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Let’s Go Korea
2008 Edition Copyright © 2008 Published by Korean Culture and Information Service Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism 15, Hyojaro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea Telephone: 82-2-398-1910-9 Fax: 82-2-398-1882 All rights reserved Korean Culture and Information Service Printed in Seoul ISBN 978-89-7375-046-7 03910 Korean Government Publication Number 11-1371030-000018-10 For further information about Korea, please visit: www.korea.net
Korean Culture and Information Service
Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism
Have you ever heard about Korea located in the Far East Asia? Wouldn’t you want to know about the 5,000 years of Korean history, culture and Korean life style, where everybody loves kimchi and bulgogi? This book has the solutions to your curiosities about Korea. We, The Korean Culture and Information Service, which has been created as a means of promoting Korea for those of you who wish to know about Korea, has published the ‘Let’s go Korea’ for you, teenagers. This book must be satisﬁed with your interests and makes you want to know more about Korea. We are excited to promote Korea to teenagers worldwide through our new book, ‘Let’s go Korea’. It has characters teenagers can identify with who will introduce the country’s popular tourist attractions. The emphasis is on showing interesting
places rather than just giving facts and ﬁgures. We hope you learn about Korea in an entertaining way by reading this book and can visit these places for real some day. Korea doesn’t just have a rich history it is also well known for its progressive technology and futuristic architecture and design. Its IT, mobile, and semiconductor industries are famous around the world. Korea is a country where past traditions are interconnected with modern thinking. To continue its development, Korea needs bright and creative people. Our future will be shaped by our youth, who will go out into the world with extraordinary thinking and broad minds. This book is just a brief introduction to all Korea has to offer. We hope to see you here soon!
the mask dance Barugongyang. Daehangno for young people Hahoe Village. Korea’s national pride Miracle on the Hangang 84 82 78 CHAPTER 4. discovering our ancestors’ wisdom Dancing along to talchum. way to ﬁnd enlightenment Make your own mini homepage! 64 CHAPTER 3. Welcome to Korea! Invitation to Korea 14 15 17 Excited about traveling in Korea Korean is easier than it sounds Hello. Experiencing Korea Hangang River. a performance that really cooks Shopping in Korea 52 57 59 Insa-dong for tradition.Contents FOREWORD LET’S GO KOREA WITH US! CHAPTER 1. Korea 22 CHAPTER 2. the secret history of the Korean Peninsula 96 Jongmyo and palaces that trace Korea’s history back 600 years 99 . World Heritage in Korea Dolmen. The Passion of Koreans Taekwondo. Korea’s traditional martial art Red Devils. heaven in Seoul 42 44 46 48 56 View of Seoul from Namsan Mountain NANTA!.
and Harold Hongju Koh EPILOGUE 162 Facts about Korea Soul of Asia.Hanok: centuries-old. curves and colors CHAPTER 5. the nation’s favorite food 111 113 Hanbok. Future of Korea Parents’ devotion to their children 136 140 143 Challenges and opportunities in the modern world World famous Koreans: Nam June Paik. a harmony of lines. Sarah Chang. eco-friendly houses 104 The Korean Wave: internationally recognized movies and dramas 107 Kimchi. Seoul Korean Style Study in Korea 88 122 150 History of Korea 24 68 VISUAL INFORMATION TRAVEL INFORMATION Thumbs up! The best places to visit in Korea Seoul Tour Festivals 70 92 130 152 26 Gyeongju Tour Educational Tour KOREA TOUR GUIDE Transportations 168 / Subway Maps 172 / Accommodations 176 / Travel Information Center 180 / 1330 Korea Travel Phone 181 / Tourist Complaint Center 181 / Goodwill Guide 181 / Contact 182 .
music. He involved himself in sports. He is Sanghyun‛s older brother. During high school years. 19) Jaehyun is studying neurobiology at Harvard. Alex is also a sophomore at Exeter and he is Sanghyun‛s best friend and roommate. . He enjoys traveling very much and is excited about traveling in Korea. He plans to go to medical school in the future and become a doctor. Jaehyun received the Jack Kent Cooke Scholarship. Age. Canada and he wants to become an architect in the future. Alex (Age.Let’ s go Korea with us! Im Jaehyun (Jay. and he was in 5th grade when he moved to the States. 16) Alex is from Vancouver. and scientiﬁc research.
. Sanghyun plays tennis on the school team. New Jersey. and he grew up in Closter.S.” Sanghyun also enjoys singing in the school choir.Im Sanghyun (Steve. 16) Sanghyun is a sophomore in a high school in the U. Age. He has been selected to play in the New Hampshire all-state band and played parts in the play “Arcadia” and the musical “Cabaret. and he is also involved in various arts programs as well. He moved from Korea to the States in 2nd grade.
Four Seasons of Korea .
Photo by Jinho Jung ﬂickr.com/photos/phploveme .
Chapter 1 Welcome to Korea! .
. My room- mate Sanghyun invited me to visit him and his family this summer. and Internet services. Today I‛m starting out on a big trip. Korea has a 5000-year history. and it has recently become a leader in the production and marketing of cell phones. semiconductors. It‛s looking like an awesome summer. and I hope you will come along. so I‛ll have a chance to see many new and old things in Korea.Hi ! I‛m Alex. PDP TVs.
S.” Sanghyun was done a long time ago. I. and I’m currently a sophomore in a high school in the U. If he doesn’t help me pack right now. dude. I had to shout at Sanghyun because he was just chilling out listening to music through his earphones. He just needed to pack his laptop. Sanghyun quickly became one of my best friends after we met last year. “Sanghyun! Hurry!!!” “Take it easy. “Sanghyun! Will you help me pack?” “What? Oh.Invitation to Korea As I frantically stuffed socks and underwear into my bags. mp3. so this year we signed up to be roommates. and passport. .” I’m from Canada. we might miss our ﬂight. But there isn’t that much time left until our plane takes off. have to take everything I’ll need with me. sure. I’ll help you. on the other hand. He lives in Korea so almost everything he needs is just waiting for him there. I’m lucky his family suggested he invite me this summer. I’m really into traveling and have wanted to visit Korea since I got to know Sanghyun.
then a Hollywood ﬁlm. thanks to the excellent in-ﬂight service and entertainment on the plane. This has been the longest ﬂight in my life. Their service really is something special. won this or that award from travel mags like Business Traveler and Global Traveler for great service. ◀ AVOD (Audio and Video on Demand) service available on Korea’s major airlines Welcom to Korea! 15 . Korean Air and Asiana Airlines. Sanghyun’s always bragging that Korea’s biggest airlines. but a comfortable one. On my personal monitor.Excited about traveling in Korea I’ll be in Korea in a few hours. played some games and caught some sleep listening to classical music. Now I can see why he’s so proud. I watched a Korean movie.
what’s the ﬁrst thing that comes to your mind about Korea?” “Well.S.” “Cool.diameter circle around Panmunjeom marks the JSA (Joint Security Area) and is the only area occupied by both UN and North Korean forces.” “Yeah. and cell phones. “Alex.” 16 Let’s go Korea! .” “Why are North and South Korea still divided when Panmunjeom Germany and many others have uniﬁed?” Sanghyun gave me a quick summary of how Korea came to be divided into North and South. bulgogi. I’ll show you a lot of great places to eat. you said it’s your ﬁrst time in Korea. to tell the truth. I think about galbi. divided the peninsula into two at the 38th parallel. It’s east of China and south of Russia! … But.S. Russia took control of Panmunjeom is located approximately 50km to the north of Seoul. Korean food is the ﬁrst thing I have on my mind now. and Soviet Russia and the U. I looked it up on a map just before I got my ticket. and in Korea. He told me that Korea was liberated from Japanese rule in 1945. the South. The 800m.“Alex. 1953. and the demarcation zone (DMZ) marked out at the time the two sides reached a truce in 1953 became the current North-South border. the kimchi and other side dishes come with the meal. which is on the eastern tip of Asia between China and Japan – in what is commonly called the Far East. right?” “Yeah. North and South Korea make up the Korean Peninsula. too. It is where the Korean War armistice agreement was signed of July 27. The Korean War started in 1950. kimchi. the North and the U.” “Do you even know where Korea is?” “Sure.
“Then how do you say ‘great’?” “That’s easy: ‘jjang. “Sanghyun. I realized that I didn’t know how to say anything in Korean.Korean is easier than it sounds As we got close to Incheon.’ but really stress the ‘j. ‘Thank you’ is ‘gam-sa-ham-ni-da’.” “Okay. an-nyeong!’” Sanghyun waved bye. will you teach me a few phrases?” “I was going to teach you little by little after we got there. ‘Hello’ is ‘annyeong-ha-se-yo. ‘Gam’ and ‘ham’ rhyme with ‘com’ like in dot com. So I decided to learn a few phrases before we got out of the airport.’ It’s easy: ‘Alex.’” Korea lies between ▲ Japan and China Welcom to Korea! 17 . Think of it like saying ‘ah’ for the doctor + ‘n’ + ‘young.’ ‘An-nyeong’ can also be ‘goodbye’ when talking to a friend.” “I just want to know a few basic ones.
the king and his Hall of Worthies devised a simple alphabet that could be easily learned. He helped shape Korean society and culture into what they are today. is the creation of Hangeul. This was not the only important invention of his reign: a new calendar. history. and probably no other time in Korean history was quite so creative and productive.” He was the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty. medicine. major progress was made in virtually every ﬁeld: agriculture. models and instruments to study heavenly bodies. printing. new printing types—the list goes on and on. sun dials. Aware that the general public needed a writing system besides the complicated system of writing in Chinese characters. to say the least. King Sejong’s greatest accomplishment. Sejong was a quiet. who took a keen interest in the day-to-day affairs of government. and especially the language. water clocks.Sejong the Great (1397~1450) the government. a pluviometer. studious boy who showed an avid love of learning. During his reign. the Korean alphabet. atlases. As a child. however. literature. Only one king in Korean history has ever been deemed worthy enough to have been accorded the title “the Great. Sejong was a practical person. The long list of accomplishments during his reign is astonishing. science. He reformed the tax system and constantly tried to reﬁne 18 Let’s go Korea! . and his inﬂuence on politics. an anemo-scope. and sought ways to improve the lives of his citizens. ethics. He died on the 17th of the Second Moon in 1450. who is universally regarded as the wisest and most gifted ruler in Korean history. is still felt. and the sciences. astronomy charts. King Sejong. In these ways and many others. music. an instrument to measure wind speed and direction. King Sejong strengthened and brought to the nation peace and cultural vitality. an instrument to measure rainfall. which is more than anyone could ask of even a king. after having ruled the nation for 32 years of its most glorious years. literature.
the Korean alphabet.ㄷ. and ㅂ are transcribed respectively as g. The vowels are drawn from three shapes “ㅡ” for land. The alphabet is so easy.) e.Summary of the Romanization System (1) Vowels are transcribed as follows: simple vowels diphthongs ㅏ ㅓ ㅗ ㅜ ㅡ ㅣ ㅐ ㅔ ㅚ ㅟ a eo o u eu i ae e oe wi ㅑ ㅕ ㅛ ㅠ ㅒ ㅖ ㅘ ㅙ ㅝ ㅞ ㅢ ya yeo yo yu yae ye wa wae wo we ui Note 1 : 《ㅢ》 is transcribed as ui. even when pronounced as 《ㅣ》 . and “ · ” for sky. . most people master it within a few hours. Mongolian uses Cyrillic.g 구리 Guri 임실 Imsil 설악 Seorak 울릉 Ulleung 칠곡 Chilgok 대관령［대괄령］ Daegwallyeong Welcom to Korea! 19 . and b when they appear before a vowel.g 울릉) is transcribed as ll. Great King Sejong worked with courts scholars to make Hangeul. But in the 15th century a Korean king ordered creation of a new alphabet to make it easier to read and write Korean words.p pp p ㅈ ㅉ ㅊ j jj ch ㅅ ㅆ ㅎ s ss h ㄴ ㅁ ㅇ n m ng ㄹ r. t. “ㅣ” for man.t tt t b. lips and teeth. ㄹㄹ (e. The consonants’ shapes reﬂect the relevant position of the tongue. e.k kk k d. They are transcribed as k. Note 2 : Long vowels are not reﬂected in Romanization (2) Consonants are transcribed as follows: plosives (stops) affricates fricatives nasals liquids ㄱ ㄲ ㅋ ㄷ ㄸ ㅌ ㅂ ㅃ ㅍ g.l Note 1 : The sounds ㄱ. and as l when followed by a consonant or when appearing at the end of a word.g 구미 Gumi 옥천 Okcheon 월곶［월곧］Wolgot 영동 Yeongdong 합덕 Hapdeok 벗꽃［벋꼳］Beotkkot 백암 Baegam 호법 Hobeop 한밭［한받］Hanbat Note 2 : ㄹ is transcribed as r when followed by a vowel. (They are Romanized as pronunciation in [ ].Learning Hangeul (Korean Language) Many languages are written with foreign alphabets: English uses Roman letters. d. and p when followed by another consonant or form the ﬁnal sound of a word. Korean used to use only Chinese characters.
’ 15th century linguists developed our alphabet. This ‘ㄱ’ is called ‘giyeok. and you just need to know which English sound corresponds to the Korean letters. well ‘siot’ can be ‘s’ or ‘sh’ at the front of a syllable. it’s a hard ‘g.’ ‘umbrella’ and ‘until. That’s the easiest part. it really wasn’t that hard.’ but at the end it’s a ‘k.” “The Korean alphabet is called Hangeul. but our vowels rock with sounds English doesn’t have and all are always pronounced the same: ‘유’ is ‘yu.’ and ‘ㅅ’ is ‘siot.During the school year I’d hear Sanghyun talking on the phone with his parents in Korean and thought I’d never be able to learn the language.’ “That’s really cool!” ▼ Hunminjeongeum “Yeah.” “No way. But when Sanghyun taught me syllable by syllable.’ Think about ‘u’: it is different in ‘usual.” Sanghyun wrote some Korean letters on a paper.’ The name of each of our letters show how they are pronounced at the front and end of a syllable.’ But ‘유’ stays ‘yu. In a few minutes. try reading Korean. if you think those words are easy. “Alex. And there’s no ‘z’ in Korean.’ When it’s at the beginning of a syllable. And did such a good job that Korea has the highest lit- 20 Let’s go Korea! . I was able to greet people and ask simple questions. There are 14 consonants and 10 vowels. ‘ㄴ’ is ‘nieun.
I was much more conﬁdent and excited about my upcoming journey. ‘news.’ Got it? … nyuseu. … Have you heard of the King Sejong Literacy Prize?” “No.’ ‘으’ written ‘eu’ is a Korean vowel English doesn’t have.” “Wow. Before that. trying to make his subjects smarter and homework easier.0” “Exactly! He and the scholars in his court researched writing systems from around the world and the way Korean sounds are made and created a new alphabet.” Sanghyun taught me some more letters. Sounds like one cool king. .” “It’s a prize UNESCO awards to an individual or organization that makes a big contribution to ﬁghting illiteracy. only the wealthy could afford to teach the Chinese characters used to write Korean. so people could read and write our language easily. But if you ever set your hand down in something sticky at a cheap diner.” “But who’s King Sejong?” “He was the Korean king who created the ﬁrst version of Hangeul.eracy rate in the world.” “Hangeul 1. Packing some phrases and able to read most of the letters. and it was fun sounding out English words used in Korean like ‘뉴스.a.k. a. ‘eu’ is likely the sound you made through clenched teeth.
I didn’t really feel like I was in an Asian country until I saw the broad tidal ﬂats and rolling mountains in the distance. so shortly after the bus picked us up. Annually.000 people and 1.7 million tons of freight.8 billion dollars went into the construction of the airport. we were heading across a long bridge built over the ocean. Incheon International Airport will increase its annual ﬂight-handling number to 410. There are 23 bridges on the Hangang. About thirty minutes later. I like Korea already. 170. The airport is on a manmade island. everything has been neat and convenient. We could have taken the subway directly from the airport. Korea Incheon International Airport was outstanding. Paris has the Left and Right banks. so I didn’t have any trouble navigating through the spacious airport. a river and many bridges came into view. Everything was really clean and well maintained. In June 2008. that’s the Hangang River. which opened in March 2001. 22 Let’s go Korea! . Seoul has Gangnam (river south) and Incheon International Airport is one of the biggest airports in East Asia. Speaking from all my 16 years of traveling. English signs everywhere.’ It had business-class seats and dropped us very close to his house where his mom met us. From the signs in the airport to the public transportation system. but I wanted to see the city. Sanghyun and I took a bus called an ‘airport limousine.000 and aims to become one of the ﬁve biggest airports in the world by 2010. ferrying 27.000 planes come and go from the airport. “Sanghyun.Incheon International Airport Hello. 7. right? There are so many bridges!” “Yup. It ﬂows right through the middle of Seoul and into the Yellow Sea on the west coast. the construction of a third runway and a new terminal building was completed. I thought it was the most convenient and cleanest airport I’ve ever seen.000.
Seoul is more developed. Incheon International Airport ▼ Welcom to Korea! 23 . right?” “Yes. and I’d better get some sleep. New York and Hollywood all in one place. The lights illuminating the bridge and their reﬂection on the water were especially beautiful. I wanted to hop off and start exploring Seoul right away but decided against it.Gangbuk (river north). Look! You can see the World Cup Stadium over there.” ▲ Incheon International Airport Duty Free Shop Dusk fell. and it also hosted the 1988 Summer Olympics and 2002 World Cup. There are so many things to do tomorrow. It’s like our D.C. It seems like every time I come back. and Korea’s biggest and most populated city. That’s the more modern part of Seoul.” “Seoul is the capital.. It’s become one of the major cities in the world. The old part of the city with the palaces and big temples is in Gangbuk. and the lights on the bridge and surrounding buildings started coming on. My family lives in Gangnam.
net Visit korea. Ulsan (1.visual Information Facts about Korea • Country Name: Republic of Korea • Capital City: Seoul (10. Gwangju (1.46 million (2007) • Foreign residents: 1.5 million).5 million). the official website of the Korean Government whenever you want to know about Korea.1 million). Incheon (2. consumer electronics.7km • Major cities: Seoul (10. .098㎢ (South Korea: 99.9 billion (2007) • Per Capita GNI: $20. Hallasan 1950m • Longest rivers: Amnokgang 790km.045 (2007) • Major Industrial Products: Semiconductors.1 million) • National ﬂag: Taegeukgi • National ﬂower: Mugunghwa (Rose of Sharon) • Currency: won (￦) • Language: Korean (Written form: Hangeul) • Location: Strategically located at the crossroads of Northeast Asia. Division of power among the executive. ships.678㎢) • Highest mountains: Baekdusan 2744m. mobile telecommunication equipments. Daejeon (1.1 million) • Climate: Temperate with four distinct seasons • Population: 48.5km. Hangang 481. Dumangang 521km. Daegu (2.5 million). the Russian Far East and China. Korea.net provides you with the most exciting and timely information about Korea. You can find • News about Korea • Enjoyable places and features • An extensive directory of websites related to Korea.6 million). Busan (3. Nakdonggang 521. • Territory: 223.4 million).1 million • Political System: Democracy with president elected to a single 5-year term by direct popular vote. steel and chemicals http://www. legislature (unicameral National Assembly) and judiciary • Gross Domestic Product: $969.korea. Korea lies between Japan.net. automobiles.
or Everland in Yongin. there are many great shopping areas to visit. and hiking. Why not go to Lotte World and COEX? If you have time. national parks. visit Gangwon-do Province and enjoy rafting in the summer and skiing in the winter. If you get a chance to visit Jeju. ski resorts. drop by Heyri in Paju.Travel Information Thumbs up! The best places to visit in Korea There are tons of places for teenagers to enjoy in Korea! Amusement parks. horse riding. Seoul Land in Gwacheon. Jeju Island. it would be a great opportunity to look at marine life from a submarine and to try go-carting. If you are a big fan of sports. . and so on. Plan a visit that you will never forget! Don’t worry even if you don’t have time to leave Seoul.
● ● ● ● ● ● Seasonal Tour .Rafting Special Tour .Jeju Island Entertainment Theme Park COEX Heyri Art Village .Winter Sports Seasonal Tour .
and learn about the various resorts and slopes we can enjoy this winter. Phoenix Park 8 www.gangchonresort.co.daemyungresort. Gohan-eup. Winter Sonata’s Home Ground.oakvalley.co. Gangwon-do . Let’s take a look at what Gangwon-do has to offer.co.kr ☎ +82-33-730-3500 P 1016 Wolsong-ri Jijeong-myeon Wonju-si Gangwon-do Enjoy the Casino & Ski at Kangwon Land High 1 8 www.kr ☎ +82-33-260-2000 P 29-1 Baekyang-ri Namsan-myeon Chuncheon-si Gangwon-do Ski Train Tour to Hansol Oak Valley Snow Park 8 www. and therefore the majority of Korea’s winter resorts are located in this province.Seasonal Tour 1 Winter Sports: Gangwon-do Province is where Korea’s winter season begins and where it lasts the longest. Gangchon Resort 8 www.kr ☎ +82-33-333-6000 P 1095 Myeonon-ri Bongpyeong-myeon Pyeongchang-gun Gangwon-do Fun for all at Sungwoo Resort 8 www. and appeals to skiers and snowboarders for various reasons.high1.kr ☎ +82-33-340-3000 P 204 Duwon-ri Dunnae-myeon Hoengseong-gun Gangwon-do Only One Hour from Seoul.kr/eng ☎ +82-2-1588-7789 P San 1-17.co. There are now a total of eight winter resorts in Gangwon-do.kr ☎ +82-33-335-5757 P 130 Yongsan-ri Daegwallyeong-myeon Pyeongchang-gun Gangwon-do Water Theme Park with Daemyung Vivaldi Park 8 www.co. Yongpyong Resort 8 www.com/vp ☎ +82-1588-4888 P Seo-myeon Hongcheon-gun Gangwon-do Snowboarder’s Heaven. Each resort is designed under a different theme. Jeongseon-gun.yongpyong.phoenixpark.co. Gohan-ri.hdsungwoo.
If you want excitement.ne. the Naerincheon River winds its way into the Soyanggang River. Experience rafting in the summer for more fun.com/eng Hantangang River in Cheolwon The Hantangang River is located in Gangwon-do.sancheong.greengangwon. the Naerincheon is a fascinating place for various types of leisure sports including rafting. Sancheong-gun. ☎ +82-33-249-2706 8 www. which provides perfect conditions for rafting. mountain biking. and bungee jumping. is one of Korea’s most beautiful areas. The Hantangang is a great place to go for rafting with amazing views of little falls and valleys. and Daewon Valley are located within a 30-minute drive.Seasonal Tour 2 Rafting is a challenging recreational activity. about an hour away from Seoul. Gangwon-do is a place where you can enjoy rafting in a safe environment. why not visit the Hantangang? ☎ +82-33-450-5365 8 www. Known for the clarity of its water. and enjoy the view during the spring and the fall. Rafting is usually done on white water to thrill and excite the passengers. Enjoy great views of Geumdangsan Mountain. Nearby attractions such as Jirisan National Park. Jungsalli Valley. The outstanding volume of clear water makes the Gyeonghogang a thrill of a life time and a perfect get away. Gangwon-do is a place where many people visit for this exciting adventure. ☎ +82-55-970-6000 8 tour. Discover the Donggang today! ☎ +82-33-370-2091 8 www.ywtour.com Gyeonghogang River in Sancheong The Gyeonghogang River. Cheolwon-gun. Rafting: Donggang River The Donggang River is 72km long and runs across Gangwon-do. Enjoy rafting without rowing due to the rivers rapidly ﬂowing water. paragliding.greengangwon. Rafting is available in small and medium sized boats.com Pyeongchang Geumdang Valley The Geumdang Valley is located in Gangwon-do.com Injae Naerincheon River Originating from Odaesan Mountain. Pyeongchang-gun. The Donggang is well known for its beautiful scenic views and its well preserved ecosystems. The River has an abundant volume of water. ☎ +82-33-332-5533 8 www. located in Gyeongsangnam-do.greengangwon. Come and explore beautiful Korea.kr .
sandy beaches. waterfalls and hiking trails. Busan or Daegu. paragliding. stop by a beach where you can bask in the sunshine. .Jeju Island JEJU: Within an hour’s ﬂight from Seoul. even hills! Quad biking is much more exciting than any other amusement ride. 8 www. The blue sea. The ATV is a trouble-free vehicle that can easily run on all terrains. a designated blue belt area. Scuba Diving Jeju is known for its clear pure water.Special Tour . The island is Korea’s most popular honeymoon destination. with ﬂat. Among all other attractions. it is one of the world’s top ten tourist attractions with over four million visitors a year. Come and run on the grassland along with the Mother Nature on horseback. Horseback riding. Jeju. Also. Jeju Island is Korea’s only island province. Mount Hallasan. when underwater conditions are perfect for scuba diving. Try quad biking today and experience excitement that you will never forget. travelers in Korea can reach a land of a completely different character. It’s where you can take a rest looking down the green grassland and the blue sea. are able to run on any road no matter how bumpy or rugged. Good scuba diving areas include the coast of Seoguipo. The panoramic view and refreshing breeze you can feel upon hills of Mount Halla. Jeju is best known for its small horses. Known as “Little Hawaii” for its volcanic landscape. when you just want to get away from it all. Kart Racing Go-karting or mini formula racing is an easy to learn motor sport. Dragon Head Beach. picturesque subtropical scenery. Come to green and tropical Jeju Island.jejutour. Seongsan Sunrise Peak. Take pleasure from seabed exploration where you can ﬁnd famous damselﬁsh and variety of coral reefs! Hiking Jeju Jeju has excellent hiking. Chagui-do. Many divers visit Jeju especially in spring and autumn. Cheonjiyeon Falls. young and old are able to race! The cars and race tracks are safely designed. or quad bikes. and U-do. where green atmosphere is all around. esay pathways and more adventurous courses. has amazing maritime scenery. Submarine Tour Jeju.go. ATV Experience ATV (All Terrain Vehicle).kr P Jeju Special Self-Governing Province ☎ +82-64-710-2114 Horseback Riding The fantastic island. Because go-karting doesn’t require a driver’s license. Recognized as the best-preserved area in the nation.
a lake. It is a theme park ﬁlled with thrilling rides.co. Seoul Land has an area called ‘World Square’ where one can glimpse traditional architecture and folk items from all over the world. Everland also features the Glen Ross Golf Club. You can view traditional Korea at Samchulli Hill. an ice rink.kr Everland Located in Yongin.everland. Forest Bath Resort.seoulland. Caribbean Bay. ☎ +82-2-411-2000. The park also contains three distinct themes which are Festival World. The park is well laid out with convenient walkways. and Speedway. Cheonggyesan. ☎ +82-2-504-0011~6 8 www. which can accommodate about 35. Caribbean Bay is the very ﬁrst water park in Korea. Sportspark. and Equatorial Adventure. different kinds of parades as well as a folk museum. and Fantasy Land. and much more. each created with is own unique style. and Hoam Art Gallery.com .000 spectators. 4000 8 www. the National Modern Art Center and other great attractions nearby. Everland is a large theme park boasting a zoo. Magic Land.lotteworld. European Adventure. and outside is a ‘Magic Island’ theme next to Seokchonhosu Lake. Automobile Museum.com Seoul Land Seoul Land is Korea’s ﬁrst theme park. ☎ +82-31-20-5000 8 www. a western frontier at Model Land. snow sledding. and botanical garden. Seoul Land is a popular destination as it also contains Seoul Grand Park.Entertainment Theme Park Lotte World Lotte World is the perfect spot for entertainment and sightseeing. American Adventure. with beautiful scenery surrounded by Mt. Lotte World is divided into an ‘Adventure’ theme once you are inside the building. Festival World includes Global Fair.
World Trade Center Samseong-dong.co. and more. shopping. restaurants and entertainment facilities. a giant bookstore Play the latest video games at our video game arcade Find luxury and namebrand goods at Hyundai Department store Buy top-quality gifts and souvenirs at COEX Duty-Free Shop Watch live performances at COEX Art Hall Exercise or enjoy the sauna at a fitness center And more! . Gangnam-gu. entertainment. Seoul What can you do at COEX? You can Visit a trade show or exhibition Shop for the latest fashions in COEX Mall Explore the undersea world at COEX Aquarium See a movie on one of 17 screens at MEGABOX Cinema Eat great Korean or International food at one of the over 200 restaurants in our complex Shop for books at Bandi & Luni’s. COEX is a great place to go in Seoul. COEX is a destination for business. Located in the central business area. With a world-class convention and exhibition center. Asia’s largest underground shopping Mall. 8 www.coex.COEX COEX is prominent landmark in Seoul.kr ☎ +82-2-6000-0114 P COEX.
And the concept of the village was expanded to ‘cultural art village. museums. VR Concert Hall. 8 www.net ☎ +82-31-946-8551 P Heyri Tanheon-myeon Paju-si Gyeongi-do . and the Camerata Music Hall. the Korean Ceramics Museum.’ Now over 370 members: writers. Music Halls There will be numerous small concert halls and recital studios for chamber music. lots of artists in various cultural ﬁelds joined it. this village was designed as a ‘book village’ linked to Paju Publishing Town in 1997. Now Heyri has the Korea Music Hall. ﬁgure paintings. directors. the KwangYoung Gallery. Buddhist art.Heyri Art Village Heyri is an art village that communicates culture through a variety of genres. Sumi Gallery. Museums There are more than thirty small or medium-sized museums in Heyri with subjects such as international folk instruments. houses.heyri. architects. BaekSoonsil Gallery. and the Vietnam Museum. stamps. toys. Art Shops Around one hundred art shops and antique shops will keep articles of contemporary artists and antiques in stock to sell and exhibit. ﬁlm posters. work rooms. Yu-Sook Park’s Gallery. magazines. Nam-Kyu Lee’s Memorial Hall. ﬁlms. and musicians are building their artistic spaces. But in the process of building the project. KAIS Gallery. galleries. artists. Classical music cafes and jazz cafes will also feature high standard concerts throughout the year. butterﬂies. and Jin Ad are some of the locations with shops. Art Galleries There are six galleries in Heyri: The Gallery Cheongam. At ﬁrst. The Gallery Focus. etc. traditional foods.
Chapter 2 Experiencing Korea .
and traditional performances like mask dances that our hundreds of years old and percussion bands that literally make heads spin. I hope that my friend Alex can experience some of the best that Korea has to offer during his stay.Hi ! This is Sanghyun. such as “Nanta. My home country has a lot of things to do and see. .” “Jump” and B-boy shows. Korea has internationally renowned theater.
Were you able to sleep normally?” “Sure. I know how to deal with jetlag. I was dead tired by 11 and wide awake at dawn. 42 Let’s go Korea! . Ready to go?” “Of course!” Alex seems to be in a really good mood. I cross the Paciﬁc once or twice a year. He was already awake and looking out at his ﬁrst morning in Korea.” “I had no trouble falling asleep. heaven in Seoul I knocked on Alex’s door to say good morning. The bed was great. I’m relieved that he’s in a better condition than I thought he might be in. Alex? It’s a new bed. I hope it was okay. Maybe that’s why ▼ Hangang River Citizen’s Park he’s not that bothered by jetlag. But because of jetlag.Hangang River. “Did you sleep well. He’s used to traveling a lot.
They can jog.” The Hangang is the river with the largest basin area in Korea.7km across the middle of the Korean Peninsula. where are we going ﬁrst?” “I want to show you the river. Currently 23 bridges span the Hangang. there are a lot of people here already!” “The Hangang is a great place to come any time of the day. day and night. I decided to show him Seoul’s two biggest natural landmarks: the Hangang River and Namsan Mountain. along its banks are 12 parks and various facilities for recreation and sports. In the morning. the pools open. so you can cool off in them.” “It’s great.” “And when it gets really hot during the summer. and it flows for 481. and all year.◀ Water Sports on the Hangang River “Sanghyun. When I was little I used to go there a lot with my family for picnics or to play soccer.” For Alex’s ﬁrst full day in Korea. there are big ﬁreworks shows at night. Hangang River Experiencing Korea 43 . lots of people come here to exercise. I have many fond memories of both places. So much open space in a huge city. In the fall. bike. rollerblade. you can take inexpensive river cruises. “Wow. or play basketball or soccer.
not too many cities have both a large river and mountains inside its limits. a library. We could have got a game going. View of Seoul from Namsan Mountain We’re in the cable car that takes us up Namsan. and the N Seoul Tower stands tall at the top of the mountain. Namsan was originally called ‘Ingyeongsan Mountain’ but its location to the south of the royal palace gave it its present name. isn’t it? I’m glad we decided to take the . Namsan Mountain became important after King Taejo. the first king of the Joseon Dynasty. we’ll deﬁnitely bring a ball and play a pickup game with other people.Namsan Mountain “It’s really awesome that a super busy city like Seoul has a place where everyone can come and relax. It’s too bad that we didn’t bring a basketball. Now that I think of it. Namsan has a botanical garden. “What a view!” “It’s great. Namsan Mountain rises 262m above sea level. selected Hanyang (present day Seoul) to be the capital city. Alex is amazed that Seoul has a big river like the Hangang and mountains scattered around the city.” I think Alex really likes the Hangang. Next time. and it is loved by Seoul citizens as a place of respite.
From the top of the mountain you can enjoy a view of Seoul spread around you in every direction. It’s another great place to escape from the summer heat! Namsan has a lot of evergreens. “Why are all those locks on the fence?” “Couples leave them here to show they will always be together. it feels so cool up here on the mountain. There aren’t too many places where you can get a view of Seoul like this.” “What if they break up?” N Seoul Tower ▶ . cherry and maple trees. so every season it looks beautiful.” We walked up to the base of N Tower to be able to see across the river.” “I’m so glad we came here. I like the fresh breeze!” “Yeah.▲ Seoul Millenium Time Capsule Plaza at Namsangol Hanok Village cable car instead of walking up.
How many of these are yours?” “Yeah. Coming back has made me realize what a valuable resource Namsan is for the city and its people. we both took a big breath as if we were getting ready ▼ NANTA performance to plunge into Seoul.” “Spoken like a man of experience. jing (large metal gong). or even just to breathe some fresh mountain air. I never had much time to date. a performance that really cooks As we looked down at the city spread out before us. janggu (hourglass-shaped drum).Samulnori “They get a new date and new lock and hike back up. I haven’t been up here since I was in elementary school. meditate. and buk (barrel drum). A busy city like Seoul is really lucky to have natural recreation spots like the Hangang and Namsan. right. They come here to get exercise. 46 Let’s go Korea! . Nanta!.” Samulnori is a percussion ensemble of four different instruments: kkwaenggwari (small metal gong). Samulnori started as a band of farm music performers and has become widely known nationally and internationally.
S. you can use the same metro card to pay for the bus. Jaehyun. waiting for us. In 2004. the traditional percussion band I was telling you about. Experiencing Korea 47 . BTW.” “Isn’t that the Korean show on Broadway? I thought it was called ‘Cookin’. was already there. Germany. U. There are even two theaters in Korea that are all ‘Nanta.” “I can’t wait to see it.“Where are we going now. It’s easy to understand the plot and humor because the beat and facial expressions reveal the moods so well. People of all ages and nationalities enjoy this show. And transfers are free for public transportation if you get to the next bus or subway before too long.” ‘Nanta’ in Korean means to ‘beat crazily. subway and taxis. Russia. It comes form samulnori. where it received the best performance award.” “Yeah. It has been staged in Japan.. “Sanghyun! Over here! Let’s hurry inside. my brother. Netherlands and other countries. NANTA became the first Asian program to have a long-term performance on Broadway.’ NANTA is a nonverbal performance that uses the rhythm and beats of samulnori to comically dramatize different things that can happen in a kitchen. in Seoul. China. Sanghyun?” “My brother got us tickets to Nanta!” “What’s that?” “It’s a nonverbal performance.’ all the time.” “I’m glad I get to see it on stage in Korea!” “It’s been a big hit here for around 10 years. NANTA made its international debut in 1999 at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. It’s the ﬁrst Asian performance to have its own theater on Broadway. It ran for 449 shows. The performance is about to begin.” NANTA When we arrived at the theater after taking the bus and subway. We talked about going before. Mainly cooks pounding out very funny and exciting rhythms.
and cafes. He was half walking and half bobbing up and down as if he were still listening to Nanta. wasn’t it? I’m so glad I saw it again.” “Can we go now? I really want to see it. Daehangno for young people Alex wouldn’t settle down after the performance. Let’s see some more of Seoul today and go there tomorrow. I want to see some more Korean shows. That was the most fun I’ve had in any performance. No cars are allowed to enter Insa-dong every Sunday from 10 am to 10 pm. We could see a mask dance. Many traditional performing arts are well preserved there. 48 Let’s go Korea! . traditional teashops.” “Yeah. where do you think we could go?” “Tomorrow we can go to Hahoe Village in Andong.” “Dude. making Insa-dong further visitor-friendly. Hyeong. Andong is three hours by bus.” Insa-dong Insa-dong is a street located in the heart of Seoul and is a place where Korea’s traditions are preserved and artifacts are sold and traded. You can see various street performances and special exhibits on Sundays. craft stores.” “Hmm. Insa-dong is home to many art galleries. traditional restaurants.Insa-dong for tradition. “That was a lot of fun.
Insa-dong street ▲ .
and teashops there. Even with twins. It can get really deﬁned. In fact. It’s a way to show respect for those who came before us. We shared bibimbap.” “Oh. You’ll hear many titles like ajumma (aunt). halabeoji (grandfather). and sun- 50 Let’s go Korea! . art organizations. Daehangno is a street full of numerous dance. you told me your brother’s name was Jaehyun. Why do you keep calling him Hyeong. Korean bazaar. the biggest street of old Seoul. you’ll sometimes see professional ﬁlm crews shooting here and always see many local and foreign tourists walking around with cameras. Alex is becoming more and more fascinated with Korean culture. He talked excitedly about each item that he saw in Insa-dong. Daehangno is centered around Marronnier Park. and street performers.” “But Jaehyun just calls you Sanghyun. how about Insa-dong?” “Sanghyun.’ It’s from Confucianism. and musical theaters.“Then where are we going now?” “Hyeong. play.” “Younger brothers and sisters usually don’t get any respect. so we decided to break for a meal. He bought two already. the second one out calls the ﬁrst ‘hyeong’ all his life. There are also many galleries. so Canada and Korea aren’t that different after all. We were all tired from walking all around Insa-dong. artisans. He seemed especially interested in fans. It’s like a movie set for a Running from Jongno 5-ga to Hyehwa-dong Roundabout. an area between the main palace and Jongno. pajeon. Is it short for Jaehyun?” “No. It has many shops and vendors that sell antiques and traditional items.” Daehangno We headed to Insa-dong. Hyeong means ‘older brother.
” “Jaehyun. many artistic groups. we got on the bus and headed for Daehangno. With our bellies full.k.a Hyeong) suggested that we check out a place so geared to students its name means “University Street.” “Alex. There are also lots of other things to see outdoors. So there are lots of street performances each day. Now that we’ve seen Insa-dong.dubujjigae. small theaters. Daehangno ▼ Experiencing Korea 51 . do you think we have enough time to see a play?” “Maybe. and galleries are on and around Daehangno. I’ll check if any are in English.” Marronier Park. Little concerts are always being staged around Daehangno. Alex really liked the pajeon which had a lot of seafood in it. Jaehyun (a.
Jaehyun suggested 52 Let’s go Korea! . I’m here shopping for clothes. We saw actors in funny costumes and artists drawing some pretty good caricatures before we headed off. Alex didn’t want to go home. Even after strolling around Daehang▼ Shopping center entrance at Dongdaemun no.When we arrived at Marronnier Park. many people were handing out brochures for different plays. Jaehyun explained that often the performers and even the producers of small plays come out and advertise their shows. Shopping in Korea I can’t believe that after all the things we’ve done today and the places we’ve been to.
dancers. How can they come up with those moves?” B-boy B-boys are professional breakdancers who are becoming more and more recognized throughout the world. walking through a bustling street full of other teenagers looking for cheap. or singers come to show off their skills. Korean B-boys have won the four biggest B-boy battle awards and are acclaimed as the world’s best. These mini-concerts provide entertainment for the people walking by and also attract customers. Experiencing Korea 53 B-boy ▲ . where bands.” “Those guys are wild.that we go to one of the wholesale markets that stay open all night. So here I am at Dongdaemun. I hear some loud music and people cheering up ahead. what’s that?” “Some of the big clothing stores in Dongdaemun have small stages near their entrances. so I’m going to go check it out. hip clothes. “Wow.
and jewelry shops.” “Why?” “It has some big world brands. 54 Let’s go Korea! .” “They’re really good! How many times is he going to spin on his head like that? Do they usually perform in places like this?” “B-boys like to perform outdoors just for practice and to show off their skills. and he’s headed to a different building now. Even though breakdancing hasn’t been around in Korea for long. Korean guys are already dominating the stage at international competitions. department stores. creative moves. This most likely won’t be your last time seeing a performance like this in Korea. He’s already been to every ﬂoor and every booth in a shopping town. noraebangs (that’s like Korean karaoke). And there’s more to do than just shop. I’m also happy that I got to revisit many places that I haven’t been to in a long time. Most foreigners are struck by Myeong-dong’s energy. It’s a very popular destination. “I think Alex would prefer Myeong-dong. movie theaters. Let’s go in one of the complexes. restaurants.“Korean B-boys are famous for having powerful.” “Then we should deﬁnitely check it out!” I’m really glad that Alex is having a fun time in Korea. There are coffee shops.” Alex is really enjoying himself.
Night scene at Myeong-dong ▲ Experiencing Korea 55 .
Hahoe Village. it had passed through so many languages that it came out ‘Korea’ on English tongues. The Andong International Mask Dance Festival takes place in Hahoe Village every October. Jaehyun had reserved a temple stay program at Bongjeongsa Temple for us. we transferred to a local bus. however. The village became really famous in 1999 when Queen Elizabeth II visited it. so we had to hurry. We ate breakfast in a hurry and left for the bus terminal. The name Korea comes from Goryeo. because I was too tired myself. but I gave up Hahoe Village is a clan village of the Pungsan Ryu family. Alex must’ve been really tired from all the shopping yesterday. And the name ‘Hahoe’ comes from the way the river makes an ‘S’ shape as it curves around the village. Jaehyun explained that it’s not exactly certain but the village probably dates all the way back to the Goryeo Dynasty. Andong became famous when Queen Elizabeth II visited on her birthday in 1999.Hahoe Village in Andong Hahoe Village. and it preserves the traditional Korean way of life. As soon as we arrived at Andong. I tried to wake him. discovering our ancestors’ wisdom We got up early to catch a bus to Andong. By the time traders carried the kingdom’s name back to Europe. We ﬁrst decided to take a look around the village. There were lots of small and big straw-roofed houses . He fell asleep as soon as we took our seats on the bus. and Korea’s traditional mask dances and other performances are demonstrated. the kingdom that ruled the peninsula from 918~1392. is more famous for the ‘Hahoe Byeolsin Gut’ and Hahoe masks.
Dancing along to talchum. we heard samulnori from afar and the sound gradually approached us. Jaehyun told us that the procession of mask dancers playing samulnori and letting the villagers know that there is about to be a show is called gilnori. “The shaman ritual of praying to the gods for prosperity and peace in the village is called a ‘gut. 1999 on the occasion of her 73rd birthday Panorama of Hahoe Village ▼ Experiencing Korea 57 . We ran over to watch the procession. Walking around Hahoe with its pristinely preserved houses made me feel like I was walking through an old architecture museum. the mask dance When we were about halfway around the village. many Koreans and foreigners were also dancing and following the troupe of samulnori musicians and the mask dancers.’ Hahoe Village has a unique version of this ritual called the ‘Hahoe Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ visited ▲ Hahoe Village in April. Behind them.and huge clay tile-roofed houses in Hahoe Village. We also joined in and followed them to the stage by the river. Musicians in traditional performing clothes led the way followed by mask dancers waving their arms to the music.
” “What makes it special?” “It’s unique because the performers wear masks called ‘tal’ and dance. He laughed out loud and the ▼ A scene from Hahoe Byeolsin Gut music stopped.Byeolsin Gut’. a performer bearing a cow mask entered and started dancing an . This is to entertain the gods and appease their anger. The crowd’s getting quiet” A dancer wearing baekjeongtal entered the stage wielding an axe and a butcher’s knife and danced to the beat of samulnori.” “They must be starting now. He shouted a few things to the audience and resumed dancing to the music. From one side of the stage.
way to ﬁnd enlightenment After the performance was over. dancers wearing jungtal.Various masks of Korea. After this performance was over. yangbantal. Tal ▲ antagonistic dance with the butcher. a monk. He took a lot of pictures. so Koreans familiar with the art know the character’s personalities before they speak. etc. and gaksital came out and danced a really fun number.. Barugongyang. the audience was invited onto the stage to join the dancers for a ﬁnal dance. Even though we wanted to stay a little longer Experiencing Korea 59 . seonbital. The masks all represent stock characters. he still thought it was comical. Even though Alex couldn’t understand what the dancers were saying. a bride.
I said I learned how to read Hangeul. we had to leave to get to Bongjeongsa Temple on time for the temple stay program.and watch. how was the mask dance?” “I thought it was great. That doesn’t mean I know the words I’m reading or hearing. National Treasure No. Even people who aren’t Buddhist or even religious feel refreshed and uplifted by the environ▼ Barrel drum at Bongjeongsa Temple ment and chamseon. a monk came out and greeted us. Too bad I couldn’t understand the Korean though. a kind of meditation.” “What’s that?” “Temple stay is an overnight program that lets you live like a monk and experience what it’s like to be in a place in harmony with nature and the teachings of Buddhism. We have to head over the Bongjeongsa for the temple stay now. it was really fun! I liked dancing along to the music.” “Chamseon? Isn’t that the really boring kind where you just sit down and do nothing?” “Well.” We left Hahoe Village and got on the local bus.” “I’m glad you liked it. and the masks looked cool. and Geungnakjeon. He showed us to our room and around the temple.” “I thought you said you learned Korean on the way over?” “Haha. do you know any exciting kinds of meditation? The important thing is to keep an open mind and give it a shot. is part of the tem- 60 Let’s go Korea! . Bongjeongsa was built in 672. “Alex. When we arrived at Bongjeongsa. 15. Still.
these meal offerings are completely environmentally-friendly. calligraphy. including enlightenment. awakening. The person bowing brings his or her forehead all the way to the floor and raises the palms skyward. There are many other terms for this return to the original self. dado (tea ceremony). present and future. Experiencing Korea 61 . Barugongyang (Communal Buddhist meal service) These meal offerings are the embodiment of equality. Thus. Temple stay offers various unique experiences such as chamseon (Zen meditation). and realizing one’s Buddha nature. this ancient method has become a model for contemporary society. 108 Bows The bow represents a desire to lower one’s self and serve others. In addition. and chamseon is way to practice meditation in Mahayana (Great Vehicle) Buddhism. barugongyang (communal Buddhist meal service). The number 108 has to do with the sins Buddhism warns against and the possibility of one committing them in the past. since they are highly efficient and produce no waste or need for detergents. and an introduction to temple culture. The program is open for everyone and lasts from 2-10 days.Temple Stay Temple stay is a cultural-experience program designed to help Koreans and foreigners alike understand Korean Buddhism better by observing and practicing the life of a monk. Chamseon (Zen meditation) All Buddhist traditions include some form of meditation. This meditation brings an end to the ‘monk mind’ that we all experience so that our minds become clear and we can return to our original self. with everyone receiving the same meal and the same portions.
Geungnakjeon is the oldest existing wooden building in Korea. During barugongyang. The food was ﬁlling and super fresh because the vegetables come from nearby gardens. Alex seemed a bit nervous about his ﬁrst stay in a temple. but we all just watched the monks to make sure that we did everything right. We did the dishes with the other monks and brought our ﬁrst barugongyang to its end. It was time for barugongyang. The meal was entirely vegetarian. the mentality that we should maintain as we eat. or even the sound of chewing.ple. You might have noticed ranking is really important in Korea: the lower the number.” There was no talking. long time ago. The legend is that a long. 62 Let’s go Korea! . But it wasn’t easy to clean off the plates with pickled radish and wash down the leftovers with rice-cooked water. the more important its cultural signiﬁcance. and he built a temple where the bird landed. Alex hesitated but carefully followed suit. a wise monk created a phoenix out of paper. It was a moment of absolute silence. After the tour. He’d learned all this stuff a little earlier. which means the place where a phoenix stayed. no clattering of plates. we unpacked our stuff and learned the code of conduct in a temple and barugongyang. we ate in accordance with the signals given by a bamboo stick called a “jukbi. The monk also told us the story of how ▲ The main building of Bongjeongsa Temple Bongjeongsa came to be. He named the temple Bongjeong.
” the monk added. At ﬁrst it seemed doable but as we approached the ﬁnal couple of dozen bows. . why do we eat all the leftovers?” “That’s for us to realize the preciousness of the love and the effort that went into preparing the food and also to cleanse our minds like the food plates. But by the time we were done with the 108th bow. we began to sweat. “Barugongyang isn’t just eating. It’s also a kind of training for everyone. We participated in chamseon next. my mind felt really tranquil and light. Not a simple bendyour-waist bow. a process for cultivating one’s mind.“Jaehyun.” “That’s right. Then it was time for praying before the Buddha. I’m talking drop-to-your-knees-lieﬂat-on-the-ﬂoor-raise-palms-to heaven-lift yourselfup-with-your-toes-and-calves-and-repeat bows. and our bodies felt heavy from fatigue. We had to do 108 bows with the monk.” We rested for a bit as we chatted with the monk.
Next morning. Make your own mini homepage! After we left Bongjeongsa and said goodbye to our host monk. so it’s easy. but he was more interested in the fast Internet connection with download speeds up to 100Mb per second. for Sanghyun and Alex. relying only on the moon to light our path. In fact. We were somewhat tired.” I showed Alex how to upload photos onto my personal page. and then we went hiking with the monk. It has a high resolution camera so the satellite has the ability to record and recognize black and white images to a 1m pixel resolution and a 4m pixel resolution for color images in space.” “Well. 64 Let’s go Korea! . we stopped by a hot spring near the Nakdonggang River and got home near midnight. everything that they did at Bongjeongsa from the barugongyang service to working on the farm and joining a tea ceremony was a new experience that they’ll never forget. but I turned on the computer to update my blog and Minihompy with the pictures that I took on the trip. “Why do you upload so many pictures? It must take a long time. Hiking along the mountain trails. 2006. The Arirang-2 satellite was invented in Korea and launched in July. Its actual name is The Korean Multi-purpose Satellite-2 (KOMPSAT-2). everyone woke up super early at 3 am for more praying in the temple.Arirang-2 Satellite It was a time of looking back at our lives and rediscovering our self-ego. was a fun and unique experience. Korea has really fast Internet connections.
I’ve seen people watching TV on their cell phones in the subway. I told him that approximately 90% of the Korean population uses a cell phone. his personal page will be full of interesting pictures and fun posts. DMB (digital multimedia broadcasting). Experiencing Korea 65 . cell phones.” “I know.“Korea has highly developed services and technology for the Internet. and I can introduce all my friends to his Minihompy through mine. and that it’s really easy to access the Internet or watch TV through portable media players (PMP) or laptops. Before going to bed I helped Alex make his own Minihompy and upload some pictures. But what’s WiBro?” “WiBro is short for ‘wireless broadband. There are currently 12 pro-gaming organizations in Korea. They compete in a variety of game genres ranging from real-time strategy games such as Starcraft. e-Sports e-Sports (electronic sports) refers to competition among online gamers.” Alex’s questions seemed to never stop. and WiBro. There is also a video game arena in Yongsan i-park. sports games. and racing games. first-person shooting games.’ The service provides fast Internet access for people constantly on the move. By the end of his trip. so you can always access various services while on the move.
66 Let’s go Korea! . but the usage of the WiBro technology is expanding throughout Korea. 3G wireless services in Korea became an international standard. but it has improved since then. Korea is at the forefront of the development of mobile technology. and using a cell phone as a ticket or coupon. WiBro IPTV WiBro is the wireless broadband Internet technology developed by Samsung Electronics and the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute. navigation system. do online banking. and listen to MP3 files on the television. IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) uses high speed Internet to supply video and information onto the television. This allows those unfamiliar with the computer to home-shop. In October 2007. Currently most users are from the metropolitan area.Digital Life in Korea Mobile DMB Korea is a world leader in mobile and PDA technology. traffic information. play online games. and now it can not only trasmit audio but also DVD quality video. GPS. DMB was developed to replace the radio. gaming. DMB (Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) allows users to receive audio and video broadcasting while on the move. watch movies. Mobile services in Korea include mobile banking.
Minihompy is a Korean online community network service. and trade. interaction. With the development of mobile communication. and discussion among those keeping up with the fresh blog posts. mobile communities are expanding. religion. Experiencing Korea 67 . Game Community Mobile Community Korea has a highly developed online gaming industry. Korea is starting mobile community services in fields such as marketing. Gamers review games and share gaming strategies with others through online and offline communities.Blog Minihompy An amalgamation of the words “web” and “log”. and the personal pages are extremely customizable. Based on the world’s leading mobile networks. Blogs allow sharing. blog refers to online posts describing one’s thoughts and feelings. Minihompy makes uploading pictures and videos simple.
Soul of Asia, Seoul
Seoul, the capital city of the Republic of Korea, is located in the central western part of the Korean Peninsula. The Hangang River and the Bugaksan Mountain Range add to the magniﬁcent scenery of Seoul. Its geographical location also makes Seoul the political, economical, and cultural center of Korea.
◈ A city of the past and the present ◈
Seoul has previously been the capital city of Baekje and Joseon for 500 years each, and it holds a lot of heritage. It is a city in which skyscrapers and technology complexes coexist with ancient royal palaces and historical sites. Seoul is a city of ‘nature and people,’ the past and the present.
N Seoul Tower
◈ Korea’s leading brand ◈
Seoul’s strong international competitiveness in digital and knowledge industries makes it a business hub of East Asia. Seoul’s land area is only 0.6% of the total land area of Korea, but Seoul is responsible for 21% of the annual GDP and more than 50% of the financial market of Korea. High technology venture funds also invest heavily in Seoul. 27% of all the colleges in Korea are located in Seoul, which makes it easy to find quality job applicants. Korea also has relatively high labor productivity among the OECD countries. In addition, Seoul is home to many leaders in various fields such as politics, business, and the arts.
Hi Seoul Festival
◈ The economic center of East Asia ◈
The Republic of Korea is located between China and Japan. Its geopolitical position has enabled Korea to act as a bridge for cultural exchanges and trade between its neighbors. In this regard, Seoul is an optimal location for doing business with China (the largest market in), and Japan (the world’s 2nd biggest economy). Northeast Asia is home to 25% of the world’s population and generates 22% of its GDP (forecasted to increase to 30% by 2020). Seoul boasts a wide array of transportation networks. Forty three cities with populations of a million or more are within a three-hour flight from Seoul (via Incheon International Airport). Incheon Port is also in close proximity to Seoul. When the interKorean railways (Seoul-Wonsan Line, Seoul-Sineuiju Line, Yangyang-Anbyeon Line) are restored, Seoul will be directly connected to Siberia and Mainland China by land. This will make Seoul an international hub of business and logistics.
Main street of Hongik University
walk for 2 minutes.Travel Information Seoul Tour Gyeongbokgung Palace yeongbokgung Subway Station (Seoul G Subway Line No. Gyeongbokgung Palace is arguably the most beautiful and remains the grandest of all the five palaces.3).go.go.kr 8 www. It is also the only palace that sits alongside a series of Western style buildings that add to the uniqueness of the surrounding scenery. Located in the heart of Seoul.kr Changgyeonggung Palace Hyehwa Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No.4).3). The National Palace Museum of Korea is located south of Heungnyemun Gate. a small pond.deoksugung. ☎ 82-2-732-1931 Changdeokgung Palace and Huwon nguk Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line A No.go.royalpalace.kr . ☎ 82-2-762-4868~9 Deoksugung Palace City Hall Subway Station (Subway Line No. Deoksugung Palace is famous for its elegant stone-wall road. walk for 5 minutes.cdg.go. King Taejong. walk for about 2~5 minutes. 1). Chandeokgung served as the principal palace for many Joseon kings and remains the best preserved among the five royal Joseon palaces. ☎ 82-2-762-9513 8 www. King Sejong (1418-1450). and the National Folk Museum is located east within Hyangwonjeong. ☎ 82-2-771-9952 8 www.cha.kr 8 cgg. It often served as residential quarters for queens and concubines. Changgyeonggung Palace was first built by the 4th ruler of the Joseon Dynasty. and a pavilion. The rear garden that was used as a place of rest by the kings boasts a gigantic tree that is over 300 years old. walk for about 10 minutes. for his retiring father.
and soccer fields or basketball courts. On the grounds. ☎ 82-2-2264-4412 8 hangang.5). bike riders. ☎ 82-2-753-2563 8 jm. N Seoul Tower.2) Mt.go. Jongmyo Shrine is registered as a World Cultural Heritage because the customs such as the memorial services and traditional music are very well preserved.kr 8 parks.kr . walk for 5 minutes. You can see many people strolling or jogging along the paths. It is a huge area that is dedicated to the citizens.cha. The houses belong to various social ranks of the society from peasant to king.Jongmyo Royal Shrine Jongno 3(sam)-ga Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No.3). and Namsan Library.1) City Hall (Seoul Subway No. Namsan is a symbolic mountain located at the center of Seoul. You can also tea and refreshments. there are traditional games you may want to try. walk 10 minutes. The furniture in the houses are situated to help guests understand daily life in the past. in-line skaters. ☎ 82-2-3780-0701 Namsan Hanok Village Chungmuro Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No.go. providing areas for sports and relaxation. The river cruise is especially good in the evening. ☎ 82-2-765-0195 Namsan Park Seoul Station (Seoul Subway No. At the top. fountains. Jongmyo Shrine is the primary place of worship for the kings of the Joseon Dynasty.seoul. there are various facilities such as Palgakjeong (an octagonal pavillion).1).go.seoul.kr/namsan Hangang River Citizen’s Park Exit 2 or 3 of Yeouinaru Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No. Maritime Aquarium.
traditional restaurants.3). Insa-dong. There are many shops specializing in secondhand luxury items. was soon to possess a brand new purpose-built stadium. Namsan and Gwanaksan.Travel Information Insa-dong Anguk Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No. unique fashion shops. and also purchase pieces of fine art.3) Apgujeong is a mecca for shopping among trendsetters in their 20s and 30s.kr/sub04 . Within these alleys are galleries.kr Apgujeong Apgujeong Subway Station (Seoul Subway No. There are traditional performances and exhibits as well. and cafes. lacking a soccer marketing pitch big enough to hold what is probably the biggest media event on the planet.or. The 63 CITY boasts spectacular views of the Hangang River and the surrounding mountains of Bugaksan. located in the middle of the city. also seem to be gaining popularity. Korea and Japan were chosen by FIFA to organize the World Cup. and cafes began to open one by one. Shortly after Rodeo Street came into being during the 1990s. Seoul World Cup Stadium World Cup Subway Station (Seoul Subway No. ☎ 82-2-2128-2000 8 http://www. Yeouinaru Subway Station. the Seoul World Cup Stadium. ☎ 82-2-789-5679 8 www. Seoul. Insa-dong is especially popular with foreign tourists. This is where they can experience and see traditional Korean culture firsthand. bars. 63 CITY Free Shuttle Bus Daebang Subway Station.co.sisul. The 63 CITY’s basement floor boasts convenient facilities. 63 Sky Deck. walk 1 minute. 63 IMAX theater. is an important place where old but precious and traditional goods are on display.6) In 1996. Here is a presentation of this stadium that symbolized the hopes and aspirations of the whole nation during the 2002 World Cup. the 63 CITY is one of Korea’s tallest and most recognized building. Multi-shops. which purvey various brands.63city. drawing young people en masse to come create their own fashion codes. traditional teahouses. including 63 Sea World. Yeouido Subway Station With 63 floors and measuring a height of 264m.
☎Tourist Information Center 82-2-3785-2514 .6) Itaewon is the most exotic place in Seoul representing fusion culture with a distinctive atmosphere. flowers. accessories. The Namdaemun Market sells a variety of clothes. Specializing in wholesale clothing.1.4) Opened in 1964. 2. hats. and English speaking people are often seen on the street. All products are sold at affordable prices and the stores in this area also function as a wholesale markets.” showing how renowned a shopping district Itaewon is. glasses. 4) Ever since its opening in 1905.net Dongdaemun Market Dongdaemun Stadium Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No. and many Western and traditional restaurants. A full range of fashion items that cover head to toe. Dongdaemun Market has been one of the major markets in Korea. toys. The area has a vibrant ambience with shops. Myeongdong is a representative shopping district in Korea. ☎ Tourist Information Center 82-2-752-5728 8 http://www. having more than 20 shopping malls. kitchenware. ginseng. carpets. while mid-class brand name shops and no-name brand shops are located in the side alleys. Namdaemun Market is the largest traditional market in Korea with various goods in store.4) Located in the heart of Seoul. are found in Dongdaemun Market at inexpensive prices. the market has grown large. Compared to Namdaemun and Dongdaemun Market which sell products at low prices. stationery. but you should know Itaewon. Many people say. All kinds of shops and restaurants are densely located on the main street. fine arts. and imported goods. fishing equipment.indm. “You may not know Seoul. Most signboards are written in English. restaurants. bars and street vendors. Most of the goods are made directly by the storeowners. mountain gear. ☎ Tourist Information Center 82-2-2236-9135 Itaewon Shopping Street Itaewon Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No.Myeong-dong Myeong-dong Subway Station (Seoul Subway Line No. ☎ Tourist Information Center 82-2-774-3238 Namdaemun Market Hoehyeon Station (Seoul Subway Line No. Myeong-dong is lined with quality brand name shops. It also houses the headquarters of banks and securities brokers.
Chapter 3 The Passion of Koreans .
000 years. But there is also a tranquility that has endured here for 5.Today. I‛m just going to hang around the neighborhood with Alex and talk about the Korean spirit. At times Koreans can be wildly excited – like when the national team‛s Red Devils soccer fans got the whole nation out on the streets dressed in red during World Cup 2002. It is a mix of passion and tranquility. Koreans have always relied on strength and endurance to overcome great challenges. .
but he’s doing them all wrong. Taekwondo is Korea’s national martial art. it has been an official Olympic sport since the 2000 Sydney Olympics. that’s me doing taekwondo. let me show you. All Korean guys take taekwondo training during their military service. Taekwondo is for everyone to learn and it teaches defensive and offensive moves using hands and feet. He’s looking at my old taekwondo pictures and trying to imitate the moves. Sanghyun?” “Yup.” Alex watched with curiosity as I demonstrated basic taekwondo moves. I opened up the family photo album. Taekwondo’s an excellent way of training one’s mental strength as well as physical defenses. “Wow! It almost looks like a dance. Alex and I ended up oversleeping. Taekwondo is a sport that trains the body and the mind. “Is that you. It’s subtle.” “Do all Korean kids study taekwondo?” “Sure. While my mom prepared tea and fruit. Korea’s traditional martial art Taekwondo Developed two thousand years ago. “Here.” Alex is cracking me up. The World Taekwondo Federation comprises 188 countries. Exhausted from traveling so much in the last few days. After breakfast we settled on the couch. The importance of patience and willpower is even in Korea’s creation myth. If not in private school. they are bound to have some instruction during gym classes. but 78 Let’s go Korea! .” “How so?” “The codes of taekwondo emphasize great patience and strong willpower. A demonstration sport at the 1988 Seoul Olympics.Taekwondo.
I thought to myself that it would be good to take him to a performance of ‘Jump.I can definitely feel the energy. ‘Taegeuk Il Jang.’ I’m sure he’ll be more than excited from watching all the fancy martial arts moves that come from not just taekwondo but from taekkeon and others. Kyorugi ▼ The Passion of Koreans 79 .” As I watched Alex practicing taekwondo moves and wiping sweat from his forehead. Can you teach me a little?” “Of course!” I taught Alex the very first set of taekwondo moves. I can’t believe most kids in Korea grow up training like this.’ “Am I doing this right? This is kind of difficult.
flexibility and concentration. Taekwondo is about mastering proper hand and feet techniques but also building self discipline and respect. 9th dan. As taekwondo students master the poomsae taught by their master. Poomase training gets more rigorous with each level. power and weaknesses of the opponent. It can be in the form of practicing with a partner or actual bouts that put all the poomsae training to test as opponents try to strike one another while at the same time using defensive techniques to avoid or deflect blows. Kyorugi Kyorugi means sparring.Taekwondo System Poomsae Taekwondo poomsae are the basic successive defensive and offensive movements one does with an imaginary opponent to improve form. and it can take well over 25 years for a student to become a master at the highest rank. 80 Let’s go Korea! . and a large part of the sparring is an unspoken dialogue of movement to size up the skill. Kyorugi is at the center of taekwondo training. they are certified and can advance to the next dan (level).
The Passion of Koreans 81 . bricks or any chosen material with application of physical force and mental concentration.Kyukpa Kyukpa is one of the methods that is used to measure the power and speed of the practitioner by applying a variety of taekwondo skills to boards.
Why are they all wearing red?” “It’s a picture from the 2002 World Cup. This group was originally called the “Great Hankuk Supporters Club. beating Germany 2–0 in the final. Red Devils. Korea’s national pride I wanted to teach Alex more about the spirit of Korea. Before the 2006 World Cup. The international media dubbed the team and supporting fans “Red Furies. Brazil won the tournament for a record fifth time. but now the policy has been changed so that only a member of the club can be a Red Devil. and that was also the first time the event was co-hosted by two countries. anyone could be a Red Devil. For the first time in its history the World Cup was held in Asia and organized by two countries. take a look at this picture.” Through translation. The two countries were chosen as joint hosts by FIFA in May 1996. it became “Red Devils” and was selected in 1997 as the official name of the organization. those are the people that cheered from the 2002 FIFA World Cup The 2002 FIFA World Cup was held in South Korea and Japan from May 31 to June 30. and also the first to be hosted in Asia.” “Are all these people here to go to the stadium?” “No. “Alex. It was the first World Cup of the 21st century. But it wasn’t easy trying to explain intangible ideas.” The name “Red Devils” originates further back from the 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship when the Korean youth team reached the semifinals. 82 Let’s go Korea! .” “That’s a lot of people. Korea and Japan were the cohosts.Red Devils The Red Devils are the official support group for the Korean national soccer team. Then I thought of the 2002 World Cup and began to sift through the photo album.
” “Sanghyun. anyone wearing a red shirt and cheering on the national team was a Red Devil. The two forces together embody the concepts of continual movement. Its design symbolizes the principles of yin and yang. what’s that mark on the shirts and the headbands?” “That’s called the taegeuk. It holds the meaning that the universe was created and grows from the interactions between the two. Each trigram symbolizes one of the four universal elements: heaven. balance. fire. I still remember when millions of people gathered in the streets and shouted ‘Dae~han min guk’! That’s the country’s official name in Korean. This mark is also drawn in the center of the Korean flag. the lower blue section represents the responsive cosmic forces of the Yin. But during the World Cup.” “So much meaning for such a simple symbol. The Red Devils received as much attention from the international media as some of the big teams. The circle is surrounded by four trigrams. The circle in the center of the flag is divided into two equal parts. Yang is the active side. and harmony that characterize the sphere of infinity. and water. The Passion of Koreans 83 . It is the symbol of harmony and coexistence of the yin and the yang. right? I feel a lot of yang just from Taegeukgi The Korean flag is called the Taegeukgi. The upper red section represents the proactive cosmic forces of the Yang. Conversely.streets because they couldn’t get tickets.” “The Red Devils? Who are they?’ “They are the support club for the Korean national football team. one in each corner. earth.
The country was a farming nation just a few generations back. According to records. but there were also critical moments. Thus. There exist more than 100 cultivars of the Rose of Sharon indigenous to Korea. One of them occurred 400 years 84 Let’s go Korea! .000 flowers and is strong enough to be transplanted or cut for decoration and flower arranging. and the “Dansim” (flower with red center) variety serves as the national flower of Korea. It is no surprise that Koreans have always displayed great unity during national crises.000 to 3. Serious matters such as a marriage or death in the family also brought people together. the flower represents the wish for lasting national development and prosperity. Koreans have treasured this heavenly flower since ancient times. A Rose of Sharon bush can have some 2.Mugunghwa (National Flower) looking at the picture. We always celebrated and grieved with others as if the matters were our own. It’s amazing so many people got together in the streets for this.” The Rose of Sharon is special to the Korean people. There were times of peace and prosperity. “Can you explain more about Korean cultural beliefs?” “Sure. It was a grand festival that drew people together.” “The 2002 World Cup wasn’t just a simple sports event.” “What are some of the difficult moments that Korea ▼ Geobukseon (Turtle Ship) replica faced?” “Korea has a really long history. The tendency to unite during times of difficulty or great joy is a longstanding shared sentiment and one of the forces moving our country. Miracle on the Hangang Alex seemed interested to know what motivates Koreans. Koreans have always pulled together and worked with others.
Korea’s military and the civilians joined forces and fought off the invasion.ago when Japan launched a major invasion of the peninsula. “Were there any other times of great difficulty?” “Korea was under the rule of Imperial Japan from 1910 to 1945. But the more important fact is that everyone took part in the war.” Alex is a big history buff and was delighted to have found out about such a great figure. and we also suffered the Korean War from 1950 to 1953.” “During the Japanese invasion Admiral Yi Sun-sin helped defeat the Japanese by creating a fleet of ironclads called turtle ships because the their upper decks were covered with an iron plate like a shell. Koreans were able to become united and overcome the challenges.000 .” Statue of Admiral Yi Sun-sin ▼ I told Alex some of the hardships and difficult battles that Admiral Yi faced. and the 1997 Asian financial crisis.” “There must’ve been great leaders to help the people out of times like that. Even women contributed to saving our country. “Those who wish to live will die. He demolished the Japanese fleet with brilliant tactics. But as we’ve always done. I think our cohesiveness is Korea’s greatest strength and what has kept the country going for 5. I also explained the meaning of Admiral Yi’s most famous quote. and those who wish to die will live.
took her for his wife and soon she gave birth to a son. she lacked a husband. Hwanung. then called Taebaeksan Mountain. the bear remained and was transformed into a woman. who was named Dangun Wanggeom.The begining of Korea The “Lord of Heaven” Hwanin had a son. and called his kingdom Joseon (known today as Gojoseon or Ancient Joseon). where Hwanung founded Sinsi (City of God). near presentday Pyeongyang. and soon became sad and prayed beneath a sindansu (divine betula) tree to be blessed with a child. Upon hearing their prayers. Hwanin permitted Hwanung and 3. Hwanung gave them 20 cloves of garlic and a bundle of mugwort. A tiger and a bear prayed to Hwanung that they may become human. ordering them to eat only this sacred food and remain out of the sunlight for 100 days. The tiger gave up after about twenty days and left the cave. who yearned to live on the earth among the valleys and the mountains. However. moved by her prayers. 86 Let’s go Korea! . built the walled city of Unknown. The bear-woman (Ungnyeo) was grateful and made offerings to Hwanung. Dangun ascended to the throne.000 followers to descend onto Baekdusan Mountain. However. Hwanung.
The games concluded after a 16-day run under the themes of peace.” National Anthem. Maestro Ahn Eak-tai (1905~1965). harmony. the words of the anthem were often sung to the tune of the Scottish folk song. like the enthusiasm of the Red Devils. Korea was one of the poorest countries on earth.” “When were the Olympics held in Korea?” “Before I was born. It was the first time in twelve years that the U. he composed original music to go with the lyrics. and Soviet Union were both at the Games. So in 1935. in 1988. Aegukga I explained to Alex that the spirit of Korea can be red-hot. It is also a great feat for Seoul to have hosted one of the most successful Olympics ever. The largest Olympiad up to its time. the Seoul Olympic Games rose above international hostilities and national interests and shed light upon the founding ideals and principles of the Olympic Games.000 athletes and officials from 160 countries gathered to promote the ideals the Olympics uphold while transcending the barriers separating the East and the West and the North and the South. The Korean national anthem is “Aegukga. then living in Spain.S. Just around fifty years ago. The Passion of Koreans 87 . That’s why other countries call what the Koreans have accomplished until now the Miracle on the Hangang. 1988 Seoul Olympics The 24th Summer Olympic Games were successfully held in Seoul from September 17 to October 2. but also deep and broad like the waters of the East Sea. felt that it was inappropriate to sing this patriotic song to the tune of another country’s folk song.” “Me neither. and progress. 1988.years. and now it ranks as the thirteenth most economically powerful nation. more than 13. and the then exiled Korean Provisional Government adopted it as the national anthem. He nodded as I told him that the taegeuk mark in the middle of the Korean ﬂag is the symbol of such duality.” Before the birth of the Republic in 1948. The Seoul Olympics brought together over 150 countries. Auld Lang Syne.” “I can’t believe that such an advanced country like Korea had so much trouble in the near past. The first boycott-free Olympics in twelve years.
Western-style high-rise apartment buildings have sprouted all over the country. and comprehensive. However. Hanok: Korean-style Housing From the Three Kingdoms period to the late Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). Hanok. few could master the difficult Chinese characters used by the upper class. Hangeul. only a small percentage of the population was literate. Since the late 1960s. still remain popular. Hangeul consists of 10 vowels and 14 consonants that combine into numerous syllabic groupings. heated water pipes running under flooring. modern ondol systems. It incorporates ondol. . Great King Sejong commissioned the creation of a Korean alphabet during the 15th century. Before the creation of the standard alphabet. it is considered one of the most scientific writing systems in the world. the traditional Korean house. the unique Korean heating system first developed in the North. they were assembled with wooden pegs. Hangeul is easy to learn and write and has contributed greatly to Korea’s high literacy rate and advanced printing industry. Smoke and heat generated from the low-lying kitchen stoves were channeled through flues built under the floor. Hanok were built without using nails. Instead. systematic. The writing system is relatively simple.visual Information Korean Style Hangeul: Korean Language That all Koreans speak and write the same language is a decisive factor in the forging of strong national identity. remained relatively unchanged.
Hansik: Korean Food Korean traditional food. and silk. kimchi. Fermentation of soy. belt. Another trait is the storing and fermenting of food in order to strengthen and enhance its taste and nutrition. a parent’s 60th birthday. The women wore a short jacket with two long ribbons tied to form a knot. Hanbok: Korean Clothing Koreans wove cloth from hemp. a highwaist dress. trousers. was developed for the purpose of healthy eating throughout the four seasons. Hanbok use declined sharply. an overcoat. Hansik was scientifically developed by the ancestors to preserve and enhance the tastes of different seasons and climates. arrowroot. A few Koreans still wear traditional Hanbok but mostly on special holidays like Seollal and Chuseok and family festivities such as Hwangap. white cotton socks. and shoes. . During the Three Kingdoms period. and salted fish has been Korean culinary staples since early times. Hansik. One of the special traits of Korean food is its attempt to preserve the natural tastes of the ingredients. In the 1970s. This attire. has been handed down in the same form for hundreds of years with little change except for the length of the short jacket and dress. known as Hanbok. and an overcoat with a hat. and boat-shaped shoes. men wore a short jacket.
As the Korean adage “Paper lasts for a thousand years and silk lasts for five hundred years” tells us. which is made from a mixture of mulberry bark and other materials. Hanji is made by boilig mulberry tree bark and then drying the extracted fibers. Compared to Japanese or Chinese paper. Koreans have developed a unique way of making even sturdier and more durable paper. Hanji is sturdier and preserves the texture of the mulberry bark. . Hanji is a valuable cultural asset that reflects the implicit tenacity of the Koean people.visual Information Hanji: Korean Paper Since the method of papermaking has crossed the border.
Traditional Korean music is categorized into two parts: gugak (lit.Han-guk Eumak: Korean Music Traditional music is composed for traditional instruments and expresses the values and beliefs of the Korean people. ‘newly-composed national music’). In this sense. samulnori (percussion quartet) was created for stage music in 1978. ‘national music’). which has been passed down for centuries. A popular form of traditional Korean music. . and changjak gugak (lit. which incorporates Western musical practices into a song performed by traditional musical instruments. samulnori is categorized as changjak gugak.
5 6 Geumsan Insam Festival ▶ Sept. which is known as Song-i mushroom in Korea. 7 at Geumsan Ginseng Center. Jeollabuk-do The Gimje Jipyeongseon Festival was launched to promote the natural beauty of Gimje and its rice. mud wrestling. a mud prison. rural landscape drawing contest. Each year. ssireum. including a samulnori contest. Gyeonggi-do Anseong had been the center of entertainment in Korea. There are many programs to enjoy. Gimje-si. Boryeong Mud Festival ▶ July Boryeong-si. Chuncheon International Mime Festival ▶ May Chuncheon-si. Since 2001. Plaza and the Ginseng & Herb Street. Various programs are available such as a mega mud tub. Yangyang-gun. the festival has been held to celebrate and further develop the traditional culture of Namsadang and the art of Baudeogi. and a traditional wedding. Chungcheongnam-do The Boryeong Mud festival is filled with fun where visitors enjoy mud massages with quality mud powder from Daecheon Beach and a nearby tidal flat.Travel Information Festivals 1 2 Anseong Namsadang Baudeogi Performance ▶ Oct. street parade. Chungcheongnam-do The reputable ginseng from Geumsan is featured at the annual festival from Aug. . mud military training and so on. Gangwon-do The Yangyang Pine Mushroom Festival to be held in Korea’s representative pine mushroom production sites is a festival centering on pine mushroom. 3 4 Yangyang Pine Mushroom Festival ▶Sept. Gangwon-do The Chuncheon International Mime Festival is the leading performing arts festival in Korea. Gimje Horizon Festival ▶ Oct. renowned artists give outstanding mime performances. celebratory performances. Geumsan-gun. mud sliding. Anseong-si. 29 through Sept.
7 8 Hampyeong Butterﬂy Festival ▶ April Hampyeong-gun. Jinju Namgang Festival ▶Oct. Andong-si. The Jeju Cherry Blossom Festival is a great reason to visit Jeju. and 13 mask dance troupes in different categories like the Hahoe Byeolsin Gut Talchum in Korea add to the fun and diversity of mask dances. And Jeju is the first place in Korea to see fully bloomed cherry blossoms. as well as traditional works that have been designated as national treasures. Gyeongsangbuk-do Troupes from 15 countries stage high-level performances. Gyeongsangnam-do The Jinju Namgang Yudeung Lantern Festival feature an exhibition of lanterns representing the symbols of different countries and a wish lantern where visitors write their wish on a piece of paper and attach it to a lantern. 9 10 Andong International Mask Dance Festival ▶Sept. Gangjin-gun. Jeju’s cherry blossoms are known for their large pink petals. Jeollanam-do The Hampyeong Butterfly Festival has five main themes and operates a General Ecology Experience Hall where you can watch rare butterflies close up. 11 2 3 1 9 4 5 6 10 8 Jeju Cherry Blossom & Rape Flower Festival ▶March ~ April The annual Jeju Rape Flower Festival is held during April. and it includes modern celadon produced by leading artists. The flowers in this festival are absolutely stunning. Jeollanam-do The Gangjin Celadon Cultural Festival is a great opportunity to see Korean celadon of artistic value. Gangjin Celadon Festival ▶ Aug. Jinju-si. 7 11 .
Chapter 4 World Heritage in Korea .
Hello. and the palace complex is more elaborate with architecture that reﬂects the surrounding nature. . I‛m Sanghyun‛s hyeong Jaehyun. We can talk more about Korean heritage as we walk around the historic sites. We‛ll ﬁrst go to the Jongmyo Shrine and nearby Changdeokgung Palace in central Seoul. Today I decided to visit some UNESCO World Heritage sites with Sanghyun and Alex. The shrine has a solemn look and atmosphere.
Hwasun. know which country has the most dolmens?” “Egypt?” “Is it China?” 96 Let’s go Korea! . I’d say they built them to last.” “A little breezy for a tomb. Dolmens are one of the most prominent types of tombs from the Bronze Age.000 of them are spread throughout Korea. The sites are currently listed as UNESCO World Heritage sites. the secret history of the Korean Peninsula After breakfast. But considering people drug these huge slabs around and packed them in dirt mounds as far back as 2.Dolmen. a prehistoric grave. and approximately 30. what’s that? It looks like some kind of Stonehenge. “It’s a dolmen. and Ganghwa contain valuable information about the formation and the evolution of dolmens. Guys. Ancient tribes would bury their dead leaders in these tombs.” Dolmen Dolmen is a type of stone tomb made in prehistoric times. Sanghyun and Alex came into my room to ask what we were doing today. don’t you think?” “All that’s left are these stone tables now. Dolmen sites in Gochang. “Jaehyun. It is called a ‘goindol’ in Korean.000 BC. I was looking at a guidebook showing Korean World Heritage sites.
“No, actually you’re in it. This says approximately 30,000 dolmens are scattered around Korea. The ones in Gochang in Jeollabuk-do, Hwasun in Jeollanam-do, and on Ganghwa Island in Incheon are UNESCO World Heritage sites.” “Really?” “Yeah. Another Korea World Heritage pop quiz: What’s the Jikji Memory of the World Prize? I’ll even give you a clue, Jikji is short for Buljo Jikjisimcheyojeol.”
Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple
The Seokguram Grotto contains a monumental statue of the Buddha looking at the sea in the bhumisparsha mudra position. With the surrounding portrayals of gods, Bodhisattvas and disciples, it is considered a masterpiece of Buddhist art in the Far East. The Temple of Bulguksa (built in 774) and the Seokguram Grotto form a religious architectural complex of exceptional significance.
Sanghyun stared blankly, but Alex tried to come up with something.
Buljo Jikjisimcheyojeol “From the temple, I remember ‘Bul’ means ‘Buddhism,’ but you lost me with the rest of it.” “Not bad, for someone here for only a couple of days. But Sanghyun, I’m voting you off the peninsula.” “Oh come on. Did you know what it was before you saw it in the book?” “Contestants don’t
Buljo Jikjisimcheyojeol contains the essentials of Zen Buddhism compiled by priest Baegun in late Goryeo period. This book was printed at the old Heungdeoksa Temple in Cheongju, using movable metal type in July 1377. Jikji is the world’s oldest example of movable metal type printing in existance and shows us an important technical change in the printing history of humanity.
World Heritage in Korea
get to question the MC. Just pack your things and go. Alex, Jikji is a Buddhist scroll that is the oldest remaining written document printed with metal type, and the prize goes to an individual or group that contributes most to the preservation of documentary heritage.”
Changdeokgung Palace, Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple are other World Heritage sites in Korea. And the Hunminjeongeum, the ofﬁcial declaration of Hangeul, and the Tripitaka Koreana woodblocks are ofﬁcial UNESCO Memory of the World items. We decided to visit some of Korea’s World Heritage
Jongmyo is the oldest and most authentic of the Confucian royal shrines to have been preserved. Dedicated to the forefathers of the Joseon Dynasty (1392~1910), the shrine has existed in its present form since the 16th century and houses tablets bearing the teachings of members of the former royal family. Ritual ceremonies linking music, song and dance still take place there, perpetuating a tradition that goes back to the 14th century.
“Hyeong, I’ll go look up how to get there.” “Okay. Ask Alex what he wants to see and get the directions online.”
After browsing the web, Alex said he wanted to go to the Jongmyo Shrine and the Changdeokgung Palace
Let’s go Korea!
Complex, which are both in Seoul. I wanted to take him to Bulguksa Temple and Seokguram Grotto, but there wasn’t enough time to travel down to Gyeongju in the southeast part of the country. Maybe when he comes back to Korea the KTX bullet train line going there will be ﬁnished, and we could make a day trip out of it.
Jongmyo and palaces that trace Korea’s history back 600 years
We took the subway because Alex liked to ﬁnd his own way around and practice reading the names of the stations in Hangeul. He kept talking about how convenient and well maintained the system was and how much he liked the bus-subway free transfer system since he never had to worry about having the right fare. When we got on a train, there were a couple of empty seats.
Jongmyodaeje is a grand ceremony honoring the past kings of Korea. Five times a year during the Joseon Dynasty, the king himself used to conduct the ceremony in Jongmyo, where Jongmyojerye and Jongmyojeryeak were performed. The Japanese banned the ceremony during their rule of Korea, but the ceremony resumed in 1969. Now Jongmyodaeje takes place every first Sunday of May.
World Heritage in Korea
the main palace. the disabled and old people. If you’re over 65. “Why aren’t people sitting in those seats?” “They’re reserved for pregnant women. I thought of a good way to explain the importance of Jongmyo Shrine. It became a UNESCO World Heritage site in December 1997. so it was also known as Donggung (East Palace).” “Cool.” “Yeah. Changdeokgung Palace burned during the Japanese invasion of 1592 and was reconstructed in 1611 by Gwanghaegun.” As we came out of the subway. remember how you said you were surprised that our grandma lives with us and everyone gets 100 Let’s go Korea! . This palace was located to the east of Gyeongbokgung.Changdeokgung Palace Changdeokgung Palace was constructed in 1405 after Gyeongbokgung Palace was built. “Korea really treats its elders well. I’m deﬁnitely coming back to Korea in 50 years. “Alex. you don’t even have to pay to ride the subway and you have a reserved seat.
was originally a prince’s home.” “Sort of like the way you said your family serves food and drinks to your ancestors at their tombs on Lunar New Year’s?” “Right. Like most other palaces.” “Jongmyo can be better understood if you think about such Korean culture. It was built by King Taejo. World Heritage in Korea 101 . the largest stone building in Korea: it was once used as a museum of modern art but now houses royal relics. including Seokjojeon.” Seokjojeon in Deoksugung Palace Deoksugung Palace. as a symbol of his new reign. the founder of the Joseon Dynasty. in 1395. ofﬁcials and relatives of the last royal family all in Hanbok. Gyeongbokgung Palace Gyeongbokgung Palace is the largest and most historically significant palace of the Joseon period. just across from City Hall.along so well and that we won’t start eating until an adult takes the ﬁrst bite?” “Yeah. the pavilion where kings held receptions and parties. It is a place for honoring the past kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty. One of its most famous structures is Gyeonghoeru. but this ceremony is much bigger with hundreds of musicians. it was damaged during the Japanese invasion of Korea in the 16th century. A big ceremony takes place here in May every year. It became a full-fledged palace during the reign of King Gojong (1863~1907). who led many building projects. but later designated as the king’s temporary home.” I think it’s cool that Koreans want to show their old kings they remember them even though the monarchy is gone.
still survive. he also built a strong fortress nearby. Laid out according to the precepts of an influential military architect of the period. The massive walls. but the plain architecture of Jongmyo is a good match for the rituals 102 Let’s go Korea! . “Palaces have elaborate designs.” “But it looks rather plain. I explained how Confucianism is still strong in Korea and children are taught to respect their parents and elders. they are pierced by four gates and equipped with bastions. We walked past Hyangdaecheong. “Jaehyun. the place where they keep the items for the ritual. Changgyeonggung was turned into a zoo during the Japanese imperial rule.Changgyeonggung Palace Changgyeonggung Palace was built in 1418 by King Sejong for his father. extending for nearly 6km. the structure brought together the latest developments in the field from both East and West. King Taejong. On the way.” Hwaseong Fortress When the Joseon King Jeongjo moved his father’s tomb near Suwon at the end of the 18th century. We then entered Jeongjeon’s courtyard. This is the oldest existing royal Confucian shrine. and Eosuksil. where the king used to prepare for the ceremony to honor his ancestors. but it was later renamed Changgyeonggung Palace after King Seongjong built Myeongjeongjeon and Munjeongjeon. but it regained its original status in 1987. is this where they keep the ancestral tablets with the names of past kings?” “Yeah. King Sejong named it Suganggung Palace at first. artillery towers and other features.
traditions. “Changgyeonggung and Gyeongbokgung are laid out on grids that follow pung-su. we headed for Changdeokgung Palace. people. we want the city to have global business appeal. On the other hand.” Sanghyun said proudly. After exploring Jongmyo.” “The elaborate court music played during the ritual is called Jongmyojeryeak and it’s a UNESCO-designated Intangible Heritage. It was built to blend visually with the natural surrounding.” “Everything seems to be so well in sync in Seoul: nature. But Changdeokgung’s structure is a much freer form. so Namsangol Hanok Village ▼ . It’s smaller than the main palace but many people like it more. He must’ve looked up the information before we left in case I gave another quiz.” “For 600 years. the ancient Asian concept of drawing on subterranean energy ﬂows in architecture. and I explained how it’s different from other palaces. so we honor that heritage. and the present. That’s Korean for fengshui. Seoul has been the capital of Korea.that take place here.
but how did regular people live?” “Oh.” 104 Let’s go Korea! .” “The palaces and temples are impressive. There were a lot of foreigners looking around the village. how do you like Hanok?” “It looks awesome – very elegant and at the same ▼ Interior of hanok time relaxing. Whenever Alex heard them wondering about the design. eco-friendly houses We took the subway to Chungmuro. you should see Namsangol Hanok Village.” Hanok: centuries-old.there are plenty of tall buildings all connected by a high-tech infrastructure. “Alex. he’d start up a conversation and pass on what he had picked up so far.
Koreans still use ondol but now Haeinsa Temple Janggyeongpanjeon Haeinsa Tample is home to the Tripitaka Koreana.” Eave at Naejangsa Temple ▲ Sanghyun had clearly done his homework.“You’re thinking about studying architecture in college. The mixture of curves and edges on the roofs of Hanok can be carried over to modern architecture as well. which are also revered as exceptional works of art. They were ingeniously constructed to let breezes cool the house in the summer and use the energy from cooking ﬁres to heat the rooms while cooking meals. “Hanok are also good to study because the buildings are very efﬁcient. The buildings of Janggyeongpanjeon from the 15th century. they use an ondol system that takes heat and smoke from a kitchen ﬁreplace built low to heat the entire house. World Heritage in Korea 105 .000 woodblocks between 1237 and 1248. were constructed to house the woodblocks. right? You should study how Hanok were designed to blend harmoniously with nature. He told Alex. engraved on 80. For example. the most complete collection of Buddhist texts.
boilers heat hot water that circulates through pipes encased in concrete ﬂoors. It sounds and looks simple. Another good example is the Janggyeongpanjeon at Haeinsa Temple. and yunnori were set up for visitors to play. It was buried to commemorate 106 Let’s go Korea! . Old Korean games like neolttuigi. we had caught a glimpse of it at the bottom of Namsan when we went to the top of the mountain. You have to throw sticks into three vases lined up next to each other. We tried tuhonori. but believe me. Since the ﬁfteenth century it has preserved the woodblocks by factoring in the surrounding environment. tuhonori. which is also a UNESCO World Heritage site.” ▼ Tuhonori Namsangol Hanok Village is in the heart of the city.” “That’s amazing. it’s not.” “Thanks Jaehyun. I have a much deeper appreciation for Hanok and Korean architects. temperature and air ﬂow.” “Korean architects have been thinking scientiﬁcally about how to use and protect against nature for a long time. The Janggyeongpanjeon is the ▲ Experience of Neolttuigi the Tripitaka Koreana world’s oldest conservation depository. ding dong: You win the bonus round. right?” “Daeng. And Alex excitedly took many close-up shots of traditional architecture. We slowly walked up the hill and reached a park containing a time capsule.” “That’s where is.
The popularity of Korean dramas. all the Hanok clustered below looked like models made by architecture majors. but it’s not going to be cheap. Chungmuro’s the center of Korean ﬁlmmaking. That sounds like a plan. Korean ramen.” “I’ll study Hanok and build you a house like this someday. why don’t we see a movie before dinner since we’re at Chungmuro?” “Okay. Around 2000. countries.the 600th anniversary of Seoul becoming the capital.” Alex said with a grin. An inscription said the capsule will be opened in 2394 to mark the 1. and Korean dramas and movies are gaining international attention. “Hyeong. The gardens. Hallyu is inclusive of foreign interest in not only Korean popular culture but also Korean food and products. The Korean Wave: internationally recognized movies and dramas I looked at my watch and saw we still had some time before dinner.” Hallyu is the spread of Korean popular culture into foreign. While I was trying to ﬁgure out where to take Alex next. everything feels natural. I want to live in a place like this. and Korean home appliances. Korean singer. BOA ▼ World Heritage in Korea 107 . Looking down from the plaza.000th anniversary. Hallyu: Korean wave We visited the crafts museum and pond before leaving the village. Sanghyun asked. “It must’ve been so nice to live up here during the Joseon period. usually Asian. and movies has led to interest in kimchi and red pepper paste. pop songs. the houses. the popularity of Korean actors and actress. when Korean dramas started being broadcast throughout Asia. and Korean entertainment soared overseas.
We watched ‘Old Boy’ because it won the Cannes Grand Prize. I’ll sit between you and get translation in real-time and in stereo. and the Weird. Sanghyun?” “In English. Nom. “Yeah. ▼ Jeon Do-yeon receiving Best Actress Award at 2007 Cannes Film Festival Koreans like to hear it because it shows our cultural products have advanced enough to compete globally. It was playing in China when I was there. too.” “I’ve booked three seats for a Korean movie at Daehan Theater. I’ve heard its good. it’s ok.’ but Koreans just call it ‘Nom. and our family watched Korean dramas in Thailand when we were on vacation. What was it.▼ “Old Boy” one of the Korean films to take awards at international film festivals “Yeah. as he used his phone to go online and see what movies were playing nearby.’” Sanghyun said. the Bad.” “What’s Hallyu?” “It literally means Korean Wave. ‘The Good.” “Will it have English subtitles?” “Oh.” 108 Let’s go Korea! . Want me to see if there’s a Hollywood ﬁlm playing?” “No. Remember. Sanghyun? So Hallyu has really spread Korea’s image around. I didn’t think about that. Chinese and Japanese media use that expression. I liked that too. It’s a term the Taiwanese used to describe the big inﬂux of Korean pop culture that started sweeping Asia around 2000. but it was so dark. We can walk there from here. I liked that Korean western better. Sanghyun’s always talking about Koreans who picked up awards for directing and acting. Nom.
” Alex wanted to see the originals. we talked about Korean ﬁlms that have been remade in Hollywood versions like “The Lake House” and “A Tale of Two Sisters. so I told him I’d get DVDs or download some ﬁlms with subtitles. The Korean Tourism Organization screens Seoul Cinema theater ▼ World Heritage in Korea 109 .As we walked to the theater.
and it is divided into section by subjects. Puchon International Fantastic Film Festival Bucheon (or Puchon) has developed into a city of 800. In 1999. and is now regarded as the biggest genre film festival in Asia. Yubari International Fantastic Film Festival. The Festival is a noncompetition event.000 in the past two decades. PIFF established the Pusan Promotion Plan to help a new director find a funding source. PiFan. Now it is working on its self-image as the representative of culture in Gyeonggi-do with much emphasis on visual art and music. a city of culture. starting in 1997. has grown into one of Korea’s most renowned festivals and symbolizes Buchoen. 110 Let’s go Korea! . PIFF is focused on introducing new. PiFan has enjoyed with various movie organizations such as the European Fantastic Film Festival Federation (EFFFF). It is Korea’s biggest international film event and also one of Asia’s most important film festivals. unique movies and debuting thirdworld directors. and a visual festival to quench the thirst for sensibility and experiment of the film manias in Korea.Internationally Renowned Korean Film Festivals Pusan International Film Festival The Pusan International Film Festival (PIFF) began in 1996 and takes place in Busan (or Pusan) every fall.
” As we ate. What’s for dinner. Making baechu kimchi ▼ World Heritage in Korea 111 .movies with English subtitles and one or two of the big theaters do at special times. we talked about Korean food culture. “I’m starving from walking around all day. I wasn’t sure what Alex likes. Kimchi. the smell of food coming from the kitchen made our mouths water. the nation’s favorite food As soon as we got home from the movie. Mom?” “I made bibimbap and bulgogi. but I want him to be able to keep them to remember his trip. so I thought this way he’d have a choice.
Our ▼ Traditional full-course dinner school cafeteria serves Vietnamese food but no Ko- 112 Let’s go Korea! .” “You should eat all the kimchi you can while you’re here. lunch and dinner. but I’ll stick with cereal for breakfast. kind of like yogurt.” “You’re right.” “I like kimchi. kimchi contains a lot of beneﬁcial bacteria.” “There are hundreds of kinds of kimchi.” “But I wouldn’t want to eat the same thing all the time. We eat kimchi for breakfast. Because of the fermentation. any time of the year. but American supermarkets just have the main cabbage variety. so long as I’m here.” “We think it’s because kimchi is so nutritious and boosts the immune system. Im. I don’t think I’ve ever had a meal in Korea without kimchi.” “I heard many Asians started eating kimchi because Koreans had so few cases of avian ﬂu.” “Great.“Mrs. It’s good for you.
after dinner. While World Heritage in Korea 113 . How about you guys help out by cooking tomorrow? I think it would be a great experience for all of you. but we don’t know how to cook. If they were more widely available. a harmony of lines. The instruction page that Alex found was actually very detailed. “That’s my whole point. getting ready to make bulgogi. go online and ﬁnd recipes in English. bulgogi and kimchi every week.rean dishes. I’ll make sure you do it right. Hanbok. I’d eat bibimbap.” I said. He gave Mom a brilliant idea to help him and her. curves and colors Alex was up early in the morning. He seemed so happy to learn how to cook some Korean food and do something for my family. I think students back in America would love Korean food. I helped Sanghyun and Alex prepare the vegetables and the seasoning. so I printed out the pages and said I’d help him.” Alex showed a little too much interest in Korean food. trying to make a save. Alex went online and found a recipe for bulgogi and a blog with clear pictures and detailed instructions.” “Oh. wish we could. “Tomorrow is Sanghyun’s grandmother’s birthday.” Unfortunately. so Alex can learn how to make some Korean food when he goes back home.
that looks really cool! Why don’t you ever wear that back at school. 114 Let’s go Korea! . where would I put my mp3 and phone?” Before eating breakfast. He followed my lead and even though he looked very clumsy. and asked me to show him how to do this new one. Sanghyun?” “This is just a treat for you and my grandma for her birthday. “Wow. Alex. my grandma’s face lit up with appreciation.▲ A holiday reunion he was having fun cooking the meat on the grill. It’s hard to go wrong with grilled meat. remembered the bows from the temple. The bulgogi was a bit salty but still good. We ate the bulgogi that Alex prepared and the galbi and japchae that Mom made. We only wear it on very special occasions. Sanghyun and I went inside and changed into Hanbok. we gave a big bow to Grandma. There are no pockets in this. and Mom had decided this was one of those times.
Jaehyun. They aren’t as baggy as the old style and the men’s versions even have pockets. They blend the bright colors well.” “I know what you mean. but the clothes much more expressive than Western suits and dresses.” “Nowadays there are modern Hanbok. I showed him pictures of my parents’ wedding. “Wow.” Traditional robes of ▼ the king and queen of the Joseon Dynasty World Heritage in Korea 115 . and Lunar New Year’s Day. It’s our responsibility to keep traditions but also make them ﬁt in modern times. Sanghyun and my ﬁrst birthday.” “It’s too bad that Koreans only wear Hanbok on special occasions.” “That’s great!” “Yeah. It’s like the mix in the Korean spirit you were talking about. Colors that I’d never think of putting together look great on Hanbok. those colors are wild.I brought out the family photo album after the meal because I wanted to show Alex when Koreans normally wear Hanbok. The ceremonies are so formal and serious. Designers could get as much inspiration here as architects.” “I think the appeal comes from the curves and edges.
Korean kites are rectangular. Kite Flying Kite flying is enjoyed by many cultures around the world. On Dano (lunar May 5) geune contests were held. and the winner was decided by measuring who could swing the highest. Geune Geune is a swing made by hanging ropes from two really tall pillars or trees and attaching a wooden board at the bottom.Korea’s Traditional Games Ssireum Ssireum is a Korean form of wrestling in which two contestants grab a cloth band that wraps around the waist and one leg and try to knock over the other. There are different types of mask dances such as the Sandaenori Mask Dance. Talchum (Mask Dance) Mask dance is a form of traditional performance. Jegichagi A Jegi is made by wrapping thin paper around a coin with a hole in the middle and shredding the paper to make it look like a shuttlecock. and thin bamboo strips provide sturdy structure. The Sandaenori Mask Dance is especially colorful because it uses 18 different masks. Hahoe Byeolsin Gut (Hahoe Byeolsin Exorcism Mask Dance). The bout is over when any part of the body other than the feet of a contestant touches the ground. and Bongsan Mask Dance. Unlike most other sports contested in a ring. Jegichagi is a contest to see who can kick the jegi multiple times and keep it in the air the longest. ssireum is a nonviolent sport that requires a combination of strength and skill. 116 Let’s go Korea! .
so that diagonal shortcuts are possible depending on where your opponents lie. Two up and two down allow a forward movement of two spaces. Yunnori is basically very simple. the move ahead is four spaces. Each team has four chips. All four chips of one color must go around the board once for the team to win. it allows a move of five steps. if all the sticks are rounded side up. The board is set up with shortcuts. attacking. The bigger the board. the chips must move around counterclockwise.Let’s Play Yunnori This game is ever popular during major holidays. the combination allows one step forward. There is a special circle. When one flat side is up and three rounded sides are up. The number of spaces which a player can move depends on how the sticks land after being tossed. with tapered ends. The sticks are shaped like small canoes. Chips move separately. Instead of dice or a spinner. the captured chip must go all the way back to the beginning and the capturer gets another turn. The board can be set up anywhere with chalk or a magic market. but the danger lies in being caught and “eaten” by the other team’s chips. whenever a chip lands on a space occupied by the other team’s chip. unless two of the same color land on the same space and then move together. the better. and doubling to bring all four chips around the fastest. Normally. If all the sticks are flat side up. either black or white. Finally. Yunnoripan ▼ World Heritage in Korea 117 . On the bottom (flat) side of one stick is a special mark. It is possible for all four to travel in a pack. The captain of each side must coordinate the strategies of avoiding. the combination of four sticks determines how far to move on the board. flat on one side and rounded on the other. called baekdo. Three flat up and one rounded up is good for three spaces. Each team is given only four chips no matter how many are in the group.
Seollal (First Day of the First Month by the Lunar Calendar) It is one of the most important holidays in Korea like Christmas in the Western world. On this day a feast is prepared and families hold memorial services at family grave sites. The day’s festivities reach their climax when monks and laymen march through city streets with beautiful paper lanterns. as he is called in Korea. Just as everywhere else. it is a time to exchange greetings and gifts. Viewing the full moon is a feature of the evening. this is day when Dangun founded the first Korean kingdom. Family members who live scattered around the nation reunite on this day to spend time together. Seollal. Chuseok or Harvest Festival Day (Fifteenth Day of the Eighth Month by the Lunar Calendar) This is one of the great national holidays of the year. This holiday features family rituals honoring ancestors and many traditional games. Buddha’s Birthday (Eighth Day of the Fourth Month by the Lunar Calendar) Solemn rituals are held at Buddhist temples across the country. Samil Independence Movement Day (March First) This day marks the beginning of the independence movement against the Japanese during their colonial rule. Children’s Day (May 5) Children are the center of attention on this day as their parents shower them with presents and take them on outings. Grandfather Santa. Liberation Day (August 15) Taegeukgi. though. On this day in 1919. while many more celebrate on the lunar calendar’s New Year’s Day. fly from nearly every building on this day.Important Korean Holidays New Year’s Day (January 1) Some Koreans celebrate the New Year on this official holiday. which marks the end of the 35-year Japanese colonial rule in 1945. is somewhat smaller in build than his Western counterpart. the Korean national flag. so this day has less religious significance. Christmas (December 25) Christianity took hold in Korea only in the 19th century. National Foundation Day (October 3) Called Gaecheonjeol Day. 118 Let’s go Korea! . leaders of social and religious circles gathered at a park in central Seoul and declared Korea’s independence from the Japanese colonialists.
Korean housewives used to pickle great vats of kimchi to feed their families during the long winter months. The vegetables are mixed with garlic. Spread seasonings evenly between leaves. 6. salt. Mix seasonings with salted and fermented fish. and cucumbers. Clean the bottoms of cabbages. 4. is a staple of Korean food. Recipe . pickled fermented vegetables. Ingredients for kimchi. 2.Making Korean Food Kimchi Kimchi. In late November. Wrap the whole cabbage and store in cool place.Baechu kimchi 1. Slice and wash Chinese cabbages and soak in salt. ginger. The spicy relish can be made with a number of different vegetables but is most commonly made with cabbage. red pepper. 3. 5. and salted fish or shrimp and allowed to ferment anywhere from a few days to many months. World Heritage in Korea 119 . onions. turnips.
1. If you don’t have rice wine. · Let the beef marinate for half an hour while preparing the sauce. marinated short ribs.Bulgogi (marinated. They are delicious mixed into white rice. a trip to a galbi house is the equivalent of going out for a nice steak dinner. 3 tablespoons of chopped green onions. 120 Let’s go Korea! .5kg of sliced beef sirloin. Recipe · Marinate 2. try sherry. a dash of black pepper. The sauce is made of 4 tablespoons of soy sauce. 2 tablespoons of rice wine. bulgogi is easy to make at home. Today. and 1 tablespoon of sesame seeds. with 3 tablespoons of sugar. dishes like bulgogi and galbi. Marinate for at least an hour in the refrigerator. Fortunately. · Pour the sauce over the beef and rub so that each piece is thoroughly covered.5 tablespoons of minced garlic. the better it will taste. · The more you knead the meat in the sauce. Save the drippings. · The secret of making delicious bulgogi is to tenderize the meat with sugar and wine. grilled beef) Because beef was so rare in the past. 2 tablespoons of sesame oil. or even cola. were served only on special occasions. And that’s it! · Korean restaurants use a dome-shaped grill that let’s the juices drip off to the sides when grilling.
But there is no geographical boundary in Koreans’ love of bibimbap. and saute lightly. Top with the ground beef. Cut. · Remove mushroom stems and julienne and saute them. Add red pepper paste and sesame oil to taste to keep everything moist. Cucumbers. Korean radish. which is how to eat the artfully arranged layers of julienned vegetables. · To eat. a few drops of soy sauce. and meat with sauce over rice. For spinach. Saute them separately in a lightly oiled pan and season with a pinch of salt and pepper. place an egg sunny side up on each serving. egg. spinach. Drain. and over that lay the egg.Bibimbap (rice mixed with vegetables) Bibimbap is a meal in a bowl. and cuisine. mix all the ingredients vigorously. culture. carrots. The beauty of bibimbap is that almost any vegetable can be used. For the cucumber. · Make a bed of rice in each bowl. chopped green onions. anything that can add to the mix of color and texture. Arrange some of each ingredient carefully in sections radiating from the center. Bibimbap is the representative dish of southwestern Jeolla-do Province. Leafy vegetables can just be cut into bite-size strips. Bibim means to mix. · For protein. famed for its arts. Recipe · Wash all the vegetables. and other leafy vegetables. peel and salt World Heritage in Korea 121 . sliced into small strips and sauted with minced garlic. and a couple of pinches of sugar can also be added. boil it briefly. mushrooms. watercress. to remove water. Beef. Peel and julienne all root vegetables. and then saute as above.
668) Confederated Kingdoms of Samhan (Three Han States) Paleolithic Age Neolithic Age Hunting Scene in Dancing Figure Tomb (replica) This scene portrays warriors on horseback hunting deer and tigers.A.D.C. 668) Gojoseon Bronze Age Iron Age Buyeo Gaya Kingdom (42-562) KOREA B.visual Information History of Korea Korea’s history started from Gojoseon (2333 B.A.C.C.. Hunting was a very important activity for the welfare of the state during the Goguryeo Kingdom (37 B. Korea has developed a truly distinct culture while interacting with the larger nations surrounding it.).C. Three Kingdoms Era Silla (57 B. Through its 5.-A.D. 200 300 400 500 CHINA Bronze Age Warring States Era (475-221) Qin Dynasty (221-206) Western Han Dynasty (206 B. D.-25A.D.A.C. 660) Goguryeo (37 B.C.) San GuoEra (220-280) Jin Dynasty (265-420) Sui Dynasty (581-618) Nan Bei Chao Dynasties (420-589) Shang Dynasty (166-1046) Zhou (1046-256) Spring and Autumn Era (770-476) Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220) THE WEST Early Mesopotamia Egyptian Kingdoms Julius Caesar Birth of (101-44) Jesus Christ Mohammed (570-632) Greek Civilization The Foundation of Rome (735) Socrates (470-399) Alexander the Great (356-323) First Punic War (264-241) Second Punic War (219-201) Third Punic War (149-146) Anglo-Saxons established in Britain (449) Christianity Established as State Religion of Roman Empire (392) Roman Empire split in two (395) .000-year history.C..D. 5000 2000 1000 500 200 100 A. D. 935) Baekje (18 B..
King Sejong the Great (14181450) 2002 Korea-Japan World cup (2002) The Deposotories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks Tripitaka Koreana is the oldest and most comprehensive compilation of Buddhist scriptures in existence today. the Korean alphabet created by the Joseon Dynasty’s fourth ruler. It was carved on 81.340 woodblocks during the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392). Balhae Kingdom (698-926) 24th Olympic games.Unified Silla Kingdom (676-935) Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) Seokguram Grotto Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) Hunminjeongeum A primer for teaching Hangeul. Seoul (1988) Korean War (1950-53) The establishment of Republic of Korea (1948) Daehan Empire 600 700 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1800 1900 2000 Tang Dynasties (618-907) Song Dynasty (960-1270) Wu Dai Dynasties (907-960) Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) Establishment of the People’s Republic of China (1949) Establishment of the Republic of China (1912) First Crusade (1096-99) The One Hundred Years’ War (1344-1434) Marco Polo(1254-1324) Mangna Carta (1215) World War I (1914-18) World War II (1939-45) American Civil War (1861-65) American Revolution (1776) French Revolution (1789-1793) The Thirty Years’ War (1618-48) Charles the Great crowned first Holy Roman Emperor (800) Hegira (622) and beginning of lslamic era Matin Luther launched the Reformation (1517) Gutenberg’s Press (1434) Columbus discovered America (1492) .
Korean Historical Remains
(700,000 years ago – 400 BC)
Jumeok Dokki (Hand axe), Paleolithic Age Bitsalmunui Togi (Comb-pattern pottery), Neolithic Age Bipahyeong Donggeom (Mandolin-shaped dagger), Bronze Age
Bronze Ritual Artifact, Bronze Age
The Three Kindoms and Gaya
(57 BC - AD 668)
Hunting Scene, Goguryeo
Bangasayusang (Gilt-bronze Maitreya), Goguryeo
Geumjegwansik (A pair of gold ornaments for diadem of the king), Baekje
Baekjegeumdongdaehyangno (Gilt-bronze incense burner), Baekje
Horse Rider-shaped Vessels, Silla
Gold Crown, Silla
Unified Silla and Balhae
(668 - 935)
Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong (Pure Light Dharani Sutra), Unified Silla
Inmyeonmunuiwadang (Eolgulmunuisumaksae), Unified Silla
Statue of the Main Buddha of Seokguram Grotto, Unified Silla
Dabotap (Many Treasures Pagoda), Unified Silla
(918 .1392) Goryeo Palmandaejanggyeong (Tripitaka Koreana woodblock) Buljo Jikjisimcheyojeol Celadon Pitcher in the Shape of a Tortoise Inlaid Celadon Bottle Wine Ewer .
by Yi Myong-ki (1760-1820) ‘Evil-repelling Tiger.visual Information (1392 .1909) Joseon ‘Clearing after the Rain on Inwang Mountain.’ by Yi Am (early 16 C.’ by Jeong Son (1676 . Birds and Flowers.1759) ‘A Beauty. ‘Puppies.’ by Shin Yun-bok (1758-?) ‘Portrait of Chae Che-gong (1720-99)’ aged 70.) .’ artist unknown. 18 C.
Uigwe (The Royal Protocols) Blue and White Porcelain Vase with Bamboo and Pine Tree Design Buncheong Flask with Peony Design Seungjeongwon Ilgi Joseon Wangjosillok .
Travel Information Gyeongju Tour .
D. Hwangryongsa Temple Hwangryongsa Temple is the largest one from the Silla Dynasty. 2. called “The Divine Bell of King Seongdeok” was cast in memory of King Seongdeok and having very elegant and tense looks.000 treasures. earthenware. The Divine Bell of King Seongdeok This bronze bell. It was founded in 634 A. Cheomseongdae The Cheomseongdae Observatory. The museum contains 100. one of the oldest astronomical observatories of its kind in East Asia. to remind people of the magnificent scale of that time. Among them. such as Wonhyo and Jajang.000 pieces of valuable relics recovered in and around Gyeongju.Travel Information Gyeongju Tour Gyeongju National Museum At the Gyeongju National Museum.500 items are always on exhibit. including roof tiles. metallic handicrafts and images of Buddha were excavated from this pond. Anapji Pond This pond was a splendid decoration for the Silla palace. Geumdang mural by Solgeo. Geumdong Buddha Triad. On the temple grounds. (in the 3rd year of Queen Seondeok). The observatory consists of 362 stones which correspond to the days in a year and the number of basic stars. you can find a stone pagoda built with rocks shaped like bricks and the Hwajaengguksabi Monument in Wonhyo’s honor. Bunhwangsa Temple Bunhwangsa Temple was the home of many Silla monks. About 30. one can get a complete view of the Silla Dynasty at a glance. All that remains is a giant protective stone. Among its treasures were a nine-story wooden pagoda. . it is by far the best of its kind. and a huge bronze bell. together with a crystal-clear and eloquent sound.
Yangdong Folk Village Old-fashioned. with heaven round and the earth square. Daewangam Rock Daewangam Rock is the underwater tomb of King Munmu who promised to become a sea dragon to protect Silla from Japanese invaders.751 A.D. schools of Joseon and ancestral shrines. two Vajurapanis (guardian gods of the temple) and four ferocious guardians. It represents the universe. The tomb is encircled with stone lions and stone rails. Bulguksa Temple Bulguksa Temple. flanking the wall Buddha and the Buddhist world. in memory of his parents. They were constructed during the early stages of ancient Silla and have yielded many treasures. engraved with the twelve animal figures of the Oriental zodiac. The tombs create a panoramic scene in their clusters. It was restored to its original condition in 1973. symbolizes Buddha’s land on earth. King Munmu willed that his body be cremated in a simple funeral ceremony and that his remains be buried under the large rock off the east shore at Gampo. a round chamber and a passage connecting the two chambers. They are all laden with antiquity. pantiled-roofed houses remain intact in this quaint little village. there are more than 150 households. are eight guardian demons. . King Sinmun. built with a combination of stylish architecture. Bulguksa Temple was built in the 10th year of King Gyeongdeok. Tomb of General Kim Yu-sin Having made great contributions to the unification of the three main kingdoms of Korea. As a typical village of Yangban (nobility) during the Joseon Dynasty. General Kim was posthumously awarded the honorary title of King Heungmu and was buried in a tomb as splendid as that of kings. King Munmu began construction of Gameunsa Temple and it was completed by his son. with the atmosphere of Joseon Dynasty all around. pavilions. 1995.Daereungwon Cheonmachong the tombs recall the atmosphere of the ancient capital of Silla. It was designated as a UNESCO Cultural Heritage on December 6. Buddhist spirit and natural surroundings. Sculptured in relief on granite slabs. Seokgulam Grotto Seokgulam Grotto consists of a square antechamber. by Kim Dae-seong.
Chapter 5 Future of Korea .
I learned that Korean students‛ passion for education and their parents‛ strong support and encouragement have helped transform Korea into a global player today. Korea is full of possibilities. .From talking to Sanghyun and Jaehyun.
Today we’re watching a Korean league baseball game on TV and eating watermelon.” “I’m glad.” “When we studied Korea it was mainly a few paragraphs about the war. It’s amaz- 136 Let’s go Korea! .Parents’ devotion to their children I’m having a blast in Korea. Sanghyun’s family has been awesome. but I’ve learned just how far the country has come since I came here. they didn’t teach much about Korea in Canada and the States. but I’ve seen just how modern ▼ Korea leads the world in ship construction and energetic the country is and how proud you are of your heritage and how far back it goes. so we decided to stay at home today and relax. and Jaehyun especially helpful. “You know. He’s always willing to talk to me and answer questions when Sanghyun isn’t sure about something. I’m going back to the States in a couple of days.
” “Why do you think Korea was able to develop so quickly?” “I think it is mainly due to Korean parents’ great passion and willingness to sacriﬁce for their children’s education. Isn’t the happiness of the family also important?” “The 21st century is being built upon knowledge. The country was dirt poor after the war.” “When I studied about Korea in the States. The countries able to compete intellectually will become Hyundai car plant ▲ in Alabama A human-like robot. The growth has been so fast that many countries’ textbooks just couldn’t keep up. Japan and Russia. they have always prioritized education. No matter what the circumstances. I can’t understand why. China. but now our economy produce more than Australia. But I think I know the reason. And coverage has always favored the biggest East Asian players.” “I saw a story on the news about Korean parents living apart so their children could get a better education.ing how the Korea covered in school books is so different from what I see. HUBO ▼ Future of Korea 137 . I had a similar feeling.
Korean students are traveling to diverse countries depending on the academic subject of interest. Now I understand why there are so many Korean students in the United States. I came to appreciate Korea’s intangible power.” Korean parents strive to provide better education and better opportunities for their children and many end up sending their children to a hakwon for extra studying. I think it’s amazing how many come to the top schools in the States. As I listened to Sanghyun. considering South Korea is not a big country. mathematics. and other academic subjects. They bring the country immense power and potential. Some parents send their children abroad in order for them to acquire better proficiency in a foreign language. We get family happiness from that security. � 138 Let’s go Korea! Scene ▲ Semiconductor Manufacturing . Though in the past most ﬂocked to the United States. Korean parents know that well and are doing everything they can to make sure that their children grow up conﬁdent and able to compete. A hakwon is a supplement to the public education and provides lectures for English.Zeal for education the global forces in the future. I came to think of Korea as a country whose people share a common desire and can accomplish much together. After listening to Sanghyun.
KOREASAT 5. also known as MUGUNGWHA 5. ▲ Future of Korea 139 a South Korean geostationary satellite was launched at 03:27 UT on 2006 August 22 .
Korean students really work hard to gain an upper hand. Sanghyun and I came to Jamsil to buy souvenirs. It’s also another product of education. Even though it’s difﬁcult. They learn English for many years in school and take evening classes in private schools.” “At our school. Seowon and Hyanggyo were similar to middle and high schools. many science and math classes are taught with English textbooks.” “Nothing is free in this world.” 140 Let’s go Korea! . Seodang was equivalent to the present day elementary school. Also. they switched to English. Korean students are best at math. Seowon and Hyanggyo were not only places of education but also memorials for great past scholars such as Confucius and Yi Hwang. Seowon. respectively. before heading for the rides. It’s not just English. while Hyanggyo was a public institution. Seowon and Seodang were private schools.” “Of course. They were excited and complimented and encouraged me.Traditional Korean Schools Challenges and opportunities in the modern world On Saturday afternoon. “Sanghyun. Korean middle and elementary school students are often at or near the top on international tests that measure problem solving and math skills. and Hyanggyo were education institutions in the countryside. I didn’t know there was so much effort behind that. Even in Korea. a lot of Korean students are good at speaking English. As we waited in line. so they will always be at a disadvantage to native English speakers unless they learn the language well. We visited the theme park Lotte World and its museum of traditional Korean culture Seodang. many students give up their free time to study till late at night. Their English is the result of a lot of time and energy. I practiced my Korean with the kids around me. but when my Korean came up short.
some students come from those countries to study in Korea.000.” “They’re not that different from you.” “Yeah. “Sanghyun. I think you guys are brave.000. Students are studying abroad more than ever. The most popular study abroad destination for Mongolian students is Korea. I think he’s a student from Mongolia. Of course. It’s exciting to think that in ten years we’ll be working to improve an even more globalized world.” “I’m glad we live in these times. There are over 1.” “It must be hard to study in a country that speaks another language. I really feel it because I can just video chat with my parents in Korea when I’m back in school and see them from halfway around the world.500 Mongolian students studying here.While I was talking to Sanghyun. it’s starting to feel like the world is really becoming one global community.” Village school at ▼ Cheonghak-dong Folk Village Future of Korea 141 . I heard some language that I didn’t recognize. Even though it might be difﬁcult at times.” “Yeah you’re right. there is fun in challenging yourself in a foreign country. that doesn’t sound like Korean. That’s a huge number considering that the entire population of Mongolia is under 3. Students in Korea are going abroad to China and Southeast Asia as well as the States.” “Sanghyun.
▲ Many Korean students are proﬁcient in English .
” Nam June Paik Art Center ▼ Harold Hongju Koh. and Harold Hongju Koh Sanghyun and I talked about what we wanted to become in the future and different people that would be good mentors. “Sanghyun. and he’s lived with the mission to service the needy around him. Sarah Chang. right? Well the Dean of Yale Law School is Harold Hongju Koh. He’s a brave man who places the dignity of man before everything else.World famous Koreans: Nam June Paik. He’s an expert in human rights. Dean ▲ of Yale Law School Future of Korea 143 . who are some Koreans that you consider global leaders?” “You said you wanted to study at Yale.
As the father of video art. then you should see the memorial hall built here for Paik and his art.“I’ll do a Web search on him when I’m back in the States. Secretary-General. He’s Korean.N. He said that all artists should always challenge themselves like Paik to stay creative. he was one of the leading experimental artists of the last century. When I said this to Sanghyun. Ban Ki-moon is a great inspiration. People who succeed often have a desire to serve others as part of their goals and efforts.” I learned about many more prominent Koreans and realized something important about achieving your dreams.” “Oh. isn’t he?” “Yup. He also pushes hard for human rights in troubled countries. My father majored in visual arts and was a big fan of Nam June Paik.” “Most famous Koreans that I know are artists.N. He had dreamed of being a diplomat since he was a kid. he looked at 144 Let’s go Korea! . Ban Ki-moon very active overseas broaden our perspective of the world. I thought you’d say the secretary-general of the U.” “I’m also a big fan of the soprano Sumi Jo and the violinist Sarah Chang. I agree with your dad: There’s a lot to learn from him. I think such people that are ▼ U. and now he’s working hard for world security and peace.
From now on. Through this trip. My world view has broadened to include this country in Asia’s Far East. I felt and learned many things.me as if I had said the obvious. I also felt the importance of being tolerant of other people’s cultures and ideas. “Korean parents always stress one thing as they raise their children.” Korea International Coop.” Future of Korea 145 . “Sanghyun.▲ eration Agency (KOICA) I thought to myself that the world needs people who are creative and open-minded. the world will need more people with open minds and hearts. I think this trip was very valuable. And I now know that these qualities come from being able to accept and understand cultures and heritages different from our own. It’s the message to become someone who helps others.
146 Let’s go Korea! .
Future of Korea 147 .Sanghyun and I have been sitting here for hours now talking our future plans. I don’t think either of us will get a clear answer from this. but we both agree that we’re one step closer to becoming a successful adult because we understand and have tolerance for others.
Sumi Jo (1962~ ) Sumi Jo. she won the La Siola d’Oro Award as Best Soprano of the Year. Paik continued his artistic career. made her operatic debut in 1986 as Gilda in Verdi’s Rigoletto. a Korean soprano. he received the Kyoto Prize for his work in combining video and modern art. Despite his condition.Famous Korean Artists Nam June Paik (1932~2006) Nam June Paik was born in Korea in 1932 and studied abroad in Germany and Japan. and in 1992 she received a Grammy Award for her lead role in “Die Frau ohne Schatten” (The Woman Without a Shadow). This innovative artist came to be known as the first video artist. In June 1996. Recently in 2008. Nam June Paik had a stroke. Paik passed away in his home in the U. In 1993.S. and the German monthly magazine “Capital” named Paik the eighth most prominent artist in the world. In 1998. 148 Let’s go Korea! . which paralyzed the left side of his body. In January 2006. Sumi Jo was also given the Puccini Award.
Sarah Chang became the youngest person ever to win the Avery Fisher Career Grant. she was playing in orchestras around Philadelphia. Ahn’s most prominent work is “Symphonic Fantasy Korea. who requested that she play with the New York Philharmonic and the Philadelphia Orchestra. He studied music in Japan and the U.S. Ahn Eak-tai was born in Pyongyang. In 1992. When she was eight. he composed the Korean national anthem. which helped publicize her incredible talents. and less than a year later. Ahn Eak-tai (1906-1965) A classical composer and conductor.” Future of Korea 149 . and conducted for many esteemed orchestras such as the Vienna Philharmonic and the Berlin Philharmonic.Sarah Chang (1980~ ) Sarah Chang started playing the violin at age four. Sarah auditioned for Zubin Mehta and Riccardo Muti. In 1936.
Information can be obtained through Korea Study Fair or from the websites of the Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development (www. after admission.go. students must submit their application package before being admitted by the school. just out of curiosity or to study Korean language.kr) or individual universities. degree. Admission Procedures Since academic programs and the school year start in March in Korea.visual Information Study in Korea Korea continues to attract international students who are inspired by the beauty and traditions of Korea or want to deepen their knowledge about the country. students must check the academic starting date the previous year and make necessary arrangements a year prior to the start of the academic year.kr). visit the website of the Korea Immigration Bureau (www. Then.immigration. others enroll in a regular academic program for an undergraduate. After deciding which university to attend. or a Ph. For more information on visa requirements.studyinkorea. Numerous scholarship programs are available in Korea to help international students finance their studies.D. Some come to Korea for a short time.go. . graduate. they can visit the Korean Embassy or a Korean consulate for a visa.
Korea Education System AGE 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 PhD Special School Higher Education Graduate School (MA Dgree) University (Bachelor Degree) Secondary Education High School Middle School Special School Civil Education School Various Middle Schools Special School National Open High School Technical High School Various High Schools Junior College (2-3years) Industrial University University of Education Technical University Distant University National Open University Special School Primary Education Elementary School Special School 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 1 2 3 Pre-school Education Kindergarden Special School Cumulative Years Curriculum Major General Curriculum Special Curriculum School Year .
As one of the last relics of the Cold War.000 soldiers could have move through this tunnel in 1 hour. It is located 52km from Seoul. Approximately 10.kr .” ( Paju City Hall 82-31-940-4114 8 en. Imgingak. Three-storied Imjingak is surrounded by Unification Park and North Korea Center. It has become the most heavily armed border in the world. South and North Korea agreed to pull their troops two kilometers away from the truce line.paju. North Korean military personnel are visible. Korea DMZ tourist sites have been created to quench peoples’ curiosity on this unique area where tension and peace coincide. Dorasan Station Imjingak Imjingak Pyeonghoa-nuri Park Location: Paju-si. · The 3rd Tunnel The 3rd tunnel was discovered on October 17. the DMZ attracts a great deal of public interest. 1978. This created a 4-km-wide demilitarized zone (DMZ) running 248 km (155 miles) across the peninsula.go. Gyeonggi-do Program · Imjingak Imjingak was built in 1972 with the hope that someday unification would be possible. · Bridge of Freedom The bridge is the only remaining legacy of peace in the Korean War as it holds the symbolic significance of the “Return to Freedom.Travel Information Educational Tour DMZ Tours A s part of the armistice ending the 1950-53 Korean War. From this observation platform. These sites are especially popular among foreign tourists. · Dorasan Station Dorasan Train Station is the northernmost Gyeongui-seon (Seoul-Sinuiju) Line train station in South Korea.
a Korean village school wasn’t just a place of academia for children. and it offers a variety of programs such as a meditation course and an etiquette learning class.co.chunglim. pansori.kr Susinjeong Seodang ( 82-55-884-6179 8 www.myuongsimseodang. Cheonghak-dong camp is a modernized version of the traditional Korean village schools.iseodang. bamboo water pistols. swing. calligraphy. self.co. tea-ceremony etiquette. taekkyeon · Miscellaneous: insect collecting. farming.Cheonghak-dong Village School he village school camp at Cheonghak-dong is centered on learning manners and respect for elders.org Punggyoheon ( 82-55-883-5970 8 www.co. phone etiquette. Since its inception.com Gomokdang ( 82-55-884-1020 8 www. balsam nail dyeing. jump ropes. water recreation.co. Chinese chess. dining etiquette · Humanity: meditation. arrow-toss game.islgi. natural dyeing. board game.co. Jirisan Mountain gave a great environment for learning the science and philosophies of living amongst nature. and community.susin.kr Cheongrim Seodang ( 82-55-883-8077 8 www. seesawing.chunghag. baking potatoes and sweet potatoes. T Experience of Gungdo Cheonghak-dong Museum Folk Village Location: Hadong-gun.kr Myeongsim Seodang ( 82-55-882-7042 8 www.cheunghak.org Gounwon Seodang ( 82-55-884-7002 8 www. talent show Yennal Seodang ( 82-55-882-7177 8 www. pottery making · Traditional games: kite ﬂying. mental training. candlelight ceremony · Language: Fundamental Chinese · Experience: tour of Cheonghak-dong Simsungung.kr Seulgi Seodang ( 82-55-882-7075 8 www.co. The program is available during summer and winter vacations and as an alternative school as well.kounwon.kr Munhwawon ( 82-55-883-5152 8 www.kr Unbong Seodang ( 82-55-883-5142 8 www.gomokdang.chenghak. Gyeongsangnam-do Program · Etiquette: learning how to deep bow.co. it was a place of learning the virtues of life.kr .
If unsatisfied with your own handmade souvenir. there are plenty of shops carrying a range of ceramic goods large enough to satisfy all tastes and budgets. Icheon is also home to a major ceramics festival and museum.com 8 www. Tours to this art village provide visitors a chance to make their own piece of pottery while learning the steps needed to turn a lump of clay into a beautiful piece of art. Firing a Piece Ceramic Kiln Creating Ceramic Art Location Icheon-si. characteristics) · How to make ceramics with a potter’s wheel · Making your own pottery under the supervision of a potter · Lunch –a visit to an exposition hall and shopping · A Visit to the Ceramics Museum or World Ceramics Center ( 82-70-8232-2299 ichontour@ichontour. Gyeonggi-do Program · Presentation on Korean traditional pottery (history.Travel Information Ceramic Art Village in Icheon I n Icheon (or Ichon) an hour’s drive from Seoul is a large community of ceramic artists.com .ichontour.
Environment Experience Course: Seonamsa Temple. Myeongseolwon tea ceremony experience. making natural art. an international agreement to protect swamps and wetlands vital to the preservations of migratory birds. making kimchi. ( Suncheon City Cultural Publicity 82. The pristine estuary is the winter habitat to rare birds like the hooded crane.Biology Experience Course: Suncheon Bay Ecology Hall. Korean paper art experience. Suncheon Bay Crab at Suncheon Bay Suncheon Bay at Sunset Location Suncheon Bay. Nakan-eub Fortress. Nakan-eub Fortress.kr .61-749-3328/82-61-749-3742 8 www. Jeollanam-do Program · Sensational watercolor trip Ecological Park. Experience Suncheon Bay S sea road and sunset. Suncheon Bay cruise. tea ceremony experience . Seonamsa Temple. The dense reeds and tidal ﬂats teeming with life along Suncheon Bay not only provide birds important shelter and nourishment. · Biology study Trip . the habitat is strikingly beautiful. mountain village experience at Cheongsogol. In January 2006. .suncheonbay. white stoke. In addition thousands of migratory birds make stops at the bay.Suncheon Bay S uncheon Bay on the south coast in Jeollanam-do Province is gaining popularity as an eco-tourist destination. Suncheon Bay became the first Korean wetlands to be part of the Ramsar Convention. The Marine Fisheries Department declared the area protected wetlands in December 2000 and had it registered in the International Network for Preserving Cranes in 2004. Dolmen Park. blackfaced spoonbill and a white heron. Korean photographers have voted shots of the fading sun reﬂected in the sinuous curves the streams that feed the bay make across its mudﬂats at low tide one of the best sunset shots on the peninsula.go.
per day). and storks will show you an incredible world of birds. Your spirits will also soar in Cheonsuman Bay amid all the beautiful ﬂying scenes.000 migratory birds (max. mallards. Cheonsuman Bird Watching Fair held in an ecological treasure chest field with a tremendous array of beauty. Wild geese filling a field. Seosan Cheonsuman Bay Migratory Birds Seosan Cheonsuman Bay Location: Seosan.000 Baikal Teals.seosanbird. Show your children the mystery and preciousness of life in living observatory.com . Chungcheongnam-do Program · Visit Cheonsuman Ecological Center · Birds watching tour · Tea party · Enjoy local delicacies · Make sotdae · Kite making · Earthen totem pole making Date: October ( 82-41-669-7744 8 www.Travel Information Cheonsuman Bay: Heaven of Birds C heonsuman Bay is Korea’s largest habitat of about 320 species of 700. a bewitching figure of some 50 Eurasian Spoonbills. a beautiful dance of about 300. You will see a new world of nature in Korea’s best bird watching fair.
Prior to the event. why not try the Taekwondo Cultural Performance. The sessions each offer a different program: the 10:30 session covers basic taekwondo moves. breaking techniques. T Taekwondo Tour Taekwondo Show Taekwondo Show Location: Gangnam Subway Station ( Seoul Subway No.kr . taekwondo photos will be exhibited from 10 am. the Taekwondo Program features a group of top taekwondo masters from Kukkiwon who will demonstrate breaking and self-defense techniques. which is staged on the lawn of Gyeonghuigung Palace every Wednesday and Saturday from 13:30 to 15:00 until December this year. the 13:30 session. In particular. and visitors will have a chance to try on a taekwondo uniform. and 15:30. In addition to the taekwondo experiential program.Taekwondo Tour he Taekwondo experiential program for foreigners is held three times a day (10:30.kukkiwon. Events include nori madang (traditional folk performance). 13:30. and the 15:30 session. taekwondo demonstrations and classes. self-defense techniques. Each 90minute session accommodates up to 40 people.or.2) walk for 15-minute Program · Meditation · Basic Techniques · Self-Defense Skills · Breaking Skills · Matching ( Kukkiwon 82-2-567-1058 8 www. and Korean traditional music. except Mondays) in Gyeonghuigung Palace until December. Participants can choose one or more sessions or take part in all three. Everyone receives a taekwondo certificate and badge upon completion of the session.
and 4-day experiences. This solemn ceremony is held three times a day Communal Buddhist Meal Service (Barugongyang) Barugongyang is a unique and special way of eating in Korean temples. and not a single grain of rice is wasted. both tangible and intangible.5 hours). Tea Ceremony (Dado) Making and enjoying good tea is one of the practices of the Buddhist religion. Zen Meditation (Chamseon) Zen is known as “Chamseon” in Korean. The basic 24hour program (including overnight stay) can be simplified to half-day program (3. Chamseon is a form of meditation that allows a person to reﬂect about oneself. At this communal meal practice the meal is eaten in total silence. or extended to 3. . the Temple Stay Division offers participants the opportunity to experience traditional Korean Buddhist culture. the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism’s Temple Stay Division concentrates activities on traditional cultural affairs and on the development and fostering of resources. Six temples are always open to individual participants while groups may make reservations at any temple all year long. The division is making rapid progress in fulfilling this role on the basis of Korean Buddhism’s history and cultural resources. Currently there are 43 temples participating in the program nationwide. In particular. T Program Devotional Chanting at Yebul. Simultaneously. through the Temple Stay program. the program provides a solid foundation for the popularization and appreciation of traditional culture in daily life.Travel Information Temple Stay o play a leading active role in the cultural age of the 21st century. Ceremonial Service Yebul is a ceremonial service to praise Buddha.
org www.co.or.bokwangsa.org 82-54-853-4181 82-41-662-3824 82-54-672-7579 82-61-535-5775 82-32-937-7033 82-41-857-8981 82-54-744-1689 82-51-508-345 82-42-822-9220 82-54-436-6084 82-2-732-5292 82-61-533-3521 82-63-583-3035 82-55-352-1070 82-33-534-7676 82-31-885-2505 82-41-337-6565 82-61-783-7600 82-2 900-4326 82-31-234-0040 82-31-773-3797 82-41-857-1854 www.lotuslantern.org www.jakwangsa.daeheungsa.daum.or.org www.net/CulturalActivity www.pyochungsa.org 82-55-934-3110.kr/eng Hongbeopsa Temple Busan 82-41-841-6221.bongjeongsa.kr international.kr www.yongmunsa.jogyesa.gapsa.6 www.or.hwaeomsa.mihwangsa.com www.or.org www.golgulsa.org www.kr www.or.kr 82-31-948-7700~1 www.kr www.busuksa.sudeoksa.woljeongsa.com Beomeosa Temple Beopjusa Temple Bogwangsa Temple Bongeunsa Temple Busuksa Temple Busan Boeun Paju Seoul Seosan-si 82-51-508-3122~5 www.kr www.or.yongjoosa.kr 82-43-543-3615 www.naesosa.beomeosa.org www.seoulzen.kr 82-2-511-6070~4 www.org www.org www.kr www.chooksersa.samhwasa.bongeunsa.co.com www.80000.org Bongjeongsa Temple Andong-si Chooksersa Temple Bongwha-gun Daeheungsa Temple Haenam-gun Gangwha Lotus Lantern Incheon Gapsa Temple Golgulsa Temple Haeinsa Temple Jakwangsa Temple Jikjisa Temple Jogyesa Temple Magoksa Temple Mihwangsa Temple Naesosa Temple Samhwasa Temple Sileuksa Temple Sudeoksa Temple Whaeomsa Temple Whagyesa Temple Woljeongsa Temple Yongjoosa Temple Gongju-si Gyeongju Hapcheon Daejeon Gimcheon-si Seoul Gongju-si Haenam-gun Buan-gun Donghae-si Yeoju Yeosan Gurye-gun Seoul Hwaseong Geumsansa Temple Gimjae-si 82-63-548-4441~2 www.com cafe.or.org www.org Yongmungsa Temple Yangpyeong Youngpyungsa Temple Gongju .net www.silleuksa.5 www.Resevation: eng.beopjusa.co.magoksa.com www.jikjisa.geumsansa.templestay.or.youngpyungsa.kr Pyochungsa Temple Milyang Phyeongchang-gu 82-33-332-6664~5 www.
the Information and Communication Hall. In the park. and during the night observations of other celestial bodies such as planets. with its focus on science and the future.metro. a celestial sphere hall. and the Energy Hall.com/museum/ Located in Daedeok Science Town.science.5 acres in Yuseong-gu in Daejeon. the Natural Life Hall.daejeon. With the newly reopened Expo Science Park. the Earth Hall. and clusters of stars.kr The National Science Museum plays a role as the cradle of scientific education. there are many science and education institutes and culture centers.kr The Daejeon Observatory offers people opportunities to observe celestial bodies. These facilities contribute to scientific knowledge.Travel Information Daejeon Science Tour Expo Park 8 www. the Currency Museum. a special exhibition hall. Chungnam University.dtv21. Daedeok Valley is expected to play an important role as the ‘Silicon Valley of Asia. as a high-ranking scientific research nation. such as the National Central Science Museum. the Currency Museum shows not only the 100-year history of national currency but also Olympic commemorative coins and present currency. 8 www. the Electric Energy Hall.co. Daedeok Science Town 8 www. such as the Space Reconnaissance Flight Hall. enhances the consciousness of the importance of science in many young people’s minds and upholds the spirit of the ‘93 Expo. 2000. the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology. a research-control hall. the Hanbit Tower. It has a standing exhibition hall.go. nebulas. The observation of the sun can be made during the day.co.kr The Expo Park. the Technopia Hall.000 coins and bills from different currencies. the Expo Memorial Hall. education. the Miky Way are available through its astronomical telescopes. Various government and private industry research centers located here are leading Korea into the 21st century. 8 www. there are many popular pavilions. Daejeon Observatory National Science Museum Currency Museum . and to popularization of a living science.expopark. to education of people by the accumulation of science and technology. In this area of 6849. It was opened in 1988 with almost 80.’ 8 star.kr Daedeok Science Town is an incubator of advanced research in science and technology. Daedeok Science Town was officially named Daedeok Valley in September 28. This observatory is the first of its kind in Korea in terms of accessibility for ordinary people to observe astronomy. an audio-visual room and a computer room. and culture in Korea.komsep. a movie theater. this complex has developed into a home for science.
and computers as well as a pavilion for experiencing fundamental science. three-dimensional film. solar system. the festival makes science easily accessible and fun. is to be held at the Expo Park in Daejeon in August. regardless of gender and age. the universe. the largest-scale ever in Korea.Daejeon Institute of Education Science Located in an area of more than 49. can enjoy the festival. There are about 50 events to attract our interest in science. and space science. a growth of the fetal life. As the festival includes programs ranging from practical science to traditional ones visitors. and a sensor robot. Daejeon Science Festival The Science Festival. It offers rich sights to see and enjoy through such imaginary experiences as functional structure of the body.go.daejeon. this Research Institute has training facilities for teachers and various pavilions for exploring life. some of which are science-experiencing programs.500m².kr/english . These events offer opportunities for children and adults to enjoy most scientific fields such as popular imaginary life. basic science. Entrance to the Expo Park Science Festival Tower of Great Light ( Daejeon Tourist Information Center: 82-42-861-1330 Tourist Division of Daejeon Metropolitan City: 82-42-600-2433 Daejeon Tourist Association: 82-42-226-8413 8 tour. It will provide a variety of events for visitors with a curious and enthusiastic mind toward science. Through the Health Life Event and the Bio Engineering Experience Exhibition that shows the genome of human beings.
but ve been cra g I’ as in Korea w in I th r e e il th h o w n A much e more ked it this h there wer is w I . having spen s around he g in th to way. ryone is we e v e e p o h I a so much! all my I miss Kore d tried to c n a y a w b u s y was in the I thought m I o s y . a h d g r u e o r th The o I t going th service bar all wasn’ y c m e h d T e . k c ts e n h e c par when I s subNew York’ roken. 162 Let’s go Korea! . I didn n a e r o K is ving . ap. ow to read H h n er. s te realize I li ents visited ck in the Sta r a a b p m y ’ m I t k a e e now th er Last w rants here. e tt o g r o f and rememb n r a le to t e to a easy alphab to develop in le b a s a w a t e ealized tha ore that Kor r f I e b t u e B m . n ld o You to f educati t just ment isn’ n because o e o v o ti r a p n im g n d o str ent an e you id developm el it becaus p e a f r s to ’ a le e b r a o K ot be You might n about that. The wait u b ta im s e ib r b n d a n e Kor galbi a ered enu and ord them to eat m k o e th to I d a d e n r a nI why he pressed whe ht have been ig m t a th was really im t k still haven’ orean.Epilogue Dear Sangh yun. ll. But b in s a k w r o e w n t o ’ h p m don a. I’ cell phones mer in Kore m u s le o h remembered w t a re. I thin I K t a in th g e in v e th y t beli ever ibly an’ y an incred dessert. After d e us t ble getting ’ having trou food. I c ll e a e r e r f s s u t’ I e v ga angeul.
Giv gards! e your famil y my reSee you in S eptember.were raised in that conte xt. and lifes Do you kno ty les. I had an e ye-opening experience a chance fo this summe r me to bec r. I f you do. d ude. but I wa thousands o s able to de f years of tect the history and into the eve h eritage emb ryday lives edded of Koreans. Big aven’ stand that t. w that Dus tin Hoffma Man?”Watc n movie“L h it if you h ittle. of other philosophie s. Big Cou hen I say ntry. Alex Welcom to Korea 163 . Thanks for being a gre at host. you I mean this ’ ll underas a big co Korea is Lit mpliment w tle. It was ome more a countries’ p preciative n cultures.
She and I’ t e in r playing the h la c watching wit laying the p s a e r w ’ u I o . y e e m wher ony same ti y and harm ether at the it g s r to e t iv e d p m e u tr s th at’ erent g that diff realized th in v o m y ll a e her. Thanks for at time when th d e r e b m e e. and she m a d to h c n think my gr lu he japchae for were here. She said she mis stra concer e h c r o t s la f our ang.” r the DVD o e was“Arir c ie p l a in f I showed he it e she thought ched that th u t u to b y . and I sr about. u k o r y a fo re. t. S d u n o a y i n e lb h a w g had g both you devourin d e r e b m e m re ses you. We un trav king to you d lots of f li a h a I n . ve just used You could’ ce our cultu n ie r e xp e nted to t time in that you wa had a grea u o y t a th !I d to hear you as well la h g it y w ll g a n e r li e m I’ . e a k e r ta o K ve also ust’ andma has y. It wa that we talk the letter! 164 Let’s go Korea! . s ll w a o e n r was re orean k students we that every K n g ig n e r o s o f a t s a It’ part ing th larly touch l times the u a c r e ti v r e a s p d s e a h w the watc m playing piece.Epilogue Dear Alex. and rem the first tim r lunch today o g f n s k ti c a e ti s s p a cho Iw iated s thin metal ally apprec rea’ e o r K I d t e s u u b .
Enjoy what’ s left of s ummer and school. .instruments producing th eir own sou gether to cr nds could c eate a beau ome totiful harmo n y . Later. dude . Sanghyun Welcom to Korea 165 . May had more be you can ada during show me aro winter brea und Cank! I would lo to visit and ve to have a learn abou chance t a differe And Jaehyu nt country n says hello as well. The summer is almost o ver already time for tra ! I wish we veling. but e this time. I’ I’ ll see you m looking f back in orward to y go easy on o u c ooking bulg the soy sauc ogi.
Korea Tour guide .
● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Transportations Subway Maps Accommodations Travel Information Center 1330 Korea Travel Phone Tourist Complaint Center Goodwill Guide Contact .
This international seaport is Korea’s main maritime gateway (mostly to and from Japan). but the others only service Asia. visit www. Yangyang. For more details.Transportations Arriving in Korea International Flights There are nine international airports in Korea: Incheon. which operates services to China.co.kr International Sea Routes Busan in the country’s largest port and second largest city. Gimhae.000 or ￦5.kcat.airport. Incheon International Airport services ﬂights to all parts of the world.co. Daegu. An airport tax of 17. Temporary entry is permitted for private cars with the proper documentation belonging to visitors that arrive by ferry. 168 Let’s go Korea! . For further information.kr or call 1577-2600 Korea City Air Terminals City air terminals can be found at the World Trade Center in Seoul and Gimpo Airport.000 won for international ﬂights and ￦4. Muan and Jeju International Airports. They Provide check-in service and passport inspection. Another international port is Incheon. visit www. Cheogju. There are also high-speed hydrofoils plying the BusanFukuoka route. Gwangju. Gimpo. A limousine bus operates between the city air terminals and Incheon International Airport.000 for domestic ﬂights is included in the ticket price.
Ferries ply the waterways between Busan and Jeju. which is abbreviated “iia” or “IIA.koreanair. It operates 24 hours a day.” Limousine buses may be the best way to travel at a minimal expense to and from various places around Korea.ﬂyasiana. Busan Incheon Pohang Geoje 82-51-660-0256 82-32-880-7573 82-54-245-1800 82-55-682-0116 Tongyeong Mokpo Yeosu Jeju 82-55-648-1887 82-61-240-6011 82-61-663-0117 82-64-720-8500 Korea Tour Guide 169 . 12 on the arrival ﬂoor of the passenger terminal.To and From Incheon International Airport Built on an extensive reclaimed tidal ﬂat between two islands. 3. Mokpo and Hongdo. Domestic Flights Korea has a well-developed domestic ﬂight network served by Korean Air and Asiana Airlines linking 15 major cities. times or fares. please contact the Korea Shipping Association (Tel: 82-2-6096-2000) or ferry terminals below. The international airport code is ICN. Korean Air Asiana Airlines 82-1588-2001 82-1588-8000 www. Information and tickets are available at the Transportation Information Counters near exits No.com Domestic Ferry Boats Boats are one of the most interesting ways to travel around Korea. Incheon International Airport is situated 52km west of downtown Seoul and some 15km off the coast of the port city of Incheon.com www. etc. Pohang and Ulleungdo. For further information on sea routes.
go. Jeonju or Gwangju and is near Sangbong Station on Subway Line 7. Some of the major railroad stations have special ticket counters for overseas visitors. there is no English timetable. Dong Seoul Bus Terminal and Sangbong Bus Terminal. super express Saemaeul and express Mugunghwa. There are the KTX. It is on Subway Line 3 or 7 at the station of the same name. and the seats are more cramped than express buses. adjacent to Gangbyeon Station on Subway Line 2. so reservations and advance purchases are advisable at railroad stations or tour agencies such as Hanjin Travel Service (Tel: 82-2-726-5541) at the KTO Tourist Information Center. Seoul Express Bus Terminal is the main bus depot for trips between Seoul and other major cities. reliable and very inexpensive by international standards. Intercity bus terminals are usually located within express bus terminals in major cities and near the downtown area in small cities. These buses do not provide special facilities for foreign travelers. Intercity Buses Korea has an extensive intercity bus system connecting almost every city and town. Buses Long Distance Express Buses Three express bus terminals serve Seoul: Seoul Express Bus Terminal (Gangnam Gosok Terminal).kr). Timetables and fares are available at Korail (www. 170 Let’s go Korea! . Trains are usually full on weekends and holidays. The Sangbong Bus Terminal serves Cheongju. but they are popular for their spacious seats and facilities such as mobile phones and in-route movies. Dong Seoul Bus Terminal operates similar routes but with less frequent service and fewer destinations. but for adventurous visitors they are an interesting way to get closer to the spirit and lifestyle of the Korean people. Daejeon. Deluxe express buses are somewhat more expensive than regular buses.korail.Transportations Trains Passenger trains operated by the Korean National Railroad are fast. a super highspeed train operating at speeds of 300km/h.
Gyeonggi-do Province. ticket windows and transfer signs are all clearly marked in English. The fare for the city express coach is about ￦1. and they may also be hailed almost anywhere on the streets except at a bus stop or a congested area. and 55. Fares increase 20% between midnight and 4 am. regular local and seated coach buses. The subway is the most efﬁcient and convenient way for travelers to get around the city. Korea Tour Guide 171 . Regular taxis Fares are ￦1. It may be better to let the driver know your destination.400 won toll.900 for the ﬁrst 2 km and 100 won for each additional 144 meters. There are two types. Taxi stands are ubiquitous around the cities. To stop the bus at your destination.800.000 won. Ask someone to write It down for you to hand him as you board. Hotel staff can assist in choosing the correct bus and bus stop for your destination. If the taxi is going 15 kilometer per hour or less. City express coaches called jwaseok buses stop less frequently and travel more rapidly through congested areas. the charge is 100 won per each 35 seconds. plus a 7. The bus system is so extensive that buses go virtually everywhere in every city. Daegu and Gwangju. Subway There are excellent subway train systems in Seoul. Since bus signs are written only in Hangeul.000 won for the jamsil area (although it could be higher in heavy trafﬁc).City Buses The bus system differs slightly from city to city in Korea.000 or a transportation card. Station names. The fare between Incheon International Airport and downtown Seoul is usually around 45. Incheon. and both are numbered according to routes. Busan. Fares can be paid as you board with ￦1. ﬁnding the right bus can be confusing for the ﬁrst-time visitor. push one of the stop buttons located along the interior of the bus as you approach your stop.
Subway Map Seoul 172 Let’s go Korea! .
Korea Tour Guide 173 .
Subway Map Busan Other Cities Daegu 174 Let’s go Korea! .
Daejeon Gwangju Korea Tour Guide 175 .
com 82-2-3672-3113 www.beewonguesthouse. called minbak in Korean. Spanish.kr www.guesthouse-homestay.travelersa.angukhouse. There are many families who are willing to share their home and lifestyle with foreigners and in turn.com www. refrigerator.com 82-2-3136-2503 www.heyguesthouse. Convenient facilities such as microwave oven.com 82-2-948-8810 82-2-762-7406 82-2-752-6363 82-2-336-9026 82-2-927-5546 www. An-guk Guesthouse Arirang Gusethouse Beewon Guesthouse Guesthouse Korea Happy Road Guesthouse HEY Guesthouse Holiday in Korea Guesthouse Hostel Korea Myong Dong Guesthouse Namsan Guesthouse Seoul Backpackers Stay Korea Traveler’s A Young Home 82-2-736-8304 82-2-765-0670 www.com www.seoulbackpackers. one can experience various cultures and languages with friends from many countries in a friendly atmosphere.namsanguesthouse. 176 Let’s go Korea! . is a great way to experience Korean culture ﬁrsthand. French.000 per night). gas range.holidayinkorea.com 82-2-2285-5511 www.guesthouseinkorea. Host families are available who speak English. Also.Accommodations Guest Houses for Backpackers For foreign tourists visiting Korea.ihappyroad.com www. TV. and German.com Homestays A homestay. washing machine.co.com www. Japanese.com 82-2-3675-2205 www. PC are available for use and complimentary breakfast will be served. air conditioner.000-40. learn about foreign culture and form international friendships. guest houses offer quality lodging services at low prices (around ￦15.mdguesthouse.guesthouseinseoul.com 82-2-3672-0579 www. Chinese.hostelkorea.staykorea.com 82-2-3672-1972 www.com 82-2-3672-3113 www.
com www.suaedang.000 per room (breakfast included). Woorichip Guest House.co. laundary service.kr LEX Youth Korea Tel 82-2-538-9660 Fax 82-2-568-6738 www. tea ceremony.or.com Korea Youth Exchange Promotion Association Tel 82-2-2665-6717 Fax 82-2-2665-6312 www.kr Korea Tour Guide 177 .000 per room (breakfast. All furniture.seoul110. rates are under ￦100.or.jeonjutour.kr www. but for most others.kr Hanok Stays Visitors also can stay at a hanok (traditional Korean house). It is a good opportunity for overseas visitors to experience traditional lifestyle. labo@labo.Go Homestay Tel 82-2-6092-8147 Fax 82-2-6092-8150 www. rates are over ￦150.teaguesthouse.co.kr LABO Korea Tel: 82-2-736-0521 Fax 82-2-359-0527 www. For Rakkojae.com www.bukchon72.kyepa.co. Traditional sleeping pads and quilts are provided.or.friends-house.kr www. windows and interior structures are reproductions of a traditional Korean house. email@example.com. and Saehwagwan and Yansajae in Jeonju are located inside a hanok village.com www.or.com www.net www.kr. Seoul Guest House. house made spirit included). Jirye Artists’ Colony and Suaedang in Andong have beautiful natural surroundings.gohomestay.labostay.jirye.com firstname.lastname@example.org. Tea Guesthouse in Seoul. Bukchon Guest house Friends House Jirye Artists’ Colony Rakgojae Saehwagwan Seoul Guest House Suaedang Tea Guesthouse Woorichip Guest House Yangsajae 82-2-743-8530 82-2-3673-1515 82-54-857-2590 82-2-742-3410 82-63-287-6300 82-2-745-0057 82-54-822-6661 82-2-3675-9877 82-2-744-0536 82-63-282-4959 www.com www. Rakgojae.
Korea Youth Hostel Association (02)725-3031 (02)725-3113.kr District Seoul Name Dreamtel International Seoul Olympic Parktel Ganghwa Kanghwa Namsan Yuseong Gwangsangu Busan Arpina Bearstown Blumonte Gangchon Goyang Greencamp Home Bridge Cabin Home Bridge Hillside Iryeong Shalom Kimpo Riding Club Korean Folk Village Kwanglim Seminar House Sangcheon Eden Songchu Yangji Pine Chiaksan Dreamland Dunnae East Seoul Respia Hyundai Seong-U Mt. (02)2667-0535 (02)319-1318 (02)410-2114 (032)933-8891 (032)934-7777 (042)822-9591 (062)943-4378 (051)740-3212 (031)532-2534 (031)472-8106 (033)262-1201 (031)962-9578 (031)582-5304 (031)320-8841 (031)320-8849 (031)835-0057 (031)835-8011 (031)987-1110 (031)285-6994 (031)544-0515 (031)581-3900 (031)871-4900 (031)338-2001 (033)732-1600 (033)343-6487 (033)732-4282 (033)340-3000 (033)263-1151 (033)636-7115 (033)430-7847 (033)332-7501 (033)344-3456 Fax. www. which is much cheaper than any other accommodations.or. They offer reasonably priced rooms for economy-minded travelers and students.000. All are members of the Korea Youth Hostel Association.Accommodations Youth Hostels There are 69 youth hostels in Korea. (02)2667-0744 (02)319-1314 (02)410-2101 (032)933-9335 (032)934-7782 (042)823-9965 (062)943-4379 (051)740-3205 (031)540-5075 (031)472-8106 (031)262-1204 (031)962-9579 (031)582-3324 (031)320-9747 (031)320-8843 (031)835-0067 (031)855-7085 (031)987-2978 (031)286-4051 (031)544-0519 (031)581-3900 (031)876-4144 (031)338-7897 (033)732-6888 (033)343-6487 (033)732-4282 (033)340-3171 (033)263-9692 (033)636-7107 (033)671-4620 (033)332-8003 (033)345-7812 Location Gangseo-gu Jung-gu Songpa-gu Ganghwa-gun Ganghwa-gun Yuseong-gu Gwangsan-gu Haeundae-gu Pocheon-gun Anyang Yangju-gun Goyang Gapyeong-gun Yongin Yeoncheon-gun Gapyeong-gun Yangju-gun Gimpo Yongin Pocheon-gun Gapyeong-gun Yangju-gun Yongin Wonju Pyeongchang-gun Sokcho Jaecheon Hongcheon-gun Sokcho Hongcheon-gun Pyeongchang-gun Hongcheon-gun Incheon Daejeon Gwangju Busan GyeonggiImjingang do Gangwon.kyha.000-25. Seorak Naksan Pyeong Chang Utopia Tel.Kiwa do 178 Let’s go Korea! . The charge for one night ranges from about ￦12.
Haeun do Hallyeo IL_yang Jeung Pyeong Namhae Beach Vill Seogwipo JEJU C&P Jeju Fitness Town Jejusi Myeongdoam Jeju-do Korea Tour Guide 179 .Gyeongju Four Season sangbokGyeongju Jeil do Hangukgwan Tohamsan Cheonghak-dong Chungjuho Woraksan Geoje Mungyeong Saejae Gyeong.Vivaldi Park Yongpyeong Hostel Sobaeksan Sokrisan i-Sarang Suanbo Sajo Maeul Yellimwon Cheonan Sangnok Gongju Gyeryongsan Gapsa Samjeong Buyeo Gohanggun Seonunsan Gyeokpo Chaeseokgang Jirisan Moaksan Haenam Suncheon Bulguksa Chilgok Joil Dongyang (033)732-3700 (033)335-5757 (043)421-5555 (043)542-5799 (043)846-7661 (043)542-9992 (041)560-9011 (041)852-1212 (041)856-4666 (041)835-3102 (063)561-3333 (063)583-1234 (063)625-1961 (063)548-4401 (061)533-0170 (061)755-5522 (054)746-0826 (054)971-0602 (054)748-6577 (054)743-2202~5 (054)746-0086 (054)746-4761 (054)571-1988 (054)777-5522 (055)867-4510 (043)651-7001 (055)632-7977 (055)637-4950 (055)384-0068 (055)867-4510 (043)846-9200 (043)836-4877 (055)867-4848 (064)739-0114 (064)784-7701 (064)799-8811 (064)721-8233 (033)435-8304 (033)335-6600 (043)421-3860 (043)543-3634 (02)3446-7144 (043)542-9991 (041)560-9019 (041)852-1240 (041)856-4666 (041)835-3791 (063)561-3448 (063)584-8098 (063)625-1961 (063)548-4403 (061)532-1730 (061)755-6298 (054)746-7805 (054)353-6572 (054)748-7624 (054)743-2206 (054)746-4215 (054)745-0001 (054)571-1990 (054)777-5526 (055)867-4216 (043)651-7004 (055)632-4806 (055)633-7840 (055)384-5545 (055)867-4261 (043)845-9107 (043)836-4806 (055)867-4850 (064)739-7552 (064)784-5810 (064)799-8821 (064)721-8235 Pyeongchang-gun Pyeongchang-gun Boeun-gun Boeun-gun Jaecheon Jeungpyeong-gun Cheonan Gongju Gongju Buyeo-gun Gochang-gun Buan-gun Namwon Gimjae Haenam-gun Suncheon Gyeongju Chilgok-gun Gyeongju Gyeongju Gyeongju Gyeongju Mungyeong Gyeongju Hadong-gun Hadong-gun Yangsan Geoje Yangsan NamHae-gun Geoje Namhae-gun Geoje Jeju-do Jeju-do Jeju-do Jeju-do Chung cheongbuk-do Chung cheongnam-do Jeollabuk-do Jeollanam-do Gyeong.Geoje Haewanaru sangnam.
dining and accommodations. but the KTO’s TIC is open every day from 9 am to 8 pm On the Web. shopping. They provide city maps. The hours of operation differ some what around the country.kr Region TIC KTO Tourist Information Center Seoul City Tourist Information Center Itaewon Myeong-dong Telephone 02-729-9997/9 02-731-6337 02-3785-0942 02-757-0088 02-2236-9135 02-752-1913 02-756-0045 02-6282-0600 02-735-5678 032-743-2600/3 051-973-2800 051-463-5783 051-465-3471 054-772-3843 054-746-4747 054-772-9289 064-742-8866 064-758-7181 064-739-1330 Seoul Dongdaemun Market Namdaemun Market Deoksugung Palace Seoul Express Bus Terminal Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Infonet Incheon Incheon International Airport Gimhae International Airport Busan Busan Railroad Station Busan International Passenger Terminal Gyeongju Railroad Station Gyeongju Bulguksa Temple Gyeongju Express Bus Terminal Jeju International Airport Jeju-do Jeju Port Passenger Terminal Jungmun Tourist Center 180 Let’s go Korea! .Travel Information Centers Information and assistance are readily available at the KTO’s Tourist Information Center (TIC) or at information counters in international airports and at major tourist sites.or.visitkorea. visit www. brochures and information on tours.
Organization: 40 Cheonggyecheonno. Seoul Busan Gwangju Chungcheongnam-do Gyeongsangnam-do Jeju-do 02 051 062 041 055 064 Incheon Ulsan Gyeonggi-do Chungcheongbuk-do Jeollanam-do 032 Daejeon 052 Daegu 031 Gangwon-do 043 Gyeongsangbuk-do 061 Jeollabuk-do 042 053 033 054 063 Tourist Complaint Center Visitors to Korea who experience any inconveniences or who simply want to offer some advice should call or write to the Tourist Complaint Center operated by the Korea Tourism. press the area code for that region before pressing 1330. If you want information about another region. 100-180. Reservations are usually required. Seoul. Visit www. just dial 1330 and a billngual operator will help you. Jung-gu. Fax 02-777-0102) Goodwill Guide The KTO Goodwill Guide Service provides interpretation assistance as part of its free tour guide service. com Korea Tour Guide 181 . but this can be very helpful if you need special help of any kind in Korea.goodwillguide.1330 Korea Travel Phone When you need English assistance or travel information. Korea (Tel 02-735-0101.
airport.korail.kr www.knps.go.kr english.daejeon.go.Contact Government Korea.go.kr www.go.daegu.kumhorent.avis.or.ulsan.or.koreanair.immigration.visitseoul.busan.kr us.kr/inpia_en english.kr 82-2-2665-6717 82-2-2011-1972 82-2-725-3031 Transportation Korean National Railroad Asiana Airlines Avis Rent A Car Korea Gimpo Airport Korean Air Kumho Rent A Car Incheon International Airport www.kr incheon.metro.airport.seoul.kr/english www.net 82-2-1577-1234 82-32-440-3009 82-51-120 82-42-600-3114 82-53-803-3265 82-52-229-2000 82-62-613-2114 182 Let’s go Korea! .kr 82-2-3981-800 82-2-500-9111~2 82-2-3704-9114 82-2-2100-2114 82-31-467-1700 Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade www.nvrqs.go.mofat.net 82-2-7299-600 82-31-441-8511 82-2-2171-2461 Accommodations Homestay Korea Temple Stay Korea Youth Hostel Korea www.kr english.com www.com/en www.templestay.go.or.go.gjcity.go.kr eng.kr english.net www.korea.kr eng.com www.visitkorea.kr/eng/airport 82-2-1544-7788 82-2-1588-8000 82-2-862-2847 82-2-2600-2114 82-2-1588-2001 82-2-797-7000 82-2-1577-2600 Cities & Provinces Seoul Metropolitan Government Incheon Busani Daejeon Daegu Ulsan Gwangju metro.kr/eng gimpo.kr www.co.or.kr www.kr Travel Korea Tourism Organization Korean National Parks Authority Seoul Culture and Tourism www.kyepa.co.Net Korean Immigration Service Ministry of Culture & Tourism National Quarantine Service www.mcst.ﬂyasiana.go.com kyha.
co.gsnd.go.kr 82-31-249-2114 82-33-254-2011 82-42-255-9104 82-43-220-4674 82-53-959-0114 82-55-211-2114 82-61-247-0011 82-63-280-2114 82-64-710-2114 Culture Kimchi Museum Korea House Korea Taekwondo Association Korean National Heritage Online NANTA National Museum of Korea Seoul Art Center Seoul Selection WorknPlay www.kr 82-2-6002-6456 82-2-2266-9101~3 82-2-420-4271 82-42-481-4650 82-2-739-8288 82-2-2077-9000 82-2-580-1400 82-2-734-9565 82-2-568-7536 News & Media Arirang TV KBS Korea Herald Korea Times MBC SBS Yonhap News www.jeonnam.cbtour.kr www.kr www.gwd.heritage.or.kimchimuseum.kr/eng www.kr www.kr www.go.org www.museum.gbtour.go.go.co.arirang.i-pmc.net www.kr www.go.imbc.worknplay.co.com www.yskli.koreataekwondo.kr www.koreatimes.co.jeonbuk.co.gg.Gyeongi-do Gangwon-do Chungcheongnam-do Chungcheongbuk-do Gyeongsangbuk-do Gyeongsangnam-do Jeollanam-do Jeollabuk-do Jeju-do english.kr www.co.com www.mest.go.chungnam.co.sac.kbs.kr nanta.kr 82-2-3475-5000 82-2-781-1000 82-2-1588-0533 82-2-724-2715 82-2-789-0011 82-2-2640-3000 82-2-398-3114 Education Ministry of Education Science and Technology Younsei University Korea Language Institute www.kr www.or.co.kr www.kr www.kr english.kr/en www.jeju.co.go.net english.net english.kr www.yonhopnews.kous.seoulselection.sbs.provin.com 82-2-6222-6060 822-2123-8550~2 Korea Tour Guide 183 .kr eng.net www.koreaherald.
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