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DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB

INPUT DATAS :

(SIMPLY SUPPORTED ON FOUR EDGES )

( I.S METHOD )

1 ) LONGER SPAN OF THE SLAB ( Ly ) = 2 ) SHORTER SPAN OF THE SLAB ( Lx ) = 3 ) LIVE LOAD = 4 ) WEIGHT OF FLOOR FINISH = 5 ) WIDTH OF BEARING = 6 ) EFFECTIVE COVER = 7 ) GRADE OF CONCRETE = 8 ) GRADE OF STEEL =

6 5 2 1.5 400 25 M15 Fe250

m m KN/m2 KN/m2 mm mm

DESIGN STEPS :
PERMISSIBLE STRESSES :
1 ) PERMISSIBLE BENDING STRESS IN CONCRETE ( scbc ) = 2 ) PERMISSIBLE TENSILE STRESS IN STEEEL ( sst ) =

5 140

N/mm2 N/mm2

DESIGN CONSTANTS :
1) 2) 3) 4) MODULAR RATIO ( m ) = MOMENT CONSTANTS ( k ) = NEUTRAL AXIS DEPTH FACTOR ( J ) = MOMENT CO-EFFICIENT ( R ) =

18.667 0.4 0.867 0.867

PRELIMINARY DIMENSIONS :
1) 2) 3) 4) OVER ALL DEPTH ( D ) = EFFECTIVE DEPTH ( d ) = EFFECTIVE SPAN OF THE SLAB ( Ly ( eff ) ) = EFFECTIVE SPAN OF THE SLAB ( Lx ( eff ) ) =

170 145 6145 5145

mm mm mm mm

LOAD CALCULATIONS :
1 ) DEAD LOAD FROM SLAB = 2 ) FLOOR FINISH = 3 ) LIVE LOAD = 4 ) TOTAL DESIGN LOAD =

4.25 1.5 2 7.75

KN/m KN/m KN/m KN/m

DETERMINATION OF CO-EFFICIENTS :
1 ) RATIO ' Ly / Lx ' = 2 ) ENTER THE VALUES TO BE INTERPOLATED TO FIND COEFFICIENT ' a X ' FROM CODE

1.19
Ly / Lx

ax
0.084 0.083 0.093

1.2 1.19 1.3

3 ) ENTER THE VALUES TO BE INTERPOLATED TO FIND COEFFICIENT ' a y ' FROM CODE

Ly / Lx

ay
0.059 0.059 0.055

1.2 1.19 1.3

BENDING MOMENTS :
1 ) MOMENT IN THE DIRECTION ( Ly ) = 2 ) MOMENT IN THE DIRECTION ( Lx. ) =

12103876.2 N.mm 17027486.8 N.mm

CHECK FOR DEPTH :


1 ) REQUIRED EFFECTIVE DEPTH ( dreq ) =

150

mm

UNSAFE IN DEPTH CHECK LET US TAKE,


1) ENTER THE DESIRED EFFECTIVE DEPTH IF REQUIRED = 2 ) EFFECTIVE DEPTH ( d ) = 3 ) OVERALL DEPTH ( D ) =

0 150 175

mm mm mm

CALCULATION FOR FINDING A st : SHORTER SPAN :


1 ) AREA OF STEEL AT TENSION ( Ast ) = 2 ) MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT ( Ast ( MIN ) ) = 3) SELECT THE DIA OF MAIN BAR = 4 ) SPACING OF MAIN BARS =

935.22 262.5 10 80

mm2 mm2 mm mm C/C

LONGER SPAN :
1 ) AREA OF STEEL AT TENSION ( Ast ) = 2 ) MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT ( Ast ( MIN ) ) = 3) SELECT THE DIA OF MAIN BAR = 4 ) SPACING OF MAIN BARS =

712.28 262.5 10 110

mm2 mm2 mm mm C/C

REINFORCEMENT DETAILS :
10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @160 mm c/c 175 mm 10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @80 mm c/c

10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @110 mm c/c

400 mm Lx = 5000 mm

10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @220 mm c/c 175 mm 10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @110 mm c/c

10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @80 mm c/c

400 mm Ly = 6000 mm

MXIMUM PERMISSIBLE BENDING STRESS IN CONCRETE ( s cbc ) :


M10 M15 M20 M25 M30 M35 M40 M45

8.5

10

11.5

13

14.5

MXIMUM PERMISSIBLE TENSILE STRESS IN STEEL ( s st ) :


Fe250 Fe415 Fe500

140

230

275

MXIMUM SHEAR STRESS :( t c(max) )


M15 M20 M25 M30 M35 M40 M45 M50

1.6

1.8

1.9

2.2

2.3

2.5

2.5

2.5

YEILD STRENGTH FOR STEEL BARS :


Fe250 Fe415 Fe500

250

415

500

MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT:
Fe250 Fe415 Fe500

0.15

0.12

0.12

M50

16

EFF SPAN LY + b LY + d LX + b LX + d

6400 6145 5400 5145

DEPTH d = d = SPACING 300 3xd scacing act 300 3xd scacing act

150 150

300 450 80 300 420 110

rod details short span Lx = 5000 mm 10 mm , 10 mm , 400 mm 10 mm , 175 mm 10 mm , Ly = 6000 mm

Lx = 5000 mm Fe250 RODS @ Fe250 RODS @ 400 mm Fe250 RODS @

160 mm c/c 80 mm c/c 110 mm c/c

10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @160 mm c/c 10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @80 mm c/c

10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @110 mm c/c 175 mm

Fe250

RODS @

220 mm c/c

10 mm ,Fe250 RODS @220 mm c/c

Ly = 6000 mm

e250 RODS @160 mm c/c e250 RODS @80 mm c/c

e250 RODS @110 mm c/c

e250 RODS @220 mm c/c