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2013/6/20

,
r/min
Hz
n

60 f
p

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

5-1

2013/6/20

5-1

2013/6/20

1.

2.

5-2

2013/6/20

3
2

5-2
1-2-3-4-

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

1.

2.
5-3 5-4

5-3

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

AVR

5-4

2013/6/20


SN PN
UN
IN
cosN
fN
nN

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

IaE 0 0

=0cos 1
0

Ia E 0

5-5

2013/6/20

Ea
E

W1

Fa

V2

U2

U2
Ef

U1

U1

V1

n
W2

5-5 =0

2013/6/20

Ia E 0 900=900

=90 Ia
E 0 90 cos 0

5-6

2013/6/20

Fa
W1

W1

V2

V2
S

U2

U2

U1

U1
N

n
V1

W2

W2

V1

aU

Ff

cU

EU
IW

U2

U1

IU
S

EV
EW
IV

5-6 =90

2013/6/20

Ia E 0 900 =- 900

=-90Ia
E 0 90cos 0

5-7

2013/6/20

Ff
Fa
W1
W1

V2
V2

S
U2

U2
S

U1
U1

V1

V1

W2

W2

aU

cU

EU
IV

U2

U1

IU
S

N
EV
EW
IW

5-6 = -90

2013/6/20

1. 9090

2. 0<<90

V2

W1

2013/6/20

S
S

U2

U1

U1

U2

U1

U2

N
V1

W2

a)a

V2

W1

V2

W1

V1

V1

W2

c
c
5-10
a=00b =900 c =-900

W2

bb

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

E 0 U Ia ra jIad X d jIaq X q

5-11

2013/6/20

aq Iaq

Eo
jI adX aq

jI aqX q

jI aX q

ad

I ara
I ad

Ia

5-11

2013/6/20

E 0 U Ia ra jIa X t
5-12
5-13

5-12

2013/6/20

5-13

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

n
Ia=0U0If
U 0 f ( I f )
5-14
5-15

U0

2013/6/20

S
+

If
0

Rf
5-14

5-15

2013/6/20

Ik f (I f )

2013/6/20

5-16
5-17
5-18

5-16

5-17

2013/6/20

5-18

2013/6/20

U f (I )

2013/6/20

5-19
5-20

2013/6/20

5-19

cos 10.8

a cos 1

(b) cos 0.8 ()

2013/6/20

(c) cos 0.8 ()

5-20

2013/6/20

I f f (I )

5-21

5-21

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

5-22
5-23
PM f ( ) 524

2013/6/20

P2

PM

P1
P

PFe

Iq

EO D

jI qX q

PCu1
Id

Ia

jI dX d
jI X q

B
C Iq

5-22

5-23

Pm

2013/6/20

Pm

90a

90
b

180

5-24

a b

2013/6/20

1.

2.

3.

2013/6/20

E 0 U >05-21

PM>0 E
U

E 0 U 5-25

2013/6/20

Eo
a)

no
T1

jIX t

>0

U
I

Eo
b)
no
T1

S
T=0

=0

no
T1

T2

jIX t

<
0

jIX t

I
c)

Eo

5-31

a5-25
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b )c )
abc

2013/6/20

5-26

Xt
E 0

2013/6/20

E 0

E 0

ID

jID X t

E 0
ID

5-26
a

2013/6/20

5-27
V5-28

2013/6/20

5-27

2013/6/20

5-28 V

2013/6/20

I Ia ID

5-29

2013/6/20

5-29

2013/6/20

5-30

5-31

2013/6/20

a
b
5-30
a
b

5-31

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

1.

90

6-1

90

6-1

2013/6/20

6-1

2013/6/20

2.
1
6-2
6-3
6-4

6-2

6-3

2013/6/20

6-4

2
U 2 0

2013/6/20

T
T'

0
2

1
T

2 s'
0 s''

T''
6-5T = f (s )

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

1.
2.
3.

2013/6/20

1.

2013/6/20

2.

U 2 I a Ra
C e

U a

2013/6/20

6-6
6-7
nfT

2013/6/20

6-6

2013/6/20

6-7

2013/6/20

3.
U2
n

T = TL

Ra
U2
n

T
2 L
C e C e C T
6-8

2013/6/20

6-8 T3>T2>T1

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

1.

90

2013/6/20

2.
6-9

6-10

2013/6/20

6-9

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

6-11
6-12

6-11

2013/6/20

6-12

2013/6/20

1.

6-13

2.

6-13

6-14

2013/6/20

6-13

2013/6/20

(a)

(b)

6-14 0

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

Z1Z 2

1. 6-15
6-16
2.

6-17
6-18

(a)
(a)

(b)

6-15

2013/6/20

(b)

6-16

(a)

2013/6/20

(b)

6-17

Ug

Ud

Uf

2013/6/20

U2

6-18

2013/6/20

1
n=fT
2n=f
TL

2013/6/20

2013/6/20


n=f(TL).

1.

(1) :
,
.

2013/6/20

(2) :
,
,
.

2013/6/20

2.
(1) :
(2) : ,
()

2013/6/20

TL
TL/

2013/6/20

1.

2013/6/20

2.
,

d GD 2 dn
T TL J

dt
375 dt
=2n/60, J[kgm2], GD2[Nm2]
, J=GD2/4g, g=9.81[m
/ s2].

2013/6/20

TLTc

TL ( c / )Tc (nc / n)Tc

2013/6/20

1
1
2
J ( J 0 2 J112 J c 2c )
2
2

GD 2 GD02 GD12 (n1 / n) 2 GDc2 (nc / n) 2


T=TL, dn/dt=0, . TTL,
dn/dt0, .

2013/6/20

3.

, .
,
,
,
.

,
TTL
TTL

2013/6/20



1.1

T=TstTL=TLst
T0
T
abTLC
bnb
TTLbT = TL
T=0nb
b

2013/6/20

2
1)
.
,

2)

2013/6/20

2013/6/20
n

7-7

7-6

7-8

7-7

2013/6/20

5 ~ 7
n=0

2013/6/20

2
1
.

2013/6/20

1
, ;
.
20()30().
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,
60

2013/6/20

2
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2013/6/20

A
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1

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3

2013/6/20

1
2

(TST U

Y ISTTST

1

UP
UP
3

TstY

TSt
3

2013/6/20

ka=U2/Un,
.Ista
Ist

I sta k a I s k a k a I st k I

2
a st

Tsta

k aU n

U
n

k
a Tst
st

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

3.

R
R
R

RR

I 2 st

E20
R 2 ( X 20 ) 2

R 2 I 2 I1

2013/6/20

()

:
1.
2. ()
3.

2013/6/20

1.

IV
II

2013/6/20

(1)

2013/6/20

(2)

Cn=0

2013/6/20

2.
(s<0),
,

E
,
,

2013/6/20

3.
,
, ,

~
~

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M
3~

2013/6/20

60 f 1
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(1 s)
p

2013/6/20

:
(1) :
;

(2) :

2013/6/20

1. S
1

2013/6/20

7-17
7-18

7-17

2013/6/20

7-18

2013/6/20

2.
n0ppn0
,

2013/6/20

, .

2013/6/20

3.
U1=Un
,

f
f
fN
f1
f2
f3

, ,
,
,

f5

f4

2013/6/20

,n= 0 Ea=0

I ast

UN

I aN
Ra

Ist Ist (2.0


2.5)IN

2013/6/20

Ist
1

U
I st
Ra Rst

U
Rst
Ra
I st

2013/6/20

(1) T = KT Ia
0

2013/6/20

2
E Ia T
TL
Ia

3
E Ia T >> T0 n

2013/6/20

1
2

2013/6/20

, IE,

(1)
(2) ()
(3)

2013/6/20

1.
1

Ra R B
U
n

T
2
K E K E K T

2013/6/20

TL
a
RB
TSTTL)

2013/6/20

2.
1

n0n
a
b
2

2013/6/20

d
4
7-22b

3.
,
R
n0=
0

2013/6/20

n
n0

Ra R B
n
T
2
K E K T

TL

b
7-23

2013/6/20

Ra R
U
n

T n0 kT
2
Ke Ke KT
:
a. U
b .R
c.

2013/6/20

1.
1

,
R

2013/6/20

2.()

,
n0

; ;

2013/6/20

PLC

200

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

1200v
1500v

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

18-1
28-2
38-3
48-4

1.

2013/6/20

1-35

1- 2- 3-
4- 5-

2013/6/20

2.

2013/6/20

8-2

b
c
8-2

2013/6/20

3.

2013/6/20

(a)

(b)
8-3

2013/6/20

(c)

2013/6/20

3.

a
8-4

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

8-5ab
8-5c8-5
d

2013/6/20

8-5

2013/6/20

1
1
2
3

2013/6/20

2
1

215
25
3112

2013/6/20

3
1

4
23

2013/6/20

2013/6/20


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2013/6/20

2013/6/20

1
8-6

2013/6/20

8-7
8-8

2013/6/20

b
8-6

2013/6/20

QS

8-7

2013/6/20

QS

8-8

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

8-9

2013/6/20

a)
b)
8-9

2013/6/20

()(
)

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2.

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

3.

2013/6/20

b
8-10

2013/6/20

4.

100r
min

8-11

2013/6/20

5.

8-12

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

8-13
FU1

L2

L1

2013/6/20

L3

QS

FU1
FU2
FR

KM
KM

SB2

SB1

FR

KM

8-13

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

()

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2
3

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

8-14

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2013/6/20

L3

QS

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FU2

KM
KM

SB
V
U

W
M
3~

8-14

2013/6/20

8-15

L1

L2

2013/6/20

L3

QS

FU1

FU2

KM

SB2

KM

SB1
FR

FR

KM
M3~

8-15

2013/6/20

8-16

2013/6/20

SB1

KM

SB3

SB4

SB2

KM

8-16

2013/6/20


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8-17STBSTA


STASTBSB2818
STASTB

STB

SB1

STA

2013/6/20

STA

KMF

SB2

KH
KMF
STB

KMR

KMR

SB3

8-17

KMR

KMF

8-18

2013/6/20

,8-19
KMFKMR

KMFKMR

L1

L2

2013/6/20

L3

QS

FU2

FU1

SB3

KMF

SB1
KMR

KMF
KMF

KMR

3~
M

8-19

KMF

KMR

SB2

KMR

2013/6/20

8-20

2013/6/20

(a)

3~

3~

(b)
8-20

2013/6/20

821(a)

()
()8 -21b
SP
SP

(a)
8-21

2013/6/20

(b)

2013/6/20

1
8-22
8-23

2013/6/20

8-22

2013/6/20

8-23

2013/6/20

8-24

HHHL

2013/6/20

8-24

2013/6/20

Y
Y

8-25

8-25

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

8-26

2013/6/20

8-26

2013/6/20

8-27

2013/6/20

8-28

2013/6/20

2
3

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

8-30

8-31

2013/6/20

8-32

8-33

8-34

2013/6/20

8-35

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

YDYD
8368-2.

8-36 YD

2013/6/20

8-2

4/2

6/4

8/4

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8/6

12/6

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8/4/2

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8/6/4

12/8/6/4

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12

2013/6/20

8-37 YY

2013/6/20

8-38

2013/6/20

8-39

8-41

2013/6/20

8-40

2013/6/20

8-40

2013/6/20

8-42

2013/6/20

8-41

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

ESM-101ESM-102ESM-103
ESM-104ESM-105

/
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2013/6/20

1ESM-105

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2013/6/20

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2013/6/20

2
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2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

PLC
1 IO

IO 32PLC

IO32128PLC

IO128256PLC

IO2561024PLC

IO1024PLC

IO4000PLC

2013/6/20

2
PLC PLC
CPUI0
PLC
PLCPLC
CPUI0
PLC
PLCPLC

PLCPLC
PLC

2013/6/20

PLC
1PLC

(3--5)

2013/6/20

2PLC
PLC
I/O


PLC

2013/6/20

PLC
1PLC

2PLC

2013/6/20

1PLC
PLC/

2013/6/20

2PLC
PLC

PLC
I/O

PLC

8-45

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

PLC

2013/6/20

S7-200PLC
1S7-200
2S7-200
3S7-200PLC/
4S7-200
5S7-200CPU
6S7-200
7S7--200PLC
8S7-200 PLC

2013/6/20

1S7-200

2013/6/20

2S7-200
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CPU22XCPU21XCPU212CPU214CPU215
CPU216CPU22XCPU221CPU222CPU224
CPU224XPCPU226

2013/6/20

3S7-200PLC/
I/O
CPU221
/
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CPU
RAMEEPROMCPU
EEPROM

2013/6/20

4S7-200
1STOPSTOP
CPUCPU
2TERMTERM
STEP-7Micro/WIN32CPU
3RUNRUNCPU
TERM
STOPCPUSTOP
RUNCPURUN

2013/6/20

5S7-200CPU
1S7-200BOOLBYTE
WORDDWORDINTDINT
REAL
2IQ
VMSMT
CHSCAC
L
AIW/AQW
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2013/6/20

6S7-200
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2013/6/20

2STLSTL
PLC
PLC

2013/6/20

3FBDFBD

2013/6/20

7S7--200PLC
S7-200
STEP 7Micro/WIN
S7-200
PPIMPIProfibus DPAsinterface
modem

2013/6/20

8S7-200 PLC
1

2
3

2013/6/20

S7-200PLC
S7--200 CPU
I/O
PLC8-51
S7--200

2013/6/20

1.
2.
3.
4.

2013/6/20

S7200 CPU
STEP 7--Micro/WIN
STEP 7--Micro/WIN

2013/6/20

1. S7200 CPU
1S7200 CPUS7--200 CPU
S7--200 CPU

2013/6/20

2RS-232/PPI

8-51

RS-- 232/PPIRS--232
PC
COM 1

RS-- 232/PPIRS--485
PPIS7--20001

8-52RS--232/PPI
DIP

2013/6/20

2013/6/20

2. STEP 7-Micro/WIN
STEP 7--Micro/WIN

STEP 7--Micro/WIN8-53

STEP7--Micro/WIN

2013/6/20

8-53

2013/6/20

3. STEP 7--Micro/WIN
1STEP 7--Micro/WIN
RS--232/PPI

PC/PPI0
COM1
9.6Kbps

2013/6/20

2S7--200
S7--200
STEP 7Micro/
WINS7--200CPU
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4.

2013/6/20

(1)
(2) 1
(3) 2
(4) 3
(5)
(6)