IPTV Design Document The Pearl Qatar

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The contributors to this document are noted here and may be contacted regarding any changes or to discuss other aspects of the content.

Contact Information
Name Andre Mendes Karel Debrouwere Kashif Rashid Jim White Marco Bonomi Robert Giacomuzzi Simone Arvigo Venkataramanaiah R Silju Pillai Srihari Moningi Jeby Mathew Philip Organization Widevine Scientific Atlanta Cisco Systems Scientific Atlanta IP STB’s Minerva Networks Cisco/Scientific Atlanta Media Power SeaChange Mannai Mannai Mannai Mannai Email Address amendes@widewine.com karel.debrouwere@sciatl.com krashid@cisco.com Jim.white@sciatl.com marcob@minervanetworks.com giacomr@cisco.com simone.arvigo@seachange.com venkat@mannai.com.qa Silju.pillai@mannai.com.qa Srihari.ramana@mannai.com.qa Jeby.mathew@mannai.com.qa


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Table of Contents

1. Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 2. Objective of this Project ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 3. Scope of Work (SoW) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
3.1 IPTV Logical Design -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6

4. Scientific Atlanta ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
4.1 IPTV Head-End System Description------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. --------------------------------------- 8 4.1.3 IPTV Head end System. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 4.2 System Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 4.2.1 MPEG2 Encoder- Model D9022. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 14 4.3 MPEG2 vs. MPEG4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 4.4 Major Assumptions ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18 4.4.1 Headend Topology solution------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 4.4.2 Scenarios ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19 4.5 Set Top Box Basic Information ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21 4.6 Network Management -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22

5. Minnerwa Networks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
5.1 Services and Architecture overview ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 24 5.2 Technologies implemented and main components -------------------------------------------------- 26 5.2.1 Oracle DB 10g----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.2 Oracle Application Server 10g------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.3 Linux ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 27 5.2.4 Java ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.5 Swift MQ JMS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.2.6 Swing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.3 The Database Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.4 The BackOffice Server --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.5 The Application Server--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.6 The Boot Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.7 Servers and Platforms --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33


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6. Widevine Technologies ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 34
6.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution---------------------------------------------- 34 6.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management ------------------------------------------------- 35 6.3 Renewable Security ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 36 6.4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 36 6.5 Application-Level Encryption------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37 6.6 Widevine Cypher Overview -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38 6.6.1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority --------------------------------------------------------------- 39 6.6.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40

7. SeaChange ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
7.1 Axiom Core Functions---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45 7.2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers -------------------------------- 48 7.3 Features --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 51

8. Networking Part of IPTV ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 53 9. Booting Process --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 57 10. References --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58


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1. Introduction
The purpose of this document is to provide a detailed design about the IPTV implementation in Pearl Qatar Island, integrated with five various vendor components, namely, Cisco, Scientific Atlanta, Minerva, Widevine, and SeaChange with a proven ecosystem

2. Objective of this Project
The objective of this project is to design and implement an Ethernet to the Home/Business (ETTx) access network to the PEARL Residential/Business customers. The main criteria is to have a converged IP network where the network shall be able to support multiple services such as Internet, VoIP, IPTV etc, on a single connection.

3. Scope of Work (SoW)
This document defines the Detailed Design of the IPTV solution provided to “The Pearl Qatar Project”. IPTV Solution is integrated with four different IPTV vendor components: 1. Scientific Atlanta, 2. Minerva Networks, 3. Widevine, and 4. SeaChange

1. Scientific Atlanta deals with the Head End System and IP STB 2. Minerva Networks deals with the Middleware 3. Widevine deals with Content Security (CAS) 4. SeaChange deals with Video on Demand (VoD)

This document details only the IPTV solution design. The design details that shall support the IPTV solution will be provided in the Data Center and WAN Services Module Detailed design document. The Network requirements for the IPTV solution are gathered and documented in TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119 and hence is not discussed as well in this document.


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1 IPTV Logical Design Logical Diagram A proven/tested ecosystem has been considered and built for the Pearl IPTV network. As per this diagram. The logical diagram for IPTV network is shown above. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.3. the IPTV Network is segregated into separate VLANs and discussed in the Networking Part of IPTV.7 6 .

Pay Channel decoder gets IF signal and is tuned to one channel according to the smart card subscription from the channel provider. The DCM will process those selected channel from the pay channel decoder fed through MPEG2 encoder to IP format and send it to the distribution network.1 IPTV Head-End System Description 4. 2.4. which is inserted in it. DCM will process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format and send it to the distribution network 4. And the ASI out of these is fed to DCM’s. 4. Again output of some IRD’s goes to Transport Stream Descrambler to descramble the scrambled channels and send to DCMs.2. DCM will further process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format (MPEG2 transport) and send it to the distribution network.1 5. 5. and to Pay channel decoders using IF splitters and L-band test point.7 7 . Scientific Atlanta 4. The IRD will tune a particular transponder and pulls out the contents in ASI format. 5.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream 1. Receives L-band QPSK signal from Satellite using the Dishes installed at the dish farm.1 4.2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.1 Composite Video & analog audio signals from Pay Channel Decoders goes to MPEG2 Encoder (D9022). 4. 3.1.2 4. IF splitters will split these signals to multiple IF feeds to feed IRD's.1 The ASI output from IRD goes to ASI splitter and further fed to main DCM and redundant DCM. LNB’s connected to the dishes will convert these QSPK signal to IF and send to Amplifiers for boosting the signal before splitting it and sending to multiple devices.1.

2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. Quattro universal LNB: A Quattro LNB has four fixed outputs and is used only in "head end" I. The Satellite dish farm consists of 6 dishes and will be located on the Roof top of the BDC (Back up Data Centre). we propose two 42 U standard racks. satellite antennas are normally installed outdoors. 2. or sometimes LNC.1. The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds. distribution systems. for low-noise block. frequency ranging from 950Mhz to 2150 Mhz). roofs or even glass windows. Following are the Satellites that are considered: • • • Hot Bird-13° East. 4. Satellite dish farm and 200 L Band signal feed for IPTV Head End system IPTV Head End system. As Microwave satellite signals do not easily pass through walls. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. To provide 200 L-Band feeds to IPTV head end (12 Main feed + 12 Redundant feed) in the data centre room. as well as TV monitor and DTH receiver to monitor the live programs from each feed.7 8 . The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB are fed to the Coaxial patch panel installed in the standard rack located in BDC building data centre room.The system consists of mainly 2 sections 1. The job of the LNB is to take a wide block (or band) of relatively high frequencies (Lband). The four outputs of the LNB are as follows. Arab Sat-26 ° East Nile Sat 7 ° W. Three satellite dishes will receive and distribute L-Band signals and for redundancy three more dishes shall serve as backup.F. amplify and convert them to similar signals carried at a much lower frequency (called intermediate frequency or IF . Horizontal Polarization Low Band. and the signal needs to be passed indoors via cables. for lownoise converter) The LNB is usually fixed on the satellite dish. LNB: A low-noise block converter (LNB.

These virgin signals are further splits and distributed to IRD and to Pay Channel decoders. The extent of the loss will depend on the quality of the cable. The required amount is 200 L-band signal feed carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping. The outer conductor/shield is encased in a PVC jacket. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Their differing electrical and physical characteristics make it important to select the correct type of cable to suit the application. Vertical Polarization High Band. Most coaxial cables for video applications have a nominal impedance of 75 ohms. However. The LNB amplifies the relatively weak signals. CABLES: Coaxial cable (or "coax") is the most common cable used for transmitting IF signals. All types of coax cables will lose signals.7 9 . with the help of appropriate IF splitters. The dielectric is surrounded by foil shield/s and/or copper braid/s which form the outer conductor and also shield against electromagnetic interference (EMI).Horizontal Polarization High Band. filters the block of frequencies in which the satellite TV signals are transmitted. These lower frequencies travel through cables with much less attenuation of the signal to provide best quality picture. The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB ranging from 950 MHz to 2150 MHz with an input signal level of -25dBm to -65dBm is fed to the coaxial patch panel.These losses are compensated by an IF amplifier. all coax cable will lose more signals at higher frequencies (2150 MHz+) than at lower frequencies (950 MHz). The name "coaxial" refers to the common axis of the two conductors. Vertical Polarization Low Band. A coaxial cable has a solid copper or copper-clad-steel centre conductor surrounded by a nonconductive dielectric insulating material. and converts the block of frequencies to a lower frequency range in the L-band range.

IF amplifier: . However.. DiSEqC (Digital Satellite Equipment Control) pronounced "Die-Sec" is a special communication protocol for use between a satellite receiver and a device such as a multi-dish switch or a small dish antenna rotor. one set of main and another set is redundant amplifier. such as 2 ways. 4 ways. a set of two SAT 900 (IF amplifier).) to ensure the availability of IF signal always in case of failure from main dish feed.e. In TPQ. all these types of splitters as to attain the 200 no’s of IF signals. A LCD monitors and a FTA satellite receiver (Free to Air) is provided and is connected through a multi switch to monitor the programs from each satellite feed.Boost the IF signal to get more mileage and compensate for the cable loss in the distribution system.IF splitters:. Each ports driving a separate 75ohm load. these dishes are tracked and tuned for the same 3 satellites (Hot Bird-13° East. 3ways. To overcome these losses an IF amplifier is used. Every time you split an IF signal with a splitter. (I. Arab Sat-26 ° East & Nile Sat 7 ° W. Three dishes are designed for redundant use. The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds. makes possible to determine/ measure the signal level without interrupting the signal fed to the IRD’s and pay channel decoders. This design ensures the availability of IF signal (950 MHz – 2150 MHz) with relevant signal level that ranges from -25dBm to -65dBm. Essentially they are transformers that split the power in the input signal to multiple outputs. 6way and 8 ways.7 10 .A splitter is a small device that has one input (the 75 ohm load) and 2 or more outputs. while maintaining the 75 ohm impedance. Arabsat and Hotbird) Multi switch: This makes possible to select one satellite and transponder from different dishes through one cable. you drastically decrease the signal's strength logic dictates that splitting this signal in two with a "passive" device will result in two signals that each have-at most--half of the original signal's strength. This is used to compensate for signal loss when the IF signal is split into a number of IF signals (200 no’s) by passive splitting. A DiSEqC switch is a device which TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. all the 12 IF feed for Nilesat. This is done via a multiswitch distribution system.

7 11 . All the testing points and monitoring equipments will be in one rack. The system currently comprises four parts: Acquisition Encoding Multiplexing Monitoring Acquisition In the Acquisition. and second rack will be equipped with all passive and active equipments for distributing the L-band signals. 4. carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. here this is used as we have 3 dishes.1. A centralized MPEG-2 head end is installed in single geographical location (BDC building). providing DCM redundancy. Solution is based on MPEG-2 technology platform.enables you to connect multiple LNB’s to a satellite receiver.3 IPTV Head end System. MPEG-2 FTA Channels (Free to Air) Satellite program is received and decoded by scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board. we will be using the D9850 program receivers together with the Indus Stream Descramblers for the scrambled channels.

we will have the Digital Content Manager which receives the ASI input from the D9850s/D9022s and the Output for the DCMs will be Gigabit. ensuring maximum availability for the system. Multiplexing In Multiplexing part. Encoding Satellite program will be received and decoded by the Service providers’ proprietary satellite decoder (Pay channel Decoders to be decided & procured by the operator). To ensure redundancy. which will be fed to the Aggregation switch in the network. Since the output of the Decoder is audio video baseband (Composite video and analog audio). Each descrambler board carries 2 CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple descrambling capabilities of the same transport stream. This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder. which will be used in the project with 7 as main DCM’s and 7 as back up.MPEG-2 Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and Power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed to scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII transport-stream descrambler. taking into consideration that the source media output should be Audio Video Baseband (Composite video and analog audio). The source media is to be decided and procured by the operator. These Encoders can be also be used for the advertisement insertion (in-house channels) and displayed as a TV Channel. These are further fed to the DCM. There will be a total of 14 DCM’s. the DCM’s will be connected in 1+1 configuration.7 12 . The descrambled (Clear) stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board. these signals need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 single transport stream. Monitoring TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

The same scheme will be used for the redundant DCM’s also. For the complete system monitoring. At the Acquisition phase. All the 14 DCM’s receive the 200x2 ASI input. one will be connected to the main DCM and the other will be connected to the secondary DCM. This will provide fall-back procedure for the DCM in case of any downtime on the primary/backup DCMs.7 13 . we will be using 70 ASI splitters. we will be using the Copernicus MKIV server together with the ROSA system software. interfacing will be done with the 10/100 Base-T IP network and all the systems will be further connected to the monitoring server with the help of the Ethernet cables. Main DCM 1-6 will be having 30 ASI inputs and the DCM 7 will be having only 20 ASI inputs. • The output for the remaining 30 D9850s will be going into the Galaxy System rack containing the Indus MKII Descrambler Cards. which will be providing us with 70x2 ASI streams. The Acquisition/Encoding network will receive the input from the L-Band splitting network for the satellite signal. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. These 200 streams have been calculated as follows: • Out of the 100 D9850s in total. • The D9022s which will be used for the digital encoding will be having a 1+1 output at each output. So. we will be having 200 ASI outputs. As the INDUS has 2 outputs per card so both these outputs can be used for connecting to the main and redundant DCMs. The output from these D9850s will be connected directly to the DCM and there will be no interfacing equipment in between.For monitoring. For these 30 Encrypted streams as we will have 1+1 output for every stream so no ASI splitting is required and we will have 30x2 ASI streams into the DCM. These 200 ASI outputs will be in 1+1 configuration. This will give as 100x2 ASI streams at the input of the DCM. which will further be going to the DCM. 70 D9850s Receivers are used for the Free to Air channels. The output from the ASI splitters will be connected to both the main and Backup DCM. As every D9850 has only one ASI out and our requirement is to connect the ASI inputs to both the primary and redundant DCM.

Two transport outputs and also used BNC connector. Description: Designed to deliver high quality MPEG-2 video and supports ASI output.2 Program Receiver . Has an encoding rate of 0.600Ω or ≥20 kΩ balanced impedance. 4. I.7 14 . an on-board web browser.5 to 15 Mbps. Analog and digital AES-3id audio inputs. Has 75Ω output impedance. Single-ended 75Ω impedance.1 MPEG2 Encoder. Two stereo pairs or four mono number of channels. Features: Web-based GUI and SNMP management interface for interfacing to third-party management systems to control the encoder.Model D9850 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.2 System Description 4. Power consumption of ≤45W fully equipped at the voltage range of 100V to 120V AC or 200V to 240V AC ±10%.5 to 1. Two audio stereo channels as either analog or digital audio output. D.2. Contact closure alarm outputs. 1 Ru. and open communication protocol (SNMP). 16:9. Refer TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001 drawing for more details.5 Mbit/s for 4:2:0 DVB-ASI output. Having 0. G.2. and K) and 75Ω unbalanced impedance.5 to 2 Vpp nominal input level. H. 0. Adaptive comb-based composite video encoder. BNC and terminal block connector. Specifications: Standard Composite input for video systems PAL (B.Model D9022. 4. Two IPTS output in eight-pin RJ-45. Control of the encoder is supported via the front panel interface. stackable. BNC connector with aspect ratio of 4:3.The detailed connectivity for all the HE components will further be given in the Rack Layout and System Cabling diagrams. Encoding MPEG-2 video and audio processing. MDI. Low power consumption.

Variable Field Error Correction (FEC) (1/2.3 Digital Content Manager (DCM) Model D9900 Description: A compact MPEG processing platform capable of supporting extremely high numbers of video stream processing. RS-232 asynchronous data at rates up to 38. Features: This has four L-band inputs and PowerVU conditional access. Tuner frequency range 950MHz up to 2150MHz using C-band and KU-band satellites frequencies. having 3available card slots and 1 card slot dedicated for IPTV ). The DCM comes in a compact 2RU chassis with hot swappable and redundant power supplies.2.4 kb/s data outputs.Re-multiplexing of services and content routing from any input to any output port. 4. Features: Interface up to 40 ASI interfaces ports ( 30 ASI ports per ASI I/O card. 2/3. Power consumption of 50Wmax and voltage range of 100V to 240V AC. Specifications: MPEG-2/ DVB Compatible system with Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) De-modulation process. 16:9 and 14:9) and Active Format Descriptor (AFD) control. with each card having either 10 ASI ports or 4 Gbe ports. 3/4.7 15 . ( recompression to lower bit rates. The DCM supports up to 8Gbps of input and output capability.Description: The PowerVu® Model D9850 receiver is designed for satellite content distribution applications requiring 4:2:0 video decoding. The unit can be configured with up to 4 I/O cards.0 to 45Msymbols/s.10 Gbps internal processing throughput with 8 Gbps of I/O capability. 5/6 OR 7/8). With Aspect ratio conversion (4:3. Specifications: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Input impedance of 75Ω and symbol rate range of 1.Transrating of single SD ( Standard Digital ) and HD ( High Definition ) programs.

2. Power consumption of 250W fully loaded. Provide ASI input and Dual ASI output and selection of Programs or individual PIDs. Bays for two DVB Common Interface Conditional Access Modules ( CAMs ). Nominal input voltage 100-240V AC. The power supply can be either single or dual power supply with a free choice of AC and DC. Features: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Input impedance of 75Ω. The removable Common Interface Module allows the operator to easily select the required CA System for transport stream descrambler. Maximum bit rate of 56Mbps. Nominal power consumption is 10W. each port configurable as input and output. Using a BNC-type of connector (on panel board). 4.4 Transport Stream Descrambler -INDUS MKII Description: Capable of simultaneously descrambling selected programs in a transport stream to provide a “clear” digital signal. Using a BNC-type connector and an output impedance of 75Ω. Bit rate of 0. It also supports all Common Interface compliant CA systems. 4.5 Modular Rack System-Galaxy Description: The Galaxy Sub-Rack Concept is housed in a 3ru unit designed with a common power and communication interface to all inserted modules. Having 2 CI slots using PCMCIA connector type I and II.7 16 . Specifications: Having 1 main input and 2 outputs. Physically consist of an interfacing rear-card module and the application front-card module.1 to 213 Mbps.This has 10 ports per ASI interface card.2. Features: Simultaneous descrambling of the selected services in a transport stream. Descrambling capacity of services depends on the used CAMS.

47 TO 65 Hz. Specifications: A relay contact type which has 2x25-pins female Sub D connector. but only in the core and distribution layers. Capable of transmission speed up to 19200 bit/s. there always arises bandwidth issues. 250 Ma. 4. without the need to upgrade the entire network. the bandwidth constrains are overcome at the last mile (access layer) with an MPEG-4 solution.7 17 . TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Hot-swappable. Maximum load of 60 VDC.Holds up to 12 application cards of the Galaxy family in only 3RU. Therefore. easy accessible application cards and low power consumption. In the case of an existing data (internet)/voice network that is to be to a “triple play” network that includes Video.3 MPEG2 vs. Multiple powering possibilities with or without redundancy. Communication port of 9-pins male Sub D connector type RS-485. 5 VA. Power supply of 100 to 240 VAC ±10%. MPEG4 MPEG-4 is a technology that reduces the bandwidth requirement of a network. and does not improve video quality.

the worst-case scenario has been considered: (1) 100 satellite receivers for 100 channels. ART & Orbit) As an example. and the bandwidth engineering is considered. transponders. voice and video).4. taking into account all three major services (internet. (2) 100 channels via encoders for proprietary transmission with the appropriate decoder in the customer premises provided by the content provider (Show Time. if multiple channels are part of the same transport stream received from the satellite. A centralized MPEG-2 solution in a single geographical location (Backup Data Center) providing DCM redundancy. etc. 4. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. conditional access. one single satellite receiver is needed.1 Headend Topology solution 1.. 4.In the case of a Pearl network.4 Major Assumptions In the case of a detailed channel plan to be received and agreed between the supplier and the customer showing satellites.7 18 . which is built from the beginning. the number of satellite receivers and encoders can be reduced since at the moment.

4.2 Scenarios Dish Farm and L-Band Distribution Three main scenarios have been considered: 1.4. Each Descrambler Board carries two CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple Descrambling capabilities of the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 19 . 2. MPEG2: Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed to Scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII Transport-Stream Descrambler. MPEG-2: Free To Air (FTA) Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.

120.105-108 192. Orbit.121-124 192.109-112 192.125. the signal need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 Single Transport Stream (STPS).127.168.No 1 DCM Pair DCM Pair 1-1 DCM Pair 1-2 IP Address (Slot-1/Slot-2) 192.168.105-108 192. The descrambled (Clear) Stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.168.101-104 192.125.113-116 192.117-120 192.168. 3.113-116 VLAN 120 120 120 120 120 120 125 125 125 125 127 127 127 127 Channels FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 2 DCM Pair 2-1 DCM Pair 2-2 3 DCM Pair 3-1 DCM Pair 3-2 4 DCM Pair 4-1 DCM Pair 4-2 5 DCM Pair 5-1 DCM Pair 5-2 6 DCM Pair 6-1 DCM Pair 6-2 7 DCM Pair 7-1 DCM Pair 7-2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Sl.120.168.7 20 .168.168.105-108 192.168. and ART and others where no descrambling CAMs are available Satellite Program will be received and decoded by the Service Provider’s Proprietary Satellite Decoder.101-104 192. Proprietary Services like Show Time.113-116 192.127.same Transport Stream. Since the output of the Decoder is Audio Video Base Band (AV BB). This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder and the encoded STPS will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.168.

IPP330HD: For Minerva middleware For Widevine CAS using auto-entitled or dynamic encryption @ 25% level For SeaChange VOD with 4x. For the initial deployment it is disabled. RGB output via SCART is disabled Component output is YPrPb and tracks HDMI setting 7 segment display will provide boot status during boot up.4. 16x. 64x and 256x trick mode speeds Utilizes Sigma Designs 8634 System-on-chip (SoC) silicon 256MB DRAM / 64MB Flash memory Supports MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 for SD and HD content Supports RCMM IR protocol @ 36Khz Supports IGMPv2 Supports 188 byte MPEG-2 transport Composite output fixed 576i PAL B/G format HDMI output configurable via settings page using Minerva middleware. It is controllable via Minerva middleware. 16:9 with universal change across all outputs Supports English font only with standard Minerva “Swirl” user interface No SNMP support Example of the IPP330 and front and rear panel connectors is shown below: If the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.5 Set Top Box Basic Information Two types of set-top boxes are designed for this project. 4:3 letterbox.7 21 . display does not support the selected size it will auto-negotiate. Teletext and teletext subtitle supported via VBI pass-through only USB ports are disabled Supported displays 4:3.

50x and 300x 4.7 22 . speeds 2x. 15x.6 Network Management The proposed solution is managed centrally from the Rosa Network Management with focus on: Fault Management Configuration Management Performance Management Security Management SNMP to 3rd Party Devices (excluding IP set-tops) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. supports DVR trick mode.IPP430MC: Same as IPP330 above. except that MPEG-2 HD is not supported (only MPEG-4 is recommended for HD content for DVR models) Includes fanless 160GB hard disk drive for DVR services.

interactive television management suite. iTVManager is a scalable. the server software or BackOffice and 2. terms. iTVManager is comprised of two major components: 1. the Think application. As the cornerstone of the IP television headend.2 is a scalable enterprise solution that manages the distribution of video. and complete web integration. and concepts. iTVManager 3. Minnerwa Networks This section of the document is an introduction to iTV Manager’s features. purchase VOD programs.7 23 .5. television and other data services over an IP Network. live television. iTVManager offers true Video on Demand (VOD). search for titles in the EPG and VOD catalog and schedule recordings and program TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. It’s meant to act as a primer for iTV Manager Administrators. The BackOffice suite of software includes: • Tools that let you manage: Subscribers Channels STB device inventory Service and pricing Asset management Billing • EPG (Electronic Programming Guide) Loader that manages the data that is ingested from an EPG provider and sent to the Set-Top Boxes (STB) • VOD (Video On Demand) Delivery System (VODDS) module that talks to VOD content providers to automatically deliver to iTVManager the most up-to-date VOD assets The Think application presents a UI that lets the television viewer see the EPG. the set top box software.

2 Electronic Program Guide (EPG) ingestion. The user interface.1 Services and Architecture overview The following table summarizes the services that are included with iTVManager 3. thus allowing a Telco to easily import and export customer records database. through customization can be used to present custom branding and layout design. SSN. and so on.2 and those that are provided through third-party components: Services Included with iTV Manager 3. Broadcast Video VOD metadata ingestion. Customer Management It’s anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to (at least) import existing customer records from their own database systems into the Minerva database. “Sports”. Electronic Program Guide data. Purchases (and other transactions) are recorded in the iTV Manager database. Billing Invoice generation. “Comedy”. Rewind). Ability to tag a customer record with an "external ID". 5. RTSP server for “trick play” functionality (Pause. service package. Channel lineup management that maps EPG channels to multicast addresses Not included with iTV Manager 3. Collection and storage of “real world” data (address. It's anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to manage billing through their own systems TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and entitlements. Flat-file "Billing Reports generation that can be fed into the Telco's existing billing system VOD streaming. blocked channel lists. etc.7 24 . Supply of VOD asset and metadata. Video on Demand Delivery of VOD catalog listings to the STBs. "favorites" lists. Fast Forward. phone number. VOD asset ingestion (for VOD content suppliers that don’t supply their own ingestion functionality).). Conditional Access scramblers in the headend and descramblers on the STBs. VOD playback bookmarks. and thereafter “share” customer information. etc) Assignment of the devices.2 Video encoders that generate multicast IP streams that carry Live TV video content. VOD purchase. VOD asset categorization (“Drama”.reminders. Storage of the Customer's purchased assets.

off-the-shelf UI for the EPG. The user can choose a specific UI skin (or “Theme”). Caller ID messages. However. or they can be sent directly to the STBs themselves. Some of these features have a third-party component: 1.Conditional Access iTVManager doesn’t provide Conditional Access functionality directly. The STB can record the user’s events. SVOD catalog. User Event Logging (“Transaction Profiling”). you can configure the system to force a channel change to the EAS information channel. and so on. VOD catalog. generated by an external mechanism.. The full range of EAS messages are understood by the server and broadcast to all STBs.(next column) Minerva works with Conditional Access providers (sometimes through STB vendors) to ensure that complete Conditional Access is provided. Caller ID: An external system has to listen for incoming calls and generate the caller ID information that’s sent to the STB. In addition. program recording. Emergency Alert System (EAS). can be posted to the server which then distributes the message to the appropriate STB. All UI strings are stored in a localized string table for easy translation. 2. STB manufacturers implement a well-defined API (called the “MvLayer”) that lets the Think application talk to the STB hardware.. and so on The Search module and onscreen keyboard let the user search for keywords in the EPG and VOD catalog. UI customization is provided through the proprietary.“Vault” (the customer’s repository of purchases and messages). and then send a log of the events back to the server for data mining. Client UI and Graphics Complete. EAS: An external EAS box must be connected to the system. Other Features TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. This includes both a server and an STB component. trickplay use. text-based thinkstuff language. user preferences screens. such as channel changes. PVR access.7 25 .

Transactions. Skins. Stored Procedures Data EPG Ingest Guide Listing Services 5. STBs. VODDS etc.) Server Middleware Billing Reports Customers. The following is a description of the technologies and applications that are used by iTVManager. with components supplied by Minerva in green and components supplied by 3rd Parties in pink. Mozilla Think X Porting API (MvLayer) Porting Library.7 26 . Listings. Transactions. Config. CA. Lineups. VOD. HW/ OS STB CA Client 3rd Party Admin GUI Admin GUI Admin Applets Network dhcp VOD CA Servers Servers Broadcast Catcher Content Backoffice SDK (Enhydra) Admin Servlets (Enhydra) STB Unicast Services (Configuration.2 Technologies implemented and main components A variety of technologies are utilized by iTVManager.The diagram below shows a high level picture of an iTVManager 3. Apps. Applications. Apps) STB Multicast (Skins. Entitlements. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Listings) VOD CA Connector APIs Integration Managers (VOD.2 system. Packages.

TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.1 Oracle DB 10g The Oracle database is central to the iTVManager system.4 Java Java is a technology that allows software designed and written just once for an idealized "virtual machine" to run on a variety of computers. The main features utilized by iTVManager are: • Java VM • J2EE • JDBC connections 5. 5.2.2 Oracle Application Server 10g Most of the iTVManager Java components are hosted within an Oracle Application Server 10g environment.2. Macintoshes. Some of these are in the process of being migrated to Java. Think is therefore kept compatible with all flavors of Linux used on the STBs.2.2. The procedures that are most embedded are those that are part of the billing process. 5. including Windows PCs. Linux is the predominant environment on IPTV STBs (like the Scientific Atlanta ones). iTVManager is distributed with specific versions of Linux to allow for configuration and compatibility with other tools such as Oracle. For the client side.7 27 . and Unix computers.3 Linux iTVManager server side components are written to the Java layer. J2EE defines most of the base platform and is also used for the BackOffice Console GUI.5. Two other features of Oracle that are leveraged by iTVManager are its widely recognized methods of scaling and reliability. The only implementation detail that functionally ties the product to Oracle is a variety of stored procedures.

There is some messaging within the server using JMS. The admin GUI is written using Swing. Enterprise Edition (Java EE) is the industry standard for developing portable.5 Swift MQ JMS SwiftMQ is a micro-kernel based J(ava)M(essage)S(ystem) enterprise messaging platform. robust. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 5. buttons. It is one part of the Java Foundation Classes.2. this is not extensive and is only used for some selected situations.Java Platform. 5. split-panes and tables.2. scalable and secure server-side Java applications.7 28 .6 Swing Swing is a GUI toolkit for Java. Swing includes graphical user interface widgets such as text boxes. however.

iTVManager is a suite of applications and processes that are spread across two servers: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 29 .Coming to the software components of the platform and their distribution across multiple physical machines. On the headend side. below is a description of the various supported implementations.

TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 30 .

as employed by iTV Manager. In this document. to the different Database entities: There’s a Customer module. “material” content of an IPTV deployment.7 31 . 5.The Database Application is installed on one server. What’s not as obvious is that the Database. This approach yields slow but reliable communications. There are two ways to access the BackOffice: Through the Web-based BackOffice Console. or by calling the functions in the BackOffice Software Development Kit (SDK): The BackOffice Console is a set of HTML/DHTML pages and Java applets that are hosted by the BackOffice Server’s built-in Web server. and so on— everything you need to populate the persistent. roughly. Access to the modules is selectively protected through the use of BackOffice user accounts. and the Boot Server installed on the second server.4 The BackOffice Server The BackOffice Server (or. 5. VOD assets. It does this to facilitate a common means of communication: Rather than talking directly to each other. devices. simply. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. channels. and so on. During normal operation. the SDK will let that user invoke Customer procedures only. the BackOffice is the only way for an administrator to modify Database data. the Application Server. a Device module. The BackOffice SDK is a procedural API that communicates with the BackOffice through http posts and XML replies. and then another will read from it. channel packages. The Console is divided into modules that correspond. even ephemeral data such as STB-bound messages and the running states of certain processes. a Channel Management module (for channels and lineups). we’ll focus on each of these servers. one iTV Manager Process will write to the Database. The BackOffice SDK and the BackOffice Console share the same pool of user accounts: If you use the Console to create a user who can only access the Customer module. the BackOffice Server. stores nearly everything that describes the system. the BackOffice) knows how to read data from and write data to the Database.3 The Database Server The Database Server hosts the iTV Manager Database. which is currently implemented using Oracle Database 10g software. The function of the Database might seem obvious: It stores records that describe customers.

and fill out the customer’s data.. if you just want to change the address of a single user. need to access the Database. the Think application (on the STB) sends a message to Data Services. augment. ingest VOD metadata into the Database and download and store actual VOD content (i. respectively. The Boot Server also hosts the Video on Demand Delivery System (VODDS) and the Video Server Manager (VSM). press the Add button. you can either open the BackOffice Console’s Customer page. It does this through an iTV Manager process called Data Services. On the other hand. it means that the other iTV Manager processes. they either talk to the Database directly.5 The Application Server The Application Server’s most important role is to act as an interface for unicast communication between the Database and the STBs. if you want to add a customer. Of course. 5.add_customer() procedure. from the Database. including the Think application running on an STB. which provides an interface between the other iTV Manager processes and the Database. For example.e. Data Services then retrieves. instead. you’ll want to use the BackOffice Console. these are the processes that.7 32 . 5. The difference between the two methods is mostly a matter of scale: If you’re adding thousands of customers at a time. or they use the Data Service applications. you’ll want to automate the task by writing a script that invokes BackOffice SDK procedures. or you can invoke the SDK’s md_cst. the IP of the VOD’s video server and passes it back to the STB so that the two components (the STB and the video server) can create a unicast connection. Implicit in this description is that the BackOffice is an administrative tool. or fine-tune some aspects of the system. The Boot Server’s most important process is the Dispatcher.6 The Boot Server The Boot Server handles “informational” multicast communication between the iTV Manager headend and the STBs and hosts most of the processes that act as interfaces to third-party modules. and Data Services logs the purchase in the Database.but they do not use the BackOffice for this. movies) on the third-party Video Server (such as those provided by Entone or TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. For example. when a user rents a VOD asset through the STB.These two BackOffice access methods—Console and API—perform the same functions. thus allowing the user to watch his movie.. since almost all iTV Manager data and state are stored in the Database. which sends boot-up and runtime messages to the STBs. It’s meant to be used by an iTV Manager administrator who needs to modify.

and the other Servers are run on a second platform. where there are all the choices that the customer has from the STB side and that require a communication with the Application Server. and the Conditional Access system. such as “Purchase Transactions”. there are the communications between STB and Minerva during the "steady status" which happens once the box has already booted up and keeps the fingerpath with the middleware through the Announcement Stream configurable (happening after the RunTime Stream and the Boot Stream). In the case of Pearl Qatar. Caller ID.Bitband). 5. two-tier installation is considered as a part of the design In a two-tier installation. the Database Server runs on a platform that’s placed behind a firewall. All the main actions. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. A minimal amount of hardware is used. etc. Other Boot Server processes include the interfaces to the Emergency Alert System. thus reducing the overall cost and administration. In the diagram mentioned below. “Play VOD”. “Edit Favorites”.7 33 ..” Both servers can reside on the same (physical) platform. are summarized and described in the section “User Actions”.7 Servers and Platforms The two iTV Manager Servers are “servers” in the sense of “software hosts.

The most integrated solution in the industry today.6. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. PC and mobile services. Cypher works with most major middleware vendors.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution Widevine Cypher offers a comprehensive content protection solution that secures content delivery to a wide range of consumer devices and video formats. streamed media and file downloads to be encrypted once and to remain encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain. This unique multiplatform and multiformat capability means that operators efficiently get the content protection required. each with potentially different video formats and consumer devices. Cypher Management Console makes system management simple through an intuitive browserbased interface that is compatible with major fault and performance management systems. Widevine Technologies Widevine Cypher is the first and only “session-based” content security system for interactive TV (IPTV). while retaining the flexibility. Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients enforce secure consumption of content and can lock down consumer piracy across an entire subscriber base in minutes to hours. Designed to secure content delivery over any network.7 34 . accommodating storage on CDN or P2P networks and during VOD ingestion. Widevine Cypher is underpinned and protected with eight patents that cover all aspects of downloadable CAS. VOD server vendors and consumer device manufacturers for complete operator flexibility and control. VOD. Cypher’s optional digital copy protection keeps content protected after it is decrypted using a patented method of monitoring. detecting and responding to potential piracy on PC-based consumer platforms. DRM and real-time piracy detection and prevention. digital ad insertion and trick play on consumer devices. a single Widevine Cypher system can secure TV. choice and control over future devices and service options. 6. This patented protection offers operators the ability to operate freely in the patent-laden world of content protection. now and in the future. It enables linear broadcast. In the home. Cypher's patented application-level encryption also keeps operational costs low.

personal video recorders. a movie may be distributed as a file amongst many users but its DRM properties require the owner to be paid each time a unique user attempts to watch the movie). Decryption occurs when the transport session was terminated upon reaching a set top box. Ideally. the item cannot be used.Widevine Cypher can protect content on set top boxes. today’s IPTV deployments require a combination of both technologies. Content is distributed in its digital file format and needs persistent encryption. The systems function by protecting content only during transport. Encryption is applied at the file level at the point of encoding and rights are maintained by the content copyright holder (i. home media gateways. CAS is aimed more at permitting access without transfer of ownership and is only appropriate for broadcasted content. DRM deals with the concept of ownership and is only appropriate for file-based content. content stored on devices to accommodate for VOD is stored “in the clear” and is susceptible to theft. Legacy CAS products were designed for the specific requirements of broadcast television in the cable and satellite domain. DRM systems are designed to protect files and are historically targeted at industries where ownership is transferred. DRM is based on the idea that there will be an electronic “certificate of ownership” issued to someone or something as proof that rights have been assigned. Since legacy CAS technologies only protect content during transport.7 35 . The following details the benefits of utilizing Widevine and particularly Widevine Cypher to protect Pearl Qatar’s video deployment.e. If the certificate is not present. This security architecture ensures that content is secured in transit from a head-end to a receiving device. mobile phones.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management There are two ways to protect video content: conditional access (CAS) and digital rights management (DRM). the certificate cannot be copied or tampered and the item the certificate protects can only be used in conjunction with the certificate itself. However. and a wide range of consumer electronics devices. while TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 6. yet the rights of the new 'owner' to copy or distribute content are restricted. personal computers.

4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms Cypher for the PC is an extension of the industry-leading Widevine Cypher. it secures all major video formats such as MPEG2. streamed media. Cypher for the PC enhances security at the client side by adding digital copy protection on de devices. VOD. H.7 36 . including linear broadcast. By implementing the management and use of keys. multiformat approach ensures that IPTV Design in Pearl Qatar has the flexibility to choose the video delivery infrastructure. This digital copy protection ensures that content is monitored for potential piracy in what TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. it secures PC-based platforms such as Windows. RealMedia and Adobe Flash. Built for complete multimedia protection. Designed for wide consumer device support. Windows Media. the highly secure Cypher Virtual SmartCard can be renewed within minutes to hours and at no additional charge to the operator. giving service operators the ability to deliver media in the most efficient. VC-1. a unique software approach to the functionality of a smart card. video formats and consumer devices that meet business and technical requirements today and tomorrow. profitable manner.264. QuickTime.the access control is essential to the operator’s revenue. platforms and content types. the content security solution of choice would ideally deliver both in a single system. file downloads and progressive downloads (Widevine owns the patent on encrypted session-based video delivery). The value to Pearl Qatar is that a Widevine Cypher system can be used for securing multimedia content delivered in multiple formats.3 Renewable Security Widevine introduces and uses the concept of a renewable security client. Widevine has designed a comprehensive system that together delivers CAS to secure linear broadcast and DRM to secure VOD. 6. Widevine’s Cypher Virtual SmartCard technology eliminates all of the cost of ownership and vulnerabilities of the physical smart cards used in legacy CAS systems while still maintaining all of the security benefits. This multiplatform. This coupled with the lower fixed cost burden provides a much lower cost of entry and ownership. Macintosh and Linux devices. Therefore. 6.

5 Application-Level Encryption A key challenge in the encryption and delivery of content across a video network is how to keep the content secure through the entire video distribution chain. Widevine Cypher offers application-level encryption: a patented alternative approach that keeps content persistently encrypted through the entire video TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. To rectify this weakness. The technology is also applicable for protecting STB and PVR devices.7 37 . (Please see Figure 1 below for an illustration of typical encryption and decryption processes that are employed in a content delivery network. Legacy CAS systems encrypt at the network (transport) layer and traditional DRM solutions wrap an entire video file or broadcast stream in an encrypted packet. Figure 1: Traditional encryption-decryption process.) This need to intermediate decryption introduces points of vulnerability both at the operator’s head-end and on the consumer device. the only way that operators can ingest and create trick play files for VOD or splice in digital ads or programming before distribution to subscribers is to decrypt the content. 6. which is contrary to studio and broadcaster content security requirements. Therefore. traditional content security systems must employ an extensive integration effort between the security system and both the VOD server and playback application.is known as the digital hole — the place content resides after decryption and before being display on the screen. Each decryption process is a point of vulnerability in the network In response to this issue. This solution detects and responds to the many utilities used to record and redistribute media. Widevine developed digital copy protection to secure untrusted platforms such as PC-based consumer devices that are highly vulnerable to piracy. This solution adds cost in terms of headcount and equipment in order to accommodate this. while keeping the content available for optimization and modification when needed.

With ALE VOD.6 Widevine Cypher Overview Widevine Cypher uniquely combines CAS and DRM into a single content security system for IPTV and broadcast deployments. broadcast channels) even when used with network personal video recorder (nPVR) and client (cPVR) applications.7 38 . Widevine Cypher uses application level encryption to encrypt multimedia content once. The following diagram depicts the components and how they will be integrated into a typical head-end: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Only at the point of consumption is content decrypted. With application-level encryption. which lowers the cost to integrate security across an operator’s network. The modular design of Widevine Cypher permits it to be utilized independently or as a consolidated package. 6. ALE equals pre-encryption. leaving key aspects of the video stream such as the control and metadata in the clear. Figure 2: Application-level encryption process Widevine’s Application Level Encryption enables pre-encryption. Application-level encryption further enables persistent protection of linear content (i. and to keep it encrypted throughout the entire delivery cycle. digital program insertion and connected home solutions are made possible. This method enables trick-play ingestion and file creation without having to decrypt the entire video stream. protocol and device agnostic.e. (Please see Figure 2 below for an illustration of application-level encryption). The system is vendor. trick-play file creation and digital ad/program insertion in the encrypted content. Application Level Encryption (ALE) provides stronger security than traditional encryption methods because it keeps content persistently encrypted.distribution but allows VOD ingestion. only the video data are encrypted. Time Shift TV. early in the content distribution chain. preventing points of vulnerability in the network.

Cypher CA is also responsible for the communication with other video ecosystem components and manages encryption key exchange with Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients. Using the time-tested model of Entitlement Control Message (ECM) and entitlement management message (EMM) distribution. mobile and satellite service environments.Figure 3: Widevine Cypher Architecture The below sections detail the components comprising the Widevine Cypher solution. internet. it ensures subscribers only access and view content they have paid for. Cypher CA’s comprehensive approach enables operators to deliver a single-content security system for broadcast and file-based content. with strong renewable encryption. cable.7 39 .1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority Cypher Certificate Authority (CA) manages the generation and distribution of encryption keys to Cypher Broadcast and Cypher VOD encryption appliances and the delivery of entitlements to subscribers enforcing the digital rights.6. 6. Designed to scale to the requirements of fast-growing telco. Cypher CA enables operators to deliver a comprehensive content protection system for video deployments of all sizes. This highly secure and bandwidth-efficient approach enables the secure delivery of multimedia content TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

even when stored on content delivery networks and in nPVR or cPVR applications. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Cypher Broadcast enables all linear broadcast content to retain interactive television capabilities such as PVR. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and re-encrypt content for digital ad and program insertion.6. including set top boxes. portable media players and mobile devices. and thus Cypher Broadcast dimensioning for PEARL-QATAR. trick-play. Utilizing next-generation appliances. It receives content constraints and encryption keys from Cypher Certificate Authority before distributing encrypted linear broadcast content to a Widevine Secured consumer device. Cypher CA is scalable to an unlimited number of subscribers and offers hot failover options should an operator require them. 6. stream splicing and custom ad insertion.7 40 . Designed to scale to the high-demand channel requirements of video operators globally. PCs. Through Widevine’s patented Application Level Encryption (ALE).to Widevine Secure devices. In order to dimension correctly. one must only dimension the bandwidth needed for the planned live TV channels. Cypher Broadcast offers line-speed encryption performance in a single appliance. Utilizing Widevine’s patented application-level encryption. it enables operators to encrypt content once and keep it encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain.) 1 Cypher Broad Cast unit supports up to 900 Mbits/s. PVRs. Cypher Broadcast has a realtime encryption throughput of 900 Mbps of standard or high definition content.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast Cypher Broadcast is a real-time encryption appliance for securing the distribution of live streams and linear broadcast channels. This solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption. The following table has been used to determine the bandwidth.

1 Cypher Broadcast Unit is needed. Cypher VOD enables secure consumption of content along with critical trick-play functions (Stop. Play) through any Widevine Secure device. Utilizing next-generation appliances. • Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts at 1 min/Gb for AES and 8:30/Gb for DVB-CSA TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 41 . stored and consumed on set top boxes. It also enables stream splicing and customer ad and program insertion on encrypted assets for a more targeted and customized video delivery. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and reencrypt content through support of digital ad and program insertion on Widevine encrypted content.6. Cypher VOD can encrypt one GB of content in one minute or less. 6. portable media players and mobile devices. This highly available solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption. The system applies encryption keys and content owner constraints to multimedia files before distribution to a VOD or asset management system. Rewind. No real scaling limitations on the Cypher VOD dimensioning. a multimedia asset can be persistently encrypted. Cypher VOD utilizes Widevine’s patented application-level encryption which enables encrypted assets to be ingested into a VOD server without having to decrypt.Compression / Definition MPEG 2 MPEG 4 Standard Definition 5 Mbits/s 3 Mbits/s High Definition 18 Mbits/s 9 Mbits/s Eg 20 SD channels and 5 HD channels • • • 180 SD X 3 = 540 Mbits/s 20 HD/MPEG4 X 9 = 180 Mbits/s Total of 720Mbits/sec initial bandwidth needed with an extra bandwidth of 180 Mbits/s available. only a few practical observations were made. In the home.3 Widevine Cypher VOD Cypher VOD is a pre-encryption system designed to protect file-based multimedia content. resulting in a highly secure and streamlined workflow. With Cypher VOD. Pause. PVRs. FF. PCs.

The Cypher Virtual SmartCard interfaces to the Cypher CA for key exchange and entitlement management. web-based interface provides detailed real-time status monitoring.4 Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients bind the identity of a consumer device so that it only receives content that is has paided for.g. Designed to work in concert with Widevine Cypher components in the headend. once the VOD vault becomes rather big. each client can be configured to refresh encryption keys. This secure and highly renewable approach eliminates the potential for device cloning. SNMP. client licensing and consumer device provisioning. 6. encrypts a 2-hour movie in 45 minutes ) (TVN Entertainment customer source: Widevine encrypts a 2-hour movie in 1.5 Widevine Cypher Management Console Widevine Cypher Management Console offers intuitive configuration and monitoring of Widevine Cypher suite. 1000 VOD assets at each 2 hours/asset = 1000 X max 4 min = 4. e. for security reasons.5 min / NDS Knowing that. including overall appliance performance. it may be interesting to expand the Cypher VOD rack with 1 or 2 more units. it is advised to re-encrypt a part (or all) of the VOD assets every X time period.g. This secure. Because of the Cypher Virtual SmartCard.. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 42 . entitlements and digital rights for any subscriber in the network.000 min of total VOD asset re-encryption time 6. Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts a 2-hour movie in less than 4 minutes. providing the basis for unicast delivery and stopping any attempts at cloning.6. every consumer device on the network can be uniquely identified.6. theft of service and content piracy that can occur on devices within a subscriber’s home.• e.

health status. A well defined MIB and the support for SNMP v1 and v2 traps offer the capability to seamlessly integrate and communicate with third-party management systems. service delivery and more. SSL-based connection.7 43 . start or restart services View logs View SNMP traps Monitor server states CPU load (numerical and graphical representation) View memory usage View licensing information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.Enhanced logging of Cypher appliances and Virtual SmartCard clients enables quick troubleshooting of the entire system. Cypher Management Console allows users to: • • • • • • • • View state of services Stop. access can be made using a secure. device connections. so operators always know what’s happening with Widevine Cypher. Designed for use in a centralized head-end or in remote locations. including the status of entitlements delivery.

operators than 1. Video Server will be integrated with other partner products (Minerva. Some important features supported and in continuous implementation by SeaChange developers Convenient “stop light” graphics identify Figure 5: Service status and SNMP traps can be actionable responses for fast troubleshooting. Figure 4: Cypher Management Console offers at a glance status of the Cypher system.alone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations.7. This video server is designed for deployment as a stand. with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange patented RAID advantages. anywhere.is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system.based on commodity technologies . The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types of MPEG. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200 .600 hours of VOD programming – to can reliably offer more thousands of subscribers from a transport single cluster . On2. Scientific Atlanta) to generate a modern and powerful IPTV system.7 44 . • Asset Manager for VOD contents: Contents stored can be streamed free of charge including Gigabit Ethernet for IP TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. • Video server HDS200: The SeaChange MediaServer HDS Series represents SeaChange focus on bringing greater economical solution to on-demand television applications. • Contents Provider: SeaChange can provide a proposal for contents and metadata production. reducing time to identifying and troubleshooting potential problems. Widewine. are given below: easily accessed anytime. With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster. SeaChange The features that will be employed at present and in the future for the Sea Change Video Server for Pearl Qatar Project are described below.

storage. weekly or monthly. and moving content to locations where it is needed most. Core services are the heart of every on-demand system.1 Axiom Core Functions The Core Services designates the essential functions that manage core on-demand network resources (servers. Session and Resource Manager Service – manages network bandwidth to insure that content can be delivered efficiently. • Multiplatform System: Contents from the same user can be viewed on different platforms (for example one content can be purchased on pc and viewed in part on TV and other parts on 3G phone). Information can scheduled to be run daily.or with price. It presents a logically abstracted deliverynetwork-independent interface to the client or service. It presents a highly available interface for requesting the streaming of video and controlling the streaming process. and less popular content is moved to central locations.). mode and durations. • Multiuser Access: It is to possible to create more than one user on a single STB. Operational staffing requirements are minimized because replica management across the network is completely TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Scheduled reports can be configured system operation. for execution at specific times. A complete schedule of reports can be set through the administration screens. • Data Warehouse : The variety SeaChange® be Video Server can record or a wide can be of information that provide system operators with a comprehensive view of obtained interactively. etc.7 45 . bandwidth. Propagation Service – optimizes both network usage and storage by continually monitoring demand for content. automatically optimizing network resources to serve requests from every client in the most efficient manner possible. Allowing you to maximize your capital investments ensures that popular content is replicated to the edge servers closest to clients. Contents can be rented with various prices. 7. This can manage parental control and other types of filters.

Asset Manager Service – manages the life cycle of content stored on the system. recording Service – captures broadcast programs and publishes them as VOD content. Connection Manager Service – mediates client requests. The Asset Manager provides full visibility into the location and state of managed content through a browser-based GUI. delivering a high quality user experience with minimal latency. The Connection Manager ensures that content is streamed from the closest storage location to the requesting client. Automatic Failover When CoStandbyServer detects and verifies that a failure has occurred on one of the cluster members. in addition to TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. it automatically ‘moves’ (fails over) the failed server’s failover group from its home server location to its away server location on the surviving cluster member which. Content is typically created. Capabilities in this service include ‘playout while record. To support the CoStandbyServer failover mechanism. high-speed Ethernet link to its partner over which the instances of CoStandbyServer software running on each machine communicate with each other and continuously monitor the operational status of both systems. both servers in a Command Center cluster maintain identical Windows registry configurations and identical file sets on their respective C:\ drives. uploaded. establishing the shortest path between the client and the requested content. Axiom fault-resiliency To help ensure that the services running on the Command Center server remain available in the event of server failure. deactivated and deleted by the Asset Manager in accordance with business rules supplied by the operator.7 46 . It provides a bidirectional failover mechanism so that. Each server maintains a dedicated. the surviving member (in addition to maintaining its own tasks) automatically assumes the tasks and the identity of the failed member. which are then distributed to the VOD system for on-demand viewing by clients.automated. The Recording Service can simultaneously ingest multiple channels of broadcast content inreal time. the Command Center servers are typically paired together in twin-server Command Center clusters running Legato® Corporation’s CoStandbyServer™.’ enabling time-shifted viewing of broadcast TV programs. activated. permitting continuing operation of all ITV services ordinarily provided by both members of the cluster. in the event of a hardware failure on one Command Center cluster member.

begins performing the tasks of its failed companion. MediaCluster enables a single copy of video to be accessible to every output in the cluster movie. VOD server: HDS 200 This video server is designed for deployment as a standalone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations. thereby significantly reducing the stream cost for a large video library with maximum reliability. with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange’s patented RAID2® advantages. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200TM – based on commodity technologies – is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system. MediaServer HDS includes best-of-breed technology components.7 47 .its own tasks. The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types – including Gigabit Ethernet for IP transport of MPEG.600 hours of VOD programming to thousands of subscribers from a single cluster. On2. TV program . After the transplanted services have successfully completed their startup sequences. operators can reliably offer more than 1. all services ordinarily provided by both cluster members will be running on Server 2. if a failure is detected on Server 1. including off-the-shelf disk TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The unsurpassed capacity and modular scalability of SeaChange’s VOD System is derived from its patented MediaCluster technology. working in tandem with the System’s automated Command Center software or several standards-based VOD back office software packages. Our MediaCluster technology permits the addition of servers to a rack and the addition of racks to a system. For example. the CoStandbyServer software running on Server 2 automatically moves the Server 1 failover group to Server 2 and (while continuing to process its own tasks) starts the services listed in Server 1’s failover group on Server 2.to support thousands of simultaneous viewers. The MediaServer HDS provides guaranteed delivery of video output to meet the challenges of television operations and their demanding subscribers. commercial. Windows Media and many other advanced compression formats. With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster.

switched PCI buses and a range of standard network interfaces optimized for video. generates trick files. high performance processors. 7. Windows® Server 2003 operating software.drives. The Video Server is the streamer: it sends the VOD mpeg stream to the STB. propagate the content to the video server.2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers AXIOM is the command center for the VOD: it has all the logic and the processes to ingest content. order a VOD server to start streaming etc.7 48 . The network communication conducted between and among the various component systems and services that make up the VOD system is logically divided into the following categories: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

messaging. and assets. this is very simplistic: it is just a link between the Axiom command center and the video server. applications. Asset Manager Workstation The VOD Asset Manager Workstation provides a complete asset management system that can download content files from a Content Receiver.The management network. The first part between the VOD server and the QAM is also called transport network (usually based on IP). The Propagation network is the network where the content is copied from the ingestion point to the media cluster.7 49 . The second part between the QAM and the set top box is RF: the set top box tunes into an RF channel to see the VOD. and other high-priority communication. add and modify information about VOD sites. The Client-to-Server network is where all the traffic between the set top boxes and the servers flow. In a live deployment. create assets. The Video Delivery network is the network that connects the media source (VOD server) and the cable set-top boxes used by the subscriber. Please note that the VOD server REQUIRES an active Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) port to stream. In our example. For the VOD. So the servers will be manageable from this interface usually using Mstsc (Microsoft Remote Desktop). The communication on the server-to-server network consists primarily of control data. this dedicated network is key because the assets (mpeg files) are transiting through it. The VOD Asset Manager Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. it mainly consists in control commands (DSMCC) and web traffic generated by TV business when the subscriber browses the VOD catalog. also called Server-to-Server network is used for the servers to communicate together.

Encryption and Trick File Service (ETF) The ETF service is used to encrypt content and to create the trick files of the encrypted content before the Propagation service loads the content files to the Upload cluster. default values.7 50 .Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation is a central asset manager location to which assets are downloaded. The values of service variables can help you troubleshoot the VOD System. import or export assets. and default behavior for the system. The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service Propagation Service (PS) Directory Service (DS) Asset Manager Service (IAM) The VOD Asset Manager Workstations include these software components: Asset Manager Application The Asset Manager application is the component you use to manage and monitor VOD System assets. Asset Distribution Interface Service (ADI) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. You can add and modify asset information. and find and respond to errors. Service Management Utility The Service Management Utility displays information about the variables associated with various SeaChange VOD System services. Assets can then be copied and distributed to multiple VOD sites from the VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation. This application allows you to set up system information. such as VOD site information. A VOD Asset ManagerPLUS workstation is used to move assets to multiple VOD sites from which the assets are streamed.

which manages a VOD site’s assets. and maintains the work queue that shows work that must be completed automatically by another service or manually by an operator. details about automatic import. Directory Service (DS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Directory service.The ADI service provides a method to transfer assets from a content provider to multiple Asset Management Systems.3 Features Receives assets imported from a Content Receiver Stores asset information (metadata) in the VOD master Directory database Lets you configure VOD site information. SQL Database The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the MS SQL 2000 database. Asset Manager Service (IAM) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Asset Manager Service. Propagation Service (PS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Propagation service to manage the work queue entries correctly. However. Movies on Demand) Allows you to manually add or modify all asset information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 7. when the Propagation service is on the Asset ManagerPLUS workstation. It imports assets from asset data files. It manages and controls access to the Master Directory database. monitors and manages assets and asset elements throughout their life cycle.7 51 . stores and maintains asset management data in the Directory database. which maintains the asset management data for a VOD site. which stores the asset management information. such as the addresses of the Directory Server. it does not load content files for VOD assets onto the VOD MediaClusters. and information about content providers Lets you add and modify information about VOD applications (for example.

remove.7 52 . or move) Lets you monitor work queues Lets you inspect assets that have been loaded into the VOD MediaClusters. and manage the assets (modify.Allows you to pre-encrypt content files and generate the corresponding trick files Allow you to view the status of assets within the VOD System. but have not yet been made available to subscribers AMPLUS workstation allows copying files to local sites TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

8.7 53 . Networking Part of IPTV TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 255.0 192.255.0 Sl. 255.0 54 .255.1 IP Addressing and Naming convention Following are the VLAN details defined for IPTV network.168.0 255.0 239.0 239.255.DCM pair 6 IPTV .DCM pair 7 Subnet 239.255.0.DCM pair 2 IPTV .0 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.DCM pair 1 IPTV .0 192.5.5.DCM pair 5 IPTV . Sl.0 255.0 255.0 192.0.# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 VLAN Name 5 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 NMS FTA IPTVSBEN IPTVSFEN VoDDN VoDPN Premium1 Premium1 Enc Premium2 Premium2 Enc Description Management Free to Air Channels IPTV Servers Back End Network IPTV Servers Front End Network VoD Delivery Network VoD Propagation Network Pay channels Encrypted Channels to Network Pay Channels Encrypted Channels to Network IP Range 239.0 255.0 Mask 255.0.0 255.# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Subnet Purpose IPTV .255.DCM pair 3 IPTV . 255.122.0 239.232.0 239.0 192.121.0 192.0 Mask 255.DCM pair 4 IPTV .

111 192.105 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/25 Gi 10/26 Gi 10/27 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/29 Gi 11/30 Gi 11/31 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192.101 192.168.71 192.101 192.168.121 192.113 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/32 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 BDC-DC4 Service Seachange IPTV Axiom -AM 192.72 192.121.64 IPTV Axiom -DS 192.119 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/19 Gi 10/20 Gi 10/21 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version IPTV Axiom -DS 192.109 192.168.65 IPTV Seachange Srv4 192.64 192.71 IPTV Seachange Srv2 192.101 192.74 192.120.113 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/26 Gi 11/4 Gi 10/27 Gi 11/5 Gi 11/6 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/7 Gi 11/8 Gi10/29 Gi11/9 Gi 11/10 Gi 10/30 Gi11/11 Gi 11/12 Gi 10/31 Gi11/13 Gi 11/14 Gi 10/32 Gi11/15 Gi 11/16 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port SA IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 192.65 55 .168.117 IPTV Seachange Srv1 192.71 192.109 192.BDC-DC2 Services SA IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 192.73 IPTV Seachange Srv3 192.168.

121.121.121. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.107 192.45 192.168. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143 “.168.45 IPTV Cypher Core Srv 192.47 192.168.11 IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 DB 192.103 192.46 192.168.47 IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv2 192.168.42 IPTV IPTV Cypher EIM Srv Cypher EMMG Srv 192.168.44 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/12 Gi 10/13 Gi 10/14 Gi 10/15 Gi 10/16 Gi 10/17 Gi 10/18 Minerva IPTV Boot/App/Admin Srv 192.125.115 BDC-DC4 IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/22 Gi 10/23 Gi 10/24 Gi 10/25 IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192.122.12 WideVine IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv1 192.111 detail designing is described in the “Data Center Design Documentation. 192.168.103 192.168.42 192.168.46 IPTV Cypher VOD Srv 192.IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 192.168.7 56 .44 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 Gi 10/39 Gi 10/40 Gi 10/41 Gi 10/42 Gi 11/17 Gi 10/43 Gi 10/44 Gi 10/45 Gi 10/46 Gi 10/47 With respect to the Networking part for IPTV.125.

9.x Video on Demand: SeaChange 3.2. Channels. Subscribed channels. From the STB to the Middleware The STB requests to purchase an asset from the asset list The request reaches iTVManager 2.1 Conditional Access: Widevine 4.5. From the STB to the DHCP Server The STB boots up The internal OS starts The STB asks a DHCP address from the Data Center server The DHCP Server assigns an IP address to the STB 2. From the STB to the Middleware The STB starts the communications with iTVManager to gather the info needed MW info: Subscribers.7 57 . From the Middleware to the CAS and back to the STB iTVManager sends the key-request to the CAS TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. From the STB to the CAS The STB with the assigned IP starts the client/communications with the CAS 3. Booting Process STB initial process of proceeding for Booting up with various vendor components and their respective versions • • • • Middleware: Minerva iTVManager 3. etc… Flow during the Renting of an Encrypted Asset 1.0.525 Set Top Box: SA IPP 330 Sequential steps and the procedure for Booting Process and Renting an Asset Flow during the Booting Process of STB 1.

iTVManager sends playback info (VOD location) to the STB 3. “ Network Requirements for The Pearl Qatar IPTV Solution ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143. 2. TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0003. “ IPTV HeadEnd System for PDC ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119. “ Metro Ethernet Infrastructure BoD ” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001. From the CAS to the STB and from the STB to the VOD server The CAS gives the key to the STB The STB sends playback request to the Video Server 10. References 1. 3.7 58 . “ Data Center & Services Module BoD” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0125. “ IPTV HeadEnd System Design for BDC” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DOC-0002. 4. “ Channel List ” 6. 5.

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