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Chapter 8 Secondary Storage Storage Primary storage Secondary storage Secondary storage devices • Media • Capacity • Storage devices

• Access speed Hard Disks Density Platters Tracks Sectors Cylinder Head crash Internal Hard Disk External Hard Disk Performance Enhancements • Disk caching • Redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID) • File compression and file decompression Solid-State Storage Solid State Drives (SSDs) Flash Memory Cards USB Drives or flash drives Optical Discs Lands-flat areas Pits-bumpy areas Compact Disc or CD • Read only-CD-ROM • Write once-CD-R or CD-recordable • Rewriteable-CD-RW Digital Versatile Disc • Read only-DVD-ROM-DVD players • Write-once-DVD+R and DVD-R • Rewriteable-DVD+RW, DVD-RW, and DVD-RAM High-Definition Discs Hi def (high definiton) Blu-ray Disc (BD) Other Types of Secondary Storage Online Storage Services Floppy Disks Floppy disk drive • Traditional • High-capacity Magnetic Tape • Sequential access • Direct access Magnetic tape reels Tape cartridges or Magnetic tape streamers Enterprise Storage System • File servers • Network attached storage (NAS) • RAI systems • Tape library • Organizational online storage Storage Area Network (SAN)  

-link remote computer storage devices to computers such that the devices are as available as locally attached drives