Calculul elementelor principale structurale ale unei sarpante

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Latimea constructiei masurata de la primul la ultimul ax longitudinal este de : Bcasa=8.1 m Care se divide in: Nr d2 = 6 Deschiderea capriorilor masurata pe orizontala rezulta de: d2= Bcasa / Nr d2 d2=8.1 / 6 d2=1.35 m Deschiderea maxima a panei = Traveea maxima a cladirii Tcladire=4.5 m correct e 4,8 Nr capriori pe travee Nr capriori =ceil(Tcladire/75 cm) Nr capriori = 6 Distanta intre 2 capriori d1=Tcladire/Nr capriori d1=4.5/6 d1=75 cm Panta acoperisului pacop=60 cm/1 m = 0.6 Unghiul acoperisului αacop=atan(pacop) αacop=0.54 rad αacop=30.96 grade

5 * 2 / ln (z/z0) cg de z = 3. din normativul de vant la pag 22 cp zona H = 0.5cm) / 1m2 Pperm 1 inclinat mp=500+480*18+0.5 kPa Inaltimea cladirii : Hnivel=3 m la mine 2.12*0.34 * 1 * 0.3 m krz0=0.075)/1 Pperm 1 inclinat mp=61.6 = 2.22 Factorul de rugozitate cr de z = krz02 * ln(z/z0)2 cr de z = 0.426 Factorul de rafala cg de z = 1 + 3.8 Hcota zero de la sol = 50 cm la mine e 60 Hacoperis= Bcasa/2 * pacoperis Hacoperis= 8.426 * 3.88 daN/m2 Incarcarea din zapada s0k=2 kN/m2 (Constanta) Ce=1 Ct=1 μ2=1.5*1000 N/m2 qref=0. profilate. cu jgheab Pinvelitoare=500 N/m2 pe suprafata inclinata Cu tot cu invelitoare si capriori predimensionati.Evaluarea incarcarilor Sarpanta va fi executata din lemn de brad γlemn=480 daN/m3 Se considera invelitoare din tigle de argila arsa.4 qv=qref* cr de z * cg de z * ct de z * cp zona H qv= 0.1 / 2 * 0.34 Factorul topographic ct de z = 1 Pentru acoperis cu 2 pante.43 Z= Hnivel + Hcota zero de la sol + Hacoperis = 8.5 * 0.6 sk=s0k* Ce* Ct* μ2 sk=320 daN/m2 pe suprafata orizontala Incarcarea din vant qref=0. pe inclinat la metru patrat Pperm 1 inclinat mp = Pinvelitoare + γlemn * 18 mm + d1/1m * (γlemn*1m*12cm*7.75*(480*1*0.4 qv= 28.93 m inaltime la coama Se considera teren cu densitate redusa a constructiilor z0=0.45 daN/m2 .

7225 * 0.35 Lcalc capr =1/ 0.Calculul capriorilor la SLU 1.49 ) / 8 Mmax capr= 1.35 Lcalc capr =1.94 * 100 * 0.25 + 260.164 KNm care trebuie sa fie mai mare decat Mmax capr=1.94 N/mm2 Daca Bcaprior = 6 cm Hcaprior=10 Wcaprior=( Bcaprior * Hcaprior2 ) / 6 Wcaprior= 100 cm3 mTi = 0.1 Ri_c = (Ri * mui * mdi) / γi Ri_c = 24 * 0.75 qSLU= 53.05 * 28.45) mdi= 270.85 * 1.85 * 0.33 mdi= 0.5 Z & 1.35 P & 1.88 + 0. calitatea I Ri=24 N/mm2 mui=0.35 * 61.55 * Pperm 1 inclinat mp + 0.45) / (61.9 Mcap= 1.75 * 2.1 Ri_c = 12.5 * sk * cos(αacop)2 * d1 + 1.9 mdi=(0.05 V qSLU=1.55 * 61.659 / 1.5 * 320 * 0.65 * 320 + 1 * 28.88 * 0.75 + 1.1+22.9 Mcap=Ri c * Wcaprior * mTi Mcap= 12.04 KNm .04 KNm Calcul de rezistenta capriori Se considera lemn de brad.9 * 0.88 + 320 + 28.58 m deschiderea de calcul a capriorului pe inclinat Mmax capr = (qSLU*Lcalc capr2 ) / 8 Mmax capr=(335.35 * Pperm 1 inclinat mp * cos(αacop) * d1 + 1.65 * sk + 1*qv) / (Pperm 1 inclinat mp + sk + qv) mdi=(0.45 * 0.4 qSLU=335.75 + 1.659 γi=1.75 daN/m Lcalc capr =1/cos(αacop) * 1.48 / 410.05 * qv * d1 qSLU=1.

23) / (9000*500) fep z =0.237 cm care trebuie sa fie mai mic decat fadm=0.75 * 6.25 * fep z + fef v fef max= 1.033 + 1.061 * (320 * 0.79 cm .061 * (61.Calculul capriorilor la SLS fadm= Lcalc capr / 200 fadm= 0.013 fef max= 0.049 + 0.013 cm fef max= 1.85 * 0.14 + 0.5 * fef p + 1.14 cm fef v=5/384 * (qv * d1 * Lcalc capr4) / (Elemn*Icapr) fef v=0.033 cm fep z = 5/81 * (sk * cos(αacop)2 * d1* Lcalc capr4 ) / (Elemn * Icapr) fep z = 0.45 * 0.23) / 9000*500 fef p = 0.66) fef v=0.5 * 0.25 * 0.88 * 0.7225 * 0.061 * (132.013 fef max= 0.2 /4500000) fep z =0.061* ( 245/4500000) fef p = 0.061 * (28.79 cm Elemn = 9000 N/mm2 Icapr= (Bcaprior*Hcaprior3 ) / 12 fef p = 5/81 * (Pperm 1 inclinat mp * cos(αacop) * d1 * Lcalc capr4 ) / (Elemn*Icapr) fef p = 0.061 * (1080.75 * 6.23) / (9000*666.175 + 0.93/5999940) fef v=0.75 * 6.

147 Nacop af pana = 442.8 * 19 * 15 Nperm pana predimensionata = 65.8 qpana SLU = 788.85 Aaf pana inclinat = 7.5 * Nzapada af pana + 1.26 Nperm af pana = 507.88) = 6.66 + 442.35 * 4.45 * 7.45 + 320 + 61.26 daN Nperm af pana = Nperm pana predimensionata + Nacop af pana Nperm af pana = 65.5 Aaf pana = 6.92 + 1.05 * Nvant af pana Ntotal pana SLU = 1.35 * Nperm af pana + 1.13 daN Daca pana are lungime egala cu traveea rezulta qpana SLU = Ntotal pana SLU / Tcladire qpana SLU = 3783.85 Nvant af pana = 172.66 daN Nacop af pana = Pperm 1 inclinat mp * Aaf pana inclinat Nacop af pana = 61.45 / (28.92 daN Nzapada af pana = sk * Aaf pana Nzapada af pana = 320 * 6.075 * 1/0.8 Ntotal pana SLU = 685.93 % Aaf pana = d2 * Tcladire Aaf pana = 1.8 daN Ntotal pana SLU = 1.13 / 4.147 m2 Nperm pana predimensionata = γlemn * Tcladire * 19 cm * 15 cm Nperm pana predimensionata = 480 * 4.075 m2 pe orizontal Aaf pana inclinat = Aaf pana * 1/ cos(αacop) Aaf pana inclinat = 6.44 Ntotal pana SLU = 3783.5 * 1944 + 1.88 * 7.35 * 507.692 + 2916 + 181.05 * 172.18 daN/m .075 Nzapada af pana = 1944 daN Nvant af pana = qv * Aaf pana inclinat * cos(αacop) Nvant af pana = 28.147 * 0.Calculul panei la SLU qv / (qv + sk + Pperm 1 inclinat mp ) = 28.

5 * fperm pana + 1.76 KNm Bpana=20 cm Hpana=22 cm 2 Wpana=( Bpana * Hpana ) / 6 Wpana=(20*484)/6 Wpana=1613.acontrafisa=0.8 – 0.8 m Lcalc pana=Tcladire .25 * 1.73 cm care trebuie sa fie mai mic decat fadm pana=2 cm .56 / 4.78 KNm Calcului panei la SLS fadm pana=Lcalc pana / 200 fadm pana=4 / 200 fadm pana=2 cm Ipana=(Bpana*Hpana3 ) / 12 Ipana=17746 cm4 fperm pana = 5/384 * [(Nperm af pana / Tcladire ) * Lcalc pana4 ] / Elemn* Ipana fperm pana = 0.8) * 256] / 9000 * 17746 fz pana = 1.01 ftotal pana = 0.9 kNm Mcap pana=18.18 * 16) / 8 Mef pana = 15.013 * [(3888 / 4.01 cm ftotal pana = 1.26 + 1.8 Lcalc pana=4 m Mef pana = (qpana SLU * Lcalc pana2 ) / 8 Mef pana = (788.8) * 256] / 9000 * 17746 fperm pana =0.33 * 0.39 + 1.26 cm fz pana = 5/384 * [(Nzapada af pana / Tcladire ) * Lcalc pana4 ] / Elemn* Ipana fz pana = 0.015 ftotal pana = 1.acontrafisa Lcalc pana=4.8) * 256] / 9000 * 17746 fv pana = 0.013 * [(345.82 / 4.013 * [(945.5 * 0.06 + 1 * 0.325 + 0.33 cm3 Mcap pana=Ri c * Wpana * mTi Mcap pana=12.25 * fz pana + 1 * fv pana ftotal pana = 1.06 cm fv pana = 5/384 * [(Nvant af pana / Tcladire ) * Lcalc pana4 ] / Elemn* Ipana fv pana = 0.94 * 1613.

80 * Pperm 1 inclinat mp + 0.85 * sk + 1 * qv ) / ( Pperm 1 inclinat mp + sk + qv ) mdc= (0.86 ipop=√Ipop/Apop ipop=0.318 Rcompr paralel = 15 N/mm2 mui=0. (rotunzi) .45 ) / (61.85 * 320 + 1 * 28.8(λ/100)2 ζ= 0.82 Ipop= π*dpop4 / 64 Ipop=600.9 mdc=( 0.35 * Npop Ntotal pop =4515.80 * 61.25 Rcompr paralel c = (Rcompr paralel * mui * mdc) / γc Rcompr paralel c = 9.94 Ntotal pop=4540 daN Calcul de stabilitate dpop=14 cm If=Hacop-0.43 * (3.8 daN Npop = Hacop * (π * (14cm)2) / 4 * γlemn Npop =2. oriz.35 m in pr.852 γc=1.201 N/mm2 Ncapabil flambaj = Apop * Rcompr paralel c * ζ * mTi Ncapabil flambaj = 4718 daN este mai mare decat Ntotal pop=4540daN Rezumat calcul: Capriori Pane Popi Bcaprior = 6 cm Bpana=20 cm dpop=14 cm Hcaprior=10 cm la un pas de d1=75 cm Hpana=22 cm la un pas de d2=1.504 + 272 + 28.35 * 17.45 / 410.45) mdc= 49.88 + 320 + 28.94 daN Ntotal pop = Ntotal pana SLU + 1.0197 λ=If/ipop λ=92.33 mdc=0.88 + 0.385 ζ = 1-0.75 If=1.8 + 1.14 * 196) / 4 * 480 Npop = 17.25 Apop= π*dpop2/4 Apop=153.Calculul popilor la SLU Ntotal pana SLU = 4515.

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