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1. Which of the following is an undesirable dynamic characteristic of an instrument ? A.Reproducibility B. Dead zone C. Time lag D.

Static error

2. Which of the following is not the triple point of water ? A.32°R B. 273°K C. 492°R D.32°F

3. Pick out the one which is a first order instrument. A.Mercury in glass thermometer (without any covering or air gap). B. Bare metallic thermometer. C. Bare vapor pressure thermometer. D.All (a), (b) and (c).

4. Load cells are used for the measurement of A.stress C. strain

B. weight D.velocity

5. Which of the following is the dynamic characteristics of an instrument ? A.Reproducibility B. Sensitivity C. Dead zone D.Fidelity 6. Pick out the wrong statement. A.O2, NO and NO2 exhibit paramagnetic properties as a result of unpaired electrons. B. CO2 is the strongest paramagnetic gas. C. Paramagnetic susceptibility of gases decreases with temperature. D.Paramagnetic susceptibility of gases permits the measurement of their concentration.

7. The __________ of a vapor pressure thermometer is a functioning element. A.pointer B. bourdon tube C. bulb D.none of these

8. A negative gain margin expressed in decibels means a/an __________ system. A.stable

B. unstable C. critically damped D.none of these

9. Thermistor, which has high temperature co-efficient of resistivity, is used as the sensing element in resistance thermometer. It is a/an A.insulator B. conductor C. solid semi-conductor D.liquid semi-conductor

10. Flapper nozzle is used in a/an __________ controller. A.electronic B. hydraulic C. pneumatic D.none of these 11. Typical specifications for design stipulates the gain margin and phase margin to be respectively A.> 1.7 and > 30° B. < 1.7 and > 30° C. < 1.7 and < 30° D.> 1.7 and < 30°

12. Working principle of radiation pyrometer is based on the A.Wien's law B. Kirchoffs law C. Stafan-Boltzman law D.Seebeck effect

13. Which of the following relates the emf. generated in a single homogeneous wire to the temperature difference ? A.Peltier effect B. Thomson effect C. Seebeck effect D.none of these

14. Dilute wine was used as a thermometric liquid initially to develop temperature scale. First emperical temperature scale developed was the __________ scale. A.Kelvin B. Centigrade C. Farenhite D.Reaumer

15. In a single tank system, the transfer function of level to inlet flow rate is A.R/TS B. R/(TS + 1) C. l(TS + l) D.1/TS 16. Which of the following is a desirable characteristic of an instrument ? A.High drift B. High fidelity C. High measuring lag D.Poor reproducibility

17. The operation of a rotameter is based on A.variable flow area. B. rotation of a turbine. C. pressure drop across a nozzle. D.pressure at a stagnation point.

18. The temperature of tempering oil baths maintained at 400°C during heat treatment of steel is measured by a/an __________ thermocouple. A.chromel-alumel B. iron-constantan C. platinum-platinum/rhodium D.none of these.

19. Instrumentation in a plant offers the advantage of A.greater safety of operation B. better quality of product C. greater operation economy D.all (a), (b) and (c)

20. Which of the following temperature measuring instruments need not touch the object whose temperature is being measured ? A.Radiation/infrared pyrometer B. Filled system thermometer C. Mercury in glass thermometer D.Thermo electric pyrometer

21. Thermal conductivity measurement com-prises the working principle of a A.CO2 analyser B. polarimeter C. spectrometer D.chromatograph View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. Response of a system to a sinusoidal input is called __________ response. A.impluse B. unit step C. frequency D.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. The closed loop pole of a stable second order system could be A.both real and positive. B. complex conjugate with positive real parts. C. both real and negative. D.one real positive and the other real negative. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. Smoke density of the flue gas going out of the chimney is measured by a A.polarograph B. thermal conductivity meter C. photo electric cell D.chromatograph View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. Transfer function of transportation lag is A.eTS B. e-TS C. D.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26. Temperature measuring instruments are standardised mostly with __________ points of pure substances. A.melting B. boiling C. both (a) & (b) D.neither (a) nor (b) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 27. Pick out the first order system from among the following. A.Damped vibrator. B. Mercury in glass thermometer kept in boiling water.

C. Interacting system of two tanks in series. D.Non-interacting system of two tanks in series. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28. The maximum service temperature for fibre glass used as thermocouple wire insulation material is __________ °C. A.250 B. 500 C. 750 D.1000 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29. Which of the following controllers has the least maximum deviation ? A.P-controller B. P-I controller C. P-I-D controller D.P-D controller View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30. Volumetric expansion is the working principle of the __________ thermometers. A.mercury in glass B. constant volume gas C. vapor pressure D.bimetallic View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 31. Which of the following measurements can be made by the measurement of emf ? A.pH value B. Degree of hydrolysis C. Composition of complex ions D.All (a), (b) & (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32. A magnetic flowmeter is A.based on the principle of Faraday's law. B. capable of measuring the flow rate of slurries and electrolytes. C. based on the linear relationship between the fluid flow rate and the induced voltage. D.all (a), (b) and (c). View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33. Zirconia probe is used for the continuous measurment of __________ flue gases going out of the furnace. A.oxygen in B. carbon dioxide in C. carbon monoxide in D.temperature of View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34. Strain gage pressure transducers are used to measure __________ pressures.

Which of the following thermocouples will give the highest output for the same value of hot and cold junction temperature ? A.codify/decodify the input signal. phase lag of first order. both (a) and (b) D. D. Iron-constantan. Nichol's chart deals with A.A. usually an electric impulse. vs. A.A. D.an alloy View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37. convert the primary signal into a more useful quantity. absolute as well as differential C. C. C. The function of a transducer is to A. B. open loop values. closed loop values vs. D. Chromel-constantan.R.neither (a) nor (b) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. vs. natural gas C. D.All will give the same output.R. amplify the input signal.) A. τ i is the integral (reset) time and τD is the derivative time.modify the input signal. C.frequency response values of controllers. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39.Platinum-platinum + rhodium. B. C. The transfer function for a PID controller is (where. . View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36.gage as well as vacuum B. s B. A. phase lag of second order.an isotope B. B. a solid D. Compositional analysis of __________ is done using mass spectrometer.Kc(1 + τis + τD ).

integral control action is introduced. 2/s3 D.Kc is reduced.The frequency response of a pure capacity process is unbounded.vapor pressure thermometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 46. The symbol for "capillary line" in instrumentation diagram is A. Continuous shell temperature measurement in a liquid-liquid heat exchanger is done by a A. The phase lag of a pure time delay system decreases with increasing frequency. B.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40.The amplitude ratio of a pure time delay system increases with frequency. A proportional controller with a gain of Kc is used to control a first order process. X(t) = 2t2. A. C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41. 4/s2 C. C. Bourdon tube .thermocouple B. if A. A. Oxidation resistance D. Kc is increased. B. mercury in glass thermometer D. D. the Laplace transform of this function is A. Corrosion resistance C. D. D. The __________ of a vapor pressure thermometer is a secondary element. __________ is undesirable in thermocouples used in industries.Linear relation of emf to temperature B. The offset will increase.pointer B. Select the correct statement from the following.Non-linear relation of emf to temperature View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43. reistance thermometer C. The amplitude ratio of a pure capacity process is inversely proportional to frequency.derivative control action is introduced. B. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44.2/s2 B. For an input forcing function.4/s3 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45. C. A.

controlled C. B. Peltier effect C.isothermal CSTR B. non-isothermal CSTR D.0 B. In a shell and tube heat exchanger.load B. The transfer function for an ideal proportional plus reset controller (reset time T) is A.chromel-alumel B.5 C. Joule heating effect D.0 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum has a damping ratio of 50.5 mV. A non-linear chemical system is exemplified by a/an A. the flow rate of heating/cooling fluid is the __________ variable. iron-constantan C. Kc(1 + TS) .none ofthese View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47.C.2. The type of thermocouple used is A.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2.0 D. 0. A. platinum-platinum+rhodium D.Seebeck effect B. while measuring a temperature of 600°C is about 5.either (a). mixer C. The second order system with the transfer function A. bulb D. Emf developed by a thermocouple. manipulated D.Thomson effect View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 49. Which of the following relates the absorption & evolution of heat at the junctions of a thermocouple to the current flow in the circuit? A.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 1. (b) or (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48. 1.4.

Radiation pyrometers as compared to thermocouples A.has a slower speed of response. pitot tube C.∞. vane meter D. π/2 C. concentration D. Specific gravity of a liquid can not be measured by a/an A. can't measure the temperature of moving objects. π/2 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4. pressure C.C. B. has a phase shift with lower and upper bounds given by A.anemometer B. Liquid flow rate in a small channel is best measured by a/an A.. D. specific gravity bottle C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 3. Chromel-alumel D. π/2 B. The frequency response of a first order system. D. Gas chromatography is used for the measurement of A. Tungsten-molybdenum C.weir B.Platinum-rhodium B.hydrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 7. -π/2. Which of the following thermocouples can measure the maximum temperature ? A.flow rate View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5.is more affected by corrosive atmosphere. 0 D.venturimeter View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8.Iron-constantan View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 6.0.temperature B. can measure higher temperature. pycnometer D. -π/2.

Resistance thermometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12.absolute B. Degree to which an instrument indicates the changes in measured variable without dynamic error is called its A. __________ temperature scale assigns 0° to the 'ice point' and 80° to the 'steam point'. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 11. sling psychrometer C. fidielity D.Farenhite View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10.9. B. iron-copper alloys D. Which of the following thermometers is not suitable for distant reading upto 60 metres? A. Thermistors are made of A. mass spectrometer D. Dead zone is the A. C.Vapor pressure thermometer B. Mercury in glass thermometer C. Reumur D.nickel-chromium alloys View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14.ultra pure metals B.static characteristics View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. same as transportation lag.chromatograph B. D.speed of response B. metal oxides C. A. absolute as well as gauge D. Rankine C.Celcius B. Humidity of air can be determined by a A.same as time constant. gauge C.dynamic View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15. Constant volume gas thermometer D.polarimeter . maximum change in the variable that does not change the reading of the instrument. reproducibility C.none of these. A barometer measures the __________ pressure. A.

Strain gage uses an electrical conductor wire. log (f) and Φ vs. log (f). D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. Seebeck effect C. CSTR can be considered as a distributed parameter system.second order system (underdamped). A.f.log (AR) vs.Kc(1+τD s) B.Peltier effect View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20. B. decrease C. D. log (AR) vs. Thermocouple in a thermal well behaves as a true A. The transfer function for a P-D controller is A.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 16.first order system.Non-linear behaviour is exemplified by an on-off controller. C. multiple first order system.no change B. C. Pick out the wrong statement A.exponential decrease View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 21. f and log Φ vs. Range of hydrogen gas constant volume themometer is __________ °C. second order system (overdamped). A.Kc/τD s View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 18. Both these dimensional changes result in __________ in the electrical resistance of the wire. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 17. B. which when elastically stretched increases in length and reduces in diameter.none of these. Kc τD s D. log (f) and (Φ) vs. C. increase D. Kc(1 +1/τD s) C. Distributed parameter approach gives partial differential equation. log (f). Working principle of disappearing filament type optical pyrometer is based on the A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19. AR vs.Wien's law B. Kirchoff's law D. Bode diagram is a plot of A. B.-10 to 20 . D.Proportional controller is normally used for level control in industrial applications.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 27. A sinusoidal variation in the input passing through a linear first order system A. becomes less oscillatory (frequency decreases).becomes more oscillatory (frequency increases). D.> 50 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. Nitrogen gas constant volume thermometer is suitable for measuring a temperature of __________ °C.R + C B.0 B.400 . C. Bourdon tube C. G2. 0 to 100 C.H2.1000 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23.1/RC View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26. bulb D.pointer B. 1/2 C.500 D. 1 D. D. What is the overall transfer function (C/R) of the following block diagram if G = G1. G3 and H = H1. A. > 100. < 0 C. RC D.2 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. B.C C.0-100 B. The initial value (t=0) of the unit step response of the transfer function [(s + 1)/(2s + 1)] is A. 100 . R .gets attenuated (magnitude decreases). The __________ of a vapor pressure thermometer is a primary element. The time constant of a first order process with resistance R and capacitance C is A. gets amplified (magnitude increases).B. A. .

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29. object has varying emissivity. C. Relationship between absorption/evolution of heat at the thermocouple junctions and the current flow in the circuit is given by __________ effect. A. Accurate temperature measurement performance of a radiation pyrometer can not be affected. object and surrounding are at almost the same temperature.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32. if the A. B. Seebeck D. Pick out the most suitable instrument for measuring temperature in the range of-40 to 425°C. helical D. A. D.Peltier B.spiral View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . Thomson C.object is transparent. semi-circular C. bimetallic thermometer C.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30. B. C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 31.mercury thermometer B. Configuration of Bourdon spring tube is never made of __________ shape. radiation pyrometer D.enhancement or attentuation of redia-tion occurs in the sighting path. A.A.circular B. D.

steam C. B. C. Inclined tube manometer D.Bourdon gauge B.33. R = gas constant) A. underdamped response. a system is unstable. B. P = pressure. U-tube manometer C.180° View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. Thermodynamic celcius scale of temperature measurement is A.overdamped response. Resistance of a gas in a vessel is given by (where. When a step change in set point is applied to such a closed loop system. B. According to Bode stability criterian. defined on the basis of melting point of ice and condensation temperature of water vapor. C. undamped response.defined on the basis of melting point of ice and evaporation temperature of water vapor. air D.water B. In a closed loop system. n = no. 45° C. Measurement of pressure in ammonia reactor is done by A. The fluid used in hydraulic controller is A. the process to be controlled is an integrating process with transfer function l/2s. The controller proposed to be used in an integral controller with transfer function 1/T1s.oil View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . of moles of the gas. 90° D. C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36.both (b) and (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34.unstable response. if the open loop frequency response exhibits an amplitude ratio exceeding unity at frequency for which phase lag is A. D. D.Pirani guage View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38. V = volume of the vessel. D. the controlled variable will exhibit A.0° B. having an interval of 100° between ice point to steam point. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37.

Which thermocouple can be used to measure a temperature of around 1400°C ? A. Constantan D. Chromel C. vane meter C. 1/S C. kennison nozzle D. 1/S2 D.None of these. Flow rate of those fluids which are insensitive to changes in their density. Flow rate of a river is measured by a/an A.neither (a) nor (b) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45. load C. A.open weir View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40.1/(S2 + 1) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44. Identify an unbounded input from inputs whose transfer functions are given below A. Which of the following thermocouple materials does not contain nickel ? A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41. if the open loop frequency response exhibits an amplitude ratio exceeding unity at the crossover frequency. pitot tube C.pitot tube B. Nyquist C. flow nozzle type flowmeter D. "A control system is unstable. viscosity or flow velocity profile can be best measured by a A.turbine flowmeter View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42.set point B.magnetic flowmeter B.39. both (a) & (b) D. A. Feed forward controller accounts for the __________ changes." This is __________ criterion.Alumel B. Routh stability D.Bode stability B.1 B.Copper-constantan .

Concentration of sugar solution can be determined by the A.B. -200 to 150 C. Alcohol in glass thermometer D. Which of the following can not measure a temperature of 1600°C ? A.any of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum .0 to 150 B.neither (a) nor (b) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 49.oxygen B. Mercury in steel thermometer C. carbon dioxide D.oscillometry View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48. The temperature range for which copper resistance thermometer can be used is __________ °C A.Platinum resistance thermometer B. Thermocouple C. emission spectroscopy D.500 to 900 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2.Mercury in glass thermometer B.None of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 46. 350 to 750 D.outlet flow rate B.polarimetry B. both (a) & (b) D. the transfer function of __________ to inlet flow rate is 1/TS+1. flame photometry C. oxides of nitrogen C. A. Platinum-platinum+rhodium D. Aluminium-chromel C. In a single tank system.Radiation pyrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 1. level C. Which of the following filled system expansion thermometer has the capability to measure the lowest temperature ? A. Paramagnetism method is not used for the composition determination of __________ in gases. Photo-electric pyrometer D. A.Fused metal (Na or K) in steel thermometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47.

Pirani C. .-10 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4. liquid level under pressure. the thermometer bulb should have a A. C. viscosity D. volume C. A. A.20 B. high vacuum. An amplitude ratio of 0.3. 10 D.very high pressure. Pirani gauge is used for the measurement of A. The __________ of the fluid contained in the temperature sensing element (i. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5. Pressure of 0.pressure B.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 6. bulb) of filled system thermometers changes with change in temperature. D.all'a'. A.e.1 corresponds to __________ decibels.Mcloid B. B. 'b' & 'c'. D. small specific heat. thermocouple D.large area but small mass.all (a). high thermal conductivity. C.liquid level at atmospheric pressure View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 7. -20 C..0001 absolute psi can be measured by __________ gauge. Transfer functions X/Y for which of the following block diagrams is A. For increased speed of response of an expansion pressure spring thermometer. B. (b) and (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8.

gage glass B. Which of the systems having following transfer functions is stable? A. The characteristic equation for the control system A. B.all 'a'. Bimetallic C. differential pressure gage D.B.800 B. A. 1/(s2-2s + 3) C. D. A.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13.Resistance View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 11. __________ thermometer can not measure sub-zero (< 0° C) temperature. external float gage C.depends only upon the open loop transfer function.1/(s2+ 2) B. Starting temperature of optical radiation pyrometer is __________ °C. Vapor pressure D. The characteristic equation for the control system with a closed loop transfer function G1/1 + G2 is given by 1 + G2 = 0. C.Mercury in glass B. determines its stability.exp(-20s)/(s2 + 2s-l) . 1/(s2 + 2s + 2) D.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9. C. is the same for set point or load changes. Liquid argon level in a pressurised storage tank (at 3 kg/cm2 ) is measured by a/an A. 400 C. 'b' & 'c' View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10.1500 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12. D. 1200 D.

The transfer function for a first order process with time delay is A. B. C. 0.5 AT View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15. Alphatron measures pressure __________ microns.hyperbolic View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 18.5 AT B. An ideal PID controller has the transfer function which the magnitude ratio of the controller is 1. < 3 C. 0.5 D.< 0.2 x 0.linear B. AT D. What is the dynamic error in a critically damped second order instrument for a ramp input (At) ? A. What is the ratio of output amplitude to input amplitude for a sinusoidal forcing function in a . View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 16. > 3 D.1 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19.5 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum .0.1/0. 2 AT C. non-linear C.< 1 B.5 C. is A.2 x 0.0.2/0.2 B. D. The frequency at 17.1.5/0.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. The deflection of the free end of the bimetallic strips in a bimetallic thermometer with temperature is nearly A. parabolic D. A.

hair-hygrometer.2/s B. a monotonic decrease.1 B.first order system ? A. D. heat flow rate C. C. The transfer function of the process is A. B.increasing decreasing and then increasing. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. Reset rate is the another term used for __________ time. B. initially increasing and then decreasing. . View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 21. A. The input is suddenly changed to 2 at time t=0. integral C. The unit step response of the transfer function reaches its final steady state assymptotically after A. heat content in the system D. Continuous measurement of moisture in paper is done by A.dead B. The term analogous to the electrical current in a thermal system is the A.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. The output response is y(t)=1+2t.temperature difference B.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20. derivative D.a monotonic increase. D. >1 C.sling psychrometer. A process is initially at steady state with its output y=l for an input u=l.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. < 1 D. C.

The calibration data of a thermocouple with its cold junction at 0°C are given below. gauge C. C.low loads B. temperature changes C.atmospheric B. Positioning controllers are used for A.humidity of gases B. D. Psychrometer determines the A.3. A. water of crystallisation D.46 mv D. What is the emf of thermocouple ? A. high loads D. 0.C.80 mv C. Which of the systems having the following transfer function is stable ? A.flow rate changes . moisture content of solids C. weighing. while its cold junction is at 20°C. vacuum D.absolute View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29.high resistance Wheatstone's bridge circuit. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 27. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. The hot junction of the thermocouple is placed in a bath at 80°C.hygroscopic nature of solids View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26.26 mv B. D.43 mv View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28.2. B. A mercury barometer measures the __________ pressure. 2.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33.resistance pyrometer B. D. A. first order system C.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 31. The frequency response of a dynamic element shows a constant magnitude ratio at all frequencies.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30. The element has the transfer function A.infra red pyrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. The response of two tanks of same size and resistance in series is A. optical pyrometer C. Which of the following is not a speed measuring instrument ? A.transportation lag B.first order system B. The absolute value of the phase shift increases linearly with frequency. C. second order system C.under damped B. A. Which of the following is a 'contact' pyrometer ? A. The element exhibits a negative phase shift at all frequencies. radiation pyrometer D. critically damped C. Stroboscope . second order system D. transportation lag D. The amplitude ratio for the sinusoidal response of a __________ is 1. over damped D.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34.none of the above View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32. The amplitude ratio for the sinusoidal response of __________ is < 1.Psychrometer B.e-τs B.

Bellows B.τl S (τps + 1) + Kc .very limited flow ranges. Use of I-control along with P-control facilitates A. Which of the following is not a mechanical pressure sensing element ? A. Kp . aerospace and in air borne applications. τl S(τm S + 1) (τp S + 1) +Kc . reduction of stability time D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40.bi-metallic thermometers View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37.both (b) and (c). (b) and (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36. reduction of offset C. Tachometer D. Diaphragm C. resistance thermometers C. Km .none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39. Km (τl s + 1) e-τdS = 0 D.notches View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41. Liquid discharge from a tank or reservoir can not be measured by A. weirs C.C. (τmS + 1) (τpS + 1) + Km . Kp (τlS + 1) e-τd s = 0 B. cryogenic flow measurements. Turbine flow meters are suitable for A.(τms + 1) (τp s + 1) + Kc . D. gas thermometers D. Kp e-τd S = 0 C.elimination of offset B. Bourdon tube . Measurement of sub-zero Celcius temperature in industry is done most commonly by A.thermocouples B.orificemeters B. mouthpieces D. e-τdS = 0 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38. Kp . For the block diagram shown below : The characteristic equation is A. C. B.All (a).

U-tube View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42. P-D controller D.low flash point. Which of the following controllers has maximum offset ? A. __________ are analysed using a polarograph. C.D. high viscosity index. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 46. Liquids D. Solids C.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45. Static error D. A.P-controller B.low loads B. High temperature of around 2000°C of incandescent gas mantles is measured by a/an .P-I-D controller View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47. Mcloid D. Magnetic flowmeters are generally not used for the velocity/flow measurement of hydrocarbons due to their A. Pressure of 0. Which of the following judges the accuracy of an instrument ? A. On-off controllers are normally used for A. P-I controller C. temperature changes C.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48.Dead zone B. low electrical conductivity. A. flow rate changes D.Gases View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43. B. Drift C. D.Isotonic solutions B.01 psi (absolute) can be measured by __________ gauge.ionisation B.None of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44.low thermal conductivity. Pirani C.

none of these. D. If the phase lag at a frequency of 0. is overdamped D.has a non-zero slope at the origin. Antimony and silver (F. then the dead time (in minutes) is A. The time constant of a unity gain. C. B.π/3 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2.5π/12 B. optical pyrometer. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 1.P) C.is unstable View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 50. C. Which of the following does not figure in the list of seven substances selected for international temperature scale ? A. The experimental response of the controlled variable y(t) for a step change of magnitude P in the manipulated variable x(t) is shown below : The appropriate transfer function of the process is A.A. B.2 rad/min is 60°. has a damped oscillatory characteristics. π/6 C.specially designed thermocouple. C. D.Ice (F. radiation pyrometer.P) B.P) and steam (B. Oxygen and sulphur (B. B. The unit step response of the transfer function 1/(s2 + 2s + 3) A.P) . first order plus time delay process is 5 min. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 49. π/12 D.

pH meter has A. 3 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . nitrogen D. can not determine as to how many roots of the characteristics equation have positive real D. three cells D. B. cannot be used to test the stability of a control system containing transportation lag. A..one cell B. The open loop transfer function of a process is diagram.P) and mercury (F. two cells C.e. 4 C.D.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4.-1. hydrogen C.no cell View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5. The model that describes the dynamic variation of temperature of water in the tank with time is given as : . Routh test A. < 0° C) temperature. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 6.helium B. -2. -4 B.criterion provides information about the actual location of roots. Water is entering a storage tank at a temperature T0 and flow rate Q0 and leaving at a flow rate Q and temperature T. roots.Zinc (B.P) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 3. C. the poles will be at A. -3 D.2. 1. The area of cross-section of the tank is A0. There are negligible heat losses in the tank. A constant volume gas thermometer employing __________ is used to measure sub-zero (i. In the root locus 7. criterion is not applicable to systems with polynomial characteristic equation.

3 C.QT = Ac . C. faster and non-oscillatory. > 0 D. C. Q(T0 .faster and oscillatory. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8. Helium gas constant volume thermometer is suitable for the measurement of a temperature of __________ °C. C. B. D.T) = Ac .29 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10. Q0T0 . the response becomes A.> 800 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 11. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9. D. B. Q0(T0 . B. 13 D.T) = Ac .none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12.T) = Ac .< 100 B. The transfer function of a second order system is A. slower and oscillatory.slower and non-oscillatory.A. D. When a bare thermocouple is covered by a protective sheath. Q(T0 . Bode diagram are generated from output response of the system subjected to which of the following input? . What is the normal percentage of rhodium in platinum + rhodium element used in the thermocouple ? A.1 B.0. < 0 C. A.

all 'a'. The transfer function of a process is . reducing the volume of the capillary to a minimum.Sinusoidal View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. Orificemeter D. Vapour actuated pressure spring thermometer does not require ambient temperature compensation. Which of the following thermocouples is the most suitable for measuring a temperature of about 1600°C in an oxidizing atmosphere ? A. Iron-constantan C. If a step change is introduced into the system. C.Rotameter B. Step C. Mercury thermometer can be used to measure the temperature upto __________ °C.Impulse B. 250 C. Mercury . Which of the following undergoes minimum volumetric expansion for a given temperature change ? A. A. Ramp D. over damped D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 17. then the response will be A.750 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15. Copper-constantan D.Venturimeter View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 18. B.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 16. reducing the volume of the receiving element to a minimum.A. D.Chromel-alumel View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. Flow nozzle C. Ambient temperature compensation is provided in gas or liquid expansion pressure spring thermometer by A. 'b' & 'c'.making the volume of thermometer bulb as large as conveniently possible. Which of the following is not a differential pressure flow meter ? A. Working principle of mercury in glass thermometer is based on volumetric expansion of mercury with increase in temperature.under damped B.Platinum-platinum + rhodium B.100 B.Water B. critically damped C. 350 D.

D. > 2 (gauge) C.U-tube manometer. CSTR with first order reaction. The offset introduced by proportional controller with gain Kcin response of first order system . An aneroid barometer measures the __________ pressure. C. both (a) & (b).C. Thermal wells are used in the temperature measurement to A. < 2 (gauge) D. absolute C.voltage View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 21. reduce measuring lag. B.thermocouple kept immersed in a liquid filled thermowell.Carbon-tetrachloride View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19. Photoelectric transducers are used for the measurement of those parameters.increase the sensitivity. is known as photo-conductive cell.used for the measurement of thermal radiation.> 10 (absolute) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. D. which can be used to produce variation in A. A typical example of a physical system with under damped characteristic is a A. spring loaded diaphragm valve. flux density D.light intensity B. B.neither (a) nor (b).atmospheric B. current C. increase the fidelity. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. Bourdon gauges are used for measuring pressure (kg/cm2 ) A. D.< atmospheric B. A bolometer is A.gage View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. A photo electric device in which the resistance of the metal is directly proportional to the light striking on it. A.guard against corrosive and oxidising action on thermocouple materials B. vacuum D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. an element which senses optical input and delivers thermal output. C. Methyl alcohal D. C.

a metal powder or graphite C.none of the above. overshoot. D.decays linearly with time. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26.time required for the response of first reach its ultimate value is called the response time. B. reactants C. the manipulated variable is the flow rate of A. In a second order under damped system.coolant B. A system with a double pole at the origin is unstable since the corresponding term in the time domain A. product D. introducing derivative control.reducing value of Kc. the A. overshoot (which is a measure of how much the response exceeds the ultimate value) B. grows linearly with time. To increase the speed of response of a pressure spring liquid or gas expansion thermometer. introducing integral control. the clearance space between the thermometer bulb and the thermal well should not be filled with A. In an exothermic chemical reactor. D. C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 27.is a constant. oil D. characteristics of a step response is represented by D.air B. increase with the decrease of damping co-efficient e.mercury View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28. C. decay ratio (which is the ratio of the sizes of successive peaks) is equal to the reciprocal of C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29. grows exponentially with time.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . B.can be reduced by A.

1 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 31.of cold junction only. Emf generated in a thermocouple depends on the temperature A.increase of pressure B. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34.e-t View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum is 32. O2 D. 1 + e-t D. The inverse Laplace transform of the function A. of hot junction only. difference between hot and cold junctions. sin at) is represented by the curve A.differential linear expansion View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. 1 .CO2 B. Very low pressure is expressed in microns(μ). D. volumetric expansion D. A. Thermal conductivity based continuous flue gas analyser makes use of varying thermal conductivity of the constituents of flue gases.1 . Working principle of mercury in glass thermometer is based on the __________ of mercury with increase in temperature. Which of the following constituents of flue gases has the maximum thermal conductivity ? A.difference between cold junction and atmospheric temperature.30.0. N2 C. B.0001 B. 0.0. .001 C. B. C. increase of thermal conductivity C. The Laplace transform of a sinusoidal function (eg.01 D.1 + et B. 0. which is equal to __________ mm of Hg coloumn (absolute) at 0°C. A.CO View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33.et C.

C.CO2 B. which move towards the strongest part of the magnetic field thus displacing diamagnetic gases. O2 C. solids C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36.NO2 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40. gold C. Continuous flue gas analyser makes use of paramagnetic properties of some of its constituents.nickel View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39. strain C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum is . A. silver D.antimony B. which is 1063°C. of an object without coming in contact with it. Mass spectrometer is used for the composition analysis of A. D.stress B.2 B.contraction/expansion due to changes in temperature View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41.inside a pressure vessel. deflection D. B. Temperature measurement by optical pyrometer is done above __________ point. Radiation thermometer can not measure the temperature A. Number of poles in a system with transfer function A. Which of the following gases is diamagnetic ? A. Dilatometer is used to measure A. isotopes D. NO D. 3 D. D.1 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37. 5 C.of moving objects at high temperature. of liquid oxygen. C.alloys B.

refractrometer D. D. C. All the thermocouples used for temperature measurement use dissimilar metal A.45° B. C.refractrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . A.-45° View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43.strips B.beam radiation. chromatograph C. the phase shift is A.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48. Mikhalov C. Ruth D.42. bright sunshine period. B. -180° D. dilatometer D. A first order system with a time constant of 1 min is subjected to frequency response analysis.none of these. bars C. global radiation. The transfer function of a first order system is A. polarograph C.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47.polarograph B. At an input frequency of 1 radian/min.Nyquist B. Composition of alloys can be determined by A. __________ stability method uses open loop transfer function. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45. D. Optical activity of a solution can be determined using a A.beads View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 46.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44. A pyranometer is an instrument used for measuring the A. wires D. -90° C.polarimeter B. B.

95 D. Bode stability method uses __________ loop transfer function.neither (a) nor (b) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5.Invar View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 6. iron-constantan C.2 B.49. Chromel D. B. closed C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2. Which of the following has the maximum thermal co-efficient of linear expansion? A. D. Mercury manometer (U-tube type) exemplifies a __________ order system. Stabilising time for the controllers is the time required for the response to reach __________ percent of its ultimate value. Stability of a control system containing a transportation lag can be best analysed by A. first C. same as dead time.2% of its ultimate change.5 C. A. second D.2% of its full change.Nickel B. platinum-rhodium D. Brass C. 87. Emf developed by a thermocouple while measuring a temperature of 400°C is 22 mV.100 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 1. either (a) or (b) D. Time constant is the A.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 50.time required by the measured variable to reach 63.third View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 3. C. Working principle of bimetallic thermometers is difference in linear co-efficient of thermal expansion of two strips of different metals welded together.chromel-alumel B. root locus methods C. same as transportation lag. . The type of thermocouple used is A.Routh test B. Which of the following is not a second order instrument ? A.platinum-platinum+rhyodium View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4.zero B. A. frequency response methods D. A.Mercury in glass thermometer with covering.63.open B.time taken by the controlled variable to reach 63.

static pressure View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10. decrease.None of these. Bode plots of the corresponding open loop transfer function should monotoni-cally C. Its value for distilled water is about __________ micro mho/cm3.water B. -60. which is __________ °C.roots of the characteristic equation should be real. For a feed back control system to be stable. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 11. -11. A. two tubes and a tank. A.average velocity B.PID View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. C. in which the manometric liquid used most commonly is A. Out of the following temperature measuring instruments. 10 D.-80. A mercury thermometer can not be used to measure the temperature below the freezing point of mercury. of liquid at a specified temperature. 100 C.9 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 7. PD C. carbon tetrachloride C. D. point velocity D. Bare mercury in glass thermometer.9 D. Pressure gauge with one bellow. PI D. paraffin D.9 B.c.-38. A simple pitot tube measures the A. Specific conductance is defined as the reciprocal of resistance in ohms of 1c. poles of the closed loop transfer function should lie in the left half of the complex B. __________ controller has the maximum stabilising time. the A.B.50 B.P B.9 C.poles of the closed loop transfer function should lie in the right half of the complex plane. Small furnace draught is accurately measured by an inclined tube manometer. A.ethylene glycol View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8. maximum velocity C. D. plane.1 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9. the measurement accuracy will be .

stefan-Boltzman law D. beam radiation. B.kinematic viscosity B. volts D. D. iron-constantan thermocouple.mercury in glass thermometer. D. optical pyrometer. generated by thermocouples is of the order of A. Its deflection is proportional to A.Wien's law B.minimum for the A. B. its diameter (d) and shape & number of corrugations. E. Stalagmometer is used for the measurement of A.Seebeck effect View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 17. d2 C. A pyrheliometer is an instrument used for measuring the A.none of these.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 18. C. differential float type manometer C. Kirchoffs law C.m.alcohol filled thermometer. surface tension C. glass gauge D.d B. microvolts C. .millivolts B. The deflection in diaphragm (which is used as pressure sensor in pneumatic and electronic instruments) is dependent on the metal thickness. Liquid levels in autocalves are measued by A.optical activity View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15. refractive index D.f.bright sunshine period.kilo volts View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19.d4 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 16. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14.simple float B. diffuse radiation. d3 D. C. Working principle of radiation pyrometer is based on the A.

5 C.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20.inversely proportional to the square of View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 21.solids and metal analysis. is 90° at the most C.0. A. temperature measuring C. Phase lag of the frequency response of a second order system to a sinusoidal forcing function A.NOxdetermination. Flow rate through an orifice is __________ the pressure differential. Emission spectroscopy is used for A. inversely proportional to the square root of C. Thermistors are used in __________ devices.Response B. Tine lag C. approaches 180° asymptotically D. determination of CO2 in gases.proportional to B.thermal conductivity cell B. Dead zone in an instrument must be less than __________ percent of the scale.dynamic error View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. B.2 B. mass spectrometer D. A.voltage measuring B. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26. X-ray diffraction C.is 120° View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24.8 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. A. __________ is the static characteristics of an instrument. D. proportional to the square root of D.is 30° B. temperature compensating D.emission spectrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . determining water purity.both(b)&(c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. Gas analysis is commonly done using the A. A. C. 1. Drift D. 4 D.

composition of an alloy. The root locus method. emission spectroscopy D.eτds View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 31. a pole of a transfer function G(s) is the value of s for which G(s) approaches . A. Presence of a small amount of water in the organic systems can be determined by the __________ method. Thermal conductivity measurement is used for the determination of A. This represents 28. D. B. B. % CO2 in flue gas.a second order system. D.electrical conductivity B.speed of a submarine.oxygen B.humidity of air. The transfer function of a pure dead time system with dead time τd is A.27.1/(τds + 1) B. a first order time lag. % O2 in flue gas. Zirconia probe is used for the measurement of A.O2 percentage in the flue gas. The open loop transfer function of a control system is A. carbon monoxide D. A. e-τss D. C. D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29. specific gravity of petrofuels. dead time system.dielectric constant end loss factor View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30.a first order system. carbon dioxide C.CO2 percentage in the flue gas. C. Thermal conductivity cell is the primary element of a/an __________ analyser. τds + 1 C.sulphur dioxide View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32. polarimetry C. B. C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum .

Polarograph is meant for the analysis of A.∞ View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34. The largest permissible gain Kc of a proportional controller needs to be calculated below taking the values of process gain. 0.open B. 0.12.Flat spiral B.gaseous mixture B. photoelectric D.the maximum B.4. time constant and dead time as A. 0. Process degree of freedom indicates __________ number of controllers to be used.12 D.0. A.6. 1 D.08 B.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39. A.12 C.6. both maximum and the minimum D.1s)/(0. It could be a/an __________ pyrometer. 0 C.neither (a) nor (b) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38.radiation B. miscible liquids C. solids . 12. Suppose that the gain. Characteristic equation is the denominator of __________ loop transfer function.5s + 1) are known with a possible error of ± 20% of their values. 0. time constant and dead time of a process with the following transfer function:Gc(s) = 10 exp( .6.A. 8. 0. Single helix D. A. 0. 0.8. Operating range of a temperature measuring instrument is 800 to 1600°C. both (a)and (b) D. the minimum C.Multiple helix View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. A.-1 B. optical C. __________ type of element is normally not used in the bimetallic thermometers. closed C. Bourdon tube C.nothing about the View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37. 0.08 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36.

open weir C. Which of following error integral is considered as the best criterion in controller settings ? A.load B. C.40°C to 450°C).none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44. Which of the following fluid flow measuring devices can measure the largest flow rate ? A. chromatograph D. polarograph C. accuracy (± 1% of span). In a shell and tube heat exchanger.polarimeter B.Weir View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43.both(b)&(c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42.isotopes View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40. A bimetallic thermometer as compared to industrial mercury in glass thermometer has almost the same A. Orificemeter D. kennison nozzle D. C. Flow rate of sludge is not measured by a/an A. Rotameter C. B.temperature measuring range (. speed of response. .spectrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45. B. D. manipulated C.D. controlled D. Polarisation of light forms the working principle of a A. the inlet temperature of heating/cooling fluid is the __________ variable.V-notch B.orificemeter B. A.

open B. ceramic fibre C.all a. Which is the most suitable instrument for measuring pressure below 3 microns ? A. A. Pyrometry refers to the measurement of temperature A. Routh stability method uses __________ loop transfer function. asbestos D. Ionisation gauge D. either (a) or (b) D.Venturimeter B. 800-1600 . Alphatron C.high transmissivity of radiation. the highest temperature rating is for A.neither (a) nor (b) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 1.very thick walls. B. Pitot tube D. Which of the following flow-metering instru-ments is an areameter ? A.fibre glass View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 49.Mcleoid gauge B.Bourdon guage View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 50.D. low emissivity. Thermal wells used in temperature measurements should have A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2.with the mercurial thermometer upto 350°C.Hot wire anemometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 46.400-1600 B. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47. C. closed C. Photoelectric pyrometers are suitable in the temperature range of __________ °C. Rotameter C. C. polished surface. Out of the following themocouple wire insulating material. D.all (a).teflon B. b & c. directly. B. which is of higher magnitude. A. (b) & (c). D.

air to open valve with the controller indirect acting. Copper-constantan D. D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 6.regulator problem View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5. Hot wire anemometer is used for the measurement of A. monel metal C. C. The types of valve and controller action to be recommended are A. 800-2500 D. Which of the following thermocouples has the widest temperature measurement range ? A.Platinum-platinum/rhodium View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 7.phosphor bronze B.frequency response B. Temperature control of an exothermic chemical reaction taking place in a CSTR is done with the help of cooling water flowing in a jacket around the reactor.teflon B. D.400-1000 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 3.thermal conductivity of gases. Response of a linear control system for a change in set point is called A. very high temperature. transient response C. Chromel-alumel C.air to open valve with the controller direct acting.Iron-constantan B.air to close valve with the controller direct acting. Non-metallic diaphragm used as pressure sensor in instruments is generally made of A. stainless steel D. bakelite D. B.thick paper View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4.C. This is the working principle of a .cast iron View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9. "An emf of the order of mV is generated when two solutions of different hydrogen ion concentration are separated by a thin glass wall". C.flow rates of fluids. servo problem D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8. B. synthetic rubber C. air to close valve with the controller indirect acting. flow rates of granular solids. Bourdon tube is never made of A.

D.polarograph View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10. Block diagram of a simple standard control system is shown below in the figure. C.A. It is desired to design a cascade control scheme for controlling the temperature of water leaving the tank 4 as there is a disturbance in the temperature of a second stream entering the tank 2. respectively The overall transfer function for the change in load (X = 0) is given by B. A. Pick out the symbol for "locally mounted instrument" in instrumentation diagram. Which of the following statement about the above control system is wrong ? The transfer functions of the measuring element and the process is represent by H and G2 A.Manipulated variable is represented by C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 11. polarimeter C. .pH meter B. The overall transfer function for the change in set point (X1 = 0) is given by C. chromatograph D. D. B. Select the best place to take the secondary measurement for the second loop. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12. Water is flowing through a series of four tanks and getting heated as shown in figure.

X B. very high temperatures only. manipulated C. What is the Laplace transform of impulse input having magnitude 'X' ? A. Tank 2 C.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15. Tank 3 D. Thermocouple is suitable for measuring A.both high and low temperatures. C.point velocity B. In a shell and tube heat exchanger. B.load B. flow rate C.heat content of the system.liquid temperatures only.Tank 4 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. flow rate.pressure View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 16. controlled D. B. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. D. The term analogous to voltage in a single tank system is the A. 1/X D.level of liquid. D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum .1 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 17.A. A. liquid volume in the tank. Mcleoid gauge is used to measure the A. vacuum D. C. X2 C. very low temperatures only. the outlet temperature of heating/cooling fluid is the __________ variable.Tank 1 B.

Which is the symbol for "pneumatic control valve" ? A. Nickel percentage in invar which is an iron-nickel alloy.760. A. Underdamped.5 B. two D.1060. thermocouples.one B. 960. A. C.5 D. A non-linear system will have __________ steady state values.18. D.Overdamped. Silver point temperature is __________ °C. B. thermostats. D.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. 36 C. C.bimetallic thermometers. 54 D. the system is A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19.12 B.68 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 21.5 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. B.Highly fluctuating. Bimetal strips are not used in A. Which of the following is not a variable area flow meter ? . B. Critically damped. When the damping co-efficient (ξ) is unity. D.5 C. and is used as a thermocouple material is A.relays for opening & closing of electrical circuits. 860. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20.three View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. more than one C. C.

Orifice and tapered plug meter View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. CSTR C.A. Optical pyrometer (disappearing filament type) D.increases exponentially View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26. nitrogen C. Phase margin is equal to A. Magnetic flow meter D.20 B.180° . B. phase lag . 40 D.increases B.phase lag B. Maximum differential pressure in liquid manometer is __________ psi. On-off controller D.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28. Sub-zero temperature (< 0°C) can be measured by a constant volume gas thermometer employing A. C.Tubular reactor B. Which of the following is not classified as a thermo electric pyrometer ? A. Rotameter C. Thermocouple.phase lag + 90° View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . the electrical conductivity of the platinum used in the resistance thermometer A. A. With increase in temperature. remains constant D. hydrogen D.Piston type meter B. phase lag + 180° D.50 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30. __________ is an example of distributed parameter system A.helium B. 30 C.Radiation pyrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29.180° C.Resistance thermometer.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 27. decreases C.

D. semi conductors D. Liquid flow rate in an open channel can not be measured by a/an A.conductors View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. zirconia probe D.bellow B. B.hot wire anemometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33. orificemeter C. cipolletti weir C.Bourdon tube View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36.orsat apparatus B. insulators C. magnetic flow meter D. strip D. The pressure sensing element of elastic type pressure gauge is never made in the form of a A. Flow rate measurement of hostile acids and alkalis can be most suitably done by a/an A. C. rectangular weir . diaphragm C.orifice meter B. Thermisters which have a very high temperature co-efficient of resistivity belong to the class of solid called A. The output-input relationship is A.31.dielectrics B.venturimeter B. Compositional analysis of flue gas coming out of a furnace in respect of O2 and CO2% can be continuously done by a/an A.chromatograph View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34. In a feed-back control system G and H denote open loop and close loop transfer functions respectively. thermal conductivity cell C. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32.

(time)-1 D. Liquid column manometers are used for measuring the pressure __________ kgf/cm2 .Nitrogen in steel thermometer.velocity B. C.feed forward control. Fused metal (Na or K) in steel thermometer. Temperature measurement range of iron-constantan thermocouple is 0 to 870°C.bubbler system B.one feed-back loop. Which of the following filled system expansion thermometers has the lowest positive temperature measurement capability ? A. differential pressure manometer C.emf produced is very low of the order of microvolt. A. B. Cascade control means A.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38. B. rusting of iron takes place. on-off control. The unit of 'time constant' of a system is the same as that of A. because at lower temperature A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39. D. It can be used to measure sub zero temperature. The level of a liquid under pressure can be determined using A.> 2(gage) B. Alcohol in glass thermometer.air-trap system View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42. < 10 (gage) D. C.D.both (b) and (c). C. < 3 (gage) C. diaphragm box system D.V-notch View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37.Mercury in glass thermometer.< atmospheric View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40. more than one feed-back loop. embrittlement of iron occurs. D. time C. D. B. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41.

which exhibits an unbounded response to a bounded input C.Thermocouple View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45.w = 1/14. the Laplace transform of integral of exp(at) has finite values only for s > a.Copper . Copper D. where a > 0. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47.for which the output response is bounded for all bounded input. sub-atmospheric C. A.the function exp(at) is piece-wise continuous only for s > a. A.positive B. very high D. Bimetallic thermometer D. Radiation pyrometer C. Kc = 45/714 .none of these.Mercury thermometer B. Nickel C. Iron-constantan D. is defined only for the Laplace parameter.30% iron + 70% nickel View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44.atmospheric View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48. Meleoid gauge measures the __________ pressure. Which of the following shows maximum dip effect (indicating reverse direction of temperature change) ? A.43.Platinum . B. Which of the following is never used as an element of industrial resistance thermometer ? A. Which of the following thermocouples is capable of measuring a temperature of -50°C? A. D. C. s > a since A. A stable system is the one A.the function is exponential. The Laplace transform of exp(at).Lead B. Chromel . Find the ultimate gain and frequency for a proportional controller in the case of a process having the transfer function Gp(s) = 1/(4s + 1)(2s + 1)(s + 1).constantan View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 49.alumel C. B. D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 46.platinum + rhodium B. which satisfies the conditions for a servo problem. the Laplace transform integral of exp(at) has initial values only for s > a.

Mercury in glass thermometer C.74 C.Radiation pyrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 3.B. A. Change of angle of refraction with composition comprises the working principle of a A.Optical pyrometer B. 630. Radiation pyrometer C. spectrometer D.93 B. Kc = 46/3 C. Find the Laplace transform of the following input function shown in figure.Thermocouples View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4. A. w = 1. . B. w = 7/6. polarograph C. 1064.w = 7/8. Platinum resistance thermometer can be used upto antimony point which is __________ °C. and is the temperature of equilibrium between solid antimony & liquid antimony at normal atmospheric pressure. Which of the following instruments is not used for measuring sub-zero (<0°) temperatures ? A.polarimeter B.Platinum resistance thermometer B. C. Which of the following is not suitable for measuring the temperature of a red hot object in the range of 800 .refractrometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2. Kc = 13 D.1600°C ? A. Photoelectric pyrometer D. Vapor pressure thermometer D.43 D.93 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 1. Kc = 45/4 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 50.1261.961.

Flame photometry is used for the determination of compositional analysis of A. 32° & 460° D.273° & 80° B. Platinum resistance thermometer is the international standard for temperature measurement between A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5. 13. Which of the following thermocouples is incapable of measuring sub-zero (i. alkali metals C.chromel-alumel B. natural gas D.solids B. Mass spectrometer C.32° & 80° View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 7. < 0°C) temperature ? A.Hot wire anemometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8. Polarograph D..triple point of hydrogen and freezing point of antimony B.Chromel-alumel B.isotopes View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 6. Which of the following is not a composition measuring instrument ? A.Thermal conductivity cell B. platinum-platinum+rhodium D.none of these. Emf developed by a thermocouple while measuring a temperature of 800°C is about 31 mV. 0° & 80° C.e.Copper-constantan View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10.D. both (a) and (b) D.. ice point and steam point in Reaumer temperature scale are respectively A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9.neither (a) nor (b) . Reference points i.81°K to 903. iron-constantan C. The type of thermocouple used is A. Iron-constantan C.9°K C.e.. Platinum-platinum + rhodium D.

5 C.Platinum resistance thermometer B.Bimetallic thermometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . has a band width of about __________ percent. 0n-off control which is a special case of proportional control. triangular C. Which is the strongest paramagnetic gas? A.NO2 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. 1/8 C. A. In Bode plot. 0.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 11. A. vs.1 B. The thermal emf-temperature relationship of most thermocouples is A. A. For measuring the temperature of a red hot furnace. 7/8 D. parabolic C.R.100 B. exponential D.0. The amplitude ratio for this system is A. ordinary D.25 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 16. 1/2 D.0 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12. Thermocouple C. O2 C.linear B.semi-log View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15.1 B. A first order system with unity gain and time constant τ is subjected to a sinusoidal input of frequency w = 1/τ.log-lag B.square root View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. 75 C.CO2 B. w is plotted on a/an __________ graph paper. NO D. A control system has the following transfer function The initial value of the corresponding time function is A. 25 D. which is the most suitable instrument ? A. Optical pyrometer D.-1 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 17.

overshoot increases for increasing damping co-efficient. Dome temperature of blast furnace stove is most accurately measured by a A.1 B. D.rpm of a flywheel B. 30° C. Continuous measurement of moisture content of paper in paper industry is done by measuring the A. decay ratio = (overshoot)2 C.radiation pyrometer. electrical resistance through the paper C. Stroboscope is used for the measurement of A.large damping co-efficient means smaller damping. platinum-platinum/rhodium ther-mocuple.none of these . The root locus plot of the roots of the characteristics equation of a closed loop system having the open loop transfer function will have a definite num-ber of loci for variation of K from 0 to ∞. A. Phase lag of the sinusoidal response of a first order system is A.liquid level under pressure View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20.2 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 21. D. frequency of light C. displacement meter D.hydrometer B.120° B. In second order underdamped system. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. B.platinum resistance thermometer.90° View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. The number of loci is A.18. Continuous measurement of specific gravity of a liquid is done by A. C. magnetic susceptibility D. 3 C.thermal conductivity through the paper B.both (a) and (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. 180° D. contact-type electric indicators C.decay ratio = overshoot B. iron-constantan thermocouple. 4 D. depression of freezing point D.

A. Which of the following can measure temperatures in the range of .natural View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30. B. The frequency at which maximum amplitude ratio is attained is called the __________ frequency. D.None of these. Transfer lag is a characteristics of all higher order systems (other than first order systems). D. B.Mercury in glass thermometer B. linear expansion.There is no transfer lag for a single first order system. C. . vycor (a glass) C.inconel View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26. Working principle of mercury in glass thermometer is A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29. Pick out the wrong statement.Transfer lag decreases as the number of stages decreases. D.none of these. cross-over D. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28. Vapor pressure thermometer C. C. resonant C. C.20 to 300°C ? A. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 27.steel B. Resistance thermometer D. Thermal well made of __________ gives the fastest speed of response. B.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. A. pressure rise with temperature. A. nichrome D. Stirred tank with a water jacket exemplifies an interacting system.corner B.volumetric expansion. What is the Laplace transform of sin t ? A. while measuring temperature by thermocouples.

Normal mercury thermometer can be used to measure a temperature of about 300°C.5 D. 1/S3 is given by . A. D.proportional controller. However. mercury thermometer D. Decibel = 20 loge (AR) C.none of these View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34. gauge D.Decibel = 20 loge (AR)0. proportional-derivative(PD)controller. increasing the diameter of the tube.proportional integral-derivative (PID) controller. B.atmospheric B. dilatometer C.5 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33.Decibel = 20 log10 (AR) B. proportional-integral (PI) controller.View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 31. Conversion formula for converting amplitude ratio (AR) into decibels is A.bimetallic thermometer View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36.1/2 S3 B.Beckman thermometer B. If response of a control system is to be free of offset and oscillation. Minute depression of freezing point of a liquid solvent on addition of a solid solute can be best measured by a A.accounting for the tube expansion. C. Decibel = 20 log10 (AR)0. A manometer measures the __________ pressure. For the time domain function f(t) = t. 2/S3 C. absolute C. C. the Laplace transform of A. B. using steel tube in place of glass tube. the most suitable controller is A. its maximum temperature measurement range can be increased upto about 500°C by A.filling nitrogen under pressure in the stem. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. D.

Ordinary mercury in glass thermometer is used for measuring temperature upto 120°C. 2nd D. A.difference View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43. Temperature of __________ can not be measured by an optical or radiation pyrometer. Gain margin is equal to the A. For two non-interacting first order systems connected in series. 350 . reciprocal of amplitude ratio C.amplitude ratio B.hot blast (air) from stoves B. Temperature of molten pig iron (1450°C) and molten slag (1500°C) flowing out of a blast furnace is measured by a/an A. molten slag flowing out of blast furnace C. semi-log D. radiation pyrometer D. optical pyrometer C.either (b) or (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42. A system with transfer function is of __________ order. A.D. A. sum D. which stops the evaporation of mercury and reduces the chance of broken thread of mercury. In Bode plot. Φ vs ω is plotted on a/an __________ graph paper. for measuring higher temperature upto __________ °C. thermometer is made by filling nitrogen under pressure above the mercury.triangular View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41. gain in P controller D.250 B.chromel-alumel thermocouple B.rotary limestone calcination kiln View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38. However.2/S2 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37. ordinary C.product B.gain in P-I controller View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39. A. A. combustion space in boilers D.3rd View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40. ratio C.log-log B. 1st C. the overall transfer function is the __________ of the individual transfer functions.zero B.

Iron-constantan View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum Composition of natural gas is determined by the A. Chromel-alumel C. Mercury thermometer is commonly used for low temperature measruement. mass spectrometer C.79 and 395 D. chromatograph D.39 and 350 B.C.. A. Platinum-platinum/rhodium D.Copper-constantan B.both (b) and (c) View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum . . 550 D.51 and 439 C.Haldane apparatus B. The freezing point and boiling point of mercury are respectively __________ °C. Which of the following thermocouples has the least temperature measurement range? A. .700 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44.10 and 425 View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45..