Date: 19/05/2011

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Muhassina Ahmed Lecturer of City University

Faysal Islam Shahriar AlAl-Sehab Sumon Miah Mohammad Sajib Jalis Mahmud Mehedi arif

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She also help us by giving some important data & information those which have done a major job to do this assignment. We are also very grateful to our classmates. F.Islam . they help us by giving some important links….At first I would like to give thanks to our honorable madam who has given the chance to make an assignment on such kind of important topic…. Allah might help us to carry on this type of work & for this what we already done “Alhamdulillah”..

Serial 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 Topic The starting Loom History Classification of loom Difference between hand loom & power loom Why Power loom is used hugely Last word .

parallel yarns width a series of widthwise parallel yarns. To be save from beast they use fire. leaves. The development of this machine made cloth much more affordable and available to a greater number of people. they spend their time to make some improvement in cloth. . With the time human want to use their cloths for many other reasons too as like- Identification Protection For looking good Aristocratic purpose So. It is only used for weaving. to protect their body from harmful condition of climate & from insects they started to use sinews. This effort gives us many things as like as loom. bust of tress etc.The starting The beginning of the journey of human being when they discovered themselves at the same time they discover many threats of their life. They come to know that without protection they can’t live. This machine produces fabric by interlacing a series of lengthwise. Loom A loom is a device for weaving threads for getting cloth.

Because of the perishable nature of textile goods. information found about the beginning stages of weaving is sketchy. insects. and fire. and tracing the development of textiles is a difficult task and a tremendous challenge. it is thought that weaving was a part of developing civilizations. but not necessarily. climatic conditions. few examples of early woven fabrics survived. at right angles. but as far back as there are relics of civilized life. to form a coherent structure.History Weaving is the systematic interlacing of two or more sets of elements usually. . No one knows when or where the weaving process actually began. Due to nature's hazards of erosion.

which helped insulate against dampness or cold. and resulted in netting which surely assisted humans in catching fish and trapping game. much of what is written about primitive weaving is based on speculation. hammocks. Edmund Cartwright patented the first power loom and set up a factory in Doncaster. pouches. and further study tells that us there was great similarity in the looms constructed and in the weavings produced. there is evidence of an unconstrained desire by humans to embellish the objects created. Because of these artifacts. however. Human beings naturally have a strong compulsion to be creative. and our records show that this trait was prevalent in our ancestors' lives thousands of years ago. Archeologists believe that basket making and weaving were probably the first "crafts" developed by humans. and extremely cold areas. It is thought that ancient humans instinctively used weaving as an aid in their quest for basic needs of food. bog lands. . England to manufacture cloth. we are fortunate to have some examples of early textiles and weaving tools. it is likely that primitive people learned to make mats to cover floors of huts. the possibilities were endless: netting. In 1785. The everyday needs of our prehistoric ancestors probably led them to create objects using fiber as a medium. certain circumstances under which remnants of fabrics have survived: arid regions. There are. people used weaving skills to make exterior coverings for shelters. sealed tombs. rugs. Eventually. by using twining or braiding techniques. Research indicates that cultures on every continent devised crude looms and methods of making webs. These findings probably led to the interlacing of twigs or vines. containers for goods. The use of natural dyes on reeds or the combination of varying sizes and colors of weaving elements to create patterns. Along with our ancestors' ongoing quest for survival. In addition. body coverings. so they would be somewhat protected from harsh weather and/or from predators. was likely an attempt to express individualism and an aesthetic sensibility. Once primitive people learned ways of creating a woven structure. birds' nests. carriers for the young. It is not unlikely that people might have realized the possibilities of the woven structure after observing spider webs.Therefore. and clothing. coverings for huts. or the construction of a beaver's dam. shelter. blankets.

These are: • • The whole classification is given bellow.Figure: First power loom Classification of loom There are mainly 2 types of loom there. Hand loom Power loom .

Loom Hand loom Power loom Vertical loom Pit loom Hater slay Frame loom Semi-Automatic loom Throw shuttle Fly shuttle Throw shuttle Fly shuttle Conventional/ shuttle loom Modern / shuttle less loom Ordinary loom Automatic loom Jet loom Rapier loom Projectile loom Multiphase loom Air jet Water jet Flexible Rigid Flat Circula r Double Single Double Single .

Half of over lookers work load. higher rate. Weft supply from large cone of up to 8-9 lb weight. Provide increased weavers productivity by more than 40%.e. Central lubrication system. Absence of prin winding. .Difference between hand loom & power loom Hand loom Manual operating system Shedding is done by pedal and picking and beating is done by manual Less production Slow running speed Initial investment is low Less number of design verity Can be produced Check and stripe fabrics are produced Power loom Operated by electric power Shedding picking and beating is done automatically High production High running speed Initial investment is high More number of design verity is possible Normally one color fabric is produced. Why Power loom is used hugely High weft insertion rote i.

which is then propelled into and through the shed.. Reduction cost. Reduction immaterial handling generally could be achieved by the use of large beams and cloth rolls. cone/ Cheese for weft supply. Cam beat-up system. Because of the hand loom already is out of use we will discuss about power loom only…… ………… ……… ……… …………… ………… ………. Reduction in noise level. Easy operation of loom. Projectile loom A shuttle-less loom method for filling yarn insertion using a small metal device resembling a bullet in appearance with a clamp for gripping the yarn at one end. Automatic light indication in case of any kind of fault helps to quickly identify and beat the fault.Reduction in maintenance cost. Reduction in labor cost resulting from elimination of pirn winding & battery filling through the use of creled. Uniform weft tension. . Low power consumption per meter of fabric. Electrical warp weft stops motion. Automatic pick finding. Motorized warp let-off. Unidirectional weft insertion.

Jet loom Water jet Loom A loom using a jet of water to carry the yarn through the shed. . Air Jet Loom A shuttle less loom capable of very high speeds that uses an air jet to propel the filling yarn through the shed.

. Multiphase Loom A shuttle less machine having lifters controlled by electromagnets. must reside in the upper shed. high speed and low weaving cost . The lifter is arranged. and the weft opening with off-line multi-path asynchronous weft replenishing is used. the linear motor is used for wefting. according to the weave pattern. Its advantages include high efficiency. A multi-phase loom with magnetic shuttle features that the spiral reed blade with shuttle path is used for beating-up. the heald wheel or electromagnetically excited heald needle is used for opening. Activated by electromagnets are lifters that.Rapier Loom The most common loom used for weaving graphite yarn consisting of a blade with a yarn clamp or grip at one end. In the simplest form the rapier is carried into the shed and across the width of the fabric..

This is only a little try for acquiring knowledge. how this little thing will be help for us. Who knows.Last word Loom is the very first machine of textile technology. Then we can make some difference. We have to know about its past/present. Because without counting 1.2 can’t come.. For this reason we have to learn this perfectly. THE END . But we are waiting to see what will be happen in future……….

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