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A320_71-80V2500JARB1

A320_71-80V2500JARB1

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AMM Starter Valve Test ata 80-13-51 p507

Page:350

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:351

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

R
E
T
U
R
N
F
A
U
L
T
D
E
T
E
C
T
E
D

/F
M
U
T
E
S
T

Page:351

Figure177

Starter Valve Test via CFDS

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:352

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

CRANKING−DESCRIPTION

Air Supply

The air necessary for the starting comes from the duct connecting engine
bleed and the precooler..
The air necessary for the starter is supplied by either:

Sthe other engine through the crossbleed system

Sthe APU and in that case, all the air bled from the APU is used for

starting

San external source able to supply a pressure between 30 and 40 psig.

Dry Cranking ( Test No 1 )

Requirement
A dry motoring of the engine will be needed when:

Sit is necessary to eliminate any fuel accumulated in the combustion
chamber

S a leak ckeck of engine systems is needed.

To perform this operation, the starter is engaged and the engine is motored but
the HP fuel shut off valve remains closed and both ignition systems are OFF.

An engine dry motoring can be performed for a maximum of three
consecutive cycles (2 of 2 minutes and 1 of 1 minute with a cooling
period of 15 seconds between each cycles).
After three cycles or 4 minutes of continuous cranking, stop for a
cooling period of 30 minutes.

Page:352

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:353

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

PULL C/B: HP FUEL SOV

CHECK STARTER AIR PRESSURE

PUT MODE SELECTOR
TO ‘CRANK‘ POSITION

PUSH ‘MAN START‘ PB TO ‘ON‘

MONITOR INDICATIONS

RELEASE ‘MAN START‘ PB TO OFF

PUT MODE SELECTOR
TO ‘NORM‘ POSITION

PUSH C/B: HP FUEL SOV

LP FUEL SOV OPENS (ECAM WARNING)

ECAM ENG START PAGE APPEARS

MIN. 30 PSI

START VALVE OPENS

N2 AND N1 COMES INTO VIEW

N2, N1 AND OIL PRESSURE MUST
INCREASE

AFTER MAX. 2 MINUTES

ECAM ENG START PAGE
DISAPPEARS

LP FUEL SOV CLOSES

NORM

PUSH ONE L/H BOOST PUMP P/B
TO ‘ON‘

BOOST PUMP STARTS TO RUN

START VALVE CLOSES,ENGINE INDICATIONS
−BACK TO ‘0‘

Page:353

Figure178

Dry Cranking Procedure

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:354

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

WET CRANKING

Wet Cranking ( Test No 2 )

A wet motoring will be needed when the integrity of the fuel system has to
be checked.
If such a test is performed, both ignition systems are off ( also pull the circuit
breakers) and the starter is engaged to raise N2 up to the required speed of
20%.
The MASTER control switch is moved to ON and the exhaust nozzle of the
engine carefully monitored to detect any trace of fuel. On the ECAM the FF
indication shows approx. 180kg initial fuel flow.

When the MASTER control switch will be returned to the OFF position to
shut-off the fuel , also the starter valve closes . The EEC automatically
reengages the starter at 10% N2 and the engine should be motored for at
least 60 seconds to eliminate entrapped fuel or vapor.

The motoring can be performed for a maximum of three consecutive
cycles (2 of 2 minutes and 1 of 1 minute with a cooling period of 15
seconds between each cycles).
After three cycles or 4 miutes of continuous cranking, stop for a cooling
period of 30 minutes.

Page:354

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:355

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

CHECK STARTER AIR PRESSURE

PUT MODE SELECTOR
TO ‘CRANK‘ POSITION

PUSH ‘MAN START‘ PB TO ‘ON‘

MONITOR INDICATIONS

ECAM ENG START PAGE APPEARS

MIN. 30 PSI

START VALVE OPENS

N2 AND N1 COMES INTO VIEW

N2, N1 AND OIL PRESSURE MUST
INCREASE

PUSH ONE L/H BOOST PUMP P/B
TO ‘ON‘

BOOST PUMP STARTS TO RUN

WHEN N2 SPEED IS >20%

PUT ENG MASTER SWITCH TO ‘ON‘

FUEL FLOW INDICATION INCREASES

PULL IGNITION SYSTEM C/B‘S (5)

AFTER 10−20 SECONDS

PUT ENG MASTER SWITCH TO ‘OFF‘

FUEL FLOW INDICATION GOES TO ‘0‘
START VALVE CLOSES

WHEN N2 SPEED REACHES 10% THE EEC RE−ENGAGES THE STARTER

AFTER 60 SECONDS MOTORING

RELEASE ‘MAN START‘ PB TO OFF

PUT MODE SELECTOR
TO ‘NORM‘ POSITION

ECAM ENG START PAGE
DISAPPEARS

START VALVE CLOSES,ENGINE INDICATIONS
−BACK TO ‘0‘

NORM

DO NOT PULL C/B: HP FUEL SOV

Page:355

Figure179

Wet Cranking Procedure

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:356

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

AUTOMATIC START

The automatic start mode gives the EEC full control to automatically sequence
the starter air valve, ignition relays and the fuel on / off torque motor. Upon re-
ceipt of the appropriate start command signals from the engine interface unit
( EIU ) , the EEC commands , in sequence:

Sthe starter air valve

Signition exiter relay(s),

−alternatively selected for each ground start
−both selected for inflight or manual starts

Sfuel on function of the torque motor which opens the shutoff valve.

During a normal start, the starter air valve and ignition exciter are automatically
turned off by the EEC at a predetermined N2 speed of 43%
Starter assist will be comanded by the EEC for inflight starts at low MACH
numbers where windmilling conditions are insufficient for engine starting.
(The EEC has input data necessary to activate starter assist function where
necessary.)

NOTE:IN CASE A AUTO START IS INITIATED AND ONE THRUST LEVER
IS NOT IN IDLE POSITION A ECAM WARNING IS TRIGGERT. THE
START SEQUENCE WILL CONTIUE AND THE ENGINE WILL AC-
CELERATE TO THE TRUST LEVER POSITION.

EEC AUTO START ABBORT

The autostart procedure commences only when the engine is not running, the
mode selector set to IGN/START and the master switch is ON.
Intermittent mode selector position or manual start push button switch selection
has no effect on autostart sequence once the autostart procedure is initiated.
Switching the master switch OFF during an autostart will close the fuel and
starter air valves and turn the ignition system off.It also resets the EEC.

The automatic start abort function is only available when N2 speed is below
43% and in case of:

SStart valve failure

SIgnition failure

SPressure Raising Shut Off Valve failure

SHot start

SHung start

SSurge

SEGT >250 deg C when restart (max 2 min)

SLoss of EGT

NOTE:THE OIL PRESSURE IS NOT MONITORED DURING AUTO START

The EEC automatically shuts off fuel, ignition, and starter air and provides the
appropriate fault indication to the cockpit. (Auto Start Fault)
Autostart fault messages will be displayed until approximately idle speed.

The EEC’s ability to shut off fuel is inhibited above 43% N2 on the
ground and at all conditions inflight. In case of an automatic start abort,
the EEC re−opens the start valve when reaching 10% N2 for a 30 second
dry motoring cycle to clear fuel vapor and to cool the engine.
Then the operator has to select the Master switch to the OFF position by
a command indicated on the ECAM page ( ”Master lever OFF ” ).
The operator then has to decide to perform a new engine start or trouble-
shoot the system.

Page:356

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:357

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

Panel 115 VU

−Turn Mode Selector to IGNSTART
Position

ECAM ENG Start Page is displayed, the airpreessure
( HP−Connection or APU ) must be 30−40 psi.

ENG

1

Panel 115 VU

−Set the ENG−MASTER switch to ON

On the ENG Start Page:

− the starter valve symbole goes in line (open)

After 30 seconds:

-the A or B IGN indication comes in to view
-the FUEL FLOW indication 180KG/H comes into
view
-the EGT rises (max. 20 sec. after FF).

NORM

NORM

Upper ECAM

−MONITOR: EPR, N1, N2, EGT, FF

−at 43% N2 the starter valve symbole must
go to cross line (closed)
− IGN OFF
−Check Oil Pressure min. 60psi.
−record the start EGT (R/U sheet)

Panel 115 VU

−Turn Mode Selector to NORM

NORM

ENG

1

( The Pack valves also ”Close” )

Page:357

Figure180

Automatic Start Procedure

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:358

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

MANUAL START

The engine manual start panel, used for manual start, is located on the over-
head panel and is composed of two manual start push button switches (one per
engine).
The manual start mode limits the authority of the EEC so that the pilot can
sequence the starter, ignition and fuel on/off manually. This includes the ability
to dry crank or wet crank.

During manual Start operation, the EEC Auto Startabort feature is not
available and conventional monitoring of the start parameters is
required.

The EEC continues to provide fault indications to the cockpit.

The manual start procedure commences when the mode selector is set to:
IGN/START,
the manual start push button switch is set to ON and the master
switch is OFF.
The starter air valve is then commanded open by the EEC.
When the master switch is turned ON ( at 22% N2 ) during a manual start, both
ignitors are energized ( IGN A/B ) and fuel is turned on ( Intial FF 180 KG/H).
Intermittent mode selector position has no effect on the manual start sequence
once the manual start procedure is initiated.
The starter air valve can be closed by selecting the manual start push button
switch OFF at any time prior to turning the master switch ON.
Once the master switch is turned ON, the manual start push button switch has
no effect on the start.
When the master switch is turned OFF, the control commands the HP fuel
valve closed, the starter air valve closed and the ignitors off and the EEC is
resetted..

Page:358

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

STARTING
GENERAL

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530−A5

80−00

Page:359

FRA US/T Bu

August 2001

NORM

Panel 115 VU

Panel 122 VU

Turn MODE Selector to IGN / START

ECAM ENG START Page is displayed, the airpressure

−Turn MODE Selector to NORM

Position

( HP - Connection or APU ) must be 30 - 40 psi

Panel 122 VU

−Push the MAN START PB

− the blue ON light of this PB comes on.

On the ENG Start Page :
−the starter valve symbole goes in line (open).

−N2, Oilpressure and N1 must increase

NORM

Panel 115 VU

−after 30sec (> 22% N2):

set the ENG MASTER switch to
ON

ENG

1

−A and B indication comes in to view
( below IGN )

−FUEL FLOW indication 180KG/H

−EGT rise (max. 20 sec. after FF )

−at43% N2 the starter valve symbole must
go to cross line (closed)
− IGN OFF
−Check Oil Pressure min. 60psi.
−record the start EGT (R/U sheet)

NORM

ENG

1

Panel 122 VU

−release the MAN START PB

(−PACK VALVES closed )

Page:359

Figure181

Manual Start Procedure

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

Exhaust
Reverser System

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530-A5

78−30

Page: Page:360

FRA US/T BuAugust 2001

ATA 78 EXHAUST

REVERSER SYSTEM

Introduction

Description

The thrust reverser comprises a fixed inner and a movable outer ( translating )
assembly.
The translating cowl is moved by four hydraulically operated actuators which
are pressurized by the pumps mounted on each engine..
The air is discharged through cacades.
The reverser is controlled through the FADEC system from the cockpit by a
lever hinged to the corresponding throttle control lever-
The thrust reverser system comprises:

− a hydraulic control unit (HCU)
− four actuators with internal lock for lower actuators
− three flexible shafts
− two linear variable differential transformers located on each upper

actuator

− two proximity switches located on each lower actuator
− two thrust reverser cowls comprising a fixed structure and 2 trans-
lating sleeves latched together.

Page:360

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

Exhaust
Reverser System

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530-A5

78−30

Page: Page:361

FRA US/T BuAugust 2001

DRAG LINK

Page:361

Figure182

Thrust Reverser stowed / deployed

Lufthansa Technical Training

For Training Purposes Only

Exhaust
Reverser System

A319/A320/A321

IAE V2530-A5

78−30

Page: Page:362

FRA US/T BuAugust 2001

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