MATLAB for Image Processing

Presented by Asst.Prof Rajasekhar Chaganti Dept.Of ECE NOIDA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

What is the Image Processing Toolbox? • The Image Processing Toolbox is a collection of functions that extend the capabilities of the MATLAB’s numeric computing environment. The toolbox supports a wide range of image processing operations. including: – – – – – – Geometric operations Neighborhood and block operations Transforms Image analysis and enhancement Binary image operations Region of interest operations .

Images in MATLAB • MATLAB can import/export several image formats: – – – – – – – – – BMP (Microsoft Windows Bitmap) GIF (Graphics Interchange Files) HDF (Hierarchical Data Format) JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) PCX (Paintbrush) PNG (Portable Network Graphics) TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) XWD (X Window Dump) raw-data and other types of image data • Data types in MATLAB – Double (64-bit double-precision floating point) – Single (32-bit single-precision floating point) – Int32 (32-bit signed integer) – Int16 (16-bit signed integer) – Int8 (8-bit signed integer) – Uint32 (32-bit unsigned integer) – Uint16 (16-bit unsigned integer) – Uint8 (8-bit unsigned integer) .

1) 2)gray scale image(0. • Types of images 1)binary image(0.255) 3)color image(m*n* 3) 4)Indexed image(m*n* 3(color map)) .Images in MATLAB • Image can be represented in the form of matrix having certain number of rows and columns.

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Image Import and Export • Read and write images in Matlab IMREAD= to read an image IMWRITE=to write an image IMSHOW= to show an image SIZE = to know the size of image .

Image Conversion .

Image histogram Edge detection . Image rotate. Image crop.Image Operations • • • • • Image resize.

Image Arithmetic Operations Functions: • Imadd • Imsubtract • Immultiply • Imdivide • Imcomplement .

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