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# Appendix II - It AND Wt FORMULAS FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF

## CROSS-SECTIONAL SHAPES OF MEMBERS IN TORSION

No
1

Cross-sectional shape

It

R 4
2

Wt

d 4

R 3

32

Remarks

max

d 3

occurs on circumference

16

(D4 d 4 )

(D4 d 4 )

32

16 D

a 3b 3
a2 + b2
n 3b 3
n 2 +1

ab 2
2

max
occurs on circumference

nb 2
2

n 3 (bo4 b14 )
n2 + 1

n(bo4 b14 )
2bo

2
4
ds
t ( s )

2t min

We denote by
a
= n 1
b

We denote by
ao a1
= = n 1
bo b1

## the center line of the wall

cross section;
max occurs where t is
minimum (t = tmin)

2r 3t

2r 2t

t << r
max = const.

2b 2 h 2
b h
+
t1 t 2

249

2bht min

## max occurs where t is

minimum (t = tmin)
tmin = min (t1, t2)

Appendix II (continued)
No

Cross-sectional
shape

It

Wt

Remarks

0,296R4

0,348R3

= 0 - at corners

0,0216a

a
20

0,141a

1
0

= 0 at corners

0,208a

1,04a4=
= 0,108b4

1
1

Khb

1
2

1
3
14

h/
b
k
k1
k2

0,977a3=0,188b3

## max - at sides midpoint

= 0 at corners

K1hb

1,0

1,5

2,0

3,0

4,0

8,0

10,0

0,141
0,208
1,0

0,196
0,231
0,859

0,229
0,246
0,796

0,263
0,267
0,753

0,281
0,282
0,745

0,298
0,299
0,743

0,307
0,307
0,743

0,31
0,31
0,74

t
0
h

1 3
ht
3

1 2
ht
3

t << h

1h
[t ( s )]3 ds

30

It

t max << h

t max

249

0,33
0,33
0,33

Appendix II (continued)
No

Cross-sectional
shape

It

Wt

Remarks

2
rt 3
3

2
rt 2
3

t << h

hi ti3

It

15

16

Profile

L
0,99

c1

17
r/D
c1
c2
18

19

R 4
2

= c1

0
1
0,5

t max

D 4

[
1,12
c2

32

0,05
0,98
0,52

d 4
32

0,01D 4 0,17 dD 3

249

T
1,12

R 3

0,1
0,93
0,52

= c2

0,2
0,78
0,49

I
1,31

1,17

D 3
16

0,3
0,59
0,42

0,4 0,5
0,40 0,24
0,33 0,24