By John Brown

The purpose of this manual is to give a brief, but inclusive introductory course to the great sport of amateur boxing. Amateur boxing parallels life in many respects. It’s important that you learn and grow every day. The coach or boxer who thinks he knows all there is to know or doesn’t want to take the time to learn, will never achieve his full potential. Even we do not claim to have all of the answers. In order for amateur boxing to become more popular, it is the job of all coaches to stress fundamentals, particularly those pertaining to defense. A boxing match is meant to be a contest of skill rather than power, brute force or toughness. It is extremely important to remember that amateur boxing should be fun. The more fun you can make it, the more participants you will have and the more frequently they will workout. The surest way to make boxing fun is to keep it safe. This can be accomplished by teaching the fundamentals depicted in this manual and by using proper safety equipment.

Amateur boxing is a very positive sport as well as a terrific way to combat juvenile delinquency. It is completely different from professional boxing in its goals, objectives, scoring and equipment. Amateur boxing can be an excellent source of conditioning for the high school athlete during the off-season. It also provides the option for a youngster who is not involved in school sports programs or does not desire to participate in team sports. Amateur boxing can also provide a young person with the opportunity to satisfy the basic human need of recognition in a positive manner. All too often this need is met through delinquent behavior. In amateur boxing, points are scored by landing clean blows, regardless of their power. A power punch that knocks an opponent down scores the same as a left jab. Consequently, a boxer’s goal should be to outbox his opponent by landing numerous clean, effective blows rather than going for a knockout that may not happen. When properly coached and supervised, amateur boxing can be an extremely fulfilling and beneficial experience for young people. It can be used as a vehicle to instruct sportsmanship, the value of conditioning and a positive release of frustrations and energies, in addition to building self-confidence and character.

The safety of amateur boxing has been well documented. The 1998 National Safety Council ranked boxing 71st in sports injuries, well below mainstream sports like wrestling, football, baseball, soccer and even bowling. Most of the negative publicity about the sport centers around professional boxing, when, in fact professional boxing is much different than amateur boxing. No other amateur sport takes more precautions, in regard to safety, than amateur boxing. Amateur boxers must receive a physical examination before and after each competition. Special protective equipment is mandatory for each competition. The primary directive of all amateur referees is the safety of the boxers. In addition, all competition gloves and headgear contain exact combinations of shock-absorbing foams to reduce the impact of a blow. Every possible precaution is taken to keep amateur boxing safe.


all attention and effort has to be dedicated to the safety of the boxer. you’ve lost the boxer.THE PROPER WAY TO COACH AMATEUR BOXING In order for the sport of boxing to thrive in the future. After your boxers have a working knowledge of offense and defense. Otherwise. Teach them offense and defense and require them to attain a level of proper conditioning before putting them in the ring. speed bag and double end bag. No one will learn anything. Although much of the available equipment is geared towards offense. The less you get hit. Putting inexperienced youngsters in the ring before they’re ready will harm a novice boxer. heavybag. Offense and defense should be taught hand-in-hand. he will be a champion. The purpose of sparring is to work on fundamentals. Either way. – Concentration: If a boxer has the ability to block out everything and concentrate on the task at hand. After the offensive fundamentals are learned. advanced offensive and defensive techniques can be taught and sparring can be adjusted to meet his needs. The worst coach is one that thinks he knows all there is to know. this is only half the game. either physically or psychologically. Remember boxing is supposed to be fun—fighting for your life isn’t. move on to the basic defensive fundamentals. in condition and concentrates on his boxing. TEACH YOUR BOXERS THE FOUR C’S OF AMATEUR BOXING: – Coachability: A boxer must have the mental discipline to take instruction that he receives and incorporate it into his boxing style. He should encourage the new boxer to work on his left jab and mobility. delivery of a left jab and straight right hand. This cannot be accomplished unless the sparring session is properly controlled. First of all. the more fun boxing is. and someone could get hurt. As your new boxer progresses. Attention should be given to the proper position of hands and elbows. assign each boxer a partner to practice on each other’s defense. it is time to start sparring. The experienced boxer should lightly strike the new boxer when he makes mistakes. 3 . – Champion: If a boxer is coachable. – Conditioning: It is impossible to learn if a boxer is too tired to concentrate on new techniques. Learn from other coaches. You’ll have better developed boxers and a higher number of participants by taking this approach. There is nothing to practice if you haven’t been taught anything. he will never improve. If you put two new boxers together. Most amateur bouts are won and lost due to conditioning. Teach and make your boxers work on defense. you’ll have a brawl on your hands. To put new kids in the ring to “see how tough they are” is insane and is an injustice to the sport. Any coach that puts a new or inexperienced boxer in the ring to spar before teaching him the fundamentals of offense and defense has no business coaching. Beginning fundamentals should include proper stance. their tricks of coaching and conditioning. Defense should be practiced each workout session just like hitting the heavybag. These basics should be practiced nightly while going through the normal workout routine: shadowboxing. and implement them into your program. he will improve rapidly. have attained a desirable level of conditioning and are able to go three rounds. each new boxer should spar with a more experienced boxer who can control both himself and the action. Sparring means instructive boxing. If a club has too many boxers for the coaches to work with individually. Sparring is practice boxing.

CONDITIONING IS 80% OF AMATEUR BOXING The following is a recommended workout schedule. Remember. Your better. 1. Muhammad Ali: Boxing. Currently. Joe Frazier: Going after your opponent. it would be to your advantage to do what may not normally be your style. in amateur boxing. you must work on all three of the following styles when you are shadowboxing. should be working on no more than a two minute clock and working at 100% effort. Training should be conducted at a rapid pace to train the body. when 100% is needed in competition. The following list of exercise programs and cross-training sports will greatly increase the conditioning and cardiovascular levels of your athletes. In order to be prepared for this situation. When your opponent gets set to punch. heavybag work and running can be conducted when the gym is closed. When your opponent moves in. This style is necessary to develop the skills of a good stick-and-move boxer. you may not have time to make your opponent “fight your fight”. step out of his punching range and then slide in and hit. which is adequate and keeps the coach and boxers from getting burned out. Unfortunately. depending on physical makeup. get close and then unleash a barrage of punches. 4 . The key is to train at the same duration as competition and at 100% intensity. bouts are four rounds in duration. sticking and moving. don’t just go through the motions. in amateur boxing. which does not leave time for “feeling out” your opponent or pacing yourself. weaving and slipping punches. for quick. working the heavybag or the double end bag. will develop a style which he feels comfortable with. bobbing. step back or sidestep and throw your left jab. an aspiring champion must workout two or three additional days of the week. All too often a boxer working longer than two minute rounds conditions his body to work at 80% of its physical potential. In this case. When your opponent leaves himself open. he is not prepared for it. This is what the boxer wants you to do so that he can step back out of your punching range and stick you in the nose with his educated left jab. moving in with hands held high. Work on your fundamentals. Nautilus *Ringside offers several videotapes. Constant pressure and not hitting until you are very close to your opponent is key. 2. The idea is simple—move in. explosive action. In and Out: This is probably the most effective of all styles because of the way amateur bouts are judged. fire a quick combination and then get out of his punching range. Move in. temperament and agility. Both open and novice boxers (an athlete who has less than 10 bouts). more dedicated boxers should have their own heavybag at home so that shadowboxing. Unfortunately. Each boxer. 3. books and programs that cover these and many other topics. keeping constant pressure on him. Most gyms are open only three nights a week. due to its short duration. A boxer should train for the same duration in which he is going to compete. particularly the cardiovascular system. Success in competition is directly proportionate to the amount of effort that is put into training. To complement the gym work. and should be encouraged as additional methods of training for your boxers: Boxing Aerobics Swimming Circuit Training Weight Lifting.CONDITIONING THROUGH TRAINING Training is essential preparation for providing the strength and endurance needed for boxing. His punches should land short and your jab should connect. hit and move out before you get hit. DO NOT punch while you are moving in.

Rotate on your bags. remove some air (about 25%) from the bag and hit it. Each one responds differently when punched just like each of your opponents will box differently. You can work on different styles and opponents. SPEED BAG This light bag does wonders to improve arm endurance and hand-eye coordination. At most clubs. The heavybag and double end bag should be hit with large bag gloves for two reasons: 1. A flexible muscle is less likely to cramp or pull. work hard and the speed bag can be a valuable tool. Jumping on concrete is too easy and bad for your legs. 5 . Imagine that you are working against Ali the first round. Learn the double hit movement.) before working out. It will force you to punch harder. abdomen. increase the intensity of the workout until the athlete can go non-stop for three rounds. You should complete three rounds of rope jumping. The idea is to spar against an imaginary opponent. JUMP ROPE A quality speed rope is necessary to condition the legs and develop the cardiovascular endurance. For a variation.BASIC PROGRAM WARM-UP It is very important that all athletes take at least 10 to 15 minutes to thoroughly stretch ALL of the major muscle groups (arms. back. DOUBLE END BAG The primary purpose of this bag is to work on your jabs and quick combinations. 40 lb. It can also be used to practice slipping punches. Your arms need to be conditioned for what will be used in competition. Hit it once with each hand. Don’t just go through the motions of hitting the bag. Frazier the second round and then work on the “In and Out” in the third. Make your jab work like a well-oiled piston and throw combinations in bunches of five to seven punches. HEAVYBAG Before you begin any bag work. Always jump on a padded surface. Slip these imaginary punches and counter. Don’t just hit the bag. — — — — Warm-up 5 minutes Stretching 10 minutes 3 Rounds of Shadowboxing 3-4 Rounds of Sparring (twice a week) — 3 Rounds of the Heavybag — 3 Rounds of the Double End Bag — 3 Rounds of the Jump Rope — 3 Rounds on the Punch Mitts or Coach Spar Mitts — 3 Rounds on the Speed Bag — Abdominal Exercises and Stretching 20 minutes Each round should last two minutes with up to one minute rest in between. so don’t forget your defense. Alternate these routines. SHADOWBOXING This is a great way to begin your workout. 10 or 12 ounce gloves will be used. they have a variety of heavybags: 70 lb. as with the heavybag. It does not make sense to train with lighter gloves than that. bags. water bags and uppercut bags. you’ll know that your boxer is in shape! Ringside offers a complete line of both heavybags and double end bags. etc. One hand injury can end a career. In competition. legs. Act like the bag can hit back. Hit it 25 times with each hand. Remember that flexibility is just as important as power. bags. At that point. All new boxers should have their program laid out for them so that they have guidelines to follow and know what to do each day they get to the gym. you must pretend that the double end bag can hit back. 2. be sure you have a good pair of gloves. Again. The heavybag develops punching power and speed. Work it. To protect the 26 small. delicate bones of the hand. As the boxer’s level of ability improves with each bag.

SUPER BODY PROTECTOR The Super Body Protector provides the coach with a whole new training option. There are many other great training devices available from Ringside that a coach can use to give just the right look to any particular workout. With some of the mitts available (Coach Spar Mitts). This ability to work on defense and offense at the same time makes these mitts a must for every gym. add more punches. By missing punches you can evaluate if you are exercising proper balance. The aspect that makes these mitts different is that they also give the coach the ability to “tap” the boxer back when he makes a mistake. As they improve. Boxing can only be learned through boxing. As the boxer gets better at this.DRILL WORK Drill work is a great way to work on specific techniques in a controlled situation. defense or even offense by making your punches slightly miss their mark (your sparring partner). a different move or defense technique. always try to work on a new punch. to learn proper footwork and even defense. 6 . Start your new boxers with basic left/right combinations. the punch mitts are an offensive target that the coach or trainer can control to help a boxer work on different offensive skills. If you’re sparring with someone of lesser ability. The protection provided to the coach by the Super Body Protector means you can work on the forgotten art of body punching without worrying about taking a pounding. Continue to add punches and movement as they improve. Basically. Start by throwing a jab at about half speed at your athlete. PUNCH SHIELD This device is a great way to work on offensive techniques with even the heaviest hitter. Punch mitts can be used to work on certain combinations. These mitts are padded so that the coach can “catch” the punches just like regular punch mitts. you can also help your boxers work on defense. Learn to love to spar. while others do the basic job of providing the boxer with a target. Ringside has a complete line of punch mitts to help you come up with the mitt that best fits your program. try moving a little. Now his athlete can work on body punches during punch mitt drills. COACH SPAR MITTS These mitts were designed specifically by Ringside to give the coach the ability to teach both offense and defense at the same time. you can still work on a variety of techniques such as body attack. Never spar just to be sparring. Missing punches also takes more energy and consequently will aid in your conditioning. When they master this. This much more effectively stimulates a real opponent. SPARRING When you commence sparring. He/she should slip the punch or catch the punch and counter with a jab or straight right. increase the speed until you are imitating an actual punch. Many of the mitts have specific uses. PUNCH MITTS AND DRILL EQUIPMENT FOR COACHES PUNCH MITTS There is a large selection of punch mitts available today. It provides a heavily padded target that the coach can move and adjust to fit the specific techniques he is working on.

Lay flat on back with legs in air at right angle to upper body. the key is training your body for quick. Focus on rotating and twisting at the waist to gain torque in your punches. Stand back to back with a partner. knees up. Lay on back. if done properly. Bring a stopwatch or watch with a second hand to time yourself. Ringside also offers books and videos that expand on the different workouts you can do with the medicine ball. USA Boxing has produced a book called “Coaching Olympic-Style Boxing”. Roadwork should be done as follows: 1. a ring post or any hook. an intense interval running program. This unique cable-system can be attached to a door knob. but remember that your real amateur boxing workout is the sprint routine. Exercising the neck is of extreme importance. put ankle of one foot on opposite knee. 2 Minutes Novice Champ Then rest for one minute and repeat this process three times. intensive action. 3. A couple of basic drills follow. deliberate fashion with 15-20 repetitions per side.EXERCISES STOMACH Most boxers look like they have strong stomach muscles. to become proficient. After you have completed your intense sprint program. This details. Bend your legs and lie directly in front of a partner. Sit-up and at the top of the movement throw the medicine ball to your partner. 2. 2. hands behind head. 5. Lay flat on back. He will mimic your movement and throw it back. Now comes the workout—Sprint for the same amount of time you will be boxing. Lay on back. · Junior Division Age 10-11 1 Minute · Intermediate Division Age 12-13 1 ½ Minutes · Senior Division Age 14-15 2 Minutes · Novice Division Age 16-20 2 Minutes · Open Division Age 21 or over. DO ALL UNTIL YOU GET A GOOD BURN! 1. alternate elbows to knees. Lay flat on back. Do the following exercises religiously. Again. 2. When you start to get in shape. a boxer needs to train more than three days a week. it is a good idea to finish up with a jog of any length you desire. Do this on both sides and then lay face down. A more complete guide to medicine ball workouts is provided free of charge with any Ringside Medicine Ball purchase. Slowly return your head to its starting position. The exercises it employs are the same as the Wrap Around Neck Strengthener only they’re done from a standing position. Lift your head until it is vertical to the floor. hands behind head. For a more comprehensive running program. you should be covering more ground during your sprint. then return it to a horizontal position. Begin on your back and bend your head forward until your chin touches your chest. 7 . but in reality they are very weak in this area. knees up. among other aspects of training. ADDITIONAL TRAINING As previously stated. Keep in mind that you are training for amateur boxing. The medicine ball is a valuable tool in conditioning the stomach. “Coaching Olympic-Style Boxing” is available from Ringside and should be a part of every coach and boxer’s library. 3. This weighted training device is used by laying flat on the floor. 2. Plant your legs firmly and rapidly hand the medicine ball off to each other in a circular fashion. Warm-up by stretching out. elbows behind head. Switch ankle and knee positions. roll over to your side and lift your head to touch your ear. not crosscountry running or marathon racing. Next. Jog a mile or so to warm-up. An instruction guide is included with each of these neck-strengthening devices when ordered from Ringside. The Wrap Around Neck Strengthener is convenient and very effective. Below are a few brief abdominal exercises. 1. The Ringside Neck Strengthener incorporates cables to utilize resistance training which has proven to be extremely effective. pump legs in bicycle fashion touching elbow to opposite knee. legs back to floor. explosive. bring knees up to chest. Hold the medicine ball against your chest while lying on your back. NECK This is the most under-worked area on a boxer’s body and must be strengthened to protect a boxer’s head from rotating in a violent nature when hit with a good shot. Each exercise should be performed in a controlled. 1.Running is an excellent means of conditioning for boxing. 4. alternate elbows to knees. alternate elbows to knee.

Do the opposite to move right. which should then make the left higher. Plus.ELBOWS IN FRONT OF BODY: This will protect your body against body punches. Your feet must also remain apart for purpose of balance. 8 . don’t drag your right foot. you’re susceptible to being either hit or pushed off balance. If you move forward. Take your time and learn them well. If not. This is the ideal defensive position. forward with your right foot and leg when the jab is thrown. It also puts you in the proper defensive position to guard against the right hand. FOOTWORK: Place your left foot and left shoulder out front. 1. it will cause your hands to be positioned in front of your head. BASIC OFFENSE LEFT JAB This is the most important punch in boxing. 3. if you want to move left. Make sure the left shoulder is always higher than the right. For instance. It is extremely important that your left shoulder is “out front” or pointing towards your opponent. The purpose of the left jab is to keep your opponent on the defense and to accumulate points. This will allow for full rotation of the shoulders and hips when throwing the right hand. This is the most important step in amateur boxing. 4. move the left leg first and pick up the distance with the right foot. Your left knee should be bent for balance. in addition to using it to control the bout. Every advanced move or technique is based on having solid fundamentals. move the right foot back and then move the left foot after. The arms from the elbow to the fist must be in a vertical (straight up and down) position at all times. You can use the jab to disrupt your opponent’s rhythm and timing. the hands should be returned to their on-guard position as quickly as possible to protect the head. If you move backward. Also having the elbows in front of the body is the proper position from which to throw punches and also to block uppercuts. Use it. Power is possible by slightly pushing the body. and your feet should be pointing toward your opponent. but more importantly. Make it work so that your weight is evenly distributed. A good technique for raising the left shoulder is to bend the right knee. Speed is derived by keeping the elbow down and snapping the arm forward at the elbow joint. you will be susceptible to right hands. THROW PUNCHES STRAIGHT OUT AND BRING STRAIGHT BACK TO HEAD: When punches are thrown. Moving left or right is accomplished by stepping sideways with the foot of the direction you wish to move. keeping to left elbow down and turning the forearm so that the knuckles land in a horizontal position. This actually lowers the right shoulder. particularly your left shoulder. The left jab is thrown by extending the left hand and arm fully. move the left foot to the left and then bring over the right foot. 2. when you move forward. you must master the basic fundamentals.BASIC FUNDAMENTALS In order to be a competent boxer. he will have to concern himself with defense which will afford him less time to work on his offense (hitting you in the nose). Also. Do not get into the bad habit of bringing your feet together after you throw punches.HANDS IN FRONT OF HEAD: Your hands should always be held at cheek level to protect the head against your opponent’s blows. Your feet should be the length of a normal step apart. whenever your feet are together. If you are keeping a jab in your opponents face. It is a waste of energy.

6. 3. Work on the jab until your left arm almost falls off. Return the jab back to the head as quickly as you throw it out.THE KEYS TO THE LEFT JAB ARE: Throw it from the head. Take a whole week in the gym and throw only this punch. whipping your right shoulder forward and pivoting the hips. Doing so will afford your opponent the opportunity to gauge your speed and time your punches. How to jab is as important as knowing when to jab. this will be your power punch because it is delivered with the weight of the body. STRAIGHT RIGHT For the beginner. 2. 5. Your power will be derived by pushing and pivoting the right foot. Keep your elbow down. Throw the right from the face and bring the right elbow up to about shoulder level. 2. 9 . 3. The right is normally thrown after the left jab. 1. 4. 1. Push the left shoulder forward by pushing from the floor with the right foot. 5. Return the right immediately to the head. If you can develop a solid left jab. The left knee should be bent for balance. you will be a good boxer. 4. Don’t throw it just to be doing something. Dot not move your right elbow when throwing the left. Unless you are using the jab for probing purposes. Snap the arm forward at the elbow joint. it should not be used unless your opponent is within punching range.

allowing the right to pass safely by. After the technique is mastered. it must be executed so that the blow is escaped by only the smallest margin. have him pick up the pace to simulate the real thing. DEFENSE AGAINST THE STRAIGHT RIGHT 1. To be effective. THE CATCH: The left jab is caught in the palm of the open right glove (catcher’s mitt). Your head should end up directly over your left knee. SLIPPING: This involves avoiding a blow without actually moving the body out of range. DEFENSE AGAINST THE LEFT JAB 1. OUTSIDE SLIP: This involves bending at the knees and dropping the upper body forward and to the right. 2. outside of your opponent’s left hand. Be sure to keep your hands in front of your head as a backup system and also that you will not be cautioned for head-butting. The purpose of slipping is to avoid the blow and maintain the position to counter. DUCK OR SLIP: Drop the upper body and head forward and to the left. 10 . Be sure to keep up resistance in your right hand so you don’t hit yourself.BASIC DEFENSE These basic defensive maneuvers should be practiced over and over with a teammate so that they eventually become a reflex action. It calls for exact timing and judgment. The two basic slips are outside and inside. Let it come to you. Keeping the left hand in proper position in front of the head should block most rights. inside of the opponent’s left jab. Always take your catcher’s mitt with you when you slip as a backup system INSIDE SLIP: This involves bending at the knees and dropping the upper body forward to the left. 2. This is a somewhat dangerous move because you are moving into your opponent’s right hand. Have your partner throw punches in slow motion while you block them. Do not reach out for the jab. The outside slip is relatively safe because you are slipping away from the right hand.

2. kept in front of your head and body. It should never be used as a lead punch. Your arm should be in a half-bent position and should not dip below the waistline. 4. 1. · DEFENSE TO THE LEFT HOOK 1. This is usually thrown from a close position after a left jab or a right hand. These are usually thrown from the inside with the right after closing the distance with a left jab or hook. 5. 2. 3. Keep your left knee bent for balance. Block with your hands and forearms. 2. Ducking: Bend your upper body forward from the waist and dip both knees allowing your head to drop underneath the hook. The most effective defense is merely stepping back out of range. UPPERCUTS 1. This is somewhat difficult to master. While ducking.ADVANCED TECHNIQUES THE LEFT HOOK The left hook is the most difficult punch to learn correctly. 11 . Return to the “on guard” position. the palm of the hand faces your body. DEFENSE AGAINST UPPERCUTS 1. Forearm Block: Cover the right side of your head with your right arm and touch your ear with your right glove. 6. but when thrown correctly it can be extremely effective. only when actual openings are present. The hook is most often thrown with: Palm In: With this hook. The forearm should be parallel to the ground when the hook lands. Use the left foot and hip to pivot or turn your body while bringing up the elbow to a horizontal position. be sure not to take your eyes off your opponent.

Straight right to chin and a left hook to the chin. Left jab to the body followed by a left jab to the chin. DRAWING. 11. Left jab to the chin and a straight right to the body. straight right to the chin (the old one-two).BODY FEINTS: This includes making various movements with the body to check your opponent’s reaction. straight right to the chin and a left hook to the chin. DRAWING Drawing is similar to feinting. BASIC COMBINATIONS 1. body and legs in a single effort to deceive the opponent. hands. Left jab to the chin followed by a left jab to the body. 1. so that a counter attack can be executed. 6. Your hands must be kept in front of your head or a foul for butting will be called. 3. 5. It is especially effective when moving an opponent to work off his chest and cut off the punching room. the punches should increase in intensity so that the later blows have more power. dropping your knees or pivoting your shoulders. Straight right to the chin and a left hook to the body. Left jab to the chin. 12. In feinting. 4. 10. COMBINATIONS This is a series of blows delivered in a natural sequence so that an opening may result. while in drawing. Left jab to the chin. 13. Left jab to the body and a straight right to the body. some part of the body or head is left unprotected in order to entice the opponent into throwing a specific blow. 9. an opening is created. 7. it is necessary to advance quickly. 2. Left jab to the chin. . 8. Left jab to the body and a straight right to the chin. ARM FEINTS: This includes simply appearing to punch a specific area with one hand and then doing the opposite. To obtain the inside position. Hooking off the jab—left jab to the chin and a left hook to the chin. to create openings. slip. weave. or feint. Double or triple left jab to the chin. duck. As a combination is thrown. It requires using the eyes. Straight right to the body and a left hook to the chin. such as advancing quickly. 2. straight right to the body and a left hook to the chin. draw. 12 INFIGHTING This is the art of boxing at close range. SHELLING UP This simply means to completely cover your head and body so that no vulnerable area is exposed.FEINTING. SHELLING-UP AND INFIGHTING FEINTING Feinting is a characteristic of the advanced boxer.

Keep your right hand (catcher’s mitt) ready to catch his big left hand if he throws it. If you are tense. USE YOUR HEAD.RING GENERALSHIP Ring generalship is a general plan of strategy thought out in advance of the bout which attempts to nullify the opponent’s strength and take advantage of his weakness. If the rusher gets close. giving him no punching room. 3. KNOW THE FUNDAMENTALS. APPEAR CONFIDENT AT ALL TIMES. 3. 9. 4. 7. Outthink your opponent. 4. Remember the left hook is the most effective weapon against a south-paw. BE IN CONDITION. Continually force your opponent and try to corner him on the ropes so that close range can be attained. 2. When the south-paw throws a jab. 10. To stand in one spot means you are an easy target. HOW TO BOX A SOUTH-PAW (LEFT HANDED BOXER) 1. away from the left hand. 11. WHENEVER YOUR OPPONENT GETS SET TO HIT . There will be many chances to use them. Don’t lead. 2. 2. HOW TO BOX A TALL OPPONENT 1. 6. don’t show it. THE LEFT HAND IS THE SAFEST LEAD. PUZZLE THE OPPONENT BY A VARIETY OF MANEUVERS. If you are hurt. A tall opponent is probably accustomed to having opponents come to him. HOW TO BOX A RUSHER 1. Make the south-paw come to you. NEVER FORGET THAT YOUR OPPONENT IS AS TIRED AS YOU ARE. If you wait. otherwise move out quickly. don’t jump around and make unnecessary movements. Always circle to your left. IF A BLOW IS MISSED OR YOU ARE OFF-BALANCE. KEEP MOVING. slip to his left and counter with a left hook. Sidestep and stick with the left jab followed by a right when possible. PUNCH WHEN YOUR OPPONENT IS IN RANGE. All south-paws have very powerful straight left hands. Move out quickly and don’t slug. 2. you expend energy. Make him come to you 2. It also means having the ability to adapt one’s style to that of the opponent. Keep moving. Move in quickly and launch a sudden attack. Fight with your head. Don’t let your opponent get set. COVER UP AND PROTECT YOURSELF . 13 . Use it often. you will be punched. 12. HOW TO BOX A SLUGGER 1. shell up and move in. not your hands. Keep your right hand in proper defensive position to catch the jab. and you will out-box him. RING STRATEGY 1. RELAX. 13. HOW TO BOX A JABBER 1. Remain there if you are successful. 3. If he won’t come to you. 5. MOVE. Rarely do the same thing twice in succession. move in fast and hit. Nothing makes up for good physical conditioning. 2. 8. 3. However. CARRY YOUR HANDS HIGH AT ALL TIMES. Slip or duck the jab and move in to counter to the body or head.

Always exercise sportsman-like conduct even if your opponent calls your mother a name. 1. Drink a large amount of water to replenish lost liquids and to clean out your system. Adelle Davis. BASIC RULES 1. The following are a few of these things. not in one week. ice cream. HOW TO WIN AN AMATEUR BOUT Amateur bouts are judged by trained officials who are counting the number of effective blows that are landed. 4. There is a limit to how far you can go. No hitting with the open glove. No holding. Avoid processed foods that are full of chemicals such as potato chips. wear a predominantly red uniform. proceed to the furthest neutral corner. such as talking to your opponent. 9. No hitting below the belt or behind the head. but never cocky. 3. a famous nutritionist said it best. vegetables and low calorie meats. but the factor of human nature should still be considered. and your body will usually tell you that limit. etc. you will be better off boxing in the lowest possible weight class so that you might have a power and strength advantage. Smile and nod to them. it is advisable that a daily vitamin supplement be used. 5. No moving in on an opponent unless your hands are in front of your head. etc. Never talk to the referee of your opponent during the bout. Never. Because boxing is so vigorous. 7. appear confident. LOSING WEIGHT Generally speaking.Bringing your weight down must be done gradually. fruits and whole grain breads and cereals. If you are boxing out of the blue corner. “You are what you eat”. poultry. 2. No kidney punches. 2. 14 . Judges like and favor boxers who have a classic style of keeping their hands up and moving gracefully. The judges do not like it and will vote against you. 11. fish. Act like you know what you’re doing and try to achieve eye contact with the judges. Keep its use to a minimum level. EVER showboat. 12. wear predominantly blue.DIET The proper diet for a boxer would be much like the proper diet for a wrestler or sprinter. Judges will look for certain things that can influence their vote. Eat more fish. 4. Sugar is a poison to the body. Eat fruits. Do not fast. Try to avoid eating large amounts of red meat. No holding and hitting. shuffling your feet or dropping your hands. This will make you and your punches easier for the judge to identify. No hitting on the break 6. An eight second rest is given when a boxer appears hurt. A boxer should eat balanced meals of meat. When an opponent is knocked down. A high carbohydrate diet with a fair amount of protein and low fat is a real plus. chicken and turkey. most snacks. vegetables. If you have been assigned to the red corner. No intentional spitting out of your mouthpiece. 13. 3. Your opponent wants you to display bad sportsmanship for his advantage. 10. Protect yourself at all times. not on the power of the punches. Remember that points are scored on boxing ability. 8. When you come into the ring.

Compare products and talk to other boxers and coaches before you spend your money. simpler and quicker for a coach to put on the athlete. That way you will condition your arms to handle the weight of competition gloves. The lace-up design is the traditional glove design that requires someone to lace the glove and tie it on the boxer. This difference refers to the way the glove is put on the boxer. Inc. BAG GLOVES: It is important that the gloves you use to hit the bags or work punch mitts will provide you with optimal protection for your hands. There are several brands and designs on the market. SPARRING GLOVES: Sparring Gloves come in many different sizes and designs. and at the same time will force the arms to work harder because of the added weight.PROPER EQUIPMENT FOR AMATEUR BOXING Generally speaking. The different designs are basically divided into two distinct groups—lace-up and elastic. 1 (800) 684-0544 15 RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Bag Gloves—Super Bag Gloves—Power Bag Gloves—Contender Super Bag Gloves 2. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Classic Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Safety Training Gloves (lace or elastic) International Style Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Heavy-Hitter Gloves Contender Training Gloves (lace or elastic) Junior Safety Training Gloves TRAINING HEADGEAR This is a VITAL piece of personal equipment! The entire purpose of the headgear is to protect that fragile little computer that sits on your shoulders. Someone with a lot of boxers or a limited number of sparring gloves should consider this time saver. The heavier gloves will naturally provide a greater level of protection. They should also be comparable in weight to the gloves that you compete in. to 18 oz. The sizes usually range from 14 oz. The best headgear is constructed of leather. The elastic wrist design is much . so be sure to try to find the best protection. Be sure that you get the most protective headgear you possible can. visibility and fit for you. An intelligent coach will always recommend Ringside. The headgear should fit snug so that it doesn’t shift on your head during your workout. TRAINING GLOVES 1. The other design differences are just a matter of preference. It should also be designed for good visibility without compromising protection. it is more economical in the long run to buy the best equipment that will provide both safety and durability. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT Fightgear.

heavybags can be ordered unfilled so that you can save money and fill the bag to your own specifications. so start out with the larger one. The leather bag represents a larger initial investment. Many of the bigger (or better funded) gyms use leather heavybags. this is a matter of preference. and accuracy. there are a variety of sizes and shapes available to cater to your workout. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE X-Small Speed Bag (5”x8”) Small Speed Bag (6”x9”) Medium Speed Bag (7”x10”) Large Speed Bag (7”x11”) 16 . Make sure that you get a bag that will hold up to your workout needs. The smaller the bag. If you aren’t able to drill into your floor to mount a double end bag. and then you can look to specialized bags as you identify your individual training needs. It is also possible to get heavybags from Ringside that are custom filled to your preference. sizes and materials. The idea that buying quality is best applies here just as it did with the personal gear. you can also practice your defensive techniques with this bag. but in the long run it will last much longer. this is probably one of the most effective teaching tools in any gym. so you will want to start out with a larger bag and then as you get the hang of it. stable mount for your double end bag without having to be mounted to anything. All in all. You can get them with the regular firm fill or with a soft fill that provides a two-inch foam liner in the bag to reduce wear and tear on your hands. the faster it moves. In addition. Even after your athletes graduate to the smaller bags. DOUBLE END BAGS This bag is great for developing hand/eye coordination. Here again. There are large assortments of different bags on the market today. and it can be confusing. It’s called “The Rock”. you can go to a smaller size. Ringside has a great product that you can use to anchor the bottom of the bag. You can also custom order bags to different weights. Again.GYM EQUIPMENT The ideal combination of equipment that you need for your gym will depend on your own specific program. Try to stick to the basics in the beginning. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Double End Bag—Double Double End Bag—Filled Double End Bag HEAVYBAGS You can find many different heavybags in an assortment of weights. The smaller double end bags are faster and more difficult to hit. Because the bag bounces back when you hit it. Speed Bags: Here again. they will still get a great workout on the original bag. combinations. but we will try to give you a general idea of the basics found in most gyms. Most gyms use canvas heavybags because they are less expensive. Try to remember that they all do the same job. It provides a very solid. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Canvas Heavybag—Leather Heavybag—Powerhide Heavybag—Water Bags—Headhunter Bag Free Standing Heavybag SPEED BAGS 1. A good canvas heavybag is usually tough enough for the normal workout. hand speed. there are a large variety of brands and sizes available so you will need to decide on the one that is best for you.

They are used to work on offensive in detail in our catalog.2. Another RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT important feature of a good platform is the ability to FROM RINGSIDE adjust the height easily. it is a good idea to check your platform often for loose nuts and bolts. This product gives your athlete the RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT ability to actually throw body punches at the body. The added option of teaching defense makes these mitts a real plus for your gym. techniques and conditioning. This is very important if you Traditional Punch Mitts—Panther Punch Mitts—Ultra have a gym with a large number of boxers. SUPER BODY PROTECTOR This piece of equipment is very helpful for teaching body punching without the coach suffering the consequences. durability and proper action. Because there is a lot of vibration that occurs during the normal use of this piece of equipment. It is also important that they be long enough to protect the wrist. The FROM RINGSIDE use of the Heavy Hitter Pad will help protect you from Professional Model Speed Bag Platform Middleweight Model Speed Bag Platform even the biggest punches. Speed Bag Platforms: The most important feature of a speed bag platform is stability. punches. punch mitts are a very effective and necessary tool There are many more great tools that are all explained for any gym. the Slip Stick for mobility and defense. They should have a thick. foam padded target area with a secure glove on the back to provide stability. Make sure that you have a stable wall to mount it on. Try to find the best design for you that will provide for speed. and the Heavybag Attachment for more punching options. 17 . Some are designed for speed while others are made to change bags or platforms easier. Light Punch Mitts—Air Mitts COACH SPAR MITTS We discussed the advantages of Coach Spar Mitts for your workout. Economical Model Speed Bag Platform Ultimate Classic Speed Bag Platform ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT PUNCH MITTS Some additional equipment that you will find very helpful includes the Maize Ball for learning to slip As we mentioned in an earlier section of the manual. Speed Bag Swivels: The selection of swivels on the market provide for many different specific needs and jobs. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Pro-Swivel—Super Swivel—Traditional Pro-Swivel 3.

There are also chest protectors that aid in the defense against chest blows and help protect the sternum. but also the hips and upper abdomen. The number one health reason that a boxer quits boxing is a hand injury. properly fitted and protective mouthpiece. Your personal needs will determine what works best for you. Ringside offers a you need. and they take a huge amount of impact during every workout. so don’t rush into a mouthpiece you may consider as you purchase until you are sure it provides the protection progress. The Female GroinAbdominal Protector provides additional coverage for women’s hips and kidneys. 18 . Talking to more experienced boxers can equipment in our latest give you some good input on the subject. too. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Ultimate Classic No Foul Protector—No Foul Protector—Groin Abdominal Protector—Mexican Style No Foul Protector—Female No Foul Protector ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT As you become more proficient in this sport. Ringside also offers specific protectors for women. catalog.PERSONAL EQUIPMENT RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE WIPSS Jaw Joint Protector—Super Guard The Shock Doctor—Black Beauty Double Guard—Single Guard HANDWRAPS This is probably the most important piece of equipment any boxer ever uses. Some of the larger designs not only protect the groin and the lower abdomen. RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT FROM RINGSIDE Classic Handwraps—Ultimate Handwraps Mexican Handwraps—Junior Handwraps GROIN PROTECTOR The “cup” is another vital piece of equipment. Many styles and designs provide a large variety of personal protection needs. Some are slightly elastic. you will probably want to expand MOUTHPIECES on your personal gear as well as your competition gear. there are 26 small. The competition headgear and assortment of mouthpieces available today is robes are some of the things overwhelming. Also very important to the safety of the boxer is a Things like shoes. There are several styles available. trunks. Others are for smaller hands. As indicated earlier. Handwraps are the first line of defense against injury. You may want to consult your dentist for complete line of personal some advice. delicate bones in every human hand.

each with a Ray Rodgers 501-225-7998 chairman and are further dissected into 60 associations each also with NATIONAL GOLDEN GLOVES a chairman. need goals and objectives to aim for. diligence and pride. Each of the 10 John Brown Ringside Training videos concentrates on one aspect of training that is essential to building a complete boxer. It creates pride and is good advertising for the program. cutting-edge approaches to training. to these and other amateur boxing National Junior Olympics. boxer participation at many different levels. Expanding on traditional routines and entirely new techniques. National programs. Set up a program in which your boxers receive a free club jacket or warm-up after participating in a required number of bouts—ten to fifteen is a good number to strive for. Ringside covers the basics and moves into advances boxing techniques. Etc. March of Dimes. Colorado 80909 Phone: 719-578-4506 USA Boxing is headquartered at the Olympic Training Center in NATIONAL JUNIOR Colorado Springs and has a staff OLYMPICS of professionals that are supported Sonny Duncan 719-520-6507 by a large national network of volunteers. It is a superlative program amateur boxing is USA Boxing focused on developing young talent. to order or request a 180-page catalog full of boxingrelated instructional videos and books. persistence. How long would football players practice if there were no games scheduled? Another good idea. especially if you have a good size team. President of Ringside. Great Trainers Video Series 2. This is a multi-tape series that will help anyone interested in the fight game to gain a good foundation and full understanding of the principles of boxing.HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR BOXERS Make club T-shirts available for all members to purchase. is to support several local charities such as Muscular Dystrophy. ALSO AVAILABLE FROM RINGSIDE ARE THESE AND OTHER OUTSTANDING TITLES: 1. Colorado Springs. 19 .ringside. Weight Training for the Boxer 3. RINGSIDE TRAINING INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS THE REAL Beginning with the first tape in the series. Have your team run collectively in some benefit 10K races all wearing team T-shirts and running as a group. Olympic and PanAmerican Game Trials and USA BOXING Operation Gold and offers 1750 East Boulder Street scholarships to deserving boxers. Ringside Conditioning Video Call 1-877-4-BOXING or go online at www. It is good for your boxers to appreciate the fact that there are many who are less fortunate and need help. The country is divided NATIONAL SILVER GLOVES into 18 regions. so consequently it is necessary to set up a schedule of matches for your competitive boxers to motivate them to stay in shape. the John Brown/Ringside Training Series is undoubtedly the most innovative boxing instruction program in the industry. USA The following is a list of programs Boxing sponsors the annual with people to contact in reference National Boxing Championships. The Silver Gloves Program is the premiere event for 10-15 year-old The national governing body of boxers. Sports Festival. which is responsible for the rules and regulations of the sport. #RTV JOHN BROWN’S RINGSIDE TRAINING SERIES ESTABLISHED BOXING PROGRAMS Fortunately there are many and their love of the sport which are programs in this country that allow the backbone of the program. It is also great public relations for the club. like any other athletes. all goals and objectives can be attained—a very important lesson to learn. It is these volunteers Jim Beasley 316-663-6942 John Brown. “SCHOOL OF HARD KNOCKS” Ringside offers an extensive library of educational video programs for coaches and boxers. draws on over 40 years of experience in the sport to share numerous. All of these activities are geared to instill in your boxers the fact that through work.

CAUTIOUS PARENT’S FEARS AND HESITANT SUPPORTERS DOUBTS.) Manual One—How to Start a Boxing Program: Includes a step by step guide to building a club from the ground up.) Flyer Two—A Guide for the Beginning Boxer: A handout for parents and prospective athletes that provides answers to the most often asked questions and what to expect from participating in the sport IT’S ABSOLUTELY FREE! Call now for this unequaled package. generating funds for travel and managing gym expenses. It also provided a general outline that includes several informative concepts and valuable ideas.) Manual Two—Funding and Running a Boxing Program: Covers the basic economics of building a gym.) Manual Five—Ringside Boxing Manual: The ideal guidebook for coaches and boxers. ideas on how to finance your athletes. 7. THIS MULTI-PIECE PACKET IS AN IDEAL RESOURCE FOR ANSWERING PROSPECTIVE BOXER’S QUESTIONS. 3. countless dollars and painstaking research have gone into compiling this unprecedented promotional tool! Information this valuable would normally cost hundreds of dollars. we at RINGSIDE are providing it at no charge. but for you.) Flyer One—Why Boxing?: The psychological and social benefits of boxing are enormous. It is an invaluable booklet for anyone with an interest in the sport of boxing. team activities and special tips for fundraising. along with a 180-page RINGSIDE Boxing Equipment Catalog THE FIRST-EVER. 6. From the beginning fundamentals to proper use of equipment. Your answers are here! COMPLETE PACKAGE INCLUDES: 1. 4. RUN. 2. 5. how to attract new boxers and coaches and how to run a successful program.) Manual Four—Amateur Boxing IS Safe: Provides a myriad of facts and statistics that demonstrate the safe nature of boxing and how it compares to more popular. MAINTAIN AND PROMOTE A BOXING PROGRAM.If you’ve ever wondered… “HOW TO START AND RUN A BOXING GYM” Thousands of hours. Why all youth should look to boxing as a athletic outlet is explained in this informational brochure. hardworking coaches. scholastically supported sports. promoters and gym owners. this complete manual has been compiled from years of research. MOST COMPREHENSIVE PACKAGE ON ALL IT TAKES TO START.) Manual Three—USA Boxing’s Fundraising Program: This booklet focuses on raising money. .

boxing (877-426-9464). or go online at for a free catalog: to order “the best in boxing!” STRENGTH IN NUMBERS .

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