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Asexual Reproduction

What is reproduction?
Reproduction is the process by which
organisms produce more of their own kind.

 Think about it – Without reproduction, all

life on earth would no longer exist.


What happens in Sexual
Reproduction?
 2 Haploid Cells (n) (1 sperm, 1 egg) come
together to form a Diploid cell (2n) 
called a Zygote.

 How many Parents are needed for Sexual


Reproduction to occur?
 Answer  2
 What are the differences in Reproduction
between Plants and Animals?

 Answer  Plants live in Two Forms!!!!


 Haploid (n) -- Gametophyte
 Diploid (2n) -- Sporophyte
Nonvascular lifecycle
Seedless vascular lifecycle
What is Asexual Reproduction?
 Only one parent is involved.
 Offspring are genetically identical to their
parents.
 All cells that come from a single cell are
genetically identical to it and to each other;
they are all clones.
Types of Asexual Reproduction
1. Mitosis - is the
exact duplication of
the nucleus of a cell
so as to form two
identical nuclei
during cell division.
Types of Asexual
Reproduction
2. Binary Fission -
occurs in one-celled
organisms such as
the amoeba and
paramecium. The
nucleus divides by
mitosis and the
cytoplasm divides,
forming 2 new
daughter cells of
equal size.
Types of Asexual Reproduction

§ Budding –
• New individuals split off from existing ones.
• The bud may break off from the parent or
remain attached.
Types of Asexual Reproduction
 4. Fragmentation-
 A type of reproduction in which the body
breaks into several pieces.
 Some ore all of these fragments later develop
into complete adults when missing parts are
regrown
 5. Parthenogenesis-
 New individuals develop from unfertilized
eggs. This occurs in snakes and lizzards.
Types of Asexual Reproduction
6.Vegetative
Propagation –
Occurs only in
plants (vegetative).
New plants
develop from the
roots, stems, or
leaves of the
parent plant.
Advantages/Disadvantages of
Each Type of Reproduction
 Asexual
 (+) Produce many organisms in a short time
period without having to find a mate
 (-) DNA does not vary much between
individuals
 Sexual
 (+) Makes different combinations of genes
 (-) Individual must find a mate