IPTV Design Document The Pearl Qatar

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The contributors to this document are noted here and may be contacted regarding any changes or to discuss other aspects of the content.

Contact Information
Name Andre Mendes Karel Debrouwere Kashif Rashid Jim White Marco Bonomi Robert Giacomuzzi Simone Arvigo Venkataramanaiah R Silju Pillai Srihari Moningi Jeby Mathew Philip Organization Widevine Scientific Atlanta Cisco Systems Scientific Atlanta IP STB’s Minerva Networks Cisco/Scientific Atlanta Media Power SeaChange Mannai Mannai Mannai Mannai Email Address amendes@widewine.com karel.debrouwere@sciatl.com krashid@cisco.com Jim.white@sciatl.com marcob@minervanetworks.com giacomr@cisco.com simone.arvigo@seachange.com venkat@mannai.com.qa Silju.pillai@mannai.com.qa Srihari.ramana@mannai.com.qa Jeby.mathew@mannai.com.qa


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Table of Contents

1. Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 2. Objective of this Project ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 3. Scope of Work (SoW) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
3.1 IPTV Logical Design -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6

4. Scientific Atlanta ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
4.1 IPTV Head-End System Description------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream------------------------------------------------------ 7 4.1.2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. --------------------------------------- 8 4.1.3 IPTV Head end System. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 4.2 System Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 4.2.1 MPEG2 Encoder- Model D9022. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 14 4.3 MPEG2 vs. MPEG4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 4.4 Major Assumptions ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18 4.4.1 Headend Topology solution------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 4.4.2 Scenarios ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19 4.5 Set Top Box Basic Information ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21 4.6 Network Management -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22

5. Minnerwa Networks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
5.1 Services and Architecture overview ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 24 5.2 Technologies implemented and main components -------------------------------------------------- 26 5.2.1 Oracle DB 10g----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.2 Oracle Application Server 10g------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.3 Linux ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 27 5.2.4 Java ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27 5.2.5 Swift MQ JMS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.2.6 Swing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 5.3 The Database Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.4 The BackOffice Server --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31 5.5 The Application Server--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.6 The Boot Server ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 5.7 Servers and Platforms --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33


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6. Widevine Technologies ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 34
6.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution---------------------------------------------- 34 6.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management ------------------------------------------------- 35 6.3 Renewable Security ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 36 6.4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 36 6.5 Application-Level Encryption------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37 6.6 Widevine Cypher Overview -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38 6.6.1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority --------------------------------------------------------------- 39 6.6.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40

7. SeaChange ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
7.1 Axiom Core Functions---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45 7.2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers -------------------------------- 48 7.3 Features --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 51

8. Networking Part of IPTV ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 53 9. Booting Process --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 57 10. References --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58


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1. Introduction
The purpose of this document is to provide a detailed design about the IPTV implementation in Pearl Qatar Island, integrated with five various vendor components, namely, Cisco, Scientific Atlanta, Minerva, Widevine, and SeaChange with a proven ecosystem

2. Objective of this Project
The objective of this project is to design and implement an Ethernet to the Home/Business (ETTx) access network to the PEARL Residential/Business customers. The main criteria is to have a converged IP network where the network shall be able to support multiple services such as Internet, VoIP, IPTV etc, on a single connection.

3. Scope of Work (SoW)
This document defines the Detailed Design of the IPTV solution provided to “The Pearl Qatar Project”. IPTV Solution is integrated with four different IPTV vendor components: 1. Scientific Atlanta, 2. Minerva Networks, 3. Widevine, and 4. SeaChange

1. Scientific Atlanta deals with the Head End System and IP STB 2. Minerva Networks deals with the Middleware 3. Widevine deals with Content Security (CAS) 4. SeaChange deals with Video on Demand (VoD)

This document details only the IPTV solution design. The design details that shall support the IPTV solution will be provided in the Data Center and WAN Services Module Detailed design document. The Network requirements for the IPTV solution are gathered and documented in TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119 and hence is not discussed as well in this document.


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7 6 . The logical diagram for IPTV network is shown above. the IPTV Network is segregated into separate VLANs and discussed in the Networking Part of IPTV.3. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.1 IPTV Logical Design Logical Diagram A proven/tested ecosystem has been considered and built for the Pearl IPTV network. As per this diagram.

1 Composite Video & analog audio signals from Pay Channel Decoders goes to MPEG2 Encoder (D9022). and to Pay channel decoders using IF splitters and L-band test point.1 Sequential traffic flow from QSPK to IP Stream 1.1 4. Scientific Atlanta 4. 4. 5. The DCM will process those selected channel from the pay channel decoder fed through MPEG2 encoder to IP format and send it to the distribution network. which is inserted in it. 4. DCM will process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format and send it to the distribution network 4.7 7 .4. IF splitters will split these signals to multiple IF feeds to feed IRD's. Again output of some IRD’s goes to Transport Stream Descrambler to descramble the scrambled channels and send to DCMs.1.1 5. Receives L-band QPSK signal from Satellite using the Dishes installed at the dish farm. 3.2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. DCM will further process the selected channel from the transponder to IP format (MPEG2 transport) and send it to the distribution network. The IRD will tune a particular transponder and pulls out the contents in ASI format. 2.1. 5. LNB’s connected to the dishes will convert these QSPK signal to IF and send to Amplifiers for boosting the signal before splitting it and sending to multiple devices.1 The ASI output from IRD goes to ASI splitter and further fed to main DCM and redundant DCM. And the ASI out of these is fed to DCM’s.2.1 IPTV Head-End System Description 4.2 4. Pay Channel decoder gets IF signal and is tuned to one channel according to the smart card subscription from the channel provider.

7 8 .F. Following are the Satellites that are considered: • • • Hot Bird-13° East. The job of the LNB is to take a wide block (or band) of relatively high frequencies (Lband). for low-noise block. satellite antennas are normally installed outdoors. 2. or sometimes LNC.The system consists of mainly 2 sections 1. Arab Sat-26 ° East Nile Sat 7 ° W.1. LNB: A low-noise block converter (LNB.2 Satellite Dish Farm and L band Signal Distribution system. roofs or even glass windows. distribution systems. amplify and convert them to similar signals carried at a much lower frequency (called intermediate frequency or IF . Satellite dish farm and 200 L Band signal feed for IPTV Head End system IPTV Head End system. The four outputs of the LNB are as follows. The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB are fed to the Coaxial patch panel installed in the standard rack located in BDC building data centre room. we propose two 42 U standard racks. 4. for lownoise converter) The LNB is usually fixed on the satellite dish. The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds. frequency ranging from 950Mhz to 2150 Mhz). As Microwave satellite signals do not easily pass through walls. Three satellite dishes will receive and distribute L-Band signals and for redundancy three more dishes shall serve as backup. Horizontal Polarization Low Band. The Satellite dish farm consists of 6 dishes and will be located on the Roof top of the BDC (Back up Data Centre). and the signal needs to be passed indoors via cables. To provide 200 L-Band feeds to IPTV head end (12 Main feed + 12 Redundant feed) in the data centre room. as well as TV monitor and DTH receiver to monitor the live programs from each feed. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Quattro universal LNB: A Quattro LNB has four fixed outputs and is used only in "head end" I.

All types of coax cables will lose signals. Most coaxial cables for video applications have a nominal impedance of 75 ohms.Horizontal Polarization High Band. The required amount is 200 L-band signal feed carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping. and converts the block of frequencies to a lower frequency range in the L-band range. all coax cable will lose more signals at higher frequencies (2150 MHz+) than at lower frequencies (950 MHz). Their differing electrical and physical characteristics make it important to select the correct type of cable to suit the application. CABLES: Coaxial cable (or "coax") is the most common cable used for transmitting IF signals. However. Vertical Polarization Low Band. These lower frequencies travel through cables with much less attenuation of the signal to provide best quality picture. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. with the help of appropriate IF splitters. A coaxial cable has a solid copper or copper-clad-steel centre conductor surrounded by a nonconductive dielectric insulating material. The name "coaxial" refers to the common axis of the two conductors.7 9 . The LNB amplifies the relatively weak signals. The L-band feed from satellite Dish/LNB ranging from 950 MHz to 2150 MHz with an input signal level of -25dBm to -65dBm is fed to the coaxial patch panel. The dielectric is surrounded by foil shield/s and/or copper braid/s which form the outer conductor and also shield against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The outer conductor/shield is encased in a PVC jacket.These losses are compensated by an IF amplifier. Vertical Polarization High Band. filters the block of frequencies in which the satellite TV signals are transmitted. These virgin signals are further splits and distributed to IRD and to Pay Channel decoders. The extent of the loss will depend on the quality of the cable.

A splitter is a small device that has one input (the 75 ohm load) and 2 or more outputs. A DiSEqC switch is a device which TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. IF amplifier: . A LCD monitors and a FTA satellite receiver (Free to Air) is provided and is connected through a multi switch to monitor the programs from each satellite feed. This is used to compensate for signal loss when the IF signal is split into a number of IF signals (200 no’s) by passive splitting. Arabsat and Hotbird) Multi switch: This makes possible to select one satellite and transponder from different dishes through one cable.. Arab Sat-26 ° East & Nile Sat 7 ° W. (I. Essentially they are transformers that split the power in the input signal to multiple outputs. Three dishes are designed for redundant use.e. you drastically decrease the signal's strength logic dictates that splitting this signal in two with a "passive" device will result in two signals that each have-at most--half of the original signal's strength. while maintaining the 75 ohm impedance. This design ensures the availability of IF signal (950 MHz – 2150 MHz) with relevant signal level that ranges from -25dBm to -65dBm. all the 12 IF feed for Nilesat. these dishes are tracked and tuned for the same 3 satellites (Hot Bird-13° East. all these types of splitters as to attain the 200 no’s of IF signals. This is done via a multiswitch distribution system. 4 ways. makes possible to determine/ measure the signal level without interrupting the signal fed to the IRD’s and pay channel decoders. In TPQ. To overcome these losses an IF amplifier is used. 3ways. Every time you split an IF signal with a splitter.IF splitters:. 6way and 8 ways. DiSEqC (Digital Satellite Equipment Control) pronounced "Die-Sec" is a special communication protocol for use between a satellite receiver and a device such as a multi-dish switch or a small dish antenna rotor.) to ensure the availability of IF signal always in case of failure from main dish feed.7 10 . However. Each ports driving a separate 75ohm load. one set of main and another set is redundant amplifier. The equipment rack is provided with “Test Point” for all the feeds.Boost the IF signal to get more mileage and compensate for the cable loss in the distribution system. such as 2 ways. a set of two SAT 900 (IF amplifier).

we will be using the D9850 program receivers together with the Indus Stream Descramblers for the scrambled channels. and second rack will be equipped with all passive and active equipments for distributing the L-band signals. MPEG-2 FTA Channels (Free to Air) Satellite program is received and decoded by scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board.1. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. carrying different polarizations as per the required channel mapping. All the testing points and monitoring equipments will be in one rack. The system currently comprises four parts: Acquisition Encoding Multiplexing Monitoring Acquisition In the Acquisition.3 IPTV Head end System. A centralized MPEG-2 head end is installed in single geographical location (BDC building). 4.7 11 . providing DCM redundancy. here this is used as we have 3 dishes. Solution is based on MPEG-2 technology platform.enables you to connect multiple LNB’s to a satellite receiver.

Encoding Satellite program will be received and decoded by the Service providers’ proprietary satellite decoder (Pay channel Decoders to be decided & procured by the operator). This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder. the DCM’s will be connected in 1+1 configuration. Monitoring TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Each descrambler board carries 2 CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple descrambling capabilities of the same transport stream. Multiplexing In Multiplexing part. The descrambled (Clear) stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s DCM’s ASI board.7 12 . The source media is to be decided and procured by the operator. ensuring maximum availability for the system. taking into consideration that the source media output should be Audio Video Baseband (Composite video and analog audio). To ensure redundancy. which will be fed to the Aggregation switch in the network. There will be a total of 14 DCM’s. we will have the Digital Content Manager which receives the ASI input from the D9850s/D9022s and the Output for the DCMs will be Gigabit. These are further fed to the DCM. These Encoders can be also be used for the advertisement insertion (in-house channels) and displayed as a TV Channel. these signals need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 single transport stream.MPEG-2 Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 FTA and Power key transport-stream QPSK satellite receiver and fed to scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII transport-stream descrambler. which will be used in the project with 7 as main DCM’s and 7 as back up. Since the output of the Decoder is audio video baseband (Composite video and analog audio).

For monitoring. For the complete system monitoring. we will be having 200 ASI outputs. which will further be going to the DCM. • The output for the remaining 30 D9850s will be going into the Galaxy System rack containing the Indus MKII Descrambler Cards. This will give as 100x2 ASI streams at the input of the DCM. we will be using the Copernicus MKIV server together with the ROSA system software. The output from these D9850s will be connected directly to the DCM and there will be no interfacing equipment in between. This will provide fall-back procedure for the DCM in case of any downtime on the primary/backup DCMs. we will be using 70 ASI splitters. As the INDUS has 2 outputs per card so both these outputs can be used for connecting to the main and redundant DCMs. which will be providing us with 70x2 ASI streams.7 13 . 70 D9850s Receivers are used for the Free to Air channels. These 200 ASI outputs will be in 1+1 configuration. The same scheme will be used for the redundant DCM’s also. At the Acquisition phase. Main DCM 1-6 will be having 30 ASI inputs and the DCM 7 will be having only 20 ASI inputs. These 200 streams have been calculated as follows: • Out of the 100 D9850s in total. The Acquisition/Encoding network will receive the input from the L-Band splitting network for the satellite signal. The output from the ASI splitters will be connected to both the main and Backup DCM. one will be connected to the main DCM and the other will be connected to the secondary DCM. interfacing will be done with the 10/100 Base-T IP network and all the systems will be further connected to the monitoring server with the help of the Ethernet cables. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. As every D9850 has only one ASI out and our requirement is to connect the ASI inputs to both the primary and redundant DCM. • The D9022s which will be used for the digital encoding will be having a 1+1 output at each output. All the 14 DCM’s receive the 200x2 ASI input. For these 30 Encrypted streams as we will have 1+1 output for every stream so no ASI splitting is required and we will have 30x2 ASI streams into the DCM. So.

1 MPEG2 Encoder. 16:9. 0. BNC connector with aspect ratio of 4:3.600Ω or ≥20 kΩ balanced impedance.5 to 1. an on-board web browser. and K) and 75Ω unbalanced impedance.Model D9022. Two IPTS output in eight-pin RJ-45. I. Having 0.Model D9850 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Description: Designed to deliver high quality MPEG-2 video and supports ASI output.2 Program Receiver .5 Mbit/s for 4:2:0 DVB-ASI output. Analog and digital AES-3id audio inputs. Single-ended 75Ω impedance. Adaptive comb-based composite video encoder. Encoding MPEG-2 video and audio processing.5 to 15 Mbps.2.5 to 2 Vpp nominal input level. Has 75Ω output impedance. Contact closure alarm outputs. Two stereo pairs or four mono number of channels. Specifications: Standard Composite input for video systems PAL (B. stackable. Control of the encoder is supported via the front panel interface.7 14 . BNC and terminal block connector. 4. Refer TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001 drawing for more details.2. 1 Ru. Two audio stereo channels as either analog or digital audio output.The detailed connectivity for all the HE components will further be given in the Rack Layout and System Cabling diagrams. G. D. and open communication protocol (SNMP). Power consumption of ≤45W fully equipped at the voltage range of 100V to 120V AC or 200V to 240V AC ±10%. Two transport outputs and also used BNC connector. 4. Low power consumption. Has an encoding rate of 0. Features: Web-based GUI and SNMP management interface for interfacing to third-party management systems to control the encoder. MDI.2 System Description 4. H.

Re-multiplexing of services and content routing from any input to any output port.2. The DCM comes in a compact 2RU chassis with hot swappable and redundant power supplies. 5/6 OR 7/8).7 15 . 2/3. 16:9 and 14:9) and Active Format Descriptor (AFD) control. 3/4. Tuner frequency range 950MHz up to 2150MHz using C-band and KU-band satellites frequencies.3 Digital Content Manager (DCM) Model D9900 Description: A compact MPEG processing platform capable of supporting extremely high numbers of video stream processing. Specifications: MPEG-2/ DVB Compatible system with Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) De-modulation process.Description: The PowerVu® Model D9850 receiver is designed for satellite content distribution applications requiring 4:2:0 video decoding. 4. The DCM supports up to 8Gbps of input and output capability. having 3available card slots and 1 card slot dedicated for IPTV ). ( recompression to lower bit rates. The unit can be configured with up to 4 I/O cards. with each card having either 10 ASI ports or 4 Gbe ports. Features: Interface up to 40 ASI interfaces ports ( 30 ASI ports per ASI I/O card. Input impedance of 75Ω and symbol rate range of 1. RS-232 asynchronous data at rates up to 38.0 to 45Msymbols/s. With Aspect ratio conversion (4:3. Variable Field Error Correction (FEC) (1/2.10 Gbps internal processing throughput with 8 Gbps of I/O capability.4 kb/s data outputs. Features: This has four L-band inputs and PowerVU conditional access.Transrating of single SD ( Standard Digital ) and HD ( High Definition ) programs. Specifications: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Power consumption of 50Wmax and voltage range of 100V to 240V AC.

Nominal input voltage 100-240V AC. Bays for two DVB Common Interface Conditional Access Modules ( CAMs ). The removable Common Interface Module allows the operator to easily select the required CA System for transport stream descrambler. Input impedance of 75Ω. Descrambling capacity of services depends on the used CAMS. Specifications: Having 1 main input and 2 outputs. The power supply can be either single or dual power supply with a free choice of AC and DC. Features: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Using a BNC-type of connector (on panel board). Using a BNC-type connector and an output impedance of 75Ω.4 Transport Stream Descrambler -INDUS MKII Description: Capable of simultaneously descrambling selected programs in a transport stream to provide a “clear” digital signal. It also supports all Common Interface compliant CA systems. 4. each port configurable as input and output. Bit rate of 0. Maximum bit rate of 56Mbps. Physically consist of an interfacing rear-card module and the application front-card module.7 16 . Power consumption of 250W fully loaded.This has 10 ports per ASI interface card. Provide ASI input and Dual ASI output and selection of Programs or individual PIDs. Features: Simultaneous descrambling of the selected services in a transport stream.1 to 213 Mbps. Having 2 CI slots using PCMCIA connector type I and II.2.2. Nominal power consumption is 10W.5 Modular Rack System-Galaxy Description: The Galaxy Sub-Rack Concept is housed in a 3ru unit designed with a common power and communication interface to all inserted modules. 4.

3 MPEG2 vs. Multiple powering possibilities with or without redundancy. 250 Ma. Therefore.7 17 . and does not improve video quality. Maximum load of 60 VDC. 5 VA. Power supply of 100 to 240 VAC ±10%. MPEG4 MPEG-4 is a technology that reduces the bandwidth requirement of a network. the bandwidth constrains are overcome at the last mile (access layer) with an MPEG-4 solution. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. without the need to upgrade the entire network. but only in the core and distribution layers. Hot-swappable. 47 TO 65 Hz. Communication port of 9-pins male Sub D connector type RS-485. easy accessible application cards and low power consumption.Holds up to 12 application cards of the Galaxy family in only 3RU. Capable of transmission speed up to 19200 bit/s. there always arises bandwidth issues. 4. In the case of an existing data (internet)/voice network that is to be to a “triple play” network that includes Video. Specifications: A relay contact type which has 2x25-pins female Sub D connector.

the worst-case scenario has been considered: (1) 100 satellite receivers for 100 channels.1 Headend Topology solution 1.In the case of a Pearl network. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. transponders..4 Major Assumptions In the case of a detailed channel plan to be received and agreed between the supplier and the customer showing satellites. one single satellite receiver is needed. which is built from the beginning. 4. ART & Orbit) As an example.4. if multiple channels are part of the same transport stream received from the satellite. 4. voice and video). A centralized MPEG-2 solution in a single geographical location (Backup Data Center) providing DCM redundancy. conditional access. the number of satellite receivers and encoders can be reduced since at the moment. taking into account all three major services (internet. and the bandwidth engineering is considered. (2) 100 channels via encoders for proprietary transmission with the appropriate decoder in the customer premises provided by the content provider (Show Time. etc.7 18 .

7 19 .2 Scenarios Dish Farm and L-Band Distribution Three main scenarios have been considered: 1. MPEG2: Scrambled Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed to Scientific Atlanta’s INDUS MKII Transport-Stream Descrambler. Each Descrambler Board carries two CAM slots that can be used in cascade for multiple Descrambling capabilities of the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.4. 2.4. MPEG-2: Free To Air (FTA) Channels Satellite program is received and decoded by Scientific Atlanta’s D9850 Free to Air and PowerKey Transport-Stream QPSK Satellite Receiver and fed directly to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.

168.168.101-104 192.168. the signal need to be re-encoded and converted to MPEG-2 Single Transport Stream (STPS).168. 3.105-108 192. The descrambled (Clear) Stream will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.109-112 192.105-108 192.168. and ART and others where no descrambling CAMs are available Satellite Program will be received and decoded by the Service Provider’s Proprietary Satellite Decoder.168. Since the output of the Decoder is Audio Video Base Band (AV BB). Orbit.127.125.113-116 192.121-124 192.168.109-112 192. Proprietary Services like Show Time.same Transport Stream.120. This task will be performed by Scientific Atlanta’s D9022 MPEG-2 Encoder and the encoded STPS will be fed to Scientific Atlanta’s Digital Content Manager’s ASI Board.101-104 192.101-104 192.127.117-120 192.168. Sl.168.7 20 . VLAN 120 120 120 120 120 120 125 125 125 125 127 127 127 127 Channels FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 1 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 Premium 2 2 DCM Pair 2-1 DCM Pair 2-2 3 DCM Pair 3-1 DCM Pair 3-2 4 DCM Pair 4-1 DCM Pair 4-2 5 DCM Pair 5-1 DCM Pair 5-2 6 DCM Pair 6-1 DCM Pair 6-2 7 DCM Pair 7-1 DCM Pair 7-2 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 1 DCM Pair DCM Pair 1-1 DCM Pair 1-2 IP Address (Slot-1/Slot-2) 192.120.

RGB output via SCART is disabled Component output is YPrPb and tracks HDMI setting 7 segment display will provide boot status during boot up. IPP330HD: For Minerva middleware For Widevine CAS using auto-entitled or dynamic encryption @ 25% level For SeaChange VOD with 4x. display does not support the selected size it will auto-negotiate. For the initial deployment it is disabled. 16x. 16:9 with universal change across all outputs Supports English font only with standard Minerva “Swirl” user interface No SNMP support Example of the IPP330 and front and rear panel connectors is shown below: If the TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.5 Set Top Box Basic Information Two types of set-top boxes are designed for this project.7 21 . It is controllable via Minerva middleware. 64x and 256x trick mode speeds Utilizes Sigma Designs 8634 System-on-chip (SoC) silicon 256MB DRAM / 64MB Flash memory Supports MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 for SD and HD content Supports RCMM IR protocol @ 36Khz Supports IGMPv2 Supports 188 byte MPEG-2 transport Composite output fixed 576i PAL B/G format HDMI output configurable via settings page using Minerva middleware.4. 4:3 letterbox. Teletext and teletext subtitle supported via VBI pass-through only USB ports are disabled Supported displays 4:3.

50x and 300x 4. except that MPEG-2 HD is not supported (only MPEG-4 is recommended for HD content for DVR models) Includes fanless 160GB hard disk drive for DVR services. 15x.6 Network Management The proposed solution is managed centrally from the Rosa Network Management with focus on: Fault Management Configuration Management Performance Management Security Management SNMP to 3rd Party Devices (excluding IP set-tops) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.IPP430MC: Same as IPP330 above. supports DVR trick mode.7 22 . speeds 2x.

the server software or BackOffice and 2. search for titles in the EPG and VOD catalog and schedule recordings and program TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. interactive television management suite. As the cornerstone of the IP television headend.5. the Think application. The BackOffice suite of software includes: • Tools that let you manage: Subscribers Channels STB device inventory Service and pricing Asset management Billing • EPG (Electronic Programming Guide) Loader that manages the data that is ingested from an EPG provider and sent to the Set-Top Boxes (STB) • VOD (Video On Demand) Delivery System (VODDS) module that talks to VOD content providers to automatically deliver to iTVManager the most up-to-date VOD assets The Think application presents a UI that lets the television viewer see the EPG. iTVManager is a scalable. the set top box software. live television. television and other data services over an IP Network. iTVManager offers true Video on Demand (VOD). It’s meant to act as a primer for iTV Manager Administrators. and concepts.7 23 . Minnerwa Networks This section of the document is an introduction to iTV Manager’s features. iTVManager 3. iTVManager is comprised of two major components: 1. purchase VOD programs. terms.2 is a scalable enterprise solution that manages the distribution of video. and complete web integration.

Conditional Access scramblers in the headend and descramblers on the STBs. Channel lineup management that maps EPG channels to multicast addresses Not included with iTV Manager 3.7 24 . SSN. It's anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to manage billing through their own systems TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. VOD asset ingestion (for VOD content suppliers that don’t supply their own ingestion functionality).1 Services and Architecture overview The following table summarizes the services that are included with iTVManager 3. RTSP server for “trick play” functionality (Pause. etc. Electronic Program Guide data. Rewind).2 Electronic Program Guide (EPG) ingestion. phone number. Collection and storage of “real world” data (address. Customer Management It’s anticipated that most medium-to-large Telco’s will want to (at least) import existing customer records from their own database systems into the Minerva database. "favorites" lists. VOD purchase. The user interface. VOD asset categorization (“Drama”. and so on.2 Video encoders that generate multicast IP streams that carry Live TV video content. Broadcast Video VOD metadata ingestion. “Sports”.reminders. VOD playback bookmarks. Ability to tag a customer record with an "external ID". Supply of VOD asset and metadata.2 and those that are provided through third-party components: Services Included with iTV Manager 3. Storage of the Customer's purchased assets. service package. and entitlements. and thereafter “share” customer information. Purchases (and other transactions) are recorded in the iTV Manager database. Flat-file "Billing Reports generation that can be fed into the Telco's existing billing system VOD streaming. Fast Forward. blocked channel lists. “Comedy”. Billing Invoice generation. through customization can be used to present custom branding and layout design. Video on Demand Delivery of VOD catalog listings to the STBs. etc) Assignment of the devices. thus allowing a Telco to easily import and export customer records database. 5.).

user preferences screens. and then send a log of the events back to the server for data mining. trickplay use. SVOD catalog. VOD catalog. UI customization is provided through the proprietary. Caller ID messages. 2.. The STB can record the user’s events. In addition. or they can be sent directly to the STBs themselves. text-based thinkstuff language. PVR access.“Vault” (the customer’s repository of purchases and messages). and so on.7 25 . However. Other Features TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. can be posted to the server which then distributes the message to the appropriate STB. Client UI and Graphics Complete.Conditional Access iTVManager doesn’t provide Conditional Access functionality directly. Emergency Alert System (EAS). The full range of EAS messages are understood by the server and broadcast to all STBs. such as channel changes. program recording. you can configure the system to force a channel change to the EAS information channel. All UI strings are stored in a localized string table for easy translation. Caller ID: An external system has to listen for incoming calls and generate the caller ID information that’s sent to the STB.(next column) Minerva works with Conditional Access providers (sometimes through STB vendors) to ensure that complete Conditional Access is provided. off-the-shelf UI for the EPG. generated by an external mechanism. and so on The Search module and onscreen keyboard let the user search for keywords in the EPG and VOD catalog. The user can choose a specific UI skin (or “Theme”). Some of these features have a third-party component: 1.. STB manufacturers implement a well-defined API (called the “MvLayer”) that lets the Think application talk to the STB hardware. User Event Logging (“Transaction Profiling”). EAS: An external EAS box must be connected to the system. This includes both a server and an STB component.

) Server Middleware Billing Reports Customers.The diagram below shows a high level picture of an iTVManager 3. CA.7 26 . Entitlements. Apps) STB Multicast (Skins. Skins. Mozilla Think X Porting API (MvLayer) Porting Library. Listings) VOD CA Connector APIs Integration Managers (VOD. VODDS etc. Stored Procedures Data EPG Ingest Guide Listing Services 5. HW/ OS STB CA Client 3rd Party Admin GUI Admin GUI Admin Applets Network dhcp VOD CA Servers Servers Broadcast Catcher Content Backoffice SDK (Enhydra) Admin Servlets (Enhydra) STB Unicast Services (Configuration. VOD.2 Technologies implemented and main components A variety of technologies are utilized by iTVManager. with components supplied by Minerva in green and components supplied by 3rd Parties in pink. Packages. Lineups. STBs. Applications.2 system. The following is a description of the technologies and applications that are used by iTVManager. Apps. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Transactions. Config. Listings. Transactions.

2. Macintoshes. including Windows PCs. Some of these are in the process of being migrated to Java. 5. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 27 . and Unix computers. The only implementation detail that functionally ties the product to Oracle is a variety of stored procedures.4 Java Java is a technology that allows software designed and written just once for an idealized "virtual machine" to run on a variety of computers. The procedures that are most embedded are those that are part of the billing process. J2EE defines most of the base platform and is also used for the BackOffice Console GUI.1 Oracle DB 10g The Oracle database is central to the iTVManager system.3 Linux iTVManager server side components are written to the Java layer. Linux is the predominant environment on IPTV STBs (like the Scientific Atlanta ones). For the client side. Think is therefore kept compatible with all flavors of Linux used on the STBs. The main features utilized by iTVManager are: • Java VM • J2EE • JDBC connections 5.2 Oracle Application Server 10g Most of the iTVManager Java components are hosted within an Oracle Application Server 10g environment. Two other features of Oracle that are leveraged by iTVManager are its widely recognized methods of scaling and reliability. iTVManager is distributed with specific versions of Linux to allow for configuration and compatibility with other tools such as Oracle. 5.

Java Platform. split-panes and tables.5 Swift MQ JMS SwiftMQ is a micro-kernel based J(ava)M(essage)S(ystem) enterprise messaging platform.6 Swing Swing is a GUI toolkit for Java. Enterprise Edition (Java EE) is the industry standard for developing portable. Swing includes graphical user interface widgets such as text boxes. It is one part of the Java Foundation Classes. There is some messaging within the server using JMS. 5. robust. scalable and secure server-side Java applications. this is not extensive and is only used for some selected situations. however. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 5. The admin GUI is written using Swing.7 28 .2.2. buttons.

Coming to the software components of the platform and their distribution across multiple physical machines. On the headend side. below is a description of the various supported implementations.7 29 . iTVManager is a suite of applications and processes that are spread across two servers: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

7 30 .TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

a Channel Management module (for channels and lineups).7 31 . stores nearly everything that describes the system. roughly. simply. devices. and so on— everything you need to populate the persistent. The function of the Database might seem obvious: It stores records that describe customers. the BackOffice) knows how to read data from and write data to the Database. Access to the modules is selectively protected through the use of BackOffice user accounts. or by calling the functions in the BackOffice Software Development Kit (SDK): The BackOffice Console is a set of HTML/DHTML pages and Java applets that are hosted by the BackOffice Server’s built-in Web server. the Application Server. and the Boot Server installed on the second server. The BackOffice SDK and the BackOffice Console share the same pool of user accounts: If you use the Console to create a user who can only access the Customer module. The BackOffice SDK is a procedural API that communicates with the BackOffice through http posts and XML replies. even ephemeral data such as STB-bound messages and the running states of certain processes. a Device module. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. In this document. which is currently implemented using Oracle Database 10g software. 5. 5. There are two ways to access the BackOffice: Through the Web-based BackOffice Console. channel packages. channels. It does this to facilitate a common means of communication: Rather than talking directly to each other. VOD assets. This approach yields slow but reliable communications. the BackOffice Server. the SDK will let that user invoke Customer procedures only. the BackOffice is the only way for an administrator to modify Database data. and so on.4 The BackOffice Server The BackOffice Server (or. to the different Database entities: There’s a Customer module. The Console is divided into modules that correspond. one iTV Manager Process will write to the Database. “material” content of an IPTV deployment. During normal operation. What’s not as obvious is that the Database. and then another will read from it. as employed by iTV Manager. we’ll focus on each of these servers.3 The Database Server The Database Server hosts the iTV Manager Database.The Database Application is installed on one server.

which sends boot-up and runtime messages to the STBs. or you can invoke the SDK’s md_cst. Of course.. instead. or they use the Data Service applications. It’s meant to be used by an iTV Manager administrator who needs to modify. For example. need to access the Database.These two BackOffice access methods—Console and API—perform the same functions. including the Think application running on an STB. if you just want to change the address of a single user. when a user rents a VOD asset through the STB. augment. you’ll want to use the BackOffice Console. ingest VOD metadata into the Database and download and store actual VOD content (i. respectively.add_customer() procedure. For example. it means that the other iTV Manager processes. thus allowing the user to watch his movie. It does this through an iTV Manager process called Data Services. they either talk to the Database directly. movies) on the third-party Video Server (such as those provided by Entone or TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 32 . the Think application (on the STB) sends a message to Data Services.. The difference between the two methods is mostly a matter of scale: If you’re adding thousands of customers at a time. The Boot Server also hosts the Video on Demand Delivery System (VODDS) and the Video Server Manager (VSM). you’ll want to automate the task by writing a script that invokes BackOffice SDK procedures. 5. you can either open the BackOffice Console’s Customer page. and Data Services logs the purchase in the Database.e. Implicit in this description is that the BackOffice is an administrative tool.5 The Application Server The Application Server’s most important role is to act as an interface for unicast communication between the Database and the STBs. or fine-tune some aspects of the system. Data Services then retrieves. the IP of the VOD’s video server and passes it back to the STB so that the two components (the STB and the video server) can create a unicast connection.6 The Boot Server The Boot Server handles “informational” multicast communication between the iTV Manager headend and the STBs and hosts most of the processes that act as interfaces to third-party modules. 5. these are the processes that.but they do not use the BackOffice for this. if you want to add a customer. press the Add button. On the other hand. and fill out the customer’s data. since almost all iTV Manager data and state are stored in the Database. which provides an interface between the other iTV Manager processes and the Database. The Boot Server’s most important process is the Dispatcher. from the Database.

Bitband). thus reducing the overall cost and administration.7 33 . In the diagram mentioned below. etc. Other Boot Server processes include the interfaces to the Emergency Alert System. are summarized and described in the section “User Actions”. and the Conditional Access system.7 Servers and Platforms The two iTV Manager Servers are “servers” in the sense of “software hosts. the Database Server runs on a platform that’s placed behind a firewall.. such as “Purchase Transactions”. “Edit Favorites”. and the other Servers are run on a second platform. All the main actions. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Caller ID. two-tier installation is considered as a part of the design In a two-tier installation. A minimal amount of hardware is used. where there are all the choices that the customer has from the STB side and that require a communication with the Application Server. there are the communications between STB and Minerva during the "steady status" which happens once the box has already booted up and keeps the fingerpath with the middleware through the Announcement Stream configurable (happening after the RunTime Stream and the Boot Stream). In the case of Pearl Qatar.” Both servers can reside on the same (physical) platform. “Play VOD”. 5.

The most integrated solution in the industry today. accommodating storage on CDN or P2P networks and during VOD ingestion. It enables linear broadcast. streamed media and file downloads to be encrypted once and to remain encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain. choice and control over future devices and service options. Widevine Technologies Widevine Cypher is the first and only “session-based” content security system for interactive TV (IPTV). VOD server vendors and consumer device manufacturers for complete operator flexibility and control.7 34 . Cypher Management Console makes system management simple through an intuitive browserbased interface that is compatible with major fault and performance management systems. Cypher's patented application-level encryption also keeps operational costs low.1 Widevine Cypher: A Comprehensive Security Solution Widevine Cypher offers a comprehensive content protection solution that secures content delivery to a wide range of consumer devices and video formats. Designed to secure content delivery over any network. DRM and real-time piracy detection and prevention. Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients enforce secure consumption of content and can lock down consumer piracy across an entire subscriber base in minutes to hours.6. now and in the future. 6. detecting and responding to potential piracy on PC-based consumer platforms. Cypher works with most major middleware vendors. In the home. VOD. Cypher’s optional digital copy protection keeps content protected after it is decrypted using a patented method of monitoring. while retaining the flexibility. This unique multiplatform and multiformat capability means that operators efficiently get the content protection required. a single Widevine Cypher system can secure TV. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. PC and mobile services. digital ad insertion and trick play on consumer devices. Widevine Cypher is underpinned and protected with eight patents that cover all aspects of downloadable CAS. This patented protection offers operators the ability to operate freely in the patent-laden world of content protection. each with potentially different video formats and consumer devices.

today’s IPTV deployments require a combination of both technologies.e. 6. the certificate cannot be copied or tampered and the item the certificate protects can only be used in conjunction with the certificate itself.2 Conditional Access and Digital Rights Management There are two ways to protect video content: conditional access (CAS) and digital rights management (DRM). The systems function by protecting content only during transport. DRM deals with the concept of ownership and is only appropriate for file-based content. Legacy CAS products were designed for the specific requirements of broadcast television in the cable and satellite domain. CAS is aimed more at permitting access without transfer of ownership and is only appropriate for broadcasted content. Ideally.7 35 . However. The following details the benefits of utilizing Widevine and particularly Widevine Cypher to protect Pearl Qatar’s video deployment. home media gateways.Widevine Cypher can protect content on set top boxes. DRM systems are designed to protect files and are historically targeted at industries where ownership is transferred. Encryption is applied at the file level at the point of encoding and rights are maintained by the content copyright holder (i. DRM is based on the idea that there will be an electronic “certificate of ownership” issued to someone or something as proof that rights have been assigned. Decryption occurs when the transport session was terminated upon reaching a set top box. This security architecture ensures that content is secured in transit from a head-end to a receiving device. the item cannot be used. a movie may be distributed as a file amongst many users but its DRM properties require the owner to be paid each time a unique user attempts to watch the movie). personal computers. yet the rights of the new 'owner' to copy or distribute content are restricted. Since legacy CAS technologies only protect content during transport. mobile phones. content stored on devices to accommodate for VOD is stored “in the clear” and is susceptible to theft. while TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. If the certificate is not present. Content is distributed in its digital file format and needs persistent encryption. and a wide range of consumer electronics devices. personal video recorders.

the access control is essential to the operator’s revenue. RealMedia and Adobe Flash. This multiplatform. it secures all major video formats such as MPEG2. streamed media. Widevine has designed a comprehensive system that together delivers CAS to secure linear broadcast and DRM to secure VOD. VC-1. the content security solution of choice would ideally deliver both in a single system. Macintosh and Linux devices. 6. The value to Pearl Qatar is that a Widevine Cypher system can be used for securing multimedia content delivered in multiple formats. QuickTime. it secures PC-based platforms such as Windows. multiformat approach ensures that IPTV Design in Pearl Qatar has the flexibility to choose the video delivery infrastructure. giving service operators the ability to deliver media in the most efficient. Designed for wide consumer device support. By implementing the management and use of keys.7 36 . including linear broadcast. Built for complete multimedia protection. Widevine’s Cypher Virtual SmartCard technology eliminates all of the cost of ownership and vulnerabilities of the physical smart cards used in legacy CAS systems while still maintaining all of the security benefits. the highly secure Cypher Virtual SmartCard can be renewed within minutes to hours and at no additional charge to the operator.264. file downloads and progressive downloads (Widevine owns the patent on encrypted session-based video delivery). Windows Media. platforms and content types. This digital copy protection ensures that content is monitored for potential piracy in what TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. VOD. a unique software approach to the functionality of a smart card. Cypher for the PC enhances security at the client side by adding digital copy protection on de devices. Therefore. profitable manner.4 Protection for Untrusted Platforms Cypher for the PC is an extension of the industry-leading Widevine Cypher. 6. This coupled with the lower fixed cost burden provides a much lower cost of entry and ownership. video formats and consumer devices that meet business and technical requirements today and tomorrow.3 Renewable Security Widevine introduces and uses the concept of a renewable security client. H.

Widevine developed digital copy protection to secure untrusted platforms such as PC-based consumer devices that are highly vulnerable to piracy. Each decryption process is a point of vulnerability in the network In response to this issue. which is contrary to studio and broadcaster content security requirements. traditional content security systems must employ an extensive integration effort between the security system and both the VOD server and playback application.7 37 . the only way that operators can ingest and create trick play files for VOD or splice in digital ads or programming before distribution to subscribers is to decrypt the content.5 Application-Level Encryption A key challenge in the encryption and delivery of content across a video network is how to keep the content secure through the entire video distribution chain. 6. while keeping the content available for optimization and modification when needed. Figure 1: Traditional encryption-decryption process. This solution detects and responds to the many utilities used to record and redistribute media. The technology is also applicable for protecting STB and PVR devices. This solution adds cost in terms of headcount and equipment in order to accommodate this. Therefore. (Please see Figure 1 below for an illustration of typical encryption and decryption processes that are employed in a content delivery network. To rectify this weakness. Widevine Cypher offers application-level encryption: a patented alternative approach that keeps content persistently encrypted through the entire video TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Legacy CAS systems encrypt at the network (transport) layer and traditional DRM solutions wrap an entire video file or broadcast stream in an encrypted packet.) This need to intermediate decryption introduces points of vulnerability both at the operator’s head-end and on the consumer device.is known as the digital hole — the place content resides after decryption and before being display on the screen.

(Please see Figure 2 below for an illustration of application-level encryption). The system is vendor. preventing points of vulnerability in the network. Application Level Encryption (ALE) provides stronger security than traditional encryption methods because it keeps content persistently encrypted. leaving key aspects of the video stream such as the control and metadata in the clear. broadcast channels) even when used with network personal video recorder (nPVR) and client (cPVR) applications. Figure 2: Application-level encryption process Widevine’s Application Level Encryption enables pre-encryption. With application-level encryption. With ALE VOD.e.6 Widevine Cypher Overview Widevine Cypher uniquely combines CAS and DRM into a single content security system for IPTV and broadcast deployments.distribution but allows VOD ingestion. only the video data are encrypted. Time Shift TV. which lowers the cost to integrate security across an operator’s network. 6. Application-level encryption further enables persistent protection of linear content (i. digital program insertion and connected home solutions are made possible. The modular design of Widevine Cypher permits it to be utilized independently or as a consolidated package. trick-play file creation and digital ad/program insertion in the encrypted content.7 38 . This method enables trick-play ingestion and file creation without having to decrypt the entire video stream. protocol and device agnostic. Only at the point of consumption is content decrypted. The following diagram depicts the components and how they will be integrated into a typical head-end: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. ALE equals pre-encryption. and to keep it encrypted throughout the entire delivery cycle. early in the content distribution chain. Widevine Cypher uses application level encryption to encrypt multimedia content once.

7 39 .Figure 3: Widevine Cypher Architecture The below sections detail the components comprising the Widevine Cypher solution.6. Cypher CA enables operators to deliver a comprehensive content protection system for video deployments of all sizes. This highly secure and bandwidth-efficient approach enables the secure delivery of multimedia content TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. 6. cable. with strong renewable encryption.1 Widevine Cypher Certificate Authority Cypher Certificate Authority (CA) manages the generation and distribution of encryption keys to Cypher Broadcast and Cypher VOD encryption appliances and the delivery of entitlements to subscribers enforcing the digital rights. mobile and satellite service environments. internet. it ensures subscribers only access and view content they have paid for. Cypher CA’s comprehensive approach enables operators to deliver a single-content security system for broadcast and file-based content. Cypher CA is also responsible for the communication with other video ecosystem components and manages encryption key exchange with Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients. Designed to scale to the requirements of fast-growing telco. Using the time-tested model of Entitlement Control Message (ECM) and entitlement management message (EMM) distribution.

PCs.to Widevine Secure devices. 6. even when stored on content delivery networks and in nPVR or cPVR applications.7 40 . trick-play. Designed to scale to the high-demand channel requirements of video operators globally. Cypher CA is scalable to an unlimited number of subscribers and offers hot failover options should an operator require them. Cypher Broadcast has a realtime encryption throughput of 900 Mbps of standard or high definition content. The following table has been used to determine the bandwidth. In order to dimension correctly. Cypher Broadcast offers line-speed encryption performance in a single appliance. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. This solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption.) 1 Cypher Broad Cast unit supports up to 900 Mbits/s. PVRs. it enables operators to encrypt content once and keep it encrypted throughout the entire video distribution chain. stream splicing and custom ad insertion.6. Cypher Broadcast enables all linear broadcast content to retain interactive television capabilities such as PVR. It receives content constraints and encryption keys from Cypher Certificate Authority before distributing encrypted linear broadcast content to a Widevine Secured consumer device. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and re-encrypt content for digital ad and program insertion. portable media players and mobile devices. Utilizing Widevine’s patented application-level encryption. and thus Cypher Broadcast dimensioning for PEARL-QATAR. including set top boxes. one must only dimension the bandwidth needed for the planned live TV channels.2 Widevine Cypher Broadcast Cypher Broadcast is a real-time encryption appliance for securing the distribution of live streams and linear broadcast channels. Through Widevine’s patented Application Level Encryption (ALE). Utilizing next-generation appliances.

1 Cypher Broadcast Unit is needed. Cypher VOD can encrypt one GB of content in one minute or less. PVRs. Utilizing next-generation appliances. only a few practical observations were made.3 Widevine Cypher VOD Cypher VOD is a pre-encryption system designed to protect file-based multimedia content. Rewind. This unique encryption capability further lowers the operational costs typically associated with having to decrypt and reencrypt content through support of digital ad and program insertion on Widevine encrypted content. No real scaling limitations on the Cypher VOD dimensioning. FF.7 41 . With Cypher VOD.Compression / Definition MPEG 2 MPEG 4 Standard Definition 5 Mbits/s 3 Mbits/s High Definition 18 Mbits/s 9 Mbits/s Eg 20 SD channels and 5 HD channels • • • 180 SD X 3 = 540 Mbits/s 20 HD/MPEG4 X 9 = 180 Mbits/s Total of 720Mbits/sec initial bandwidth needed with an extra bandwidth of 180 Mbits/s available. PCs. a multimedia asset can be persistently encrypted. • Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts at 1 min/Gb for AES and 8:30/Gb for DVB-CSA TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. It also enables stream splicing and customer ad and program insertion on encrypted assets for a more targeted and customized video delivery. The system applies encryption keys and content owner constraints to multimedia files before distribution to a VOD or asset management system. Cypher VOD utilizes Widevine’s patented application-level encryption which enables encrypted assets to be ingested into a VOD server without having to decrypt. Pause. stored and consumed on set top boxes. resulting in a highly secure and streamlined workflow. This highly available solution supports DVB-CSA or AES encryption. Cypher VOD enables secure consumption of content along with critical trick-play functions (Stop. portable media players and mobile devices. 6. Play) through any Widevine Secure device. In the home.6.

5 Widevine Cypher Management Console Widevine Cypher Management Console offers intuitive configuration and monitoring of Widevine Cypher suite.• e. encrypts a 2-hour movie in 45 minutes ) (TVN Entertainment customer source: Widevine encrypts a 2-hour movie in 1. it is advised to re-encrypt a part (or all) of the VOD assets every X time period. This secure and highly renewable approach eliminates the potential for device cloning.5 min / NDS Knowing that.4 Widevine Cypher Virtual SmartCard Cypher Virtual SmartCard clients bind the identity of a consumer device so that it only receives content that is has paided for. once the VOD vault becomes rather big.000 min of total VOD asset re-encryption time 6. theft of service and content piracy that can occur on devices within a subscriber’s home..7 42 . providing the basis for unicast delivery and stopping any attempts at cloning.6. SNMP. entitlements and digital rights for any subscriber in the network. every consumer device on the network can be uniquely identified. including overall appliance performance. Because of the Cypher Virtual SmartCard. Cypher VOD encrypts/decrypts a 2-hour movie in less than 4 minutes. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. web-based interface provides detailed real-time status monitoring. for security reasons. it may be interesting to expand the Cypher VOD rack with 1 or 2 more units. Designed to work in concert with Widevine Cypher components in the headend. 6. e.6. 1000 VOD assets at each 2 hours/asset = 1000 X max 4 min = 4.g. The Cypher Virtual SmartCard interfaces to the Cypher CA for key exchange and entitlement management. client licensing and consumer device provisioning. This secure.g. each client can be configured to refresh encryption keys.

access can be made using a secure. so operators always know what’s happening with Widevine Cypher. device connections. Cypher Management Console allows users to: • • • • • • • • View state of services Stop.7 43 . health status.Enhanced logging of Cypher appliances and Virtual SmartCard clients enables quick troubleshooting of the entire system. service delivery and more. Designed for use in a centralized head-end or in remote locations. SSL-based connection. start or restart services View logs View SNMP traps Monitor server states CPU load (numerical and graphical representation) View memory usage View licensing information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. A well defined MIB and the support for SNMP v1 and v2 traps offer the capability to seamlessly integrate and communicate with third-party management systems. including the status of entitlements delivery.

Figure 4: Cypher Management Console offers at a glance status of the Cypher system. operators than 1.is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system. • Contents Provider: SeaChange can provide a proposal for contents and metadata production. • Video server HDS200: The SeaChange MediaServer HDS Series represents SeaChange focus on bringing greater economical solution to on-demand television applications. Widewine. reducing time to identifying and troubleshooting potential problems.7. with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange patented RAID advantages. With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster. On2. Scientific Atlanta) to generate a modern and powerful IPTV system. Video Server will be integrated with other partner products (Minerva. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200 . anywhere. • Asset Manager for VOD contents: Contents stored can be streamed free of charge including Gigabit Ethernet for IP TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types of MPEG. This video server is designed for deployment as a stand.600 hours of VOD programming – to can reliably offer more thousands of subscribers from a transport single cluster . Some important features supported and in continuous implementation by SeaChange developers Convenient “stop light” graphics identify Figure 5: Service status and SNMP traps can be actionable responses for fast troubleshooting.alone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations.based on commodity technologies .7 44 . are given below: easily accessed anytime. SeaChange The features that will be employed at present and in the future for the Sea Change Video Server for Pearl Qatar Project are described below.

It presents a logically abstracted deliverynetwork-independent interface to the client or service.7 45 . • Data Warehouse : The variety SeaChange® be Video Server can record or a wide can be of information that provide system operators with a comprehensive view of obtained interactively. mode and durations. bandwidth.or with price. It presents a highly available interface for requesting the streaming of video and controlling the streaming process. • Multiuser Access: It is to possible to create more than one user on a single STB. 7. Operational staffing requirements are minimized because replica management across the network is completely TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Session and Resource Manager Service – manages network bandwidth to insure that content can be delivered efficiently. Information can scheduled to be run daily. • Multiplatform System: Contents from the same user can be viewed on different platforms (for example one content can be purchased on pc and viewed in part on TV and other parts on 3G phone). for execution at specific times. Scheduled reports can be configured system operation. A complete schedule of reports can be set through the administration screens. This can manage parental control and other types of filters. storage. automatically optimizing network resources to serve requests from every client in the most efficient manner possible. Propagation Service – optimizes both network usage and storage by continually monitoring demand for content.). Contents can be rented with various prices. weekly or monthly. Core services are the heart of every on-demand system. and moving content to locations where it is needed most. Allowing you to maximize your capital investments ensures that popular content is replicated to the edge servers closest to clients. etc. and less popular content is moved to central locations.1 Axiom Core Functions The Core Services designates the essential functions that manage core on-demand network resources (servers.

activated. which are then distributed to the VOD system for on-demand viewing by clients.7 46 . Content is typically created. Automatic Failover When CoStandbyServer detects and verifies that a failure has occurred on one of the cluster members.automated. the Command Center servers are typically paired together in twin-server Command Center clusters running Legato® Corporation’s CoStandbyServer™. establishing the shortest path between the client and the requested content. in the event of a hardware failure on one Command Center cluster member. it automatically ‘moves’ (fails over) the failed server’s failover group from its home server location to its away server location on the surviving cluster member which. uploaded. delivering a high quality user experience with minimal latency. The Connection Manager ensures that content is streamed from the closest storage location to the requesting client. To support the CoStandbyServer failover mechanism. permitting continuing operation of all ITV services ordinarily provided by both members of the cluster. Asset Manager Service – manages the life cycle of content stored on the system.’ enabling time-shifted viewing of broadcast TV programs. Connection Manager Service – mediates client requests. recording Service – captures broadcast programs and publishes them as VOD content. The Recording Service can simultaneously ingest multiple channels of broadcast content inreal time. deactivated and deleted by the Asset Manager in accordance with business rules supplied by the operator. Each server maintains a dedicated. the surviving member (in addition to maintaining its own tasks) automatically assumes the tasks and the identity of the failed member. both servers in a Command Center cluster maintain identical Windows registry configurations and identical file sets on their respective C:\ drives. in addition to TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. The Asset Manager provides full visibility into the location and state of managed content through a browser-based GUI. Capabilities in this service include ‘playout while record. Axiom fault-resiliency To help ensure that the services running on the Command Center server remain available in the event of server failure. It provides a bidirectional failover mechanism so that. high-speed Ethernet link to its partner over which the instances of CoStandbyServer software running on each machine communicate with each other and continuously monitor the operational status of both systems.

TV program . commercial. On2. the CoStandbyServer software running on Server 2 automatically moves the Server 1 failover group to Server 2 and (while continuing to process its own tasks) starts the services listed in Server 1’s failover group on Server 2. if a failure is detected on Server 1. The MediaServer HDS provides guaranteed delivery of video output to meet the challenges of television operations and their demanding subscribers. with several MediaServer HDS units forming a single virtual server providing fault-resilience with SeaChange’s patented RAID2® advantages. operators can reliably offer more than 1. Our MediaCluster technology permits the addition of servers to a rack and the addition of racks to a system. thereby significantly reducing the stream cost for a large video library with maximum reliability. The unsurpassed capacity and modular scalability of SeaChange’s VOD System is derived from its patented MediaCluster technology.to support thousands of simultaneous viewers. begins performing the tasks of its failed companion. The flexibility of the MediaServer HDS is marked by its ability to provide a range of output types – including Gigabit Ethernet for IP transport of MPEG. working in tandem with the System’s automated Command Center software or several standards-based VOD back office software packages. After the transplanted services have successfully completed their startup sequences.its own tasks. MediaCluster enables a single copy of video to be accessible to every output in the cluster movie. Windows Media and many other advanced compression formats. For example. including off-the-shelf disk TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. all services ordinarily provided by both cluster members will be running on Server 2. The SeaChange MediaServer HDS 200TM – based on commodity technologies – is a leap forward in economically delivering a greater number of simultaneous video streams and video assets in slim line 2RU rack system. With up to six MediaServer HDS units per cluster. MediaServer HDS includes best-of-breed technology components. VOD server: HDS 200 This video server is designed for deployment as a standalone server or as part of MediaCluster configurations.600 hours of VOD programming to thousands of subscribers from a single cluster.7 47 .

generates trick files. switched PCI buses and a range of standard network interfaces optimized for video. 7. high performance processors.drives. The Video Server is the streamer: it sends the VOD mpeg stream to the STB.2 VOD architecture: Axiom command centre and the VOD servers AXIOM is the command center for the VOD: it has all the logic and the processes to ingest content. propagate the content to the video server. Windows® Server 2003 operating software. order a VOD server to start streaming etc.7 48 . The network communication conducted between and among the various component systems and services that make up the VOD system is logically divided into the following categories: TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.

and assets. For the VOD. and other high-priority communication. Please note that the VOD server REQUIRES an active Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) port to stream. The Client-to-Server network is where all the traffic between the set top boxes and the servers flow. this dedicated network is key because the assets (mpeg files) are transiting through it. Asset Manager Workstation The VOD Asset Manager Workstation provides a complete asset management system that can download content files from a Content Receiver. The Propagation network is the network where the content is copied from the ingestion point to the media cluster.7 49 . So the servers will be manageable from this interface usually using Mstsc (Microsoft Remote Desktop). add and modify information about VOD sites. applications. The communication on the server-to-server network consists primarily of control data. In a live deployment. The first part between the VOD server and the QAM is also called transport network (usually based on IP). The Video Delivery network is the network that connects the media source (VOD server) and the cable set-top boxes used by the subscriber. The second part between the QAM and the set top box is RF: the set top box tunes into an RF channel to see the VOD.The management network. messaging. The VOD Asset Manager Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. In our example. it mainly consists in control commands (DSMCC) and web traffic generated by TV business when the subscriber browses the VOD catalog. this is very simplistic: it is just a link between the Axiom command center and the video server. create assets. also called Server-to-Server network is used for the servers to communicate together.

Assets can then be copied and distributed to multiple VOD sites from the VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation. default values. The values of service variables can help you troubleshoot the VOD System. Asset Distribution Interface Service (ADI) TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and find and respond to errors. This application allows you to set up system information. Encryption and Trick File Service (ETF) The ETF service is used to encrypt content and to create the trick files of the encrypted content before the Propagation service loads the content files to the Upload cluster. The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation includes the following software components: Asset Manager Application Service Management Utility Encryption and Trick File (ETF) Service Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service Propagation Service (PS) Directory Service (DS) Asset Manager Service (IAM) The VOD Asset Manager Workstations include these software components: Asset Manager Application The Asset Manager application is the component you use to manage and monitor VOD System assets.Asset Distribution Interface (ADI) Service The VOD Asset ManagerPLUS Workstation is a central asset manager location to which assets are downloaded. such as VOD site information. import or export assets. and default behavior for the system. You can add and modify asset information. Service Management Utility The Service Management Utility displays information about the variables associated with various SeaChange VOD System services.7 50 . A VOD Asset ManagerPLUS workstation is used to move assets to multiple VOD sites from which the assets are streamed.

stores and maintains asset management data in the Directory database. It imports assets from asset data files.The ADI service provides a method to transfer assets from a content provider to multiple Asset Management Systems.3 Features Receives assets imported from a Content Receiver Stores asset information (metadata) in the VOD master Directory database Lets you configure VOD site information. monitors and manages assets and asset elements throughout their life cycle. 7. when the Propagation service is on the Asset ManagerPLUS workstation.7 51 . such as the addresses of the Directory Server. details about automatic import. It manages and controls access to the Master Directory database. SQL Database The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the MS SQL 2000 database. and information about content providers Lets you add and modify information about VOD applications (for example. which manages a VOD site’s assets. However. Movies on Demand) Allows you to manually add or modify all asset information TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. Propagation Service (PS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Propagation service to manage the work queue entries correctly. which maintains the asset management data for a VOD site. Directory Service (DS) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Directory service. it does not load content files for VOD assets onto the VOD MediaClusters. Asset Manager Service (IAM) The Asset ManagerPLUS workstation requires the Asset Manager Service. and maintains the work queue that shows work that must be completed automatically by another service or manually by an operator. which stores the asset management information.

or move) Lets you monitor work queues Lets you inspect assets that have been loaded into the VOD MediaClusters.7 52 . remove. but have not yet been made available to subscribers AMPLUS workstation allows copying files to local sites TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. and manage the assets (modify.Allows you to pre-encrypt content files and generate the corresponding trick files Allow you to view the status of assets within the VOD System.

8. Networking Part of IPTV TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.7 53 . 192.0 255.DCM pair 1 IPTV .DCM pair 4 IPTV . 239.255.0 Mask 255.168.0 255.0 192.0.0 239.126.0 192.0 Sl.0 255.0 192.0 255.0 255.125.DCM pair 5 IPTV .255.255.DCM pair 7 Subnet 239.0.DCM pair 6 IPTV .232.0 255.168.0 255.255.7 54 . 255.DCM pair 3 IPTV . 255.123.0 192.0 192.255.0 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.0 Mask 255.0 239.127.0 255.0 255.# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 VLAN Name 5 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 NMS FTA IPTVSBEN IPTVSFEN VoDDN VoDPN Premium1 Premium1 Enc Premium2 Premium2 Enc Description Management Free to Air Channels IPTV Servers Back End Network IPTV Servers Front End Network VoD Delivery Network VoD Propagation Network Pay channels Encrypted Channels to Network Pay Channels Encrypted Channels to Network IP Range 192. Sl.0 239.1 IP Addressing and Naming convention Following are the VLAN details defined for IPTV network.255.124.0 192.# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Subnet Purpose IPTV .5.0.0 192.0.0 pair 2 IPTV . 192.65 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/26 Gi 11/4 Gi 10/27 Gi 11/5 Gi 11/6 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/7 Gi 11/8 Gi10/29 Gi11/9 Gi 11/10 Gi 10/30 Gi11/11 Gi 11/12 Gi 10/31 Gi11/13 Gi 11/14 Gi 10/32 Gi11/15 Gi 11/16 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port SA IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 192.120.109 192.71 IPTV Seachange Srv2 192.121.101 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/32 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 BDC-DC4 Service Seachange IPTV Axiom -AM 192.121.63 IPTV Axiom -DS 192.168.117 192.72 IPTV Seachange Srv3 192.73 192.125.73 192.71 192.168.113 192.105 192.65 192.168.121 192.168.119 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/19 Gi 10/20 Gi 10/21 TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0.71 192.BDC-DC2 Services SA IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-1 DCM2-1 DCM3-1 DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 192.74 192.64 IPTV Axiom -DS BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 BDC-DC2 Gi 10/25 Gi 10/26 Gi 10/27 Gi 10/28 Gi 11/29 Gi 11/30 Gi 11/31 Server Name Server IP address DC-Switch Name DC-Switch Port IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192.64 192.63 192.109 IPTV Seachange Srv1 55 .105 IPTV Seachange Srv4 192.

115 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/12 Gi 10/13 Gi 10/14 Gi 10/15 Gi 10/16 Gi 10/17 Gi 10/18 Minerva IPTV Boot/App/Admin Srv 192.46 IPTV Cypher VOD Srv 192.115 192.120.47 192.107 192.127.111 BDC-DC4 IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/22 Gi 10/23 Gi 10/24 Gi 10/25 IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM1-2 DCM2-2 DCM3-2 DCM4-2 DCM5-2 DCM6-2 DCM7-2 192. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143 “.168.168.45 IPTV Cypher Core Srv 192.42 192. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version IPTV IPTV IPTV DCM4-1 DCM5-1 DCM6-1 DCM7-1 WideVine IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv1 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/36 Gi 10/37 Gi 10/38 Gi 10/39 Gi 10/40 Gi 10/41 Gi 10/42 Gi 11/17 Gi 10/43 Gi 10/44 Gi 10/45 Gi 10/46 Gi 10/47 With respect to the Networking part for IPTV.168.107 192.7 56 . detail designing is described in the “Data Center Design Documentation.43 192.44 IPTV BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 BDC-DC4 Gi 10/33 Gi 10/34 Gi 10/35 DB 192.47 IPTV Cypher Broadcast Srv2 192.123 IPTV IPTV Cypher EIM Srv Cypher EMMG Srv 192.103 192.121.46

From the STB to the Middleware The STB requests to purchase an asset from the asset list The request reaches iTVManager 2.7 57 .x Video on Demand: SeaChange 3.525 Set Top Box: SA IPP 330 Sequential steps and the procedure for Booting Process and Renting an Asset Flow during the Booting Process of STB 1. etc… Flow during the Renting of an Encrypted Asset 1.5. Channels. From the Middleware to the CAS and back to the STB iTVManager sends the key-request to the CAS TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. From the STB to the DHCP Server The STB boots up The internal OS starts The STB asks a DHCP address from the Data Center server The DHCP Server assigns an IP address to the STB 2.1 Conditional Access: Widevine 4.2. Subscribed channels.9. Booting Process STB initial process of proceeding for Booting up with various vendor components and their respective versions • • • • Middleware: Minerva iTVManager 3.0. From the STB to the CAS The STB with the assigned IP starts the client/communications with the CAS 3. From the STB to the Middleware The STB starts the communications with iTVManager to gather the info needed MW info: Subscribers.

“ IPTV HeadEnd System for PDC ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0126 Version 0. References 1. 5. “ Channel List ” 6. From the CAS to the STB and from the STB to the VOD server The CAS gives the key to the STB The STB sends playback request to the Video Server 10. TPQ-GP55-DOC-0119. 2. 3.7 58 . “ Network Requirements for The Pearl Qatar IPTV Solution ” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0143. “ Data Center & Services Module BoD” TPQ-GP55-DOC-0125. “ Metro Ethernet Infrastructure BoD ” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0001.iTVManager sends playback info (VOD location) to the STB 3. “ IPTV HeadEnd System Design for BDC” TPQ-ITV-GP55-DOC-0002. TPQ-ITV-GP55-DWG-0003. 4.

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