This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Digitized by the Internet Archive
2011 with funding from
The Art of Trapping .
VELY AMERICAN RAW FURS IN .THE FOUNDER AND PRESiDENT OF THE LARGEST HOUSE IN THE WORLD DEALING EXCLUS.
How to Make a Success of Trapping and other Information of Great Value to the Trapper and Fur Collector. their Habits. U. B.A. CHICAGO. .S. Inc. Range. SHUBERT. A PUBLISHED BY A.THE ART OF TRAPPING complete description of the North American Fur Bearers.
B. ©CU4? 9065 OCT 27 1917 n^ / .S \\Z f 3 . Inc. SHUBERT.55 Copyrighted 1917 by A.
TO THE "SATISFIED SHUBERT SHIPPERS" ALL OVER NORTH AMERICA INTELLIGENT. CONTENTED PROGRESSIVE & SUCCESSFUL tEtjts Volume * s Jfehtcaieh .
haunts.PREFACE In preparing this little volume. as would be desired by either the amateur or the experienced trapper and Fur collector. how will to skin and handle the pelts. the range of the different Fur-bearers. Conditions vary considerably in different sections and the trapper must use his own best judgment. how to trap them. food. the aim has been to produce a work that will appeal to the beginner as well as the experienced trapper and collector of Fur-bearers. in- cluding such information relative to our North American Fur-bearers. if he book carefully. It tells habits. but whether the reader is will read this a beginner or an experienced trapper. he will get information that will be of great help to him. in fact. . and to bring to the attention of every man and boy the wonderful opportunities for pleasure and profit in trapping. their modes of living. it is a book that guide and help the experienced trapper and teach the beginner the art of successfully trapping the North American Fur-bearers.
Trapping Fur Bearers Profitable. Etc. 77 20 37 122 67 119 21 White Fox White Weasel Wild CatWolverine Wonderful Institution 13 gx 99 107 49 10 .Art of Trapping Badger Beaver Black Bear Black Muskrat Blue Fox Bear Civet Cat Coyote Cross Fox ----------------------------------~^X ------------------------------------------------Brown ---------------------------63 -------------------------------------------53 -----------------------------------------------------You ------------------------------------93 ----------------------------85 ----------------------27 Man Marten ---------------------------Mink ------Made By --------------------------------------51 ---------------------------95 ------------------------------------------------------------------------30 -----------------------------------------------------------------Wolf -------------_-____ Gun -----------------------------------59 ----------------------------------PAGE I5 CONTENTS 111 ' ~ ~ 91 35 82 92 41 - Fisher Fur Industry Fur Shippers Stamp of Approval Ginseng Golden Seal 74 1° 5 12 Grey FoxGrizzly Bear Can Bank onHonesty That House Cat Important Problem Kadiak Bear Kitt Fox Lynx Lynx Cat and the Institution 117 118 79 92 - 57 99 23 79 97 Mistakes Fur Shippers Mountain Lion Muskrat OpossumOtter Polar Bear Raccoon 103 43 115 113 33 87 Red Fox 47 71 Ringtail CatSea Otter Shipping Tags 101 89 119 61 2.5 Shubert Guarantee Shubert Service Shubert Shipper Silver Fox Skinning and Handling Fur Bearers Skunk Testimonials Timber or Grey Cleaning Tips on Traps. Trappers' Supplies. Etc.
The Art of Trapping .
When the Raw Fur market is at it. especially the West and Alaska. to persons of royalty lands. Wall Street fades away to nothing alongside of . It was the trappers' trail that formed the path of the first highway. Furs have been the prized gifts of emperors and kings they have been the price of redemption of royal prisoners taken in war. and the trappers' Fur catch formed the first cargo that was ever freighted <>ii any of the inland waters of North America. used Furs as a covering for the body or the tent. mineral or otherwise— has been the North America as the Fur Industry. li other natural resource of North America has been productive for so long a lime or has yielded such an aggregate wealth as the 12 No . However. wonderful the part that Furs have played in the history of man. The Eskimos and other tribes and nations of the North. a mine opened. but more wonderful still are the varied fluctuations in the market. the time of Christ. to origin of as much wealth I America. Fur-bearing animals of North America were the only source of revenue. led to the exploration of new lands and changed the maps of nations. highest pitch. Trappers and traders flocked to this country in great numbers. Many fortunes Europe and Asia the use of or of were made from Fur hunting and trapping expeditions. and the Fur trade quickly became one of the leading natural resources of North America. or a railroad constructed.THE FUR INDUSTRY is one of the oldest industries known to man. Before a field was cultivated. They have caused wars and pillages. to ward off the cold and keep out the The Fur Industry piercing It is wind and driving storm. as well as the Red Man or American Indian. for hundreds of years. It is the greatest speculative its game in the world. It was also the nippers' eateh that brought the first foreign wealth to North industry No —agricultural. conditions great wealth. and the opening of of new discoveries changed with the America offered a seemingly unlimited supply of Furs. This was one of the main reasons for the rapid colonization of North America. and even at the present day they compete with precious gems and jewelry as articles of dress and adornment for the rich and fashionable. and ever since this country has been practically supplying the world wit Furs. In Furs was limited. Furs have been instrubefore even dating back advance of the world since prehistoric and growth the in mental times.
On account of their abundance and the cheapness of some of the commoner articles. Furs are an absolute necessity. However. — The money picked up by revenue. as they form the protective clothing of those whose occupation brings them in contact with the elements of winter. which are more or less a luxury. is the wise farmer boy and country man during the Fur season. At the present time Furs are used more extensively among the civilized nations of the world than at any former period. Muskrat. a menace to the chicken coop. At the same time. In the early days of the Fur Industry in North America. TRAPPING FUR BEARERS A PROFITABLE OCCUPATION Does the average farmer stop to consider the thousands and even millions of dollars that are paid out every year by the large Fur houses for skins of the "farm yard pest?" The Weasel. Furs are very fashionable. the use of Furs has become general and they have recently come within the reach of persons of moderate means. and it would be well for many to forget the nuisance end of the story and look at the profit side. and at the present date the industry is not controlled by any one individual or company. and the exercising of a "COMMON HORSE SENSE" in handling and stretching will go a long ways toward determining the amount of his earnings. to say nothing of the professional trappers' something that would make a great and take notice. and every year. the fight is getting and every season promises to be more active than the one keener. the Skunk. classed as "varmints" and considered a nuisance to the crops all have their intrinsic value.Fur-bearing animals. certain companies monopolized the catch in certain sections. The demand is of fashion large circular houses has sent the price of many people sit up and competition of the Furs to such an enormous height that trapping today a mighty profitable occupation. 13 . still the Fur Industry is not dying out —in spite of the fact that millions of Fur-bearing animals are killed off The game is far from being extinct. preceding. command extremely high prices and can only be afforded by the wealthy. Raccoon. the fancy and rarer sorts. However. these monopolies have dissolved or gone out of business long ago. the farmer boy or country in his spare The golden opportunity of pick up a neat pile of money man to time during the winter little should not be overlooked. Mink and other Fur-bearing animals.
It is not necessary to go to a far distant wild region to make a success of trapping. Raccoon. they are caught in larger numbers and therefore are more not trap is The farmer or farm boy who does depriving himself of considerable dollars that he could readily earn. than is paid for the animals caught in the wilder regions. In order to find good places to set his traps. but to become a master of the art of trapping. While each Trapping It is calling.. and more money is paid out for the common Furs. 15 By . Wolverine. Muskrat. etc. is individual skin of the common profitable. Almost any farming section will be found to be a paying trapping ground. Fisher. historic. Blue Fox. More Furs are caught in the settled regions and farming districts than in the wilds. he must not become discouraged at reverses. Red Fox. The country man or boy can do much better in his own home district than he would by going into some place with which he is not familiar. whether to use a "bait set" or a "blind set. Opossum. is very fascinating. enjoyable and profitable an art. which is necessary. wild animals what they eat. must be understood that trapping is not a pastime. a great amount of pleasure and sport can be derived from trapping. Fur-bearers does not command as high a price as the fancy articles. etc. he must know that which is of vital importance to make trapping a real success. how and where to market his Furs so that the best prices will be realized. Mink. such study should be supplemented by personal observaThe trapper must be a keen observer. how to set the trap. A very good livelihood can be earned during the winter months by trapping Fur-bearers. where they sleep. It writer would not He must learn how the where they are found." how to handle Furs after they are caught. and last. but not least. such as Skunk. White Fox. tions. which are caught in the settled regions and farming districts.THE ART OF TRAPPING an interesting. The want to deceive the reader by leading him to believe that trapping was nothing but one continuous round of pleasure. However. Like any other legimate line of endeavor. and the study of nature. trapping requires hard work and close application to make a real success of it. live. All this knowledge can be learned by a careful study of this little volume from cover to cover. such as Lynx. it is necessary for the trapper to examine the ground and stream banks closely. Marten.
The trapper should be particular as to how he fastens his traps. but gloves should be worn. however. the trapper should leave no foot prints. When setting. When killing a trapped animal the trapper should be careful not to leave any human scent. If possible to avoid it. dry dirt. Then a piece of paper or a few dead leaves should be placed over the trap to prevent the covering from rolling under the pan. (Of course. it is best not to go direct to the traps. and there is no better place for a trap than in the entrance of the den. dry material. When the trap line is located on the banks of a stream. The less visible signs he leaves along his trap line. a shallow excavation should be dug. and the traps must leaves and as on the not be handled with bare hands. To properly set a trap on land. he will not come near that place. this is not possible when there is snow on the ground. The trap odor can be concealed by boiling the traps in water and wood ashes. All Fur-bearing animals have a very good sense of smell and are made suspicious by anything that is out of the ordinary. II' the trap is set crosswise. The reason for this is obvious. the better success he will have in catching the animals.) The ground. it is best to wade in the water (wearing a pair of boots) and the sets placed by reaching out upon the bank or water's edge. This hollow should be lined with dry leaves or moss and the trap placed therein. an animal some manner so that when not escape with the trap. and the surroundings should be left looking as undisturbed natural as possible. and the trapper should try to follow the same path at all times as much as possible when going over his trap lines. If the Fur-bearer smells the trap or human odor.dens that he might otherwise overlook. deep enough. The trapper should bear this in mind. and he should I raps should always be secured in is caught it will 16 . The trap should be so hidden that there is no chance of its being discovered by sight. traps should always be placed so that the jaws will be lengthwise of the animal's approach. in fact. The traps should be visited at least every day. It is a good idea to wade the waters of the streams and thus avoid doing this he will find leaving tracks on the traps that might not be noticed bank and find many other good places for by walking alongside the stream. in accordance with the surroundings. Bark tied to the shoes or scent rubbed soles will prevent leaving human odor. and the animal will step between the jaws and not over one. so that when covered the ground will look undisturbed. Cover the trap with fine. or some other light. He must not spit around the vicinity of his traps or step around too much. but view them from a distance. the rising jaw will sometimes throw the animal's foot out of the trap.
Still another method of fastening the trap is by nailing the trap chain to a tree. A large stone. a stake driven into the ground or some other station- ary object. method of fastening the trap. except The writer does not advise the use of this method when it is absolutely impossible to use any other. It also guards against the escape of the animal by chewing or twisting off its own leg. lift its Another good method tree. thereby lifting the trap and animal off the ground. for the reason itself that just as soon as a trap clamps to the foot of an animal. a bush. or breaking the trap or trap chain. the the trap is animal will by instinct make a dash for liberty.not neglect to conceal the fastening or drag.) its The pole bent down and is the trap chain secured end. or disguise it in such a way as to cause no suspicion. is When fastened to a stationary object. but it fastened down by hooking The under a crotched stake or link of the chain being hooked to efforts of the a headless nail driven in the side of a stake. The weight of the drag should be such as to allow considerable freedom in the movements of the captured animal and. is movable clog or drag." the weight of the heavier end bearing it down. the trapper should attach either an extension 17 . animal to free itself from the trap. to (The strength of the pole is depends upon the size of the intended victim. then a small notched peg it driven into the ground and the top of the pole caught in in such a way that when the animal the trap and is caught its struggles will release the pole and occupant high in the air. By this method the captured animal is lifted into the air and thus prevented from becoming a prey to other animals. or a branch make very good drags. release the "balance pole. heavier at one end. tied to a crotch or to the side of a the trap being secured to the small end. best and most satisfactory it The to fasten to a The "spring pole" method of fastening is a good one. there a great strain on the trap and chain. at the same time. lightly is the trap. The "spring pole" consists of a slender pole inserted in the ground near the trap. It It is so balanced that lift the weight of the butt or heavier end will not only the captured animal as well. When absolutely necessary to fasten the trap by securing it to a stationary object. chewing or twisting off a leg. hinder it from getting any great distance away from the place where it was caught. especially it is when an animal of great strength is caught." This is a long. The chief object of fastening traps is it to enable the trap to so hold the animal as to prevent escaping by pulling from the trap. slender pole. is the "balance pole.
ring of the chain slides down to the end of the pole and the weight of the trap. prevent the animal from rising to the surface of the water or returning to the shore. certain kinds of which are particularly attractive to certain animals. together with the short chain. the In this case." set where the animal travels or at the entrance of its den. 18 A . trap carefully set on that spot will catch the animal." It consists of a pole about ten feet long which has been trimmed of its branches. those that of aquatic habits. a hole in the rocks or under a stump). A scent is a strong-smelling substance. If such a place cannot be found. many of the animals which are trapped are caught by placed in such a manner that in attempting to reach it. and increases the holding power. The method most commonly used to drown these animals is what is known as the "sliding pole. the bait being set beyond the trap and the enclosure so arranged that the animal will have to step in the trap to reach the bait. Bait or scent should never be put on the pan of the trap. and the small end should reach into deep water. However. enough to prevent the ring of the chain from slipping off. most of the its can secure an ample supply of food to satisfy not go very far out of its way to investigate a therefore scents are used. If an animal cannot be induced to approach a bait or scent. frequent who animals is. it is well. is fastened to When an The animal is caught it plunges at once into the deep water. the waters. to slide freely down chain should be slipped onto the pole before the pole the bank. A means trapper can sometimes get better results by using scent or bait. a careful study of the route of the animal will reveal a place where some natural in without bait or scent. the large end being fastened securely The ring of the to a stake driven into the bank of the stream. The pole must be of such a size that will allow the ring of the chain the whole length. but should be placed on a stick or above the trap or in an enclosure (a hollow log. This pole should be placed near where the trap is set. in a slanting position. This lessens the strain on the trap and chain. the animal places its foot in the trap. a trail or artificial obstruction will force the animal into a certain spot. time an animal hunger and will bait. the trap is trapper can resort to the "blind set. to Fur-bearers fasten the traps in such a way as to drown the animal. in fact. except a few at the small end. a hollow between trees.chain or a piece of strong wire to the trap chain. if possible. trapping along streams or creeks. The bait used to lure animals into traps is some article of food of which of a bait or scent which is they are particularly fond. unless hungry. When when caught in a trap almost always plunge into the water.
or some. "SHUBERT" will gladly sell to the trapper at cost price. while others have proved worthless. Fish Oil. Asafetida and Oil of Rhodium can be purchased at any drug store. 'SHUBERT" says: "SUPPLY AND DEMAND REGULATE THE VALUES OF AMERCAN RAW FURS." only a dollar or 75 cents a bottle. Some of these scents have given a fair degree of success. THE DEMAND FOR RELIABLE AND CONSCIENTIOUS FUR HOUSES IS GROWING. If the trap is In the following pages tracted by certain scents will be given just what animals are atand the best methods for trapping the different Fur-bearers. This particular scent bait set in a is especial- ly alluring to animals of aquatic habits or those animals which path that leads into water. which they claim are prepared from costly ingredients obtained from different parts of the world. or a mixture of all. Asafetida. and which are supposed to have wonderful alluring powers. while Beaver the trapper that the cost of the bait Castor. THE SUPPLY OF FUR HOUSES IS VERY GREAT. tell Every house claims their bait is is the best. The body of a fish or cut into small bits and placed in a glass jar in the sun until a fetid or foul-smelling oil forms. the bait should be placed on a sod or stick out in the water a few feet from the shore. Fish Oil can easily be eel is made by the trapper." 19 . make good scents for certain animals. Beaver Castor. inhabit the waters. They "but a mere trifle. Oil of Rhodium. The trapper can make the bait or scent himself. It is not at all necessary for the trapper to pay out his good dollars to a patent bait company or Fur houses who handle bait or scent.Some Fur houses sell animal baits and scents to trappers. Anise Oil. Anise Oil.
Bear. keeping clean of flesh ble. as il burns them and makes them moreliable to spoilin dressing. : There are two ways skinning "open. you will increase the market value of your catch and you will obtain more money for your Furs. Marten. Wild Cat. as Draw downward it from the body. "casing" and To skin an animal "cased." cut the skin to the tail." also Opossum and Muskrat tails. large tail enough to pull the body through. Timber The Wolf." just tail of skinning Fur-bearers. Coyote hoofs are absolutely worthless and should be cut off. viz. Lynx. Fisher. under the the tail. Lynx Cat. To head l skin an animal "open. he knife down the belly from the skin should be peeled from the body. Ringtail Cat. White Weasel. Muskrat. Remove all fat and flesh from Skunk and Opossum it makes the skin look better and prevents it from becoming hairslip or grease — burnt while in transit. where there is shade. Mountain Lion and Beaver should be skinned "open. and the entire Fox family should be "cased. Raccoon. 20 . Badger.SKINNING AND HANDLING FUR-BEARERS Many dollars are lost to the trappers of North America by the lack of knowledge of handling Furs. using whenever necessary. Skin the and remove the skin bone. Mink. Opossum. By following the instructions given below. Otter. the animal may be suspended from the limb of a tree or some other projection by tying a strong cord around the hind legs after they have been skinned. House Cat. Skunk. Coyote." Stretch and dry the skins in the open air." cut the skin crosswise. They should never be allowed near the heat of the fire or in smoke or the sun. Civet Cat. Wolverine. and fat as possithis To make process easier.
and you save time and transportation charges. Coyote. scents. TRAPS. 21 . and for less money. Ringtail Cat. Fisher. Lynx. For bait there animal. and if is nothing better than the natural food of the a trapper wants to use a scent. and "SHUBERT" gives the formulas in this book. etc. does not handle traps. he can make as good a scent as he can buy anywhere. Wolverine. tried out by trappers in different sections of North America and they have been found very satisfactory. baits. This book tells the proper size of trap to use for every animal. Lynx Cat." paying "more money" and sending returns "quicker. TRAPPERS' SUPPLIES BAITS AND SCENTS "SHUBERT" scents. trappers' supplies. should be shipped Fur out flesh in. This injures the skin for dressing and lessens value." Traps and supplies can be purchased just as cheaply at the local hardware store. and the entire Fox family. As soon as they are sufficiently dry they should be removed. Otter. and see what you are buying. Marten. and makes it thin and lacking Do not use salt its or alum. as it spreads the Fur over a large in richness. and Do surface not overstretch your Furs. for "SHUBERT" has had all these which we give formulas.Do not keep your Furs too long on the boards. in the —we are RAW FUR BUSINESS and devote our time entirely to handling Fur ship- ments "better.
He must choose with great care and caution the house to of Fur-bearers. to It is just as essential for the successful trapper know where trapping." We fully realize the responsibility placed on us by Fur for their Furs. is founded on certain definite policies. whom he is going to entrust his catch problem by where he is sure of receiving a liberal and honest assortment." To learn more about how we safeguard our shippers' interests. Some of our shippers. it is better that he quit trapping as a means of providing a living. how to skin and handle his Furs. both in growth and in satisfying Fur shippers. 23 same time you will . do not realize that our success. the best methods of trapping the various animals. to a successful to ship his Furs as to know the best methods of To be successful. he may know their habits. the trapper must ship his Furs house— a reliable house. HE IS PLAYING A LOSING GAME. make "SHUBERT" of a trial shipment. in we have enjoyed a steady and constant growth. "SHUBERT" organization. and doubtless many other trappers and Fur collectors." is "SHUBERT" a house of CHARACTER AND STRENGTH Since the establishment of the 1883. shipping to The trapper can solve this important "SHUBERT. but if he does not know WHERE to ship his Furs. until now we have as customers what is considered to be the largest list of individual Fur shippers served by any Raw Fur House in the world.THE IMPORTANT PROBLEM THAT EVERY TRAPPER AND FUR SHIPPER MUST SOLVE TO BE SUCCESSFUL A trapper may know all about trapping Fur-bearers. how to pack and ship. the highest market prices and speedy returns. This business policy has been kept so prominently in view that we now have thousands of Fur shippers shipping to us daily with the full knowledge that they will receive a "square deal" from "SHUBERT. During this period we have satisfied thousands and thousands of Fur shippers who have had faith in our experience and judgment. for the highest prices obtainable Constantly have we preferred to give the benefit of any doubt for the protection of our shippers. Our fundamental principle has been to always satisfy Fur shippers. etc. We invite every trapper and Fur shipper to join this immense shippers —looking to "SHUBERT" list "SATISFIED SHUBERT SHIPPERS. YOU WILL BE CONVINCED and at the have solved THE IMPORTANT PROBLEM.
Australia. France. Russia. of the up-to-the-minute "Che i^hubert Shipper" is without a doubt the only Accurate and Reliable Market Report and Price List of its kind published in the world." It l§>f)ipper" is is something more than merely "some- the adviser. telling us how invaluable "Che g>hubert Shipper" is to them. because they cannot or will not give the shipper authentic market information. the information in just the "Che g>hubert Shipper" quoted therein. It is mailed to thousands upon "Che thousands of trappers and Fur shippers all over the United States and Canada. China. "Che Hubert thing to read. friend and signpost to the right road to reliable information and accurate market quotations. which means that each and every transaction with one to the shipper." 25 ."®fye i>Ijub?rt "Che §&\)\ibzxt Ripper" Ripper" is a publication issued for the benefit Fur shippers. in fact. "Che ii>hubert Shipper" has built up an enviable reputation among competitors." dreds of letters into our establishment daily regarded in no other light than an overwhelming testimonial to the importance and prestige of "Che g>hubert Shipper. applauding conscientious and square dealing and reproving the unfair treatment of Fur shippers. one man writes us that he would just as soon be without his Surely this can be traps as without "Che g>hubert Shipper. We receive inquiries from all over the world England. and eventually to satisfaction and protection. South America—requesting — us to send "Che g>hubert Shipper" come regularly when issued. It can never be said a serious misstatement of facts is published in "Che H>hubert Shipper" and this character of accuracy and reliability has demonstrated that such information is absolutely essential to the trapper and collector of Furs. It quotes authentic prices on all articles of North American Raw Furs and contains market information that is of inestimable value to any shipper of Fur-bearers. must be a profitable "Che ^hufaert Shipper" it is fearless and inde- pendent. The market reports published in "Che g>hubert Shipper" are always based on true facts concerning the conditions existing in all the markets of the world. Readers unconsciously assume that is to be depended upon same as the prices gs>hubert Whippet" has a larger circulation than any other publication of its kind in the world. "SHUBERT" speaks freely. Hun- from trappers. Japan.
IT IS ONLY SECURED BY GIVING EACH AND EVERY SHIPPER ON EACH AND EVERY SHIPMENT HE MAKES."t&tyt H>i)ubert Shipper" — while it cannot breathe or see or it speak or the feel as human beings do. BUT NOT LEAST. AND LAST. Fur shipper which. THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICES—AN ACCURATE AND LIBERAL ASSORTMENT — PROMPT RETURNS. would cause the Fur shipper to feel its absence of the It goes into the homes of Fur shippers silently. fills minds with useful and valuable information absolutely necessary to acquire if they are to keep posted on market It their — conditions. upon Readers of "GDhe g>hubet:t Snippet" feel that they can depend it for the information required to market their Furs to the best possible advantage. subscribe for it at once. and humbly. if not filled regularly at every the market. It's FREE. Do "SHUBERT" says: "THE 'KNOW HOW OF BUILDING UP A LIST OF SATISFIED SHIPPERS IS SOME- THING THAT MONEY CANNOT BUY." 26 . Every successful Fur shipper reads "&he filbert Shipper" you? If not. KEEPING EVERY SHIPPER POSTED ON THE FUR MARKET AND TELLING HIM THE TRUTH. nevertheless occupies a place in home change of keenly. but it carries a message of great importance. Your name and address on a postal will bring it.
Shubert is a man who knows and appreciates the hardships and tribulations that a trapper must go through in order to make his collection. The policy of the House of A. It is the man behind it. B. There is always one man who is the "boss" the man "higher up. A. a man of character and integrity. B. If the "boss" the Fur tunity. is—MR." Mr.... A. Shubert. Shubert. B. INC. straightforward and honest these traits will be significant in the Fur House. SHIPPER MUST BE TREATED FAIRLY AND SQUARELY"— "DO UNTO OTHERS AS YOU WOULD HAVE YOU. A. A. Mr. SHUBERT." they will receive a "fair and square" deal. Shubert in sure does the front of this book. and will express themselves in EFFI- — — — — CIENT—PROMPT— CONSCIENTIOUS— COURTEOUS SERVICE—HIGHEST MARKET PRICES — LIBERAL AND ACCURATE ASSORTMENT— QUICKER AND BETTER RETURNS at all times. SHUBERT The words "fair and square" hardly do justice Look well at the photograph of Mr. INC." The principles of that man are reflected in the policy of the Raw Fur House if he is a man of high ideals. B. is the Largest House in the World dealing exFur shippers all over North clusively in American Raw Furs. is governed by Mr. SHUBERT. that their interests will be taken care of as though they were the personal interests of Mr. Does he not look like a man of moral strength and he is. and that policy always has been. MAN AND THE SHUBERT and A. and always will be "THE and character? He — — RAW FUR SHUBERT. He has been through it himself —he knows the feeling 27 . B. and square. — to The "boss" "fair of A. today. Inc. B. B. is dishonest and underhanded one thing is sure House will take advantage of the shipper at every opporand pity the poor shipper who entrusts his Furs to a house — of that caliber. America have learned from experience that when they ship their Furs to "SHUBERT. B. A." That is THEM DO UNTO the reason why. is now. INSTITUTION" SHUBERT. Shubert. INC. that makes an institution a Raw Fur House."THE MR.
Today —A. The great West in those presented excellent opportunities and Mr. he soon mastered the art of trapping and was making considerable "pocket money" from his Fur-bearers. shown by the Fur Shippers of North America. and still the business keeps right on increasing. a synonym for honesty and uprightness. They must be receiving "fair and square" deal. INC. he was trapping Fur-bearers in the wilds of Connecticut. but by his "fair and square" methods and honest treatment of Fur shippers Mr. INC. The beginning was humble and but few shipments were received daily. INC. and "hung out his shingle" on Kinzie Street. a shipper can always be sure of receiving "SHUBERT. B. There can be only one reason for this great confidence and constancy in A. Shubert soon gained a reputation which spread among the trappers like wild fire. SHUBERT. trapping." Furs are worth when he ships to Mr. shipping his Furs to a house that it knows just what a Fur shipper wants and knows best how to give to him. the manager retired and Mr.. He was obliged to move to larger quarters several times and has seen the business grow from a few hundred shipments a season to thousands upon thousands of shipments a season.. When about twenty years of age. and was then appointed assistant manager of the house he was working for. . attending school. INC. Shubert has been connected with the Fur Industry for the past fifty-five years. 28 . as well as a amount of hard work. and that the hardships were greater than at the present day. By close application and keen observation.. "more money" for their Furs and "quicker returns" from "SHUBERT. B. he decided he wanted a change of scenery.of pleasure that comes over a Fur shipper when he receives satis- factory returns all his —therefore. Shubert succeeded him. B. The name "SHUBERT" became. The call of the wild was irresistible to him. A couple of years later. is the Largest House in the World dealing exclusively in American Raw Furs. buying and handling Fur-bearers. they certainly would not show such implicit faith in A.i When In is a Fur shipper ships his Furs to A. He held this position for several years. and when still a mere boy. and later went out on the road for them as a traveling Fur and Buffalo Robe buyer. SHUBERT. He remained as manager until the year 1883. when he decided to try the game for himself." for if they were not. B. Shubert came to Chicago. SHUBERT. among the trappers and Fur collectors of North America. SHUBERT. It must be remembered that Furs did not command as high prices great days as they do at the present time. where he became connected with a Hide and Fur House in Chicago (long since out of business). and his business began to increase by leaps and bounds.
losing you are up the next bunch of Furs you get together and give "SHUBERT" a trial you will be convinced." "SHUBERT" says: "THE CARELESS OR THOUGHTLESS FUR SHIPPER HURTS OTHERS AS WELL AS HIMSELF. ANY BETTER SERVICE THAN HELPING HIM TO BECOME AC- QUAINTED WITH "SHUBERT/' THE LARGEST HOUSE IN THE WORLD DEALING EXCLUSIVELY IN AMERICAN RAW FURS WHERE EVERY TRANSACTION MUST BE A PROFITABLE ONE FOR THE SHIPPER.PLEASE. BECAUSE WITHOUT HIM THE "QUOTE-ANY-OLD-PRICE -PAY-WHATTHEY. and will become a happy member of the immense If you are not a "SATISFIED money— get in line —don't SHUBERT SHIPPER.GET-RICH-QUICK-SCHEM- ER" WOULD GO OUT OF BUSINESS." delay —pack — coterie of "SATISFIED SHUBERT SHIPPERS. WHO IS A FUR SHIPPER. 29 ." YOU CANNOT RENDER A FRIEND.
Oklahoma. Indiana. Vermont and Virginia. Texas. for seven (7) days. for thirty (30) days. South Carolina. Montana. It is unreasonable for you to ask us to "Hold Separate" green or perishable Raw Furs. Nebraska. "SHUBERT" TAG ENVELOPE your Furs If We you our highest valuation."THE SHUBERT GUARANTEE" THE GUARANTEE THAT GUARANTEES ABSOLUTE PROTECTION AGAINST DISSATISFACTION "SHUBERT" GUARANTEES to "hold separate" your shipof Raw Furs. from Arizona. Rhode Island. subject to your acceptance of our offer. Utah and Wyoming. from Kansas. Maryland. and from Alaska. Nevada. Iowa. for twenty (20) days. Labrador and Newfoundland. This GUARANTEE is for ABSOLUTE PROTECTION to the Fur shipper. Ontario. Delaware. California. if you ment request us to do so. Kentucky. Ohio. Massachusetts. for twelve (12) days. from British Columbia. 30 . South Dakota and West Virginia. Oregon. for eleven (11) days. and accurately. for nine (9) days. New Hampshire. Nova Scotia. New Jersey. Louisiana. it will be absolutely necessary for you to notify us immediately and we will return your Furs at once. and submit to same is not entirely satisfactory. from Alabama. Georgia. Yukon and Northwest Territories. Colorado. New York. Maine. EXCEPT UPON A PERSONAL REQUEST OF THE SHIPPER TO DO SO AT HIS OWN PERSONAL RISK. but your instructions must be placed inside a and attached to your shipment. Florida. Upon request of the shipper. Missouri and Tennessee. for sixteen (16) days. North Carolina. Michigan. Minnesota. from Alberta. Manitoba. Connecticut. Quebec. New Brunswick. for thirteen (13) days. Saskatchewan and Washington. Fur shipments will not be "held separate" any longer than the above specified length of time. North Dakota. Mississippi. we will "hold separate" shipments from the States of Illinois. This we will will assort liberally not do. New Mexico. from Arkansas. Prince Edward Island. Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. Idaho.
IN THIS BOOK.WHEN DESCRIBING THE DIFFERENT FUR-BEARERS. ONLY THE VARIETIES RECOGNIZED BY FUR DEALERS. . AND ONLY THE BEST METHOD OF TRAPPING ARE GIVEN.
1 v v..-^. i ..^ . . - :/ .^.' • . .*. / / ..--v. .
They thrive Their best in marshy. more money fur-bearer than any other fur-bearing animal trapped in North of a single skin is America. especially when building its winter house. sluggish places and along streams and ponds. black and beady eyes. twigs. This animal the is also it known among is fur dealers as is name given by the Cree Indians. ashy beneath. derives its The Muskrat emits from two name from the musky odor which Musquash. rises These are interior piled in a heap until the top two or three feet above the water. short Glossy. hind feet slightly webbed. except along the coasts of South Carolina. when full grown about four times as large as common house rat. woolly Color. They then excavate an above the several tunnels leading room from the part of the structure water. The Muskrat is a nocturnal animal. Rati OP Entire North America. usually a single 33 family in a house. other fur-bearers. ^ tout body. roots. brown above and dull white. long over-hairs. but it is often seen in the day time. with a dense. in form resembling a very large meadow mouse. would pay a trapper well to make an effort to catch a large quantity. almost naked tail.<^ ^ 4m? 4s»% «c MUSKRAT DcSCfiDtion legs. * V - \ >* long. grassy stretches half overflowed with water. The houses of are made cattail of mud. . scaly. which it flat. this animal is The demand and it certainly They are easily caught for Muskrat is very good. Small. flat. a point. all grasses. The upper room of the lodge is lined with soft grass and moss and here the Muskrats spend much of their time in winter. oval sacs. taper- ing to ears. Georgia and Florida. situated between the hind legs beneath. from which they make downward to the deep water which never freezes. While the value little small compared to caught in such large numbers that millions of dollars are required each year to finance its catch. rudder-shaped. pieces sod. sleeping. paid out every season for this little Undoubtedly. stalks and steins of other aquatic plants. short rather long claws. houses are dome-shaped and are built on the bottom of ponds or on flat. dark underfur.
the shore by a wire passed through a staple driven into Get a log and moor it to one end of the log while the other end projects into the water. Another good set is to find their holes in the banks and set a trap in the entrance. parsnips and practically all garden vegetables. beets. No covering is required. leaves. turnips. such as pond lillies. aquatic plants. They are usually taken at the foot of slides and trails. according to its length. best suited for The No. but it sometimes eats animal In Winter the main food of the Muskrat is th e roots of food. litter They are easily trapped. The traps may be stapled to the log and small pieces of sweet apple and carrots scattered along the entire length. Cut shallow notches into the log just wide enough to hold a trap. bringing forth from four to ten at a and about three litter s a year. — — The floating log is also a good set. the manner depending upon the situation. where high enough for that purpose. grass. carrots. These trails and slides may be found along the banks of streams and ponds which they inhabit. under water. that is.Muskrats that live along str earns and creeks usually burrow into the banks. go od scent is 1 and 1^ size traps are the The little best baits for Muskrat are sweet the apples. There are various modes of trapping the Muskrat. etc. clams and carp. leading to a large chamber. mussels. sedges. and cover lightly with some of the feed bed. which is lined with grass and moss. parsnips. carrots. but it will also eat In the Summer the Muskrat eats roots.. . grass and sometimes they visit gardens near their haunts (doing considerable damage) where they feed on cabbage. of setting Find such a slide or trail and set the trap at the foot of it under a couple of inches of water. A musk of the animal mixed with a Anise Oil and Oil of Rhodium. etc. The Muskrat is herbivorous. Muskrats are very prolific. set From 34 three to ten traps may be on one log. set a trap in each notch and cover lightly with leaves or grass. Still another method is to find their feeding beds beds of grass which seem to be floating on the water set traps on these beds. Muskrat trapping. The entrance of these tunnels is under water and of sufficient depth to prevent The tunnels extend upward into the bank above the water freezing. roots and vegetables. corn. onions. its chief food consists of herbs. level and are anywhere from ten to fifty fe et in length.
Muskrat should be skinned "cased" and shipped flesh side out. DIAMOND BLUFF." or by fastening the trap to a stake in deep Otherwise. the captured Muskrat will gnaw or twist off a water. This can be done by the use of the "sliding pole.If Muskrat signs are found and none of the places described above can be located. New Jersey Chesapeake and Delaware regions to North Carolina. WISCONSIN A well handled collection of Muskrat 35 . Another way is to build a mound of stones and mud in shallow water and let the mound project out of the water about an inch or two. Place a trap on top of this mound and cover lightly with wet grass or moss. BLACK MUSKRAT DGSCYlDtiOfl RCLTLQQ Darker and richer in color than the common Muskrat. HAMPTON. Always take great care to fasten the trap in such a manner as to drown the Muskrat when caught. sometimes almost black. leg and get away. find a steep bank and set a trap under two or three inches of water at the foot of the bank and pin a piece of bait to the bank about ten or twelve inches above the trap. —along the coast from C. F.
and every season trappers make good money trapping this Fur-bearer. and eat The Skunk to ten is very prolific. bringing forth from five young at a time. I I * i * | «|_ § »&* " jXCLflQQ United States and lower parts of Canada. as commonly supposed. mice. family. color black with white mark or fork on head. it does not climb trees nor swim. The Skunk during the day. dens in rocks. yields The Skunk a handsome Fur. tail long and very bushy. is This fluid is not the urine peculiar of the animal. small head. of is a nocturnal animal. which It is is very fashionable and in great demand. but a 37 secretion contained in two large glands located near . that is. eyes small and legs. In some specimens the stripe extends only half-way down the back. but They hibernate only during winter. from which two stripes extend down the back and along the sides of the tail. frogs. the severest part of the The Skunk of is carnivorous. and lives in burrows in the ground. and it will sometimes eat rabbits and even young poultry. That which particularly distinguishes the Skunk from other animals is its peculiar and powerful means of defense. tain as They occasionally even take up quarters The burrows and dens sometimes conmany as a dozen Skunk. Raw one of the staples of American Furs. kill worms. young birds. insects. piercing. well fitted for digging. sometimes coming up to barns and outbuildings.SKUNK DcSCfivtlOtl Form low. except a small white mark on the forehead and a white tip to the tail. short . its food consisst birds' eggs. body consequently paws enlarged. The Skunk is wholly a terrestrial animal'. straightened. but occasionally It is it is seen fear sluggish in close movement and has but little man. decayed logs or stumps. fore stout. other specimens have no stripe at all. which is usually in May. under a haymow or a barn. that is. and again. or any natural shelter that is not away from the ground. not members of one grown up animals attracted to one another. It ejects a very foul-smelling and vile fluid when excited or attacked.
stones. therefore. Another good set. Sometimes Skunk will only look into a den and turn away without entering. Tainted to use. mice. the entrance between the jaws and not over one. Skunk are so easily caught that a bait or scent is not essential.. if the trap is fastened to a clog. becoming scented. They merely hit the animal a good blow on the head and are indifferent For the benefit of those who have objections to to getting scented. If you cannot find a den. The best way of trapping Skunk is to set the trap just in the is small. is to approach the animal slowly. \ /i not suspicious. trappers who trap extensively for will not eject its scent. No great skill is required for the capture of the Skunk. so that with The trap should be set outside. dig a hole under an old stump and place a bait inside. and have no time to bother with fancy methods of killing. record where the bite of a Skunk has resulted in death. Sprinkle a little scent on and around the stump and ground. hit it a good. is to make a small pen of rotten wood. etc. set the trap just entrance of the den. smart blow across the back with a club. One way. as the trap springs. The scent of the animal itself is about the best However. which so forcibly compresses the glands that the fluid may be ejected to a distance of six to twelve feet. it is well to put a piece of bait inside of the den. by the rising jaw. without making any quick movements. therefore. The bite of the Skunk is capable of There are several cases on causing a disease like hydrophobia. the Nos. and when within striking distance. as by stepping over the jaw the foot might be thrown out of the trap." the Skunk will step 38 . setting the trap in the entrance and placing a bait in the pen beyond the trap. thus preventing the animal from emitting its "perfume. when trapping at dens. A hollow log. In this way the back is broken. Skunk are not particular about getting scent on their clothes or hands. Skunk or rabbit meat. Fasten the trap to a clog. the writer will give several methods of killing. a piece of tainted preferable. birds. a hole in the bank. or any natural enclosure is a good place in which to set a trap for Skunk. 1 and x sizes.the root of the fluid is ejected tail and covered with a dense mass of muscle. The by the contraction of this muscular covering. trapping best suited The traps for Skunk are The bait is following are good baits for Skunk: Young chicken. rotten eggs. or in a wall. as is it is not a cunning animal and Skunk is an easy matter. but if the jaws lengthwise. "spring pole" or "balance pole" There are various methods of killing a trapped Skunk so that it However. Set the trap in front of the hole and cover lightly.
Fasten the trap to the end of a long pole. approach carefully and pick up the pole. if there is water nearby. and over with the Skunk. Skunk should be skinned. quick jab. where it can be drowned. and there will be no scent on your hands. very sharp. J. small. use benzine or gasoline.Another way is to drown the animal. or bury the clothes over night in damp ground. Approach the animal in carefully and place it is all the point of the knife or lance against the side of the animal's neck. BENCK. Still another method is to cut the animal's throat. Hold it under water until nearly drowned." the animal can be killed by a blow across the back. After the wash your hands with hot water and soap. then give a good. To remove Skunk scent from clothing. the animal can be led to the nearest water. low down. When the Skunk is caught. keeping it there until dead. Skunk smear your hands with grease. and push it under again. ILLINOIS 39 A very successful trapper . Attach a about ten or fifteen feet in length. then let it up to breathe. "cased" and shipped flesh side out. WORTH. Lift the animal up easily and let it down into the water. By moving very slowly and making no quick motions. most cases If the trap is fastened to a "spring pole" or "balance pole. pointed knife blade or lance to a long pole. W. pushing the pole down until the animal's head is drawn under. When animal is skinning skinned. ten to twelve feet in length.
is similar to that of the Skunk the ejection of a I foul-smelling fluid. rarely itself during the day. mice. Civet Cat should be skinned "cased" and shipped "SHUBERT" says: "A LITTLE CARE IN CHOOSING YOUR FUR HOUSE SAVES A VAST AMOUNT OF DISSATISFACTION AND DISCOURAGEMENT AFTER YOU RECEIVE YOUR RETURNS. color black. square-like patterns. Texas and Westward. with white. 1 animal as suggested for the or 1^ traps may be used. birds.*£ CIVET CAT Description black. marked tail full. and feeding on insects. It is similar showing J "\ both nocturnal and carnivorous. if **| but in some examples is (Southwestern and Coast A States) the tip of the tail white. eggs. Like the Skunk. ill. Iowa. the Civet Cat is is not suspicious and easily caught. The same for this bait. The Civet Cat is really a species of Skunk. mode of living." 41 . etc. Either the Nos. Arkansas. Missouri. kl Rdnoe to the j» Southern Minnesota. Smaller than Skunk. flesh side out. being Skunk in habits. scent and trapping methods may be used Skunk. frogs. and dens under barns and out- buildings. etc. Its i manner of defense vile. It lives in hollow logs or will sometimes even make its burrows in the ground.
-f| Y i- .J.W 1 1*/ \ r • \t> .".
it lightly with and fasten to a clog. RCMige All over North America. unless journeys from one stream to another. soft-matted underfur. dark brown. In April the female fixes herself a nest in some hole in the rocks or inside a hollow log or stump. is carnivorous and feeds on of fish. dull brown to rich. The Mink spends a great deal of its time in the water. and Fish Oil is a very good scent. etc. with a dense. frogs. stormy night or a bright. four to seven in a litter. mice. rabbits. "spring pole" or "balance pole. beetles. There are various methods of trapping the Mink. both on land and in the water. white spot on chin. lizards. When the trap is set on land. It is It travels alike at night and during the day. The largest Mink are found in Alaska and Northern Canada. perfectly indifferent to the time may be a dark. It can also climb trees. all which are good for of the The best scent for Mink is the musk animal itself. short ears. Nova Scotia." Wlien the trap is set in or near the water. 43 . The Mink bait.. lustrous overhairs. stiff. slender body. and there brings forth her young. It can swim and dive well and can remain a considerable time under water. larger than a Weasel.MINK DcSCViptiOtl long. and 13^. small head. In the Southern States they are lighter in color and coarser in Fur. Another good scent is Fish Oil. fasten to a "sliding pole" or stake it out into the water the entire length of the chain. while the darkest are found in the wooded districts of Canada. The Central States abound with good medium-colored Mink. bushy tail. color varies from light. but in British Columbia and the Western States the animals are coarsehaired.. A mixture of Mink musk 1 The proper sizes of traps for Mink are Nos. broad feet. nearly black. Long. and the Eastern States of the Union. cover material in keeping with the surroundings. and it is it will never be found far away from water. sunshiny morning. The Mink it is neither nocturnal nor diurnal. caught during its It is a great traveler and always follows the same route. birds. etc.
and push the stick down until the fish is partly under water. dirt. Where Mink rotten wood. When streams are frozen up. find the outlet and lay a hollow fine will log across the stream. OR GREATER PRECAUTION. Make hole and cover with mud or wet leaves. If you can find little sandbars. along a stream projecting into the water. make one. find a jam or drift extending across in the drift near the bank." 11 . If you cannot find Mink should be skinned "cased" and shipped flesh side out. travel along a lake. YOU SHOULD EXERCISE THE SAME. about a foot from the trap. set a trap on one of these bars under water about an inch or Fix a small fish on the point of a stick out in the water.The following is is a good water set: Find a steep bank where a hole in the bank eight or ten Put a piece inches deep and about three or four inches in diameter. Set a trap in an opening Cover with wet leaves and fine drift a good opening. Another method is to find a Mink trail along a stream. Set a trap in this passage and cover lightly. the mouth of the at water Set the trap in the of bait in the hole. "SHUBERT" says: "IF YOU LEND CASH TO AN INDIVIDUAL YOU WOULD TAKE SOME THOUGHT REGARDING INTEREST YOU GET — THE POSSIBILITY OF REPAYMENT AND THE GENERAL SAFETY OF THE LOAN. two deep. THEREFORE. the stream. WHEN CHOOSING YOUR FUR HOUSE. the water not deep. Set a trap in the log. covering will The Mink it with and through the log try to run be caught. leaving a narrow passage in the trail between the sticks. then get some old dry sticks and stick them in the ground across the trail and about six inches out in the water.
We have tried several other fur companies. but none of them had paid as well as the "SHUBERT" Co. FEATHER BROS. Gentlemen: We want to thank you for the money which you have shipped We were much pleased with the prices. 19. Illinois. SHUBERT. "Satisfied Shubert Shippers" Emaus. Inc. Two EMAUS.FEATHER BROTHERS. Yours truly. Enclosed find a picture of my brother and myself with some of the furs which we caught during the month of November. 1917.. March A. — Chicago. 45 . We have received to us. every check O. B. K. PA. Pennsylvania.
ringed with black. and Nova Scotia. nates. RcLUQQ United States. sometimes it will travel for long distances among the treetops without once descending to earth. Western British Columbia. A and fear. fish. underfur abundant and dark blue. the Raccoon is said to be related to the Bears. his He will swamps and banks mount every fallen tree on it path and run along to the other end. etc. On the ground the Raccoon prefers wet places.RACCOON Description Form stout. face whitish. the Raccoon is not as cunning as the Fox. During the cold weather the Raccoon hibermaking his den in a good-sized hollow tree In some parts of or a cavern among the rocks. reptiles. shuffling sess all the characteristic features of the — bugs. However. nose pointed. The Raccoon is a nocturnal animal. berries. They strip down the ears of the corn and tearing away the sheathing and husks. 47 . They are also very fond of green corn and poultry. and grizzly. in a hen-roost. a good swimmer and climbs trees with ease. juicy kernels and usually in sheer wastefulness. and it certainly appears to pos- Bear family. with black area on each cheek surrounding the eye. Southern Ontario. bruise and destroy much more than they can devour. Though much smaller. general color gray with long black and white hairs. ears medium length. in fact. and will return for a second visit to a farmyard that it has once ravaged in this manner and the farmer can take advantage of this seeming dullness of intellect by setting several traps for him. killing and then feeds greedily on the result of his butchery. about the woods in a bear-like manner and always ready to feed on anything that presents itself nuts. The worst vice of the Raccoon is robbing the farmer's hen-roost. robbing the nests of birds and squirrels on the way. yellow. birds. wild grapes. tail thick and bushy. dark on the back. eat the tender. Southern Quebec and New Brunswick. loses all caution his Raccoon at large right and left while enthusiasm lasts. along the borders of of streams. frogs.
Of course there are many have the wandering habit. l^. Muskrat Musk. etc." . If Another good set is to place a trap at the entrance of a pen of stakes built at the edge of a stream where Raccoon travel." "SHUBERT" says: "THE BIGGEST ASSET THAT ANY FUR HOUSE CAN HAVE IS THE CONFIDENCE OF ITS FUR SHIPPERS. They are very rule Raccoon are not difficult to trap. for trapping Raccoon is to tie a piece of bright white dish or some other shining article to the pan tin or a piece of a of the trap and set the trap under a couple of inches of water near A good method the bank. As a curious. . The trap may be set under water or on land. Beaver Castor scent is and Anise Oil are also good. May and vary in number The Raccoon is not exceptions. are A good Fish Oil mixed with a few drops of Anise Oil and a couple ounces of honey. Where Raccoon will visit a corn field. cut a notch in the top of the log and set a trap in the notch.The young Raccoon are born in April or from three to six. and a bait should be placed at the back of the pen. good bait for Raccoon. Cover with rotten wood or moss. sometimes reveal a well beaten trail. and undoubtedly much of a traveler.. Raccoon dwell in burrows which they dig in the high banks of streams.the country. fish. 2 and 3 sizes. a careful study of the ground Set the trap in the trail. and a piece of tin or other shining metal will attract them. Squirrels. Raccoon should be skinned "open. The traps to use for Raccoon are the Nos. but the majority of them return regularly at daybreak to their dens. are you find a log lying across a stream or in the woods and there Raccoon signs about. cover lightly and fasten to a clog. frogs. Pure Fish Oil.
"Let the Fur shipper beware" had been the motto Fur houses from the very beginning of the Fur Industry in North America. A. idea revolutionized American Fur business Another innovation was a in every strict adherence to facts—the truth prices quoted. Ship your Furs to "SHUBERT" 49 and have the advantage of the SERVICE of this Wonderful Institution. the "SHUBERT" Fur House was founded. and it was accepted as principle in law. that policy. "Advertising must be was the saying. represented "SHUBERT" now over the world where Furs are unexcelled for country —we have connections in every that SERVICE perform a used— enables us to civilized is EFFICIENCY. This doctrine man introduced in the Fur Industry the revolutionary Nothingbusiness. . The quarters were small and receipts of Fur shipments were limited. Responsible for that spirit. SPEED and COURTESY. SHUBERT—a man who cherished business ideals advance of those of the far in commercial life of that day. B.A WONDERFUL INSTITUTION Away back in the year of 1883. quoted." had ever been practiced before in the just like that Fur Instead. in Chicago. From in the the first little store located on Kinzie Street. it is "SHUBERT" The all has expanded. The "SHUBERT" standards. word of market information and paying the In that day. until today the LARGEST is house world dealing exclusively in fact that the AMERICAN RAW organization FURS. The beginning was humble. but the spirit that governed the organization and the policy of dealing with Fur shippers was broad BIG." of Fur houses. was one man — —MR. misstatements and exaggerations were expected to be found in the advertisements taken with a grain of salt. of "The Fur Shipper Must be Treated Fairly. but Fur shippers soon began to understand that there was overstatements in prices it ONE Fur house that made no and paid the its circulars or other advertising.
it the only representative of that remarkable class of animals in which the young are born at such an early and undeveloped stage is that the mother is obliged to carry them about in a pocket or pouch under her belly until they are old enough to take care of themselves. can hold on to anything it encircles. using their tail is prehensile. They are found only in wooded districts. nuts. carrion. . ears bare. it seeking The Opossum is a nocturnal animal. also poultry fruit. and as far west as Nebraska and the entire south from Florida to Texas. In cold weather they retire to their dens and only come out occasionally when the snow is on the ground. small rats. tail and hand-shaped feet. mice and sweet and corn. grapes or other wild potatoes. ranging as far north as Pennsylvania and Ohio. black at base. Opossum are very prolific. nearly naked.•S o? r _<-- i— «?*r -r «?:- . sleeping in the daytime and It is a slow moving and stupid animal its food by night. grapes and other wild fruit of the woods. black with white tips. persimmons.>:- . legs brownish black. feet black. and has no particular means of defending itself. and can climb to rock. small birds or carrion. that is. The Opossum makes its den in the ground under a stump or They also live in hollow logs. As a last resort in danger.y- o: »fe te * -fe % '*? % OPOSSUM Description Long. reptiles. damp nights. they feign death or "play possum. berries. the tops of the tallest trees. tail prehensile. grey underfur. throat and center of belly white. They hate the cold and are most active on warm. eggs. long grayish white overlying hairs. shad- ing into dull flesh color toward tip. The Opossum is the only marsupial found in America. general color grey and grizzly. toes white. The that is. head. rather coarse hair. two or three a litter. having six to thirteen in is litters each year and from Good bait for Opossum 51 chicken. black tipped." The principal food of the Opossum consists of insects. RCLYIQG Middle and Southern States. roots. and it is a great aid in supporting them while they gather persimmons. rabbit.
Traps may be set at the entrance to dens. . etc. Place a piece of bait beyond Opossum should be skinned "cased" and shipped flesh side out. 1 size being the best suited for this animal. "SHUBERT" DON'T TALK REAL SERVICE TO FUR SHIPPERS — -WE DELIVER. WORD "SHUBERT" HAS GIVEN HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF "SATISFIED SHUBERT SHIPPERS" —"SERVICE " UNSELFISHLY. along fences logs. trap. a hollow If none of the between two spreading roots. IT IS FALLING TO A LOW ESTATE. BY THAT ACT "SHUBERT" IS SUCCESSFUL. "SERVICE" IS AS SCARCE AS THE IS PLENTIFUL. cover and Set a trap in the entrance stones. or in natural enclosures. BECAUSE OF CONSTANT ABUSE BY RAW FUR DEALERS AND RAW FUR HOUSES.They are easily trapped. or in hollow small pen of sticks. the No. THIS WILL BE RECOGNIZED WITHOUT A LABEL. "SHUBERT" says: "SERVICE" IS A THREADBARE WORD. the a clog. "SERVICE" MEANS-THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICES —ACCURATE AND LIBERAL ASSORTMENT— PROMPT RETURNS. fasten to lightly. make a above described places can be found. such as holes in trees and stumps.
The successful Fur Shipper in most cases is a "SATISFIED SHUBERT SHIPPER. Speedy and Courteous SERVICE. offers Have they services of a that ring of sincerity? big "SHUBERT" institution. agent Your postoffice or express and a spell "SHUBERT TAG Accurate and Liberal ENVELOPE" Assortment on your shipment together —the Highest Market Prices —Prompt Returns — Effi- cient. which means is SHUBERT ABSOLUTE PROTECTION for it — "THE —dissatisfaction IMPOSSIBLE." steadily —surely —every year for "over a third of "SHUBERT" forged ahead to the front—onward into leadership in the Fur Industry. "SHUBERT" is as near you as your postoffice or express agent. You take no risk when you ship your Furs to "SHUBERT" —you are the final and only judge as to whether our prices and assortment satisfy you. north or south — our institution and our SERVICE are Wherever your home may be really as convenient to you as your postoffice or your express agent. a Trial Make "SHUBERT" Shipment— "SHUBERT" Wants YOUR Stamp of Approval. "SHUBERT" studied the Fur Industry and brought out more ideas for protection of Fur Shippers than any other house —the most important GUARANTEE. Read prices of —-on in page "tEhe Compare the Market Reports and Shipper" with literature quoted ^>J)Ufaert other houses.FUR SHIPPERS ALL OVER NORTH AMERICA Have put their STAMP OF APPROVAL on "SHUBERT" SERVICE." Fur Shippers 30. you the — —wide-awake live '"Qfyt §S>\)Ubtvt £j>f)tppcr" quotes you honest and reliable prices and gives you authentic Market information. ." "SHUBERT" has won first place among the Fur Houses of North America— growing a century. Conscientious. in in —whether town or the country — east or west.
Frequently they build other below the main dam to and relieve it of part of the water pressure. the trunk into suitable lengths and drag where they make a dam of Then they cut them down to the water. -# •75 BEAVER Description Thick. of a chestnut brown color. legs and underpart dull brown. This it does by gnawing through the wood with its powerful. sticks very well constructed of stones. broad. When a tree is cut down. -% ^ 4^ p. flat. canoe. feet. plastered down with mud on trance 55 the roof and with an en- under water. D fiYinn y animal. the pelt of the Beaver was the standard by which skins. An entire . chisel-like teeth. the Beavers trim off the branches and bring gun. A many Beaver So many Muskrat skins or so many of some other article were worth one Beaver skin. cost so — them to their houses for a supply of winter food. general color varies from light to dark brown. scaly i and naked tail. The and dwellings are circular and logs. heavy body. trapping outfit. all barters were settled. dense. webbed hind feet. The Beaver is an industrious little animal of a peaceful disposition. Everyone knows that it has a wonderful power which no other animal possesses that of felling trees. ears black. thick. and Northwestern well United Canada and Alaska. these short logs. I V mixed with longer hairs on the back. filled in with stones and earth. some specimens almost black. At the present time Beaver skins are in good demand and bring high prices. Northern States. clothing or food.*# g. The purpose of these dams is to back up the water to form lakes or ponds at the edge of which they construct their dams just reinforce it houses. The Beaver is a more or less known In the early days of the Fur trade in North America. soft underfur of a dull brownish color.
with a secretion known as Beaver Castor. Fasten the trap to a "sliding pole. also used a cunning animal on guard against danger. Set a trap in the water in front of the pocket. Fasten a piece of Beaver Castor to the bank. dig out a small pocket in the bank a few inches deep. they enlarge the house each fall to accommodate the new members. because the Fur condition. place a few. They may is The Beaver is and always be trapped in the spring or fall. Another method is to find a Beaver slide or trail and set a trap a few inches under water at the foot of the slide or trail. but for the winter they lay in a supply of poplar. both male and female. or else build new houses along little the edge of the lake or pond. Drive a stick of green wood into the bank about two feet above the trap and smear Beaver Castor on the end of the stick." but use a dead pole. are born about the middle of May. willow. The young birth. which makes it somewhat difficult to trap. There are many ways of trapping Beaver. cottonwood and birch of which they eat the bark. but this is an exception. hunt- up roots and gnawing the bark from bushes and trees under ice. 56 . Occasionalits ly. they travel under the ing for fresh supplies. has two glands situated filled in the hinder part of the body. used. because if a green pole is used. When the supply begins to run low during mid-winter. at the foot of a steep bank. four to eight at a The Beaver. a lone Beaver will be found here and there. Still another method in open water is to set a trap about three or four inches under water.family usually lives in one house and as the family increases in size. During the summer the Beaver feeds on lily roots and bark and green twigs. The spring season is the better time. which are of a yellowish or light-brown color. beneath. making mud house at the head of some brook. This is Castor makes the best bait or scent for the animal. is then in its best 3 3/2 or 4 traps should be Find a high slanting bank. the other Beaver will carry it away. digging ice. in open water or under the ice in winter. Around the trap. small upright sticks of dead wood so that the Beaver will have to go over the pan of the trap in order to reach the scented stick driven into the bank. and for medicinal purposes. Very Good Specimens of Beaver Castor The Nos.
of Honesty. just as there are two kinds of First: Commercial Honesty. That trial is generation to the next.A good winter set is as follows Locate a place near the Beaver houses where the water is about a foot deep. it is always best to stand in the water so as not to leave any will carry human scent. HONESTY THAT YOU CAN BANK ON There are two kinds almost anything else. old-fashioned 24-Carat Honesty. which is the bait. And then: There is the real. shipment into a "SATISFIED SHUBERT SHIPPER. pole. Cut a piece of green poplar. that is the good OLD-FASHIONED HONESTY that is the cornerstone upon which the immense "SHUBERT" institution has been built from the very first day of There is caught. always trying to give more. passing the string through the skin and around the hoop. close to one side of the pen. a couple of inches thick and about two feet long. in which the crime lies in getting off a Muskrat. ten to fifteen cents off a Skunk. an accurate and liberal assortment. also fasten it near the entrance and set the trap well inside of the pen and close to the piece of green wood. a few inches apart. Use adarge bag needle. the kind that won't rub off. the highest market prices. just a little taken off the real value of your Furs that you the shipper—-would never miss that's Commercial Honesty. Make a pen in the water by shoving down dead sticks. A few cents — — — its establishment in 1883. the kind of honesty that holds our shippers through one That's the kind of honesty that turns a finally. When setting traps for Beaver in open water. : cottonwood or birch. Fasten the end of this piece of green wood to one of the corner stakes and about two or three inches from the bottom. possible." and that is the kind of honesty that you can bank on when you ship your Furs to "SHUBERT" 57 . in fact. Beaver should be skinned "open" and stretched as round as Fasten the skin in a hoop at four points and gradually stretch between these fastenings. never giving less than we quote. as the Always fasten the trap to a "dead" stake or Beaver away a green piece of wood. Cover the hole with evergreen boughs to prevent its freezing. twenty to thirty cents off a Mink. the kind that means to you one hundred cents for every dollar's worth of Furs you ship. cut a hole in the ice about twenty inches square.
& WHITE WEASEL .I I \ \V\ ^"i.
old trees. The White Weasel night. squirrels or rabbits. following its prey by scent and killing for the mere joy is of slaughter. as it will kill the chickens right and stopping only to suck a little of the blood from each. in a hen roost is a terror. four to eight in a ^a The best bait for White Weasel is rabbit. or 1 or V/i traps are best suited for White Weasel. dull brown to a rich. but squirrels and mice are also good. In the summer the color changes. plenti- they are satisfied with sucking the warm A White Weasel left. They make their dens under stumps or in the hollow roots of They also take possession of the burrows of groundwhich they kill. ^ as k a > as far south as Colorado. or stones. The Fur is short and pure white in winter. short legs. small feet. and or hole it squeeze into every crevice can find. The Nos. is a great wanderer. Fasten the trap to a clog. having two or three litters a year and from litter. except a black tip to the tail. ful. ^ RdtlQ Q. dark tip of tail ^ *n* gg| brown. remains black. Iowa. moles. It is a determined and tireless is hunter. some other bait on a stick Place a rabbit head beyond the trap so that the y animal will have to go over the trap to reach the bait. are very prolific. The White Weasel is the smallest of all carnivorous animals. as a larger animal may be caught.WHITE WEASEL Description Lon §' slender body. often leaving its victims uneaten. When game blood. Fresh blood is more attractive to the White Weasel than any other scent. varying from a light. Central Illinois Newfoundland. shrews. 59 . the occupants of The food They of the rabbits. traveling miles in a single It likes to follow old tumble-down stone walls overgrown will with weeds. Canada and Northern States and Pennsylvania. eggs. It bold and fearless and probably no other creature is more bloodthirsty than this little animal. For a White Weasel set build a small enclosure of sticks Set a trap in the entrance. poultry White Weasel consists and young birds and their of mice. or along old fences.
roots, crevices in rocks, or
any small, natural
are good places for
of the White Weasel changes to brown, it no value, at the most not worth over five to ten cents. Some Weasel are caught just when the Fur is turning white, and have a few grey hairs on the back. These are called Greybacks and are worth considerably less than the pure white skins.
of little or
Often White Weasel are caught that have yellow "stains" on the back. These are known as "stained" Weasel, and are not worth as much as the pure white skins. There is no way of removing
White Weasel should be skinned "cased" and shipped
"SHUBERT" says: "DISAPPOINTMENT AND DISSATISFACTION ARE SURE TO FOLLOW IF YOU ARE NOT JUDICIOUS IN CHOOSING YOUR FUR HOUSE. IF YOU DO NOT SHIP YOUR FURS TO A RELIABLE AND RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTION, YOUR RETURNS ARE
BOUND TO FALL SHORT
RESPECT. ANY-OLD-PRICE FUR HOUSES HAVE A REPUTATION LIKE A PASTE JEWEL, WHICH CAN NEVER BE EXHIBITED WITH
IN SOME THESE FLY-BY-NIGHT-QUOTE-
EVENTUALLY YOU WILL NOT GENUINELY GOOD AND YOU WILL HELP OTHERS TO DETECT THE IMITATION."
don't have to have a
to enjoy the benefits of the
one thing that
"PERSONAL PULL" with "SHU"SHUBERT" SERVICE. The to the "SHUBERT" SERVICE is a
whether you are
10 miles or 5,000 miles from Chicago,
you get the same SERVICE.
also loves to
loves his friends
made a new
shipper at the expense of an old one,
nor does he give the old ones any undue advantage over the new
He SERVES them all alike and SERVES them well. There is a lot of "HOCUS POCUS" in the fur business— "BUNK" and "NONSENSE." "SHUBERT" steers clear of it all and plays the Game straight on the square —man to man—-from a human standones.
good as another Fur shipper and
written opposite the
many Fur Houses who
failed to follow the rules of
but ignored the Fur Shipper
—who did not pay
what they quoted— did not give an
and did not pay the
HONEST ASSORTMENT— HIGHEST MARKET PRICES. They were "BUNK" and "NONSENSE" and thought they
could fool Fur shippers.
"SHUBERT" SERVICE is the "SHUBERT" word of honor to "DELIVER THE GOODS" at any time you make a shipment,
whether we receive
January or July.
"SHUBERT" says: "TRUTH IS THE BEST BUSINESS ASSET."
prairie dogs. with heads on. tipped 'III RCLTIQC Entire Western and Southwestern United States north to Canada. etc. five to eight in The young a litter. it cannot animal. any of their natural foods may be used. They are fleet of foot. They are very destructive to sheep and cattle. hunt and live in pairs. ticularly from the better sections. etc. or enlarged are born in the spring and there are from Badger dens. they should not be skinned. They never attack cattle or They also eat rabbits. 63 . deer. Coyotes run. A good portion of a horse or sheep. therefore. but very cowardly. very numerous on the plains of the United States and Canada. mice. They are dyed and made up into scarfs. unless in packs of six or eight. rabbit. As a rule. Badger. Coyotes are small. sage hen. with black. the value of The skin of the the skin is reduced materially. Coyote has a market value. especially deer. elk and antelope. Practically every state where Coyotes are found. cunning and wary. pay a bounty for the capture of this and the bounty money vary in the different states. natural holes in the rocks. squirrels. If the head of the animal is cut off. The bounties. If small animals are used for bait. and white hairs. and in recent years very high prices have been paid for perfect skins. under parts ashy white. Badger. For bait.. also found in extreme Northern i i Michigan. especially when the head or Most of the Coyote skins. and prey on young game. They live in burrows. Coyote skins are often ruined and greatly reduced in market value by the requirements of bounty laws. Wisconsin and Minnesota. or a prairie dog. dull yellowish-grey. as well as of the provinces of some Canada. Coyotes are very suspicious and difficult to trap. i t some specimens grizzled with black tail full. the bounty laws methods of obtaining the be used in imitation of Fox. are used in imitation of Fox.*- «= COYOTE DcSCtivtiOtl General color. ground grouse. slinking wolves. sage hen. parears are cut off. make good bait.«* «?•^.
Still another method is to place a bait on a stick about three feet high. make a scent that is strongly attractive to the males. Then add one ounce of pulverized asafetida and one ounce of pulverized Beaver Castor. The best time to set traps for Coyotes is just before a rain or light snow fall. it is well to set traps around it. allowing it to stand There are many different kinds of scents that vantageously in trapping Coyotes. which is January and February. 3 or 4 pounds traps should be used for Coyotes and should always be fastened to a clog or drag of about twenty-five to thirty-five in weight (a stone or log may If be used). the trap should have a swivel at each end. weeds." added to the urine of the animal. Set traps some distance apart from each other on the trail and cut some of the meat in small pieces and scatter around the trap. taken when "in heat. weeds. Mix well and bottle tightly until used. until it is thoroughly decayed. and avoid human scent as much as possible. The Nos. Place a large bait close to the trail and about halfway between the two settings. Add a quart of prairie-dog oil or any liquid animal oil. is also a very good scent. Another method is to drag a large piece of fresh meat along a trail. leaving Do not touch the ground with your hands. as this will help take away the human scent. Set two traps close together on the trail. The Coyotes will become suspicious and will circle around the bait and in that way step into one of the traps. A good method of trapping Coyotes is as follows: Find a well defined trail. The urine of the animal. chain drag should be carefully buried. is Never stake the staked. Traps may also be set between clumps of brush. Another good scent may be made by cutting up about half a pound of raw beef into small pieces and placing in a bottle. The sexual organs of the female. ground or trees. the chain trap unless absolutely necessary. 64 . then set two more in the same manner about fifty yai'ds beyond. While setting traps. The trap. Set traps on each side of the bait and about ten feet from it. well scented gloves should be worn and scent rubbed on the soles of the A piece of old cowhide or sheepskin may be used to stand on and to place the loose dirt in digging the hole for the trap and clog. If an animal is found that has been killed by Coyotes. Coyotes should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. A few drops of scent may be applied to the grass. cactus or between two trees. and is most successful during the mating season. driven into the ground. bottled and allowed to stand until it becomes rancid.may be used adBeaver Castor is fairly attractive. The surface of the ground and clog or and the surroundings should appear as nearly natural as possible. nor spit near the trap. shoes.
1917. truly.JOSEPH BILL. Idaho. Your money was received pleased and can say that for my furs. I can say that I was well "SHUBERT" pays higher prices for furs than any fur house in the world. Will send you one of my cards that I had taken awhile back with 38 coyotes on and 8 badgers and 2 cats. MINIDOKA. 65 ." Will send my furs to "SHUBERT" Yours very from now on. B.. 19. March A. and I have sent these furs to different fur houses to see what company pays the best and I got bigger money from "SHUBERT. Illinois. Inc. Gentlemen: — Chicago. IDAHO Another "Satisfied Shubert Shipper" Minidoka. JOSEPH BILL. SHUBERT.
v r m mm « /A .„ TIMBER WOLF .i .
are born in the spring and there are from five to nine Practically every of Wolves are found. Alaska and entire North. prairie dogs. tipped with black. color grey. Like the Coyote. moose and cattle. In the far North.5 * :? :* :? :? TIMBER OR GREY WOLF DeSCriptlOtl tail full. Lar § er tlian Coyote. 67 . Wolves travel in packs and run down their prey by combined speed and endurance. they prey on the cattle. the bounty laws and the methods of obtaining the bounty money vary in the different states. the Wolf lives in cavities in the rocks. but district. The young in a litter. etc. Throughout the cattle country. while in the United kill States and Canada. is a larger animal than the not found in large numbers in any The Timber Wolf Coyote. The bounties. mice. they will not hesitate to attack man. cari- musk ox are their principal prey. they many deer and antelope. but very bold and ferocious. has a market value and when perfect. also everglades of Florida. In the far North. holes in the ground. in the winter. Large Wolves are sometimes called "Lobos" or "Loafers. like the it is not cowardly Coyote." Unlike the Coyote. shy cun- ning and wariness of the Coyote. freely mixed with black hairs on the back. when food is very scarce. etc. pay a state bounty for the capture of this ani- mal. the as well as provinces where some of Canada. is While it possesses the swiftness. Wolf skins are often ruined and greatly reduced in market value by the requirements of the bounty laws. They also eat rabbits. especially when the head or ears The skin of the Wolf are cut off. RcitlQ 2 Same as Coyote. Wolves are destructive to game and bou.
am more W. SHUBERT. IDAHO Two Successful Coyote Trappers Carey. commands a very high price. I remain a steady customer. left on. A. The remarks about Coyote in regard to baits. as the Wolf is a stronger Wolves should be skinned "open" and the head. Idaho. Dear I — I Chicago. and wishing you always success in your business. FARNSWORTH. 68 . Idaho. a larger trap should be used. Feb. received the returns from you and can say to you and all of my friends that than pleased and satisfied.. 4 or 43^ being about the right animal than the Coyote. Illinois. However. and you can look forward for about one to three shipments from me soon. Thanking you for this. B.with the head on. the Nos. 1. Carey. 1917. CAREY. B. Sirs: Inc. FARNSWORTH AND BROTHER. sizes. feet and claws W. B. scents and trapping methods apply equally to the Wolf.
as the expect to catch a few muskrats and skunks as soon I prices you will get weather breaks. or mange as we call it here. you are handled and stretched right. was caused by people inoculating with it to get rid of them. and as long as you pay satisfactory I have out a good string of traps all I catch in the fur line. 69 . of furs. HUGH CHALFANT. January A. Chicago. Inc. and you have some of my friends to Yours very truly. SAu^ft HUGH CHALFANT. B.il To AB. At present about the I will have another shipment for coyotes and bob cats. but it didn't seem to affect coyotes the them much. but guess they get bit. I sooner ship them to some sucker bait house and get them to come can't if I see and them am going to dig into these furs I am sending through and ship to you. WYOMING Jayem. only to spoil their fur. 1917. SHUBERT. Jayem.ONTAe Tra. Anyway. Please tell me if not asking too much of you. last of March.. Dear Sir:— Something doing on a small scale. not even scab. The coyote hides are the best I have seen in this locality and about worth skinning. JAYEM. 19. if I have any good would ship their furs to you. Wyoming. It may come in handy for you my consent to use it if you wish. Illinois. Wyoming. have been trying to get I luck. 2 skunks and 11 muskrats). dar or advertisement. This half of what I catch is too shabby. if it is some furs that I had taken Will send you a picture of myself and to use for a calensome time back. You have treated me fair and square before and therefore I am sending you a small shipment Wish it was more (7 coyotes.
RED FOX .
•I* v •r*- v »:* RED FOX Description Color varies in different sections. Its boldness in robbing hen-roosts is well known. but except in rough air. in Muskrat. but it is also day time. Entire North America and Newfoundland. usually four. for its food generally at night. prefers to sleep in the open lying in a clump of brush or weeds or under a fallen tree. avoiding its enemies and detecting the danger in a set. woodchucks. greyish on rump and flanks. etc. but in some sections black. there being from four to nine in a litter. The creature seems to know that the dogs will break through and perhaps be swept under the ice if the water is of sufficient depth and the current strong enough. tip of tail white. smell and hearing of the Red Fox are very acute. but too frail for the dogs. belly usually white. in hunting. carrion. The young are born the latter part of April or the beginning of May. It possesses great speed and is a very intelligent animal. mice. with longer black hairs at the top. The Red Fox is bold and at the same time cautious. partridge. tail very bushy. The senses of sight. It rears its young burrows in the ground. deep red. of The Red Fox hunts frequently seen in the squirrels. It has a well-earned and undeniable reputation for shrewdness and cunning. rabbits. is to cross over thin ice. just strong enough to bear the animal. from a pale red to a very bright. same color as body. The Red Fox is the most common of all the Foxes and the best known. but the animal relies more on its senses of smell and hearing than upon its eyesight. I\(XYIQQ. weather. One of the favorite tricks of the Red Fox. fish. and sometimes it will come close up to camps and feed on the scraps food that are discarded. It feeds on small birds. poultry. when pursued by dogs. and is one of the most difficult Fur-bearers to trap. its Its tricks to escape its enemies and secure prey are really remarkable. 71 . legs black.
Set a trap on top and cover carefully. The Fox is very suspicious of a bait and will get on the highest point to look at it. chopped fine. but in using the latter two scents. Fox very seldom takes to earth when being pursued. which carefully conceal. he just trots along leisurely and plans all kinds He will occasionally go of schemes to throw them off the scent. Put a piece of clean with dirt dug out of the hole. taken when "in heat. clean gloves should be worn. Woodchuck. Locate a small knoll or an old decayed stump. best to have a basket or blanket in which to place the dirt set. may be used. about six or eight feet. no bait bait. cut up into small pieces. A good scent may be made by mixing (in a bottle or jar) the fat two Skunk. For 2. 3 or 3>Vi traps may be used. Opossum. the tainted flesh of should be used.Hounds do not worry a Red Fox. The sexual organs of the female. It is a good idea to set the trap several days before placing the bait. and then jump away to one Or he will run along the top of side and go off in a new direction. When a without drawing blood and set the trap back This will the same place. the Fox is also good. When he finds that there are hounds on his track. and the left surroundings should be is looking as much as possible undisturbed. 72 . and if carried out carefully will bring success. make a very attractive scent. Place the carcass of a Skunk. Find an old stump and dig a hole under it. with the flesh of a Muskrat. kill it and to carry away what is not needed. When setting traps for Foxes. then add the scent of two Skunk and the Musk of of about four or five Muskrats. thus giving the human odors a chance to pass away. 2^. Place a piece of scented bait in the hole and set a trap about ten to twelve inches in front of it. back in his own footsteps for a distance." and preserved The urine of in a pint of alcohol. increase the chances for catching another Fox. Muskrat. A good scent is Fish Oil. when except A Red The Nos. paper over the trap and cover lightly Fasten the trap to a clog or drag. wounded or tired out by a long run. while making a Fox in is caught. Allow to stand in a warm place until thoroughly decayed. a rail fence or stone wall. Skunk or House Cat. Muskrat or Woodchuck at a distance from the trap. among There are many ways of trapping Foxes. but the following are the best. great care should be exercised to avoid leaving It human odor.
Find a narrow place in an old road in the woods. lined with some dry material. When looking at the traps. The mound should be about two feet high and a hollow made in the top. Place upon the pan of the trap a piece of sod as light as possible. over which a Fox travels. on a frozen lake. This set should be prepared a couple of months before the trapping season and the bait and trap set when the season opens. halfway between the sod and the shore. and cover with mud or whatever is on the bottom of the spring. so that it will not drift away. Cut a piece of bait into small pieces and stick into the side of the mound. or an trail." 73 . The Fox in reaching for the bait will step on the sod and into the trap. Break a trail in the snow by walking back and forth on the road or across the field and set several traps in this trail with- the center of the spring and so that inches above the water. and a trap set therein. Place a piece of clean white paper on the trap and cover with loose snow. follow the trail and step over the traps. THAT'S WHY WE KEEP ON ADVERTISING. This snow should not be handled with the hands. Be careful in setting and do not out bait. Fasten the trap to a clog and bury the clog in the mound. Then set a trap. A good winter set. so that it will rise about an inch above the water. dig out a shallow hole and line with dry grass and weeds. under water. one that has an outlet. leave any tracks outside of the trail. beating the snow solid. Another method is to find where Foxes travel across a field or on an old road. The traps should be covered with a piece of clean white paper and a little snow. Red Fox should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. with making piece of clean paper over the trap and cover lightly it look as natural as possible. UNLESS YOU CAN BACK UP WHAT YOU ADVERTISE. Select a spring or small pond about four feet in diameter. is to make a cone-shaped mound of snow. The chain and the drag must also be hidden. 'SHUBERT" says: "NO USE ADVERTISING. The chain and clog should be pushed under the snow beside the trail. In making this set. place a piece of sod (about ten inches across) in it will rise about two or three Put a piece of bait and a little scent on the sod. Set a trap in the hole and fasten to a old stock drag. the trapper should wade up the outlet of the spring and must not touch the bank or any of the surroundings. or it will freeze on the trap. a path. Lay a dirt. particularly for use in the North.
trapping methods. the Fur of the Cross Fox is more valuable than that of the Red Fox. very liberally interspersed with grey and black.CROSS FOX DeSCfivtiOTl from a light red. The foregoing remarks about Red Fox regarding habits. skinned Fox should Fur side out. tail bushy. in western states south as Nevada. varying in color according to color of body. All examples have a black especially on the rump. the Cross Fox. Utah and Colorado. "SHUBERT" CAN GUARANTEE YOU GENUINE SATISFACTION. shipped Cross be "cased" and "SHUBERT" says: 'TRUE ACCOMPLISHMENT IN THE RAW FUR BUSINESS FOLLOWS ONLY UPON HONEST AND CONSCIENTIOUS EN- DEAVOR AND CLOSE APPLICATION TO THE INTEREST OF FUR SHIPPERS. RCLtlQG Same as far as Red Fox. difference in quali- ty of Fur. 74 . tip white. THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICES AND SPEEDY RETURNS. but no further south than Michigan and Wisconsin. Color varies greatly. scantily mixed with grey and black hairs to a darker red. apply equally to However. or very dark red band across the shoulders and another along the back. characteristics. The Cross Fox is merely a color variety of the Red Fox.. Belly and legs are black. etc." IF YOU WANT AN ACCURATE AND LIBERAL ASSORTMENT.
..-" SILVER FOX r A .
this variety of account of the great value of each individual Fox is being raised in some parts of Canada. underfur dark drab. tail thick and bushy. trapping methods. the Silver Fox is merely a color Red Fox. consequently. is The the black variety (Black Fox)." 77 . and the remarks about Red Fox regarding habits. outside of Sea Otter. However. Like the Cross Fox. "SHUBERT" says: "A MAN WITH GRIT AND PRIDE NEVER DID GROW CROOKED. most valuable of the North American Fur-bearers.. also RQtlQC Fur Newfoundland. characteristics. belly generally black. Some examples have more. On skin." Alaska. while other less of the silver-grey hairs. especially eastern. do not command as high a price. Canada. IT IS A COWARD'S CONFESSION OF HIS OWN INEFFICIENCY. sometimes a spot of white is found. and The its Silver is Fox is of greater value than any of the others. DISHONESTY IS A WEAKLING'S COMPROMISE WITH REAL ENDEAVOR. Those that have but few or no silver-grey hairs. extreme northern United high altitudes of western states. are called "Black Fox. interspersed with silver-grey hairs. apply equally to the Silver Fox.SILVER FOX DcSCriptiOtl Color black. Silver Fox should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. the farm skins have not the lustre and fineness of Fur possessed by the wild animal. states. the scarcest of the Fox family. variety of the etc. tip white.
tail long and silvery. much coarser than the tail of Red Fox. IxCLtXQC Entire United States. Grey Fox should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. rabbits. lives in the forests. because the Grey Fox is gifted with much natural trickery and is sly and cunning. the back being covered with long hair of two colors. p black. sides light yellow. reddish underneath. black patch on each side of muzzle. The Grey Fox is smaller than the Red Fox and not as bold and fearless. called "Swift It is very fleet of foot and is sometimes and shipped "cased" skinned Fox. tip tail full. black and white. smaller animal than any of Its range is restricted entirely to the a much western plains. mixed with longer whitish hairs. general color yellowish-grey above. same the color as the back. also British Columbia. underfur is dark drab or blue. and at It lives in burrows in open parts of the plains a distance from the wooded country. chest and sides reddish. belly white. Sometimes the open air and lie hidden among fish. mice. They eat insects. KITT FOX DeSCrivtlOtl Smallest of all Foxes. darker on the back. reptiles. not for the reason that it hates civilization. birds and almost every small creature that The same baits. and is more by the trapper. under parts white. but equal to the Red Fox in speed and endurance. The Grey Fox is more dependent on the forests than the Red Fox. scents and trapping methods may be used for the Grey Fox as suggested for the Red Fox. yellowish-grey with longer black hairs. preferring to make their dens in hollow trees they like to sleep in the bushes and undergrowth. but it lacks the amazing easily outwitted Red Fox. 79 . and old stumps. shrewdness and wiliness of the They seldom live in burrows.GREY FOX DcSCfivtiOtl General color grey. tip black. throat white. is The Kitt Fox the other Foxes. and is very rarely found in a cultivated country." Kitt Fox should be Fur side out. Western plains and northward to southern dis- " tricts of Canada.
* <**#* 1 i n '** O >Jr / \U K ^ i:\ WHITE FOX mm"n .
underfur varies light drab. black nose.WHITE FOX Description from ashy to a C° lor Pure white. hare. wild fowl. bait. The White Fox estabroots. The White it must make provisions for the long winter with its wild snows. Here the White Fox lives from year to year. Although the White Fox is a crafty little animal. may be A good set for White Fox is to make a cone-shaped solid. 81 . screeching gales and intense. Range and A * aska Newfoundland. so it hunts diligently while game is yet abundant. both in the care of its burrow and its Fur. The White Fox is not a lover of solitude. lishes a number of these caches and when the summer is at an end and the hour of need arrives. In the summer the White Fox lives in luxury.. ptarmigan. sods and light soil. ears and muzzle shorter and less pointed than Red Fox. is a very intelligent It etc. Labrador and extreme northern parts ' of Canada. Make a hollow in the top of not drift away. dug in places where the soil is light and sandy. eggs. mice. lemming. so mound of snow. trap is about the right size. and brings back the fat Fox knows that lemmings and mice to be packed away in cold-storage for the winter. moss. though it lacks some of the wily shrewdness of the Red Fox. and is not as clever in avoiding traps. 2 For used. wholly leaves the ground. It realizes that the summer will soon be over and that the lemmings will be safely hidden in their dens beneath ice and snow. from three to five at a time. and the birds all driven south before the cold.) Here it deposits a dozen or more fat lemmings and mice. The No. bitter cold. hare. then it covers them up with grass. but is fond of company lives in a community of twenty or more burrows adjoining each other. but the little animal. eats lemmings. creature. and brings forth its young. It burrows down through the light soil until it reaches a temperature (In the land of the White Fox the frost never just above freezing. it is not as sly as the Red Fox. etc. the question of food gives the White Fox no anxiety. beating the snow that it will Fasten the trap to a clog and bury the clog in the mound. food is plenty and hunting is an easy matter. The White Fox is very neat and clean. White Weasel.
the mound. This is not true. pelt. may be used for the Blue Fox as are suggested for the White Fox. mode of living. the only difference being the color the Blue Fox being merely a color variety of the White Fox. Blue Fox. The trap should be fastened to A trench the a stick about three or four feet in length. making a small it with a piece of paper. White Fox should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. habits. The form. scattered on the sides of the mound. color is slate drab or darkish purple. hollow. etc. place on the trap and cover with loose snow. size. x ^ as ^ a Newfoundland. and even some naturalists. Another good set is to find a bare point. BLUE FOX Dp^CTllltiotl ^ ame form and size as White Fox. RatlO 2. a piece of clean white paper Set a trap in the hollow. This snow should not be handled with the hands or it will freeze A piece of bait should be cut into small pieces and on the trap. The Blue Fox does not turn white in the winter. 82 . Blue Fox should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. are exactly the same as the White Fox. but always remains a Blue Fox. the stick laid in. A piece of bait should be chopped up and scattered around. and that a Blue Fox turns white in the winter. and set a trap therein. place another piece of paper over the trap and then dust snow over it until the trap is covered lightly.. line Pack the snow down a couple of inches. Canada. or a to travel. beginning some distance from the trap and leading to the trap.. of the food. length of the stick and about a foot deep is cut in the snow. Some persons. — The same bait. etc. ' Labrador and extreme T northern The Blue Fox is merely a color variety of the W hite Fox. and line with paper. jutting out into a lake clump of bush-growth where the White Fox are known or pond. wrongly suppose that the Blue Fox is the same animal as the White Fox. covered with snow and packed hard. trapping methods.
a huge cat,
Bod y resembles
not very long, tufted
with long black
hair, large legs
longer than front legs, sharp retractible claws, very short tail. General color reddish-
intermixed with long silvery of underfur reddish-brown,
with a ground of drab blue. Under parts white with faint dark spots appearing, tail tipped with
black, face surrounded
hair, black at base
by fringe of long, coarse and white at tip. Throughout northern and western United States, Canada, Newfoundland and Alaska.
In the north, the Lynx
and along the edges of swamps, while in the west, it lives in the wooded districts of the mountains. It climbs trees with great facility and swims well, but it is not swift on land. It will rob the nests of birds and squirrels, or stretch itself along a lower branch of a tree, from which it will pounce on whatever may pass beneath.
principal food of the
very fond of
partridge and Marten.
That when Lynx are plentiful and
The Lynx breeds once a year and as a rule has two young at a birth. The Lynx is a stupid animal and is not difficult to
Rabbit or partridge is the best bait, and for scent, is better than Beaver Castor, it being particularly attractive to the Lynx. The Nos. 3 and 4 traps are best for Lynx and should be
fastened to a stout clog.
to build a
Place a bait inside scented with Beaver Castor,
set a trap in the entrance of the pen.
The pen must
be roofed with branches, etc., to protect the trap from snow. Another method is to make a long pen, open at both Set a trap inside. Put some ends, about three feet high. Beaver Castor on a stick and place in the passage. Lynx should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur
Its home is usually a den beneath the bank with the entrance under water. the Otter also lives at the bottom of hollow trees or a burrow high up in the bank. in the winter The principal food of the Otter is fish. it course long and heavy that it drags along the ground. Its legs are so short and its body so of the stream. almost as thick at base as the body. from light fine. seizing their fish will catch wild ducks on the when it fish them from beneath. they slide down the snow banks. However.* * 4y * K- <& OTTER DeSCTiptiOtl Lon S' heavy body. tapering to a point. The Otter is an aquatic animal. They catch by swimming them down. They do not spend their entire time in fishing and traveling. webbed feet. clams and Muskrat. and from there they slide down into the water. In places where the water does not freeze during the winter. Color varies considerably in different districts. trout and horned-pout being the favorite. preferring to go around stumps and under logs rather than climb over them. taking advantage of the crust formed by the water dripping from 87 . and frequently are abundant. it follows the smoothest can find. short legs." sod. Where the bank is steep enough and slanting. All over Range North America and Newfoundland. living in and near streams and lakes. almost black. litter. can eat. soft chestnut brown to rich dark brown. but like to roll around on the grass and claw up the A favorite pastime of theirs seems to be "sliding. and usually follows the center When traveling overland. The young and there are from two to four in a Otter are affectionate and fond of each other. underfur of a grayish color. It makes regular journeys from one stream or pond to another. they make a roundabout path leading up to the top of the bank. They also eat frogs. and water. small. long tail. the Otter will kill more than are born about the middle of April. The animal is a beautiful swimmer and a good traveler. and time leaves a deep furrow in the snow.
3 and 3% When human setting traps for Otter. If such a log can be found. Set a trap under a couple of inches of water. However. If you find a path in the snow where Otter travel. Smear the notch with mud and set a trap in it. In the winter when streams are frozen. The trap should be fastened to a "sliding pole. that is a good place to set a trap." but if the water is not deep enough As two or three Otter to drown the animal a clog should be used. As a nothing better than Beaver Castor. but travels under the ice in the The best bait for Otter is fish. traps are the proper sizes for Otter. in the center of few stakes on Drive a opening. set a trap and cover lightly. . it is well to make several sets not far apart. A good place to set a trap for Otter is at the top of a slide. hibernate. Set a trap in the trail and cover lightly. Another good place is where the animal lands on the bank to go up to the slide. Make a small cavity in the ground. traps may be set under Find a place where the water is about ten to twelve inches ice. care should be taken to leave no scent around. an old Beaver dam in the vicinity. line it with leaves and moss. Everything should be left as natural as possible. there Muskrat is or rabbit flesh may be used. Find a place where the bank slants a little. their The Otter does not winter. Set a trap in the water at the edge of the bank and stick up a few sticks behind and at the sides of the trap. stick Where banks are low and the animals do not have slides. cut a notch for a trap so it will be about two inches under water. make a break Set a trap so that the water will flow through. find where they travel from one pond to another or along streams. When travelling overland and there is snow on the ground. Put a piece of Beaver Castor on a stick in the back of the pen. the Otter slides down any slope it comes to. When traps are set on the bank it is best to stand in the water and dash water over the set when it is completed. and set upright Put a piece of Beaver Castor or some Anise Oil on a on the log above the trap. end of the upper the in the water at over the trap. passageway make as to a trap so of the each side If you can find it Often an Otter will land on a log projecting into the water. usually travel together. a piece of scent for Otter. if fish cannot be obtained. The Nos.Fur and freezing on the snow.
General color dark . Their food consists entirely of clams. The Sea ever. tapering to a point. webbed small forefeet./ brown verging Rich. if comes on land. large hind feet. This defect lessens the value of the Fur considerably. is The Sea Otter not trapped. soft underfill. Set a trap in the entrance and fasten to a stake. of Sea Otter should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. into black. Aleutian Islands. This is known as a "singed" Otter. larger than land Otter. covered with slightly longer hairs of dark brown interspersed with white RcLTLQ Q. The Fur any of the of the Sea Otter is the most valuable North American Fur-bearers. crabs and fish. Sometimes an Otter is caught that has a curl to the top of its guard hair. They are not prolific. thick set body. long tail.of a hairs. but shot. Fasten a fish to a stick in the back of the pen. or taken in large nets sunk deep in the ocean. mussels. The pup time. cannot live without is its mother. bluish color. Drive the stake in front of the pen and directly in front of the trap. and is caused by the Fur being dried too quickly by the sun when the animal comes out of the water. western shore of Alaska. Cut a hole through the ice and make a pen of sticks in the water. only one being born at a The mother sleeps in the water on her back. tail Otter should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. with her young clasped between her forepaws. along the coast of down and Vancouver Island northern shores of Pacific Ocean. The SEA OTTER DcSCfivtiOtl Much legs. short feet. should be ripped open its entire length on the underside. Otter lives in the sea and very rarely. 89 .deep where Otter travel under the ice. The tail should be ripped open its entire length on the underside.
. :- //JJ // y \ .'. / r / BEAK .
occurring in South Carolina. The time for denning up varies in the different sections. a hollow log or some other natural retreat. They emerge in the spring. insects. a hole in the rocks. The Black Bear is a hibernating animal. toads. most commonly three. except the prairie districts.BLACK BEAR DcSCtivtiOTl Color black. frogs. Texas. It is a good natured animal of a quiet disposition. short RcitXQ Q. west and northwest. which selves. from April to the middle of May. and 91 other . bees. Louisiana. rich brown or blue ground. but is generally between November 1st and January 1st. However. Newfoundland. There are from one to four at a birth. huckleberries. ants. They will also den up in a hole in the ground. It is a dangerous antagonist when aroused and will put up a plucky fight. wild fruit. timorous and inoffensive. all over the United States. The young during the latter part of January and February. darker from some districts. Alaska. Florida. which means that it eats flesh and vegetables alike. They feed on field mice. that does not mean that a Black Bear will not fight when attacked or wounded. Canada. blueberries. The Black Bear is the smallest and most numerous of North iVmerican Bears. The Black Bear is omnivorous. tail. nose and lower half of face brown. They make their dens in any place that offers fair protection. goose- berries. or they dig themunder the trunk are born of a fallen tree. and sometimes as late as March.
etc. to a dark chocolate brown. Find a Bear and fasten to However. Cover the trap and clog carefully with moss. is Grizzly Bear very scarce in the United States. Construct a three-quarter circular pen (about three feet high). habits The only merely a color variety of the and inhabiting the same the color. scent for Bear is a mixture of Fish Oil. sized A good Beaver Castor is also attractive to the Bear. It is a good idea to lay a stick across the mouth of the pen. 50 and 150 traps should be used for Black Bear. The Nos. pig. dig a shallow excavation. which is a dark chestnut is or cinnamon. Cinnamon Bear difference is Black Bear. rough brute. or any kind of flesh makes good bait. you feet and BROWN BEAR Also called "Cinnamon Bear. etc. claws left on. etc. must make sure that no person will travel on the trail. 15. a heavy clog. However. RCLfigG Rocky The in largest Mountains and Alaska. place the trap therein Cover the trap and clog carefully. However. and exceeds all others 92 . Black Bear should be skinned "open" and the head. Root Mountains of Idaho. and in a great.honey. tipped with silver-grey hairs. of poles driven into the ground. dry leaves. being identical in size. Place a bait inside the pen beyond the trap in such a position that the Bear will have to pass over the trap in order to reach the bait. a good and will chunk of beef. The best bait for Bear is fish. color varies from light brown. the live. pork or honey. A trail. about five or six inches high and close to the jaws of the trap. being found is numbers in the Bitter It British Columbia. a large log of about eight or ten feet in length. diet depends largely upon the locality in which they They are also very fond of young break into a pig pen at night. so that in stepping over the stick the Bear will put his foot in the trap. lighter beneath. fish. 5. carrion. Anise Oil and honey. and cover well with brush." or The Brown districts. "blind set" may be used successfully for Bear. GRIZZLY BEAR DGSCfivtiOtl larger than Black Bear. The Black Bear loves the water and will not remain long in a locality where it cannot have a bath daily. Set a trap in the entrance and fasten to a heavy clog.
The itself more particular than the Black Bear in providing it weatherproof and well hidden. grass. fish. berries. usually denning up sometime after November 1st. especially in hot weather. except in self- well out of the defense or way of man and very when excited by wounds. Bear depends upon the food available in It will eat almost anything. feet and claws left on. 6 being about the right The clog to which the trap is fastened should also be larger size. the Grizzly Bear keeps rarely attacks. but the trap should be larger. The Grizzly usually finds some natural cave or hole in the rocks. ants. KADIAK BEAR DeSCtiptiOtl Even larger than the Grizzly. it is by The Grizzly Bear hibernates. and fills up all openings with stones so as to protect the interior from the Grizzly Bear is with a den and having weather as much as possible. It will cache what food it cannot eat and will return to feed on it until it is all consumed. The Grizzly Bear has one characteristic which is not possessed by the Black Bear. They come out of their dens in May. Like the Black Bear. This Bear is found only in Alaska and the adjacent the largest of all American Bears. the Grizzly also bathes. generally the latter part. However. At the present day. but far a more industrious animal and an expert fisherman. striking out with Then it becomes a terrible powerful paws and often dealing death in this manner.in ferocity and strength. The diet of the Grizzly it latter part of January and usually two the locality in which flesh etc. the Grizzly does not climb trees. a No. its antagonist. RatigC is Kadiak Island and Alaskan Peninsula. because of their scarcity. and in the colder regions earlier. 93 islands. and heavier. In warmer sections they den up later. color dark brown. the time depending upon the weather. both and vegetable. but it is not as fond of the water as the Black Bear. This it lines with grass and dry leaves. Unlike the Black Bear. the same bait and methods can be used as for the Black Bear. high up in the mountains. gophers. in The young are born the number. a log of about fifteen feet should be used. carrion. lives. Grizzly Bear should be skinned "open" and the head. mice. and . Not many Grizzly Bears are trapped.
": POLAR BEAR .4 .
which are usually two in number. is very courageous in defence of her young. The principal food of the Polar Bear is seal. 95 . the Polar Bear is comparatively easy to kill. Circle of tail short.rc tic Entirely white at all seasons. some specimens slightly tinged with yellowish. and usually flees when wounded. Canada and Alaska and extreme northern regions.POLAR BEAR Description RCLYIQC A. Polar Bear are not trapped. in Polar Bear should be skinned "open" and the head. a powerful swimmer. However. not even hesitating to attack a man. however. The female. Polar Bear do not hibernate. and quite determined in her efforts to secure food for them. The Polar Bear ranges along Its ice the beaches of the northern seas. fish and young walrus. drift and even on It is hunting grounds are on the coasts of islands surrounded by ice-fields far out at sea. Those that reach the market are most cases shot by explorers. "SHUBERT" says: "AN OUNCE OF PROOF IS WORTH A TON OF ARGUMENT. nose and eyes black. feet and claws left on. but they also eat seaweed and salt grass. Although of great size and strength. GIVE "SHUBERT" A TRIAL. CONVINCE YOURSELF." A TRIAL SHIPMENT TO "SHUBERT" PROVES MORE THAN A PAGE OF PRINT. the females retire to caverns in the snow or the beds of rocks for a considerable time to bring forth their young.
A- v^jttlX .JLI IN .
freely interspersed with silvery hairs. The best place to set traps is at the entrance to the However. Tail very short. grouse. feeding principally on rabbits. if a den cannot be found. den in a Although roaming about. and eastern Canada. preferring the twilight or darkness for stretched it delights in basking in the warm sunshine. squirrel. is e also Dakotas. some examples are spotted on the back. ears tufted €s fs O DcSCVivtlOtl of tions. R° c ky Mountain States to British Columbia and westward. grouse or The entrance. but smaller in size. For bait any one of its natural foods may be used. with white or pale yellow hair underneath whole length of tail. but possesses conwill fight ferociously. make a pen partridge. marked with large black spots. is The Lynx Cat siderable strength. RdtlOQ. Wisconsin. the back of the pen. 2 or 3 traps are about the right sizes. Minnesota. its of along the branch of a tree or curled up in the sunlight some little covert among the rocks. partridge. etc. The Nos. color at the base same as back. to a rich grey-brown. and when attacked both with teeth and claws. in of sticks and place a bait. a peaceful and shy animal. extreme tip white. black towards tip. It is carnivorous. 97 . den. white hair on the belly. Set a trap at the and trap both trap should be fastened to a clog and skinned be should Lynx Cat clog carefully hidden. Color varies greatly in different secfrom yellowish-brown. while others are plain like the Lynx. shorter than the tufts Lynx. rabbit. with black hairs. Longer. not skilled at following a trail and procures most of its food by lying hidden in ambush and springing out suddenly on whatever small game may come It is within It its reach. mice. Michigan it In general appearance the Lynx Cat resembles the Lynx. "cased" and shipped Fur side out.Cs 8 > LYNX CAT «& -Legs rather long. is an expert tree climber and makes hollow tree or in caverns among the rocks.
-.' WILD CAT ..
*i »s *>
Exactly the same in appearance as
Cat, color varies greatly,
but as a rule, darker and redder than Lynx Cat, with but few or no silvery hairs, some examples dark grey, Fur is shorter and flat.
Entire United States, also British Columbia.
The Wild Cat
in appearance, habits, as the
the Fur of the
shorter and coarser than that of the
considerable less value.
Lynx Cat, and of Where Wild Cat inhabit a
cultivated district, they frequently raid the farmer's
hen-roost, being fond of poultry,
the vicinity of sheep pastures, they easily
lambs, and will sometimes even pull
states bounties are paid for the capture of
used for the Wild Cat
suggested for the
Wild Cat should be skinned "cased" and shipped
flesh side out.
domestic animal is too well known to require it is mentioned here, so that the trapper
skin has a market value.
flesh side out.
would know that
House Cat should be skinned "cased" and shipped
'SHUBERT" says: "THE RECOLLECTION OF PROMPT RETURNS AND SQUARE DEALING REMAINS LONG AFTER THE FUR SEASON IS OVER."
Slender bt>dy, color, yellowish-brown, turning to black above, belly very light yellow, long, full tail ringed with black and white.
Texas New Mexico, Arizona, California, Oregon and Washington.
Ringtail Cat is a pretty little creature with body and handsome ringed tail.
very seldom seen
during the day.
rocks and trees and prefers to inhabit woods
traversed by a water course.
It feeds on the small creatures of the forest, insects,
reptiles, mice, birds, etc.,
nest in decayed
and the trunks
It brings forth three to four
at a time.
of its natural foods
about the right
under roots of
the banks of streams that they frequent, places to set traps for the Ringtail Cat.
decayed stumps, etc., are good
Ringtail Cat should be skinned "cased" and shipped
"SHUBERT" says: "SENDING EACH AND EVERY SHIPPER SATISFACTORY AND PROFITABLE RETURNS IS MORE CONVINCING THAN ANY ORAL ARGUMENT."
but is often seen during the day. soft under- fur of drab. Marten should be skinned"cased"and shipped Fur side out. small feet. Another good method is to cut down a small tree several feet above the ground. Place a piece of a trap in the entrance. and their eggs. Fasten the trap to the tree. climbers and are found only in thickly They wooded are expert tree districts. A very good tree set be set several feet above the with an axe and in tree cuts a Make two is as follows: on the pegs and the trap Set drive in two wooden pegs. they usually make their homes It They also live in burrows. A good Marten set is to build a small pen of sticks against a tree. not a strictly nocturnal animal. Canada. birds squirrels. squirrel. The head of a partridge with feathers is very good. s i ze °f a house cat. Split the butt of the tree and place a bait in the split. For bait. It is not necessary to cover the trap. living among tree.MARTEN DcSCtivtiOtX side. with light throat. 1 and No. three to seven in a litter. the trees and making their nests in holes high up in some old districts but in the mountainous in hollows in the rocks. lighter beneath. short legs. k The Marten rabbits. as the Marten has no fear of the trap. white in- tw wk bushy General color varies from yellow- ish brown to rich dark brown. 103 . is a carnivorous animal. pointed. 1^2 traps are best. tawny or orange-brown patch on «Wi\ Mountainous districts RotlOC of western States. forests of Alaska and Newfoundland. cut the top of the stump V-shape and lay the tree on the stump in the V so that the butt will extend about two to three feet. The young is The are born in the spring. trap fall is The may nail a piece of bait to the tree about a foot above the trap. traps should In districts where the snow ground. Cut a notch in the tree about a foot from the end and set a trap in this notch. but it is best to roof the pen with a piece of bark or some evergreen boughs to and set protect the trap from snow. and rabbits can be used. short ears. so that the tree bait inside forms the back of the pen. small birds. Marten is not suspicious and is easily trapped. Fasten the trap to the trunk of the tree. feeding on mice. heavy. thick -^out the tail. the No. Western and NorthNorthern States. be fastened to a clog.
Ratige General color dark brown. lighter toward the head. It is well to roof the pen to protect the trap from the snow. becoming grizzly grey. and it will eat Marten. bushy taihtaper. squirrel. eating or tearing to pieces any struggling as long as alive. squirrel. out of traps. about two feet high and about two feet long. It is a powerful animal considering its size.. is a very wild animal and has no particular fear of . and long-winded that they have been rabbits and hares in open chase. ^ dM . Fisher should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur 105 side out. For bait. . or to a heavy clog. Although very active in the tree tops. while a good scent can be made by mixing Anise Oil. The principal food of the Fisher is rabbits. rabbit. two to four at a birth. are good. set a trap in the entrance and cover lightly. Mink. They are nocturnal in their habits. Alaska and Newfoundland. also fond of beech-nuts and wild berries. Fisher are found in largest numbers where the country is rugged and fairly well timbered. man in the wilderness in fact. A % jj Canada. Northwestern and Northern States. They are good climbers and very agile and can jump from tree to tree like a squirrel. it often follows the trail of the trapper.. etc. Marten or Mink that may be caught. fish.•£ •• *£ *? ^T •v FISHER DeSCViptlOn Lar S er th an the Marten. Place a piece of bait on a stick in the back of the pen. It is partridges. They are covering immense distances in a single night and usually travel a regular route. short ears. they are equally at home on the ground and are so untiring » %JH§ A: known to run down great travelers. thick head. under parts darker than back. short. or dragging traps out of the snow to spring them. partridge. 13^2 or No. sleeping during the day in hollow trees or logs. A good Fisher set is a pen made of stakes. tail dark brown or almost black. etc. Western. long. Asafetida and Muskrat musk with Fish Oil. mice. A hollow log or any other natural enclosure make good places to set traps for Fisher. and is hard to hold in a trap. The young The Fisher are born once a year. 2 traps are the right sizes and should be fastened to a "spring pole" or a "balance pole" where possible. fish. The No. ing to a point.
/•/' RIVERINE .i I I s * / \ *> x :-/ \.„:.
and a man can The Wolverine is outrun it. Its home is a burrow. It is not fleet. vicious and cunning brute. also in the high altitudes of the Canada and extreme northern United Rocky Mountains. on the throat and between the forelegs there are several irregular patches of a yellowish-white color. bear-like body. a voracious animal and can never capture enough game to satisfy its perpetual greed. rabbits. It is found only is a typical animal of the north. tail. muscular large feet. and here the female brings forth her young once a year. beginning behind the shoulders. Mountain Devil and Skunk-Bear. sturdy. however. States. from three to five at a birth. white claws. It is The Wolverine also known under various other 107 . The under part is dark brown. It is a carnivorous animal and feeds on insects. legs very dark brown. and her fearless and ferocious attacks on any man or beast that threatens their safety. » j 1 1 s WOLVERINE DeSCfivtiOtl legs. Alaska. tains. Perhaps the only good side to the character of the Wolverine is the affection the female has for her young. in a tree is a fairly good climber. short. and not in large numbers in any one district. The Wolverine does not hibernate. feet black. therefore. broad. bushy General color f •I blackish. it seeks out and robs the caches of other animals.v #. large. a broad band of yellowish hue. and is the greatest plague that the The Wolverine in the trapper of the north knows. running along the sides and joining on the rump and base of tail. Heavy. and not safe when a Wolverine is a great wanderer and will travel from twenty to thirty miles in each direction from its home den. or deep dusky- • I brown. rounded head. but is about at all seasons. dark brown on snout and around eyes. reptiles. It is a good swimmer. north woods and in the timbered districts of the Rocky MounIt is a strong. lemmings and some of the smaller Fur-bearers. is names — Carcajou. RCLtlQQ. becoming grey and grizzly on neck and head. mice. It is game hung around.
eat more than most animals of its size. etc. springing the traps. coffee. the Wolverine kills it and pulls it out of the trap. a piece of goat or any kind of flesh excellent bait. It rips open every sack and it all parcel. If the animal is not dead. to hang a large piece of venison or other meat in Set traps around the tree carefully concealed in the snow. will touch it. ingenuity in searching out buried diabolical possess a seems to It Its large stomach makes it possible for it to treasures of meat. the Wolverine so defiles the snow about its cache. is Beaver Castor is very attractive to the Wolverine is and the best scent for this animal. it will follow the trail to the end. Do not disturb the surroundings any more than is absolutely necessary. it greatest joy. scatters flour. matches. The Wolverine and what it cannot eat. scenting it with its foul odors.. and if anything is left after the Wolverine has stuffed itself. snow and cache the dead animal at the bottom. in one confused mass upon the cabin floor. it is either give up the a time. if No amount of careful hiding dead and frozen. after which it defiles the snow over the cache and goes its way. robbing the traps of their bait and of the captured animals. Then replaces the snow in the hole. soap. bacon.can conceal a cache from a Wolverine. If the trapper's efforts at trapping this animal fail. and wallows in At last what it cannot carry away. muskrat. with the the defiles to utmost and departs." A is rabbit. no matter how hungry. stealing the bait and taking out every animal that has been caught. sugar. during his Then it is in its glory. trapping this animal is no easy matter for it is slyer than a Fox and very wary. it will carry some distance. it will bury what remains and in order to protect it from being stolen. A No. "spring pole" or a "balance pole. 4 trap should be used. fastened to a clog heavy clog and the must also be hidden well. will enter a trapper's cabin. By these signs a trapper can tell where dig a hole in the to dig for his stolen Furs. Be sure to cover the traps well and fasten to heavy clogs. When a Wolverine finds a trapper's line for line. However. tramps it down and neatly smooths over the surface. Sometimes the Wolverine absence. of trapping this sly One way and wary creature a tree. a good portion of strychnine placed in the bait of one of the traps on the line will undoubtedly do the work. tobacco. For this reason Once the Wolverit is thoroughly hated by the trapper of the north. 108 . torn off the body. Wolverine should be skinned "cased" and shipped Fur side out. the animal is is violently jerked until the trapped leg will eat all it can. or catch the Wolverine. Another method is to place a rabbit in a trap and set traps all around. ine has found a trap line. squirrel. It must be well concealed and fastened to a heavy clog. The Wolverine also has the habit of following a trap line. that no other animal.
CANADA. A Fine Collection of Lynx and Foxes 'SHUBERT" says: "A FUR SHIPPER WILL REALIZE 'MORE MONEY' FOR HIS FURS BY SHIPPING TO A RELIABLE AND HONORABLE INSTITUTION WHOSE ORGANIZATION HAS STOOD THE 'ACID TEST' FOR SERVICE. ALTA. AS SURELY THESE TWO PHASES OF MERCHANDISING DO NOT RECEIVE THE ATTENTION THEY ARE ENTITLED TO— BY THE MAN WHO ENDURES HARDSHIPS AND WORKS LIKE A DEMON TO GATHER HIS COLLECTION OF FURS." WE EMPHASIZE RELIABLE AND HONORABLE. L. 109 . LAMMA. COALSPUR.L.
BADGER Ui .
etc. ** _ Tllick set feet. 3 trap is the proper The best set for Badger is to the at the entrance main burrow. ears to the nape. small head. also some parts of The Badger in deep. field mice. strong claws. color. short very large. The No.m grey. > *fc %= BADGER Description fore feet. snakes. Besides the main burrow. preferring fresh meat. The Badger is naturally timid. States. gopher. three or four in a For good Badger bait. It hiber- nates during the cold weather. the Badger prefers lying quietly in the grass to It will flatten itself trying to run away. As the animal possesses considerable strength for its size. the trap should be fastened in such a manner so that the animal cannot escape. etc. is a clumsy animal. prairie dogs." Ill . under part is dirty white or light brown. gophers. black patch in front of each ear. Fur very long at the sides and shorter on on the back. fights desperately. short fl at body. is The Badger very seldom ever seen during the day. Their food is any carrion. fresh meat size. on tail.. beetles. The young are born once a year. grasshoppers. running down between the and throat white. a white mark or line on the head. general color light yellowishis The under-fur soft and of a light brown covered with longer black and white hairs. but if cornered. of any kind. It is an expert digger and lives wide-mouthed burrows of its own digging. white at the tip. Badger should be skinned "open. ground squirrels. Legs and feet black. When and alarmed. sides of face Rdnge Western United western Canada. the animal has several others nearby. com- mencing at the nose. will try to down close to the ground escape being seen in that manner. prairie dog. Dig a shallow hole. there beinglitter. may be used. place trap therein and cover lightly.
or Cougar. It is a very good climber and readily takes to a tree when pursued by dogs. calves and colts. those and habits of the agree in branding the Mountain it is Lion. on almost all wild Deer and Mounits Goat are it will principal food. killing sheep. the Mountain Lion has learned through bitter experience that the only chance of life is to keep out of the way of man. 113 . as sometimes called. the Mountain Lion is far from being a coward. rabbits and and other small beasts. In many parts of the west. long tail. also Although many blood-curdling tales have been told of the daring of the Mountain Lion and of its attacks familiar with the nature animal.»:: * Description & MOUNTAIN LION General color. and when it comes to fighting on anything like equal terms. under parts dirty white. tip very dark brown or blackish. as a coward. a big male Mountain Lion will kill a full-grown horse or cow. they are very destructive to stock. this fear of man is its only fear. it becomes a very * dangerous adversary. The Mountain Lion preys tain animals. However. light duiibrown. Canadian line. especially when wounded. all upon human beings. darker on the back. but also kill eat wild foul. RCLYIQC Rocky to north of the Mountains and westward. Like all other wild beasts of this country. and when pressed by hunger. pigs.
" in . etc. They never remain long in one particular place and prefer to kill game for their food.. claws left on. they do not return for a second meal to the carcass of an animal they have killed. is to trail it with dogs and shoot the animal when the dogs drive the it to a tree. a crevice between cliffs. except when food is scarce. of and at last pouncing upon it with one swift. its lair in The Mountain Lion makes cave in the rocks. are nocturnal in their habits and rarely appear during the But few Mountain Lions are trapped. 4^2 trap should be used and fastened to a heavy clog. it is well to set around it. The No. As a rule. it will not come near enough to be caught. and in case the Mountain Lion should return it to the carcass. in fact. both trap and clog carefully hidden. then creeping it stealthily within springing distance silent dart. from two to five in They daytime.Their method the of securing game is by sneaking to about until game is sighted. feet and "SHUBERT'says: "THERE IS NO MORE SATISFACTION IN TAKING ADVANTAGE OF A FUR SHIPPER THAN CHEATING AT A GAME OF SOLITAIRE. there is no method known by which this animal can really be successfully trapped. or. The customary way That is of hunting the Mountain Lion are killed. by lying on an over hanging branch of a tree or ledge rock and springing directly down upon its unsuspecting victim of it when passes beneath. for the Mountain Lion is suspicious and cautious. and if it finds that the carcass has been visited and the surroundings disturbed. may be caught in one of the traps. way most Mountain Lion Mountain Lion should be skinned "open" and the head. several traps However. if a freshly killed animal is found. Here it brings forth number. a usually retiring to a place inaccessible to man. its young in the spring.
for READ IT on page 30 "SHUBERT" says: "BEING SAFE. as disappointment and dissatisfaction are sure to follow judicious. you are not There are many reliable and responsible institutions in our industry. will A trapper work hard and endure many hardships will to accumulate a collection of Furs. means absolute protection of this book. who are not judicious in choosing a reliable Fur house. aggregate millions of dollars during the Raw Fur season. then he pack 'em up and send the shipment to some unseasoned Fur house that he did not hear of until he received their quote-any-old-price-pay-what-they -please circular.MISTAKES MADE BY FUR SHIPPERS Every year. 115 . After he receives he becomes absolutely disgusted and wishes that he had little only used a more care in choosing his Fur house. "THE SHUBERT GUARANTEE" the shipper. Shippers should exercise great precaution when choosing a Fur house. BEATS BEING SORRY. The glare of large returns often blinds ordinarily good judgment. if. his returns. and a Fur shipper does not have to take any chances." JUST ONE MORE REASON WHY YOU SHOULD SHIP YOUR FURS TO SHUBERT.
carried on. which divides into three or four branches. Young set out in beds about six inches apart. The plant thrives best in well-drained. It has a mucilaginous. and in the fall should be mulched with forest leaves or manure. Maine to Minnesota. they may be placed in the permanent beds. A small quantity of Ginseng is consumed by the Chinese of North America. but carefully washed in a tub of water until clean. It has a single stem which grows from ten to twenty inches tall. It should be well shaded. thus giving the plants the benefit of constantly changing light and shade. When the plants are two years old. then thoroughly dried until it becomes hard. The beds should at all times be kept free from weeds and grass. berries. sweetish. and for this purpose a frame-work of laths about one-half inch apart and about six feet high should be built over and around the beds. rising from one point. in length and varying The root is dug in about September. It should not be allowed to soak in water for any length of time and should not be scrubbed. each bearing five nearly smooth leaves.GINSENG Ginseng is a plant. but the main outlet for this article is Korea and China. some twenty years it is ago and at the present time. and southward to Arkansas and Georgia. root is The of a light yellowish color. . and should be carefully handled so that it will not be broken. the three end leaves being the larger. which develop into red. the root of which is highly valued by the Chinese and used by them for almost every imaginable domestic and medicinal use. The Chinese prefer the root of the wild plant to that of the cultivated. natural range from finger The plant has a about the size of a man's from two to four inches. They may be planted in the fall or early spring. In planting Ginseng beds. It requires plants may be The root does not attain full growth until five or six years old for and should not be dug market before that 117 age. The cracks should run north and south. loose loam soil. in account of the high market value of wild ginseng. They especially prize the forked roots having some resemblance to the human form. roots it is well to start with both young and seeds. the cultivaan experimental way. or the outer bark peeled off. On tion of the plant began. about eighteen months for the seeds to germinate. In the summer it bears a cluster of small yellowish flowers on a small stem branching from the top. slightly bitter and aromatic taste. on a very large scale. generally two-seeded.
but the to greater quantity is consumed country. the beds. Golden Seal is being successfully cultivated at the present day. in this IP™ It should be dug September or early October. The root was commonly used by Indians and early settlers as a remedy for inflamed eyes. it is in strong demand by manufacturing pharmacists all over the world. unequally-toothed lobes. with a short. and as a bitter tonic in stomach and liver troubles. small greenish-white flower appears on a short branch. in the early spring. second-growth timber. artificial shade must be provided. which can be done by building a frame-work. The stem has two leaves and a single. The beds may be made in a grove. which seems to be a continuation of the stem above the upper leaf. canker mouth. Its natural range is from southern New York and Ontario. about one-half inch apart. of laths. rotting forest leaves by the use of decaying vegeand thoroughly rotted stable manure worked into the ground to a depth of about eight inches. good natural drainage. west Minnesota and south to Missouri and Georgia. If the beds are made in gardens. The soil in which the root *s grown should be well fertilized table matter. carefully in washed and thoroughly dried. which sends up. resembling a large raspberry. and about six feet high. and an abundance of leaf mold. At the present day. thus giving the plants the benefit of constantly changing light and shade. yellow rootstock. around the base of which are two or three yellowish scales. The and leaves are prominently veined and have five to nine broad.GOLDEN SEAL Golden Seal is a perennial root. The root is of a bright yellow color is not over two inches in length and about three-fourths of an inch in thickness. where there is ample shade. over and around The laths should run north and south. It thrives best in open woodlands. This flower is followed by a head of bright red berries. The best 118 . or in gardens. a hairy stem about a foot high.
advise us immediately and we will gladly send you another supply. and mulched with leaves. free from weeds and grass at all times. Always clean your rifle from the breech to avoid wearing away Clean your rifle the bore at the muzzle. then follow with a dry cloth.22 on account of its small bore. you don't have do is out a tag — all you have to attach a "SHUBERT the contents TAG ENVELOPE" of to your shipment. ON GUN CLEANING Always clean your rifle immediately after using. covered with about two inches of soil. SHIPPING TAGS To you. use a brass bristle brush soaked with cleaner. Repeat this process until a dry cloth comes through cloth with without being soiled. The beds should be kept in the fall should be TIPS calibre.way of starting the bed is by cutting apart the rootstock. to go to the trouble of When you filling are ready to ship. attach the right tag to your shipment To worth — is of vital importance to market value and every penny your Furs are to get your returns quickly your shipment must be tagged obtain full — with a "SHUBERT TAG ENVELOPE" For your convenience. For shotguns it is advisable to use a good brass gun moistened with gun oil. When you run out of tags or change your address. especially a . with small pieces of cloth. Oil all actions in shotguns and rifles after cleaning. Moisten a piece of some good gun oil and pass through the barrel. 119 them. and planting about four inches apart. To clean high power rifles. Be sure to list your shipment on an INSIDE TAG and place inside of your shipment. taking care that a few good roots are secured with each bud. well gun oil. . or other matter not containing weed seeds." They and we for will are ABSOLUTELY FREE Don't hesitate to ask send as many as you want. "SHUBERT" to addresses the tag for you. Never be without "SHUBERT TAG ENVELOPES" and "SHUBERT IDENTIFICATION TAGS. bean vines. The root may be dug for market after its third year.
U. CL £ 0O<~1^< *^<<^&/ f*JL*\* Zf-*7 ****** Gm4£~> «m^. ALTA. A Canadian RYLEY." Chicago. Furs to Canadians.HERE'S PROOF That Canadian Shippers will receive " more money " for their Raw Furs by shipping them to "SHUBERT. KENNETH JOHNSON. A. NO DUTY ON RAW FURS COMING INTO U. S. CANADA "Satisfied Shubert Shipper" THERE IS CHICAGO. ship your "SHUBERT.A." 121 .S. FROM ANY PART O F CANADA receives hundreds of thousands of shipments from "SHUBERT" Canada every season..
and nobody is catching any." In my trapping career I have shipped to many Fur Companies. SHUBERT. 1916. Inc.. but will cut you all to pieces on the The first I heard of next. would do anything to betray that confidence and destroy the House that took a lifetime to build. From I received good ones for the next. Canada.. There are only three and they have all shipped to you last year and were satisfied with your prices. on our part. Sirs: Inc. I hope to catch two hundred rats and expect to ship them all to you. Our immense following of "SATISFIED INC. B. Having had good luck with Having caught two Fishers. BRANSON. 1 Medium Fisher hair slip in back of "SHUBERT" "SHUBERT" "SHUBERT" neck $3. Canada and Alaska give "SHUBERT" a shipment and I will guarantee he will get as good a price for the last as he will for the first. Just one more thing I have to say before closing. Canada. S. Illinois. The — SHUBERT. 122 . Yours truly. was while trapping in the Olympics in Washington. business men if we. The next shipment was also from Lake Cushman and before I shipped them I set my price on them and received 333^2% more then I expected. I shipped the two to "SHUBERT. saw the SHIPPERS" laid the cornerstone in confidence. SHUBERT. We SHUBERT We — — We READ THESE REMARKABLE UNSOLICITED TESTIMONIALS AND LET THEM GUIDE YOU IN SHIPPING YOUR RAW FURS: A.. WILLIAM P. I have not been shipping because There are hundreds of rats out west this year I have not had anything to go by. could not stand. the House of A. SHUBERT. B." Without the cothe medium operation and confidence of Fur shippers. will be the big shipment. and are going to ship to you this year. is my wish. Give "SHUBERT" a shipment and you will never ship elsewhere. would be fools and not SHUBERT. but of all the Companies I have ever shipped to. B. simply speaking the plain truth. Yours respectfully.. INC.LET OUR SHIPPERS SPEAK FOR OUR SERVICE best testimonial to the manner in which the House of A. Pincher Creek. practical possibility of direct co-operation with Fur shippers through "Cfje ££>f)Ubert ££>f)ipper.. A great many firms I never received a more just deal than I have of "SHUBERT. B. us. the two of them. My dear Mr. which. Dear — Chicago.50 My own decision was they would bring $5. Chicago. Shubert: I — have something to say about "SHUBERT. January 5th. Illinois. November 21st. HUGH TAYLOR.00. 1917. takes care of its shippers comes from our shippers that endless chain of good words from those who do business with built the foundation for the House of A. Bannock." one hair slip and the other rubbed. B. Will you please send me this year's price list. — I am not bragging. A. INC.. Alta. A.00." will give you a big price for the first shipment. of course. Fishers and Marten I decided to ship to "SHUBERT. Sask." holding the was square.. if the following: 1 Large Fisher rubbed $12. every trapper in the U. S.
going to send you a small shipment tomorrow. Dear I — Chicago. Mr. as near as I could. Canada. Canada. I must truly say that I am more than satisfied with the deal. SHUBERT.. January 3rd. SHUBERT. 123 . — . A.. and I sent one to Indiana. Man. Dear Sirs: Received your check yesterday and must say that I am well pleased with your market. Sirs: Inc. Massachusetts. Now.25 for the same lot. April 4th. Shubert. January 8th.47 for it. FRED SMITH. IVAN McFADYEN. Missouri. I wdl send you more than have and as long as you do well by me I will buy some Furs and send you. but now almost all my I told a friend the other day about you. East Lansing. I was the first one to send Furs to you from my neighborhood. all the am — . A. Illinois. SHUBERT. January 9th. Gentlemen: I — Chicago. am very sorry that I did not send the Furs to you that I sent to They will never get no more Furs from me. Inc. I also found I could get more from you than any other company I have tried in Canada. New Bloomfield.. Dear I — Chicago.. Illinois. — Chicago. and was offered $2. square and honest dealing. You can see how bad he stung me. you shall in future receive every shipment of Furs that I may have to dispose of. 1917. B. Now.. SHUBERT. B. B. that I have learned where te send my Furs. Furs I get will go to "SHUBERT. sometime ago I made up two shipments of Furs. I shall with pleasure endeavor to make it known throughout this province. I have always been satisfied with the returns I got from you. so you can see that by shipping to you we are getting a lot more and can say that you will get all we have for sale next winter. Tignish. A. Shoal Lake. Mr. Dear I — Chicago. 1917. You may use this letter any way you see fit. — so you can expect he says he is going to ship to you. 1917. B. Michigan. SHUBERT. I told several of my friends about you last winter. WILLIAM CRISWELL. E. Yours very truly. have recommended your company to some of my friends. Illinois. and if you will look these return sheets you and one to over you will see how I came out. I believe you have found you to be the best Fur House I ever shipped to. along with best prices. Now. A. I received $7. The last lot that I shipped to you. Illinois. I.. 1917. I had them exactly alike. EUGENE LINDSEY. P. wish to thank you for the Furs. Now. and had offered it for sale in our city. His name is a shipment from him soon. and they have been sending their Furs to you and they all say that they found you to be the best Fur House to ship to they ever tried. before sending it to you. I have shipped once before and was satisfied." 1 I . Yours truly. Sirs: Inc. — Yours truly. As for myself. Shubert.A. and friends say they are shipping to you. I wish to thank you for the good returns you sent me on last shipment. Sirs: Inc. Now. Inc. B. Yours truly. I Yours truly.. last amount which I received on my shipment of assure you that for your prompt attention. as I have had such good returns and satisfaction. try to do the square thing with your shippers. Illinois. Woronoco. RICHARD MOSHER.
" but the checks they sent were not anything to brag about. North Dakota. I have quit trapping and buying Furs this year. B. of "SHUBERT" I received to. Sirs: Inc. Arizona. Gentlemen: — Just a few lines to thank you for your fairness and good prices this past winter. . Inc. Pagoda. but I had only one tag and I needed it myself. SHUBERT. Kansas. McMILLEN. bundles but I had only one tag.: A. Inc. I am writing this letter on my Return list from you for my last shipment of Furs. H. Gentlemen: — I would have sent two I am sending you another small shipment of Furs. February 6th. Illinois. I am sending you in this shipment 1 Coyote. The first time I made a shipment last winter was to a firm in Wyoming. 5 Skunk. He then asked me if I had any extra tags from you. at the post office last week. large. % Badgers. my check the other day." RICHARD KUHUHEUR." A good many trappers have already quit trapping in this country and said they would never Fur Houses. Yours for business. have no kick coming. as soon as I can get some more tags from you. 1917. Illinois. Bonita. Chicago. 4 Fox. He told me then to write to you to send him some tags also and he Well I will try to get off several would not ship any until he heard from you.. A. I have shipped to Fur and I made up my mind that and Houses in I was going to try "SHUBERT" and was very glad I did. Inc. Could not expect any more.. January 3rd. M. Illinois. Dear I — Chicago. SHUBERT. SHUBERT. but don't forget me next year. I hand "THE SHUBERT SHIPPER" on to some one who can use it. Sir. GENSCH. B. I received . April 3rd.. I am sending you another trapper's name. in showing them to others and pointing out the advantages of shipping to your Fur House. If I ship next winter. A. Yours for honesty. Illinois. bundles in my next shipment. I H. B. Lucas. B. after they have sent you a trial shipment that they will appreciate what I have done However. which I A. FIED SHUBERT SHIPPERS. You treated me just fine through the Fur season. so I had to lay my other Furs back for another shipment. Colorado. I met him I told him about A. Dear all — Chicago. because I got a third more from "SHUBERT" than I did from the other houses. Fur House. I think you can safely put me down as one of the thousands of "SATISYours very truly. Very truly yours. have been regularly receiving your price lists and as I am not trapping this I know year. SHUBERT will get my Furs. B. 1917. SHUBERT. 1917. Inc. I appreciate your price lists. April 4th. Chicago. 1917. I see that your motto is to "Live and Let Live. C. which quoted much higher prices than "SHUBERT.. SHUBERT. as they afford me great pleasure for them. because I am going to ship to "SHUBERT" as long as I have any Furs to ship.A. It was all 0. Berwick. caught in this community. HENDRICKS. I have talked get another trap for the benefit of to several trappers here lately and they told me that from now on they would ship I think that by next season you will get all the Furs that are all their Furs to you. B. which intend is the first that ever graded any of my Furs extra seven dollars each for Coyotes. K. 124 . W.
Illinois. 1917. Texas. LUMM. Yours for success. A. Sirs: Inc.. B. B. When I get some Furs they sure get to A.A. Hoping to receive "THE SHUBERT SHIPPER" each month. money I and CLIFTON GROVER. A. good grading. one this month and one in March. 1917. You are the only man that has treated me square and I thank you very much for the same. Nebraska. B.. 1917. SHUYours respectfully. Illinois. B. I remain 125 SHUBERT. SHUBERT. January 25th. I want to thank you for your fairness in that instance. Sirs: Inc. Maryland. Sirs: Inc. Such a little bundle and Thanking you again for the returns I got from you. Dear I — Chicago. CHARLES A. truly. Chicago. JOHN BLOOM. Sharpsburg. "SHUBERT" is the I remain as always. I sent you some Furs some time ago. Chicago. SHUBERT. Illinois. River Falls. SHUBERT." for my Furs. again. Illinois. A. "A my you gave me.. This has been the case with several of Thanking you for my shipments before I heard of A. December 8th. Thanking you for your fairness and high prices. BERT. I want to thank you for your promptness in disposing of my Furs. B. I would not have requested that they be held separate except that the old saying is that if you ship to a firm the second time you will not get the full value of a person's shipment." I "SHUBERT. . Don't forget to send a price list for you pay what is quoted on your price list. Byron. such a big price.. Wisconsin. Illinois. January 19th. Illinois. Dear I — Chicago. Yours truly. was well pleased with the returns fo my other shipment which was made January 13th. Utah. Kind — Chicago. SHUBERT. March 26th. 1917. as it CARL FARR. B. place to ship. S. February 16th.. on my Furs that I shipped to you and was really surprised was so much more money for the amount of Pelts than I have ever got from any of the other Fur Houses. 1917. SHUBERT HERMAN STRIEBEL. SHIPPER. SHUBERT. Sir: Inc. and was very pleased with the amount I can say now that I am a well "SATISFIED SHUBERT have a few more hides ready for the market and they are going to I am going into the business fast and I am having good luck. I received the returns when I seen the check. Red Cloud. B. Dear — Chicago. A. Gentlemen: — SHIPPER" and was more than pleased I just today received "THE The prices I got for the little bundle to get it. for I will close for this time. I was well pleased with the square was pleased with the returns for the Skunk I asked you to hold separate. Inc. SHUBERT. 1916. B. and I will make two more shipments. Yours your promptness. February 6th. I received the received for them.. I am praising you to every trapper in this section and they say they sure are going to ship to A. I remain.. I remain Yours for business. sure was grand. 1917. Garland. Inc. I also SATISFIED SHUBERT SHIPPER" LEROY MARMON. SHUBERT. B. was very much surprised at the returns of my recent shipment. Crowell. Inc. Gentlemen:— I just received deal check for the Skunk. Illinois.
SCHMITT BROS. Inc. B. SHUBERT. S. Dear I letter — Chicago. A. LONG LAKE. Illinois. A. SCHMITT BROS. Shubert: I will send you a photo. A. Chicago. I must say World. "SHUBERT" will get them all. B. January 17th. SHUBERT. SHUBERT. Indiana. B.A. Please use of it as the best company Furs in the it will help you more." It is like a You can rest assured that my shipments will be sent with a "SHUBERT TAG. Long Lake. Iowa. B. I never had a company treat me any better than "SHUBERT" has and when have any more Furs to sell. A friend of mine was some surprised too when he saw what I got. Yours very truly.. always pleased to receive "THE SHUBERT SHIPPER. Sirs: Inc." Yours respectfully. am from home. Dak. 1917. . Dear Sirs: Received the pay for the Furs and was certainly surprised and very pleased with what I got. Yours truly. that this will take is — Illinois. 126 — Chicago. CECIL N. Illinois. Dear Sirs:— I Chicago. Illinois. SOUTH DAKOTA Lorimor. WALKER. Inc. 1917. and so long as this company my Furs I will not ship to any one else. January 4th. Inc. GEORGE NEISWANGER.. Island Falls. Yours very truly. Remington. Maine. B... HOMER KINSELL. January 9th. Dear A.. SHUBERT. 1917.
Hardin. refer them to G. Received your check No. 162192 a few days ago for my Furs.^ Dear Sir and Friend: Chicago. HERE'S MORE PROOF THAT "SHUBERT" SATISFIES FUR SHIPPERS B. 1917. I received my check this morning and was well pleased with your liberal grading and you can rest assured that I will hereafter ship to you and will do all I can to send business your way. January Gentlemen: expected.. J. Illinois. "SHUBERT" pays what he quotes and quotes what he pays. January 19th. W. If anybody doubts this. Inc. Little I thought when I seen your ad in this paper. Very truly yours. B. B. Montana. The Furs I sent you were far below the ones sent to but your returns more than doubled the returns received from them Several of the amateur trappers have been asking about you. Minnesota. C. 1916.VlCKERS.. U-bKl ask I have a small shipment I will ship Gross. . I find that it surely pays to deal with "SHUBERT. December 2nd. The first shipment I sent only to compare returns with afirm. Inc. Illinois. A. for is me "SHUBERT" I like to see and was glad to hear from "SHUyou soon. got more than I The prices you gave me were grand. Dear Sirs: — Chicago. WALTER KARVONEN. New York Mills. Oakland. SHUBERT. who has always paid me all my Furs were worth and a little more than any other House pays. CALIFORNIA . McCRAY.A. the best I ever got from any Fur House. B. SHUBERT.' GROSS." Yours very trulv. Illinois. I will now tell them to send to you if they want good returns. Several of shippers have them. Shipping Tags that I am always ready to give when I every trapper get all his Furs are worth and the only way to to ship to A. Yours for business. SHUBERT. — Chicago. Inc. but I decided to try you. 31st. C. 191' A. SHUBERT.. get that who will gladly answer any inquiries. L. R. — "™ E SHUBERT SHIPPER" t^J^T. B. G. MADDUX AND D. 127 GUERNEVILLE. Oregon.
CHICAGO .RATHBUN-GRANT COMPANY.
mSSF 0F C0NGRESS 002 891 431 3^ .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.