For immediate release: July 2, 2012

For more information: Bill Mahoney (518) 817-3738

2012 LEGISLATIVE SESSION ANALYSIS
As part of an ongoing review of legislative activity, the following analysis examines the 2012 New York legislative session. This analysis does not draw conclusions on the substance of bills or a particular legislator’s impact, or the overall legislative output, since legislative “productivity” is more complicated and subjective than simple numbers. It is up to New Yorkers to assess their legislators’ effectiveness and impact. In order to be informed New Yorkers deserve information on the functioning of their Legislature and we hope that the following information will stimulate dialogue between lawmakers and their constituents. Bill Passage Totals by Year Passed Passed Passed Passed Passed Passed Assembly, Jan- Senate, Jan- Both, JanAssembly, Full Senate, Full Both, Full July July Jul Year Year Year 1,056 1,256 571 1,056 1,256 571 999 1,289 677 1,001 1,291 679 1,196 1,124 700 1,210 1,143 716 1,242 640 554 1,256 694 588 1,641 1,794 811 1,645 1,822 830 1,531 1,770 847 1,538 1,828 861 1,961 1,842 958 1,965 1,848 963 1,628 1,603 882 1,630 1,619 890 1,702 1,522 777 1,793 1,607 879 1,403 1,366 761 1,408 1,374 768 1,654 1,294 745 1,654 1,314 755 1,283 1,050 549 1,394 1,149 662 1,537 1,424 711 1,537 1,424 711 1,470 1,317 607 1,586 1,412 732 1,547 1,369 674 1,563 1,391 694 1,132 1,234 475 1,469 1,408 758 1,580 1,543 813 1,585 1,558 830 1,362 1,401 776 1,362 1,407 782

Year 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995

Fewer bills have passed in 2012 than in any other full calendar year examined in the above chart. Of course, the Legislature could return this year and increase the total number of bills passed, conceivably moving beyond 2009’s full year total. 1

Numbers from earlier years reveal that the current 2012 total is actually lower than any year since at least 1914.1 The general trend in recent years indicates a gradual decline in the number of bills passing both houses.

Total Bills Passing Both Houses
1350

1150

950

750

550 1920

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

Decade 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s (so far)

Average Two-House Bills per Year 955 1,159 1,213 1,230 1,363 1,192 1,019 818 791 655

Some of this decrease may be due to the increasing import of the state budget. In 1969, one of the years with the highest number of bills passed, the budget was 577 pages. In 2012, it was 2,890. While much of this increase is due to the dramatic growth in government spending, there appears to be a trend toward including a greater number of issues in the annual budget’s appropriation and Article VII bills, thus increasing the length of the budget bills and reducing the number of policy changes which may have passed as separate bills.

1

For the entirety of this report, numbers from 1995-2012 were obtained from the New York State Legislative Bill Drafting Commission, via LRS. Totals for the years from 1920-1994 were obtained from George E. Mitchell, Editor, The New York Red Book (Guilderland, NY: New York Legal Publishing Corp, 1999). Partial totals from earlier than 1920 were found in the legislature’s annual digests. These only contained numbers for bills which were signed into law. From 1915-1919, the number of bills which were sign ed into law was higher than 2012’s total of 571 bills passing both houses. In 1914, 532 bills were signed into law. Depending on the number of vetoes, the total number passing both houses may or may not have been higher than 2012’s, hence the use of the phrase “at least.”

2

The most significant reason for the gradual decline in recent decades is likely due to a relative stasis in the expansion of areas that are deemed as governable. The years in which these numbers peaked were those which coincided with the most fervent periods of expansionism, specifically the Little New Deal, the post-war boom years, and Governor Rockefeller’s Average Two House unprecedented increases in state spending. Some of the new Governor Bills per Year areas in which the state began to legislate were due directly to Miller 908.00 opportunities for federal grants, such as increases in welfare and Smith housing. Others, such as environmental protection and funding for 1923-1928 936.17 higher education, were not directly tied to federal requirements, FDR 1,047.25 but grew out of similar philosophies about the role of the state Lehman 1,214.10 Dewey 1,189.00 government in society. New legislation became necessary to Harriman 1,289.25 establish these programs, and additional bills were often passed in Rockefeller 1,356.20 subsequent years to fix problems in these nascent state programs. Wilson 1,348.00 As the programs matured, they entered into a more settled status, Carey 1,041.38 which required less frequent adjustment. In recent decades, the Cuomo I 941.75 state has entered fewer new fields of governance, driven largely by Pataki 785.33 the increase in popular support for smaller government which Spitzer 861.00 began to bloom in the late 1970s and and most recently driven by Paterson2 711.33 a lack of funds due to the recent economic downturn. Cuomo II 625.00

Total Bill Introductions, 2011-2012 14,578 bills were introduced in both houses in 2011, 12,293 of which were still active in 2012.3 3,809 new bills were introduced in 2012. Of the 571 bills which passed both houses in 2012, 150 were holdovers from the previous year, and 421 were first introduced in the second year of the session.4 Assemblymember Englebright has introduced more bills than any other legislator over the course of the current two-year session. Senator Kruger, despite resigning in 2011, introduced more bills than any other member of his house. Bills Bills Total TwoIntroduced Introduced Year Bill Member 2011 2012 Introductions Englebright 343 32 375 KRUGER 372 0 372 GOLDEN 223 78 301

House A S S

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Totals for 2007 are incorporated entirely in the average for Governor Paterson, who presided over 94.81% of the bills which passed that year. 3 This represents legislation introduced under separate bill numbers and does not count amended versions as additional bill introductions. 4 Thus, a total of 16,102 bills were active at some point in 2012, 571 of which passed both houses. While it may be tempting to claim that this means that 3.55% of all bills ultimately passed both houses, one must keep in mind that each two-house passage ultimately requires one bill in each house, so a more accurate number would be 7.10%.

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S S S A A A A S A S A A

LAVALLE MAZIARZ PARKER Thiele Pretlow Kavanagh Morelle YOUNG Ortiz KLEIN Brennan Wright

254 241 226 227 217 241 216 185 225 175 182 193

47 43 44 39 45 21 40 69 21 56 34 13

301 284 270 266 262 262 256 254 246 231 216 206

Eleven members introduced fewer than ten bills over the two-year session. Bills Bills Introduced Introduced Total Bills Member in 2011 in 2012 Introduced Boyland 0 3 3 Barrett* 0 3 3 Kearns* 0 4 4 Arroyo 3 1 4 Kirwan* 6 0 6 Mayer* 0 6 6 Rivera J 5 1 6 STOROBIN* 0 7 7 Duprey 5 2 7 Hikind 3 4 7 Roberts 4 5 9 *indicates a member who did not serve the full two-year term.

Bills Passing Each house by Month In each house, the majority of bills—more than half—was passed in June. Passed % of 2012's Passed % of 2012's Assembly Assembly Bills Senate Senate Bills 90 8.40% 61 4.75% 61 5.69% 72 5.61% 86 8.02% 167 13.01% 54 5.04% 65 5.06% 164 15.30% 208 16.20% 617 57.56% 711 55.37%

Month January February March April May June

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Average Voting Breakdown In both houses, a majority of bills passed unanimously, and approximately a third of the contests votes passed with at least 90% support. Pecrentage of Votes in the Affirmative Less than 50% 50% through 59.99% 60% through 69.99% 70% through 79.99% 80% through 89.99% 90% through 99.99% 100% Percentage Percentage of All Votes Assembly of All Votes 0.08% 0 0.00% 0.31% 3 0.28% 1.72% 53 4.94% 2.97% 58 5.41% 3.75% 49 4.57% 33.75% 348 32.43% 57.42% 562 52.38%

Senate 1 4 22 38 48 432 735

Floor Votes Lost By Calendar Year Year Senate Assembly 2012 1 0 2011 1 0 2010 2 0 2009 9 0 2008 0 0 2007 1 0 2006 0 0 2005 0 0

Assembly and Senate Members with the Most Bills Passing Both Houses in 2012 In each house, the top ten consisted entirely of members of the majority party. Assemblyman Kolb and Senators Klein and Breslin led non-majority members in passing the most bills (seven each) through their houses Total Bills Passed Assemblymember Both Houses Magnarelli 21 Morelle 19 Sweeney 19 Abbate 17 Paulin 16 Weisenberg 14 Gunther A 13 Brindisi 12 Schimminger 12 Magee 12 Total Bills Passed Both Houses 30 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 19 19

Senator YOUNG BONACIC SEWARD GOLDEN GRISANTI MARTINS HANNON SKELOS LAVALLE MCDONALD

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Legislators with the Most Bills Passing Both Houses, Full Two-Year Term Total Bills Passed Both Houses, 2011-2 Rank 56 55 53 52 47 47 47 43 41 41 39 37 37 35 33 33 32 31 31 31 29 29 29 28 27 27

Member YOUNG GOLDEN HANNON BONACIC SEWARD GRISANTI LAVALLE Abbate MAZIARZ Sweeney MARTINS SALAND DEFRANCISCO MCDONALD SKELOS Morelle Paulin MARCELLINO Magee LITTLE Magnarelli ZELDIN GRIFFO FLANAGAN LANZA Weisenberg

1 2 3 4 5 5 5 8 9 9 11 12 12 14 15 15 17 18 18 18 21 21 21 24 25 25

Bills Passing at Least One House In the Senate, Republicans passed significantly more bills through their chamber (33.21 per member) than Democrats (3.32 bills per member). Senator Duane was the only member of his chamber who passed no bills through at least one house. Average per Member 83 3.32 58 1096 19 6 14.5 33.21

Conference Democrats Independent Democrats Republicans Other: Introduced by “Budget” or “Rules”

Members 25 4 33

Bills Passed Senate

In the Assembly, the minority passed a significantly higher proportion of bills per member, though there is still a notable disparity. Ten (10) Assembly Republicans and one (1) Assembly Democrat (Boyland) passed no bills through their house. Average per Members Bills Passed Assembly Member 101 935 9.26 49 110 2.24

Conference Democrats Republicans Other: Introduced by “Budget” or “Rules”

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Conference Unity: the Senate % of Votes Same as % Of Votes Same as % Of Votes Same as Skelos Sampson Klein 93.45% 94.51% 93.67% 99.13% 98.01% 99.52% 98.83% 96.93% 98.07%

Conference D I R

As the above chart indicates, the Independent Democrats were the Senate’s most unified conference, voting the same as their leader 99.52% of the time. The Senate Democrats were the least unified, voting with Sampson 94.51% of the time. While two members (Smith and Breslin) almost always voted the same way as their leader, Republicans and members of the IDC were far more likely to find agreement. Only three of the 25 members who voted with him the most frequently belonged to his conference; eight of the ten members who differed from Sampson the most frequently were Democrats. Senator Duane’s votes differed from each of the three leaders more than any other Senator, voting with Skelos 83.97% of the time, Sampson 85.42%, and Klein 84.18%.

Member FLANAGAN SKELOS GOLDEN ALESI STOROBIN MCDONALD

% Votes Same as Skelos Rank 100.00% 1 100.00% 1 99.92% 3 99.91% 4 99.86% 5 99.84% 6

Member SAMPSON SMITH BRESLIN CARLUCCI GOLDEN STOROBIN

% Votes Same as Sampson Rank 100.00% 1 98.48% 2 98.23% 3 98.19% 4 98.19% 5 98.17% 6

Member KLEIN CARLUCCI ALESI VALESKY FLANAGAN SKELOS

% Votes Same as Klein Rank 100.00% 1 99.61% 2 99.45% 3 99.42% 4 99.14% 5 99.14% 6 7

Member JOHNSON LIBOUS YOUNG HANNON GRISANTI ROBACH NOZZOLIO MARTINS FARLEY VALESKY RITCHIE CARLUCCI LANZA GALLIVAN GRIFFO KLEIN SALAND DEFRANCISCO FUSCHILLO MAZIARZ MARCELLINO SEWARD RANZENHOFER SMITH ZELDIN SAVINO LITTLE KENNEDY SAMPSON LAVALLE BRESLIN ADDABBO LARKIN ADAMS OPPENHEIMER BONACIC HUNTLEY PERALTA O'MARA

% Votes Same as Skelos Rank 99.84% 7 99.76% 8 99.76% 9 99.66% 10 99.61% 11 99.61% 12 99.53% 13 99.52% 14 99.51% 15 99.51% 16 99.45% 17 99.38% 18 99.30% 19 99.21% 20 99.14% 21 99.14% 22 99.06% 23 98.98% 24 98.98% 25 98.96% 26 98.95% 27 98.91% 28 98.83% 29 98.82% 30 98.67% 31 98.51% 32 98.20% 33 98.02% 34 97.96% 35 97.81% 36 97.51% 37 97.17% 38 96.77% 96.59% 96.55% 96.31% 96.26% 96.09% 95.78% 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Member MCDONALD KLEIN VALESKY FLANAGAN SKELOS ALESI HANNON JOHNSON ROBACH KENNEDY LIBOUS YOUNG SAVINO FARLEY MARTINS GRISANTI RITCHIE NOZZOLIO LANZA DEFRANCISCO MARCELLINO ADDABBO OPPENHEIMER PERALTA SALAND GALLIVAN ADAMS GRIFFO FUSCHILLO SEWARD MAZIARZ RANZENHOFER STEWARTCOUSINS ZELDIN ESPAILLAT GIANARIS LITTLE LAVALLE HUNTLEY

% Votes Same as Sampson Rank 98.13% 7 98.11% 8 98.09% 9 97.96% 10 97.96% 11 97.90% 12 97.87% 13 97.87% 14 97.72% 15 97.70% 16 97.67% 17 97.67% 18 97.64% 19 97.61% 20 97.60% 21 97.56% 22 97.56% 23 97.49% 24 97.41% 25 97.41% 26 97.40% 27 97.33% 28 97.32% 29 97.20% 30 97.17% 31 97.13% 32 97.12% 33 97.09% 34 97.08% 35 97.01% 36 96.88% 37 96.78% 38 96.69% 96.62% 96.47% 96.47% 96.38% 96.15% 96.04% 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Member GOLDEN GRISANTI SAVINO MCDONALD JOHNSON ROBACH LIBOUS YOUNG STOROBIN HANNON FARLEY NOZZOLIO SMITH MARTINS LANZA RITCHIE GALLIVAN MARCELLINO GRIFFO SALAND SEWARD KENNEDY MAZIARZ DEFRANCISCO RANZENHOFER FUSCHILLO SAMPSON ZELDIN BRESLIN LITTLE LAVALLE ADAMS ADDABBO OPPENHEIMER PERALTA HUNTLEY DIAZ LARKIN ESPAILLAT

% Votes Same as Klein Rank 99.14% 7 99.06% 8 99.06% 9 99.03% 10 98.94% 11 98.90% 12 98.88% 13 98.88% 14 98.88% 15 98.73% 16 98.68% 17 98.67% 18 98.65% 19 98.64% 20 98.59% 21 98.59% 22 98.49% 23 98.46% 24 98.43% 25 98.36% 26 98.36% 27 98.33% 28 98.24% 29 98.12% 30 98.12% 31 98.11% 32 98.11% 33 97.96% 34 97.74% 35 97.49% 36 97.10% 37 97.02% 38 97.01% 96.45% 96.16% 96.01% 95.92% 95.89% 95.83% 8 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Member DIAZ STEWARTCOUSINS ESPAILLAT GIANARIS STAVISKY AVELLA SERRANO SQUADRON DILAN BALL HASSELLTHOMPSON RIVERA PARKER KRUEGER MONTGOMERY PERKINS DUANE

% Votes Same as Skelos 95.67% 95.59% 95.35% 94.74% 94.32% 94.11% 93.65% 93.32% 92.60% 92.34% 91.35% 89.21% 88.60% 88.27% 86.79% 86.28% 83.97%

Rank 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Member DIAZ STAVISKY AVELLA SQUADRON SERRANO LARKIN BONACIC O'MARA DILAN HASSELLTHOMPSON RIVERA BALL KRUEGER PARKER MONTGOMERY PERKINS DUANE

% Votes Same as Sampson Rank 95.92% 95.76% 95.37% 95.13% 94.92% 94.77% 94.64% 93.76% 93.23% 93.16% 90.96% 90.96% 89.78% 89.33% 88.37% 87.81% 85.42% 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Member STEWARTCOUSINS BONACIC GIANARIS O'MARA STAVISKY AVELLA SERRANO SQUADRON DILAN BALL HASSELLTHOMPSON RIVERA PARKER KRUEGER MONTGOMERY PERKINS DUANE

% Votes Same as Klein 95.74% 95.52% 95.12% 95.10% 94.47% 94.41% 93.95% 93.86% 92.59% 91.93% 91.82% 89.59% 88.73% 88.33% 87.23% 86.67% 84.18%

Rank 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Conference Unity: the Assembly

Conference Democrats Republicans

% of Votes Same as % of Votes Same as Silver Kolb 98.69% 88.44% 88.07% 92.88%

Democrats voted with their leader significantly more often than Republicans. The 98 members who voted with Silver the most often were members of his party. Only three Democrats (Gunther – 100, Dinowitz – 101, and Schiminger – 106) voted with Silver less often than one or more Republican conference members.

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Member Mr. Speaker Braunstein Quart Arroyo DenDekker BrookKrasny Rivera P Lentol Maisel Linares Lavine Markey Perry Rivera J Titus Mayer Scarborough Cook Morelle Farrell Cymbrowitz Hooper Schimel Weprin Abinanti McEneny Abbate Lopez V Canestrari Boyland Hikind Sweeney Lifton Aubry Hevesi Millman
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Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Silver Silver 100.00% 1 100.00% 1 100.00% 35 100.00% 4 100.00% 5 100.00% 100.00% 99.91% 99.91% 99.91% 99.91% 99.91% 99.90% 99.90% 99.90% 99.88% 99.88% 99.81% 99.81% 99.81% 99.81% 99.81% 99.71% 99.71% 99.71% 99.71% 99.68% 99.64% 99.63% 99.62% 99.54% 99.53% 99.52% 99.52% 99.51% 99.51% 6 7 8 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 18 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Member Kolb Oaks Jordan Finch Barclay Reilich Conte Butler Duprey Hawley Palmesano Giglio Blankenbush Boyle Corwin Murray Tobacco Tedisco Schimminger Amedore Losquadro Walter Sayward Curran Johns Lopez P McDonough Ceretto Burling Raia Graf Smardz Saladino Montesano McKevitt Crouch

Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Kolb Kolb 100.00% 1 97.00% 2 96.70% 3 96.45% 4 96.43% 5 95.58% 95.45% 95.43% 95.06% 94.87% 94.57% 94.44% 94.40% 94.22% 94.12% 94.04% 93.94% 93.94% 93.79% 93.60% 93.57% 93.57% 93.45% 93.38% 93.20% 93.16% 93.07% 92.82% 92.78% 92.73% 92.59% 92.52% 92.36% 92.25% 92.13% 92.04% 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

The rankings are based both on the percentage of total votes and the total number of votes cast the same way as Silver. Though six members always voted the same way as the Speaker, five of them are not ranked in a tie for first place since they missed at least one vote.

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Member Ortiz Jacobs Camara Wright Russell Clark Lupardo Rivera N Magnarelli Ryan Nolan Crespo Kearns Meng Simotas Lancman Benedetto Castro O'Donnell Stevenson Galef Pretlow Simanowitz Rodriguez Bronson Paulin Moya Heastie Thiele Goldfeder Ramos Weisenberg Jaffee Espinal Colton Brennan Kellner Titone Englebright Jeffries

Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Silver Silver 99.51% 37 99.49% 38 99.48% 39 99.41% 40 99.41% 41 99.32% 42 99.30% 43 99.26% 44 99.25% 45 99.25% 46 99.24% 47 99.20% 48 99.19% 49 99.16% 50 99.16% 51 99.13% 52 99.13% 53 99.11% 54 99.00% 55 98.98% 56 98.97% 57 98.97% 57 98.88% 59 98.84% 60 98.79% 61 98.78% 62 98.69% 63 98.66% 64 98.66% 65 98.63% 66 98.56% 67 98.47% 68 98.42% 69 98.37% 70 98.36% 71 98.32% 72 98.29% 73 98.26% 74 98.23% 75 98.18% 76

Member Ra Castelli Lancman Hanna Magee Tenney Goodell Rabbitt Meng Fitzpatrick Calhoun Paulin Magnarelli Malliotakis Miller J Gabryszak Lupardo Cusick McLaughlin Galef Hooper Markey Russell Katz Quart Lentol Perry Titus Abbate Abinanti Lavine Braunstein Mr. Speaker Morelle Arroyo Ryan Camara Rodriguez Ortiz Linares

Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Kolb Kolb 91.43% 37 91.33% 38 91.27% 39 91.24% 40 91.19% 41 91.05% 42 90.77% 43 90.64% 44 90.38% 45 90.12% 46 90.08% 47 89.77% 48 89.75% 49 89.75% 50 89.75% 51 89.55% 52 89.53% 53 89.49% 54 89.48% 55 89.47% 56 89.45% 57 89.44% 58 89.40% 59 89.36% 60 89.33% 61 89.28% 62 89.28% 63 89.27% 64 89.27% 65 89.21% 66 89.20% 67 89.19% 68 89.19% 69 89.19% 70 89.18% 71 89.18% 72 89.18% 73 89.15% 74 89.12% 75 89.09% 76 11

Member Roberts Robinson Gottfried Reilly Zebrowski K Barrett Miller M Weinstein Latimer PeoplesStokes Rosenthal Cahill Gibson Gantt Brindisi Cusick Kavanagh Glick Magee Gabryszak Barron Skartados Castelli Gunther A Dinowitz McKevitt Ra Curran Boyle Schimminger Raia Ceretto Conte Tobacco Sayward Johns McDonough Duprey

Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Silver Silver 98.13% 77 98.07% 78 98.04% 79 98.04% 80 97.86% 81 97.85% 82 97.78% 83 97.74% 84 97.74% 85 97.67% 97.66% 97.31% 97.25% 97.18% 96.98% 96.62% 96.27% 95.93% 95.69% 95.55% 95.42% 95.34% 95.25% 95.15% 94.76% 94.38% 93.29% 93.19% 93.10% 92.64% 92.54% 92.44% 92.31% 92.20% 91.77% 91.71% 91.67% 90.96% 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114

Member Maisel Aubry Simotas Rivera P DenDekker Cook Kellner Farrell Cymbrowitz Schimel Stevenson BrookKrasny Wright Sweeney Canestrari Lifton Jeffries Pretlow Kearns Jacobs Millman Weprin McEneny Gunther A Hikind Clark Nolan Rivera J Brindisi Castro Roberts Thiele Espinal Zebrowski K Lopez V Heastie Simanowitz Friend

Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Kolb Kolb 89.09% 77 89.06% 78 89.06% 79 89.01% 80 89.01% 81 89.00% 82 89.00% 83 88.99% 84 88.97% 85 88.96% 88.96% 88.95% 88.95% 88.91% 88.82% 88.80% 88.73% 88.72% 88.71% 88.69% 88.68% 88.67% 88.65% 88.62% 88.61% 88.59% 88.55% 88.52% 88.50% 88.42% 88.38% 88.38% 88.37% 88.35% 88.33% 88.30% 88.26% 88.21% 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 12

Member Giglio Tedisco Saladino Kolb Murray Miller J Reilich Finch Butler Montesano Smardz Malliotakis Burling Amedore Graf Lopez P Oaks Barclay Jordan Losquadro Crouch Walter Blankenbush Goodell Hawley Palmesano Corwin Calhoun Rabbitt Hanna Tenney Fitzpatrick McLaughlin Katz Friend Miller D

Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Silver Silver 90.44% 115 90.21% 116 89.85% 117 89.19% 118 89.19% 119 89.02% 120 88.80% 121 88.79% 122 88.54% 123 88.47% 124 88.39% 125 88.26% 126 88.05% 127 87.88% 128 87.86% 129 87.73% 130 87.61% 131 87.39% 132 87.37% 133 87.23% 134 87.08% 86.86% 86.38% 85.93% 85.93% 85.86% 85.73% 85.59% 85.21% 83.97% 83.22% 82.48% 82.16% 80.32% 79.94% 76.98% 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150

Member Bronson Benedetto Moya Weisenberg Jaffee Mayer Rivera N Brennan Miller M Titone Crespo Reilly Gantt Latimer Robinson Goldfeder Englebright Gottfried Ramos Scarborough PeoplesStokes Boyland O'Donnell Weinstein Barrett Hevesi Colton Rosenthal Cahill Kavanagh Glick Gibson Skartados Barron Dinowitz Miller D

Percentage of time voting Rank, same way Same as as Kolb Kolb 88.16% 115 88.16% 116 88.12% 117 88.00% 118 87.98% 119 87.92% 120 87.91% 121 87.88% 122 87.86% 123 87.85% 124 87.85% 125 87.79% 126 87.77% 127 87.74% 128 87.73% 129 87.70% 130 87.60% 131 87.60% 132 87.54% 133 87.50% 134 87.37% 87.26% 87.17% 87.01% 86.86% 86.77% 86.70% 86.30% 86.16% 86.10% 85.71% 85.41% 85.33% 85.25% 84.48% 83.50% 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150

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Votes Missed 11 legislators missed more than 20% of their house’s votes. Four of them were involved with congressional races during the end of session. Absent/ Excused 844 834 798 787 826 656 280 255 249 244 237 % Votes Not Present 78.66% 77.73% 74.37% 73.35% 64.53% 51.25% 26.10% 23.77% 23.21% 22.74% 22.09%

Member Lancman Meng Jeffries Conte HUNTLEY ESPAILLAT Boyland Kellner Hevesi Miller J Gibson

Votes in the Negative One Senator (Alesi) and seven Assemblymembers (Arroyo, Braunstein, Brook-Krasny, DenDekker, Quart, P. Rivera, and Silver) did not cast a vote in the negative in 2012. Eight legislators – seven Assembly Republicans and one Senate Democrat – voted “nay” more than 15% of the time. Member Nay Votes Nay Vote % Miller D 247 23.02% Friend 211 20.06% Katz 198 19.68% McLaughlin 190 17.84% Fitzpatrick 188 17.52% Tenney 180 16.78% Hanna 172 16.03% DUANE 199 15.95%

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Governor Cuomo The number of Governor Cuomo’s program bills that passed the legislature is comparable to his recent predecessors. However, a much higher percentage of his program bills have passed. The following chart compares 2012 action on program bills to earlier years. Note that most bills are introduced once in each house, and some are introduced on repeated occasions when the Legislature is in a special session called by the governor, so the numbers of “active program bills” listed below are usually about twice as high as the number of issues that the executive has chosen to take on.

Year 2012 2011 2010 20096 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003

Total Active Total Program Program Bills, Bills Passing Both Houses Both Houses 58 21 89 16 237 52 644 29 101 26 135 16 93 9 146 26 88 8 116 15

Significantly fewer messages of necessity were issued in2012 than in any other recent year. Bills Passing Either House with Message of Necessity 5 29 57 43 41 23 39 34 84 58

Year 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003

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In 2009, Governor Paterson reintroduced many of his program bills multiple times, as the Senate spent several weeks in special sessions in which bills needed to be reintroduced daily.

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Resolutions A total of 3,676 resolutions passed the two chambers. The following chart provides a breakdown of what each of these entailed. 2,846 were adopted in the Senate; 830 were adopted in the Assembly. Number of Resolutions 78 95 151 151 64 78 64 119 61 127 333 130 1 1 1 57 258 17 44 1 7 3 3 1 1 2 4 3 15 29 45 99 2 9 0 2 279

Purpose of Resolution Congratulating an individual on their birthday Congratulating a couple on the wedding anniversary Congratulating an individual on their retirement. Honoring a deceased member of the community Honoring a member of the clergy Honoring a police officer or sheriff. Congratulating the military or its active members and veterans Honoring a firefighter Honoring a teacher. Congratulating students. Congratulating an Eagle/ Cub Scout Congratulating a Girl Scout Honoring the world's oldest practicing barber Honoring the creator of the world's largest sculpted cake Honoring the maker of the best vodka Commemorating the anniversary of the founding of a town, city, or village Memorializing the Governor to name a day, week, or month in honor of a cause, individual, or organization Calling on Congress or the US Government to act Congratulating a foreign country on the anniversary of their independence or their holding of democratic elections Call for justice for a crime victim Housekeeping matters: seating new members and calling joint sessions Budget Resolutions Bullet Aid/ Reappropriations of old member Items Changing the rules of the Senate Thanking the hosts of the Assembly/ Senate Basketball Game Inducting individuals into the New York State Senate Hall of Fame Welcoming visitors to Albany Naming a foreign province or municipality as a sister of the state or a city Commemorating a holiday Commemorating an historical event or figure Honoring a parade or its grand marshal. Thanking a local organization for hosting an event Congratulating the winner of Survivor Honoring the New York Mets, their mascot, or their players Honoring the New York Yankees, their mascot, or their players Congratulating an individual for crossing Niagara Falls on a tightrope Congratulating a sports team or athlete who does not fall into one of the above 16

419 4 658 87 139 30 4

categories Congratulating a local business, not-for-profit, or church on the anniversary of their founding Congratulating a new business Honoring an individual award winner who does not fall into one of the above categories Congratulating a business, not-for-profit, or church on winning an award. Honoring a community member who does not fall into one of the award categories Miscellaneous commendation a business, not-for-profit, or church Other commendations of towns, cities, or villages

Appendix A: Senate Introduction and Passage Totals by Member Numbers for bills passing one and both houses in the following appendices are for 2012 only. Bills Passed Bills Passed 2012 2011 2-Year 2012 Resolutions Senate Both Houses Introductions Introductions Introduction Total Adopted 3 5 151 156 8 3 23 90 113 7 7 1 15 58 73 55 1 31 46 77 49 26 9 42 109 151 7 44 27 66 106 172 238 8 7 13 43 56 130 11 11 11 16 27 16 9 59 80 139 9 40 18 43 103 146 45 5 2 12 112 124 3 5 2 4 66 70 6 3 73 76 3 1 13 88 101 3 20 6 28 46 74 31 36 15 31 132 163 9 39 10 23 62 85 248 27 10 43 44 87 35 1 6 47 53 4 60 25 78 223 301 79 32 12 32 97 129 55 51 24 79 105 184 5 44 22 62 98 160 16 2 6 1 4 7 62 46 66 53 17 10 5

Member ADAMS ADDABBO ALESI AVELLA BALL BONACIC BRESLIN BUDGET CARLUCCI DEFRANCISCO DIAZ DILAN DUANE ESPAILLAT FARLEY FLANAGAN FUSCHILLO GALLIVAN GIANARIS GOLDEN GRIFFO GRISANTI HANNON HASSELLTHOMPSON HUNTLEY

Member JOHNSON KENNEDY KLEIN KRUEGER LANZA LARKIN LAVALLE LIBOUS LITTLE MARCELLINO MARTINS MAZIARZ MCDONALD MONTGOMERY NOZZOLIO O'MARA OPPENHEIMER PARKER PERALTA PERKINS RANZENHOFER RITCHIE RIVERA ROBACH RULES SALAND SAMPSON SAVINO SERRANO SEWARD SKELOS SMITH SQUADRON STAVISKY STEWARTCOUSINS STOROBIN VALESKY YOUNG ZELDIN

Bills Passed Bills Passed 2012 2011 2-Year 2012 Resolutions Senate Both Houses Introductions Introductions Introduction Total Adopted 13 5 22 70 92 12 6 3 34 25 59 9 24 7 56 175 231 6 2 2 14 136 150 4 38 12 61 126 187 18 23 10 21 44 65 155 48 19 47 254 301 68 21 7 24 48 72 58 37 18 32 73 105 70 48 14 47 111 158 72 32 23 53 55 108 147 32 15 43 241 284 22 26 19 40 77 117 26 2 2 14 101 115 83 35 15 27 73 100 157 11 7 20 49 69 36 8 6 18 138 156 35 2 1 44 226 270 197 1 9 67 76 21 2 1 4 83 87 7 30 9 21 93 114 131 30 11 34 47 81 98 2 2 15 7 22 3 34 18 30 88 118 13 8 8 27 42 69 44 18 54 79 133 71 7 1 2 98 100 27 11 5 23 62 85 4 1 1 2 43 45 4 42 26 53 106 159 22 38 21 21 42 63 65 3 1 1 29 30 64 2 1 8 104 112 8 3 13 84 97 6 7 1 7 65 22 6 1 3 30 12 17 7 22 69 29 53 0 41 185 52 70 7 63 254 81 11 1 17 25 13

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Appendix B: Assembly Introduction and Passage Totals by Member 2012 Bills Passed 2012 2011 2-Year Bills Passed Resolutions Both Houses Introductions Introductions Introduction Total Assembly Adopted 26 17 55 120 175 1 8 4 26 14 40 2 2 7 22 29 3 2 1 1 3 4 9 3 12 50 62 13 0 4 42 46 8 3 1 3 0 3 1 2 1 2 23 25 1 1 1 5 16 21 1 0 3 21 24 8 0 3 0 3 1 1 1 6 16 22 8 2 2 11 17 28 17 4 34 182 216 1 13 12 23 0 23 8 5 3 4 21 25 2 2 4 14 18 3 11 11 11 16 27 3 3 8 56 64 15 6 6 9 23 32 5 15 11 26 138 164 2 3 3 7 126 133 24 2 1 13 49 62 3 11 6 10 33 43 6 4 4 17 70 87 8 2 1 7 22 29 5 1 1 3 19 22 10 5 1 10 85 95 6 4 2 78 80 3 3 5 5 10 5 9 1 1 57 58 7 1 1 6 11 17 20 2 23 32 55 5 3 3 5 103 108 10 3 3 4 49 53 12 15 4 55 102 157 14 8 1 8 47 55 5 3 2 14 36 50 3 19

Member Abbate Abinanti Amedore Arroyo Aubry Barclay Barrett Barron Benedetto Blankenbush Boyland Boyle Braunstein Brennan Brindisi Bronson Brook-Krasny Budget Burling Butler Cahill Calhoun Camara Canestrari Castelli Castro Ceretto Clark Colton Conte Cook Corwin Crespo Crouch Curran Cusick Cymbrowitz DenDekker

Member Dinowitz Duprey Englebright Espinal Farrell Finch Fitzpatrick Friend Gabryszak Galef Gantt Gibson Giglio Glick Goldfeder Goodell Gottfried Graf Gunther A Hanna Hawley Heastie Hevesi Hikind Hooper Jacobs Jaffee Jeffries Johns Jordan Katz Kavanagh Kearns Kellner Kolb Lancman Latimer Lavine Lentol Lifton Linares Lopez P

Bills Passed Assembly 28 0 25 2 7 1 1 0 6 13 13 4 7 8 4 6 29 0 16 2 2 5 5 1 9 1 15 7 1 6 2 11 2 2 7 2 10 14 20 7 1 1

Bills Passed Both Houses 9 8 1 7 1 1 4 2 5 6 4 1 6 5 13 2 2 5 3 5 1 10 3 1 6 1 2

2012 2011 2-Year Introductions Introductions Introduction Total 27 2 32 10 9 3 2 3 29 21 9 7 12 15 11 13 12 6 30 7 4 3 12 4 20 1 24 17 5 8 5 21 4 12 28 3 13 31 30 7 2 11 157 5 343 0 26 20 52 8 162 101 118 60 23 54 0 26 95 13 137 12 52 35 36 3 35 23 49 87 8 11 21 241 0 59 101 107 57 50 111 43 8 15 184 7 375 10 35 23 54 11 191 122 127 67 35 69 11 39 107 19 167 19 56 38 48 7 55 24 73 104 13 19 26 262 4 71 129 110 70 81 141 50 10 26

2012 Resolutions Adopted 1 10 2 1 17 6 4 3 5 1 2 1 1 1 20 10 21 1 1 2 6 1 3 4 2 1 1 3 23 1 2

7 4 9 8 4 1

1 5 20

Member Lopez V Losquadro Lupardo Magee Magnarelli Maisel Malliotakis Markey Mayer McDonough McEneny McKevitt McLaughlin Meng Miller D Miller J Miller M Millman Montesano Morelle Moya Mr. Speaker Murray Nolan Oaks O'Donnell Ortiz Palmesano Paulin Peoples-Stokes Perry Pretlow Quart Ra Rabbitt Raia Ramos Reilich Reilly Rivera J Rivera N Rivera P

Bills Passed Assembly 14 1 6 22 30 4 0 6 1 1 14 0 4 2 0 5 1 8 2 20 4 15 3 15 1 8 11 2 29 14 5 19 3 3 7 0 13 1 4 2 5 10

Bills Passed Both Houses 7 1 1 12 21 1 5 1 1 6 2

2012 2011 2-Year Introductions Introductions Introduction Total 22 6 15 19 33 7 3 6 6 3 13 3 2 10 5 11 13 24 4 40 7 14 6 22 3 7 21 4 36 23 14 45 29 9 14 5 15 5 11 1 19 6 53 15 35 95 64 32 10 22 0 16 58 39 9 46 8 58 28 47 27 216 12 20 34 47 35 42 225 13 122 58 91 217 1 5 93 47 31 42 30 5 22 151 75 21 50 114 97 39 13 28 6 19 71 42 11 56 13 69 41 71 31 256 19 34 40 69 38 49 246 17 158 81 105 262 30 14 107 52 46 47 41 6 41 157

2012 Resolutions Adopted 2 6 16 14 9 4 1 5 1 2 15 2 5 2 12 3 5 3 3 9 30 20 5 31 2 4 9 4 4 3 1 2 7 2 3 1 23 3 1 21

5 1 3 2 19 11 3 10 1 3 4 2 16 6 3 10 2 3 3 6 1 3 2 1 3

Member Roberts Robinson Rodriguez Rosenthal Rules Russell Ryan Saladino Sayward Scarborough Schimel Schimminger Simanowitz Simotas Skartados Smardz Stevenson Sweeney Tedisco Tenney Thiele Titone Titus Tobacco Walter Weinstein Weisenberg Weprin Wright Zebrowski K

Bills Passed Assembly 2 8 1 15 1 8 2 1 6 4 10 13 1 4 6 2 2 38 2 1 14 7 7 0 2 20 19 6 21 9

Bills Passed Both Houses 2 5 4 1 5 2 1 5 1 9 12 1 1 4 2 19 2 1 9 4 1 2 10 14 1 6 2

2012 2011 2-Year Introductions Introductions Introduction Total 5 8 5 25 1 12 19 5 8 7 26 29 16 14 12 2 10 35 12 10 39 18 5 0 19 20 34 31 13 25 4 29 8 153 0 36 0 39 39 44 32 94 0 42 0 8 12 74 129 33 227 71 45 26 0 36 66 73 193 74 9 37 13 178 1 48 19 44 47 51 58 123 16 56 12 10 22 109 141 43 266 89 50 26 19 56 100 104 206 99

2012 Resolutions Adopted 11 10 2 5 3 8 1 17 2 2 6 4 1 2 6 15 8 7 2 5 4 7 5 29 1 6

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Appendix C: Senate Voting Records Aye Nay Absent/ Vote Vote Excused 1105 39 136 1238 35 7 1100 180 1199 74 7 1182 97 1 1227 48 5 1214 30 36 1273 7 1266 14 1126 51 103 1178 93 9 1049 199 32 595 29 656 1212 7 61 1279 1 1259 14 7 1251 11 18 1207 66 7 1276 2 2 1268 12 1274 6 1174 5 101 1110 437 1222 1239 1267 933 1272 1227 1250 1250 1255 1228 1249 1241 1233 1098 1273 1156 104 17 3 24 10 124 8 42 29 4 24 12 7 14 2 166 7 52 66 826 55 17 3 223 11 1 26 1 40 24 25 45 16 72 23

Member ADAMS ADDABBO ALESI AVELLA BALL BONACIC BRESLIN CARLUCCI DEFRANCISCO DIAZ DILAN DUANE ESPAILLAT FARLEY FLANAGAN FUSCHILLO GALLIVAN GIANARIS GOLDEN GRIFFO GRISANTI HANNON HASSELLTHOMPSON HUNTLEY JOHNSON KENNEDY KLEIN KRUEGER LANZA LARKIN LAVALLE LIBOUS LITTLE MARCELLINO MARTINS MAZIARZ MCDONALD MONTGOMERY NOZZOLIO O'MARA

Member OPPENHEIMER PARKER PERALTA PERKINS RANZENHOFER RITCHIE RIVERA ROBACH SALAND SAMPSON SAVINO SERRANO SEWARD SKELOS SMITH SQUADRON STAVISKY STEWARTCOUSINS STOROBIN VALESKY YOUNG ZELDIN

Aye Nay Absent/ Vote Vote Excused 1008 36 236 1089 139 52 1203 49 28 1020 161 99 1264 16 1272 8 1126 135 19 1275 4 1 1267 13 1248 25 7 1259 18 3 1180 79 21 1265 15 1279 1 1173 14 93 1189 84 7 1180 70 30 1215 710 1209 1249 1262 55 2 5 4 18 10 66 27

Appendix D: Assembly Voting Records Absent/ No Vote 132 35 42 19 31 10 178 43 1 280 1 24

Member Abbate Abinanti Amedore Arroyo Aubry Barclay Barrett Barron Benedetto Blankenbush Boyland Boyle Braunstein

Aye 938 1035 906 1054 1037 929 819 854 1021 926 790 998 1073

Nay 3 3 125 5 134 18 41 9 146 3 74

Member Brennan Brindisi Bronson BrookKrasny Burling Butler Cahill Calhoun Camara Canestrari Castelli Castro Ceretto Clark Colton Conte Cook Corwin Crespo Crouch Curran Cusick Cymbrowitz DenDekker Dinowitz Duprey Englebright Espinal Farrell Finch Fitzpatrick Friend Gabryszak Galef Gantt Gibson Giglio Glick Goldfeder Goodell Gottfried Graf

Aye Nay 1055 18 1029 32 1060 13 1023 744 950 942 915 965 1069 1022 890 978 1027 902 264 1071 919 996 930 999 1030 1041 1037 995 976 1054 1023 1070 950 885 841 987 1062 930 813 927 1014 1010 922 1052 818

Absent/ No Vote 12

101 123 26 154 5 4 51 8 80 7 15 22 2 153 8 138 73 36 2 55 97 19 17 2 120 188 211 46 11 27 23 98 43 14 151 21 113

50 228 105 4 103

175 15 39 156 787 1 69 5 1 7 30 36 23

33 1 3 21 40 116 237 48 16 49

142 25

Member Gunther A Hanna Hawley Heastie Hevesi Hikind Hooper Jacobs Jaffee Jeffries Johns Jordan Katz Kavanagh Kearns Kellner Kolb Lancman Latimer Lavine Lentol Lifton Linares Lopez P Lopez V Losquadro Lupardo Magee Magnarelli Maisel Malliotakis Markey Mayer McDonough McEneny McKevitt McLaughlin Meng Miller D Miller J Miller M Millman

Aye 1020 901 922 1029 820 874 1031 985 1056 270 984 927 808 1032 852 804 957 227 1036 1064 1072 1040 1071 937 837 936 996 1021 1065 1071 947 1060 868 979 1019 1007 875 237 826 738 1015 1020

Absent/ Nay No Vote 52 1 172 151 14 30 4 249 4 195 2 40 5 83 17 5 798 89 134 12 198 67 40 1 7 14 255 116 2 844 24 13 1 8 1 5 28 1 1 131 5 3 233 137 7 70 46 6 8 1 1 126 1 12 1 1 89 5 3 51 60 6 190 8 2 834 247 91 244 23 35 5 48 26

Member Montesano Morelle Moya Mr. Speaker Murray Nolan Oaks O'Donnell Ortiz Palmesano Paulin PeoplesStokes Perry Pretlow Quart Ra Rabbitt Raia Ramos Reilich Reilly Rivera J Rivera N Rivera P Roberts Robinson Rodriguez Rosenthal Russell Ryan Saladino Sayward Scarborough Schimel Schimminger Simanowitz Simotas Skartados Smardz Stevenson Sweeney Tedisco

Absent/ Aye Nay No Vote 936 122 15 1071 2 1055 14 4 1073 957 116 1040 8 25 905 128 40 887 9 177 1015 5 53 917 151 5 1052 13 8 1005 1016 1062 1068 1001 910 993 1028 904 1052 966 936 992 1047 967 938 877 1003 1064 929 981 863 1048 969 1061 1060 819 792 968 1068 968 24 1 11 72 158 80 15 114 21 1 7 20 19 11 21 6 8 105 88 1 3 77 12 9 40 104 10 5 105 44 56 5 5 30 55 106 130 81 6 87 124 175 64 1 39 4 209 22 27 4 11 177 95

27

Member Tenney Thiele Titone Titus Tobacco Walter Weinstein Weisenberg Weprin Wright Zebrowski K

Aye 893 1027 906 959 898 932 1038 968 1047 1017 1050

Nay 180 14 16 1 76 141 24 15 3 6 23

Absent/ No Vote 32 151 113 99 11 90 23 50

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