ETSI TS 123 002 V3.3.

0 (2000-03)
Technical Specification

Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Network architecture (3G TS 23.002 version 3.3.0 Release 1999)

R

GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS

3G TS 23.002 version 3.3.0 Release 1999

1

ETSI TS 123 002 V3.3.0 (2000-03)

Reference
RTS/TSGS-0223002UR1

Keywords
GSM, UMTS

ETSI
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Important notice
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Copyright Notification
No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission. The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media. © European Telecommunications Standards Institute 2000. All rights reserved.

ETSI

3G TS 23.002 version 3.3.0 Release 1999

2

ETSI TS 123 002 V3.3.0 (2000-03)

Intellectual Property Rights
IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found in SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web server (http://www.etsi.org/ipr). Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.

Foreword
This Technical Specification (TS) has been produced by the ETSI 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). The present document may refer to technical specifications or reports using their 3GPP identities, UMTS identities or GSM identities. These should be interpreted as being references to the corresponding ETSI deliverables. The cross reference between GSM, UMTS, 3GPP and ETSI identities can be found under www.etsi.org/key .

ETSI

.........1 4....................................................................................................................2.....................3 The basic entities of the mobile system ..............................................................3 4........ 7 Definitions and abbreviations .................................................................................................... 15 The Interworking Function (IWF) ................................................................................................................. 14 Entities of the CS domain..................5 3..............1....................................................................2 4a........................................................ 16 The Base Station System (BSS) .................. 14 The Equipment Identity Register (EIR).............................. 7 References.... 14 The Mobile-services Switching Centre (MSC) .................................3 4a................................. 12 The Core Network (CN) entities......................................... 12 The Home Location Register (HLR) ........................ 18 Gateway Mobile Location Center (GMLC) ...................................................3..........................................................................................................................1.................................. 18 Serving Mobile Location Center (SMLC)....................2....2......1.......................................................2 4....................1 4..............................1...............7 3...........................3G TS 23......2..........002 version 3..................................................................................................................................................... 17 The Group Call Register (GCR) entity ........................ 12 Group call area...........................................................................1.........2......................................................................................................................................................................9 3...............................................................................................2 4.............................. 14 SMS Interworking MSC........................................................ 18 The Location Services (LCS) entities ................................. 16 Border Gateway (BG)...................................................... 15 Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN)....................2... 12 Entities common to the PS and CS domains .............. 15 Entities of the PS domain ...........................................................................................................................................................2 3.....................2 4................................... 10 Location register ................. 11 MSC area ....2..... 9 CS Domain ...........................................2 4.................................................... 17 4a 4a........................1.1......................................................................................................1........1 4........................................4 4....1.........8 3.............................. 11 Radio Network Controller (RNC) area .......................................................2 The specific entities of the mobile system.......................................................................................... 16 Base Transceiver Station (BTS) .................................................................................1 4..2........................3..........................................................................................5 4............... 17 The Mobile Station (MS).........2 3....1 4a.........2......3........................................................................1..............................................1 4a................3............................................................................................................................................................................. 6 1 2 3 3.............................................................................................10 3... 14 The Gateway MSC (GMSC) ............................................................................................2 4...1............................. 11 Service area........................................................................... 11 Routing Area (RA) .................12 3........................................................ 11 Zones for Regional Subscription ...........3............................................... 6 Introduction......1...........................1 4.......................................................................................................................................................... 10 Cell................................6 3........ 12 The Visitor Location Register (VLR).................... 11 SGSN area .... 13 The Authentication Centre (AuC) ..................................... 9 Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN)..........................3 4................1......................................................................................................................0 Release 1999 3 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.......................1 3...........................................................................................3.........................................................1....................................................................................3..1....................................................................................1 4.............................................. 10 PS Domain ........................................3 4.............................3 4.......15 Scope.......... 14 SMS Gateway MSC (SMS-GMSC) ............................. 17 Radio Network Controller (RNC) ...11 3..................................................................................3................1 4....13 3................. 17 The Radio Network System (RNS) ... 11 Location Area (LA) ...................3.....................................1......................................1................................................ 15 Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) ................................................................................................................ 17 Node B........... 16 The Access Network (AN) entities .................................................1....................................................................................................1..........................................................................................................................6 4...............................1 4.......................................................................................................................................... 17 The Shared InterWorking Function (SIWF) entity ......... 11 VLR area.....................2...................................................................................................................................................1............................. 10 Base Station Controller (BSC) area .14 3.... 12 4 4..................................................................3 3......................................................... 9 Circuit Switched (CS) and Packet Switched (PS) Domains .................................................................................................................1................................ 16 Base Station Controller (BSC) ................................. 19 ETSI ...............................2 4............................. 9 Core Network (CN) and Access Network (AN) ..........................................2........1.........................................1................................................2 4.............2 4........................................................................................................................................1 3.........0 (2000-03) Contents Foreword .................................................................................4 3............................................................................

...................................... 21 Basic configuration .....................................................................4..............1............ 20 IN-based solution: Number Portability Database (NPDB)............................................................................ 28 Interfaces used by CS and PS domains ...............................................1 6...................................................................................................... 26 Interface between BSC and BTS (Abis-interface) ......2 6..................................................... 27 Interface between MSC and EIR (F-interface) ............................. 19 CAMEL entities...................................3......3 5............................................2..........................................1..........4.......................................................3....................002 version 3.....................................2 6........................1..................1......4......2 6a................. 26 Interface between the MSC and its associated VLR (B-interface) ............ 26 Interfaces internal to the Access Network ............. 22 Configuration of LCS entities in UMTS ..................... 25 Interface between the Core Network and the Access Network.....................1 5..4.......... 29 Interface between MSC and SIWFS (K-Interface)..........................................................3 6.............................1 4a..4...........................................4 Configuration of a Public Land Mobile Network ...........4........ 26 Interface between RNC and Node B (Iubis-interface) ..............3 4a............1 6...............3................................1 6a............................... 25 Interfaces between Mobile Station and the Fixed Infrastructure ...................................................................4... 29 Interface between MSC and SMLC (Ls-interface).................................................................................................................. 25 Interfaces between the CS domain and the Access Network ..................................................4.........................1 6...............1 6............................................................. 24 Configuration of CBS entities. 26 Interface between two RNCs (Iur-interface) .........................................................6 PLMN specific interfaces ................................................... 28 Signalling Path between GGSN and HLR (Gc-interface) .....2 6..........3....................... 27 Interface between VLRs (G-interface) .................................................... 20 Signalling Relay-based solution: Mobile Number Portability/Signalling Relay function (MNP-SRF) ............ 30 ETSI .2....................................................4.................................................................................................................................4 6a..3.2................................................................................1 6............................................ 23 Configuration of CAMEL entities .................................................................................. 27 Interfaces internal to the PS domain.. 29 Interface between the MSC and its associated GCR (I-interface) ...............................................................................................................3..................3............... 28 Interface between HLR and AuC (H-Interface).......2.. 25 Interface between Mobile Station and Radio Netwok System (Uu-interface) ............ 25 Interface between Mobile Station and Base Station System (Um-interface) ............. 19 GSM Service Switching Function (gsmSSF) .................................................... 29 Interface between SMLC and MSC/VLR (Ls-interface)....................................... 19 GSM Service Control Function (gsmSCF)....................1 6...........2 6...............3 6..............................................................................................2 5......................................................1 4a................................................... 29 6a 6a.............................................................1 6...............................................................2 PLMN basic interfaces........................................................................... 20 5 5...................................................................2..............................................................2.....................3G TS 23...............4 6......................................................................................................3 6................................................................and Gp-interface) ......................... 29 LCS-specific interfaces...................1 6a..........................................................................................................1 6........ 26 Interface between the HLR and the VLR (D-interface)...........................................2 4a........2 Location Measurement Unit (LMU) .................... 27 Interface between MSCs (E-interface) ..........3 6a.....................................2.. 25 Interfaces between the PS domain and the Access Network............................... 25 Interface between SGSN and BSS (Gb-interface) .............................1.......... 20 CBS-specific entities....... 28 Interface between SGSN and GGSN (Gn...............................................4..............2......................................... 28 Interface between SGSN and EIR (Gf-interface) ............5........ 25 Interface between the MSC and Base Station System (A-interface) ....................................................... 21 Configuration of LCS entities......... 20 GSM Specialised Resource Function (gsmSRF)..........4.....................2 6.......1.............6 4a........ 29 Interface between GMLC and HLR (Lh-interface) .......1 5................................................................. 28 Interface between MSC/VLR and SGSN (Gs-interface) ...........2 6...........6 6................ 20 Number Portability Specific entities .................3 6........................................................................ 26 Interfaces internal to the Core Network.................................................................................................... 25 Interface between the MSC and RNS (Iu_CS interface) ...........................................................2 6.........1 4a... 28 Interface between SGSN and HLR (Gr-interface)....................... 29 Interface between BSC and SMLC (Lb-interface) .................................0 (2000-03) 4a..............4 6...............2.....................................................................................5 6..........................3 6a...................................... 29 Interface between MSC and GMLC (Lg-interface) ..................................2 6........................................... 26 Interfaces internal to the CS domain ...................2 5......... 24 6 6...........3 4a..4 6................................................2 6.....................3........................................................................1.......................................2 6a................... 29 SIWFS-specific interface.........................4....3 6.........3.................4 6a.............................................................2..........5 4a............................1..............................4......................6.... 22 Configuration of LCS entities in GSM.................................1 6...........3.............................................................. 30 Interface between Peer SMLCs (Lp-interface)............ 26 Interface between the HLR and the MSC (C-interface) ..................1........2.................... 25 Interface between SGSN and RNS (Iu_PS-interface) ...............3...........0 Release 1999 4 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.........2....3..... 20 Cell Broadcast Center (CBC) .................2...................................4......1.........2..............................................................1 6a...........4 4a.1 6......3................ 29 GCR-specific interface .........................................2.............................................4..........4.................1 6a.................................................................4..........6..............1..................................................................................................4.........3...............

34 Basic configuration with GLR introduction................................... 35 Interface between the VLR and the GLR (GLb-interface) ........................2.................2 6a.........8 A.....................................9 A...0 Release 1999 5 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 A..............................................5......1 A................................................................................1.......................... 35 Interface between the GLR and the IM_GSN (GLe-interface)......1 6a.................................5 A......2 A.................... 31 Interface between the fixed networks and the MSC ......................................................................................HLR interface ......4 A.................... 31 Annex A (informative): A........... 34 A......................................................................................... 36 Interface between the GMLC and the IM_MSC (GLi-interface)..................................................................3..4..............5 6a....................................................................................7 A.................................... 36 Annex B (informative): Change history..................................2 A.............................................................................................................................................1 Configuration of a Public Land Mobile Network ...... 35 Interface between the GLR and the IM_MSC (GLd-interface) ......2....................................................................... 33 Intermediate Mobile-services Switching Centre (IM-MSC)................................2 Interface between BTS and LMU (Um-interface).......5. 30 gsmSCF .........................................10 A..... 35 Interface between the SGSN and the GLR (GLc-interface) ....................................5................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 31 Interface between GGSN and external data networks (Gi-interface)................................................................................6 6a..................................6..............5 A..............................4......3.............................. 31 IN-based solution .......................................... 33 Intermediate Mobile-services Switching Centre (IM-MSC)................................6 A...............................3 A.........................................5..................................4 6a.................................................................................................................. 30 gsmSSF .....4.... 31 Number portability specific interfaces.........2..................................2 6a......................... 32 7 7..........................3 The entities of the mobile system ............... 35 Interface between the HLR and the GLR (GLa-interface)............................. 30 CAMEL-specific interfaces .................1 6a.................................................................................11 PLMN interfaces.....................................................................3 Interface to external networks.......3........2 A.... 32 Interface between GMLC and external LCS Client (Le-interface) .....3 Description for GLR-related entities and interfaces.............................................................. 31 NPDB to MSC interface ......................................5 6a..6... 36 Interface between the SGSN and the IM_GSN (GLk-interface) ...................................................... 31 Interface between the CBC and RNS (Iu_BC Interface)....4........2 7.............. 34 Intermediate GPRS Serving Node (IM-GSN) ................................. 36 Interface between the GGSN and the IM_GSN (GLj-interface).........6...............................gsmSCF interface.5............1 6a...................... 33 Intermediate GPRS Serving Node (IM-GSN) ............. 30 gsmSCF ............. 30 MSC ........ 33 Normative references ..................................................... 33 Gateway Location Register (GLR) ..............................................................................................................5........3G TS 23..................................6...........................................1 A...................................1 6a.................. 35 Interface between the SMS-GMSC and the GLR (GLf-interface)............5...................................0 (2000-03) 6a..............................................................7 6a.............2 A...4 6a.......... 34 A.....4.........................5..............5.................. 31 MNP-SRF to HLR interface ........................... 31 GMSC to MNP-SRF interface............2..1 6a...6.............4....................................................6 6a............................ 30 GMSC ..............................................................................4 A.....................................................3 6a....2....................................... 36 Interface between the SMS-GMSC and the IM_MSC (GLg-interface)...........................................3........002 version 3...................gsmSRF interface ...........gsmSSF interface ........................................... 31 CBS-specific interfaces................................1 A.....3...................................3............................gsmSSF interface .......................... 33 Gateway Location Register (GLR) ...........................................................1 7.......................................................... 37 ETSI ........................................5...................................................................... 36 Interface between the MSC and the IM_MSC (GLh-interface)......................gsmSCF interface.. 33 A....5....1 A.....................................................5...........................4............................. 33 Definitions related to Gateway Location Register (GLR) .................... 31 Signalling Relay-based solution.............. 30 MSC ..............................................

technical enhancements. z the third digit is incremented when editorial only changes have been incorporated in the document.0 Release 1999 6 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. i. 3 or greater indicates TSG approved document under change control.0 (2000-03) Foreword This Technical Specification (TS) has been produced by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).e. etc.y. Should the TSG modify the contents of the present document.002 version 3.3G TS 23. y the second digit is incremented for all changes of substance.3.z where: x the first digit: 1 presented to TSG for information. it will be re-released by the TSG with an identifying change of release date and an increase in version number as follows: Version x. The contents of the present document are subject to continuing work within the TSG and may change following formal TSG approval. corrections. 2 presented to TSG for approval. Introduction The present document present the possible architectures of the Universal Mobile Telecommuncation System (UMTS) Release 99. updates.3. ETSI .

TS 22. Service Description. TS 22.068: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). Stage 1". Organisation of subscriber data". Location registration procedures".) or non-specific. TS 23.3G TS 23. TS 23. the configuration of a PLMN is described as well as the organisation of the functional entities. TS 22.002 version 3.071: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). TR 21.009: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). 2 References • References are either specific (identified by date of publication. In clause 4. [void] TS 23. The following documents contain provisions which.016: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). Stage 1". Location Services (LCS). [1] [1a] [2] [2a] [2b] [2c] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [9a] [10] GSM 01. through reference in this text.0 (2000-03) 1 Scope The purpose of the present document is to present the possible architectures of the mobile system.054: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).060: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). constitute provisions of the present document.060: "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2+). • For a non-specific reference. Service description. Description for the use of a Shared Inter Working Function (SIWF) in a GSM PLMN".078: "Customised Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL). Stage 2". the configuration presented is the most general in order to cope with all the possible implementations which can be imagined in the different countries. Clause 5 of the present document contains a brief description of the interfaces involved which shows the principle of the organisation considered. Clause 3 of the present document contains a definition of the different functional entities needed to support the mobile service. General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). ETSI .3.04: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). TS 22. Service Description. Abbreviations and acronyms".041: "Technical realization of Cell Broadcast Service (CBS)". edition number. version number. subsequent revisions do not apply. TS 23. TS 23.905: "3G Vocabulary". Handover procedures". addressing and identification". General Packet radio Service (GPRS).012: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). some examples of possible configurations are presented. Voice Group Call Service (VGCS) stage 2". • For a specific reference. TS 23. International Mobile station Equipment Identities (IMEI)".008: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). To illustrate that purpose.3. Numbering.003: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).0 Release 1999 7 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. Stage 1". TS 23. Service Description. the latest version applies. etc. TS 23.

61: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).MSC) interface Interface principles".MSC) interface General aspects". GSM 08. GSM 08.410: "UTRAN Iu Interface: General Aspects and Principles". Signalling transport mechanism specification for the Base Station System .01: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).41x-series on definition of the Iu interface. Inband control of remote transcoders and rate adaptors".0 (2000-03) [10a] [10b] [10c] [11] [11a] [11b] [12] [13] [14] [14a] [14b] [15] [16] GSM 03. GSM Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) access reference configuration".3.04: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 1). GSM 08.101: "General UMTS Architecture".54: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).56: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). GSM 08. Functional Description.06: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). TS 23. GSM 08.BTS) interface . TS 23.08: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). Mobile Switching Centre Base Station System (MSC . Base Station Controller Base Transceiver Station (BSC .BSS) interface . Base Station Controller (BSC) to Base Transceiver Station (BTS) interface . GSM 08.002 version 3. TS 29.Layer 2 specification". Stage 2". GSM 04.078: "Customised Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) Phase 3 Stage 2".110: "Access Stratum (AS): Services and Functions". ITU-T Recommendation Q.Mobile-services Switching Centre (BSS MSC) interface".020: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). GSM 08.3G TS 23. GSM 08. GSM 08. TS 28.Interface principles".Mobile-services Switching Centre (BSS .071: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).MSC) interface Layer 1 specification".60: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). Base Station Controller Base Transceiver Station (BSC .3. Overall Description of the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) Radio Interface.0 Release 1999 8 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. Base Station Controller (BSC) to Base Transceiver Station (BTS) interface .Layer 3 specification".64: "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2+).51: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).52: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). TS 25. Base Station Controller (BSC) to Base Transceiver Station (BTS) . GSM 08.BTS) interface . Base Station System Mobile-services Switching Centre (BSS .1214 (05/1995): "Distributed Functional Plane for Intelligent Network CS-1" TS 23.58: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).02: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).MSC) interface". Location Services (LCS). Stage 2". TS 25. Mobile Application Part (MAP) specification". GSM 08. Base Station System Mobile-services Switching Centre (BSS . GSM 08. Base Station System Mobile-services Switching Centre (BSS . Inband control of remote transcoders and rate adaptors (half rate)". Rate adaption on the Base Station System .Layer 1 structure of physical circuits". TS 23. [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] ETSI .002: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).02 R98: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).General aspects".Layer 3 specification".

Signalling requirements on interworking between the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) and the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN)". The definitions of the entities of the mobile system are given in the next subclause. ISDN). The MSCs are the functional interfaces between the fixed networks and a PLMN for call set-up.002 version 3. The CN is logically divided into CS domain and PS domain. These two domains differ by the way they support user traffic. Interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and the Packet Switched Public Data Network (PSPDN) for Packet Assembly/Disassembly facility (PAD) access". TS 29. General requirements on interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)". A similar type of interconnection may exist for the interaction between the MSCs of one PLMN.101 and TS 23. it is a collection of MSCs areas within a common numbering plan (e. The AN is called BSS for GSM and RNS for UMTS. A PLMN can implement only one domain or both domains. 3. as explained bellow.03 R98: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). Signalling interworking for supplementary services". ETSI .Signalling procedures and the Mobile Application Part (MAP)".0 (2000-03) [27] GSM 09. they contain some common entities.MSC) . same National Destination Code) and a common routing plan.007: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).Base Station System and BSS . as defined in TS 23.005: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).Mobile-services Switching Centre (MS BSS .e.905. as defined in next subclause.3. Functionally the PLMNs may be regarded as independent telecommunications entities even though different PLMNs may be interconnected through the ISDN/PSTN and PDNs for forwarding of calls or network information.1 Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) A Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) is established and operated by an administration or Recognized Private Operating Agency (RPOA) for the specific purpose of providing land mobile telecommunications service services to the public.110.004: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] 3 Definitions and abbreviations In addition to the abbreviations given in the remainder of this clause others are listed in GSM 01.2 Core Network (CN) and Access Network (AN) The PLMN infrastructure is logically divided into a Core Network (CN) and an Access Network (AN) infrastructures. TS 29. TS 29. Information element mapping between Mobile Station . TS 29. 3.3 Circuit Switched (CS) and Packet Switched (PS) Domains The CN is constituted of a Circuit Switched (CS) domain and a Packet Switched (PS) domain. Interworking between a Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and a Packet Switched Public Data Network/Integrated Services Digital Network (PSPDN/ISDN) for the support of packet switched data transmission services". 3. as defined in clause "The Access Network".g. TS 29.3G TS 23.011: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). A PLMN may be regarded as an extension of a network (e. These two domains are overlapping.g.010: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+).3. i. Interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and the Circuit Switched Public Data Network (CSPDN)".006: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+). TS 29.04 and in TR 21.0 Release 1999 9 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.

3. The entities specific to the PS domain are the GPRS specific entities.002 version 3. A "PS type of connection" transports the user information using autonomous concatenation of bits called packets: each packet can be routed independently from the previous one.3.e.3. The Home Location Register (HLR) is the location register to which a mobile subscriber is assigned for record purposes such as subscriber information.3. The location register function in the SGSN stores subscription information and location information for Packet Switched (PS) services for each subscriber registered in the SGSN.0 Release 1999 10 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.3G TS 23. • The Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN). e. A "CS type of connection" is a connection for which dedicated network resources are allocated at the connection establishment and released at the connection release. used by an MSC to retrieve information for. This information is stored in a function named location register. • The Home Location Register (HLR). • The Visitor Location Register (VLR).1 CS Domain The CS domain refers to the set of all the CN entities offering "CS type of connection" for user traffic as well as all the entities supporting the related signalling. The location register is handled by four different entities. The SGSN is needed only in a PLMN which supports GPRS. The entities specific to the CS domain are: MSC. The Visitor Location Register (VLR) is the location register for Circuit Switched (CS) services. SGSN and GGSN.2 PS Domain The PS domain refers to the set of all the CN entities offering "PS type of connection" for user traffic as well as all the entities supporting the related signalling.0 (2000-03) 3. handling of calls to or from a roaming mobile station currently located in its area.g. other than the HLR. GMSC. i. 3.4 Location register To enable communication to a mobile station the network must know where this mobile station is located.5 Cell The cell is an area of radio coverage identified by a Base station identification as defined in GSM 23. The GGSN is needed only in a PLMN which supports GPRS.003. VLR. All the other CN entities defined in clause "4 The basic entities of the mobile system" and not defined as CS domain specific entities (see previous subclause) are common to the CS and to the PS domains. The location register function in the GGSN stores subscription information and routeing information (needed to tunnel packet data traffic destined for a GPRS MS to the SGSN where the MS is registered) for each subscriber for which the GGSN has at least one PDP context active. 3. • The Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN).3. ETSI . All the other CN entities defined in clause "4 The basic entities of the mobile system" and not defined as PS domain specific entities (see following subclause) are common to the CS and to the PS domains.

003.10 MSC area The MSC area is the part of the network covered by an MSC. A RA is always contained within a location area.12 SGSN area The SGSN area is the part of the network served by an SGSN.002 version 3. TS 23. ETSI .3. The VLR and/or SGSN evaluates this information to extract the restricted or accessible MSC and/or SGNS areas and location areas to which the mobile subscriber is allowed to roam.0 (2000-03) 3. 3. An MSC area may also consist of one or several BSC areas. 3. The boundaries of a RNC area and a location area are independent.8 Location Area (LA) The Location Area (LA) is defined as an area in which a mobile station may move freely without updating the VLR. Each regional subscription area consists of one or more zones. a location area may span the boundary between RNC area and a RNC area may span the boundary between location areas. 3. 3.0 Release 1999 11 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. Zones for Regional Subscription and their handling are defined in TS 23. 3. There need not be a one to one relationship between SGSN area and MSC/VLR area. The VLR and/or SGNS informs the HLR if an entire MSC and/or SGNS area is restricted. The boundaries of a BSC area and a location area are independent.3. each of which is a subset of the service area for an unrestricted mobile subscriber. each zone is contained within the service area of a PLMN. may move freely without updating the SGSN.008 and TS 29. An SGSN area may consist of one or several routing areas.7 Radio Network Controller (RNC) area The Radio Network Controller (RNC) area is an area of radio coverage consisting of one or more cells controlled by one RNC. The definition of a mobile subscriber's regional subscription area is stored within the HLR per National Destination Code(s) (NDC) of a PLMN and is transferred to the VLRs and/or SGSNs of that PLMN. A location area may include one or several cells. a location area may span the boundary between BSC area and a BSC area may span the boundary between location areas.11 VLR area The VLR area is the part of the network controlled by a VLR. or may lie within the service areas of two or more PLMNs. A routing area may include one or several cells.6 Base Station Controller (BSC) area The Base Station Controller (BSC) area is an area of radio coverage consisting of one or more cells controlled by one BSC. 3. An MSC area may consist of one or several location areas. An SGSN area may also consist of one or several BSC areas.9 Routing Area (RA) The Routing Area (RA) is defined as an area in which a mobile station.3G TS 23. in certain operation modes.13 Zones for Regional Subscription A PLMN operator may define a number of regional subscription areas. A regional subscription area may be contained within the service area of a single PLMN. 3.002. A VLR area may consist of one or several MSC areas.

3. a MO-LR list. some location information enabling the charging and routing of calls towards the MSC where the MS is registered (e.1. 4 The basic entities of the mobile system To provide the mobile service as it is defined. exchanges of data occur between these entities. The group call area may include cells of more than one MSC area and cells of more than one PLMN. 4. The following kinds of information are stored there: the subscription information.14 Service area The service area is defined as an area in which a mobile subscriber can be reached by another (mobile or fixed) subscriber without the subscriber's knowledge of the actual location of the mobile station within the area.g. also: a LCS privacy exception list.3G TS 23. A PLMN may contain one or several HLRs: it depends on the number of mobile subscribers.1.002 version 3. Different types of identity are attached to each mobile subscription and are stored in the HLR. one or more Mobile Station International ISDN number(s) (MSISDN). on the capacity of the equipment and on the organisation of the network. be a part of a country or include several countries. if GPRS is supported. ETSI . The location registration system associated with each service area must thus contain a list of all mobile stations located within that service area.0 (2000-03) 3.3.1. the SGSN Number). and. the VLR Number. One service area may consist of one country.0 Release 1999 12 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.15 Group call area The group call area is a predefined area composed of one or a number of cells to which a particular Voice Group Call Service (VGCS) or Voice Broadcast Service (VBS) call is distributed. which indicates the privacy class of the MS subscriber. The following identities are stored: the International Mobile Station Identity (IMSI). if LCS is supported.1 The Core Network (CN) entities Entities common to the PS and CS domains The Home Location Register (HLR) This functional entity is a data base in charge of the management of mobile subscribers. the MSC Number. the Local MS Identity). also: location information enabling the charging and routing of messages in the SGSN where the MS is currently registered (e. A service area may consist of several PLMNs. 3. the MS Roaming Number.1 4. it is necessary to introduce some specific functions.1 4. In any case. These functional entities can be implemented in different equipments or gathered. a GMLC list.g. and. The composition of a group call area is predefined in the network.

supplementary services.008.008.0 Release 1999 13 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. the following identity is also stored: the LMU indicator.3G TS 23. a list of all the group IDs a service subscriber is entitled to use to establish voice group or broadcast calls.1. 4. the Local Mobile Station Identity (LMSI). see TS 23. if LCS is supported. the VLR and the HLR exchange information to allow the proper handling of calls involving the MS. the Mobile Station Roaming Number (MSRN). service restrictions (e. the identity of the SGSN where the MS has been registered. the Temporary Mobile Station Identity (TMSI). if used.3. roaming limitation).1. the HLR contains the parameters attached to these services. also: • information about if a GGSN is allowed to dynamically allocate PDP addresses for a subscriber. However. NOTE: The organisation of the subscriber data is outlined in GSM 23.g. If this MS is no yet registered. The data base contains other information such as: • • • • teleservices and bearer services subscription information. The VLR also contains supplementary service parameters attached to the mobile subscriber and received from the HLR.2 The Visitor Location Register (VLR) A mobile station roaming in an MSC area is controlled by the Visitor Location Register in charge of this area. if GPRS is supported. The following elements are included: the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI). the location area where the mobile station has been registered. attached to each mobile subscription and stored in the HLR. There is always at least one identity. The VLR contains also the information needed to handle the calls set-up or received by the MSs registered in its data base (for some supplementary services the VLR may have to obtain additional information from the HLR). and. the following identity is also stored: zero or more Packet Data Protocol (PDP) address(es).002 version 3.003 for allocation principles. Only applicable to PLMNs supporting GPRS and which have a Gs interface between MSC/VLR and SGSN. the last known location and the initial location of the MS. A VLR may be in charge of one or several MSC areas. The MSC in charge of that area notices this registration and transfers to the Visitor Location Register the identity of the location area where the MS is situated. if applicable. the Mobile Station International ISDN number (MSISDN).3. Supplementary services parameters need not all be stored in the HLR. When a Mobile Station (MS) enters a new location area it starts a registration procedure. The IMSI or the MSISDN may be used as a key to access the information in the database for a mobile subscription. and. The organisation of the subscriber data is outlined in TS 23.0 (2000-03) if GPRS is supported. apart from the IMSI. it seems safer to store all subscription parameters in the HLR even when some are stored in a subscriber card. ETSI .

4. "grey listed".3.4 The Equipment Identity Register (EIR) The Equipment Identity Register (EIR) in the GSM system is the logical entity which is responsible for storing in the network the International Mobile Equipment Identities (IMEIs). This functional entity contains one or several databases which store(s) the IMEIs used in the GSM system.3. used in the GSM system.016 on IMEI. In order to obtain radio coverage of a given geographical area.016 and TS 29. a number of base stations are normally required.1. and stores an identity key for each mobile subscriber registered with the associated HLR. ETSI . The AuC communicates only with its associated HLR over an interface denoted the H-interface (see clause 5). i.1.1. The choice of which MSCs can act as SMS Interworking MSCs is a network operator matter (e. The Authentication Centre (AuC) is associated with an HLR.2 4.6 SMS Interworking MSC The SMS Interworking MSC acts as an interface between the PLMN and a Short Message Service Centre (SC) to allow short messages to be submitted from Mobile Stations to the SC. 4.g. "grey listed" and "black listed" and therefore may be stored in three separate lists.3 The Authentication Centre (AuC) The Authentication Centre (AuC) is an entity which stores data for each mobile subscriber to allow the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) to be authenticated and to allow communication over the radio path between the mobile station and the network to be ciphered. An EIR shall as a minimum contain a "white list" (Equipment classified as "white listed"). An IMEI may also be unknown to the EIR. See also TS 22.1. 4. The AuC transmits the data needed for authentication and ciphering via the HLR to the VLR.2. The mobile equipment may be classified as "white listed". The MSC performs all necessary functions in order to handle the circuit switched services to and from the mobile stations.1.002.5 SMS Gateway MSC (SMS-GMSC) The SMS Gateway MSC (SMS-GMSC) acts as an interface between a Short Message Service Centre and the PLMN.002 version 3. 4. The equipment is classified as "white listed".1. This key is used to generate: data which are used to authenticate the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI).1. "black listed" or it may be unknown as specified in TS 22.3G TS 23. a key used to cipher communication over the radio path between the mobile station and the network.0 (2000-03) 4.1. all MSCs or some designated MSCs).1 Entities of the CS domain The Mobile-services Switching Centre (MSC) The Mobile-services Switching Centre (MSC) constitutes the interface between the radio system and the fixed networks. MSC and SGSN which need to authenticate a mobile station. all MSCs or some designated MSCs).g. In addition several MSCs may be required to cover a country. to allow short messages to be delivered to mobile stations from the Service Centre (SC).1. each MSC would thus have to interface several base stations.0 Release 1999 14 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.1. The choice of which MSCs can act as SMS Gateway MSCs is a network operator matter (e.e.

the GGSN address of each GGSN for which an active PDP context exists.3.0 (2000-03) The Mobile-services Switching Centre is an exchange which performs all the switching and signalling functions for mobile stations located in a geographical area designated as the MSC area. The MSC which performs the routing function to the actual location of the MS is called the Gateway MSC (GMSC).3. ETSI .2. 29.1. 29. If the call is a voice group/broadcast call. The IWF is required to convert the protocols used in the PLMN to those used in the appropriate fixed network. NOTE: 4. one or more temporary identities.3. This MSC will interrogate the appropriate HLR and then route the call to the MSC where the mobile station is located.060. The acceptance of an interrogation to an HLR is the decision of the operator. See also GSM 03.005. They constitute the interface between the radio system and the fixed networks for packet switched services.g. it is routed directly from the GMSC to the VBS/VGCS Anchor MSC. zero or more PDP addresses. When this improves the readibility (e.3G TS 23.e. The IWF may have no functionality where the service implementation in the PLMN is directly compatible with that at the fixed network. the VLR number of the associated VLR (if the Gs interface is implemented). at least the following procedures: procedures required for the location registration (see TS 23.69. The main difference between a MSC and an exchange in a fixed network is that the MSC has to take into account the impact of the allocation of radio resources and the mobile nature of the subscribers and has to perform in addition. The organisation of the subscriber data in the SGSN is defined in TS 23. all MSCs or some designated MSCs). based on information (VBS/VGCS call reference) contained in the dialled number.1.3 Entities of the PS domain The UMTS PS-domain (or GPRS) Support Nodes (GSN) are the Gateway GSN (GGSN) and the Serving GSN (SGSN). and the term 3G-MSC can be used to refer to an MSC Release 99 or later. The IWF provides the functionality necessary to allow interworking between a PLMN and the fixed networks (ISDN.002 version 3.3 The Interworking Function (IWF) The Interworking Function (IWF) is a functional entity associated with the MSC. when dealing with inter-releases handover).009).2. location information: depending on the operating mode of the MS.004. the cell or the routeing area where the MS is registered. 4. The interworking functions are described in TS Technical Specifications 29.008 and TS 23.007 and 09.1. The GSN performs all necessary functions in order to handle the packet transmission to and from the mobile stations.012). PSTN and PDNs). The choice of which MSCs can act as Gateway MSCs is for the operator to decide (i.1 Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) The location register function in the SGSN stores two types of subscriber data needed to handle originating and terminating packet data transfer: subscription information: the IMSI.68 and 03.09. 4. the call is routed to an MSC. procedures required for handover (see TS 23. the term 2G-MSC can be used to refer to an MSC Release 98 or prior.0 Release 1999 15 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.1. 4.2 The Gateway MSC (GMSC) If a network delivering a call to the PLMN cannot interrogate the HLR. The functions of the IWF depend on the services and the type of fixed network.

the GGSN.3. etc. The procedures for information transfer between the GGSN.1. 4.g.060. controllers. The split of functions between BSS and CN is described in the 08-series of GSM Technical Specifications.016 and TS 23. the SGSN and the HLR are defined in TS 23. 4.002 version 3.060.1. The BG is only needed in PLMNs supporting GPRS.. the term 2G-SGSN can be used to refer to an MSC Release 98 or prior. Similarly. and the term 3G-SGSN can be used to refer to an MSC Release 99 or later. in PLMNs supporting GPRS. the VLR and the HLR are defined in TS 23. The organisation of the subscriber data in the GGSN is defined in TS 23. when dealing with inter-releases handover). 4.3 Border Gateway (BG) The Border Gateway (BG) is a gateway between a PLMN supporting GPRS and an external inter-PLMN backbone network used to interconnect with other PLMNs also supporting GPRS.1. 4. location information: the SGSN address for the SGSN where the MS is registered.008 and TS 23.3. The functionality for the A interface is described in GSM 08.3G TS 23.2. The radio equipment of a BSS may support one or more cells. Where an Abis-interface is implemented. the BSS consists of one Base Station Controller (BSC) and one or more Base Transceiver Station (BTS).1 Base Station Controller (BSC) A Base Station Controller (BSC) is a network component in the PLMN with the functions for control of one or more BTS.2 The Access Network (AN) entities Two different types of access network are used by the CN: the Base Station System (BSS) and the Radio Network System (RNS). SGSN) can connect to one of these Access Network type or to both of them.3.3. zero or more PDP addresses.016 and TS 23.1 The Base Station System (BSS) The Base Station System (BSS) is the system of base station equipments (transceivers.060. ETSI . 4.0 Release 1999 16 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. A BSS may consist of one or more base stations. NOTE: When this improves the readibility (e.0 (2000-03) The procedures for information transfer between the SGSN.2.02 and for the Gb interface in TS 23.060. The role of the BG is to provide the appropriate level of security to protect the PLMN and its subscribers.. There are two types of subscriber data needed to handle originating and terminating packet data transfer: subscription information: the IMSI.2 Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) The location register function in the GGSN stores subscriber data received from the HLR and the SGSN. The BSS offers a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) based technology to access the Mobile Station whereas the RNS offers a Wideband-Code Division Multiple Access (W-CDMA) based technology. The MSC (resp. the BSS is viewed by the SGSN through a single Gb interface.) which is viewed by the MSC through a single A-interface as being the entity responsible for communicating with Mobile Stations in a certain area.

. 4.2 Base Transceiver Station (BTS) A Base Transceiver Station (BTS) is a network component which serves one cell. the voice group or broadcast call attributes.1. it comprises the Mobile Equipment (ME) and the Subscriber Identity Module (SIM).060.2. A RNS may consist of one or more base stations.2. 4. 4. depending on the application and services.410 and for the Iu-PS interface in TS 23. The Group Call Register (GCR) shall hold for a related MSC area for each group ID and cell from which Voice Group Call Service (VGCS) or Voice Broadcast Service (VBS) calls can be established by mobile stations the voice group call reference or voice broadcast call reference to be used for a VGCS or VBS call to be established and an indication whether the originating MSC is the MSC responsible for that call. 4. ETSI .2. controllers.002 version 3. All the specific entities defined so far are located in the Core Network. The RNS consists of one Radio Network Controller (RNC) and one or more Node B. If the originating MSC is not responsible for that call. respectively. may support various combinations of Terminal Adapter (TA) and Terminal Equipment (TE) functional groups. A GCR may be in charge of one or several MSC. The split of functions between RNS and CN is described in the 25-series of UMTS Technical Specifications. The radio equipment of a RNS may support one or more cells. Each MSC involved in a voice group or broadcast call requests its proper voice group or broadcast call attributes from its related GCR by use of the voice group or broadcast call reference.3 The Mobile Station (MS) The mobile station consists of the physical equipment used by a PLMN subscriber.) which is viewed by the MSC through a single Iu-interface as being the entity responsible for communicating with Mobile Stations in a certain area.2. in PLMNs supporting GPRS. 4a The specific entities of the mobile system The entities presented in this clause are dedicated to the provisionning of a given (set of) service(s). etc.3. Voice group or broadcast call attributes are defined for a specific voice group or broadcast call reference and include the data required to configure the conference bridge for a VGCS or VBS call and other call related attributes.2. The functionality for the Iu-CS interface is described in TS 25.0 Release 1999 17 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. the RNS is viewed by the SGSN through a single IuPS interface.1 Radio Network Controller (RNC) A Radio Network Controller (RNC) is a network component in the PLMN with the functions for control of one or more Node B.2.0 (2000-03) 4.2 The Radio Network System (RNS) The Radio Network System (RNS) is the system of base station equipments (transceivers.3. called UMTS Subscriber Identity Module (USIM) for Release 99 and following. Similarly. The ME comprises the Mobile Termination (MT) which. The fact that they are implemented or not in a given PLMN should have limited impact on all the other entities of the PLMN. 4a.1 The Group Call Register (GCR) entity The Group Call Register (GCR) is a register holding information about VGCS or VBS calls. These functional groups are described in GSM 04.02. the GCR shall hold the routing information identifying the MSC responsible for that call.3G TS 23..2 Node B A Node B is a network component which serves one cell.

4a. An NSS based SMLC supports positioning of a target MS via signaling on the Ls interface to the visited MSC. BSS based SMLC: supports the Lb interface. a list of identities of dispatchers which are allowed to terminate the voice group or broadcast call. The SMLC/SRNC controls a number of LMUs for the purpose of obtaining radio interface measurements to locate or help locate MS subscribers in the area that it serves. ETSI . Both types of SMLC may support the Lp interface to enable access to information and resources owned by another SMLC. any MSC in the same PLMN. In UMTS. 4a.3. The contents of each list related to requests of an MSC not responsible for a voice group or broadcast call is as follows: a list of cells inside the MSC area of the requesting MSC into which the call is to be sent (part of the group call area). two types of SMLC are possible: NSS based SMLC: supports the Ls interface. the length of time over which no activity is detected before the voice group call is automatically terminated.0 (2000-03) The contents of each list related to requests of the MSC responsible for a voice group or broadcast call is as follows: a list of cells inside the MSC area of the requesting MSC into which the call is to be sent (part of the group call area). the Serving Mobile Location Center (SMLC) node is responsible for managing the overall co-ordination and scheduling of resources required to perform positioning of a mobile. a list of identities of dispatchers which are allowed to initiate the voice group or broadcast call. An SIWFS can be accessed by several other network nodes e.069.171.3. g.71. For further details on LCS in UTRAN.002 version 3. a flag indicating if acknowledgements are required for this voice group or broadcast call. and calculating the final location estimate and accuracy.3. a list of identities of dispatchers to which a dedicated link is to be established. The SMLC/SRNC is administered with the capabilities and types of measurement produced by each of its LMUs.3G TS 23. the default priority level related to the voice group or broadcast call if the eMLPP supplementary service applies.2 The Shared InterWorking Function (SIWF) entity Shared InterWorking Function (SIWF) is a network function that provides interworking for data/fax calls.068 and 23. the SMLC functionality is integrated in SRNC. An SIWFS contains IWF capabilities as described in subclause 4.54. There may be more than one SMLC in a PLMN. see TS 25. SIWF consists of a SIWF Controller (SIWFC) functionality located in MSCs and SIWF Server(s) (SIWFS) located in the PLMN.2.1 Serving Mobile Location Center (SMLC) In GSM.1. see GSM 03. see TS 23. For further details on LCS in UMTS from system and core network point view. In GSM. More information is provided in TS 23.3.305. More information is provided in GSM 03.0 Release 1999 18 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. a list of other MSCs into which the call is to be sent. 4a. A BSS based SMLC supports positioning via signaling on the Lb interface to the BSC serving the target MS.3 The Location Services (LCS) entities For further details on LCS in GSM.

Signaling to a Type B LMU is by means of messages routed through the controlling BSC for a BSS based SMLC or messages routed through a controlling BSC and MSC for an NSS based SMLC. which completely specifies CAMEL stage 2.3. Type A LMU is not supported in UMTS release 1999.4 CAMEL entities The entities of this subclause support the CAMEL feature (Customised Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic). In UMTS. This feature provides the mechanisms to support services consistently independently of the serving network. signaling between an NSS based SMLC and LMU is transferred via the MSC serving the LMU using the Ls interface and either the Um interface for a Type A LMU or the Abis interface for a Type B LMU. A type A LMU is accessed exclusively over the GSM air interface (Um interface): there is no wired connection to any other network element. Two types of LMU are defined: Type A LMU: Type B LMU: accessed over the normal GSM air interface. The LMU may be either a standalone network element addressed using some pseudo-cell ID or connected to or integrated in a Node B. for Location Services the SRNC generates LCS assistance data. when a Cell Broadcast Center (CBC) is associated with a BSC.3 Location Measurement Unit (LMU) An LMU makes radio measurements to support one or more positioning methods.1 GSM Service Control Function (gsmSCF) A functional entity that contains the CAMEL service logic to implement Operator Specific Service. Signaling between a BSS based SMLC and LMU is transferred via the BSC that serves or controls the LMU using the Lb interface and either the Um interface for a Type A LMU or the Abis interface for a Type B LMU. A type A LMU supports those connection management functions necessary to support LCS signaling transactions with the SMLC and may support certain call control functions of to support signaling to an SMLC using a circuit switched data connection. In GSM. a Type B LMU is accessed over the Iub interface from an RNC. In GSM. the gsmSRF and the HLR. ETSI . for Location Services. to the CBC [refer to GSM.0 (2000-03) In GSM.3. In GSM.002 version 3. It interfaces with the gsmSSF. a type A LMU has signaling access to the SRNC. a type A LMU also has a serving MSC and VLR and a subscription profile in an HLR.4.3. The LMU may be either a standalone network element addressed using some pseudo-cell ID or connected to or integrated in a BTS. 4a. accessed over the base station to controller interface (Abis in GSM and Iub in UMTS). Broadcasting. A type A LMU always has a unique IMSI and supports all radio resource and mobility management functions of the GSM air interface that are necessary to support signaling using an SDCCH to the SMLC. The following definitions are extracted from 23. a type A LMU has a serving BTS and BSC that provide signaling access to a controlling SMLC. the SMLC may interface to a CBC in order to broadcast assistance data using existing cell broadcast capabilities. 4a. The GMLC performs registration authorization and requests routing information from the HLR.0 Release 1999 19 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. In UMTS. a Type B LMU is accessed over the Abis interface from a BSC. 4a.3. encryption and charging of LCS assistance data in UMTS is for further study and will be specified in later releases.2 Gateway Mobile Location Center (GMLC) The Gateway Mobile Location Center (GMLC) is the first node an external Location Application accesses in the GSM PLMN.3G TS 23. The SMLC shall behave as a user. 4a. In UMTS.41].03. Cell Broadcast Entity. With an NSS based SMLC.078 [2c]. There may be more than one GMLC in a PLMN. as described in 22.078 [10c].

g. The 3G Technical Specification 23.4.078.3 GSM Specialised Resource Function (gsmSRF) A functional entity which provides various specialized resources. the MNP-SRF will reply back to the GMSC with the necessary routing information to route the call. Note: Whether it should be possible that an RNC is connected to at least two CBCs at the same time (the "normal" one as in GSM and a second one for LCS) is for further study and depents on the solution taken for LCS. The CBC may be connected to several BSCs/RNCs. a country) whilst retaining his/her original MSISDN or MSISDNs. For details on MNP see TS 23. 4a. Upon request from gateway MSC. but uses different triggering mechanisms because of the nature of the mobile network. 4a.5.0 Release 1999 20 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.2 Signalling Relay-based solution: Mobile Number Portability/Signalling Relay function (MNP-SRF) The MNP-Signalling Relay Function (MNP-SRF) is the central element of the Signalling Relay based solution for Mobile Number Portability.002 version 3.6. 2.6. only cases 2 and 3 are applicable.3. It interfaces with the gsmSCF and with the MSC. The NPDB stores the table of correspondence between MSISDNs and Subscription networks. 4a. ETSI . 3. The MNP-SRF obtains the routing information from a NP database to identify the subscription network associated with a particular national MSISDN.2 GSM Service Switching Function (gsmSSF) A functional entity that interfaces the MSC/GMSC to the gsmSCF. The second one is a "Signalling Relay" based solution described in next but one subclause. 4a.1214 [11] with variations defined in 23.3.6 Number Portability Specific entities Two different solutions are defined to support Number Portability.0 (2000-03) 4a. The concept of the gsmSSF is derived from the IN SSF. This entity is defined in ITU-T Q.066. the MNP-SRF may perform one of the following actions: 1.1 IN-based solution: Number Portability Database (NPDB) The Number Portability Database (NPDB) is the central element of the IN based solution for Mobile Number Portability (MNP). MNP is the ability for a mobile subscriber to change the GSM subscription network within a portability cluster (e.5 CBS-specific entities The cell broadcast service (CBS) is a Teleservice which enables an Information Provider to submit short messages for broadcasting to a specified area within the PLMN. In UMTS the CBC is regarded to be integrated as a node into the core network. the message is relayed to the HLR.041 [8] contains the technical realization of the service. the message is relayed to MNP-SRF in the subscription network.3G TS 23. delivery of SMS). The first one is an IN based solution and is described in the next subclause.4.g.1 Cell Broadcast Center (CBC) The CBC shall be responsible for the management of CBS messages and for determining the CBS delivery parameters of the RNS. the NPDB retrieves from the MSISDN the Routing Number pointing out the Subscription network. 4a. 4a. Upon request of the (gateway or visited) MSC. For non-call related signalling (e.

4xx-series of Technical Specifications.3G TS 23. F and G need the support of the Mobile Application Part of the signalling system No. Interfaces Iu. In the basic configuration presented in figure 1. Interfaces A and Abis are defined in the GSM 08-series of Technical Specifications. all the functions are considered implemented in different equipments.1 Configuration of a Public Land Mobile Network Basic configuration The basic configuration of a Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) supporting GPRS and the interconnection to the PSTN/ISDN and PDN is presented in figure 1. From this configuration. C. the relevant interfaces become internal to that equipment. This configuration presents signalling interfaces which can be found in a PLMN. 7 to exchange the data necessary to provide the mobile service. E. all the possible PLMN organisations can be deduced.3.0 Release 1999 21 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. all the interfaces within PLMN are external. Interfaces B.3.0 (2000-03) 5 5.002 version 3. All the GPRS-specific interfaces (G.series) are defined in the UMTS 23-series and 24-series of Technical Specifications. Iur and Iubis are defined in the UMTS 25. Implementations may be different: some particular functions may be gathered in the same equipment and then some interfaces may become internal interfaces. D. Therefore. No protocols for the H-interface and for the Iinterface are standardized. In the case when some functions are contained in the same equipment. ETSI .

NOTE 2: When the MSC and the SGSN are integrated in a single physical entity. this entity is called UMTS MSC (UMSC). all the functions are considered implemented in different logical nodes.3G TS 23.3. If two logical nodes are implemented in the same physical equipment.2 5. Figure 1: Basic Configuration of a PLMN supporting CS and PS services and interfaces 5.0 Release 1999 22 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.0 (2000-03) PSTN Gi Gp GMSC GGSN AuC C PSTN PSTN H Gc Gn Gr HLR D G F EIR Gf Gs VLR B VLR B SGSN MSC E MSC CN A Gb IuCS IuPS BSS BSC Abis RNS Iur RNC Iubis RNC BTS Um BTS Node B cell Node B Uu ME SIM-ME i/f or Cu SIM USIM MS Legend: Bold lines: interfaces supporting user traffic.1 Configuration of LCS entities Configuration of LCS entities in GSM The configuration of LCS entities for GSM are is presented in figure 2. SS7 or IP): this needs further studies. The actual links may be provided by an underlying network (e. In the figure.3. the relevant interfaces may become internal to that equipment.2. ETSI .g. Dashed lines: interfaces supporting signalling. NOTE 1: The figure shows direct interconnections between the entities.002 version 3.

LMU Type A CBC Note 1) Uu IuBC 3GSGSN Lh HLR UE Node B (LMU Type B) Iub SRNC (SMLC functionality) Iu 3GLg MSC/VLR Le Gateway MLC Lc External LCS client Iur Node B (LMU Type B) Iub RNC Lg Gateway MLC gsmSCF Other PLMN Figure 3: Configuration of a LCS entities in a UMTS PLMN ETSI . NOTE: The usage of CBC for LCS assistance data in UMTS is for further study.2 Configuration of LCS entities in UMTS The basic configuration of UMTS LCS is presented in figure 3.0 (2000-03) LMU Type A CBC CBCSMLC SMLC Lp SMLC Um CBCBSC HLR Lb Ls Lh MS BTS (LMU Type B) Abis BSC A MSC/VLR Lg Le Gateway MLC External LCS client Lg Lc Abis LMU Type B Gateway MLC gsmSCF Other PLMN Figure 2: Configuration of LCS entities in a GSM PLMN 5.3. There is no SMLC entity in this figure because the SMLC functionality of UTRAN is integrated in SRNC.002 version 3.0 Release 1999 23 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.3. The assistance data is generated in SRNC.2.3G TS 23.

NOTE: The CAMEL-specific interfaces have no particular name. GMSC gsmSSF C gsmSRF gsmSCF HLR D gsmSSF VLR B MSC Figure 4: configuration of CAMEL entities The bold lines are used for interfaces supporting user data only.3.e. all the GMSC. "the gsmSSF-gsmSCF interface". MSC and HLR interfaces depicted in figure 1 are still supported by these entities even if not shown. They are designated by the name of the two entities they link together.0 (2000-03) 5.002 version 3. the dashed lines are used for interfaces supporting signalling only.3G TS 23. i.3.g. 5. Only the interfaces specificly involved in CAMEL provisionning are shown.0 Release 1999 24 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.4 Configuration of CBS entities CBC CN Note 1 IuBC BSS BSC Abis RNS RNC Iub BTS BTS Node B Node B Note 1: Interface outside the scope of 3GPP/GSM UE Figure 5: Configuration of a PLMN supporting Cell Broadcast Service entities ETSI . e.3 Configuration of CAMEL entities The following figure shows the interconnection of the CAMEL-specific entities with the rest of the network.

2 Interface between Mobile Station and Radio Netwok System (Uuinterface) The interface between the MS and the RNS is specified in the 24.7 signalling network should be used to transfer these data and the callrelated signalling information.1 6.2.1. call handling.1 Interfaces between the PS domain and the Access Network Interface between SGSN and BSS (Gb-interface) The BSS-SGSN interface is used to carry information concerning: packet data transmission.2. The same No. call handling.2 6.002 version 3.and 05-series of GSM Technical Specifications.1 Interface between the Core Network and the Access Network Interfaces between the CS domain and the Access Network Interface between the MSC and Base Station System (A-interface) The interface between the MSC and its BSS is specified in the 08-series of GSM Technical Specifications.3.2 6. The BSS-MSC interface is used to carry information concerning: BSS management.and 25-series of UMTS Technical Specifications. 6. 6. mobility management.1 6.41x-series of UMTS Technical Specifications. 6. 6.0 Release 1999 25 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. ETSI .1 Interfaces between Mobile Station and the Fixed Infrastructure Interface between Mobile Station and Base Station System (Uminterface) The interface between the MS and the BSS is specified in the 04.1. mobility management.2 Interface between the MSC and RNS (Iu_CS interface) The interface between the MSC and its RNS is specified in the 25.2.3.1. The RNS-MSC interface is used to carry information concerning: RNS management.2.1.2. 6.0 (2000-03) 6 PLMN basic interfaces The implementation of the mobile service with international roaming implies the exchange of data between the equipment involved in the service.3G TS 23.2.

0 (2000-03) - mobility management.16 and 08.3G TS 23. 6.002 version 3. when a subscriber activates a specific supplementary service or modifies some data attached to a service. The Iu_PS interface is defined in the 25. The Gb interface is defined in GSM 08. The interface also allows control of the radio equipment and radio frequency allocation in the BTS.5x-series of GSM Technical Specifications.2 Interface between the HLR and the MSC (C-interface) The Gateway MSC must interrogate the HLR of the required subscriber to obtain routing information for a call or a short message directed to that subscriber.1.2. this interface is used between the RNC and BTS to support the services offered to the GSM users and subscribers.3. this interface is used between the BSC and BTS to support the services offered to the GSM users and subscribers. This procedure occurs whenever an MS roams to another location area. 08. the MSC informs (via the VLR) the HLR which stores these modifications and updates the VLR if required. The interface is specified in the 08. The interface also allows control of the radio equipment and radio frequency allocation in the BTS.1 Interfaces internal to the Access Network Interface between BSC and BTS (Abis-interface) When the BSS consists of a Base Station Controller (BSC) and one or more Base Transceiver Stations (BTS). 6.1 6.18.2.3.4.14.2 Interface between SGSN and RNS (Iu_PS-interface) The RNS-3G-SGSN interface is used to carry information concerning: packet data transmission.3.41x-series of UMTS Technical Specifications.3 Interface between two RNCs (Iur-interface) This interface is defined in the 25. The interface is specified in the 28.1.4. mobility management.42x series of recommendations. the MSC informs its VLR which stores the relevant information. 6. 6. 6.1 Interfaces internal to the Core Network Interfaces internal to the CS domain Interface between the MSC and its associated VLR (B-interface) The VLR is the location and management data base for the mobile subscribers roaming in the area controlled by the associated MSC(s).0 Release 1999 26 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. This interface is internal to the MSC/VLR. it interrogates the VLR.3 6. Also. ETSI . 6.3. When a mobile station initiates a location updating procedure with an MSC.4 6. signalling on it is not standardised.2 Interface between RNC and Node B (Iubis-interface) When the RNS consists of a Base Station Controller (RNC) and one or more Base Transceiver Stations (BTS).4.5x-series of GSM Technical Specifications.3. Whenever the MSC needs data related to a given mobile station currently located in its area.

For CAMEL purposes. the MSCs will exchange information to transfer A-interface signalling as necessary.02. subscription information.3. For that purpose the MSCs have to exchange data to initiate and then to realise the operation.4.1.4. See TS 29.0 Release 1999 27 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. this interface is used as described in 23. It is used e. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP).002. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities. 6.3.1. When a short message is to be transferred between a Mobile Station and Short Message Service Centre (SC). See TS 29. in either direction. at terminating calls to exchange routeing information.1. 6. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities. The HLR then instructs the previous VLR to cancel the location registration of this subscriber. this interface is used to transfer the message between the MSC serving the Mobile Station and the MSC which acts as the interface to the SC.3 Interface between the HLR and the VLR (D-interface) This interface is used to exchange the data related to the location of the mobile station and to the management of the subscriber.002.078. e.g.4. See TS 29. when he wants to change some data attached to his subscription or when some parameters of the subscription are modified by administrative means. the location registers have to exchange data.1.3G TS 23. The VLR informs the HLR of the location of a mobile station managed by the latter and provides it (either at location updating or at call set-up) with the roaming number of that station. See GSM 09.6 Interface between VLRs (G-interface) When a mobile subscriber moves from a VLR area to another Location Registration procedure will happen. location information. etc. The interface is also used for the other purposes described in 23.0 (2000-03) Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP). ETSI . a handover procedure has to be performed in order to continue the communication. 6. For CAMEL purposes.002.4 Interface between MSCs (E-interface) When a mobile station moves from one MSC area to another during a call. To support this.5 Interface between MSC and EIR (F-interface) This interface is used between MSC and EIR to exchange data. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities. to retrieve subscriber status and location information of the mobile subscriber or to indicate suppression of announcement for a CAMEL service. The HLR sends to the VLR all the data needed to support the service to the mobile subscriber. 6. After the handover operation has been completed. See TS 29. subscriber status.002.4. This procedure may include the retrieval of the IMSI and authentication parameters from the old VLR. this interface is used to send the CAMEL related subscriber data to the visited PLMN and for provision of MSRN.002 version 3. in order that the EIR can verify the status of the IMEI retrieved from the Mobile Station.078. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP). Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP). Exchanges of data may occur when the mobile subscriber requires a particular service. The main service provided to the mobile subscriber is the capability to set up or to receive calls within the whole service area. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP).g.

and Gp-interface) These interfaces are used to support mobility between the SGSN and GGSN. The Gs-interface is defined in TS 29.3. to be able to activate a packet data network address. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities (TCAP). 6. thus forming a signalling path between the GGSN and the HLR.2.3.2 Interface between SGSN and GGSN (Gn. The Gn/Gp interface also includes a part which allows SGSNs to communicate subscriber and user data. signalling between the GGSN and the HLR uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP).016 and 29. when he wants to change some data attached to his subscription or when some parameters of the subscription are modified by administrative means.060. Signalling on this interface uses the User Datagram Protocol.4. that an MS is engaged in a service handled by the MSC.2. 6. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP).0 (2000-03) 6. if there is no SS7 interface in the GGSN.0 Release 1999 28 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.4.2. The HLR sends to the SGSN all the data needed to support the service to the mobile subscriber. The SGSN may receive paging requests from the MSC/VLR via the Gs interface. 6. The Gp-interface is used if GGSN and SGSN are located in different PLMNs.002. The Gn/Gp interface is defined in TS 29. See GSM 09.2. ETSI .1 Interfaces internal to the PS domain Interface between SGSN and HLR (Gr-interface) This interface is used to exchange the data related to the location of the mobile station and to the management of the subscriber.002 version 3.3.02. when changing SGSN. The Gn interface is used when GGSN and SGSN are located inside one PLMN. The MSC/VLR may indicate to an SGSN. See TS 29. Exchanges of data may occur when the mobile subscriber requires a particular service.4. via the Gs interface. The SGSN informs the HLR of the location of a mobile station managed by the latter.2 6. UDP/IP.02. in order that the EIR can verify the status of the IMEI retrieved from the Mobile Station.4. The main service provided to the mobile subscriber is the capability to transfer packet data within the whole service area.4 Interface between SGSN and EIR (Gf-interface) This interface is used between SGSN and EIR to exchange data. See GSM 09. any GSN in the same PLMN and which has an SS7 interface installed can be used as a GTP to MAP protocol converter. Signalling on this interface uses connectionless SCCP (without TCAP).1 Interfaces used by CS and PS domains Interface between MSC/VLR and SGSN (Gs-interface) The SGSN may send location information to the MSC/VLR via the optional Gs interface. There are two alternative ways to implement this signalling path: if an SS7 interface is implemented in the GGSN. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities (TCAP).4.3 6. 6.4. SCCP Global Title (GT) is used for addressing.018. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP).4.3 Signalling Path between GGSN and HLR (Gc-interface) This optional signalling path may be used by the GGSN to retrieve information about the location and supported services for the mobile subscriber. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities (TCAP).3G TS 23.

3.1 PLMN specific interfaces GCR-specific interface Interface between the MSC and its associated GCR (I-interface) The GCR is the management data base for the voice group or broadcast calls in the area controlled by the associated MSC(s).2 Interface between MSC and SMLC (Ls-interface) The MSC -SMLC interface is used to exchange data needed by the SMLC to select a positioning method and compute a location estimate. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities (TCAP).3. ETSI .2 6a.0 Release 1999 29 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.1 SIWFS-specific interface Interface between MSC and SIWFS (K-Interface) The K interface is used between MSC and SIWFS and is specified in GSM Technical specification 03. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP).3.3 Interface between SMLC and MSC/VLR (Ls-interface) In GSM.1 LCS-specific interfaces Interface between MSC and GMLC (Lg-interface) The MSC -GMLC interface is used to exchange data needed by the MSC to perform subscriber authorization and allocate network resources.3.002.002 version 3. an NSS based SMLC supports positioning of a target MS via signaling on the Ls interface to the visited MSC.54. See TS 29. The GMLC provides the IMSI and requested Quality of Service information. The protocol used to transfer the data over this interface is not standardized. 6a.3. The MSC provides the MS's location capabilities and requested Quality of Service information. 6a. The protocol used to transfer the data over this interface is not standardised.002. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP).1. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities (TCAP).3 6a. See TS 29. Signalling on this interface uses BSSAP-LE.4. which in turn uses the services of Transaction Capabilities (TCAP). See TS 29. 6a 6a.2.1 6a. 6a.2 Interface between HLR and AuC (H-Interface) When an HLR receives a request for authentication and ciphering data for a Mobile Subscriber and it does not hold the requested data.31. 6a. the HLR requests the data from the AuC.0 (2000-03) 6. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP). 6a. which is specified in GSM 09.002. Whenever the MSC needs data related to a requested voice group or broadcast call it interrogates the GCR to obtain the respective voice group or broadcast call attributes.4 Interface between GMLC and HLR (Lh-interface) This interface is used by the GMLC to retrieve the VMSC location and IMSI for a particular mobile.3G TS 23.3.3.

078 [10c]. The interface is described in the specification to make it easier to understand the handling of DPs (arming/disarming of DPs.4. 6a. both NSS and BSS-based SMLCs may support the Lp interface to enable access to information and resources owned by another SMLC.2 gsmSSF .3G TS 23. DP processing etc. These interfaces are.4 6a. 6a.5 gsmSCF .4. 6a.3 MSC .3.1 CAMEL-specific interfaces GMSC . which is defined in GSM 09.31.). In UMTS.3.31. 6a.4. Relationships on this interface are opened as a result of the gsmSSF sending a request for instructions to the gsmSCF.3. Signalling on this interface uses BSSAPP-LE.0 Release 1999 30 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. the SMLC functionality is included in SRNC and the Iur interface shall include the Lp interface type of functionality. This interface is also used for USSD operations. 6a.3.gsmSSF interface The CAMEL-specific interfaces are detailed in 23. which is specified in GSM 08. ETSI . As a network operator option the HLR may refuse to provide the information requested by the gsmSCF. and SMLCPP.).gsmSRF interface This interface is used by the gsmSCF to instruct the gsmSRF to play tones/announcements to the users. It is a network operator option whether to support or not USSD operations on this interface.4. This is an internal interface.002 version 3. In UMTS.3.4. the Ls interface is not standardized.0 (2000-03) In UMTS. the Lb interface is not standardized. which is specified in GSM 09.6 Interface between Peer SMLCs (Lp-interface) In GSM. both for gsmSCF-initiated dialogues and MS-initiated dialogues (relayed via HLR). 6a.4 gsmSCF . 6a.HLR interface This interface is used by the gsmSCF to request information from the HLR.gsmSSF interface This is an internal interface. 6a. Signalling on this interface uses BSSAP-LE. DP processing etc.7 Interface between BTS and LMU (Um-interface) The Um/Uu interface specific to LCS is defined in 24.4 Interface between BSC and SMLC (Lb-interface) In GSM.gsmSCF interface This interface is used by the gsmSCF to control a call in a certain gsmSSF and to request the gsmSSF to establish a connection with a gsmSRF. a BSS based SMLC supports positioning via signaling on the Lb interface to the BSC serving the target MS. because the SMLC functionality is included in SRNC.071.31. because the SMLC functionality is included in SRNC. The interface is described in the specification to make it easier to understand the handling of Detection Points (arming/disarming of DPs.

066. 7 Interface to external networks The interfaces with fixed networks.2.5 6a. described in subclause 4a.1 Number portability specific interfaces IN-based solution NPDB to MSC interface Upon receiving an ISUP IAM.002 version 3. For more details see TS 23. and it determines that the subscriber is not ported or it has been ported from another network. it responds back to the MSC to continue the normal call setup procedure for MT calls (optionally providing the Routing Number). are described in the 09-series of GSM Technical Specifications and in the 29-series of TS Technical Specification. including dedicated networks.3.6.5.3. and CBS delivery parameter. the NPDB responds back to the MSC with a Routing Number pointing out the Subscription network.6. which in turn will perform one of the actions.41x-series of 3G Technical Specifications. depending on the portability status of the subscriber and the network configuration.6 6a. 6a. for call control.6. the (gateway or visited) MSC send a database query to the NPDB as a result of analysis of the received MSISDN. ETSI . If it is ported.1. 6a. The CBC-RNS interface is used to carry information concerning: the CBS messages itself.1 Signalling Relay-based solution GMSC to MNP-SRF interface Upon receiving an ISUP IAM.0 Release 1999 31 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. The MSISDN is included in the query to the NPDB. If not.1 6a.1 Interface between the fixed networks and the MSC The MSC is based on a normal ISDN exchange.0 (2000-03) 6a.6 MSC . the MNP-SRF relays the message to the HLR.6.3G TS 23. the gateway MSC sends a routing interrogation to the MNP-SRF. 6a.4.2 6a.2.2 MNP-SRF to HLR interface When the MNP-SRF receives a routing interrogation from the GMSC or an interrogating network entity (non/call related signalling). It has. 7 User Parts TUP and ISUP associated to the circuits used for incoming and outgoing calls. The NPDB determines whether the MSISDN is ported or not.6.gsmSCF interface This interface is used by the MSC to send supplementary service invocation notifications to the gsmSCF.1 CBS-specific interfaces Interface between the CBC and RNS (Iu_BC Interface) The interface between the CBC and the RNS is specified in the 25. 6a. The signalling interface considered in the GSM Technical Specifications is related to the signalling system No. 7.7. the same interface as the fixed network exchanges.

3. ETSI .0 Release 1999 32 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.0 (2000-03) 7.3.3G TS 23.3 Interface between GMLC and external LCS Client (Le-interface) This interface connects the PLMN to the external LCS Client.2 Interface between GGSN and external data networks (Gi-interface) This interface connects the PLMN to external public or private packet data networks.002 version 3. 7.

0 (2000-03) Annex A (informative): Description for GLR-related entities and interfaces This annex describes the GLR-related entities and the interfaces. Register SS) from the VPLMN point of view.g. A.3G TS 23. ETSI .3.119: "Gateway Location Register (GLR) .stage 2".1 The entities of the mobile system Gateway Location Register (GLR) GLR is pseudo-HLR located in visited network. The GLR shall generate SCCP address of the HLR (i.e.214 MGT) from IMSI.2 A. This is because MAP operations such as ISD must be terminated at the GLR for the purpose of subscriber data caching. A. The GLR shall terminate all TC dialogues and start new dialogues towards the HLR or the VLR. Therfore. The GLR is a logical node and acts as a VLR for MAP signalling (e.2. The GLR acts as a HLR for MAP signalling (e.1 [1] Normative references TS 23.g.3.2 Intermediate Mobile-services Switching Centre (IM-MSC) This entity is used as serving MSC towards home network and relay some messages between home network and serving MSC. ISD) from the HPLMN point of view. This annex is an informative annex. The 'informative' means just that the GLR is an optional functional entity to optimize signalling traffic between PLMNs. this annex is normative to a PLMN which introduce the GLR. A. A. PRN) from the HPLMN point of view.3 Intermediate GPRS Serving Node (IM-GSN) This entity is used as serving GSN towards home network and relay some PDU notification messages between serving GSN and Gateway GSN.3. This entity can be only located in a visited PLMN. The location register function in the GLR stores subscription information and routeing information for both CS services and PS services. The GLR also acts as an SGSN for MAP signalling only (e. A.2. The roamer's information is stored in it and handles location management of it within the network. This entity can be only located in a visited PLMN. Also.0 Release 1999 33 ETSI TS 123 002 V3. This entity can be only located in a visited PLMN.3 A. Presence of GLR is invisible from home network therefore interface between HLR and GLR is same as one of HLR and VLR.002 version 3.2.1 Definitions related to Gateway Location Register (GLR) Gateway Location Register (GLR) This entity handles location management of roaming subscriber in visited network without involving HLR. the interface between the VLR and GLR is the same as the one between the VLR and the HLR.g. E.

GLc. The Intermediate MSC (IM-MSC) is a logical node and represents the VMSC in the GLR equipped VPLMN.0 Release 1999 34 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.e. Apart from the case described above (i. GLh.3. PDU_Notification request/response. PDU_Notification request/response. GLf. SMS-GMSC) to serving MSC in visited network. No protocols for the GLe interface are standardized.0 (2000-03) A. The IM-MSC terminates MAP signalling from the HPLMN towards the VMSC and forwards the signal to the actual VMSC. The IM-MSC acts as the VMSC for the HPLMN in the same way that the GLR acts as a VLR for HPLMN. The IM-MSC Number is the E.3.g. and GLi need the support of the Mobile Application Part of the signalling system No. Instead it is terminated at the GLR. IM-MSC) and it relays it to actual serving MSC interrogating routing information to GLR. The IM-GSN terminates these GTP signalling messages from the HPLMN towards SGSN and forwards the signal to the actual SGSN.1. - A.3 Intermediate GPRS Serving Node (IM-GSN) The Intermediate GSN (IM-GSN) is a logical node and represents the SGSN for some GTP signalling termination in a GLR equipped VPLMN.3G TS 23.4 A.164 Number assigned to the IM-MSC. The IM-MSC has an address interrogation function with which it is able to obtain the actual VMSC Number from the GLR.1 Configuration of a Public Land Mobile Network Basic configuration with GLR introduction In the basic configuration with GLR introduction presented in figure A. PDU_Notification_reject request/response) from the HPLMN point of view. PDU_Notification_reject request/response). Some service features use the MSC Number stored in the HLR directly to deliver message from a certain node in home network (e. Therefore. GLg.e. GLj and GLk need the support of GPRS Tunneling Protocol . NOTE: MAP signalling towards the SGSN is NOT terminated at the IM-GSN. GLb. all the functions related to GLR introduction are considered implemented in different equipments.3. ETSI . The IM-MSC is implemented in the same physical node as the one in which the GLR is implemented.Control to provide the packet domain services. GLd. The IM-GSN acts as an SGSN for only some GTP signalling messages (i.002 version 3.e.3. which represent MSCs in the visited network. all other GTP signalling should be handled directly between the SGSN and the GGSN. 7 to exchange the data necessary to provide the mobile service. the message is firstly distributed to representative MSC (i.4.2 Intermediate Mobile-services Switching Centre (IM-MSC) The Intermediate MSC (IM-MSC) is the logical node. The interrogation function of the IM-MSC is similar to that in the SMS-GMSC. all the interfaces within PLMN are external.. In such case. The GLR alters the VMSC Number to the IM-MSC Number within an Update Location message. A. Interfaces GLa. The IM-GSN has an address interrogation function with which it is able to request the actual SGSN address from the GLR.

ETSI .5 Interface between the GLR and the IM_GSN (GLe-interface) In the network with the GLR when the IM_GSN receiving a PDU notification from the GGSN. A. this interface is the same as that between the SGSN and the HLR (see TS 29.3 Interface between the SGSN and the GLR (GLc-interface) This interface is the same as those between the SGSN and the HLR (see TS 29.5.1 PLMN interfaces Interface between the HLR and the GLR (GLa-interface) In circuit switched domain.5. The HLR regards the GLR as the VLR via this interface.1: Configuration of a PLMN and interfaces with GLR A. On the other hand.3.002).3.0 (2000-03) SGSN GLk IM-GSN GLc GLe GLR GLa GLf GGSN HLR Other PLMN GLb VLR/MSC GLh GLd IM-MSC GLg GLi GLj SMS-GMSC GMLC Signalling interface User traffic interface. Figure A. However. The SGSN regards the GLR as the HLR via this interface.4 Interface between the GLR and the IM_MSC (GLd-interface) In the network with the GLR.002). this interface is internal because GLR and IM-MSC are implemented in the same physical node and the protocol on this interface is not specified. the IM_GSN relays the notification to the SGSN by interrogating via the interface the routing information to the GLR.5. The VLR regards the GLR as the HLR via this interface. in packet switched domain.002).002).002 version 3. User traffic includes Short Message. The HLR regards the GLR as the SGSN via this interface A. when the IM_MSC receives a message.5. it interrogates the GLR for the routing information of the MSC. this interface is the same as that between the VLR and the HLR (see TS 29.5 A. A.5.0 Release 1999 35 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.002).3G TS 23.2 Interface between the VLR and the GLR (GLb-interface) This interface is the same as those between the VLR and the HLR (see TS 29. A. The interrogation uses the same operation on the interface between the SGSN and the HLR (see TS 29.

002).10 Interface between the GGSN and the IM_GSN (GLj-interface) In the network with the GLR when receiving a PDP PDU from the external network the GGSN sends a notification to the IM_GSN by the routing information from the HLR (see TS 29. A.0 Release 1999 36 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.002).3. The GGSN regards the IM_GSN as the SGSN via this interface.5. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP) (see TS 29.3G TS 23.002). A. The SGSN regards the IM_GSN as the GGSN via this interface. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP) (see TS 29.060).6 Interface between the SMS-GMSC and the GLR (GLf-interface) This interface is used to forward mobile-terminated short messages in the network with the GLR in case of SMS transfer over GPRS. A.3.5.0 (2000-03) A.002). ETSI .5.11 Interface between the SGSN and the IM_GSN (GLk-interface) In the network with the GLR when receiving a PDP notification from the GGSN.7 Interface between the SMS-GMSC and the IM_MSC (GLg-interface) This interface is used to forward short messages in the network with the GLR in case of SMS transfer over non-GPRS. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP) (see TS 29.8 Interface between the MSC and the IM_MSC (GLh-interface) This interface is used to forward short messages in the network with the GLR in case of SMS transfer over non-GPRS. the IM_GSN relays the notification to the SGSN by the routing information from the GLR (see TS 29. The SMS-GMSC regards the IM_MSC as the MSC via this interface. A. Signalling on this interface uses the Mobile Application Part (MAP) (see TS 29.5.060). Also this interface is used to exchange data needed by the MSC to perform subscriber authorization and allocate network resources.9 Interface between the GMLC and the IM_MSC (GLi-interface) Also this interface is used to exchange data needed by the MSC to perform subscriber authorization and allocate network resources. The GMLC regards the IM_MSC as the MSC via this interface.002 version 3.5. The SMS-GMSC regards the GLR as the SGSN via this interface. A.5.

02 v.3.3.0.0 v.2. CR #005r1: Re-ordering of clause 4 (The entities of the mobile system).0.002 (23.3. CR #014r1: Incorporation of network architecture material coming from clause 4 of 29.0) widely modified to incorporate UMTS aspects (CR 001) incorporation of CR002 on GLR.3. CR #006: Re-ordering of clause 5 (Configuration of a Public Land Mobile Network).0 v.3.7. CR #011r1: Introduction of CBS aspects CR #012r2: Add LCS enhancements CR #013r4: Define GSM LCS parts and add UMTS LCS "hooks" in the network architecture.002 ETSI .3. update of some references Incorpoaration of the following CRs: CR #004: General improvements of the split between clause 3 (Definitions and abbreviations) and clause 4 (The entities of the mobile system).002 v.3G TS 23.002 version 3.0 Information about changes renumberring of the present document from 03.0 v. CR #008: Simplification of the figure 1 (configuration of a PLMN and interfaces) CR #009r1: Introduction of CAMEL aspects.0.02 to 23. CR #007: Re-ordering of clause 6 ("PLMN interfaces").0 (2000-03) Annex B (informative): Change history Date September 1999 October 1999 January 2000 March 2000 Version v.3.0 identical to 03.0 Release 1999 37 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.1.3.

0 Release 1999 38 ETSI TS 123 002 V3.3.0 March 2000 Publication ETSI .3.002 version 3.3G TS 23.0 (2000-03) History Document history V3.3.