ASME SECT.

VIII DIV-I CODES, STANDARDS & SPECIFICATIONS

ASME Section VIII Division-1, 2 & 3
Historical Development of ASME Section VIII Div- 1, 2 & 3
– In the early 20th century, explosion of steam boilers in U.S was frequent. Occurring rate 1/day. – 1914: ASME Boiler and pressure vessel code is published. – 1925: First publication of Section VIII – Unfired Pressure Vessels. – 1934: API+ASME jointly published unfired pressure vessel code for petroleum industry. – 1952: These two codes are merged in to single code: ASME Unfired Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII – 1968: ASME Section VIII Div-2 is published and original code became Div-1 – 1997: ASME Sec VIII division 3 is published.

ASME Section VIII Division-1, 2 & 3
ASME Section VIII codes are most widely used worldwide. Section VIII is divided into three divisions: – Division 1: Rules for construction of pressure vessels – Division 2: Alternative Rules for construction of pressure vessels. – Division 3: Alternative Rules for construction of high pressure vessels. Division 1 is used most often since it contains sufficient requirements for majority of pressure vessels. The main objective of ASME Code rules is to establish the minimum requirements that are necessary for safe construction and operation. ASME Code defines the requirements for material, design, fabrication, inspection and testing which are needed to achieve a safe design.

– Code requirements do not apply to non pressure parts. . however welds which attach non pressure parts on pressure parts shall meet code rules.ASME Section VIII Division-1 Scope: – Applicable for pressure between 15 psig and 3000 psig.

Advantages of design codes: – Proven design based on experience. – Inbuilt factor of safety.Fabrication. Inspection engineer to size the vessel properly for its safe operation. . – Amendments of codes are being done at regular interval based on feed back data. design improvements and technological up gradation in materials and fabrication processes.World Wide Pressure Vessel Codes Different industrial nations. institutions and organizations have developed standards and codes of the pressure vessel for – Design – Fabrication – Inspection These codes and standards help the Design.

g. Pressure containers which are integral part of mechanical devices (e. turbines). pumps. Piping system and their components. .ASME Section VIII Division-1 Scope: – Code identifies specific items for which it is not applicable. furnaces).g. This includes: Fired process tubular heaters (e.

RECOMMANDATED RULE FOR CARE OF POWER BOILERS VIII. NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION VI. PRESSURE VESSELS –DIVISION-1 . RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION AND CONTINUED SERVICE OF TRANSPORT TANKS. FIBERGLASS-REINFORCED PLASTIC PRESSURE VESSELS XI.ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSELS CODES I.DIVISION-2 & DIVISION-3 IX. MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS III. HEATING BOILERS V. POWER BOILERS II. RULES FOR INSERVICE INSPECTION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT COMPONENTS XII. . WELDING & BRAZING QUALIFICATIONS. RECOMMANDATED RULES FOR CARE & OPERATION OF HEATING BOILERS VII. NUCLEAR POWER PLANT COMPONENTS IV. X.

Subsection B consists of – Part UW for welded construction Part UF for forged construction Part UB for brazed construction .Subsection C: It covers requirements for several classes of material. – Subsection B: It covers requirements that apply to various fabrication methods. that apply to all pressure vessel parts.ASME Section VIII Division-1 Structure of Sec VIII Div-1: It is divided into three subsections: – Subsection A: It consists part UG. . general requirements for Method of construction .

MM (25 nos. UCL. UCI.Methods (Parts UW.1 Consists of: – Introduction -U – Subsection A -General Requirements (Part UG) – Subsection B -Specific Requirements . ULW. UF. UHA. UHT. … LL. UCD.Materials (Parts UCS.Structure of ASME Section VIII Div-1 ASME SEC –VIII DIV. UB) – Subsection C -Specific Requirements . UNF.) . ULT. C. UHX) – Mandatory Appendices -Appendix 1 to 40 – Non Mandatory Appendices -Appendix A.

Subsection A -General Requirements Part UG : General Requirements for all Methods of Construction and all Materials – Materials UG-4 to UG-15 – Design UG-16 to UG-35 – Openings and Reinforcement UG-36 to UG-46 – Braced and stayed surfaces UG-47 to UG-50 – Ligaments UG-53 to UG-55 – Fabrication UG-75 to UG-85 – Inspection and Tests UG-90 to UG-103 – Markings and Reports UG-115 to UG-120 – Pressure Relief Devices UG-125 to UG-137 .

Subsection B -Requirements pertaining to methods of Fabrication of Pressure Vessels Part UW : Requirements for Pressure vessels fabricated by Welding – – – – – – – General UW-1 to UW-3 Materials UW-5 Design UW-8 to UW-21 Fabrication UW-26 to UW-42 Inspection and Tests UW-46 to UW-53 Markings and Reports UW-60 Pressure Relief Devices UW-65 Part UF : Requirements for Pressure vessel fabricated by Forging Part UB : Requirements for Pressure vessel fabricated by Brazing .

Integral Cladding. Cladding or with Applied Linings Part UCD – Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Cast Ductile Iron .Subsection C -Requirements pertaining to Classes of Materials Part UCS – Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Part UNF – Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Non Ferrous Materials Part UHA – Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of High Alloy Steel Part UCI – Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Cast Iron Part UCL – Requirements for Welded Pressure Vessels Constructed of Material non corrosion resistant. Weld Metal Overlay.

Subsection C -Requirements pertaining to Classes of Materials(Continued) Part UHT – Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Ferritic Steels with Tensile Properties enhanced by Heat Treatment Part ULW – Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Layered Construction Part ULT – Alternative Rules for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Material having higher allowable stresses at lower temperatures Part UHX – Rules for Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers .

THK OF SHELLS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE UG-28 ----. HEMISHERICAL.BRACED & STAYED SURFACE UG – 53 – LIGAMENT UW-12 & 15 – WELD EFFICIENCY & WELDED CONNECTION DESIGN UCS -56 – REQUIRMENT OF PWHT UG -99 & 100 – HYDROTEST & PNUMATIC TEST REQUIREMENT .STRENGTH OF REINFORCEMENTS UG -47 ----. 2. 5.FORMED HEAD . 7. 4. UG-34 ---. 6. 10. CONICAL & TORICONICAL HEADS. COVERS ELLIPSOIDAL.THK OF SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UG-29 -----STIFFENING RINGS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UG-32 & 33 ---. UG-27 ----. 8. 3.OPENING IN PRESSURE VESSELS & REINFORCEMENTS UG-41 ---. 12. TORISHERICAL.ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 COVERS THE DESIGN OF PRESSURE COMPONENTS AS LISTED BELOW ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.UNSTAYED FLAT HEADS & COVERS UG-36 & 37 ---. 11. 9.

PRESSURE VESSEL ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UG-27 ----.THK OF SHELLS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE UG-28 ----. HEMISHERICAL. CONICAL & TORICONICAL HEADS.BRACED & STAYED SURFACE UG – 53 – LIGAMENT . UG-34 ---. COVERS ELLIPSOIDAL.STRENGTH OF REINFORCEMENTS UG -47 ----.FORMED HEAD .THK OF SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UG-29 -----STIFFENING RINGS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS UNDER EXTERNAL PRESSURE UG-32 & 33 ---.OPENING IN PRESSURE VESSELS & REINFORCEMENTS UG-41 ---.UNSTAYED FLAT HEADS & COVERS UG-36 & 37 ---. TORISHERICAL.

UW-12 & 15 – WELD EFFICIENCY & WELDED CONNECTION DESIGN UCS -56 – REQUIRMENT OF PWHT UG -99 & 100 – HYDROTEST & PNUMATIC TEST REQUIREMENT .

– Nonmandatory Appendices: It provides information and suggested good practices.ASME Section VIII Division-1 Division 1 also consists mandatory and non mandatory appendices: – Mandatory Appendices: It addresses the subjects that are not covered elsewhere in the code. . Requirements of this appendices are mandatory. Requirements of these appendices are not mandatory unless specified in purchase order.

– Allowable stress values are higher for division 2 that division 1. – Economical for higher pressure applications and for more expensive alloy materials.ASME Section VIII Division-2 – Scope of division 2 is identical to that of division 1. however there is no limitation on higher pressure. hence division 2 vessels are thinner – Vessels constructed with division 2 are economical over division 1 when saving in material cost is higher than the additional cost required to meet stringent requirements of division 2. .

Hydrostatic Test Pressure Not Required 1. Stress Theory Theory --> 5. Stress Analysis --> Max.75 to 1. however Div-3 is applicable above 10000 psig -->> 3 Membrane Stress + Bending Stress. Certification 7.5 Membrane Stress 3. .D. Pressure limit 2.Engineer. Fatigue Maximum Shear Stress Theory -->> No Joint Efficiency Factor U. Principal Stress 4.25 * Design Pressure 15 % Less than Div.S. 2 . Joint Efficiency 0.0 6. Material Weight Higher Than Div. 1 8. Design Factor Up to 3000 psig --> 3.ASME Section VIII Division 1 and 2 1.3 * MAWP No limitation on pressure. &Design Report Certification Required 1.

– Design rules: Maximum shear stress Elastic plastic analysis Fracture mechanics evaluation – Material and NDE requirements more stringent than division 1 and 2 .ASME Section VIII Division-3 – Applied to vessels operating at internal or external design pressure is generally above 10000 psig.

SHELL 3. INTERNALS & EXTERNAL ATTACHMENTS . NOZZLES 4. NOZZLE REINFORCEMENT PADS 6. SUPPORTS 5.PARTS OF THE PRESSURE VESSELS 1. HEADS/END CLOSURES 2.

WIND LOADING. EXTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE AT DESIGN TEMPRATURE. LOAD DUE TO ATTACHED EQUIPMENTS.Design considerations FOLLOWING LOADINGS TO BE CONSIDERED IN DESIGNING THE VESSELS AS PER ASME SEC. . WEIGHT OF THE VESSEL AT OPERATING AND TEST CONDITION. 9. 6. 2. 5. 3. 10. VIII DIV. INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE AT DESIGN TEMPRATURE. FATIGUE LOADING DUE TO THERMAL AND PRESSURE VARIATIONS. EXTERNAL / INTERNAL ATTACHMENT 7. WELD JOINT EFFICIENCY. 4. 8. SEISMIC LOADING. CORROSION ALLOWANCES. I ( CLAUSE UG-22) 1.

WHAT IS PRESSURE VESSEL ?
PRESSURE VESSEL IS CONTAINER FOR THE CONTAINMENT OF PRESSURE, EITHER INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL. THIS PRESSURE MAY BE OBTAINED FROM AN EXTERNAL SOURCE, OR BY THE APPLICATION OF HEAT FROM A DIRECT OR INDIRECT SOURCE, OR ANY COMBINATION THEREOF.

TYPE OF VESSELS DEPENDING UPON THE ORIENTATION: 1. HORIZONTAL VESSEL 2. VERTICAL VESSEL
TYPE OF VESSEL DEPENDING UPON THE FUNCTIONS : 1. STORAGE VESSEL 2. COLUMNS / ADSORBERS 3. SHELL & TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER

SHELL
SHELL IS THE MAIN PART OF THE VESSEL. TYPES OF THE SHELL 1. CYLINDRICAL SHELL 2. SPHERICAL SHELL DESIGN OF CYLINDRICAL SHELL UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE AS PER ASME SEC-VIII DIV-1, CL. UG-27. FOR EXTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE, SHELL TO BE DESIGN AS PER ASME SEC-VIII DIV1 CL. UG-28

VESSEL CONSTRUCTION
Long. Seam

Circ. Seam

D’end

Shell

Nozzle

SEAM LONG SEAM D/E SEAM MANWAY NOZZLE D-End SHELL NOZZLE .Typical Vessel BOT SPOOL D-End CIRC.

CL. CONICAL HEAD 5.HEADS / ENDCLOSURES HEAD IS THE PART WHICH CLOSES THE END OPENING OF THE CYL. SHELL TYPES OF THE HEADS : 1. TORICONICAL HEAD 6. UG-32. FOR EXTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE. HEAD TO BE DESIGN AS PER ASME SEC-VIII DIV-1 CL. ELLIPTICAL HEAD 3. UG-33 . BOLTED BLIND FLANGE DESIGN OF ELLIPTICAL HEAD UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE AS PER ASME SEC-VIII DIV-1. HEMISPHERICAL HEAD 2. TORISPHERICAL HEAD 4.

Formed Heads (Continued…) .

SINGLE PIECE DISHEND .

CROWN & PETAL D‟END Petals Crown Crow n Plate Petal Plate .

TORISPHERICAL DISHEND Seamless(one-piece head) .

.4mt. 92mmThk.HEMISPHERICAL DISHEND Spherical seamless head(ID 3.steel SA387 Gr 11) ..

Knuckle radius 100mm) .FLAT HEADS Flat Head (OD 4.1mt.

BOLTED BLIND FLANGE Detail of Manhole .

FLANGE TO BE DESIGNED AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV I. FLANGE & RF PAD TYPES OF THE NOZZLES / CONNECTIONS : 1.NOZZLES / CONNECTIONS NOZZLES ARE THE OPENINGS PROVIDED IN THE SHELL/ HEAD FOR CONNECTING THE EXTERNAL PIPING WITH VESSEL. UG-45 RF PAD FOR THE NOZZLE TO BE DESIGNED AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV I CL. APPX-2 & STD FLANGE TO BE SELECTED AS PER UG-44/ASME B16. NOZZLES CONSISTS OF NOZZLE NECK.5 . UG-36 NON STD. PIPE NECK WITH FLANGE CONNECTION 2. FORGED NECK WITH FLANGE CONNECTION NOZZLE NECK TO BE DESIGNED AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV I CL.

Nozzle Details .

TYPE OF SUPPORTS 1. SKIRT TYPE SUPPORT (CYLINDRICAL/CONICAL) 3 BRACKET TYPE SUPPORT 4. SADDLE SUPPORT – .SUPPORTS FOR VESSEL SUPPORTS ARE REQUIRED FOR THE INSTALLATION OF THE VESSEL ON THE FOUNDATION. LEG TYPE SUPPORT 2.

SKIRT DETAIL .

Detail of Skirt .

--. FORGINGS.C & D REFER TABLE UCS-23 FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOW STEEL REFER TABLE UHA-23 FOR HIGH ALLOY STEEL. FLANGES & FITTING.MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION FOR VESSEL ASME LISTS THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF THE MATERIAL FOR PLATES. .ASME SEC II PART A. PIPES.B. TUBES.

WELDING/WELDER QUALIFICATION AS PER ASME SEC IX 5. IMPACT TEST REQUIREMENT AS PER UCS-65/66 . WELD JOINT EFFICIENCY AS PER UW-12 3.1 .FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS 1. CL. UG-56 6. WELDING OF NOZZLES WITH SHELL AS PER UW-16 4. WELD JOINT CATEGORIES AS PER UW-3 2. PWHT REQUIREMENT AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV .

ASME Section VIII Division-1: Fabrication It covers the fabrication requirements as listed below – – – – Weld joint categories as per UW-3 Weld joint efficiency as per UW –12 Welding of nozzles with shell as per UW –16 Welding/welder qualification as per ASME Sec IX – PWHT requirement as per UG-56 – Impact test requirement as per UCS-65 & UG 84 .

ASME Section VIII Division-1: Fabrication Weld Joint Categories UW-3 .

VIII DIV.HYDROTEST --> 1.1 x DESIGN PRESSURE (UG-100) OFFICIAL STAMP FOR CODED VESSELS – „U‟ STAMPS --.ASME SEC.g. NOZZLE TO SHELL JOINT SHALL BE MPT/DP TESTED.NDT TESTING ALL BUTT JOINTS TO BE RT/UT/MPT/DP TESTED AS PER ASME CODE REQUIREMENT ALL CORNER JOINTS e.3 x DESIGN PRESSURE (UG-99) – PNEUMATIC TEST ---> 1. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR NDT REQUIREMENT FOR WELD JOINT Appendix 4 Rounded Indications Charts Acceptance Standard for Radiographically Determined Rounded Indication in Welds Appendix 6 Methods for Magnetic Particle Examination (MT) Appendix 8 Methods for Liquid Penetrate Examination (PT) Appendix 12 Ultrasonic Examination of Welds (UT) EQUIPMENT TEST : .1 . ALL FILLET WELDS SHALL BE DP TESTED.

PREHEATING REQUIREMENT PREHEATING REDUCES THE SUSCEPTIBILTY OF THE WELDMENT TO COLD CTACKING /HYDROGEN CRACKING PREHEATING REQUIREMENTS DEPENDING ON THE CARBON EQUIVALENT (CE) CE % SUGGESTED TEMP UP TO 0. ELIMINATES THE DANGER OF CRACK FORMATION 2. MINIMIZES THE SHRINKAGE STRESS 4. MINIMIZES THE DESTORTION . MINIMIZES HARD ZONE ADJACENT TO WLED 3.45 % OPTIONAL 0.60 % 400 – 700 F EFFECT OF PREHEATING : 1.60 % 200-400 F ABOVE 0.45 % TO 0.

TO REDUCE THE RESIDUAL STRESSES AT WELD & HAZ 2. PWHT PARAMETER 1.TO MODIFY THE MICRO-STRUCTURE (HAZ) EFFECT: 1. COOLING RATE .POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT OBJETCIVE: 1. 3. RESISTANCE TO STRESS CORROSION CRACKING INCREASES. SOAKING TEMPERATURE 3. SUSCETIBLITIES TO BRITTLE FAILURE DECREASES. 2. DIMENSIONAL STABILITIES INCREASES. HEATING RATE 2.

Part UCS (Continued…) UCS-56 – PWHT .

FOR EACH ADDITIONAL INCH ABOVE 2” OVER 2” TO 5” OVER 5 ” * POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT IS MANDATORY ON P-NO. HOLDING TEMP. NO. . 3 MATERIAL IN ALL THICKNESSES. FOR EACH ADDITIONAL INCH ABOVE 2” 2 HOURS . F(593’ C) NOM. PLUS 15 MIN. 1100 DEG. HOWEVER 15 MINUTES MINIMUM 2 HOURS . PER INCH.3 GR. NO.CODE EXTRACT FOR HEAT TREATMENT P. THICKNE SS UPTO 2” SOAKING PERIOD 1 ( CARBON STEEL) & 3 (LOW ALLOY STEEL) 1 HR. PLUS 15 MIN. .

g.No.5C [Group no.5A P .No.5B P .No. 15 min minimum 1hr / in.No. 15 min minimum 1hr / in.No. 15 min minimum 1 hr / inch 5 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 5’’ .SA387GR11] P .2 [e.g. P . 15 min minimum 2 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 2’’ 1 hr / inch 2 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 2’’ 5 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 5’’ 5 hr plus 15 min for each additional inch over 5’’ 650 675 1 hr / inch 705 1hr / in.SA516GR60/7 0] P .1 ] [e.No.5B Group no.D Cl.Code Requirements for PWHT Material Normal Holding Temperatur e °C Minimum holding time at normal temperature for nominal thickness Up to 2‟‟ Over 2‟‟ to 5‟‟ Over 5‟‟ P .4 [e.1.SA387GR91] 595 1hr / in.4a] P .3 [e.No.g.g.SA387GR22/ SA540Ty.

REQUIREMENT OF PRODUCTION CONTROL TESTING.PTC REQUIREMENT PTC SIMULATES THE ACTUAL WELD JOINT WITH THE BASE MATERIAL & WELDING CONSUMABLES FROM THE SAME HEAT & MELT AS THOSE USED IN ACTUL JOINT. THE SMULATED WELD COUPON – STC 2. WHICH IS SUBJECTED TO THE ACTUAL HAET TREATMENT SEEN IN THE JOB. . FTC – THIS IS BASICALLY THE TEST COUPON OF THE WELDMENT. THE PTC UNDERGOES IDENTIAL FABRICATION SEQUENCE. WHICH IS SUBJECTED TO THE SIMULATED HEAT TREATMENT CYCLE. ADDITIONAL HEAT TREATMENT ETC. DONE BY THE SAME WELDERS. TAKING INTO ACCOUNT OF ALL POSSIBLE EVANTUALITIES LIKE REPAIRE. TYPES OF PRODUCTION TEST COUPONS 1. THE FINAL TEST COUPON – FTC STC – THIS IS BASICALLY THE TEST COUPON OF THE WELD JOINT. THIS COUPON IS MADE SIMULTANEOUSLY WITH THE JOB. SAME WELDING PARAMETERS WITH SAME CONSTAINTS SIMULATED AS THAT OF JOB.

HYDRO & PNUMATIC TESTING OF PRESSURE VESSEL HYDROTESTING IS TO DONE AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV-1-CL UG-99 HYDROTEST PRESSURE = 1.3 X (P design) x (allow stress at test temp/ allow stress at design temp) HYDROTEST STRESS SHOULD NOT EXCCED 90 % OF THE YIELD STRESS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PNUMTAIC TESTING IS TO BE DONE AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 –CL UG100 PNUMATIC TEST PRESSURE = 1.1 X DESIGN PRESSURE THE METAL TEMPERATURE DURING PNUMATIC TESTING SHALL BE MAINTAINED ATLEAT 17 DRG C ABOVE THE MDMT TO MINIMISE THE RISK OF BRITTLE FRACTURE. .

5° tapered towards one of the tubesheet. PRESSURISING & INSPECTION Outlet Pressure Gauge arangement Heat Exchanger Tube Sheet Tubes Outlet Hose Inlet hose Venting Bucket Hydrotest Pump 5° Job to be kept approx. Inlet Pressure Gauge arrangement Wooden Saddles .HYDROTEST WATER FILLING.

HYDROTEST WATER FILLING. PRESSURISING & INSPECTION Outlet Pressure Gauge arangement Tube Sheet Heat Exchanger Inlet Header Tubes Outlet Hose Inlet hose Outlet Header Venting Bucket One of the bottom nozzles have to be kept open at the time of hydrotesting. Hydrotest Pump Wooden Saddles Inlet Pressure Gauge arrangement .

Sketch for Hydro test .

Arrangement for Outlet Pressure Gauge Towards Venting pipe Valves Pressure Gauge Square Bar Coupling .

Arrangement for Inlet Pressure Gauge Pressure Gauge Valves Coupling From Hydrotest Pump Square Bar Towards Drain .

B31.3 4.1 &SEC. “V” (BOILER SAFETY VALVE) ----.SEC -1 7.ASME SEC VIII DIV. “U”(PRESSURE VESSEL) ---. “UV” (PV SAFETY VALVE)----ASME SEC VIIII DIV -1 /2 6.B 31.1 & SEC-1 5.1 & SEC -1 . “U3” (HIGH PV) ----.B31. “qp” (PRESSURE PIPING) -----.ASME SEC VIII DIV-2 4. “U2”(PRESSURE VESSEL) ---.ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CERTIFICATES OF AUTHORIZATION & CODE SYMBOL STAMPS SYMBOL/STAMP CODE BOOKS REQUIRED ------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. “A” ( ASSEBLY BOILER) --.ASME SEC VIII DIV -1 3. “S” (POWER BOILER) -----.1 & SEC II –C 2.

PRESSURE VESSEL CODE ASME SECTION VIII DIVISION 1 .

Introduction to ASME Codes (Section I to Section XII) .

UG. ULT Design Factor Similar to Division 2 KG.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure 1997 Published Pressure Limits <1940 1968 No limits either way. KE. UF.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. KR. UNF. UB. Design. UCS. UHT. Fabrication and others AG.000 psig Organisation General. KM.5 on tensile and other yield and temperature considerations Design Factor 3 on tensile (lower factor under reviewed) and other yield and temperature considerations Yield based with reduction factor for yield to tensile ratio less than 0. KT. AI. AT. usually 600+ psig General. Material. AF. Normally from 10. UW.7 .A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. AM.1 “Unfired” Pressure Vessel Rules Section VIII Div. AD. KF. UCI. AR. KS Design Factor 3. KD. Construction Type & Material U. UCD. AS Normally up to 3000 psig No limits.

Fatigue analysis required.5 or higher Section VIII Div. Residual stresses become significant and may be positive factors Alternative Rules Shell of Revolution – Max.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. discontinuities. Fairly detailed design rules.1 “Unfired” Pressure Vessel Rules Design Rules Membrane-Maximum stress Generally Elastic analysis Very detailed design rules with Quality (joint efficiency) Factors.2 Section VIII Div. Shear stress Generally Elastic Analysis Membrane + Bending. Fracture mechanics evaluation required unless proven leakbefore-burst. pure membrane without consideration of discontinuities controlling stress concentration to a safety factor of 3. fatigue and other stress analysis considerations may be required unless exempted and guidance provided for in Appendix 4. 5 and 6 Experimental stress Analysis Normally not required Introduced and may be required Experimental design verification but may be exempted . Little stress analysis required. In addition to the design rules. Some design rules provided.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Maximum shear stress Elastic/plastic Analysis and more.

3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Even more restrictive than Division 2 with different requirements. impact required in general with similar rules as Division 1 NDE Requirements NDE requirements may be exempted through increased design factor More stringent NDE requirements. Fracture toughness testing requirement for fracture mechanics evaluation crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) testing and establishment of Klc and/or Jlc values Even more restrictive than Division 2. UCS 66/67 More restriction of materials. . UT used for all butt welds. extensive exemptions under UG20. extensive use of PT and MT Few restriction on materials.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. as well as UT. RT otherwise. MT and PT. extensive use of RT.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div.1 “Unfired” Vessel Rules Material and Impact Testing Pressure Section VIII Div. Impact required unless exempted.

wire-wound.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. with useful operation life expected and others. Extensive use/requirement of butt welds and full penetration welds including non pressure attachment welds User User or designated agent to provide specifications (see U-2(a)) User‟s Design Specification with detailed design requirements (see AG-301. etc. interlocking stripwound and others User‟s Design specification with more specific details (see KG-310) including contained fluid data.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Butt welds and extensive use of other construction methods such as threaded.1) include AD 160 for fatigue evaluation . layered. Designer defined.1 “Unfired” Pressure Vessel Rules Welding and Fabrication Different types with butt welds and others Section VIII Div.

A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div.1 “Unfired” Vessel Rules Manufacturer Pressure Section VIII Div.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div. .3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Same as Division 2 Manufacturer to declare compliance in data report Manufacturer‟s Design Report certifying design specification and code compliance in addition to data report Professional Engineers‟ Certification of User‟s Design Specification as well as Manufacturer‟s Design report Professional Engineer shall be experienced in pressure vessel design Professional Engineer Certification Normally not required Same as Division 2 but the Professional Engineer shall be in high-pressure vessel design and shall not sign for both User and Manufacturer.

P. RT. DF.25 1. WL.5 before the use of the 3. HT. F.A Brief Discussion on ASME Section VIII Divisions 1 and 2 and Division 3 Section VIII Div. UQT. RES. SW Hydrostatic Test 1.3 (was 1. HT U2 Stamp with Additional marking including HT U3 Stamp with additional marking denoting construction type. L. W.3 Alternative Rules for High Pressure Safety Relief Valve UV Stamp UV Stamp UV3 Stamp Code Stamp and Marking U Stamp with Addition marking including W.25 .1 “Unfired” Vessel Rules Pressure Section VIII Div. M.5 Design factor in the 1999 Addenda) 1. PS. UB. WW.2 Alternative Rules Section VIII Div.

Mandatory Appendices Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Supplementary Design Formulas Rules for Bolted Flange Connections With Ring Type Gaskets Definitions Rounded Indications Charts Acceptance Standard for Radiographically Determined Rounded Indication in Welds Flanged and Flued or Flanged Only Expansion Joints Methods for Magnetic Particle Examination(MT) Examination of Steel Castings Methods for Liquid Penetrate Examination (PT) Jacketed Vessels Quality Control System Capacity Conversion for Safety Valves Ultrasonic Examination of Welds (UT) Appendix 5 Appendix 6 Appendix 7 Appendix 8 Appendix 9 Appendix 10 Appendix 11 Appendix 12 .

Circular.Mandatory Appendices (continued) Appendix 13 Appendix 14 Appendix 16 Appendix 17 Appendix 18 Appendix 19 Appendix 20 Appendix 21 Appendix 22 Appendix 23 Vessels of Noncircular Cross Section Integral Flat Heads With a Large. Single. Centrally Located Openings Submittal of Technical Inquiries to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee Dimpled or Embossed Assemblies Adhesive Attachments of Name Plates Electrically Heated or Gas Fired Jacketed Steam Kettles Hubs Machined From Plates Jacketed Vessels Constructed of Work-Hardened Nickel Integrally Forged Vessels External Pressure Design of Copper. Titanium Alloy condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes With Integral Fins . Copper Alloy.

Mandatory Appendices (continued) Appendix 24 Appendix 25 Design Rules for Clamp Connections Acceptance of Testing Laboratories and Authorized Observer for Capacity Certification of Pressure Relief Valves Pressure Vessels and Heat Exchangers Expansion Joints Alternative Requirements for Glass-Lined Vessels Alternative Corner Weld Joint Detail for Box Headers for Air Cooled Heat Exchangers Rules for Drilled Holes Not Penetrating to Vessel Wall Rules for Cr-Mo steels With Additional Requirements for Welding and Heat Treatment Local Thin Areas in Cylindrical Shell and in Spherical Segments of Shells Standard Units for Use in Equations Appendix 26 Appendix 27 Appendix 28 Appendix 30 Appendix 31 Appendix 32 Appendix 33 .

Non mandatory Appendices Appendix A Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E Appendix F Appendix G Appendix H Appendix K Appendix L Appendix M Basis for Establishing Allowable Loads for Tube-toTubesheet Joints Suggested Methods for Obtaining the Operating Temperature of Vessel Walls in Service Suggested Good Practice Regarding Internal Structures Suggested Good Practice Regarding Corrosion Allowance Suggested Good Practice Regarding Linings Suggested Good Practice Regarding Piping Reactions and Design of Supports and Attachments Guidance to Accommodate Loading Produced by Deflagration Sectioning of Welded Joints Examples Illustrating the Application of Code Formulas and Rules Installation and Operation .

Non mandatory Appendices Appendix P Appendix R Appendix S Appendix T Appendix W Appendix Y Appendix DD Appendix EE Appendix FF Appendix GG (Continued) Basic for Establishing Allowable Stress Values Preheating Design Considerations for Bolted Flange Connections Temperature Protection Guide for Preparing Manufacturer‟s Data Reports Flat Faced Flanges With Metal-to-Metal Contact Outside the Bolt Circle Guide to Information Appearing on Certificate of Authorization (See Fig. DD-1) Half-Pipe Jackets Guide For the Design and Operation of QuickActuating (Quick-Opening) Closures Guidance for the Use of U.Customary and SI Units in the ASME Boiler and Pressure Code .S.

HT WL. extensive exemptions under UG-20. SW 1.5 under certain provisions. UB. impact required in general with similar rules as Division 1 toughness testing requirement for fracture mechanics evaluation Crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) testing and establishment of KIc and/or JIc values Even more restrictive than Division 2. UCS 66/67 More restrictions on materials. Impact required unless exempted. L. RES. may be incorporated into the Code sometime in the future.5* Design Factor) autofrettaged vessels) * Code Cases 2278 and 2290 for ASME Section VIII Division 1 allow for alternative maximum allowable design stresses based on a factor of 3. HT. RT otherwise. PS. WW. F. denoting construction type. etc with useful specifications (see U-2(a)) include AD 160 for fatigue evaluation operation life expected and others.25 (may be exempted for Hydrostatic Test 1. interlocking strip-wound and others User’s Design Specification with more User's Design Specification with detailed specific details (see KG-310) including User or designated agent to provide User design requirements (see AG-301. UQT. wire-wound. Marking including HT RT. DF. UT used for all butt welds.5 (To be lowered to 1.25 proposed 3. layered. P. W. extensive use of PT and MT NDE Requirements NDE requirements may be exempted through increased design factor More stringent NDE requirements. B. Designer defined Manufacturer's Design Report certifying Manufacturer to declare compliance in Manufacturer design specification and code Same as Division 2 data report compliance in addition to data report Professional Engineers' Certification of Same as Division 2 but the Professional User's Design Specification as well as Professional Engineer shall be Engineer Normally not required Manufacturer's Design Report experienced in high pressure vessel Certification Professional Engineer shall be design and shall not sign for both User experienced in pressure vessel design and Manufacturer Safety Relief Valve UV Stamp UV Stamp UV3 Stamp U Stamp with Addition markings U3 Stamp with additional marking Code Stamp and U2 Stamp with Additional marking including W. It is believed that these code cases with the provisions. MT and PT.Material and Impact Testing Few restrictions on materials. Extensive use/requirement of butt welds and full penetration welds including nonpressure attachment welds Butt Welds and extensive use of other construction methods such as threaded.1) contained fluid data. M. Welding and fabrication Different types with butt welds and others Common Features .3 for the 1. extensive use of RT as well as UT.

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