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Smartest Cities 2013

Smartest Cities 2013

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Study released June 25, 2013.
Study released June 25, 2013.

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Lumosity’s Smartest Cities 2013

Daniel A. Sternberg, Ph.D.

Economists and urban researchers tend to analyze the collective intelligence of cities based on socioeconomic variables like income and education levels. Last year, Lumosity published its first Smartest Cities rankings based on our own database of users’ performance on cognitive training exercises. Our 2012 rankings measured the cognitive performance of over a million people around the country. The 2013 rankings are based on data from nearly three times as many people, with over 3 million users included in the study. Given the larger scale, this year we introduce additional and more granular rankings, including Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs, also known as Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas), Combined Statistical Areas, and the direct city and state output by the IP geolocation database, in addition to the Designated Marketing Areas used in the 2012 list. We have also made some adjustments to our methods that we hope will improve the validity and reliability of our results, and provide new lists separated by age group. This whitepaper provides information about the methods employed in creating the rankings, along with summary tables. Our data is also available in the form of an interactive map that makes it easy to explore how cognitive performance varies geographically across the United States. The full rankings for CBSAs are provided in the appendix of this document. If you are a researcher who is interested in using the complete set of aggregated scores and rankings for your own research and analysis, please contact us.

Methods
User selection To be included in the analysis, a user must have played at least one game in each of the five Lumosity “Brain Areas”: Speed, Attention, Flexibility, Memory and Problem Solving. The user also must have provided their date of birth and gender, between 15 and 85 years of age, and must be located in the United States according to our geolocation procedure. These inclusion criteria resulted in an initial cohort of 3,385,648 users. Geolocation Procedure Geolocation was estimated based on users’ recorded IP address at the time they last logged into Lumosity via the freely available GeoLiteCity database. This database provides estimates of a number of different geographic variables, including and estimated city and state and a Designated Marketing Area (DMA) code. Scoring Procedure Game scores were separately normalized using an inverse percentile rank normalization procedure. Each score was transformed based on its percentile to the corresponding place on a Gaussian distribution (μ = 100, σ = 15). As performance on the exercises is known to decline with age, scores were separately normalized for each age year within each game. By controlling for the effect of age in the population, this procedure avoids biasing the results due to differences in the age distribution of different cities. Gender differences were then controlled via separate linear regression models for each cognitive area predicting the age-normed score from the user’s gender, resulting in a final scaled score. The overall index of performance was based on a single inverse rank normalization procedure on the sum of the resulting scaled scores for each cognitive area. Determining Statistical Areas Designated Marketing Areas were determined using the Metro Code output of GeoLiteCity. Codes were mapped to DMA labels using a table provided by Google. Core-based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) and Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) are defined by the US Office of Management and Budget based on US Census data. CBSAs include an urban center of at least 10,000 people, along with adjacent areas that are socioeconomically tied to the urban center via commuting. CSAs group adjoining CBSAs that are also socioeconomically tied, but at a lower threshold. CBSAs and CSAs were determined using two tables that are publicly available on the US Census website. First, the city and state output by GeoLiteCity was mapped to a corresponding county using the national place file. The county was then tied to a CBSA and CSA (where applicable) using

the CBSA delineation file. In cases where a user could not be matched to a CBSA or CSA, that user was not included in that particular ranking, but could be included in other rankings. Determining Rankings For the lists using overall score as the ranking metric, an area’s score is based on the median overall score for users in each geographic area. For the separate cognitive area lists, rankings are based on the median scaled score for each CBSA for the respective cognitive area. Age grouping For the age group lists, users were separated into three age groups - under 35 (age < 35), 35-55 (age = [35,55)), and 55+ (age >= 55), and median scores were obtained for each CBSA for each of the three age groups. Required Sample Size We required a minimum sample size of 500 users for an area to be included in one of the overall rankings. 208 DMAs, 158 CSAs, 478 CBSAs, and 1,309 cities met this criterion. For the age group rankings, we relaxed the minimum sample size to 200 users. 544 CBSAs met this criterion for the under 35 group, 405 CBSAs met this criterion for the 35-55 group, and 307 CBSAs met this criterion for the 55+ group. Interactive map CBSA delineations are based on the February 2013 CBSA shapefile, available from the US Census Bureau.

 

Overall Rankings Top 50 DMAs, CSAs, CBSAs, and Cities

Designated Marketing Area (DMA)
2013 Overall Score 103.94 103.62 103.40 102.71 102.62 102.32 102.20 101.97 101.96 101.91 101.88 101.85 101.83 101.83 101.78 101.78 101.74 101.69 101.64 101.62 101.61 101.61 101.59 101.58 49 24 12 13

2013 Ranking (out of 208) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Designated Marketing Area Lafayette IN Charlottesville VA Madison WI Cedar Rapids-Waterloo-Iowa City & Dubuque IA Johnstown-Altoona PA Minneapolis-St. Paul MN Rochester MN-Mason City IA-Austin MN Boston MA-Manchester NH Des Moines-Ames IA Pittsburgh PA Lansing MI Harrisonburg VA Columbia-Jefferson City MO Fargo-Valley City ND Green Bay-Appleton WI Lincoln & Hastings-Kearney NE La Crosse-Eau Claire WI Milwaukee WI Wausau-Rhinelander WI Helena MT Topeka KS Harrisburg-Lancaster-Lebanon-York PA Austin TX Rochester NY

2012 Ranking 2 1 4 6 8 10 31 11 35 19 16 51 22 15 29 37 23 55 47

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Champaign & Springfield-Decatur,IL Syracuse NY Omaha NE Burlington VT-Plattsburgh NY Marquette MI Indianapolis IN Honolulu HI Duluth MN-Superior WI Sioux Falls(Mitchell) SD Peoria-Bloomington IL Binghamton NY Gainesville FL Springfield-Holyoke MA Kansas City MO Seattle-Tacoma WA Cincinnati OH Eugene OR Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-San Luis Obispo CA Denver CO Portland OR Ottumwa IA-Kirksville MO Lima OH Mankato MN Roanoke-Lynchburg VA Albany-Schenectady-Troy NY San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose CA

101.55 101.55 101.55 101.54 101.53 101.51 101.51 101.46 101.44 101.40 101.38 101.37 101.37 101.32 101.31 101.29 101.27 101.21 101.17 101.14 101.12 101.12 101.11 101.10 101.09 101.08 -

9 20 38 18 39 26 7 28 73 69 54 14 25 65 50 56 53 17 40 33

96 64 45 5

Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
Ranking (out of 157) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Combined Statistical Area Ithaca-Cortland, NY Lafayette-West Lafayette-Frankfort, IN State College-DuBois, PA Bloomington-Bedford, IN Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, IA Pullman-Moscow, WA-ID Des Moines-Ames-West Des Moines, IA Eau Claire-Menomonie, WI Lincoln-Beatrice, NE Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI Columbia-Moberly-Mexico, MO Sioux City-Vermillion, IA-SD-NE Fargo-Wahpeton, ND-MN Rochester-Austin, MN Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Bloomington-Pontiac, IL Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS Indianapolis-Carmel-Muncie, IN Harrisonburg-Staunton-Waynesboro, VA Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, NE-IA Mount Pleasant-Alma, MI Mankato-New Ulm-North Mankato, MN Wausau-Stevens Point-Wisconsin Rapids, WI Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT

Overall Score 104.59 104.37 103.94 103.88 103.53 103.41 103.25 103.23 102.64 102.48 102.45 102.44 102.25 102.24 102.23 102.19 102.14 102.00 101.98 101.98 101.82 101.77 101.76 101.72 101.67 101.67 101.65 101.60

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY Seattle-Tacoma, WA Morgantown-Fairmont, WV Denver-Aurora, CO Gainesville-Lake City, FL Cincinnati-Wilmington-Maysville, OH-KY-IN Johnstown-Somerset, PA Springfield-Greenfield Town, MA Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Lima-Van Wert-Celina, OH Peoria-Canton, IL Green Bay-Shawano, WI Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon, MI Findlay-Tiffin, OH Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, ME Fort Wayne-Huntington-Auburn, IN Lansing-East Lansing-Owosso, MI Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Syracuse-Auburn, NY Albany-Schenectady, NY Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA

101.51 101.42 101.41 101.39 101.39 101.37 101.34 101.33 101.30 101.27 101.24 101.21 101.21 101.17 101.14 101.12 101.08 101.06 101.05 101.03 100.97 100.96

 

Core-based Statistical Area (CBSA)
Ranking (out of 478) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Core-based Statistical Area Ithaca, NY State College, PA Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Iowa City, IA Ames, IA Ann Arbor, MI Bloomington, IN Madison, WI Lawrence, KS Pullman, WA College Station-Bryan, TX Appleton, WI Champaign-Urbana, IL Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Charlottesville, VA Boulder, CO Provo-Orem, UT Harrisonburg, VA Rolla, MO Houghton, MI Muncie, IN Corvallis, OR Boone, NC Logan, UT-ID Stillwater, OK Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT Lebanon, PA

Overall Score 105.76 105.21 104.56 104.53 104.37 104.28 104.07 104.05 103.97 103.94 103.81 103.72 103.69 103.68 103.53 103.45 103.30 103.21 103.15 102.95 102.92 102.87 102.73 102.66 102.59 102.58 102.55 102.54

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Moscow, ID Cedar Rapids, IA Lincoln, NE Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Starkville, MS Athens, OH La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN Brainerd, MN Burlington-South Burlington, VT Fargo, ND-MN Stevens Point, WI Columbia, MO St. Cloud, MN Rochester, MN Auburn-Opelika, AL Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Oil City, PA Fort Collins, CO Sheboygan, WI Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Keene, NH

102.49 102.49 102.46 102.46 102.44 102.43 102.40 102.39 102.37 102.35 102.35 102.35 102.34 102.34 102.34 102.32 102.29 102.24 102.22 102.14 102.14 102.09

 

City and State
Ranking (out of 1,309) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

City Stanford, CA Princeton, NJ Storrs Mansfield, CT Evanston, IL Cambridge, MA La Jolla, CA Amherst, MA West Lafayette, IN Ithaca, NY Davis, CA Urbana, IL College Park, MD Somerville, MA State College, PA Ann Arbor, MI Oxford, OH Blacksburg, VA Chapel Hill, NC Stony Brook, NY Provo, UT East Lansing, MI Lexington, MA Allendale, MI Madison, WI Iowa City, IA Brighton, MA Watertown, MA Ames, IA

Overall Score 111.24 107.80 107.39 107.13 106.79 106.63 106.58 106.42 106.33 106.06 105.97 105.96 105.84 105.83 105.81 105.78 105.66 105.66 105.64 105.40 105.25 105.24 105.07 104.92 104.92 104.67 104.62 104.52

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Bloomington, IN Berkeley, CA Lenexa, KS Lawrence, KS Charlottesville, VA College Station, TX Pullman, WA Burlington, VT Williamsburg, VA Ambler, PA Redmond, WA Hillsborough, NJ Webster, NY Waltham, MA Boulder, CO Flemington, NJ Vienna, VA Natick, MA Westminster, MD Bethpage, NY Menlo Park, CA Harrisonburg, VA

104.27 104.26 104.21 104.19 104.18 104.11 104.01 103.91 103.91 103.91 103.89 103.89 103.87 103.86 103.85 103.83 103.82 103.81 103.81 103.80 103.75 103.74

 

Rankings by Age Group Top 50 CBSAs
Under 35
Ranking (out of 544) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Core-based Statistical Area Ithaca, NY State College, PA Kirksville, MO Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Ann Arbor, MI Charlottesville, VA Madison, WI Burlington, NC Bloomington, IN Iowa City, IA Rolla, MO College Station-Bryan, TX Champaign-Urbana, IL Ames, IA Lawrence, KS Pullman, WA Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Lewisburg, PA Muncie, IN Harrisonburg, VA Boulder, CO Menomonie, WI Provo-Orem, UT Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT Auburn-Opelika, AL

Overall Score 106.89 105.95 105.89 105.44 105.00 104.92 104.90 104.81 104.80 104.71 104.71 104.66 104.51 104.49 104.42 104.22 104.03 103.95 103.67 103.67 103.63 103.62 103.56 103.53 103.50

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Starkville, MS Houghton, MI La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN Boone, NC Corvallis, OR Appleton, WI Logan, UT-ID Moscow, ID Athens, OH Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA Sheboygan, WI Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Stevens Point, WI Burlington-South Burlington, VT San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA Eau Claire, WI Mount Pleasant, MI Brookings, SD Morgantown, WV Marquette, MI Stillwater, OK Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Gainesville, FL Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Lincoln, NE

103.41 103.29 103.24 103.19 103.11 103.10 102.98 102.97 102.97 102.94 102.89 102.88 102.82 102.77 102.76 102.62 102.62 102.58 102.56 102.55 102.52 102.50 102.50 102.42 102.39

 

35-55
Ranking (out of 405) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Core-based Statistical Area Iowa City, IA State College, PA Columbia, MO Brainerd, MN Ames, IA Lebanon, PA Ithaca, NY Lawrence, KS Appleton, WI Madison, WI Cedar Rapids, IA Corvallis, OR Boulder, CO Ann Arbor, MI Fort Collins, CO Oil City, PA Provo-Orem, UT Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Owosso, MI Fargo, ND-MN Janesville-Beloit, WI Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Newport, OR New Philadelphia-Dover, OH Lincoln, NE Wooster, OH Oshkosh-Neenah, WI

Overall Score 104.85 104.57 104.07 104.05 103.94 103.83 103.81 103.73 103.69 103.53 103.52 103.49 103.42 103.37 103.26 103.25 103.24 103.20 103.19 103.07 103.03 102.89 102.84 102.82 102.82 102.81 102.79 102.79

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Bismarck, ND Winchester, VA-WV Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Grand Forks, ND-MN Rochester, MN Helena, MT Lancaster, PA Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Altoona, PA Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Frankfort, KY Great Falls, MT Logan, UT-ID Ottawa-Peru, IL Missoula, MT Green Bay, WI College Station-Bryan, TX South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI

102.75 102.74 102.69 102.68 102.62 102.60 102.58 102.57 102.52 102.51 102.46 102.45 102.40 102.38 102.38 102.35 102.33 102.33 102.32 102.31 102.31 102.31

 

55+
Ranking (out of 307) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Core-based Statistical Area Columbia, MO Elmira, NY Iowa City, IA Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Bloomington, IN Ithaca, NY Salem, OR Barnstable Town, MA Cedar Rapids, IA Port Angeles, WA Champaign-Urbana, IL Austin-Round Rock, TX Boulder, CO Rochester, MN Urban Honolulu, HI Ann Arbor, MI Fargo, ND-MN Bozeman, MT State College, PA Eureka-Arcata-Fortuna, CA Springfield, OH Madison, WI Grand Junction, CO Fort Collins, CO Laconia, NH Helena, MT Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT Wausau, WI

Overall Score 104.45 104.41 103.77 103.73 103.20 103.15 103.10 102.91 102.81 102.79 102.77 102.72 102.71 102.70 102.69 102.69 102.67 102.58 102.54 102.49 102.47 102.44 102.43 102.37 102.35 102.34 102.33 102.33

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI Salisbury, MD-DE Lincoln, NE Eugene, OR Kansas City, MO-KS Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Kalamazoo-Portage, MI Bellingham, WA Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Lansing-East Lansing, MI Roanoke, VA Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Topeka, KS Bremerton-Silverdale, WA Winchester, VA-WV Charleston, WV Reading, PA Coos Bay, OR Trenton, NJ Hilo, HI Fort Wayne, IN

102.31 102.29 102.26 102.25 102.18 102.11 102.03 102.01 101.91 101.90 101.89 101.89 101.88 101.87 101.86 101.80 101.79 101.78 101.77 101.73 101.73 101.73

Cognitive Area Rankings Top 50 CBSAs
Attention
Ranking (out of 478)

Core-based Statistical Area 1 Appleton, WI

Attention Score 103.28 102.73 102.55 102.49 102.31 102.30 102.25 102.20 102.19 102.18 102.16 102.02 101.97 101.97 101.92 101.91 101.89 101.86 101.84 101.84 101.83 101.83 101.81 101.80 101.80

2 Sunbury, PA 3 State College, PA 4 Brainerd, MN 5 Whitewater-Elkhorn, WI 6 Batavia, NY 7 Corvallis, OR 8 Lawrence, KS 9 La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN 10 Harrisonburg, VA 11 Boulder, CO 12 Wisconsin Rapids-Marshfield, WI 13 Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA 14 Bloomington, IN 15 Reading, PA 16 Ithaca, NY 17 Bismarck, ND 18 Ottawa-Peru, IL 19 Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN 20 Madison, WI 21 Iowa City, IA 22 Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT 23 Charlottesville, VA 24 Eau Claire, WI 25 Newport, OR

26 Mount Pleasant, MI 27 Mankato-North Mankato, MN 28 Lancaster, PA 29 Lebanon, PA 30 Pullman, WA 31 Barnstable Town, MA 32 Fond du Lac, WI 33 Oneonta, NY 34 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 35 Provo-Orem, UT 36 Logan, UT-ID 37 Meadville, PA 38 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 39 Winona, MN 40 Burlington, NC 41 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 42 Rochester, MN 43 Morgantown, WV 44 Truckee-Grass Valley, CA 45 College Station-Bryan, TX 46 Michigan City-La Porte, IN 47 Houghton, MI 48 Breckenridge, CO 49 Winchester, VA-WV 50 Topeka, KS

101.79 101.76 101.73 101.72 101.70 101.68 101.67 101.67 101.67 101.66 101.65 101.64 101.64 101.63 101.62 101.61 101.61 101.61 101.60 101.59 101.54 101.49 101.49 101.49 101.48

Flexibility
Ranking Core-based Statistical Area 1 Ithaca, NY 2 State College, PA 3 Boone, NC 4 Iowa City, IA 5 Ann Arbor, MI 6 Bloomington, IN 7 Boulder, CO 8 Charlottesville, VA 9 Burlington-South Burlington, VT 10 Oxford, MS 11 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 12 Madison, WI 13 Champaign-Urbana, IL 14 Lawrence, KS 15 College Station-Bryan, TX 16 Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN 17 Harrisonburg, VA 18 Starkville, MS 19 Provo-Orem, UT 20 Ames, IA 21 Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH 22 Stillwater, OK 23 Muncie, IN 24 Ogdensburg-Massena, NY 25 Stevens Point, WI 26 Logan, UT-ID 27 Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT 28 Auburn-Opelika, AL Flexibility Score 105.55 104.32 104.05 103.56 103.49 103.46 103.37 103.23 103.21 103.20 103.14 103.08 103.02 102.82 102.69 102.69 102.68 102.62 102.61 102.59 102.58 102.42 102.41 102.35 102.25 102.24 102.14 102.09

29 Columbia, MO 30 Pullman, WA 31 Concord, NH 32 Cedar Rapids, IA 33 Corvallis, OR 34 Lebanon, PA 35 St. Cloud, MN 36 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA 37 Lincoln, NE 38 Bloomington, IL 39 Moscow, ID 40 Augusta-Waterville, ME 41 Winchester, VA-WV 42 Pittsfield, MA 43 La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN 44 Burlington, NC 45 Gainesville, FL 46 Laramie, WY 47 Athens, OH 48 Manchester-Nashua, NH 49 Bellingham, WA 50 Springfield, MA

102.08 102.06 102.02 101.96 101.92 101.81 101.81 101.80 101.77 101.72 101.69 101.69 101.68 101.64 101.63 101.63 101.63 101.62 101.58 101.58 101.55 101.54

Memory
Ranking (out of 478) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Core-based Statistical Area Appleton, WI State College, PA Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Stevens Point, WI Ithaca, NY Houghton, MI Provo-Orem, UT Rolla, MO Winona, MN Rexburg, ID Rochester, MN Pullman, WA College Station-Bryan, TX Sheboygan, WI Logan, UT-ID Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Madison, WI Grand Forks, ND-MN Urban Honolulu, HI Laramie, WY Brainerd, MN Sioux City, IA-NE-SD Iowa City, IA Walla Walla, WA Fond du Lac, WI Wisconsin Rapids-Marshfield, WI Lincoln, NE Ann Arbor, MI

Memory Score 103.25 103.23 103.13 103.04 102.94 102.90 102.87 102.83 102.80 102.71 102.63 102.59 102.50 102.47 102.46 102.44 102.40 102.32 102.28 102.26 102.22 102.20 102.18 102.11 102.10 102.01 101.98 101.97

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Boulder, CO New Castle, PA Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Ames, IA Corvallis, OR Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Lawrence, KS Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Fort Collins, CO Champaign-Urbana, IL Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA Bellingham, WA Stillwater, OK Bloomington, IN Eau Claire, WI Show Low, AZ Ellensburg, WA Oil City, PA St. Cloud, MN Hilo, HI Charleston-Mattoon, IL Eugene, OR

101.97 101.96 101.95 101.95 101.95 101.95 101.87 101.81 101.78 101.77 101.76 101.68 101.65 101.60 101.59 101.59 101.59 101.59 101.57 101.55 101.51 101.50

Problem Solving
Ranking (out of 478) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Problem Solving Score 105.91 105.52 105.09 104.97 104.81 104.55 104.27 104.15 103.69 103.67 103.66 103.66 103.63 103.53 103.02 102.86 102.82 102.76 102.67 102.56 102.55 102.55 102.52 102.49 102.46 102.44 102.42 102.41

Core-based Statistical Area Ithaca, NY Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Ames, IA State College, PA Champaign-Urbana, IL Iowa City, IA Bloomington, IN College Station-Bryan, TX Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Rolla, MO Madison, WI Ann Arbor, MI Pullman, WA Stevens Point, WI Lawrence, KS Starkville, MS Cedar Rapids, IA Boone, NC Oxford, MS South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI Charlottesville, VA Columbia, MO Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Appleton, WI Muncie, IN Rochester, MN Fond du Lac, WI Bloomington, IL

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Fargo, ND-MN Harrisonburg, VA Trenton, NJ Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Ottawa-Peru, IL Boulder, CO Athens, OH Stillwater, OK Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Sheboygan, WI Burlington, NC San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Lincoln, NE Gainesville, FL La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN Findlay, OH Bismarck, ND Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Houghton, MI Tuscaloosa, AL Auburn-Opelika, AL

102.40 102.40 102.39 102.38 102.36 102.34 102.33 102.27 102.25 102.24 102.22 102.19 102.18 102.17 102.08 102.06 102.05 102.03 102.01 102.00 101.98 101.98

Speed
Ranking (out of 478) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Core-based Statistical Area Ithaca, NY Bloomington, IN Ann Arbor, MI Corvallis, OR State College, PA Provo-Orem, UT Iowa City, IA Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN Houghton, MI Champaign-Urbana, IL Ames, IA Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA Logan, UT-ID Morgantown, WV Charlottesville, VA Boulder, CO Pullman, WA Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT Madison, WI Wooster, OH Rolla, MO Lawrence, KS Lancaster, PA College Station-Bryan, TX Appleton, WI Boone, NC Stillwater, OK Mount Pleasant, MI

Speed Score 103.63 103.09 103.07 103.04 102.99 102.98 102.95 102.94 102.81 102.77 102.74 102.73 102.67 102.62 102.60 102.59 102.30 102.30 102.26 102.24 102.21 102.16 102.15 102.12 102.10 102.10 102.08 102.07

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Burlington-South Burlington, VT Big Rapids, MI Columbia, MO Moscow, ID Laramie, WY Keene, NH Auburn-Opelika, AL Harrisonburg, VA Marion, IN Oil City, PA Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA Reading, PA Cedar Rapids, IA Brainerd, MN Oneonta, NY Breckenridge, CO Rochester, MN Fort Collins, CO Athens, OH Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI Newport, OR

102.05 102.01 101.98 101.95 101.95 101.95 101.94 101.90 101.86 101.85 101.85 101.82 101.78 101.73 101.73 101.70 101.68 101.68 101.68 101.64 101.63 101.63

Appendix Complete Overall Score Rankings for Core-Based Statistical Areas

Ranking

Core-based Statistical Area 1 Ithaca, NY 2 State College, PA 3 Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN 4 Iowa City, IA 5 Ames, IA 6 Ann Arbor, MI 7 Bloomington, IN 8 Madison, WI 9 Lawrence, KS 10 Pullman, WA 11 College Station-Bryan, TX 12 Appleton, WI 13 Champaign-Urbana, IL 14 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 15 Charlottesville, VA 16 Boulder, CO 17 Provo-Orem, UT 18 Harrisonburg, VA 19 Rolla, MO 20 Houghton, MI 21 Muncie, IN 22 Corvallis, OR 23 Boone, NC 24 Logan, UT-ID 25 Stillwater, OK 26 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 27 Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT 28 Lebanon, PA 29 Moscow, ID 30 Cedar Rapids, IA 31 Lincoln, NE 32 Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA 33 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 34 Starkville, MS 35 Athens, OH 36 La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN 37 Brainerd, MN

Overall Score 105.76 105.21 104.56 104.53 104.37 104.28 104.07 104.05 103.97 103.94 103.81 103.72 103.69 103.68 103.53 103.45 103.30 103.21 103.15 102.95 102.92 102.87 102.73 102.66 102.59 102.58 102.55 102.54 102.49 102.49 102.46 102.46 102.44 102.43 102.40 102.39 102.37

38 Burlington-South Burlington, VT 39 Fargo, ND-MN 40 Stevens Point, WI 41 Columbia, MO 42 St. Cloud, MN 43 Rochester, MN 44 Auburn-Opelika, AL 45 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA 46 Oil City, PA 47 Fort Collins, CO 48 Sheboygan, WI 49 Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH 50 Keene, NH 51 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 52 Burlington, NC 53 Pittsburgh, PA 54 Fond du Lac, WI 55 Concord, NH 56 Morgantown, WV 57 Bellingham, WA 58 Mount Pleasant, MI 59 Ottawa-Peru, IL 60 Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN 61 Laramie, WY 62 Barnstable Town, MA 63 Lancaster, PA 64 Reading, PA 65 Winchester, VA-WV 66 Bozeman, MT 67 Bloomington, IL 68 Gainesville, FL 69 Duluth, MN-WI 70 Michigan City-La Porte, IN 71 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI 72 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 73 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 74 Oxford, MS 75 Altoona, PA 76 Wooster, OH 77 Bismarck, ND 78 Grand Forks, ND-MN 79 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI

102.35 102.35 102.35 102.34 102.34 102.34 102.32 102.29 102.24 102.22 102.14 102.14 102.09 102.08 102.05 102.04 102.04 102.02 102.02 101.98 101.97 101.97 101.94 101.93 101.92 101.91 101.87 101.85 101.81 101.80 101.77 101.75 101.75 101.74 101.73 101.71 101.70 101.70 101.67 101.67 101.65 101.64

80 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 81 Binghamton, NY 82 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 83 Wisconsin Rapids-Marshfield, WI 84 Ogdensburg-Massena, NY 85 Kansas City, MO-KS 86 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA 87 Torrington, CT 88 Trenton, NJ 89 Rochester, NY 90 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 91 Oneonta, NY 92 Eau Claire, WI 93 Warsaw, IN 94 Norwich-New London, CT 95 Eugene, OR 96 Topeka, KS 97 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 98 Mankato-North Mankato, MN 99 Helena, MT 100 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 101 Janesville-Beloit, WI 102 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA 103 Lansing-East Lansing, MI 104 Wausau, WI 105 New Castle, PA 106 Johnstown, PA 107 Marion, IN 108 Urban Honolulu, HI 109 Fairbanks, AK 110 Portland-South Portland, ME 111 Sunbury, PA 112 Austin-Round Rock, TX 113 Worcester, MA-CT 114 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 115 Peoria, IL 116 Springfield, MA 117 Green Bay, WI 118 Racine, WI 119 Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA 120 Laconia, NH 121 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL

101.63 101.63 101.62 101.61 101.61 101.60 101.59 101.58 101.58 101.54 101.53 101.53 101.52 101.51 101.51 101.50 101.48 101.47 101.47 101.44 101.43 101.41 101.40 101.37 101.37 101.35 101.35 101.34 101.32 101.31 101.29 101.29 101.28 101.28 101.26 101.26 101.25 101.25 101.24 101.24 101.22 101.20

122 Winona, MN 123 Akron, OH 124 Syracuse, NY 125 Kearney, NE 126 York-Hanover, PA 127 Erie, PA 128 Pittsfield, MA 129 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 130 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 131 Lima, OH 132 Alma, MI 133 Flagstaff, AZ 134 Olympia-Tumwater, WA 135 Dayton, OH 136 Mount Vernon, OH 137 Bangor, ME 138 Charleston-North Charleston, SC 139 Cumberland, MD-WV 140 Hilo, HI 141 Albany, OR 142 Manchester-Nashua, NH 143 Fort Wayne, IN 144 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI 145 Knoxville, TN 146 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA 147 Walla Walla, WA 148 Plattsburgh, NY 149 Great Falls, MT 150 Newport, OR 151 Oklahoma City, OK 152 Minot, ND 153 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 154 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 155 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 156 Batavia, NY 157 Lewiston, ID-WA 158 Elmira, NY 159 Bend-Redmond, OR 160 Adrian, MI 161 Tallahassee, FL 162 Cleveland-Elyria, OH 163 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO

101.14 101.14 101.13 101.11 101.11 101.10 101.08 101.07 101.06 101.05 101.04 101.03 101.03 101.01 101.01 101.00 101.00 101.00 101.00 101.00 101.00 100.98 100.98 100.97 100.97 100.97 100.96 100.96 100.96 100.94 100.93 100.91 100.91 100.90 100.90 100.90 100.88 100.88 100.87 100.85 100.85 100.83

164 Tuscaloosa, AL 165 Lynchburg, VA 166 California-Lexington Park, MD 167 Sayre, PA 168 Warrensburg, MO 169 Missoula, MT 170 Lubbock, TX 171 Augusta-Waterville, ME 172 Gettysburg, PA 173 Roanoke, VA 174 Kingston, NY 175 Rexburg, ID 176 Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI 177 Huntsville, TX 178 Whitewater-Elkhorn, WI 179 Columbus, OH 180 Springfield, IL 181 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA 182 Frankfort, KY 183 Findlay, OH 184 Ellensburg, WA 185 Greeley, CO 186 Santa Rosa, CA 187 Salem, OR 188 Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 189 Canton-Massillon, OH 190 Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY 191 Billings, MT 192 Toledo, OH 193 Waco, TX 194 Clarksburg, WV 195 Barre, VT 196 Breckenridge, CO 197 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 198 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN 199 St. Louis, MO-IL 200 Dubuque, IA 201 Salt Lake City, UT 202 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 203 Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA 204 Rapid City, SD 205 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN

100.82 100.82 100.81 100.81 100.80 100.80 100.80 100.79 100.79 100.79 100.78 100.77 100.77 100.77 100.74 100.73 100.73 100.71 100.68 100.66 100.65 100.65 100.65 100.64 100.63 100.63 100.63 100.62 100.61 100.59 100.59 100.59 100.59 100.58 100.58 100.57 100.53 100.51 100.50 100.50 100.50 100.47

206 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 207 Tucson, AZ 208 Decatur, IL 209 Ogden-Clearfield, UT 210 Meadville, PA 211 Wichita, KS 212 Monroe, MI 213 Evansville, IN-KY 214 Kerrville, TX 215 New Haven-Milford, CT 216 Columbus, IN 217 Terre Haute, IN 218 Marinette, WI-MI 219 Charleston-Mattoon, IL 220 Jamestown-Dunkirk-Fredonia, NY 221 Kokomo, IN 222 Jackson, MI 223 San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 224 Owosso, MI 225 Port Angeles, WA 226 New Philadelphia-Dover, OH 227 Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA 228 Kapaa, HI 229 Big Rapids, MI 230 Lewiston-Auburn, ME 231 Wilmington, NC 232 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 233 Cheyenne, WY 234 Richmond, VA 235 Boise City, ID 236 Anchorage, AK 237 Morehead City, NC 238 Holland, MI 239 Rutland, VT 240 Cookeville, TN 241 Idaho Falls, ID 242 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ 243 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 244 Colorado Springs, CO 245 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 246 Danville, IL 247 Norwalk, OH

100.45 100.45 100.44 100.43 100.43 100.43 100.39 100.39 100.38 100.38 100.37 100.36 100.35 100.34 100.32 100.32 100.32 100.31 100.28 100.28 100.28 100.27 100.26 100.26 100.26 100.24 100.23 100.22 100.20 100.19 100.18 100.18 100.18 100.17 100.16 100.16 100.14 100.14 100.13 100.10 100.10 100.08

248 Reno, NV 249 Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 250 Staunton-Waynesboro, VA 251 Medford, OR 252 Providence-Warwick, RI-MA 253 Charleston, WV 254 Pottsville, PA 255 Coos Bay, OR 256 Sandusky, OH 257 Edwards, CO 258 San Angelo, TX 259 Auburn, NY 260 Asheville, NC 261 Owensboro, KY 262 Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC 263 Rockford, IL 264 Truckee-Grass Valley, CA 265 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 266 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA 267 Salisbury, MD-DE 268 Utica-Rome, NY 269 Oak Harbor, WA 270 East Stroudsburg, PA 271 Ocean City, NJ 272 Watertown-Fort Drum, NY 273 Statesboro, GA 274 Saginaw, MI 275 Longview, WA 276 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 277 Parkersburg-Vienna, WV 278 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 279 Baton Rouge, LA 280 Williamsport, PA 281 Prescott, AZ 282 Durango, CO 283 Grand Junction, CO 284 Grand Island, NE 285 Mansfield, OH 286 Kankakee, IL 287 Fairmont, WV 288 Muskegon, MI 289 New Orleans-Metairie, LA

100.07 100.07 100.05 100.05 100.04 100.04 100.02 100.00 99.99 99.99 99.96 99.95 99.95 99.95 99.94 99.93 99.93 99.91 99.90 99.89 99.87 99.87 99.87 99.86 99.85 99.84 99.84 99.83 99.83 99.78 99.78 99.78 99.77 99.76 99.76 99.72 99.71 99.69 99.68 99.66 99.64 99.64

290 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 291 Battle Creek, MI 292 Salinas, CA 293 Klamath Falls, OR 294 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 295 Ukiah, CA 296 Napa, CA 297 Glenwood Springs, CO 298 Goldsboro, NC 299 Lexington-Fayette, KY 300 Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC 301 Bowling Green, KY 302 Corning, NY 303 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI 304 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX 305 Springfield, OH 306 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 307 Coeur d'Alene, ID 308 Eureka-Arcata-Fortuna, CA 309 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 310 Raleigh, NC 311 Santa Fe, NM 312 Kalispell, MT 313 Chico, CA 314 Gainesville, GA 315 Bay City, MI 316 Twin Falls, ID 317 Columbia, SC 318 Beckley, WV 319 Hudson, NY 320 Zanesville, OH 321 Wenatchee, WA 322 Tulsa, OK 323 Albuquerque, NM 324 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC 325 Dover, DE 326 Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 327 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 328 Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL 329 Greenville, NC 330 Panama City, FL 331 Fremont, OH

99.63 99.60 99.59 99.58 99.57 99.56 99.52 99.47 99.46 99.45 99.44 99.43 99.41 99.39 99.39 99.39 99.37 99.36 99.36 99.35 99.34 99.30 99.30 99.29 99.29 99.28 99.23 99.23 99.22 99.21 99.19 99.19 99.19 99.19 99.18 99.18 99.16 99.15 99.15 99.15 99.12 99.12

332 Astoria, OR 333 Ashtabula, OH 334 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 335 Elkhart-Goshen, IN 336 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 337 New Bern, NC 338 Salina, KS 339 Springfield, MO 340 Glens Falls, NY 341 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 342 Tyler, TX 343 Key West, FL 344 Aberdeen, WA 345 Flint, MI 346 North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL 347 Grants Pass, OR 348 Richmond, IN 349 Huntsville, AL 350 Richmond-Berea, KY 351 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 352 Roseburg, OR 353 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 354 Spartanburg, SC 355 Wichita Falls, TX 356 DuBois, PA 357 Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL 358 Clearlake, CA 359 Kennewick-Richland, WA 360 CaÐon City, CO 361 Bluefield, WV-VA 362 Greensboro-High Point, NC 363 Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL 364 Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY 365 Homosassa Springs, FL 366 Jonesboro, AR 367 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 368 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL 369 Paducah, KY-IL 370 Gloversville, NY 371 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 372 Sanford, NC 373 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL

99.12 99.11 99.11 99.10 99.10 99.09 99.07 99.07 99.05 99.04 99.04 99.03 99.03 98.99 98.98 98.97 98.96 98.96 98.96 98.95 98.94 98.92 98.90 98.90 98.89 98.88 98.85 98.82 98.80 98.80 98.79 98.79 98.78 98.77 98.76 98.75 98.74 98.72 98.70 98.68 98.65 98.65

374 Savannah, GA 375 Chattanooga, TN-GA 376 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 377 Gillette, WY 378 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 379 Pinehurst-Southern Pines, NC 380 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV 381 Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 382 New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 383 Crossville, TN 384 Redding, CA 385 Georgetown, SC 386 Jefferson, GA 387 Lawton, OK 388 Casper, WY 389 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 390 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 391 Memphis, TN-MS-AR 392 Yuba City, CA 393 Ocala, FL 394 Clarksville, TN-KY 395 Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 396 Lafayette, LA 397 Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL 398 Yakima, WA 399 Jackson, TN 400 Show Low, AZ 401 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 402 Fort Smith, AR-OK 403 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL 404 Jacksonville, FL 405 Brunswick, GA 406 Amsterdam, NY 407 Alexandria, LA 408 Lake Charles, LA 409 Russellville, AR 410 Shelby, NC 411 Fresno, CA 412 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 413 Chillicothe, OH 414 Hammond, LA 415 Merced, CA

98.64 98.63 98.63 98.61 98.60 98.60 98.59 98.59 98.58 98.56 98.54 98.54 98.53 98.53 98.51 98.47 98.46 98.44 98.44 98.42 98.41 98.39 98.38 98.38 98.37 98.35 98.34 98.26 98.25 98.23 98.23 98.22 98.21 98.17 98.16 98.13 98.12 98.02 98.00 98.00 97.99 97.98

416 Rome, GA 417 Columbus, GA-AL 418 Modesto, CA 419 Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS 420 Sherman-Denison, TX 421 Port St. Lucie, FL 422 Fayetteville, NC 423 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ 424 Mobile, AL 425 Gardnerville Ranchos, NV 426 Jacksonville, NC 427 Moses Lake, WA 428 Stockton-Lodi, CA 429 Forest City, NC 430 Dunn, NC 431 Houma-Thibodaux, LA 432 Winston-Salem, NC 433 Jackson, MS 434 Farmington, NM 435 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 436 Gadsden, AL 437 Pueblo, CO 438 Birmingham-Hoover, AL 439 Tupelo, MS 440 Killeen-Temple, TX 441 Punta Gorda, FL 442 Valdosta, GA 443 Florence, SC 444 Yuma, AZ 445 Madera, CA 446 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 447 Montgomery, AL 448 Cleveland, TN 449 Monroe, LA 450 Johnson City, TN 451 Dalton, GA 452 Victoria, TX 453 Visalia-Porterville, CA 454 Danville, VA 455 Bakersfield, CA 456 London, KY 457 Hobbs, NM

97.95 97.92 97.86 97.85 97.84 97.83 97.79 97.77 97.75 97.74 97.73 97.72 97.71 97.68 97.65 97.62 97.60 97.54 97.50 97.49 97.48 97.48 97.47 97.46 97.43 97.40 97.40 97.37 97.34 97.32 97.30 97.30 97.29 97.25 97.20 97.17 97.14 97.13 97.07 97.04 97.00 96.99

458 Orangeburg, SC 459 Hanford-Corcoran, CA 460 Sumter, SC 461 Texarkana, TX-AR 462 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 463 Lufkin, TX 464 Albemarle, NC 465 Meridian, MS 466 Milledgeville, GA 467 Hinesville, GA 468 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 469 Wilson, NC 470 El Paso, TX 471 Talladega-Sylacauga, AL 472 Albany, GA 473 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX 474 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL 475 El Centro, CA 476 Kinston, NC 477 Laredo, TX 478 Lumberton, NC

96.96 96.95 96.88 96.78 96.77 96.60 96.50 96.45 96.28 96.16 96.09 96.07 95.96 95.65 95.64 95.38 95.35 95.30 95.29 94.99 94.25

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