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Welding Fabrication Standards
During the year 2004, workshops regarding the “Leonardo Continued Project” where held in certain European Countries with the participation of experts from the welding industry in order to identify the competence profile, knowledge and experience requirements for welding engineers and inspectors. The main purpose of the project was to develop appropriate continuous education tools such as training courses (classroom instruction, distance learning) and education on the job. The initial education, qualification and certification of welding and inspection personnel itself has been harmonised by the European Federation for Welding, Joining and Cutting (EWF). However, an accessible, convenient and reliant modular method to deliver the appropriate knowledge has to be developed in order to maintain and upgrade this knowledge and develop appropriate skills for which welding engineers and inspectors are called for by the industry. This leads to the set up of learning tools to integrate and update the knowledge already achieved by the qualified personnel, in order to follow the technology trends in the welding field, avoiding duplication of training items with the previous education achieved with the IIW/EWF courses. In this framework The Italian institute of welding (Istituto Italiano della Saldatura - IIS), has developed• the following educational tools for the classroom instruction: − − − slide presentation through computer projector, to be used by teachers during the training courses; books (electronic and/or paper format), to be used by participants; exercise questions, to be used during classroom instruction.
This book is therefore meant to provide direct and clear information on European standards relevant to welding fabrication, as these are subject to continuous updating; therefore knowledge of requirements of the standards is to be considered basic knowledge for welding co-ordinators and inspection personnel. Moreover this book has been recently integrated taking into consideration guidelines produced by EWF for the application of ISO 3834 requirements, produced after several years of experience of its members in technical assistance on the field of welding fabrication, education and training of welding and NDT personnel and in certification of welded products manufacturers.
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura
Lungobisagno Istria, 15 - 16141 Genova (I) - Tel. 01083411 - Fax 0108367780
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.16141 Genova (I) .SLV Duisburg and EWF.Fax 0108367780 . 15 .Tel.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 2 • With review of GSI . 01083411 .
..............................14 2..............7.....................................................................................7.........................................................41 Lungobisagno Istria..............1 1.7 Use and field of application of EN ISO 3834 ......................................................................................15 Welding personnel..15 Welding coordination personnel.............................26 Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT)...............................Fax 0108367780 3 Comparison of ISO 3834 Requirements .........................................................Standard quality level ............................................................................24 Parent material ....................................................3...................... 7 1............32 Identification and traceability .....3 Introduction........................15 Welding consumables ..........15 Welders and welding operators...2 1............................................................1 3...............................12 2...19 Welding and related activities ................................................ inspection and testing equipment ..........................6 2..16141 Genova (I) ...............................39 ISO 3834-2 ...............9 2.20 Production planning .........................11 1................20 Welding procedures and instructions ..............................10 The integrated management system......1 1..................3 2..............................................4.........................3. 38 3.......8 2........21 Welding related document control...............................................35 Quality records .................................38 Comparison chart ...............................................4 Introduction..................................10 The EWF ISO 3834 certificate and schedule ......................................... 13 2..........3.......13 Subcontracting.....2 2 EN ISO 3834-2 requirements..................................1 2..........................................................1 3............................13 Requirements review and technical review......................................................28 Non-conformance and corrective actions .......24 2.......................................................................3.....40 ISO 3834-3 ..........38 Choice of the appropriate quality level.......................................5 2......................2 3...............................................................................2 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura ............................32 Calibration and validation of measuring...................11 2..................................................8 EWF Certification scheme for EN ISO 3834............ 01083411 .................................................................................19 Equipment .............Comprehensive quality level.......7 Welding inspection personnel.............................. 15 ................................................3 3......................Tel..............4.................................................................Welding Fabrication Standards Page 3 Summary 1 Quality management and welding fabrication............................................................3 2....................................27 Inspection and testing.........................7..................................10 2...2 2.......................................................................2 2......13 2...........................36 Introduction.................................17 2..........................1 2.......................................2 2..............................1 2..........
......................4 4......................5...........................................................................43 EN 13445 – 2: Materials ...58 CR 13445 – 7: Guidance on the use of conformity procedures ........................... 15 .................44 EN 13445 – 3: Design ....................................47 4...............................3 4..............................................57 EN 13480-6: Additional requirements for buried piping ........5............63 7 European standard for steel pipelines and pipework for gas supply systems..........................56 5 European standard for manufacturing metallic industrial piping 52 5.......................................................................................45 Specific requirements for the Manufacturer ....................................................6 4...............................................................Tel.....5........55 General requirements for the Manufacturer ......................................42 EN 13445 – 1: General rules ................16141 Genova (I) .....2 7........................................47 EN 13445 – 6: specific requirements for pressure vessels and parts made of spheroidal graphite cast iron ........................................3 7......1 5.....................67 EN 12732: Quality requirement categories .5 5.............59 6 European standard for manufacturing simple unfired vessels to contain air or nitrogen.................................................3....3 5...............69 8 European standards for the fabrication of steel and aluminium structures .....................................Welding Fabrication Standards Page 4 3..................................................................................... .........Elementary quality level.....8 EN 13445 – 5: Inspection and testing.. ...55 Requirements for the welding activities.....1 Introduction......................................................68 EN 12732: requirements on quality systems .44 EN 13445 – 4: Fabrication .....................5................50 Introduction..........................................................55 EN 13480-4: Fabrication...............Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .... 01083411 ..5 Introduction...........2 4..............................................................2 5....2 4...............4 7...................................46 Specific requirements for welding activities .............2 5............4 5...................................6 5.......................................72 Lungobisagno Istria.................................... 72 8.. 62 6.................. 66 7...................................................................................................46 Other requirements ..............................................................................................................................1 6...7 4....................................................................2 Introduction...........4............1 4...........3 4........................................45 Requirements for subcontracting ....................................................41 4 European standard for manufacturing unfired pressure vessels 42 4..........................................................................4..........................68 EN 12732: Inspection of welded joints and acceptance criteria..........................................................................................................................3 ISO 3834-4 ......................................................................1 7...............4 4.........52 EN 13480-2: Materials..............53 EN 13480-3: Design and calculations...............49 CR 13445 – 7: Guidance on the use of conformity procedures ..........................................1 5.......66 EN 12732: scope and structure of the standard...1 4................7 EN 13480-5: Inspection .....................................................................................................................................62 EN 286-1: requirements for welding manufacturing of simple unfired pressure vessels ................................5 Introduction........................
.3................................................16141 Genova (I) .............................................General delivery conditions............76 Requirements for inspection and testing and acceptance criteria...... 82 9............................Fax 0108367780 ..................2 Introduction.............................................................1 9...4 EN 1090 -3: Technical requirements for the execution of aluminium structures79 9 Project European standards for the fabrication of railway vehicles and components .3 EN 1090 – 2: Technical requirements for the execution of steel structures..82 prEN 15085-2 Requirements for the Manufacturer.........2 8...............75 8.73 Specific requirements for welding Manufacturers ......................... 86 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.........2 EN 1090 – 1: Steel and aluminium structural components ................. 01083411 ............73 Requirements for the design of structures...................3..............................Tel......83 10 Normative references ............. 15 ..........Welding Fabrication Standards Page 5 8..................................................................2................................................ .......1 8...............78 8.........................1 8.....
16141 Genova (I) . 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 6 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Fax 0108367780 .Tel. 01083411 .
bridges. as even the most extensive and sophisticated non-destructive testing does not improve the quality of the product. To ensure sound and effective manufacturing. In general. However. quality cannot be inspected directly in the product. which require adequate competence control before. composite manufacture. these are the key production features. painting. welding and brazing are considered as “special processes” because the quality of the manufactured product cannot be readily verified by final inspection. It is therefore important to ensure that these processes are carried out in the most effective way and that appropriate control is exercised over all aspects of the operation. ISO 9001 standard has been developed in order to apply a consistent Quality Management System. In the case of welded products. or in service. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. 01083411 . For this reason quality management systems alone may be insufficient to provide adequate assurance that these processes have been carried out correctly. transport vehicles and other items. on site. into manufacture and subsequent inspection. such as cracking in welded joints. Products may range from simple to complex. and for some companies. cranes. incorrect material selection may result in problems.1 Introduction Manufacturing processes such as fusion welding are widely used to produce many products. For example. For products to be free from serious problems during production and in service. Special controls and requirements are usually needed. examples include pressure vessels. during and after operation.Fax 0108367780 . the management needs to understand and appreciate the sources of potential problems and to implement appropriate procedures for their control. poor design may create serious and costly difficulties in the workshop.Tel. surface coating. 15 .16141 Genova (I) . but has to be built in during fabrication. These processes exert a profound influence on the cost of manufacture and on the quality of the product. domestic and agricultural equipment. it is necessary to provide controls from the design phase through material selection.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 7 1 Quality management and welding fabrication 1.
The first edition of this standard is dated 1997. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.16141 Genova (I) .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 8 All these considerations lead to the development of specific standards. in 2005 the new revision is meant to be ready. Figure 1 – Welding workshop (manufacturing of wind mills) 1.Tel. both in workshops and at field installation sites.Fax 0108367780 . 15 . In this chapter an overview of the most significant clauses of EN ISO 3834 will be given considering also the normative references that could be helpful in the fulfilment of such requirements. by committees. by Manufacturers to establish and maintain welding quality requirements. such as the following: − − − in contractual situations for the specification of welding quality requirements.2 Use and field of application of EN ISO 3834 EN ISO 3834 is a standard independent of the type of construction manufactured that provides a method to demonstrate the capability of a Manufacturer to make products of the specified quality. which were the EN 729 standards for fusion welding. drafting manufacturing codes or application standards to specify appropriate welding quality requirements. Therefore applicable measures for different circumstances are identified. 01083411 . passed into ISO numbering system as EN ISO 3834.
Lungobisagno Istria. but do not assign those levels to any specific product group. however.g.g. the extent to which metallurgical problems may occur. 3 and 4 of the standard) based on the following considerations regarding their products: − − − − − − the extent and significance of safety critical products. performance. 1 However EN ISO 3834 are “stand alone” standard. EN ISO 3834-4: Elementary quality requirements. the first can be considered as a possible way to fulfil the latter requirements1. 15 . the range of different materials used. or As a consequence. that applies to every kind of product or service. including certification bodies.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 9 − by organisations assessing welding quality Manufacturers. e. that applies to fusion welding manufacturing. third parties. EN ISO 3834-3 and EN ISO 3834-4. which could offer certification services by assessing the Manufacturer's ability to meet customer. distortion. can affect product performance.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura . regulatory or the manufacturer's own requirements. as its application is viable. the complexity of manufacture. in certain situations (e. EN ISO 3834-3: Standard quality requirements. where manufacturing is more suited to ISO 3834-3 or ISO 3834-4. The Manufacturers generally select one of the three levels (as specified in part 2. EN ISO 3834-5: Normative references to fulfil the requirements of EN ISO 3834-2. the extent to which manufacturing imperfections. misalignment. 01083411 . and EN ISO 9001:2000. weld imperfection. the requirements contained in this International Standard shall be adopted in full. EN ISO 3834-2: Comprehensive quality requirements. When compliance to EN ISO 3834 part 2 or 3 is required.g. the evaluation of the effective need for this “minimising of requirement procedure” shall be properly possibly evaluated and accepted by contractual parties and/or potential certification bodies.Tel. This International Standard is structured in five parts: − − − − − EN ISO 3834-1: Guidelines for selection and use. or where particular operations are not technologically applicable and therefore cannot be undertaken). even if the company does not apply any quality management system to any of its activities. customers. Whenever this situation occurs. such requirements may be selectively amended or deleted. As to the relationship between EN ISO 3834. It should be noted that the above standards define specific quality requirements at different levels. these International Standards can be used by internal and external organisations. e. the range of products manufactured.16141 Genova (I) .
Fax 0108367780 . and guidance is given on their selection criteria. irrespective of the country in which they had been qualified. In order to help Companies in the fulfilment of such requirements.2 requirements will be explained in detail .g. EN ISO 3834 should be referred to both as a system and a process standard. These organisations are known as the EWF Authorised National Bodies for Company Certification (ANBCCs). typical of any merchandise sector) are exhaustive examples of that. This is done by appointing one organisation in each country to act for EWF. as it also identifies quality management requirements to obtain adequate control of the manufacturing process (e. the welding fabrication activities). Joining and Cutting (EWF). and to devise an operational structure so that certification of companies will be consistent wherever the scheme rules are applied. by virtue of its unique international expertise has developed a high integrity and specialised certification system to assure companies’ compliance with EN ISO 3834. railway components. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.g. 01083411 . EWF have produced specific supplementary guides for the processes/products considered (e. in the field of quality management in fabrication. while in chapter 3 the differences from part 2. consistently to the product manufactured. In this.Tel. already shared by the main European Manufacturers and Customers. and these organisations are assessed and monitored against Rules provided by EWF itself.3. In the chapter 2 the ISO 3834 . 1.3 EWF Certification scheme for EN ISO 3834 The European Federation for Welding. the objective is that EWF certified companies will have demonstrated that they have achieved an identified. minimum level of capability over a specified scope of activity. construction products). 1. Great care has been taken to detail the interpretation of the standard in terms of third party assessment. 15 . to specify and register properly trained scheme assessors.giving practical guidance on the application and use. Moreover.1 The EWF ISO 3834 Certificate and Schedule The primary intention of EN ISO 3834 certification is to ensure that manufacturers are competent and exercise adequate control of the special process of welding so that customers or others may have confidence that the welded products they produce will comply with the regulatory and/or contractual requirements. the European trend is clearly moving toward a product/process approach. 3 and 4 will be outlined. pressure vessels. taking into consideration the applicable standards (also considered in this book) and the best practice manufacturing procedures.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 10 On the basis of the above stated considerations.16141 Genova (I) . and are responsible for ensuring that the standards of assessment and certification are maintained. The European Directives and their supporting European harmonised standards (requiring the fulfilment of specific technical requirements.
01083411 . are reported together with the issue and expiry date of the Certificate itself and the Company’s data. related to health and safety management in welding and allied processes.3. supplementary requirements. The result of that has been the EWF Environment Management Scheme (EWF – EMS). where the references.2 The Integrated Management Certification System EWF realised also a certification Scheme dealing with the environmental management in welding fabrication. a third Scheme has been introduced. 1. can be summarised as follows: − − − − welded products are differently treated according to the specificity of their welding fabrication process.16141 Genova (I) . is supplemented with a Schedule. deviations. etc.Tel. manufacturers are guided to satisfy harmonised European Directives’ requirements through implementation of the Scheme. that is: quality. where technical information (reference standards.ewf. resulting in the EWF Safety Management Scheme (EWF – SMS). The starting reference document has been the BSI 8800 (Guide to occupational heath and safety management system).Fax 0108367780 . the specific areas of competence (for Personnel and Companies) are explicitly encompassed and registered in the Schedule. interpreted and fitted on the specific technological operations.be) of certified Companies. covering all the management aspects in welding fabrication. environment and heath & safety. Therefore the advantages for the Manufacturers in getting a certification against the EWF ISO 3834 Certification Scheme. The result of such an approach is the possibility for Companies to adopt the comprehensive EWF Integrated Manufacturer Certification System (EWF IMCS). Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. welding processes. It’s anyway unquestionable that a Manufacturer can control the Environment.) on the fabrication process adopted and the welded products manufactured is detailed and the name of the responsible welding co-ordinator reported. materials. having as a basis the EN ISO 14001 (Environmental management systemsSpecification with guidance for use) and its EWF interpretations toward welding and allied processes. More recently. Health and Safety aspects of his welding fabrication process only if the welding and allied activities are already properly controlled from the production point of view. against which the certification has been got.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 11 In order to give evidence of such specific technical capabilities of Manufacturers. that is through implementation of the EWF EN ISO 3834 Scheme. the EWF Certificate. manufacturers can get visibility through the Register (www. 15 .
As for the technical subjects to be considered. 15 . that sufficient resources are available to achieve delivery schedules and that documentation is clear and unambiguous. cost or engineering changes that may result. otherwise it should be asked the purchaser2 to provide all the necessary data. the specification of welding procedures. the following items should be considered in detail: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) parent material(s) specification and welded joint properties. Therefore compliance to the requirements of this part should provide the best quality level achievable for the welding fabrication activities. accessibility and sequence of welds including accessibility for inspection and nondestructive testing. 2.Fax 0108367780 . Within the contract review.16141 Genova (I) .1 Introduction EN ISO 3834-2 defines comprehensive quality requirements for fusion welding in workshops and/or on site. Moreover the Manufacturer shall identify any variation between the final contract and previous quotations and notify the purchaser of any programme. the qualification of the personnel. the approach to be used for the qualification of the welding procedures . and to statutory and regulatory requirements. in order to verify that the work content is within its capability to perform. 01083411 . location. identification and/or traceability (e.g. selection. quality and acceptance requirements for welds. for materials. non-destructive testing procedures and heat treatment procedures.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 13 2 EN ISO 3834-2 requirements 2. welds). Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.2 Requirements review and technical review The Manufacturer shall review the contractual and any other requirements together with any technical data relevant to the welding fabrication activities.Tel. particular attention should be given to the product standard to be used together with any supplementary requirements. All information necessary to carry out the manufacturing operations shall be therefore available prior to the commencement of the work.
e. post weld heat treatment. use of peening. subcontracting. hydrogen content.g. weld profile.g.16141 Genova (I) . permanent backing. Figure 2 – Drawing of a pressure vessel 2 or the design and/or other internal departments when the construction is designed by the Manufacturer. batch testing of consumables. m) dimensions and details of joint preparation and completed weld. other welding requirements. use of special methods (e. n) o) p) welds which are to be made in the workshop. to achieve full penetration without backing when welded from one side only).Tel. ferrite content of weld metal. 01083411 . inspection and testing. handling of non-conformance.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 14 h) i) j) k) l) quality control arrangements including any involvement of an independent inspection body. or elsewhere. surface finish. ageing.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura . very low temperature ambient conditions or any necessity to provide protection against adverse weather conditions). Lungobisagno Istria.g. 15 . environmental conditions relevant to the process (e.
Compliance with these requirements may be demonstrated by acknowledgement of a document receipt or by checking that the relevant documentation is cited in the subcontracting contract. performing and supervising of the welding and allied activities shall be available.16141 Genova (I) .Tel. and therefore shall check that the Subcontractor: − − provides such records and documentation of his work as may be specified by the Manufacturer. welding. shall be managed by the Manufacturer as if they were carried out by the Manufacturer himself. non destructive testing. the human factor has a key role in the production of quality products. 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 15 A possible way to demonstrate the Manufacturer’s compliance with these normative requirements is the registration of the subject review by filing either the minutes meeting or the relevant check list. Whenever no other specific Customer’s requirement is applicable.3 Subcontracting Subcontracted services or activities (e.1 Welders and welding operators Welders and welding operators shall be qualified by an appropriate test. 01083411 . the standards reported in the following table apply. However the Manufacturer shall ensure that the Subcontractor complies with the quality requirements as specified. 2. fully complies with the relevant requirements of EN ISO 3824-2 Standard.Fax 0108367780 . 2.g. or reserve the possibility to do it at a later date. inspection. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. Therefore sufficient (in number) and competent personnel for the planning. Additional requirements may be specified as necessary to assure the Subcontractor’s compliance with technical requirements.4. Moreover. according to standard and customer requirements. heat treatment). 2.4 Welding personnel As welding is a special process. the information to be provided to the sub-contractor shall include all relevant data from the requirements review and the technical review. the Manufacturer can assess the Subcontractor. a Subcontractor shall work under the order and responsibility of the Manufacturer. Therefore Subcontractors should be considered as internal departments: − − − all relevant specifications and requirements shall be supplied to the Subcontractor.
Standard and Basic levels) 5 EWF has established a system for the qualification of welding personnel and of welding procedure specifications. manual and partly mechanised Arc welding. 01083411 .16141 Genova (I) . 3 4 The same situations apply for the qualification of welding procedures International Welding Inspection Personnel (Comprehensive. as the compliance with EN ISO 3834 requirements may demonstrate sufficient reliability. IWT. half-yearly documentation about radiographic or ultrasonic inspections. 15 . Accreditation bodies running in such a system are sometime referred as ANBCC (authorised National body for Certification of Companies) Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. IWS. ISO 9606-1 ISO 9606-2 (EN 287 – 2) ISO 9606-3 ISO 9606-4 ISO 9606-5 ISO 9606-5 EN 1418 (ISO 14732) ISO 15618-1 and 2 Arc welding. possibly authorised by the customer or by a national accreditation body5. qualification is issued by the Manufacturer’s qualified welding coordinator (IWE.) are filed. or fracture tests. qualification is issued by an independent third party. specification of the examiner or examining body for the approval of welders and/or welding procedures shall be a contractual requirement or. fully mechanised and automatic Underwater welding Table 1 – Standards for the qualification of welders and welding operators All qualification records shall be filed in the last upgraded revision and properly controlled. moreover. with reference to his/her qualification diploma (and relevant stamp). However. without giving any specific guidance on it. Zirconium and zirconium alloys All All Applicable standard EN 287 – 1.g.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 16 Welding process Material Steel Aluminium and aluminium alloys Copper and copper alloys Nickel and nickel alloys Titanium and titanium alloys. otherwise. As a consequence.Tel. a fabrication code requirement. IWI-P4). IWS) in the name of the Manufacturer itself. if the production welds are of the required quality and if the test records (e. qualification is issued by a qualified person (IWE. prolongation of the certificate time of validity may be obtained. It should be noted that the standards referenced in table 1 consider the figure of the examiner or examination body as a person or organisation appointed to verify compliance with the applicable standard. etc. IWT.Fax 0108367780 . many different situations can be considered3: − − − − qualification is issued by a person without any recognised qualification.
and therefore based on the number/dimension of workshops.4. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. etc. usually in an appropriate list. Therefore the Manufacture has to comply with the following requirements: the number of welding coordinators shall be sufficient to provide adequate control.2 Welding coordination personnel Welding coordination is the key activity for achievement of the desired quality for the welded product as the welding coordination personnel has responsibility for quality activities. employees. only one “responsible welding coordinator” shall be appointed.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 17 Figure 3 – Welding workshop for aerospace applications 2. welders. 01083411 . as reported in ISO 14731/EN 719.Tel.16141 Genova (I) .Fax 0108367780 . 15 . who is responsible for all the welding fabrication activities in the company. tasks and responsibilities for each other person involved in the welding coordination activities shall be described in detail.
01083411 . 15 . even if experience should be at least proportional to the complexity of the welding production. on the dimension and the number of the workshops. and on the relevance of the welding activities. two years of experience in the specific field of the Manufacturer’s welded products are generally considered as sufficient. Lungobisagno Istria. welding and testing (preliminary to final) activities. corresponding to the three above mentioned levels.16141 Genova (I) . EN This leads to the need of appropriate knowledge and experience. Technologists and Specialists. that shall comply with 719 / ISO 14731 requirements. IIW qualification guarantees appropriate knowledge. however. In particular. however assuring adequate presence in the company. the welding coordination personnel can be directly employed by the Manufacturer or a consultant. IIW provides for guidelines for the qualification of International Welding Engineers. therefore the Manufacturer can refer to any other qualification. assessment of possible Subcontractors. and detailed knowledge of the assigned tasks. Concerning the experience. Typical tasks for the welding coordinator are reported as follows6: contract and design review. on the relevance of the welding activities.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 18 - welding coordination personnel shall have sufficient knowledge of welding and allied process in general. welding (and allied activities) production planning. specific technical knowledge. basic technical knowledge. three different levels of knowledge are considered: 1. 3. The level of knowledge shall be based on normative and contractual requirements or could be a Manufacturer’s choice based on the range and on the complexity of the products. but shall. but is not compulsory. no specific requirement is given.Tel. be prepared to demonstrate adequacy of such a qualification to customers or certification bodies. on the dimension and the number of the workshops. equipment management. comprehensive technical knowledge. 2. Technologists 6 The full list is reported in EN 719 / ISO 14731.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura . welding documents control and management of the ISO 3834 quality system. evaluation of weldability and relevant choice of base material (if applicable) and welding consumables. EWF provides for a three years based Certification programme for welding Engineers. Depending on the range and complexity of the products.
All the equipment shall be included in a list. C-EWT. tips. All the equipment shall be properly managed. C-EWS (Certified European Welding Engineer. Description Serial number Characteristics maintenance sheet number Notes Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. contact tubes and general cleaning of welding power sources should be carried out at appropriate periodic intervals.) the welder or welding operator can be considered as an inspector himself. whenever correlated to the product quality. Maintenance intervals and operations shall be reported on the maintenance sheet. 01083411 .g. which may be considered both as a way to provide potential customers with information on the Manufacturer’s capabilities and productivity.Tel.16141 Genova (I) .5 Welding inspection personnel Welding inspection activities require qualified personnel. 2. 15 . or certified according to a possible contractual requirement. dimensional checks. namely C-EWE. 2.g ammeters. visual testing. Such activities may be directly managed by the welding coordinator.Fax 0108367780 . etc. or by welding inspectors depending on the range and complexity of the products. periodic examination of cables. serial number and reference to the maintenance sheet. Moreover. thus assuring control and maintenance. and as a tool for the equipment management. As an example.6 Equipment The Manufacturer shall have available equipment adequate to his products and production volume. welding parameters. Table 2 reports an example list of equipment reporting relevant characteristics. on the dimension and on the number of workshops and on the relevance of the welding activities. inspection activities should be managed and supervised by someone having general knowledge of the welding activities and in depth knowledge of welding inspection. voltmeters) shall be calibrated. IIW provides for a guideline regarding training courses for the following three levels of welding inspectors: IWI – C (International Welding Inspector – Comprehensive) IWI– S (International Welding Inspector – Standard) IWI – B (International Welding Inspector – Basic) However it shall be noted that for some test or checks (e.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 19 and Specialists. in addition its instruments (e. Therefore at least NDT personnel should be adequately qualified according to EN 473/ISO 9712. Technologist and Specialist).
the Manufacturer plans its production activities in order to properly define all the activities to be performed with relevant sequences.1 Production planning Before starting the manufacture of a product or a series of products (generally after the technical review).356 450 A .Tel. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. 2.Inverter Load capacity: 5000 Kg Working area: 10mx10m Power: 1 kW MIG 0001 TIG 0001 Crane 01 LBC 01 - Table 2 – Example of equipment list Figure 4 – Cranes in a welding workshop Moreover.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 20 MIG Welding Power source TIG Welding Power Sources Travelling bridgecrane CO2 Laser Beam cutting Equip.16141 Genova (I) . whenever relevant.Inverter 200 A .7. 15 . and personnel allocation.7 Welding and related activities 2. appropriate tests shall be performed after the installation of new (or refurbished) equipment in order to verify the correct function.Fax 0108367780 . Xxx 1223123 Xxx 12233124 CC 12345 00xx – aio . Such tests shall be carried out and documented in accordance with appropriate standards. processes and procedures. 01083411 .
it can be delivered to the final customer together with the product.g. in some cases.16141 Genova (I) . dedicated work instructions may be used directly derived from such a WPS containing only the necessary data. The welding procedures applied during production shall be as specific as possible. 2. 15 . In the next page a typical WPS form is reported.2 Welding procedures and instructions The Manufacturer shall prepare the Welding Procedure Specification(s) (WPS) and shall ensure that these are used correctly in production. if the relevant WPS contains data too detailed and not useful for the welder. whenever this is contractually required.7. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Fax 0108367780 . by referring to the relevant WPS number. 01083411 . this is to be registered as a production document. However. These instructions have to refer directly to the welding procedure specification they derived from.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 21 The typical result of such an activity is the “production and inspection plan”. in order to clearly identify actions and parameters to be used for the required joint.Tel. Moreover. produced according to EN ISO15609-1. e. which will cover the production of each component (if relevant) throughout all the manufacturing stages.
single pass (for side) Single or multiple electrodes Torch angle direction of welding Filler metal EN designation or trade name .Fax 0108367780 . Other Current Size (mm) Type & polarity Amperage A Travel Speed mm/min a) b) Gas(es) Mixture Flow Rate l/min l/min l/min l/min l/min Voltage V Heat input KJ/mm Other MANUFACTURER APPROVED BY Figure 5 – Welding Procedure Specification Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. 01083411 . Distance contact tube – work piece Multiple. Type & grade To Spec. Date To group n° Joint drawiing GAS(ES) b) c) Plasma Shielding Shielding Trailing Backing Other ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTIC Current Polarity Mode of Metal Transfer Tungsten Electrode Type & size Electrode wire feed speed range Other TECHNIQUE String or weave beads Orifice or gas cup size Initial & interpass cleaning Method of back gouging Oscillation Amplitude Freq.16141 Genova (I) .Tel.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 22 COMPANY NAME OR LOGO Welding process(es) Type(s) JOINTS – Joint Type Backing Backing material Weld preparation Method of preparation & Cleaning PARENT METAL Group n° Spec. WPQR c) c) Rev. EN Flux Trade name Weld deposit Other WELDING POSITION Position Welding Progression Other PREHEAT Preheat Temperature Interpass Temperature Preheat maintenance Other PWHT and/or AGEING Temperature Range Time Range (hour) Heating rate Cooling rate Other Run(s) or Layer(s) Welding process a) a) WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) b) b) WPS n° Supp. Type & grade Thickness Outside Diameter Other WELDING CONSUMABLE a) Specification n° Designation Size Trade name Manufacturer Flux design. 15 .
3 Arc welding ISO 15614 . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.5 ISO 15614 . 01083411 .6 ISO 15614 – 7 ISO 15614 – 8 Electron beam welding Laser Welding Underwater Arc Welding – Wet Hyperbaric Underwater Arc Welding – Dry Hyperbaric ISO 15609 – 3 ISO 15614 – 11 ISO 15609 – 4 ISO 15614 – 11 ISO 15614 – 9 ISO 15614 – 10 Steels All Steels and Nickel alloys Aluminium.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 23 Considering that welding is a special process and that the quality of the welded joint cannot be properly controlled only by final tests.4 ISO 15614 .Tel. cladding restore and hardfacing Qualification based on welding procedure test .1 ISO 15609-1 ISO 15614 .Fax 0108367780 .1 ISO 15614 . As a consequence. Welding process Standard ISO 15607 ISO 15610 All fusion welding processes ISO 15611 ISO 15612 ISO 15613 ISO 15609-2 Gas Welding ISO 15614 . WPQR Field of application General Rules Qualification based on tested welding consumables Qualification based on previous welding experience Qualification by adoption of a standard welding procedure Qualification based on pre-production welding test Compiling Qualification based on welding procedure test – Steels Compiling Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test – corrosion resistance overlay. 15 . Normative references to the specification and to the qualification of welding procedures are given in table 3.Welding of tubes to tube-plate joints Compiling Qualification based on welding procedure test Compiling Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test Qualification based on welding procedure test Table 3 – Standards for the qualification of welding procedures Different methods for the qualification of welding procedures are available: welding procedure test – this method consists in welding a standardised test piece on which destructive and non-destructive tests are carried out in order to verify the achievement of required properties. those Welding Procedure Specifications should be prepared in accordance with a Welding Procedure Qualification Record (WPQR). Magnesium Steel castings Aluminium castings Titanium and zirconium Copper All applicable All applicable All All applicable All All applicable All applicable All applicable WPS WPQR WPS WPQR WPQR WPQR WPQR WPQR WPQR WPQR WPQR WPS WPQR WPS WPQR WPQR WPQR All WPQR Material Scope WPS.2 ISO 15614 .16141 Genova (I) . the welding procedures significant for the final product quality shall be qualified precisely prior to production.
Welding Fabrication Standards
use of approved welding consumables - this method of approval may be used if the welding consumables and the base material are not particularly affecting the welding quality, provided that heat inputs are kept within specified limits;
previous welding experience - a welding procedure may be qualified by referring to previous experiences in welding if the Manufacturer is able to prove, by appropriate authentic documentation of an independent nature, that he has previously satisfactorily welded the same joint with reliable results;
use of a standard welding procedure – a procedure is qualified if it is issued as a specification in the format of a WPS or WPQR based on appropriate qualification (e.g based on the relevant part of EN ISO 15614), not related to the Manufacturer and qualified by an examiner or examining body;
Pre production Test - this method is the only reliable method of qualification for those welding procedures in which the resulting properties of the weld strongly depend on certain conditions such as: components, special restraint conditions, heat sinks etc., which cannot be reproduced by standardised test pieces; it is mostly used when the shape and dimensions of standardised pieces do not adequately represent the joint to be welded.
Even if different qualification methods are considered, the most commonly used are qualification by welding procedure test and pre-production test; however the applicable method of qualification is generally specified in either manufacturing codes, standards or contracts.
2.7.3 Welding related document control
In order to demonstrate the achieved quality of the welded product, all the welding related documents (e.g. WPS, WPQR, Welder’s Qualification record, etc) shall be properly controlled. This involves the preparation and maintenance of a procedure for the management of such documents, in order to identify issuance responsibilities, distribution methods, availability, and method for withdrawing obsolete documents. Even if it is not a normative requirement, a commonly adopted method to control documentation is the production of a written procedure, produced or approved by the welding coordinator, to be kept by the Manufacturer quality assurance department or directly by the welding coordinator himself.
Welding consumables are a basic element in the quality of a welded joint. As an example, covered electrodes, which have absorbed humidity due to incorrect storage or management procedures, can seriously affect the quality of a welded joint causing cold cracks, porosity, etc. Therefore welding consumables such as filler metals, shielding gases, welding fluxes, etc. shall be managed according to the supplier’s recommendations.
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria, 15 - 16141 Genova (I) - Tel. 01083411 - Fax 0108367780
Welding Fabrication Standards
Figure 6 – Oven for welding electrodes As a reference, table 4 reports the standards for the classification of welding consumables sorted by material and welding process.
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura
Lungobisagno Istria, 15 - 16141 Genova (I) - Tel. 01083411 - Fax 0108367780
Welding Fabrication Standards
Welding process Submerged arc welding (fluxes) TIG (tungsten electrodes) Shielding gases for arc welding All applicable to the processes and cutting Flux (or metal) cored (gas) metal arc welding TIG Non alloyed and fine grain steels Covered electrodes MIG/MAG Submerged arc welding (wire flux combination) Covered electrodes Creep resistant steels TIG, MIG/MAG Flux (or metal) cored arc welding Flux (or metal) cored (gas) metal arc welding High strength steels Submerged arc welding (wire flux combination) TIG, MIG/MAG Covered electrodes Stainless and heat resistant Flux (or metal) cored (gas) metal steels arc welding TIG - Rods and wires Aluminium and Aluminium alloys TIG, MIG Nickel and Nickel alloys Covered electrodes
Material All applicable to the process All applicable to the process
Standard EN 760 EN 26848 EN 439 EN 758 EN 1668 EN 499 EN 440 EN 756 EN 1599 EN 12070 EN 12071 EN 12535 EN 14295 EN 12534 EN 1600 EN 12073 EN 12072 EN 18273 EN 14172
Table 4 – Standards for the welding consumables
The material shall be stored in a way, which prevents from adverse effects (this applies also to client supplied material). Moreover, some materials seem to be quite similar but possess very different properties; thus, identification shall be maintained at least during the storage. Even if it is not specifically required, a written procedure, which has to be prepared or is to be approved by the welding coordinator and has to be made available to the parent material warehouse, is suggested to cover this point of the standard. In order to be sure that the product delivered by the supplier complies with the Manufacturer’s needs and orders, references to the “certificates for the conformance of the furnished product to the order” can be made according to EN 10204 “Metallic products - Types of inspection documents”. In accordance with such a standard, inspection documents are divided in two groups, based on the following conditions:
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria, 15 - 16141 Genova (I) - Tel. 01083411 - Fax 0108367780
1. The type of document needed for the welding fabrication is not reported in the ISO 3834 Standard. on fabrication codes or can be a customer requirement. personnel.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura . 2. Lungobisagno Istria. As a consequence. It shall be noted that both above-mentioned types of documents refer to the Manufacturer order and to the relevant standards.B.A. 2. possibly. although they will add cost (and value) to the product to be delivered.C. which are to be attached to the documents.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 27 - class 2 documents (namely 2. 3.2) are inspection reports or certificates issued by personnel independent from the production departments.1.Tel.1. 15 .2 and 2. 3. the Manufacturer is anyhow responsible for the quality of the final product and has to manage properly all the activities relevant to the heat treatment. 01083411 . this can be reported on product standards. class 3 documents can be considered more objective. 3.3) are certificates or test reports issued by personnel employed in the production departments class 3 documents (namely 3. Figure 7 – Hot air heat treatment of a pressure vessel Hence.1.16141 Genova (I) .10 Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) Post-weld heat treatments as heat treatments in general can be considered as special processes. which concerns: subcontracting.
heat treatment specification. Figure 8 – Equipment for the heat treatment control The technical report CR/ISO TR 17663 is a reference for the management of the heat treatment activities. appropriate inspections and tests shall be implemented during the manufacturing process Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. the welded joint. equipment for heat treatment (suitability. 2.11 Inspection and testing In order to guarantee the application of all the fabrication procedures and the required properties for the product. It has to be compatible with the parent material. etc.). though approved by the Manufacturer’s Welding Coordinator according to the Customer or Standard/code requirements. In particular a PWHT procedure shall be produced by the Manufacturer or by the potential supplier. heat treatment records.Tel. 01083411 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 28 - inspection and destructive and non destructive testing.Fax 0108367780 . the construction etc. the heat treatment shall be recorded during the process to evidence that the specification has been followed as well as to ensure the traceability for the particular product. Moreover. heat treatment parameters. 15 . maintenance. measuring of parameters.16141 Genova (I) .
the reference number of the relevant test report shall be included. as an example. All the procedures or instructions relevant to inspection and testing shall be made available to the inspection personnel.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura . a Fabrication and Control Plan may be required for big products (on which the testing activities are marked).) the welder or welding operator itself shall be considered as inspector.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 29 Location and frequency of such inspections and/or tests will depend on the contract and/or product standard. 01083411 . Table 5 reports a typical chart for tests to be carried out before. and properly controlled. Such a means shall be adequate to the type of product. As a general rule the state of inspection and testing of the welded product have to be indicated in some way. if required. the signature of the inspector7 shall be required in order to enhance the traceability of the welding and related process activities.Tel. Moreover. welding parameters. where the designer chooses the class of the weld taking into consideration all of the above mentioned factors.g. on the welding process and on the type of construction. Figure 9 – Welding gauge for Visual Inspection of joints 7 For some tests or checks (e. technique and extension) shall be carried out in consideration of and in accordance with the quality level of the product. visual testing. In some situations. Lungobisagno Istria. Some of those parameters are reported in the manufacturing codes.16141 Genova (I) . All these aspects should be considered during the design review phase by the welding coordinator. 15 . As to NDT. etc. during and after welding operations. testing activities (method. while routing cards or confined space inside the manufacturing plant shall be sufficient for small series product to indicate the inspection and testing status. dimensional checks.
g.g.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 30 TEST Tests before welding operations Suitability and validity of welders qualification certificates Suitability of welding procedure specification Identity of parent material Identity of welding consumables Joint preparation (e. Correct use and handling of welding consumables.Tel. Prevention of distortion) Arrangement for any production test Suitability of working conditions for welding. Welding sequence. PWHT) Dimensional checking. Back gouging. Control of distortion.g. 01083411 . EN 12062 standard may be used as a reference for the application of NDT on welded structures. Reference procedure Checked (date) Signature of the inspector Reference report Table 5 – Template for testing and inspection chart. 15 . reporting cross references between testing standards. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Fax 0108367780 . Shape and dimensions) Fit-up.g. acceptance levels and quality levels (see table 6). Dimensional check Tests after welding operations Compliance with acceptance criteria for Visual Testing Compliance with acceptance criteria for other NDT examinations (e. Radiographic or Ultrasonic Testing) Compliance for destructive testing (when applicable) Results and records of post-welding operations (e. including environment Tests during welding operations Preheating / interpass temperature Welding parameters Cleaning and shape of runs and layers of weld metal. jigging and tacking Special requirements in the welding procedure specification (e.16141 Genova (I) .
1 RT C EN 13445 – level B* EN 15817 – 2 D EN 13445 – level C EN 15817 – 3 B EN 1714 – At least level B EN 1712 – 2 UT** C EN 1714 – At least level A EN 1712 – 2 D Level not applicable*** * However. if agreed by the contracting parties Test method Table 6 – Applicable standards for NDT examination according to EN 12062.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 31 Quality level Applicable standard for the testing Standard for the acceptance according to method and relevant level and relevant level EN ISO 5817 B Refer directly to the imperfections VT EN 970 – no levels are specified dimension as reported in EN ISO C 5817 D B EN 1289 – 2X PT EN 527-1 – no levels are specified C EN 1289 – 2X D EN 1289 – 3X B EN 1291 – 2X MT EN 1290 – no levels are specified C EN 1291 – 2X D EN 1291 – 3X B EN 13445 – level B EN 15817 .Fax 0108367780 . Figure 10 – Ultrasonic Testing on a claw Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. level D can be applied.Tel. the maximum area for single exposition shall be in accordance with level A ** Only for ferritic steels ***However.16141 Genova (I) . with the same requirements of level C. 15 . 01083411 .
the “instrument” to be calibrated shall be. gas flow. tested and examined in accordance with the original requirements. verification and Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. In some cases.12 Non-conformance and corrective actions As previously stated. voltage. ammeters. PWHT should be calibrated at regular intervals.g. temperature recorders for heat treatment. New welding processes and new power sources. are difficult or impossible to control just on the base of "intuition and experience". repair specifications shall be produced or approved by the welding coordinator. according to any standard. In particular. therefore objective instruments are required. As a consequence. the Manufacturer has to consider proper procedures to resolve non-conformances and avoid further accidents in the future (avoidance of recurrence of non-conformances).g. which refers to welding fabrication. however containing some elements relevant to the management system.13 Calibration and validation of measuring. 15 .g. calibration is not needed. NDT equipment.16141 Genova (I) .Fax 0108367780 . Moreover. etc. which also presupposes reliable instruments. A good reference for the management of calibration of welding and related processes for Manufacturers applying ISO 3834 is the EN 17662 standard “Welding . inspection and testing equipment In general. Instruments for inspection and testing and for control of e. as appropriate repeatability of the weld quality can be simply achieved by indirect control of parameters. will simply add costs without increasing the quality. speed. if applicable.Calibration. calibration of welding equipment instruments (e. calibration of instruments is required for automatic welding machines.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 32 2. pulse characteristics. and shall be made available to the repairing site (note that qualification. is not required).Tel. ISO 3834 is a process standard. Therefore. Oxygen cutting machines are similarly controlled by observing the quality (visual appearance) of the cut faces. non conformances refer to either product defects or aberrations from the contract (however concerning the product itself). if repair welding is needed. In general. pulsed arc welding. Elaborate procedures for calibration of instruments will be in some cases impossible to be applied or however. Control of mechanised welding operations necessitate strict control of heat input. voltmeters) is only required where the quality/repeatability of the weld depends on accurate and repeatable setting of parameters such as current. 2. As an example in manual metal arc welding. the “intuition and experience” of qualified and skilled welders. the items shall be re-inspected. 01083411 . Therefore it can be stated that in this case. etc. e. calibration is necessary in other situations. After repair has been accomplished. heat input can be controlled via the measurement of the run out length.
in particular. when used for welding purposes. Figure 11 – Automatic Twin Arc Submerged arc welding system The specific requirements to calibration. thermocouples. validation: “confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that the particular requirements for a specific intended use are fulfilled”. 15 .16141 Genova (I) . of the possibilities of verification of the output by subsequent monitoring. Especially the following concepts are applicable to welding manufacturing: calibration: “set of operations that establish. under specified conditions. and the corresponding values realised by standards”. voltmeters. or values represented by a material measure or a reference material. inspection and testing. might be less stringent than for Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. Moreover it should be noted that any types of instruments used for control of welding such as ammeters. 01083411 . verification: “confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that specified requirements have been fulfilled”. including ancillary activities”.Fax 0108367780 . the relationship between values of quantities indicated by a measuring instrument or measuring system. stop-watches etc. verification and validation of a particular instrument should be derived from the required performance.Tel. are also used for non-welding purposes: the requirements on accuracy.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 33 validation of equipment used for welding. A key issue of the standard is the discussion of the influence of various process variables on the resulting output and. which should be compatible with the permissible range as specified in the welding procedure specification (WPS) for the variable(s) in question.
position. if applied for welding purposes. etc. verification and validation of the instruments may be too stringent and costly. 01083411 . for control of storage conditions (temperature. depending on the nature of the treatment: drying.Fax 0108367780 . as relates to welding consumables. e. 15 . verification or validation. verified or validated.5 % for the instruments concerning humidity and + 5 °C for thermometer. Instruments should be calibrated. Stopwatches may be validated by comparison with any reasonably accurate clock. verified or validated. etc.) should be calibrated. humidity. Appropriate standards for the procedure should be consulted. rulers and straightedges. Table 7 – EN ISO 17662 requirements applicable to welding consumables Concerning welding processes parameters. EN ISO 17662 states that the requirement for calibration. necessitate calibration. Requirements . thermometers and other temperature indicators should be validated Temperature in storage cabinet/room Instruments used for process control should be calibrated.g. etc. whenever the heat input control is required (see table 8). etc. which permit significant variations of such a ratio.g.5 °C. Designation Requirements Procedure Requirements to measuring instruments such as weighing instruments. cleaning.Tel.16141 Genova (I) . +/. method. Table 7 gives examples of the content of the standard. are found in several EN. Instruments for temperature control. Application of flux and filler metal. verification and validation of instruments to measure arc welding parameters should be related to the ratio between deposited weld metal and total cross sections (a high ratio corresponding to a “cold” process and a low ratio to a “hot” process): welding processes/power sources. vernier callipers. “Normal” ( standardised) procedures for calibration. verified or validated. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. Handling Instruments used e. as appropriate. Treatment prior to welding as appropriate. Requirement max. ISO and national standards.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 34 other applications of the instruments. deposition rate.
15 . micrometer callipers. Voltmeters should be validated. See also ENV 50184.16141 Genova (I) . as appropriate. are found in several EN. verified or validated. Instruments used for measuring should be calibrated. electrode and/or wire angle * The signal should be monitored continuously. 01083411 . as or weaving amplitude when weaving is applied appropriate. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. and the possibility to retrace their position during the manufacturing stages and when delivered to the customer is one of the most effective way to achieve quality of the product and to have feedback about its functionality. Stopwatches may be validated by comparison with any reasonably accurate clock or watch. ISO and national standards. etc. ISO and national standards. Appropriate steel rulers need not to be calibrated. If tong-tests are used for measurement of current. Mean value of (rectified) current. See ENV 50184. verification or validation not required. Torch. For Mechanised welding Measurements by means of stopwatches and rulers. verified or validated provided the rulers are not visibly damaged. Current (mean)* Arc voltage (mean)3 Ammeters should be validated. Calibration. Appropriate steel rulers need not to be calibrated.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 35 Designation Requirements Electrical variables Procedure See ENV 50184. The sampling time should be sufficient to give a reasonably stable reading. Travel speed Stopwatches may be validated by comparison with any reasonably accurate clock or watch. etc. Requirements to measuring instruments such as vernier callipers. Maximum width of the run Instruments used for measuring should be calibrated. See also ENV 50184. verification or validation not required. Wire feed speed Weawing Frequency - Dwell time of oscillation Requirements to measuring instruments such as vernier callipers. verified or validated.Tel.Fax 0108367780 . Table 8 – EN ISO 17662 requirements applicable to welding parameters 2.14 Identification and traceability Identification of pieces and parts. micrometer callipers. provided size (penetration) and position of weld can be determined by non-destructive examination. provided size (penetration) and position of weld can be determined by non-destructive examination. Mean value of (rectified) tension. are found in several EN. the difference between mean value and RMS value measuring instruments has to be taken into consideration. Calibration. Measurements by means of stopwatches and rulers. verified or validated provided the rulers are not visibly damaged.
welding procedure specifications. identification of weld locations in construction. when applicable: record of requirement/technical review. identification of non-destructive testing procedures and personnel. it shall be maintained during the manufacturing process. material certificates.16141 Genova (I) . Whenever required.Tel. trade name. identification of location of temporary attachments. However. equipment maintenance records. production plan. they can be required by standards. 2.g. 01083411 .15 Quality records Quality records shall be retained for a minimum period of five years in the absence of any other specified requirements. identification of location of repairs.g. welder or welding operator qualification certificates. traceability of welding procedure specification of specific welds. welding procedure approval records (WPQR). Manufacturer of consumables and batch or cast numbers). 15 . non-destructive testing personnel certificates. identification and/or traceability of parent material (e.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 36 However. Documented systems to ensure identification and traceability of the welding operations shall include: identification of production plans. Lungobisagno Istria. identification of routing cards. cast number). traceability for fully mechanised and automatic weld-equipment for specific welds. which means that for every piece or component it shall be possible to retrieve its history by marking the parts and controlling the relevant documentation. identification of welding consumable (e.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura . heat treatment procedure specification and records. fabrication codes or by the customer himself. designation. Quality records shall include. welding consumable certificates. it shall be noted that identification and traceability can imply expensive procedures and are therefore not required by the ISO 3834 standard. non-destructive testing and destructive testing procedures and reports. dimensional reports. traceability of welder and welding operators of specific welds. type.
Fax 0108367780 .Tel. 15 . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 37 - records of repairs and non-conformance reports.16141 Genova (I) . 01083411 .
Thus.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 38 3 Comparison of ISO 3834 Requirements 3. on the other. this is the case of ISO 3834 part 4. The particular level selected will depend on the nature of the product to be manufactured. At first it should be noted that a Manufacturer compliant at a particular quality level is also compliant at a lower level. the conditions in which it will be used and the range of products manufactured. In this chapter some criteria for the choice of the appropriate level will be given. In such situations the Manufacturer can require to his suppliers the application of a lower quality level.2 Choice of the appropriate quality level Product standards that require compliance with ISO 3834 have emphasised two critical areas in the choice of quality level. Such products would be Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. some of which may require a comprehensive quality level while others only require a standard or elementary quality level. the standard quality level should be suitable for the broad range of products that have a normal safety relevance and may experience dynamic loading. 15 . or only apply the comprehensive quality level to those products where it is required. Moreover.16141 Genova (I) . In general. This may be relevant for a Manufacturer producing a range of products. dynamic) in the product service environment. For example. On one hand has been the safety critical nature of the products whilst. that seems the easiest way to comply with the quality requirements for welders on loan. 3. 01083411 .Tel. Such a Manufacture can apply the comprehensive quality level to all its products. there has been the inclusion of the type of loading (static. and apply the requirements at a lower level for the products for which this is more appropriate. in some cases.Fax 0108367780 . a Manufacturer applying ISO 3834 part 2 or part 3 can have some suppliers working on small assemblies or. a Manufacturer demonstrating compliance to ISO 3834-2 is also compliant with ISO 3834-3 and ISO 3834-4.1 Introduction ISO 3834 incorporates three quality levels that may be included in product standards. regulations and contracts or selected by a Manufacturer. outlining the differences of every part (and level) of the standard. can need some extra welders properly qualified and controlled.
a comparison chart of the quality requirement of the different parts of ISO 3834 is reported. the comprehensive quality level would be appropriate. would normally only require the elementary quality level. materials and fabrication processes in any product group. 01083411 .Tel.documentation may be required Treat like a Manufacturer for the specific subcontracted product. parts 2. to particular types of products. foot bridges use conventional materials with little or no complexity in manufacture and are not subjected to high levels of dynamic loading. 15 . however final responsibility for quality remains with the Manufacturer Table 9 – Comparison chart on ISO 3834 requirement (to be continued ) Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. in the case of bridges manufacturing. 3 or 4. because there can be different levels of complexity in the design. It is not possible to allocate specific quality parts of ISO 3834.. For example.3 Comparison chart In the following tables. but the innovative nature of the design or the use of novel production processes can imply the choice of the comprehensive quality level in place of the standard level. Moreover. Where the safety factors are significant and there are high static and dynamic loading and the materials are designed for high performance applications. i. in some situations materials and loading seem to be pertinent to standard quality level. services and/or activities.e.4 Necessary documentation is not required Necessary .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 39 manufactured from conventional materials where the weldability is known and the precautions to be taken to ensure mechanical performance and defect avoidance are well documented. Requirement Requirements review Technical review Sub-contracting ISO 3834 . In contrast.3 Necessary -documentation may be required ISO 3834 .2 Necessary documentation is required Necessary .documentation is required ISO 3834 . 3. some bridges are highly complex in the design and are subject to significant dynamic loads.Fax 0108367780 . Products.16141 Genova (I) . High strength steels may be employed and the product may be subjected to high levels of non destructive testing to meet tight fabrication defect acceptance levels. which have a very limited safety component and are subjected to only moderate static loads with minor dynamic components.
3. and records are required Necessary as applicable to provide. lifting in combination with safety equipment and protective clothes Required documented plans and records are required Required documented plans records are recommended No specific requirement Appropriate welding technique required No specific requirement No specific requirement In accordance with supplier recommendations Required Required If required A procedure is required in accordance with supplier recommendations Confirmation that the requirements according to product standard or specifications are fulfilled Procedure. inspection and testing equipment Identification during process Traceability Quality records Necessary Measures of control are implemented procedures for repair and/or rectification are required If required Measures of control are implemented Necessary If required No specific requirement If required If required If required No specific requirement No specific requirement Table 10 – comparison chart on ISO 3834 requirement (continued) 3. maintain and achieve product conformity.16141 Genova (I) . transport. 01083411 . documented plans.1 ISO 3834-2 .Comprehensive quality level This part can be applied to constructions in which the failure of welds may lead to total product failure with successive significant financial consequences and a major risk of human injury. 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 40 Welders and welding operators Welding coordination personnel Equipment maintenance Production and testing equipment Production planning Welding procedure specifications Qualification of the welding procedures Batch testing Storage and handling of welding consumables Storage of parent material Qualification is required Required Necessary as applicable to provide. record and traceability of the record to the product are required Procedure and record are required Post-weld heat treatment No specific requirement Inspection and testing before. records are recommended No specific requirement As necessary to assure equipment suitable and available. The product may be subject to pronounced dynamic loading in addition to high static loading. no specific requirements for records Suitable and available as required for preparation. testing.Tel. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. during and after welding Non-conformance and corrective actions Calibration and validation of measuring.Fax 0108367780 . process execution. maintain and achieve product conformity.
The manufacturing technique would be conventional without reliance on high performance materials and the production processes would be well established.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 41 Manufacture can be complex and the range of materials could include high performance metals as well as more standard materials such as structural boiler steels and aluminium alloys that require enhanced controls to avoid the occurrence of deleterious fabrication imperfections.3. 15 . 01083411 . The materials used would be simple as well as the manufacturing technique.Fax 0108367780 . failure would not be expected to have any adverse effects on the safety of people and would only have minor financial consequences.2 ISO 3834-3 . Additionally. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.3 ISO 3834-4 . 3. The product would have a normal safety risk and the financial consequences would not be extreme.Tel. 3.16141 Genova (I) .Standard quality level This part can be applied to constructions in which failure of welds could impair the intended use of the construction and the operational unit in which it forms a part.3.Elementary quality level This part can be applied to constructions in which failure of welds would not fundamentally impair the intended use of the constructions.
i. relating to unfired pressure vessels subject to a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0. 15 .16141 Genova (I) .e.5 bar. The application of the directive indirectly implied a standardisation work for the production of sets of standards. Lungobisagno Istria. As a consequence. In this framework the technical committee CEN TC 54 “Unfired pressure vessels” prepared the standard EN 13445. Many standards have been developed trough the years to consider the criteria for design. mainly taking into consideration the hazard arising from possible failure of the vessels. 8 In the case of ferritic steels. for maximum allowable temperatures for which the corresponding maximum calculation temperature renders a relevant proof strength smaller than the 100 000 h creep rupture strength8. all the European countries produced their own technical standards. harmonised to the 97/23/CE directive. 01083411 . After the development of the European Market. applicable to all pressure equipment working with internal or external pressure higher than 0. manufacturing and testing of these standards. within the field of application of the directive and supporting its essential requirements. having as a reference both the technical conditions (generally the same in every country) and the national industrial customs. for ferritic steels the temperature limit corresponds to calculation temperatures below approximately 380 °C.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .1 Introduction A possible definition of pressure vessel is “housing and its direct attachments up to the coupling point connecting it to other equipment. designed and built to contain fluids under pressure”.5 bar gauge and with maximum allowable temperatures for which creep effects need not to be considered.Tel. as a mean to demonstrate conformity. and in order to guarantee harmonisation of national legislation to abolish commercial and technical barriers.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 42 4 European standard for manufacturing unfired pressure vessels 4. the European directive 97/23/CE on pressure equipment (PED) has been developed.
Welding Fabrication Standards
Figure 12 – A polyethylene reactor made of Carbon steel This European Standard is not applicable to the following types of pressure equipment: transportable pressure equipment; items specifically designed for nuclear use, the failure of which may cause a release of radioactivity; pressure equipment intended for the generation of steam or superheated water at temperatures higher than 110 °C; vessels of riveted construction; vessels of lamellar cast iron or any other materials not included in EN 13445-2 or EN 134456; multilayered, autorefragged or pre-stressed vessels; pipelines and industrial piping.
The standard is composed by 6 parts and a technical report; a brief description of which will be given in the next paragraphs.
4.2 EN 13445 – 1: General rules
This Part outlines the basic principles underpinning the standard. The Manufacturer is required to declare that the technical design specification and the supporting documentation are in compliance with the requirements of this standard.
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura
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Unforeseen factors may arise that require design modifications and/or manufacturing concessions. These need to be handled with the same rigour as the original design.
4.3 EN 13445 – 2: Materials
This Part deals with the general philosophy on materials, material grouping and low temperature behaviour in relation to Room Temperature performance range providing the general requirements for establishing technical delivery. It is limited to steel with sufficient ductility and excludes at present materials operating in the creep conditions. Furthermore it includes four annexes, which give further details as relate to: − − material grouping system, (according to CR ISO 15608:2000) with a list of all acceptable material grades based upon European base material standards; information on the requirements for the prevention of brittle fracture in the base material and the welds (two methods based upon a code of practice developed from fracture mechanics are included); − − information on technical delivery conditions for clad products; survey on European base material and component standards and their systematic nomenclature.
4.4 EN 13445 – 3: Design
This Part of the standard gives the rules to be used for design and calculation under internal and/or external pressure (as applicable) of pressure bearing components of Pressure Vessels, such as shells of various shapes, flat walls, flanges, heat exchanger tubesheets, including the calculation of reinforcement of openings. Rules are also given for components subject to local loads and to actions other than pressure. For all these components three different design approaches are considered: − Design by Formulae (DBF), as appropriate formulae are given in order to find stresses, which have to be limited to safe values; these formulae are generally intended for predominantly non-cyclic loads, i.e. for a number of full pressure cycles not exceeding 500; − Design by Analysis (DBA), which can be used either to evaluate component designs or loading situations for which a DBF method is not provided, or, more generally, as an alternative to DBF. − Design by Formulae (DBF), based on limit analysis for certain components (such as flanges and tubesheets). Methods are also given where a fatigue evaluation is required, due to a number of load cycles being greater than 500. There are two alternative methods:
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria, 15 - 16141 Genova (I) - Tel. 01083411 - Fax 0108367780
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a simplified method based on DBF (valid only in case of pressure variations); a sophisticated method based on a detailed determination of total stresses using, for example, FEM or experimental methods, to be used also in the case of variable loads other than pressure.
Figure 13 – Chart in EN 13445 – 3 (Correction factor fm to take account of mean stress in unwelded material for N > 2x106 cycles) As already stated, for the time being, the scope of Part 3 is limited to steel components working at temperatures lower than the creep range of the specific material concerned.
4.5 EN 13445 – 4: Fabrication
The philosophy in Part 4 is based on existing good practice in current European Standards, as relates requirements for the manufacture of unfired pressure vessels and their parts, made of steels, including their connections to non-pressure parts. It specifies requirements for material traceability, manufacturing tolerances, welding requirements, production tests, forming requirements, heat treatment, repairs and finishing operations. Part 4 is not applicable for pressure vessels and parts made of spheroidal graphite cast iron for which separate and different requirements regarding manufacturing are given in EN 134445-6.
4.5.1 Specific requirements for the Manufacturer
According to the standard the following requirements shall be fulfilled by the Manufacturer: − the organisation (and relevant responsibilities) for the control of manufacturing operations, which includes special processes such as welding, forming and heat treatment shall be clearly defined by the Manufacturer;
Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria, 15 - 16141 Genova (I) - Tel. 01083411 - Fax 0108367780
heat treatment and non destructive testing work is performed by a Subcontractor.Tel. tasks and responsibilities can be defined by the Manufacturer in accordance with ISO 14731/EN 719 in the job assignment. forming and heat treatment shall be adequate for the purpose and the pressure vessel meets the requirements of the manufacturing equipment shall be adequate for fabrication.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 46 − − − the manufacturing procedures such as welding. 15 . a record shall be maintained for each weld reporting the welder or welding operator that performed the joint. the welding procedures selected by the Manufacturer are qualified for the field of application. the Manufacturer shall also either obtain copies of the welding procedure and welding operator qualification records or take other action to ensure that they comply with this part of the standard. The type and design of the weld detail shall be considered taking into consideration: − − − the method of manufacture. forming. − 4. the batch numbers of welding consumables shall be recorded. the staff shall be adequate for the assigned tasks.5. corrosion). in particular as far as welding co-ordination is concerned. the following requirements shall be met: − − − the Subcontractor shall give information on its manufacturing capabilities by an appropriate subcontracting form.Fax 0108367780 . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. the service conditions (e. material traceability to the original identification markings is required through appropriate methods. − − the quality requirements for welding defined in ISO 3834-3:1994 shall be met as a minimum. the qualifications. 4. welding of the component parts of a pressure vessel shall only be undertaken if the following conditions are satisfied: − − − − a welding procedure specification for every type of joint is held by the Manufacturer.5.3 Specific requirements for welding activities In addition to what reported in ISO 3834-3. the Manufacturer shall properly asses the Subcontractor.16141 Genova (I) . the ability to carry out the necessary non-destructive testing required in accordance with EN 13445-5.g. the welders and welding operators are qualified for the work allocated to them and their approval is in the validity period.2 Requirements for subcontracting When welding. EN 13445-4. 01083411 . that he applies the requirements according to this part of the standard and according to the ISO 3834 – 3.
Basically. procedures are provided for serially produced pressure vessels. post weld heat treatment (PWHT). attachment supports and stiffeners and preheat. finishing operations. they shall be under the full technical control of the Manufacturer and work to the Manufacturer's requirements. The level of testing is driven by the selection of the vessel testing group.5. Numerous inspection activities. which are designed to give the same safety by a combination of several factors. joint preparation methods. production tests. Whenever welders not in the employ of the Manufacturer are used.4 Other requirements This part of the standards reports other requirements as concerns: − − − − − − − materials manufacturing tolerances. tray rings.). including design review by the Manufacturer and supporting technical documentation. 4. joint preparation and welding. There are four testing groups. welding procedure specifications may be acceptable by holding welding procedure approval records by to previous experience and /or standard welding procedure for arc welding. This is required also in the case of repair by welding. Other requirements are given for filler metals. The requirements for testing are predominantly related to individually designed single vessels. forming of pressure parts.16141 Genova (I) . qualification by welding procedure test and pre production test are the only applicable methods.Tel. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.g. repair. In the case of welds other than pressure retaining welds directly attached to the pressure vessels (e. material traceability.Fax 0108367780 . 01083411 . 4. However. etc. in addition to the Non Destructive Testing (NDT) are described including document control. the testing group determines the level of NDT and the joint coefficient used in the design.6 EN 13445 – 5: Inspection and testing This Part covers all those inspection and testing activities associated with the verification of the pressure vessel for compliance with the standard. support feet. 15 . and specific requirements for the acceptance criteria for the tests are given to integrate the ISO 15614.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 47 As for the approval of welding procedures.
The testing groups are numbered from 1 to 4 in decreasing levels of NDT.Tel. as a result of the weld joint coefficient. oxidizing) Lungobisagno Istria. 2a. 3a. However. Group 2 fluids are non dangerous fluids (i. A single testing group is normally applied to the entire vessel. 01083411 . 2b.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura . it shall be applicable only for: − − − − − − − Group 2 fluids9. or Ps ≤ 50 000 bar x L if temperature is equal or less than 100 °C. fluids other then explosive. 15 . provided specific requirements are met. maximum permitted thickness. the full penetration butt joint that. 1b. As for testing group 4. maximum number of full pressure cycle less than 500. the overall philosophy has been the general adoption of the following acceptance criteria: − − predominantly non-cyclic loaded vessels: ISO/DIS 5817:2000 quality level 'C' vessels subject to cyclic loading: ISO/DIS 5817:2000 quality level 'B' 9 According to the 97/23/Ce Directive. higher pressure test. toxic and very toxic.e. Ps ≤ 20 bar. extremely or highly flammable or flammable. Table 1 reports the testing groups for steel pressure vessels. governs the thickness of the component). Table 11 reports the main requirements for the testing groups.e.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 48 Testing groups take into consideration manufacturing difficulties associated with different groups of steels. 2 and 3 are subdivided into subgroups 1a. service temperature range and the thickness by means of the joint coefficient of the governing joint (i. However. and 3b in order to reflect the better behaviour to crack sensitivity of easy to weld low carbon alloyed steels and Austenitic stainless steels. testing groups 1. welding processes. a combination of testing groups is permitted.16141 Genova (I) . and Ps ≤ 20 000 bar x L above 100 °C. In terms of quality levels for the welding imperfections. lower level of nominal design stress (according to EN 13445-3).
1. 9.2. However. Concerning component design.6. These formulae are generally intended for predominantly static loads.1 9.1: 30 mm 50 mm gr.2. which means for a number of load cycles not exceeding 200 000 in the case of spheroidal graphite cast iron.Tel. 8.7 No additional requirements due to testing No additional requirements due to testing No additional requirements due to testing No additional requirements due to testing Welding process gr.2. 1. the DBF method is generally followed considering appropriate formulae to limit stresses up to safe values.1 100% to the maximum possible extent 100% on first item. 10 9. 8. 188.8.131.52.2. 10 8. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.2: 10: 16 mm 16 mm Fully mechanised or automatic welding processes 0.8 (visual inspection only) or 0. Inspection and testing requirements are as in Part 5 except requirements for castings and test pressure. 1.2.16141 Genova (I) . 9.1.1. Interaction between good design and good workmanship is so important for cast vessels that special requirements are laid down in this Part.9 (NDT inspection) when a cast pressure vessel or cast part is designed for pressure up to 50 bar and a maximum temperature of 300 °C.2.7 EN 13445 – 6: specific requirements for pressure vessels and parts made of spheroidal graphite cast iron This Part specifies that the Manufacturer shall select a testing factor of 0.85 0.3. 8.1 1.2: gr. As concerns welding.1 Testing group and subgroup 2a 2b 3a 3b 4 8.1. 1.1.2 material is allowed if delta ferrite containing welding consumables are used for depositing filling passes up to but not including the capping Table 11 – Testing groups and relevant requirements 4. 9.1: -10÷200°C Service temperature range No additional requirements due to testing gr. 01083411 . 9. 1.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 49 Requirements 1a Permitted materials (CR ISO 15608) Extent of Visual inspection Extent of NDT for governing welded joints NDT of other welds Joint coefficient (to be used for design) Maximum thickness for each material 1 to 10 1b 1. 15 .2-1) 1 1 gr.1: -50÷500°C * 30 mm for group 8. 1. 8. no production or repair welding shall be carried out on spheroidal graphite cast iron parts.1. 8. 8. 8. 1.2.2* gr. 9. 1.Fax 0108367780 . a method for design by experiment up to 6000 bar x l without calculation is given. 10% 100% after satisfactory 25% 10% 0% experience A specific reference table is given in the standard (Table 6. 9.
1 of the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED).Tel.E. and in particular according to its Annex III. 01083411 . D. Therefore the following information are given: − − − classification of pressure vessels in hazard categories. an useful summary of Inspection and testing activities and participation of the Responsible Authority in respect of P. § 2.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 50 Annex A is informative for the determination of burst pressure and wall thickness minimum requirements. conformity assessment procedures. management of subctontracted activities.8 CR 13445 – 7: Guidance on the use of conformity procedures This Technical Report gives guidance on the use of conformity assessment procedures for unfired pressure vessels as covered by Article 1. conformity assessment modules is given in annex C. 15 . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Fax 0108367780 . The PED requires all pressure equipment falling within its scope to have its design and manufacture assessed for conformity in accordance with a series of conformity assessment procedures given in Article 10 of the Directive. for informative scope only. Moreover. 4.1.16141 Genova (I) . as relates of the choice of the most appropriate procedure and the involvement of responsible authorities.
16141 Genova (I) .Fax 0108367780 . 01083411 . 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 51 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Tel.
prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 267 "Industrial piping and pipelines". 01083411 .Tel. 15 .Fax 0108367780 . fabrication and installation.16141 Genova (I) . also metallic industrial piping has to fulfil certain safety requirements. based on the type of fluid (defined as dangerous or non-dangerous) in combination with the internal volume (in this case the pipe diameter) and/or the maximum allowable pressure (PS) of the pipeline. as relates to materials. Such safety requirements depend on the “hazard category”. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. as specific standard harmonised do the European directive. design and calculation.1 Introduction In the framework of European Directive 97/23/CEE for pressure vessels (PED). inspection and testing.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 52 5 European standard for manufacturing metallic industrial piping 5. This lead to the development of the EN 13480:2002 standard “Metallic industrial piping”. Figure 14 –Metallic industrial piping in a plant.
as specific values for elongation are provided (e. rockets. 14% in the transverse direction and 16% in the longitudinal direction). pressurised pipes for the containment of transmission systems such as for electrical power and telephone cables. failure of which may cause an emission of radioactivity.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 53 The standard applies to metallic piping above ground. pressure shaft for hydro-electricinstallations and their related specific accessories. aircraft and mobile offshore units. It specifies the requirements for the selection. control gear and transformers. stream waterways such as penstocks.2 EN 13480-2: Materials This Part specifies the requirements for materials (including metallic clad materials) for industrial piping and supports.g. well-control equipment used in the petroleum. including the piping. irrespective of pressure. 5. part 1 is a general introduction of the standard. Three different methods for the evaluation of the impact tests properties are provided. ducted or buried. hot blast recuperators. gas or geothermal exploration and extraction industry and in underground storage. the other part define specific requirements. internal piping of boilers and piping integral to pressure vessels. − − − − furnaces and pans for melting. but limited to certain thicknesses for which experience exist. 01083411 . The standard is divided in six parts.Tel.16141 Genova (I) . which is intended to contain and/or control well pressure. a detail of which will be given in the next paragraphs. All the materials shall have sufficient ductility. based on the following different approaches: − technical requirements are developed from operating experience and applicable to all metallic materials. not serviced in the creep range temperatures.Fax 0108367780 . re-melting de-gassing and casting of steel and non ferrous metals. permanently fixed piping for ships. and does not relate to: − − − − − pipelines and their accessories. testing and marking of metallic materials for the fabrication of industrial piping. pressure tunnels. gas converters and vacuum. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. enclosures for high voltage electrical equipment such as switchgear. 15 . items specifically designed for nuclear use. dust extractors and blast furnace exhaust gas scrubbers and direct reducing cupolas including the furnace cooling. inspection. − piping of blast furnaces including the furnace cooling.
fasteners and lined piping. Material Steel Ferritic stainless steels Martensitic stainless steels Austenitic stainless steels Austenitic stainless steels Austenitic-ferritic stainless steels Maximum content of cast analisys %C 0.035 0.Fax 0108367780 .015 0.Tel. Figure 15 – Stocking of pipes and fittings The marking of the products or delivery units shall ensure traceability between the product or delivery unit and the inspection documents. design temperature above 20°C.08 0.16141 Genova (I) . For European standardised materials. the marking Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. 01083411 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 54 − technical requirements are developed from the principle of fracture mechanics and from operating experiences (only applicable to C. − technical requirements are derived by the application of a fracture mechanics analysis (to be used only in agreement with the parties concerned). Sulphur and Silicon content are provided depending on the considered material (see Table 12).015 0.035 0. C-Mn and low alloy ferritic steels with a specified minimum yield strength of 460 N/mm). Maximum values for the Carbon.015 0.030 %S 0.015 %P 0.035 Table 12 – Maximum content of alloying element for steels Special provisions are also given as relates to lamellar tearing.025 0.08 0.040 0.040 0.06 0.045 0.015 0.10 0. 15 .23 0. prevention of brittle fracture.
cold spring conditions. the stamp of the inspection representative. size. movements of the ground and buildings. depending on the pressure. In the specific case of welds other than circumferential. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. which permits the correlation between the product or delivery unit and the relevant inspection document. material designation). type of fluid and inspection extent. For material supplied with specific inspection the marking shall include an identification. 5. 01083411 . earthquakes.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 55 shall fulfil the requirements of the relevant standard.1 General requirements for the Manufacturer The standard requires the presence of welding supervisors. if applicable. weight of piping and contents. vibrations. even if some requirements are similar to those of the standard.4 EN 13480-4: Fabrication ISO 3834 is not directly recalled by this standard. 5.Fax 0108367780 . 5. dynamic effects of the fluid.Tel.16141 Genova (I) . different values for the joint efficiency factor (Z) are identified. temperature. climatic loads.4. 15 .3 EN 13480-3: Design and calculations The calculation rules in this part apply for operating and testing conditions as well as preset. the Manufacturer's name or mark. at least: − − − − − − − − internal and/or external pressure. flushing and cleaning conditions. having sufficient knowledge and experience in the field of welding and capable to give the welders clear and unambiguous working instructions. The design load shall be one or a combination of the following. although some components might exhibit plastic behaviour. for materials not contained in an European standard the marking shall at least contain: − − − the material specification (reference. This part considers only elastic calculation methods.
Prior to repair welding. ball bearings) due to high welding currents. test report 2. all the welds shall be directly correlated to the welder that performed the joint. When using thermal processes. 15 .4. For identification and traceability reasons. piping shall be earthed so that no welding currents flow through spring hangers.2. 5.Tel.e. if available). gouging. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. pressure and type of fluid). This has to be accomplished in order to avoid both welding defects (e. flame. the pipe and weld material shall not be adversely affected. by reporting the test reports that lead to the repair. and shall be in possession of a valid test certificate. Welding procedures specification shall be prepared in accordance to the relevant European standard .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 56 As relates to welding materials. Weld repairs shall be made using approved procedures and approved welding personal. plasma or machining part or all of the weld. also reporting information on the Non Destructive Testing to be applied to the joint. material groups and range of sizes. Welding defects.g. In the case of the higher classes (class II and III) only qualification by welding procedure test or welding pre-production test are accepted.2 Requirements for the welding activities Welders and welding operator shall be qualified according to the relevant standard (EN 287-1 and EN 1418) for the intended processes. (e. in addition to what is required in part 2 of the standard. modified and documented procedure. due to arc blow) and to avoid damage or degradation in the mechanics of these components (e. the Manufacturer is requested to have filler metals and auxiliary materials with documentation according to EN 10204. depending on the “piping class” (defined on the base of diameter. valves.g.16141 Genova (I) . snubbers. Any further repair shall be done in accordance with an approved. EN 15609 (EN 288-2) -. All weld repairs shall be documented. Specifications shall be properly qualified by an appropriate method. constant load hangers.g.Fax 0108367780 . machines. having as examining body a third party. chipping. by attaching the films showing the defects. 01083411 . by the welder’s symbol close to the weld itself or by corresponding details in the fabrication documents. A weld defect shall not be repaired more than twice with the same procedure. which require repair shall be removed by grinding.g. mechanical connections etc. and the repair procedures and the report for the newly carried on tests. the surface of all joints shall be examined by NDT to ensure they are free from cracks and other defects. Less stringent requirements are given for less critical classes. During electric arc welding.
Tel. final assessment. 15 .16141 Genova (I) . including supports. to welding procedures and to inspection during welding).5 EN 13480-5: Inspection This Part of the Standard specifies the requirements for inspection and testing of industrial piping to be performed on individual spools or piping systems. non destructive testing of welds. Type. The following inspection phases are identified: − − − − − design validation.Fax 0108367780 . 01083411 . depending on the piping class. documentation to be maintained and delivered with the product. as relates to welders.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 57 Figure 16 – Welding of a 10 inches industrial piping 5. extension and acceptance criteria for the testing are reported. in-process inspection and testing (including welding process indirect control. and fabricated and installed in accordance with EN 13480-4. and the relevant acceptance criteria. designed in accordance with part 3 and 6 (if applicable). Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. Table 13 reports the general requirements for the non destructive testing of welds.
b Class A for material group 1. 1.16141 Genova (I) . 15 . class B a b EN 1714:1998. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.1 when piping class is I or II. class A.6 EN 13480-6: Additional requirements for buried piping This Part of EN 13480 identifies specific requirements for industrial piping either totally buried or partly buried and partly run in sleeves or similar protection.2. 01083411 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 58 NDT Technique Visual Examination (VT) Radiographic Testing (RT) Ultrasonic Testing (UT) Penetrant Testing (PT) Method EN 970 EN 1435:1997. 8. Table 13 – Requirements for the non destructive testing of welds Figure 17 – Ultrasonic testing of a pipe to pressure vessel connection 5.Fax 0108367780 .2. running at an operating temperature up to 75°C. class B b EN 571-1 Acceptance criteria Refer to EN 5817 – level B EN 12517:1998: Acceptance level 2 and additional requirements EN 1712 :1997 c: Acceptance level 2 d EN 1289 :1998. Acceptance level 1 EN 1291 :1998.1.1. 1. Acceptance level 1 Magnetic Particle Testing EN 1290 (MT) NOTES: a However. 8. c For the characterisation of indications EN 1713 may be used. This part must be used in conjunction with the other six parts of EN 13480. the maximum area for single exposure shall correspond to the requirements of EN 1435:1997. d Acceptance level 3 for material group 1.1 when piping class is I or II.Tel.
Welding Fabrication Standards Page 59 Figure 18 – Lining of a buried pipeline in the nearby of a chemical plant Where buried piping subject to this standard connects to piping installed under other jurisdiction such as pipelines. As concerns welding activities.7 CR 13445 – 7: Guidance on the use of conformity procedures This Technical Report gives guidance on the use of conformity assessment procedures for industrial piping and pipelines as covered by Article 1. 15 . installation (trenches. 5. the transition should be made at a closing element e. that should be close to the boundary of the industrial site. corrosion protection. no specific requirements are given. an isolating or regulating valve separating the two sections. as relates to: − − − − − − − − safety depth of installation. The standard reports therefore some additional requirements. Therefore the following information are given: Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. The PED requires all pressure equipment falling within its scope to have its design and manufacture assessed for conformity in accordance with a series of conformity assessment procedures given in Article 10 of the Directive. design and calculation.Fax 0108367780 . pipe laying and back filling).1.1 of the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED). but may be inside or outside the boundary. 01083411 . pipes marking and recording. examination and testing.Tel.16141 Genova (I) . and in particular according to its Annex III. § 2. sleeves or casings.g.
Tel. Summary of Inspection and testing activities and participation of the Moreover. conformity assessment procedures. 01083411 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 60 − − − classification of industrial piping vessels in hazard categories. for Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. Responsible Authority in respect of PED conformity assessment modules is given in annex C. management of subcontracted activities.16141 Genova (I) .Fax 0108367780 . 15 . as relates to the choice of the most appropriate procedure and the involvement of responsible authorities. an useful informative scope only.
16141 Genova (I) .Fax 0108367780 . 15 . 01083411 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 61 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Tel.
Other limitations also apply in relation to the materials used. permitting them to be sold and commissioned in all Member States and benefit from free circulation. the shape of the vessels.16141 Genova (I) . the product PS x V (working pressure –PS. 6. the date upon which the national regulations were abrogated in all Member States. − Conformity assessment procedures by risk class. The Directive also includes a list of exceptions. the maximum pressure. The Directive is applicable to series-produced simple pressure vessels introduced on the European market. This directive establishes the methods of inspection of these vessels. intended to contain air or nitrogen and not exposed to fire or flame. regardless of origin. To ensure the disposal of existing stocks before the application date of this directive. volume -V). or a combination of both.Tel. and the minimum and maximum operating temperatures. − The obligation on the part of the Manufacturer to supply the user with a user manual specifying the intended areas of use and the maintenance and installation conditions required for safety purposes. if subjected to an internal pressure greater than 0.5 bar. or by submitting a prototype representative of the production under consideration. which give Manufacturers the option of selecting the most stringent class. compliance with which may be assumed further to the use of a harmonised European standard. Essential safety requirements. 01083411 . 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 62 6 European standard for manufacturing simple unfired vessels to contain air or nitrogen.Fax 0108367780 . The Manufacturer is now required to issue a declaration of conformity with the Directive for his equipment.1 Introduction Meeting a variety of safety objectives. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. “increased Manufacturer responsibility”. a transition period was authorised until 1 July 1992. The Directive introduces the following concepts: − − a classification of simple pressure vessels according to the risk created by the combination of working pressure and volume. Directive 87/404/EEC (amended by Directive 93/68/EEC) relating to simple pressure vessels came into force in the European Community on 1 July 1990. 4. as expressed by PS x V.
namely the EN 286 – “Simple unfired pressure vessels made to contain air or nitrogen”.part 1 will be briefly described. Part 2: Pressure vessels for air braking and auxiliary systems for motor-vehicles and their trailers.2 EN 286-1: requirements for welding manufacturing of simple unfired pressure vessels This Standard applies to the design and manufacture of simple unfired serially made pressure vessels with a single compartment manufactured by welding (even if some design can entail the use of bolts) having a simple geometry and have branches not lager in diameter than 0. manufacture and testing. Part 3: Steel pressure vessels designed to contain compressed air for rail rolling stock Part 4: Aluminium pressure vessels designed to contain compressed air for railway rolling stock. 15 .Tel.Fax 0108367780 . In the following paragraph the requirements to be met during welding fabrication as relates to EN 286 . The two following production procedures are considered: Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. 6. 01083411 . made of 4 parts: − − − − Part 1: design. CEN TC 54 “Simple pressure vessels” produced a series of standard.5 of the diameter of the cylinder to which they are welded.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 63 Figure 19 – Simple unfired pressure vessel containing Air (Left side) and Nitrogen (Right) In this framework.16141 Genova (I) .
even if there is no specific requirements as relates to the application of quality management standards. − − welding procedures shall be qualified by welding procedure test or previous satisfactory experience. the following apply: − there shall be no welding carried out on the pressurised parts of a vessel once the hydraulic test has been successfully completed. − − the maximum working pressure is 30 bar and the product of that pressure and the capacity of the vessel (PS x V) is greater than 50 bar litres and not exceeding 10 000 bar litres. It does not apply to vessels specifically designed for nuclear use. and is not compulsory. As concerns specific requirements for welding activities. or to fire extinguishers.5 bar. the field of application of the standard considers the following technical conditions are met: − − the vessel is subjected to an internal gauge pressure greater than 0. Moreover. the minimum working temperature -50° C and maximum working temperature not higher than 300°C for steel and 100°C for aluminium or aluminium alloy vessels. the parts and assemblies contributing to the strength of the vessel under pressure are made either of non-alloy quality steel or of non-alloy aluminium or non-age hardening aluminium alloys. 15 .Tel. Aspects of Quality Assurance are dealt with in various clauses and annexes of this Standard. 10 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. the testing and qualification of welding procedures. The EN ISO 3834 part 3 or part 4 seem to be enough significant to guarantee proper management of welding operations. etc. 01083411 . however reinforcing plates for supports and brackets are not considered to be pressurised parts.Fax 0108367780 . The standards also reports specific testing criteria and relevant acceptance depending on the type of joint.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 64 a cylindrical part of circular cross section is closed by outwardly dished and/or flat ends which revolve around the same axis as the cylindrical part.16141 Genova (I) . − if a manual root on the reverse side is made prior to a second run made by an automatic process then the root weld shall be taken back to the sound metal to remove any inclusion i.e.. welders and welding operators shall be carried out by an approved inspection body. − two outwardly dished ends revolving around the same axis. stresses and materials considered in the design phase. to vessels specifically intended for installation for the propulsion of ships and aircraft. slag. Therefore the fulfilment of EN ISO 383410 can only be suggested.
16141 Genova (I) . 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 65 As relates to the equipment. it is required to the Manufacturer to calibrate the testing equipment and to maintain the relevant record. 01083411 .Tel.Fax 0108367780 . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.
Fax 0108367780 . These detailed statements embrace recognised standards of gas engineering and the specific requirements imposed by the legal structures of each country. Figure 20 – Pipeline welded in the northern areas. for all pressure ranges for the carriage of processed. manufacturing techniques.Tel. non-toxic and noncorrosive natural gas as relates to materials. location and design temperature.16141 Genova (I) . In this framework the CEN TC 234 “supply systems” produced the EN 12732:2000 “gas supply systems – welding steel pipework – functional requirements” with the purpose of identifying Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. including inservice pipelines.1 Introduction Gas supply systems are complex and the importance on safety of their construction and on their use has led to the development of very detailed codes of practice and operating manuals in the European countries. 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 66 7 European standard for steel pipelines and pipework for gas supply systems. Some basic elements are common to the production and testing of weld joints for the installation and modification of onshore steel pipelines and pipework used in gas supply systems. 01083411 . 7.
− − the pipework is not located within household installations according to EN 1775:1998. regulating and compressor stations. This standard contains requirements for the production and testing of weld joints for the installation and modification of onshore steel pipelines and pipework used in gas supply systems. 15 .16141 Genova (I) . including inservice pipelines. for transmission systems and for metering. 01083411 . 7.2 EN 12732: scope and structure of the standard. non-toxic and noncorrosive natural gas accordingly.Fax 0108367780 .Welding of a Buried Pipeline The standard can be considered as divided in different parts. the design temperature of the system is between -40 °C and 120 °C inclusive. the first reporting general requirements applicable to all supply systems. Figure 21 . the others giving specific indications for distribution systems. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. for all pressure ranges for the carriage of processed.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 67 commonly adopted requirements and to be intended as “state of the art” in the field of pipelines constructions for gas supply system. the pipeline is not located within commercial or industrial premises as an integral part of the industrial process on those premises except for any pipelines and facilities supplying such premises .Tel. where: − − the pipeline elements are made of unalloyed or low-alloyed carbon steel.
15 . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. some specific requirements on the application of quality systems are identified by the standards. Table 14 reports this assignment based on the materials used and on the operating pressure. the qualification grade of the welding coordinator. This involves the application of an appropriate quality level of EN ISO 3834. pipework in stations Pipeline including pipework in stations and gas distribution systems Pipeline including pipework in stations and gas distribution systems NOTES * Steels classified as Group 1 according to CR ISO 15608 and reported in EN 10208 ** Steels classified as Group 1 to 3 according CR ISO 15608 and reported in EN 10208 Table 14 – Allocation to quality requirements categories However. with Rs≤360Mpa* C and C-Mn steels. C-Mn. higher or lower quality categories can be assigned in order to identify the more coherent quality requirements. the NDT personnel and the approval of welding procedures. 01083411 . giving the exact interpretation and integrating the clauses of EN ISO 3834. such as materials used. Category A B C D Operating pressure Lower than 100 mbar 100 mbar up to 5 bar 5 bar up to 16 bar Higher than 16 bar Base material C and C-Mn steels. line routing. microalloyed and quenched and tempered steels** Example of use Mains and service pipes in gas supply systems Mains and service pipes in gas supply systems.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 68 7.Tel. 7. Table 15 reports a summary on the recommended quality requirements to be fulfilled.16141 Genova (I) . with Rs≤360Mpa* C and C-Mn steels. with Rs≤360Mpa* Low alloyed C. depending on particular conditions. design or welding techniques. depending on which the requirements to comply with are identified.4 EN 12732: requirements on quality systems Depending on the quality requirement category.Fax 0108367780 .3 EN 12732: Quality requirement categories The standard considers different categories of pipelines.
REC. OPT. Key: REC. Qualification of welders According to EN 287-1 in on-site conditions REC.Welding engineer OPT. OPT.4 m. . Welding co-ordination personnel . . maximum spacing between pipe wall and trench bottom: 0. REC. REC. OPT.Foreman with several years of experience REC. REC. OPT. Applicable method of qualification of welding procedure: . EN 288-2 has been replaced by EN 15609 Table 15 – Recommended quality requirements according to EN 12732 Particular attention should be devoted to the qualification of welders for the installation of buried pipelines. 7.5 m. OPT. maximum spacing between pipe wall and trench wall: 0.5 m. by examination conducted in an area. REC.Tel. 15 . REC. REC. OPT. Recommended OPT. Welding procedures qualification According to EN 288-2* REC. REC. . that should carry on approval test in on–site conditions. . REC.Welding technologist OPT.welding procedure test for site welding OPT. which simulates a pipe trench of the following dimensions: − − − maximum length: 1.Welding Specialist OPT. REC. REC. REC.pre-production welding tests OPT. REC. REC. REC.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 69 Quality requirement A Quality category B C D Quality system according to EN ISO 3834 . . REC. OPT.16141 Genova (I) .Previous experience REC. . . REC. OPT. . REC.Fax 0108367780 . . Optional not required Notes: * This standard refers to the old Qualification standards. OPT. REC. REC.5 EN 12732: Inspection of welded joints and acceptance criteria Weld quality shall be ensured by inspection of the welds using destructive tests and/or nondestructive examination. REC. 01083411 . Welders certificate shall clearly indicate. The results of these tests shall be documented. REC.EN ISO 3834 – 3 (Standard) OPT. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.EN ISO 3834 (elementary) REC.EN ISO 3834 – 2 (Comprehensive) OPT. . REC.Use of approved welding consumables REC. REC. by reference to this standard.Standard welding procedures OPT.Welding procedure test OPT. that the welders qualification test has been performed under the conditions mentioned above.
expansion due to temperature. nozzles. pipeline sections crossing railways.supports. fillet welds Longitudinal seams Weld joints not included in the pressure test Unconcealed pipe spans. pipelines on bridges. 15 . major roads and motorways. fillet welds Longitudinal seams Weld joints not included in the pressure test If pipelines/units are laid or installed in built-up areas Unconcealed pipe spans. navigable waterways or landing strips/runways Circumferential welds Branches. nozzles and fillet welds Longitudinal seams Unconcealed pipe spans. ******* For branches and nozzles. pipeline sections crossing railways. ***** Where welds with incomplete penetration are used.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 70 Non-destructive examination shall be carried out in accordance with approved procedures and destructive testing acceptance criteria shall be the same as for the original welding procedure. Cate gory VT (by welding supervisor ** 100% ** ** 100% 100% 20% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Volumetric inspection NDT (RT/UT)* ** / *** **** ** 10% **** 10% 100% 100% 100% 20% ******* 100% 100%***** 100% 100% Superficial NDT inspection ** 10% 20% ***** - Type/position of the weld Circumferential welds. further welds shall be examined to determine the extent of the problem (except Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. waterways or landing strips/runways Circumferential welds Branches. pipelines on bridges. waterways or landing strips/runways A B C D NOTES * The proportion of both techniques shall be agreed. ** Representative random sample on the basis of the total number of weld joints made by a welder during the course of one year. Whenever the quality of the weld joint does not meet the requirements. nozzles and fillet welds. 01083411 . Table 16 – Minimum extent of NDT according to EN 12732 Where less than 100 % non-destructive examination has to be performed. for example: . navigable waterways or landing strips/runways Circumferential welds Branches.Fax 0108367780 . ***** Seams shall be tested 100 % by two different inspection techniques. The minimum extent of non-destructive examination depends on the quality requirement category and the type/position of the weld joint. as reported in table 16.Tel. the pipeline operator can require 100 %. pipeline sections crossing railways. pipelines on bridges.16141 Genova (I) . major roads and motorways. longitudinal seams Unconcealed pipe spans. branches. *** One destructive test of field weld per year by means of tensile and/or bending test for welders qualified only for gas welding (process 311) or only for fillet welds. pipelines on bridges. consideration should be given by the pipeline operator to these methods. . the pipeline operator shall select which welds are to be tested. pipeline sections crossing railways. **** The pipeline operator shall specify the extent of non-destructive examination taking into account the design conditions.external loads in addition to internal pressure. nozzles. major roads and motorways. .
the quality requirement category and the inspection level. The definition of acceptance criteria is under the responsibility of the Manufacturer.Fax 0108367780 . 01083411 . Useful information on the applicable NDT techniques for the inspection of the pipelines are given in Appendixes C to F. Figure 22 –Calibration block with rectangular grooves and edge (dimensions in mm) Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. two further welds shall be inspected for each rejected weld) and the cause of the fault shall be eliminated.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 71 when otherwise agreed. depending on the design. figure 22 reports the calibration block suggested for the application of Ultrasonic Testing. As example.16141 Genova (I) .Tel. 15 .
In the same framework as pressure vessel one. the European directive 89/106/CE on construction products (CPD) has been developed. as a consequence all the European countries produced their own technical standards. 01083411 .Tel. after the development of the European Market.Fax 0108367780 . Figure 23 – Steel structure manufacturing (covering of a swimming pool) Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.1 Introduction Many standards have been developed trough the years to consider the criteria for design. 15 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 72 8 European standards for the fabrication of steel and aluminium structures 8. and in order to guarantee harmonization of national legislation to abolish commercial and technical barriers.16141 Genova (I) . having as a reference both the technical conditions (generally the same in every country) and the national industrial customs. manufacturing and testing of steel structures.
construction works including both buildings and civil engineering works are hereinafter referred to as “Works”. The Standard also specifies requirements for the evaluation of conformity to the specified performance characteristics and for the test methods to be used. to satisfy the essential requirements referred to in Article 3 of the directive. within the field of application of the directive and supporting its essential requirements. connections. 01083411 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 73 For the purposes of this Directive. The application of the directive indirectly implied a standardisation work for the production of sets of standards. as a mean to demonstrate conformity. This 8.16141 Genova (I) .General delivery conditions This European Standard specifies general technical delivery conditions in terms of performance characteristics for structural steel and aluminium components placed on the market as construction products. “construction product” means any product which is produced for incorporation in a permanent manner in construction works. Those structural characteristic shall refer to National Determined Parameters (referred as NPD in the standard). fatigue strength and resistance to fire11. that assembled realize the final work.General delivery conditions Part 2: Technical requirements for the execution of steel structures Part 3: Technical requirements for the execution of aluminium structures “Steel structure fabrication” is now preparing the standard (the name will be EN 1090) harmonized to the 89/106/CE directive. but to all those single elements (e.2 EN 1090 – 1: Steel and aluminium structural components .2. including both buildings and civil engineering works. Structural characteristics of a component covered in this Standard refer to its load bearing capacity. 15 .1 Requirements for the design of structures. etc). “Construction products” are hereinafter referred to as 'products'. defined by the member states Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. 8. In this framework the technical committee CEN TC 135 standard is made of 3 parts: Part 1: Steel and aluminium structural components . beams. Member States shall presume that products are fit for use if they enable works in which they are employed. The components may be used directly or for inclusion in construction works or as structural components in the form of kits.Fax 0108367780 11 . that are parameters specified in the National Annex to the relevant Eurocode. Therefore the directive does not directly refer to the whole product. provided the latter are properly designed and built.Tel.g.
EN 1993 (Eurocode 3). EN 1999 (Eurocode 9). 15 . Figure 24 – Workshop for bridge manufacturing. In conclusion. for aluminium components.Actions on structures. referring to situations for which the loads are predominantly static such that the influence of repetitive loads need not be considered. the standards does not give specific guidance for the design. 01083411 . as the structural characteristics shall be determined in accordance the relevant Eurocodes.Tel. for steel components. for the steel parts. EN 1991 (Eurocode 1).Fax 0108367780 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 74 The load bearing capacity for a component shall refer to the specified actions and combination of actions.16141 Genova (I) . The resistance to fire shall be determined according to the relevant part of Eurocodes.Design of aluminium structures. EN 1994 (Eurocode 4).Basis of structural design.Design of steel structures. as follows: EN 1990 (Eurocode 0) . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. The fatigue strength for steel components shall be determined in accordance with EN 1993 (Eurocode 3) for steel structures and with EN 1999 (Eurocode 9) for aluminium components and are usually expressed by reference to S-N diagrams.Design of composite structures of steel and concrete.
Fax 0108367780 .g. storage buildings). an office building) Agricultural buildings where people do not normally enter (e. three different consequence classes for structural elements are distributed in three levels noted as CC1. social or environmental consequences small or negligible Examples of buildings and civil engineering works Grandstands. or economic. In accordance with EN 1990:2001.16141 Genova (I) .3 EN 1090 – 2: Technical requirements for the execution of steel structures This European Standard specifies general requirements for execution of structural steelwork. in the definition of requirements for the product (and for the Manufacturer) also the use condition of the component shall be considered (execution and use). The consequence classes of the elements of a structure may be indicated on the basis of indications given in table 17. which defines consequence classes in its annex B for the purpose of reliability differentiation. Moreover. public buildings where consequences of failure are high (e. The pursued objective during the realization of a project of structure is to control risks connected to it by controlling possible execution defects. or part of it. Consequences Class CC3 Description High consequence for loss of human life. economic. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. 15 .g. Nature and extend of risks being specific in every structure according to its purpose and complexity. and economic. a concert hall) Residential and office buildings. as a consequence the standard defines the execution categories. social or environmental consequences considerable Low consequence for loss of human life. 01083411 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 75 8. based on the table 18.g. execution classes are specified in this European Standard. public buildings where consequences of failure are medium (e.Tel. CC2 and CC3. greenhouses CC2 CC1 Table 17 – Definition of consequences classes It should be noted that a same work. to which correspond execution requirements with different severity levels. social or environmental consequences very great Medium consequence for loss of human life. can contain elements with different consequence classes.
Welded elements made of S355 steel grade with thickness > 25 mm Welded elements made of S355 M and ML steel grade with thickness > 50 mm Main elements assembled by welding on construction site. d) when welding on shop primers.3. Elements neither C1 nor C2. and if the procedure has not been used for a period of more than three years. c) for fillet welds on steel grades higher than S355 subject to tensile load. . Elements with hot forming manufacturing or receiving thermic treatment. Elements of CHS lattice girder requiring end profile cuts. Elements of structure with more than five floors. Photographs of weld metal. 2 3 3 2 3 4 Table 18 – Definition of execution classes 8. they shall be carried out at the lowest temperature for which the standard of the steel grade requires impact properties. Elements of crane way and corresponding skeleton. When using EN ISO 15613 or EN ISO 15614-1 qualification procedures.Tel. tests shall be completed by an additional cruciform tensile test performed in accordance with prEN ISO 9018.1 Specific requirements for welding Manufacturers Welding shall be undertaken in accordance with the requirements of the relevant part of EN 729 "Quality requirements for welding – Fusion welding of metallic materials" or EN ISO 14554 "Quality requirements for welding .Fax 0108367780 .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 76 Execution and use categories E1 Elements for which fatigue assessment is necessary Consequences Class CC1 CC2 CC3 1 2 2 E2 E3 Elements not concerned by E1 but by some particular conditions. a macro specimen taken from a production trial shall be inspected for acceptability. e) if any welding process qualified in accordance with EN ISO 15614-1 has not been used by the constructor for a certain period. 01083411 .Resistance welding of metallic materials" as applicable. tests shall be carried out on the maximum (nominal + tolerance) accepted layer thickness. as following: Temperature of service of elements < -20 °C. b) for steels according to EN 10025-6 (Quenched and tempered steels).Elements with full contact bearing surfaces. the following conditions are required: a) where impact tests are required. 15 . fusion line zone and HAZ shall be recorded. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. one specimen for microexamination is required.16141 Genova (I) . following requirements apply: for steel grades up to S355.
2 Welders and welding operators qualification Base materials inspection documents (ref. 01083411 .16141 Genova (I) . welders shall be qualified by a single-side welding test carried out on a branch connection Table 19 – Requirements for welding according to the execution classes For execution classes 1 and 2. and if the procedure has not been used for a period between one and three years.Fax 0108367780 . shall be carried out (examination and testing shall include visual inspection.welders and with EN 1418** . an appropriate macro or fracture specimen in accordance with EN 1321 or EN 1320 respectively. according to table 19.1 Not required Time validity of the certificates and qualification tests are subject to special rules. and if the procedure has not been used for a period of more than three years. Requirements Quality requirements for fusion welding Welding procedures specification Qualification of welding procedures by: welding procedures test* (EN ISO 15614-1) pre – production test* (EN ISO 15613) use of tested welding consumables (EN ISO 15610) previous welding experience (EN ISO 15611) standard welding procedure (EN ISO 15612) Execution Class 1 2 3 EN ISO 3834 . shall be tested at intervals not exceeding six months. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 77 - for steel grades above S355. different requirements apply. new welding procedure tests shall be carried out. specified in the following. Welding procedure specifications for joints in hollow section lattice structures shall define the start and stop zones.Tel. if welding with deep penetration processes or two pass welding from both sides without back grinding is used. a production welding test.1 Required. type 3. - for steel grades above S355.2 Required: all levels are accepted type 2. For welding hollow section lattice structures. with comprehensive technical knowledge type 2. EN 10204) Welding Coordinator * ** Required according to prEN ISO 9606-1 (EN 287-1) . Depending on the execution classes. macro-examination and hardness test). radiographic or ultrasonic inspection. and method to be used in order to cope with situation where the welds change from fillet to butt aroundjoint. in addition to the welding procedure test.welding operators. 15 . where shape and dimensions are according to the requirements of EN ISO 15614-1. surface crack detection.3 EN ISO15609 -1 Required Recommended Recommended NOT recommended NOT recommended NOT recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Recommended Not required -----4 EN ISO 3834 -4 EN ISO 3834 .
2 Requirements for inspection and testing and acceptance criteria Inspection and testing follow the general rules reported in EN ISO 3834. with reference to EN ISO 5817: Any special requirements on weld geometry and profile shall be taken into account.. Visual inspection has to be performed for the overall length of the welds. etc.k (defined as k = σ / σe. type of weld (transverse welds.) * Same basic dimensions. 50 % (minimum of 10%) Transverse butt welds subjected to tensile stress 0.3 < k< 0.8 k ≤ 0. strength welds. Table 20 – Additional Requirements for NDT extension for Execution Classes 1 to 3. Execution class 4 3 2 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Acceptance criteria EN ISO 5817 – Quality level D EN ISO 5817 – Quality level C EN ISO 5817 – Quality level B Lungobisagno Istria. general extension for NDT activities The first 5 joints of each same type* shall be tested All joints shall The first 5 joints of each according to following be tested same type* shall be values. Attachment welds (e.Fax 0108367780 .g. depending on the following parameters: place of execution (Worksop pre-fabrication – on site production).3 100 % 50% 10% 10 % 20 % 10 %. longitudinal welds. Requirements. material grades. the acceptance criteria for welds shall be as follows. 15 .16141 Genova (I) . as general criteria reported in EN 12062 for the field of application of NDT testing apply. The extent of tested according to the according to the following values additional NDT is reduced to following values. Unless otherwise specified. for fixing purlins. attachment welds). moreover different criteria are considered for extension and timing.3.8 ≤ k 0. 50 % 20% 5% 5% 10 % 5% 100 % 100% 20% 20 % 20 % 20 % 5% 100 % 50% 10% 10 % 10 % 10 % Transverse butt welds subjected to compression stress Transverse fillet welds at end of lap joints and at connection gussets. 01083411 . according to the following table. side rails.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 78 8. weld geometry and welded to the same procedures. Longitudinal welds and welds to stiffeners.Tel. execution class (E. independently from the above cited factors. relationship “ULS stress / yield stress” in the weld). moreover for execution classes 1 to 3 additional testing is required. depending on the joint type Execution Class Workshop 1 and 2 3 Execution Class – On site 1 and 2 3 Independently from the joint type.C. joint utilisation factor . already previously defined). It has to be noted that there is not any specific guidance on the testing method.
Tel. casted. according to EN 1990) and structural classes (dependent on the orientation and intensity of the static and cyclic stressing at a cross section of a member or in a joint.4 EN 1090 -3: Technical requirements for the execution of aluminium structures12 This European Standard specifies general requirements for execution of aluminium structures produced from rolled.6 mm. different execution classes are defined. 8. Consequence classes CC1 CC2 CC3 * 12 Structural class Significant fatigue Standard Reduced static IV III III III III II III II I (II)* Execution class I may be selected for structures or part of a structure Up to the date of publishing. not less than 1.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 79 EN ISO 5817 – Quality level B. with the following additional requirements 1 Type of defect undercut (5011) excess weld metal (502) incorrect toe (505) internal pores (201) solid inclusions (300) linear misalignment (507) Acceptance not permitted ≤ 2 mm ≤ 165° ≤ 1 mm not permitted < 0. according to EN 1999 – Eurocode 9). Figure 25 . drawn and extruded products. even if the general concept for this standard should be definitively stated. and covers components made with material thickness not less than 0. 01083411 . forged. consequently. this part of EN 1090-3 seems to be at a very early stage.05t Table 21 – Acceptance criteria depending on execution classes. Moreover it is applicable to fixed and temporary aluminium structures. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. taking into consideration consequence classes (already defined in table 1. and for welded components. Next table reports criteria for the definition of execution classes. many concepts reported in this paragraph may be subject to significant changes.Part of a lattice aluminium structure As for the steel structures. welded. 15 .16141 Genova (I) .5 mm.Fax 0108367780 .
following same rules as for steel (see table 22).Welding Fabrication Standards Page 80 where the risk of loss of human life is nil and the consequences of personal injury. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. Table 22 – Execution classes for aluminium structures. in particular different requirements apply depending on the execution classes. 01083411 . economic loss or pollution is negligible. where requirements are given on the basis of execution class. very detailed tables are reported in the standard. As for the extent of non destructive testing and for the acceptance criteria. joint orientation in respect of the main member of the structure. Welding shall be undertaken in accordance with the requirements of the relevant part of EN ISO 3834 (EN 729) "Quality requirements for welding – Fusion welding of metallic materials" or EN ISO 14554 "Quality requirements for welding .Fax 0108367780 . 15 .Tel.16141 Genova (I) . testing method. joint type and geometry.Resistance welding of metallic materials" as applicable.
16141 Genova (I) .Tel.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 81 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.Fax 0108367780 . 15 . 01083411 .
over the last few years. but also specific requirements to be fulfilled by the Manufacturer. 01083411 .Tel. Figure 26 – Manufacturing of a boogie for railway application Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.16141 Genova (I) .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 82 9 Project European standards for the fabrication of railway vehicles and components 9. in its fabrication process. standardisation at international level has become more and more “product-oriented”. 15 .1 Introduction As already stated in other Chapters of this book. considering not only the technical requirements of the product itself.Fax 0108367780 .
which has been developed as prEN 15085 in 200513. Next table shortly summarizes the criteria for the identification of those levels. when welding activities are sub-contracted and not performed.2 prEN 15085-2 Requirements for the Manufacturer Differently from other standards. taking into consideration the type of product manufactured and the “safety relevance”.Fax 0108367780 13 . 01083411 . Level 1 2 3 4 Definition New build. this standard requires that the Manufacturer complies with specific technical requirements. conversion and repair of rail vehicles and relevant components with high safety relevance New production of parts of railway vehicles with medium safety relevance New production of parts of railway vehicles with low safety relevance Design and/or assembly of railway vehicles and relevant components with High. as the main Customers (the national railway Companies) and Manufacturers were strongly represented in this standardisation phase. prEN15085 – 3: design requirements. medium or low safety relevance. 15 . fabrication and maintenance of railway vehicles and components. Such a capability must be evaluated and assessed by an authorised body (“recognition of a welding Manufacturer”). This document has been produced considering the commonly agreed best practice fabrication criteria.16141 Genova (I) .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 83 Therefore CEN TC 256 WG 31 has started working on the development of a new European standard for design. Table 23 – Identification of the level of the Manufacturer of railway vehicles and components Because of the early stage of development of this standard. some of the information contained can be subject to changes in the future. However the general approach to the standard should not be changed in the future. Precise criteria for the definition of the safety relevance are still under discussion. prEN15085 – 5: the guidelines of inspection. prEN15085 – 4: production requirements. prEN15085 – 2: requirements for the Manufacturer. 9. intended as complexity of the design and the consequence of failure. testing and documentation. The standards defines different Manufacturer certification levels. Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. The standard will be composed by several parts.Tel. In the next paragraph only the requirements for the welding Manufacturer (as relates to part 2) will be described. as follows: prEN15085 – 1: general guidelines and definitions. in order to demonstrate its capability to fabricate railway vehicles and components.
in this case the welders or welding operators shall be instructed by the responsible welding coordinator for the Manufacturer and a corresponding test instruction shall be available. Welding Coordinator . one or more welding coordinators are required.Fax 0108367780 . Welding Coordinator . different requirements are considered for the Manufacturer to comply with. 15 .Tel. as decided up to time. EWT with proof of comprehensive technical knowledge or suitable qualification with comprehensive technical knowledge as specified in EN 719 and evidence of experience over many years). EWP with proof of basic technical knowledge or suitable qualification with basic technical knowledge as specified in EN 719 and evidence of experience over many years). However. As relates to the welding inspection. defined as follows. depending on the level of the Manufacturer and on the number and dimension of the workshops.Grade 3: Welding Coordinator with basic technical knowledge as specified in EN 719 (EWS.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 84 Depending on such levels. Table 24 shortly summarises the requirements for the Manufacturer.Grade 1: a Welding coordinator with comprehensive technical knowledge as specified in EN 719 (EWE. properly qualified according to IIW guidelines. Welding Coordinator . having different level of qualification. As relates to the welding coordinator.Grade 2: a Welding Coordinator with specific technical knowledge as specified in EN 719 (EWT. It is possible that the welders or welding operators are responsible for checking the weld seams themselves. 01083411 . according to three grades. the assessment of the weld seam tests is done basically under the responsibility of the welding coordinator of the Manufacturer. Alternatively the assessments can be done by an International Welding Inspector at the Comprehensive level. EWS with proof of specific technical knowledge or suitable qualification with specific technical knowledge as specified in EN 719 and evidence of experience over many years).16141 Genova (I) . Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.
Table 24 – Requirements for the Manufacturer Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria. Grade 3.Fax 0108367780 .16141 Genova (I) .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 85 Requirements for the welding Manufacturer Recognition of the Manufacturer Quality requirements Welding Coordinator Certification Levels Level 1 Necessary EN ISO 3834-3 Grade 1 Level 2 Necessary EN ISO 3834-3 Grade 2 or 3 Level 3 Not necessary EN ISO 3834-4 no requirement Level 4 Necessary EN ISO 3834-3 Grade 1. Not necessary for small welding Manufacturers (Welding Manufacturers with small welding production and one welding shop).Tel. 2 or 3 depending on the relevant welding work no requirement not necessary not necessary not necessary not necessary not necessary ISO 15614 ISO 15613 not necessary Deputy: Grade 1* Deputy of the Welding Further Deputies: Deputy: Grade 3 Coordinator Grade 2 or 3** Welders Welding operators Welding quality tests NDT personnel WPS Qualification of welding procedures * * no requirement Qualified according to EN 287 Qualified according to EN 1418 Responsible welding coordinator or IWI-C Qualification according to EN 473 According to EN ISO 15609. 15 . 01083411 . For welding Manufacturers with several welding shops a further deputy. is necessary for each welding shop. ISO 15614-1 to -13 ISO 15611 ISO 15613 Equally empowered deputy (Grade 1).
AIR ASPIRATED HAND BLOWPIPES .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 86 10 Normative references In the following table the list of the European (EN) standards. GENERAL SPECIFICATION. 01083411 .TASKS AND RESPONSABILITIES QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELDING . CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES WELDING COORDINATION .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES .16141 Genova (I) .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES .HOSE CONNECTIONS FOR EQUIPMENT FOR WELDING.CLASSIFICATION GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT-OXYGEN/FUEL GAS BLOWIPES (CUTTING MACHINE TYPE) OF CYLINDRICAL BARREL-TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION.SOLID WIRES.COVERED ELECTRODES FOR MANUAL METAL ARC WELDING OF NON ALLOY AND FINE GRAIN STEELS .SAFETY DEVICES-PART 1: INCORPORATING A FLAME (FLASHBACK) ARRESTOR GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .COVERED ELECTRODES FOR MANUAL METAL ARC WELDING OF HIGH STRENGHT STEELS . CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT . DIMENSIONS.SAFETY DEVICES-PART 2: NOT INCORPORATING A FLAME (FLASHBACK) ARRESTOR GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .PART 4: WELDING PROCEDURE TESTS FOR THE ARC WELDING OF ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS SPECIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .Tel.TUBULAR CORED ELECTRODES FOR METAL ARC WELDING WITH AND WITHOUT GAS SHIELD OF NON ALLOY AND FINE GRAIN STEELS .TYPE OF PRODUCT. Standard EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN 288-4 288-4/A1 288-7 288-8 288-9 439 440 499 Title SPECIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .QUICK-ACTION COUPLING WITH SHUT-OFFVALVES FOR WELDING.PRESSURE GAUGES USED IN WELDING.PART 3: STANDARD QUALITY REQUIREMENTS QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELDING . CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .RUBBER HOSES FOR WELDING.TECHNICAL DELIVERY CONDITIONS FOR WELDING FILLER MATERIALS .SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS WELDING CONSUMABLES .NOTCH ORIENTATION AND EXAMINATION DESTRUCTIVE TEST ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS-LONGITUDINAL TENSILE TEST ON WELD METAL IN Lungobisagno Istria.PART 7: APPROVAL BY A STANDARD WELDING PROCEDURE FOR ARC WELDING SPECIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS . SOLID WIRE-FLUX AND TUBULAR CORED ELECTRODE-FLUX COMBINATIONS FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING OF NON ALLOY AND FINE GRAIN STEELS . TOLERANCES AND MARKINGS GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .PART 4: WELDING PROCEDURE TESTS FOR THE ARC WELDING OF ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS SPECIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .FUSION WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS . 15 .WIRE ELECTRODES AND DEPOSITS FOR GAS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING OF NON ALLOY AND FINE GRAIN STEELS .FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING .PART 8: APPROVAL BY A PRE-PRODUCTION WELDING TEST SPECIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS-PART 9: WELDING PROCEDURE TESTS FOR PIPELINE WELDING ON LAND AND OFFSHORE SITE BUTT WELDING ON TRANSMISSION PIPELINES WELDING CONSUMABLES .PART 2: COMPREHENSIVE QUALITY REQUIREMENTS QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELDING .SHIELDING GASES FOR ARC WELDING AND CUTTING WELDING CONSUMABLES . TEST METHODS DESTRUCTIVE TEST ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS-IMPACT TEST-TEST SPECIMEN LOCATION.PART 1: GUIDELINES FOR SELECTION AND USE QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELDING .FUSION WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .Fax 0108367780 EN ISO 544 EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN 559 560 561 562 719 729-1 729-2 729-3 729-4 730-1 730-2 731 756 757 758 760 874 875 876 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .PART 4: ELEMENTARY QUALITY REQUIREMENTS GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .AND ALLIED PROCESSES GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT . sorted by number is reported.FUSION WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES .FUSION WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .
MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION OF WELDS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .FILLER METALS BRAZING .PART 1: GENERAL GUIDANCE FOR ARC WELDING WELDING-RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS WELDING CONSUMABLES. STRIPS Lungobisagno Istria.FRACTURE TESTS DESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .FLUXES FOR BRAZING . 01083411 .PENETRANT TESTING OF WELDS .RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS.ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS. NICKEL AND NICKEL ALLOYS WELDING CONSUMABLES.TRANSPARENT WELDING CURTAINS.PART 1: GENERAL GUIDANCE FOR ARC WELDING WELDING .RADIOGRAFIC EXAMINATION OF WELDED JOINTS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .PART 3: ARC WELDING OF STAINLESS STEELS WELDING-RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .MAGNETIC PARTICLE TESTING OF WELDS .PART 1: GENERAL GUIDANCE FOR ARC WELDING WELDING .TEST METHODS.MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF WELDS GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT.RADIOGRAFIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .16141 Genova (I) .PART 3: TESTING OF POSITIONAL CAPABILITY OF WELDING CONSUMABLES IN A FILLET WELD HEALTH AND SAFETY IN WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES . CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .SMALL KITS FOR GAS BRAZING AND WELDING GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT.PART 4: ARC WELDING OF ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS WELDING .VISUAL EXAMINATION WELDING .TEST PIECE FOR ALL.PENETRANT TESTING OF WELDS .TRANSPARENT WELDING CURTAINS. WELDING .MAGNETIC PARTICLE TESTING OF WELDS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS . STRIPS AND SCREENS FOR ARC WELDING PROCESSES HEALTH AND SAFETY IN WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES . 15 .ACCEPTANCE LEVELS DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .APPROVAL TESTING OF WELDING OPERATORS FOR FUSION WELDING AND RESISTANCE WELD SETTER FOR FULLY MECHANIZED AND AUTOMATIC WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .PART 4: ARC WELDING OF ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS WELDING-RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .PREPARATION OF TEST PIECE FOR SINGLE AND TWO RUN TECHNIQUE TEST SPECIMEN IN STEEL WELDING CONSUMABLES. RODS AND TUBULAR CORED ELECTRODES FOR FUSION WELDING OF CAST IRON -CLASSIFICATION GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .TEST METHODS.THERMOPLASTICS HOSES FOR WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES WELDING PERSONNEL.SPECIFICATION FOR HOSE ASSEMBLIES FOR EQUIPMENT FOR WELDING.PART 1.PART 5: WELDING OF CLAD STEEL WELDING .COVERED ELECTRODES.BEND TESTS NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF FUSION WELDS .WELD METAL TEST SPECIMENS IN STEEL.ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .PENETRANT TESTING OF WELDS .PART 1: HARDNESS TEST ON ARC WELDED JOINTS DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .PART 2: ARC WELDING OF FERRITIC STEELS WELDING-RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .PART 3: ARC WELDING OF STAINLESS STEELS WELDING .MAGNETIC PARTICLE TESTING OF WELDS .ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .PART 2.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 87 EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN 895 910 970 1011-1 1011-1/A1 1011-1/A2 1011-2 1011-2/A1 1011-3 1011-3/A1 1011-4 1011-4/A1 1011-5 1011-7 1043-1 1043-2 EN 1044 EN 1045 EN ISO 1071 EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN 1256 1289 1289/A1 1289/A2 1290 1290/A1 1290/A2 1291 1291/A1 1291/A2 1320 1321 1326 1327 1418 1435 1435/A1 1435/A2 1597-1 1597-2 1597-3 1598 1598/A1 FUSION WELDED JOINTS DESTRUCTIVE TEST ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS-TRANSVERSE TENSILE TEST DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .PART 2: ARC WELDING OF FERRITIC STEELS.RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .HARDNESS TEST -PART 2: MICRO HARDNESS TESTING ON WELDED JOINTS BRAZING . WIRES.TEST METHODS.CLASSIFICATIONS AND TECHNICAL DELIVERY CONDITIONS WELDING CONSUMABLES .Tel.RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .PART 7: ELECTRON BEAM WELDING DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .MAGNETIC PARTICLE TESTING OF WELDS NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .HARDNESS TESTING .
ELECTRODE ADAPTORS. AND BRAZE WELDING OF METALS -NOMENCLATURE OF PROCESSES AND REFERENCE NUMBERS FOR SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION.ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION OF WELDED JOINTS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .DEFINITIONS OF ANGLES OF SLOPE AND ROTATION RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT-PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION APPLICABLE TO TRANSFORMERS WITH TWO SEPARATE SECONDARY WINDINGS FOR MULTI SPOT WELDING AS USED IN THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS FOR THERMAL CUTTING EQUIPMENT GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT.CLASSIFICATION OF GEOMETRIC IMPERFECTIONS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .QUALITY LEVELS FOR IMPERFECTIONS RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT .TRANSFORMERS .PART 1: PRESSURIZED COMPONENTS WELDING .ULTRASONIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS .ULTRASONIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS WELDING. CUTTING AND HEATING . BRAZING AND BRAZE WELDING -DESIGNATION WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES . 01083411 .PART 1: PRESSURIZED COMPONENTS WELDING .PRESSURE REGULATORS FOR MANIFOLD SYSTEMS USED IN WELDING.ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION OF WELDED JOINTS ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .EDDY CURRENT EXAMINATION OF WELDS BY COMPLEX PLANE ANALYSIS.BASIC WELD JOINT DETAILS IN STEEL . SOLDERING.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .EDDY CURRENT EXAMINATION BY COMPLEX PLANE ANALYSIS NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .RODS.SECONDARY CONNECTING CABLES WITH TERMINALS CONNECTED TO WATERCOOLED LUGS .CLASSIFICATION OF GEOMETRIC IMPERFECTIONS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .ULTRASONIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS . TAPER 1:10 RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT .ULTRASONIC TESTING . NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .CHARACTERIZATION OF INDICATIONS IN WELDS NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .CHARACTERIZATION OF INDICATIONS IN WELDS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES. WIRES AND DEPOSITS FOR TUNGSTEN INERT GAS WELDING OF NON ALLOY AND FINE GRAIN STEELS.PART 1: FUSION WELDING WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .MANUAL BLOWPIPES FOR WELDING. 15 .DETERMINATION OF HYDROGEN CONTENT IN FERRITIC ARC WELD METAL WELDING.Welding Fabrication Standards Page 88 EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN ISO 1599 1600 1668 1708-1 1708-1/A1 1708-2 1711 1711/A1 1712 1712/A1 1712/A2 1713 1713/A1 1713/A2 1714 1714/A1 1714/A2 1792 2503 EN ISO 3677 EN ISO 3690 EN ISO 4063 EN ISO 5172 EN ISO 5183-1 EN ISO 5183-2 EN ISO 5817 EN ISO 5826 EN ISO 5828 EN ISO 6520-1 EN ISO 6520-2 EN ISO 6847 EN ISO 6947 EN ISO 7284 EN ISO 7287 EN ISO 7291 EN ISO 8166 EN ISO 8205-1 EN ISO 8205-2 EN ISO 8205-3 AND SCREENS FOR ARC WELDING PROCESSES WELDING CONSUMABLES.BASIC WELD JOINT DETAILS IN STEEL . MALE TAPPER 1:10 .WORKING POSITIONS .CHARACTERIZATION OF INDICATIONS IN WELDS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS . BRAZING.PART 2: PARALLEL SHANK FIXING FOR END-THRUST ELECTRODES WELDING .ULTRASONIC TESTING .FUSION-WELDED JOINTS IN STEEL.DIMENSIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .COVERED ELECTRODES FOR MANUAL METAL ARC WELDING OF STAINLESS AND HEAT RESISTING STEELS.PRESSURE REGULATORS FOR GAS CYLINDERS USED IN WELDING.BASIC WELD JOINT DETAILS IN STEEL. CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES UP TO 300 BAR RESISTANCE WELDING .CONICAL FIXING.ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .Tel.ELECTRODE ADAPTORS. MALE TAPER 1:10 . CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES UP TO 300 BAR (SOSITUISCE EN 585?) FILLER METAL FOR SOFT SOLDERING.DEPOSITION OF A WELD METAL PAD FOR CHEMICAL ANALYSIS WELDS .PART 2: NON INTERNAL PRESSURIZED COMPONENTS NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES.SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT.GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS APPLICABLE TO ALL TRANSFORMERS (ISO 5826:1999) RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT .PART 2: WELDING WITH PRESSURE WELDING CONSUMABLES . NICKEL.CLASSIFICATION WELDING.16141 Genova (I) .COVERED ELECTRODES FOR MANUAL METAL ARC WELDING OF CREEP RESISTING STEELS. TITANIUM AND THEIR ALLOYS (BEAM WELDING EXCLUDED) .PROCEDURE FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE LIFE OF SPOT WELDING ELECTRODES USING CONSTANT MACHINE SETTINGS WATER COOLED SECONDARY CONNECTION CABLES FOR RESISTANCE WELDING PART 1: DIMENSIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR DOUBLE-CONDUCTOR CONNECTION CABLES WATER COOLED SECONDARY CONNECTION CABLES FOR RESISTANCE WELDING PART 2: DIMENSIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR SINGLE-CONDUCTOR CONNECTION CABLES WATER COOLED SECONDARY CONNECTION CABLES FOR RESISTANCE WELDING PART 3: TEST Lungobisagno Istria.MULTILINGUAL LIST OF TERMS FOR WELDING AND RELATED PROCESSES GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .ULTRASONIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .
TUBULAR CORED ELECTRODES FOR METAL ARC WELDING WITH OR WITHOUT A GAS SHIELD OF STAINLESS AND HEAT RESISTING STEELS . GAS WELDING.FUSION WELDING .GENERAL RULES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS WELDING CONSUMABLES .PART 4 .SAMPLING OF AIRBORNE PARTICLES AND GASES IN THE OPERATOR'S BREATING ZONE .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES .TEST METHODS-PART 12: STEEL TUBE CORROSION TEST SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .TEST METHODS-PART 2: DETERMINATION OF NON VOLATILE MATTER. SOLID AND FLUX CORED — SPECIFICATIONS AND TEST METHODS — PART 3: WETTING BALANCE TEST METHOD FOR FLUX CORED SOLDER WIRE EFFICACY Lungobisagno Istria.TUBULAR CORED ELECTRODES FOR GAS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING OF CREEP RESISTING STEELS .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES-QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR MANUFACTURE. EBULLIOMETRIC METHOD SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .NICKEL AND NICKEL ALLOYS APPROVAL TESTING OF WELDERS .GEOMETRICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATION AND QUALITY TOLERANCES DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS — TENSILE TEST ON CRUCIFORM AND LAPPED JOINTS RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT .Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .JOINT PREPARATION .PART 4: CLAD STEELS SPECIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS-PART 10: WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRON BEAM WELDING SPECIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS-PART 11: WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION FOR LASER BEAM WELDING SOLDERING AND BRAZING MATERIALS .COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS APPROVAL TESTING OF WELDERS .WETTING BALANCE METHOD APPROVAL TESTING OF WELDERS. WIRES AND RODS FOR ARC WELDING OF CREEP RESISTING STEELS . SOLID AND FLUX CORED .TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS.GENERAL RULES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .PART 1: CLASSIFICATION AND PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FLUX CORED SOLDER WIRE . WIRES AND RODS FOR ARC WELDING OF STAINLESS AND HEAT RESISTING STEELS .WIRE ELECTRODES.TESTS METHODS . 01083411 .PART 6 : DETERMINATION AND DETECTION OF HALIDE (EXCLUDING FLUORIDE) CONTENT SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .TESTS METHODS .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES . SOLDER SPREAD METHOD SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .TEST METHODS .PART 2: SUBMERGED ARC WELDING OF STEELS WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .SPECIFICATION AND TEST METHODS .SPECIFICATION AND TEST METHOD .FUSION WELDING .Tel.GENERAL RULES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .PART 3 .PART 2: DETERMINATION OF FLUX CONTENT SOLDER WIRE.PART 13: DETERMINATION OF FLUX SPATTERING SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES . TIG WELDING AND BEAM WELDING OF STEELS WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .RECOMMENDATIONS FOR JOINT PREPARATION .PART 2: SAMPLING OF GASES NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .DETERMINATION OF FERRITE NUMBER (FN) IN AUSTENITIC AND DUPLEX FERRITIC-AUSTENITIC CRNI STAINLESS STEEL WELD METAL THERMAL CUTTING .FUSION WELDING .PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .CLASSIFICATION OF THERMAL CUTS .INSULATED PINS FOR USE IN ELECTRODE BACK-UPS SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .PART 3: METAL INERT GAS WELDING AND TUNGSTEN INERT GAS WELDING OF ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .Welding Fabrication Standards Page 89 EN ISO 8249 EN ISO 9013 EN ISO 9013/A1 EN ISO 9018 EN ISO 9312 EN ISO 9454-2 EN ISO 9455-2 EN ISO 9455-3 EN ISO 9455-6 EN ISO EN ISO EN ISO EN ISO EN ISO EN ISO EN ISO EN ISO EN ISO 9455-9 9455-10 9455-12 9455-13 9455-15 9455-16 9606-3 9606-4 9606-5 ENISO 9692-1 EN ISO 9692-2 EN ISO 9692-3 EN ISO 9692-3/A1 EN ISO 9692-4 EN ISO 9956-10* EN ISO 9956-11* EN ISO 10564 EN ISO 10882-1 EN ISO 10882-2 EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN 12062 12062/A1 12062/A2 12070 12071 12072 12073 12074 EN ISO 12224-1 EN ISO 12224-2 EN ISO 12224-3 REQUIREMENTS WELDING. 15 .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES .16141 Genova (I) .CLASSIFICATION AND REQUIREMENTS .CLASSIFICATION OF THERMAL CUTS .SAMPLING OF AIRBORNE PARTICLES AND GASES IN THE OPERATOR'S BREATING ZONE .TEST METHODS -PART 10: FLUX EFFICACY TEST. SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION OF CONSUMABLES FOR WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES SOLDER WIRE.RECOMMENDATION FOR JOINT PREPARATION .TEST METHODS-PART 9: DETERMINATION OF AMONIA CONTENT SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .PART 3: METAL INERT GAS WELDING AND TUNGSTEN INERT GAS WELDING OF ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES . GAS-SHIELDED METAL-ARC WELDING. POTENTIOMETRIC AND VISUAL TITRATION METHODS SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .PART 1: SAMPLING OF AIRBONE PARTICLES HEALTH AND SAFETY IN WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .WIRE ELECTRODES.METHODS FOR THE SAMPLING OF SOFT SOLDERS FOR ANALYSIS HEALTH AND SAFETY IN WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .PART 15: COPPER CORROSION TEST SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES-TEST METHODS-PART 16: FLUX EFFICACY TESTS.RECOMMENDATIONS FOR JOINT PREPARATION .GEOMETRICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATION AND QUALITY TOLERANCES THERMAL CUTTING . ZIRCONIUM AND ZIRCONIUM ALLOYS WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES — RECOMMENDATIONS FOR JOINT PREPARATION — PART 1: MANUAL METAL-ARC WELDING.TEST METHODS-PART 3: DETERMINATION OF ACID VALUE.
ACCEPTANCE LEVELS WELDING CONSUMABLES.FAILURE TYPES AND GEOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS FOR RESISTANCE SPOT.DETERMINATION OF MOISTURE RESISTANCE OF MANUAL METAL ARC WELDING ELECTRODES BY MEASUREMENT OF DIFFUSIBLE HYDROGEN QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELDING .ELECTRON AND LASER BEAM WELDED JOINTS .TERMS USED FOR GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT WELDING .ARC STUD WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS Lungobisagno Istria. SPECIFICATION AND TESTS WELDING .GUIDANCE ON QUALITY LEVELS FOR IMPERFECTIONS-PART 1: STEEL WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES . SEAM AND PROJECTION WELDS WELDING CONSUMABLES .METHOD FOR THE FATIGUE TESTING OF SPOT WELDED JOINTS RESISTANCE WELDING .NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF BRAZED JOINTS BRAZING .RUBBER AND PLASTIC HOSES ASSEMBLED FOR COMPRESSED OR LIQUEFIED GASES UP TO A MAXIMUM DESIGN PRESSURE OF 450 BAR GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT.TERMINOLOGY .DESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF BRAZED JOINTS BRAZING.RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS . RODS AND DEPOSITS FOR GAS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING OF HIGH STRENGTH STEELS.BRAZER APPROVAL BRAZING .STUDS AND CERAMIC FERRULES FOR ARC STUD WELDING GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .COVERED ELECTRODES FOR MANUAL METAL ARC WELDING OF NICKEL AND NICKEL ALLOYS -CLASSIFICATION SPECIMEN DIMENSIONS AND PROCEDURE FOR MECHANIZED PEEL TESTING RESISTANCE SPOT.WIRE ELECTRODES.RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING OF WELDED JOINTS .GUIDANCE ON QUALITY LEVEL FOR IMPERFECTIONS .ACETYLENE MANIFOLD SYSTEMS FOR WELDING.RODS FOR GAS WELDING OF NON ALLOY AND CREEP-RESISTING STEELSCLASSIFICATION IMPERFECTIONS IN OXYFUEL FLAME CUTS. 15 .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES. SEAM AND EMBOSSED PROJECTION WELDS VICKERS HARDNESS TESTING OF RESISTANCE.Tel. CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES -CLASSIFICATION.Welding Fabrication Standards EN CR EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN CR EN EN ISO 12345 12361 12517 12517/A1 12517/A2 12534 12535 12536 12584 12797 12797/A1 12799 12799/A1 13133 13134 13576 13622 13916 Page 90 EN ISO 13918 EN 13918 EN ISO 13919-1 EN ISO 13919-2 EN ISO 13919-2/A1 EN ISO 13920 EN ISO 14113 EN ISO 14114 EN ISO 14172 EN ISO 14270 EN ISO 14271 EN ISO 14272 EN ISO 14273 EN 14295 EN ISO 14324 EN ISO 14329 EN ISO 14372 EN ISO 14554-1 EN ISO 14554-2 EN ISO 14555 WELDING .PROCEDURE APPROVAL IMPLEMENTATION OF EN 729 ON QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR FUSION WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT .SHAPE AND POSITION GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT.NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF BRAZED JOINTS BRAZING .CLASSIFICATION RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING .GUIDANCE ON THE MEASUREMENT OF PRE-HEATING TEMPERATURE.MULTILINGUAL TERMS FOR WELDED JOINTS WITH ILLUSTRATIONS DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS -ETCHANTS FOR MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS .DESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF WELDS .RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION OF WELDED JOINTS ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .RESISTANCE WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS COMPREHENSIVE QUALITY REQUIREMENTS QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELDING . LASER BEAM CUTS AND PLASMA CUTS: TERMINOLOGY BRAZING. CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES.DESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF WELDS .16141 Genova (I) .ELECTRON AND LASER BEAM WELDED JOINTS. INTERPASS TEMPERATURE AND PRE-HEAT MAINTENANCE TEMPERATURE WELDING .CLASSIFICATION WELDING CONSUMABLES.GENERAL TOLLERANCES FOR WELDED CONSTRUCTIONS -DIMENSIONS FOR LENGTHS AND ANGLES .DESTRUCTIVE TESTS OF BRAZED JOINTS BRAZING.PART 2: ALUMINIUM AND ITS WELDABLE ALLOYS WELDING . WIRES.ELEMENTARY QUALITY REQUIREMENTS WELDING .PART 2: ALUMINIUM AND ITS WELDABLE ALLOYS WELDING .ELECTRON AND LASER BEAM WELDED JOINTS .GENERAL REQUIREMENTS WELDING CONSUMABLES .WIRE AND TUBULAR CORED ELECTRODES AND ELECTRODE-FLUX COMBINATIONS FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING OF HIGH STRENGTH STEELS . 01083411 .RESISTANCE WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS .GUIDANCE ON QUALITY LEVELS FOR IMPERFECTIONS . SEAM AND EMBOSSED PROJECTION WELDS WELDING CONSUMABLES .ACCEPTANCE LEVELS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WELDS .TUBULAR CORED ELECTRODES FOR GAS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING OF HIGH STRENGTH STEELS. SPOT PROJECTION AND SEAM WELDS (LOW LOAD AND MICROHARDNESS) SPECIMEN DIMENSIONS AND PROCEDURE FOR CROSS TENSION TESTING RESISTANCE SPOT AND EMBOSSED PROJECTION WELDS SPECIMEN DIMENSIONS AND PROCEDURE FOR SHEAR TESTING RESISTANCE SPOT.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .INTEGRATED FLOWMETER REGULATORS USED ON CYLINDERS FOR WELDING.
PART 4: EMISSION OF FUMES AND GASES (ISO 17652.PART 1: PRINCIPLES AND ACCEPTANCE CONDITION WELDING . 15 .TEST FOR SHOP PRIMERS IN RELATION TO WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .PART 5: ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM.Fax 0108367780 Istituto Italiano della Saldatura .PART 1: DIVER-WELDERS FOR HYPERBARIC WET WELDING APPROVAL TESTING OF WELDERS FOR UNDERWATER WELDING .PART 1: GENERAL PRINCIPLES.PART 2: GAS WELDING SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS . CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES-SAFETY REQUIREMENTS IN HIGH-PRESSURE DEVICES ACCEPTANCE TESTS FOR CO2-LASER BEAM MACHINES FOR HIGH QUALITY WELDING AND CUTTING .Tel.QUALIFICATION BASED ON PREVIOUS WELDING EXPERIENCE SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .WELDING PROCEDURE TEST.PART 2: DIVER-WELDERS AND WELDING OPERATORS FOR HYPERBARIC DRY WELDING WELDING .TEST FOR SHOP PRIMERS IN RELATION TO WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .PART 2: MEASUREMENT OF ACCELERATING VOLTAGE WELDING .16141 Genova (I) .WELDING PROCEDURE TEST .FRICTION WELDING OF METALLIC MATERIALS WELDING .Welding Fabrication Standards CR 14599 EN ISO 14744-1 EN ISO 14744-2 EN ISO 14744-3 EN ISO 14744-4 EN ISO 14744-5 EN ISO 14744-6 EN ISO 15011-1 EN ISO 15011-2 EN ISO 15607 CR ISO 15608 EN ISO 15609-2 EN ISO 15609-2/A1 EN ISO 15610 EN ISO 15611 EN ISO 15614-1 EN ISO 15614-5 EN ISO 15614-8 EN ISO 15614-11 EN ISO 15615 EN ISO 15616-1 EN ISO 15616-2 EN ISO 15616-3 EN ISO 15618-1 EN ISO 15618-2 EN ISO 15620 EN ISO 17652-1 EN ISO 17652-2 EN ISO 17652-3 EN ISO 17652-4 EN ISO 17653 EN ISO 17654 Page 91 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS FOR WELDING PURPOSES IN RELATION WITH EN 1792 WELDING . ACCEPTANCE CONDITIONS (ISO 15616-1:2003) ACCEPTANCE TESTS FOR CO2-LASER BEAM MACHINES FOR HIGH QUALITY WELDING AND CUTTING .PART 2: GAS WELDING SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURE FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .PART 6: MEASUREMENT OF STABILITY OF SPOT POSITION HEALTH AND SAFETY IN WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES-LABORATORY METHOD FOR SAMPLING FUMES AND GASES GENERATED BY ARC WELDING.RESISTANCE WELDING .ACCEPTANCE INSPECTION OF ELECTRON BEAM WELDING MACHINE.TEST FOR SHOP PRIMERS IN RELATION TO WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .MEASUREMENT OF WELDING SPEED WELDING .3:2003) APPROVAL TESTING OF WELDERS FOR UNDERWATER WELDING .TEST FOR SHOP PRIMERS IN RELATION TO WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .ACCEPTANCE INSPECTION OF ELECTRON BEAM WELDING MACHINE.GUIDELINES FOR A METALLIC MATERIAL GROUPING SYSTEM SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURE FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .ACCEPTANCE INSPECTION OF ELECTRON BEAM WELDING MACHINE.PART 2: WELDING PROPERTIES OF SHOP PRIMERS (ISO 17652-2:2003) WELDING .PART 11: ELECTRON AND LASER BEAM WELDING GAS WELDING EQUIPMENT-ACETYLENE MANIFOLD SYSTEMS FOR WELDING.ACCEPTANCE INSPECTION OF ELECTRON BEAM WELDING MACHINE.PRESSURE TEST ON RESISTANCE SEAM WELDS (ISO 17654:2003) Lungobisagno Istria.WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION . ZIRCONIUM AND THEIR ALLOYS (ISO 15614-5:2004) SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .PART 8: WELDING OF TUBES TO TUBE-PLATE JOINTS SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .4:2003) DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS-TORSION TEST OF RESISTANCE SPOT WELDS (ISO 17653:2003) DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .ACCEPTANCE INSPECTION OF ELECTRON BEAM WELDING MACHINE.PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS (ISO 17652-1:2003) WELDING .PART 1: DETERMINATION OF EMISSION RATE AND SAMPLING FOR ANALYSIS OF PARTICULATE FUME HEALTH AND SAFETY IN WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .ACCEPTANCE INSPECTION OF ELECTRON BEAM WELDING MACHINE.GENERAL RULES WELDING .WELDING PROCEDURE TEST . 01083411 .PART 3: THERMAL CUTTING (ISO 17652-3:2003) WELDING .PART 2: MEASUREMENT OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC ACCURACY (ISO 15616-2:2003) ACCEPTANCE TESTS FOR CO2-LASER BEAM MACHINES FOR HIGH QUALITY WELDING AND CUTTING .LABORATORY METHOD FOR SAMPLING FUME AND GASES GENERATED BY ARC WELDING -PART 2: DETERMINATION OF EMISSION RATES OF GASES.WELDING PROCEDURE TEST.MEASUREMENT OF RUN-OUT ACCURACY WELDING .PART 3: CALIBRATION OF INSTRUMENTS FOR MEASUREMENT OF GAS FLOW AND PRESSURE (ISO 15616.PART 1: ARC AND GAS WELDING OF STEELS AND ARC WELDING OF NICKEL AND NICKEL ALLOYS SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .MEASUREMENT OF BEAM CURRENT CHARACTERISTIC WELDING . EXCEPT OZONE (ISO 15011-2:2003) SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION .QUALIFICATION BASED ON TESTED WELDING CONSUMABLES SPECIFICATION AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES FOR METALLIC MATERIALS .
CODIFICATION GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS FOR RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT INSULATION CAPS AND BUSHES FOR RESISTANCE WELDING EQUIPMENT WELDS IN STEEL . 15 .TEST METHODS-PART 8: DETERMINATION OF ZINC CONTENT SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES . GRAVIMETRIC METHOD SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES . GRAVIMETRIC METHOD SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .PART 3: PARALLEL SHANK FIXING FOR END THRUST GAS TIGHTNESS OF EQUIPMENT FOR GAS WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING .TEST METHODS PART 1: DETERMINATION OF NON-VOLATILE MATTER.TEST METHODS-PART 5: COPPER MIRROR TEST SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .DETERMINATION OF THE EFFICIENCY.CLASSIFICATION AND REQUIREMENTS -PART 1: CLASSIFICATION.GUIDANCE ON QUALITY LEVELS FOR IMPERFECTIONS Istituto Italiano della Saldatura Lungobisagno Istria.PART 2: MORSE TAPER FIXING RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING .ELECTRODE BACK-UP AND CLAMPS TUNGSTEN ELECTRODES FOR INERT GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING AND FOR PLASMA CUTTING AND WELDING .TEST METHODS-PART 14: ASSESSMENT OF TACKINESS OF FLUX RESIDUES MATERIALS FOR EQUIPMENT USED IN GAS WELDING.SIZE REQUIREMENTS DIMENSIONS OF SEAM WELDING WHEEL BLANKS SLOTS IN PLATENS FOR PROJECTION WELDING MACHINES ELECTRODES TAPER FIT FOR SPOT WELDING EQUIPMENT .16141 Genova (I) .ELECTRODE HOLDERS .Fax 0108367780 .Welding Fabrication Standards EN ISO 17655 CR ISO 17663 EN ISO EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN 18279 20544 20693 20865 21089 22401 22553 25184 25821 25822 25827 26848 27286 27931 27963 28167 28206 28430-1 28430-2 28430-3 29090 29313 29453 29454-1 29455-1 29455-5 29455-8 29455-11 29455-14 29539 29692 30042 Page 92 DESTRUCTIVE TESTS ON WELDS IN METALLIC MATERIALS .JOINT PREPARATION FOR STEEL ARC-WELDED JOINTS IN ALUMINIUM AND ITS WELDABLE ALLOYS .PART 1: TAPER FIXING 1:10 RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING .TAPER PLUG GAUGES AND TAPER RING GAUGES SPOT WELDING .COOLING TUBES SOFT SOLDER ALLOYS .SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS STRAIGHT RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING ELECTRODES RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING ELECTRODE CAPS SPOT WELDING EQUIPMENT .ELECTRODE HOLDERS.ELECTRODE HOLDERS . CUTTING AND ALLIED PROCESSES METAL-ARC WELDING WITH COVERED ELECTRODES.METHOD FOR TAKING SAMPLES FOR DELTA FERRITE MEASUREMANT (ISO 17655:2003) GUIDELINES FOR QUALITY REQUIREMENTS FOR HEAT TREATMENT IN CONNECTION WITH WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES BRAZING .Tel. LABELLING AND PACKAGING SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .DIMENSIONS COVERED ELECTRODES .CALIBRATION BLOCK N 2 FOR ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION OF WELDS PROJECTIONS FOR RESISTANCE WELDING ACCEPTANCE TESTS FOR OXYGEN CUTTING MACHINES . METAL RECOVERY AND DEPOSITION COEFFICIENT WELDED.IMPERFECTIONS IN BRAZED JOINTS FILLER MATERIALS FOR MANUAL WELDING .CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS AND FORMS SOFT SOLDERING FLUXES .TEST METHODS -PART 11: DETERMINATION OF NON-VOLATILE MATTER.REPRODUCIBLE ACCURACY OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING . BRAZED AND SOLDERED JOINTS . 01083411 . GAS-SHIELDED METAL-ARC WELDING .
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