(Steel Section

)

FIELD WELDING PROCEDURES
4th Edition-June 2011 (contractor)

Table of Contents
Description Cover Sheet Table of Contents Introduction General Information Reference Standards Qualification of Personnel Qualification of Welds and Procedures Workmanship Weld Profiles Repairing Welds Weld Cleaning Backing Bar Preheat and Interpass Temperature Electrode Storage Weld Acceptance Criteria Stud Welding Equipment Requirements Welding Procedures H-Pile Welding Procedure (WPS 1) Steel Girder Bearing Plate Welding Procedure (WPS 2) Pipe Pile Welding Procedure (WPS 3) Concrete Girder Sole Plate Welding Procedure (WPS 4) Steel Girder SIP Angle Welding Procedure (WPS 5) Concrete Girder SIP Angle Welding Procedure (WPS 6) Stud Welding Procedure (WPS 7) Fillet Weld Certification Welding Procedure (WPS 8) 3G-4G Plate Certification Welding Procedure (WPS 9) 6G Pipe Certification Welding Procedure (WPS 10) SIP Certification Welding Procedure (WPS 11) Encasement Pipe Welding Procedure (WPS 12) Steel Girder Bearing Plate Weathering Steel (unpainted) Welding Procedure (WPS 13) Overhang Bracket Welding Procedure (WPS 14) Steel Girder SIP Strap Welding Procedure (WPS 15) Pipe Pile Bottom Driving Plate (WPS 16) Pot Bearing Welding Procedure (WPS 17) Soldier Pile Welding Procedure (WPS 18) Single V-Groove with Backing (WPS 21) Single V-Groove with Back Gouge (WPS 22) Double Bevel Groove with Back Gouge (WPS 23) Double V-Groove with Back Gouge (WPS 25) Fillet Weld (WPS 27) Armor Angle Field Splice (WPS 28) Single U-Groove with Back Gouge (WPS 29) Appendix A (Welding Terms and Definitions) Appendix C (Welding Symbols) Appendix D (references, credits and Steel Section contact information) Appendix E (list of revisions) Page Number

T-1 I-1 G-1 G-1 G-2 G-2, G-3 G-3 G-4 G-4 G-4 G-4 G-5 G-6 G-7 G-7

1-1 thru 1-2 2-1 thru 2-2 3-1 thru 3-3 4-1 thru 4-2 5-1 thru 5-2 6-1 thru 6-2 7-1 thru 7-2 8-1 thru 8-2 9-1 thru 9-2 10-1 thru 10-2 11-1 thru 11-2 12-1 thru 12-2 13-1 thru 13-2 14-1 thru 14-2 15-1 thru 15-2 16-1 thru 16-2 17-1 thru 17-2 18-1 thru 18-5 21-1 thru 21-2 22-1 thru 22-2 23-1 thru 23-2 25-1 thru 25-2 27-1 thru 27-4 28-1 thru 28-2 29-1 thru 29-2 A-1 thru A-9 D-1 E-1, E-2

T-1

Introduction
The information contained within this book of Approved Welding Procedures is intended to assist the NCDOT Construction Inspector and guide the Welding Contractor with acceptable procedures and practices for the application of weld in a field environment on NCDOT bridge projects. Additional information and procedures have been included to assist Bridge Maintenance Personnel with "Repair of Existing Structures". The information is in no way considered to be complete or all encompassing but instead offers aid to some of the most common applications to field welding that are found on NCDOT bridge construction projects. A Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) may be generated by an authorized person (i. e. CWI) and then submitted to the NCDOT Materials & Tests Unit (Steel Section) at 770A Park Centre Drive in Kernersville, NC 27284 (phone: 336-993-2300) for approval in the event that the contractor does not want to utilize the material provided. These approved welding procedures may also be found at the following web address: http://www.ncdot.org/doh/operations/materials/structural/appr_proc.html This manual may also be found at the following web address: http://www.ncdot.org/doh/operations/materials/pdf/fwp.pdf

Previous editions of this manual include: 1st Edition-October 2008 2nd Edition-April 2009 3rd Edition-May 2010

I-1

General Information
Reference Standards As stated by the NCDOT “Standard Specifications For Roads and Bridges JULY 2006” page 455 section 440-7: “Perform field welding only when called for on the plans and in accordance with 1072-20.” “Remove paint or galvanizing at the location of field welds by blast cleaning (SSPC SP-6 finish), or hand (SSPC SP-2 finish) or power tool cleaning (SSPC SP-3 finish) just prior to welding. Clean sufficiently to prevent contamination of the weld by the paint.” note: Refer to Appendix B for SSPC standards. The NCDOT “Standard Specifications For Roads and Bridges JULY 2006” page 10-141 section 1072-20 makes reference to the ANSI/AWS/AASHTO Bridge Welding Code D-1.5 and states in section 1072-20 (B) General “Weld all structural steel in the shop or in the field for bridges, whether permanent or temporary, and perform all other work related to structural welding including, but not limited to, testing and inspection of welds, preparation of material, oxygen cutting, electrodes, shielding, and shear studs, meeting the requirements of the Bridge Welding Code. Weld other steel items in accordance with the requirements of the applicable AWS Welding Code.” "Weld only where shown on the plans or where called for in the Specifications unless requesting and receiving written approval for additional welding." Additional governing information pertaining to field welding can be found on contract documents such as NCDOT approved plans and special provisions. Qualification of Personnel For the purpose of field welding on NCDOT construction projects, all personnel must be tested and approved by the NCDOT Materials & Tests Unit (Steel Section). Prior to performing any welding activities, the qualified person must present the Welder ID card that was issued by the M & T Unit along with another photo ID, such as a driver’s license, to the NCDOT representative (i. e. Construction Inspector). Currently there are three levels of NCDOT field welder certification. SIP Welder- This certification qualifies a welder to weld stay in place deck forms to girders. Bridge Welder- This certification qualifies a welder to weld anything on a project except pipe less than 24 inches in diameter. Pipe Welder: This certification qualifies a welder to weld anything on a project. Additional information about welder certification can found at the following web address: http://www.ncdot.org/doh/operations/materials/pdf/fwcprocedure.pdf

G-1

Qualification of Welds and Procedures (7-21-09) R43 SP10

Page 10-143, Subarticle 1072-20(D) Qualification of Welds and Procedures, replace the third sentence of the first paragraph with the following: For all prequalified field welds, submit Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) for each joint configuration for approval at least 30 days prior to performing any welding. In lieu of this, use the WPS provided and pre-approved by the Department. These pre-approved WPSs are available from the Materials and Tests Unit or at: http://www.ncdot.org/doh/operations/materials/structural/appr_proc.html Use non-prequalified welds only if approved by the Engineer. Submit WPS for all nonprequalified welds to the Engineer for approval. At no cost to the Department, demonstrate their adequacy in accordance with the requirements of the Bridge Welding Code.

Application AWS D-1.5 Section 1.1.1 This code covers welding fabrication requirements applicable to welded highway bridges. The code is applicable to both shop and field fabrication of steel bridges and bridge components, Workmanship AWS D-1.5 Section 3.1.3 Welding shall not be done when the ambient temperature is lower than 0° F, when surfaces are wet or exposed to rain, snow, or high wind velocities, nor when welders are exposed to inclement conditions. AWS D-1.5 Section 3.2.1 Surfaces and edges to be welded shall be smooth, uniform, and free from fins, tears, cracks, and other discontinuities which would adversely affect the quality or strength of the weld. Surfaces to be welded and surfaces adjacent to a weld shall also be free from loose or thick scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease, and other foreign material that would prevent proper welding or produce objectionable fumes. Mill scale that can withstand vigorous wire brushing, a thin rust-inhibitive coating, or antispatter compound may remain… AWS D-1.5 Section 3.2.2 In all thermal cutting, the cutting flame shall be so adjusted and manipulated as to avoid cutting beyond (inside) the prescribed lines. The roughness of thermal cut surfaces shall be no greater than that defined by the American National Standards Institute, ANSI B46.1, Surface Texture. For material up to 100mm [4 in] thick, the maximum surface roughness value shall be 25 µm (1000 µin). Steel and weld metal may be thermally cut, provided a smooth and regular surface free from cracks and notches is secured, and provided that an accurate profile is secured by the use of a mechanical guide. Free-hand thermal cutting shall be done only where approved by the Engineer.

G-2

5 Section 3. AWS D-1.3. the root opening cannot be closed sufficiently to meet this tolerance.8 Temporary welds shall be subject to the same WPS requirements as final welds. the leg of the fillet weld shall be increased by the amount of the root opening or the Contractor shall demonstrate that the required weld size has been obtained.5 Section 3. the face reinforcement shall not exceed 3mm [1/8 in] in height and shall have gradual transition to the plane of the base surface.5mm [0. AWS D-1.07 times the actual face width of the weld or individual bead.6..5 Section 3. the surface shall be made flush with the original surface.2 (in reference to groove weld profiles) Groove welds shall preferably be made with slight or minimum face reinforcement except as may be otherwise provided. They shall be free of the discontinuities shown for butt joints.6.2 The use of filler plates shall be prohibited except as specified on the drawings or as specially approved by the Engineer… AWS D-1. Where the parts are effectively restrained against bending due to eccentricity in alignment.5 Section 3.5 Welds shall be free from overlap.1. G-3 ..2.5 Section 3. AWS D-1.3.2.3 Parts to be joined by groove welds shall be carefully aligned.5 Section 3.5 Section 3. The reentrant corners must be formed by thermal cutting. respectively. There shall be no temporary welds in tension zones… Weld Profiles AWS D-1. The root opening shall not exceed 3/16” except in cases involving either shapes or plates 3” or greater in thickness if.Workmanship (cont. but in no case shall be more than 1/8”. AWS D-1. They shall be removed unless otherwise allowed by the Engineer.1 The parts to be joined by fillet welds shall be brought into as close contact as practical...3.1. AWS D-1. When they are removed. In the case of butt and corner joints. … If the root opening is greater than 1/16”.7 Tack welds shall be subject to the same quality requirements as the final welds. followed by grinding to meet the surface requirements of 3.2.06 in].4 Reentrant corners of base-metal cut edges shall be formed to provide a smooth transition with a radius of not less than 25mm [1 in] that meets the adjacent edges without offset or cutting past the point of tangency.1 (in reference to fillet weld profiles) The convexity of a weld or individual surface bead shall not exceed 0.5 Section 3.) AWS D-1. the offset from theoretical alignment shall not exceed 10% of the thickness of the thinner part joined. AWS D-1.3.3. after straightening and in assembly.6.5 Section 3. plus 1.

G-4 . or other equally positive means. Unacceptable portions shall be removed and re-welded.2.Repairing Welds AWS D-1.5 Section 3. Surfaces shall be prepared (see 3.3 Excessive Weld Porosity.11) and additional weld metal deposited..2.5 Section 3.. The maximum gap between steel backing and the base metal at the weld root shall be 2 mm (1/16 in). Tightly adherent spatter remaining after the cleaning operation shall be acceptable unless its removal shall be required for the purpose of NDT or painting. AWS D-1. Slag shall be removed from all completed welds. The extent of the crack shall be ascertained by use of MT.1 Overlap or Excessive Convexity..2 Excessive Concavity of Weld or Crater.4 Cracks in Weld or Base Metal.2.5 Section 3.7.7. Excess weld metal shall be removed. AWS D-1. all slag shall be removed and the weld and adjacent base metal shall be brushed clean.5 Section 3. the metal shall be removed for the full length of the crack plus 500mm [2 in] beyond each end of the crack. and the weld and adjacent base metal shall be cleaned by brushing or other suitable means.7.. AWS D-1. Backing Bar AWS D-1. Undercutting.7.2 Cleaning of Completed Welds.11. PT.5 Steel backing shall be placed and held in intimate contact with the base metal. Incomplete Fusion. If the Contractor elects to repair the weld. Undersize Welds. Excessive Slag Inclusions. and re-welded.11. or removing and replacing the entire weld. This requirement shall apply not only to successive layers but also to successive beads and to the crater area when welding is resumed after an interruption.5 Section 3. Weld Cleaning AWS D-1.7.5 Section 3.13. Welded joints shall not be painted until after welding has been completed and the weld has been accepted.2 The Contractor has the option of either repairing an unacceptable weld. AWS D-1.5 Section 3.1 In-Process Cleaning. Before welding over previously deposited metal.2. it shall be corrected as follows: AWS D-1.5 Section 3.

AWS D-1.5. AWS D-1. After the opening of hermetically sealed containers or removal from drying or storage ovens.5 Section 4.7… AWS D-1.1. Electrodes that have been wet shall not be used.2. E80XX 2 max.7 may be returned to a holding oven maintained at 250° F minimum and after a minimum period of four hours at that temperature may be reissued.5 Section 4.8 Preheat and Interpass Temperature Requirements When the base metal temperature is below 0° C [32° F].5 Section 4. electrode exposure to the atmosphere shall not exceed the requirements of 4.1/A5. electrodes shall be stored in ovens held at a temperature of at least 120°C [250°F].7 When the base metal is below the temperature listed for the welding process being used and the thickness of material being welded.2. E70 or E80XXR or H4R 9 max.5 Section 4. G-5 .Preheat and Interpass Temperature Unless stated otherwise on the approved welding procedure.2 Electrodes exposed to the atmosphere for periods less than those allowed by Table 4.2 shall be re-dried no more than one time.5. and this minimum temperature shall be maintained during welding. AWS D-1. AWS D-1.4 shall apply.2. The Provisions of 4.5.5 Section 4.7 illustrates the following: “Allowable Atmospheric Exposure of Low-Hydrogen SMAW Electrodes” Electrode Hours E70XX 4 max.5.5 Table 4.4 Electrodes that conform to the provisions of 4. Electrode Storage AWS D-1.5.2 All electrodes having low hydrogen coverings conforming to AWS 5.5.1 Electrodes exposed to the atmosphere upon removal from drying or storage ovens or hermetically sealed containers shall be used within the time limit shown in Table 4.2.5. the base metal shall be heated to at least 20° C [70° F]. but not less than 75mm [3 in] in all directions from the point of welding.5 Section 4. all preheat temperatures on NCDOT projects shall be 100° F. it shall be preheated (except as otherwise provided) in such a manner that the steel on which weld metal is being deposited is at or above the specified minimum temperature for a distance equal to the thickness of the part being welded.2.1M shall be purchased in hermetically sealed containers… Immediately after opening the hermetically sealed container or removal of the electrodes from drying ovens. AWS D-1.

5 Section 6.1. proper joint preparation. AWS D-1.5 C-6. AWS D-1. WPS variables. The Inspector is not required to inspect each weld pass.26.1 Visual Inspection..26.5 Section 6. AWS D-1.7 A fillet weld in any single continuous weld may under run the nominal fillet weld size specified by 2mm [1/16 in] without correction.5 Section 6. undercut shall be no more than 0.5 Section 6. and the visual quality of typical root. AWS D-1. during welding.26. G-6 . Because each weld pass of every weld is to be inspected by the welder.5 In primary members. and the inspector monitors welding in progress and makes a detailed inspection of completed welds. All welds are required to be visually inspected.1. A weld shall be acceptable by visual inspection if it conforms to the following requirements: AWS D-1. the Inspector is expected to visually inspect every completed weld to verify conformance to these requirements. major weld defects or gross nonconformance to the Code should be detected.26. Welding personnel should know when welds display visual discontinuities not acceptable under the Code.4 Weld profiles shall be in conformance with 3. provided that the undersize portion of the weld does not exceed 10% of the length of the weld.3 All craters are to be filled to the full cross section of the weld.5 Each welder.6) are too complex to be presented in this manual.1.Weld Acceptance Criteria AWS D-1.1.1.26. AWS D-1. Undercut shall be no more than 1mm [1/32 in] deep for all other cases. Porosity limitation guidelines (AWS D-1.1 All welds shall be visually inspected.26.5. AWS D-1.1.26. welding operator and tack welder should be a visual inspector of his or her own work. as necessary to ensure that the requirements of the Contract Documents are met and that all welds conform to the visual requirements of this sub-clause. but periodically observe welding with sufficient frequency to verify the skills of the welder.26.5 Section 6. Visual inspection is performed before welding.5 Section 6. and after welding.01 in] deep when the weld is transverse to tensile stress under any design loading condition. and final weld passes. AWS D-1.26.5 Section 6.6.2 Thorough fusion shall exist between adjacent layers of weld metal and between weld metal and base metal. intermediate.25mm [0. See C6.5 C-6. In addition to inspection before and during welding.5 Section 6. Contact the M&T Unit (Steel Section) for technical assistance regarding discontinuities of this type..1 The weld shall have no cracks.1.

approved low hydrogen electrodes that are in a hermetically sealed container or in an active electrode storage oven.5.4. AWS D-1. rust pits. galvanized.5 At the option of the Contractor. a grinder that is suitable for preparing the base metal in the area that is to be welded. Failure to produce this or other equipment that is needed to complete the work within specifications could result in the Welding Contractor not being permitted to start welding. moisture.5.4.5 Section 7.5.Stud Welding Contact the NCDOT M&T Unit (Steel Section) when "automatically timed stud welding equipment" is being used. nor cadmium-plated prior to welding. scale. G-7 . provided the following requirements are met: AWS D-1.5. AWS D-1.5 Section 7. clamps or other equipment that is necessary to properly cut.1 At the time of welding. AWS D-1. a torch or other preheating device that can satisfactorily raise the temperature of the base metal in the area to be welded to the range that is specified in the WPS. the studs shall be free from rust. oil. and other deleterious matter that would adversely affect the welding operations. fit and assemble the material to be welded and clean the completed weld.5 Section 7.5. Equipment Requirements Any qualified person intending to perform welding on an NCDOT project shall arrive at the job site with all of the appropriate equipment which includes but is not limited to a welding machine that has an adequate power range to produce the amperage necessary to satisfy the WPS requirements.3 The stud base shall be prepared so that the base of the stud fits against the base metal. an electrode storage oven to stay within the guidelines of the exposure limits of the welding consumables.5 Section 7. AWS D-1. The end of the stud shall also be clean.4 All rust and mill scale at the location of the stud shall be removed from the base metal by grinding. studs may be fillet welded by the SMAW.5 Section 7.2 The stud base shall not be painted.

.

rust. Vertical. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. 50). The theoretical alignment of the pieces joined shall be within 10% of the thickness of the material.5.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. CWI/CWE. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 1-1 .1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° COMMENTS: Any distorted material in the web or flanges that was damaged by the pile driving process shall be removed. as required by the AWS D1.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5.5 Bridge Welding Code. slag and spatter. WPS Description H-PILE Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. 100° minimum Welding Current Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 5/32" 90-150 120-200 20-23 21-24 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Section 2. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION H-PILE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. A572. Remove all coating. Overhead Vertical – up DC Polarity: Positive Back Gouge with a grinder to sound metal prior to applying the back weld. Temp. (A709-36. (M270-GR250. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 080508001 4 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. Horizontal. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. Clean the completed weld of all debris. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. Remove all slag.

ARRo'W SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE BQck Gouge ~ 7'\ 60° ~ BQck Gouge Required before welding side two r\ 45° ~ 1-2 . DETAIL "B' TO 1/8/1 c: POSITION OF PILE DURING YIELDING H-PILE 'Weld Symbol SPLICE definitions per DET AILS A'WS A'2'4'20~ FIELD 'WELD SYMBOL BEVEL 'WELD. OTHER SIDE V 'WELD.'WPS H-PILE 080508001 R4 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT BACKGOUGE DETAIL 'B' BACK GOUGE DETAIL 'A' 45° c: PILE +10~ VERTICAL ~ PILE HORIZONTAL OR VERTICAL 45~ -5~ 0/1 60~ +10~ -5~ TO 1/8/1 L 1/8' 0/1 TO 1/8/1 0/1 DETAIL "A" TO J ~~O. ARRo'W SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE = ~ BACK 'WELD.

NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEEL GIRDER BEARING PLATE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. CWI/CWE. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description Steel Girder Bearing Plate COMMENTS: Remove all coating. (M270-GR250. Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm 6-11 ipm All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Clean the completed weld of all debris. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. rust. Section 2. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. 50). (A709-36.5.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Temp. Care shall be taken to not exceed 250° in the proximity of the Elastomeric Bearing material. slag and spatter. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. A572. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 2-1 . Remove all slag. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 080708002 4 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton.

rlng __ 5/16" I I I Il""lln L .nchor bolts not shown for clo.412007 --l FIELD ~ELD SYMBOL 5~ 5~-V-~ FILLET ~ELDJ BOTH SIDES with ~ELD SIZE 2-2 . o.rlty Beo. STEEL GIRDER BEARING PLATE DETAILS ~elcl Synoot cleflnitlons per A~S A2.~PS STEEL GIRDER BEARING PLATE 080708002 R4 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT Steel Girder 5/16* BEARING PLATE ElQstol'lerlc NOTE.

rust. (A709-36. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 082508003 5 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. Sections 2 thru 6 ASTM A-36. Remove all slag.1 Single or Multiple Pass NCDOT Approved Electrodes both DC Polarity: Positive N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Flat. (M270-GR250. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Temp. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 5/32" 90-150 120-200 20-23 21-24 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm Vertical Orientation. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: COMMENTS: Remove all coating. 50). Clean the completed weld of all debris. SEE ATTACHMENT 1 Horizontal Orientation. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. Vertical. A572.1. Horizontal. CWI/CWE. SEE ATTACHMENT 2 PREHEAT Thickness Min. Overhead N/A Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Progression: Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Manual Classification: AWS A5.1 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: Filler Metal Specification: Manufacturer: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. slag and spatter. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PIPE-PILE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Written By: PIPE PILE Signature: Randy Dempsey. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 3-1 .

BACKING BAR W'ELD ALL AROUND ~ .-1 A V I I 45<> +10<> -5<> -..4:2007 SYMbol definitions .. 1/4/1 1/16/1 Mo.W'PS PIPE-PILE 082508003 R5 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT A 1 ~ I V I 45<> ''''' I I I I -- rI I -------- -..X go. ARROW' SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE 3-2 ....p LxW'xD o. FIELD 'JELD SYMBOL 45<> K: BEVEL W'ELD.s per NCDOT Engineer's Instructions [ \ +5/16 -1/16 r VERTICAL PIPE ~PILE \Jeld 0 ORIENT ATION SPLICE DET AILS per A\JS A2...

.4:2007 FIELD ~ELD SYMBOL BEVEL ~ELD.X go. ARRO~ SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE 3-3 .:. ~ AW'S A2.~PS PIPE-PILE 082508003 R5 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 2 G~ Lx 1/16" Mo.p 'vi x D us per NCDOT Engineer's Instructions +5/16" -1/16" HORIZONTAL PIPE -PILE W'eld r=='1 ORIENTATION SPLICE DET AILS per Synbol BACKING BAR ~ELD ALL AROUND definitions ~ ~ ---l ..

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1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 4-1 . Remove all slag. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. (A709-36. CWI/CWE. slag and spatter.5. Section 2. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 082508004 4 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm 6-11 ipm All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. rust. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. 50). Care shall be taken to not exceed 250° in the proximity of the Elastomeric Bearing material and 300° in the proximity of the concrete. Temp. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: Concrete Girder Sole Plate COMMENTS: Remove all coating. (M270-GR250.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONCRETE GIRDER SOLE PLATE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Clean the completed weld of all debris. A572.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1.

o.nchor bolts not shown for clo.412007 -l FIELD ~ELD SYMBOL Depth of Groove Depth of Groove Size of Fillet Groove ~elol with Reinforcing Fillet ~elol. Both Slde s 4-2 .~PS CONCRETE GIRDER SOLE PLATE 082508004 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT R4 3/16" 7/16" 7/16# . 4' .. [ 3/16" I1/8/1 3/16" Min: I CONCRETE GIRDER SOLE PLATE DETAILS ~elol SYMbol oIefinitions Size of Fillet per 3/16# 7/16# 7/16# 3/16' A'WS A2.rlty 3/16" 7/16" nln •.. Concrete Girder EMBED PLATE SOLE PLATE Elo s+oner-lc Beorlng NOTE.

345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 5-1 . slag and spatter. rust.5.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes single Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. (M270-GR250. Clean the completed weld of all debris. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. Temp.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. 50). Section 2. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: Steel Girder SIP Angle COMMENTS: Remove all coating. All Size 1/8” Amperes 90-150 Volts 20-23 Speed 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEEL GIRDER SIP ANGLE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. (A709-36. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. CWI/CWE. A572. Repair all weld discontinuities. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 010909005 5 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5.

'WPS STEEL GIRDER SIP ANGLE 010909005 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT R5 o.4:2007 FIELD 'WELD SYMBOL v FILLET 'WELD.ns SIP Angle Steel Girder STEEL GIRDER SIP ANGLE DETAILS 'Welol SYMbol oIefinitions per A'WS A2.s oIirecteoi by the plo. ARRO'W SIDE 5-2 .

50). Up to 3/4" 50° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 70° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: Concrete Girder SIP Angle COMMENTS: Remove all coating. Section 2. rust. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1.5. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. All Size 1/8” Amperes 90-150 Volts 20-23 Speed 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Temp. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 6-1 . TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 011609006 4 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. (M270-GR250. Repair all weld discontinuities. A572.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes single Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONCRETE GIRDER SIP ANGLE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. CWI/CWE. (A709-36. slag and spatter. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. Clean the completed weld of all debris.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 50° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5.

tlon SIP Angle Concrete Girder CONCRETE SIP ANGLE Wlelol SYMbol oIefinltions GIRDER DETAILS per AWlS A2.WlPS CONCRETE GIRDER SIP ANGLE JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 011609006 R4 typlco. ARROWI SIDE with WIELD SIZE 6-2 .412007 ~ FIELD WELD SYMBOL /118# V FILLET WIELD.l o.t eo.ch loco.

Overhead Vertical up DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. Size 1/8” 5/32” Amperes 90-150 120-200 Volts 20-23 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Transportation Technician IV WPS #: Revision #: 012009007 4 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. A572. Horizontal.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STUD WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. (M270-GR250. 50). Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description COMMENTS: Remove the protrusion from the bottom of the stud and all coating. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. slag and spatter. Section 2. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. Temp. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 7-1 . Remove all slag.5. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Vertical. Stud Welding Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. rust. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. CWI/CWE. (A709-36.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1.

r Stud Steel Girder H-Pile STUD W'ELDING oIefinitions DETAILS per A'WS A2.412007 'Welol SYMbol ~ FIELD VELD SYMBOL FILLET 'WELD. ARRO'W SIDE with 'WELD SIZE 'WELD ALL AROUND 7-2 .'WPS STUD 'WELDING 012009007 R4 JOINT DETAIL ATT ACHMENT Sheo.

All Size 1/8” Amperes 90-150 Volts 20-23 Speed 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min Temp. WPS Description Fillet Weld Certification Test Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. The fillet weld size shall be as directed by the examination proctor. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 8-1 . slag and spatter. CWI/CWE.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 50° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5.5. Remove all slag and spatter between passes. Transportation Technician IV WPS #: Revision #: 040209008 3 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. Clean the completed weld of all debris.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FILLET WELD CERTIFICATION TEST (PREREQUISITE FOR GROOVE TEST) WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Up to 3/4" 50° COMMENTS: Remove all rust and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. 3/8” THICK Manual or Semi.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Vertical Vertical .5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Section 2.up DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num.

BOTH SIDES OF ARRO\.JELD CERTIFICATION TEST 040209008 pr-er-equlsl'te for groove test JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT R3 FIT-UP WELDED --- 90" FILLET wELD TEE JOINT DETAILS \.J 8-2 .JS A2.Jelcl SYMbol clefinitions per A\.\.JELD.4:2007 FILLET \.JPS FILLET \.

3/8” Thickness Manual or Semi. Transportation Technician IV WPS #: Revision #: 040209009 3 Signature: Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes Multiple Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Vertical & Overhead Vertical – up DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. CWI/CWE. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 9-1 . Up to 3/4" 50° COMMENTS: The backing bar must be in close contact with the test material. slag and spatter.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Section 2.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 50° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 90-150 20-23 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 3G-4G PLATE CERTIFICATION TEST (BRIDGE WELDER) WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Fill the groove to the full cross section of the member. Temp. WPS Description 3G-4G Plate Certification Test Written By: Randy Dempsey. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Remove all rust and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. Remove all slag and spatter between passes.5.

~PS 3G-4G PLATE CERTIFICATION TEST 040209009 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT R3 4G Position --r-1----- r f Equal top & bot 3G Position 3G-4G GROOVE wELD JOINT ~eld Synbol definitions DETAILS per A~S A2.4:2007 BACKING BAR BEVEL ~ELDJ ARRO~ SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE 8c ROOT OPENING 9-2 .

Sections 2 thru 6 ASTM A-36 Manual or Semi. CWI/CWE. Fill the groove to the full cross section of the member.1. Temp. Remove all slag and spatter between passes.1 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. TT IV WPS #: 040209010 Authorized By: Steve Walton. Clean the completed weld of all debris. slag and spatter.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes Multiple Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. Remove all rust and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 6G PIPE CERTIFICATION TEST (PIPE WELDER) WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Horizontal Vertical. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 90-150 20-23 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 50° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Overhead Vertical-up DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. Up to 3/4" 50° COMMENTS: The backing ring must be in close contact with the test material. WPS Description: Written By: 6G Pipe Certification Test Signature: Randy Dempsey. Metals Engineer Revision #: 3 Signature: NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 10-1 .

cking Ring As Directeol 6G PIPE 'w'eld SYMbol JOINT definitions DET AILS per A'w'S A2. ARRO'w' SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE 10-2 .'w'PS 6G PIPE CERTIFICATION TEST 040209010 R3 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT FIXED MOUNTING ANGLE 45<> Bo.4:2007 BACKING BAR 'w'ELD ALL AROUND BEVEL 'w'ELD.

5. CWI/CWE. Up to 3/4" 50° COMMENTS: Remove all rust and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 50° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. Remove all slag and spatter between passes. slag and spatter. WPS Description SIP Welder Certification Test Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. All Size 1/8” Amperes 90-150 Volts 20-23 Speed 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Temp. Clean the completed weld of all debris. The fillet weld size shall be as directed by the examination proctor. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 11-1 . Section 2. 3/8” THICK Manual or Semi.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SIP WELDER CERTIFICATION TEST WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Transportation Technician IV WPS #: Revision #: 040209011 3 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton.

BOTH SIDES OF ARRO'W 11-2 .4:2007 TEE FILLET 'WELD.'WPS SIP 'WELDER CERTIFICA TION TEST 0402090011 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT R3 FIT-UP 'WELDED SIP \JELDER CERTIFICATION JOINT DET AILS 'Weld SYMbol definitions per A'WS A2.

TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 081109012 3 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. Temp.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. Sections 2 thru 6 ASTM A-36. Vertical. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 5/32" 90-150 120-200 20-23 21-24 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. CWI/CWE. Overhead N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Written By: Encasement-Pipe Signature: Randy Dempsey. (A709-36. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 12-1 . 50). Remove all slag.1. rust.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENCASEMENT PIPE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: COMMENTS: Remove all coating. (M270-GR250.1 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. slag and spatter. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. A572. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Horizontal.

s per NCDOT Engineer's Instructions II -11ENCASEMENT-PIPE \Velcl Synbol clefinitions per 1/4" +5/16 -1/16 SPLICE DETAILS A\vS A2.x go.\vPS ENCASEMENT -PIPE 081109012 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT R3 1/16" I"'lo. ARRO\v SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE 12-2 .p Lx\JxD o.4:2007 BACKING BAR \VELD ALL AROUND FIELD \VELD SYMBOL BEVEL \VELD.

rust. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 13-1 . A572W. CWI/CWE.Automatic or Automatic: E-8018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Welding Process: Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. (A709W-36. 345) Unlimited Thickness [weathering steel] SMAW Manual or Semi. (M270W-GR250. Clean the completed weld of all debris. TT IV Signature: WPS #: 021510013 Authorized By: Revision #: 2 Signature: Steve Walton.5 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36W. Section 2. slag and spatter. Remove all slag. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description Steel Girder Bearing Plate Weathering Steel (unpainted) COMMENTS: Remove all coating.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm 6-11 ipm All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Care shall be taken to not exceed 250° in the proximity of the Elastomeric Bearing material. Temp. Written By: Randy Dempsey. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num.5.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEEL GIRDER BEARING PLATE WEATHERING STEEL (UNPAINTED) WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. 50).

nnc:hor bolts not shown for c:lnrlty 5/16" Min STEEL GIRDER BEARING PLATE DETAILS (wenthering ~eld SYMbol definitions per steel) A~S A2.4:2007 5~ FIELD ~ELD SYMBOL 5/16' V ~ FILLET ~ELDJ BOTH SIDES with ~ELD SIZE 13-2 .STEEL GIRDER BEARING PLATE (wen thering steel-unpnintecD 021510013 R2 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT Steel Girder 5/16' 5/16* BEARING PLATE ElastoMerlc Bearing NOTE.~PS .

NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OVERHANG BRACKET WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. (M270-GR250. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 14-1 . Repair all weld discontinuities. rust. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. (A709-36. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. slag and spatter. TT IV Overhang Bracket Signature: WPS #: Revision #: 021510014 2 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Temp. 50).1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes single Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: COMMENTS: Remove all coating. Section 2. NO WELDING IS ALLOWED IN THE TENSION AREA OF THE FLANGE!!! Written By: Randy Dempsey. A572. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. CWI/CWE.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5.5. All Size 1/8” 5/32" Amperes 90-140 120-200 Volts 20-23 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Clean the completed weld of all debris. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36.

IELD SYMBOL / ~ I\.I elcl 14-2 .\.4:2007 FIELD \.IPS OVERHANG BRACKET 021510014 R2 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 114' (3/16 114' (3/16 1 ) 1 ) 2' 2' 1 Steel Glrc/er 114 > 3/16'" OVERHANG BRACKET DETAILS \. 2' Double-Fla.Ielcl SYMbol clefinitions per A\..re Bevel-Groove Length with \.IS A2.

1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes single Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. slag and spatter. Temp. (A709-36. Written By: SIP Strap Signature: Randy Dempsey. Section 2. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Repair all weld discontinuities.5. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. (M270-GR250.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 50° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. All Size 1/8” Amperes 90-150 Volts 20-23 Speed 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. CWI/CWE.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. 50). Clean the completed weld of all debris.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SIP STRAP WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. rust. A572. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 021510015 2 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. Up to 3/4" 50° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 70° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: COMMENTS: Remove all coating. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 15-1 .

ngle not do.s oIlrecteol by the plo.rlty shown for STEEL GIRDER VI /SIP STRAP DETAILS 'vi elol SYMbol oIefinitions per A'vIS A2.ns SIP Angle Steel Gircler NOTEI Right SIP o.v=s STEEL GIRDER with SIP STRAP JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 021510015 R2 o. ARRO'vl 15-2 .4:2007 J-- FIELD IJELD SYMBOL v FILLET SIDE 'vIELD.

Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. 50).NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PIPE-PILE BOTTOM DRIVING PLATE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. (A709-36. Sections 2 thru 6 ASTM A-36. Remove all slag. slag and spatter. Vertical. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 5/32" 90-150 120-200 20-23 21-24 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Written By: Randy Dempsey. A572. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 16-1 . rust. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. TT IV Signature: WPS #: Revision #: 022511016 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. (M270-GR250. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description: PIPE PILE BOTTOM DRIVING PLATE COMMENTS: Remove all coating. CWI/CWE. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Temp. Horizontal.1.1 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. Overhead N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat.

ARRO\v SIDE with BEVEL ANGLE 16-2 .\vPS PIPE-PILE BOTTOM DRIVING PLATE 022511016 R1 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT A I V I ~ oJ I~ 45" - I I I I f-II-----+__ 75% of Pipe Thichness / ____ -L 0" +3/16 /' ! -0 PIPE PILE BOTTOM DRIVING PLATE SPLICE DETAILS \Veld SYMbol definitions per A'WS A2.412007 FIELD \VELD SYMBOL \VELD ALL AROUND BEVEL \VELD.

TT IV WPS Description Steel Girder Pot Bearing WPS #: Revision #: 022811017 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. Remove keeper straps after the bearing has been positioned at its permanent location and prior to erection of the superstructure. Arcing may occur which can permanently damage the bearing. 50). 6. 7. 3. 2. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° COMMENTS: 1.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION STEEL GIRDER POT BEARING WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. (A709-36. Do not permit welding current to pass through the interior parts of the bearing. Temp. CWI/CWE. Bearings are to be protected from the dust during storage and erection. Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm 6-11 ipm All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Unauthorized disassembly could result in bearing failure.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. use temperature indicating crayons or other suitable means to ensure that the bearing does not exceed 250⁰. 5. (M270-GR250. Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num. Disassembly of the bearing unit is not permitted without written consent from the manufacturer. Bearing Assemblies shall not be lifted by their top plates. 4. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 17-1 . The Contractor shall rotate the top plates of the bearing so that the alignment is parallel to the center line of the girder. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. A572. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey.5. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. When welding the top plate to the girder flange. Any handing shall support the bearing unit from the underside. Section 2.

BOTH SIDES with VELD SIZE 17-2 .4:2007 FIELD VELD SYMBOL 5~ 5/16' V ~ FILLET VELD.VPS STEEL GIRDER POT BEARING 022811017 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT Rl Steel Girder 5/16# 5/16# 5/16' nln 1 5/16/1 nln r PDT BEARING TOP PLATE STEEL GIRDER POT BEARING DETAILS Veld SYMbol definitions per AVS A2.

Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 18-1 . Horizontal. Vertical. CWI/CWE. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. (M270-GR250. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 030811018 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SOLDIER-PILE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 5/32" 90-150 120-200 20-23 21-24 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. Overhead Vertical – up DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: Joint Details N/A Num.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. Remove all slag. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description SOLDIER-PILE COMMENTS: Remove all coating. slag and spatter. Clean the completed weld of all debris.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36.5. A572. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. Section 2. rust. Temp. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded prior to fit-up. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. (A709-36. 50).

-0 V v---ll .412007 --l FIELD 'YIELD SYMBOL 114 V FILLET 'YIELD.nd r-emove web MOo teriOoD I I I· I I. ARRO'YI SIDE with 'YIELD SIZE 18-2 . 1.'YIPS SOLDIER-PILE 030811018 R1 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 1. (cut holes in flOonge o..e-: I I I I I I SOLDIER-PILE 'YIeld SYMbol definitions wEB per DETAILS A'YIS A2.

SOLDIER-PILE STIFFENER per DET AILS 'Weld SYMbol definitions A'WS A2.412007 ~ FIELD 'JELD SYMBOL 114 V FILLET 'WELD) ARRO'W SIDE with 'WELD SIZE 18-3 .'WPS SOLDIER-PILE 030811018 Rl JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 2) <install stiffener plates) near and far side) Typical >-----.~~-H-+-+-----'-t--___.

nchor o. --\ »> SOLDIER-PILE ANCHOR per DETAILS Vlelcl SYMbol clefinltions AVIS A2.l >-----r-r-~ 5/16. ARROVI SIDE with VlELD SIZE 18-4 .ll o.ns /~\ -.412007 FIELD VlELD SYMBOL 114 V FILLET VlELD. <insto.VIPS SOLDIER-PILE 030811018 Rl JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 3. or per the plo.ngle) Typlco.

nd fo. <insto.ns SOLDIER-PILE 'Weld SYMbol definitions ANCHOR per DETAILS A'WS A2.r side in line with stiffener) Typico.'WPS SOLDIER-PILE 030811018 R1 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 4.r o.ll gusset.l >---r-r-----'<:::- 114 or per the plo. ARRO'W SIDE with 'WELD SIZE 18-5 . FIELD 'WELD SYMBOL 114 V FILLET 'WELD. neo.412007 .

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(M270-GR250.5. CWI/CWE. Horizontal. but in all cases shall have no more than 1/16" gap (see attachment). spatter and weld discontinuities between passes.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. rust. Remove all slag.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. Overhead N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: N/A Joint Details Num. Vertical. (A709-36. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. slag and spatter. Temp. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 031711021 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. A572. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 21-1 . The backing material needs to be in intimate contact with the base metal.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SINGLE V-GROOVE WITH BACKING WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description Single V-Groove With Backing COMMENTS: Remove all coating. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Horizontal All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded. 50). Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm 6-11 ipm Position All All Flat. Section 2.

VIPS SINGLE V GROOVE with Bo.cklnq 031711021 Rl JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 1/16 MUX UnliMited 1/4 + 1/4 -1/16 ---1-----<-1 Lx'vlxD ns per NCDOT Engineer's Instructions SINGLE V GROOVE with JOINT DET AILS e!efinitions per BQcking Viele! Synbot AVIS A2.4:2007 FIELD VlELD SYMBOL Single V Groove w/Root Opening and Groove Angle I 21-2 .

Vertical. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm 6-11 ipm Position All All Flat. Overhead N/A DC Polarity: Positive Back Gouge with a grinder to sound metal prior to applying the back weld. (M270-GR250. Horizontal All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. slag and spatter. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded. Section 2. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. rust. 100° minimum Welding Current Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: N/A Joint Details Num. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 031711022 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. CWI/CWE.5. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description Single V-Groove With Back Gouge COMMENTS: Remove all coating. Temp. (A709-36. A572.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. 50). Horizontal.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 22-1 .Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SINGLE V-GROOVE WITH BACK GOUGE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Remove all slag.

wi Groove Angle 7'\ FIELD WELD SYMBOL 22-2 60" .ck Gouge Required before welding side two Single V Groove.ck Gouge 031711022 R1 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT Unllnt t e d '-------1 r J lo o to 1/8 _L to 1/8 SINGLE V GROOVE with Bo.ck Gouge /' '>---.cl-< Gouge JOINT DETAILS Weld SYMbol definitions BACK WELD. OTHER SIDE per AWS A2. ~ Ba.412007 Ba.WPS SINGLE V GROOVE with Ba.

50). slag and spatter. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Remove all slag. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 031711023 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. rust. CWI/CWE. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 23-1 . 100° minimum Welding Current Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: N/A Joint Details Num.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. All All Size 1/8” 5/32” Amperes 90-150 120-200 Volts 20-23 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min.5. Temp.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION DOUBLE BEVEL GROOVE WITH BACK GOUGE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description Double Bevel Groove With Back Gouge COMMENTS: Remove all coating. Clean the completed weld of all debris.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. (A709-36. Section 2. (M270-GR250. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. A572.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Horizontal N/A DC Polarity: Positive Back Gouge with a grinder to sound metal prior to applying weld to the second side.

~ Gouqe :" -l BOock Gouge Requir-ed before welcllng slcle two Double BEVEL Groove wi Groove Angle I FIELD 'vIELD SYMBOL 23-2 .4:2007 BOock >-----.v=s DOUBLE BEVEL GROOVE with BOock Gouge JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 031711023 R1 o o to 1/8 to 1/8 ~ unliMited '. DOUBLE BEVEL GROOVE with JOINT DETAILS clefinitions per BQCK Gouge 'vIelcl SYMbol A'vIS A2.

TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 031711025 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. 100° minimum Welding Current Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: N/A Joint Details Num.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Overhead N/A DC Polarity: Positive Back Gouge with a grinder to sound metal prior to applying weld to the second side. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. Horizontal. A572. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Temp. Section 2. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. (M270-GR250. rust.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. All All Size 1/8” 5/32” Amperes 90-150 120-200 Volts 20-23 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm All All Position SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. (A709-36. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description Double V Groove With Back Gouge COMMENTS: Remove all coating. slag and spatter. Remove all slag. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 25-1 . Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey.5. CWI/CWE. Vertical. 50). dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded. Clean the completed weld of all debris.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION DOUBLE V GROOVE WITH BACK GOUGE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1.

....ck '>----. -l 60" >< 60" 25-2 Double wi Groove V Groove Angle J FIELD VELD SYMBOL .VPS DOUBLE V GROOVE with Bo.•. Gouge ".---------\-----f __ L o to 1/8 DOUBLE V GROOVE with Bo.412007 BQck Gouge Required before welding side two Gouge Bo...•.ck Gouge 031711025 R1 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 1----1---- 0 to 1/8 unliMited . ..ck JOINT DETAILS Veld SYMbol definitions per AVS A2..

Horizontal All SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min. CWI/CWE. Section 2. Temp. Clean the completed weld of all debris. rust. Overhead N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: N/A Joint Details Num. Remove all slag. slag and spatter. Horizontal.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FILLET WELD WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. Vertical. 50). (A709-36. Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 5-10 ipm 4-11 ipm Position All All Flat. spatter and weld discontinuities between passes.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Fillet Weld Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 032811027 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 27-1 .5. (M270-GR250.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description COMMENTS: Remove all coating. A572.

other side wi 'WELD SIZE arrow 27-2 . _L Horizontal 3 passes STANDARD \Jeld FILLET ~ELD per DETAILS SYMbol definitions A'WS A2.412007 FIELD 'WELD SYMBOL 5/161 5/16 1 V of FILLET 'WELD. arrow side wi 'WELD SIZE t\.'WPS STANDARD FILLET JOINT 'WELD PROCEDURE 032811027 DETAIL ATTACHMENT 1 R1 M untlnl t ed 5/16/1 5/16" unllnrt e d 1-------Typical weld size for 1/8' 7018 Electrode. FILLET 'WELD.

rrow wi 'vIELD SIZE 27-3 .sses STANDARD FILLET ~ELD per DETAILS 'vIeloi SYMbol oIeflnltlons A'vIS A2. other slole of o.412007 FIELD 'vIELD SYMBOL 3/8' V FILLET 'vIELD. Horizonto.rrow slole wi 'vIELD SIZE 3/8' f\.l welol size for 5/32' 7018 Electroole. FILLET 'vIELD. o.l 3 po.v=s STANDARD FILLET 'vIELD PROCEDURE 032811027 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 2 R1 M unliMited ~--t-+-- 3/8/1 3/8/1 unllnl+e d r I--------L Typico.

other side wi \-IELD SIZE orrow 27-4 . Horizontol 3 posses STANDARD FILLET ~ELD per DETAILS -l 112' \-Ield SYMbol definitions A\-IS A2.412007 FIELD \-IELD SYMBOL 112' V of FILLET \-IELD. FILLET \-IELD.\-IPS STANDARD FILLET \-IELD PROCEDURE 032811027 R1 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 3 M unllnl t e d ~---+- 1/2" 1/2" unllnlt. orrow side wi \-IELD SIZE I\.e d 1---------' Typicol weld size for _L 3/16' 7018 Electrode.

NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ARMOR ANGLE FIELD SPLICE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1.5. Size Amperes Volts Speed All 1/8” 90-150 20-23 6-9 ipm SEE ATTACHMENT PREHEAT Thickness Min.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Remove all slag.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1. Temp. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Written By: Signature: Randy Dempsey. TT IV WPS #: Revision #: 032811028 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 28-1 . spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description Armor Angle Field Splice COMMENTS: Remove all coating. (M270-GR250. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: N/A Joint Details Num. slag and spatter. (A709-36. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi. Section 2. 50). 5 and 12 ASTM A-36. CWI/CWE. rust. A572.

l Leg of Angle Only ARMOR ANGLE Field Splice JOINT DETAILS 'Wele! SYMbol e!efinitions per A'WS A2. Groove Angle o.X to 1/8 Horizonto..ne! Grine! Flush SYMbol G 28-2 . wi Depth of Groove.'WPS ARMOR ANGLE Fiele! Splice 032811028 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT Rl 1/4/1 nln 3/8/1 J l.4:2007 FIELD 'WELD SYMBOL Single V Groove. 1/8 Bevel MQ.

Single U-Groove with Back Gouge Written By: Randy Dempsey. Overhead N/A DC Polarity: Positive Interpass: Travel 450° maximum Post Heat: N/A Joint Details Num. Horizontal. Up to 3/4" 100° Over 3/4" to 1 1/2" 100° Over 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" 150° Over 2 1/2" 225° WPS Description COMMENTS: Remove all coating. 345) Unlimited Thickness Manual or Semi.5 Specifications & Codes: Material Specifications: Welding Process: SMAW NCDOT Standard Specifications/AASHTO/AWS D1.Automatic or Automatic: E-7018 Position of Weld Progression: N/A 100° minimum Welding Current Manual Filler Metal Specification: Classification: AWS A5. Remove all slag. Clean the completed weld of all debris. Temp. CWI/CWE. dirt and mill scale within one inch of the area to be welded. Size 1/8” 5/32” 3/16” Amperes 90-150 120-200 170-280 Volts 20-23 21-24 21-24 Speed 6-9 ipm 6-10 ipm 6-11 ipm Position All All Flat. Metals Engineer NCDOT MATERIALS & TESTS UNIT (STEEL SECTION) 29-1 . (M270-GR250. Horizontal SEE ATTACHMENT All PREHEAT Thickness Min.NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SINGLE U-GROOVE WITH BACK GOUGE WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS) AWS D1. If the Air Arc process is used to develop the groove. Vertical. 5 and 12 ASTM A-36.5. TT IV Signature: WPS #: Revision #: 050511029 1 Authorized By: Signature: Steve Walton.1 Single or NCDOT Approved Manufacturer: Multiple Pass Electrodes both Welding Current: Root Treatment: Preheat Temp: Pass Electrode Flat. (A709-36. Section 2. ensure that all carbon deposits have been removed from the area to be welded. 50). spatter and weld discontinuities between passes. rust. slag and spatter. A572.

w/Root Opening o.nol Groove Angle 29-2 .412007 \Jelol FIELD \JELD SYMBOL Single U Groove.\JPS SINGLE U GROOVE BACKGOUGE 050511029 JOINT DETAIL ATTACHMENT 1 Rl r I------I----'---~--j __ Unlit")ited 1/8 t")Q.X L +5/16 1/4 -0 +1/8 -0 SINGLE U GROOVE BACKGDUGE JOINT DET AIL Synbot oIeflnltlons per A\JS A2.

backing weld Backing in the form of a weld (applied prior to the single groove weld which then requires backgouging to be performed from the groove side). aligned porosity A localized array of porosity oriented in a line. arc blow The deflection of an arc from its normal path due to magnetic forces. bevel angle The angle between the bevel of a joint member and a plane perpendicular to the surface of the member. consisting of any localized re-melted metal. base material The material that is welded. arc strike A discontinuity resulting from an arc.Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS A acceptable weld A weld that meets the applicable requirements. Not permitted unless used with an approved WPS. B backgouging The removal of weld metal and base metal from the weld root side of a welded joint to facilitate complete fusion and complete joint penetration upon subsequent welding from that side. backing A material placed against the back side of the joint adjacent to the joint root to support and shield molten weld metal. soldered or cut (also referred to as base metal). generally used in pipe welding (also referred to as a chill ring). backing ring Backing in the form of a ring. A-1 . heat-affected metal. or change in the surface profile of any metal object. bevel face The prepared surface of a bevel edge shape. back weld A weld made at the back of a single groove weld. brazed.

it extends completely around the joint. See also buttering. buttering A surfacing variation that deposits surfacing metal [weld metal] on one or more surfaces to provide compatible material for the subsequent completion of the weld. A-2 . consisting of a carbon or graphic rod. chill ring A nonstandard term when used for backing ring. carbon electrode A non-filler metal electrode used in arc welding and cutting. complete joint penetration (CJP) A groove weld condition in which weld metal extends through the joint thickness.Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS buildup A surfacing variation in which surfacing material is deposited to achieve the required dimensions. cluster porosity A localized array of porosity having a random geometric distribution. C carbon arc cutting An arc cutting process that uses a carbon electrode. caulking Plastic deformation of weld and adjacent base metal surfaces by mechanical means to seal or obscure discontinuities. chain intermittent weld An intermittent weld on both sides of a joint in which the weld increments on one side are approximately opposite those on the other side. Where the joint is essentially circular. continuous weld A weld that extends continuously from one end of a joint to the other. which may be coated with copper or other materials. cold lap A nonstandard term when used for incomplete fusion or overlap. butt joint A joint between two members aligned approximately in the same plane.

such as a lack of homogeneity in its mechanical. and the weld root. F faying surface the mating surface of a member that is in contact with or in close proximity to another member to which it is to be joined. The term designates rejectability. E effective throat The minimum distance from the fillet weld face. A discontinuity is not necessarily a defect. or physical characteristics. electrode holder A device used for mechanically holding and conducting current to an electrode during welding or cutting. D defect A discontinuity or discontinuities that by nature or accumulated effect render a part or product unable to meet applicable acceptance standards or specifications. deposited metal Filler metal that has been added during welding. minus any convexity. elongated porosity A form of porosity having a length greater than its width that lies approximately parallel to the weld axis. field weld A weld made at a location other than a shop or the place ot the initial construction. crater A depression in the weld face at the termination of a weld bead. A-3 . metallurgical.Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS convexity The maximum distance from the face of a convex fillet weld perpendicular to a line joining the weld toes. discontinuity An interruption of the typical structure of a material.

the leg lengths of the largest right triangle that can be inscribed within the fillet weld cross section. to produce a weld. For unequal leg fillet welds. fusion The melting together of filler metal and base metal. fillet weld size For equal leg fillet welds. or of base metal only. or corner joint. T-joint. fillet weld A weld of approximately triangular cross section joining two surfaces approximately at right angles to each other in a lap joint. hermetically sealed container A container that has been closed in a manner that provides a non-permeable barrier to the passage of air or gas in either direction. between work piece edges and surrounding surfaces. A-4 . fillet weld leg The distance from the root to the toe of the fillet weld. G groove angle The included angle between the groove faces of a weld groove.Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS filler material or filler metal The material or metal to be added in making a weld. the leg lengths of the largest isosceles right triangle that can be inscribed within the fillet weld cross section. flux A material used to hinder or prevent the formation of oxides and other undesirable substances in molten metal and on solid metal surfaces. groove face Any surface in a weld groove prior to welding. groove weld A weld in a weld groove on a work piece surface. H heat affected zone The portion of base metal whose mechanical properties or microstructure have been altered by the heat of the welding.

Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS I inclusion Entrapped foreign solid material. interpass temperature In a multi pass weld. joint geometry The shape. longitudinal crack A crack with its major axis orientation approximately parallel to the weld axis. L lamination A type of discontinuity with separation or weakness generally aligned parallel to the worked surface of a metal. joint penetration The distance the weld metal extends from the weld face into a joint. exclusive of weld reinforcement. dimensions. incomplete fusion A weld discontinuity in which fusion did not occur between weld metal and fusion faces or adjoining weld beads. tungsten. A-5 . K kerf The gap produced by a cutting process. J joint design The shape. or oxide. the temperature of the weld area between weld passes. flux. and configuration of the joint. such as slag. incomplete joint penetration A joint root condition in a groove weld in which weld metal does not extend through the joint thickness. dimensions and configuration of a joint prior to welding.

P peening The mechanical working of metals using impact blows.Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS M multi pass weld A fusion weld produced by more than one progression of the arc along the joint. porosity Cavity type discontinuities formed by gas entrapment during solidification or in a thermal spray deposit. A-6 . piping porosity A form of porosity having a length greater than its width that lies approximately perpendicular to the weld face. preheat The heat applied to the base metal or substrate to attain and maintain preheat temperature. O overlap The protrusion of weld metal beyond the weld toe.

to a joint before welding or between passes. on which the weld is started and terminated. S shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) An arc welding process with an arc between a covered electrode and the weld pool. A-7 . often resulting in a weld with incomplete fusion. runoff weld tab Additional material that extends beyond the end of the joint. root opening A separation at the joint root between the work pieces. such as a length of rod.Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS R residual stress Stress present in a joint member or material that is free of external forces or thermal gradients. T theoretical throat The distance from the beginning of the joint root perpendicular to the hypotenuse of the largest right triangle that can be inscribed within the cross section of the fillet weld. root face That portion of the groove face within the joint root. transverse crack A crack with its major axis oriented approximately perpendicular to the weld axis. surface preparation The operations necessary to produce a desired or specified surface condition. slag inclusion A discontinuity consisting of slag entrapped in weld metal or at the weld interface. slugging The unauthorized addition of metal.

weld reinforcement Weld metal in excess of the quantity required to fill a weld groove. with or without the application of pressure. weld interface The interface between weld metal and base metal in a fusion weld.Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS U undercut A groove melted into the base metal adjacent to the weld toe or weld root and left unfilled by the weld metal. with or without the application of pressure. W weld A localized coalescence of metals or nonmetals produced either by heating the materials to the welding temperature. weld face The exposed surface of a weld on the side from which welding was done. welding A joining process that produces coalescence of materials by heating them to the welding temperature. or by the application of pressure alone and with or without the use of filler material. weld toe The junction of the weld face and the base metal. underfill A groove weld condition in which the weld face or root surface is below the adjacent surface of the base metal. shown in cross section. A-8 . weld root The points. at which the weld metal intersects the base metal and extends furthest into the weld joint. weldment An assembly whose component parts are joined by welding. or by the application of pressure alone and with or without the use of filler material.

Appendix A WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Parts of a Fillet Weld Parts of a Groove Weld A-9 .

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and Nondestructive Examination AWS A3.4: Standard Symbols for Welding. Brazing.gov Richard Maxon. CWI. John Andrews.Appendix D References AASHTO/AWS D1. PE Structural Members Engineer 919-329-4200 dgreene@ncdot. Greene.gov Steve Walton Metals Engineer 336-993-2300 mobile: 336-406-6502 swalton@ncdot. David Greene.1: Structural Welding Code AWS A2. Materials & Tests Unit (Steel Section) Printed by Wolff Express. CWI Engineering Technician 336-993-2300 mobile: 336-757-2010 rdmaxon@ncdot.gov Eddie Shelar Engineering Technician 336-256-2568 mobile: 336-601-2647 gshelar@ncdot. NCDOT Engineering Technician This Manual was authorized by C. CWI Engineering Technician 919-553-3034 mobile: 252-373-0176 cmlee@ncdot.gov Christopher M Lee.1M/D1.5M/D1. CWI Engineering Technician mobile: 803-221-6608 jeandrews@ncdot.gov Michael Pulley. CWI/CWE Engineering Technician 336-993-2300 mobile: 336-970-1436 rddempsey@ncdot.gov David E Greene Engineering Technician 336-256-2568 mobile: 336-553-7045 davegreene@ncdot. CWI. David E.gov D-1 . Gary Bristow. NCDOT Structures Engineer and Steve Walton.gov Gary Bristow Engineering Technician 336-993-2300 mobile: 336-409-1178 gbristow@ncdot. JR. CWI Engineering Technician 252-459-7116 mobile: 252-343-7237 mwpulley@ncdot. NC The material presented in this manual was compiled by Randy Dempsey. CWI/CWE. CWI and Mike Pulley.0: Standard Welding Terms and Definitions North Carolina Department Of Transportation Standard Specifications for Roads and Structures SSPC (Steel Structures Painting Council) Painting Manual Volume 2 Eighth Edition Credits This Manual was published by the North Carolina Department of Transportation. Raleigh.gov Steven F Burke Engineering Technician mobile: 919-524-5203 sburke@ncdot. David Greene. PE. Steven Burke.gov John E Andrews. NCDOT Metals Engineer with technical assistance provided by NCDOT Engineering Technicians.gov Randy Dempsey.5: Bridge Welding Code AASHTO/AWS D1. Steel Section Contact Information C. CWI. Richard Maxon. Christopher Lee. Eddie Shelar..

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18. 9.26.4. change the revision number to 2.4. WPS 010.1. 14.7.2. change the revision number to 4. changed the bevel angle tolerance from -0⁰ to -5⁰.1. Appendix E.5. 4. C-6.4. 6.2.26. 10.5. Change the bevel angle to 60⁰. General Information. omit the root face dimension. change the revision number to 3.1. 3. a comment about stud welding using automatic equipment.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.5 Sections 1. 13. 5.3.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.1.1.7.4.5. WPS 013. change the revision number to 4. Add information about previous editions. 19. WPS 003.26. Introduction-Add: " Additional information and procedures have been included to assist Bridge Maintenance Personnel with "Repair of Existing Structures". 7. WPS 009.6. Table of Contents-Change the line spacing and indentation. 3. 6. 12. WPS 006-Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰. 6.Reference Standards (note)-Change the letter from "A" to "B" for the appendix reference .7.2. 6. change the bevel angle on the horizontal detail to 45⁰. "Table of Contents".Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰. 33. 7. Added: AWS D-1. change the revision number to 4. 6.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.3.4.7. 6.4. 6. 20.11.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.5.26.2.2.6.26. comment about 6.1.1.1. changed the bevel angle tolerance from -0⁰ to -5⁰. Cover Sheet-Change the edition date from "May 2010" to "4th Edition-June 2011". change the revision number to 3. 3. change the revision number to 4. change the bevel angle to 45⁰. WPS 005-Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.7.5.6. change the revision number to 2.1. add the parameters for a 5/32" electrode.1.2. Front Cover-Change all photos. Add: "Cover Sheet". WPS 015. omit the root face dimension.1.1.5.2. the topics that are presented in the General Information. 7.5. welding procedures 16 thru 28 (procedures 19 and 20 are only on S drive under Structural Members).2. change the root opening to 1/4" +5/16" -1/16".2.2.5. WPS 004-Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰. 2. 11. add the statement in the comments "Remove the protrusion from the bottom of the stud". 3.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.26. changed the bevel angle tolerance from -0⁰ to -5⁰. 3.1. 3.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰. change the revision number to 3.6. WPS 001-Add the parameters for a 5/32" electrode.7.1.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.26. WPS 007-Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰. 3. 7. change the revision number to 5.1. C-6. 17. 6. change the revision number to 5.2. change the revision number to 3. change the root opening to 1/4" +5/16" -1/16".11. change the revision number to 2. 3. WPS 002-Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰.26.5. 7. changed the interpass maximum to 450⁰.5. WPS 011. 8. WPS 008. changed the revision number to 4.5. 3. 7. 16.1 3.13.Appendix E List of Revisions The revisions from the May 2010 edition to the 2011 edition of the NCDOT Field Welding Procedures Manual are as follows: 1. WPS 012.2. 3.2. omit the tolerance for the bevel angle. 15. 3.2.26.2 (second portion of the paragraph).7. 3.3. 4.1.Change the interpass maximum to 450⁰. 4. add the parameters for a 5/32" electrode. WPS 014. change the revision number to 3. E-1 .

Add a photo for porosity and the figures for "Parts of a Weld". 29. Introduction. weld. sspc standards (Appendix B). etc. 30. list of revisions. Appendix A and D.Appendix E List of Revisions (cont. welding procedure photographic illustrations or. Add page numbering to the TOC. Appendix A-Add the following terms and definitions: convexity. 26. Add appendix E. due to copy write issues. Add welding procedures 016 through 029. General Information. E-2 . spacing. Add photographic illustrations to the welder certification procedures. a paragraph for credits and a table for steel section contact information. to improve the consistency of the manual. welding. Welding Procedures. porosity. Make numerous changes to fonts. Add fit-up photographic illustrations for the H-Pile Welding Procedure. Change all welding parameters from Hobart recommendations to Lincoln recommendations. 23. A contractor version has been generated that does not include the photo cover. 25.) 21. Appendix D-Add D1. 24. 22. 28. 27.1 reference.