Top 20 Business Vocabulary
Introduction Advertising Banking Company Structure Contracts Employment Import/Export Insurance Law Marketing Meetings Money Presentations Selling British/American Financial Terms Abbreviations used About this ebook
.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
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. More free resources for Business English at: http://www. When you learn new words. The concept is simplicity: • clear presentation • uncomplicated definitions • twenty key-words per subject area Top Top 20 Business Vocabulary is not a bi-lingual dictionary . mainly in black and white. test yourself after.. so that you can easily print out any page you wish for personal study.englishclub. What Top 20 Business Vocabulary does is help you identify some of the most important words for you to learn.com
Welcome to Top 20 Business Vocabulary from EnglishClub.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. This ebook presents you with selected keywords in different areas of Business English (British and American). • • • 5 minutes. Abbreviations used in this ebook are described here. Pages are arranged simply.there are plenty of excellent dictionaries that you can use for your own language if you need to translate a particular word. And do remember to revise regularly.
usually illustrated. usually outdoors.S. usually leading to certain benefits n.eye-catching adj. hours on radio & TV with largest audience. Interest. signboard. See also: Marketing. hoardingUK n. Attention. billboardUS n. what one is aiming at .the objective of most advertisements n. signboard. to (try to) increase sales of a product by publicising and advertising it n. specific time in a broadcasting schedule. esp. special characteristics of a product. advantage of a product or service. usually derived from its features n. for advertising posters. Selling abbr. advertisement printed across 2 pages in a magazine or newspaper n. what makes a product different from others
. advertisement . when a commercial may be shown n. large sheet of paper.P. used as advertisement n.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. something that especially attracts one’s attention . part of a printed advertisement used for ordering goods. in magazine. Action . company specialising in producing and placing advertisements for clients abbr. n. usually outdoors. abbr. n.advert abbr. paid advertisement on radio or TV n. objective. Desire. small advertisements in magazine or newspaper categorised by subject n.target audience n. average number of copies of a magazine sold in a particular period n. for advertising posters. item of publicity for a product or service. Unique Selling Proposition. samples etc n. the evening hours v.com
1 ad 2 advertisement 3 advertising agency 4 AIDA 5 benefit 6 billboardUS 7 circulation 8 classified ads 9 commercial 10 coupon 11 double-page spread 12 eye-catcherUS 13 features 14 hoardingUK 15 poster 16 prime time 17 promote 18 slot 19 target 20 U. on TV etc n.
also v. to fill outUS n. written order to a bank to pay the stated sum from one’s account. bank a/c from which money may be drawn at any time. money lent by a bank etc and that must be repaid with interest . money lent by a bank . money in a bank a/c.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub.withdrawal n. as for a cheque .com
1 balance 2 bank charges 3 branch 4 checkbookUS 5 checkUS 6 credit 7 credit card n. small document recording money that you pay in to a bank account n. n. bank a/c on which interest is paid. chequeUK n. n.also v. [paid. person to whom money is paid n. savings accountUS v. an instruction to a bank to make regular payments n. a sum deducted from a bank account.interest rate n. local office or bureau of a bank n.
. money paid for the use of money lent . (plastic) card from a bank authorising the purchasing of goods on credit
8 current account n. to add written information to a document to make it complete. -drawn] to take money out of a bank account . money paid to a bank for the bank’s services etc n. sum added to a bank a/c. the difference between credits and debits in an account n. checking accountUS 9 debit 10 deposit account 11 fill inUK 12 interest 13 loan 14 overdraft 15 pay in 16 payee 17 paying-in slip 18 standing order 19 statement 20 withdraw See also: Money n.also v. chequebookUK n. paid] to deposit or put money in to a bank account n. n. book containing detachable checks. deficit in a bank account caused by withdrawing more money than is paid in v. n. [-drew. a record of transactions in a bank account v.
11 organisation chart 12 Personnel Dept. any of several executive officers. executive officerUS n.M. person who heads a Board of Directors. department responsible for Research and Development of (new) products n. person who holds or owns shares in or a part of a company or corporation n. inc. Annual General Meeting of a company’s shareholders n. department responsible for administering a company’s financial affairs abbr. department responsible for physical creation of product n. the place where visitors and clients report on arrival at a company n. department responsible for finding customers and making sales n. advertising etc n. packaging. person responsible for day-to-day running of a dept.G. 16 R & D Department 17 reception 18 Sales Department 19 shareholder 20 vice presidentUS
. chairperson n.UK 3 board of directors 4 chairmanUK 5 director 6 executive officerUS 7 headquarters 8 manager n. head of a company. person who manages the affairs of a corporation .chief executive officer n.. 15 Purchasing Dept. department responsible for finding and buying everything needed by a company n. department responsible for recruitment and welfare of staff or employees n. head of a company n. the highest executive officer of a company. each responsible for a separate division
9 managing directorUK n. a group of people chosen to establish policy for and direct or control a company n. senior director after the chairman responsible for day-to-day direction 10 Marketing Dept. n. a table or plan showing a company’s structure graphically n. a company’s principal or main office or centre of control n. 13 presidentUS 14 Production Dept. dept. responsible for putting goods on market.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. 2 A. a member of the board of directors n.com
1 Accounts Dept.
clause n. countries etc. in this (document etc) adv: in the following part (of this document etc) adv: to this (document etc) [eg: attached hereto] adv: up until now. article n. the person or persons forming one side of an agreement v. an arrangement between two or more people. to fulfillUS adv: in here.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. to give formal assurance. book etc n. n. conditions or stipulations v. on behalf ofUK invalid. to specify as an essential condition . before this in the interests of (person etc). contract n. for (person etc). superior.to arbitrate v. settlement of a dispute by a person chosen by both parties . anything necessary before the performance of something else n. not binding
15 on the one hand on one side . without legal force. a particular statement or stipulation in a contract etc. to guarantee conj: it being the case that. unforeseeable event excusing one party from fulfilling contract v: to satisfy a condition.stipulation n. power. a particular statement or stipulation in a contract etc. n. in view of the fact that [in introduction to contracts]
. until the present.com
1 agreement 2 appendix 3 arbitration 4 article 5 clause 6 condition 7 force majeure 8 fulfil 9 herein 10 hereinafter 11 hereto 12 heretofore 13 in behalf of 14 null and void n.on the other hand on the other side 16 party 17 stipulate 18 terms 19 warrant 20 whereas See also: Law n. additional or supplementary material at end of contract. to complete the required task.
a fixed. career etc.]. training and welfare of personnel n. CVUK.
7 make redundantUK v. manager responsible for recruitment. to leave employment. person employed v. [took. the people who work for a firm n. employees v. usually monthly. [colloq. to hire
. to look for and employ personnel . short account of one’s education.to promote v. v. made] to dismiss because of not being needed . the people who work for a firm or a particular department. [made.com
1 bonus n.redundancyUK n.recruitment n. n. abbr.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. perquisite. an oral examination of an applicant for a job . a car] n. person or firm who employs people .] to dismiss v. n.employee n. regular payment. opportunity for success. because of age . 8 maternity leave 9 notice 10 perk 11 personnel 12 personnel officer 13 promotion 14 prospects 15 recruit 16 resign 17 retire 18 salary 19 staff 20 take on n. to give up a job . to remove or discharge from employment. esp.to give or tender one’s notice v. taken] to employ. advancement in rank or position .retirement n. promotion etc n. to sack [colloq. resumeUS 3 dismiss 4 employer 5 fireUS 6 interview v. to fireUS n. résuméUS. v. period of absence from work (for a woman) when having a baby n. additional pay given to employee as incentive or reward 2 curriculum vitaeUK n.also v.letter of resignation n. made by employer to employee n. advance warning of intention to resign . something additional to regular salary [eg: free meals.
also n.s. a document that shows where goods come from 6 container 7 customs 8 declare 9 f. huge box to hold goods for transport .b. n. shipment n. sea or air . waybill abbr. wares . a person acting for or representing a ship or ships at a port n. a solid. n.com
1 bill of lading 2 c. 11 freight 12 irrevocable 13 letter of credit 14 merchandise 15 packing list 16 pro forma invoice 17 quay 18 ship 19 shipping agent 20 waybill n.&f. 10 f. abbr. free alongside ship [includes delivery to quayside but not loading] abbr. list of goods and shipping instructions. wharf . unalterable . cost.air waybill n. to make a statement of taxable goods . goods being transported. 1 government tax or duty on imported goods 2 the people who collect this tax v. things bought and sold.irrevocable letter of credit n. goods or products that are being transported or shipped
5 certificate of origin n. 3 c.customs declaration form n. a document that is sent with goods to show that they have been checked n.i.o. list of goods and shipping instructions. cargo adj.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. 4 cargo n. a letter from a bank authorising a person to draw money from another bank n.
. an invoice or request for payment sent in advance of goods supplied n. bill of lading . to send or transport by land.quayside n. free on board: includes loading onto ship n. commodities.a. cost & freight: includes shipping to named port but not insurance abbr.f. to containerise v.also v. n. that cannot be undone. n.container port n. artificial landing place for (un)loading ships. insurance & freight: includes insurance and shipping to named port n. v.
the insuring of a risk by one insurance company with another . usually monthly. a payment. a person who assesses the amount of compensation arising from a claim n. yearly etc. for an insurance policy n. a loss that happens as a consequence of or as a result of another n. 1 chance or possibility of injury. the protection given by an insurance policy [eg: public liability cover] n. car etc] n. n. an application for payment under an insurance policy . a contract of insurance [eg: a product liability policy] n. a person who calculates risks for insurance companies n. responsible . merchandise or any goods in the process of being transported n. providing complete protection n. damage etc that is the basis for a claim .to lose v.to reinsure v. a person who calculates the value of something [eg: a building. the person to whom an insurance policy is issued n. n. agent who arranges insurance. responsibility of a firm for damage caused to a member of the public n.liability n. liability or responsibility of a firm for damage caused by one of its products n. legally obliged to pay for damage. liability or responsibility of a firm for damage caused to one of its employees n. injury. death. injury etc.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. n. [of an insurance policy] all-inclusive. middleman between insurer & policyholder n. property. n.com
1 actuary 2 assessor 3 claim 4 comprehensive 5 consequential loss 6 coverUK 7 employer’s liability 8 goods in transit 9 insurance broker 10 liability 11 liable 12 loss 13 loss adjuster 14 policy 15 policyholder 16 premium 17 product liability 18 public liability 19 reinsurance 20 risk n.to make a claim v. loss etc 2 person or thing causing risk
. 1 the state of being liable 2 anything for which a person is liable adj.
also v. esp. as to the punishment 2 the punishment . 1UK lawyer advising clients & briefing barristers 2US law officer for a city etc v. n.lawsuit n. the argument of one side n. n. 2US written statement of facts for a court n. a person trained in law and who advises or represents others v. n. v. n.guilt n. court . n. not guilty adj. esp. statement of the facts in a trial. 1UK instructions to a barrister .courtroom n. a group of people chosen to hear the evidence of a case and give a decision n. culpable .plea n.also v.com
1 attorney 2 barristerUK 3 brief 4 case 5 contract 6 court of law 7 evidence 8 guilty 9 judge 10 jury 11 lawsuit 12 lawyer 13 plead 14 sentence 15 solicitor 16 sue 17 sum up 18 trial 19 verdict n. information presented to a court to prove or support a point in question adj. 1 decision of a court. public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of law also v. the place where law cases are heard and decided. 1 to defend a law case 2 to declare oneself to be guilty or not guilty . the formal decision or finding of a judge or jury
20 without prejudice without detriment or damage to a legal right or claim See also: Contracts
. a lawyer who pleads before a superior court n. responsible for wrong. a trial at court between two private parties n. usually in writing.to try v. 1 a person appointed to act for or represent another 2US lawyer n. a formal examination of a case in a court of law . a formal agreement.summing up n. n.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. n. between two or more parties n. to start legal action against someone in a court of law . to summarise & review the evidence of a case [said of a judge] .
word etc used to represent a product or firm .® abbr. n. design. name. v. costed] to estimate the price of making a product . inc. [cost.to produce v. n.
See also: Advertising. abbr. Opportunities. with publicity etc . the delivering of products to end-users.product launch n.O. firm supporting an organisation in return for advertising space .costing n. Threats n. costed. n. instructions. the concept or perception of a firm or product held by the general public n. packaging. customer etc who is the ultimate (and so real) user of a product n.product development n. the whole product." abbr. n. to create a new product or improve an existing one . a particular make of product . Selling
. .to consume v.branded adj.to brand v. registered or officially recorded as a trademark . the wrapping or container for a product n. the place where a product is actually sold to the public . Weaknesses. n. storing etc n. after-sales etc n. n. merchandise [includes services] . the person. advertising. small piece of paper. adj. metal etc on a product giving information about it v. Strength. the person who buys and uses a product or service .com
1 brand 2 consumer 3 cost 4 develop 5 distribution 6 end-user 7 image 8 label 9 launch 10 mail order n.public relations officer n. creation and maintenance of a good public image .T. often for a particular product 12 packagingUK 13 point of sale 14 product 15 public relations 16 registered 17 sponsor 18 S. 19 total product 20 trademark n. .mail-order catalogue n.to register v.also v. something made to be sold. special symbol. to introduce a new product.point-of-sale adj. inc.
11 market research n. v.W. reliability.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. study of consumers’ needs & preferences. the selling of goods by post .
M. conference of people in different locations linked by satellite.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub.to decide v. a conclusion or resolution to do something .G. a vote cast by one person for or in place of another n. raised hands to express an opinion in a vote adj. to express opinion in a group by voice or hand etc . esp.secret ballot n.
. 2 A. item on agenda announcing people who are absent. a written programme or schedule for a meeting n. chair n.B.also n. united in opinion
19 videoconference n. n. n.O. a deciding vote (usually by the chairman) when the votes are otherwise equal n.to cast a vote v. formal meeting for discussion. Annual General Meeting abbr. a type of vote. item on agenda for discussion of what has happened as a result of last meeting n. a separate point for discussion [as listed on an agenda] n. in complete agreement. apologies for absence n. chairperson. the person who leads or presides at a meeting. . a regular one held by an organisation n. not present n. a written record of everything said at a meeting n. not at the meeting.com
1 A. TV etc 20 vote v. Any Other Business [usually the last item on an agenda] adj. usually in writing and usually secret. telephone call between three or more people in different locations n. 3 absent 4 agenda 5 apologies 6 ballot 7 casting vote 8 chairman 9 conference 10 conference call 11 consensus 12 decision 13 item 14 matters arising 15 minutes 16 proxy vote 17 show of hands 18 unanimous abbr. general agreement n. not here.
land etc for rapid gain . n: currency that cannot legally be refused in payment of a debt n. store etc n: a piece of metal money n. a banknote. (risky) buying of foreign currency.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. currency that will probably fall in value and is not readily accepted v. billUS n. money etc owed by one person to another n.to transact v.investment n. a (usually commercial) exchange. establishment where currencies of different countries may be exchanged 6 cash n. person dealing with cash transactions in a bank. a deal . a cash fund for small. 2 actual money paid as opposed to credit
7 cash dispenserUK n: automatic machine from which clients of a bank may withdraw money. illegal traffic in officially controlled commodities such as foreign currency
5 bureau de change n. currency that will probably not fall in value and is readily accepted v. the money in general use or circulation in any country n.M. the rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another n: the currency of other countries n. land etc . 1 coins or bank notes (not cheques).
. n. ATM 8 cashier 9 coin 10 currency 11 debt 12 exchange rate 13 foreign exchange 14 hard currency 15 invest 16 legal tender 17 petty cashUK 18 soft currency 19 speculate 20 transaction See also: Banking n.com
1 A.speculation n. to put money for profit into business. a piece of paper money n.T. cash dispenserUK n: a piece of paper money. Automated Teller Machine. 2 banknote 3 billUS 4 black market abbr. everyday expenses n.
abbr. n.h. .P. slides etc are projected v. . 6 handout 7 In conclusion . . large. n. 4 flip chart 5 For example . . reflective white surface on which films.H. Typical phrase used to signal a change from one subject or topic to another 19 visual aids 20 whiteboard n. sample etc) handed or given to people at a presentation Typical phrase used to signal the summing up or final part of a presentation
8 ladies & gentlemen Polite phrase often used to address an audience of men and women 9 marker 10 microphone 11 O. non-verbal communication through facial expressions. . a pad of large paper sheets on a stand for presenting information Typical phrase used to signal an illustration or sample of a particular point n. overhead transparency. .slide projector n. white surface or board on which to write or draw with markers
. . maps.t. n. onto a screen . sheet of film with image for overhead projector
12 overhead projector n. things that one can look at in a presentation [eg: films. .O. electrical instrument that one speaks into for amplification of the voice etc abbr. flat. esp. small (usually 35mm) photographic transparency . .T. to help the audience understand where one is in a presentation signalling n. relationship of presenter with audience. screen etc n. n. anything (report. flat. large. . felt tip for writing on whiteboards n.com
1 audience rapport 2 body language 3 Finally . body movements etc Typical word used to signal the last of several points or subjects n. device (rod or electric torch etc) for indicating things on a map. 13 pointer 14 screen 15 signal 16 slide 17 To start with .Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. Typical phrase used to signal the beginning of a particular subject or topic
18 Turning now to . charts etc] n. device that projects an o.H. when good n. whiteboard marker a pen with a broad.
to sell in small quantities (as in a shop to the public) .also v. see service n.also n. a person who buys goods or services from a shop or business n. see overcome v. n. see product v. dealer n. a person who buys services from a lawyer.to object v. a possible or probable customer. a deduction [usually expressed as a percentage (%)] v. something made and usually for sale . -come] to overcome an objection to show an objection is invalid n. a business transaction . to maintain contact [eg: after a lead] n. a promise that a product will be repaired or replaced etc if faulty . to make a sale v. salesperson v. usually at a lower price n. prospective customer n. to telephone a prospect without previous contact . sales representative person who represents & sells for a firm. a reason given by a prospect for not buying . in large quantity. to finalise a deal or sale. architect or other professionals v.also n. to continue to follow persistently.com
1 after-sales service n. useful indication of a possible customer to be followed up n. a reduction in the price. [-came. work done usually in return for payment . to sell in bulk (as to a shop for resale to the public) .to produce v.also n. see retail
See also: Marketing. Advertising
. 1 any person who buys anything 2 a person employed by a firm to buy n.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. see wholesale n.also v. n. service that continues after a product has been sold [eg: repairs etc] 2 buyer 3 client 4 close 5 cold call 6 customer 7 deal 8 discount 9 follow up 10 guarantee 11 in bulk 12 lead 13 objection 14 overcome 15 product 16 prospect 17 representative 18 retail 19 service 20 wholesale n.to serve v.
British/American Financial Terms
British Annual General Meeting (AGM) Articles of Association authorised share capital barometer stock base rate bonus or capitalisation issue bridging loan building society cheque company creditors current account debtors gilt-edged stock (gilts) labour Memorandum of Association merchant bank ordinary share overheads profit and loss account property quoted company retail price index (RPI) share share premium shareholder shareholders' equity stock trade union unit trusts visible trade American Annual Stockholders Meeting Bylaws authorized capital stock bellwether stock prime rate stock dividend or stock split bridge loan savings and loan association check corporation accounts payable checking account accounts receivable Treasury bonds labor Certificate of Incorporation investment bank common stock overhead income statement real estate listed company consumer price index (CPI) stock paid-in surplus stockholder stockholders' equity inventory labor union mutual funds merchandise trade
.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
softly. Co. adv. but it should be remembered that they are designed primarily for EFL/ESL use.' v. quickly: 'Ram walks quickly.com
Abbreviations used in this ebook
The following abbreviations are used on these pages: Abbreviation Meaning abbr.' adj.Top 20 Business Vocabulary
EnglishClub. beautiful: 'Tara has beautiful hair.' UK British English US American English
About this ebook
EnglishClub. for example quietly. abbreviation (n): a short form of a word. verb (n): the 'action' word in a sentence. Cambridge. for example apartment. noun (n): a word in a sentence that is an object. for example Ltd (Limited). for example to speak.
EnglishClub. cat. Paris: 'Antony lives in an apartment in Paris. music.
. Anthony.com. adjective (n): a word that tells us more about a noun. for example big. person or place. green. Revised 2011 © Josef Essberger 2011 All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form except for personal study. These ebooks may be of value to other readers.' Irregular verb forms are shown in square brackets [ ]. to work: 'You speak English.com is a website for students and teachers of English as a foreign or second language (EFL/ESL). adj. UK
First published 2001. UN (United Nations) n. (Company). adverb (n): a word that tells us more about a verb.com publishes ebooks of use to EFL/ESL students and teachers. (adjective). EnglishClub.