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Start:  Identify  an   alleged  error.

 

Is  the  standard  of  review   controlled  by  a  context-­‐ specific  rule?  

Yes  

 

Consult  the   relevant  law  to   direct  you  to  the   appropriate   standard.  

No  

 

Does  the  error  involve  a   question  of  law  or  a   question  of  fact?  

 
Fact  

Law  

 Was  the  error  made  by  a   judge  or  jury?  
Jury   Judge  

The  error  will  be   reviewed  with  no   deference  given   under  an   appellant-­‐friendly   de  novo  standard.  

Does  the  claim  that  was   being  litigated  sound  in   law  or  equity?  

Law  

With  a  respondent-­‐ friendly  “any   evidence”standard,   the  ruling  will  be   affirmed  if  it  was   supported  by  any   reasonable   evidence.  

No  

Equity  

Yes  

Does  the  appeal  concern   a  factual  finding  by  a   probate  judge  which  has   already  been  affirmed  by   the  circuit  court?