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Answer keys
1 C 2 B 3 B 4 A 5 C 6 D 7 D
8 D 9 B 10 D 11 B 12 B 13 B 14 C
15 A 16 B 17 18 B 19 20 D 21 D
22 B 23 B 24 C 25 26 A 27 D 28 C
29 A 30 31 D 32 B 33 B 34 B 35 B
36 37 D 38 39 D 40 A 41 B 42
43 A 44 C 45 C 46 A 47 A 48 C 49 C
50 D 51 A 52 53 54 C 55 56 D
57 C 58 D 59 60 C 61 C 62 63 B
64 D 65 66 67 B 68 B 69 D 70
71 72 73 74 A 75 A 76 77
78 79 80 81 82 D 83 B 84
85
Explanation:
3.
1
3
x 8
x 2
Lt
x 8 →
−
−
, Applying LHospital’s Rule , we get,
2
3
x 8
1
x
1
3
Lt
1 12
−
→
=
4. Required probability
3
3 1
C
1 1 1
4
2 2 4
   
= =
 
\ ¹ \ ¹
5. Given matrix is
1 2 4
3 0 6
1 1 P
(
(
(
(
¸ ¸
Let
1 2 3
, and λ λ λ be the Eigen values of the above matrix ( )
1
Let 3 Given λ =
1 2 3
2 3
Now, sumof diagonal elements 1 P
P 1 3 P 2
λ + λ + λ = = +
∴ λ + λ = + − = −
6. ( ) ( ) ( )
ˆ ˆ ˆ
Given vector is F x y i y x j x y z k = − + − + + +
F F F
Divergence 1 1 1 3
x y z
∂ ∂ ∂
= + + = + + =
∂ ∂ ∂
8. Both young’s Modulus and shear Modulus are required as linear strain will be
calculated by young modulus. Change in diameter can be calculated from
Poisson’s ratio which depends on young’s modulus and shear modulus.
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10. Let W be the weight of counterweight.
Taking moment about Q
75 2 W 0.5, W 300Kg × = × =
11. Grubler’s criterion is applied to mechanism with only single degree of freedom.
Given conditions satisfy Grubler’s criterion i.e. 3 2j 4 0 where, − − = l
link, j No. of joints = = l
13. Since the final temperature is same as that of initial temperature
14.
3
P
,
C 0.001 1 10
Prandtl Number Pr
K 1
µ × ×
= =
t
1
3
t
t
Given Hydroxynamic Boundary layer 1
Thermal boundary layer ?
Pr 1
δ = =
δ = =
δ
= ⇒ δ =
δ
18. Job with higher Processing time will be taken first since it will minimize the total
holding cost.
21.
2 1
0 0
I xydxdx =
∫ ∫
1 2
2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0
y x x
xdx dx 1
2 2 4
( (
= = = =
( (
( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
∫ ∫
22. Gradient will
F F F
ˆ ˆ ˆ
f i j k
x y z
∂ ∂ ∂
∇ = + +
∂ ∂ ∂
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
ˆ ˆ ˆ
f 2xi 4yj k
Now f at the point 1,1,2
ˆ ˆ ˆ
f 2i 4j k
ˆ ˆ
Directonal derivative of f in the direction 3i 4k is
ˆ ˆ
3i 4j
6 16 10
2i 4j k . 2
5 5
3 4
∇ = + +
∇
∇ = + +
+
−
− −
= + + = = = −
+ −
0.5
R
W
Q
•
2 0 ⋅
75Kg
P
( ) 2.0
•
0
( ) 0.1
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28
x
f y =
( )
( )
( )
x
x x 1 x 1
2
nf x ny
differentiating with respect to x
1 f f
ny f ny
f x x
f
f ny y ny
y x y y
1
y nyxy y x ny 1
y
Now x 2, y 1
f
So 1
x y
− −
=
∂ ∂
= ⇒ =
∂ ∂
∂ ∂ ∂ ∂  
= =

∂ ∂ ∂ ∂
\ ¹
= + ⇒ +
= =
∂
=
∂ ∂
l l
l l
l l
l l
29.
2
y 2y y 0 D 2D 1 0 ′′ ′ + + = ⇒ + + =
( )
( )
( )
2
x
1 2
1 2
i.e. D 1 0, D 1, 1
So solution will be y= C C e
Now given, y=0 at x=0 and y=0 at x=1
So we get C C 0
y constant
y 0.5 0
−
+ = = − −
+
= =
=
=
32.
S
Let F be the shear stress
3
s s t
2
2 t t
max s
T f d f 51MPa, f Tensile stress 50MPa
16
f f
Maximumprincipal stress, f 82MPa
2 2
π
= × × ⇒ = = =
 
σ = + +

\ ¹
34. At node P
( )
( )
PQ PR
PQ PR
PQ PR
QR PQ
QR
T cos 45º T cos60º F 0........ 1
T sin45º T sin60º.................. 2
from these two equations
we can find out
T and T in terms of F.
Now, At node Q.
T T cos 45º
On solving we get, T 0.63F
+ + =
=
=
=
35. Given spring system forms a parallel combination
Q
ooo
45º
QR
T
30º
R
PQ
T
PR
T
45º 60º
P
F
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eq 1 2
K K K 4000 1600 5600N/ m
1 K
Natural frequency f 10Hz
2 m
= + = + =
= =
π
39.
4 4
1 2
1 2
3 3
1 1 2 2
G.d G.d
K & K
8D .n 8D .n
= =
1 2
1 2
1 2
3
1 2
2 1
2 1
d d 2mm dia of spring wire
G 80GPa
n n 10
D 20mm, D 10mm
K D 1
K 8K
K D 8
= = (
¸ ¸
=
= =
= =
 
∴ = = ⇒ =

\ ¹
56. Direction of heat flow is always normal to surface of constant temperature.
So, for surface P ,
dT
0
dx
=
From energy conservation, heat rate at P = Heat rate at Q
Q P
dT dT
0.1 1 0.1 2
dy dx
dT
20 K / m
dy
× × = × ×
∴ =
63. Riser takes care of solidification/contraction in liquid state and phase transition.
So volume of metal compensated from the riser = 3% + 4% = 7%
67. Heat supplied by power source = Heat required
3
melting efficiency × transfer efficiency × welding power
= cross sectional area × welding speed × 10
.5×.7×2×10 5 10 V V 14mm/ s = × × ⇒ =
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41. Torque carrying capacity,
3 3
o i
2 2
o i
R R 2
T w
3
R R
−
= µ
−
( )
2 2
0 i
w P R R = × π −
Given R
0
= 50mm, R
i
= 20mm, P = 2MPa and µ =0.4
So, T=196NM
45.
c h
Given m 2m Mass flowrate = (
¸ ¸
h c
Hot fluid Cold fluid
1 h,i c,o
c,o c,o
c 2c specific heat
So, we get
Heat capacity Heat capacity
LMTD T T T
20 100 T T 80ºC
= (
¸ ¸
= ( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
∴ = ∆ = −
= − ⇒ =
82.
s
250MPa. V 180m/ min, F 0.20mm/ rev τ = = =
1 s
s 1
s
r 0.5, rake angle 7º
shear angle
r cos
tan 28º
1 r sin
Now shear force
wt
F w depth of cut 3mm, t feed 0.02mm
sin
F 320KN
= α = =
φ =
α
φ = ⇒ φ =
− α
τ
= = = = =
φ
∴ =
83. From Merchant’s theory
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
s
C
S
C C
2 90º Friction Angle 90º 7º 2 28º 41º
tan .87
FormMerchant circle
F
F R cos ....... 1 and R ........ 2
cos
F cos
R Resultant force F ,F 565N
cos
φ + λ − α = ∴ λ = = + − × =
µ = λ =
= λ − α =
φ + λ − α
λ − α
= ∴ = =
φ + λ − α
h,i
T
c,o
T
h,o
T
c,i
T
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