January 17th, 2011 GIS – geographic information system - modern day maps - powerful analysis techniques What is it?

-automated system for the capture, storage, retrieval analysis and display of spatial data ex. Google earth Made up of layers of data Vector – customers streets parcels Raster- elevation land usage Raster data – grid (pixels) Vector data – graph “Primitive” Data Types -points -lines -polygons -surfaces Points - aka “Nodes” -can represent anything - assigned either X or Y co-ordinate -attributes can be assigned (quantitative, qualitative) ex. Colour Lines -have length, no width -bounded by points (always ended by a point) -Attributes  length, flows, roads Polygons -“areas” -have lengths and widths -bounded by lines -Attributes  states, zones, bodies of water, footprint of building -convey spatial distributions Surfaces -polygons with a 3rd dimension -length, width and height (contours) -used to represent elevation ,volume, buildings

Surface. Proximity -Spatial Statistics  Nearest Neighbor. SQL server) -PC based (MS Access) -Other -Excel -GIS software -SPSS Software -Arc view. Spatial Autocorrelation. etc. Terrain -Spatial Analysis  Extract. -Network Analysis  cost analysis. RADAR) >aerial photography -Digitizing >using ground truthing GIS Data Storage -databases (table format) -server based (MYSQL. Interpolation. Google Earth GIS Data Analysis -3D Modelling  TIN. distance decay. Overlay. route layer -MOdeling . Oracle.-X.Y or Z co-ordinates Google Earth -contains all three primitive data types in free software where does the data come from? -“remote” sensing >satellite imagery (LIDAR.

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