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p.6 The case of the runaway trolley to collide with = to crash onto eg. The two trains collided with each other collision (n) with a loud bang! (used only for the means of transport) For people we use “to clash with” eg. The demonstrators clashed with the police. maze = labyrinth – a complex and confusing arrangement eg. a labyrinth of laws to apportion blame = to hold sb responsible for sth eg. It is the judge’s job to apportion blame. a dented wing = slight damage to a car to disdain = to despise, to look down on e.g. Being rich doesn’t mean that you should disdain poor people commendable = praiseworthy e.g The singer gave a commendable performance. to touch on = to briefly mention respondent = person who answers a question to gang up on = to threaten a menace = a threat dreary = boring to ridicule = to make fun of, to mock, to laugh at pg. 7 Extra from a novel equanimity = peace of mind, calmness, serenity to hatch = to slowly take shape hostile = unfriendly tranquil = quiet, calm to proclaim = to declare, to announce that refuge = shelter, a place that offers protection sleek = having a wealthy and smart appearance siblings = your brothers and/or you sisters a summons = an order to appear in a law court to crop up = to appear suddenly, unexpectedly input = contribution/offer to to decline = to refuse, to deny to infer from = to draw a conclusion from to arouse = (metaphorically speaking) to awaken , to give birth to feelings, emotions pg. 7 Could you possibly turn it down, please? mindlessly = carelessly to take sth in your stride (idiom) = to consider sth as normal part of life to pound = to beat like a jungle drum to spot = to see, to notice hatch backs = a cardoor that opens upwards illuminating = helpful, sth that clears sth up eg. “That’s an illuminating example.”
having teeth to trudge = to walk with heavy steps upon… to forsake = to give up. 10 The voice of Bart Simson mischievous = naughty obnoxious = disgusting vantage = a place or position giving a good view husky = hoarse. quarrel etc) contraption = a strange device. 12+13 Wildlife encounters to interact with = to get in touch with/ communicate with be renowned = be famous. temperate region = area.pg. create placid = calm. gadget to soar = to fly at a low distance from the ground to spawn (metaphorically used) = to give birth to. temperament be a novice = person learning sth. big and strong gloating = pleased with another man’s success or failure to gawp = to stare/look at in a stupid manner incongruous = out of place. mild. a plethora of to nestle in = be in a comfortable position veterinary = doctor for animals predators = animals/birds that attack other animals/birds and eat them sheer = complete. not belonging to lush = rich in to relish = to enjoy sth a lot profoundly = deeply to hook up with sb = to meet with be bratty = be naughty struck by = impressed by involuntary = without wanting to to trace = to locate. well-known for abundance = plenty of. sheer luck impromptu = without previous preparation . 8 On a wing and a woof goggles = eyeglasses that cyclists wear applause (n) = when people clap their hands to applaud (v) to intervene = to come in between (to stop a fight. to abandon daredevil = sb who does dangerous things in life to extinguish a fire/the flames = to put out to have a go at sth = to have a try be timid = be shy disposition = a person’s nature. total eg. a learner intrusion = invasion clamorous = noisy to leap = a jump pg. go back and find pgs. district jagged = like a saw.
protruding to blush = get red in the face (due to embarrassment) to accrue = to gather. “ You performance has surpassed all expectations. a robbery quay (key) = pier.PRACTICE TEST 2 pg. person who poses to impress nerdy = antisocial pg.” to probe into = to investigate alluring = tempting. dock. . to have a flair for (collocation) sprawl = expansion to zero in on = to focus on to teeter = to move or balance unsteadily the brink of = the edge of unambiguously = clearly to contrive = to invent winsome = attractive. 32 The long way home tenements = blocks of flats to be itching to do sth = to get/become impatient a hold – up = a delay. enjoyment to labour = to work hard. 34 Model citizen jutting = sticking out. convincingly to emulate sb = to copy. to accumulate. 31 Extract The environmentally friendly CD to generate = to produce credentials = proof. to amass cogently = logically. inexorable to long for = to want sth badly to endure = to last craze = to latest fashion pg. certification to sanction = to give official permission for to reinforce = to strengthen to devise = to invent pg.g. ceaseless. to imitate (with a positive meaning) to foster = to promote to vilify = to slander. to run sb down behind their backs so as to blacken their reputation. fun. 30 It’s a string thing to marginalize = to put aside and ignore slushy = slippery equivalent to = equal to to bring on = to cause sth to happen relentless = unstoppable . waterfront pg. appealing embedded = fixed firmly in a surrounding mass foible = a minor weakness or eccentricity drollery = amusement. 31 Book Review grungy =dirty to surpass = to exceed e. evidence. to collect poseurs = a poser. to toil to summon up = to gather. appealing flair for = talent for.
usually to disparage = to speak of sb as being of little worth to stem = to stop. happening for the first time to intercept = to stop sth from reaching its destination e. an opening statement one-off = sth happening only once escapade = an incident involving daring and adventure be offended by = be hurt by pg.g. 36 Charity begins at the dinner table malnourished = underfed frivolous = not serious slap . representation of to defy = to ignore. invasions to persecute = to chase. 58-59 What price privacy? batch of = lots of violations = intrusions.A. The police have put him under surveillance. who helps deliver a baby be conducive to = leading to quaint = strange. to stress.pg. unusual. to obtain pg. to disregard (defiance (n)) lurker = one who waits hidden in order to attack skulker = one who follows at a close distance racket = too much noise within earshot = can be heard. insulting . The police intercepted a parcel containing a bomb. element of to incorporate = to include unprecedented = never having happened before. audible pg. check.g. link between introspective = looking inside oneself be liable to = be bound/going to to stall = delay to gain/bide time pg. personification. hair radius = distance from the centre of a circle (geometry) preamble = an introduction. old fashioned correlation between = connection. 55 Should I stay or should I go? conspicuous = easily seen obvious to attain = to get. having good intentions initiative = ability to take quick decisions to highlight = to lay emphasis on. 54 The art of travel midwife = nurse.T) Greek: ΦΠΑ be well disposed = be well-meaning. 56-57 Call of the wild drab = dull and uninteresting embodiment = inclusion.g. offensive = abusive. component = part of. to emphasise PRACTICE TEST 3 pg. (n) = persecution invariably = as a rule. 53 part 1 Extract from Novel to flick = to sharply move from side to side auburn = reddish – brown e.up meals = large and extravagant premium = an extra change added to the price of sth else (V. control be an advocate of = be a supporter/defender of to trade sth off = to exchange sth for sth else surveillance = watch sb continuously e.
77 The look mutual = involving both sides eg. event apparent = obvious goggles = eye – glasses Part 3 pg.legislation = the making of laws to amass = to gather. to calm down to yearn for = to want sth badly consistently = continuously. instant gregarious = friendly. at the outset frustration = the feeling of anger due to lack of progress studiously = in detail mishap = an unfortunate incident. good command of sth e. theatre) to demean = to suffer a loss of dignity aficionados = a person keen on sth potential = probable.g. 80-81 Stiff breeze. pg.g. likely to happen pg. terror etc. evidence museum curator = the head of a museum. as if. 60-61 part 4 to annihilate = to destroy to dissect = to cut into pieces be cheeky = be impolite. Her beauty was such that heads would turn everytime she passed by. 78 Cheddarvision footage = part of film made for cinema or television imperceptible = sth our senses cannot perceive quasi = almost. 82-83 affront (n) = an offensive remark to let sb off the hook = to let sb escape punishment drizzle = light rain grasp = understanding. regularly pg. to collect to resent = to hate. no cocktails. be funny to subside = to become quiet. He has a good grasp of maths. accept sth reluctantly pgs. proof. sociable PRACTICE TEST 4 pg. (A) “I like you” (B) “ The feeling is mutual” dilated pupils = enlarged eyes (due to shock.) to turn heads = to make sb look in a specific direction e. to dislike be resigned to = come terms with. the one in charge of the museum aisles = corridors (cinema. seemingly be disproportionate to = not analogous to be hilarious= be humorous. deviation = departure from a point loping = running with big steps . 79 Art for everyone wads of = packs of credentials = certification. be rude the boundaries = the limits of instantaneous = immediate. outset = beginning.
decrease to engender =to give rise to. take out of e. portrayal peasant = farmer be agitated=energized assertion= claim. wary suck sth out of=drain out of. an advocate of. a defender of to maintain that = to claim that. inducing fear starlings = song birds with a shiny plumage to underrate= to underestimate fuzzy= not clear pg. 101 –Why not let nature speak for itself? be confined to = be limited to awesome = causing. to cause smt to happen a proponent of= a supporter.to decrease. 103 Climate change exhibition potential(adj)= likely to happen to clarify sth= to clear sth up scale = the extent of magnitude = the size of to mitigate=to reduce . to minimize to address(v) an issue= to deal with it e.g. to direct at meticulously= in detail PRACTICE TEST 5 pg. ardent= enthusiastic to level(n) at=to aim at. cautious. to take by force to jump on the bandwagon=to do an activity that has become fashionable or popular be susceptible to= be vulnerable.” sustainable= avoiding using up natural resources . supporting an idea be astounded= be surprised saga=a myth drive(n)=motivation to brew beer= to make beer prairie = field. meadow leery=careful. 84-85 Gullibles travel to praise = to speak highly of acclaim = recognition evocation = bringing strong images and feelings to mind depiction = picture of. Hard work sucked all the energy out of him.g. to argue that be sceptical= have doubts about be all the rage = the latest fashion buzzword(informal) = a technical word or phrase that has become fashionable to hijack= to seize.Part 4 pg.102 Responsible Tourism to minimize=to reduce . sensitive to pg. to diminish. “ We must address this problem.
diligent to conceive=to think of an idea to befit= to be appropriate for disposability=throwing things away perpetually=continuously pristine=clean and fresh/as new as can be covetable= much sought after e. a minor disease spontaneously = a place where sth is found in large quantities nappies = a piece of material wrapped round a baby’s bottom… repository = a place where sth is found in large quantities . industrious=hard working. meticulous pen= a small enclosure for farm animals e. 106-107 The Godfather effervescent= lively and enthusiastic descent(n)=sb’s origins entrepreneurs=business people who take risks to rear= to breed (of animals. have misgivings about (collocation) reticent =silent. type or character luminous= shiny. Being homeless means that you are in a plight. to devastate=to destroy to tuck into=to eat food heartily tainted =damaged. pgs. accolade= a special honour given given as a reward for excellence to lambaste= to criticize harshly to catch on= to become fashionable . to begin formidable=terrific. admirable (has a positive meaning) to flinch from= to avoid sth through fear or anxiety wistful=having or showing feeling of regretful longing shoal= a large number/group of fish swimming together plight=difficult situation one might find himself in e. God is……. fish) outlandish= strange. to affect with an undesirable quality e.g. at the outset be apprehensive about= be worried. second thoughts about sth. The covetable Nobel price.g. a fall in to give sb my seal of approval= to give sb to green light to proceed with sth Part 4 pgs. be present/seen all over e.g. phosphorescent to mob(v)=to crowd around sb in an unruly way to giggle = to laugh in a silly way ubiquitous=seen everywhere at the same time. to be taken aback =be surprised to stump up=pay a sum of money misgivings =doubts. 104-105 Breaking the Mould mould= a distinctive style. birds. The bulls were in a pen. to remain reticent to scour= to search thoroughly to nurture= to feed fastidious= very careful about accuracy and detail.g. anxious about loft = room in the upper part of the house ailment = a sickness.g.pgs. hesitation. quiet. Weak spelling tainted his essay.to understand a decline in= a decrease in. 108-109 Initially= at the beginning. odd to strike up a friendship= to start.
partly.PRACTICE TEST 6 pg. not professionally to crop up = to appear unexpectedly. having an amusingly personal style deadpan = expressionless. thorough disparate = containings items different from each other trait = characteristic in one’s character. In the old days. tiresome catchy = easily/ remembered e. title. gullible.g. 130-131 All the world’s her stage concept = idea. unnecessary.g “ It’s only a scratch” “ Soon it will heal. 128-129 Life choices rewind to = return to. utterly= completely to prolong = make sth last longer intricate = complicated zany = unconventional. descendants = the future generation (s) to a certain extent = up to a point. not showing any emotion overall = general pgs. personality dilettante = occupying oneself with sth but as an amateur. There’s a streak of meanness in him. sb easily deceived.” bracket = a category of similar people or things domain = area . notion e. young and ambitious beau= boyfriend pgs. houses were illuminated by candle light. be (in) compatible with minutiae = small or precise details a streak = an element of a specific kind in one’s character e. 126 Peter Molyneux: Computer Games creator disciplines = sciences incompatible =not going well together. 125 It’s only a game to conjure up =to bring to mind obsessed = thinking about the same thing 24 hours a day. come up comes across as = gives the impression of fidgeting = unable to sit still blitheness=happiness . tune etc. cheated high-flier = young person who wants to succeed quickly. be obsessed with sth (collocation) illuminated by = lit by e. the implementation of one’s promises superfluous = redundant. the concept of God multitasking = doing various tasks at the same time consummate = complete. to heal = to be cured because of the organisms defence system e. in part. Einstein’s domain was physics.g. partially pg. pg. extra tedious=tiring. to some degree. get back to to rekindle = start passionately a relationship after breaking up featuring = showing get down to doing sth = focus seriously on sth.g.g.g. get down to business swirling = going around in circles naive = innocent .g. 127 Review of a Video Game format = type of implementation= putting sth into practice e.field e.
lonely. cowardly be weak of limb = person likely to easily faint. peculiar . involves. without a care flamboyant = brightly –coloured. superb. do sth off the top of my head pgs. clear embraces = includes. a river. winding eg. incorporates to abseil = to climb down a rock with a rope fixed at a higher point be faint of heart = lacking courage. a rivulet interminable = endless. 132-133 Gorge Yourself variant = slight charge from to master = to complete sth successfully venues = places. having many talents commitment = devotion to . a road with many turns versatile = adaptable. marvellous. areas to pioneer = to discover and start sth for the first time to obtain = to get to purge oneself of = to clean of limpid = clean.insouciant = carefree.odd. to characterise creek = a small river. wonderful . weird grotesque = shocking meandering =following a winding course. complicated. lose consciousness outfit = clothes comprises = includes. consists of perforated = drilled with holes accumulates = gathers. limitless ledge = an underwater ridge a gorge = a canyon be hooked on = be addicted to shallow = not deep gear = equipment gorgeous = beautiful. collects top – notch = of the highest quality lone wolf = person who is all alone. unconcerned. a loner (it’s his choice to be) to define = to specify. lively in a noticeable way convoluted = complex. having many twists bizarre = strange. pass out. dedication to unstimulated = uninspired by to improvise = to do sth on the spot without any previous preparation. a stream.