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Wind Turbine.docx

Wind Turbine.docx

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Published by Apri Kartiwan
Wind Turbine Generator Safety
Wind Turbine Generator Safety

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Apri Kartiwan on Jun 21, 2013
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While few would contend that turbines are a major threat to public safety (most deaths and injuries are suffered by those transporting, erecting and maintaining turbines), the wind industry is marked by both a reluctance to admit to accidents and a tendency to cover up the failings of the technology.1 In 2011 RenewableUK admitted that there had been over 1,500 reported accidents/‗incidents‘ in the UK in the previous five years, some of which resulted in deaths and serious injuries. There is no requirement for accidents which do not cause death or injury to be reported. A Minister recently confirmed that, “Neither DECC, nor the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), collect specific data for wind turbine accidents.” 2 Most accidents are not noticed unless damage is spotted by the public and the press report it. Examples of industry cover-ups abound. The wind industry always tries to play down the frequency of turbine accidents: for example, in Cornwall in 2006, “Part of a wind turbine blade weighing more than half a ton snapped off and crashed into a field during high winds. Operators Cumbria Windfarms said the site has been running since April 1993 and nothing like this had happened there before.” It had, as several locals pointed out: in 1993, a month after the turbine park opened, they had had a similar accident. Then we had a spokesperson for Scottish Power quoted as saying of a blade accident at Whitelee, “This is a highly unusual situation. I've not heard of this kind of incident happening in 30 years.” 3 This may fool some of the public, but, as is evident from this page, blade failures are fairly common and there were several instances just in the North East and Borders when only a handful of turbines were operating in the area. The Danes are rather more honest. The Technical Approval Authority at the Risø National Laboratory revealed in 2008 that they had recorded the collapse of 15 turbines in the previous three years.4 A Dutch company whose core business is blade repair admits that, “Rotor blade lightning damage is a common problem.”.

‘SEND US YOUR BURNOUTS, WE ACCEPT TRADE-INS’ (Generator Manufacturer's Slogan)

Turbine fires are nearly as common as blade accidents, which is no great surprise when you consider that turbines have a combination of large volumes of lubricants, highly stressed bearings and electrical generating sets - brought together at the top of a very high lightning conductor. Modern turbines are too high for fire fighters to use ladder equipment. Unless firefighting helicopters are available, turbines are normally left to burn out, burning off large quantities of oil, plastics and other noxious materials in the process.

Road and Rail

The Highways Agency recognises the risks but fails entirely to recommend a separation distance which would protect road or rail users from a turbine accident: Consideration of the risks associated with structural failure and ‗icing‘ identifies the clear need to incorporate a safety margin in the offset between the trunk road boundary and the siting of a wind turbine. Therefore, it is appropriate to achieve a set-back from the nearest highway boundary equal in distance to their height + 10% for micro and small turbines. Commercial turbines should be set back a distance equal to their height + 50 metres. (Network Services, Spatial Planning Advice Note: SP 12/09, ‗Planning applications for wind turbines sited near to trunk roads‘, 13). As is evident from accident reports on this page and academic studies of blade throw, large turbines can throw very large blades, or pieces thereof, weighing many tonnes, for hundreds of metres.

The industry routinely proposes building 100-140m turbines within 500m of housing although they are well aware of the noise problems with large turbines.


8 December 2011).06. all Infinis staff vacate wind farms when wind speeds exceed 55 mph and therefore no one was present on site at the time of the incident.“As a standard precautionary measure. ‗Mechanical Operating and Maintenance Manual.‖ (BWEA Press release). families across the UK will be able to visit a working wind farm and touch a turbine as part of the first ever.” (Press release from Infinis regarding the Ardrossen wind farm fire.2007). TWO FACES OF THE WIND INDUSTRY: THE SPIN: “Fancy a fun-filled family day out at your local wind farm this Bank Holiday Weekend? This August Bank Holiday (27/28 August). simultaneous nationwide opening of wind farms – and all for FREE. That must be a comfort to neighbouring members of the public. INDUSTRY WARNINGS: Turbine operating manuals and site noticeboards tell a different story: Vestas. on the last weekend before schools go back. V90 – 3. .0 MW‘ (29.

eventually caused such an outcry that the wind industry‘s friends at the DTI were forced to issue a warning: “We would not normally advise any member of the public to make contact with installations being used for the supply of electricity. Can you imagine the outcry there would be in parliament and the press if children were invited to leave handprints on electrical transformers? . 2006). Apparently PR trumps common sense. and Powergen‘s [now E. © 2008 Don Brownlow Photography. (‗Duns nursery benefits from Black Hill wind farm cash‘. Article refers to wind industry open day event). “Though the risks to the public from wind turbines are minimal they are large industrial structures and it is sensible to take precautions.” (‗Warning: don't hug a wind turbine‘. Berwickshire News.Crystal Rig warning sign. THE DTI REACTS The BWEA‘s irresponsibility in encouraging thousands of children to touch electricity generators. wind socks and there was the opportunity to leave your hand print on one of the turbines‖ [our emphasis]. The Times. 28 May. Wind power station operators continue to ignore safety advice from their own industry and the government: ―There was a range of children‘s craft activities which included making wind chimes.” said a DTI spokesman.ON UK] equally notorious „Hug a turbine‟ TV advertising campaign. 9 June 2010.

or even in the foundation. The story reports the disastrous results of a questionnaire passed out to members of the German WindEnergy Association asking them to rank manufacturers. with thousands of mishaps. ‗[. fractures form along the rotors. How safe is wind energy? ‗After the industry's recent boom years.‖ The company produces wind turbines without gearboxes. who raced into the new market in the 1990s.000 kilometers (49. August 20. Short circuits or overheated propellers have been known to cause fires. Service Flop” is the headline on a recent cover story which appeared in the industry journal Erneuerbare Energien. who works for Allianz in Munich.. rotor blades also often display defects. has calculated that on average “an operator has to expect damage to his facility every four years. Jan Pohl. But as they grow bigger and bigger. Only Enercon. ‗Even among insurers. often crapping out before even five years is up.THE DANGERS OF WIND POWER Spiegel Online. take forever to deliver. managed a ranking of ―good. The insurance companies are complaining of problems ranging from those caused by improper storage to dangerous cracks and fractures. In some cases. All this despite manufacturers' promises that the turbines would last at least 20 years.] ‗Wind power expert Martin Stöckl knows the problems all too well. but simple replacement parts are likewise nowhere to be found.” a report on the technical shortcomings of wind turbines claims. It is not just the rotors that.710 miles) across Germany every year. “ In addition to generators and gearboxes..” Many insurance companies have learned their lessons and are now writing maintenance requirements -. Industry giant Allianz was faced with around a thousand damage claims in 2006 alone. eliminating one of the weakest links in the chain. Gearboxes hiding inside the casings perched on top of the towering masts have short shelf lives. wind power providers and experts are now concerned.” the German Insurance Association is now complaining. ‗Gearboxes have already had to be replaced “in large numbers. breakdowns and accidents having been reported in recent years. „Wind turbines continue to multiply the world over. ‗“Sales Top. The facilities may not be as reliable and durable as producers claim.requiring wind farmers to replace vulnerable components such as gearboxes .‗WUTHERING HEIGHTS . “You often have to wait 18 months for a new rotor mount. wind power is now considered a risky sector. 2007. the difficulties seem to be mounting. The Bavarian travels some 80. based in Germany. the number of dangerous accidents is climbing. due to enormous worldwide demand. which means the turbine stands still for that long. not including malfunctions and uninsured breakdowns. Indeed.” says Stöckl. after only limited operation. but he is only rarely able to help the wind farmers.

” he says. But a gearbox replacement can cost up to 10 percent of the original construction price tag. Repairs are difficult.right next to a highway. the bits and pieces from wind turbine meltdowns are closely examined. fragments of a broken rotor blade landed on a road shortly before rush hour traffic near the city of Trier. many investors may be in for a nasty surprise. water seeps into the cracks. “You can't look inside concrete. “Between 3. he points out. “We know that many of these facilities have flaws. and the rebar begins to rust. For example:     In December of last year. Danish company and . ‗But instead of working to create more efficient technology. the lessons learned on land will ward off disaster at sea. “The force that comes to bear on the rotors is much greater than originally expected. “It's no use just closing the cracks from above.” he says. On land at least. Many constructors of such offshore facilities in other countries have run into difficulties.000 older facilities are currently due for new insurance policies.every five years -. Vibrations and load changes cause fractures.” says AZT evaluator Erwin Bauer. He wants offshore wind farms to produce a total of 25. there are no offshore wind parks in German waters. head of technical insurance at Germany's leading wind turbine insurer Gothaer. The firefighters could only watch: Their ladders were not tall enough to reach the burning casings. ‗Even the technically basic concrete foundations are suffering from those strains. a 70-meter (230-foot) tall wind turbine folded in half in SchleswigHolstein -.” he says. “Large machines may have great capacity. Indeed. So far. a professor for experimental statics in Bremen.000 and 4. The same month. Wind speed is simply not consistent enough.” says Marc Gutermann. Two wind turbines caught fire near Osnabrück and in the Havelland region in January. With all the best sites already taken. many manufacturers have simply elected to build even larger rotor blades.” ‘Not Sufficiently Resilient ‗Still the wind power business is focusing on replacing smaller facilities with ever larger ones. ‗At the Allianz Technology Center (AZT) in Munich. “The facilities keep getting bigger.directly into their contracts. “but the diameter of the masts has to remain the same because otherwise they would be too big to transport on the roadways.000 megawatts by 2030.” ‘Flaws And Dangers ‗And the technical hitches are not without their dangers. “There are gusts and direction changes all the time. The rotor blades of a wind turbine in Brandenburg ripped off at a height of 100 meters (328 feet). Bauer adds. Fragments of the rotors stuck into a grain field near a road. enough to cut deep into anticipated profits.” says Holger Martsfeld. a situation that Minister Gabriel hopes to change. ‗Perhaps by then. boosting size is one of the few ways left to boost output. but the strains they are subject to are even harder to control.” ‗The engineering expert suspects construction errors are to blame.

for its part. One of her four-year-old hunters also reared up and bucked when he caught sight of the turbine.. [. ―I managed to stay on. ―She was thrown off. Letterston. for example. Similar problems were encountered off the British coast in 2005. This accident could have been avoided if the show organisers had used a bit of common sense and not put the turbine so very close to the horse area. 25 August. Concerns were voiced by owners and riders after their horses reacted to the spinning of a small turbine on a stand near the show‘s collecting ring. 2012. His wife. whose own equestrian establishment is set to be in the shadow of Pembrokeshire‘s largest turbine on land near Ludchurch. where he fell and cut his leg. Isobel. he says. frightened by the turbine‘s movement. ‗German wind turbine giant Enercon. the company does not want to lose its good standing on the high seas. This view has been very publically disproved by incidents involving horses being scared by wind turbines.‘ HORSES SPOOKED BY SMALL WIND TURBINE AT SHOW The wind industry loudly disputes that turbines frighten horses.] . had to remove the turbines from an entire wind park along Denmark's western coast in 2004 because the turbines were not sufficiently resilient to withstand the local sea and weather conditions. considers the risks associated with offshore wind power generation too great.‖ said Mr Scourfield. ―This really proves the point that turbines and horses just don‘t mix. there could have been a nasty accident.world market leader Vestas. she added. SEVERAL incidents involving horses being scared by wind turbines on display in the Pembrokeshire County Show ground have led organisers to re-think their tradestand layout for next year. but if a little child had been riding the pony. most recently at the Pembrokeshire County Show: County Show riders express turbine concerns Western Telegraph. Among them was Dave Scourfield.‖ Sarah Whitfield of Penskyber Livery Yard. was working a child‘s pony in the collecting ring when it span around.. While the growth potential is tempting. was riding through the walkway on her way to the ring when her horse was ‗spooked‘ by the turbine.‖ she said. and he went galloping off into the lorry park. Enercon spokesman Andreas Düser says.

” ‗Campbell was not the only person to see the direct effects of a turbine failure.” he told the Belfast Telegraph. sent a blade flying more than 300ft before it hit the ground. in February. greener energy sources available.” . but turbine and blade failures point to dangers that were not anticipated. 4 September 2008 ‗David Campbell and his family were asleep in their farmhouse in Northern Ireland when the 16-foot blade from the wind turbine crashed through the roof of his home one windy night in January last year. Keld Boye. Just over a year later. says Michael Connellan The Guardian. a farmer whose land is near the structure. “It was like a bomb hitting the roof. a 200ft Vestas wind turbine near the Danish city of Århus disintegrated spectacularly in high winds when a blade came loose and smashed into the central tower. The incident was captured on video camera and footage has been viewed thousands of times on YouTube. causing the whole structure to collapse. ‗Just two days later a turbine close to the town of Sidinge. Just think if we'd been out there when it happened. “It shattered the tiles and the blade disintegrated itself.‘SPINNING TO DESTRUCTION’ Photograph: Raoul Dixon/North News & Pictures ‗Wind power may be one of the cleaner. told Danish television: “I drive my tractor and my wife rides horses out there. in Denmark.

000 to access the failed components. maintenance.000 wind turbines in the country.‘ ANOTHER TURBINE ‗MYTH‘ SHATTERED . California conducted an informal survey of approximately 75 wind farm operators in the United States. Many wind farm operations and maintenance teams are so resource constrained that they are barely able to keep up with the unscheduled maintenance repairs their wind turbines require to generate electricity. A 200ft turbine at a wind farm in Kintyre collapsed last November in a 50mph wind. Earlier that month. Gearbox failures account for the largest amount of downtime.000. ‘Cracking up ‗Turbines in Britain .]‘ ‘60% OF TURBINES MAY BE BEHIND IN CRITICAL MAINTENANCE’ Windtech International. ‗Frontier Pro Services of Banning. the survey reveals potentially serious threats to wind farms owing largely to the industry-wide shortage of qualified turbine technicians. ‗[. Monday. a 100ft steel turbine crashed to the ground. a Dutch company.000 dollar gearbox and a unscheduled crane cost of up to US$ 70.. The Danish government announced mandatory service checks for every one of the 5. If oil is not properly monitored and replaced as needed.500 bearing fails unnoticed. authorities found the blade loss was caused by a lack of maintenance: regular checks on bolts in the turbine had been neglected. Following that. as concerns over the incidents last year were receding. When a US$ 1.there are 2. Then the following month in Cumbria. in June. making wind turbine and gearbox maintenance a high priority. Police evacuated the area while engineers allowed the 30ft blade to fall to the ground. The turbine was made by WES. almost all of which are onshore .. Even regular. 26 wind turbines across Scotland were shut down as a precautionary measure while the broken structure was examined. bearing and gear wear will lead to more serious and costly damage to the drive train. scheduled preventative-maintenance like oil changes and gearbox lubrication (services that are often still under warranty) are falling behind as manufacturers face similar resource struggles related to the shortage of qualified technicians.aren‘t immune from failure. 04 August 2008.‘ ‗Designed to assess the specific operation and maintenance service needs of wind energy operators. the British government had published its renewable energy strategy .with plans to build around 4. it can lead to production loss and revenue loss including an unscheduled replacement of a US$ 100. and lose of power production.‗After Denmark‘s climate minister demanded an investigation.000 new onshore wind turbines. a blade cracked away from a 190ft turbine on a Sheffield University research park. These costly failures can total 15-20% of the price of the turbine itself. ‗Six months later.

‘Wind turbine's deadly ice shower PeterboroughToday..co.. . said: "Somebody is going to get killed. whose son's house lies a stone's throw away from the turbine. Whittlesey. There was huge lumps of ice shooting off and landing everywhere.uk.The wind industry claim that it is only scare-mongering NIMBY‘s who say that ice throw from wind turbines can endanger the public. the £2 million machine was eventually turned off. Resident Peter Randall.‖ Freezing overnight temperatures had caused the ice to form and after frantic calls to Trurobased firm Cornwall Light and Power. which owns the turbine. For about four hours people in King's Dyke.‖ ―My son's partner is pregnant and she is now worried sick about her unborn baby. had to take cover as huge lumps – some two feet long – showered them from the 80 metre high tower on Saturday morning.]‘ (See BBC News video). [. 2 December 2008 Residents were left fearing for their safety after shards of melting ice fell on homes and gardens from the blades of a giant wind turbine. ―No one wants to leave the house because they are frightened and worried about the ice falling.

2011.SOME RESEARCH    ‘A model of ice throw trajectories from wind turbines’.Falling ice may cause damage to structures and vehicles..ICE THROW . unless adequate measures are put in place for protection. . Volume 15. we provide an example where a 1 kg plate-like fragment could travel up to 350 m from the base of the turbine. ejection position on the blade and turbine rotation rate all play a role in determining the impact point.” ‘Ice Shedding and Ice Throw – Risk and Mitigation’.. LOCAL PROBLEMS FARM TURBINE DAMAGED IN HIGH WINDS © Don Brownlow Photography A blade has failed on a 71m farm turbine at Low Horton. ice-throw to 94m). “. Article first published online: 17 Nov. Although this may be a relatively rare event. 2006. Markus Russi & Michael Tiefgraber. 2006. pages 889–901. Peter Taylor & Jim Salmon.” ‘Wind turbine ice throw studies in the Swiss Alps’ Stefan Kunz. density and drag coefficient of the ice fragment. (Small turbines with heated blades. (PDF download). Gabriela Russi. . as well as mass. and injury to site personnel and the general public. October 2012. . rotating turbine blades may propel ice fragments some distance from the turbine— up to several hundred meters if conditions are right. (PDF download). near Blyth. Issue 7. Alain Heimo. GE Energy. Wind speed. Wind Energy. Sumita Biswas.“A model of the trajectories of ice fragments thrown from a rotating wind turbine blade is used to estimate the ground impact locations that could occur under different scenarios.

that the twin-bladed. . 2013. French Vergnet turbine had suffered serious blade damage. local people were surprised that the transport of only six turbines to the Wingates site should again cause problems.Local people noticed on 18 April. The whole structure was subsequently lowered for repairs. They experienced delays and diversions when first a mobile crane skidded off the road. WINGATES TRANSPORT PROBLEMS Following on from the major problems caused by an overturned turbine transporter travelling to the Green Rigg site. followed at a later date by a transporter vehicle getting stuck trying to negotiate a bend and hill.

MAJOR ROAD BLOCKED FOR 5 DAYS BY TURBINE TRANSPORTER CRASH’ Questions have continued to be raised about safety. Local people continue to query the suitability of this route and why the crashed transporter apparently did not have a proper police escort. The Journal. near Ridsdale. 1 June. 2012. ‗I won‘t pay my rates till losses are recouped‘. 2012. The Chinese-made tower section is 45m long (147ft) and weighs 56 tonnes. 30 May. The transport route had been designated as the A68. to Blyth for inspection and repair. businesses in Otterburn were left severely our of pocket. The Journal. ------------------------‗Operation to move wind turbine from A696 at Otterburn‘. 4 June. regulation and costs to the community of turbine transport since the A696 was closed for a week when a giant transporter carrying part of a wind turbine tower crashed off the road at Raylees. this time with a substantial police escort. Meanwhile. but was changed by the delegated decision of a Northumberland County Council planning officer after a transporter had grounded on the southern section of the A68. near Elsdon. ‗Otterburn traders to seek compensation from wind farm group‘. 2012. . It was eventually recovered on 31 May and returned. The transporter was part of a convoy carrying turbine parts from Blyth to Green Rigg. The Journal. where Wind Prospect are building 18 Vestas V80 turbines for French-owned EDF Energy. losing thousands of pounds from loss of trade. 31 May. ‗Otterburn A696 ditch wind turbine is finally moved‘. BBC News Video. 2012.

COLDINGHAM TURBINE COLLAPSED © Don Brownlow Photography. ‘TAXPAYER COULD PICK UP BILL FOR BROKEN TURBINES’ Northumberland Gazette. A 30m turbine near Coldingham was deliberately collapsed by its constructors. . the Swedish manufacturers of the turbine. 7 December. said that they had only recently been alerted to the fact that Hannevind. Update According to a letter from Maden Design to an SBC officer regarding an application for a replacement turbine. 15 December. 2011. 2012. had gone out of business. 12 January. 6 March 2012). 8 December. 2011. Berwickshire News. BBC News. 2011. ‗Brake failure to blame for collapsing of wind turbine‘. Lothian and Borders Police said the turbine “suffered brake system failure and had been freewheeling” in 50mph winds. The turbine had only been operational for a short time. Nearby houses had been evacuated and the A1107 shut. MD of Maden Design and Build. Maden Design and Build. ―has suffered a total loss as a result of the manufacturer ceasing trading‖ (letter to SBC Officer. after going out of control on Wednesday. the client. ------------------------‗Coldingham wind gusts see houses evacuated‘. Simon Maden.

weighing over 7 tons. broke up at high speed in a gale.8m (127 ft) blade. a 100m turbine at the Crystal Rig in the Lammermuir Hills experienced a catastrophic blade failure. less than a year after the turbines were commissioned. throwing debris for a considerable distance. NISSAN TURBINE FIRE . The 38.in April 2005.

‗Almost 200 people dialled 999 to alert emergency crews as flames engulfed the turbine. burst into flames just after 12. 2005. . 2005) BLYTH TURBINES NOT WORKING FOR NEARLY THREE YEARS The two Blyth offshore turbines. part of a £2. after an early blade failure and cable fault. (© Northern Echo. ‗Police closed both the A1231 and the A19 for an hour-and-a-quarter amid worries that parts of the metal tower could fall on to the busy roads.30pm yesterday. ‗The 200ft structure at the Nissan factory.‘ (Read the full story: Northern Echo. 23 December. were out of service from April 2006 until January 2009 due to damage to a power cable on the seabed.3million wind farm built in August. ‗The fire was so fierce all three 75-ft long fibreglass blades eventually dropped off and thick black smoke could be seen for miles around.) ‗A HUGE wind turbine [actually only 51m] went up in smoke in a massive blaze seen for miles across Wearside.Nissan turbine fire 23 December.

3% of its headline capacity of 0. WANSBECK HOSPITAL TURBINE FAILS A Freedom of Information request by Windbyte in 2009 regarding output figures revealed that the landmark Wansbeck Hospital wind turbine at Ashington. This is a fairly common problem. “Over the course of a year. if not practical. 5 July 2007). The small (33m) Vestas turbine in the hospital car park. . which was commissioned in 1992. The British Wind Energy Association has long claimed that. The Journal. as it was included in the hospital‘s original capital costs. The turbine has averaged 14. The Journal.”. was shut down after a blade began to come apart.1MW since it was commissioned. A statement from Northumbria Health Care Trust said that: “We have commissioned an external report which will look into the feasability of repairing and re-commissioning the turbine or. even with newer 125m-plus wind turbines. had not been working since 2007. the alternative uses which the turbine may be put. Northumberland. it [‗a modern wind turbine‘] will typically generate about 30% of the theoretical maximum output.” The trust could not reveal how much the turbine cost.(‗Armour plan to save wind farm‘. 5 November 2009). (‗Wansbeck General wind turbine produces no power for two years‘.

The Journal. 6 February. ‗Walkers had a narrow escape as blades on a wind turbine ripped off in high winds across common moor land. ‗Walkers and local residents were stunned at what could have been a nasty accident and fear for further blade breakages. The turbines were supposed to be removed if they did not operate for six months or longer.5m turbines at Kirkheaton. but EDF. [. Cold Edge Road. EXAMPLES OF OTHER UK ACCIDENTS ‘Wind turbine blades 17 metres long ripped off in high winds’ Halifax Courier. has been granted a second 12 month variation on the planning conditions by Northumberland County Council. ‗The 17m turbine blades split and scattered across Ovenden Moor Wind Farm. have not operated since Autumn 2008 due to blade faults on two of the turbines. 8 May. 2013.]‘ ‘Wind blade wrecked by lightning strike’ Cornish Guardian.Update: Northumbria Health Care Trust have announced that the turbine can‘t be economically repaired and will be removed. Halifax.. KIRKHEATON TURBINES AT A STANDSTILL FOR NEARLY TWO YEARS Two of the three 66. 23 June 2009). the French operating company. (‗Faulty Northumberland wind turbines could be taken down‘. 2013 . Wainstalls.. which were put up less than 10 years ago.

]‘ ‘INQUIRY AFTER SECOND WIND TURBINE TOPPLES IN WEST COUNTRY’ Western Morning News.. and sells all over the country. [.]‘ . [. 29 January.]‘ ‘BLADES SNAP OFF BRUSSELTON WIND TURBINE’ Northern Echo.. 2013. was in a field between Brusselton Lane and the A68 at Brusselton near West Auckland.. St Clether. 1 February. ‗The 18m high turbine. 2011. [.... 2013 ‗BLADES from an 18m high wind turbine have snapped off after a night of heavy rain and winds. ‗The turbine in a field near Bishop Auckland was built last year after planning permission was granted in November. North Petherwin – the family farm of Liberal Democrat Cornwall councillor Adam Paynter – was badly damaged during the recent bad weather. which had a blade diameter of 16m. [..] It has also emerged that one of two 17m (55ft) 11kW Gaia turbines installed at Winsdon Farm.‗The blade of a wind turbine on the edge of Bodmin Moor was being replaced this week after being shattered by a lightning strike [5 weeks previously]. ‗Safety concerns have been raised over wind turbines and a fresh investigation has now been launched after a second tower was said to have been toppled during high winds in Cornwall. ‗The turbine was one of two which provides power for the Cornish Natural Spring Water Company which produces five million bottles of water a year from an underground lake at Treboy Farm..

See below.]‘ ------------------------Comment Another Endurance E-3120 turbine suffered a catastrophic collapse at Wattlesborough. has a five year warranty. ‗The Endurance Wind Power E-3120 turbine. This is North Devon.‘A “COMPLICATION” HAS OCCURRED’ © Phil Ashmore.. They did not want to comment further. Shropshire. .. [. ‗A 35-metre turbine has collapsed near Holsworthy leaving the tower lying on the ground. ‗Dulas has confirmed this morning that a ―complication‖ has occurred with the turbine and the situation is currently being investigated. 2013. 29 January. on 19 January last year (2012). near Shrewsbury. ‘35-metre wind turbine collapses in Bradworthy’ This is North Devon. which was the first model of its kind to be erected in the country. ‗The turbine at East Ash Farm in Bradworthy was erected in 2010 by Dulas Ltd.

. ‗WIND turbines beside Highland schools . ‗The Northern Ireland Health and Safety Executive gave the warning and advised the 17 owners to lower the turbines the ground. [. ‗The switch off comes after a turbine collapsed forcing the closure of one Highland School and concerns were voiced about the lack of fencing around the turbines to protect the kids in event of a malfunction..including Holm primary and Culloden Academy . ‗The owners of a French-made wind turbine have been advised to keep people away from them after bits started falling off. 6 June 2012. 2012. 9 May. from Brazil.]‘ ‘WIND TURBINES AT HIGHLAND SCHOOLS SWITCHED OFF AMID SAFETY FEARS FOR KIDS’ Highland News.]‘ ‘DESIGN SNAG CAUSES WIND TURBINE SHUTDOWN’ BBC News.. died instantly when he fell down the shaft of a wind turbine at the Earlsburn wind farm near Fintry.‘NORDEX UK FINED AFTER EARLSBURN WIND FARM DEATH’ BBC News...] . ‗Basilio Brazao. Stirlingshire.are being switched off today amid safety fears about the possible threat to children. 19.. [. [.000 after admitting health and safety failings at a site where a teenage worker fell 100ft to his death. 15 June 2012 ‗A wind turbine manufacturer has been fined £26. ‗The warning came after the blade assembly fell off several machines.

‗The initial feedback from a review by the Building Research Establishment. . [. 20 January. 2012. The controversial turbine had only recently been commissioned..4m (112. Shropshire Star. or near to Highland schools. has now prompted the council‘s move to shut off the turbines which are sited in. Shropshire on 19 January. 2012.. ------------------------See: ‗More trouble with wind turbines‘.]‘ SHROPSHIRE TURBINE COLLAPSES It is reported that a 32.2 ft) Endurance E-3120 turbine suffered a catastrophic collapse at Wattlesborough near Shrewsbury.

2012. ‗There were problems at Hepworth and at two farms in Upper Cumberworth. ‗Ryan Gill. 6 January. has also been damaged in the gales of the past few days. ‘WIND TURBINES RIPPED APART BY GALE FORCE WINDS IN HUDDERSFIELD’ Huddersfield Daily Examiner.ENGINEERS INVESTIGATE WELSH TURBINE FAILURE It is reported that engineers are investigating the cause of the catastrophic failure of one of 103 Mitsubishi turbines at Penrhyddlan & Llidiartywaun (P&L) Wind Farm. of Brighouse-based manufacturers Evoco. * ------------------------* Shropshire Star. in Holmfirth. told the Examiner it is not yet clear why the turbine malfunctioned and investigations are under way. 13 January. ‗A fourth windmill.‖ after one of the blades was flung across a road. 2012. ‗Huge turbine blades flew off three windmills as high winds lashed Huddersfield. . near Llandinam. in December. ‗But the Brighouse firm who made the damaged turbines has promised a full investigation. ‗Concerned villagers in Hepworth warned: ―Someone could have been killed.

North Ayrshire.© Stuart McMahon A turbine in a turbine park operated by Infinis near Ardrossan. caught fire and burnt out on 8 December. ‘ULTIMATE WIND POWER DESTROYS TURBINE AT SCAPEGOAT HILL’ Huddersfield Daily Examiner. “A STANDARD PRECAUTIONARY MEASURE” “As a standard precautionary measure. all Infinis staff vacate wind farms when wind speeds exceed 55 mph and therefore no one was present on site at the time of the incident. The turbines were not generating at the time due to gale force winds. .” (Press release from Infinis). One wonders why Infinis evacuate their staff but not the public. 1 December. 2011. 2011.

‗A wind turbine came crashing down as high winds and burst of torrential rain swept across Huddersfield.and sell any surplus power to the National Grid. ‗Since then the school has been locked in a battle with suppliers Proven Energy which has now gone into administration leaving the school with little hope of any money being returned . ‗The company that installed the turbine has gone bust leaving the school with a pile of scrap.]‘ ‗ECO-FRIENDLY SCHOOL LEFT OUT OF POCKET AFTER ‗UNPROVEN‘ WIND TURBINE BREAKS‘ The Telegraph.and a pile of scrap in their field. ‗But soon after being installed the wind turbine became faulty and after a few months seized up . .. ‗The Gorran School in Cornwall revealed its 15 metre turbine in 2008 which was designed to provide it with free electricity . sustainable energy for schools nationwide and received grants from various bodies including the EDF power firm. [.showering the school's playing field with debris.000 out of pocket after its wind turbine broke – with governors admitting that it was based on ―completely unproven technology‖. ‗The system was seen as a green blueprint for clean. ‗An eco-friendly school has been left £55. 5 October 2011. ‗The turbine was one of two that had been put up on fields off Halifax Road at Scapegoat Hill earlier this year..

the Scottish manufacturer of smaller turbines used by farmers.[. ‗Technicians took down the turbine at Yeovil Innovation Centre in Copse Road after manufacturer Proven Energy warned of a defect...‘s FAILED WIND TURBINE PROJECT‘ The Sheffield Star.. 2011. ‗A council-owned wind turbine in Yeovil has been taken down for a second time amid concerns about its safety. ‗The future of the turbine is now uncertain after the company which supplied it went in to administration. Three turbines of the same P35-2 type have suffered failures in high winds in recent months.]‘ ‗NEW SPIN FOR A. 2011 ‗Two wind turbines on South Yorkshire‘s Advanced Manufacturing Park [!] are to be demolished after being mothballed for around two years.. 23 September.]‘ ‗TURBINE IN A FLAP AFTER SECOND SAFETY FAILURE‘ Western Daily Press..C...R. has been put into receivership following the discovery of ―acute technical‖ problems with i ts flagship P35-2 turbine. .M. [. because the blades fell off one of them. [. 6 October.. [.] ‗It is the second time the turbine has been dismantled.] ‗PROVEN‘ TURBINES FAIL Proven Energy. The propeller was removed for six months in November 2009 after problems developed on a turbine of the same design elsewhere in the UK.

damaging its roof.]‘ FIRE AT WELSH TURBINE PARK Daily Post. [. 27 October. ------------------------‗Wind turbine firm closes as blade hazard is found‘. ‗SIX-FOOT BLADE FLIES OFF NEW LISTER TURBINE‘ The Comet. The fire started in one of the 25 turbines at the site near Llyn Brenig. ‗The turbine in the academy‘s car park was levelled in the early hours of yesterday as the Portland coastline was lashed by winds of up to 55 miles per hour. ‗Fire crews were called to a wind turbine blaze at Tir Mostyn/Foel Goch windfarm near Nantglyn. Herald.‘ ‗WIND TURBINE ON PORTLAND BLOWN OVER BY GALES‘ Dorset Echo. 2011. ‗The six-foot blade. ‗[..Owners of over 600 turbines have been told to shut them down due to the risk of catastrophic mechanical failure. Denbighshire.]‘ . 16th July 2010. part of a turbine that only became fully operational last week. ‗A WIND turbine at the Sailing academy has been blown down – by the wind. Scotland.. hit a staff member‘s car. ‗A blade from a wind turbine on the roof of the new Lister Hospital car park flew off in high winds last night (Monday) hitting a car. A fire crew from Denbigh were on standby at the site for around two hours.. 6 September. 17 September 2011.. 2010. North Wales.

. spotted the broken turbine as he cycled past on Sunday. ‗Engineers at Whitelee wind farm. ‗He said: “I was out for a bike ride and I saw one of the massive blades had broken clean off. ‗Over the weekend. Raymond Toms. Mar 23 2010 Daily Record image. ‗[. ‗EUROPE‘S largest wind farm ground to a halt after a 150ft blade snapped off one of the turbines.] ‗German company Siemens. ‗The 360ft turbines are so massive that engineers have been able to climb inside them to try to detect the problem. were trying to work out why the blade came crashing down. It was quite unnerving really. . are also understood to be investigating. was cordoned off to keep visitors away. ‗All 140 of the giant machines were immediately shut down at the £300million development near Glasgow until they could be inspected. ‗“You can walk right up to these things normally and touch them. the site at Eaglesham Moor.‗WIND FARM SHUT DOWN OVER SAFETY FEARS AFTER 150FT TURBINE BLADE FALLS OFF‘ Daily Record. a teacher from East Kilbride. 45. 13 miles from Glasgow city centre. who supplied the turbines. which is run by ScottishPower Renewables..

. landing in the school‘s playground.. ‗The playing field at Fakenham High School.] ‗SCHOOL WIND TURBINE COLLAPSES AND CRUSHES CONTRACTOR‘S VAN‘ (NORFOLK) Daily Mail 2 December 2009.. ‗The 6KW machine was installed at the school earlier this month. it emerged yesterday.]‘ ‗WIND BLADES FELL IN SCHOOL YARD‘ (SCOTLAND) Raasay children sent home after 50ft turbine collapsed Press and Journal. ‗Children at an island primary were sent home after a newly-installed wind turbine next to their school collapsed.]‘ .‗[. although no one was hurt.. was evacuated after the 40ft turbine fell. crushing the bonnet of a contractor's van.. 21 November. [. 2009. ‗Parents of youngsters at the 18-pupil Raasay Primary School were asked to collect their children following the incident on November 13. [. ‗The 50ft turbine will ―remain out of commission‖ until an investigation has been carried out. but was soon the subject of complaints due to the noise it was making. ‗A wind turbine collapsed just yards away from stunned students as it was being set up on a school field yesterday. Norfolk. ‗He said an independent appraisal of the turbine would now be carried out and that the blades would be removed within the next few days. ‗A Highland Council spokesman confirmed that a meeting was held between representatives from the authority and school staff yesterday. ‗The turbine then collapsed..

‗Manufacturers of the 190ft high turbine. it is never UFO‘s.]‘ BOLTS NOT UFO‘S! Failed Conisholme turbine. . and he told the Telegraph he was disappointed by the results [of the tests]. It is the more mundane story of poor design. [.‘ As most sensible people with any knowledge of the wind industry know. © Telegraph.. little green men or sabotage by low-flying NIMBY‘s on broomsticks which are responsible for the frequent failure of turbine blades.co. 10 Oct 2009.. one of three owned by Sheffield University.TURBINE BLADE BREAKS TWICE IN 15 MONTHS The Telegraph. are now investigating the damage at the site close to the city‘s Parkway link road to the M1.uk Dale Vince of Ecotricity has been assiduous in spreading the silly story that the turbines which suffered catastrophic blade failure at his Conisholme power station might have been struck by a UFO or some other mysterious external agent: ‗It was Mr Vince's willingness to consider paranormal explanations that drew attention to the UFO theories. ‗A blade on a wind turbine in Sheffield has broken in strong winds for the second time in 15 months.

5m blades now being built weigh nearly 18 tonnes). or pieces thereof. the manufacturers of the Conisholme turbines.defective construction. have travelled hundreds of metres in previous blade failures. . 5 January 2009). Enercon. Unsurprisingly. This is of little comfort to people who live close to massive turbines with 40 to 50m long blades that weigh 8 to 12 tonnes (61. sometimes resulting in the catastrophic collapse of the entire structure as blades impact on the tower. Louth Leader. The Telegraph. The usual consequences are loss or break up of blades. (See:‗UFO wind turbine ―broke due to mechanical failure not collision with flying object‖‘. 10 Feb 2009. material failure. ‗Are UFO's to blame for the chaos at Conisholme wind farm?‘. lightning strike or poor maintenance (or permutate any combination). Broken blades. have now discovered that the bolts attaching a blade failed.

" ‗[.]‘ . It shattered the tiles and the blade disintegrated itself. ‗Owners of the UK's tallest mainland wind turbine have admitted that it was unable to generate electricity for nearly five months after two lightning strikes. ‗A farmer has described the shocking moment a 16-foot wind turbine blade smashed through the roof of his home as his family slept inside.]‘ ‗WIND DOWN Lowestoft Journal. If anyone had been underneath it. ‗Sgt Peter Garforth said: “The blade was made of fibre glass. 18 June 2008. ‗The turbine was one of a batch of 11 defective machines installed on farms in Northern Ireland with the help of European funding provided by the Department of Agriculture.‗FARMHOUSE HORROR AS TURBINE BLADE SMASHES THROUGH ROOF‘ Belfast Telegraph. ‗[. ‗The blade of a wind turbine disintegrated and fell 200ft after being struck by lightning near Workington. they could have been sliced into pieces. 27 June 2006. ‗A member of the public..‘ ‗LIGHTNING SHATTERS TURBINE Cumberland News & Star. alerted police. 2008..” David Campbell told the Belfast Telegraph.. ‗Police cordoned off the area after the incident amid fears that more debris could fall from the turbine at Oldside. ‗“It was like a bomb hitting the roof of the house. who witnessed the spectacular lightning strike earlier this month. 28 March..

‗Fourth blaze hits Siemens in Jutland‘ (Denmark) Recharge News, 3 June 2013 ‗Siemens Wind Power has been hit by yet another fire in Jutland, Denmark – this time at its plant in Engesvang. ‗Saturday afternoon‘s blaze was the fourth at Siemens‘ wind operations in Jutland this year. [...]‘

‗Some Siemens turbines to slow‘ (Kansas, USA) Hutchinson News, 3 June, 2013 ‗Siemens Energy officials ordered wind turbines using its B53 rotor blade - manufactured at its Fort Madison, Iowa, plant - to run at significantly reduced speeds while the company works to determine what caused two blades to fall from turbines at two wind farms in recent weeks. [...] ‗The latest incident was on a turbine at Pattern Energy‘s recently completed 94-turbine Ocotillo Wind Project in California, about 75 miles east of San Diego, which came online in December. The 10-ton blade on a Kansas-made SWT-2.3-108 wind turbine broke off May 16 near the blade root, where the blade attaches to the nacelle, and fell some 240 feet to the ground in the middle of the night. ‗A blade on the same model of turbine broke off at MidAmerican Energy‘s 200MW Eclipse wind farm in Iowa on April 5. [...]‘

‗Wind turbine reportedly struck by lightning‘ (Minnesota, USA) Austin Daily Herald, 22 May, 2013

© Austin Daily Herald ‗It‘s quite clear to any observer that one wind turbine near Dexter doesn‘t look like it‘s supposed to. ‗Wind farm technicians and officials with EDF Renewable Energy believe one wind tower, just northeast of Dexter, was struck by lightning on April 24, which mangled one of the structure‘s 37-meter, 14,000-pound blades. ‗The blade is nearly bent in half but still attached to the structure, hundreds of feet in the air. [...]‘

‗Siemens Blade Crashes At Ocotillo Wind Farm‘ (USA) North American Windpower, 16 May 2013. ‗NAW has learned that a blade belonging to a Siemens SWT-2.3-108 wind turbine came crashing to the ground at the 265 MW Ocotillo Wind Farm in the early morning hours of May 16. No one was injured. ‗A spokesperson from Pattern Energy, which owns and operates Ocotillo, corroborated the incident. Calls to Siemens were not returned at press time. ‗Local resident Jim Pelley, who happened on the scene, says it appears the blade snapped at the base of the rotor. He says local wind conditions at the time of the accident were well

within what is considered customary for wind speeds in the area. Citing an online source, Pelley says the largest wind gust recorded that morning reached 29 mph. [...]‘

‗NORWEGIAN PROJECT HIT BY SCANWIND TURBINE WRITE-OFF‘ Wind Power Monthly, 30 April 2013. ‗NORWAY: NTE, a Norwegian small regional energy company, has revealed severe problems with all 13 ScanWind turbines installed at its Hundhammerfjellet R&D onshore project. ‗A Norwegian source told WPM the issue is in connection with the yaw bearings. A notice released by the Oslo stock exchange on 22 April said all of the turbines have been taken out of service until the facts have been clarified. ‗―Any repairs will likely involve significant costs. As a result, the value of Hundhammerfjellet Research Park was written down by a further NOK 191 million (EUR 25 million) in 2012 and all ScanWind turbines are valued at zero,‖ NTE reported. [...]‘

‗FIRE THAT DESTROYED $4 MILLION WIND TURBINE RAISES SERIOUS QUESTIONS OVER LACK OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS‘ (USA) Wind company fails to call fire department, lets blaze burn overnight East County Magazine, San Diego County, California. ‗April 27, 2013 (San Diego‘s East County)—Why is there no federal requirement for wind farm operators to report fires? ‗That troubling fact came to light following a turbine malfunction that caused a fire, destroying a $4 million wind turbine at the Kibby Mountain facility in Maine. Opponents accuse Trans-Canada of a cover up, the Bangor Daily News reports. (Trans-Canada, builder of the project, is also the company seeking to construct the controversial Keystone Pipeline.) ‗A sensor in the turbine detected the fire. But an employee did not arrive on scene until the next morning, after the fire had burned itself out. The fire department was never notified, nor was any state agency. Had the blaze not occurred in winter with snow on the ground, the fire could have spread to the adjacent forest, a Maine forestry official has stated.

‗The turbines were made by Vestas. and Others (LOP. Storm accounted for 4% of claims. Hundreds of fires have occurred. ‗In December 2011 the Daily Telegraph reported that RenewableUK confirmed that there had been 1500 wind turbine accidents and incidents in the UK alone in the past 5 years. A wind turbine fire in Riverside caused a wildfire that burned 367 acres. ‗On Friday.com. since there is no reporting requirement in many locations. a technician discovered one of the blades . ‗Two brush fires in California in July 2012 were caused by wind turbines. is now leading a full investigation into the unusual incident. Mechanical faults (blade failure and other faults) accounted for 40% of claims. ‗Something big is missing at the Eclipse Wind farm in Adair. ‗The wind industry claims wind turbine fires are rare. a March 30.‗ECM has asked Cal-Fire in an e-mail whether wind facility operators are required to report fires to fire officials. 2012 fire in Germany a June 2012 fire in Spain.. and likely more. Also last summer. Bozeman. Liability for 0. a wind turbine sparked a grass fire in Tehachapi. Iowa . [. and a 2011 fire in Scotland in which a turbine ignited in high winds. According to the IMIA Insurance of Wind Turbines report. [.]‘ ‗WIND TURBINE BLADE SNAPS OFF IN IOWA‘ (USA) KBZK.5% of claims. short circuit. 2013. etc.) accounted for 28.]‘ . No response has been received. a report that was compiled based on 15 years of the Wind Energy industry in Danish markets. 9 April.on the ground instead of in the air. ‗The website ―Turbines on Fire‖ observes that ― you only have to look at insurers‘ reports to get a better understanding of accident rates and insurance claims made by wind energy developers to get a truer account of the health and safety aspect of turbines. nearby residents in a box canyon narrowly escaped disaster.which are almost the size of a football field ..5% of claims. Fire accounted for 7% of claims. the turbine manufacturer. Canada. Lightning accounted for 20% of claims. But the facts suggest otherwise.a gigantic wind turbine blade broke loose and crashed into a field. The company‘s turbines have previously been involved in fires elsewhere. including an April 2013 fire in Ontario.. Vestas is not the only manufacturer plagued with fires linked to equipment failures.. Montana. ‗Siemens Energy.

8MW turbines caught fire. near Goderich.. It is owned by utility Capital Power. [.]‘ ‗HUGE WIND TURBINE BLOWN DOWN NEAR ARDARA‘ (Donegal. Eire) © Donegal News . In April. a 2MW V80 caught fire in high winds at the Ardrossan wind farm in Ayrshire. while in June a V90 in Spain suffered a similar fate. ‗The fire was at the Kingsbridge project. The incident occurred as the northern half of the UK faced winds of up to 165 miles per hour.‗VESTAS V80 DESTROYED BY FIRE IN ONTARIO‘ (Canada) Wind Power Monthly. Scotland.. the nacelle of a V112 3MW turbine caught fire in Germany. ‗In 2011. which was built in 2005. ‗Last year Vestas was hit by a number of fires in its turbines. Images of the incident show the nacelle was completely burnt out. 3 April 2013 ‗CANADA: An investigation is under way at a 40MW project in Ontario after one of its Vestas V80 1.

[. . 24 March 2013 ‗A TECHNICAL examination is to resume this morning (Monday) after a huge 245-foot high [Vestas V52] wind turbine came crashing down during heavy winds near Ardara at the weekend.Donegal News. Portnoo show the main stem lying flat on the ground and debris spread over a wide area. ‗The turbine. ‗Dramatic pictures taken in the aftermath of Thursday evening‘s incident on the windfarm at Loughderryduff. near Mass. It is reported that one of seven large large industrial turbines near Fère-Champenoise burnt for 15 hours after what is thought to be an electrical fault set fire to the structure. Marne. fell just four years after being erected in the eight-unit development.]‘ FRENCH TURBINE FIRE © 2013 L'Union (EUVY. which has a lifespan of around 25 years... 17 March 2013).

a few miles southwest of Potomac and south of Armstrong.]‘ ‗TURBINE DAMAGE RAISES CONCERNS FOR LIVINGSTON COUNTY WIND FARM‘ (USA) The Times (Ottawa. ‗Last week. 2012. 7 turbine blades failed with pieces being thrown over 500 feet. 2013 ‗TOKYO: A 38-tonne wind turbine crashed 50 metres (165 feet) to the ground in western Japan after the steel column supporting it snapped.. [. was part of a wind farm in mountains near Kyoto.]‘ ‗GAMESA DENIES BLADE RESPONSIBILITY‘ (USA) REcharge News. 2013.‗HUGE WIND FARM TURBINE SNAPS IN JAPAN‘ Business Recorder. Illinois).. and it had been installed in 2001 with an expected life of at least 17 years.. ‗The massive Dutch-made turbine. . The turbine is near Route 49 and Vermillion County Road 2700 North. shortly after the park opened. [. The accident was blamed on manufacturing faults. ‗Spanish wind turbine maker Gamesa has denied any knowledge of or responsibility for a rotor blade that snapped off one of its 2MW G87 machines at the Allegheny Ridge wind farm in Pennsylvania over the weekend. a blade broke from one of the 134 turbines in a recently built California Ridge Wind Farm in Vermillion and Champaign counties. 9 January.. which sat atop a Japanese-made steel column. 15 March. ‗In light of recent turbine damage in Vermillion and Champaign counties. ------------------------Previous blade accident This is not the first accident at this facility: there was a turbine fire in 2012 and in 2007. 4 December. officials have said. See ‗BAD GLUING BLAMED FOR MISHAPS AT WIND FARM‘. below. Livingston County officials have raised concerns regarding the wind farm in their county.

a Livingston County Board member. [.] ‗More than 10 percent of the blades had to be replaced within the first year of operation. In June.‖ noted Judy Campbell. ‗Aerial shots over the Kahuku wind farm show the warehouse that was filled with 12. The operator of the Felbermayr owned Liebherr crawler crane was killed when a blade dropped onto the cab during the installation of Vestas turbines. December 4.]‘ ‗FATAL WIND FARM ACCIDENT IN GERMANY‘ Vertikal. ‗―The industries are aware of problems with the blades.... Authorities . [.. ‗The fire at the Kahuku wind farm is contained but environmental concerns within the community have spread including to the North Shore where First Wind is building another wind farm. ―It doesn‘t become significant when counties are negotiating with the companies until damage occurs.]‘ TOXIC EMISSIONS FROM HAWAIIAN STORAGE FACILITY: ‗Kahuku wind farm fire spreads concerns over future projects‘ Hawaii News Now. ‗A fatal wind farm incident happened yesterday morning at 10am on a site in Mannhagen.net..000 battery packs severely damaged and releasing toxic smoke and lead into the air. 2012. northern Germany.000 pounds. 2012.] ‗This was the second turbine blade to break at wind farms in East Central Illinois this year. When you hear of damage like this. [.. it raises issues for workers‘ safety. 4 August. ‗There are eight turbines already up on Kawailoa Ridge about five miles from Haleiwa.. the blade of a turbine at the Settlers Trail Wind Farm near Sheldon in Iroquois County broke. Is it safe to farm under them?‖ Campbell noted that each blade weighs 6.[.. Eventually there will be 30 and some residents are concerned what happened in Kahuku could happen here.

2012.]‘ ‗BLADE SNAPS OFF WINDMILL‘ (Austria) Austrian Independent. [. 20 June.. ‗Despite extensive area cleared around the base of each turbine. If not for prompt reporting by a witness. it could have been far worse. Ewing said. ‗According to Austrian power the reason was a production fault and not because of a lightning strike as had previously been feared. The State Department of Health will review the plan and decide if it's sufficient or if the state should do its own tests. ‗―The fire started with the windmill itself. [. The battery energy storage system was hailed as breakthrough technology but clearly there are flaws. soil and water..‖ Captain Greg Ewing with Cal Fire/Riverside Fire Department informed ECM today. and fell over 100 metres to the ground. ‗July 31.]‘ ....]‘ ‗CAL FIRE: WIND TURBINE GENERATOR CAUSED WILDLAND FIRE THAT CHARRED 367 ACRES‘ (USA) East County Magazine..say the nearest residences downwind were miles away and it's very unlikely to pose a health risk. 2012. ‗This was the third fire related incident at the Kahuku wind farm since it opened in March 2011. 2012 (San Diego‘s East County) – With County Supervisors poised to consider approval of Tule Wind and a wind ordinance that could open much of fire-prone East County to wind energy development. ‗An Austrian wind farm had to be closed after a blade snapped off one of the wind turbines. 31 July. ‗First Wind is supposed to submit a cleanup plan to the state by the end of the day which will include samples of the air. a wildland fire that started at a wind turbine facility in Riverside County last month provides fuel for opponents concerned about fire risks posed by industrialscale wind projects. [. the blaze still spread into a wildland fire that swiftly engulfed 367 acres.

it has emerged. ‗Only shortly after tackling a nacelle fire on one of its V112-3.. this time on one of its V90-2MW machines in Spain.com. ‗A wind turbine in Paulding County. 24 May.0MW turbines in Germany in April. the Danish manufacturer has had to contend with another fire.‗FIRE IN VESTAS TURBINE‘ (Spain) Windpower Monthly. ‗SPAIN: A second Vestas turbine in as many months has caught on fire. 25 Apr 2012. Ohio has been badly damaged.]‘ --------------------------Within 400m of motorway. 2012 ‗FRANCE: A 46-metre blade has fallen off a Repower 2MW turbine at a project alongside the A10 motorway in France. . © France 3 ‗BLADE SNAPS OFF REPOWER 2MW MOTORWAY TURBINE‘ (France) Windpower Monthly.. 2012. see EPAW. [. 8 June. ‗MASSIVE WIND TURBINE DAMAGED‘ (USA) WANE.

0MW turbine which caught fire today (30 March. Vestas offer an ―optional extra‖ of a ―Fire extinguishing system in nacelle‖. 2012.6m blades.. 2010 (see below). 94 or 119 metres no conventional fire equipment can be used. had two of its blades sheared early Tuesday afternoon. ‗Researchers say offshore wind farms planned for the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico face severe risks from hurricanes that could destroy half of them. a prototype V112 suffered a blade failure during testing in September. ‗An engineer has died and another classed as missing after a wind turbine made by China‘s CSR caught fire in Inner Mongolia.. 2012) at the Gross Eilstorf wind farm in Lower Saxony. 13 February. With hub heights of 84.] NEW VESTAS MODEL ON FIRE (Germany) Vestas... 23 February.‗According to a spokesman with EDP Renewables.. 30 March. ONE MISSING‖ AFTER CHINA TURBINE BLAZE‘ Recharge News. according to local reports. the [Vestas] turbine. The cause of the blaze.‖ hasn‘t been determined.] ‗HURRICANES SEEN AS THREAT TO WIND FARMS‘(USA) UPI. which is burning out under ―controlled conditions. 2012 Vestas have issued a statement regarding a giant new Vestas V112 3. ‗Update: ―ONE DEAD. [. [. Germany. The V112 uses massive new 54. 2012.] . [.. the company said in a statement. which is located near Payne.

‗It happened Saturday night in Altona. All they could do was form a perimeter and monitor the area for fires caused by burning debris. 2012. [. 29 January.] ALLEGHENY WIND FARM FIRE (USA) Firefighters and equipment from 4 fire stations turned out when a 300 ft turbine caught fire at Allegheny Wind Farm on 7 February. 7 february.] FRENCH TURBINE LOSES BLADE The French Delta FM radio station reports that one of an array of 3 turbines close to the A16 motorway between Boulogne and Le Touquet lost a blade and suffered damage to the remaining blades in stormy weather on 4 January.‗Scientists at Carnegie Mellon University have modeled the risk hurricanes might pose to turbines at four proposed wind farm sites and found that nearly half of the planned turbines are likely to be destroyed over the 20-year life of the farms. ‗WIND TURBINE CATCHES ON FIRE‘ (USA) WCAX News.. ------------------------‗Blue Knob Firefighters respond to Wind mill fire‘. First Responder Broadcast Network. 2012.. the owner of the windfarm. The cause of the fire is not known. Officials say people driving by the windfarm noticed the fire in one of the 400 foot turbines. An investigation in that case uncovered a wiring problem that prevented the turbine from safely shutting down. Noble Environmental. ‗Authorities are investigating what caused a wind turbine to catch fire in Northern New York. . says no one was injured. 2012. ‗Two years ago a turbine at the same park came crashing down when the blades spun out-ofcontrol in high winds.. 2012. [. The turbine eventually burnt out..

have no threat to people.. ‗ALSTOM TURBINE CRASHES ON SPANISH HIGHWAY‘ Windpower Monthly.” (Concerned. ‗Locals have long complained many machines are neglected as proper maintenance is not profitable. according to a message from the company that built the generator. 8 November.Luckily.‘ ‗SAFETY A BREEZE FOR WIND TURBINE‘ (USA) The Star Beacon (Ashtabula. 18 October.] ‗As a wind hotspot. [. 2011. there are many such early experimental projects among hundreds of small turbines in Tarifa dating back to the early 1990s. ‗SPAIN: High winds and alleged lack of maintenance has have caused a 35-metre high Alstom turbine to fall onto the roadside of the N-340 highway in Tarifa... [. 3:48pm). Spain's southernmost and windiest district. .. Hope I am not around it when the next 10 footer falls. 2011. October 18. one of two machines erected by NexGen.]‘ ------------------------READER COMMENT: “So the 10 to 15 foot piece that blew off of the turbine in the last week and all the little pieces that have fallen since it got struck.] ‗The lakefront turbine was constructed in early 2010.. [. the damaged blade parts were not blown onto the motorway.. The second is a larger turbine at Conneaut Middle School that has been plagued with problems since its arrival. 2011. ‗CONNEAUT — The wind turbine struck by lightning this past summer sustained considerable damage but poses no safety threat to people. Ohio).

.. with balls of fire flying out and onto the ground‖. ‗ABILENE. ‗ECCA Fire Chief Gary Young said the fire started in the wind turbine tower and then spread to grass around the tower.. Susan King. Reports suggest the stray component hit a transmission line. King said the fire lit up ―like the Paramount sign‖. and was ―akin to a Roman candle. ‗In an interview with the Reporter-News..]‘ ‗GAMESA INVESTIGATES AFTER WIND TURBINE LOSES BLADE IN INDIA‘ RECharge News. the second turbine blaze to hit the area in the past six weeks. 3 October.‗ANOTHER WIND TURBINE SPARKS FIRE‘ (USA) ReporterNews. Texas -. [. 2011. [.. 2011.]‘ ‗WIND TURBINE ERUPTS INTO FLAMES SOUTHWEST OF ABILENE‘ (USA) KTXS News. 277 and County Road 618. 2011. [. ‗The blade became detached from the G5X-850 850kW turbine earlier this week. ‗Young said firefighters are working in rough terrain trying to keep the fire from spreading to other towers in the area.. 25 August.Firefighters from at least three volunteer departments are on the scene of a burning wind turbine southwest of Abilene. 8 September. ‗Energy officials say they are taking down a charred 260-foot wind turbine to determine the cause of a fire that began Sunday evening in a rural area west of U.S. ‗Spanish wind turbine manufacturer Gamesa is investigating an incident that saw a rotor blade break-off from one of its machines in India.]‘ . ‗Sunday‘s fire occurred less than a five-minute walk from the country home of state Rep.

One of the blades was found 215 feet away. ‗LACEY — Hoping to save money by generating renewable energy from wind turbines instead of buying it from a power company. the turbines no longer were rotating. ‗Knoeller‘s 17-year-old granddaughter. 2011. 19 June 2011. The Corkman. ‗“The most disappointing aspect of this project prior to the blades falling off was the electric production was only 25 percent of what I was told I was going to get by Skylands Renewable Energy. ‗WIND TURBINE FAILURES PUT STATE ENERGY PROGRAM ON HOLD‘ (USA) MyCentralJersey. two Forked River farm owners had 120foot turbines erected on their properties in December. Three fiberglass blades ranging in weight from 265 to 290 pounds flew off the tower of the turbine at James Knoeller‘s Christmas Tree Farm on Carriage Road on March 2. Eastern Hesse.GERMAN TURBINE COLLAPSE There was a spectacular. . Buttevant truck crash horror‘. ‗But by March 8. ‗“One of them nearly hit her. MAN KILLED BY TURBINE LORRY DRIVING ON WRONG SIDE OF ROAD. Germany.com April. There were mild winds. “The weather was fine. was working with horses near the tower when the blades flew off. The catastrophic blade failure was the last straw. 26 May. on Sunday. 2011. Sarah. (Ireland) ‗Inquest hears of Ballybeg. unexplained turbine collapse at a wind park in Kirtorf.” Knoeller said.” Knoeller added.

according to the NTSB.]‘ ‗IBERDROLA HALTS WIND FARM AFTER SUZLON TURBINE BLADES FALL‘ (USA) Bloomberg. the biggest producer of renewable energy. 20 January 2011.] ‗Moore [National Agricultural Aviation Association executive director Andrew Moore] said at least 24 pilots have been killed by low towers in the past decade.. 58.[.]‘ PILOT KILLED IN WIND TOWER CRASH (USA) Sacramento & Co. [. halted power production at a 150-megawatt wind farm in Rugby. ‗Stephen Allen. 10 that had been erected on Webb Tract in 2009 to evaluate the possible placement of wind turbines. ‗SACRAMENTO. (SUEL) S88 generator fell from their mount.. of Courtland.. according to a preliminary report from the National Transportation Safety Board. . [. after the blades of a Suzlon Energy Ltd.. 21 March. 2011 ‗Iberdrola SA (IBE).. CA . North Dakota... although not all of the towers were METs [meteorological masts]. struck an unmarked 198-foot tower Jan.The agricultural pilot killed while seeding a field in the Delta likely never saw the steel tower that caused the fatal crash.

as the situation was deemed too dangerous to approach. South Australia.. according to group officer for the Southern Fleurieu CFS Mr Greg Crawford. CFS officers could do little but watch the blaze from half a kilometre away.]‘ ‗WAUBRA POLICY TO LET TURBINE FIRES BURN OUT‘ (Australia) “Local fire fighters could do little but watch the blaze from half a kilometre away as the situation was deemed too dangerous to approach . 4 November..‗CAN‘T FIGHT THE FIRE‘ (Australia) Victor Harbor Times.” . ‗On arrival.000 in damage. 2010. as officers found out at the weekend. near Cape Jervis. the Southern Fleurieu CFS group was alerted to a fire at the Starfish Hill Wind Farm.WorkSafe officers ordered fire fighters a further 500 metres away as burning tips of the blades were flying off from the structure.000..33 pm. ‗Last Saturday at 2. ‗The fire caused $3. ‗CAPE JERVIS ..Do you call the CFS in the event of a wind turbine fire? ‗While it might seem like the right thing to do. in which a turbine had caught alight. there is little to nothing the CFS can do in this situation. ‗[.

on a ‗drunken‘ turbine at a turbine park at Hafentörn in Büsum. precluded safe fire fighting. 23 September. 20 November. 2010.. ‗Director of generation Brett Wickham said the height of turbine poles. The video has now been removed from the NR website. The whole structure was shown wobbling from side to side after losing a rotor blade. ‗[. ‗Waubra wind farm operator Acciona has confirmed a policy of allowing fires in turbines to burn out.The Courier. 13 November 2010. . FRENCH TURBINES CATCH FIRE AFTER BRAKES FAIL Photo: Vents libres sur nos collines.. 2010. Schleswig Holstein. about 80 metres.]‘ ‗DRUNKEN‘ GERMAN TURBINE Norddeutscher Rundfunk story.

Michael Holm.. Damages totaled $760.” ‗[. ‗Winterboer said the call came in at 7:30 a. “We‟re looking into the root cause. 2010.‘ ‗VESTAS WIND REPORTS PART OF BLADE BROKE OFF V112 WIND TURBINE PROTOTYPE‘ (Denmark) Bloomberg. ‗[.. 2010. 9 September. Holm said today in a telephone interview from Randers.BROKEN TURBINE BLADES BOTHER NEARBY RESIDENT‘ (USA) .EPAW summary: ‗Media commentators said the turbines‘ braking system failed. but firefighters were on the scene until 3:30 p. One of them exploded.. ‗A six. ‗The turbine was owned by Aes Wind Generation Inc.m. 2 August.m. of Alta Iowa. Denmark.. it would have been a different matter. destroying the turbine and one of three new blades that had been laid out on the ground beneath it in order to be installed as replacements. ‗A portion of the blade on the first prototype of the Vestas Wind Systems A/S V112 wind turbine broke off late yesterday in Denmark. said.]‘ ‗AN ILL WIND . because they had to wait for the turbine and its three blades to burn enough to fall the 210 feet to the ground before they could extinguish the smoky blaze.000. ‗A lightning strike started a fire in a wind turbine Saturday morning. We don‟t see this as a design error. a spokesman for the company. Thank God it had rained two days before. The radio commentator said a similar incident occurred 8 years ago at the same windfarm. said a woman to the journalist. the machines revved up and caught fire.]‘ ‗LIGHTNING STRIKE BURNS DOWN WIND TURBINE‘ (USA) Sioux City Journal (Iowa). according to Peterson Fire Chief John Winterboer. western Denmark.. sending burning debris into the vegetation and starting fires. but had this occurred in August..to seven-meter (20 to 23 feet) portion came off the blade at the turbine in Lem.

Illinois).]‘ ‗PLANE CLIPS TOWER NEAR MACDONALD (Canada) .‟” ‗Ellsworth and her husband Mike live three miles south of Marseilles on East 2450th Road. apparently bent at the base and split along its length. 2010. The 131-foot-long blade hung from the top of the turbine Friday.The Times (Ottawa. May 8. Illinois).200 feet from a wind turbine and about 2. „Hah! We knew that would happen. ‗“We thought.. ‗[.]‘ ‗TURBINE‘S BLADE DAMAGE ―UNUSUAL‖ (USA) Daily Chronicle (DeKalb. but not surprised Saturday morning when she spotted a broken blade on a wind tower near her home..500 feet from one of the two towers damaged during the weekend. possibly by high winds. 27 July 2010 ‗Barbara Ellsworth was troubled. about 1. © Daily Chronicle ‗SHABBONA TOWNSHIP –Officials at NextEra Energy Resources aren't sure what caused one of the three blades on a wind turbine south of the village of Shabbona to fail Friday morning.. Chicago-based Invenergy Wind operates the string of towers that run through southeastern La Salle County. ‗[..

.org (US) notes This is one of several recent incidents of small planes hitting unmarked anemometry masts at wind installations. ‗An aerial spray plane clipped the top of a tower at the edge of a field north of Macdonald on Monday.Daily Graphic [Manitoba. ‗The plane was owned by Jonair and was preparing to spray a near-by field. 2010.]‘ . 1 July 2010. paint or lights on it.. making it very difficult to see.. ‗[.]‘ Comment Windaction. Canada]. 13 January. ‗Jonair owner John Bodie said no one was injured in the incident.‘ ‗[. said Bodie.. ‗The 200-foot-high tower was put up to observe wind patterns for a potential wind farm. ‗A DAMAGING BLOW‘ (USA) San Diego Union-Tribune. ‗Workers are inspecting and repairing 75 wind turbine blades at a wind farm some 60 miles east of San Diego after a storm a month ago caused catastrophic damage to some of them. ‗The tower had no markings. but damage to the plane means that it will not be usable for the rest of the season.

ANOTHER GERMAN TURBINE FIRE .The Fenner turbine collapse remains unexplained. even after a lengthy investigation. The operators are now reinforcing the foundations of the remaining 19 turbines.

‗And. one landing on a hiking path.]‘ . although no one was injured in either incident.. 2009.. ‗Both wind turbines were produced in Denmark. ‗Yesterday‘s incident follows a similar one this weekend near Esbjerg. ‗Wind turbine blades rip loose near Esbjerg and southwestern Sweden. November 3. ‗A malfunction on a Vestas wind turbine in the town of Falkenberg on Sweden‘s southwest coast could have resulted in tragedy.‗Windkraftanlage defekt – Leuchtfeuer in 130 Meter Höhe‘ [Wind turbine fault — Fire at 130 meters] photo: dpa/DPA ‗TWO WIND TURBINES SELF-DESTRUCT IN ONE WEEK‘ (Denmark & Sweden) Copenhagen Post. [. as one of the structure‘s large blades flew off and landed on a track used by hikers. one of them hitting a power transformer. The wind turbine industry in Sweden has now proposed setting up a commission to investigate the many incidents. the accidents have brought the problem of faulty wind turbines into focus. where a defective axle caused all of the blades on a 40m high turbine to rip loose.

] FIRE AT FIRST NEW BRUNSWICK WIND FARM (Canada) .‗A wind turbine destroyed by Fire‘ [‗Une éolienne détruite par le feu‘ . Ardeche (France) . near Privas. 31 October 2009.STRIKE A LIGHT! MORE VESTAS SMOKERS. (France) PONTAL Jeremy / Le Dauphiné Libéré / Privas Chabanet.Le Dauphiné Libéré.

Denmark dan Jerman merupakan eksportir terbesar dari turbin besar. Tenaga angin digunakan dalam ladang angin skala besar untuk penghasilan listrik nasional dan juga dalam turbin individu kecil untuk menyediakan listrik di lokasi yang terisolir. Jakarta. Ada ribuan turbin angin yang beroperasi. Tenaga angin banyak jumlahnya. dan merendahkan efek rumah kaca. tidak habis-habis. dengan kapasitas total 58. seperti menggiling ―grain‖ atau memompa air.Tenaga angin menunjuk kepada pengumpulan energi yang berguna dari angin.982 MW. Pada kincir angin energi angin digunakan untuk memutar peralatan mekanik untuk melakukan kerja fisik. dibuat oleh perusahaan Enercon (4. persentase terbesar dan ke-lima terbesar dari penghasilan tenaga angin. Denmark terkenal dalam pemroduksian dan penggunaan turbin angin." jelas Direktur Strategic GE Energy Indonesia. energi terbarui akan memenuhi 12. Spanyol. tersebar luas. GE akan membantu BPPT dalam pengembangan teknologi energi baru terbarukan. lalu monumen yang tidak berputar. . Kebanyakan tenaga angin modern dihasilkan dalam bentuk listrik dengan mengubah rotasi dari pisau turbin menjadi arus listrik dengan menggunakan generator listrik. Pada 2005. Selasa (29/9/2010). kebanyakan terletak di utara negara tersebut – termasuk tiga terbesar dunia. Asosiasi Tenaga Angin Dunia mengharapkan 120. Ini salah satu langkah pengembangan teknologi energi baru terbarukan. Pada 2010. "Kami sudah ukur jumlah angin 4-5 tempat di Indonesia timur selama dua tahun ini. Gatot menjelaskan nota kesepahaman yang sudah ditandatangani antara GE dan BPPT ini berlaku selama tiga tahun. 90% dari instalasi tenaga angin berada di AS dan Eropa. Penggunaan tenaga angin hanya 1% dari total produksi listrik dunia (2005). Jerman.000 turbin angin. bersih. penghasilan tenaga angin lebih dari empat kali lipat antara 1999 dan 2005.5 MW). Jakarta . Melalui MoU ini. Meskipun masih berupa sumber energi listrik minor di kebanyakan negara. Kita harus ukur dengan cara yang benar sehingga saat nanti pembangkitnya jadi. kapasitas generator tenaga-angin adalah 58. targetnya pada 2010. Penghasilan kapasitas listrik diproduksi-angin berlipat empat antara 1999 dan 2005.982 MW yang 69% berada di Eropa (2005). hasil tersebut kurang dari 1% penggunaan listrik dunia. Denmark menghasil lebih dari 20% listriknya dengan turbin angin. Jerman merupakan produsen terbesar tenaga angin dengan 32% dari total kapasitas dunia pada 2005.General Electric Energy dan BPPT kerjasama pengembangan teknologi proyek pembangkit listrik tenaga angin di wilayah Indonesia Timur.000 MW akan terpasang di dunia. Provinsi Schleswig-Holstein Jerman menghasilkan 25% listriknya dari turbin angin. Jerman memiliki 16. Gatot Prawiro dalam konferensi pers penandatanganan MoU antara GE dengan BPPT di Hotel Ritz Carlton. India dan Denmark telah membuat invesatasi terbesar dalam penghasilan listrik dari angin. Amerika Serikat. dengan sebuah komitmen yang dibuat pada 1970-an untuk menghasilkan setengah dari tenaga negara tersebut dengan angin.5% kebutuhan listrik Jerman. Dia merupakan cara alternatif penghasilan listrik yang paling tumbuh cepat dan menyediakan tambahan yang berharga bagi stasiun tenaga berskala besar yang berbeban besar. Multibrid (5 MW) dan Repower (5 MW).

Menurut dia. kebutuhan energi di Indonesia juga turut meningkatkan sekitar 7% setiap tahun. Sementara itu. Proyek ini didukung oleh United nations Developement Programme (UNDP). kerjasama ini dilakukan dalam mendukung target pemerintah untuk meningkatkan kontribusi energi terbarukan menjadi 17% ada 2025 dibandingkan saat ini yang baru 3. matahari. "Setelah angin.Pada tahap awal. mengumpulkan data terkait potensi tenaga angin di sejumlah wilayah di Indonesia untuk memastikan terwujudnya pengembangan proyek pembangkit listrik tenaga angin berkapasitas lebih dari dari 80 megawatt (MW). beberapa waktu lalu. energi bersih dan efesiensi energi di Indonesia. angin. rencana berikutnya ke energi terbarukan lainnya seperti biomass.4% dari keseluruhan penggunaan energi dalam negeri. "Seperti arahan dari Presiden RI dalam Rapat Kerja Nasional di Tampak Siring. panas bumi dan batubara bersih melalui coal gasification.103 ." katanya. ~ Potensi Angin di NTT Kupang Bisa Dimaksimalkan Kumpulan Artikel . GE akan membantu pengembangan energi angin yang dikembangkan Indonesia melalui proyek WHyPGen (Wind Hybrid Power Generation) yang kemudian dilanjutkan dengan serangkaian kegiatan energi terbarukan lainnya. Bali. Kepala BBPT Marzan Iskandar menyatakan seiring dengan pertumbumbuhan ekonomi tersebut.Energi Angin / Wind Turbine / Wind Mill ." jelasnya. Maka BPPT dan GE sepakat melakukan kerjasama dalam pengembangan energi terbarukan. Pemerintah pun sudah memerikan insentif pajak pada pengembangan proyek-proyek energi yang terbarukan ini guna membantu mengurangi ketergantungan negara dari bahan bakar yang berasal dari fosil. GE sendiri sudah melakukan studi pengukuran angin di Indonesia. salah satu arahan pembangan Indonesia adalah menciptakan ketahanan energi.

selanjutnya kita perlu merumuskan langkah. Frans Lebu Raya memberikan cinderamata kepada Ketua Workshop Energi Angin. Lebu Raya berterima kasih kepada Kedutaan Belanda atas kerja sama dan perhatiaannya terhadap masyarakat NTT. Drs.langkah yang lebih konkrit supaya kemudian hari masyarakat dapat menikmati hasil pengembangan energi angin ini. Masyarakat Energi Angin Indonesia (MEAI) dan Senter Novem (Belanda). "Terkadang masalah sosial seperti ini muncul. Drs. Jalan Timor Raya. kita mesti giat meyakinkan .Maksimalkan Potensi Angin di NTT Kupang T. Dr." katanya. 23 Juni 2009 | 09:10 WITA KUPANG. Kupang. "Dari ide-ide. Selain itu.Gubernur NTT. Untuk itu. Upaya ini perlu dimaksimalkan guna mengatasi krisis energi. Namun dengan tekad yang ada." kata Lebu Raya dalam pembukaan Workshop Energi Angin di Hotel Kristal. Frans Lebu Raya meminta kepada pengembang energi angin untuk memaksimalkan potensi energi angin yang terdapat di wilayah NTT. karena banyak masyarakat yang belum mengerti potensi energi angin. belum menikmati energi yang memadai. Pim Kieskamp dalam pembukaan Workshop Energi Angin di Hotel Kristal-Kupang. mari kita sama-sama maksimalkan potensi ini guna menjawabi kebutuhan masyarakat kita terhadap energi. terutama yang berdomisili di pedesaan. kata Lebu Raya. Ia berharap kerja sama tersebut dapat memberikan solusi yang lebih nyata untuk mengatasi kesulitan energi di NTT karena masih banyak masyarakat NTT. "Dari hasil penelitian. POS KUPANG. Selasa. Com -. Senin (22/6/2009). Lebu Raya berharap workshop ini dapat melahirkan ide-ide positif dan strategis dalan rangka mengembangkan dan memaksimalkan potensi energi angin di NTT. wilayah NTT memberi kontribusi energi angin terbesar. kita mesti bekerja giat untuk meyakinkan masyarakat supaya mau mengalokasikan lahannya untuk pembangunan turbin energi angin. Senin (22/6/2009). Workshop ini diselenggarakan atas kerja sama Departemen Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral.

potensi angin di NTT. Pim Kieskamp mengatakan. Ketua Workshop Energi Angin. pihaknya akan mengikutsertakan pemerintah dan masyarakat lokal dalam proyek tesebut ." terangnya." urai Pim. "Selain itu. khususnya di TTS. bisa menghasilkan daya sebesar 5-6 mega watt. jauh lebih baik dari potensi angin di Belanda. Setiap 1 km kisaran angin.Energi Angin / Wind Turbine / Wind Mill Membangun 11 PLTB Dalam 2 Tahun Meningkatnya kebutuhan listrik diluar Pulau Jawa.103 . "Diperlukan optimisme yang tinggi guna mendorong kita lebih keras mewujudkan cita-cita ini. ." ujar Lebu Raya. workshop ini bertujuan mengumpulkan pengambil keputusan-keputusan dari pihak pemerintah. Bahkan. perencanaan pengembangan potensi energi angin dapat direalisasikan dalam waktu dekat. Diharapkan. pihaknya memilih NTT sebagai lokasi proyek energi angin karena memilki potensi angin yang baik. pemerintah akan membangun Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu atau Angin (PLTB) sebanyak 6 unit pada tahun ini dan tahun 2008 sebanyak 5 unit ditahun 2008 melalui anggaran APBN. Workshop ini juga bertujuan merumuskan langkah." kata Lebu Raya. Potensi ini dapat memenuhi kebutuhan energi masyarakat. "So'E merupakan daerah yang potensial karena memiliki kecepatan angin berkisar 6-7 meter per detik. Pim mengatakan. workshop ini bertujuan untuk bertukar pikiran dan pengetahuan antara Indonesia dan Belanda guna mendukung implementasi pengembangan proyek energi angin. kata Pim.masyarakat untuk dapat menerima pembangunan ini. Dr. PLN dan sektor keuangan. Di samping itu. dari hasil penelitian. POS KUPANG/MAYELUS DORI BASTIAN Gu ~ PLTB 11 Unit Dibangun Dalam 2 Tahun Kumpulan Artikel .langkah dan memberikan solusi-solusi untuk menjawab tantangan dalam merealisasikan proyek ini. Pim mengatakan. Ia juga meminta masyarakat dan pelaku bisnis lokal untuk membantu dan mendukung rencana pengembangan energi angin di NTT. baik pada tingkat nasional maupun daerah untuk merealisasikan proyek energi angin dan menjadikannya sebagai pilot project antara Indonesia dan Belanda.

103 . Sebenarnya telah tertarik bebrapa tahun lalu tapi dengan adanya krisis yang terjadi di Indonesia baru sekarang dimulai lagi. Menurut Dirjen Listrik dan Pemanfaatan Energi harga listrik dengan menggunakan PLTB ini dua kali lebih mahal sekiar 4.5 $ sen per KWh. Sulawesi Selatan dan Maluku. Pemerintah mengharpkan pada tahun 2008 swasta telah mulai membangun PLTB.2000 USD per KWh. Daerah-daerah ini mempunyai potensi angin yang bagun untuk dibangun pembangkit ini. Jakarta (17/9/2007) seperti yang dilansir oleh detik.com Kapasitas masing-masing pembangkit Listrik itu berkapasitas 200 KWH yang akan di bangun tiga di Maluku dan dua di Sulawesi Utara. Daerah-erah yang mempunyai potensi besar adalah Nusa Tenggara Barat. Sulawesi Utara. Selanjut Dirjen juga mengungkapkan pengusaha dari Amerika dan Jerman berminat untuk membangun PLTB di Indonesia. Pembangunan PLTB membutuhkan investasi 1500 USD .Energi Angin / Wind Turbine / Wind Mill . Pengusaha swasta sekarang ini telah mulai melalukan studi kelayakan untuk pembangunan PLTB. Untuk tahun ini pemerintah menganggarkan Rp 24 milyar untuk membangun 6 unit PLTB yang dibangun di Sulawesi Utara dua dan emapt di bali. Nusa Tenggara Timur. Pengelolalan dari PLTB ini setelah selesai oleh Pemda setempat dan hasilnya dijual ke PLN.Pembangunan 5 unit PLTB yang akan dibangun tahun depan dimana investasi setiap unitnya Rp 15 Milyar sehingga total dana yang dikeluarkan Rp 75 Milyar" kata Dirjen Listrik dan Pemanfaatan energi Departemen ESDM. J Purwono pada saat raker dengan Komisi VII di gedung DPR. kapasitas dari masing-masing pembangkit 80 KWh. detik/Adler ~ Rata Rata Kecepatan Angin Di Indonesia Kumpulan Artikel .

Sulsel dan pantai selatan Jawa mempunyai kecepatan angin rata-rata yang cukup tinggi yaitu 5 m/s. Model HAWT sudah kalah bersaing dengan model VAWT (vertical axis wind turbine) dengan harga kW lebih murah di bading kW dari HAWT.40 km/jam. Sorong. bagian utara (Sulawesi Utara. terutama di Indonesia melakukan pengukuran pada 0. sebagai contoh wilayah Indonesia bagian Timur seperti NTT.5 m hingga 2 m. dengan pertimbangan efek dari lapisan perbatas dan korelasi eddy sudah tidak mempengaruhi kecepatan angin lagi. Sebagian besar stasiun cuaca bahkan mengambil nilai tengahnya dengan menempatkan anemometer dalam sangkar cuaca yang berketinggian 1. Ada VAWT hanya perlu hembusan skala 2. Maglev VAWT kerjasama dengan Perusahan Cina untuk bangun 1 GW VAWT di Cina.2 m. Untuk pengukuran kecepatan angin yang lebih baik memang dilakukan pada ketinggian 10 m. Maluku Utara. Raja Ampat. sementara di indonesia bagian barat cenderung lebih rendah dari nilai tersebut. Ada Model VAWT dengan kekuatan 10MW jauh diatas HAWT.5m/sec.Rata-rata secara global kecepatan angin di darat adalah sekitar 30 . Merauke). Indonesia terletak di garis katulistiwa maka kita dapat banyak angin di bagian selatan ( Sumatera bagian timur. Jawa bagian selatan. NTB. Biak). NTT. NTB. European Wind Energy Association You are here: Home > Library > Wind Energy Basics        Home Our activities Press room Library About us Events Membership Follow EWEA on:        EWEA's blog EWEA's Facebook page EWEA's Twitter EWEA's LinkedIn EWEA's Google+ EWEA's YouTube EWEA's Flickr . tapi rata2 stasiun cuaca. Indonesia jangan gunakan technologi Wind Turbine yang sudah mulai ditinggalkan. akan tetapi kecepatan rata2 angin di daratan sangat tergantung pada dimana kita mengukur kecepatan angin tersebut dan kapan kita melakukan pengukuran. Saat ini di Indonesia sedang dibangun Listrik Tenaga Angin dengan model HAWT (horizontal axis wind turbine).

Wind Energy Basics In this section you can find current.5-3 MW can produce more than 6 million kWh in a year . Click the image to see 'How a wind turbine works'.frequently asked wind energy questions .Wind Energy Facts If you are new to offshore wind. From 2007 – 2010. easy to understand wind energy information.500 average EU households with electricity (Source: EWEA).6%. That number should . jobs in wind energy grew by nearly 30% while EU unemployment rose by 9. Figure 1 An offshore wind turbine with a capacity of 2. 238. This includes: . you can watch the offshore wind energy animation.the 'How a wind turbine works‘ tool . In 2010.enough to supply 1.000 people were employed in wind energy.

Dalam bahasa inggris pembangkit jenis ini dikenal dengan sebutan Wind Power. Kincir Angin ~ HONEYWELL GEARLESS BLADE TIP POWER SYSTEM (BTPS) Alpensteel adalah Authorized Distributor dari Honeywell Turbine USA. Sedangkan pada PLTB rumahan. Prinsip kerjanya juga sangat sederhana. Dan singkatannya menjadi PLTB dengan B diambil dari kata Bayu. Jadilah energi listrik. Find out more in the EWEA report 'Green Growth'. Karena turbin berputar. maka si Angin harus ngalah. Angin memutar turbin angin atau orang lebih mengenalnya dengan sebutan kincir angin. . Pada PLTB yang sudah dikelola secara korporat. See the Wind Energy Facts for more details The wind energy sector contributed €32 billion to EU GDP in 2010. ~ Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu / Angin (PLTB) Kumpulan Artikel . listrik langsung dialirkan melalui transmisi.103 .Energi Angin / Wind Turbine / Wind Mill Sebenarnya kalau Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Angin di singkat harusnya kan PLTA.increase to 520. generator yang satu poros dengan turbin ikut berputar. it contributed more value to EU GDP than the entire European footwear industry.26%. Kincir Angin terobosan paling mutakhir dan revolusioner yaitu Honeywell Gearless Blade Tip Power System (BTPS) yang sangat cocok diaplikasikan di rumah dan kantor. pembangkit ini sangat murah dan ramah lingkungan. Sama seperti PLTA. At 0.000 by 2020 .a 200% rise in ten years. an increase of 33% since 2007 (Source: EWEA). biasanya energi disimpan pada baterei. Tapi karena PLTA sudah identik dengan Air.

. berbeda dengan . turbin angin yang dibuat oleh Wind-Smile Co. lensa ini memperkuat aliran angin. Kincir Angin Honeywell menghasilkan listrik dari ujung blade bukan dari gear seperti pada kincir angin tradisional.83 meter dengan berat 77 kg dan mampu menghasilkan listrik 2000 kWh / tahun. Sekarang sudah saatnya gambaran itu diganti karena turbin ultra efisien masa depan rancangan Profesor Yuji Ohya dari Universitas Kyushu ini benar-benar berbeda. Kalau para mania tekno mendengar kata turbin angin. bangunan yang mirip sarang lebah yang meningkatkan tiga kali jumlah energi angin yang bisa dihasilkan oleh turbin lepas pantai. Kincir angin tradisional memerlukan kecepatan angin minimum 3. Ohya dan timnya baru-baru ini memperkenalkan Wind Lens. yang pertama kali terbayang di dalam benak para mania tekno pasti sebuah turbin angin yang memiliki tiga baling. tapi turbin hasil rancangannya bisa memberikan alternatif yang lebih menarik secara estetika daripada turbin lepas pantai. Wind Smile.3 mps untuk dapat mulai menghasilkan listrik sedangkan kincir angin Honeywell mulai dapat menghasilkan listrik pada kecepatan angin 0.8 mps. Ohya tidak tahu jika apakah lensa ini akan diproduksi secara komersil. Teknologi sudunya telah dipatenkan di beberapa negara.Kincir Angin Honeywell adalah Gearless Turbine yang hanya berdiameter 1. Desain Ohya tidak memiliki banyak bagian yang bergerak – yang ada hanya sebuah bundaran besar yang memperbesar tenaga angin dan sebuah turbin yang diputar oleh angin yang ditangkap oleh bundaran itu. Read more. Wind Smile menggunakan sudu dengan bentuk penampang huruf J. sehingga secara drastis mampu mengurangi gaya resistansi sehingga produksi energi listrik yang dihasilkan jauh lebih besar walaupun pada kecepatan angin rendah.. Ltd merupakan salah satu dari sekian banyak turbin angin yang berbasis Daerius. Wind Lens diperkenalkan bulan ini dalam Yokohama Renewable Energy International Exhibition 2010. Setiap lensa yang berdiameter 112 meter ini mampu menghasilkan energi dua-tiga kali lipat lebih besar dari turbin angin biasa dan pada saat yang bersamaan juga mampu mengurangi polusi suara dan meningkatkan keamanan. Cara kerja turbin angin ini mirip dengan kaca pembesar yang memperkuat cahaya dari matahari – kecuali dalam kasus ini.

Sementara kecepatan angin sebesar itu tidak berpengaruh pada Wind Smile. Selain itu masih ada beberapa kelebihan lainnya seperti beratnya yang ringan mempermudah pemasangan. serta digunakannya sistem proteksi petir.103 . karena metode yang digunakan pada pesawat terbang juga diaplikasikan pada turbin ini. Dengan kecepatan mencapai 30 meter per detik. Sebagai gambaran. efisiensi WInd Smile berada di atas rata-rata turbin angin konvensional lainnya. bahkan penurunan itu sudah sampai 10 persen. Menurut perusahaan pembuatnya. Setiap tipe dari Wind Smile mempunyai cut-in yang berbeda-beda.Energi Angin / Wind Turbine / Wind Mill Pemanasan Global Turunkan Potensi Energi Tenaga Angin Kapanlagi. Tingkat kebisingan yang dihasilkan selama bekerja juga rendah. Sudu-sudu tersebut bergerak dengan memanfaatkan sepenuhnya gaya angkat dan gaya tarik yang didapat dari angin ketika mengenainya. Desain turbinnya mampu mengubah energi angin dengan kecepatan 15 meter hingga 30 meter per detik menjadi listrik tanpa harus mengalami kerusakan. "Kecepatan angin global rata-rata telah menurun sejak 1973. sebagian besar turbin angin sudah mengalami kerusakan. ujarnya pada Pidato Inaugurasinya di depan para ilmuwan AIPI. Bahkan kecepatan angin sebesar 60 meter per detik juga tidak menjadi masalah baginya. bahannya yang bisa didaur ulang. maka Wind Smile akan tetap berputar searah. turbin mulai bergerak pada kecepatan angin 1. Penurunan kecepatan angin sebesar 10 persen akan menyebabkan penurunan energi yang dihasilkan sebesar 30 persen. dimensinya kecil sehingga tidak memerlukan area yang luas untuk. Dengan bentuknya yang demikian." kata anggota baru Akademi Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (AIPI) bidang Ilmu Rekayasa Prof Dr Satryo Soemantri Brodjonegoro di Jakarta. pada angin kecepatan 15 meter per detik.5 meter per detik.com . arah angin bukan menjadi masalah baginya. Selasa. Sumber : Planet Hijau ~ Kecepatan Angin Turun Sejak 1973 Kumpulan Artikel .kebanyakan turbin angin yang memilih bentuk penampang seperti yang digunakan pada sayap pesawat. manusia sangat sulit berjalan. . Dari manapun arah angin bertiup.Pemanasan global telah menyebabkan menurunnya kecepatan angin sehingga mempengaruhi perkembangan energi alternatif bersumber dari tenaga angin. Pada tipe paling kecil yang menghasilkan daya 200 Watt.

Saat ini kontribusi energi angin di Amerika Serikat (AS) hanya satu persen dari kebutuhan listrik nasionalnya dan diperkirakan pada 2030 kontribusi itu mencapai 20 persen di mana 20 persen dibangun di lepas pantai. walaupun ada angin yang datang tidak bersifat kontinu. "Rencana pembangunan PLTB lepas pantai akan mencapai 350 MW di AS dan 1." katanya. berhubung angin bertiup lebih cepat di permukaan es daripada di permukaan air Selain itu karena pemanasan global saat ini membuat kutub lebih cepat memanas daripada bumi manapun. sehingga perbedaan suhu dan tekanan antara kutub dan khatulistiwa akan berkurang dan membuat kecepatan angin berkurang. "Selain itu area yang memiliki kecepatan angin kencang biasanya jauh dari penduduk yang akan menggunakan listrik. (ant/npy) ~ Rancangan Dan Desain Turbin Angin Kumpulan Artikel ." katanya.Energi Angin / Wind Turbine / Wind Mill Teknologi Turbin Angin Blade . juga bukan negara yang memiliki kecepatan angin yang memadai untuk mengembangkan pembangkit listrik tenaga bayu (PLTB). penurunan kecepatan angin itu terjadi karena berkurangnya lapisan es di danau-danau di belahan bumi utara dan selatan.100 MW di Eropa dengan biaya investasi tiga juta dolar AS per MW.Menurut dia. menurut dia.103 . sehingga ada kendala transmisi listrik. Indonesia.

lihat di atas). Penggunaan aluminium dan material komposit di pisau mereka telah memberikan kontribusi untuk inersia rotasi rendah. tip menjaga rasio kecepatan lebih hampir konstan.Desain Blade Blades dapat dibuat dari benda-benda sederhana seperti tong Rasio antara kecepatan angin dan kecepatan ujung pisau disebut tip speed ratio. yang berarti bahwa turbin angin baru dapat mempercepat cepat jika angin menjemput. Turbin angin modern dirancang untuk berputar pada berbagai kecepatan (sebuah konsekuensi dari desain generator mereka. Operasi lebih dekat dengan rasio kecepatan ujung optimal mereka selama energik embusan angin memungkinkan turbin angin untuk meningkatkan menangkap energi dari embusan tiba-tiba yang khas di perkotaan. . Efisiensi tinggi 3-blade-turbin memiliki kecepatan rasio kecepatan ujung / angin dari 6 ke 7.

Kecepatan dan torsi di mana turbin angin berputar harus dikontrol karena beberapa alasan: * Untuk mengoptimalkan efisiensi aerodinamika rotor di angin cahaya. ujungnya kecepatan bisa terbatas pada sekitar 60 m / s (200 ft / s). * Untuk mengurangi kebisingan. Gaya sentripetal dari meningkat rotor berputar dengan kuadrat kecepatan rotasi. * Untuk menjaga rotor dan hub mereka dalam batas-batas kekuatan sentripetal. kadang-kadang diperlukan untuk membawa turbin berhenti penuh.Sebaliknya. karena sangat berbahaya untuk orang yang bekerja pada turbin angin ketika sedang aktif. Kelembaman tinggi buffer perubahan kecepatan rotasi dan dengan demikian membuat output daya yang lebih stabil. yang memiliki inersia yang lebih tinggi. dan diputar pada kecepatan diatur oleh frekuensi AC dari tiang listrik. Karena kekuatan angin meningkat sebagai pangkat tiga dari kecepatan angin. turbin angin kebanyakan cara mengurangi torsi di angin kencang. * Untuk menjaga agar generator dalam batas kecepatan dan torsi. yang membuat struktur ini sensitif terhadap overspeed. Menghitung baling-baling pada sistem turbin angin Blade . suara dari turbin angin meningkat dengan kekuatan kelima kecepatan angin (relatif dilihat dari ujung bergerak dari bilah). Karena pisau menghasilkan lebih gaya melawan arah angin (dan dengan demikian meletakkan stres jauh lebih besar pada menara) ketika mereka memproduksi torsi. * Untuk mengaktifkan pemeliharaan. turbin harus dibangun untuk bertahan beban angin jauh lebih tinggi (seperti hembusan angin) dari orang-orang dari mana mereka praktis dapat menghasilkan listrik. gaya turbin angin tua dirancang dengan pisau baja berat. * Untuk menjaga rotor dan menara dalam batas-batas kekuatan mereka. Sebagai aturan praktis. Dalam kebisingan lingkungan-sensitif.

Peningkatan jumlah pisau dari satu hingga dua menghasilkan peningkatan enam persen efisiensi aerodinamis.NASA Mod-0 penelitian turbin angin di Glenn Research Center stasiun Plum Brook di Ohio menguji konfigurasi rotor satu-berbilah Penentuan jumlah blades melibatkan pertimbangan efisiensi aerodinamika desain. Selanjutnya meningkatkan hasil hitungan minimal pisau perbaikan dalam efisiensi aerodinamika dan terlalu banyak pengorbanan di kekakuan pisau sebagai pisau menjadi lebih tipis. Kebisingan emisi dipengaruhi oleh lokasi pisau melawan angin atau menara menurut jurusan angin dan kecepatan rotor. Meningkatkan efisiensi aerodinamis dengan jumlah blades tetapi dengan kembali berkurang. Mengingat bahwa emisi kebisingan dari tepi pisau ‗tambahan dan tips bervariasi dengan kekuatan 5 kecepatan pisau. Turbin angin yang dikembangkan selama 50 tahun terakhir telah hampir universal digunakan dua atau tiga pisau. sedangkan peningkatan jumlah pisau dua sampai tiga menghasilkan hanya tiga persen tambahan dalam efisiensi. komponen biaya. sebuah peningkatan kecil di ujung kecepatan dapat membuat perbedaan besar. keandalan sistem. dan estetika. .

semakin rendah biaya material dan manufaktur akan. Sementara menyelaraskan turbin angin perubahan arah angin (yawing). Kurang pisau dengan kecepatan rotasi yang lebih tinggi mengurangi torsi puncak di drive train. NASA berbilah dua / DOE Mod-5B turbin angin adalah turbin angin terbesar di dunia yang beroperasi di awal 1990-an Keandalan sistem dipengaruhi oleh jumlah pisau terutama melalui pembebanan dinamis dari rotor ke dalam kereta drive dan sistem menara. Turbin dengan satu atau dua bilah dapat menggunakan hub terhuyung berputar untuk juga hampir menghilangkan beban siklik ke dalam poros drive dan sistem selama yawing. dua. defleksi bilah dalam hasil mesin menurut jurusan angin di menara clearance meningkat. Akhirnya. Secara umum. Namun. pisau masing-masing mengalami beban siklik pada akhir akarnya tergantung pada posisi pisau. semakin sedikit jumlah pisau. estetika dapat dianggap sebagai faktor dalam bahwa beberapa orang menemukan bahwa rotor tiga berbilah adalah lebih menyenangkan untuk melihat dari satu atau duaberbilah rotor. sehingga gearbox lebih rendah dan biaya generator. Bahan-bahan untuk membuat turbin angin Blade desain baru generasi turbin angin yang mendorong pembangkit listrik dari rentang megawatt tunggal untuk ke atas dari 10 megawatt. Kecenderungan umum dari desain kapasitas yang lebih besar lebih besar dan lebih besar bilah turbin angin. Hal ini berlaku dari satu.Komponen biaya yang dipengaruhi oleh jumlah pisau adalah untuk bahan dan pembuatan turbin rotor dan drive train. Selain itu. semakin tinggi kecepatan rotasi dapat. semakin sedikit jumlah pisau. Hal ini karena persyaratan kekakuan pisau untuk menghindari gangguan dengan batas menara bagaimana tipis pisau dapat dibuat. Meliputi area yang lebih luas secara . Diameter 98 meter. tetapi hanya untuk mesin melawan angin. beban siklik ketika digabungkan bersama-sama di kereta poros drive yang simetris seimbang untuk tiga pisau. menghasilkan operasi yang lebih halus selama yaw turbin. tiga pisau atau lebih.

pisau lebih kuat. sehingga meningkatkan kemampuan ekstraksi energi dari sebuah sistem turbin. operasi Prepreg lebih meningkatkan operasi biaya-efektif dengan mengurangi siklus pengolahan. sekitar 50 juta kilogram laminasi fiberglass digunakan dalam bilah turbin angin [4] bahan baru dan metode manufaktur memberikan kesempatan untuk meningkatkan efisiensi turbin angin dengan memungkinkan untuk lebih besar. Epoxies juga meningkatkan pisau turbin angin pembuatan komposit dengan memungkinkan untuk menyembuhkan siklus yang lebih pendek. setelah panas dan tekanan diterapkan. yaitu produksi laminasi tebal yang diperlukan untuk komponen struktural menjadi lebih sulit. daya tahan meningkat. Sebuah solusi yang unik. cetakan terbuka. Pilihan juga termasuk fiberglass prepreg dan dibantu vakum-cetakan resin transfer. sehingga membatasi ketebalan laminasi.efektif meningkatkan rasio kecepatan ujung-turbin dengan kecepatan angin tertentu. Salah satu tujuan paling penting ketika merancang sistem pisau yang lebih besar adalah untuk menjaga berat badan pisau di bawah kontrol. Pada dasarnya setiap pilihan tersebut adalah variasi pada tema yang sama: sebuah gelas-komposit polimer diperkuat serat dibangun melalui berbagai cara yang berbeda dengan kompleksitas. Sebagai permeabilitas resin membentuk sebelumnya menentukan ketebalan laminasi maksimum. Injeksi kekuatan resin melalui tebal lapis tumpukan. lebih dari sistem lay-up basah. sistem basah adalah emisi yang terkait dengan atsiri organik dilepaskan ke atmosfir. Namun. Untuk distribusi resin adalah penggunaan fiberglass sebagian preimpregnated. Mungkin masalah terbesar dengan lebih sederhana. Preimpregnated bahan dan teknik resin infus menghindari rilis volatiles dengan mengandung semua gas reaksi. pisau turbin angin produksi Lancar dibuat lebih besar 80 meter dengan diameter prototip dalam kisaran 100 sampai 120 meter. resin dapat mengalir ke daerah kering yang dihasilkan dalam struktur laminate diresapi secara menyeluruh. kain kering menyediakan jalur untuk aliran udara dan. Selama evakuasi. prosesproses yang terkandung memiliki tantangan sendiri. metode manufaktur Lancar pisau dalam kisaran 4-50 meter fiberglass terbukti melibatkan berbagai teknik fabrikasi komposit. pendarahan diperlukan untuk menghilangkan rongga dan menjamin distribusi resin yang tepat. Epoxy komposit berbasis kepentingan terbesar bagi produsen turbin angin karena mereka memberikan kombinasi tombol dari lingkungan. teknik infus menjadi lebih umum sebagai pengalihan cetakan resin tradisional waktu injeksi terlalu panjang dibandingkan dengan resin waktu set-up. Pada tahun 2001. dan biaya kelebihan dari sistem resin lainnya. beberapa termasuk karbon dan kayu dengan fiberglass dalam matriks epoksi. dan oleh karena itu waktu manufaktur.. Manufaktur seperti Nordex dan GE angin menggunakan proses infus untuk pembuatan pisau. . Sejak skala pisau massa sebagai kubus radius turbin. Sebagai pisau turbin yang mendekati 60 meter dan lebih besar. produksi. pembebanan gravitasi menjadi faktor desain membatasi untuk sistem dengan pisau yang lebih besar. sehingga menyetorkan resin di mana dalam struktur laminasi sebelum gelatin terjadi. produsen lain menggunakan variasi pada teknik ini. dan peningkatan permukaan akhir. epoxy resin khusus telah dikembangkan untuk menyesuaikan daya tahan dan viskositas untuk kinerja tune resin dalam aplikasi injeksi.

Juga. kayu dan kanvas memiliki drag yang relatif tinggi (efisiensi aerodinamik rendah) dibandingkan dengan kekuatan yang mereka ambil. . Kayu dan layar kanvas pada awalnya digunakan pada kincir angin lebih awal karena harga yang rendah. Bahan-bahan. dan kemudahan manufaktur. pisau kecil dapat dibuat dari logam ringan seperti aluminium. Penggunaan serat karbon dalam 60 bilah turbin meter diperkirakan menghasilkan pengurangan 38% massa total pisau dan penurunan 14% biaya dibandingkan dengan desain fiberglass 100%. Namun.Karbon SPAR dukung beban diperkuat serat-baru-baru ini telah diidentifikasi sebagai sarana biaya-efektif untuk mengurangi berat badan dan meningkatkan kekakuan. Karena alasan-alasan mereka telah sebagian besar digantikan oleh Airfoils padat. lebih lanjut mengatasi masalah yang terkait dengan resin pembasahan bagian lay-up tebal. sering memerlukan perawatan selama hidup mereka. Penggunaan serat karbon memiliki manfaat tambahan mengurangi ketebalan laminasi fiberglass bagian. ketersediaan. aplikasi turbin angin serat karbon juga dapat mengambil manfaat dari kecenderungan umum menggunakan peningkatan dan penurunan biaya bahan serat karbon.

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