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To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

Study Guides ECHS C. Edge

Chapter 1 Vocabulary

1. 2. 3. 4.

Context Clues. Consider the underlined word in each of the following sentences and choose the most appropriate meaning based on context clues. When Jem’s arm healed, and his fear of never being able to play football was assuaged, he was seldom self-conscious about his injury. a. deciphered b. completed c. relieved d. impressed The Radleys kept to themselves, a predilection unforgivable in our town. a. forecast b. dilemma c. event d. inclination The people ambled across the square, shuffled in and out of stores around it, took their time about everything. a. rushed b. walked slowly c. skipped d. skated The house looked so eerie that we were sure a malevolent phantom lived inside. a. evil b. kind c. transparent d. cheerful

Chapter 1 Questions
 1. What does the Radley house mean to

the children? What was the first “dare” made concerning this house?

Chapter 1 Questions  2. How does the author establish a feeling of mystery in this chapter? .

How did the Finches get to Montgomery? What was the “disturbance between the North and the South”? .Chapter 1 Questions  3.

. Contrast Dill’s family situation with the Finch’s.Chapter 1 Questions  4.

Who is narrating this story? What do we know so far about the character from whom we will be hearing this tale? .Chapter 1 Questions  5.

Chapter 1 Activity  EXPOSITION  In the opening pages of a novel. . and the beginnings of a plot conflict. the main characters. the author tries to convey a great deal of information and seize the reader’s interest. Reread the first two pages of the book and record what you learned about the setting.

Then use each word to fill in one of the sentences below. the act of conducting business b. annoyances c. 2. 6. 5. Inequities Fractious Disapprobation Mortification Vexations Transaction a.Chapter 2 and 3 Vocabulary  Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right. 4. 3. humiliation d. unfair circumstances e. disapproval . 1. irritable f.

5. A signed contract was the end product of our ___. Her ___ was increased by the teasing of her classmates. 4. 3. The ___ young man caused displeasure to everyone around him. Racial segregation caused educational ___. .Chapter 2 and 3 Vocabulary 1. 2. His ___ was confirmed by a shake of his head and a frown. Delayed trains and crowded subways were our daily ___. 6.

Chapter 2 and 3 Questions  1. Who is Jean Louise? .

What is the contrast between Jem and Scout’s reaction to school? .Chapter 2 and 3 Questions  2.

Why does Scout tell Miss Caroline about Walter Cunningham? .Chapter 2 and 3 Questions  3.

why must Scout attend school? .Chapter 2 and 3 Questions  4. How does Atticus explain the Ewell family? According to Atticus.

What advice does Atticus give to Scout? .Chapter 2 and 3 Questions  5.

Chapter 2 and 3 Questions  6. Describe Atticus’ personality and philosophy? .

What aspect of life is satirized in chapters two and three? .Chapter 2 and 3 Questions  7.

.Chapters 4.  Consider the underlined word in each sentence and choose the most appropriate meaning. This is called using context clues. & 6 Vocabulary  Vocabulary: It is often possible to determine the meaning of the unfamiliar words from their context. 5.

unhappy  Given that Scout had a horrible first day of school. favorable . & 6 Vocabulary  1. distrustful D.Chapters 4. awesome B. favorable C. we can assume the most appropriate definition for auspicious would be ___. 5.     A.  B. The remainder of my schooldays were no more auspicious than the first.

& 6 Vocabulary  2. one sprig of nut grass can ruin a whole yard…Miss Maudie’s face likened such an occurrence unto an Old Testament pestilence. Why.Chapters 4.  D. Bible story D.     A. 5. we can assume that pestilence most likely means ___. epidemic disease . unequalled event B. offense C. epidemic disease  Based on knowledge of the biblical plagues that God thrust upon the Egyptians in order to convince the Pharoah to let his people go free and that this would be something to be avoided at all costs.

long awaited satisfaction D. & 6 Vocabulary  3. that was what you were doing. Dill. So. process of instruction B.. and Scout were performing were the long awaited evidence of what happened to Boo. long awaited satisfaction . disgrace  Based on the fact that no one has seen Boo Radley in over 15 years and that most stories about him are superstitions and legends. we can assume that these shows that Jem. wasn’t it?.  C. act of honor C.Chapters 4.     A. 5..putting his life’s history on display for the edification of the neighborhood. so we can assume that the definition of edification would most likely be ___.

Chapters 4. & 6 Dialect  Dialect—way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular region or a particular group of people.  Southern dialect is used extensively in this novel to provide a more realistic picture of the people in this small southern town. 5. Translate each of these examples of southern dialect into standard speech. .

Arthur was hankerin’ after heaven he’d come out on the porch at least. & 6 Dialect  1.”  It looks as if Mr. 5.Chapters 4. Arthur wanted to go to heaven. . he would at least come out on the porch. “Looks like if Mr.

”  Goodness child. wasn’t even thinking about your father. & 6 Dialect  2. I wasn’t even thinking about your father. I was just telling a story. “Gracious child. . 5.Chapters 4. I was raveling a thread.

 “Don’t forget to write!” he called after us.Chapters 4. hear?” he bawled after us. “Yawl write. 5. . & 6 Dialect  3.

and Scout sneak over to the Radley house to peek at Boo Radley. 5. . What is the importance of the Radley’s oak tree in these chapters? What happens the last day of school to heighten the mystery about the Radley house?  It begins to act as a device for the children to communicate with Boo Radley. & 6 Questions  1.Chapters 4. Radley shoots his shotgun at them to scare them. Jem. Dill. but Mr.

Chapters 4, 5, & 6 Questions
 2. In your own words tell one of the

stories about Boo Radley. Describe the children’s reaction and Atticus’ reaction to this story.
 Boo stabbing his father in the leg with

the scissors and Mrs. Radley running out of the house screaming, “he’s killing us all!” Atticus demands that they leave that family alone.

Chapters 4, 5, & 6 Questions
 3. Who is Miss Maudie Atkinson? Why

is she important in these chapters?
 She is a neighbor who befriends the

children. As Jem and Dill begin to leave Scout out of their play activities, she spends more time with Miss Maudie and learns some truth behind the legends of Boo Radley.

Chapters 4, 5, & 6 Questions
 4. What is significant about the

neighbor’s conclusions about the identity of the person in the collard patch?
 Based on the statements made by Miss

Maudie and Atticus, it seems apparent that they know who it was. (if you see a white n_gger, that’s him)

5. What plot is hatched by the boys before Dill returns to Mississippi? What is the result of these actions?  They plan to go into the Radley’s backyard to sneak a peek in one of the windows to see if they can see Boo Radley. Mr. & 6 Questions  5. . Radley catches them and shoots his gun at them to scare them.Chapters 4.

but they continually look for ways to get closer to it. They are afraid to go touch it. What is the general feeling children have toward the Radley place? Give examples and support your statement. but find it fascinating. & 6 Questions  6. .  They are scared of it. 5.Chapters 4.

thoughtful. 2. 1.. knee-length trousers c. d. c. caused to become  Answers: 1. 2.. contemplative d. b. . Use each word to fill in the sentences that follow.. a period of watchful attention b. 3. 4. 4. Breeches Rendered Vigil Meditative a. a.Chapter 7 Vocabulary  Match the words on the left with the definitions on the right. 3.

Rendered 4. The young man became ________ when asked to consider his future goals in life. The light shining in his eyes ________ him helpless before his captors. Vigil 3. 4. he wore ________________. When Grandfather was a boy. The anxious parents kept their _____________ at the bedside of their ailing son.Chapter 7 Vocabulary 1. 3. meditative . Breeches 2. Answers: 1. 2.

Chapter 7 Questions  1. How does Scout feel about school this term? .

What happened to Jem’s pants? Who is responsible? .Chapter 7 Questions  2.

Chapter 7 Questions  3. What is found in the Radley Oak in this chapter? Why do the children think the trinkets are for them? .

. The children suspect various characters.Chapter 7 Questions  4. Cite each “suspicious” charaacter and the reason why Jem and Scout eliminate each possibility.

Compare the reactions of Scout and Jem when the tree is doctored up by Nathan .Chapter 7 Questions  5.

 1. incomprehensible  Answer: d . In these sentences from chapter 8. For reasons unfathomable to the most experienced prophets in Maycomb County. a. You can use the context to help you figure it out. required b. prohibited c. autumn turned to winter that year. comprehensible d. use the context to choose the correct meaning of each underlined word.Chapter 8 Vocabulary  A difficult word can sometimes be deciphered without a dictionary.

Chapter 8 Vocabulary  Mr. ugliness c. the seasons would change. smoked cigarettes and made war on each other. a. ghosts d. thereby causing unhappiness to our neighbors and discomfort to ourselves. power b. abnormalities  Answer: d . Jem and I were burdened with the guilt of contributing to the aberrations of nature. Avery said it was written on the Rosetta Stone that when children disobeyed their parents.

She must have seen my perplexity. she still took a lively and cordial interest in Jem’s and my affairs. exhilaration c. a. remorse d. bewilderment b. With most of her possessions gone and her beloved yard a shambles. depression  Answer: a .Chapter 8 Vocabulary  Miss Maudie puzzled me.

“The world’s endin’.Chapter 8 Questions  1. Why does Scout react to the snow by yelling. Atticus…!”?  Answer: .

Chapter 8 Questions  2.”?  Answer: . Avery’s remark. “It hasn’t snowed in Maycomb since Appamattox. What is the significance of the reference point of Appomattox in Mr.

Chapter 8 Questions  3. Why do you think Boo Radley covered Scout as she watched the fire? How did she react when she learned the identity of her benefactor?  Answer: .

What character traits were manifest by Miss Maudie in her reaction to the burning of her house? How did she explain her attitude to Jem and Scout?  Answer: .Chapter 8 Questions  4.

h. straightforwardness d. 2.. 4. 6. 6. g. 10... 4.d.. . Rectitude Guilelessness Obstreperous Rudiments Mausoleum Articulate Contemporary Cantankerous a.c. 7. rightness of principle h. sincerity.Chapter 9.a. 3. 5. the part to be learned first c. large. 8. moral virtue. unruly or boisterous f. quarrelsome. 5. Then use each word to fill in the blanks in the sentences below. magnificent tomb e.. and 11 Vocabulary  Match the words on the left with the appropriate definitions on the right. of the current age b. 7. to be able to put one’s thoughts into words 1. 2.f.b. grouchy g.e... 8.  Answers:1. 3.

rudiments. 4. articulate.Chapter 9. 10. obstreperous. A lawyer must be ___ in order to be persuasive before a jury. 3. The general’s military victories were celebrated after his death by building a ___ in his honor. Answers: 1. 4. 2. 3. You must study the ___ of football before you get out on the field to play. 2. The children were so ___ that the management asked them to leave the theatre. and 11 Vocabulary 1. mausoleum .

Lack of sleep will cause even the most mild-mannered person to become ___. rectitude. and 11 Vocabulary 5. After twenty years of unselfish service to his political party. 6. 10. contemporary. ___ furniture tends to be less ornate than its Victorian counterparts. 8. 7. no one would doubt the ___ of his motives. guilelessness . 8.Chapter 9. It is refreshing to observe the ___ of young children. Answers: 5. cantankerous. 7. 6.

Chapter 9. What is “Maycomb’s usual disease”? Who coins this phrase? . 10. 11 Questions  1.

Chapter 9. 11 Questions  2. Who is Tom Robinson? Why is Atticus defending him? Why does Judge Taylor appoint him? . 10.

Why does Scout receive a spanking from Uncle Jack? For what reason did Atticus believe she deserved this punishment even after Jack admitted his error? . 11 Questions  3. 10.Chapter 9.

Chapter 9. 11 Questions  4. 10. What has Scout learned about injustice from Miss Caroline and the townspeople of Maycomb? .

11 Questions  5. 10. What is the children’s perception of Atticus as described at the beginning of chapter 10? What event occurs in this chapter that changes the children’s concept of their father? .Chapter 9.

Dubose’s flower garden? . and what is her relationship to Jem and Scout? Why does Jem destroy Mrs. Who is Mrs. 10. Dubose. 11 Questions  6.Chapter 9.

11 Questions  7. 10.”? . Dubose frighten Jem? What is the explanation given to Jem regarding these actions? Why does Atticus feel that Mrs. Dubose is “the bravest person I ever knew.Chapter 9. What actions of Mrs.

Chapter 9. Dubose’s camelias and how they grew back after they were mutilated by Jem. 11 Literary Device  SYMBOLISM  A symbol is a tangible object that represents an abstract set of ideas. What could the camelias symbolize in this novel? . 10. Consider Mrs.

11 Activity  ANALOGOUS ANALYSIS  Consider Atticus’ and Miss Maudie’s warning not to kill a mockingbird.Chapter 9. How are they similar? . try to equate Tom Robinson and the unlikely Boo Radley with the mockingbird. 10. Why is it a sin in their eyes? As you continue reading the book.

Chapter 12. but with this difference: formerly. Bread lines in the cities grew longer. inconsistent. 13.     Jem was twelve. people in the country grew poorer. and 14 Vocabulary Consider the underlined words in the following sentences taken from the novel. Everything he read he passed along to me. But these events were remote from the world of Jem and me. He was difficult to live with. . moody. because he thought I’d like it. Use context clues to determine the meaning of each word. now for my edification and instruction. and then check your definition with a dictionary. He traveled with the road show until his infallible sense of direction told him he was in Abbott County just across the river from Maycomb. Record your responses in the chart provided.

13.Chapter 12. and 14 Vocabulary Word inconsistent remote edification infallible Your definition Dictionary Definition .

13.Chapter 12. In what ways does Calpurnia’s church differ from the white people’s church? Why do you think the author presents us with this contrast at this point in the story? . and 14 Questions  1.

13. and 14 Questions  2.Chapter 12. What do Jem and Scout learn about the injustice of white people during their visit to Cal’s church? .

and 14 Questions  3. What did Scout mean when she commented that Calpurnia “had a separate existence outside our household” and that she even had a “command of two languages. 13.”? .Chapter 12.

13. Why has Aunt Alexandra moved in for the summer? How does Atticus feel about this? How do the children feel about this? . and 14 Questions  4.Chapter 12.

Chapter 12. but never into the world of Jem and me (Scout). 13. Why can it be said that “Aunt Alexandra fitted into the world of Maycomb like a hand into a glove.”? What sense of values did Aunt Alexandra try to impart to the children? . and 14 Questions  5.

What is Scout referring to when she says at the end of Chapter 13. 13. “I know now what he was trying to do. It takes a woman to do that kind of work. but Atticus was only a man.Chapter 12.”? . and 14 Questions  6.

Why did Dill run away from home? What is the difference between the way he perceives his relationship with his mother and the way Scout perceives his relationship with her father? . 13.Chapter 12. and 14 Questions  7.

. and 14 Questions  8.Chapter 12. 13. What evidence do we have that Jem is starting to grow up and is beginning to identify with the adult world? Be specific.

“Enamored.Chapter 12. Aunt Alexandra was sitting in a rocking chair exactly as if she had set there every day of her life. and 14 Writing Activities  1. upright. clear language to give the reader an unmistakable first impression of Aunt Alexandra. 13. . The author uses sharp. uncompromising.” Use similar style to encapsulate the appearance and character of a person familiar to you in your own life.

and Calpurnia? How do their values affect her own? . Aunt Alexandra. the townspeople of Maycomb. 13.Chapter 12. Scout’s horizons are slowly expanding beyond the confines of her own home. What is she learning about the world at large from Dill. and 14 Writing Activities  2.

Chapter 15. 16. . A finger is a part of a hand just like a toe is a part of a foot. For example:   Finger is to hand as toe is to foot. 17. and 18 Vocabulary  An analogy is an equation using words in which one pair of words must have the same relationship to each other as a second pair of words.

Chapter 15. Fragrant is to flowers as ___ is to glass. 3. 5. 4. . 6. 2. 17. Bigotry is to tolerance as ___ is to turbulent. Prosperous is to ___ as impoverished is to indigent. and 18 Vocabulary  Complete the following analogies using the word choice below: Affluent amiable fragile inaudible perpetual placid 1. ___ is to chronic as intermittent is to occasional.  Siren is to loud as heartbeat is to ___. Genial is to ___ as brave is to courageous. 16.

Chapter 15. 17. 16. and 18 Questions  1. Why do you think Heck Tate and the men accompanying him paid a visit to Atticus? How did Jem and Scout react to this visit? .

16.Chapter 15. Cunningham? . and 18 Questions  2. How did the second gang that met Atticus at the jail compare with the first group that came to Atticus’ home? What was the result of Scout’s combination of innocence and straightforwardness when she addressed Mr. 17.

17. 16. and 18 Questions  3.Chapter 15. How is the author slowly building a web of tension leading up to the trial? .

How would you characterize the crowd that has come to the trial? Why do you think the author has described them in such detail? .Chapter 15. 16. and 18 Questions  4. 17.

“the court appointed him [Atticus] to defend this nigger…but Atticus plans to defend him. 17. That’s what I don’t like about it. 16. What did the men in the Idler’s Club mean as they echoed town sentiment saying. and 18 Questions  5.Chapter 15.”? .

Why do you think the author has slowed up the action of the novel during the trial scene by paying meticulous attention to every aspect of the courtroom? . and 18 Questions  6. 17.Chapter 15. 16.

and 18 Questions  7. 17. 16.Chapter 15. On what single key issue does Atticus build his case? What kinds of strategies does he use to elicit the truth? Why do you think Mayella resents Atticus? .

shyness b. trusting c. intelligent d. children become too cynical to believe in Santa Claus. foolish c. brisk weather exhilarated the walkers. obliterate b. serious b. The ex-convict tried to expunge all evidence of former misdeeds from his records. legal d. invigorated . The cold. a. belittle c. add b.Chapter 19. a. annoyed d. stupidity 2. absurd 4. 20. a. and 22 Vocabulary 1. tired 5. exaggerate d. rashness c. distrustful 3. cleverness d. careful b. The jurors had to maintain a discreet silence until the case was over. saddened c. Beyond a certain age. 21. He had the incredible temerity to challenge the policeman’s right to give him a ticket. a. a.

For what reasons did Scout come to pity Mayella even though she was testifying against Tom? . 20. 21. and 22 Questions  1.Chapter 19.

20. and 22 Questions  2. What was the “subtlety of Tom’s predicament” on the day Mayella tried to seduce him? . 21.Chapter 19.

Gilmer cross-examines Tom? Why does Dolphus Raymond believe that Dill won’t be affected like that in a few years? . Gilmer’s prosecution. 20. Why do you think Dill becomes so upset when Mr.Chapter 19. 21. Compare Scout and Dill’s reactions to Mr. and 22 Questions  3.

and 22 Questions  4. 21.Chapter 19. Why had Dolphus Raymond made himself into a town outcast? What commentary is he making about the town and its values? . 20.

and 22 Questions  5. What techniques of persuasion did Atticus use during his summation speech to the jury? . 20.Chapter 19. 21.

21.Chapter 19. Why did the author make it seem like an airtight case in Atticus’ favor just prior to the jury’s decision? . 20. and 22 Questions  6.

and 22 Questions  7. 21. 20.Chapter 19. Why were the spectators at the trial so appalled when Tom said that he felt sorry for Mayella? What does this reveal about class structure in Maycomb County? .

20.Chapter 19. 21. and 22 Questions  8. What were the many things that Scout learned about injustice during her day as a spectator in court? .

20. and 22 Questions  9.” . What did Atticus mean when he said to Aunt Alexandra. “This is their home…they might as well learn to cope with it…It’s just as much Maycomb County as missionary teas.Chapter 19. 21.

and 22 Questions  10. Why did Miss Maudie invite the children in for cake on the day after the trial and tell them. but it’s a step.Chapter 19. 21. 20.” . “It’s just a baby step.

Mrs.Chapter 19. Dolphus Raymond’s eccentricity. Harper Lee always counterbalances the evil with the good in order to portray the real complexities of life. 21. Aunt Alexandra’s narrow-mindedness. Dubose’s nastiness and drug addiction. Why do you think the author always falls short of making outright indictments against the society being described? What do you think she is really trying to convey about they nature of bigotry and injustice? . 20. and 22 Writing Activity  NO CHEAP SHOTS!  In this novel. However. the town’s bigotry. nothing is either perfectly good or perfectly evil. It would have been easy to offer a blatant indictment of the Ewell’s crime. as in life. Describe how each of these possible indictments are tempered by positive counterpoints.

3. 24. furtive Adamant Sordid Squalid Brevity clandestine straightforwardness forlorn unyielding weak eager generous degraded filthy repulsive sordid wretched conciseness width length . 1. 5. Then use each underlined word in an original sentence. 2.Chapters 23. 4. and 25 Vocabulary  Circle the synonyms for the underlined word in each word group.

Chapters 23. 24. How does Atticus justify Bob Ewell’s provocative behavior in order to mollify the children? . and 25 Questions  1.

How did Atticus’ remark that “It’s all adding up and one of these days we’re going to pay the bill for it.” foreshadow the Civil Rights struggles of the late 1950’s and 60’s when this book was written? .Chapters 23. 24. and 25 Questions  2.

Chapters 23. What is the difference between the Cunninghams and the Ewells? Why did Atticus select a Cunningham for the jury? . and 25 Questions  3. 24.

As a result of the convistion. and 25 Questions  4. what conclusion does Jem draw about Boo Radley’s seclusion? . 24.Chapters 23.

and 25 Questions  5. 24.Chapters 23. What was the implicit irony in the Maycomb ladies’ concern for the poverty of the Mrunas? .

and 25 Questions  6. You live in a Christian home with Christian folks in a Christian town. “You are a fortunate girl.”? . Merriweather’s statement to Scout. 24.Chapters 23. Why do you think the author juxtaposed the meeting of the Missionary Circle and the trial scene? What is the real significance of Mrs.

and 25 Questions  7. what was Scout coming to realize about herself when she mused. “There was no doubt about it. which world did Scout prefer? Why? . I must soon enter this world…”? However. During her afternoon with the ladies. 24.Chapters 23.

24. Why do you think it was important for Aunt Alexandra and Miss Maudie to hide their sorrow at Tom’s death? . and 25 Questions  8.Chapters 23.

Was Tom justified in losing faith in “white man’s justice”? Explain your answer. 24. and 25 Questions  9. .Chapters 23.

Chapters 23. Underwood’s opinion as stated in his newspaper? What analogy did he use to describe Tom’s killing? Why do you think the author presented opposing points of view on the subject of Tom’s death? . What was the reaction of the majority of Maycomb County to Tom’s death? What was Mr. 24. and 25 Questions  10.

     turmoil eccentricities notoriety spurious squandering  The millionaire’s ___ were publicized in all of the metropolitan newspapers. 30. and 31 Vocabulary  Define the following words and then complete the paragraph with the appropriate words. 27. 29. 28. . His latest scheme to give away five million dollars gained him such ___ that his life become one of constant ___.Chapter 26. He was criticized for ___ his fortune on ___ business ventures.

Chapter 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31 Questions
 1. Why was Scout upset by her teacher’s

indictment of Hitler? Why did Jem react so violently when Scout tried to talk to him about it?

Chapter 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31 Questions
 2. According to Atticus, why did Bob

Ewell continue to hold a grudge against everyone connected with the Robinson case even though he had won in court?

Chapter 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31 Questions
 3. What misconception did Atticus have

about the way Bob Ewell was killed? Why did Sheriff Tate want people to think Ewell fell on his own knife?

Chapter 26. What do you think Scout meant when she said that to reveal Boo Radley’s part in Bob Ewell’s death would be “like shootin’ a mockingbird. 30. 28. and 31 Questions  4.”? . 27. 29.

What insights came to Scout as she stood on Boo Radley’s porch after taking him home? . 30. 27.Chapter 26. and 31 Questions  5. 28. 29.

27.”? .Chapter 26. when you finally see them. What message is Atticus trying to convey to his daughter at the end of the book when he says. and 31 Questions  6. “Most people are. 29. Scout. 28. 30.