the BackOffice Console share the same pool of user accounts: If you use the Console to create a user who can only access the Customer module. This approach yields slow but reliable communications. roughly. devices. and so on— everything you need to populate the persistent. “material” content of an IPTV deployment. Access to the modules is selectively protected through the use of BackOffice user accounts.The Database Application is installed on one server. the BackOffice Server. as employed by iTV Manager. even ephemeral data such as STB-bound messages and the running states of certain processes.3 The Database Server The Database Server hosts the iTV Manager Database. the BackOffice) knows how to read data from and write data to the Database. the BackOffice is the only way for an administrator to modify Database data. stores nearly everything that describes the system. a Channel Management module (for channels and lineups). simply. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.4 The BackOffice Server The BackOffice Server (or. 5. channel packages.

e. and fill out the customer’s data.These two BackOffice access methods—Console and API—perform the same functions. movies) on the third-party Video Server (such as those provided by Entone or TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and Data Services logs the purchase in the Database. the Think application (on the STB) sends a message to Data Services. The Boot Server also hosts the Video on Demand Delivery System (VODDS) and the Video Server Manager (VSM).add_customer() procedure.5 The Application Server The Application Server’s most important role is to act as an interface for unicast communication between the Database and the STBs. from the Database. which sends boot-up and runtime messages to the STBs. Of course. thus allowing the user to watch his movie. they either talk to the Database directly. On the other hand. which provides an interface between the other iTV Manager processes and the Database.. the IP of the VOD’s video server and passes it back to the STB so that the two components (the STB and the video server) can create a unicast connection. when a user rents a VOD asset through the STB. it means that the other iTV Manager processes. 5. including the Think application running on an STB. if you just want to change the address of a single user. need to access the Database. respectively. Implicit in this description is that the BackOffice is an administrative tool. since almost all iTV Manager data and state are stored in the Database.6 The Boot Server The Boot Server handles “informational” multicast communication between the iTV Manager headend and the STBs and hosts most of the processes that act as interfaces to third-party modules. these are the processes that. The Boot Server’s most important process is the Dispatcher. Data Services then retrieves.. ingest VOD metadata into the Database and download and store actual VOD content (i. you’ll want to use the BackOffice Console. you can either open the BackOffice Console’s Customer page. It’s meant to be used by an iTV Manager administrator who needs to modify. press the Add button. augment. It does this through an iTV Manager process called Data Services. For example. or they use the Data Service applications. instead.7 32 . you’ll want to automate the task by writing a script that invokes BackOffice SDK procedures.but they do not use the BackOffice for this. if you want to add a customer. The difference between the two methods is mostly a matter of scale: If you’re adding thousands of customers at a time. or fine-tune some aspects of the system. For example. or you can invoke the SDK’s md_cst. 5.

thus reducing the overall cost and administration. 5. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.. “Play VOD”. “Edit Favorites”. where there are all the choices that the customer has from the STB side and that require a communication with the Application Server.7 Servers and Platforms The two iTV Manager Servers are “servers” in the sense of “software hosts. All the main actions. there are the communications between STB and Minerva during the "steady status" which happens once the box has already booted up and keeps the fingerpath with the middleware through the Announcement Stream configurable (happening after the RunTime Stream and the Boot Stream). etc. Other Boot Server processes include the interfaces to the Emergency Alert System. the Database Server runs on a platform that’s placed behind a firewall. such as “Purchase Transactions”.7 33 . Caller ID.Bitband). In the case of Pearl Qatar. and the Conditional Access system. are summarized and described in the section “User Actions”. and the other Servers are run on a second platform. two-tier installation is considered as a part of the design In a two-tier installation. In the diagram mentioned below.” Both servers can reside on the same (physical) platform. A minimal amount of hardware is used.

The most integrated solution in the industry today. streamed media and file downloads to be encrypted once and to remain encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain. Cypher’s optional digital copy protection keeps content protected after it is decrypted using a patented method of monitoring. This patented protection offers operators the ability to operate freely in the patent-laden world of content protection. In the home.7 34 . This unique multiplatform and multiformat capability means that operators efficiently get the content protection required. Cypher's patented application-level encryption also keeps operational costs low. each with potentially different video formats and consumer devices. VOD server vendors and consumer device manufacturers for complete operator flexibility and control. VOD. Cypher works with most major middleware vendors. It enables linear broadcast. Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients enforce secure consumption of content and can lock down consumer piracy across an entire subscriber base in minutes to hours. 6. Cypher Management Console makes system management simple through an intuitive browserbased interface that is compatible with major fault and performance management systems. Designed to secure content delivery over any network. while retaining the flexibility. choice and control over future devices and service options. PC and mobile services. Widevine Technologies Widevine Cypher is the first and only “session-based” content security system for interactive TV (IPTV). digital ad insertion and trick play on consumer devices. accommodating storage on CDN or P2P networks and during VOD ingestion. now and in the future. detecting and responding to potential piracy on PC-based consumer platforms. Widevine Cypher is underpinned and protected with eight patents that cover all aspects of downloadable CAS.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution Widevine Cypher offers a comprehensive content protection solution that secures content delivery to a wide range of consumer devices and video formats. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. DRM and real-time piracy detection and prevention.6. a single Widevine Cypher system can secure TV.

personal computers. Ideally. today’s IPTV deployments require a combination of both technologies.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management There are two ways to protect video content: conditional access (CAS) and digital rights management (DRM). and a wide range of consumer electronics devices. content stored on devices to accommodate for VOD is stored “in the clear” and is susceptible to theft. while TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. CAS is aimed more at permitting access without transfer of ownership and is only appropriate for broadcasted content. Content is distributed in its digital file format and needs persistent encryption. If the certificate is not present. the certificate cannot be copied or tampered and the item the certificate protects can only be used in conjunction with the certificate itself. home media gateways. Encryption is applied at the file level at the point of encoding and rights are maintained by the content copyright holder (i. The following details the benefits of utilizing Widevine and particularly Widevine Cypher to protect Pearl Qatar’s video deployment. personal video recorders.7 35 . the item cannot be used. DRM systems are designed to protect files and are historically targeted at industries where ownership is transferred. The systems function by protecting content only during transport. yet the rights of the new 'owner' to copy or distribute content are restricted. mobile phones. Decryption occurs when the transport session was terminated upon reaching a set top box. DRM is based on the idea that there will be an electronic “certificate of ownership” issued to someone or something as proof that rights have been assigned.e. However. DRM deals with the concept of ownership and is only appropriate for file-based content. This security architecture ensures that content is secured in transit from a head-end to a receiving device.Widevine Cypher can protect content on set top boxes. 6. Since legacy CAS technologies only protect content during transport. Legacy CAS products were designed for the specific requirements of broadcast television in the cable and satellite domain. a movie may be distributed as a file amongst many users but its DRM properties require the owner to be paid each time a unique user attempts to watch the movie).

3 Renewable Security Widevine introduces and uses the concept of a renewable security client. 6. file downloads and progressive downloads (Widevine owns the patent on encrypted session-based video delivery). QuickTime. Widevine’s Cypher Virtual SmartCard technology eliminates all of the cost of ownership and vulnerabilities of the physical smart cards used in legacy CAS systems while still maintaining all of the security benefits. the highly secure Cypher Virtual SmartCard can be renewed within minutes to hours and at no additional charge to the operator. streamed media. By implementing the management and use of keys. This digital copy protection ensures that content is monitored for potential piracy in what TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. it secures PC-based platforms such as Windows. the content security solution of choice would ideally deliver both in a single system. Macintosh and Linux devices. 6. Widevine has designed a comprehensive system that together delivers CAS to secure linear broadcast and DRM to secure VOD. RealMedia and Adobe Flash. This multiplatform. platforms and content types. The value to Pearl Qatar is that a Widevine Cypher system can be used for securing multimedia content delivered in multiple formats. it secures all major video formats such as MPEG2.the access control is essential to the operator’s revenue. VC-1. Windows Media. Therefore.4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms Cypher for the PC is an extension of the industry-leading Widevine Cypher. This coupled with the lower fixed cost burden provides a much lower cost of entry and ownership. Cypher for the PC enhances security at the client side by adding digital copy protection on de devices. profitable manner. a unique software approach to the functionality of a smart card. including linear broadcast. giving service operators the ability to deliver media in the most efficient. Designed for wide consumer device support. VOD. Built for complete multimedia protection.264. video formats and consumer devices that meet business and technical requirements today and tomorrow. multiformat approach ensures that IPTV Design in Pearl Qatar has the flexibility to choose the video delivery infrastructure.7 36 . H.

This solution detects and responds to the many utilities used to record and redistribute media. Figure 1: Traditional encryption-decryption process. The technology is also applicable for protecting STB and PVR devices. 6.5 Application-Level Encryption A key challenge in the encryption and delivery of content across a video network is how to keep the content secure through the entire video distribution chain. while keeping the content available for optimization and modification when needed. Widevine Cypher offers application-level encryption: a patented alternative approach that keeps content persistently encrypted through the entire video TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 37 . traditional content security systems must employ an extensive integration effort between the security system and both the VOD server and playback application. which is contrary to studio and broadcaster content security requirements. To rectify this weakness. (Please see Figure 1 below for an illustration of typical encryption and decryption processes that are employed in a content delivery network.) This need to intermediate decryption introduces points of vulnerability both at the operator’s head-end and on the consumer device. Therefore. Each decryption process is a point of vulnerability in the network In response to this issue.is known as the digital hole — the place content resides after decryption and before being display on the screen. the only way that operators can ingest and create trick play files for VOD or splice in digital ads or programming before distribution to subscribers is to decrypt the content. Legacy CAS systems encrypt at the network (transport) layer and traditional DRM solutions wrap an entire video file or broadcast stream in an encrypted packet. Widevine developed digital copy protection to secure untrusted platforms such as PC-based consumer devices that are highly vulnerable to piracy. This solution adds cost in terms of headcount and equipment in order to accommodate this.

leaving key aspects of the video stream such as the control and metadata in the clear. Application-level encryption further enables persistent protection of linear content (i. only the video data are encrypted. With application-level encryption. ALE equals pre-encryption. The modular design of Widevine Cypher permits it to be utilized independently or as a consolidated package. preventing points of vulnerability in the network. which lowers the cost to integrate security across an operator’s network.7 38 . The following diagram depicts the components and how they will be integrated into a typical head-end: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.6 Widevine Cypher Overview Widevine Cypher uniquely combines CAS and DRM into a single content security system for IPTV and broadcast deployments. early in the content distribution chain. Widevine Cypher uses application level encryption to encrypt multimedia content once. and to keep it encrypted throughout the entire delivery cycle. protocol and device agnostic. (Please see Figure 2 below for an illustration of application-level encryption). This method enables trick-play ingestion and file creation without having to decrypt the entire video stream.e. With ALE VOD.distribution but allows VOD ingestion. Only at the point of consumption is content decrypted. Time Shift TV. 6. trick-play file creation and digital ad/program insertion in the encrypted content. Application Level Encryption (ALE) provides stronger security than traditional encryption methods because it keeps content persistently encrypted. Figure 2: Application-level encryption process Widevine’s Application Level Encryption enables pre-encryption. The system is vendor. broadcast channels) even when used with network personal video recorder (nPVR) and client (cPVR) applications. digital program insertion and connected home solutions are made possible.

cable.1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority Cypher Certificate Authority (CA) manages the generation and distribution of encryption keys to Cypher Broadcast and Cypher VOD encryption appliances and the delivery of entitlements to subscribers enforcing the digital rights.6. Cypher CA is also responsible for the communication with other video ecosystem components and manages encryption key exchange with Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients. internet. This highly secure and bandwidth-efficient approach enables the secure delivery of multimedia content TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 6. Designed to scale to the requirements of fast-growing telco. it ensures subscribers only access and view content they have paid for.7 39 .Figure 3: Widevine Cypher Architecture The below sections detail the components comprising the Widevine Cypher solution. with strong renewable encryption. Using the time-tested model of Entitlement Control Message (ECM) and entitlement management message (EMM) distribution. Cypher CA enables operators to deliver a comprehensive content protection system for video deployments of all sizes. Cypher CA’s comprehensive approach enables operators to deliver a single-content security system for broadcast and file-based content. mobile and satellite service environments.

The following table has been used to determine the bandwidth. It receives content constraints and encryption keys from Cypher Certificate Authority before distributing encrypted linear broadcast content to a Widevine Secured consumer device.7 40 . This solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption. Cypher Broadcast enables all linear broadcast content to retain interactive television capabilities such as PVR. In order to dimension correctly. Cypher CA is scalable to an unlimited number of subscribers and offers hot failover options should an operator require them. PCs. Through Widevine’s patented Application Level Encryption (ALE). even when stored on content delivery networks and in nPVR or cPVR applications. including set top boxes. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. stream splicing and custom ad insertion. it enables operators to encrypt content once and keep it encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast Cypher Broadcast is a real-time encryption appliance for securing the distribution of live streams and linear broadcast channels. Cypher Broadcast has a realtime encryption throughput of 900 Mbps of standard or high definition content. Cypher Broadcast offers line-speed encryption performance in a single appliance. PVRs. one must only dimension the bandwidth needed for the planned live TV channels.) 1 Cypher Broad Cast unit supports up to 900 Mbits/s. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and re-encrypt content for digital ad and program insertion.to Widevine Secure devices. Utilizing next-generation appliances. Designed to scale to the high-demand channel requirements of video operators globally. and thus Cypher Broadcast dimensioning for PEARL-QATAR. 6.6. trick-play. Utilizing Widevine’s patented application-level encryption. portable media players and mobile devices.

This highly available solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption. Rewind. In the home. stored and consumed on set top boxes.6. FF. No real scaling limitations on the Cypher VOD dimensioning. Cypher VOD utilizes Widevine’s patented application-level encryption which enables encrypted assets to be ingested into a VOD server without having to decrypt. Utilizing next-generation appliances. 1 Cypher Broadcast Unit is needed.7 41 . 6. With Cypher VOD. Cypher VOD can encrypt one GB of content in one minute or less. Pause.3 Widevine Cypher VOD Cypher VOD is a pre-encryption system designed to protect file-based multimedia content. only a few practical observations were made. Play) through any Widevine Secure device. It also enables stream splicing and customer ad and program insertion on encrypted assets for a more targeted and customized video delivery. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and reencrypt content through support of digital ad and program insertion on Widevine encrypted content.Compression / Definition MPEG 2 MPEG 4 Standard Definition 5 Mbits/s 3 Mbits/s High Definition 18 Mbits/s 9 Mbits/s Eg 20 SD channels and 5 HD channels • • • 180 SD X 3 = 540 Mbits/s 20 HD/MPEG4 X 9 = 180 Mbits/s Total of 720Mbits/sec initial bandwidth needed with an extra bandwidth of 180 Mbits/s available. resulting in a highly secure and streamlined workflow. PCs. a multimedia asset can be persistently encrypted. Cypher VOD enables secure consumption of content along with critical trick-play functions (Stop. portable media players and mobile devices. The system applies encryption keys and content owner constraints to multimedia files before distribution to a VOD or asset management system. PVRs. • Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts at 1 min/Gb for AES and 8:30/Gb for DVB-CSA TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

encrypts a 2-hour movie in 45 minutes ) (TVN Entertainment customer source: Widevine encrypts a 2-hour movie in 1. for security reasons.g.5 Widevine Cypher Management Console Widevine Cypher Management Console offers intuitive configuration and monitoring of Widevine Cypher suite. Designed to work in concert with Widevine Cypher components in the headend. including overall appliance performance. e. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts a 2-hour movie in less than 4 minutes. once the VOD vault becomes rather big.7 42 . entitlements and digital rights for any subscriber in the network. it is advised to re-encrypt a part (or all) of the VOD assets every X time period. providing the basis for unicast delivery and stopping any attempts at cloning. each client can be configured to refresh encryption keys.. every consumer device on the network can be uniquely identified. client licensing and consumer device provisioning. This secure. it may be interesting to expand the Cypher VOD rack with 1 or 2 more units. This secure and highly renewable approach eliminates the potential for device cloning. theft of service and content piracy that can occur on devices within a subscriber’s home.• e. 6. The Cypher Virtual SmartCard interfaces to the Cypher CA for key exchange and entitlement management. Because of the Cypher Virtual SmartCard. SNMP.6.4 Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients bind the identity of a consumer device so that it only receives content that is has paided for. 1000 VOD assets at each 2 hours/asset = 1000 X max 4 min = 4.000 min of total VOD asset re-encryption time 6. web-based interface provides detailed real-time status monitoring.5 min / NDS Knowing that.6.g.

Designed for use in a centralized head-end or in remote locations. A well defined MIB and the support for SNMP v1 and v2 traps offer the capability to seamlessly integrate and communicate with third-party management systems. service delivery and more. so operators always know what’s happening with Widevine Cypher.7 43 . start or restart services View logs View SNMP traps Monitor server states CPU load (numerical and graphical representation) View memory usage View licensing information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.Enhanced logging of Cypher appliances and Virtual SmartCard clients enables quick troubleshooting of the entire system. Cypher Management Console allows users to: • • • • • • • • View state of services Stop. access can be made using a secure. device connections. health status. SSL-based connection. including the status of entitlements delivery.

On2.7 44 . with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange patented RAID advantages.600 hours of VOD programming – to can reliably offer more thousands of subscribers from a transport single cluster . • Video server HDS200: The SeaChange MediaServer HDS Series represents SeaChange focus on bringing greater economical solution to on-demand television applications. Video Server will be integrated with other partner products (Minerva. are given below: easily accessed anytime. • Asset Manager for VOD contents: Contents stored can be streamed free of charge including Gigabit Ethernet for IP TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Widewine. • Contents Provider: SeaChange can provide a proposal for contents and metadata production.based on commodity technologies . Some important features supported and in continuous implementation by SeaChange developers Convenient “stop light” graphics identify Figure 5: Service status and SNMP traps can be actionable responses for fast troubleshooting.is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system. SeaChange The features that will be employed at present and in the future for the Sea Change Video Server for Pearl Qatar Project are described below. Figure 4: Cypher Management Console offers at a glance status of the Cypher system.7.alone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations. anywhere. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200 . With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster. reducing time to identifying and troubleshooting potential problems. operators than 1. Scientific Atlanta) to generate a modern and powerful IPTV system. This video server is designed for deployment as a stand. The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types of MPEG.

• Multiuser Access: It is to possible to create more than one user on a single STB. Information can scheduled to be run daily. Propagation Service – optimizes both network usage and storage by continually monitoring demand for content. A complete schedule of reports can be set through the administration screens. Session and Resource Manager Service – manages network bandwidth to insure that content can be delivered efficiently. • Multiplatform System: Contents from the same user can be viewed on different platforms (for example one content can be purchased on pc and viewed in part on TV and other parts on 3G phone). storage. It presents a highly available interface for requesting the streaming of video and controlling the streaming process. mode and durations. • Data Warehouse : The variety SeaChange® be Video Server can record or a wide can be of information that provide system operators with a comprehensive view of obtained interactively. weekly or monthly. Core services are the heart of every on-demand system. and moving content to locations where it is needed most. 7. Scheduled reports can be configured system operation. automatically optimizing network resources to serve requests from every client in the most efficient manner possible. etc. and less popular content is moved to central locations. This can manage parental control and other types of filters. Contents can be rented with various prices.or with price.1 Axiom Core Functions The Core Services designates the essential functions that manage core on-demand network resources (servers. Operational staffing requirements are minimized because replica management across the network is completely TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 45 . It presents a logically abstracted deliverynetwork-independent interface to the client or service. for execution at specific times. bandwidth. Allowing you to maximize your capital investments ensures that popular content is replicated to the edge servers closest to clients.).

the surviving member (in addition to maintaining its own tasks) automatically assumes the tasks and the identity of the failed member. it automatically ‘moves’ (fails over) the failed server’s failover group from its home server location to its away server location on the surviving cluster member which. Content is typically created. Asset Manager Service – manages the life cycle of content stored on the system. high-speed Ethernet link to its partner over which the instances of CoStandbyServer software running on each machine communicate with each other and continuously monitor the operational status of both systems. which are then distributed to the VOD system for on-demand viewing by clients. The Connection Manager ensures that content is streamed from the closest storage location to the requesting client.’ enabling time-shifted viewing of broadcast TV programs. recording Service – captures broadcast programs and publishes them as VOD content. Connection Manager Service – mediates client requests. Automatic Failover When CoStandbyServer detects and verifies that a failure has occurred on one of the cluster members. the Command Center servers are typically paired together in twin-server Command Center clusters running Legato® Corporation’s CoStandbyServer™. activated. The Asset Manager provides full visibility into the location and state of managed content through a browser-based GUI. delivering a high quality user experience with minimal latency. It provides a bidirectional failover mechanism so that. in addition to TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. deactivated and deleted by the Asset Manager in accordance with business rules supplied by the operator. The Recording Service can simultaneously ingest multiple channels of broadcast content inreal time. Axiom fault-resiliency To help ensure that the services running on the Command Center server remain available in the event of server failure. Each server maintains a dedicated. Capabilities in this service include ‘playout while record. permitting continuing operation of all ITV services ordinarily provided by both members of the cluster. both servers in a Command Center cluster maintain identical Windows registry configurations and identical file sets on their respective C:\ drives.7 46 .automated. To support the CoStandbyServer failover mechanism. in the event of a hardware failure on one Command Center cluster member. uploaded. establishing the shortest path between the client and the requested content.

MediaCluster enables a single copy of video to be accessible to every output in the cluster movie. The MediaServer HDS provides guaranteed delivery of video output to meet the challenges of television operations and their demanding subscribers.its own tasks. begins performing the tasks of its failed companion.to support thousands of simultaneous viewers. including off-the-shelf disk TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200TM – based on commodity technologies – is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system. VOD server: HDS 200 This video server is designed for deployment as a standalone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations. The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types – including Gigabit Ethernet for IP transport of MPEG. working in tandem with the System’s automated Command Center software or several standards-based VOD back office software packages. operators can reliably offer more than 1. if a failure is detected on Server 1. After the transplanted services have successfully completed their startup sequences. Our MediaCluster technology permits the addition of servers to a rack and the addition of racks to a system.600 hours of VOD programming to thousands of subscribers from a single cluster. TV program . The unsurpassed capacity and modular scalability of SeaChange’s VOD System is derived from its patented MediaCluster technology.7 47 . with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange’s patented RAID2® advantages. the CoStandbyServer software running on Server 2 automatically moves the Server 1 failover group to Server 2 and (while continuing to process its own tasks) starts the services listed in Server 1’s failover group on Server 2. With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster. For example. Windows Media and many other advanced compression formats. On2. all services ordinarily provided by both cluster members will be running on Server 2. thereby significantly reducing the stream cost for a large video library with maximum reliability. MediaServer HDS includes best-of-breed technology components. commercial.

The Video Server is the streamer: it sends the VOD mpeg stream to the STB. Windows® Server 2003 operating software. The network communication conducted between and among the various component systems and services that make up the VOD system is logically divided into the following categories: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.drives. order a VOD server to start streaming etc. propagate the content to the video server. generates trick files.7 48 .2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers AXIOM is the command center for the VOD: it has all the logic and the processes to ingest content. switched PCI buses and a range of standard network interfaces optimized for video. high performance processors. 7.

also called Server-to-Server network is used for the servers to communicate together. The Video Delivery network is the network that connects the media source (VOD server) and the cable set-top boxes used by the subscriber. The second part between the QAM and the set top box is RF: the set top box tunes into an RF channel to see the VOD. it mainly consists in control commands (DSMCC) and web traffic generated by TV business when the subscriber browses the VOD catalog.The management network. Please note that the VOD server REQUIRES an active Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) port to stream. The VOD Asset Manager Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 49 . and assets. and other high-priority communication. applications. In a live deployment. In our example. The communication on the server-to-server network consists primarily of control data. The first part between the VOD server and the QAM is also called transport network (usually based on IP). messaging. The Client-to-Server network is where all the traffic between the set top boxes and the servers flow. create assets. So the servers will be manageable from this interface usually using Mstsc (Microsoft Remote Desktop). add and modify information about VOD sites. this dedicated network is key because the assets (mpeg files) are transiting through it. The Propagation network is the network where the content is copied from the ingestion point to the media cluster. this is very simplistic: it is just a link between the Axiom command center and the video server. For the VOD. Asset Manager Workstation The VOD Asset Manager Workstation provides a complete asset management system that can download content files from a Content Receiver.

You can add and modify asset information. Encryption and Trick File Service (ETF) The ETF service is used to encrypt content and to create the trick files of the encrypted content before the Propagation service loads the content files to the Upload cluster.Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation is a central asset manager location to which assets are downloaded. such as VOD site information. Asset Distribution Interface Service (ADI) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and find and respond to errors.7 50 . default values. This application allows you to set up system information. A VOD Asset ManagerPLUS workstation is used to move assets to multiple VOD sites from which the assets are streamed. Service Management Utility The Service Management Utility displays information about the variables associated with various SeaChange VOD System services. and default behavior for the system. Assets can then be copied and distributed to multiple VOD sites from the VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation. import or export assets. The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service Propagation Service (PS) Directory Service (DS) Asset Manager Service (IAM) The VOD Asset Manager Workstations include these software components: Asset Manager Application The Asset Manager application is the component you use to manage and monitor VOD System assets. The values of service variables can help you troubleshoot the VOD System.

details about automatic import. which manages a VOD site’s assets. such as the addresses of the Directory Server. Directory Service (DS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Directory service. stores and maintains asset management data in the Directory database. 7. which maintains the asset management data for a VOD site. which stores the asset management information. It imports assets from asset data files. and maintains the work queue that shows work that must be completed automatically by another service or manually by an operator. monitors and manages assets and asset elements throughout their life cycle. when the Propagation service is on the Asset ManagerPLUS workstation. However.7 51 . SQL Database The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the MS SQL 2000 database. It manages and controls access to the Master Directory database.3 Features Receives assets imported from a Content Receiver Stores asset information (metadata) in the VOD master Directory database Lets you configure VOD site information. Asset Manager Service (IAM) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Asset Manager Service. it does not load content files for VOD assets onto the VOD MediaClusters.The ADI service provides a method to transfer assets from a content provider to multiple Asset Management Systems. Movies on Demand) Allows you to manually add or modify all asset information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Propagation Service (PS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Propagation service to manage the work queue entries correctly. and information about content providers Lets you add and modify information about VOD applications (for example.

and manage the assets (modify.Allows you to pre-encrypt content files and generate the corresponding trick files Allow you to view the status of assets within the VOD System. or move) Lets you monitor work queues Lets you inspect assets that have been loaded into the VOD MediaClusters. remove.7 52 . but have not yet been made available to subscribers AMPLUS workstation allows copying files to local sites TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

Networking Part of IPTV TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.8.7 53 .

168.0 255.0 IP Addressing and Naming convention Following are the VLAN details defined for IPTV network.255.0 Mask 255.232.0 255.0 192.0 192.1.0 239.7.7 54 .0 Mask 239.0.0 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Sl. 192.0.128.DCM pair 5 IPTV .232.DCM pair 2 IPTV .168.120.0 192.255.0.DCM pair 7 Subnet 255.0 Sl. 255.# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Subnet Purpose IPTV .255.0 pair 3 IPTV .255.255.0 192.255.0 255.0 255.0 255.# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 VLAN Name 5 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 NMS FTA IPTVSBEN IPTVSFEN VoDDN VoDPN Premium1 Premium1 Enc Premium2 Premium2 Enc Description Management Free to Air Channels IPTV Servers Back End Network IPTV Servers Front End Network VoD Delivery Network VoD Propagation Network Pay channels Encrypted Channels to Network Pay Channels Encrypted Channels to Network IP Range 192.0 pair 6 IPTV .DCM pair 4 IPTV .126.0 239.0 255.0 255.0 255.0 255.0 pair 1 IPTV .255.0 192.0 255.0 IPTV Seachange Srv2 192.117 IPTV Axiom -DS 192.111 192.168.72 IPTV Seachange Srv3 192.72 192.109 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/25 Gi 10/26 Gi 10/27 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/29 Gi 11/30 Gi 11/31 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192.168.65 IPTV Seachange Srv1 192.168.64 192.101 55 . IPTV Seachange Srv4 192.124.72 192.BDC-DC2 Services SA IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/19 Gi 10/20 Gi 10/21 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 192.121.105 192.74 192.113 192.73 192.65 192.65 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/26 Gi 11/4 Gi 10/27 Gi 11/5 Gi 11/6 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/7 Gi 11/8 Gi10/29 Gi11/9 Gi 11/10 Gi 10/30 Gi11/11 Gi 11/12 Gi 10/31 Gi11/13 Gi 11/14 Gi 10/32 Gi11/15 Gi 11/16 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port SA IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 192.168.74 192.101 192.120.121 192.122.113 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/32 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 BDC-DC4 Service Seachange IPTV Axiom -AM 192.63 192.168.64 IPTV Axiom -DS 192.109 192.73 192. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 Gi 10/39 Gi 10/40 Gi 10/41 Gi 10/42 Gi 11/17 Gi 10/43 Gi 10/44 Gi 10/45 Gi 10/46 Gi 10/47 With respect to the Networking part for IPTV. IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 DB 192.107 192.168.47 IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv2 192.11 192.168.103 IPTV IPTV Cypher EIM Srv Cypher EMMG Srv 192.IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 192.44 192. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143 “.111 BDC-DC4 IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/22 Gi 10/23 Gi 10/24 Gi 10/25 IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192.107 192.121.42 192.115 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/12 Gi 10/13 Gi 10/14 Gi 10/15 Gi 10/16 Gi 10/17 Gi 10/18 Minerva IPTV Boot/App/Admin Srv 192.12 WideVine IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv1 192.120.123. detail designing is described in the “Data Center Design Documentation.43 192.103 192.46 IPTV Cypher VOD Srv 192.47 192.107 192.168.7 56 .45 IPTV Cypher Core Srv 192.121.

1 Conditional Access: Widevine 4. From the STB to the CAS The STB with the assigned IP starts the client/communications with the CAS 3.5.0. Booting Process STB initial process of proceeding for Booting up with various vendor components and their respective versions • • • • Middleware: Minerva iTVManager 3.2. From the Middleware to the CAS and back to the STB iTVManager sends the key-request to the CAS TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. From the STB to the Middleware The STB requests to purchase an asset from the asset list The request reaches iTVManager 2.9.7 57 . Channels. etc… Flow during the Renting of an Encrypted Asset 1. From the STB to the DHCP Server The STB boots up The internal OS starts The STB asks a DHCP address from the Data Center server The DHCP Server assigns an IP address to the STB 2. Subscribed channels.525 Set Top Box: SA IPP 330 Sequential steps and the procedure for Booting Process and Renting an Asset Flow during the Booting Process of STB 1.x Video on Demand: SeaChange 3. From the STB to the Middleware The STB starts the communications with iTVManager to gather the info needed MW info: Subscribers.

5. 2. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119. “ Network Requirements for The Pearl Qatar IPTV Solution ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143. “ IPTV HeadEnd System Design for BDC” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DOC-0002.7 58 . From the CAS to the STB and from the STB to the VOD server The CAS gives the key to the STB The STB sends playback request to the Video Server 10. “ Channel List ” 6. 3.iTVManager sends playback info (VOD location) to the STB 3. 4. “ Metro Ethernet Infrastructure BoD ” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001. “ IPTV HeadEnd System for PDC ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0003. “ Data Center & Services Module BoD” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0125. References 1.

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