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Human Biocultural Evolution

Human Biocultural Evolution

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Published by Taqbir Talha
it's a work on Human Biocultural Evolution
it's a work on Human Biocultural Evolution

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Published by: Taqbir Talha on Jun 27, 2013
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Core 2651 THE CULTURED APE Winter 2009 Overview of Human Evolutionary History; The Conceptual Basis of Evolutionary

Psychology I. Slide Show: An Overview of Human Biocultural Evolution A. We’re tracking the rise of the “Cultured Ape” (i.e., modern humans) from human beginnings 6-8 million years ago. B. We’re not concerned with how this happened—although we have a very good idea— only that it did. C. We’re mostly interested in what the pattern of our biological and cultural evolution implies about the nature of our psychological and social biases and predispositions. II. The Conceptual Basis of Evolutionary Psychology as a Field of Inquiry (Pinker, chapters 3-5, especially pp. 51-58) A. Mind Modularity 1. innate, “domain-specific” programs; e.g., “epigenetic rules” or mechanisms for language acquisition (Pinker, chapter 3), predator avoidance (fear of snakes—see Wilson, p. 21), incest avoidance (Wilson, p. 23), etc. * Epigenetic Rules: Hereditary regularities or biases in the growth of individual minds and behavior (Wilson, p. 21, p. 24) 2. limited brain plasticity (Pinker, pp. 83-102) a. cortex responds to environment b. sub-cortex is relatively stable (p. 89) B. Proximate vs. Ultimate causation (Pinker, p. 54). C. Adaptation by Natural Selection to the Ancestral EEA (Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness) * EEA: is not a specific place or time. Rather, it is a set of “composite selection pressures” that stimulated specific adaptive responses by our human ancestors, which form the hereditary regularities that constitute human nature.

p. Mismatch between Stone Age Minds and Space Age Environments. cravings for fat and sugar 3. including a. . p. in the EEA) 5. “tribal” instincts 4. 23. * Biopsychological Unity of Humankind: Pinker on Boas. “risky sex” by both males and females 2. or “call 911”. female preferences for well-resourced males (“sugar daddies”) c. of human behavior to meet the social challenges of modern environments (Pinker. p. see Appendix). 58). E. male preferences for younger females (“trophy wives”) b. if not Changeability. passion for technology? D. F. 55-58. certain reproductive imperatives. Universality of some behaviors (Brown’s “Universal People”)—suggests a “common logic across cultures” (Pinker. Adjustability. p. thirst for revenge (couldn’t call upon social institutions. 73.* The EEA—arguably—produced the following adaptive responses among human ancestors 1.

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