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Chapter 10

10-1
Pipenearlyconstanttemperature

Tn =82oC

L = 30oC

-3o)t'o
= 7.27L
h --|s2(12

€ = 0.g

\0 .0 5 6 4)
mz .oC
qconv= Q.27)n(0.0564X15X82-30)
= 1005W
- 3034)= 898w
erad=(5.669x t0-8)z(0.0564X15X0.8X3554
LTn- 0.76"C
4tot=1903= (0.6)(4175)LTw
7,u(exit)= 82 0.76 =8l.2oC
tG.2
- 60)= 2.508x 105W
q = mrcrLTn = (2)(4180X90
40- 50
^4
Lr^=;eI=44.81oC

q=UALTn

u=150u1{ =27e.8y

(20)(4.81)
By NTU method

m'.oc

-$"= 39=g.75

e=9=0.5
g0

c'no 40
=
-(2)(4180)=3369
Cma* Cn

FromFig. 1Gl3

Cmin= Cr=(0.75X8360)=6270

NTTJ=O.g= lA
Crin

=282 y
u =(o.e)!9270)
20

10-3
InsideTube
T=473K

m''oc

d=0.025

2.O7
= 1 . 5xl}s
25
'g = *(287)(473)

u^=6m/sec
k=0.0385

F=2.58x10-5
cp=1030

/i't= (l.52rz(0.0125)'(6)- 4.4glx t0*3 kglsec
(1.525X6X0.q2s)
= 8866
Re_
2.58x l0-)

=45.4J7a=#(8s66)0's(0.681)0.3
'-'
0.025
-2.oc
Conductionresistance
negligible.
l9e

Pr=0.681

Chapterl0

. OutsideTube

',

,f =ry=

I l0oc= 383K

kr =0.69

vf =25.15x
l0{

p"= (12X0'026?--12,691
x 1025.15

=A.0266
do=0.025+0.0016

: c = 0,193

n = 0.618

kf =0.0324

fromChap.6

(
8(0.6e)I/3='
= : 0'o3?:l^9
= 7t .36 +:
;91)''"'"(0.69;"'
2,.6s
r)0'61
0
:re3)
0.0266

h
lBaseUon\
"( J i =

m, .oc

=2 t.4t*
45.4 ' (0.0266X71.36)

'r

4=n( 0.o25x3) =0.236m2

- u

Cmin=(4.4glxtO-3XtO30)=4.626
-

g

$io=
C**

: NT(J_Q8.41)(0.236)
=t.45
e = 0.78
4.626
L4 =(0.7SX200- 20)= l4O.4"C 4xit = 2OA- ]1;0.4=59.6oC
, If reduceair flow in half, NT(I = (2)0.45) =2.90
e = 0.95
-20)
-l7l
=(0.95X200
=171
=200
=29oC
L4
Texit
. 10-5
, Water in tube
, utn=4 mls TO=90oC d=2.5cm
: k =0.676
Pr = 1.98

p=3.15x10a

p=965

(99sx4xojg2t x
los
r Rea= 3 .1 5x l 0 - = 3.06

= 2o000 I, _
x l0s)0.8(r.9s;0.+
4' =ff10.023x3.06
.oC
0.025
m'

j Oil acrosstube
: T=20"C
u =7 m/s

Tf =40"C

4zfs k=2870
i v = 0 . 0 0 0 2m
n=0.466

;C=0.093

'

, flo=

d= 0.0266m

k=0.r44

R e 4=

Nu=CRe'tPrl/3

0&p.og3)(776\0.466(zr7o)u3
_ _ ( z 6 t u ) _=
. _l t o /
y
=1t67

O.OZOO

#_."C

i R-conduction
= .ln(#) = 2.74xloa
2n(36)

R-inside=-l

44

-

I

-l6.36xlo-41

(20,000)zr(0.025)

78,

W^

p= 876

=776

Chapter 10

=
R-outside
=0.0103
: +
hoAo (l I 67)n(o.oz66)
UAI =
=89'2
- l"*,h
**
(Jn= 89'2 -1067-y-u

0-0836

r'v'

- - - -A; - - = 7 c ( 0 . A 2 6 6 ) = 0 . 0 8 3 6
m lengm

^ 2 -o c

,10-6
i Waterat 90"C:p =965

F =3.16x lOa

k = 0.676

(995X4X0.025)
= 3.05x 105
Re_
3 . 1 6x l 0 {

pr = L96

=18,590
x ros;o.s1t.9o)0.3
4 =ffi(0.023x3.05
,ft

y=0.0009
Engineoilat20oC:

pr=10,400
p" = (2(ffi192 = 84.78

k=0.145

DH =0.0375 -0.0266= 0.0109m

= 8.82x 105
RePr= (84.78X10,400)
ftois smallercomparedto [. so
approximatelyho canbe obtainedfrom const.Temp.eq.
(8.82x 105Y0-ot
oqt
Repr4 t
ff=1602.3

at90'C

s
y
-:':!:=(r.86xl602.rrtr{
h"=
--')o'to= '468.6
" 0.0 1 0 9
(0.2S9l

m Z.oc

Based
on4 : (/;=#

=485.6
;ft

?8u

vw=0.289x104

Chapter10
i

10-7

k-43 y 'oc

dt = 0'957 in'

d o = l ' 3 1 5i n '

,n2

!

rnl'a)
For I m length:
'i

I

\1/-l.l'r6xlo-3
2nkL

I
I

= 0.05294
hoAo (l 80)zr(l.315X0.0254)
. lI
=0.20146
=
i
hiAi 65)n(0.957X0.0254)
!_
I
- 3.9127
UA=
!'/'r
,
ff

'

0.0 5zg4+ 0.20146+ I .176x l0-3
W
J.9127
F. A '

m" .oC

n(0.957X0.0254)

10-8
l

l(a)
i
j
t'

:

L T *--

\

( 2 0 0 - 8 s ) - ( e 3 - 3 5-)

'"(H)

83.30C

,r\93

2w-93

:t

=2.14
F - 0.gz
p - 0.303
R85-35
- 35)= (180)A(0.92X83.3)
= 521.8 kW
q - (2.5X4175)(85
A=37.8m2

i

- 35)
- 93)= (2.5)(4175X85
|(b) mscs(200
Cmin-

4877

=A.467

10,437
c**
= 37.9 m2
A _ Q.4-)(4877)
180

t-

mscs-4877-C-in

2oo-93=0.648
200- 35

7as

AU =1.4
C*i'

99"C u -280 y o C To(exitmin) .47 267 & =0.2 *i6 -9nnin Forcounterflow.I-4*2 7bint"t = l20oc co=2100 :--lkg'oc T*(exit max) .230 kg/hr 4n= 35oC A.1r.753 t20-35 = 6.Chapter10 10-11 mw.e^it=l2O # =107.090w emax= 3600' 230 =267 t-.oil) .ZoCwhichis'greaterthan the allowedvalueof 60'C te+ .60oC mt.= mo=0.120 60 = 60 LT (rnax. sothat NT(J= +Wateris potentially Crnin e= (289)g'4) --1. =-(4180) 360U LT (max. double-pipe thiscanbeaccomplished vmax Co= C 1335= hoco= mo(21A0) #. t20 min ffiwc*LT*= 3::@lg0x9 g -35) .water)= 99 -35 = 64 minimumfluid.636kg/s= 2290kglhr To.

45)0009X260_7.53xtO6l(40-30) New Coi. 10-14 A .45'4) 009X260 (0.s3xlo6) l0-13 .2A) (417sxe3 3Ef .6X153000)91800 c*#cmax. = 45 '4oC .0.) By iteration:T.6vo dropin condensation air flow rate.(gl_20)=(0.L0-12 : l. : r -49N{\M q : (0.32 kg/sec .9"C AT* -(90-80)/1n(90/80) l(s4.s3 Iv[\M q : (2s00X2202)(1000)/3600 : 84.0.45)(1 = 0.exp(-O.-(0.178X12a40X91800) ratefor 4tr/odropin only 2.(47x383y91800 0-196 196).4 .(1.178 s : 1 .153000 cair: 1. 64^ 2 cw = 4175 q =(280)(4-64) ffiw= = 1009 ma= 0'45 kg/sec ca U -280 q_(m). NTU .s)(47)' J83m2 A .

. 10-13 LTo A7.3 I C'in I i9u mt.985kg/sec (4s00)(2742) -3428 3600 C-in = 0.6s0 w cp=2742 q-1# et4zx140-s0) Glycol u -8s0 y i: s=tix*(4175x85-35) Cw .800 f =0.24m z .T")=1ffi.4 -3s .834 C** ( u')o=r.41X100-50)= 20. 16.294 ' m2 L o=a*r(.5..1.u)-J'-' LT*=ffi h" =94.4ll2 rl Cs = r40.* u* ?" (exit)=100-2O. Oil is min fluid: e =.8038 vmax \ uA .44xt05 W 4 = C^LT.35)= (0.740W .5)= 3.ChapFr 1O : lt)-ls q/ =(5X4180)=20.41 - FromFig.4oc jco i .=(15.571 .900 Co=(8)(2100)=16.4=0.5"C AT^=(0.35 t t tiF ** = 0.800X l0-16.'Y Eir 140.575 nS_35 94.80 vv =0.800 a ZT=0.=(120)0^ o-714 iY=Cmin .oc A.1 7 5 -9 4 .7')(4175X90 1# 85-59'4=71'44 =5.t: 10-18 =205.95X2100X175 q = (O.5=79-5"C 2O.

gc 10-20 = Cs=4877 Cma* = C*=(10.e Cmin 9""=0.53 LT.= 87.35)= 86.5kW e = 0.82X140 reduction of 28.667 t6'l =0.5 = 0.=(0.6m2 180 r0-22 -9 Ctin .8x103= 080)A(0.648 Cmin A _ Q..55 e =0.417 C-"* .4 6 7 C** F=0.934 +" C.r{!1?9)=l+z.8 It'1 .3oC (a) P=0.86X83.5)(4877)= 40.303 R=2.+ Cmin LTr= 102'3oc 10-21 LT^ = 83.3Lo vo reduction521.45)= 426.9t Tw.82 q= tm.9kW 4.5m2 uA =1.=ffi= 35.45 521'8. Chapter | 0 i l0-19 lA =2.3) ( b ) @=0 .7)=7306 Cmin LT.=1o.5Voreduction @ 9=t.1. =!977=0.loc LT.14 521.3) 498.86 A= 40.437X0.62= e=o'62 e c^ * 7306 200-3s = = q (4877)(102.426'5=l8.2vo inq.n* q = (4877')(87. s=o.szs w LT.

(370X47.6 tf37 7tI" 28. 2 7 x 1 0V 6ke ihfr = 976 Btu/lbm ==2.469W t 0 15.(93 -3fi( + l= t 15.::tf' E^-2 A.l 1 5.6oC i 2 .\ LTo ..r .469 +:0. 3 . 1 7 TTioCo=-:r .12psi 4u. psia p = 83 kN/*t . .7 5 .753 .Chapter10 .876^2 . = 204oF= 95. i F x .s g J " C q-(266. 143^2 uLTm (3400Xs9) 95."1 0. : l0-23 (230)(2100).3 4 .. q .75 5) not largeenough m2 q '= Q. .7X93-35)-15.g4 *2 is largeenough 10-24 .I i i A- ffiwcw=W Toour1 .75"C LT* f .7 -.75 .568 (570X47.1.3 17) 134.7 = 47. "v 3600 :z\ i 266. 2 7 x 1 0)6W ) = \60 ) l |M*=ffi=5e 59oC A- q - 28'753 =Q.75) t =266.7 7.( 2 .17 A 'T' = 82 24.

6oc q .10-2s 28.45)(16300y5s m.(0.5 X4180X100.30 Coil 000/25.4 5 .0.ffi w cw \T=(2 . .t43)LTm LT^ = 59oC (95'6-30)-(95.06) l0-27 e0_20 LT^ =:-'=.6.1465kg/sec = Voincrease =Z73Vo 0.30) =7.6-30) **= tirw . = 42.:4880A0.753 = (3400X0.0.=J.I 465 l0-26 o\r.1 lo:.t?"9=.833.r = 46. :4gg Cwate.lg120 c'"#cmax: 25/30.86m2 uLTm (2000)(46. Ite .488Mw 700y3600 ..==l-= t''1f.ll m2 (340X42..3 F i g .315x105W A.4.l 0 -1 5 :N T U :0 .rA LT*= 59 By iteration To.133 A . 5466 kg/sec = Q. e . \zo Lrm=ffi=42.30/Oza-20): 0..q = hr(417 5)(42.54"C tn(26/ q .UALT* A.753.16300.54) l0-29 q : (120-95x I 900)(3 : 0.6oC 28.

rs f.247)=1871 kg/min= 31.r percentsono adjustments mayben€cessary r0€0 = 0.3)(l2o.000).t076 LT* =). .4 NTU: (55X133y1 9520: 0.o . = 30+ 9.(141)(7:96) =e.468 MW Heattransferhasonlydroppedby 4.45oc ^=ffi=r.*r.5X1006)=503 n=0.fu g=l-e4.\48 \-> \.r8 "=#i3=0.t=435.19kg/sec Both fluids unmixed Lr*=ffi=40.* =(0.l90oc Tnr= 400. Crnir..3 q : (0.18= 39..0.96 q = mocoLTo = el. l0-15: e a.50X400Trr = 190+ 2A= 210oC 20).oc Cw= C.385 F = 0. u u -r43 y 2000 m2. :(3X16300) : AT'nlarer 4g900 Coir: Cmin:19520.in= (2..Y9I19.t0-29 = l0"Ci C*.l9)0005x37 -10) = g./Cnrr:0.96X40.450 -0.375 Fig..18oC l0-31 c-1.7 m2 .0 Cmin=C.50 LT = (0.l8oc T* .450 NTU= YA .190= Zl1oC 10-32 .0..0 cc=loo5 o"= ffi =r.247 kel^3 tite= (1500)0.5X4180)= | 0. UFLTL (50)(0.rc76 C*in 10.4s) 79.'.903 N-#-l.40)(tss}o0: 0.46x t05 W A=J-= '=. rc20=.

CoLTo= (3040X45) _(3040) . 30-25 ^4 LT*=*7of :27.7"C l= 35.000 _ -20 p .05^2 (50x0.2 45. = 30+35.900(60 h(#m) Solve by iterationI T*.45 = 0.T*r) = (lALTm=(800X30)30--Ti' +10 20.Chapter10 10-33 4s *\ \>> \.20 =28.42"C R- \zJ I P = 0 .368x lOs W q .9t)(27 ..5 .900(60 Trr) = (4800)ho(30..1.30 .900x60 = (4800x20) 6.455 75-20 75-45 :1.7.31) (20. LTo = 45oC Tor-120-45=75"C t20 .900 Co= 4800 q 20. .151 LTo f -0.I 0) .3l oC % f I O n JT lqt . LT* Tr.65.9 1 _4_ q UFLTm 35.7oC r r = 451\ 38321 Cw= (5X4180)= 20.0 Both fluids unmixed A'--.42) l0-34 co = l92O cr= cw = 4180 (ssx4l80) =Jg3z 60 t1 _(95)(1920)_" co:ff=3040 c m i n= a J 9 3 (min) NTU = Ct* (2s0)(r4) 3040 1.31kg/sec .

.775 t'0. 1 0 4 0.I 6. = 90 .Z 2' Tr.7oC Tr.44 = 68.693 N-(2Xl .44 15.--(1006)1090w'c cn u q .18 LT = (0. .81xlOsW q .1.fluid A. Iterative:r .-0.636 1 .32"C LT^ = '"(#) l .795 LT-1SS.30)..4664 27.8 13.f 36.='76.85 90.25 90-30 N_(52X8)_0.052 f.693)(400-20)=263. = 241.59= ) a.8oC 10-38 65.oc = 0.795 1.283.48 T*.5oC To.is min.8. r 7 0.405 24.5:4A.008 0.13.15 0.6 0.3 14.6oC 79a .59)=J.5oC LTo t- 100.21.99 -1.l0 mt.3 Tn.t43 0.48 0.Chapter10 10-36 tf86's u -lsO y A-30 mz LTo = 76.6 4.01 +0.350W 60' U =52 T*r= 90oC Assumeair min.U AL T *= (l 5 0 X 3 0 X 4 0 .C w ca l-- LT* LTo = CLT* LTo ..546 0.0 t-45-30 =a.416 Tt.82 .5+ l0 = 86.052 28.3oC N .(1090x45.7 0.lrt..01 t.382 1090 Unableto matchon graphso C.3574 21.-..764 0.3=2) l0-37 n-0.2oC n-1 .50 0.98 13. 178.42 0.

-ln(l .47 l0-43 : 0.333 Samefor parallelandcounterflow lo-42 C-it/Cmax: 10/30 : 0. -.253) =6.NTU^. 0."-l+(n-l)e.tP .I .0.6 m2 800 )-''LJJ Arotal= (4X6.(120-90y(120-30): 0.e) .45 Counterflow. -P- e=ffi=0'5 05 t =0.I178 for bothcases lst C=1.20 = 4 ( 0 .Chapter10 ro-ig =(5X4180)=20.4m2 l0-41 t .333 Parallelflow : NTU x 0.lO/(10-30) l0-44 NTU .(2)t''1=O'253 -= + -(l = U tfr +l)-rtz" N 2o'9oo A_ (20.9q0)(0.0 .0. t .333 r . 5 ) + 0 ' 5 n(l-e)+e [tO.6)=26./C^u*: 0.I .900 n=4 Cmin f.I 1l 1I C*ir.

UA f .Tc) = ritrcrdT.T. = ' ? --7.AT* =.SVo 99-4 \ss 32 \4 l0-46 "c - Tr. -rn(h Th . 67 LT*=m=73'78 A-2. UA rA -dr.81 .4 = 29.F. . i- hrc.4)= (830)A(73'78) q =(1 . T^ . _ Tcr To.UdA(Th.Tr. =ydA Th..30 = 45oC Water is minimum fluid' LTo=48-25--23"C 45 =0.=2. ATinu* 75-25 79+ .Tcl dq -. _e-T% -r)l?=ffio L_fr.l .3X4175)(32 32.6 kg/s .10-45 mp.48^2 \ =rLr.c 2 -Tr.=r1z-4)=r4 Lrn ffic= l '3 kg/s S= .9 d. 'r .Tr. -. ?t -I -e fficc c Th 10-47 LTn=75.^-# =! Tn.

4r(340).i" = 5l.364 c!n* 55 .7gm2 \rM) withoriginalarea.n.40) C.9=g2g.0 Cmin .545 ca c^* 30 70-15 .(70.45)=0.75)009t1=56.000_ uo=99-55 Cw_ il60 50-25 Cmin =A.5^ 2 45 )qr UA = 1.0 X 9 6 6 .o. 29.C m i n = 1 9 = 0 .(2.=966'7 C w.4gmz I100 60-5 I0_5I NTU = 1.-'.9 AZ. 3 3 3 30 = s= 0.75oC q--(51.426 e .460W AGin s =0.6X1 LTo l8.0 \5 0=60 kW (J -ll:00.6 29.Chapterl0 l0-49 0.5 = ug'otp= logl Cmin Crrrin =20 =0.000= CoQs. .85) 15.6980-5 onlyreduced by 6% 10-52 29.&7 90-s NTU=1. LTo NTU _QM)(2.1900 .7_)zl A_ ( l .5.2g: 828.5) A_(lOglxl _ I .15)= C.6 90 -25 (828.y mt -oC cold fluid is minimumfluid g=60-.004=: tl u 340 u -14l A.85oC q 8.619 W reducedby 46Vo l0-50 90 u\..oil is minfluid c .5 =0.714 C.

= ritn q = rhhcpu(Tn.7.2 q .6oC 70 .-L *= [. TOr-Tht+Qrr-frr) lThr.CwLTw.in. . hrcp"l.16.-Tr.= hrc rdfc .dq UAgh-f) =NT ritc(T1rr frr) NTU I+ NTU I _ e-zUA l .-Trrr) = ritrcpr(Tr. hrtp..) .. = 50.2 -' L w= J C..Chapter10 l0-53 9 6 q =3 2 2 . To.Tr) + grr Trr) + e. To. = eXD(-r-%-) 'I Tor-Tr. TO.-e) ffi] 10-55 cw(90-55)=Co(50-25) c* co 25 =_ Cw = Cmin 35 7lt $- 90-55 = 53.8Vo 9A-25 .303W r0-54 For parallel flow assume h. .(ml =Nru(L + (. _Tnr-2Trr+Tr. I t I C*u* 3 g-_o9z: LT* NTU=yA =(4?l(21:'5)=3.0'333 0..frr! cpo = cp.- 2 dq=UdA(Th-Tr) =Nru .+l="*n[--^ . .Aoro^ \hncn ritncn ) )) Tn. ritn= it" exp ^(+.T" considercold fluid: e -7" To.15 322.Tr.-Tr.Tcr Thr-Tr.0 Cmin Ln.+t"ll Tn. .Tct For counter flow: q-UA(Th-Tr) e- Q a c tQmax 9-l -ze rit6c7rdT1.

= 50.900W 1 1 5 .1 o 7 o c aLrTm*_.6)-2056.27).54.Chapterl0 10-56 uA =- 2057 = Q.5 t .24) f .@ _ At T.900 f f i')* = .77 = 2.2045oC To.-1.0.I 97.500 4ll2 Crnin - Cs=(3428X0.1 1 0^ 2 U =50 w .(4ll 2X50.2.(4112X85-T*.9 9 ' 5. 0 3 zJfi xl0o kg/sec l0-59 ma= 5'0 kg/sec A .) q QA5T(0.35) = 63.299 m2 (2000x107) hft: 9lo Btu/lbm 63..1705+21.(5025X170-5) (b) g . ..77X140 T*.57x l0s w q .17 2057 C*in -Twi) .0.rc ms-ske/s 375"C mg (a) Both unmixed _ 010xs0) .54oC Preheaterheatswater from 35oCto 50.54oC q .48 one fluid mixed )g.49 Tr.095 (sxl00s) C-in .= 0 . =375-170'5.0 C-* NTU-\' LT = (0.I 70.tl7x 106 JBe A- 63' 900 = 0.1.l about sarneresults . -.l50oc=302oF hf.0.8 c*u* (850)(5.49)(37 5 .5"C = 8.

1 S= 10-61 80-30 =0.5oC = 19.5 l.3X4190) .5 0 .5) T.125.045x 106 (a) q -(5.0X1005) (s0x20) : 1.2412 2W-60 (0.87A 0.24t2)(209.6 0 =0. = 90oC Cw= (50)(4174)= 208.992 Ti.333 0."/ .2143)=0.167 0.M0 0.= 200oC q .4oC LT* = (0.740 0. = 40oC Cw= (30X4174).48X4180) 1005 t1 :0.1005 Ca= (1. = 60"C T*.4+30 = 99.) \ce-l) NTU 250.x 106W Tu" T.10+ 38.l6 Cw= (0.125 41.818 (1.4oC l0-62 =20f.5X38.55 2W6 1005 .30).60'75oC NTU = 309 .1._ .0.-ln(l -0.992)(100 (b) N- f.177 10-60 mw = 50 kg/s Ts= 200oC T*.25"C LT* = (0. 1 8m z A_ s.l l .5oC LTo= (0.0 f.l 2 l 2 125.432 20. exit= 80 .0X4180)(80 N--ln(l -s)-1.667 1.-l-e-N =0.JQQ.253 (900)(29.333 0.253)(5X4180) =29.^.700 (J .5= 48. .Chapterl0 10-59 mw= 30 kg/s Tr.220 LTo r90 r80 r40 80 10 20 60 t20 fYl u -2t5 To.30 _ (1.700) T*.(125. = 69.2143 4500 4 T*r-=0-214Jfs + 47.l l l l 0. .l0) = 38.60 .= f.=20"C I N_ c-l m[r-l.09) = 4.220 1 .4500 C=0 30 N .7143 100.30)= 69.l l l l 0 .220X40-24)=/. 0 0 .55X80 To exit.A9m 3 dA = .19 '25.

S) Oil flow will be reducedso it will still be min.1 2 .= ( 3 X 4 1 8 0 ) .5 \( -140) €' 4 0'\180 180.5OBxtOsXO.35X6270) .254x10sw q -(2.c co -2100+ kg'oc it*=3.33oc '\40/ A.gg^Z NTU = 0.33) =49. Co= 870.0 kg/sec C .5 180.8 .636 160-50 ll0 lg-64 -i -r4o \.Chapterl0 10-63 A T -=.140= O.0 (r -130 y '.25 c ^ = f l 2.40)-(To2-20) q -.55m2 f.z.88)- hcil '\rq-20 ) Toz= 36oC Solveby iteration. fluid.36) = 1.40. Flow is reducedby 86Vo.600.* = UEt =1.7ggf 60-Lo LT* q .(300)A(49.120 c^u (0.q. = 160. 080.co(180.254xl1s . 5 4 0 q = CwLTw= CoLTo=2-508 x 105 w 4 i 0 --2 0 ')=6 2 7 0 c.35 Aif waterflow cut in half .To) = (130X16.90 7A = 0.16. %0 gO.in =0.000= UALT* .

52"C 20'52) x 100=to.-2 .8X1005) m' .(804X30.e36 w Reducedby 24Vo 4oo LT' = 26"C .4 L-"* e=0116=:*.919.1. =3oC = 804 U = 55 + h* =0.:: =. = ( 0 .675X804)_ I 0.8 kg/sec To.=30"C Toz='loc Tr.512 NTU=2. 7 $ ( 4 1 8: 0 30-3 Ctn* 3135 NW =2.J t .e.75kg/se c Co=(0. 30-3 7oreductio n =(r\ LT|=20..256)=0.l .7 q .30.08m2 55 Watercutinhalf: +" =(2)(0.oc 3 )1 3 5 t = ? 9 ^ .Chapter l0 10-65 ho =0.1 .7 ^ = 0 . 8 5 @ = g =0256 C .675 Reduceairflowby i \TO .s) = 1.8vo 23) 10-66 -l g .e.492 W Reduced q -(so4)( l)t^ = 13.4 A=Q'4)(8M)=35.813 3 0.7) :18.5 1 2 LI.77^z 125 N TU-l 'Y s ? Initial NTu=-rn(r.7 A_ (l .o.N.

386 t2w 10-69 Reducewaterflow in half €=l- e -N=0 . .75-.5"c 100.667 .50 (1.5 LT.9+50 = 96.889= ==!To 100.772 NT(J= 0.452 .9oC Ar .926x q = (2.9) 10-70 LT* = 80.ir* -.5)(41S0X46.Chapter10 10-67 mo=4W kg/hr=l.386X5X4180) = 24.= 80-7 io-zr . arn=37.lll) .s0 T*" = 46.034m2 -mm Whenoil flow cut in halfi N T ( J=(2 X 1 .34oC *'=ffi=o'0262 €=l- kg/sec 10-6E e=0.100 40 o=W=2.9 3 7 = 1'386=2.N= 0.g"c = 4..5 kg/sec q = mrCyy(Z8)=ri1ogo13t'.1 9 8 e. 100.Sag c.s)(4180X2s) 105w NTU=o.40 =ffrtt.150 kg/min=2.260W = itrhy.901x 105W q = C*LT.2222 .q= 0.t=0. = (5)(0.lll kglsec Co=20O0+ " kg'oc Co= Cmin=(2000X1.AT':.52 = 28oC Airisminimumfluid: LTo= 40 -7 = 33"C 33 =0. 33 (0'8x2'5)(4180x0'848) =t4zm2 A50 4o.34) = 59.0 9=2 9 ).= 46.099 O.g=V co I =3 = o. q = CoLTo LTo= S3. =2. = -&-= AG* =# N=-ln(l-e)=1.t4m2 A_ N = -ln(l -€) = 1.

.525 g -0.X61x t 0 8 )= .38 = NTU_ LT.= l.1 6 .16 m2 10-75 Wateris minimumfluid q . = 0 9 .3g6 C-* f .800 U =35 .800 (35X363) LT' = 0.4 (0. = 90 80-20 Crn* Fromnextto lastentryof Tablelr3 for C =l Solvingfor €p.9x16.0 f. 6 =UA 70-20 C*in Glycol is minimum fluid A= c*-4180 + kg'oc (0.r Crrrin 5519 m: 4o.200) -363 ^2 40 l0-73 . oc UA N .(n-l)ep =0.6x108 w u .t) = 0. r. .4 T]A =e Np=0.8 0 0 -20 C.66667 = 1.06667 AG"* 100-25 ^ = ( 0 .lg"c 24.200 . =(10X4180) m"-oc Cn.069- =0.2000--6-- mt.720) - o^p = - n=3 16.-ln(l .72 ^2 Atotal= (3X16.l f l 7 . . 4 N T U = 0 .72)= 50.in = 0. a t n-(n-1)e C=l 800 nt' P f..579 C. -W ---C*in = .700 Crnin = e.Chapterl0 l0-72 tits = l0 kg/sec tix. . = 15 kg/sec Cs = 2420 Cs=24'2w Cw=62.200 70-20 Ts=20+19-39oC l0-74 C w = ( 4 X 4 1 8 0 ) .41.8 00 x1 0 6=C *(3 0 -2 5 ) LT* ar c -_.? 4 = 0 .6x24. l .= 0_24. 7 2 0 = C m i n = C r n *U .8 t-0. 0 6 9 . .* 41. tp= F r o m F i g .: 30 -?\' u C*-1.

.93"C &t .3X0.67oc hfs =2..846x l0-r = 88.. = 55"c LT.054m3 Volume = (0.25 q= C.18) =o.e-N=0.4)(2969) =6.1 0 0 5 kg'oc p .0. = 0.0 Cs = (l .138 Cr. 0 0 3 6 m o = O .25 A-$.Cw = 1.--itco(r2 e=nn(roo + +) -27) oos)(rz (88.4" 0.73x108w =rirrhfe LTn=g.= 40 95.s6\10042 -?\= 2 ) e.l774xlo) =17.18m2 (l.846x10-s Pr . wl f.6)= 0.708 D n= 0 .004= Lvu3 p G.ZOS)-2|3 .18)0 Tz=93.Q04)(I7.oro{ 40.56 m2 Area= (0.2 kg/s u -600 y T*.57_$_ G=N-A .73x 108=343 ^ kg/sec=l'235xt06 kg/trr hr= z rc-77 Ts.12g9= =-^4^Tn== 100. o 1.rrn *x3.6g7X0.. 0 1 1 8 f t = 0 .Chapterl0 '0-76 Waterflow in half NT(J=0.{= UA = 95oC 7.09 ft = (Q.3)2(0.1774 kel^3 F=1.28 m) ft' . 7.93 m2 600 C*in 10-78 J cp . = 65oC Cg= 2474 ms = | .LT'=7.ft This coefficientis controlling = 0.= 25"C Ts.s 4 (0.8x 108 € = I .LTw m'-oc C*in . .5J) =3426 n" 4G - stpr2/3= 0.054)d HeatTransfer -(.0036X12.0) n'l = = ro.1254m2 Frontalarea=(0.ex40.2)(2474)=2969 Crn* NTU. O g= l * --Q.255xt06 frg .r774)(10x0.67 m' .57X100SXO.1.27) .I .

8X2382)LT.375)] = 0. = mrc rL% (0.634X0.99s(0.4 3 9 e= 80.=-j9-=0.i rrh fs h.995 .240W LTo=29.I 60 W = UALT* LT.2X2I 00)(100. =26. 10-82 q = mrc *LT* = mocoLTo= (0.63 kg/s r0-81 =2382 J cu kg'"c -= = q m*c*LT.86 Toe=70.375 100..99s ) {o4 A=o. = *= nfs hfs=2.Toe) .6)(4180X50.469 L 0. Cmin-29'86=0.6X4180) =0.9951n(r Crnin (0. fluid andmixed Oil is max fluid andunmixed.76) 80 *\uo \.20)= (l .20 Assumecounterflow LT^-W=36.634 = uA tn[r+ 0.470m2 .36m2 (1000x36.6X4I 80X80 60) = (0.C 4= 5o160 =r.37t1} =0.3"C 2 6 '3 =0 .14"C Wateris min.4 3 x1 0 sW =. 50.Chapter10 e = 1.0.20 Cnl* 30 = " o# .636m2 A_ 250 r0-83 Water is min fluid and unmixed Oil is max fluid and mixed ru=-m{l*=*rntl-0.76.ZSSxtO6 l/tg 0.75.

600N LTo=79.eor)]3 -' 1 LT. 79' 62 = 0.6 0 .38"C Oil is min fluid. (t prob.25mz A . 2.391 NT(J=(3oox47'25) 4180 N (l shell)= I .J -= 0.723g c = . (3X2100) l'1806-l_=0.423 N(l shellpass)=0.62 120.25= .10-16.75)=2.9 7 " C T *" = 1 0+ 91.l9-l6 FromTable l0-3 Ir-(o.s+)(o.Q'25)(3)(2lffJ) 300 10't5 C..61. 753oy1I / 3 -l = _It-sinlz#-) (@-r.rso6-oJsro .l0 It-tc\ttn_r' \-t9-l rSee en=.\' \-T-6 / ( | .o. l0-S3) .97= 101.13 ep = 0.7z7s)(0..7 5 3 6 s= n= 3 79.l0 .oor [1-(0i1*9663)]' L T *=9 1 ..l0) = (3X2100)0ZO-To") q = mnc.97"C Fromenergybalance: LTo= 6l.98"C q = 3 .836 € v'vJv "= 120.q.02oc To"= L20..02= 58.LTn= mocoLTo= (2)(4180X70 = 501. 8 4 4 x1 0 5w 4o6 . =(l)(4180)=4139 Co-(3)(2100)=6399 = 3.(o..w \----l_o-tm-) FromFig. [----]]'g'.62 To"= 40.=0 .ChapEr l0 r0_84 .54 f=*=0. V'-!.663 c** 6300 FromFig.25 = 47.75 N(total)=(3X0.

559 0.6 s=: i.7 .8 -26.991W =Wx %Reduction loo=l7vo I0-gg mhch = fficcc = (3X4180) .lo (J=700 y tiIF =0'23 kg/s hf.e( n.1n0n0^2 =r-I=A.. 2 5 ^6 2 4otul= (4X1. =120 kVkg .540 c-1.7" /zl .( 3X0.l o o o A l/-*h' 42 \22-l-l+42) cmin (3x4180) A .818 A?ir=(0.88m" (700)(t 3.600w .2857) FromTable 1014 (zz-l-l-".hrcn(26.l) 0.7 10-87 =24rr N= -.I 2.2957 = 0..20 =0 .256) 5.zl .E) .l) LT*=ffi-l3.024^2 4or .CnLTn = Q.23X1 20)= 27.0 5.335 16.1 .7loc hrcn = C*:4929 q-UAFLT* A- 27.600 = 2.7)=9.=n e .0909 4.0 n=4 g .=0.559X16." --liloe2e) ff W= / l\ =# r=l.7r) F-1.Chapterl0 10-86 r-D 37. in Table1O-3for C =l e[t+(n-l)ep]=ntp tp= e n.33ee q -.e-N-0.2 8 5 7 80-10 UsingEq.33)(U64) = 22.irrhfs = (0.p *C q .

0 Take N (l shell)= 1.508x10s\V l4Vo relaction in heattransfer 10-90 C = 0.5 .o86s\a _r .s (2X0'45) -=O.consideringaccuracyof readingfigures.0 Fig.rw#rf eo=zlr+0.5X4180)=627O C=0.0 ep = 0. 1Ll6 ep=0. 1Gl7 N =2 at C=0.5+ =0.73g (ffi)'-o.0 €= at C=0.4943==% 8o-ro (fffi).0 (t-o.=0.76 at C = 0.20M Fromrabre rG3 (r.62 at C=1.4 5 Fig.156xlOs W q = (1.-c LTn=34.5X4180X34.Chapterl0 r0-89 New Crin = 0.5 a n d1 .525 e p =0 .5 sp=0.173 Also from Table lL3 €= /l-o.zozs\z-' r \-lTEIzsJ =0. ls-91 solve third from lastequationof Table lG3 for eo. 4E1 .5 a t C= 1.6) ForProb.1002)=0.= at C= 1.l0_8O q=(3X4180X20)=2.621 n Good agreement.6oc = 2.5 Oneshellpass ry=12)(0.

=11= - Ar.4 = 50.234)=0.5)(4180) C8= (3.20 7.995 Cunmixed 14..'l0O Twi=20oC =(3.=9?7-o 7422 Ir-o.700)LTo Toe=52. lL77 = 0. =20+30.0)(4180)=4180 NTU =(2500X0'8)=0.-&-= * = o.BoC cmixed= l1'u?9=0. = (1.88lxlgsW LTr = ZS.nfofm-r-o-s+s-r.3oc LTo= 47.e 4 '4 7 8=0 s .4785 4180 r = l .s l FromTablel0-4 (l+ C2)rt2=1.=1 1 = LT*= 3o.937= Ntotar ?.34IC .s 80-20 60 FromProb.qf 6n0 A=6.845 n= 4 c. =14.3C-[t2 -l = N.6= .630)(48)= (14.0)(2100)=14. = 48t 100 20 q = (14.4oc 100.630 Tor= 100"C e= 0.rogz) v r.5= LIA 14.3os2 tadr4ffi)=o'234 = @)(0.53m2 4at .5 7 5 r0_93 C.3 g =..7ffi Twe= 6goC N=2.5X4180) Cmixed C. t--l:05-l to=m=o'1914 [ 1-0.0X2474)=7422 q = ( 62 7 0 )(5 0 -2 0=7 ) 4 2 2 L Ts=l. .Chapter10 r0-n Co = Q.s(o.s+s)ll/a -.630 U A =3 6 . =(1.4oC t0-94 =6270 C.

3)= 8301W l0-98 Using equationfrom Problem 10-83 r.CaLTa. 2 ) = 3 3 6 1.25oF-16. =1.685- LT.34oC (41.162 N(l + Cz)rtz:0.41. ssz+(r .41.13x37 tt) -24.26"C l0-97 Ca= (1005X0. =20+24.2)=201 NTU - uA e Cmin E (40xs)= 201 C w.59= LTo 90 -20 e-r-.( 4 1 8 0 X 0 .963 c*u* 2097 f =0.5)(4174) U=57 (s7)(52) .0.788W q .(201X41.53) _ o.7 5 LTo=30.CaLTa.81oC Lr*.9oF.3oC =o.81) T* exit.2 L-- 3 Cmin -2Ol =0.34"C 6270 10-96 = 2A87 Cw= (0.*[#] q .100.13"C LT_ 5 80-20 = 0. 3gsg (371X4) .zs: From Table l0-4 lwJo_.(2010X16.55 = Ca= Q)(1005)= 2010 NTU-\- LTo 1 3 0. = h.I .474 2010 C*n -2010=0.(r6.n4 c!n* 836 n=3 60-30 =o.592 Np_ (l+C2)rl2 6270 FromTable lO-3 ttp=rLr+0.0 e .I eoc ) = 33.= IryJ--at.34=M.38. .Chapter| 0 l0-95 Cs=ry=3-lll =Cmin t'''-. f.se .37ll L :=0.375 e110-30 tp = o'158 4az LTo .5e2 LT.46 =e.r6z)#]-t (900X6.8De:$ '\2087 : I 6.

I . 1g . o ZT 2kel = ( 2)(4180) cw (l+c2)rt2-1. ) == L . 2 0 2 'YN Np v J ) 230A t: l tal) = (3)(0.67 .:58.11.190 ----:i-mt. Nv((ltoti r8 33) =Q.202 \ 0 .r E_t_0.p l+ ll0.Lt - 10-l 0-l D-l00 h=3ooo ho=l9o+m".5111.8mm di =23-4 mm 1 3 I rr.exp(-O.0.zo2 q- Co = Cmin= 8360 'I _|. 6 6 7+ 1 .---Tablel0-3) 183x l.353..47 [ l14) .Z}ZJ I(I :0. 2 .).gz :0.(30) Tab Ta L A rle D r04 ( l +' 1 2 ttz. .I . . ' ' hi zrckL ho Ao w ro-r..30 p -.c o "w + exp(-0'183x 1'414)l-t .. oC 4to .lr+r+(r = e.Chapterl0 10-99 =(31 x4l80x2A).1 1 1 0.5mm r. .2"C h' we 2 ) .2) i- .023$ln(12.6. 'p = Ep (From \.2 9). 8 1 ioc 'we " 2 )(0 .7)L .| A. ls4 .Lr* f.o ) = '[$836.7 -czreoJ 3m--n(0..12. 3i x l O s w qt -.154) To.LTo l + ( n .-0.(8: 8360)(28.l ) e .7mm I ui I -L Ailn(ro f ri) .€p I x0'154) . ^vv v ' lg3 1. -2 l.x I *tnl = 0.zoc.lI 8360 Red [edlucte water to .548A (total)= lg.2 I .0 .= 30+ 28.414 c-l.LT*=zg.4ta)J "1 Nex {exrt to tc last Equa uatiro n ( f Tablelf3 for C = | .oC do=25mm w copperk -386 m-oC ro ..

2 shellpass€s.99kg/s LMTD .571 100-30 l0-103 4 tubepasses.500) _ ZtZm2 (e. =25"C Hot fluid is minirnum fluid t-#3 LT (min fluid) LT (maxHx) 40 = 0.500kw vo .667 (0.=60 \=90 p . . / 5 40 . R- 3 0= 0 .9g .98X44. oil in tubes.-\''\''\'' 00J kg'oc ^Z'oc Water is min fluid Lfc . l0"C to 50"C LTn= 30 q.Chapurl0 r0-102 \ ss\ H 60 \ \.5 90-10 UA NTU= 0.90oCto 60oC. water in shell.9)(12.9= C*in crnu* 40 = q-Co(30).12.215m2 (53X0.LTm =@)-=44'8oc mw= +tgo Tz.0 LTn = 40oC LT.5 80 A- 500.000 F -0.40 g=50-lo =0.Cw(40) Cw .8) tz=50 \=10 q-UAFLT* (LMTD method) 4t.NTU method) A_ 53 40-50 ' l''tg --2.9= 0.500: C*in Co 16.

6 2000 0.82 65.588X1 100)) 25.94 75.n* N .500 10-105 Finnedtube.588 NTU = UA Crnin A_ (0.Qp{{ r00 10 fu_o C.667 A-212 ^2 U=53 Y ^2.oc cw cw co NTU 5000 0.3500 % Reduction = t2.000 155.15 0.000W Co = 16.44 kW Air hearedfrom lO"C to 50oC U=25 Y ^2.2W 225.19 3.M4)= 0.600 .2 LT* cw .s) = -ln(l -0.000 50-10 Crnin= _ .87m25 *tz 44.oc 100 50 e- vsv 0 .6 3000 0.3 2.1 ^ v0 -Q.97 77.500.1 1 0 0 329.3500 x 100=-l7%o 12.12 5.Chapter l0 10-104 q = 250.-ln(l .25 0.steamat 100'C q.62 0.

41 0.474 42.8 f=l-e-N =2e.4gZXlx tO8)19.599 0.194 17.3 9 4.rix0.16 0.57A 1 5 .920kg/sec Or* NTU =0.680m2 2500 10-108 q-7x108=C*(34-20) 34 -2 a =0 .7| 29.C0.38889 38-20 N=-ln(l-e)= 0.==)=0.8.ir) r000 600 700 LTai. Cw-5x107 N--ln(l -s)-l.492- UA Cmin A_ (0.690 vo Reduction.57 40.7 'l '1 8 f .644 0.485 43.lloo x loo = 37Vo 1100 Cair= 690 for q = 29..350 W l0-It07 Steamin shell at 38"C 4 = 700MW I shell.66 26.Chapter 10 10-106 Crnin 0 Crnu" (J .899 . 23.5X5x 107) = 30.= 38-20 A_ q=cnLT.J= UA C-in (1. .080mz 2500 4t3 .2 nrbepasses Water 20oCto 27"C AssumeU =2500 +.3so q-(?\<*.45I 40.6& 0.492 _ 7 o o x l o 6_ r x l o 8 rCw=6-=l m_.ooo) w a \ll'' NTU Cmin (C.oC . m'. = b t n t =23.

28x tOTXg+.t0 t0-10s A = 19.r})(0.5= +Lmin (2500X19'680J =3.gm (29r)n(r.t"2 y=0."C Assumeinsidebarelyturbulent: ..'_ =7L.s2 (l .3 .315)(0. = 99.023)(2220)0.5 .8(zzo)0 \' ' .l8in.315 di=1.60)= 99.=2220 06"#Z-- Freeconvection Tr-70+20=45oc &=4.oc q =UrdLLT L.M9 2 m 2.X778)=1.J4. 7 7 7 8 /-V=-ln(l-0.' = '= : 2 5e. 4=80+@=70oC P=858 pr =770 ft=0. 6.0 4) Neglectconductionresistance = 2 9 1.B2x107 = h.680m2 34-20 € = a S _ 2 0= O .+ -1-.l (1 .0 4 9 x0 .28x107 Cmtn-l-5 q = C.970 .ozs+)3 (70 -20) ='I.0254)(7020) 4r4 .Chapter.-1.0zsq2(2090x80 ^(0.139 k=43+ m.W u= r\ t-GC E*E .+ q = itcrLT6=1tsty15y@- .970 w e.6x10+ cp=2090 (5Xl'049X0'0254) Re.049in. " -X: xloT)rt4 = 953 '-.lts)3(o.AT' = (3..20) = 459 MW ZoReductio"= # x loo = 34.53X7.0254t m'2.2xl0ro "2pk k = 0.64 GrPr= (4.3= '4re . l_=1 .4vo 10-llr .2xtol0)(t. do=1. ro :=l.

000 Btu/hr 3.9 s f.20 - ita .248 Tr" .3Voreduction At 20 moh= 105.3 NTUmax=0.3.26 q .800 -.13.o F LT .105.345 kN/ m' = 50 psia 53-39 4u.6230 S=0.211.218 Tr" ..450 L"a -es cmin -2290 NTU*'.6 f .&) A .3oF 100 O. 185= Cmin -M90 NTU*'.43m2 = (30)/r(0..18.5X4175)(99 q .21.(2800)A(45.12.Chapterl0 | 0-113 q .20 A ftz U -At Lu a .700 U 28.4VoReducrion -c Cmin= | 495 Tr" l0g. zo s 0 l0 20 30 40 10-114 ta p ..l00F hair = k z v = Q .025)(2L) L . = 281"F 138"C .hr03 = 0.60.A.fuocpoLTo= 58.900 Btu/hr 45.=0.85)= 438.64 LT*=fff t"(Fl 1tt .375W q = (7. rgz Il = 35 Bt-n h r .5 NTU Cmin=34.000ftlhr ix .= 0.0.2"F 55 q .l l S v c*in =Q Cr* 30 mnh = 158.32.2Vo reduction = At l0 moh ftltrr 52.600ftltrr --il- U .400Btu/hr &.000 Btu/hr At 40 mph (J .To.3 NTU=0. o.21.305 ma .: u .l06oF 55 q .f t 2.=0.0066v0'7 At 40 mph.200ftltrr G'w LTo-- Tf . t1 r< :80 vg r{-{ C oE trtr ox EE 60 40 €& &.728m -45.

l n (..I' .7 ^2 9Voincrease 1t.oc Ait'v = 32.I 167 ---- mt. Y 98 25 ' ' .l--\e.45 cw t270 LT* .636 5. = 9 9 . 8 3= 9 3 . N .oc rr--=:--r.182.10+ 101.4" C .930c (7.4oC e .'.43)(45.4 I l l .636W q: (l 167)(3.ChapterI0 l0-l 15 Rf = o-ooo5 w Udirty.l01. 2 o C 192. 6rr.5X4t75) 10-116 h (steam).N= 0 .L 111 c (0.gg lx3 176) A A_ t226 Waterflow reducedby 60Voto Cw= (0.) = 0 .64) LT* = T .6 u -r37.4Xfnq .6 y ^2. oC uoiny u.trun ./ /lo" c f lA 69'4 /t^F ' a 'e .54) :2. 9 1 4 = L T ' lll T.^E tr*t gmnfu W m"'oc Cw =C. .moz+o.5 . exit.in=(0.4oC e-l- 70-777 =+-* o.+ = A .9000 'v\'\' Y I t.I 270 N_ u! _(t226)(2.76)(4180)-3176 l2l" c '19.' .ooo4 A ^oiny _ 150 30 137.

0 38.5)(4r75)= t t = : .25.\ Trt = 2 3 l o F c=o.41'lkg/sec U =450 13810.42 5 .121 . ..=ritco(Tz-Tr)co.5)(4r75X65 oil is minfluid At= 4 Assume mo=4. COz: hr=3ffi T"r=2OO"F so ..62 rirc u*=+ *=0.93)= (2.8 Btu/lbm neglectwall resistance.(138.438 .954 00'438X50 .638 4 = l03. = UAF(LT^) F =l h"= k-g1p. 400 1o_.r=Y c.200 UA( T.50)= C*o.T) = ll7 .Chapbrl0 l0_ll8 ps = 100psia Satsteam: Ts=328oF i = 1000: ?t+ = hr.r .oF h/e = 888.=0.5 L=lO7.oooft/hr ^'\r''-rc. . tlnax= 597'000ft/hr ) Re4= 24.20g lbm/hr # Pc=15psia Trr=7QoF n=0. thisassumption waso.1775ft2 mrm LT^--W z-=r99. A=0.138-50 -n'2 -4'417-l 75)=7g4g c* r=(1.88X41 #=3E mol ffiot NTUZ Crro.25.5 g: = 0.k.= ry p-d No=4=du'*"a}^ k \v ) ( . Ue--fl ft = 83.o = e..0134 -tS. ft" . P=0.r" pA Re.8oc Nr = 0.4099 Cr=0.3023 By iterationiffior=3.96m2 1. l 8 .= 3.25) m"(2r0o)(r38.732 Ar=h=W=6.su = 3 pc = 0.nlft Un==_#.1106lum/ft3 ai 90"F dd2 cp"=0.s.\) = 260.6s.25)= C.25 Assume L=3.26g= 3.735 (7849)(65 €r = 0.22in./ q.0874rtnax=r-l +l -d.

Theseconditiorlsrefresent -' operationof qF system.7K= 95.s0).I 7Wh(gO. 1x lOsW 10-134 If the pair of heatexchangershu9 very large massflow of watercirculating negligible lemperaturedrop wouldI occur in the waterandtherewould be maximumtransferof heatfrom the outsideto ins[deair.4)= 0.063ft3 Area = (7.1.7kW ez (l .?J.7oC LTo= (0. 1.2 m3 = 7.260.o-"*t ut G.l TNAI (99.53$^2 = 99.25).Z7)= t17.6s) = rnil Az = Q.843=0.168 c=0 Volume = (0.50).863^2 80.5X0.98).andail othercaseswill involv" .9 .j942 N8883 .98oC (138.7oC q (S883X68 . Selectionof an eventualdesignwouldhaveto balanceslstem costs againstenergysavingsachieved.1774)(0.052 kg/sec nfs l0-126 Bothunmixed ho =174 hs = 5000 U . (138 50) r"(*3) (LT*)z At .if the areaof theexchangers is verylargethelimiting casewill be experienced wherethe temperatureof the air dischargedto outsidewill be to the outsideair temperature-eltering "qout the limiting casefor the system.300)= 68.7)=6.88X4175)(65 ffisr.Chapterl0 l0-122 Wateris min fluid F=| (1 (LT^)r 38 25).063)(229) =1617 ftz A=150-3m2 Cmin= 0.e1.-Ln2 o. In addition.5X15X1006)=8883 ry.27"C .9kw Qr= (2-5)(4175X50 .g43 €=l.(l 38.C G68l-(ll0'3) =2. performance. l r6 kg/sec ffis2= -?2 = 0.942)(373 ToZ= 368.

2.For the calculationsthe thermalresistance the water sideheattransfercoefficientcan probablybe neglectedin comparisonto the resistanceof the prpeandconductionresistanceto the soil.air is rnin fluid s t r .340x3600)($9'00\ [iffi )=$0'886/hr If operated l2hrlday.321ht Costsavingswith electricity= (0.€ p == = 4 0 = -g 95-Te s= Te-10 40 = 0 . 6^ 2 30 .lllllo I (J .ol32xlo5x34) = Q.oc llll.833X0.e .SS6X12)(365) 10-r43 Installationof the pipesin the groundcan be either in a vertical or horizontal configuration.365 days/yr = $l0.30 AZLiTA= AI"i.0S5X27 A- cosr savingswirh gas.N 42. g 95"C ChooseLT^.Chapterl0 I0-136 Tdryr.5MX1005X50) Sinceheatpipe tempremainsconstant. 9 4 . 105 Tp=.l0oc A_ (l .l .o .368K ho= Tairinlet. 4rs .(0.340W q.l6llyr savings(elec)=(2.32)(12X365) = $388{yr savings(gas)= (0. (Chapter3) Actual installationconditionsdependstronglyon the locale.= 95oC.5 4..34)= $2.544X1005) - 5 1 .which will influencethe conductionshapefactor betweenth9 nine andsoil.(27.5oC N .544kg/sec RT (60X287X368) 10"c l t Y ^2. = 50oC =2'7. dueto Both casesmight be examined.ircrLT .833= UA C*in (2.=52.

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