In the Sengoku (Warring States) period of Japanese history, Koh-Do (incense ceremony) spread among aristocrats and high

-ranking samurai, sharing popularity with the tea ceremony. In the Azuchi-Momoyama period, known as a period of renaissance in Japan, people in the upper class often held cultural and social events to enjoy performances such as tea ceremony, renga (linked verse) composition and Noh plays. Koh-Do played an important role as one such cultural phenomenon in this period. As its formalities came to be developed and shaped, Koh-Do started to be acknowledged as one of the "geido", refined arts that are supposed to be performed following certain rules and manners. In this respect, Japanese incense or koh is somewhat different from perfume in western countries. There, people expect nothing more than fragrance from perfume, but this is not the case with koh. No longer an innocent pastime, Koh-Do prevailed beyond the samurai and court class. As intellectual people such as writers, artists, affluent merchants and landowners started to adopt its formalities, incense exerted a great influence on calligraphy, literature and tea ceremony, occupying a precious position as an intangible and spiritual asset of the time. Koh-Do is said to have been established as a kind of game by the end of the sixteenth century. Founders of Koh-Do include Sanetaka Sanjonishi, a high-ranking court noble, Soushin Shino, a samurai who had studied Jinkoh under the Shogun Yoshimasa Ashikaga, and highbrows such as Sogi and Shohaku. Later, Koh-Do branched off into several schools, of which two leading schools survived: the Oie-ryu School and the Shino-ryu School. The former, established by Sanetaka Sanjonishi, shaped the manners and methods of Koh-Do performance, putting more emphasis on literal aspects of incense. Shino-ryu, the latter, is more systematically organized, putting considerable emphasis on manners and formality. Oie-ryu perpetuates incense as a form of game-playing passed down from court nobles in the Heian period. Shino-ryu, on the other hand, spread through the samurai and affluent merchant classes.

these two now exist as the leading schools of Koh-Do today.Having survived the long passage of time. Otemae in the incense ceremony .

Aloeswood Fragrant woods include cedar. cypress. agarwood (jinkoh) and sandalwood (byakudan). In the world of the incense ceremony. fragrant wood refers to kyara. • • • . etc.

The names of countries (Kyara. generating an indescribable blend. Sumotara.. Kohboku pieces often have a mixture of multiple fragrances. which constitutes the basics of appreciating incense. Improving the art is the same as improving the mentality. sweet. Rakoku. quieten the mind and practice introspection. depending on the proportion and strength of each essence contained in a piece of wood. sour.• • • The system of classifying kohboku. Why do Japanese people tend to dedicate themselves to such classical Japanese arts? In a quiet room. and the five elements used to describe their flavors. A piece of kohboku wood can generate more than one fragrance when burned. bitter. Sa-do or the tea ceremony. is called Rikkoku-Gomi. a participant sniffs fragrances following certain rules of etiquette. Sasora) all represent a qualitative classification of kohboku wood. Ka-do or flower arrangement. Manaka.. Manaban. and five terms (hot. salty) are used to describe the different essences. The aspect of improving mental wellbeing Koh-do or the incense ceremony. 1. . This refers to the six ancient East Asian countries where kohboku woods originate. This is a chance to leave the bustle of everyday life behind.

.2. The gaming aspect Hosho = A sheet on which all answers of the participants are placed. Incense burners of A. B and C are passed around with the names of fragrant wood chips within them made known to the participants. Have the participants memorize the characteristic of each fragrance.

. B or C. Now guess what fragrance it is – A.Then one fragrant wood chip is chosen from among the three fragrant wood chips and the incense burner with the chosen chip inside is passed around with its name hidden.

Put it into the ash • 3.• 1. Kindle a charcoal-bal.Cover it with the ash • 4. • 2. Form the ash into a cone shape .

Put a fragrant wood chip on the top plate Steady the incense burner on your left palm keeping it horizontal and place your right thumb and little finger along the incense burner. . Straighten the ash surface of the cone • 6.• 5.

Listen to the fragrance rising from the space between your right thumb and index finger. . The “Ten Virtues of Koh” is a list of the benefits derived from the use of incense. These Ten Virtues have been passed down from the fifteenth century (the Muromach Era) and are still cited today as uniquely capturing the spirit of Koh.Bring the incense burner close to your nose with keeping it horizontal. the way of Koh (Koh. Koh gradually evolved away from the sophisticated elegance of the courtier and acquired the character of a discipline. After these Ten Virtues were established.Do).

• Machilus Thunbergii. the use of fragrance is considered a form of self expression. also knnown as Aloeswood . With this in mind. as known as Tabu-no-ki • Agarwood.” We surround ourselves with scents. we continuously serch the world for the highest quality raw materials in order to manufacture and supply fine incense which will bring you pleasure and enrich your day. Today we live in the “Age of Fragrance. Incense can be looked at as a way of communicating with others. In fact.Incense is considered to be sacred and used as an offering to God at times and at other times it can be used as a tool to bring more peace into one’s life.

• Sandalwood • Benzoin • Borneol • Cinnamon • Clove .

• Star anise • Babylonia • Musk • Cedar .

• Geranium • Jasmine • Lavender • Olibanum • Patchouli .

• Rose • Vanilla • Vetiver • Ylang Ylang .

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