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BI TP I S - BDHSG 8

(Chnh phng, nguyn t, hp s)


1/ Tm cc ch s x,y ( x, y 0 ) xxyy l chnh phng.
2/ Vit theo th t 4 ch s lin tip nhau, sau i 2 ch s u cho nhau, ta c mt s
gm 4 ch s l s chnh phng. Tm 4 ch s lin tip.
3/ Tm s chnh phng c 4 ch s sao cho 3 ch s cui ging nhau.
4/ Mt s chnh phng c n + 4 ch s, trong c n ch s u tin v 4 ch s cui cng
lm thnh cc s chnh phng khc 0. Hi s chnh phng c gi tr ln nht l bao nhiu?
5/ CMR:
9
8
7
2
a) S P = 70 ( 71 + 71 + 71 + ... + 71 + 71) + 1 l mt s chnh phng.

b) S Q = 75 ( 4 + 4 + ... + 4 + 5) + 25 l s chnh phng.


6/ CMR: Tch ca 4 s t nhin lin tip cng thm 1 l mt s chnh phng.
7/ Cho a l s gm 2n ch s 1,b l s gm n +1 ch s 1,c l s gm n ch s 6 ( n N , n 1) .
CMR: a + b + c + 8 l s chnh phng.
8/ a) Cho x l s nguyn. CMR: B = x 4 4 x 3 2 x 2 + 12 x + 9 l bnh phng ca mt s nguyn.
2 2
b) Cho x, y, z, l cc s t nhin. CMR: C = 4 x ( x + y ) ( x + y + z ) ( x + z ) + y z l s chnh
phng.
9/ Mi s sau l bnh phng ca s t nhin no?
1993

1992

{ 00...0
{ 25 ; b) B = 99...9800...01
{
{
a) A = 99...9
n
n
n
n

{ {
{ {
; c) C = 44...488...89
; d) D = 11...122...25
n
n 1
n
n +1

10/ Cho a, b, c, d l cc s nguyn dng tha iu kin a 2 b 2 = c 2 d 2 .CMR:S = a + b + c + d


l hp s.
11/ Tm s t nhin n gi tr ca cc biu thc sau l s nguyn t:
a) n3 n 2 + n 1 . b) n3 6n + 4 . c) n5 2n3 n 1 . d) n3 n 2 n 2 . e) n1975 + n1973 + 1
2
2
12/ Tm cc ch s x, y ( x, y 0 ) sao cho : xxyy = xx + yy .
13/ Tm cc ch s x, y, z ( x, y, z 0 ) sao cho vi mi n nguyn dng ta c cc ng thc sau:
2

xx...x {
yy... y + 1 = {
zz...z + 1
a) {
n
n

xx...x {
yy... y = {
zz...z
b) {
2n