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Green Jobs Myths

Green Jobs Myths

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Based on data for 2000, it takes 44,700 Btu to produce one pound of primary aluminum

in the United States, which makes it the most energy intensive major material manufactured.354

On the other hand, secondary aluminum (that is, recycled aluminum) requires only 6 percent of

the energy necessary to manufacture primary aluminum.355

Between 1960 and 2000, secondary

aluminum as a share of total aluminum production increased from 18 percent to 47 percent.

In addition to reduced energy consumption from recycling, primary aluminum production

also became more efficient. Between 1960 and 2000 the energy required for smelting a kilogram

of the primary ore, a key energy intensive operation necessary to produce the primary metal,

352

American Iron & Steel Inst., US Steel Industry: World Leaders in Energy Efficiency,

http://www.steel.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Environment1&CONTENTID=21986&TEMPLATE=/CM/ContentDisplay.cf

m. (last visited Feb. 22, 2009).

353

U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, ENERGYTRENDS IN SELECTED MANUFACTURING SECTORS:OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR

ENVIRONMENTALLY PREFERABLE ENERGYOUTCOMES, at 3-53 to 3-54 (2007), available at

http://www.epa.gov/sustainableindustry/pdf/energy/report.pdf.

354

William T. Choate & John A. S. Green, U.S.ENERGYREQUIREMENTS FOR ALUMINUM PRODUCTION:HISTORICALPERSPECTIVE,

THEORETICALLIMITS AND NEW OPPORTUNITIES, at B-1 app. B (2003), available at

http://www.secat.net/docs/resources/US_Energy_Requirements_for_Aluminum_Production.pdf (prepared by BCS Corp. for the

U.S. Dep’t of Energy).

355

Id. at 59.

Page 68

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Green Jobs Myths

Page 69

Figure 5 Design energy consumption in ammonia plants, 1910 2000.360

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