Supreme Master Ching Hai Speaks with the Press Climate Change Facts Livestock Industry’s Environmental Impacts

The Solutions

www. won’t give fast enough results for us because carbon dioxide. are getting worse and extremely urgent.Supreme Master Ching Hai Speaks with the Press D e ce m ber 18. All this is so that we will live to see our future generations. together we thank Heaven for protecting us thus far. 2010. Because livestock industry.suprememastertv. from further destructive causes that are threatening our world. and category-5 hurricanes are more frequent and fiercer than ever. first of all. potent methane gas once frozen beneath the earth has become a ticking time bomb due to rising temperatures in the Arctic and is now set to trigger runaway climate change. thrive in better conditions than we do now. If we eliminate them we will cool the planet in a few years. if we use all the tillable land on the planet to plant organic vegetables. then we will absorb 40% carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. floods. noble media members of Mexico and especially here in Quintana Roo Province. Where will they go? M et h an e qu ic k l y. Drought-afflicted regions have more than doubled in the past three decades. we can speak together about the solution. that our world is still existing. for your courageous efforts and commitment to report all the truth and all the important news. it is also a very large source of black carbon. WE are here today to talk about the dangerous situation of our planet. We are living the worst-case scenario and the scientists are crying out for us to hit the emergency brake now. For example. very dangerous heat trapping gases but they disappear quickly. There are now about 25-40 million climate refugees. the solution that we are proposing. AND through the media’s caring concern for this subject as well. I’d really like to convey my appreciation and 1 / 25 . and black carbon (or soot)—which generates 4. once released into the atmosphere. or soot. i n h eats the atmo s ph ere 1 0 0 tim e s more th an CO ₂ years. I have come to lend my humble support to your great endeavor and in the hope that you can save our world. which could easily become a billion within the next few decades. Canc un. like focusing on reducing fossil fuels. but d i s appe a r s 9 or 12 MEANWHILE. THESE are very. we are losing the world’s inland glaciers that provide water to over a billion and a half people. and accounts for at least 51% of all greenhouse gas emissions that heat up our planet. generates the largest human-made source of methane. also of course the physical and spiritual efforts of Earthly beings and all the saints on Earth and above.470 times more warming potential than CO₂ but disappears within a few weeks. And fires. We thank them all. SO if we stop the livestock industry then we will stop global warming – fast and simple. So it’s the emergency brake that we need. stays for centuries or more. in 9 or 12 years. through your noble and powerful work. M ex ico HALLO. and hard. to provide accurate information to the public. and the place to start is the livestock industry. First of all. animal raising. Furthermore. I’m sorry to say. Scientists are now saying that we must take advantage of shorter-lived emissions like methane—which heats the atmosphere 100 times more than CO₂ but disappears quickly. our children. We are still alive here in order to make such a discussion today. This is due to Heaven’s grace. THESE conditions. HOWEVER.

we save lives. still has failed to stop the large-scale polluting of the oceans.suprememastertv. We use almost half of the world’s grain supply to pour into the meat and dairy industry. and maybe even destroying the whole planet. most of our water supply. almost half the global fish caught to feed chickens and pigs. compassionate. respected journalists. Even in the case of capturing methane from animal manures. Animal raising accounts for at least 51% of all greenhouse gas emissions. We could also enhance public health and stop all the deadly meat-related disease. Livestock farming is like producing food in reverse. by stopping all the sickness due to animal consumption. and much. your noble mission is not only to save this planet but also to restore the benevolence of the humans’ heart. desertification. but also spiritual infusion. GRACIAS. not only to stop catastrophic climate change consequence. chronic diseases. which I’m sure we all would welcome because it is a very inexpensive but major solution to many serious problems that we are facing right now on our planet. all kinds of disease. I think you know them all or you know some of them already. from heart disease. much more. the whole life on this planet. Then. THANK you for coming. either healthy WE have to save our loving kindness. we can support either 1 meat eater or 80 healthy vegans. and soil pollution. this technique cannot be considered clean energy at all. YOU have my heartfelt best wishes and full support. by protecting the weak and defenseless. we can support meat eater or vegans. But now. by live and let live. food crisis. death and destruction. In truth. three times that amount is still being released from the livestock digestive process. harmony with nature. May Heaven bless you and protect you. We have to stop it in order to revive marine life from its current brink of collapse. war. what is more worth saving than the best qualities that we have within ourselves? We must shape our future on virtue and compassion. human lives. helping us to progress and evolve in many ways. And we thank all the kind scientists and diligent researchers of the world. air. stop over 60% of the biodiversity loss. Of course. The world needs not only food and money. The many by-products are water shortages. Wi t h 1 two hectares 80 of land. THEREFORE. The GOOD NEWS is WE can STILL SAVE our PLANET www. We should act like God: merciful. ladies and gentlemen. but also to save the original goodness of our own humanity in our heart. positive spiritual energy is what has sustained our world up till now. Plus. it is the urgent time to bring these emergency facts that we know into constructive. fatal diseases. protective. and biodiversity loss. For example. all generations hereafter shall thrive and flourish. We must help to end all the mass killings of the tens of billions of animals a year. and stop the global warming to save our planet. life-sustaining actions. And when we say we raise the animals “organically” or capture methane from manure to reduce emissions—these methods also fall exceedingly short of expectation. cancer. even with the best methods. we are the children of God. THE good news is that if we all stop eating meat and dairy. and 30% of the planet’s ice-free land. we can regain our all protective ecosystems. ANYTHING less than the vegan solution will not work for our situation right now. With two hectares of land. save four-fifths of the economic cost to mitigate emissions within 50 years. BUT all these things that I have reported to you. the “product” is hunger. loving and kind. like non-violence. All the religions have taught us the same anyway. ocean dead 2 / 25 . improving fish farming. to viral flu pandemics. Because after all. much. The way we are going looks that way. because we are humane. when the same factory farm is destroying the environment in a dozen other ways. especially while on duty. In fact.Supreme Master Ching Hai Speaks with the Press BUT there are even more compelling reasons to stop the livestock industry and meat production. water. AND we should stop eating fish also because the fish industry has caused the astounding loss of 90% of the large fish in our oceans. deforestation.

due to human causes. GREENHOUSE GAS LEVELS • 3 / 25 . 7. Russia. RISING TEMPERATURES • Without drastic action now. Niger. much of the USA.000 to 10.5 • With just a 2-degree Celsius average global rise.13 • Without mitigation. the temperature has climbed 0. at a rate 10 times faster than historic norms. Iraq. and Pakistan. will actually be reached as early as 2060. leading to mass extinctions of life. leading to a catastrophic 1000 parts per million of CO₂ by end of century. L a n d & Ice Cap. billions of tons of methane could be released from the Arctic. 2 To preserve the planet in a similar state as now. a worst-case scenario rise of 4 degrees Celsius. Myanmar.3 • Carbon sinks are saturating and becoming carbon sources that add rather than absorb greenhouse gases: • Global plant growth is in a decade-long decline (2000-2009) due to climate change-induced stress from drought.12 • The past ten years have seen the hottest average annual temperatures ever recorded in our planet’s history. Chad.4 • The ocean has absorbed so much CO₂ that it is acidifying at an alarming rate. B I O D I V E R S I T Y I M PA C T S • The rate of biodiversity loss is an astounding 1. collapse of the Amazon. 17 • The current rate of species extinction far exceeds anything in the fossil record.16. Saudi Arabia.1.10 • 2010 was also the year when unprecedented heat and high temperatures were recorded in 16 countries.15 2 .Climate Change Fac ts At mosp he r i c.14 • Pledges made by governments in Copenhagen to reduce greenhouse gases are not enough to avert runaway climate change. 9 • Scientists report that the first eight months of 2010 have been the hottest on record globally. the IPCC’s worst-case scenario forecasts are being realized or exceeded. Hum an.11 • In the past century alone.suprememastertv. 8. including Kuwait. humankind must aim to reduce CO₂ levels from the current 385 parts per million to a stabilized target of 350 parts per million. AT M O S P H E R I C I M PA C T S 1. B i o d i ve rs i t y. for instance. which means spread of deserts. They would still lead to a dangerous temperature increase of more than 3 degrees Celsius. O cean and O t her I m p ac t s o f Clim ate C hang e 1 . with a catastrophic warming of 5-7 degrees likely by century’s end.7 degrees Celsius. the highest number ever. by end of the century would have extreme temperatures of 122 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius).000 times higher than a natural background extinction rate.18 • Ecosystems may be headed towards permanent damage as countries fail to achieve goals to protect animal and plant life.6 2.19 www. and massive release of methane and CO₂ gases from melted permafrost.

Africa’s Sahel region. there could be irreversible drought (permanent desertification) in the southwestern US. Southern Europe. Australia. Without drastic changes in water use. there could be tens of millions of environmental refugees from China appearing within the next ten years. several communities in Brazil’s Amazonas state have been isolated by drought and can no longer be accessed by boat. have been suffering drought conditions in 2010. 36.29 • Having just faced historic floods in 2009 due to a record rise in Amazon River water levels. 35.38. Eastern South America.23 • Migratory birds are dying because of ill-timed travel that leaves them without adequate food supplies when they arrive at destinations and/or places like wetlands drying that no longer provide habitat. 37 2. tens of thousands of walruses came ashore in an unusual behavior. where 10-meter deep cracks began to appear in fields.40. Russia reported a 60% increase in the mortality rate this past summer. Southern Africa. when nearly 4 / 25 www.22 • Similar to 2007 and 2009. China. The summer 2010 heat wave as well as the polluted air from the forest fires caused fatalities in Moscow to double to a total of 700 people per day. EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS • Extreme weather events are becoming more intense and more frequent. among others.27 • The percentage of Earth’s land area gripped by severe drought more than doubled from the 1970s to the early 2000s. Mongolia.21 • Arctic caribou are in steep decline due to climate change-caused starvation as early thaws and freezing over events make plant food inaccessible.26 3 . due to lack of sea ice where they normally rest.Climate Change Fac ts SOME 2010 REPORTS ON SPECIES AFFECTED: • Antarctic penguin populations declined more than 80% since 1975 due to loss of sea ice.suprememastertv. and northern Africa. only by foot through the forest. DROUGHT & DESERTIFICATION • Within 50 years. there may be extinctions of up to 70% of species around the globe.25 • As global average temperature increase exceeds about 3. 39 • Some of 2010’s major disaster events: • Russian heat wave and fires. L A N D & I C E C A P I M PA C T S 1. Southeast Asia.28 • Examples of recent regional droughts: • China’s northern . 41 City officials of Moscow.24 • Up to 270 unique species are now being lost every day. 33.5 degrees Celsius. 34. 31 • Iraq. Western Australia. in September 2010.20 • The Earth is said by some experts to be undergoing her “sixth great extinction event” due to climate change as well as other mostly human-caused factors.32. Chad.

Climate Change Fac ts 11. North America. strong winds. with more than 20 million injured or homeless.000 of the city’s inhabitants perished due to the effects of excessive smog and record high temperatures. Massive floods.59 • Bark beetle infestations in North American forests are spreading with global warming and turning forests into carbon 5 / 25 . Chile.43 • Chinese landslides. spurred on by low humidity levels. with an alarming 3. • Global warming can cause ice-capped volcanoes like Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull to more easily erupt due to the ice loss causing a release of pressure on the hot rocks beneath the Earth’s surface.63 • The Arctic tundra is already emitting significantly more methane and nitrous oxide than previously estimated.50 • Glacial lake outburst floods are increasing as lakes from glacial melt grow in number and size in Nepal.” 66.69 www.000 fatalities. increasing 33% in just 5 years.60 4. Northern Europe. 54 • Trees absorb less carbon as climate warms.45 • Poland suffered her worst flooding in decades in May 2010.4 million hectares that disappeared each year.52 • Deforestation accounts for approximately 20% of all greenhouse gas emissions.55 Forests could even start to release huge amounts of CO₂ from trees and soil. FOREST DECLINE • Africa had the second highest net annual loss of forests in 2000-2010. and temperatures reaching record highs of 40 degrees Celsius.49 • Landslides and avalanches in high mountains have increased over the past decade due to global warming.000 missing in 2010 alone.100 killed and over 1. 67. and South America.44 • Brazil was struck by extreme heavy floods in April and June 2010 with hundreds of fatalities each time. floods wiped out the small amounts of food crops left after the drought.46 • Forest fires raged in Portugal in summer 2010. Turkey.51 3. Nationwide floods and landslides left over 3.47 • In Chad and Nigeria in 2010.42 • Pakistani floods. 57. etc. One-fifth of country was underwater. the worst in the nation’s history. 68 • Current warming makes it unlikely that the Arctic will return to its previous conditions.56. 58 They already do release CO₂ in huge amounts through forest fires. • A lot of earthquakes and volcano activity in 2010 disrupted Indonesia.62 • The East Siberian Arctic Shelf’s shallow undersea permafrost is also showing instability and releasing significant amounts of methane.48 • Extreme cold and snow storms in 2010 in India.64 • Some scientists are calling the thawing Arctic a “ticking time bomb. Volcanoes are increasingly at risk of collapse with mega-landslides that could bury cities.53. Iceland. Haiti. Floods across China increased sevenfold since the 1950s.61 • Melting permafrost in Siberia is releasing five times the amount of methane than was previously thought. ICE: ARCTIC & ANTARCTIC WARMING • Atmospheric methane in the Arctic has spiked sharply upward. resulted in about 2.

70. 2010.79.74 • Due to disappearing ice. they were thought to be stable. 99% methane gas has been seen continuously bubbling up in certain areas of the water’s surface. meaning more heat can be absorbed by the Arctic sea.76 • The Arctic sea ice cover in 2007 was the lowest ever recorded and the Northwest Passage was navigable for the first time. one-quarter of Greenland’s Petermann Glacier. complete loss of the Greenland Ice Sheet would result in a 7-meter sea level rise.000-year-old Larsen B Ice Shelf took only three weeks to disintegrate entirely.Climate Change Fac ts This year’s summer Arctic sea ice (2010) was at its third smallest area on record. a feat that would have been impossible even 10 years ago without an icebreaker ship because the passages were sealed with ice.75 • The Arctic is warming at twice the rate of anywhere else on Earth.87 • On August 5.82 • Greenland is seeing its worst ice melt and glacial area loss in at least five decades. Greenland and Antarctica. with all three most shrunken area events occurring within the past four years. Arctic warming brought severely cold winds and heavy snow to eastern North America and eastern Eurasia. polar explorers were able for the first time to journey around the North Pole in a small fiberglass sailing boat. the vast 12. thus accelerating global warming. speeded by warming waters beneath the shelves. four times the size of New York’s Manhattan Island and the largest in nearly half a century. “The freshwater stored in this ice island could keep the Delaware or Hudson rivers flowing for more than two years.91 • A major review published in 2009 found that especially Antarctica’s ice shelves on the Western Peninsula are retreating at an ever-accelerating rate. as previously forecast. whereas before 2000.84 • “Icequakes” caused by breaking icebergs have more than tripled since 1993.81 • The world’s two major ice sheets. broke off.78 Scientists forecast a completely ice-free summer as soon as 2012 or 2013. while over 90% is newly formed and thin. 89.” said Professor Andreas Muenchow of the University of Delaware. 2010 annual report) 65 • In winter 2009-2010. 90% of the sun’s heat can enter the open water. 73 • Overall warming has extended the annual melting period for Arctic sea ice to 20 days longer now than three decades ago. 90 • On the Antarctic Peninsula.96 6 / 25 www. are now melting at accelerated rates.85 • The possible. 72. 94 • Over 2008. 80 • Without the protective ice to reflect sunlight.suprememastertv. (US National Snow and Ice Data Center [NSIDC] .88.83 • Glaciers have recently doubled or tripled their movements toward the sea. the Wilkins Ice Shelf on the Western Antarctic Peninsula disintegrated. 93. and big impacts on marine ecosystems and North American climate.77 Only 10% now is older and thick ice.86 • Melt water speeding the Greenland Ice Sheet melt could cause its disintegration over decades rather than centuries.95 In 2002. 71.

located on the Tibetan plateau and Himalayas. (July 2010 104. 10 years earlier than previously forecast. Blue-tongue virus. DISEASE • Warmer temperatures are causing the spread of malaria. H U M A N I M PA C T S 1. Top US intelligence analyst Thomas Fingar indicated that floods and droughts will soon cause mass migrations and unrest in many parts of the world. etc.Climate Change Fac ts 7 / 25 . Pakistan. (Sept 2010 117) www. 99 • Kyrgyzstan’s glaciers are receding 3 times as fast as during the 1950s.112 • More respiratory diseases like asthma and mental illnesses related to disasters are expected with global warming.000 glaciers and permafrost expanses are thawing rapidly in “the Third Pole. in higher latitudes or on new continents.115 5. Canada. by 2050.5 billion people across 10 countries.” the region’s glacial retreat could affect more than 1. and other diseases to reach millions more people never before exposed to them. Australia. Ukraine.116 • Harvests are already distressed by drought or floods in Russia.100 • Africa’s Mount Kilimanjaro has lost 85% of its glacier cover since 1912 and could be completely gone in 20 years. SHORTAGE: FOOD • Half the world’s population will face serious food shortages within the century.000-year-old Chacaltaya Glacier already gone. ICE: GLACIER MELT • More than 46. Numbers may increase to 200 million. 95% of the glaciers could be gone by the end of the century. 114 4. (2010 106. MORTALITY • Climate change disasters are already responsible for some 315. West Nile virus. 111 • An additional 400 million people could be exposed to malaria by 2080 due to climate change. CLIMATE REFUGEES • There are an estimated 25-30 million climate refugees.” the Earth’s 3rd largest store of ice after the Arctic and Antarctic. (2007 108.102 4 . Known as “Asia’s water tower.103 • Nepal’s first “climate refugee village” of 150 people is being resettled due to climate change-induced water shortage. other South American Andean glaciers could disappear within a few decades.110. or as much as 50 meters per year. dengue fever.98. 109) 3.113. 105) 2. Germany. CONFLICT • The US intelligence community considers global warming as a serious security threat.suprememastertv.000 deaths a year. Argentina.101 • The US Glacier National Park is set to be glacier-free by 2020. 107) • Evidence points to global warming as a primary cause of the violence in Darfur.97 • With Bolivia’s 18. or up to 1 billion. with another 325 million people severely affected.

126 • The Tigris and Euphrates rivers dropped to less than a third of their normal levels due to drought. 121 • The number of people suffering from hunger exceeded 1 billion for the first time in 2009.1 billion people lack access to safe drinking water. 119.134 • Climate change. 123 6. and spreading. Water supplies for nearly 80% of the world’s populations are highly threatened. (2005 131) 5 . a mass marine extinction is possible by the end of the century with degraded coastal waters and outbreaks of toxic algae and jellyfish. record high temperatures in summer 2010 led to an immense patch of algae the size of Germany. In the Baltic Sea. 120) • High food prices that sparked deadly 2008 food riots worldwide were due to a combination of climate change and increased demand for animal feed from populations in India and China. SHORTAGE: WATER • The world’s rivers are in a “crisis state” on a global scale.139 8 / 25 www. as well as agricultural run-off.suprememastertv. dead zones have been doubling every decade since the 1960s. drier summers could cause extreme water shortages as river flows are reduced by 80%. 122 • Over 9 million people die worldwide each year because of hunger and malnutrition.133 2.138 3. experts are reporting coral bleaching in 2010 as the worst since 1998. 137 Toxic algae infestations are occurring with ever greater frequency in both inland and ocean waters worldwide.128. 127 • UK’s increasingly hotter. 129 • Sources of groundwater for wells.132 • If emissions aren’t stopped. (Sept 2010 118. which support half our world’s population. (2008 135) • Toxic algae growth could become a tipping point. are running dry. O C E A N I M PA C T S 1. ACIDIFICATION • Oceans are acidifying 10 times faster now than 55 million years ago when a mass extinction of marine species occurred.Climate Change Fac ts • Food prices rose 5% globally in August 2010. food riots in response to raised bread prices led to 10 fatalities and 300 injuries. CORAL BLEACHING • In Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean.124. when a similar event caused 16% of the world’s coral reefs to perish.136.130 • 1. Nearly a third of sources studied are also highly jeopardized by biodiversity loss. In Mozambique. 125 • Recent regional reports on water shortage: • The Middle East’s water supply has shrunk to a quarter of its 1960 level. Five million are children. Now well over 400 in number and usually along . DEAD ZONES • Oxygen-depleted dead zones caused by global warming can remain for thousands of years. is causing new and larger low-oxygen dead zones.

Already. ocean salt water has encroached an unprecedented 60 kilometers up-river in 2010. Phytoplankton not only provides crucial support to the marine ecosystem. all the way to the deep ocean floor.150 • Thailand: Seawater is expected to reach Bangkok’s ground level in 25 years. If the heat currently being poured into the deep ocean were to stay in the atmosphere instead.147 and Dr. and in some of the world’s major deltas. our ambient temperature would rise at a rate of 3 degrees Celsius per decade. At the current rate.8 degrees Celsius by 2100. low-lying coastal regions and deltas see effects: 17 million in Bangladesh have fled their homes. the Atlantic Ocean circulation might slow to a stop or reverse due to large amounts of melted freshwater changing the ocean’s salt concentration. threatening 100.144. such as the Yangtze Delta and Mekong Delta. Bangkok.149 EXAMPLES OF COUNTRIES AFFECTED BY SEA LEVEL RISE: • Âu Lạc (Vietnam): At the nation’s rice bowl region. both through expansion and the melt of land ice into the 9 / 25 . president of American Association for the Advancement of Science. SEA LEVEL RISE • Dr. PHYTOPLANKTON LOSS • Warming oceans caused a 40% decline in phytoplankton populations since 1950.Climate Change Fac ts 4. sea temperatures could increase by as much as 5. the Mekong Delta. The Antarctic Ocean has the strongest deep warming. Venice.153 More than 40 other island nations are at risk from rising sea levels.146 7. Groundwater sources are contaminated by saltwater in Israel and Thailand. which will have serious consequences. mainly because of coastal erosion.suprememastertv.155 www.143 • The ocean temperature is rising 50% faster than previous 2007 estimates. thus leading to further catastrophic warming. Cairo. OCEAN WARMING • An estimated 90% of the heat from greenhouse gases over the past 50 years has been absorbed by the oceans. Such an event could trigger an ice age in Europe and North America.000 hectares of rice. John Holdren. James Hansen. predicts a possible 4-meter sea level rise by end of the century. small island states in the Pacific and Indian Oceans and the Caribbean Sea. and Shanghai.154 • Sea level rise threatens half of the world’s population living within 200 kilometers of a coastline. NASA’s head of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies.140. has stated the likelihood of a 5-meter sea level rise by end of the century. New York. 141 5. it produces half the world’s oxygen and eliminates CO₂.148 • A sea level rise of even 1 meter would result in over 100 million climate refugees and endanger major cities like London.152 • Sea level rise caused at least 18 island nations to completely disappear while many more coastal areas are continually threatened. 145 6. OCEAN CIRCULATION • Over the next century.142 • Frozen methane from beneath the ocean floor could be released in massive amounts if the oceans are warmed enough.151 • Egypt: More than 58 meters of coastline have vanished every year since 1989 in Rasheed. Sudden explosive releases of methane could also trigger 15-meter tsunamis. and is adding to sea level rise as well.

162 10 / 25 www.suprememastertv.161. 159 • Global losses due to natural disasters could triple to US$185 billion per year by 2100. plus agreed to provide US$100 billion per year from 2020. Natural resources are currently being consumed at 1.Climate Change Fac ts • Current global consumption patterns would require a second Earth. nations approved a US$30 billion fund to help vulnerable countries cope with climate change impacts. Heat waves. floods and heat waves due to the loss of Arctic Sea ice will cost the sectors of .156 • Tipping points could arrive suddenly.5 times the capacity that Earth can provide.160 • In the 2009 Copenhagen climate change summit.157 6 .158. O T H E R I M PA C T S FINANCIAL COSTS • Damage from rising seas. Sudden shifts in the Earth’s natural systems could arrive precipitously. flooding and other factors are already resulting in hundreds of billions of dollars lost annually. real estate and insurance up to US$24 trillion by 2050. without warning. Damage from climate change-related powerful cyclones could add to this up to US$58 billion annually.

1 • Example: In Mongolia. D E F O R E S TAT I O N • Livestock raising is one of the main drivers of deforestation.L i v e s t o c k I n d u s t r y ’s Environmental Impacts B i od i ve r si t y Lo s s. In the United States alone. Staphylococcal illness. and Mongolia. D e fo re s tati o n . and livestock grazing. Australia.10 The filthy and inhumane conditions of factory farming harbor lethal bacteria and viruses such as avian and swine flu. • Antibiotics regularly administered to livestock on factory farms causes bacteria to mutate. 82% of the total land area is designated as permanent pasture for livestock grazing. etc.9 • In 2010. D E S E R T I F I C AT I O N • Desertification is caused by overgrazing and expansion of livestock crop-growing areas.4 • Since the 1990s approximately 90% of Amazonian deforestation has been due to clearing land for grazing cattle or growing feed for livestock.11 • Other diseases related to meat eating: tuberculosis. and M o re 1 . China.suprememastertv. which is the largest single threat to biodiversity loss in Mongolia and throughout Central Asia. Campylobacter infection.5 • In Queensland. foot-and-mouth disease. climate change. which leads to desertification. 3 2 . listeria.12. D e s e r t if ic at io n. 4. Australia. with livestock grazing making conditions worse. leading to diseases that are medication-resistant. 14 www. Chad. 91% of all tree clearing over a 20-year period has been done for livestock grazing.7 • Over 50% of US soil erosion is caused by livestock.2. pneumonic plague (as in 2009 deadly outbreak in China). HIV. D i sease. with more than 100 tons of topsoil lost per hectare per year. 13. DISEASE • Over 65% of human infectious diseases are known to be transmitted by animals. Greenho use G as Em issio ns. mad cow disease. 54% of pasture land is overgrazed. reported serious drought. B I O D I V E R S I T Y L O S S • The damage caused by livestock production threatens flora and fauna across the globe. Crohn’s disease. Iraq.6 3 .com/climate-change-kit 11 / 25 .8 • Some 75 billion tons of topsoil are being eroded annually due to agricultural mismanagement. among others.

leading to oceanic “dead zones” that are unable to support any aquatic life. Excessive and unregulated animal waste.19.30 • Aquaculture (fish farms).26 • Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas with approximately 300 times more warming potential than CO₂. OCEAN DECLINE • The livestock sector is the largest source of nutrient pollution.4 billion tons of animal waste. is endangering wild fish. LAND USE • Livestock production accounts for 70% of all agricultural land and 30% of the ice-free land surface on the planet.29 • 90% of all large fish have already disappeared from the oceans. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS • Livestock and their byproducts are accountable for at least 51% of all greenhouse gas emissions.27 6. mainly produced from burning forests and savannahs for livestock. Therefore.470 times more potent than CO₂). livestock emissions have played an even larger role in global warming in the near term. pork. and other livestock-related contaminants choke waterways. have a cooling effect that roughly cancels the warming effect of the CO₂. Texas. the US cattle. and poultry industries produced 1. or particles released along with CO₂ from burning fossil fuels.L i v e s t o c k I n d u s t r y ’s E n v i r o n m e n t a l I m p a c t s 5. 24. accounting for 50% of fish and shellfish consumed globally.suprememastertv. 20 • Ground-level (tropospheric) ozone is the third most prevalent greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide and methane. which causes toxic algal blooms and oxygen depletion. USA. so reducing emissions can be an effective rapid response to slow warming in the near term.16 • Methane is almost 100 times more potent than CO₂ over a 5-year period. is responsible for 50% of total temperature increases in the Arctic and the acceleration of melting glaciers worldwide.35 • The livestock industry emits 64% of all ammonia. the meat industry is the biggest source of water pollution. US researchers from the University of Missouri have concluded that the amount of methane emitted from the waste on dairy and pig farms could be as much as 65% higher than previously estimated. 34 8.18 Based on recalculations.32 • One-third to about half the global fish catch is fed to livestock (pigs and chickens). or 130 times more than produced by the entire human population. 25 • Black carbon (4.39 12 / 25 www.36. a fatal gas. pesticides.15 • Aerosols. chemical fertilizers.28 7. Sixty-five percent of global nitrous oxide emissions originate from the livestock industry. POLLUTION • Of all sectors. largely as a result of overfishing.21 Fermented animal feed generates harmful ozone gases. The number one source of human-caused methane is animal agriculture. despite their detrimental health aspects. which causes acid rain and hydrogen sulfide.22.38 • In 1996. Black carbon remains in the atmosphere for only days or weeks. and at regional levels higher than those emitted by cars.33.31 • Example: It takes up to 5 pounds of wild fish to produce 1 pound of .17 but disappears from the atmosphere much more rapidly compared to centuries or millennia for CO₂. 37 • One animal factory farm produces more waste and pollution than the whole city of Houston. antibiotics. 23.

43. 900 liters to grow 1 kilogram of wheat.40. Moreover. 80% of hungry children live in countries that export food crops typically to feed farmed animals.59 • It takes up to 200. 41 Examples: • The dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico created by farm runoff is one of the world’s largest at up to 8. 53 while yielding less than one-third the amount of protein. 44 • Aquaculture pollutes the environment with toxic algae and chemicals such as pesticides and 13 / 25 . but only 2.000 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of beef.60 www. and 650 liters for 1 kilogram of corn.758 kilometers – that is 17 times the emissions of an organic vegan diet. 58 1 0 . In other words. an organic vegan diet produces 94% less emissions than a meat-based diet. which is 15 times as much water as a vegan would use. most of which goes toward meat production.L i v e s t o c k I n d u s t r y ’s E n v i r o n m e n t a l I m p a c t s • Manure is already known to be a major cause of both groundwater pollution and atmospheric warming.51 • Producing 1 kilogram of beef requires 7 kilograms of grain for feed that could go to direct human consumption. W AT E R S H O R TA G E • According to the Stockholm International Water Institute.45 9.54 • About 40% of the global grain supply is going to livestock. USA. RESOURCE OVERUSE • Fuel: One 6-ounce beef steak requires 16 times as much fossil fuel energy as one vegan meal containing three kinds of vegetables and rice. 49 • Land: One meat eater requires two hectares (four acres) of land to support him. agriculture accounts for 70% of all water use.46 • One kilogram of beef is equivalent to driving 250 kilometers and burning a 100-watt light bulb for 20 days non-stop.suprememastertv. But that same two hectares could support the healthy lifestyle of 80 vegans.57. (Supreme Master TV’s interview with US law professor Gary Francione.42 • A February 2010 outbreak in Brazil’s Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon caused the suffocation and death of 80 tons of fish.50 • Two-thirds of US grain exports feed livestock rather than people. 2008) • Food: Currently.55 and 85% of the world’s protein-rich soy is being fed to cattle and other animals.000 liters of water per day for a meat-based diet.000 square miles so far.47 • Emissions: The meat-based diet’s emissions is equivalent to driving a car 4. runoff from manure and other crop fertilizers accounts for some 230 oxygen-depleted dead zones along the US coast alone. Rutgers University.000 liters to produce 1 kilogram of soybeans.48.56 • Water: A person uses up to 15.52. which is equivalent to only 281 kilometers .

75 pounds) of topsoil lost (topsoil = fertile layer of soil).000 liters to produce 1 kilogram of beef • 2.68 • 4 kilograms (8.61 • Land: Two hectares.000 liters ( .70 14 / 25 www.64 COST OF ONE HAMBURGER • 5 sq.62 • 200.65 • 23. could support 1 meat eater or 80 vegans.L i v e s t o c k I n d u s t r y ’s E n v i r o n m e n t a l I m p a c t s MEAT VS.63 • Food: One kilogram of beef requires 7 kilograms of grain to be produced. or four acres of land. and dozens of birds. VEG DIET • GHG emissions: Meat diet generates 17 times more emissions than an organic vegan diet.000 gallons) of clean water (14 months of daily showers).suprememastertv. (Supreme Master TV’s interview with US law professor Gary Francione. USA. 2008) • Water: A meat eater uses 15 times as much water as a vegan would use.8 kilograms (4 pounds) of grain consumed by the cow (about 3 loaves of bread). Rutgers University. feet) of destroyed tropical rainforest.66. 100 insect species. meters (55 sq. 67 • 1.000 liters = 1 kilogram of soybeans • 900 liters = 1 kilogram of wheat • 650 liters = 1 kilogram of corn • Fossil fuel: Animal products require 11 times as much fossil fuel input—releasing 11 times as much carbon dioxide.69 • 30 plant species. mammals lost.

12 • If all tillable land were turned into organic vegetable farmland. a 100 % organic vegan diet would reduce emissions 94%.The Solution O rg a n i c Ve g a n D i e t a nd Far m ing.1 • A projected doubling of meat and dairy consumption by 2050 would imperil the planet due to increased emissions related to livestock. Fish was found to be similarly inefficient. This is in addition to the elimination of over 50% of emissions caused by livestock raising. A vegan diet led to a reduction of 7 times the emissions of a locally-grown diet. Also. and 500% for oats. which in turn helps quickly absorb vast quantities of CO₂ from the atmosphere. while one kilogram of potatoes generates only 280 grams of CO₂. this necessitates a shift away from an animal product-based diet.8 • Eating more of certain animal products such as chicken (instead of beef ) will NOT help mitigate environmental impacts. 6 • Switching to a diet that replaces all meat with soy by 2050 would reduce the protein-associated carbon footprint 96%. with 60%.7 • Producing one kilogram of beef generates 19 kilograms of CO₂ emissions. and reactive nitrogen (manure and fertilizer chemicals causing multiple harms to the environment).9 • Eating fish will not help either.4 • In 2008.10 2 . With a growing population.14 15 / 25 .2 • A person adopting a vegetarian diet for a year would reduce more emissions than someone swapping their car for a Toyota Prius.11. Germany’s Foodwatch Institute estimated that shifting from a conventional diet including meat and dairy to a conventionally-raised vegan diet would reduce emissions 87%. not only would people be fully fed. while shifting to an organic diet including meat and dairy would only reduce emissions 8%. even the so-called “best managed” fish farms generate widespread environmental damage. in part because of the energy required for long-distance voyages to hunt large fishes such as tuna. O R G A N I C V E G A N FA R M I N G • Organic farming methods help rebuild and replace carbon in the soil. p lus O t her Co nsiderat io ns 1.3 • The emissions from consuming a diet of 100% locally grown food was compared to one of 100% plant-based foods. increased consumption of the Earth’s biomass (plant matter grown to feed livestock). oranges and potatoes at 170%.13 • Land used for meat production could also be returned to its natural state. Researchers have found that protein from chicken has an energy efficiency rating of just 5% compared to plant-based foods such as tomatoes. ORGANIC VEGAN DIET • According to a 2010 report from the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). By contrast.5. A diet of 100% protein from soy sources would have only 1% of the impact in 2050 of a diet in which 100% of protein was from meat. the two key sectors of energy and food must change dramatically in order to avoid the worst environmental impacts of climate change. but up to 40% of all the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere could be absorbed.

A reduction in meat and dairy production and consumption would more effectively mitigate global warming while improving public health and saving lives.22 • If farmers in the American Midwest switched from raising livestock to growing fruits and vegetables. because: • Most of the methane is from enteric fermentation . diabetes. stroke. are not sufficient to meet the UK’s 2030 goals for greenhouse-gas emissions.16 • The system is not often technically or cost. In fact.over three times the amount from manure. there would be enough food to satisfy 10 billion .17 • The many serious environmental problems caused by factory farms are still unaddressed. antibiotic and fossil fuel use • Air. and obesity. O T H E R C O N S I D E R AT I O N S • Health: A study conducted by Harvard University with tens of thousands of men and women found that regular meat consumption increases colon cancer risk by 300%. the world’s governments would save US$32 trillion by 2050. such as heart disease.300 jobs created and labor income increased by US$395 million.The Solution • Changes in farming practices. food. meat consumption is linked to leading diseases. have been found to reduce emissions only by a few percent and in fact could create more food quality and ethics problems. A vegan diet significantly helps prevent and reverse these conditions. soil pollution • Unhygienic bacteria and virus breeding grounds • Livestock emission reduction plans.feasible. and more than negate any benefit from methane capture: • Global warming / Greenhouse gas emissions • Biodiversity loss • Excessive water. cancer.23 16 / 25 www.19 3 .suprememastertv.18 Meat and dairy consumption must be reduced to significantly minimize livestock emissions.20 • World hunger: If everyone ate a plant-based diet.21 • Economics: By shifting to a vegan diet. • Digester systems are implemented usually on farms that collect large amounts of liquid manure daily. such as greater efficiency in livestock farming methods and better manure management. water. US$882 million could be generated in regional sales. or a full 80% of total climate mitigation costs.15 M E T H A N E C A P T U R E for energy is an inadequate plan: • The proposal to capture methane from livestock manure in factory farms is wholly insufficient. with 9. such as providing different food sources for animals and using manure for fuel.

24 • A report issued by the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) recommends levying fees for livestock as a way to reduce this sector’s emission of greenhouse gases. ~ Supreme Master Ching Hai For More Information and to download this brochure please visit: www.The Solution • Producing veg alternatives to meat products is considered a smart and attractive opportunity for the food industry. currently estimated at dummy text www.25. Then.27 • Biodiversity loss: A worldwide no-meat lifestyle is calculated to prevent over 60% biodiversity loss.28 We must shape our future on virtue and compassion.SupremeMasterTV. 26 • The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the European Commission jointly launched a major report calling for radical change in the way that economies use resources.suprememastertv.000 billion tons of CO₂ equivalent 17 / 25 . all generations hereafter shall thrive and flourish. emphasizing that a global drop in meat consumption is vital to avoid devastating impacts to the environment.

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