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h

TSG = TSA + TAB + TBG = 2TSA + TAB

( x 2h tan ic ) h =2 + v1 cosic v2
x 2h cosic = + v2 v1

= delay time

Delay time ti t
1 ----v1 1 ----v2 2h v2 v1 x +-------------------t = --v2 v1 v 2 x t = ----- + ti v2
2 2

ti xcross x h v1 v2 x

h=

v1v2
2 2 v2 v12

ti

t AG = x / V2 + t g + t a t BG = ( L x) / V2 + t g + tb t AB = L / V2 + t a + tb
Hagendoorns T- term
T = t AG t BG = (2 x L) / V2 + t a tb

Hagendoorns T+ term

T + = t AG + t BG t AB = 2t g = 2 z g cos( c ) / V1

z g = T +V1 / 2 cos( c ) = T +V1V2 / 2 V22 V12

(a) Composite travel time-distance (b) Hagedoorns T- graph and (c) calculated Depths to a refractor