1. Diagram 1 shows four stages of cell division.

(a) Name the type of cell division in the Diagram1.
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[1 mark]
(b) In female, where does this cell division occurs?
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[1 mark]
(c) If cell A have 4 chromosomes, how many chromosomes do the daughter cell have?
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[1 mark]
(d) State two of the importance of this cell division.
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[2 marks]

Rajah 5 menunjukkan skema perkahwinan seorang lelaki yang iris mata berwarna hitam dengan wanita yang iris mata berwarna biru. Diagram 5 shows a schematic diagram of a man with black iris married to a woman with blue iris.2. Black iris father Blue iris mother Bapa iris mata hitam Ibu iris mata biru hhh Hh Process P (Proses P) hh Process Q (Proses Q) h H Process R (Proses R) S T U DIAGRAM 5 RAJAH 5 V . ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 3. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (b) What is produced by this process? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (c) State where this process happen? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) State one of the advantages of this process. Diagram 5 shows a process which took place during meiosis. (a) Name the process which took place.

............) Baby Q (Bayi Q) Sperm (22 + Y) Ovum Gender: Jantina: Process P Gender: Jantina: DIAGRAM 6 Baby R (Bayi R) ................................................. (ii) V : ……………………………………………………………………........................................ ..... Namakan jenis variasi dalam soalan ini....... ........... Namakan proses P dan R.... [2 marks] b) What is the ratio of having black iris offspring compared to blue iris offspring? Berapakah nisbah untuk mendapatkan anak yang warna iris mata hitam berbanding dengan iris mata biru...... (i) P : ……………………………………………………………………… (ii) R : ……………………………………………………………………...... (Rajah 6 menunjukkan pembentukan anak kembar..................If the characteristic of black iris is dominant and blue iris is recessive........................ Diagram 6 shows the formation of twins.. [1 mark] c) Name process P and R..... a) State the iris colour of offspring S and V Nyatakan warna iris mata bagi anak S dan V (i) S :……………………………………………………………………................................................. Jika sifat iris mata hitam adalah dominan dan sifat iris mata biru adalah resesif...... [1 mark] 4.............................................................. [2 marks] d) Name the type of variation in this question....

............... [1 mark] ..................... (Nyatakan jenis kembar yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 6) ………………………………………………………………………………….................................................................................................................. [1 mark] (ii) Give one reason for your answer in (b)(i)........................................................ [1 mark] c) (i) State the type of twins shown in Diagram 6....... (Berikan satu alasan bagi jawapan anda di (b)(i).......a) State the gender of baby Q and R in the box provided in Diagram 6........................................) …………………………………………………………………………………............................................................................ (Nyatakan jantina bayi Q dan R dalam kotak yang disediakan dalam Rajah 6) [2 marks] b) What is process P? (Apakah proses P) ? ................. [1 mark] d) What will happen if splitting of the zygote formed is not complete? (Apakah yang akan berlaku jika pembahagian zigot tidak lengkap?) ............

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