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T h is ¡s not a prívate p u blication . Every R o sicru cian is perm itted and invited to loan it to anyone, w hether a m em ber or not, w ho may be interested in Iearning of au th oritativ e modern references to the A n cie n t, M y stical O rd er R o sae C ru cis.

* | 'H E O rd er lias, during the cen turies of its existence. jealou slv guarded its integrity and been proud of tlio respect ¡t lias com m anded in com m unity and nation alike. A t tim es, Iike all Progressive and constructive m ovem ents prom ulgating new con cepts w hich ch allen g e orthodoxy and stagnan t thought, it b as been m ade tbe target of attack by interests w h ich hoped to stem tbe tide o f its ad van cem en t. H ow ever, the O rd er has alw ays found encou rag em ent and satisfactio n in the moral support that tbe rultnrecl a nd I earned elem ents of every society have given it by their frank study and exposition of its history, purposes. and activ ities. T h is booklet. therefore, co n tain s such com m entaries upon the A . M . O . R . C . (ab b rev iatio n for tb e full ñam e of tbe R o s i­ cru cian O rd er) by auth oritativ e reference sources and reliable, unbiased inquirers. It is a m atter of com m on know ledge that the editorial staffs o í encyclop ed ias, d iction aries, and general ref­ erence works inclu de only those articles in their pubíicatio n s w hich have had their s u b je ct m atter verified. It is equ ally w ell-know n that the press of the world does not open its colum ns to fa v o ra b le com m en t upon a society s activ ities unless that society be w ell-know n to them . It is q u ite obvious th at these renow ned com m entators —w hether encycloped ias or new spapers—have no other interest in the R o sicru cian O rd er than to present fairly the actu al faets con cern in g it to their readers. It is equ ally apparen t th at the R o sicru cian O rd er, A M O R C , could not in any m an ner influ ence these conclusions and opinions if they were not veridical. It w ill be noted that we have ind icated herein the source of every reference qu o tatio n , and w hether it is com plete or an excerpt. Hxcerpts hav e been given only b ecau se of Iim ited space. A n y qu otatio n in its entirety can be had by w riting to the address b elow or by direct reference to the source given.

P rinted w üh Perm ission o f llie D rp a rim p n l ol P u U ic a tio n s o f (fie Suprerne G ran el f » r lg e of A M O R C , S a n Jo sé . C a lifo rn ia , U . S . A .


IN U . S . A .

W e w ill ap p reciate R o sicru cian s and our friends referring interested and curious persons to these u n ­ biased au th o ritativ e references to the A M O R C ’s past and present history and to its current activ ities. T h is recognition of A M O R C s au th en ticity and prom inence by in telligen t and disinterested literary, histo rical, and new spaper enterprises con stitu te an asset w hich we greatly valué.



ere joined at tbe centre by a pierced circle of tfone and the a coR ered vau K or crilin» The rtuetle alm os! w tdt out o( l»e w a them selve* írequently treated like bttle tracened w in d ow » in the m erfiaeval period save as il som etunes occurred aian form w ith subauliary. »ubd ivid ing bar», arebe» and íoiled cueles The individual flow er m Gothk nalurnlistK ornam cnt •" m beauuíul eiam ple* oí this type are those oí the w est íront uem licular period mEngland, tbc populanty of tbe beraldic Tudor ofoat R betm s cathedral (end oí tbe 13 Ü 1 century) »nd the "anaept» rose «ave a newim portance to U » e roaelte ide*, and roseltea w ere Rheim s, A m ien* and N otre D am e at París (all of tbe lasx bal! irequently em pioyed, repeated at regular iniervals, to decórate oí xjth century). Tbe introductioo oí the w avy lines oí h oD ow m onldm gs. R enaiaaance roaette* in drsign are based u p on of the boyant tracery com pktely changed the character oí French ib»e oí Rom e. but w ere u sed even m ore lavühly ow m g to tbe flam rose W in d ow s, but tbey conünuedbasically radialm g in de*ign. Tbt im m ense developm ent oí w ood en colered and p W »«U ed“ ú w f* radiating elem enta coosiated of an intricate netw ork tvyIn m etal-w ork tbc idea oí the roselte w a» pcobably devdoped double curved bar», creating all sorts of in»eresting of w ¡ndepcndently. ow ing to the ease w ith w hich bttle d ro p ® oí m etal flam e shape», and incidental!y. íunushing a diagonal hracm g to could he soldered or íastened in a circle. to a basic utensil Sucb the w bole cornposition w hich added m aterially to its structural rasetto, íorm ed eitber oí a sim ple circle of nearly brrm spbencal strength. The rose at tbe end oí tbe transept at Beauvais (early shape. or oí one larfe bem upbere *urrounded by several sm aller century) » a characteristic onc» are lavourite late Brocae and early Iron a*e decoratioos m i6th Tbe induence of the French rose w ind ow »w aa w idrspread írom the ráetalwork oí tbe Celta, Scandinaviaüi and nortbern Europe an early period V ariatiooa oí tbe forra appear in a m ultitude of generally , ' F **.) late Italian Rom anesque eburebes, aa in the w idely varying type ROSEVILLE, a city of Placer county. California, ü SA., on in tbe late uth century w eM íront of S. Pietro in Toacanella. Secret Ravine (a tributary of tbe Sacram ento river) tS m Nt. and the m ore norm al ezam ple in S. Zeno at V erona (late títh of Sacram ento It b oo Federal highw ay 40. and i* by century). In England the rose w in d owhas never been so popular Southern Pacific railw ay lines. Pop 4477 » iqjo (8j% native as in France. Those in tbe transepts oí W estm inster A bbey are white); estim ated localiy at 7.800 in 1938. Tbere are m ím em e inore characteristically French iban Engliah. Tbe m ost typirailroad construction and repair abops and íreight-clasabcaU on cally English eaam ple» are in ihe tram epts of Iúncoln cathedral; yarda bere, and tbe largest ice-m anuíacturing and «orage p lant that on the north from the Early Englah period is a rem arkably in tbe couotry, íor tbe refnferatioo oí fniit and vegetable debeste exam ple oí píate tracery, that on the south from the C urvilínea/ period of ihe early t4th century ia atriking because “ r o s e WINDOW or WHEEL WINDOW, martbitecture. it i* not radiating in d eaign, and tberefore com pletely at od d s a tertn applied to any decorated, circular w in d ow Indecorated w ith tbe French prolotypes. TMCBtt.) (T F H ) circular w ind ow * are found in certain im penal Rom án slructurea, ROSEWOOD, tbe ñam e given 10 scveraJ disiinct kind » of u sed especially in tbe upper portions of room s or pierced througb ornam ent il tim ber. That, bow ever, so cailed in the U nited K .m gvaults, as in the tom b of tbe tim e of H adrian know n as tbe Cante d ora is Braiilian rosew ood. tbe paiüw m ire of tbe French, tbe dei P azxi. near Rom e. but atructural decora!ion oí such form s ñnest qualilie* of w hich, com ing írom the provinees oí Rio d e w aa apparently not attem pted until tbe Byxantine and Rom an- Janeiro and Babia, are believed to be tbe produce prindpally oí rsque perioda O ne of tbe earlieat decorated circular wbdow. D albcrgia m ifra , a legum m ous tree of U rge dim ensión*, called extant is that of ihe Italian Rotnanesque church oí S M ana m ca ótu n a and jM vanda by tbe Brañlians The sam e ñam e, Pompo», possibly as early as the íotb century. in w hich the de*o- Jacaranda, is applied to several species of M acM cenu m , also tree» rattoci consista oí a pierced m arhle slab of great richness, w ith a belonging lo tbe fam íly L^gununosae; and ¡here can be no d o u b » design oí interlaces and birds purely Byaantine In French that a certain proportion oí the rosew ood of com m erce is draw n Rom anesque w ork circular w ind ow » also appear. but in the earlier fromthese sourcea. «. . . . rxam ples, n u ch as the i itb century apse oí S. Sernin at Toulouse, R osew ood is eiported in large quantities from Rio de Janeiro, tbey are undecorated. líke those oí tbc Rom án em pire. M ean- Babia, Jam aica and H ondura* Tbc beartw ood attain^ large w hile, in M oham m cdan w ork, the cusped circle had been a rom dim ensión*, but as it begiru to decay befóte the tree arrivrs al m on form , usually. bow ever. not as a w ind ow , but a» th_ m aturity it b alw ays faully and bollow in the centre. O n this boundary of a sunk bem isphere. as in the rao»que of Ibn Touloun account squared logs or plank» of rotew ood are never scen, the at Cairo (876-78). . . , . w ood being im ported in half-round flitchcs 10 to jo ft. in Icngth The crusaders probably saw m any exam plcs of *u«h form a; in and (rom i lo u in mibcir Ihickol pin Rosc.ood to j tep anv case it is only after the earlier ennades and especially tow anis rud d y brow n colour, nchlv »treaked and grained w ith bUik thé m uidle of the tith century that the idea of m akínf a nch resinou» layers It take» a line polish, but, on account oí it» decorative m otive out of a round w ind ow appeared l-rom tben rrtinous nature, il i* som ew hat dilficult to w ork Ihc w ood 1 » o n the sim ple rose w ind ow becaroe m ore and m ore com m on, ani! very m uch » n dem and by cabinet-m akers and pianoforte-m akers w as in íact, a distingutshing characteristic oí m any transitional A system of m y»tical and m etaphysi- > and’earlv G¿thic cathedrab It «-a» particularly used at the w est calROSICRUCIANISM. philosophv intended to guid e the developm ent oí tbe in n er rnd oí the nave and the ends oí the uansepts A n eiceptional FopuU r opim on credits the íoundation of the Fra early use is tbe rou nd w ind ow w hich ligbted tbe trifonura roof consaousneis ity oí Rosicrucians as having occurred in Cassel. Gernuny «p ace írom the nave in the origina! form oí N otre D am e at Pam tem carlv in the jeventeenth century w hen som e pam pblels w ere isibeíorc 1177). In tbe w est íront oí Laon caihedral (com plrted *uedentilled tbe "A llgem ine und General-Reform ation der ganaen prior to 1100) there is an enorm ous rose w ind ow w ith 11 sem i- eiten W ell,” and the "Fam a Fraternitates ” bebeved to has* circlea around tbc edge and the central foiled and cusped circle w w ritten by the theologun, Johann V alentín A ndrea <«5^ separated trom tbe apeles of these sem i-circle* by a considerable been Later investigaU ons. how ever. revealed that although the distance, tbe connectioo betw een bebig m ade by little radiating 1654) íly arm s of A ndrea contained a cross and perhaps a rose Iitt colonnettes U k e spokes This w ind ow is rem arkably advanced fam ), be had no actual p*ri in the revival of tbe Fraternity in for its date, as the ülling. U k e that of the París tnforiun». is es- belerw añy and that the pam phlets w ere publílhed in vanous lan sentially bar traceTy The rote w ind owoí the w est front oí Cbar- Cerm under the sym bolical ñam e of Chrislian R osenkrciw tres cathedral íi 104-1n») consists. on tbe other hand, of píate guages (Christian Cross) The pam phlet refened to the previous tracery. the circle being ñU ed w itb a thin pU te oí stone. through enstence oíRo»e the Fraternity in the O nenc, but íor nearly a hnnd red w hich are pierced m any sm all foiled or cusped holes. A sim ilar year* the hislorical background w as considered m ^hical forro of píate tracery w ithin a circle is u aed to cap the tw in Research dunng the past lew years revaled thal the Rom w ind ow s of tbe clerestorey baya. Fraternity had an actual orgam tcd enstence long pnur The ¡ntroduetton oí developed bar tracery gave a com p eU ing trucian w hat w a» only a revival in O erm any In 1O 07 Figulu*. a w ellÍm petus to rose w ind owd esign Tbe general «.hem e consuted oí to nw riter of m y»tical bleraturr. «s»u ed a pam phlet rcíernng a series oí radiating form a, each of w hich w as tipped by a pom led know 10 the enstence ol the Fraternity in Europe in 1410 Thi» d ate arch at the outside of the circle The bar* betw een these form a

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A bo ve and to the right are com plete, reduced photographic reproductions o f pages of the E n c y c lo p e d ia tin ta n n ic a , tne latest revised edition con tain in g an arh cle on K osicru cianism referring to the history and o bjeets o f the O rd er. T h e article begins on page 550 and con clu d es on page 560 . N o te biblio grap h y at con clu sió n of article.

rrlerrrd lo by I* Gaüttrr, jnollirr w rll-ltnow n wntrr W :n , >w ' *°d » W , ' water while" vancties. the O Í Hematíe and m >-stical literature M icha?) M aier one lim e i .. L having about thrce times the valué of tbe common qualities offner of the Fraternity state» that the year 141) w a» the year iattei is a bnttle and Inable resin, wuh a faml pine-hke odour. » nw hich the greatesl revivaU of activity occurred. w hile K ais- } theRosin mellmg-point vanes wuh ihfieirnt speetmens. some being w etter, another officer nieniion» the w ork of one Fne*an or srmi (luid at the lemperature ol boiUng water, while otbers do Friesau. w ho w as national Im perator oí the Fraternity in 146S not melt lili J ¡ o ' or j 5o* F II is loluíOe in alcohol, etber hen C om eÜ u» A gnppa m entions the íoundation oí a branch in ico-» i aene and chlorotorm In addition lo its extensive use in soapan d State» that Brother Philalathe» w a» 1invested w ith ihe p ow ei makmg. rosin is larjely employed m making mfehor lamishes oí Im perator ’ In a letter írom the w ell-know n Dr Landalí. oí sealing-wai. vanous cements and as a siamg agent ui the manu Lyon. France. a.'dressed to Agnppi. he atates that he w a» ac- facture of paper It u alko u sed íor prepanng «hoeraaker» w ax quam ted w .th the Fralernity in iSo < ) Paracelsu» recorded hit as • flux Ior soldenng metáis, for pilching lagei beer .asks Ior adm m ion into a Rosicrucian Lodge in Basle, in 153c roaming the bows of musical instruments. etc In plurmacy it H etnrich Khunrath RoaicrucU n officer and author in G erm anv forma an ingredvnt m several plasters and uimmenti and A uatna, pubhabed a book dealing w .th the secret principie* in The chief región o í rosin production is tbe South Atlantic and 1598. and an intem ational rongress of Rosicrucian* w as beld in E utem Gtilf statea of the toited Sutes Amanean rosin a EngU nd in the year 1604 M any ancienl Rosicrucian m anuírom Ihe lurpentioe ol the ssramp pine A w Ju itrü u senpt» preser\ed in a rare collection in the city of C ologne con- obtüined of ihe lohlolly pine. P Tarja Tbe mam loiirce ol supply in tain proof that the organiration w a» oíd ever. in the sixteenth cen­ and Lurope is the "landes" ol tbe depanmenu of Ciroode and Landes tury O ne book in the collection by Brother 1O m nis M oriar. ‘ re- in France. wbere the cluster pine. P Pmttlrr, is eatetiaively lers to a Rosurucun Lodge in Ccrm any in 1115. w hile A m oid d e In the nonh of Europe roain u obtamed írom tbe 1 anova, an oflicer oí tbe Fraternity sp eak .» in his •Roaary-’ oí cullivated. nr, P ry/iyjfnj. and ihroughout K uropean countrie* local the Fraternity existing in U30. and w c find rríerence to the ocotcn auppiies are obtam ed írom other species of p in e orgam zation in D enm ark m 1484 and France in 1597 RO SKILDE or Roesasu*, . tow n oí D enm ark ín ihe a m i The ñam e oí Ihe organuation is derived írom its original Sym ­ (couniy^ oí K >#benhavn < C openhagen). jo m by rail W of bol. the ero** w ith a single red rose in its centre W hile the early topenhagen, on tbe great lagoon-U ke inlet nam ed R oakilde K oaicrucinns gave tim e to the itudy of alehem y anddevoled m uch fjord rop ( iqjíI i 13.540. lis chief interesl is hútoncal It tim e to ezperim ents in transm utation, ihe principies w ere not conW í“tbe ¿ bL < í!Í ,*I / 0l ^ k,n*doo, untü ‘ ^ 3 “ d Ihe rendence fined to ihe changm g of gro»a m etal» m to gold bul of tbe groaser of bisbops oí Z caland u ntü ihe Reíorm ation The cathedral drmenti of hum an nature ínto higher. spiritual qualities w a» (.onsecraled u > 10S4. but oí this early build tng oaly íoundation Th« Fraternity il genrralty know n Ibrou^hout tbc W orld *a the w all» rem am ; tbe present atructure of bríck w as begu n in me A ncient M ystic O rder oí Rout Cm ci», oíten ahbreviared to Ih e and enlarged and rew orrd at vanous later dales lt cootám s irnüaii “AM ORC " It eim e to A m erica fir-.l w . ií*n I[ i, non. ihe tom bs of m oat oí tbe D arnsh bngs írom H arold I (oí?) «ectanan ara! in a bread jen» non-relifioiu. m aim uch ai ita SO N *f A b ’ HIE* f UL* S G EOBGE « O lE R T R O » teachinfs m clude the practica! aciencei to a ¡rreater eatent than IN INSON, 1IT Babón (il)4-ig^), Briliab colom al adm m ulraivr principie, ol relijio™ ihounhl It ha» con.nlrnlly labooed ihe w aa born on D ec 19. 1814 H e wu of lriafa deaccnt on both •uperuihou. arta ol Ihe O rienl and doe, nol m clude fortune teU - j aidea; ka íather w a* A dm iral H ercuk* Robm aoo. hia m other . in*. necrorna.Tcy, or jpinluabim Each jrudiclion ii under Ihe M tss Uood of R oam ead. County W eatm eath, írom w hich be aíterdirection oí an Im perator w ho has a suprem e council as an ad- w ard s took his tille Paaaú ig írom j-andhurst m to the S7U 1 Foot visory hoard and e,lahli^ charlered lolites and chaplees A ll he attained the rank oí captam ; bul in 1846. thro««b tbe in Ü u en ce jurtsdiclions are unnrd in a general inlernjliooal boctv Ihrourh oí Lord N aas, be obuined a poat in tbe Board of Public W orks in the appoim m enl ol one hi*h oBicer as a m em her ol Ihe Inlem a Ireland. and suU equenily betarae chieí conm usaioaer oí íam l.onal Rosicrucian t'ouncil Th.s body .onsmutej the suprem e an dm arketi H i» encrgy m theae poaiuona. notably dunng thr advisory pow er of the w orld-w ide «nianiialion. íanim e of 184*. and tbe rkaracu *nd vigour oí bu reporta The orgaiuiation is not related to any other Fralernity despite secured for him at the age of 30 the office oí prenden: oí th e Ihe Iact that therc is > sym bolical de*ree in the Scoilish Rite» island oí M ontserrat H ew as governor oí St Chrutopber (rom of l-rrem asonry know n as Ihe -Rosicrucian t>e«rre M any M a- 1853 to 1859, w h en he w «* km gbted m recogiutíon oí bis Service» lonic historian* have show n thal m odem Frecm asoory w as oul- u i introducing coolie bbour m to tbe ialand SubM qurn:ly be w a » hned by m en trained in Rosicrucian rituals. bul Ihe Rosicrucian governor of H oog K ong. oí C eylon (ILC II G m 1869). and ,m Fralernity m akes no claim s in tbis re*ard Thcre ate s«n. 187a, of .N ew South W ales It fell to bu lot lo annez the Fiji M asóm e Rosicrucian societies. such ai tbc Sodctas Rosicm cianj i»lands to tbe U ritiah erapire, and hia servicea w ere rr^rded in en A ngtia, w ith headquarters in London, com posed excluaivrly of 1875 by prom olion to GCMG Freem aíons. but thece are nol pan ol ihe Inlernalion.1 RosiIn 1879 he w a* transfermi lo N ew Z ealand, and in 1880 be clucían O r«anualion Som e students of O riental philouphv have «ucceeded Sir Bartle Frere as bgh com m naiooer of South A frica also used the W o rd "Rosicrucian” as part of tbeir tille bui these H e am ved in South A frica abortly before tbe disaater of M ajuba. • re not atfiliated w ith the International organiution an dw as one of tbe com m iiaioner* for negotkting a peace w h ich w as personally distasteíul to tu m Ii ieíi him w ith the taik oí rv * 71-..A E W aüe. Tk, R e a ¡H n- conciüating on tbe one hand a D utch party elated w itb victory ost ready to despair of m “ T ' J * ’•“ c ’ ° " (three rdili*>ns iSi , - and on Ibe other hand a Britisb party alm ew as called borne in 1883 lo advi* tbe H S o e ^ í r T íln T a r *” » " ’° * rn ° ‘ <h”' ' pubkshed in Earope. the Britisb connection H («overom ent on the term s oí tbe n ew convention conchided w ith n íl™ ' Z "u U ”i " l i » » l U S A . (H s. L.) the Transvaal Boer» in Feb 1 SA 4 O n bis return to South A frica ROSIN or COLOPHONY, the resinous cunstitueni ol tbe he found that a cntkal situation had arisen m BechuanaJand O leo resrn exuded by vanous specie. ol pine. know n in com m erce 1w h ere Boer cocnm andoes had seiaed large traets of territorv an d as crude lurpenune. Tbe separation ol the oleo-resin into the proclaim the TepublKs" of Stella and G oaben (s,< Karci». rssenlial oil-spirit of turpentine and com m on rosin is effetted by S J P ) ed They refuaed to retire w ithin the lim its oí tbe Tran»vaal distillatton mlarge still» Rosin (a later variant ol "resin ” >v '| as defined by the n ew convention. and Robinaon. alivc lo th e vanes m colour. accordm n to the ol ihe tree w hence thé ity of preserving this counrry—tbe m ain road to the nonh urpem ine is draw n and the am ount of beal applied mdistillalion necew — for G reat Britain. took actíoo w hich led to tbe eapedition oí from an opaque alm ost pilchy black substance lhrou,h «rades Sir Charles W arren and tbe annexalion oí Becbuanaland early in O f brow n and yellow to an alm ost perfectly transparenl colourless 1885. R'tbinson w on K ruger » coofidence by bia íair-m tnd ed nesu glaasv m asa The com m ercU I grades are m iracroin. ranginr by w hile be seconded Rhode»S effort» to unite the Britiab an dD utch letter, from A . the darkesl lo N eatra p.le._uperior lo partíes in C ape C olony. H ís m ind how ever. w as that oí tbe ad m in-


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g * b !« in 231b and Mtb cent. cburcbes. Tbere ate notable examples in the cathedrals oí Reims, Strasbourg, Amiens, Chartres, and Paris. RO SEW OOD . Superior c a b in e t wood obla.ined i rom B n ñ lia n trees of the genus Dalbergia. One oí the most highly prized species is D. nigra. The wood is im ­ poned in segments,
ko sf . w i n d o w

a n d


s o ld


(Sirtsbm rf CMhedctl) wcigiit. It gives ou! a faint rose odor w hrn cut. f RO S1CRU CIA N O R D ER . An Interna­ tiona! fraternity, ofticially The Ancient and M jsíita ) Order R o h c C rucis (Order oí tbe Rosy Cross), baving its traditional origin in the Great White Brotherhood, which flourished in Egypt about 1500 *.c. Its en sblem is a cross with a single rose in the cerner, from which it derives its ñame It is said to have been ¡ntroduced in£o Palestino by Solomon, and was first established in the U.S. in 1603 It conducís welíare work and contributes to - the advancement of aii fine arts and ^ R O SS. B n s y , M us. {n *e Geixcom) ( t 7521836). M aker of the first American Bag. B . Philadelphia. An upholsterer and flagmaker by íradr, she made tbe firet American flag in 1777 according to the design of the flag committee of the Continental Congress, herselí suggesting the f-poioted star. Her íour daughters were also employed by the govt. to make flags.
RO SS, Sat Ja m e s C í.a j¡c ( t S o o - i& ó t ) .

British polar explorrr B . London, nephew of Sir John Ross. Entering the navy in 1 8 1 1 , he made 4 Arctic explora tions between rSro and 1827. Followiog bis discovery of the North magnetic pole in 1832, he was leader of the Antarctic expedition (18 39 -18 4 3), which sailed in tbe E rcbus and Terror. On this voyage he discovered Victoria Land and an active volcano which he named M t. Ercbus. He was knighted i22 1844. R O SS, S i* J o h n ( i 7 7 ; - i 8 $ 6 ). British Arctic explorer. B. Balsarroch, Scotland. He commanded the ¡sabeUa in an unjuccessful attempt to find a Northwest Passage in 18 18 . On his second attempt in 1829, as comtoander o f the Victory, he discovered Boothia Félix, the most northernly extensión of tbe American mainland Icebound for 4 winters, he was rescued by the IsabeUa in Laucaster Sound. He was knighted in 1834. R O SS, Siit R o n ald (18 5 7 -19 32 ). English physia'an. He began a study of malaria in 1&92, and discovered the li/e history o í malaria! parasites in mosquitos in 1897-98. In 1899, he headed the expedition which found malariabearing mosquitos in W. Africa. In 2901 received the Nobel priie in medicine He was knighted in 19 11 . During the World War he was Consulting physlcian for índian troops. Regarded as the world’s foremost authorily on malaria, he was also well-known as a poet, mathematician and noveíist.

R O S S E , Wn.LiAM P assons , 31 ® E a r l o r (18 00-1867). English asironomer. B . York. He was a member o f Parliament (18 23-18 34 ) and succeeded to bis tille in 1841. Tbrough his improvement in the construction of reflecting telescopes, a larger speculum was brought into use, thus affording greater óptica) powor for observation of nebulae. He was president of the Royal Socicty, 1849 1834. R O S S E T T I, C b r is t is a Geokcina (183©1894). English poet. Raughter of Gabriel Rossetti, and sister of Dante G . Gabriel, she was born in London and commenced her literary career in childhood Her most important poetical work was Goblin M arkel (1862) and the religious work, The Face o/ the Deep (2892). R O S S E T T I, D ante Gabrif.i. ( 18 2 8 18 8 .0 í^nglish poet and painter. Born in London, his ful) ñame was Gabriel Charles Dante kn> setti, which he rearranged for literary purposes. From the first he showed more genius in poelry tilín painting, and bis great poem The B leu c d Domosel was published about 1847. In 1847 he met Millais and Holman Hunt and ochers, «hile 3 student 0/ Ford M adox Brown. and together they formed the Pre Raphaelite Brotherhood which exerted a great influence on his later arí work Among his notable paintings was Proserfiina in Hades (18 74 ). Much of his best poetical work is included in Baliads and Sonnets (18 8 1) R O S S E T T I, W xlliam M jc b a e l (182919 19 ). English poet and art critic. B . L o n ­ don, the son of Gabriel Rossetti. He worfced in tbe excise office, 2845-2Í94, and belped found the Pre-Raphaelits Brotherhood, 1847. He wrote U v e s 0/ Famous Poets (18 7 8 ); Rossetti Patees, 1861, 1S70, 1903. R O SSI, G io v a n n i B a t t is t a d e i (t8aa1894). Italian archeologist. • Born in Rome, he was efistinguished for his studies of the inscriptions of the early centuries of the Christian Church and made important discoveries in the catacombs His Rom a Sotteranea Christiana was published 1864-2877. RO SSIN I, G ioachim o A n ton io (17921868). Italian composer. B. Pesaro, he studied at tbe Bologna Conservatory. His first opera, La Cambióle di Matrimonio, was produced in Vienna in 1810 . One of his most noted compositíons, which has bicorne universally popular, was the Barber o f Sevilie, written in 18 16 . Between 18 15 and 1823 he producid about jo aperas. His principal aoag, Síabot M alee, was composed during 1832-1839. ROSS S E A . Portion of the Antarctic Ocean lying between S. Victoria Land and King Edward V t l Land. Named for Sir Jam es Clark Ross. an English explorer, who discovered it in his 1839-1843 voyage' Its toasts and ¿d/a cent islands and territories were annexed by New Zealand in 19 13. R O ST A N D , Edmono (18 6 8 -19 18 ). French poet and playwright. B Marseilles. His most conspicuous success was the five act drama in verse, Cyrano de Bergerac (18 9 7 ), in which Coquelin appeared in Paris. and Richard Mansfield in the U.S. His second popular play was ¡.'Aiglon (1900), and the height of his popuíarity was reached in Chantecler ( 19 10 ) , in

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contre la manie de destruction d’ouvrages qui n ’étaient pas catholiques romains ; P ie d e i . a M i r a n o o i . e ( 1 4 6 3 1494 ) non moins de re om ni scibilus que A i . b e r t u s M a g n u s , et R e u c h u n , l’auteur de De Verbo M irifico, professeur á l’Université de Tübingen ( 14 8 1 ) et d’Ingolstadt ( 15 19 ). Une place tout a fait spéciale parmi les préeurseurs des Rose-Croix est occupée par L e D a n t e A i.G h i b h i , comme je le montrerai plus loin. S p e n c e r L e w i s , Imperator actuel de la R osar C rucú S ociety en Amérique, a établi le rapport direct qui existe entre les Rose-Croix et les Mystcres d ’Egypte. II déelare, dans son ótude H istory o f the O rdei R csae Crucis que le roi T h o t m e s IT1 ( 1500-1447 av. J.-C .) est le vóritable fondateur de l'Ordre des Rose-Croix, et qu’il institua plusieurs régles, qui sont actuellement encore en vigueur. Douze membres, neuf fréres et trois soeurs, dotit la fenime de Thotm es assistérent la fondation, écrit Sp. Lewis. Les réunions avaient lieu tous les jeudis. Le jeudi qui precede la pleine lune aprés l’équinoxe du printemps, était célébrée une cérémonie spéciale qui, avee les changements apportés par le temps, se retrouve dans les usages du Jeudi Saint. Le sceau de Thotmés aurait été conservé et se trouverait á présent entre les niains de Sp. Lewis luiméme. Un des successeurs de Thotm és, A m e n o t e b IIT, fut l ’auteur d’une philosophie profonde et d’écrits qui seraient encore emplovés actuellement par toutes les loges rosicruciennes du monde. L ’Ordre comptait 300 membres, dont 62 sceurs, sous le regne d‘A m énoteb III . Ce souverain érigea le temple de Karnak dans la forme de la croix ansée réunion de la rose avec la Croix, et dessina les symboles, notamment la Rose et le croissant de la Lune, qui firent partie du svmbolisme des Rose-Croix. On peut ajouter á ceci que les rois d’Egypte, qui étaient

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T h e above is a reduced. com plete reproduction of a page from the official l’ rench history of the R o sicru cian O rd e r of the vvorld. It is w ritten by F ra ter F . W it t e m ans, m em ber of the B e lg ia n S e n a te . rulote references to the trad ition al history of the A M O R C and the Im perator, H . S p e n cer L ew is, of the N orth and S o u th A m erican Ju risd ictio n .

T h e above is from one of tbe large outstand in g A m erican encyclop ed ias. It h as been p hotographically reduced. N ote references to early history of the O rd er, to F u ro p ean congresses and affiliatio n s, and the official history pu blished by the A M O R C of N orth and S o u th A m erica.


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pUcr in the history of the l ’nited Sutes aa tbc inaker of iLs first national rtag in June. 1777 . while she was living in a srnall. oíd fashioned brick house, at jjg A r c b Street, she waavwted by a curamittee Irom Congress beaded by GenThe decorative rose era! Washington, thc committee had heard window » a s a feature in the church architecture that she was an evpert needlcwoman, and it ol ihe thirtcenth and fotirteenth c rn lu n a in desired her to make a lia# according to tbe trance and Kngtand, *nd « '• »ala») seen todav tn design adopta! by C?onjj¡rc*^ on June u |»« chinches of pretentious architecture Amoag F laú (l'niled S u te s H ag)l The stoiy baa tbc beautiful esamples of thi» type of window come down that Washington preferred *útarr those in Notre Dame í'atbetlral, Par», in pointed %un. and that she {>ersuaded him to the catherind at Ama*ns. and in the restored ailow her make five pointe<i ones. '!!»« flf.T íuthedra) t it made byto her thtrteen white stars arranged in a circle on had a blue held, and thirteen altemate are in Noirt ----- and tn tnc iw»—. the those cathednil at Amwns, urioea The govemment mad» Retm% Cuthedral the ñame of severul varieties t i .t made ny »*.. —blue helrt, »nu ROSEWOOD, in a circle on a J -II of iu dags of a Ijc-antiful m o c m ) uaod in making ornamental red and white stripea^ The govemment maoc furniiure and musical instrument* It is abo a contract with her to provide ail of iis dags, Vmployed as a vencer Rosewood it prixed and the busmea* waa continué*! by a daugbtet ¡tfíU eomew iuüah ni amgn

R osevllle, a town of Placer County, Cal., eituated 18 m. n . e . of Sacramento. It has fruit^packing industries. Pop. (1930), 6413. Rose W indow , in arcldtecture, a window S8T 4 l\ c h ie f 1y shown in r w \ Gothic cathedrals, of the middle or Rayorvnant period. These w in d o w a were circu­ lar in form, w r % the interior space being fille d i n with st ained A Rose Window. glaas and t ra cery work, the main parta of which in eome instanoes radíate like the B p o k e s of a wheel. Amiena cathedral is a splendid example. R osew ood, the commercial naine of the wood of several trees valued for lieauty and used for ornamental furniture. The prin­ cipal apecies is thought to be a Brazilian Mimosa. Several species of Dcdbergia, of tho family L<;guminos», are alao bel ieved to be roaewooda, but in general the botanical namea are in doubt. V arioua kinda of roaowood, imported from South America, are much used for veneering, in m aking fu rn itu re, m usical in stru m en ta, and the like. Rosewood has for a long time been eecond only to mahogany as a furniture wood. I t varies in color from reddish brown to purple or almoat black, often l>eautifully marked with atreaka of dark red. When being aawed or cut it yielda an agreeable amell of roses, henee lid ñame.



R o s lc ru c la n O rder, an ínter- ^ national fraternity (said to be of Egyptian origin) oi>erated on tho lodge system and devoted to the practical application of the arta and aciences to human relatíonahipa. ¿Mlied jurisdictiona send their repreaentative8 to congresaea held periodically at Geneva. In the United Statea the organization ia known as the Amorc, an abbreviated form of the mime, The Ancient and Mystical Order Rosae Crucís (Order of the Rosy Cross). In moat states the aociety ia incorporated aa a college aa well aa a fraternal order, and coursee of instruction are available to membera. The order waa first establiahed in America at Philadelphia in 1693. Benjamín Franklin and Thomas JelTerson were among ita early oíficera. The Imperator of the order for tho United Statea ia Dr. H. Spencer * Lewís, San José, Calif. R o sln . See Resins. R oskilde, a town on the island of Zealand, Denmark, at the heafl of the Roskilde Fiord, 10 m. w. of Copenhagen. It contains a niagnificent cathedral, erect-ed 107484, rebuilt in the 12th century and eontaining the tomba of Danish kings. Pop., 13,540. Itoslavl, district towTi in the Gov. of Smolensk, Russia, on the Oster R., 73 m. s . e . of Smolensk. I t manufacturea oil and tobáceo. Pop., 25,992. R oslln , or R osslyn , village of Mídlothian, Scotland, ovcrkxiking the beauliful valley of tho North Esk, 4*^ m. a.w. of Dalkeith. It is famoua for its eollegíate chapel, dating from 1446 and commemorated in Sir Walter Scott’s bailad of Rosabelle. R oslyn , a city in Kittitaa County, Wash., 106 m. a . e . of Seattlc. It is a commercial town and the center of the ehief coal-

1 lie above is a reduced reprodiiction of a page from I lio W o r ld B o o k , a popular encyclo p ed ia used exlen sivcly in scbools and p u blic libraries.

T h e illu stratio n show n is a p hotographically reduced page from one of a series of weli-knovvn reference books fia ving ifie sam e ñam e as above. N o te references to current activrties of tbe R o sicru cia n O rd er, A M O R C .