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Connecting Rod Ratio

# Connecting Rod Ratio

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03/24/2014

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# CRANK CONNECTING ROD RATIO Introduction The crank-connecting rod is the mechanism that converts the up-and

-down motion of the piston into the rotating motion of the crankshaft. The parts of this mechanism are the connecting rod and the crankshaft. The connecting rod length is the distance between the center of the large and small openings of the connecting rod. The crank length is the distance between the center of the large opening of the connecting rod and the center of the crankshaft.

1. Parts of the crank-connecting rod mechanism.

2.

What is meant by the connecting rod length? a. b.  c. d. The total length of the connecting rod The combined length of the connecting rod and the crank. The distance between the center of the large and small openings of the connecting rod. The distance between the center of the crankshaft and the large opening of the connecting rod.

3. Connecting rod length.

c. The total length of the crank. Crank length. c.4. This is represented with `λ` (lambda). The distance between the center of the large and small openings of the connecting rod. The size of the mechanism 2. The distance between the center of the crankshaft and the large opening of the connecting rod. The formula is: λ= crank length / connecting rod length A large and small engine can therefore have the same λ.4 . The strength of the crank-connecting rod mechanism.  d. Calculate the crank connecting rod ratio `λ`. b. b. Ratio There is a ratio between the length of the connecting rod and the crank. a dimensionless figure. λ= 18/45 λ= 0. 1. The ratio of the crank length to the connecting rod length. What is meant by the crank length? a. 5. The combined length of the connecting rod and the crank. What does `λ` mean when talking about a crank connecting rod mechanism? a.

What do you notice? a. This pressure causes a force on the piston. These forces change depending on the position of the crankshaft. The radial force that has to be received by the crankshaft. Using the tangential force you can calculate the engine torque.25 4.25/5 λ= . λ= 25/100 λ= . The large and small engine has a different λ. The piston force can be separated into forces in the crank-connecting rod mechanism. λ= 1. the piston force. The large and small engine has the same λ.3. Calculate `λ` of the large engine.25 5. Calculate the `λ` of the small engine. At the level of the crank pin the connecting rod force can be divided into 2 forces. the connecting rod force (F2) and slide force (F3). . the tangential force (F4) and the radial force (F5). Forces at Work The combustion in the engine causes a rise in pressure in the cylinder. b. At the level of the piston pin the piston force (F1) can be separated into 2 forces. The connecting rod force is the force received by the connecting rod. The slide bar is the force that pushes the piston against the cylinder wall.

What do you notice? a.Turn the crankshaft. All forces. . c. d. except the piston force change. b. Only the piston forces changes. All forces stay the same. 1. All forces change.

. What do you notice? a. All forces change.Vary the piston force. No forces change at all. 3. c. Only the piston forces changes. b. Only the connecting rod force changes. 2. d. Piston force.

. The piston is pressed against one side of the cylinder wall. While moving. d.4. What is the consequence of the slide bar force? a. Slide bar force. Connecting rod force from the piston pin. 5. b. c. 6. the piston remains in the middle of the cylinder.

b. The tangential force The radial force The slide bar force The piston force The connecting rod force . 10. Tangential force. c. With which force can you calculate the engine torque? a. d. Connecting rod force from the Crank pin. 8. Radial Force 9. e.7.

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