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Biomechanical Hand

Biomechanical Hand

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seminar in mechanical
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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Praseed Rajendraprasad on Jun 24, 2013
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06/24/2013

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INTRODUCTION

The objective is to develop an artificial hand aimed at replicating the appearance and performance of the natural hand or to obtain a complete functional substitution of the natural hand.

HOW DOES IT WORK?    Biomechatronic Hand Captures signals from the brain coming through the nerves as electric impulses These signals are read by a programmed microcontroller which actuates the motors in the hand Feedback signals in the Gripper reduces the work of the user .

DESIGN OF THE BIOMECHATRONIC HAND • ARCHITECTURE& ACTUATION • BIONICS • CONTROL .

ARCHITECTURE OF THE BIOMECHATRONIC HAND   Design : Stress – Strain Analysis Actuation : Pneumatic or servomotors Pneumatic Prosthetic Arm Servo Prosthetic Arm .

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ACTUATION SYSTEM  Heavy actuator system Traditional actuators One/two DOF ’s Large forces Low adaptability Low grasp robustness Little contact areas .

•Micro Actuation Micro actuators Small forces Rise in DOF’ s High grasp stability High grasp stability Rise in contact areas .

1. Brain Command Bionic Sensors SENSORS Sensors •Targeted Muscular reinnervation for Bionics .

Down.Right Close. Backward. Open . Forward.•Brain Commands Commands: Up. Left .

•Sensor Calibration 11110000 Command : UP Sensor nerves oSensor reading for different commands in 3D space is noted down .

•Sensor to Motion Motor Sensor Microcontroller ( AVR 128) Motor Controller Motor Motor .

Feedback Sensors Feedback Sensors .SENSORS 2.

Feedback Sensors   SENSORS Tactile sensors Proximity and range sensors Position sensors   .

Control System Bionic Sensors Control System Actuator Gripper Sensors feedback .

controllability .cosmetics .Major Considerations      .lightness .noiselessness .low energy consumption .

Challenges /scope for improvement • • • • Noise Elimination Remains a Challenge Complex shaped objects pose a challenge Prosthetic arms depend a lot on accurate interpretation of brain signals which is still in a sophomoric stage Hybrid Assistive Legs are more difficult due to balancing problems .

CONCLUSION   The biomechatronic design approach can lead to the development of hand and prostheses. It requires low cost and low energy consumption for adequate autonomy (at least 8 hours between recharges). .

Craig Micromechatronics and System Dynamics Lab. KAIST. South Korea Internet . John J. Wikipedia   .REFERENCES  Introduction to Robotics.

THANK YOU .

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