Key

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 toi the Revised Cambridge

FCE Exammatu

Preparing for Speaking Test 1 f t OLD AND MODERN TIMES
1. Old House Modem House o i l l a m p , l o g fire, b e a m s e l e c t r i c light, r a d i a t o r s , v i d e o r e c o r d e r , w a s h i n g m a c h i n e

2.

(Suggested answer) THEN LIFESTYLE hard-working simple NOW stressful, c o m p l i c a t e d , busy, hectic comfortable car plane, spacecraft c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m m e r , a s t r o n a u t , pilot w o o l bikini, nylon, lycra cotton, w o o l t a p s , r u n n i n g w a t e r , electricity, r a d i a t o r s , central h e a t i n g m o r e vaccines better healthcare cinema, video recorder stereo, computer games

TRANSPORT OVERSEAS TRAVEL JOBS CLOTHES/MATERIAL FACILITIES

horse, donkey, carnage boat blacksmith, weaver long dresses, cotton w e l l , o i l l a m p , fire

HEALTH PASTIMES

early d e a t h playing the piano

3

(Suggested answer) 2 3 4 5 P e o p l e u s e d to travel b y h o r s e or d o n k e y a n d carnage They also went o n foot as they didn I have cars N o w a d a y s people g o everywhere b y car A h u n d r e d a n d fifty y e a r s a g o p e o p l e t r a v e l l e d t o o t h e r c o u n t r i e s b y b o a t , w h i c h t o o k a l o n g t i m e N o w t h e y travel b y p l a n e w h i c h is fast a n d c o n v e n i e n t e s p e c i a l l y f o r o v e r s e a s travel People u s e d to work for themselves as blacksmiths, weavers, farm labourers etc N o w people have m o r e sophisticated jobs, for example c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m m e r s , pilots etc In t h e p a s t p e o p l e w o r e different k i n d s o f c l o t h e s W o m e n u s e d t o w e a r l o n g d r e s s e s m a d e o f cotton or wool a n d they wouldn't g o anywhere without wearing a hat Nowadays clothes are m a d e of m a t e r i a l s s u c h a s n y l o n or l y c r a a n d w o m e n d o n o t h e s i t a t e t o a p p e a r m their b i k i n i s o n t h e b e a c h w h i c h w a s u n t h i n k a b l e a h u n d r e d a n d fifty yBars ago P e o p l e d i d n ' t h a v e a c c e s s t o facilities in t h e p a s t T h e y h a d o i l l a m p s a n d a fire m t h e i r h o u s e s a n d t h e y h a d t o w a l k t o a well t o f e t c h w a t e r N o w w e h a v e t a p s a n d r u n n i n g w a t e r O u r h o u s e s h a v e c e n t r a l h e a t i n g a n d e v e r y t h i n g is o p e r a t e d b y e l e c t r i c i t y P e o p l e in t h e p a s t s u f f e r e d f r o m d i s e a s e s w h i c h c o u l d n ' t b e c u r e d a n d t h i s w a s t h e r e a s o n f o r a h i g h p e r c e n t a g e of early d e a t h s N o w a d a y s t h a n k s to a n t i b i o t i c s a n d v a c c i n e s p e o p l e live l o n g e r A h u n d r e d a n d fifty y e a r s a g o p e o p l e e n t e r t a i n e d t h e m s e l v e s b y p l a y i n g t h e p i a n o a n d r e a d i n g b o o k s N o w a d a y s p e o p l e h a v e a l a r g e r variety of p a s t i m e s a n d t h e y c a n c h o o s e f r o m w a t c h i n g video tapes playing c o m p u t e r g a m e s , g o i n g t o the c i n e m a o r listening to m u s i c o n their stereo 3 simpler/more c o n v e n i e n t 4 more complicated 5 6 more polluted safer 7 cheaper

6

7 8

4. 1 more comfortable 2 more c o n v e n i e n t / s i m p l e r

125

FCE Listening

and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge

FC£

Examination

5. m o r e l u x u r i o u s more polluted simpler more complicated 6 (Suggested answer) SA SB SA SB SA

safer less cosier cheaper

more m o d e m more convenient more comfortable harder

It m a y b e m o r e c o m f o r t a b l e b u t it is a lot m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d All t h e s e n e w e l e c t r o n i c m a c h i n e s d o n ' t n e c e s s a r i l y m a k e life e a s i e r Y o u m a y b e r i g h t P e r h a p s life was s i m p l e r in t h e p a s t E x a c t f y A n d p e o p l e felt s a f e r a s t h e c r i m e r a t e w a s n t s o h i g h A n d t o d a y w e l e a d a m o r e l u x u r i o u s lifestyle t h a n k s t o t h e facilities w e h a v e a c c e s s t o B u t n o o n e c a n d e n y t h a t t h e e n v i r o n m e n t is m o r e p o l l u t e d n o w b e c a u s e o f all t h o s e t h i n g s t h a t w e c o n s u m e a s p a r t o f o u r lifestyle M o s t p e o p l e w o u l d r a t h e r live m t h e p a s t w h e n there w a s less pollution I d o n ' t q u i t e a g r e e w i t h y o u T h i n k of all t h o s e t h i n g s t h a t m a k e life m o r e c o n v e n i e n t t o r us T h a n k s t o t h e m e d i c a l f a c i l i t i e s a v a i l a b l e , p e o p l e suffer l e s s n o w a d a y s t h a n in t h e p a s t T h a t s t r u e Still I w o u l d p r e f e r life in t h e p a s t w h e n t h i n g s w e r e c h e a p e r a n d t h e r e w a s less stress a n d anxiety i m n o t s o s u r e a b o u t it W e h a v e m o r e m o d e r n t e c h n o l o g y n o w a d a y s w h i c h m a k e s h o u s e h o l d c h o r e s , f o r i n s t a n c e , less t i m e - c o n s u m i n g Life in g e n e r a l is e a s i e r n o w a n d people enjoy themselves more

SB SA SB

| j HEALTHY DIET AND LIFESTYLE
1. ( S u g g e s t e d a n s w e r s ) • • • I w o u l d s a y t h a t h a m b u r g e r s p i z z a a n d m e a t a r e u n h e a l t h y f o o d , w h e r e a s fruit a n d s a l a d s are healthy I t h m k f r e s h fruit a n d v e g e t a b l e s f i s h w h o l e m e a l b r e a d a n d p o u l t r y a r e g e n e r a l l y c o n s i d e r e d tc b e healthy f o o d S w e e t s j u n k f o o d , red m e a t a n d fizzy drinks are unhealthy f o o d T h e r e a r e s o m e k i n d s o f f o o d t h a t I e a t q u i t e o f t e n s u c h a s crisps, chocoiate hamburgers and sweets I h a v e cornflakes a n d milk for breakfast I usually have c h i c k e n a n d c h i p s for lunch a n d a pizza for dinner n a t u r a l o r g a n i c s u b s t a n c e s f o u n d in m o s t f o o d s w h i c h a r e n e c e s s a r y for g r o w t r s u b s t a n c e s s u c h a s s u g a r a n d s t a r c h f o u n d in f o o d s a s u b s t a n c e contained m f o o d s s u c h as meat, c h e e s e a n d butter w h i c h forms ar energy store m your body t h e i n d i g e s t i b l e p a r t o f a f o o d f o u n d m o s t l y i n w h o l e m e a l b r e a d v e g e t a b l e s anc frurt cheese meat, ice cream oranges, milk e g g s meat, fish vegetables brown bread potatoes milk l o w m fat c h i c k e n , y o g h u r t 0%fat

2. vitamins carbohydrates fat fibre

-

h i g h in fat

r i c h in v i t a m i n s h i g h in p r o t e i n h i g h in f i b r e

l a c k i n g in v i t a m i n s l o w in p r o t e i n l o w in fibre

junk food chocolate crisps icecream, chocolate milk, e g g s eggs

h i g h in c a r b o h y d r a t e s

l o w in c a r b o h y d r a t e s

126

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge

FCE

Examination

(Suggested answers) SA SB SA SB I t h i n k h e o u g h t t o e a t c e r e a l in t h e m o r n i n g f o r b r e a k f a s t Y e s c e r e a l s a r e h i g h i n f i b r e b u t h e s h o u l d u s e t o w (at milk H e c o u l d also include o r a n g e s a n d v e g e t a b l e s in his diet M a y b e he c o u l d have s o m e fish, v e g e t a b l e s a n d b r o w n b r e a d for lunch i a g r e e For d i n n e r h e m i Q h t h a v e s o m e y o g h u r t w h i c h re l o w m i a t cycles climbs play 5 6 7 aerobics swim yoga 8 9 10 digs jog ski 11 g y m 1 2 fit 1 3 exercise 14 b u s y 15 s t r e s s 16 t r a m

2 3 4

(Suggested answers) SA SB SA SB SA SB SA SB A t l u n c h t i m e l u s u a l l y eat a s n a c k It m i g h t b e b e t t e r if y o u h a d s a l a d i n s t e a d After w o r k I g o t o t h e p u b t o relax I n s t e a d of g o i n g t o t h e p u b t o relax, y o u s h o u l d t h i n k a b o u t g o i n g t o y o g a c l a s s e s I r e a d t h e S u n d a y p a p e r s w h e n I a m a t h o m e at t h e w e e k e n d s W h y d o n t y o u d i g y o u r g a r d e n ? It's a g o o d f o r m o f e x e r c i s e l s m o k e w h e n 1 m under stress Y o u c o u l d t r y srtting q u i e t l y f o r a f e w m i n u t e s , it w i l l h e l p y o u r e l a x Y o u s h o u l d r e a l l y try t o give u p s m o k i n g , you'll b e m u c h healthier b a d c e f H o w t h e heart starts t o g o w r o n g W h a t to eat, w h a t to avoid Give u p s m o k i n g A n y r e g u l a r e x e r c i s e is g o o d f o r t h e h e a r t Crash diets d o n t w o r k E a t t o live, d o n t live t o eat

. 1 2 3 4 5 6

T o the t e a c h e r : Ask t h e following c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s 1 2 3 H o w d o e s fat affect t h e heart'? W h a t s h o u l d a healthy diet i n c l u d e ' ' What are the problems caused by smoking''

4 "vvYiy s h o u l d o n e e x e r c i s e r e g u l a r l y ? 5 W h a t is t h e b e s t w a y o f l o s i n g weight"? 6 W h a t a r e t h e c a u s e s of overeating"? Answers to the comprehension questions: 1 If a p e r s o n e a t s t o o m u c h fatty f o o d t h e n f a t i s d e p o s i t e d o h t h e i n s i d e of t h e a r t e r i e s a n d o n t h e w a l l s o f t h e h e a r t C o n s e q u e n t l y t h e b l o o d s u p p l y t o t h e h e a r t is r e d u c e d b e c a u s e it is o b s t r u c t e d s o t h e heart h a s t o w o r k harder w h i c h c o u l d lead to heart disease A healthy diet s h o u l d include fruit v e g e t a b l e s a n d f o o d w h i c h is h i g h m fibre Sweets s h o u l d b e a v o i d e d a n d it is a g o o d i d e a t o g r i l l , b o i l o r s t e a m f o o d i n s t e a d o f f r y i n g it S m o k i n g c a u s e s t h e h e a r t t o b e a t faster w h i c h i n t u r n l e a d s t o h i g h b l o o d p r e s s u r e it a l s o r e d u c e s t h e q u a n t i t y of o x y g e n i n b l o o d w h i c h is t h e t e a s o n w h y t h e h e a r t h a s t o w o r k h a r d e r B e c a u s e r e g u l a r e x e r c i s e l e a d s t o a h e a l t h i e r h e a r t w h e r e a s i n f r e q u e n ^ s t r e n u o u s e x e r c i s e is likely to d o m o r e h a r m t h a n g o o d T h e b e s t w a y t o l o s e w e i g h t is t o f o l l o w a s e n s i b l e d i e t a n d t o c h a n g e o n e ' s e a t i n g h a b i t s It m a y t a k e l o n g e r b u t t h e e f f e c t s are m o r e p e r m a n e n t P e o p l e m a y e a t m o r e t h a n it is n e c e s s a r y e i t h e r b e c a u s e t h e y find it e n j o y a b l e o r b e c a u s e t h e y seek s o m e comfort in f o o d

2 3 4 5 6

P

C £ Listening

and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge

FCE

Examination

Key^

8

1 2 4 3

reduce sugar increase disease reduce

5 6 7 8

fat reduce more fat

9 10 11 12

less increase lead health

13 l e a d 14 l e a d 15 a v o i d health

!

'-\

Speaking Test 1

Part 2 (Suggested answers) Pictures A and B • P i c t u r e A s h o w s a m o d e r n d a y f a m i l y o u t s i d e their h o u s e T h e f a m i l y h a v e a c c e s s t o a lot o f facilities T h e i r lifestyle is c o m f o r t a b l e a n d h e a l t h y a n d t h e y h a v e f r e e t i m e t o e n | o y t h e m s e l v e s P i c t u r e B is a s c e n e f r o m m y g r e a t g r a n d p a r e n t s t i m e T h e w o m e n a r e w e a r i n g l o n g d r e s s e s T h e r e is a h o r s e d r a w n c a r n a g e a n d t h e p e o p l e h a v e o i l l a m p s i n s t e a d o f m o d e r n d a y facilities s u c h a s e l e c t r i c i t y o r c a r s All i n all life w a s m u c h h a r d e r t h e n a n d d e f i n i t e l y l e s s c o m f o r t a b l e I w o u l d p r e f e r t h e lifestyle in p i c t u r e A b e c a u s e all t h e facilities w e h a v e a l l o w us f r e e t i m e t o d o t h i n g s w e e n j o y like p l a y i n g s p o r t s a n d w a t c h i n g t e l e v i s i o n • T h e r e h a v e b e e n m a n y c h a n g e s in life i n t h e last 100 y e a r s N o w a d a y s t h e r e a r e m o r e facilities a v a i l a b l e w h i c h m a k e life a lot e a s i e r P e o p l e live l o n g e r b e c a u s e t h e r e h a v e b e e n g r e a t a d v a n c e s in m e d i c i n e T h e y h a v e a g r e a t e r v a r i e t y o f e n t e r t a i n m e n t w h e r e a s in t h e p a s t t h e y e n t e r t a i n e d t h e m s e l v e s b y p l a y i n g t h e p i a n o or r e a d i n g O n t h e o t h e r h a n d life in t h e p a s t w a s l e s s s t r e s s f u l a n d c o m p l i c a t e d M o r e o v e r t h e r e w a s l e s s p o l l u t i o n a n d p e o p l e c o u l d e n j o y b e i n g in t h e c o u n t r y s i d e N a t u r e w a s still u n s p o i l t I w o u l d d e f i n i t e l y c h o o s e t o live in a n c i e n t t i m e s b e t w e e n 2 0 0 B C a n d 2 0 0 A D a n d I w o u l d live in either R o m e o r G r e e c e O f c o u r s e there w o u l d n t b e a x i y t e i e v i s i o n o r c m e m a b u t t h e r e w o u l d b s o t h e r f o r m s o f e n t e r t a i n m e n t s u c h a s t h e g l a d i a t o r s or t h e t h e a t r e u f e at t h a t t i m e w a s v e r y a d v a n c e d t h e y e v e n h a d underfloor h e a l i n g m s o m e of their h o u s e s

«

Pictures C a n d D • In p i c t u r e C t h e m a n o b v i o u s l y t r e a t s h i s b o d y in t h e w r o n g w a y H e c e r t a i n l y e a t s far t o o m u c h a n d s m o k e s w h i c h m e a n s t h a t h e m a y h a v e s e r i o u s h e a l t h p r o b l e m s in f u t u r e I d o n t t h i n k h e t a k e s a n y e x e r c i s e b e c a u s e i f h e a V d f i e w o u l d n t b e o v e r w e i g h t P i c t u r e D is o f a n e x e r c i s e c l a s s T h e y a l l s e e m t o b e q u i t e fit I t h i n k t h e y w a t c h w h a t t h e y e a t t o o b e c a u s e n o n e o f t h e m is fat I b e l i e v e p e o p l e n o w a d a y s (ry t o s p e n d m o r e t i m e k e e p i n g fit t h a n t h e y d i d in t h e p a s t b e c a u s e w e a r e all a w a r e of h o w i m p o r t a n t it i s t o e x e r c i s e r e g u l a r l y T h e r e is a lot o f e m p h a s i s p u t o n t h e l o n g t e r m b e n e f i t s of e x e r c i s e e s p e c i a l l y b e c a u s e p e o p l e h a v e | o b s w h i c h d o n o t a l l o w t h e m t o t a k e any exercise while working Themostpopularformsofexercisenowadaysarejogging tennis/squash • If a p e r s o n s d i e t is u n h e a l t h y t h e n h e / s h e m a y d e v e l o p w e i g h t p r o b l e m s aerobics swimming playing basketball/

Part 3 (Suggested answers) SA SB H e s h o u l d c e r t a i n l y s t o p s m o k i n g S m o k i n g is r e a l l y h a r m f u l t o o n e s h e a l t h a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e for heart p r o b l e m s I think he o u g h t to give u p d r i n k i n g a l c o h o l He c o u l d have n o n alcoholic d r i n k s with his meals

128

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 tor the Revised Cambridge

FCE

Examination

SA SB SA

I b e l i e v e h e s h o u l d c h a n g e h i s d i e t t o o For e x a m p l e e a t i n g a lot of s w e e t s is c e r t a i n l y b a d f o r his health T h a t s t r u e H e c o u l d i n c l u d e m o r e v e g e t a b l e s fruit a n d fish in h i s d i e t as t h e y a r e l o w in fat b u t h i g h in v i t a m i n s a n d p r o t e i n s T o m should take up s o m e exercise too Being middle a g e d he could opt for s o m e gentle exercise He c o u l d for example g o for a walk twice a w e e k or even take u p s w i m m i n g w h i c h is a great f o r m of exercise

Part 4 (Suggested answers) • SA SB SA SB SA • SA I t h i n k e a t i n g s e n s i b l y a n d a v o i d i n g fatty f o o d is a s t e p t o w a r d s b e i n g h e a l t h y I a g r e e I a l s o b e l i e v e in t a k i n g r e g u l a r e x e r c i s e e v e n in t h e f o r m o f a b n s k w a l k w h e n e v e r I get the c h a n c e I t h i n k I h a v e q u i t e a we)) b a l a n c e d d i e t I eat p l e n t y of f r e s h fruit a n d v e g e t a b l e s Y e s I d o t o o b u t I a l s o eat a l o t o f f a s t f o o d s u c h a s c h i p s a n d h a m b u r g e r s A n d I k n o w f e a t too many sweets and too much chocolate I d o n t t h i n k m y lifestyle is very h e a l t h y I s p e n d t o o m u c h t i m e w a t c h i n g t e l e v i s i o n a n d I d o n t take e n o u g h exercise People n o w a d a y s d o n t exercise as often as they s h o u l d S o m e claim that their daily routine d o e s n t l e a v e t h e m a n y t i m e f o r e x e r c i s e b u t I b e l i e v e t h i s is a n e x c u s e W e c a n all t r y t o f i n d t i m e to exercise T h e s t a t e c o u l d i n c r e a s e t h e n u m b e r o f s p o r t s c e n t r e s w h e r e p e o p l e c o u l d e x e r c i s e f o r f r e e if this happened then p e o p l e w o u l d n t u s e t h e e x p e n s i v e f e e s s o m e p n v a t e g y m s c h a r g e a s a n e x c u s e for n o t t a k i n g a n y e x e r c i s e If t h e r e w e r e m o r e p a r k s p e o p l e c o u l d g o j o g g i n g w h i c h is a g o o d f o r m o f e x e r c i s e There are g r o u p s of people for instance entertainers m o d e l s s p o r t s m e n w h o worry about t h e i r w e i g h t a s t h i s i s d i r e c t l y l i n k e d t o their c a r e e r If t h e y g a i n t o o m u c h w e i g h t t h i s a f f e c t s their i m a g e a n d m i g h t l e a d t o p r o b l e m s in t h e i r c a r e e r I t h i n k t h e r e is a l o t o f e m p h a s i s p u t o n h o w w e l o o k A p p e a r a n c e p l a y s a n i m p o r t a n t p a r t e v e n w h e n y o u w a n t t o b e c o n s i d e r e d for a c l e r i c a l j o b f o r e x a m p l e G e n e r a l l y I t h i n k t h a t w a t c h i n g y o u r w e i g h t is a s e n s i b l e t h i n g t o d o p r i m a r i l y b e c a u s e it i s u n h e a l t h y t o b e v e r y o v e r w e i g h t H o w e v e r p e o p l e s h o u l d n o t o v e r d o it b e c a u s e t h a t in itself c a n l e a d t o p r o b l e m s like a n o r e x i a

*

SB

*

SA

SB

Preparing for Speaking Test 2 jflClTY LIFE AND COUNTRY LIFE
1 1 country 2 skyscraper/city 3 farmer 4 business executive Words associated with tractor metro farmer business executive skyscraper farmhouse country city 5 6 7 8 city/skyscraper farmhouse tractor metro farmer fields noisy etc fast u n d e r g r o u n d c r o w d e d convenient rush hour etc animals hard w o r k harvest tractor etc s t r e s s w e a l t h r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s h i g h income etc tall h i g h m a n y f l o o r s m o d e r n lifts etc isolated peaceful barn hay etc peaceful tranquil flowers farmhouse unspoiltetc n o i s y b u s y p o l l u t e d traffic tall b u i l d i n g s e t c

T o t h e T e a c h e r : E x p l a i n a n y n e w w o r d s b e f o r e Ss d o t h e e x e r c i s e CITY LIFE Buildings skyscraper.FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Key 2 . l o n e l i n e s s C o u n t r y Life calm. tram b u s i n e s s executive. loneliness. stockbroker. m e t r o p o l i s ADVANTAGES City U f e education. clerk. art g a l l e r i e s a n d o t h e r c u l t u r a l centres more o f t e n t h a n p e o p l e w h o live in t h e c o u n t r y C o u n t r y life is u s u a l l y v e r y q u i e t a n d p e o p l e live in h e a l t h y s u r r o u n d i n g s P e o p l e c a n b r e a t h e in f r e s h air a n d h a v e t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o e n j o y t h e b e a u t i f u l c o u n t r y s i d e H o w e v e r . s h e p h e r d Features f i e l d hill v a l l e y . b u s y . multi-storey car park Transport car. traffic j a m s s m o g . b u s . quiet. h o w e v e r . underground shepherd barn Shopping centres Executives 6 7 8 g 10 country lane Trams bypass Stockbrokers smog 11 12 13 14 15 Labourers hamlet metropolis motorway multi-storey car park lorry. traffic j a m pollution. labourer m o t o r w a y . city life h a s m o r e t o offer a s far a s c u l t u r e i s c o n c e r n e d P e o p l e c a n v i s i t m u s e u m s . ( S u g g e s t e d a n s w e r ) If y o u live in a city. city c e n t r e . f r e s h air h a m l e t v i l l a g e . h e c t i c . or e v e n e x e c u t i v e s T h e r e a r e m o r e b u s i n e s s e x e c u t i v e s in t h e city t h a n i n t h e c o u n t r y T h e r e a r e l a b o u r e r s in b o t h t h e c i t y a n d t h e c o u n t r y In t h e c o u n t r y . u n d e r g r o u n d . cottage Jobs farmer labourer. s t o c k b r o k e r s s e c r e t a r i e s . offices. m e t r o a n d t r o l l e y b u s s e r v i c e s In t h e c o u n t r y b u s e s a n d t r a i n s o f t e n r u n i n f r e q u e n t l y A l s o . stressful n o i s y . culture DISADVANTAGES u n h e a l t h y . p e o p l e w h o live in t h e c o u n t r y m a y suffer f r o m l o n e l i n e s s a n d q u i t e o f t e n t h e y h a v e t o f a c e a l o t o f difficulties s u c h a s t h e l a c k o f m e d i c a l facilities a n d t h e s h o r t a g e o f g o o d s c h o o l s 130 . peaceful healthy isolation. s m o g 3. T o t h e Teacher: Explain any n e w w o r d s before Ss d o the exercise 1 2 3 4 5 5. t o w n city. b u s taxi trolleybus. p e o p l e w o r k m o s t l y as farmers and there are a lot of s h e p h e r d s t o o C i t y life is c h a r a c t e r i z e d b y p o l l u t i o n a n d s m o g w h e r e a s c o u n t r y life offers m o r e f r e s h air T h e r e a r e m a n y m o t o r w a y s in a city a n d t h e c i t y c e n t r e is a l w a y s a s s o c i a t e d w i t h traffic j a m s In t h e c o u n t r y t h e r o a d s a r e u s u a l l y e m p t y Y o u c a n s e e f i e l d s a n d hills a n d y o u c a n feel m o r e relaxed 4. t h e r e a r e m o r e c a r s in t h e city w h e r e a s in t h e c o u n t r y y o u a r e likely t o s e e m o r e lorries a n d t r a c t o r s P e o p l e in t h e c i t y m a y w o r k a s c l e r k s . train C O U N T R Y LIFE barn. secretary executive. t r a i n . c l e a n air (Suggested answer) L i v i n g in a c i t y m e a n s h a v i n g b e t t e r o p p o r t u n i t i e s f o r a g o o d e d u c a t i o n t h a n l i v i n g in t h e c o u n t r y M o r e o v e r . lack of medical facilities s u r r o u n d i n g s . train. tractor. y o u h a v e a c c e s s t o f r e q u e n t b u s .

t h e r e a r e lots o f tall b u i l d i n g s a n d o f f i c e b l o c k s in t h i s c i t y w h e r e a s t h e r e a r e o n l y h o u s e s in m y v i l l a g e In t h e c i t y p e o p l e h a v e t o p u t u p w i t h all t h e n o i s e a n d p o l l u t i o n b u t in t h e v i l l a g e w h e r e I live it is v e r y q u i e t a n d p e a c e f u l H o w e v e r . 1 2 3 A 5 6 7 8 9 10 They were built almost 5000 years a g o It is n o t t h a t e a s y b e c a u s e t h e r e i s a c o m p l i c a t e d s y s t e m o f p a s s a g e s w h i c h m e a n s t h a t o n e c o u l d g e t e a s i l y l o s t if n o t a c c o m p a n i e d b y a g u i d e They were m a d e d u r i n g the 2 n d W o r l d War It is a m e t h o d w h i c h c a n h e l p w o m e n t o h a v e c h i l d r e n w h e n n a t u r a l m e a n s h a v e f a i l e d It c o u l d c r e a t e p r o b l e m s b e c a u s e it is c o n s i d e r e d b y m a n y p e o p l e t o b e a g a i n s t n a t u r e a n d t o b e likely t o g e t o u t of c o n t r o l T h e first r o c k e t w a s m a d e b y t h e C h i n e s e T h e y a r e n o w u s e d t o l a u n c h satellites a n d s p a c e p r o b e s A n a t u r a l satellite is a m o o n w h i c h r o t a t e s a r o u n d a p l a n e t They can b e u s e d for weather prediction a n d t r a n s m i s s i o n of t e l e p h o n e a n d television signals T h e y t h i n k t h a t t h e y a r e a n effective d e t e r r e n t b u t o n t h e o t h e r h a n d it is t h o u g h t t h a t t h e y a r e a w a s t e of m o n e y Pyramids Nuclear W e a p o n s Artificial I n s e m i n a t i o n Rockets Satellites ( 1 1 1 1 build powerful JOy fireworks rotates 2 2 2 2 2 chamber destroying childless sophisticated prediction 3 3 3 3 3 complicated deterrent nature landing signals 4 4 4 4 4 passages waste control launch channels 131 .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambndge FCE Examination 7 (Suggested answer) In this c i t y t h e r e is a lot of traffic t h e r o a d s s e e m really b u s y . 1 2 3 artistic scientific scientific 4 5 6 architectural/artistic scientific scientific 7 8 architectural/artistic scientific 2.b u t w h e r e I live t h e r e a r e h a r d l y a n y c a r s A l s o . T o t h e T e a c h e r 1 2 3 4 E x p l a i n a n y n e w w o r d s first b e f o r e S s d o t h e e x e r c i s e 5 6 7 8 telephone computers complicated carnage 9 10 11 12 appliances blacksmith hectic relationships 13 v a l u e s 14 skills central heating oil l a m p s well washing machines i SPACE AND HUMAN ACHIEVEMENTS 1. p e o p l e r a r e l y g e t b o r e d t h e r e a s w e are u s e d to m a k i n g our o w n entertainment B. T o the teacher: First a s k S s t o s k i m t h e s h o r t t e x t s T h e n a s k t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s Finally a s k S s t o fill in t h e b l a n k s 1 2 3 4 5 W h e n w e r e t h e p y r a m i d s built? Is it e a s y t o f i n d o n e ' s w a y o n c e i n s i d e the pyramid? W h e n w e r e t h e first n u c l e a r w e a p o n s m a d e * W h a t is artificial i n s e m i n a t i o n ' ' C o u l d artificial i n s e m i n a t i o n c r e a t e problems? 6 7 8 9 10 W h o m a d e t h e first r o c k e t ? A r e r o c k e t s still in use" W h a t is a natural satellite? 5 W h a t are s o m e o f t h e uses o f satellites? W h a t d o p e o p l e t h i n k of n u c l e a r weapons? Answers to t h e c o m p r e h e n s i o n questions.

~CE Listening and Speaking Sfofls 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination 3 To the Teacher questions 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 E x p l a i n a n y n e w w o r d s first a n d t h e n a s k t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n W h y m i g h t the aliens think t h a t s o m e h u m a n a c h i e v e m e n t s are primitive? W h y m i g h t a l i e n s b e i n t e r e s t e d in S h a k e s p e a r e ? H o w m a n y a r t i s t i c a c h i e v e m e n t s a r e l i s t e d in this p a s s a g e ? B e c a u s e if t h e y h a d m a s t e r e d s p a c e t r a v e l t h e s e a c h i e v e m e n t s w o u l d s e e m v e r y s i m p l e t o them B e c a u s e this w o u l d p r o v e t h a t t h e y a r e a n a d v a n c e d civilisation s o t h e y w o u l d a p p r e c i a t e t h e w o r k s of S h a k e s p e a r e w h o w a s a great playwright Three M o n a L i s a Venus d e M i l o Shakespeare s works achievements buildings wall fire sand influenza phrasebook H e l p S s w i t h a n y u n k n o w n v o c a b u l a r y f r o m t h e list b e f o r e t h e y d o t h e e x e r c i s e BENEFITS nuclear energy inexhaustible source of energy numerous applications easy contact source of entertainment c h e a p a n d i m m e d i a t e m e a n s of information quick and convenient easy f o r m of transport s a v e lives DRAWBACKS b a d l y built nuclear p o w e r stations r a d i a t i o n l e a k s fatal illness l a c k of p r i v a c y negative influence limits imagination 3 4 inventions primitive 5 6 artistic paintings 7 8 sculptures music 9 literature 4 buildings inventions science medicine literature 5 To the Teacher telephone television cars n o i s e a n d p o l l u t i o n traffic j a m s accidents c a u s e allergic reaction a n d side effects loss of natural i m m u n i t y antibiotics 6 (Suggested answers) • SA SB SA SB SA • SA SB T h e t e l e p h o n e e n a b l e s u s t o c o n t a c t p e o p l e all over t h e world H o w e v e r its m a i n d r a w b a c k is t h a t it c a n c a u s e l a c k of p r i v a c y a s p e o p l e m a y r i n g at inconvenient times T e l e v i s i o n i s a c o n v e n i e n t s o u r c e of e n t e r t a i n m e n t f o r t h e w h o l e t a m i l y It e n a b l e s us t o g e t i m m e d i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n o n e v e r y t h i n g that g o e s o n in t h e w o r l d B u t this d o e s n o t m a k e u p f o r t h e f a c t t h a t it c a n h a v e a n e g a t i v e effect o n c h i l d r e n o r t h a t it limits o u r i m a g i n a t i o n Cars are a n easy f o r m of transport They are quick a n d convenient T h e r e a r e m a n y d r a w b a c k s t h o u g h b e c a u s e t h e y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r a lot o f n o i s e a n d pollution in the city Many a c c i d e n t s a r e c a u s e d by c a r s a n d traffic j a m s a r e a d a i l y f e a t u r e o f c i t y life • .

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination • SA SB T h e d i s c o v e r y of a n t i b i o t i c s h a s e n a b l e d d o c t o r s t o s a v e m a n y m o r e p e o p l e & lives t h a n before Sut there are d r a w b a c k s a s antibiotics m a y have side effects a n d m a y c a u s e allergic reactions M o r e o v e r taking t o o m a n y antibiotics can lead t o a loss of natural i m m u n i t y E x p l a i n a n y n e w v o c a b u l a r y first b e f o r e Ss a n s w e r t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n 7 To the Teacher questions 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 H o w d o aliens travel? WhatisthelETR? S h o u l d p e o p l e try to a p p r o a c h creatures f r o m outer space? In f l y i n g s a u c e r s It is a n o r g a n i s a t i o n w h i c h offers a d v i c e o n e x t r a terrestrials Mo t h e y s h o u l d n t aliens terrestrials green Martians Venusians 6 7 8 9 10 saucers UFOs flying humanoid antennae 11 12 13 14 15 radioactive communicate dangerous photographs immediately 8 T o the T e a c h e r Explain any n e w vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise 1 2 rocket gravity 3 4 oxygen Satellites 5 6 i n t e l l i g e n t life Astronauts 7 8 research colonise 9 10 shuttle courage Speaking Test 2 Part 2 (Suggested answers) Pictures A and B • • • • Picture A is of a modern capital f i e l d s a n d t r e e s all a r o u n d city with skyscrapers and Prcture B is o f a s i m p l e c o u n t r y f a r m with P i c t u r e A is m o r e like t h e p l a c e I live b e c a u s e it i s a c i t y v e r y b u s y w i t h l o t s o f f i g h t s a n d b u i l d i n g s and not much space I would rather five in t h e country b e c a u s e it is q u i e t a n d p e a c e f u l Life t h e r e isn t a s s t r e s s f u l a s life in the city Life in t h e city is u s u a l l y h e c t i c a n d s t r e s s f u l T h e r e is a l o t of p o l l u t i o n a n d s m o g P e o p l e h a v e t o p u t u p w i t h n o i s e a n d t h e traffic Life in t h e c o u n t r y is m o r e p e a c e f u l a n d l e s s s t r e s s f u l P e o p l e h a v e t h e chance t o f o r m closer r e l a t i o n s h i p s T h e r e is l e s s p o l l u t i o n a n d p e o p l e c a n b r e a t h e f r e s h air a s w e l l as enjoy the unspoilt surroundings Pictures C and D • In p i c t u r e C t h e r e is a f a m i l y i n their k i t c h e n T h e y h a v e a l o t o f m o d e r n a p p l i a n c e s a n d a lot of f o o d T h e y a r e a m o d e r n f a m i l y l e a d i n g a c o m f o r t a b l e life In p i c t u r e D w e c a n s e e a c o u p l e o n t h e s h o r e of a l a k e a n d in t h e b a c k g r o u n d w e c a n s e e a farmhouse T h e i r life m u s t h a v e b e e n q u i t e h a r d O n t h e o t h e r h a n d t h e y w o u l d h a v e felt l e s s s t r e s s e d a n d e n j o y e d their s i m p l e b u t fulfilling life M y life is e a s i e r t h a n m y g r a n d p a r e n t s b e c a u s e o f a d v a n c e s in t e c h n o l o g y w h i c h s a v e m e t i m e a n d energy My grandparents often w o r k e d long hours d o i n g hard physical work but n o w there are faster w a y s of g e t t i n g t h i n g s d o n e w i t h t h e h e l p o f m a c h i n e s • 133 .

b u t I t h i n k w o r l d g o v e r n m e n t s w i l l s t o p i n v e s t i n g s o m u c h m o n e y in s p a c e t e c h n o l o g y a s m o n e y is n e e d e d t o s o l v e p r o b l e m s h e r e o n E a r t h T h e r e m u s t b e i n t e l l i g e n t life e l s e w h e r e . h e a l t h i e r a n d less h e c t i c a n d s t r e s s f u l P e o p l e t r u s t e d e a c h o t h e r a n d w e r e g r a t e f u l f o r s m a l l t h i n g s in c o n t r a s t t o p e o p l e n o w a d a y s w h o b e c o m e o b s e s s e d w i t h the acquisition of material g o o d s Part 3 (Suggested answers) SA SB SA SB SA SB SA SB SA T h e astronaut c o u l d talk a b o u t the d e v e l o p m e n t of m e d i c i n e a n d h o w this has h e l p e d people live l o n g e r A n d h e s h o u l d n t f o r g e t to e x p l a i n h o w n u c l e a r p h y s i c s l e d t o t h e c r e a t i o n of w e a p o n s s u c h as the nuclear b o m b which ended the S e c o n d World War A n o t h e r i m p o r t a n t p o i n t is t h e l a u n c h i n g o f r o c k e t s w h i c h w a s t h e first s t e p t o w a r d s e x p l o r i n g space H e c o u l d aJso (alk a b o u t t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f h a v i n g c h i l d r e n t h r o u g h t h e p r o c e s s of artificial insemination H e c o u l d a l s o t e l l t h e m a b o u t our c u l t u r a l a c h i e v e m e n t s like art m u s i c a n d a r c h i t e c t u r e H e c o u l d e x p l a i n t o t h e m t h e ability t o s t o r e i n f o r m a t i o n o n a c o m p u t e r d i s c w h i c h c a n b e retrieved by pressing a button H u m a n s h a v e a c h i e v e d s o m a r r y t h i n g s t h a t c o u l d b e e x p l a i n e d t o e x t r a . a s w e l l a s c o m p u t e r s . h a v e m a d e lite t o d a y e a s i e r b e c a u s e they save t i m e a n d they c a n d o m a n y different things L i v i n g in t h e p a s t w a s m u c h s i m p l e r .t e r r e s t n a l s For e x a m p l e t h e u s e o f l a s e r b e a m s in m e d i c i n e a n d i n d u s t r y A n d architecture.FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge • • FCE Examination Key B e t t e r c o o k i n g a n d c l e a n i n g a p p l i a n c e s . b e c a u s e s p a c e t e c h n o l o g y is constantly improving Y e s . a n d t h e n I w o u l d t e a c h it a b o u t o u r w o r l d I i m a g i n e t h a t it w o u l d h a v e d i s c o v e r e d a lot a b o u t h u m a n b e i n g s a l r e a d y I w o u l d w a n t t o find o u t a b o u t the b e i n g ' s planet I s u p p o s e a s t r o n a u t s h a v e t o be r e s o u r c e f u l . a n d they n e e d to b e c o u r a g e o u s too. b e c a u s e they certainly face d a n g e r o u s situations I t h i n k t h a t m o n e y s p e n t o n s p a c e r e s e a r c h is a n i n v e s t m e n t . a s it c o u f d r e s u l t in f i n d i n g solutions t o our p r o b l e m s here on Earth I d i s a g r e e W e s h o u l d s o l v e o u r p r o b l e m s h e r e first b e f o r e s p e n d i n g m o n e y o n s o m e t h i n g that m a y b e pointless W e s h o u l d worry a b o u t p e o p l e w h o are starving t o d a y • 134 .p e r h a p s n o t in t h i s g a l a x y b u t in a n o t h e r o n e T h e u n i v e r s e i s h u g e . b e c a u s e t h e y h a v e t o f a c e a l o t o f difficult situations Yes. transmit a n d t e l e p h o n e signals a n d even b r i n g us pictures b a c k of outer s p a c e TV channels Part 4 (Suggested answers) • SA SB • SA SB • SA SB • SA SB SA SB I t h i n k t r a v e l t o o t h e r p l a n e t s m i g h t b e p o s s i b l e o n e d a y . a n d w e k n o w v e r y little a b o u t it Y e s t h a t s t r u e b u t I t h i n k o t h e r b e i n g s " w o u l d h a v e m a d e c o n t a c t w i t h u s a l r e a d y if t h e r e w a s i n t e l l i g e n t life o n o t h e r p l a n e t s I w o u l d try t o c o m m u n i c a t e w i t h a b e i n g f r o m a n o t h e r p l a n e t P e r h a p s w e c o u l d f i n d a c o m m o n l a n g u a g e . from the pyramids to modern-day skyscrapers H e c o u l d a l s o talk t o t h e m a b o u t satellites that can predict the weather.

t a k e s p l a c e in Britain .FCELfsfefitng arte? Speafyng &Ar/& /P&nv&a' Cs/n&r/tfffe J^Cf £r3^7//7S//^> fWHip- Preparing for Speaking Test 3 1 FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS 1 .d r e s s i n g u p ( H a l l o w e e n in N o r t h A m e r i c a Britain) 5 a p o s t c a r d s h o w i n g a c a r r i a g e d e c o r a t e d w i t h r o s e s . church going eating fireworks fireworks parades 135 .there c o u l d be a b a n d . T o t h e T e a c h e r : T h e a i m o f e x e r c i s e 1 i s t h a t s t u d e n t s c o m e u p w i t h a n y l o g i c a l d e s c r i p t i o n of t h e pictures a n d g u e s s w h a t is h a p p e n i n g a n d w h a t t h e y a r e c a l l e d Encourage T h e teacher t h e n explains w h a t the celebrations held are S s t o d e s c r i b e t h e a c t i v i t i e s s h o w n in t h e pictures S u g g e s t e d a n s w e r s g i v e n b y students a n d n a m e s o f festivals 1 Chinesepeopleparadinginstre^tsholdirigabann p l a c e in C h i n a o r in another c o u n t r y w h e r e there is a C h i n e s e c o m m u n i t y in C h i n a o r C h i n e s e c o m m u n i t i e s all o v e r t h e w o r l d ) 2 3 4 a b a s k e t w i t h c o l o u r e d e g g s a n d chocolate bunnies lying o n grass .c o u l d b e a c e l e b r a t i o n of f l o w e r s .c o u l d have fireworks or o t h e r s p e c i a l c e l e b r a t i o n s ( R o y a l M i l i t a r y P a r a d e / Q u e e n ' s B i r t h d a y in Britain) 7 a little a n g e l a n d r e d h e a r t s .spring time could be a seems to be c e l e b r a t i o n of E a s t e r m a n O r t h o d o x c o u n t r y ( O r t h o d o x E a s t e r ) p e o p l e d r e s s e d u p in f a n c y c o s t u m e s s i n g i n g a n d d a n c i n g .M a y D a y .c o u l d b e a n a t i o n a l h o l i d a y N e w Year s Eve.t h e r e c o u l d b e a p a r a d e h e l d a s w e l l (Guy Fawkes' Day in Britain or 4th of July in U S A o r N e w Y e a r ' s E v e ) 2.s y m b o l o f l o v e ( V a l e n t i n e ' s D a y E u r o p e a n d A m e n c a ) 8 f i r e w o r k s d i s p l a y . t y p e s of festivals religion n a m e s of f e s t i v a l s moods activities 3 Christmas Thanksgiving Chinese N e w Year Independence Day May Day canine Conservative washing up beetle sleeping TYPE religious religious religious patriotic patriotic ACTIVITIES eating drinking. I n d e p e n d e n c e D a y o r a n y o t h e r s p e c i a l e v e n t .p e o p l e visit s p e c i a l f l o w e r e x h i b i t i o n s a n d d e c o r a t e their h o u s e s w i t h a v a r i e t y o f f l o w e r s . m o r e s p e c i f i c a l l y M a r d i G r a s and (Chinese New Year carnival) a h o l l o w e d o u t p u m p k i n with a c a n d l e b u r n i n g inside .a n e x c i t e d a t m o s p h e r e t a k i n g p l a c e i n Brazil (Rio d e J a n e i r o .in s o m e c o u n t r i e s a w r e a t h m a d e of f l o w e r s is p l a c e d o n t h e f r o n t d o o r of t h e h o u s e ( M a y D a y all o v e r t h e world) 6 a g r o u p of soldiers p a r a d i n g .

FCE Listening and Speaking A Type Name Activities PJace B Type Name Activities Place C Type Name Activities Place D Type Name Activities Place E Type Name Activities Place F Type Name Activities Place 5 Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination G Type Name Activities Place H Type Name Activities Place I Type Name Activities patriotic Queen s Birthday parades G r e a t Britain patriotic/religious Thanksgiving eating USA religious Key military/patriotic (Russian) M a y Day parades Russia cultural C a n n e s Film Festival film previews parties Cannes religious France carnival (Mardi Gras) dancing dressing u p in colourful c o s t u m e s drinking R i o d e J a n e i r o Brazil J religious Ramadan fasting feasting Place Type Name Activities Place K Type Name Activities Place Christmas e a t i n g e x c h a n g i n g gifts aJI over the Christian world carnival celebration Halloween dressing u p having parties North A m e r i c a Britain patriotic Guy Fawkes Day bonfires firework display Britain the M u s l i m W o r l d romantic Valentine s D a y exchanging presents a n d messages Europe and America patriotic Independence Day fireworks USA picnics barbecues (Suggested answer) a * * b • W o r l d w i d e p e o p l e in l o v e g i v e e a c h o t h e r p r e s e n t s o n F e b r u a r y 1 4 t h It s a c e l e b r a t i o n for sweethearts all over the world It s c u s t o m a r y for Q u e e n E l i z a b e t h II o f E n g l a n d t o r i d e o n h o r s e b a c k o n h e r b i r t h d a y a n d j o i n i n a p a r a d e s u r r o u n d e d b y all t h e s e r v i c e m e n w h o a r e under her command 2 8 t h O c t o b e r is a n a t i o n a l h o l i d a y a n d is o n l y c e l e b r a t e d in G r e e c e T h e r e a r e m i l i t a r y p a r a d e s and celebrations held throughout the country 6 To the Teacher Explain a n y n e w vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise 5 send 6 honour 7 displays 8 march 9 fasting 10 feast 11 e x c h a n g e 12 d e c o r a t e 13 r e l i g i o u s 14 g a t h e r 15 w o r l d w i d e 1 2 3 4 dress u p Turkey celebrated Orthodox 136 .

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination 3 EDUCATION 1 (Suggested answers) S o m e s c h o o l s l a c k b a s i c e q u i p m e n t m s o m e t h e r e is little d i s c i p l i n e s o m e s t u d e n t s s k i p s c h o o l occasionally I w o u l d p r e f e r t o b e e d u c a t e d a t s c h o o l a s g o i n g t o s c h o o l m e a n s I c a n mix w i t h c h i l d r e n o f m y age I w o u l d prefer t o g o t o a state s c h o o l a s students w h o attend state s c h o o l s have a higher pass rate than students w h o g o to private schools 2 To the Teacher Explain a n y new vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise 1 2 3 Subjects stimulated career grants 5 6 salaries teachers 9 10 further education research 13 14 promotion education 4 3 truancy low standards indiscipline detention suspension expulsion 7 fees 8 tuition 11 qualifications 12 donations 15 training repeated absence from school p o o r class a n d e x a m r e s u l t s rudeness or violence f r o m pupils b e i n g k e p t in s c h o o l after c l a s s temporary removal from school permanent removal from school 4 To the Teacher 1 2 3 4 a s s e m b l y hall classroom canteen bell Explain a n y n e w vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise 5 6 7 8 playground statfroom s p o r t s hall p l a y i n g f i e l d s blackboard 9 10 corridor office 5 (Suggested answers) PROBLEM truancy SOLUTIONS s t u d e n t s to provide sick notes w h e n a b s e n t stricter p u n i s h m e n t organise a PTA a p p o i n t e x t r a staff stricter p u n i s h m e n t d e t e n t i o n s u s p e n s i o n a r r a n g e m o r e in s e r v i c e t r a i n i n g expulsion o r g a n i s e a PTA large class sizes lack o f d i s c i p l i n e shortage of facilities e n c o u r a g e local education authority t o increase s p e n d i n g grants install m o r e c o m p u t e r s d o n a t i o n s b y the rich government poor e x a m results s e t u p e x t r a s u p p o r t c l a s s e s i m p r o v e l i b r a r y facilities set u p t u t o r i a l s H o w each solution would work • If s t u d e n t s w e r e a s k e d t o p r o v i d e s i c k n o t e s w h e n a b s e n t t h e n t h i s w o u l d s t o p t h e m f r o m s k i p p i n g s c h o o l b e c a u s e t h e y w o u l d n t b e a b l e t o j u s t i f y t h e i r a b s e n c e T h e i n t r o d u c t i o n of s t r i c t e r p u n i s h m e n t w o u l d b e a p o s i t i v e s t e p t o o A l s o t h e organisation of a P T A w o u l d help b e c a u s e p a r e n t s w o u l d b e p e r s o n a l l y a n d i m m e d i a t e l y n o t i f i e d if t h e i r c h i l d r e n f a i l e d t o c o m e to s c h o o l a n d s o m e action c o u l d b e taken b y t h e m a s well 137 .

Key • • T h e p r o b l e m of l a r g e c l a s s s i z e s c o u l d b e d e a l t w i t h b y a p p o i n t i n g e x t r a staff It t h i s w a s d o n e then there w o u l d b e smaller g r o u p s a n d students w o u l d receive individual attention I n d i s c i p l i n e c o u l d b e c o n t r o l l e d b y i n t r o d u c i n g s t r i c t e r p u n i s h m e n t s s u c h a s detention. c o m m u n i t y spirit. n o c r i m e p e a c e a n d quiet scenery. it is probably etc • In picture A w e c a n s e e a beer festival w h e r e p e o p l e w e a r traditional G e r m a n d r e s s a n d d r i n k beer In M u n i c h this celebration takes place every O c t o b e r a n d p e o p l e h a v e a g o o d t i m e (n p i c t u r e B w e c a n s e e t h e V e n i c e C a r n i v a l i n Italy It i s a f a m o u s c a r n i v a l w h e r e p e o p l e d r e s s u p in e x q u i s i t e c o s t u m e s a n d w e a r m a s k s I n G r e e c e w e have a festival similar t o t h e o n e in picture A w h e r e p e o p l e d r i n k w i n e a n d d a n c e traditional d a n c e s T h e s e w i n e festivals are held i n v a r i o u s parts o f G r e e c e m o s t l y in t h e s u m m e r m o n t h s and they are a big tourist attraction S i m i l a r l y t h e r e i s a c a r n i v a l i n G r e e c e e v e r y F e b r u a r y i n t h e t o w n o f P a t r a It is v e r y f a m o u s a n d r e c e n t l y rt h a s b e e n a c k n o w l e d g e d a s e q u a l t o t h e o n e o f R i o d e J a n e i r o P e o p l e s p e n d m o n t h s p r e p a r i n g * 138 . n o pollution DISADVANTAGES noise. t h e n s t u d e n t s w o u l d h a v e t h e chance to revise m a t e r i a l a n d t o o v e r c o m e a n y w e a k n e s s e s t h e y m i g h t h a v e A l s o it w o u l d h e l p if l i b r a r y facilities were improved s o that students could have access to more reference books • • 6. b a d public transport system lack of excitement people not so open-minded Speaking Test 3 Part 2 (Suggested answers) Pictures A a n d B To the T e a c h e r . it c o u l d b e . ( f r e s h f o o d H ) . teachers c o u l d resort to expelling students w h o s e behaviour was u n a c c e p t a b l e O r g a n i s i n g a P a r e n t . they should be encouraged to d e s c r i b e the p i c t u r e s a n d u s e a p p r o p r i a t e e x p r e s s i o n s s u c h a s I think. L o o k i n g a t the picture m a k e s m e think I imagine. open minded people friendlier healthier. (t s e e m s t o b e .s e r v i c e t r a i n i n g t h e n n e w t e a c h e r s c o u l d c o n f e r w i t h t h e m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o n e s s o a s t o find b e t t e r solutions to t h e p r o b l e m of indiscipline S h o r t a g e of facilities is a p r o b l e m t h a i c o u l d be o v e r c o m e b y e n c o u r a g i n g l o c a l e d u c a t i o n a u t h o r i t i e s t o g i v e m o r e f u n d s s o t h a t s c h o o l s c o u l d h a v e m o r e u p d a t e d facilities T h e s a m e t h i n g w o u l d h a p p e n if t h e r i c h m a d e d o n a t i o n s t o s c h o o l s o r if t h e g o v e r n m e n t i n c r e a s e d t h e g r a n t s If extra s u p p o r t c l a s s e s o r t u t o r i a l s w e r e set u p . pollution Country Life nosy people (no privacy).Teacher Association w o u l d help b e c a u s e parents c o u l d help t e a c h e r s i n t h e i r e f f o r t t o e s t a b l i s h d i s c i p l i n e in c l a s s If t h e r e w a s m o r e i n . cinemas clubs g o o d public transport. L a r g e c l a s s s i z e s a r e a p r o b l e m i n m a n y s c h o o l s It w o u l d b e b e s t if l o c a l a u t h o r i t i e s i n c r e a s e d spending on education This would lead to extra staff b e i n g a p p o i n t e d a n d a s a r e s u l t c l a s s s i z e s w o u l d be reduced In o r d e r t o o v e r c o m e t h e p r o b l e m s c a u s e d b y l a c k o f d i s c i p l i n e t e a c h e r s c o u l d i m p o s e stricter punishments W h e r e not effective. more crime. suspension or expulsion Setting u p a Parent .T e a c h e r A s s o c i a t i o n (PTA) w o u l d h e l p a s t e a c h e i s c o u l d f i n d o u t a b o u t p r o b l e m s certain s t u d e n t s m a y have w i t h i n their families w h i c h c o u l d b e t h e reason for their b e h a v i o u r Finally i f t e a c h e r s h a d m o r e m s e r v i c e t r a i n i n g t h e y w o u l d b e b e t t e r e q u i p p e d t o d e a l w i t h any discipline p r o b l e m s w h i c h m a y arise ADVANTAGES City Life theatres. // S s do not know the names for these two holidays.

Key F C E Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination t h e i r c o s t u m e s a n d p r a c t i c a l l y e v e r y c i t i z e n o f P a t t a p a r t i c i p a t e s i n t h e c a r n i v a l it «s a g r e a t t i m e o f t h e y e a r f o r t h e p e o p l e of P a t r a a s t h e c e l e b r a t i o n s a r e t e l e v i s e d a n d b r o a d c a s t live all o v e r G r e e c e • • I k n o w s o m e f o r e i g n f e s t i v a l s f o r e x a m p l e t h e B e r l i n Film Festival t h e Bastille D a y c e l e b r a t i o n s w h i c h are h e l d in F r a n c e t h e R o s e Festival m P o r t l a n d U S t h e E d i n b u r g h Festival etc I w o u l d p r e f e r t o g o t o t h e V e n i c e C a r n i v a l It s f u n t o d r e s s u p i n c o s t u m e s I w o u l d l o v e t o g o t o R i o d e J a n e i r o a t c a r n i v a l t i m e t o w a t c h t h e p a r a d e s It s o u n d s s u c h g o o d f u n Pictures C a n d D • In p i c t u r e C w e c a n s e e a f a r m h o u s e s t a n d i n g i n p e a c e f u l s u r r o u n d i n g s T h e r e a r e t r e e s a n d l o t s o f g r e e n w h i c h m a k e rt a v e r y a t t r a c t i v e l a n d s c a p e Life w o u l d b e q u i e t a n d p e a c e f u l if n o t a little monotonous in such a place In p i c t u r e D w e c a n s e e a city full o f l i g h t s a n d tall b u i l d i n g s T h e r e is a f i r e w o r k s d i s p l a y t o o Life in s u c h a c i t y is hectic a n d s t r e s s f u l a s p e o p l e h a v e t o f a c e traffic j a m s n o i s e a n d p o l l u t i o n P e o p l e m o v e t o t o w n s a n d cities b e c a u s e t h e y e i t h e r w a n t t o h a v e a b e t t e r e d u c a t i o n o r t o f i n d a better j o b S o m e others m o v e t o t o w n s or cities simply b e c a u s e they w a n t m o r e e x c i t e m e n t If I lived m a v i l l a g e I w o u l d e x p e c t t o f i n d s o m e b a r s o r p u b s a c i n e m a a n d p e r h a p s a r e s t a u r a n t o r t w o I w o u l d n t e x p e c t t o f i n d a t h e a t r e o r a n art g a l l e r y O n t h e o t h e r h a n d if I l i v e d i n a city I w o u l d h a v e a c c e s s t o all k i n d s of e n t e r t a i n m e n t f r o m c a f e s t o e x p e n s i v e r e s t a u r a n t s f r o m c i n e m a s t o exhibition centres etc I t h i n k t h e b e s t p l a c e t o r a i s e c h i l d r e n is d e f i n i t e l y t h e c o u n t r y a s t h e r e is less p o l l u t i o n l e s s s t r e s s a n d a lot m o r e o p e n s p a c e C h i l d r e n w o u l d b e n e f i t f r o m b e i n g c l o s e t o n a t u r e a s t h e y c o u l d d e v e l o p m o r e skills t h a n c h i l d r e n w h o l i v e i n t h e c i t y • • • Part 3 (Suggested answers) SA SB SA SB SA SB T h i s s c h o o l i s badJy understaffed which means t h a t t h e r e a r e far t o o m a n y s t u d e n t s in e a c h c l a s s S t u d e n t s d o n t r e c e i v e e n o u g h i n d i v i d u a l attention from their teacher That s true W e must persuade the local authority to increase our grant Perhaps w e might encourage local business to m a k e donations A n o t h e r p r o b l e m i s d i s c i p l i n e w h i c h reaJfy m u s t b e i m p r o v e d I p r o p o s e t o i n t r o d u c e stricter p u n i s h m e n t for t r u a n c y a n d b a d b e h a v i o u r m c l a s s S u s p e n s i o n o r detention c a n b e u s e d a s a warning for students w h o m i s b e h a v e I think that would b e a g o o d step towards overcoming this problem Expulsion of students w h o s e b e h a v i o u r i s totally u n a c c e p t a b l e i s a n o t h e r s o l u t i o n W h a t a b o u t t h e l a c k o f e q u i p m e n t ? It i s o b v i o u s t h a t n e w e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s c o m p u t e r s r e f e r e n c e b o o k s e t c is really n e c e s s a r y SA T h e s c h o o l w o u l d h a v e b e t t e r e x a m r e s u l t s if t h e students could use updated material I a g r e e In m y o p i n i o n s e t t i n g u p a P a r e n t T e a c h e r A s s o c i a t i o n w o u l d b e a g o o d s t e p t o o Y o u k n o w h o w h e l p f u l p a r e n t s c a n b e if t h e y a r e a s k e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o s u c h a c a u s e Part 4 (Suggested answers) • SA SB SA • • SA SB SA SB SA SB E d u c a t i o n s h o u l d c e r t a i n t y t>e f r e e a s everyone h a s a b a s i c r i g h t t o it I a g r e e b u t if s o m e p e o p l e w i s h t o p a y f o r t h e i r c h i l d r e n t o r e c e i v e p r i v a t e e d u c a t i o n t h e y should b e able t o Yes but state schools should receive e n o u g h m o n e y from the government to ensure that high educational standards are available t o everyone L a n g u a g e s a r e v i t a l n o w a d a y s b e c a u s e c o m m u n i c a t i n g is s o i m p o r t a n t i n all s o r t s o f b u s i n e s s That s true but sciences are also important as m a n y j o b s involve t e c h n o l o g y If a p e r s o n h a s g o o d q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o r a g o o d e d u c a t i o n t h e y h a v e a b e t t e r c h a n c e o f f i n d i n g a good job A n d a bette? c h a n c e of. p r o m o t i o n t o o T e a c h e r s a r e vital i n s o c i e t y t h e y h a v e a v e r y r e s p o n s i b l e j o b s o it s i m p o r t a n t t h a t t h e i r salaries reflect t h a t I a g r e e G o o d s a l a r i e s w o u l d m a k e t e a c h e r s feel a p p r e c i a t e d A l s o b e t t e r q u a l i f i e d p e o p l e m i g h t e n t e r t h e p r o f e s s i o n s o t h a t s t a n d a r d s w o u l d rise • .

s e a f o o d e t c h a m m e r nails tools fish. m o d e r n specialist busy impersonal cheap large modern. s h o p assistants counter shelves. shelf s t a c k e r shopkeeper. friendly. d e e p f r e e z e trolley. till chain store s h o p assistants manager checkout operator s h o p assistants manager. cigarettes. s e a f o o d . expensive. c a n n e d d r i n k s . m i l k toiletries. fruit s u g a r m i l k .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Key_ fWfi^ 1 Preparing for Speaking Test 4 . old-fashioned busy. b u t it is o p e n l o n g e r h o u r s t h a n larger s h o p s 140 . till c h a n g i n g r o o m s supermarket general. fish. old-fashioned. canned drinks v e g e t a b l e s . fruit. n e w s a g e n t s etc I p a r t i c u l a r l y l i k e g o i n g t o d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s a s t h e r e is s u c h a v a r i e t y of t h i n g s M o r e o v e r I d o n t w a s t e t i m e g o i n g t o d i f f e r e n t s h o p s a s e v e r y t h i n g I want is in one shop N o r m a l l y it s m y p a r e n t s w h o d o t h e s h o p p i n g for m y f a m i l y b e c a u s e t h e y k n o w e x a c t l y w h e r e t o d o t h e i r s h o p p i n g a n d h o w m u c h m o n e y t h e y s h o u l d s p e n d o n it 2 baker s newsagent s greengrocer's grocer s chemist s butcher s supermarket hardware store fishmonger's clothes s h o p sweet shop biscuits.u p . b a s k e t counter till. m e a t c a k e s . cheap hardware store small. s u g a r . racks aisles. SHOPPING (fruit) g r e e n g r o c e r ' s / s u p e r m a r k e t (cheese) s u p e r m a r k e t / g r o c e r s (meat) butcher s / s u p e r m a r k e t (bread) baker s/supermarket (Suggested answers) • • • I k n o w s o m e other s h o p s s u c h a s a d e p a r t m e n t store. s e a f o o d clothes accessories sweets QUALITIES m a r k e t stall small. m a k e . chemist's.u p toiletries meat s w e e t s v e g e t a b l e s . c a n n e d d r i n k s v e g e t a b l e s . little v a r i e t y o p e n long hours large. . specialist busy friendly shelves. m a k e . busy impersonal. cakes newspapers magazines sweets. corner s h o p . specialist friendly small. b i s c u i t s . p e r f u m e . c h e a p . s h e l v e s A c o r n e r s h o p i s u s u a l l y a small. s w e e t s m e d i c i n e . PERSONNEL stall h o l d e r FEATURES display corner shop shopkeeper counter shelves basket d e e p f r e e z e . old-fashioned p l a c e It is r u n b y t h e s h o p k e e p e r w h o is u s u a l l y q u i t e f r i e n d l y A c o r n e r s h o p c a n b e m o r e e x p e n s i v e t h a n a s u p e r m a r k e t It i s n o t v e r y b i g a n d e v e r y t h i n g t h a t is f o r s a l e is p l a c e d o n s h e l v e s T h e r e is little v a r i e t y . fruit. bread. checkout o p e r a t o r .

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination A c h a i n s t o r e is a l a r g e m o d e r n s p e c i a l i s t s h o p w h e r e p e o p l e c a n b u y p a r t i c u l a r t h i n g s T h e r e a r e s h o p a s s i s t a n t s w h o s e r v e c u s t o m e r s b e h i n d a c o u n t e r T h e r e is a till a n d t h e r e a r e c h a n g i n g r o o m s w h e r e p e o p l e c a n try o n a n y c l o t h e s t h e y w a n t t o b u y A c h a i n s t o r e c a n b e i m p e r s o n a l t h o u g h b e c a u s e t h e r e is n o t m u c h p e r s o n a l c o n t a c t b e t w e e n t h e c u s t o m e r s a n d t h e s h o p a s s i s t a n t s Supermarkets are large m o d e r n a n d busy places where people can b u y almost everything they n e e d S u p e r m a r k e t s are quite c h e a p b e c a u s e they c a n stock m bulk but are rather i m p e r s o n a l There a r e l o n g a i s l e s of f o o d s t a c k e d o n s h e l v e s r a c k s a n d i n f r e e z e r s b y shelf s t a c k e r s C u s t o m e r s c a r r y b a s k e t s o r p u s h t r o l l e y s T h e r e are c h e c k o u t o p e r a t o r s a n d s h o p a s s i s t a n t s A h a r d w a r e s t o r e i s a s m a l l s h o p w h e r e p e o p l e c a n b u y t o o l s It i s u s u a l l y r u n b y a friendly s h o p k e e p e r w h o m a y b e h e l p e d by s h o p assistants There are shelves displaying the items for sale a n d c u s t o m e r s p a y f o r t h e i r p u r c h a s e s a t t h e till 4 T o the T e a c h e r Explain any n e w vocabulary before Ss d o t h e exercise 1 2 3 4 5 expeditions p o p into run staff tags 6 7 8 9 10 stock superstores variety delivered discount 11 12 13 14 15 cash credit exclusive brand Handmade 5 corner shop GOOD POINTS long opening hours weekend opening BAD POINTS convenient limited s p a c e expensive long queues impersonal service supermarket competitive prices long opening hours large variety o f g o o d s g o o d layout convenient helpful assistants convenient grocer s short opening hours limited space short opening hours chemist s weekend opening helpful assistants g o o d layout competitive prices chain store impersonal service S u p e r m a r k e t s offer a l a r g e v a r i e t y o f g o o d s a n d c o m p e t i t i v e p r i c e s T h e y h a v e l o n g o p e n i n g h o u r s w h i c h suits m o s t c u s t o m e r s They also have a g o o d layout s o c u s t o m e r s d o not w a s t e m u c h t i m e t r y i n g to f i n d w h a t t h e y n e e d T h e i r o n l y d r a w b a c k is t h a t s o m e t i m e s there. a r e l o n g q u e u e s at t h e tills a n d t h e service is q u i t e i m p e r s o n a l A g r o c e r s s h o p is c o n v e n i e n t a n d h a s h e l p f u l a s s i s t a n t s A s it is a s m a l l p l a c e t h o u g h it h a s l i m i t e d s p a c e O n e d i s a d v a n t a g e is t h e s h o r t o p e n i n g h o u r s I t y o u r u n o u t o f s o m e t h i n g y o u w i l l n o t b e a b l e to g e t it f r o m t h e s h o p b e c a u s e it m i g h t b e c l o s e d A c h e m i s t s s h o p offers w e e k e n d o p e n i n g w h i c h m e a n s t h a t if y o u u r g e n t l y n e e d s o m e m e d i c a t i o n y o u II f i n d o n e t h a t is o p e n O n t h e o t h e r h a n d t h e w e e k l y o p e n i n g h o u r s are s h o r t w h i c h is a disadvantage T h e assistants are normally helpful C h a m s t o r e s h a v e a g o o d l a y o u t s o c u s t o m e r s c a n f i n d w h a t t h e y w a n t quickly a n d e a s i l y T h e y offer competitive prices which m e a n s y o u c a n g e t t h i n g s a t a r e a s o n a b l e p r i c e H o w e v e r t h e s e r v i c e is q u i t e impersonal 141 .

FCE Listening a n d Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE examination 6 T o t h e T e a c h e r Explain a n y n e w vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise 1 2 3 4 7 baker s newsagent s greengrocer s grocer s 5 6 7 8 chemist s butchers supermarket fishmongers 9 10 11 12 clothes shop sweetshop corner shop chain stores 13 14 hardware store Superstores (Suggested answer) S u p e r m a r k e t s are large and impersonal whereas in a clothes s h o p y o u normally get m o r e fnendly service Supermarkets a n d clothes shops e m p l o y s h o p assistants w h o are overseen b y a m a n a g e r but s u p e r m a r k e t s also have c h e c k o u t operators a n d shelf stackers Antiques s h o p s are smaller and more specialist places than supermarkets They are m o r e expensive t o o Both clothes s h o p s a n d a n t i q u e s s h o p s h a v e a l i m i t e d v a r i e t y of g o o d s N o r m a l l y a n a n t i q u e s s h o p i s r u n b y t h e s h o p k e e p e r S u p e r m a r k e t s have Jong o p e n i n g h o u r s w h e r e a s c l o t h e s s h o p s a n d a n t i q u e s s h o p s h a v e s h o r t opening hours 1 ACCIDENTS 1 (Suggested answers) Fire b r i g a d e Ambulance Police Coastguard 2 h o u s e o n fire g e t s t u c k i n a lift accident theft burglary t r o u b l e at sea in G r e e c e d i a l m Britain dial 100 199 T o t h e T e a c h e r E x p l a i n a n y n e w v o c a b u l a r y first t h e n a s k S s t o d o t h e e x e r c i s e 1 2 3 Paramedics stretcher firefighters sirens WOUNDS/INJURIES cut graze bruise broken bone/fracture sprain burn concussion 4 5 6 truncheons whistles lifeboat life j a c k e t s TREATMENT stitches sticking plaster sticking plaster ice compress plaster cast bandage ointment ice compress 7 8 fire b r i g a d e coastguard 3 4 T o the T e a c h e r Ask S s to s k i m t h e texts t h e n ask t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s 1 2 3 4 5 Why was Mandy Gnbbons presented with a n a w a r d W h a t c a u s e d t h e c a r a c c i d e n t i n t h e first s t o r y " W h a t w a s t h e first t h i n g M a n d y d i d W h a t c a u s e d t h e c a r a c c i d e n t in t h e s e c o n d s t o r y ? W h y d i d J u l i e Jarvis u n d e r g o s u r g e r y 7 7 7 7 Answers 1 2 3 4 5 142 B e c a u s e o f h e r b r a v e r y a n d h e r ability t o a c t q u i c k l y i n t h i s e m e r g e n c y The car s k i d d e d o n black ice and ran into a wall She called the police T h e c a r hit a t r e e a n d o v e r t u r n e d B e c a u s e h e r l e g w a s s h a t t e r e d a n d it h a d t o b e p i e c e d t o g e t h e r .

then ask them the following comprehension questions 1 2 W h y have there b e e n s o m a n y accidents recently? H o w m a n y car accidents are m e n t i o n e d i n this passage? Answers 1 B e c a u s e of the c o l d wet weather w h i c h m a k e s driving d a n g e r o u s 2 Two 1 2 slippery speed restrictions 3 4 speeding swerve 5 6 dented collided 7 8 brakes seatbelts 9 write-offs 143 . f headlight 2 safety belt 3 spanner 4 splinter 5 graze 6 brake To the Teacher: Ask Ss to skim the passage. E x p l a i n a n y n e w v o c a b u l a r y b e f o r e S s d o t h e e x e r c i s e 1 2 3 bruise shock/pain hysterical SHOULD disinfect w o u n d s move people away from the area of a p o s s i b l e e x p l o s i o n g i v e artificial r e s p i r a t i o n keep victims warm dial 9 9 9 4 pain 5 discomfort 6 unconscious 7 panic 8 numb 9 sore 10 11 12 dizzy unwell concussion SHOULDN'T g i v e v i c t i m s a c u p of c o f f e e s m o k e next to a car a c c i d e n t i g n o r e t h e victims 7.y DID FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination DIDN'T they didn't notify e m e r g e n c y services they didn't explain h o w urgent the situation w a s t h e y d i d n ' t try t o s t o p t h e b l e e d i n g she called the police she tried t o comfort the victims she k e p t t h e driver w a r m she carried the children to safety s h e left t h e d r i v e r w h e r e h e w a s To t h e T e a c h e r . (Suggested answers) Y o u s h o u l d a l w a y s try t o k e e p v i c t i m s w a r m Y o u m u s t n e v e r g i v e v i c t i m s a c u p of c o f f e e b e c a u s e i t speeds u p the heart beat O n l y if y o u h a v e t h e n e c e s s a r y e q u i p m e n t s h o u l d y o u a t t e m p t t o d i s i n f e c t w o u n d s You must never s m o k e next to a car accident as s m o k i n g can cause a n explosion It h e l p s if y o u d i a l 9 9 9 i m m e d i a t e l y a s a n a m b u l a n c e c a n c o m e q u i c k l y t o t h e s c e n e of a n a c c i d e n t a n d the paramedics can take care of the victims Y o u must m o v e p e o p l e a w a y f r o m t h e area of a possible explosion t o a place w h e r e they c a n safely r e m a i n till a n a m b u l a n c e a r r i v e s O n l y a t t e m p t t o g i v e artificial r e s p i r a t i o n if y o u k n o w h o w t o . o t h e r w i s e w a i t till t h e p a r a m e d i c s a r r i v e Y o u s h o u l d never ignore the victims a s they m i g h t n e e d i m m e d i a t e help 8 9.

.C E Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Key CAUSE AN ACCIDENT drinking alcohol lighting a cigarette not s l o w i n g d o w n near children o r animals driving taster in t o w n s 11 HELP AVOID AN ACCIDENT checking the brakes slowing d o w n before a junction keeping a safe distance f r o m other cars d r i v i n g m o r e s l o w l y in rain o r s n o w following s p e e d limits (Suggested answer) T h e s e c o n d a c c i d e n t m a y b e c o n s i d e r e d w o r s e a s it c o u l d h a v e b e e n a v o i d e d A l t h o u g h t h e d r i v e r w a s n o t h u r t t h e m o t o r c y c l i s t w a s T h e p e o p l e in t h e first a c c i d e n t h a d t a k e n all t h e p r e c a u t i o n s t h e y c o u l d t o a v o i d injury (Suggested answer) * In t h e first d r a w i n g t h e r e is a c o u n t r y r o a d a n d a c a r w h i c h h a s hit a f e n c e T h e d r i v e r m i g h t n o t h a v e noticed the sign w h i c h w a r n s drivers t o drive slowly a s animals are frequently seen o n the road Alternatively h e m i g h t have had t o swerve t o avoid the s h e e p and a s a result he lost control o f the car a n d hit the fence * In t h e s e c o n d d r a w i n g t h e r e is a c r o s s r o a d s a n d t w o c a r s w h i c h h a v e c o l l i d e d T h e a c c i d e n t m a y have b e e n c a u s e d b y one of the cars t r y i n g t o overtake the lorry a n d driving into the other A l t e r n a t i v e l y o n e o f t h e d r i v e r s m i g h t n o t h a v e s t o p p e d at t h e traffic l i g h t s a n d d r i v e n s t r a i g h t o n t h u s crashing into the other car In t h e t h i r d d r a w i n g t h e r e is a car w h i c h h a s hit a l a m p p o s t T h e c a u s e o f t h e a c c i d e n t m i g h t h a v e b e e n that t h e driver t r i e d t o a v o i d hitting t h e o l d lady w h o h a p p e n e d t o b e c r o s s i n g t h e street a n d in d o i n g s o h e hit t h e l a m p p o s t O r t h e c a r m i g h t h a v e s k i d d e d o n t h e icy p a t c h a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y t h e d r i v e r lost c o n t r o l o f h i s v e h i c l e a n d hit t h e l a m p p o s t 12 * 13 (Suggested answer) SA SB SA SB SA SB SA SB SA SB SA O n e winter m o r n i n g I w a s travelling into t o w n with m y father w h e n a d o g ran into the middle of t h e r o a d So what did you do? Well m y father p u t o n the brakes a n d s w e r v e d t o a v o i d t h e d o g W h a t h a p p e n e d next? T h e c a r s k i d d e d off t h e r o a d a s it w a s w e t a n d hit t h e f e n c e at t h e s i d e of t h e r o a d W a sanyone hurt L u c k i l y n e i t h e r of u s w a s s e r i o u s l y h u r t W e o n l y h a d a f e w b r u i s e s 7 What h a p p e n e d t o the car? It w a s b a d l y d e n t e d o n o n e s i d e a n d rt t o o k t w o w e e k s t o b e r e p a i r e d Is t h e r e a n y t h i n g y o u c o u l d h a v e d o n e t o p r e v e n t t h e a c c i d e n t ? I d o n t t h i n k s o M y d a d w a s n t d r i v i n g f a s t s o h e c a n t b e b l a m e d for n o t b r a k i n g i n t i m e •.'TittiM.Speaking Test 4 'art 2 (Suggested answers) Pictures A a n d B * Picture A s h o w s a large department store whereas picture B s h o w s a grocer s s h o p The department s t o r e is c o v e r e d w i t h l i g h t s It s p r o b a b l y lit u p f o r C h r i s t m a s T h e g r o c e r s is s m a l l a n d p a c k e d full of things The w o m a n serving l o o k s very helpful a n d friendly Y o u c a n b u y e v e r y t h i n g in a l a r g e d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e l i k e t h e o n e in p i c t u r e A In p i c t u r e B t h o u g h y o u c a n o n l y b u y fruit a n d v e g e t a b l e s 44 • .

FCE Listening and Speaking • Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination It is f i n e t o p a y o n c r e d i t if y o u h a v e e n o u g h m o n e y in y o u r b a n k a c c o u n t t o c o v e r t h e a m o u n t g r a d u a l l y o r if y o u a r e a b l e t o p a y i n i n s t a l m e n t s P a y i n g b y c r e d i t c a n b e a v e r y u s e f u l w a y o f b u y i n g s o m e t h i n g e x p e n s i v e g r a d u a l l y H o w e v e r it is e a s y t o g e t i n t o t r o u b l e w h e n p a y i n g o n c r e d i t b e c a u s e y o u m i g h t start t o b u y t h i n g s y o u actually d o n t n e e d or c a n t afford • I d o b u y t h i n g s b y m a i l o r d e r a s I d o n t like s h o p p i n g It is m u c h e a s i e r t o s i t a t h o m e a n d c h o o s e t h i n g s from the comfort of your o w n h o m e t h a n having t o g o t o so m a n y different s h o p s or I n e v e r g e t t h i n g s f r o m m a i l o r d e r c a t a l o g u e s a s t h e y never h a v e a v e r y g o o d s e l e c t i o n of c l o t h e s o r a m / t h i n g e l s e A n d w h e n y o u d o o r d e r t h e t h i n g s t h e y re n e v e r l i k e t h e y a r e i n t h e c a t a l o g u e o r t h e y r e really b a d q u a l i t y o r t h e y d o n t fit Pictures C and D • In p i c t u r e C t h e r e a r e t w o h o l l o w e d o u t p u m p k i n s w h i c h are t r a d i t i o n a l l y u s e d a t H a l l o w e e n H a l l o w e e n is a h o l i d a y w h i c h i s c e l e b r a t e d in N o r t h A m e r i c a a n d B r i t a i n d u r i n g w h i c h p e o p l e d r e s s u p a n d h a v e a g r e a t t i m e i n p i c t u r e D w e c a n s e e a n old Valentine s c a r d Valentine s Day is celebrated all o v e r t h e w o r l d a n d it is v e r y r o m a n t i c H a l l o w e e n isn t v e r y p o p u l a r in G r e e c e b u t S t V a l e n t i n e s D a y i s O n S t V a l e n t i n e s D a y e v e r y b o d y s e n d s t h e i r l o v e d o n e c a r d s f l o w e r s o r little gifts If I c o u l d c r e a t e a f e s t i v a l it w o u l d b e a n a t u r e f e s t i v a l P e o p l e w o u l d g o t o t h e c o u n t r y s i d e t o p i c k u p litter p l a n t t r e e s a n d g e n e r a l l y c a r e i o r t h e e n v i r o n m e n t T h e n t h e y w o u l d h a v e b i g p i c n i c s w i t h s i n g m g and dancing P e o p l e d o e n j o y c e l e b r a t i o n s t o d a y a s m u c h a s in t h e p a s t b u t t h e y j u s t c e l e b r a t e i n a d i f f e r e n t w a y In t h e p a s t t h e c o m m u n i t y o f t e n g o t t o g e t h e r t o c e l e b r a t e i m p o r t a n t f e s t i v a l s b u t n o w a d a y s c o m m u n i t i e s are not s o close T o d a y p e o p l e s e e m t o b u y t h i n g s a s presents for e a c h other rather than gathering together Note to the Teacher T h e s e are s u g g e s t e d a n s w e r s S s m a y c o m e u p w i t h m o r e a n s w e r s A n y answer is a c c e p t a b l e a s l o n g a s it is m e a n i n g f u l a n d m a t c h e s t h e c o n c e p t of t h i s e x e r c i s e M a k e s u r e t h e S s u s e a p p r o p r i a t e expressions s u c h as m a y / m i g h t have m a y / m i g h t not have possibly etc art 3 (Suggested answers) SA SB SA SB T h a t r e d c a r h a s j u s t hit t h e traffic light L o o k at t h e f u m e s c o m i n g o u t o f t h e e n g i n e ' I m s u r e t h e c a r is b a d l y d a m a g e d W h a t d o y o u t h i n k c a u s e d t h e a c c i d e n t ? W e l l t h e d r i v e r m i g h t h a v e s k i d d e d o n t h e o i l y p a t c h a n d a s a r e s u l t h e lost c o n t r o l o f t h e v e h i c l e a n d hit t h e traffic l i g h t s A n o t h e r p o s s i b i l i t y w o u l d b e t h a t w h i l e t h e d r i v e r w a s g o i n g a l o n g P i n e Street a d r u n k e n m a n s u d d e n l y s t e p p e d o u t into t h e r o a d T h e driver m i g h t have s w e r v e d t o a v o i d h i m lost c o n t r o l o f his v e h i c l e a n d e n d e d u p h i t t i n g t h e traffic l i g h t A l t e r n a t i v e l y w h i l e t h e d r i v e r w a s g o i n g a l o n g P i n e S t r e e t a n e l d e r l y l a d y s t e p p e d off t h e c u r b c o m p l e t e l y u n a w a r e o f t h e o n c o m i n g car H e s w e r v e d t o a v o i d h i t t i n g h e r t h e n t h e d r u n k a r d a p p e a r e d T h e driver p a n i c k e d tried t o brake s k i d d e d o n t h e oily p a t c h a n d eventually c r a s h e d i n t o t h e traffic l i g h t s L o o k at t h e t w o c h i l d r e n r u n n i n g a c r o s s P i n e S t r e e t t o g e t t o t h e i c e c r e a m v a n T h e y c o u l d h a v e b e e n t h e c a u s e of t h e a c c i d e n t W h a t if h e s w e r v e d t o a v o i d r u n n i n g o v e r t h e m a s m o s t probably t h e y d i d n t c h e c k before c r o s s i n g the street? Y o u r e r g h t H e m i g h t h a v e s w e r v e d a n d t h e n h a v i n g lost c o n t r o l of t h e car c r a s h e d i n t o t h e traffic l i g h t s • • • SA SB SA 145 .

FCE Listening and Speaking SB Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE examination Key I t h i n k t h e r e is another possibility t o o There are t w o a n i m a l s c h a s i n g e a c h other a l o n g O a k Street The driver m a y have been g o i n g a l o n g O a k Street w h e n h e n o t i c e d t h e m H e tried t o a v o i d r u n n i n g o v e r t h e m s w e r v e d a n d e n d e d u p h i t t i n g t h e traffic l i g h t s W e l l it s o b v i o u s t h a t y o u m u s t b e r e a l l y c a u t i o u s w h i l e d r i v i n g b e c a u s e a n a c c i d e n t c a n b e caused within seconds SA Part 4 (Suggested answers) • SA SB SA SA SB SA I r e c k o n y o u c a n d r i n k t w o o r t h r e e g l a s s e s of w i n e a n d still d r i v e N o in Britain y o u c a n only drink o n e glass of w i n e o r a pint of beer W e l l it d o e s n t r e a l l y m a t t e r b e c a u s e I d o n t t h i n k y o u s h o u l d d r i n k a n y t h i n g a t all Y o u should always wear your seat belt Y e s a n d b a b i e s s h o u l d travel in a s p e c i a l car seat in t h e b a c k T h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t t h i n g is t o d r i v e c a r e f u l l y Y o u s h o u l d n t e x c e e d t h e s p e e d limit a n d y o u s h o u l d n t t a k e a n y unnecessary risks I w o u l d look both ways before crossing a street A n d I w o u l d slow d o w n before reaching a crossroads I t h i n k it s h o u l d b e m a d e m o r e d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e I b e l i e v e t h e r e a r e a l r e a d y a lot of u n s a f e drivers o n t h e road I agree I think there s h o u l d b e more emphasis o n safe driving Y e t if l e a r n e r s w e r e s h o w n h o w to r e a c t i n e m e r g e n c y s i t u a t i o n s t h e y m i g h t b e b e t t e r p r e p a r e d t o a v o i d a c c i d e n t s i n real s i t u a t i o n s 1 also think that the m i n i m u m age for driving should b e raised I d o n t t h i n k t h e r e s h o u l d b e a s p e e d l i m i t b e c a u s e y o u c a n t g e t t h e f u l l v a l u e o u t o f y o u r car I completely disagree should b e lowered m o s t a c c i d e n t s a r e c a u s e d b y s p e e d i n g d r i v e r s s o I t h i n k t h e limit • • SA SB • SA SB SA SB • SA SB 146 .

a s e n s e of rhythm a n ear for music c r e a t i v e . chess records. magnifying glass chess board chess pieces ballet shoes.FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination • ! • Preparing for Speaking Test 5 HOBBIES AND PASTIMES To the Teacher Explain a n y n e w vocabulary before Ss d o t h e exercise (Suggested answers) EQUIPMENT t stamp collecting stamp album. soccer billiards. fishing n e t fishing boots rowing boat car special clothes. sailing m o d e l planes collages paper flowers U7 . birds films fishing. c i n e m a hiking. fit. musical instrument. hook. records a. darts. sharp To the Teacher: collectplay w a t c h / l i s t e n togo: make- Explain any n e w vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise stamps coins butterilies b a s k e t b a l l . 2 3 playing chess ballet dancing clever healthy a g o o d s e n s e of r h y t h m d e d i c a t e d . p h y s i c a l l y fit o r g a n i s e d " g r e e n fingers patient. organised patient. line. persistent 6 gardening 8 car racing courageous quick observant. artistic patient creative 4 knitting 5 listening to music a l i k i n g for m u s i c . video. special clothes knitting needles and w o o l a pattern radio stereo C D cassette player tools seeds. m u s i c TV. watering can. plants spade pesticides 7 fishing rod. helmet QUALITIES / SKILLS patient.

FCE Listening a n d Speaking Skills 2 for the flevised Cambridge FCE Examination J<ey_ 3 (Suggested answers) EQUIPMENT basketball b a s k e t b a l l kit b a l l t r a i n i n g shoes fishing rod boots small boat net hook bait s t a m p collecting stamps album glass magnifying QUALITIES/SKILLS e n e r g e t i c o b s e r v a n t fit active q u i c k accurate patient persistent knowledgeable patient organised knowledgeable courageous tit s t r o n g patient selective k n o w l e d g e a b l e m e t h o d i c a l clever p a t i e n t observant gardening seeds gardening tools plants watering can pesticides knowledgeable observant canoeing canoe helmet p a d d l e s w e t suit b o o k s reading glasses chess pieces chessboard reading playing chess creative organised patient green fingers 4 In o r d e r t o p l a y b a s k e t b a l l y o u s h o u l d h a v e a b a s k e t b a l l kit ( s p e c i a l s h o r t s a n d vest) a b a l l a n d a p a i r o f t r a i n i n g s h o e s It h e l p s if y o u a r e q u i c k fit a n d a c t i v e a s t h e s e a r e q u a l i t i e s really n e c e s s a r y f o r this h o b b y To g o fishing y o u n e e d to have a fishing r o d a n d a pair of boots You also n e e d t o b e patient a n d p e r s i s t e n t b e c a u s e it m i g h t b e q u i t e a w h i l e b e f o r e y o u c a t c h a n y t h i n g It a l s o h e l p s if y o u a r e k n o w l e d g e a b l e b e c a u s e t h e n y o u c a n s e l e c t the b e s t b r e e d i n g p l a c e s a n d i d e n t i f y t h e d i f f e r e n t t y p e s offish To collect stamps y o u need t o have a n album stamps a n d a magnifying glass Y o u n e e d t o b e organised a n d k n o w l e d g e a b l e b e c a u s e certain s t a m p s are m o r e valuable than others To g o c a n o e i n g y o u m u s t have a c a n o e a n d paddles Y o u must also wear a w e t suit a n d a helmet t o p r o t e c t yourself in c a s e y o u have a n a c c i d e n t Y o u h a v e t o b e c o u r a g e o u s a n d observant as well a s fit a n d s t r o n g b e c a u s e c a n o e i n g i s a s t r e n u o u s a n d d a n g e r o u s s p o r t If y o u t a k e p l e a s u r e in r e a d i n g t h e o n l y t h i n g y o u n e e d t o h a v e i s b o o k s Y o u n e e d t o b e p a t i e n t b e c a u s e it c a n t a k e a w h i f e t o g e t i n t o a b o o k a n d it h e l p s if y o u a r e s e l e c t i v e a s k n o w l e d g e a b l e readers k n o w the best books t o read T o p l a y c h e s s y o u m u s t h a v e a c h e s s b o a r d a n d c h e s s p i e c e s It h e l p s a lot if y o u a r e m e t h o d i c a l a n d o b s e r v a n t a s c h e s s p l a y e r s really n e e d t h e s e q u a l i t i e s Y o u a l s o h a v e t o k n o w t h e r u l e s For g a r d e n i n g t o o l s a n d s e e d s a r e n e e d e d if y o u i n t e n d t o d o s o m e p l a n t i n g Y o u h a v e t o b e p a t i e n t t o s e e t h e r e s u l t s of y o u r e f f o r t s a n d it c e r t a i n l y h e l p s if y o u a r e o r g a n i s e d a n d c r e a t i v e 148 .

HOMELESSNESS AND UNEMPLOYMENT 1 (Suggested answers) a) r i c h m a n in a suit rich e x p e n s v e c l o t h e s w a r m c o m f o r t a b l e h o m e c a r g o o d j o b f a m i l y l o v e d c a r e d for c o n f i d e n t c e r t a i n of h s p o s i t o n i n s o c i e t y 149 .Key FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination 5 NOUNS patience organisation persistence tolerance knowledge courage 1 ear 2 3 organisation rhythm ADJECTIVES patient organised persistent tolerant knowledgeable courageous Accuracy patience eye 9 NOUNS strength imagination activity creation method cleverness ADJECTIVES strong imaginative active creative methodical clever 10 11 talent knowledge competition memory 12 7 T o the Teacher Explain a n y new vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise BENEFITS DRAWBACKS nsk o f injury lonely expensive need special clothes risk of i n j u r y relaxing highly dangerous basketball fishing listening to music dance classes b e c o m e fitter relaxing creates atmosphere develops a sense of r h y t h m knitting car racing e n c o u r a g e s creativity develops engineering skills risk of i n j u r y expensive travelling 8 (Suggested answer) expands your honzons T o play basketball y o u n e e d t o b e quick a n d active Playing basketball will nelp y o u t o b e c o m e fitter It also h e l p s you t o develop a competitive and team spirit Basketball is n o t a v e r y e x p e n s i v e h o b b y a s all y o u n e e d a r e t r a i n i n g s h o e s a n d a b a s k e t b a l l k i t H o w e v e r b e c a u s e b a s k e t b a l l i s s u c h a f a s t g a m e t h e r e is a l w a y s t h e risk o f injury Fish n g is a very peaceful a n d relaxing s p o r t w h i c h brings y o u closer to nature H o w e v e r it d o e s n t e n c o u r a g e fitness a n d c a n b e b o r i n g a n d time c o n s u m i n g It is a l s o q u i t e a n e x p e n s i v e h o b b y t o start as y o u n e e d a r o d b o o t s a n d b a i t a n d p o s s i b l y a s m a l l b o a t 9 (Suggested answer) Canoeing on the other hand is the most energetic of all three pastimes P l a y i n g c h e s s is m o r e stimulat n g than reading books because you have t o think fast a n d act decisively I".

a) J a c k w a s m a d e r e d u n d a n t b e c a u s e t h e c o m p a n y h e w a s w o r k i n g for w a s h a v i n g f i n a n c i a l p r o b l e m s a n d s o h a d t o let s o m e o f t h e w o r k e r s g o b) J o b c e n t r e s a r e p l a c e s w h e r e p e o p l e c a n f i n d o u t w h a t j o b s a r e a v a i l a b l e c) B y h e l p i n g p e o p l e t o learn s k i l l s t h a t a r e n e e d e d d) W h e n p e o p l e r e a c h r e t i r e m e n t a g e t h e y s t o p w o r k i n g a n d t h e y start c l a i m i n g t h e i r pension 150 . l o w self e s t e e m n o f a m i l y t o l o v e a n d c a r e f o r h i m 2.FCE Listening and Speaking b) p o o r m a n no money Skills 2 (or the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination r a g s u n c e r t a i n life n o h o m e o n l y s t r e e t s a n d h o s t e l s b e g g i n g o n t h e s t r e e t s f o r m o n e y . under a railway arch m a chanty hostel Losing your job Running away from home Suffering from mental illness G e t t i n g into d e b t To the Teacher: 4 1 2 3 5 soup kitchens rubbish mainounshment r e t r a i n i n g s c h e m e s t o h e l p p e o p l e find a l t e r n a t i v e employment special centres w h e r e runaways can find shelter a n d receive counselling more beds in psychiatric hospitals low interest loans w h i c h people c o u l d repay gradually Explain a n y new vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise 4 5 6 church vagrants streets 7 3 9 cold rags newspapers 10 diseases 11 b e g 12 f o o t (Suggested answers) UNDERPRIVILEGED home gets food from e a t s at s l e e p s in travels d r e s s e s in gets m o n e y by suffers from streets rubbish bins chanties soup kitchens newspapers on foot rags begging diseases such a s bronchitis 6. (Suggested answers) SA SB SA SB SA SB They are forced t o get f o o d from rubbish bins or chanties M o s t of t h e m h a v e t o s l e e p o n t h e s t r e e t s A s a r e s u l t t h e y suffer f r o m d i s e a s e s s u c h as b r o n c h i t i s o r p n e u m o n i a It s a b a d r e f l e c t i o n o n o u r s o c i e t y t h a t h o m e l e s s p e o p l e s l e e p in n e w s p a p e r s I a g r e e T h e y a r e m a d e t o g o e v e r y w h e r e o n f o o t a n d d r e s s in r a g s F o r t u n a t e l y h o m e l e s s p e o p l e a r e f e d a t s o u p k i t c h e n s b y c h a n t i e s w h o offer t h e m some comfort Still. 3 a s h o p doorway a cardboard box o n a pavement. I t h i n k it is a d i s g r a c e t h a t p e o p l e a r e m a d e h o m e l e s s 7 .

ey made redundant let g o dismissed redundancy payment tired FCE Listening and Speaking Stoffe 2 for the Revised Cambndge FCE Examination 8 lose your job a s y o u are n o longer required or the c o m p a n y c a n t afford to pay y o u be released from a contract told officially t h a t y o u n o longer have a j o b a s u m of money paid to people w h o have been m a d e redundant lose a j o b for doing something w r o n g the money given by t h e g o v e r n m e n t t o p e o p l e w h o a r e u n e m p l o y e d a g o v e r n m e n t office w i t h j o b adverts w h i c h also offers j o b counselling and training t e a c h i n g a p e r s o n n e w skills t h e t o t a l n u m b e r o f people who are employed the a g e a t w h i c h s o m e o n e stops w o r k i n g normally 6 0 for a w o m a n 6 5 for a m a n weekly p a y m e n t given t o elderly p e o p l e unemployment j o b centre re t r a i n i n g workforce retirement age benefit •H^ Speaking Test 5 'art 2 (Suggested answers) Pictures A a n d B • In p i c t u r e A w e a r e t a l k i n g a b o u t p l a y i n g a m u s i c a l i n s t r u m e n t a v i o l i n t o b e m o r e s p e c i f i c In p i c t u r e B w e a r e t a l k i n g a b o u t f i s h i n g • In o r d e r t o p l a y t h e v i o l i n y o u m u s t l e a r n t o r e a d m u s i c Y o u a l s o n e e d t o b e p e r s i s t e n t a s t a k e s quite s o m e time before y o u are able t o play t u n e s Y o u n e e d t o b e p a t i e n t f o r f i s h i n g b e c a u s e it m i g h t t a k e s o m e t i m e b e f o r e y o u c a t c h a n y t h i n g It h e l p s i i y o u a r e k n o w l e d g e a b l e a b o u t f i s h b e c a u s e t h e n y o u c a n identrty t h e d i f f e r e n t s p e c i e s * * Basketball and football are the most popular pastimes m m y country B e f o r e t a k i n g u p a h o b b y you should considet h o w m u c h t r e e t i m e It will t a k e u p a n d h o w e x p e n s i v e it w i l l b e n o t o n l y t o s t a r t b u t a l s o t o m a i n t a i n Pictures C and D In p i c t u r e C t h e r e is a l a r g e s u p e r m a r k e t w h e r e o n e c a n f i n d a l a r g e v a r i e t y o f g o o d s In p i c t u r e D t h e r e i s a f a s h i o n a b l e s h o p w h i c h m o s t l i k e l y s e l l s s p e c i a l i s t g o o d s quite expensive too 1 always find g o i n g s h o p p i n g enjoyable because 1 love buying things both for m y family a n d myself A l s o I g e t t h e c h a n c e t o f i n d o u t w h a t t h e latest f a s h i o n s a r e I t h i n k t h e s h o p in picture D provides a m o r e p e r s o n a l service T h e c u s t o m e r is g i v e n m o r e attention It is a r a t h e r e x p e n s i v e g l a m o r o u s s h o p a n d t h e staff a r e t r a i n e d t o a t t e n d t o c u s t o m e r s p a t i e n t l y a n d politely i n c o n i r a s i m e r e J S n o persona) service at s u p e r m a r k e t s a s t h e y o p e r a t e o n a self service basis I think that small s h o p s offer a friendly a n d personal service Large s u p e r m a r k e t s are i m p e r s o n a l a n d they are a feature of our m o d e r n c o n s u m e r society w h e r e a s small s h o p s are a link with t h e p a s t w h e n people preferred a more personal service It s e e m s t o b e 151 .

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 lor the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Part 3 (Suggested answers) T h e p o s s i b l e r e a s o n s w h y h e is n o w h o m e l e s s a n d w i t h o u t m o n e y SA SB W e t t I t h i n k i t s q u i t e o b v i o u s h e s l o s t t u s (Qb o r m a y b e h e n e v e r h a d o n e I d o n t n e c e s s a r i l y a g r e e It c o u l d b e b e c a u s e h e h a s p e r s o n a l p r o b l e m s H e c o u l d b e a n a l c o h o l i c w h o s e w i f e (eft h i m o r h e m a y j u s t b e m e n t a l l y ill W h e r e h e might sleep to avoid t h e ram SA SB T h e o n l y p l a c e s I c a n t h i n k o f a r e m a s h o p d o o r w a y o r in a train o r b u s s t a t i o n H e c o u l d e v e n try s t e e p i n g u n d e r a b r i d g e Y e s b u t if h e d i d t h a t h e w o u l d b e e x p o s e d t o t h e rain o r c o l d a n d t h e n h e m i g h t g e t s e r i o u s l y (II SA It s a d i s g r a c e t h a t t h e r e a r e n o t e n o u g h b e d s i n h o s t e l s W h e r e h e m i g h t g o or w h a t h e m i g h t d o t o f i n d s o m e t h i n g t o e a t SA SB If s o m e t h i n g is o r g a n i s e d f o r t h e h o m e l e s s n e a r b y t h e n I s u p p o s e h e m i g h t g o t o o n e o f those soup kitchens Yes a n d if n o t h e m i g h t h a v e t o b e g for m o n e y t o b u y f o o d o r s e a r c h t h r o u g h r u b b i s h b i n s for scraps t o eat Part 4 (Suggested answers) * SA SB SA SB Personally | believe the g o v e r n m e n t has a duty t o help people H o w d o you suggest they d o t h a t W e l l if t h e y c r e a t e d m o r e j o b s t h e r e w o u l d p r o b a b l y b e f e w e r h o m e l e s s p e o p l e Y e s a n d t h e y s h o u l d m a k e m o r e m o n e y a v a i l a b l e f o r b e n e f i t s e t c if t h e y a r e n t a b l e t o p r o v i d e m o r e r e t r a i n i n g c e n t r e s f o r u n e m p l o y e d p&ople t o retrain and acquire new skills 7 * SA I b e l i e v e t h a t c r e a t i n g m o r e j o b s is t h e o n l y s o l u t i o n P e o p l e w o u l d t h e n h a v e m o r e m o n e y a n d w o u l d b e a b l e t o p a y f o r s o m e w h e r e t o live T h a t w o u l d b e a l o n g t e r m s o l u t i o n t o t h e problem Y e s b u t i n t h e e v e n t of t h e m n o t b e i n g a b l e t o d o t h a t t h e y o u g h t t o a t l e a s t p r o v i d e m o r e s h e l t e r s a n d i m p r o v e t h e c o n d i t i o n s of a v a i l a b l e c e n t r e s B u t that s a short t e r m solution J o b s really are the o n l y solution W e l l c h a n t i e s a l r e a d y p r o v i d e a lot o f h e l p for h o m e l e s s p e o p l e b u t t h e y d o n t s e e m t o h a v e e n o u g h m o n e y t o c o p e w i t h t h e d e m a n d for f o o d a n d s h e l t e r W e l l it s n o t j u s t f o o d a n d s h e l t e r t h e y p r o v i d e t h o u g h S o m e a l s o p r o v i d e t h e h o m e l e s s with clothes and shoes A n d s o m e also provide something that w e s e e m to overlook h u m a n s need to feel cared for w a n t e d That s s o m e t h i n g that c o s t s n o t h i n g b u t w e s o m e t i m e s fail t o p r o v i d e Well that d e p e n d s o n whether w e are returning t o a n individual b e i n g u n e m p l o y e d o r whether w e re talking about a h u g e percentage of society being u n e m p l o y e d W h a t s t h e difference? W e l l t h e first i s u s u a l l y d u e t o t h e i n d i v i d u a l s l a c k of skills O h y e s A n d t h e other is d u e t o t h e c o u n t r y s e c o n o m i c p r o b l e m s m a y b e t h e r e just aren t e n o u g h jobs available T h e y c o u l d g o t o r e t r a i n i n g c e n t r e s a n d a c q u i r e n e w skills t h a t w o u l d e n a b l e t h e m to f i n d a new job O r t h e y c o u l d e v e n try t o l o o k f o r o t h e r j o b s b y g o i n g t o t h e i r l o c a l j o b c e n t r e f r e q u e n t l y SB SA * SA SB SA * SA SB SA SB * SA SB 152 .

p u m a 3 dog 4 hamster 5 ca 7 horse 8 cock DOMESTICATED cat d o g parrot. i n t e l l i g e n t a n d d e v o t e d p e t It is p l a y f u l y e t it c a n b e n o i s y a s it b a r k s D o g s are d e p e n d e n t o n their masters a n d n e e d t o b e taught t o b e o b e d i e n t A h a m s t e r i s a small pet w h i c h can be easily kept a t h o m e It is q u i e t a n d f r i e n d l y It i s p l a y f u l but can be quite messy C a t s a r e i n t e l l i g e n t p e t s T h e y a r e e x t r e m e l y p l a y f u l a n d tidy H o w e v e r can occasionally b e disobedient A k o a l a ts a s m a l l w i l d a n i m a l it lives in t h e w i l d they are i n d e p e n d e n t and It is l o v e a b l e a s it i s p l a y f u l a n d i n t e l l i g e n t It i s i n d e p e n d e n t a s A h o r s e is a b i g b e a u t i f u l a n i m a l It is i n t e l l i g e n t a n d l o v e a b l e . goldfish. like t h e c h u r c h . m i g h t help a n d w h a t c a n they d o 9 a) C h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i s a t i o n s p r o v i d e a lot o f h e l p t o h o m e l e s s p e o p l e H o w e v e r t h e y u s u a l l y d o n o t have e n o u g h m o n e y beds etc The state c o u l d give m o r e m o n e y to s u c h organisations b) o t h e r o r g a n i s a t i o n s h a v e s o u p k i t c h e n s w h e r e h o m e l e s s p e o p l e c a n g e t s o m e f o o d c) m a n y o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s c o l l e c t c l o t h e s f r o m p e o p l e a n d p r o v i d e h o m e l e s s p e o p l e w i t h clothes What are the most c o m m o n causes of u n e m p l o y m e n t There are not e n o u g h j o b s available A p e r s o n m a y b e u n s k i l l e d t h u s f i n d i n g it d i f f i c u l t t o find a j o b What can u n e m p l o y e d people d o to get back to work? G o o n a retraining c o u r s e t h u s a c q u i r i n g n e w a n d r e q u i r e d skills 7 •lip Preparing for Speaking Test 6 >ETS 2 goldfish WILD snake. stick insect panda ostrich wild friendly loveable beautiful intelligent domesticated aggressive hideous ugly unintelligent lion. q u i e t p e t s T h e y a r e b e a u t i f u l b u t rather i n d i f f e r e n t a s it i s h a r d . chicken pony dependent obedient tidy quiet devoted - independent disobedient messy noisy indifferent big/large - small (Suggested answers) it c a n i m i t a t e p e o p l e ' s s p e e c h G e n e r a l l y a p a r r o t is a l o v e a b l e p e t a s it i s p l a y f u l G o l d f i s h a r e s m a l l .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination W h a t other organisations. donkey. t o o It is i n d e p e n d e n t a n d d e v o t e d t o its master A c o c k is a n a n i m a l t h a t c a n b e d o m e s t i c a t e d It is n o i s y a n d r a t h e r m e s s y 153 . if n o t impossible to establish any kind of c o m m u n i c a t i o n with them A d o g is a b e a u t i f u l .

FCE Listening and SpeakmgJMlsZ 1) q u i t e 1) l o y a l 1) o b j e c t tor the Revised CambndgeFCE 2) c o m p a n i o n s Examination 3) e n t e r t a i n i n g 3) u n f a i r 3) s m a l l 3) a q u a r i u m Parrots Dogs Hamsters Tropical Fish 1} k n o w / e d g e a b / e 2) s u i t 2) t r o u b l e f r e e 2)temperature 5 6 1 responsibilities 2 vet 3 grooming 4 basket 5 exercised 6 kennels 7 affectior (Suggested answers) ANIMALS hen horse snake hamster parrot goldfish cat monkey POSITIVE QUALITIES keep exercise exotic loveable/fnendly tricks space independent loveable/exotic unfriendly space NEGATIVE QUALITIES expensive dangerous limited disease (Suggested answers) eg M y p e t i s a c a t It is a l o v e a b l e f r i e n d l y p e t a n d it i s really e a s y t o k e e p C a t s a r e c h e a p t o keep a s they d o not require any special f o o d They are very independent t h o u g h a n d c a n b e unfriendly at t i m e s 8 (Suggested answers) G o l d f i s h a r e s m a l l p e t s H o r s e s a r e m u c h b i g g e r G o l d f i s h a r e e a s y to l o o k after a n d d o n o t t a k e u p a l o t of s p a c e H o r s e s o n t h e o t h e r h a n d a r e d i f f i c u l t t o k e e p b e c a u s e t h e y n e e d a l o t o f g r o o m i n g a n d s p a c e Goldfish are quite c h e a p t o k e e p b u t horses are very expensive A h a m s t e r i s a small attractive pet compared to a s n a k e which is mucn b i g g e r a n d less a t t r a c t i v e Snakes are expensive t o keep b e c a u s e they n e e d special f o o d a n d can b e quite d a n g e r o u s H a m s t e r s are easy t o k e e p a n d t h e y are really loveable a n d playful A p a r r o t i s a n i n t e l l i g e n t a n i m a l w h i c h i s e a s y t o k e e p a s i t d o e s n t n e e d a l o t of s p a c e o r e x e r c i s e A h e n is less i n t e l l i g e n t t h a n a p a r r o t b u t it i s e a s i e r t o k e e p B o t h p a r r o t s a n d h e n s a r e e a s y t o clean A p u m a is a n exotic wild a n i m a l w h i c h w o u l d b e difficult to k e e p a s a p e t c o m p a r e d t o a m o n k e y w h i c h c a n b e e a s i l y d o m e s t i c a t e d B o t h p u m a s a n d m o n k e y s n e e d a l o t of e x e r c i s e a n d s p a c e P u m a s m general are very i n d e p e n d e n t a n d c a n b e aggressive whereas m o n k e y s are very affectionate and d e p e n d e n t o n their owners EE LIVING TOGETHER 1 (Suggested answers) \ a) A l a n e n j o y s l i s t e n i n g t o l o u d m u s i c w h e r e a s M a r k o b v i o u s l y n e e d s p e a c e a n d q u i e t a s h e is a n a u t h o r It is highly likely that they argue about housework and t i m e t a b l e s In g e n e r a l t h e i r lifestyles d o n o t m a t c h T h e s a m e a p p l i e s t o B o b a n d R o b e r t b) A l a n c o u l d l i v e w i t h B o b a s t h e y b o t h h a v e m u s i c in c o m m o n T h e y b o t h w o r k in t h e e v e n i n g w h i c h m e a n s t h a t t h e y w o u l d n t h a v e p r o b l e m s s t a y i n g a t h o m e in t h e m o r n i n g s M a r k a n d R o b e r t w o u l d b e h a p p y s h a r i n g a flat t o g e t h e r a s t h e y b o t h n e e d p e a c e a n d q u i e t w h e n they are at h o m e To the Teacher Explain any n e w vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise 154 .

FCE Listening and Speaking privacy respect vain organised untidy 3 4 can t stand eye to eye 4 sympathetic laxative sensitive 5 6 (ell o u t sociable 7 8 9 Skills 2 tor the Revised Cambridge 7 8 share quarrel FCE Examination 9 make u p 10 i n d e p e n d e n c e friendly helpful outgoing f 7 10 f u n l o v i n g 11 home-loving 12 q u i e t g 3 h 8 5 6 \ j j 10 • Speaking Test 6 Suggested answers) res A and B i o k m g after a g o l d f i s h is m u c h e a s i e r t h a n l o o k i n g after a d o g A d o g n e e d s t o b e t a k e n o u t f o r walk a n d also n e e d s t o b e v a c c i n a t e d a g a i n s t certain d i s e a s e s w h e r e a s g o l d f i s h are k e p t in a n }uanum and all they need is to have their water changed frequently a n d b e f e d l i n k a d o g w o u l d b e t h e b e s t t o k e e p in m y h o m e D e s p i t e t h e f a c t t h a t it n e e d s a lot o f c a r e i d a t t e n t i o n it c a n b e a g o o d c o m p a n i o n a n d g u a r d t h e h o u s e t o o hen people are unable t o take their pets o n holiday. reading b o o k s or magazines r hobbies a m o n g m y friends playing sports are the m o s t p o p u a y m g f o o t b a l l is t h e o n e h o b b y I w o u l d n e v e r t h i n k of t a k i n g u p I d o n o t l i k e c o m p e t i t i v e s p o r t s i d I w o u l d b e m u c h happier o p t i n g for a h o b b y s u c h a s m a k i n g model ships o r painting Suggested answers) I t h i n k h e w o u l d c h o o s e t o s h a r e w i t h T r a c e y a s s h e is a f r i e n d l y t y p e of p e r s o n H e w o u l d n t m i n d t h e f a c t t h a t s h e h a s t o w o r k s h i f t s a s t h i s w o u l d m e a n t h a t t h e y c o u l d e a c h h a v e t h e flat to themselves at limes A s for her f i t n e s s e q u i p m e n t s h e c o u l d k e e p it i n h e r r o o m if t h e r e w a s e n o u g h s p a c e I a g r e e I a l s o t h i n k t h a t t h e r e is a n o t h e r p o s s i b i l i t y t h o u g h I've t h o u g h t a b o u t t h a t t o o J a m e s m i g h t d e c i d e t o h a v e C a t h e r i n e a s h i s f l a t m a t e E x a c t l y S h e is v e r y q u i e t w h i c h i s a r e q u i r e m e n t in h i s a d v e r t i s e m e n t M o r e o v e r s h e w o r k s l o n g h o u r s w h i c h m e a n s t h a t s h e is o u t m o s t o f I h e d a y I m sure he w o u l d n t choose A n d r e w because he s temporarily out of w o r k and I think he obviously n e e d s s o m e o n e to share t h e bills Yes A n d I d o u b t whether h e d g o for Max Even t h o u g h h e has a steady |ob h e e n i o y s l o u d m u s i c a n d l e a d s a n a c t i v e s o c i a l life w h i c h w o u l d m e a n h e w o u l d p r o b a b l y w a n t t o t h r o w p a r t i e s a n d h a v e lots o f f r i e n d s r o u n d .a n d o f c o u r s e J a m e s really w o u l d p r e f e r to b e w i t h s o m e o n e w h o is q u i e t 155 . they s h o u l d put t h e m i n kennels aving a p e t i n v o l v e s s e v e r a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s i n c l u d i n g r e g u l a r f e e d i n g a n d e x e r c i s i n g P r o v i d i n g a opes place t o Jjve and sleep is essenital too Most pets need v a c c i n a t i o n s res C and D p i c t u r e C s o m e o n e is w a l k i n g in t h e c o u n t r y In p i c t u r e D t h e r e i s a w o m a n s i t t i n g c o m f o r t a b l y i a c o u c h w a t c h i n g television W a l k i n g / T r e k k i n g is a p a s t i m e w h i c h requires e n e r g y a n d s t a m i n a l e r e a s w a t c h i n g t e l e v i s i o n d o e s n o t i n v o l v e a n y activity I w o u l d t a k e u p a h o b b y w h i c h i n v o l v e s 1 o u t d o o r activity a s s h o w n i n p i c t u r e C b e c a u s e I l o v e g e t t i n g o u t of t o w n w h e n e v e r I g e t t h e l a n c e Besides. having a h o b b y that doesn't require a n y activity doesn't a p p e a l t o m e j m e p e o p l e t a k e u p h o b b i e s b e c a u s e t h e y n e e d t o f i n d w a y s t o h e l p t h e m relax O t h e r s t a k e u p i b b i e s t o i m p r o v e t h e i r p h y s i c a l c o n d i t i o n H o b b i e s a r e a g o o d w a y o f t a k i n g y o u r m i n d off oblems atching TV listening t o music.

SA SB SA SB largely on our work and our timetables Y e s b u t b o t h f l a t m a t e s really s h o u l d p u l l t h e i r w e i g h t I s u p p o s e t h e b e s t s o l u t i o n w o u l d b e t o c l e a n u p after y o u r s e l f B u t w h a t h a p p e n s in c o m m o n a r e a s l i k e t h e hall w h e r e n o b o d y h a s m a d e a m e s s ? It j u s t requires a regular clean Then a rota or timetable should b e drawn u p P e r s o n a l l y I d o n t l i k e t h e i d e a of l i v i n g o n m y o w n I d m u c h r a t h e r s h a r e a flat Y e s b u t t h e r e are some disadvantages too Imagine the lack of privacy or the possibility a personality clash • SA SB SA SB SA of Of c o u r s e t h e y r e b o t h p o s s i b l e b u t I d p r o b a b l y c o m e t o s o m e k i n d o f a g r e e m e n t w i t h m y flatmate B u t w h a t if t h e y h a v e a w f u l h a b i t s ? I m s u r e y o u d p r e f e r t o live o n y o u r o w n E r m p r o b a b l y in t h a t c a s e I w o u l d i I d n e e d t o s h a r e w i t h s o m e o n e w h o h a s a g o o d s e n s e of h u m o u r s o w e c o u l d o v e r c o m e any problems light heartedly Y e s that s something I h a d n t t h o u g h t of I d also w a n t him/her t o b e friendly a n d helpful a n d t a k e c a r e of t h e p l a c e w e l i v e d i n O o e s that m e a n y o u w o u l d n t like t h e m t o have friends r o u n d o r t h r o w parties? E r m n o I d like h i m / h e r t o b e f u n l o v i n g b u t if t h e r e a r e g o i n g t o b e p a r t i e s in t h e flat t h e n it w o u l d b e n i c e if h e / s h e cleared up afterwards • SA SB SA SB Preparing for Speaking Test 7 f j RECYCLING 1 (Suggested answer) • • • • • T h e m a i n p r o b l e m c a u s e d b y r u b b i s h i s t h e q u e s t i o n of h o w t o d i s p o s e of it It is t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l s i g n o f r e c y c l i n g R e c y c l i n g is t h e p r o c e s s b y w h i c h r u b b i s h i s t r e a t e d a l l o w i n g u s t o u s e m a t e r i a l s a g a i n Glass paper aluminium are s o m e of t h e materials that c a n b e recycled I n m y h o m e w e s e p a r a t e o u r r u b b i s h a n d w e p u t it in d e s i g n a t e d l o c a t i o n s w h e r e it i s c o l l e c t e d for recycling aluminium rags chewing g u m wrappers jamjars c o o k i n g fat 2 parts of cars animal feed sacks 156 .FCE Listening andSpeak ng Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Part 4 (Suggested answers) • SA SB SA SB H I w e r e t o s h a r e a flat w i t h s o m e o n e I w o u l d w a n t t o d e c i d e w h a t t h e h o u s e r u l e s a r e w i t h m y flatmate Y e s t h a t s a g o o d i d e a it s a g o o d w a y of e s t a b l i s h i n g a g o o d r e l a t i o n s h i p W h a t d o y o u t h i n k y o u d like t o a g r e e o n ? Well I n e e d peace a n d quiet s o m e t i m e s s o w e d have t o d e c i d e w h e n w e have t o b e quiet What about you? Y e s I agree but I d also like t o c o m e t o s o m e financial a r r a n g e m e n t for s h a r i n g bills like electricity gas etc I t h i n k t h i s w o u l d depend .

Key FOB Listening a n d Speafong SMts 2 for trie Revised Cambridge PCE Examination To the Teacher. Explain n e w vocabulary before Ss d o t h e exercise t 2 3 landfill sites rot away rust away 4 5 6 reclaimed environmentalist Fertiliser 7 8 9 pile u p compost heap breaks down decomposition 1Q w a s t e p r o d u c t s 11 R e m a i n s 4 T o t h e T e a c h e r : B e f o r e S s a n s w e r t h e q u e s t i o n s o n r e c y c l i n g a s t h e y a p p e a r a t t h e e n d of t h e texts ask t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s 1 2 3 4 5 H o w is r u b b i s h d i s p o s e d o f i n m o s t c o u n t r i e s H o w l o n g d o e s p a p e r t a k e t o b r e a k d o w n rn a d r y e n v i r o n m e n t H o w m a n y t o n n e s of drinks cans are t h r o w n a w a y in E n g l a n d Does f o o d waste take long t o break down? Does glass break d o w n 7 7 7 7 A n s w e r s to comprehension questions. 0 0 0 t o n n e s o f d r i n k s c a n s a r e t h r o w n a w a y in E n g l a n d N o r m a l l y it d o e s n t t a k e l o n g t o b r e a k d o w n b u t t h i s d e p e n d s o n t h e e n v i r o n m e n t a l c o n d i t i o n s Glass d o e s not break d o w n A n s w e r s to q u e s t i o n s in S ' s b o o k : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R e c y c l i n g is r e c l a i m i n g p r o d u c t s t h a t m a y a t first a p p e a r to h a v e fulfilled t h e i r u s e f u l life It i s i m p o r t a n t b e c a u s e s p a c e i s r u n n i n g o u t a s w e l l a s n a t u r a l r e s o u r c e s Paper t a k e s three m o n t h s t o break d o w n in a w a r m d a m p environment In a dry environment it t a k e s e v e n l o n g e r A b o u t 180 t r e e s a r e n e e d e d f o r 1 t o n n e o f p a p e r B e c a u s e a l u m i n i u m is c h e a p e r t o r e c y c l e t h a n it i s t o m a k e It t a k e s u p t o t e n y e a r s o r m o r e f o r m e t a l s t o b r e a k d o w n Y e s it is T h e b e s t w a y ot r e c y c l i n g i o o d w a s t e i s t o f o r m a c o m p o s t h e a p w i t h rt P l a s t i c s last a l o n g t i m e T h e r e f o r e t h e y a r e d i f f i c u l t t o b r e a k d o w n B e c a u s e it d o e s n o t b r e a k d o w n .After Ss have d o n e the exercise a s k the f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s 1 2 3 W h y w a s recycling p o p u l a r d u r i n g the S e c o n d W o r l d War? W h a t d i d t h e c a p t i o n in t h e poster m e a n 7 H o w h a s p e o p l e s a t t i t u d e t o w a r d s r e c y c l i n g c h a n g e d s i n c e t h e e n d of W o r l d W a r I P Answers to c o m p r e h e n s i o n questions: 1 2 3 B e c a u s e r a w m a t e r i a l s w e r e in s h o r t s u p p l y a n d p e o p l e w e r e f o r c e d t o r e c y c l e everything available It m e a n t t h a t p e o p l e g a v e t h e i r s c r a p m e t a l t o b e u s e d t o m a k e w e a p o n s f o r t h e d e f e n c e of their country People stopped recycling because everything w a s in abundance s o they had everything they needed 3 To the Teacher. 1 2 3 4 5 In m o s t c o u n t r i e s w a s t e p r o d u c t s a r e b u r i e d i n l a n d f i l l s i t e s It t a k e s m o r e t h a n t h r e e m o n t h s f o r p a p e r t o b r e a k d o w n i n a d r y e n v i r o n m e n t Every y e a r 1 3 5 .

T o t h e T e a c h e r A s k S s t o Ml m t h e g a p s first T h e n a s k t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s 1 2 3 4 1 2 What can w e d o as individuals t o protect the environment? Is r e c y c l i n g a n i m p o r t a n t part of o u r lives? H o w c a n w e m a k e a b e t t e r u s e o f o u r f o o d w a s t e t h a n t h r o w it a w a y ? W h y is r e c y c l i n g a n i n d u s t r y i n itself? protect ram 3 4 throw industry 5 6 natural waste 7 B recycling recycled 9 compost heap 1 0 fertiliser Answers to comprehension questions T 2 3 4 6 W e c a n try t o ftnd new w a y s o f u s i n g p r o d u c t s w e t h r o w a w a y Y e s it i s W e c a n t r a n s f o r m o u r f o o d w a s t e i n t o a c o m p o s t h e a p w h i c h later m a y b e u s e d a s fertiliser f o r o u r g a r d e n Because as t h e w o r l d s natural resources run out manufacturers must find w a y s of re using p r o d u c t s T o t h e T e a c h e r .FCEUstening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Key 5. After S s h a v e filled in t h e g a p s i n t h e s e t w o s h o r t t e x t s a s k t h e f o l l o w i n g comprehension questions 1 2 3 4 W h a t h a p p e n s w h e n r u b b i s h is d u m p e d i r r e s p o n s i b l y ? W n a t d o t h e residents of Seattle d o with their rubbish? W h y is it b e t t e r t o b u y p a c k a g i n g m a d e o f r e c y c l e d m a t e r i a l s ? W h a t c a n b e d o n e t o r e d u c e t h e a m o u n t of litter w o r l d w i d e ? 2 pollution 3 3 dumped collecting 4 4 designated scrap 5 5 disposal Environmentalism a) 1 r u b b i s h 1 recyclable 1 2 3 4 2 re U3ed A n s w e r s to comprehension questions: It c a u s e s p o l l u t i o n a n d m s o m e c a s e s a r e a s o f n a t u r a l b e a u t y a r e r u i n e d T h e y r e c y c l e 4 5 p e r c e n t of t h e i r r u b b i s h T h e y a r e e n c o u r a g e d t o r e c y c l e b e c a u s e o f t h e reduced costs for c o l l e c t i n g r e c y c l a b l e r u b b i s h i n s t e a d o f n o r m a l r u b b i s h B e c a u s e w h e n t h e p r o d u c t is u s e d it d o e s n ' t h a v e t o b e t h r o w n a w a y b u t c a n b e recycled or reused Manufacturers m u s t cut d o w n o n t h e packaging that surrounds our products because this accounts for a third of our rubbish g l GOVERNMENT SERVICES 1 1 health 2 education 3 military d e f e n c e 4 e m e r g e n c y s e r v i c e s (fire b r i g a d e ) (Suggested answers) • H e a l t h s e r v i c e s a r e i m p o r t a n t b e c a u s e t h e y e n s u r e t h a t all c i t i z e n s g e t p r o p e r m e d i c a l c a r e s h o u l d t h e n e e d a r i s e D o c t o r s a n d n u r s e s took a f t e r p a t i e n t s a t h o s p i t a l s a n d t h e i r c o n t n b u t i o n t o s o c i e t y i s really i m p o r t a n t E d u c a t i o n is v e r y i m p o r t a n t i n e v e r y s o c i e t y T e a c h e r s a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t e a c h i n g t h e c h i l d r e r everything t h e y n e e d to k n o w in order t o b e c o m e m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e citizens A c o u n t r y n e e d s a w e l l o r g a n i s e d a r m y t o d e f e n d i t i n c a s e it is i n v a d e d b y a n o t h e r Military d e f e n c e is a s e c t o r t h a t n e e d s t o b e w e l l f i n a n c e d b y e v e r y g o v e r n m e n t E m e r g e n c y s e r v i c e s s u c h a s p o l i c e fire brigade etc are indispensable as citizens quite often face u n e x p e c t e d hazards s u c h a s fires f l o o d s o r a c c i d e n t s • • • 158 .

a l s o t h e fire s e r v i c e r e c e i v e d a 5 % p a y r i s e last y e a r ' h e a l t h s e r v i c e .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambndge FCE Examination 1 t h e T e a c h e r .i t is v i t a l t o m a i n t a i n o u r c o m m i t m e n t t o a f r e e H e a l t h S e r v i c e f o r all a s m u c h as possible" 2 finances 3 taxation 4 emergency services 5 allocate 6 budget 4 welfare state i t h e t e a c h e r : After S s h a v e f i l l e d in t h e g a p s .'over t h e last f i v e y e a r s m u c h effort h a s g o n e i n t o i m p r o v i n g r o a d a n d rail s e r v i c e s / 'our n e w e n v i r o n m e n t a l l y f r i e n d l y t r a m s y s t e m is n o w o p e r a t i o n a l " e m e r g e n c y s e r v i c e s ."the g o v e r n m e n t h a s o v e r t h e past t w o y e a r s . p r o v i d e d t h e p o l i c e w i t h n e w v e h i c l e s a n d d e f e n c e e q u i p m e n t . T s h o u l d a s k t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n lestions H o w a r e s e r v i c e s s u c h a s h e a r t h e d u c a t i o n etc f i n a n c e d ? W h a t is t h e p u r p o s e o f c o l l e c t i n g t a x e s ? W h a t d o w e m e a n b y t h e t e r m " w e l f a r e state"? iswers to c o m p r e h e n s i o n questions They are f i n a n c e d t h r o u g h a s y s t e m of taxation T h e g o v e r n m e n t c o l l e c t s m o n e y f r o m c o m p a n i e s a n d w o r k e r s a n d r e d i s t r i b u t e s this m o n e y t h r o u g h t h e b u d g e t t o t h e s e r v i c e s w h i c h r e q u i r e it W e m e a n t h e s y s t e m of t a x a t i o n w h i c h a l l o w s t h e g o v e r n m e n t t o p r o v i d e s o c i a l s e r v i c e s s u c h as h e a l t h c a r e e t c t o all t h e c i t i z e n s survive Commuters community system funds natural 2 2 2 2 2 welfare available staffing cut back increase communication 3 3 3 3 3 sufficient existing safe defence future 4 4 investment training г 3 b 4 e 5 a 7 f 8 h . After S s h a v e s k i m m e d t h e p a s s a g e ."we are w i t h d r a w i n g t r o o p s f r o m t w o of our overseas bases" t r a n s p o r t . t h e y s h o u l d a n s w e r t h e f o l l o w i n g lestions 1 W h y h a s t h e g o v e r n m e n t d e c i d e d t o c u t c o s t s in c e r t a i n s e c t o r s ? 2 W h a t is t h e r e a s o n f o r c u t t i n g s p e n d i n g o n t r a n s p o r t ? 3 W h a t d o e s "environmentally friendly t r a m s y s t e m ' mean? 4 5 What have the police been provided with? W h a t d o t h e s u r v e y r e s u l t s s h o w in c o n n e c t i o n w i t h e d u c a t i o n ? A n s w e r to c o m p r e h e n s i o n questions: 1 B e c a u s e t h e y w i s h t o m a i n t a i n f i n a n c i a l s e c u r i t y a n d t o p r e v e n t a n y f u r t h e r tax i n c r e a s e s 2 B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t f e e l s t h a t o v e r t h e last f i v e y e a r s t h e y h a v e d o n e a g r e a t d e a l t o i m p r o v e r o a d a n d rail s e r v i c e s a n d a l s o b e c a u s e t h e n e w t r a m s y s t e m i s n o w r e a d y f o r u s e 3 4 5 It m e a n s a t r a m s y s t e m t h a t d o e s n o t p o l l u t e t h e e n v i r o n m e n t The police have been provided with new vehicles a n d defence equipment T h e y s h o w t h a t s t a n d a r d s o f e d u c a t i o n in s c h o o l s a r e d r o p p i n g a n d t h a t t r u a n c y levels have increased C u t s that are to be m a d e a n d reasons for t h e s e cuts: 1 2 3 d e f e n c e .

a w o r k i n g life \ D e n t i s t s p l a y a n i m p o r t a n t r o l e a s t h e y p r o v i d e essentia) d e n t a l c a r e If t h e r e w e r e n o d e n t i s t s p e o p l e w o u l d h a v e p r o b l e m s w i t h their oral h y g i e n e F i r e f i g h t e r s a r e vita) b e c a u s e t h e y p u t o u t f i r e s a n d r e s c u e p e o p l e w h e n t h e y a r e i n t r o u b l e If t h e r e w e r e n o f i r e f i g h t e r s t h o u s a n d s of h u m a n lives w o u l d b e l o s t P o l i c e o f f i c e r s a r e u s e f u l i n o u r s o c i e t y a s t h e y f i g h t c r i m e a n d protect people Without p o l i c e o f f i c e r s t h e r e w o u l d b e a n i n c r e a s e in c r i m e a n d c i t i z e n s w o u l d b e i n d a n g e r m o r e o f t e n Scientists are important b e c a u s e they d o research into physical p h e n o m e n a a n d their c o n c l u s i o n s i m p r o v e p e o p l e s k n o w l e d g e of t h e w o r l d a r o u n d t h e m W i t h o u t s a e n t j s l s w e w o u l d b e u n a b l e fully to understand t h e way the universe functions • • • • iM§> Speaking Test 7 Part 2 (Suggested answers) Pictures A a n d B • P i c t u r e A i s a p i c t u i e o f a l a n d f i l l s i t e T h e r e i s r u b b i s h l y i n g i n h e a p s a n d a b u l l d o z e r d i s p o s i n g of more rubbish P i c t u r e B is a p i c t u r e o f a r e c y c l i n g b i n S o m e b o d y i s p u t t i n g s o m e p l a s t i c b o t t l e s a n d a l u m i n i u m cans in the bm The first p i c t u r e s h o w s a n i r r e s p o n s i b l e a t t i t u d e t o w a r d s t h e d i s p o s a l o f r u b b i s h w h e r e a s in t h e s e c o n d p i c t u r e a responsible attitude is s h o w n W e oar? help with recycling by sorting out our rubbish and putting t h e t h i n g s t h a t can b e r e c y c l e d m special recycling bins W e c a n also try t o b u y renewable material s o that w e c a n recycle g o o d s we n o longer use L a n d f i l l s i t e s a r e filling up w i t h r u b b i s h w h i c h cannot break down e a s i l y M o s t p e o p l e a r e c o n c e r n e d a b o u t t h i s a s l a n d f i l l s i t e s a r e u g l y a n d t h e y p o l l u t e t h e air t don t think landfill sites are a s o l u t i o n t o t h e d i s p o s a l o f r u b b i s h a n d I b e l i e v e w e s h o u l d all try t o f i n d w a y s of d e a l i n g w i t h o u r waste R e c y c l i n g c a n b e a c o s t l y p r o c e s s f o r s o m e i t e m s s u c h a s g l a s s a n d paper but there are long term b e n e f i t s because natural resources are protected • • • Pictures C and D • I w o u l d like t o h a v e a p a r r o t a s a p e t b e c a u s e t h e y a r e g o o d c o m p a n y a s t h e y c a n t a l k a n d d o t r i c k s I w o u l d n t c h o o s e a p u m a a s a p e t b e c a u s e t h e y c a n b e a g g r e s s i v e a n d t h e y n e e d a l o t of space P e o p l e o f all a g e s c a n g e t a lot o f p l e a s u r e f r o m l o o k i n g after a p e t Y o u n g c h i l d r e n e s p e c i a l l y c a n b e t a u g h t r e s p o n s i b i l i t y b y t a k i n g c a r e of a n i m a l s G e n e r a l l y p e t s a r e g r e a t c o m p a n i o n s I d o n t t h i n k t h a t a n i m a l s s h o u l d b e k e p t in c a g e s o r i n a f l a t a s t h e y n e e d s p a c e t o e x e r c i s e S o m e a n i m a l s suffer if k e p t in a r e s t r i c t e d s p a c e a n d t h i s c a n c a u s e m e n t a l d i s t r e s s a n d u n h a p p i ness B i g a n i m a l s s u c h a s l i o n s tigers and even s o m e d o g s s h o u l d n t b e k e p t a s p e t s b e c a u s e t h e y m a y b e c o m e a g g r e s s i v e if t h e y d o n o t h a v e t h e f r e e d o m t h e y n e e d • • • .FCE Listening and Speaking 6 Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination e g S o l d i e r s a r e vital t o o u r c o u n t r y T h e y d e f e n d (t a n d t h e y f o r m a n i m p o r t a n t p a r t o f n a t i o n a l s e c u r i t y If t h e r e w e r e n o s o l d i e r s w e w o u l d b e i n s e n o u s risk o f b e i n g i n v a d e d a n d o c c u p i e d b y enemies • S u r g e o n s a r e vital m o u r h e a l t h s y s t e m T h e y p e r f o r m life s a v i n g o p e r a t i o n s If t h e r e w e r e n o surgeons people w o u l d die unnecessarily T e a c h e r s a r e important m our society They pass o n knowledge and educate our children Without teachers our education w o u l d b e worthless and our children w o u l d n t b e prepared f o r .

M y c o u n t r y h a s n a t i o n a l s e r v i c e w h i c h is m a n d a t o r y for all m a l e s o v e r t h e a g e o f 18 I n f a c t t h e r e are strict p u n i s h m e n t s f o r t h o s e w h o r e f u s e t o d o n a t i o n a l s e r v i c e P e r s o n a l l y I f e e l it is r i g h t b e c a u s e e v e r y c o u n t r y n e e d s a n o r g a n i s e d a r m y t o d e f e n d it in c a s e it is i n v a d e d b y another I d i s a g r e e I d o n t t h i n k i l i s r i g h t t o h a v e n a t i o n a l s e r v i c e a s I b e l i e v e t h a t all c o u n t r i e s s h o u l d s t r i v e t o i m p r o v e i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s r a t h e r t h a n c o m p e t e w i t h e a c h o t h e r in t e r m s of m i l i t a r y e q u i p m e n t a n d o r g a n i s e d a r m i e s I think t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t g o v e r n m e n t service is the Health Service D o c t o r s a n d nurses play a n important part in our society as they take care of sick p e o p l e W e n e e d a well organised Health Service to ensure the welfare o f all the citizens I feel t h a t t h e e m e r g e n c y s e r v i c e s are r e a l l y i m p o r t a n t P e o p l e n e e d t o b e h e l p e d w h e n t h e y a r e in t r o u b l e J u s t t h i n k of w h a t w o u l d h a p p e n if t h e r e w a s n o p o l i c e f o r c e o r n o f i r e b n gade I b e l i e v e t h a t c u l t u r e is a n i m p o r t a n t p a r t of o u r life W e s h o u l d h a v e t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o g o t o the theatre or m u s e u m without having t o pay t o o m u c h for the tickets B u t if g o v e r n m e n t s h a d t o a l l o c a t e f u n d s t o t h e a t r e s e t c t h a t w o u l d m e a n h e a v i e r t a x a t i o n t o c o l l e c t the necessary money I t h i n k t h a t in m y c o u n t r y t h e r e s h o u l d b e m o r e a t t e n t i o n p a i d t o e d u c a t i o n T e a c h e r s a n d s t u d e n t s c o m p l a i n t h a t far t o o little m o n e y g o e s o n e d u c a t i o n e a c h y e a r a n d a s a r e s u l t educat onal standards are too low I agree The children a n d students of t o d a y will b e t o m o r r o w s leaders. a n d therefore m u s t h a v e a g o o d s t a n d a r d of e d u c a t i o n S * S > . 5 \ J 161 .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination suggested answers) k I If I w e r e t h e p r e s i d e n t of a c o u n t r y I w o u l d c h o o s e t o m a k e c u t s i n s p a c e r e s e a r c h a s t h e c o m m u n i t y d o e s n o t b e n e f i t d i r e c t l y f r o m it I a g r e e S p a c e r e s e a r c h is j u s t a w a s t e o f m o n e y If I w e r e t h e p r e s i d e n t I w o u l d m a k e c u t s in m i l i t a r y d e f e n c e b e c a u s e I f e e l t h a t efforts s h o u l d b e m a d e t o p r o m o t e p e a c e t a l k s a n d f r i e n d l y r e l a t i o n s b e t w e e n n a t i o n s i n s t e a d of t r y i n g t o i n c r e a s e t h e n u m b e r of w e a p o n s available K T h i s is a n o p i n i o n s h a r e d b y m a n y p e o p l e A s p r e s i d e n t I w o u l d n o t m a k e c u t s in s e r v i c e s s u c h a s p o l i c e fire b r i g a d e a n d h e a l t h b e c a u s e 1 b e l i e v e t h e s e a r e s e r v i c e s e s s e n t i a l t o o u r c o m m u n i t y Their contribution s h o u l d never b e u n d e r e s t i m a t e d a n d they s h o u l d b e subsi dised by any government W h a t a b o u t t r a n s p o r t ' D o y o u feel t h a t c u t s s h o u l d b e m a d e t h e r e t o o ' 7 7 i ! { W e l l s i n c e t h e r e i s a n i n c r e a s i n g n u m b e r of c o m m u t e r s I b e l i e v e t h e t r a n s p o r t s y s t e m s h o u l d b e s u b s i d i s e d in o r d e r to b e i m p r o v e d All i n all I f e e l t h a t g o v e r n m e n t s s h a u f d fry h a r d to p r i o n t r s e the cuts t o b e m a d e F o r i n s t a n c e if I w e r e t h e p r e s i d e n t I w o u l d m a k e s u r e t h a t n o c u t s w e r e m a d e i n e d u c a t i o n b e c a u s e I think that t h e m o r e f u n d s w e g i v e to e d u c a t i o n the better the results w e will have m future Suggested answers) .

r o b b e r y e t c 1. (Suggested answer) • • • A b u r g l a r i s t r y i n g t o b r e a k i n t o a flat T h e c r i m e c o m m i t t e d is c a l l e d b u r g l a r y If I s a w s o m e o n e t r y i n g t o b r e a k i n t o a h o u s e I w o u l d t r y n o t t o p a n i c I n s t e a d I w o u l d r u s h t o t h e n e a r e s t p h o n e a n d call t h e p o l i c e I w o u l d n t try t o s t o p h i m o n m y o w n b e c a u s e h e m i g h t a t t a c k me If h e w e r e c a u g h t .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination • Preparing for Speaking Test 8 g CRIME AND CRIME PREVENTION T o t h e T e a c h e r : B e f o r e S s r e a d t h e i n t r o d u c t o r y q u e s t i o n s in e x e r c i s e 1 T s h o u l d w r i t e w o r d s a s s o c i a t e d w i t h c r i m e o n t h e b o a r d a n d e i t h e r elicit o r e x p l a i n t h e i r m e a n i n g S u g g e s t e d w o r d s b u r g l e b r e a k in theft r a n s a c k m u g g e r p i c k p o c k e t . r a i d . alarm etc • • 2. A neighbourhood o n the watch a 3 b 4 c 1 Local bank raided a 3 b A d 5 e 2 f 3 (Suggested answers) a) W h a t t h e f a m i l y s h o u l d h a v e d o n e t o p r e v e n t t h e r o b b e r y T h e y s h o u l d n t h a v e left t h e w i n d o w o p e n a n d t h e y s h o u l d h a v e a s k e d t h e i r n e i g h b o u r s to keep an eye o n the house b) W h a t e f f e c t t h i s i n c i d e n t h a s h a d o n t h e i r lives The Robinson children have been feeling very upset Mrs Robinson doesn't w a n t to stay in the h o u s e o n h e r o w n a n y m o r e a n d t h e w h o l e f a m i l y f e e l s t h a t it h a s b e e n a n i n v a s i o n of t h e i r p r i v a c y c) W h a t m e a s u r e s t h e y will t a k e i n f u t u r e T h e y ' l l b e m o r e v i g i l a n t T h e y II h a v e all t h e i r l o c k s c h a n g e d a n d a b u r g l a r a l a r m i n s t a l l e d a n d they re going to organise a neighbourhood watch scheme Criminal burglar thief mugger pickpocket robber Crime burglary theft mugging pickpocketing robbery Verb to burgle (to steal)* to m u g to p i c k p o c k e t t o rob {NB There is not an infinitive derived from "theft" ) Item Stolen Money Passport Traveller s c h e q u e s Airline tickets Jewellery Person t o contact Police Embassy Bank Travel A g e n c y Insurance C o m p a n y Action t o b e t a k e n make a report of the crime issue a temporary passport cancel the cheques issue replacement tickets make a n insurance claim 162 . h e w o u l d s t a n d trial a n d if f o u n d g u i l t y h e w o u l d b e s e n t t o p r i s o n Possible answers violence theft burglary break in steal police.

FCE Listening and Speaking eg Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Exam/natron If m y p a s s p o r t w a s s t o l e n I w o u l d c o n t a c t t h e e m b a s s y w h o w o u l d i s s u e a t e m p o r a r y p a s s p o r t If m y t r a v e l l e r s c h e q u e s w e r e s t o l e n I w o u l d c o n t a c t t h e b a n k w h o would cancel the cheques If m y a i r l i n e t i c k e t s w e r e s t o l e n I w o u l d c o n t a c t t h e t r a v e l a g e n c y w h o w o u l d i s s u e r e p l a c e m e n t tickets If m y j e w e l l e r y w a s s t o l e n I w o u l d c o n t a c t m y i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a n d m a k e a n i n s u r a n c e claim 6 (Suggested answers) eg t h i n k t h i s i s n e c e s s a r y 1 w o u l d g e t a s a f e t o p u t all m y v a l u a b l e s i n s o t h i e v e s c o u l d n o t g e t them Iwouldn t b u y a b i g d o g because itwouldmeanfindingtimetotakeitforwalksand g r o o m it B e s i d e s b u r g l a r s c a n a v o i d d o g s v e r y e a s i l y 7 To the T e a c h e r After S s have filled in the g a p s ask the f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s 1 2 3 W h a t s h o u l d y o u d o if y o u a r e r o b b e d w h i l e o n h o l i d a y Which a u t h o r i t y s h o u l d y o u contact if your passport is stolen W h a t i s t h e m e a n i n g of t h e p h r a s e "seek c o m p e n s a t i o n " 7 7 7 Answers to c o m p r e h e n s i o n questions 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 You should report the crjme to the police Y o u should contact your embassy It m e a n s t o a s k t o b e g i v e n t h e v a l u e o f t h e p r o p e r t y t h a t w a s s t o l e n b a c k documents identity traveller s c h e q u e s holiday 2 2 2 2 property embassy bank insurance 3 3 3 3 authority temporary replacement compensation SJOBS AND LIFESTYLES (Suggested answers) F i o n a D a y l e a d s a g l a m o r o u s life S h e is f a m o u s a n d a p p a r e n t l y e a r n s a lot f r o m h e r f i l m s S h e t r a v e l s a lot a n d s h e is f o r t u n a t e t o b e a b l e t o s p e n d t h e t i m e s h e w a n t s w i t h h e r c h i l d r e n A n g e l a M c K e o n is a w o m a n w h o tries t o m a k e e n d s m e e t o n her salary S h e has t o w o r k l o n g h o u r s a n d her j o b c o u l d n t b e d e s c r i b e d a s interesting o r well paid S h e probably c a n t afford t o have the t h i n g s s h e w o u l d like T o m m y H a r w o o d i s v e r y r i c h a n d a VIP H e c a n h a v e a n y t h i n g h e w a n t s c a n t r a v e l a n y w h e r e h e p l e a s e s a n d h e e n j o y s life H o w e v e r h e s o m e t i m e s s u f f e r s f r o m s t r e s s a s h e h a s t o m a k e m a n y important decisions .

FCE L sten ng and Speak ng Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Key Anyanswerscanbeaccepted 2 T o t h e Teacher Expla\nanynewvocabular/beforeSsdotheexevc\se p r o v i d e d S s j u s t i f y their c h o i c e (Suggested answers) JOBS entertainer ADVANTAGES glamorous y i p rewarding personal contact business executive office clerk professional athlete wealthy active varied respected personal contact regular w a g e j o b security active g l a m o r o u s popularity V [ p publicity respected outdoor varied personal contact excitement creative rewarding personal regular w a g e j o b security creative r e w a r d i n g respected rewarding respected personal contact DISADVANTAGES deadlines stress responsibility immense d e s k b o u n d routine boredom j o b insecurity stress publicity freelance journalist labourer architect deadlines j o b insecurity stress routine b o r e d o m dangerous immense deskbound deadline responsibility responsibility stress doctor eg A b u s i n e s s e x e c u t i v e s life is u s u a l l y v a r i e d a n d a c t i v e S h e / H e T h e y c a n b e q u i t e w e a l t h y a n d t h e i r j o b offers t h e m t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o h a v e p e r s o n a l c o n t a c t w i t h o t h e r p e o p l e O n t h e o t h e r h a n d t h e y h a v e t o m e e t d e a d l i n e s T h e i r j o b is h a r d a n d t h e y suffer f r o m s t r e s s A n office clerk has a steady iob a n d is p a i d regularly H o w e v e r s h e / h e is d e s k b o u n d which. can lead to an unpleasant feeling of b o r e d o m a n d routine A p r o f e s s i o n a l a t h l e t e l e a d s a n a c t i v e g l a m o r o u s life S o m e o f t h e m a r e t r e a t e d like V i P s a n d are widely r e s p e c t e d They are quite popular a n d enjoy publicity They benefit f r o m having a n o u t d o o r j o b a s t h i s i n v o l v e s a lot o f e x e r c i s e N e v e r t h e l e s s it c a n a l s o b e a r g u e d t h a t t h e i r s i s a hard j o b a n d not a secure o n e There s a lot of stress a n d publicity m a y m e a n lack of privacy A f r e e l a n c e j o u r n a l i s t s j o b i s v a r i e d c r e a t i v e a n d r e w a r d i n g S h e / h e g e t s a l o t of e x c i t e m e n t from the j o b However they have t o m e e t deadlines w h i c h causes t h e m t o b e under stress M o r e o v e r t h e y c a n n e v e r b e q u i t e s u r e of t h e i r j o b L a b o u r i n g i s h a r d p h y s i c a l w o r k It is w e l l p a i d b u t n o t s e c u r e a l a b o u r e r c a n b e laid off a t a n y t i m e It c a n a l s o b e d a n g e r o u s A n a r c h i t e c t s j o b is a c r e a t i v e a n d r e w a r d i n g o n e A r c h i t e c t s a r e w i d e l y r e s p e c t e d f o r t h e i r w o r k N e v e r t h e l e s s t h e y a r e d e s k b o u n d a n d t h e y h a v e t o m e e t d e a d l i n e s L a s t b u t n o t least t h e i r j o b h a s a l o t of r e s p o n s i b i l i t y A d o c t o r s j o b i s a r e s p e c t e d a n d r e w a r d i n g o n e T h e r e is a lot of p e r s o n a l c o n t a c t w i t h t h e i r p a t i e n t s H o w e v e r t h e y suffer f r o m s t r e s s a s t h e y a r e b u r d e n e d w i t h r e s p o n s i b i l i t y 3 T o t h e Teacher a)ExplainanynewvocabularybeforeSsfillinthegaps g a p s T should ask the following c o m p r e h e n s i o n questions t 2 3 b) A f t e r S s h a v e filled in t h e W h a t w a s t h e f a m i l y s f i n a n c i a l s i t u a t i o n w h e n M i k e s f a t h e r b e c a m e ill? W h a t h e l p e d M i k e g e t t h r o u g h t h e y e a r s of p o v e r t y ? W h y was Mike a successful businessman? .

Key FCE Listening and Speaking Answers to comprehension questions 1 2 3 Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination T h e y w e r e n t a b l e t o m a k e e n d s m e e t T h e y w o u l d g o w i t h o u t a p r o p e r m e a l for w e e k s H e d r e a m t of a f u t u r e i n w h i c h h e w o u l d b e a b l e t o h a v e everything he w a n t e d a n d t h i s d r e a m g a v e h i m t h e a m b i t i o n t o s u c c e e d in life B e c a u s e h e h a d a nose for business w h i c h m e a n s that h e instinctively k n e w where t o invest his m o n e y on the breadline poverty dreaming 7 8 9 ambition business entrepreneur comfortable make ends meet 10 tycoon 11 achievement Pros Entertainer / Acrobat Car mechanic pleasure travel Cons a w a y f r o m f a m i l y risky seasonal work long hours interesting g o o d m o n e y possibility of o w n business meet interesting people Shop assistant b o n n g t i r i n g a l o t of t i m e spent o n feet no free time stressful difficult d e c i s i o n m a k i n g responsibility w o r k s l o n g h o u r s n o s o c i a l life / h o l i d a y s f a m i l y life suffers s t r e s s f u l little f r e e t i m e lots of planning and preparation b a d w e a t h e r in w i n t e r Manager e x c e l l e n t safary c o m p a n y car Teacher rewarding money s not b a d good holidays o u t d o o r j o b free afternoons evenings and weekends Postman A n e n t e r t a i n e r / a c r o b a t g e t s a lot of p l e a s u r e f r o m t h e j o b a n d h a s t h e o p p o r t u n i t y to travel However it c a n b e a r i s k y j o b It s a s e a s o n a l o n e t o o w h i c h m e a n s t h a t h e / s h e m i g h t b e o u t o f w o r k f o r l o n g p e r i o d s o f t i m e A l s o t h e y d o n t g e t t o s e e m u c h of t h e i r f a m i l i e s A car mechanic h a s a n interesting j o b with g o o d money They m a y even have t h e possibility of setting u p their o w n business T h a t s f i n e b u t t h e y h a v e t o w o r k l o n g h o u r s in o r d e r t o a c c o m p l i s h t h a t A s h o p a s s i s t a n t s j o b offers t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t o m e e t s o m e i n t e r e s t i n g p e o p l e B u t t h i n k o f t h e d i s a d v a n t a g e s It i s a b o r i n g t i r i n g j o b a n d s h o p a s s i s t a n t s s p e n d a lot of t i m e o n t h e i r f e e t T h e y h a v e little f r e e t i m e a s t h e y w o r k all w e e k SA SB A m a n a g e r usually gets a n excellent salary p l u s p e r k s s u c h a s a c o m p a n y car etc However s h e / h e h a s t o w o r k l o n g h o u r s a n d t h e y d o n o t s e e t h e i r f a m i l y a l o t I t s a v e r y responsible job they have to m a k e important decisions w h i c h c a n b e quite stressful T e a c h e r s have a v e r y r e w a r d i n g j o b a s t h e y w o r k w i t h c h i l d r e n T h e y a l s o g e t a d e c e n t salary a n d g o o d holidays O n t h e o t h e r h a n d t e a c h i n g c a n b e s t r e s s f u l a s teachers have to c o p e w i t h b i g c l a s s e s A l s o t h e y have t o d o a lot of p l a n n i n g w h i c h m e a n s t h e y h a v e a little f r e e t i m e SA SB 165 .

FCE Usteningand Speaking Skills 2 forthe Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Key • SA SB A p o s t a l w o r k e r h a s t h e c h a n c e t o b e o u t o f d o o r s m o s t of t h e t i m e S h e / h e h a s all t h e i r afternoons evenings a n d w e e k e n d s free Even s o they have t o c o p e with b a d weather conditions w h i c h c a n b e a d i s a d v a n t a g e 6 (Suggested • SA SB answers) The a p p l i a n c e factory w a n t s w o r k e r s with a s s e m b l y line experience Y o u d have t o w o r k evenings or at n i g h t Yes that m e a n s y o u have to sleep d u r i n g t h e d a y w h i c h c o u l d c a u s e p r o b l e m s in y o u r p e r s o n a l life I d o n t s u p p o s e t h e p a y is v e r y g o o d e i t h e r • SA SB T h e o f f i c e j o b is f o r s o m e o n e w h o c a n t y p e is g o o d o n t h e p h o n e a n d h a s a f r i e n d l y m a n n e r T h e h o u r s a r e n t t o o l o n g b u t y o u w o u l d h a v e t o w o r k 6 d a y s a w e e k Of c o u r s e t h e j o b may lead to something better For a sales j o b y o u have t o have e x p e r i e n c e a n d b e self c o n f i d e n t o r e v e n a g g r e s s i v e Y o u d have t o w o r k l o n g hours as well Y o u c o u l d m a k e a lot of m o n e y but y o u w o u l d n t have m u c h t i m e for yourself SA SB BENEFITS Manager g o o d salary c o m p a n y car bonus DRAWBACKS b o n u s linked to o u t p u t d o e s n t get paid overtime w o r k s l o n g hours n o social life/holidays stress Production operator g o o d w a g e s responsible for his o w n w o r k t i m e to b e with his family dangerous j o b no perks V J * Speaking Test 8 Part 2 (Suggested answer) Pictures A and B • In p i c t u r e A a m a n w e a r i n g g l o v e s is t r y i n g t o f o r c e a g a t e o p e n u s i n g a c r o w b a r It s d a y t i m e s o t h i s m a y b e a n i s o l a t e d h o u s e In p i c t u r e B a b u r g l a r is l o o k i n g i n t o a j e w e f i e r y b o x H e is w e a n n g g l o v e s b e c a u s e h e d o e s n t w a n t t o l e a v e a n y f i n g e r p r i n t s a n d h e is h o l d i n g a t o r c h t o h e l p h i m t o s e e • This has never h a p p e n e d to m e o r m y family / This h a p p e n e d o n c e to m y family Burglars brake in a n d s t o l e m y m u m s j e w e l l e r y T h e y a l s o s t o l e s o m e s i l v e r w a r e W e w e r e all s h o c k e d a n d s c a r e d W e f e l t a s if o u r p r i v a c y h a d b e e n i n v a d e d • I d o n t t h i n k i t s p o s s i b l e t o s t o p b u r g l a r s a l t o g e t h e r However you can take certain precautions such a s h a v i n g a b u r g l a r a l a r m i n s t a l l e d o r l e t t i n g n e i g h b o u r s k n o w w h e n y o u r e g o i n g to be away • People usually c o m m i t burglary b e c a u s e they think they n e e d m o n e y and stealing people s property is a q u i c k w a y o f m a k i n g it .

d e m a n d i n g j o b w h i c h i n v o l v e s a lot of d e c i s i o n m a k i n g H e r j o b is s t r e s s f u l a n d s h e m i g h t h a v e t o w o r k l o n g h o u r s b u t t h i s i s c o m p e n s a t e d for b y t h e b o n u s s h e g e t s a t t h e e n d o f t h e y e a r W h a t c o u l d b e a p r o b l e m f o r h e r i s n o t h a v i n g e n o u g h t i m e t o b e w i t h her f a m i l y T h e t e a c h e n s a p r o f e s s i o n a l w h o is d i r e c t l y i n v o l v e d w i t h c h i l d r e n H i s / h e r j o b i s i n t e r e s t i n g a n d s t i m u l a t i n g b u t c a n s o m e t i m e s b e v e r y t i r i n g H i s / h e r s a l a r y is n o t h i g h a n d t h e y d o n o t g e t a n y p e r k s or bonuses Teachers have long holidays though T h e c l o w n i s a n artist a n d a s s u c h h e h a s a l o t o f v a r i e t y a n d e x c i t e m e n t i n h i s j o b H o w e v e r h i s j o b is n o t s e c u r e a n d d e p e n d s u p o n h i s p o p u l a r i t y k ) Suggested answer) \ I t h i n k j o b s w h i c h i n v o l v e d e c i s i o n .FCE Listening and Speaking res C and D Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination c t u r e C s h o w s t h e e a r t h c o v e r e d w i t h r u b b i s h It s h o w s t h e d a n g e r w e a r e in P i c t u r e D is o f r u b b i s h u c h is t o b e r e c y c l e d e a c c u m u l a t i o n of r u b b i s h is a v e r y s e r i o u s p r o b l e m If w e d o n o t f i n d s u c c e s s f u l w a y s of d i s p o s i n g w a s t e w e r u n t h e risk of f i l l i n g o u r p l a n e t w i t h w a s t e m a t e r i a l w e a r e u n a b l e t o g e t r i d of scycling i s o n l y j u s t n o w s t a r t i n g t o g a m i n p o p u l a r i t y i n m y c o u n t r y T h i s i s very e n c o u r a g i n g a s !ople b e c o m e m o r e a w a r e of t h e b e n e f i t s o f r e c y c l i n g W e a r e a d v i s e d t o f i n d b o t t l e b a n k s f o r a m p l e . a n d d i s p o s e of o u r e m p t y g l a s s b o t t l e s t h e r e j c y c l m g c e r t a i n l y h a s a f u t u r e a s it i s the o n l y a l t e r n a t i v e t o m a k i n g b e t t e r u s e o f o u r w a s t e atenal Suggested answer) \ 1 T h o s e p e o p l e w h o h a v e l o w s t r e s s j o b s m i g h t t h i n k t h a t t h e i r w o r k i s b o r i n g a n d t h a t it o f f e r s little v a r i e t y i n g e n e r a l t h e y all m i g h t w i s h t o h a v e a d i f f e r e n t j o b T h e b u s i n e s s w o m a n i s p r o b a b l y t h e o n e p r o f e s s i o n a l o u t of all t h e o t h e r s w h o h a s a n e x c i t i n g . y o u h a v e t o m a k e e n d s m e e t o n y o u r s a l a r y a n d y o u c a n t a f f o r d a n y l u x u r i e s b u t a t least y o u c a n h a v e a life o u t s i d e w o r k a s w e l l Fair e n o u g h P e r h a p s a n o n . have j o b s w h i c h m a k e t h e m responsible for people's lives J o b s a t i s f a c t i o n i s m o r e i m p o r t a n t t h a n m o n e y a s y o u s p e n d s o m u c h of y o u r Irfe a t w o r k I d o n ' t q u i t e a g r e e w i t h y o u P e o p l e s h o u l d a i m a t c h o o s i n g a j o b w h i c h offers b o t h j o b s a t i s f a c t i o n a n d g o o d p a y In m y o p i n i o n .s t r e s s f u l j o b is b e t t e r I d o n t really b e l i e v e m a n a g e r s s h o u l d b e p a i d m o r e t h a n w o r k e r s b e c a u s e w o r k e r s o p e r a t e d a n g e r o u s m a c h i n e r y a n d a r e a l w a y s a t risk o f i n j u r y O n t h e o t h e r h a n d m a n a g e r s a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r o t h e r w o r k e r s If t h e y t a k e a w r o n g d e c i s i o n t h i s a f f e c t s t h e lives of m a n y p e o p l e W o r k e r s c a n a v o i d b e i n g i n j u r e d if t h e y t a k e c e r t a i n precautions P e o p l e c o u l d b e e n c o u r a g e d t o w o r k h a r d e r if t h e y w e r e o f f e r e d b o n u s e s o r c e r t a i n p e r k s I t ' s also important to praise p e o p l e w h o w o r k for y o u I a g r e e P e o p l e w h o w o r k c o n s c i e n t i o u s l y s h o u l d f e e l a p p r e c i a t e d f o r w h a t t h e y d o T h i s is t h e best w a y t o motivate t h e m to w o r k more productively 1fi7 I 3 \ i \ i \ 3 .for e x a m pl e .m a k i n g a r e really i m p o r t a n t a s t h i s a f f e c t s t h e l i v e s of a lot of p e o p l e I agree Doctors a n d nurses. p e o p l e c a n v e r y e a s i l y b e c o m e u n i n t e r e s t e d in t h e i r c a r e e r s if t h e y f e e l t h e y a r e n o t p a i d w e l l f o r w h a t t h e y d o I t h i n k l o w s t r e s s w i t h l o w p a y is b e t t e r t h a n a s t r e s s f u l j o b w i t h a h i g h s a l a r y a s c o n s t a n t s t r e s s is v e r y b a d for y o u a n d c a n m a k e y o u ill O f c o u r s e .

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Key ïi'^'A Preparing for Speaking Test 9 • TECHNOLOGY 1 1 A A A A 2 cashpoint 2 mobile phone 3 microchip 4 photocopier c a s h p o i n t is u s e d f o r w i t h d r a w i n g m o n e y f r o m y o u r a c c o u n t w h e n t h e b a n k is c l o s e d or busy m o b i l e p h o n e is u s e d f o r m a k i n g c a l l s a n y w h e r e w i t h o u t h a v i n g t o g o t o a call b o x o r h o m e m c r o c h i p is a small d e v i c e inside electronic e q u i p m e n t that performs a particular operation p h o t o c o p i e r is u s e d t o m a k e i m m e d i a t e c o p i e s of i m a g e s o r d o c u m e n t s T o the Teacher Explain a n y n e w vocabulary before Ss d o the exercise answerphone fax m a c h i n e w o r d processor v i r t u a l reality internet cash card 1 device 2 cards 3 d a e f c b cash card 4 Microwave 5 development 6 reusable questions 3 T o t h e T e a c h e r A f t e r t h e S S h a v e f i l l e d in t h e g a p s a s k t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n * * H o w h a v e a d v a n c e s i n t e c h n o l o g y c h a n g e d o u r lives? A c c o r d i n g t o t h e t e x t i s t e c h n o l o g y c h a n g i n g o u r lives f o r t h e b e t t e r o r n o t ? Answers to c o m p r e h e n s i o n questions • • It h a s m a d e o u r lives e a s i e r a n d safer b u t w e h a v e b e c o m e lazier a s a r e s u l t A c c o r d i n g t o t h e e x a m p l e s g i v e n i n t h e p a s s a g e t e c h n o l o g y c h a n g e s o u r lives f o r t h e b e t t e r BENEFITS DRAWBACKS Computers information more accessible and immediate workplace m o r e efficient revolutionised communication people are quickly c o n t a c t e d business calls not just t a k e n in o f f i c e easy c o m m u n i c a t i o n forbusmesspeople emergency services a n d people w h o w o r k in i s o l a t e d p l a c e s greater productivity a n d efficiency m factories constant supply of hot water energy c a n b e stored for night usage c h a o s if n e t w o r k s s h u t d o w n loss of millions o f j o b s Mobile phones expensive Robots reduction in number of jobs leading to higher unemployment Solar power n o t a s effective i n c o u n t r i e s t h a t a r e not sunny installation a n d maintenance are expensive .

B iA iB .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination^ he T e a c h e r A s k S s t o s k i m t h e t e x t s t h e n a s k t h e m t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p r e h e n s i o n 5tlOnS Vhal a r e t h e m a m a d v a n t a g e s of c o m p u t e r s ? i/ho b e n e f i t s f r o m t h e i n v e n t i o n of m o b i l e p h o n e s ? Vhat j o b s d o b a s i c r o b o t like m a c h i n e s d o ? Vhat i s s o l a r p o w e r a n d h o w is it u s e d ? w e r s t o comprehension questions ' h e y h a v e r e v o l u t i o n i s e d a n u m b e r of i n d u s t r i e s t h e y h a v e m a d e i n f o r m a t i o n m o r e a c c e s s i b l e n d i m m e d i a t e a n d the w o r k place has b e c o m e m o r e efficient Susiness e x e c u t i v e s e m e r g e n c y s e r v i c e s a n d p e o p l e w h o w o r k in i s o l a t e d p l a c e s hey are used in factories to d o menial jobs lolar p o w e r is t h e e n e r g y f r o m t h e s u n It i s u s e d a t h o m e s o p e o p l e c a n h a v e a c o n s t a n t s u p p l y •f h o t w a t e r a n d in s o m e c a s e s t h i s e n e r g y c a n b e s t o r e d f o r n i g h t u s a g e IA IB .A .B !A >& iA .A .B Yes but computers have m a d e information more accessible and immediate a n d the work place has generally b e c o m e m o r e efficient I d o n t q u i t e a g r e e P e o p l e have b e c o m e t o o d e p e n d e n t o n c o m p u t e r s a n d this d e p e n d e n c y c o u l d b e d a n g e r o u s if s y s t e m s w e r e t o s h u t d o w n Mobile p h o n e s have revolutionised c o m m u n i c a t i o n People c a n b e easily c o n t a c t e d a n y w h e r e t h e y are Even s o they d o have their d r a w b a c k s s u c h a s the e x p e n s e R o b o t s a r e n o t y e t a b l e t o r e p l a c e h u m a n s b u t r o b o t l i k e m a c h i n e s h a v e b e e n introduced factories to d o menial j o b s resulting in greater productivity a n d efficiency into O n t h e o t h e r h a n d w e m u s t c o n s i d e r t h e f a c t t h a t m a n y p e o p l e h a v e lost t h e i r j o b s l e a d i n g to high unemployment S o l a r p o w e r is u s e d b y m a n y p e o p l e a s a m e a n s o f h e a t i n g all y e a r r o u n d H o w e v e r b o t h t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n of s o l a r p a n e l s a n d t h e i r s e r v i c i n g c a n b e v e r y e x p e n s i v e s o few people have access to t h e m ggested answers) iA .B IA .B Mobile p h o n e s m a k e c o m m u n i c a t i o n easier O n the other h a n d they are expensive t o use and y o u m a y accidentally leave your p h o n e b e h i n d o r l o s e it C o m p u t e r s h a v e a lot of u s e f u l a p p l i c a t i o n s In fact t h e y m a k e life m u c h e a s i e r in all s o r t s of ways O n the other h a n d people have b e c o m e too dependent on t h e m Soon people w o n t b e able to d o anything themselves Microwave ovens s p e e d u p the c o o k i n g a n d defrosting process H o w e v e r they v e l e d t o a d e c l i n e m t o o d q u a l i t y W h a t s m o r e they p r o d u c e d a n g e r o u s rays that c a n harm p e o p l e s health Satellites h a v e s p e e d e d u p the c o m m u n i c a t i o n network Y e s b u t if t h e y b r e a k d o w n t h e y a r e difficult t o repair B o d y s c a n s a n d lasers h e l p d o c t o r s d i a g n o s e faster a n d m o r e a c c u r a t e l y O n the other h a n d X rays c a n b e harmful as they give out radiation R o b o t s h a v e i n c r e a s e d t h e s p e e d of p r o d u c t i o n H o w e v e r t h e y h a v e l e d t o g r e a t e r u n e m p l o y m e n t b y p u t t i n g m a n u a l w o r k e r s o u t of j o b s iA .B .B A .

es cover electrical sockets p u t all m e d i c i n e o u t o f r e a c h of c h i l d r e n put u p protective nets/bars 7 SA SB SA SB If I w e r e l o o k i n g a f t e r t h e s e children I w o u l d make biscuits with t h e m Y e s t h a t s a g o o d i d e a b u t I w o u l d m a k e s u r e t h a t t h e r e w e r e n t a n y k n i v e s in t h e kitchen that they c o u l d cut themselves o n If I w e r e l o o k i n g a f t e r t h o s e c h i l d r e n I w o u l d a l s o p l a y b o a r d g a m e s w i t h t h e m Yes but I w o u l d m a k e sure there weren t any small pieces the 3 year o l d c o u l d swallow .FCE Listening a n d Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambntige FCE Examination _Key_ g LOOKING AFTER CHILDREN 1 {Suggested answers) T o l o o k after a c h i l d o n e s h o u l d b e r e s p o n s i b l e experienced mature caring competent etc questions 2 T o t h e T e a c h e r A s k Ss t o s k i m t h e p a s s a g e then ask the following c o m p r e h e n s i o n 1 W h a t qualities d o y o u need t o have to b e a g o o d babysitter 7 2 A c c o r d i n g t o t h e t e x t s h o u l d y o u let c h i l d r e n d o w h a t t h e y w a r n ? A n s w e r s to c o m p r e h e n s i o n q u e s t i o n s 1 2 1 2 3 3 Y o u s h o u l d b e r e l i a b l e a n d t r u s t w o r t h y q u i t e strict b u t n o t t o o b o s s y N o they should not be allowed to run wild responsibility patience c o m m o n sense 4 sensibly 5 bossy 6 relaxed 7 8 9 discipline entertainer enthusiastic 10 t r u s t w o r t h y 11 r e l i a b l e patient a n d relaxed etc T o the T e a c h e r Explain any n e w vocabulary before students d o the exercise 1 2 jigsaw puzzle building blocks 2 f 3 4 charades board game 4 c 5 e 6 b 5 card games 4 1 d 5 3 a T o t h e T e a c h e r T h e a i m of t h i s e x e r c i s e i s t o g e t S s t o d e c i d e in w h i c h o r d e r t h e y w o u l d d o t h e t h i n g s s u g g e s t e d in t h e e x e r c i s e E x p l a i n t o t h e S s that t h e y a r e s u p p o s e d t o b e l o o k i n g after all t h r e e c h i l d r e n at t h e s a m e t i m e s o t h e y will h a v e t o p r i o r i t i s e (Suggested answers) T h e n I w o u l d c o m f o r t t h e t o d d l e r w h o i s c r y i n g a n d t a k e h i m i n t o t h e k i t c h e n w h e r e I w o u l d c o v e r all o p e n sockets t o stop t h e y o u n g boy electrocuting himself I m i g h t t h e n t u r n o n t h e T V t o k e e p t h e m o c c u p i e d o r s e n d t h e m t o b e d rf it w a s late O n l y if I felt I c o u l d n t c o p e w o u l d I t r y t o c o n t a c t t h e i r p a r e n t s 6 b u r n i n g itself o n a n o p e n f i r e c u t t i n g itself w i t h a s h a r p instrument b u r n i n g itself w i t h b o i l i n g w a t e r f a l l i n g d a w n t h e stairs getting a electric s h o c k f r o m p u t t i n g its f i n g e r / a m e t a l item in socket swallowing medicines f a l l i n g off a b a l c o n y / f r o m a w i n d o w p u t a f i r e g u a r d in f r o n t of t h e f i r e keep everything harmful out of the way supervise cooki ng i n s t a l l stairgat.

s C and D i c t u r e C t h e r e is a y o u n g b o y w h o s t r y i n g t o f o r c e t h e l o c k of t h e c a r i n b r o a d d a y l i g h t H e s e e m s e l o o k i n g u p t o s e e if h e i s b e i n g w a t c h e d b y a n y o n e In p i c t u r e D t h e r e s a m a n w h o s b r e a k i n g a house through a w i n d o w at night c a r t h e f t is a m o n g t h e c o m m o n e s t c r i m e s in m y c o u n t r y T h o u s a n d s o f c a r s a r e s t o l e n e v e r y y e a r ingsters in particular b e c o m e car thieves s o that they can m a k e m o n e y fast t h r o u g h selling the e n cars -e a n d m o r e p e o p l e s e e m t o b e i n f a v o u r o f h a v i n g b u r g l a r a l a r m s i n s t a l l e d i n t h e i r h o m e s a s a sns o f d e t e r r i n g b u r g l a r s P e r s o n a l l y I t h i n k t h a t b u r g l a r a l a r m s m a y d e t e r s o m e o n e f r o m b r e a k i n g ut t h e y c a n b e n e u t r a l i s e d b y e x p e r t b u r g l a r s =re a r e m a n y r e a s o n s f o r t h e i n c r e a s e i n c r i m e T o b e g i n w i t h t h e h i g h u n e m p l o y m e n t r a l e m e a n s : s o m e y o u n g p e o p l e m a y r e s o r t t o c r i m e j u s t t o g e t money People nowadays don t seem to care •ut m o r a l s w h i c h m e a n s t h a t t h e y a r e m o r e l i k e l y t o t u r n t o c r i m e uggested answers) W e l l I w o u l d i m m e d i a t e l y t a k e t h e m a t c h e s a w a y f r o m t h e little b o y H e c o u l d g e t very badly burnt O h y e s a n d t h e n I w o u l d r u s h off t o t h e k i t c h e n t o t u r n off t h e w a s h i n g m a c h i n e a n d the p a n 1 w o u l d c l e a n u p the m e s s later Y e s t h a t s a g o o d i d e a a n d t h e n I s u p p o s e I w o u l d s w i t c h off t h e T V t h e little girl i s watching Even though she s not in immediate danger watching such films can b e harmful W h a t w o u l d y o u d o next? I w o u l d t h e n attend t o t h e baby S h e / h e obviously needs t o b e fed or c h a n g e d A n d t h e n if t h e p h o n e w a s still r i n g i n g a n d t h e r e w a s s o m e o n e still k n o c k i n g o n t h e d o o r t h e n I d see t o t h e m .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambndge FCE Examination • Speaking Test 9 uggested answers) .s A a n d B picture A I c a n s e e a m a n w e l d i n g s o m e t h i n g w h i l e p i c t u r e B s h o w s a r o b o t w o r k i n g o n a n smbJy f i n e In t h e b a c k g r o u n d t h e r e is t h e f i g u r e of a p e r s o n w h o h a s p e r h a p s l o s t h i s j o b b e c a u s e ie robot M a n y p e o p l e h a v e b e e n r e p l a c e d b y r o b o t s in f a c t o r i e s a n d m o r e a n d m o r e p e o p l e a r e l o s i n g Tjobsirithsway h n o l o g y has m a d e p r o d u c t i o n c o m m u n i c a t i o n a n d travel m u c h faster a n d easier Even in the te c o m p u t e r s a n d m i c r o w a v e o v e n s for e x a m p l e h a v e m a d e life e a s i e r but there are s o m e disadvantages as w e l l People have b e c o m e very d e p e n d e n t o n c o m p u t e r s i f t h e r e w a s a p o w e r f a i l u r e a l o t o f i n f o r m a t i o n c o u l d b e l o s t It s a l s o t r u e t h a t p e o p l e a r e f o r g e t t i n g / to d o things without technological help .uggested answers) T h e r e a r e a lot of d i f f i c u l t i e s when looking t h e m c l e a r of d a n g e r f o r o n e t h i n g after children the responsibility one has of keeping Y e s I a g r e e it s a h u g e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y N o t o n l y d o e s t h e i r e n v i r o n m e n t h a v e t o b e s a f e b u t a l s o c l e a n t o a v o i d illness A good babysitter has t o b e p a t i e n t a n d k i n d B u t m o r e t h a n that t h e y n e e d t o g e n u i n e l y like c h i l d r e n a n d b e g o o d e n t e r t a i n e r s 171 .

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge • SA SB FCE Examination A c c i d e n t s at h o m e are c a u s e d w h e n n o o n e has t h o u g h t a b o u t t h e potential d a n g e r s Y e s y o u really n e e d t o l o o k at everything a r o u n d y o u a n d d e c i d e w h a t m i g h t b e d a n g e r o u s and w h a t dangers you can prevent • SA SB SA Y o u can make your house safe for children by removing ail dangerous objects from a child s reach Y e s like k n i v e s a n d m a t c h e s T h a t s r i g h t a n d y o u c a n a l s o m a k e s u r e all e l e c t r i c a l a p p l i a n c e s a r e o u t o f a c h i l d s r e a c h a n d t h a t all s o c k e t s a r e c o v e r e d • Preparing for Speaking Test 10 I I NEWSPAPERS AND TELEVISION 1 (Suggested answers) Y e s I d o I like t o k e e p i n f o r m e d a b o u t w h a t s g o i n g o n i n t h e w o r l d I usually w a t c h the news o n TV even/ evening w h e n I get h o m e I r e a l i s e t h a t w a t c h i n g t h e n e w s o n T V is q u i t e a lazy w a y o f f i n d i n g o u t w h a t is g o i n g o n i n t h e w o r l d b u t I p r e f e r it a s I g e t t o k n o w w h a t s b e e n h a p p e n i n g m u c h m o r e q u i c k l y t h a n I w o u l d if I r e a d a p a p e r I a l s o like w a t c h i n g all t h e i m a g e s a n d p i c t u r e s t h a t a r e s h o w n o n T V 2 3 1 1 exclusive article 2 2 2 televised correspondent analyse 3 l e a d i n g article 3 3 conferences deadlines 4 mass media 4 4 broadcasts research 5 t o p stories 1 cameraman 4 (Suggested headlines) C e l e b r i t i e s g a t h e r to h e a r P a v a r o t t i s i n g ( m a g a z i n e ) P a v a r o t t i live on T V ( t e l e v i s i o n ) TELEVISION ratings c h a n n e l news bulletin viewer c a m e r a c r e w live c o v e r a g e NEWSPAPERS B O T H TV + NEWSPAPER newsreader articles c o l u m n s reader circulation sections exclusive coverage headlines journalist reporter 6 SA SB SA SB B o t h n e w s p a p e r s a n d TV s t a t i o n s h a v e r e p o r t e r s j o u r n a l i s t s a n d h e a d l i n e s f o r t h e i r news items Y e s a n d s o m e a l s o h a v e e x c l u s i v e c o v e r a g e of c e r t a i n i t e m s o f n e w s H o w e v e r t h e r e a r e d i f f e r e n c e s in t h e w a y n e w s i s p r e s e n t e d TV s t a t i o n s u s u a l l y h a v e live c o v e r a g e b u t t h a t d e p e n d s if t h e y h a v e a c a m e r a c r e w t h e r e o n t i m e o r n o t Y e s I like w a t c h i n g n e w s bulletins but t h e y re usually over s o q u i c k l y I m u c h prefer s p e n d i n g t i m e r e a d i n g t h r o u g h t h e d i f f e r e n t s e c t i o n s of a n e w s p a p e r s e l e c t i n g a r t i c l e s I find interesting I frk^fckrn^through the paper again reading the articles I have m i s s e d But s o m e n e w s p a p e r s n a v e s u c h badly written news reports that they misguide the readers T h e s a m e a p p l i e s t o TV s t a t i o n s t h o u g h V i e w e r s a r e s o m e t i m e s s h o w n h o r r i f y i n g i m a g e s a n d a r e e n c o u r a g e d t o t a k e t h e p o i n t of v i e w of t h e TV s t a t i o n N e w s p a p e r s i n f o r m y o u of t h e i r c i r c u l a t i o n f i g u r e s s o y o u k n o w w h e t h e r y o u r e b u y i n g a papular paper or n o t SA SB SA .

are they worthwhile? O K it s n o t g o o d t o w a t c h t h e m all t h e t i m e . a thermos flash a n d flares. let s o m e o n e know your route and the l e n g t h o f y o u r p r o p o s e d trip map and compass. w a r m clothing food supplies. I w o u l d call f o r h e l p a n d h e a d f o r t h e n e a r e s t exit iquake r o c k s Los Angeles meless 3hcopters 2 rubble 3 relief c e n t r e s 4 search cameras 5 sniffer d o g s 6 rescuers hfires t h r e a t e n S y d n e y 2 firefighters 3 lifeguards 4 roadblocks )ds drown Offenburg apped 2 rescued 3 supplies gested answers) lifter d o g s w e r e also used t o help track d o w n trapped victims a v y h e l i c o p t e r s p o u r e d h u g e a m o u n t s o f w a t e r o n t o t h e s p r e a d i n g f i r e a n d p o l i c e s e a l e d off i i g h b o u r h o o d s t o prevent p e o p l e g o i n g b a c k to their h o m e s MOUNTAIN HOLIDAY st y o u s h o u l d d o ore you set out listen t o t h e w e a t h e r f o r e c a s t . I w o u l d p u t m y life j a c k e t o n a n d j u m p t o t h e w a t e r If I h a d a r a d i o I w o u l d c a l l f o r h e l p I w e r e c a u g h t in a fire. let s o m e o n e k n o w your route and the l e n g t h o f y o u r p r o p o s e d trip a r a d i o life j a c k e t s a n d a life raft at y o u s h o u l d t a k e it you should d o n emergency contact the coastguard for help 173 .p r e s e n t i n g information a n d establishing o p i n i o n s a n d points of view Y e s t h a t s t r u e b u t w h a t a b o u t all t h e o t h e r k i n d s of f i l m s a n d p r o g r a m m e s t h a t a r e s h o w n o n TV s u c h a s g a m e s h o w s . hot drinks dig a h o l e in t h e s n o w keep w a r m stay w h e r e you are SAILING HOLIDAY listen t o the weather f o r e c a s t . b u t t h e y d o g i v e p e o p l e t h e c h a n c e t o d r e a m i m a g i n i n g t h a t t h e y h a d j u s t w o n t h e g r a n d p r i z e of a y a c h t o r a t r i p o n C o n c o r d e UE AND SURVIVAL t h e c a s e of b e i n g c a u g h t in t h e first i n c i d e n t .FCE Listening and Speaking 3 Skills 2 for the Fievised Cambridge FCE Examination T h e s a m e a p p l i e s t o T V c h a n n e l s V i e w i n g f i g u r e s tell y o u h o w p o p u l a r a p r o g r a m m e is T h e c h a n n e l s are v e r y c o m p e t i t i v e a b o u t t h e i r r a t i n g s 2 controlled 3 influence 4 opinion 5 reflect ibiased ding of the Year t Time Terror Laid t o Rest Champion Returns of B o o k s n c e of F a m e munity C o u l d n t Care Less 5 Prince Charles married Lady Diana E a r t h q u a k e a t 3 a m in G r e e c e B u r i a l of w a r h e r o G r o u p C a p t a i n J o h n N o l a n T e n n i s p l a y e r p l a y s a g a i n after i n j u r y S h o r t a g e of b o o k s in libraries Press harassment of film stars V i l l a g e w o n ' t h e l p a h o m e l e s s f a m i l y after a f i r e gested answers) N e w s p a p e r s a n d t e l e v i s i o n p l a y a m a s s i v e r o l e in t o d a y s s o c i e t y .

b u t b e c a u s e o f a l a c k of t i m e for r e a d i n g a n d t h e b e n e f i t s of c o l o u r p i c t u r e a n d s o u n d . T V r e p o r t s p r o b a b l y influence more people than newspapers T h e m e d i a p l a y s a v e r y i m p o r t a n t r o l e i n o u r life a s it o f f e r s u s i n f o r m a t i o n a n d k n o w l e d g e . I w o u l d s e n d a n e x p e r i e n c e d search party out to look for the missing people If t h e r e w a s a lot of s n o w o n t h e m o u n t a i n w e c o u l d a l s o u s e sniffer d o g s t o l o o k f o r t h e people (f s o m e p e o p l e h a d g o n e m i s s i n g a t s e a . ( S u g g e s t e d a n s w e r ) a) S A SB If I n e e d e d t o o r g a n i s e a r e s c u e o p e r a t i o n m t h e m o u n t a i n s . w h e r e a s n e w s p a p e r s can only provide y o u with individual p h o t o g r a p h s w h i c h have less i m p a c t N e w s p a p e r articles probably report information. I w o u l d try a n d c o n t a c t t h e m b y r a d i o T h a t ' s a g o o d i d e a I w o u l d a l s o c a l l o u t t h e c o a s t g u a r d t o g o in s e a r c h o f t h e b o a t t h a t had s u n k or t h e people w h o w e r e o n b o a r d If t h e r e w a s a n e a r t h q u a k e I w o u l d o r g a n i s e a r e s c u e o p e r a t i o n t o s a v e a n y p e o p l e w h o may have been trapped under rubble W e w o u l d u s e h e a t s e n s i t i v e c a m e r a s a n d sniffer d o g s t o l o c a t e t h e i r e x a c t p o s i t i o n B e s i d e s t h a t w e w o u l d a l s o set u p relief c e n t r e s t o h e l p t h o s e w h o s e h o u s e s m a y h a v e been destroyed b y the earthquake b) S A SB c) S A SB SA Speaking Part 2 Test 10 (Suggested answers) Pictures A and B • • P i c t u r e A s h o w s a c a m e r a c r e w r e p o r t i n g a n e v e n t f o r t e l e v i s i o n It c o u l d b e live c o v e r a g e Picture B s h o w s a y o u n g m a n reading his n e w s p a p e r while waiting for the tram P e r s o n a l l y I u s u a l l y w a t c h t h e n e w s o n T V a s I l i k e t o b e i n f o r m e d of t h e latest n e w s o f t h e d a y If I h a d t o rely o n n e w s p a p e r s f o r m y i n f o r m a t i o n I w o u l d l e a r n a b o u t e v e n t s l a t e r t h a n I d o b y w a t c h i n g T V reports TV reports are able t o s h o w y o u short film footage.FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination 5. 6 1 e 2 c 3 d 4 f 5 a 6 b (Suggested answer) D o n t f o r g e t t o p u t s o m e s a f e t y p i n s in y o u r first a i d kit a s y o u m i g h t n e e d t h e m t o h o l d d r e s s i n g s in p l a c e R e m e m b e r t o t a k e a s l i n g w i t h y o u just i n c a s e y o u b r e a k a n a r m a n d rt n e e d s s u p p o r t Y o u r first a i d k i t s h o u l d a l s o c o n t a i n a n e y e b a t h s o y o u c a n c l e a n y o u r eye if y o u g e t s o m e t h i n g in it Your first-aid kit m u s t c o n t a i n a b a n d a g e t o s t r e n g t h e n a w e a k or injured joint Y o u m u s t have s o m e g a u z e with y o u in case y o u c u t yourself a n d y o u n e e d s o m e t h i n g t o stop the bleeding or protect the w o u n d Y o u m u s t h a v e s o m e antiseptic 1 2 3 4 5 lifeline lifeboat crews w a l k i e talkie barncades e m e r g e n c y services 6 7 6 g 10 with you to disinfect the cut rescue team mouth to mouth resuscitation search party stranded evacuated 11 12 13 snow hole rescue operation life j a c k e t s 8. h e l p i n g to s h a p e our views • • 174 .

picture C s h o w s a shoemaker m a k i n g shoes b y h a n d Picture D s h o w s a m a n w o r k i n g o n a computer Y e s t e c h n o l o g y p l a y s a b i g p a r t i n o u r lives W e n o w rely o n t e c h n o l o g y f o r e v e r y t h i n g w e d o f r o m g o i n g t o t h e b a n k t o h a v i n g a c h e c k u p at t h e d o c t o r s T e c h n o l o g y h a s b r o u g h t a b o u t a lot o f c h a n g e s t o t r a d i t i o n a l j o b s C o m p u t e r s a n d r o b o t s e n a b l e faster p r o d u c t i o n t i m e s leading t o the loss o f m a n y j o b s B a n k i n g p r o c e s s e s for e x a m p l e have b e c o m e f a s t e r a n d m o r e a c c u r a t e w i t h the u s e o f t e c h n o l o g y a n d c o m p u t e r s y s t e m s S e v e r a l e v e r y d a y c h o r e s h a v e b e e n m a d e easier b y t e c h n o l o g y W e n o l o n g e r h a v e t o c o l l e c t w o o d t o m a k e a fire t o c o o k o v e r o r t o h e a t u p i r o n s s o t h a t w e c a n i r o n o u r c l o t h e s • rt 3 (Suggested answers) • SA SB I w o u l d s a y t h a t B is n o t a g o o d p l a c e t o c a m p It is a s w a m p y a r e a w h i c h m e a n s t h e r e a r e probably going to b e mosquitoes and crocodiles nearby O h y e s I a g r e e b u t I a l s o d o n t t h i n k t h a t t h e y s h o u l d c a m p at p o i n t C a l t h o u g h t h e r e i s a h u t t h e r e T h e y w o u l d b e n e a r r o c k y t e r r a i n w h i c h w o u l d b e d i f f i c u l t t o c r o s s if t h e y s a w a r e s c u e t e a m l o o k i n g for t h e m n e a r t h e w r e c k T h e y m a y n o t b e a b l e t o g e t t o t h e s e a i n t i m e t o b e rescued A n d p o i n t D is t o o n e a r t o w h e r e t h e s h a r k s a r e T h e y w o u l d n t b e a b l e t o g o f i s h i n g a n d a r e s c u e a t t e m p t w o u l d b e m a d e m o r e difficult S o l s u p p o s e p o m t A i s t h e b e s t p l a c e t o c a m p T h e y w o u l d b e s h e l t e r e d in t h e w o o d s a n d t h e y c o u l d m a y b e e v e n c u t d o w n t h e t r e e s t o m a k e h u t s t o live in A n d t h e y w o u l d b e a b l e t o s e e if a n y b o d y a p p r o a c h e d t h e w r e c k t o signal for h e l p • SA SB SA SB I suppose they would have to burn w o o d to k e e p w a r m a n d to cook the fish they catch Y e s a n d t h e y m i g h t b e a b l e t o g a t h e r s o m e f r e s h fruit f r o m t h e t r e e s a s w e l l I s u p p o s e t h e y would wash themselves a n d t h e i r c l o t h e s in t h e s t r e a m o r in t h e s e a O h a n d t h e y w o u l d n e e d d r i n k i n g w a t e r t o o Y o u c a n t d r i n k s e a w a t e r after all SA SB irt 4 ( S u g g e s t e d a n s w e r s ) • SA SB SA • SA SB SA Radios r a d a r s a n d h e i i c o p t e r s a r e u s e d t o r e s c u e p e o p l e c a u g h t i n s n o w s t o r m s trappedunder r u b b l e i n e a r t h q u a k e s a n d lost at s e a Y e s a n d in e a r t h q u a k e s h e a t s e n s i t i v e c a m e r a s a n d sniffer d o g s a r e u s e d t o l o c a t e t r a p p e d people A n d at sea c o a s t g u a r d s are called out to rescue d r o w n i n g p e o p l e A first a i d k i t s h o u l d c o n t a i n a s l i n g a n e y e b a t h a n d s o m e g a u z e Y e s a n d it s h o u l d a l s o c o n t a i n a b a n d a g e s o m e s a f e t y p i n s a n d s o m e a n t i s e p t i c ! t p r o b a b ( y o u g h t t o c o n t a i n s o m e s c < s 5 o r s )ust in c a s e y o u n e e d t o c u t t h e c l o t h e s off a n i n j u r e d person If I w e r e s t r a n d e d o n a m o u n t a i n I w o u l d t r y t o f i n d a s a f e p l a c e t o s p e n d t h e n i g h t If f c o u / d n t f i n d a s a f e p l a c e i w o u l d m a k e a fire t o k e e p m e w a r m a n d k e e p w i l d a n i m a l s a w a y from m e if 1 w e r e s t r a n d e d o n a n i s l a n d 1 w o u l d first f i n d s o m e w h e r e s a f e t o c a m p Y e s t h e n ! w o u l d l o o k f o r s o m e t h i n g s t o e a t a n d s o m e w o o d t o m a k e a fire T h e n I w o u l d try t o s i g n a l f o r h e l p if I s a w a s h i p o r a b o a t s a i l i n g p a s t if | w e r e s t r a n d e d o n a y a c h t I w o u l d r a d i o f o r h e l p t o t h e c o a s t g u a r d s But if t h e s e a w a s really r o u g h a n d it l o o k e d a s t h o u g h w e w e r e g o i n g t o s i n k t w o u l d p r o b a b l y p u t o n m y life j a c k e t a n d j u m p off t h e y a c h t a) SA SB b) SA SB SA c) S A SB . .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 tor the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination pictures C a n d D . .

but what a b o u t this o n e with R o w a n Atkinson as Mr B e a n H e s s u p p o s e d t o b e very funny Not every b o d y likes his b r a n d of h u m o u r t h o u g h Personally. I think h e s m o r e suitable for an older audience say a teenager ( h a v e t o disagree with y o u there. 1 t h i n k teenagers prefer s o m e t h i n g with a bit more action. w h i c h i s a classic. I d o n ' t think w e s h o u l d A s l o n g a s people's c l o t h e s a r e c l e a n . a n d w e v e a l s o g o t S t a r g a t e . t h i s b e c o m e s v e r y e x p e n s i v e M o r e o v e r . e v e n t h o u g h it i s a little b i z a r r e I t h i n k it i s i m p o r t a n t t o s a y s o m e t h i n g a b o u t y o u r s e l f i n y o u r choice o f c l o t h e s I prefer to wear clothes that say s o m e t h i n g a b o u t w h o a n d w h a t I a m That m e a n s that m y clothes d o n o t a l w a y s f o l l o w t h e f a s h i o n s I try t o t a k e w h a t is f a s h i o n a b l e a n d p e r s o n a l i z e it m s o m e w a y Y e s l d o They have far t o o m u c h influence o n w h a t p e o p l e w e a r Too m a n y p e o p l e s p e n d t o o m u c h money so that they can b e f a s h i o n a b l e A s t h e fashions change every s e a s o n . w e s h o u l d b e s a t i s f i e d After all t h e i r i n c o m e a n d t h e i r b o d y s h a p e o f t e n d e t e r m i n e what people wear. p i c t u r e B s h o w s a s o l i t a r y a t h l e t e Tunning o n a t r a c k . b u t p a r t o f t h e d e s i g n e r ' s c o l l e c t i o n I p r e f e r t h e first p i c t u r e .FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 (or the Revised Cambridge FCE Exanmatfon^ _Key_ i i g f e & r Speaking Test 11 Part 2 (Suggested answers) Pictures A a n d B * Bothpicturesshowdrfferentkindsofsports InpfctureAthereisasceneshowingpeopiepiayingwhat l o o k s like A m e r i c a n f o o t b a l l T h e p l a y e r s a r e h e a v i l y p a d d e d t o a v o i d i n j u r i e s T h e y a r e w e a r i n g h e l m e t s a n d f a c e g u a r d s a s w e l l In t h e p i c t u r e o n e p l a y e r h a s t h e b a l l a n d t h e o t h e r s a r e t r y i n g t o take it f r o m h i m T h e r e is a r e f e r e e s t a n d i n g t o t h e left of t h e p l a y e r s O n t h e o t h e r h a n d . t h o u g h That 5 true. and w e should not judge these things * * * Part 3 (Suggested answers) SA T h e r e a r e a c o u p l e o f f i l m s s u i t a b l e f o r a n e i g h t . h o w a b o u t a science fiction film W e v e g o t 2001 A S p a c e Odyssey. o t h e r s p o r t s r e q u i r e d i f f e r e n t q u a l i t i e s s u c h a s s p e e d .y e a r .m i n d e d a n d d e d i c a t e d to t h e i r s p o r t * • Pictures C and D * B o t h p i c t u r e s s h o w s o m e f o r m o f f a s h i o n In p i c t u r e C w e c a n s e e a y o u n g w o m a n w h o h a s s p i k e d a n d c o l o u r e d h e r h a i r S h e is a l s o w e a r i n g m a n y e a r r i n g s a n d a s t u d t h r o u g h hev l o w e r l i p Her c l o t h e s are heavily s t u d d e d a s w e l l I t h i n k she is m a k i n g a p e r s o n a l statement a b o u t herself t h r o u g h h e r clothes H o w e v e r . l i k e A r m a g e d d o n o r e v e n H i g h l a n d e r B o t h o f t h e s e are full of a c t i o n a n d a r e r e a l l y e x c i t i n g 7 SB SA SB SA A r m a g e d d o n w o u l d b e g r e a t I w a s s i t t i n g o n t h e e d g e o f m y s e a t w h e n I s a w it A n d for a 35-year-old. which c o u l d b e in a s t a d i u m T h e r e a r e n o o t h e r r u n n e r s i n t h e picture s o t h e runner c o u l d b e a long w a y in front or b e h i n d other runners Perhaps h e is running against t h e d o c k T h e r e i s n o p h y s i c a l contact w i t h this t y p e ot s p o r t B o t h s p o r t s are very c o m p e t i t i v e I w o u l d p r e f e r to r u n r a t h e r t h a n t o p l a y A m e n c a n f o o t b a l l a s I a m a f r a i d o f i n j u r y S p o r t i s v e r y i m p o r t a n t t o m e I like t o k e e p fit of c o u r s e b u t m o r e i m p o r t a n t t o m e i s t h e f a c t t h a t it s s o m e t h i n g I o f t e n d o w i t h m y f r i e n d s W e like t o g e t t o g e t h e r at w e e k e n d s a n d p l a y f o o t b a l l W e a l s o p l a y t e n n i s at t h e f o c a l t e n n i s c l u b a n d s w i m regularfy T o b e a s u c c e s s f u l s p o r t s m a n o r w o m a n I t h i n k y o u w o u l d n e e d t o be very competitive as well as b e i n g v e r y fit S o m e s p o r t s r e q u i r e a lot of p h y s i c a l s t r e n g t h .o l d B o t h F l u b b e r a n d 101 D a l m a t i a n s a r e g o o d f i l m s T h e y re f u n n y a n d f u l l of a d v e n t u r e a n d s p e c i a l e f f e c t s 101 D a l m a t i a n s h a s a m o r e believable storyline. a c c u r a c y o r flexibility I a l s o b e l i e v e t h a t s p o r t s m e n a n d w o m e n w h o c o m p e t e at t h e h i g h e s t l e v e l s h a v e t o b e v e r y s i n g l e . in picture D w e c a n s e e a f a s h i o n m o d e l o n t h e catwalk s h o w i n g t h e s e a s o n ' s n e w f a s h i o n T h e d r e s s is i v o r y c o l o u r e d a n d l o o k s v e r y e x p e n s i v e T h e d e s i g n is n o t t h e p e r s o n a l c h o i c e ot t h e m o d e l . p e o p l e b e c o m e very c o m p e t i t i v e a n d try t o o u t d o e a c h o t h e r I'd like t o s e e p e o p l e w e a r i n g m o r e i n d i v i d u a l f a s h i o n s i n s t e a d of t h o s e t h a t t h e f a s h i o n i n d u s t r y d i c t a t e s A l t h o u g h w e often d o j u d g e p e o p l e b y w h a t they wear.

t u r e s A ana B Both p i c t u r e s h o w d i f f e r e n t m e a n s o f transport Picture A s h o w s what lookshkeacity centre and there a r e t r a m s b e i n g u s e d a s p u b l i c t r a n s p o r t T h e t r a m s a p p e a r t o r u n o n tracks in the m i d d l e of t h e r o a d B e c a u s e p e o p l e a r e u s i n g t h e t r a m s t h e r e a r e n o t s o m a n y individual cars o n t h e r o a d P i c t u r e B s h o w s w h a t s e e m s t o b e a v a n o r a f o u r w h e e l d r i v e b e l c h i n g o u t clouds o f b l a c k s m o k e a s it t r a v e l s a l o n g a c o u n t r y r o a d P u b l i c t r a n s p o r t is m u c h c l e a n e r b e c a u s e trams t r o l l e y s b u s e s a n d t r a m s c a n c a r r y m a n y p e o p l e at o n c e T h e p e r s o n in p i c t u r e B however is b e i n g v e r y i n c o n s i d e r a t e b y d r i v i n g a v e h i c l e t h a t is i n s u c h p o o r c o n d i t i o n A l t h o u g h individual c a r s a r e c o m f o r t a b l e a n d c o n v e n i e n t p u b l i c t r a n s p o r t h e l p s t o k e e p traffic c o n g e s t i o n d o w n a s w e l l a s p r o t e c t i n g t h e e n v i r o n m e n t I p r e f e r t o t r a v e l b y c a r b e c a u s e I c a n g o w h e r e v e r I w a n t w h e n e v e r I w a n t I c a n also s t o p w h e n I feel l i k e it t o t a k e a b r e a k I k n o w t h a t c a r s a r e m o r e e x p e n s i v e a n d c a u s e p o l l u t i o n H o w e v e r they are also very convenient 177 .FCE Listening SB and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambndge FCE Examination SA SB SA I t h i n k w e s h o u l d d e f i n i t e l y c h o o s e t h e first It is a n a m a z i n g f i l m a n d it really g i v e s y o u s o m e t h i n g t o t h i n k a b o u t S t a r g a t e is g o o d b u t p e r h a p s n o t really s u i t a b l e f o r t h i s a g e group Y o u re right A n d for the 6 5 year old w e c o u l d c h o o s e either G o n e w i t h t h e W i n d o r A m a d e u s B o t h a r e e x c e l l e n t f i l m s full of h e a r t Y e s b u t I t h i n k e v e r y o n e t h a t a g e h a s s e e n G o n e w i t h t h e W i n d a t least o n c e a l r e a d y That s true A m a d e u s w o u l d b e a better choice Besides b o t h the acting a n d the music are fantastic Yes a n d so are the costumes SB \ (Suggested answers) SA SB SA SB SA SB I e n j o y w a t c h i n g a c t i o n films with lots of car c h a s e s a n d t h i n g s like that Police d r a m a s are g o o d too Really' I p r e f e r t o w a t c h s c i e n c e f i c t i o n f i l m s I v e s e e n a l l t h e S t a r T r e k f i l m s a n d I h a v e all t h e videos f r o m t h e TV series N o n o t really S o m e t i m e s y o u n e e d the v i o l e n c e t o m a k e t h e storyline credible I d o n t a g r e e I t h i n k t h e r e s far t o o m u c h v i o l e n c e in f i l m s a n d it c o u l d i n f l u e n c e c h i l d r e n t o b e violent themselves There s plenty of violence in the daily news but you wouldn t stop children from watching the news would y o u 9 Yes I would watch if I t h o u g h t it w a s u n s u i t a b l e S o m e s c e n e s a r e far t o o g r a p h i c f o r c h i l d r e n t o SA SB Not very often I think videos are m u c h better because y o u c a n w a t c h t h e m a s m a n y t i m e s a s y o u like I g o t o t h e c i n e m a n e a r l y e v e r y w e e k If t h e r e is a f i l m o n that I like I I I w a t c h it m o r e t h a n o n c e at d i f f e r e n t c i n e m a s I s a w S t a r Trek f o u r t i m e s ' I t h i n k s p e c i a l e f f e c t s m a k e all t h e d i f f e r e n c e T h e fantastic special effects SA SB SA SB SA can become believable with B u t d o n t y o u t h i n k t h a t all t h e s e e f f e c t s c o m e at t h e e x p e n s e of t h e p l o t ? Well sometimes perhaps However generally speaking the plot b e c o m e s m o r e believable I m sorry I just c a n t agree with y o u Moreover the characters are m o r e plastic T h e y d o n t s e e m real anymore I t h i n k w e II h a v e t o a g r e e t o d i s a g r e e Speaking Test 12 t (Suggested answers) .

b u t 1 t h i n k it l o o k s a l i t t l e e x p e n s i v e t o r a y o u n g p e r s o n 1 t h i n k a s m a l l e r flat 9 SA SB SA SB in a b l o c k w o u l d b e b e t t e r T h a t w a y . t h e n I feel d u l l a n d m i s e r a b l e t o o B r i g h t s u n n y d a y s g i v e m e a lift a n d I a m m u c h h a p p i e r M y f a v o u r i t e s e a s o n is d e f i n i t e l y t h e s p r i n g w h i c h s i g n a l s a d r a m a t i c w e a t h e r c h a n g e a n d a b u r s t of g r o w t h a n d c o l o u r f r o m all t h e w i l d f l o w e r s l l o v e t o s e e t h e n e w g r o w t h in t h e t r e e s a n d t h e b l o s s o m s all a r o u n d Y e s . r a i n y d a y . I think t h e y w o u l d like t h e large h o u s e with the s w i m m i n g pool R e m e m b e r w h a t \ s a i d earlier A s w i m m i n g p o o l w i t h o u t a f e n c e i s d a n g e r o u s f o r a n y o n e w i t h children N o for that family. it l o o k s g r e a t . t h e p a l m t r e e s are p o i n t i n g out towards the sea. s o t h e y d o n ' t n e e d a r e a l l y b i g h o u s e H o w e v e r .t r a i n A t t h a t t i m e . p i c t u r e D s h o w s h g h t e n i n g f l a s h i n g m t h e s k y a b o v e a c r o w d e d c i t y It c o u l d b e a t h u n d e r s t o r m a n d it l o o k s q u i t e t e r r i f y i n g T h e first p i c t u r e m a k e s m e feel c a l m a n d r e l a x e d . s o they'll p r o b a b l y like a n i c e c o t t a g e i n t h e c o u n t r y This o n e with t h e g a r d e n w o u l d b e p e r f e c t s o t h a t t h e y c a n a l s o e n j o y g a r d e n i n g i n t h e i r l e i s u r e t i m e it w o u l d b e a g r e a t c o t t a g e t o retire in Y o u re right A n d for t h e family with three c h i l d r e n . a n d a b i g g a r d e n . c a r s w e r e still a r a n t y a n d m o v e d v e r y s l o w l y G r a d u a l l y . p e t r o l . t h e r e ' s a l s o l o t s of s p a c e i n t h e y a r d w h e r e t h e y could play outside Well actually I thought that that h o u s e w o u l d b e perfect for the older couple O h n o T h e y like w a l k i n g . which shows t h a t this a r e a s o m e t i m e s h a s v e r y s t r o n g w i n d s O n t h e o t h e r h a n d .d r a w n a n d t h e m o s t r e l i a b l e form o f t r a n s p o r t w a s t h e s t e a m . I ' m still n o t s u r e if I a g r e e w i t h y o u ' SA SB SA 178 . n e w w a y s of p o w e r i n g c a r s s u c h a s g a s e l e c t r i c i t y a n d even solar power are being developed V e r y i m p o r t a n t W e rely o n t h e v a r i o u s f o r m s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n i n o r d e r t o s u r v i v e i n t h e m o d e r n w o r l d W e n e e d t o b e a t w o r k o r s c h o o l b y a c e r t a i n t i m e n o t t o m e n t i o n all of o u r f r e e t i m e activities Pictures C and D * B o t h p i c t u r e s s h o w different c l i m a t i c c o n d i t i o n s P i c t u r e C s h o w s w h a t c o u l d b e a t r o p i c a l i s l a n d w i t h p a l m t r e e s g r o w i n g d o w n to t h e b e a c h T h i s k i n d of e n v i r o n m e n t c a n b e f o u n d i n t h e t r o p i c a l p a r t s o f t h e w o r l d w h e r e t h e c l i m a t e i s h o t a n d humid T h e p i c t u r a i t s e l f s h o w s a c a l m . he'll b e c l o s e t o e v e r y t h i n g H o w a b o u t this one with the b a l c o n y W e l l . p e r h a p s b e c a u s e it is t h e k i n d o f p l a c e 1 w o u l d like t o g o f o r a h o l i d a y O n t h e o t h e r h a n d . t h e s t o r m is f r i g h t e n i n g W e l l . I'm a f r a i d I h a v e t o d i s a g r e e w i t h y o u T h e s w i m m i n g p o o l i s q u i t e d a n g e r o u s f o r a n y o n e w i t h s m a l l c h i l d r e n ' N o . s u n n y d a y However.FCE Listening and Speaking * Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination * A h u n d r e d y e a r s a g o m o s t traffic w a s h o r s e . b u t it still s c a r e s m e I a m a l w a y s a f r a i d t h a t m y h o u s e will b e d e s t r o y e d * * * Part 3 (Suggested answers) SA SB I t h i n k t h a t s o m e w h e r e in t h e c i t y w o u l d b e b e s t f o r t h e y o u n g m a n T h a t w a y . I h a v e M y h o m e t o w n experiences severe t y p h o o n s every year There are very heavy rains a n d s t r o n g w i n d s M a n y t r e e s a r e u p r o o t e d a n d h o u s e s a r e d e s t r o y e d I s u p p o s e w e s h o u l d g e t u s e d to it. m i s e r a b l e . t h e speed of t h e n e w v e h i c l e s h a s i n c r e a s e d T h e s e d a y s . if it is a d u l l . t h e large house with t h e g a r d e n w o u l d b e ideal W e l l . s o t h e w h o l e f a m i l y will b e a b l e t o e n j o y t h e i r h o m e N o . h e c o u l d a l s o g e t t o k n o w s o m e o f t h e o t h e r p e o p l e m the building Yes. I t h i n k t h i s s m a l l e r h o u s e w o u l d b e t h e b e s t p l a c e It s still a s m a l l f a m i l y .p o w e r e d cars motorbikes a n d truck have replaced horse-drawn vehicles At the s a m e time. that s true A n d f o r t h e y o u n g family with t h e b a b y ( s u g g e s t this h o u s e w i t h t h e p o o l T h e r e ' s l o t s of s p a c e .

FCE Listening and Speaking Skills 2 for the Revised Cambridge FCE Examination Suggested answers) A B I d l o v e t o live i n a l a r g e flat i n t h e m i d d l e of t h e city It d o e s n t n e e d t o b e l u x u r i o u s b u t it d o e s need to be central a n d have a balcony T h a t w o u l d n t s u i t m e a t a l l ' I p r e f e r t o five o u t o f t o w n I d o n t m i n d c o m m u t i n g e v e r y d a y a s l o n g a s I k n o w t h a t I h a v e s o m e w h e r e p e a c e f u l t o g o h o m e t o e v e r y n i g h t I d e a l l y I d like t o live i n a l a r g e h o u s e w i t h a p o o l a n d g a r d e n I t h i n k t h e b e s t p l a c e t o r a i s e c h i l d r e n is o u t i n t h e c o u n t r y T h e r e s l e s s p o l l u t i o n f o r a start a n d t h e r e is p l e n t y of s p a c e a n d n o t m u c h t r a f f i c T h e r e is m o r e f o r t h e m t o d o in t h e c i t y t h o u g h T h e y w o n t h a v e t o t r a v e l t o s c h o o l f o r a s t a r t a n d t h e r e i s l o t s more for them to d o after school W e l l i n t h e c o u n t r y t h e air is c l e a n e r t h e r e is l e s s t r a f f i c a n d o f c o u r s e a lot l e s s n o i s e T h e r e s a l s o a lot m o r e s p a c e O n t h e o t h e r h a n d . t h e c i t y is s o m u c h m o r e i n t e r e s t i n g T h e r e s a l w a y s s o m e t h i n g t o d o y o u d o n t h a v e t o t r a v e l far t o g e t t o w o r k a n d t h e s h o p s a r e h a n d y t o o T h e r e is a l s o a w i d e v a r i e t y of t h i n g s t o d o f o r e n t e r t a i n m e n t A B A T h e m a j o r d r a w b a c k s of l i v i n g in t h e c i t y a r e t h e n o i s e a n d t h e p o l l u t i o n Y e s a n d a l s o it s m u c h m o r e e x p e n s i v e Thatstrue butthecountrycanalsobeexpensive a great deal of choice in the s h o p s T h e r e is n o t a lot t o d o a n d t h e r e is o f t e n n o t A B A B 179 .

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