Strong and Weak Forms

Auxiliary and modal verbs be "bi: bi am "{m m, @m are "A:r @ r, r is "Iz Iz, z, s been "bi:n bIn was "wQz w@z were "w3:r w@r have "h{v h@v, @v, v has "h{z h@z, @z, z, s had "h{d h@d, @d, d do "du: d@, du, d does "dVz d@z, dz Pronouns I "aI you "ju: he "hi: she "Si: it we "wi: they "DeI they’re "DE@ who "hu: aI, *@ ju, *j@ hi, i Si It wi DeI DE@r,*D@r hu, u me "mi: can could must shall should will would "k{n "kUd "mVst "S{l "SUd "wIl "wUd k@n k@d m@st S@l, l S@d, d w@l, @l, l w@d, @d, d

my "maI maI, *mi/m@ your "jO:r jO:r, *j@r him "hIm Im his "hIz hIz, Iz her "h3:r h3:r, h@ r, @r its Its us "Vs @s, s our "aU@ r A:r them "DEm D@m,*@m their"DE@r DE@r (whom "hu:m) the "Di: D@+C Di+V whose "hu:z huz, uz some "sVm s@m any "Eni Eni,*@ni many "mEni mEni,*m@ni to "tu: t@+C tu+V


Determiners a "eI @ an "{n @n Prepositions at "{t @t for "fO:r f@r, fr Conjunctions and "{nd but "bVt or "O:r nor "nO:r @n, n b@t O:r,*@r nO:r,*n@r

from "frQm fr@m of "Qv @v,*@ as because than that not "nQt nt there "DE@r D@r

"{z @z bI"kQz bIk@z, *k@z "D{n D@n "D{t D@t just so "dZVst "s@U dZ@st s@U,*s@
PT Oct 2003

Miscellaneous saint "seInt s@nt sir "s3:r s@r

*= for many speakers, in rapid colloquial speech

Practice on weak forms

"wQt wIl "bi: wIl "bi: | s@U "d@Unt bi "wVrId aI m "nQt | b@t "wQt @m aI s@"p@Uzd t@ "du: "taImz @ "tSeIndZIN | @n "TINz @r Im"pru:vIN b@t D@ "strEs Iz I"nO:m@s | D@ "w3:ld z "rVSIN "Qn | @n "laIf s "dIfIk@lt "wQt s "bi:n @z "bi:n | wi v bIn "Tru: "D{t O:l"rEdi It w@z "O:l @ mIs"teIk | wi w@ "rQN t@ "du: It | b@t wi "w3:r In "trVb@l "Den aI "h{v t@ "h{v @ "drINk | "wQt @v ju "gQt | h@v ju "gQt @ni "kQfi wi v gQt "kQfi | "ti: | @n "fru:t%dZu:s h@z *"su: gQt "EniTIN "Els | Si z gQt "bI@r @N "k@Uk | b@t D@ "k@Uk s bIn "@Up@nd Si "h{d @ "lQt "mO: | b@t "naU It @d "O:l "gQn | Si d "drVNk It "O:l "wQt d@ DeI "du: "O:l "deI | "haU du "aI n@U wEl "wQt d @z *"Ed "du: | "wEl | i "dVz du @ "bIt @v "gA:dnIN d ju "TINk ju k@n "hElp mi wiD maI "kA: | n@U | b@t aI "n@U @ "m{n u "k{n aI "kUd | b@t aI "w@Unt | "ju: k@d "du: It jO:"sElf ju "mVst bi "dZ@UkIN | D@ m@st @v "bi:n @ mIs"teIk "S{l aI "kO:l "sVmwVn "Els | ju S@l "du: "n@U "sVtS "TIN hi "SUd "du: It | hi S@d "du: It @z "pA:t @v Iz "dZQb hi l "du: It | aI "n@U hi "wIl It @d bi "naIs If i "wUd "hi: "laIks "h3: | In "f{kt | hi "lVvz @ b@t "Si: "dVzn=t "laIk "hIm | In "f{kt | Si "kA:nt "st{nd Im "hIz "trVb@l Iz | D@t hi "kA:nt "si: "D{t wi "n@U D@m "b@UT | @n "wi: "TINk D@t Si "dVzn=t "laIk "Vs | "aID@ "wQt d ju "TINk | "ju: "n@U D@m "tu: | DeI "w@Unt "lIsn= tu @s | j@ "si: "@U | "DEm | aI "d@Unt "TINk DeI l "tO:k t@ "mi: "aID@ | DeI "d@Unt "n@U mi "wEl I"nVf b@t jO: "kl@us@r In "eIdZ D@n @s | @n wID "jO: "tSA:m | "hu: "n@Uz | DeI "maIt "lIsn= t@ ju D@ "ni:dz t@ bi "sVmwVn u k@n "tO:k t@ D@m

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