ASHTANG YOGA

ASHTANG YOGA
By Swami Dwiroopanand (Dr. H. K. Gandhi in Past Life)
(All rights reserved by Author).

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By Swami Dwiroopanand

Comp. Page Set :
By Dr. H.K.GANDHI (USA) (Email : dwiroop@yahoo.com)

ART & SCIENCE OF GOOD HEALTH, WEALTH HAPPINESS & PERFECT SPIRITUAL LIFE.

Edition: Year:

1st. 1000 copies. 2008.

(Dr. H. K. Gandhi- in Past life)
ADHIATMA VIGYAN PRAKASHAN
C/O Vinod Bhatt Ph: Res. 2630-1891 (Mob: 98246-53043) Ahmedabad-380015.

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WITH MY NAMASKARA PREFACE: I DEDICATE THIS BOOK TO
Yoga and all Indian Scriptures teach, “Know and Unfold your divine Spiritual self within, Purify intellect, believe in equality of all human beings and universal brotherhood of mankind”. Let this book “Lighten a spark of transcendental living and spiritual understanding” in minds of all lost path religious leaders and short sighted egoistic political heads of various countries of the world. This Ashtang Yoga book is really, ‘Brahma Vidya and Yoga Shahtra’, described in the Gita. Any one can understand perfect laws of Mother Nature (Prakruti), with known facts of sciences. The laws of motion and gravity govern fine atoms in space and all gross material bodies on globe earth and entire universe in a wonderful and perfect manner.” Let this book become instrumental in bringing better understanding about Yoga, God and One religion of Global humanity, in present days of religious fanatism all around. I have suggested a plan of I.G.D.S. “God is Truth” and “Truth is God” Mahatma Gandhi has said. I hope this book will prove useful to all Yoga students and all open-minded Yoga teachers of any country or religion, who wish to learn about Eternal Religion in the first two steps of Yoga and how to Know, See and Unite with ‘One God of Universe’. (Before Starting this book, Please read Ch. No. 26, “Is God Fact or Fiction or Myth?” It indicates the final aim of Yoga Study, Self Meditaion and meaning of Samadhi). * * * * * I had closed my medical practice in India in 1981, and immigrated to USA with all my children. During this free period I was reading and writing my notes on Yoga, Vedanta and Gita in Gujarati language. During my interim visits of India, every two years, I used to publish one or two books in Gujarati. I wrote my first English book ‘ABC of Hinduism’ in 1988, and my next life mission book, “Mahatma Gandhi Ambassador of God” for Entire Mankind during 21st Century” in 1992.

MY LATE NANA AND NANI

Shri Ishverbhai Mahadevbhai Patel & Mrs. Revaben Ishverbhai Patel,
AND TO LATE FOUR MATERNAL UNCLES,

Naranmama, Dahyamama &

Parshotammama, Keshamama.

(OF NARODA, AHMEDABAD)

FOR THEIR LOVE AND FATHERLY CARE DURING MY CHILDHOOD & YOUNG DAYS.

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Many chapters of this ‘Ashtang Yoga or Raj Yoga of Patanjali’ book were ready by 1995. During last 14 years I was giving Free talks on Yoga and Gita and one day Yoga workshops to small interested groups in India and USA. I came to India this time in 2008 after 4 years. I was hesitating to publish this book as I wanted someone to read and edit the final manuscript. During last 4 months I could not find anybody even to read it once in India. There was no plan of publishing this book. But at last moment I thought, ‘this book will ever remain unpublished if I do not publish it this time’ due to my age (84), physical limitations and traveling alone in future. So I quickly edited its final copy myself, rearranged chapters as best as I could and gave it in the press. Thanks and Apologies. I thank, Editor of East-West Times, Orlando, FL, Vyominiben Bhatt, for publishing my articles on Ashtang Yoga regularly, since 2005. This has given me an opportunity to revise my scattered Yoga articles. I also thank Mr. Naresh B Shah of Padmavati Printing Press for giving his full co-operation in printing this book. I also thank, Mr Vinod Bhatt, of Adhiatma Vignan Prakashan for Publishing and marketing this book. Lastly, I ask for forgiveness from all readers and teachers for any mistakes and unwanted repetition of some topics and words in different chapters. My Namaste (salutations) to God dwelling in hearts of all people.

PLACE OF YOGA AND THE GITA IN HINDUISM.
(Refer also Chronology Charts) Short Story of Hinduism. Age of Vedas, Shruties, Smruties and Sanhitas; (7000 B. C. to 2500 B. C.) From the holy Mantra Om, emanate the Vedas, also called Shruties. Shruti means knowledge gained by ears and hearing or Audio-Knowledge. The early nomadic tribe of the Aryans in Eastern Europe, Turkey and NW parts of India had created the first 3 Vedas in Sanskrit, their spoken language. In Veda one observes there is worship of natural objects like, Sun (Surya) Moon (Chandra), Water (Varuna), Air and Wind (Vayu), Rain (Indra), River (Nadi), Mountain (Parvat), Fire (Agni), Land (Pruthvi) and domestic animals like cows, bulls etc., These were worshipped as Gods (Deva) and Goddesses (Devies). The prehistoric Aryans settled in North-Western Indian plains around the great rivers like Indus and other four. This area was called ‘Land of Five Rivers’ or Punch-aab. The name Punjab means five waters. The first Aryan King Manu dictated earliest socio-political constitution. This was the first political scripture of Manu Smruti. This is known as Indus valley cultural. The name India,, Hindu, Hindi etc. root from name of the river Sindhu (Indus), presently running in Pakistan. King Dasharatha and his son Rama of Ramayana epic are believed to be the 57th generation great grand sons of the first Sun worshipping Aryan King, Manu. Evolution of Upanishads, Darshans, Jainism and Buddhism. (2500 to 600. B. C.) Some independent thinker (Rishies), not happy with rules of Manu, migrated towards planes of the River Ganges. These thinkers created nearly 240 Upanishads and six Hindu Darshans by observing uniform effects of Vedic Gods (Natural Elements) on all creations in an equal and perfect manner. Many Yoga practices had developed for searching the inner Soul or Spirit. The Soul is responsible for Life on the Earth. It was called Brahaman in Vedic texts and Atman in Upanishads. Later it was called nameless THAT (Tat) in Darshans and the Gita. Soul is imperishable Spirit or one’s True Self. Later on the moon worshipping dynasties of Non-Aryan kings had started around the banks of river Ganges. One of them, a great King Bharat, established a big empire in North India.

Swami Dwiroopanand.
(Dr. H. K. Gandhi). Naroda, Ahmedabad, India. Date: 30-April, 2008.

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AIR. (Set-of 4 CDs of Isha Vasya Upanishad. Self Realization By Writing Autobiography: Sample of Dr. about 300 years after Lord Buddha. The word Dharma or Religion means Duty of a class of people in the 4 class system of Manu. ever changing perishable material body and world of material Objects. 5-CDs Nos. & Set of 10 CDs on Gita’s 4 Chapters Cost. Moksha. H. 2-CDs on Gita Ch-XV. 6 Cds on What is OM ? (Set-of 10 Cds of Youth Education. They are scriptures of worldly knowledge.& H). The 4 class socio-political system of first Aryan King Manu dictates privileges and punishments for four classes. Cost. Upanishads and Six Hindu Darshans. Yoga has always remained a popular way of religious and spiritual search in all religious subdivisions of India. Today Yoga has become very popular in the West and also in India. CDs Provide Sat-Sang in small groups with Sloka. Sankhya Darshan. Scientific study of Yoga imparts a worriless. Universal Space-Time. etc. Gandhi in Past Life. 1. Gujarati Audio-CDs. H. 3. Basic Human Rights in Gita.5. 40/ & with S. 16/. Purushottama Yoga (Set of 5 CDs on Yoga Cost. 3-CDs on Gita Ch-III. What is Spirituality? “Be Your self”. 3-CDs on Gita Ch-IX. Audio CDs By Swami Dwiroopanad: – Dr. Karma Yoga-Ch. Miscellaneous Audio Cds Introduction to Ashtang Yoga. (Set of 8 CDs of Karma Theory. achievements and successes (Siddhies). Rishi Patanjai perhaps lived during the 2nd cent. 3 Gita. Cds On Ashtang Yoga 6 Hours Work Shop’s Discourses.) More details in www.gandhigitadharm.000 years of Hinduism Overview. Infinite God can only be visualized (Seen) in an indirect manner by correct understanding of Self and mastering 8 steps of Yoga. $. CD No 1. (Einstein’s Theory). EARTH. SUMMARY:1. Different meanings of Karma. Its physical and mental benefits can be immediately perceived by any individual or patient of psychosomatic diseases like blood pressure.4. joint pains. $. Veda arise from OM. tensionless long life of great joy and inner happiness. Comparative world religions (5 CDs) (Single CD costs $ 4/ + S&H) 10. K. Introduction. The Soul and body are to be understood as separate elements by art of meditation in Yoga. The Gita discusses merits and limitations of 3 Veda.) 4 Audio CDs of Isha Vasya Upanishad. It brings a life of great joy. spiritual understanding and vision of formless God is possible.com. By Self Meditation (Adhiatma-Chintan) on Eternal imperishable Soul. BC(?). Many such ailments get cured in a short time by simple Yoga practices. FIRE. two royal princes Mahavira and Buddha (Siddhartha) started newer trends in religions. Vedant Darshan.) 8 Audio CDs on THEORY OF KARMA in Eastern Religions. Gita also preaches eternal (Sanatan) religion (real name of Hinduism). $. Email:dwiroop@yahoo. One God and art of Self knowledge. on Ashtang Yoga (Patanjali Yoga) (1995). He perfected earlier Yoga practices into a science and art of 8 steps (Ashtang-Yoga). WATER.3. Time & Karma Bondage. etc. backaches. Raj Yoga 2-CDs on Gita Ch-XII.com iv .2. 4. They declared that Non-violence must be the most important doctrine in all religious practices and rituals. This is only one Darshan out of six main Hindu Darshans.Karma Yoga. Bhakti Yoga. 20 /. insomnia.Inspired by these scriptures and Yoga practices.with S & H). Gita on Universal Time Space. $ 32/. Yoga Darshan of Patanjali. Vedas are the earliest scriptures of Hinduism. 2.with S & H. Hindu Trinity. 10 Audio CDs for Youth Education CD No 1 to 10 --(10. acidity. Bhajans & Arti. Buddhism & Hinduism on Karma. Nirvana and Kaivalya. Different 8 meanings of Dharma (religion). 3. Successes and Long Survival with Karma Yoga. Cures of asthma. Gandhi. 40/. In Vedas. $.. (Prakruti & Purush). Is God a fact or fiction? My Divine Experience. heart diseases and diseases like cancer are also claimed. K. Introduction to Gita. MOON..with S & H. In the Gita 18 different Yogas are described. 2. Jainism. there is worship of natural elements like SUN. Isha Vasya Upanishad. the root (mool) mantra or sound of human speech.

Rig. charts and try to summarize the subject into few pages. This is a painful situation artfully created by unwise priests in the name of religions and God. and people forget the basic issues leading to poverty. determined. Kaira. He will always try to reach to the bottom of the subject he will get interested into. Dantali. in the interest of the people and the future generations. when he is flashing red signals towards some age-old wrong beliefs. P O. Recently tries to correlate religion with sciences. OM VEDA ERA of 2500 BC of Aryans Upnishd ERA 2000 BC Age of Rishies 1000 BC H I N D U I S M MANU SMRUTI AND SAMHITAS DEVELOP. BC period. politics. graphs. praiseworthy and worth welcoming step in this direction. There is a neglect of practical problems of daily life. it leads to foolish fanatic behavior. Age periods of evolution of world religions & thought streams in Hinduism. I pray God that our society may receive many useful and inspiring books. In final portions of Vedas we see start of Upanishad Dr. blind faiths. myth propagation and fruitless imaginations. The clarity of his thinking. Gandharva Artha Veda Develop in later ages. The 4 CLASS SYSTEM IN HINDUISM STARTED 240 UPANISHAD DEVELOP-ISHA. nor he ignores the element of faith (Shraddha) required in religion. but when this crosses a limit. Dr. Aur. We are worshipping mortal hypocrite human individuals instead of God. A mystical type of religious philosophy has been prevalent in India. or any other subject. I have noted one important aspect of his nature. Society and individuals get misguided. Sometimes he is bitter and harsh in his criticism. only in last 8 centuries. Gandhi should come forward to catch the bull by horns. May it be the Gita. and the fearlessness of his presentation are all obvious to the reader.BLESSINGS:- Swami Sachchidanandji. Later Atharva Veda was added. He has beautifully tried to inter mix diverse subjects. I am pleased to note that Dr. sociology and economics. INDIA. His science does not lead to atheism. It is but natural that unintelligent religious heads and their blind followers may start boiling with anger at such remarks. NYAYA. Upanishads. Ahmedabad. false fears and become worshippers of human beings. slavery and grief. Dist. Hari Om Tat Sat. Ends in 1947 thru leadership of Gandhiji. British Rule Start in 1758. Gujarat. This has made us poor. the wealth of people gets locked into temples and a few hands. useful. PETLAD. Gandhi has taken a bold. YOGA. KATH AND OTHERS SANKHYA. v . He is trying to link religion with science. In the name of religion. He prepares notes. (He is forgotten by the politicians & Indian people) H E B R SIX-Hindu Darshans E W Develop 600 BC 500 BC 2 to 300 BC 00000 Roots of Jainism & Buddhism lie in Upanishads and 6 Hindu Darshans R +++++++++++----+++++--+++++++------E C H R I S T I A N I T Y H I N D U I S M L I G ----------------++ 700 AD I O N 1000 AD 1200 AD 1500 AD I S L A M J A I N I S M B U D D H I S M 1800 AD -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1999 = (No Copy Right Charts by Swami Dwiroopanand)=1999. Bhakti Niketan Ashram. Era of 18 Hindu PURANAS of Brahma Vishnu and Shiva -6 for each Mystic Deity. & Saints & Bhaktas start many secular religions. ignorant and illiterate. For last fifteen years he resides in USA with his children. VAISHASHIK PURVA MIMAMSA & UTTAR MIMANSA VEDANTA DEVELOP RAMAYANA BY VALMIKI AND GITA & MAHABHARAT BY VEDA VYASA who lived during (mostly) the 500. They are taught to bear whatever comes as fate or fortune designed by God. Islamic Rule in India Four Acharyas. It is good that an individual and society be religious. live in false hopes. booklets and literature from him. Yajur and Sam Veda Develop. Dhanur. Religion is also a science. Gandhi has a positive and practical approach to problems in day to day life. false rituals and rigid traditions of religions. India. Box-19. truth coupled with reason. Gandhi practiced medicine in Naroda. More and more individuals like Dr.

Aryans and original residents of India fight. Darshans. Rule of King Akbar • Mira & Tulsidas. Hinduism is a non-prophet philosophy of attaining wisdom by search of self (Atma). RAMANUJA. which dictate the class laws of King Manu called Manu Smruti. YOGA BY PATANJALI. . D. Water. In early 3 Vedas there is worship of Natural Elements like sun. their King Manu dictated the doctrines of a four class socio-political system. They are also called religions. Air. VEDIC PERIOD. and Mogal dynesties rule India. in human form after Rama. THE 21st CENTURY NEEDS NEW LIGHT IN THE RELIGIOUS FIELD. VISHNU. PURANIC PERIOD. AND BRAHAMA ARE DESCRIBED IN THESE PURANAS. and the Gita. BC. 5000 BC. Vallabhacharya starts Vaishnivism. AND (6) VEDANT by Ved Vyasa. Islamic rule in India • For next 600 years. 1800 AD. • 18 Puranas(Mythology)scriptures develop during 2nd BC. DEVELOP.: Ghori. They suggest conflicts or wars between more civilized and less civilized people. To 3rd AD. • After the Vedas one observes development of Smruties. ? Krishna. Gandhi leads INDIA to freedom. 40 Years Rule of Nehru Dynasty in Democratic India. SMRUTI PERIOD.(All preach Dwaita Philosophy) 1492 AD. They have forgotten their duty of educating the poor people in villages of India. Rain.Bhagavatum became a popular Vishnu PURANA after 15th century A. Narsinha Mehta (in Gujarat). BC. Innumerable Prophets in Hinduism are seen only in recent centuries. LAYING STRESS on NONVIOLENCE IN RELIGION. MADHAVA. Lodi. ? VALMIKI RAMAYANA written in this age. KABIR. RAMA & KRISHNA are the 7th & 8th. and Ends in SELF by understanding the fixed laws of Mother nature. IMPORTANT DATE (CENTURY) OF WORLD RELIGIONS. Fire (Agni) and Rain Gods (Indra) were worshipped as Gods. PERIOD • Era of Islamic invasions in Europe and India start. These include the famous Six Hindu Darshans. only at one place. Yajur and Sam Vedas develop. Mythology enters Hinduism. • 600. They have started many secular Guru worshipping cults (sampradayas). Guru Nanak starts Shikh Religion 1757 AD. BC. Search of God Starts with SELF. 1500 AD. Swami Sahajananda Swaminarayana Religion in Gujarat. • WONDERFUL SPIRITUAL HINDU SCRIPTURES DEVELOP. 1200 AD. By this time in the Ganges regions. MOSTLY AFTER BUDDHA AND MAHAVIRA. 700 AD. Rig. 1900 AD..CHRONOLOGY OF HINDU SCRIPTURES. (2) NYAYA. • MAHAVIRA AND BUDDHA START TWO GREAT RELIGIONS IN INDIA. SANKHYA by Kapil. Rama was the 58th son in the dynasty of Manu. COLUMBUS DISCOVERS AMERICA AND VASCODE GAMA A SEA ROUTE TO INDIA. • 3000. Chaitanya. BC. After settling in N-W Parts of Indian sub-continent. SUMMARY. Sun worshipping and moon worshipping royal dynasties were established. Haridwara. BUDDHISM AND JAINISM. BY VED VYASA WRITTEN IN THIS PERIOD. (4). + + + + + + + + + + + + + He preaches LOVE and forgiveness in the West. 0000. VEDANTA DARSHANA WRITTEN IN THIS AGE ALSO. Development of early Upanishads like Ishavasya and Kathopanishad. (1). BC. BC. Stories of Devas (deities) and Asuras (demons) are seen in scriptures. Land etc. Vedas were also called SHRUTIES or AUDIO-knowledge. Their mystic stories symbolize divine love between husbands and wives. These were refereed to as Devas and Devies. SHANKARACHARYA (preaches Adwaita theory) IN EAST MOHAMMAD IN WEST.. It describes 10 major incarnations of VISHNU. This subject is discussed in great details in Upanishads. END OF ISLAMIC EMPIRE AND START OF BRITISH RULE IN INDIA. by Jaimini. First 3 Vedas took nearly 3 to 4 thousand years to develop. 4500. OM IS SYMBOL OF KNOWLEDGE & ROOT OF ALL SPOKEN LANGUAGES. 1200. UPANISHAD PERIOD: 2000 BC. (3). 1000 AD. DARSHAN PERIOD. IMAGINARY GODS LIKE SHIVA. • The Aryans were the earliest tribe to develop Vedas. who perhaps lived in the 12th cent. GITA AND MAHABHARAT. Arya Bhatta invents Zero in Math. SEARCH OF KNOWLEDGE. VIEWS OF MAHATMA GANDHI WILL GIVE IT. vi .+ Christ is born. SURDAS preach BHAKTI PATH. Fire. the Varna Dharmas (Dharma= Duties). India Independent. Era of SAMPRADAYAS OF ACHARYAS. 1947 AD. (5) VAISHASHIK by Kanad. 500 AD. (7) Charvak's Darshan denies the theory of rebirths of souls propagated by selfish ritual minded Brahmins. Vivekananda in America. Special privileges are given to higher classes of Brahmins and Kshatriyas. BC.300. 7000 BC • EARLY HINDUISM OF THE VEDIC ARYANS. • Search of self (soul) and its relationship with the Vedic Gods is studied in the Upanishads. Roman Church in West. 500. GURUS build palatious temples. POORVA MIMANSA. by Gautama.

heroism seeds etc. THIS IS CONSIDERED BEST PERIOD OF ANY ONES LIFE SPAN . Wives were burnt alive upon the death of husbands (Sati system). EARN MONEY BY GAINED KNOWLEDGE AND PATH OF MORALITY. a Kshatriya could marry a girl from lower two classes. There was no idol worship in the earlyVeda. social advice / tell Business & Farmers cattle care. 1ST. learn weapons or trade.(Family life) MARRY WITH SUITABLE PARTNER LIVE IN FAMILY HOME AND GOOD NEIGHBORHOOD. be rich and serve other give good rain fall. 2ND. LEARNED SO FAR FROM PARENTS. SPEND WITH JUDGMENT AND IN THRIFTY MANNER.. Knowledge was preserved by creating short sentences (Mantras. Army as a noble Rajarshi.) \I/ BHRAMINS Saintly life Learn Vedas Simple life. FOUR VARNAS (CLASSES). LEARNING MUSIC. respect Skilled workers. Teachers High morals Live on gifts Celibacy. AND TEACHING WITHOUT EXPECTATIONS OF MONEY HIS LEARNED SKILLS.MANU-SMRUTI’S VARNA . EXPECTATIONS FROM RELATIVES OR FRIENDS ETC. Birth as a Female. to Brahmins. A woman was looked upon as property of her husband. ASHRAM: GRAHASTHA ASHRAM: GOALS. ASHRAM: SANYASA : TOTAL RETIREMENT AND RENUNCIATIONS. Hinduism was a Veda (knowledge) oriented culture and a male privileged society. TEACHERS AND GUESTS COMING TO HOME. and serve 3 higher class class end of life . FULFILL ALL DESIRES IS THE ADVICE. GOAL MOKSHA. RESPECT MONEY. agriculture. The classes were Job Oriented and not birth-rights giving in early times. The majority class of Shudras had no right to study. But with passage of time they turned into hiraretic. OUR PRESENCE IN WORLD. proverbs) and musical verses (See Sam Veda Hymns). 4TH. A HOUSE HOLDER IS SUPPOSED TO CARE FOR CHILDREN AND ELDERLY. Saintly life/ Learn Maths. Give from students branch of liberty from Doctors benefit of & donations of knowledge. economics give donations donations. all family Judges & search of God bondages & Lawyers etc. teach family manual higher class give donation Vaishyas by money and love & unity.= DEATH = TODAY AND NOW =DOOMS DAY SANYASA ASHRAM 75 TILL DEATH GOAL LIBERTY OR MOKSHA FROM BIRTH DEATH CYCLE TOTAL DETACHMENTS FROM FAMILY RESPONSIBILITY. THIS NEEDS YOGA MEDITATION .2. KAMA MENAS DESIRES. Inter-class marriages were forbidden. people people. ASHRAM: VANPRASTHA: PARTIAL RETIREMENT FROM FAMILY. GOAL LEARN DHARMA. SAVE FOR OLD AGE NEEDS. They were supposed to remain life long servants or employees of the upper three classes. BIRTH CYCLE. KAMA. The Bhagavat Gita redefines this class privileges and affirms that all human beings are equal in eye and laws of God. and a Vaishya could marry a Shudra girl. TEACHERS. a Vaishya or a Shudra class was believed to be due to sins committed in previous lives. Hinduism lays one VOW for Students: NO SEX ACTIVITY DURING STUDENT AGE. and trade Sacrifice life justice in morals on battle field and justice VAISHYAS Earn money. Chart. Such verses were added in Manu Smruti by the Brahmins of the later ages so that their sons might enjoy all privileges and class rights created in name of religion. EDUCATION BY PARENTS AND IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES FROM TEACHERS. knowledge to lower three classes.DHARMA. King . SHUDRAS Try to uplift No saintly Learn family Earn money by serving into a higher retirement till skills. 4 goals DHARMA ARTHA KAMA MOKSHA 4 Ashramas Brahm Chary Grahastha Vanprastha Sanyasa Ashrama Ashrama Ashrama Ashrama 4 Varnas (1 to 25 Yrs) (25 to 50 Yrs) (50 to 75 Yrs) (75 to 100. PILGRIMAGES. and religion attachments others KSHATRIYAS Retire. Protect And good king caring for a Saintly police. POLITICAL POSITIONS AND WEALTH AND NO DESIRES OF WORLDLY COMFORTS. IT IS ALWAYS TODAY AND NOW. Vedas. laws.) UPANISHAD RISHIES . A man could marry more than one woman. READING. vii . IT IS GIFT OF GOD TO YOU. economics and political matters. privilege preaching classes. but not from the higher classes. GUESTS AND GURUS. state. laws of the of country. PRESENT IS EXISTENCE. Care for state. Upanishd and Gita age periods. people. Desire to get fame in some in isolation. EXPERIENCES ETC. guide Government land. Earn good Learn use of name & fame Become a weapons and protect border Kings. servants and to Brahmins gaining skills laborers. THIS IS VOW AND ADVICE FOR ALL HINDU HOUSE HOLDERS. but a Brahmin could marry any girl from lower three classes.ASHRAM DHARMA (CHART 1) *** 4 AGE QUARTERS OF 100 YEARS OF LIFE = DUTIES AND GOALS TO BE ACHIEVED DURING ONE AGE QUARTER OF LIFE. ARTS. /employee work and give history of Class. KAMA IS GOAL OF THIS IMPORTANT AGE QUARTER OF LIFE. TRY TO FULFILL ALL DESIRES LIKE TRAVEL. JOURNEY OF LIFE STARTS IN WOMB BRAMCHARYA ASHRAM OR Student age UP TO AGE-25. but a widow could not remarry. and equal young kings servants etc. FOUR ASHRAMAS. DHARMA TEACHES TO RESPECT PARENTS. STUDENT ALSO LEARNS DUTIES AND MORALITY FROM RELIGIOUS PRIESTS BY HEARING SCRIPTURAL STORIES FROM 25 TO 50 YEARS GRAHASTHA ASHRAM. LAXMIJI IS WIFE OF VISHNU. Fight criminal. TREAT THEM LIKE GODS NEAR YOU. (AGE QUARTERS) & FOUR GOALS FOR A HINDU. stars help state classes. MARRIAGE AND EARN MONEY = ARTHA 3RD. GOAL. WRITING. The Shudras were not untouchables to start with. Brahmins (men of knowledge) guided other three classes in all moral codes. FROM 50 TO 75 YEARS VANA-PRASTHA ASHRAM PARTIAL RETIREMENT FROM FAMILY ATTACHMENTS AND JOBS BUT ACTIVE IN SERVICE OF ALL LIVING BEINGS.. law. NOTE THE ZERO POINT OF TIME BETWEEN DEATH AND BIRTH = TIME -ZERO = BOTH ARE ALWAYS TODAY AND NOW. EXTRAVAGANT SPENDING IS INSULT OF LAXMIDEVI. ASHRAM: STUDENT (VIDYARTHI) BRAHM CHARYA ASHRAM. The stories of Ramayan and Mahabharat indicate such practices. sociology.

Dharm. (A) Asana for limbs. 5. 110 20. 23. 24. Part-iv. Yoga Is A Big Business In USA. 2. & Surya Namaskara. K. Yama. Four goals. Pratyahara. 27.INDEX Preface: Place Of Yoga And The Gita In Hinduism. Swadhyay and Art of living a Perfect Divine Life. 28. Part-2. Guru Search For Yoga Study. Artha. 18. Padmasana. (Who am I?) Sample by Author: Dr. Step no. Gandhi. Part-ii. 68 Part-1. Search of Self. Yoga is science of Self study AtmaGyana. 48 Breathing exercises. 25.G. 61 Part-1. Part-1. 20 Step no 2 Niyama 23 Step no. 26. 9. SUBJECT Section : I Introduction: 1. Step no 8. Pg No. 7. One infinite God of Universe (prayer-1) Jesus & Mahatma Gandhi are Immortal souls (prayer-2) SANKHYA DARSHAN OF KAPIL VEDANTA DARSHAN OF VED VYAS IS GOD FACT OR FICTION OR MYTH? What is I. Samadhi 83 What is Hath Yoga? 88 What is Kundalini and Aagna Chakra? 92 Part-1. Why Study Yoga? Brief History Of Patanjali Yoga. 19. 139 144 146 148 155 161 164 167 10. 22. 8 11 14 16 17. 76 Dhyan = Fullest (100%) Attention. 0 . Step no 7. Diet and Yoga 99 Section : III Additional Informative Articles. Part-2. 2.. Sanatan Dharm in Yama Niyama Lesson 1. Knowledge is Highest Wealth of Individual. 12. 117 21. Seven golden rules of asana and pranayama. Dhyan. Peace Invocations Shanti Path Eight Steps Of Yoga In Brief. 3. 4. God and Yoga with God is only Desire of remaining Life. Perfect Awareness of Time-Place. 3. 14. 4 Pranayama.D.S ? Dictionary of Common Sanskrit Words 101 Section : II Ashtang Yoga. 5. Pranayama cures Blood Pressurein 90 % of cases. Ch No. Sanyasa. Self-Realization Write your Autobiography. (B) (i) Asana for backward bending of spine & neck (ii) Asana for forward bending of spine (iii) Side bending and rotation of spine Part-iv. Step no. Awareness and Concentration in Present Activity only. Begger of Knowledge (Upanishad Story). 1. Dharana. Art and Science of Meditation Article 1. Ten practical points for a happy life. Asana for vital systems Step no. Part-iii. 6. 3 Asana (Static Postural Exercises) 26 Part-i. Part-2. Ashram Dharma (Chart 1) Ashram Dharma (Chart 2) 13. Step no 6. 16. Ages Of Evolution Of World Religions. Kama And Moksha Part-2. Yama Niyama & Sanatan Dharm Lesson 2. Kundalini power means a three-tense Time and Place sense (Tri-kal-Gyana). Scientific meanings of Kundalini & Agna Chakra. & Article 2. Blessings: Swami Sachchidanandji. 8. & 5. (C). H. 11. 15. 4. Savasan. Third eye of Shiva is within you.Chart-1 Chronology Of Hindu Scriptures. 1 4. Part 1. Lesson 3.

(Ref Chapter on ‘What is Hath Yoga?’ in this book). (Shopper’s Guide . Buddhi-Yoga.each emphasizing different body postures and breathing techniques. All Yoga books describe some postural exercises (Asana). most Indian Gurus teach – total detachment from family life and family members (Viyoga). to meet. There is vague or only partial knowledge of ASHTANG YOGA in USA and India also. friends and relatives.(5) Shivanad Yoga • Challenging:. etc. 23. to get welded to. fellow human beings. Desires and Knowledge are different aspects (areas) of human brain.the 4th step of Ashtang Yoga). They live a sort of idle life and have negative attitudes. In many libraries of Western countries one finds 50 to 100 books on Yoga. Instead of teaching noble attitudes of family unity and love. The word Yoga can be traced to ancient Vedas like Yajur-Veda. There are Eight major schools of Yoga. (2) Kripalu. It is not found in other mammals. Healthy Mind dwells in Healthy Body. relaxing techniques. Intellect. (7) Jivanmukti. To refer to an age old “Art and Science of Patanjali’s Ashtang Yoga” as “Power Yoga” by a magazine like TIME is very wrong. ‘Hath’ is incorresct. Mind is called the sixth sense organ in the Gita. five millenniums BC (approx).(6) ASHTANG YOGA (Power Yoga). Most Yoga studios and fitness centers in America teach some type of Hatha yoga. “Nearly 15 million Americans Practice Yoga. Different levels of consciousness in mind are studied in last five steps of “selfmeditation” in Ashtang Yoga. These Yoga schools are of popular Yoga business teachers. It is with INTELLECT that we Think. Similarly understanding of word. intellect and God hidden within as Soul and Universal Love”. and Healthy Mind keeps Body Healthy. Mind. YOGA IS A BIG BUSINESS IN USA.Section: I Yoga books on Hath-Yoga describe more difficult postural exercises and a few higher steps of meditation. which is mostly about prayers and mantra chanting. conscious mind. neglect of socio-political events and rejection of progress of science. Viyoga means separation. society and the State.Viyoga.Intellect (Buddhi) or common sense. Easy: (1)Iyanger. (Nyaya-Darshan) Human body is equipped with a unique gift of God. 2001 issue of TIME weekly presents a fair picture of Yoga practices in USA. to merge with etc.page 63) * * * * * One observes in above list names of teachers attached with Yoga Schools. He searches Self or ‘Who am I?’. and age old tricks of Chanting OM mantra and a few well-known tricks of meditation. the Yoga of activity.. breathing exercises (Pranayama . Yoga study is an important part of Hinduism (Sanatan Dharm). It teaches search of own Self (Atma). Hatha comes in hundreds of different flavors . apathy towards wealth. YUJ means to unite with. isolation. But the real Hath Yoga is quite a different and difficult subject. Soul (Bhraman) and Creator God of Universe. Yoga is an art of uniting with people and living together in harmony and co-operation in family. This is very wrong according to the Gita and Ashtang Yoga. to join. idleness. The April. (8) Bikram or Chaudhury (Hot Yoga)”. • Moderately Difficult:. divorce. inaction. Yoga is a perfect science of physical and mental health. respect towards elderly and women. 1 . from Bhakti. There is unimaginable interest and curiosity about Yoga in Western countries. staying away from. Introduction: 1. A Yogi by Self-meditation tries to find the “Root causes of events occurring in daily life. he tries to find “Root Causes of Effects observed in the world of material things”. Ego. to live together. which is largely about sex. (3) Kundalini & (4) ViniYoga. animals and plant kingdom. When real curiosity (Jignasa) arises in intellect of a Scientist. The word Yoga is better understood by its opposite word . These are some of the most popular:. Definition: The noun Yoga roots from a verb YUJ. to Tantra. Judge and Reason..

called Upanishads and six Hindu Darshans. I am Brahman. Dhyan Yoga. but one has to learn Yoga with interest and real curiosity. Kama. Self-confidence (Atma-Shraddha). Remember Alphabets of YOGA. furniture. art of health of body.or even not believing . This is a study of Self knowledge or Who am I? Search God by self-realization and changeless soul within.in any secular religion. This brings an understanding that Perfect Laws of Mother Nature (Prakruti) govern universe and all living beings in a perfect and equal manner. hidden within human Mind. Subconscious Mind (Chitta). Find Zero of Time and Space. O. The roots of all such sentences could be traced to spiritual scriptures of India. Intellect (Buddhi) and Ego-Self (Ahamkar) filled Selfish Desires (VAsana) but vaguely. YourSelf.Roop Darshan). 2 . Oh God. G. Yoga is useful for all. Theoretical knowledge of Ashtang Yoga is needed for its practical application in daily life." If this philosopher had studied the Gita and Ashtang Yoga. give me the Intellect to understand things that I Can’t Change.Vs and computers etc. It leads to Vision of One Universal God (Vishva. roads and dams. for living a perfect divine life. “Oh God. These are non-living (Jad) man-made material things. Yoga gives power of positive thinking and creates compassion towards all living creations of Mother Nature. WHY STUDY YOGA? Yoga study is an important part of Hinduism (Sanatan Dharm). which will benefit him/her in life’s journey.. This brings good name and joy for all. like Karma Yoga. books. valued by man-made money. First Introductory Theoretical course of Ashtang Yoga is like an entry step for sailing into ocean of great psychic powers. 'Help yourself'. Sankhya Yoga Etc. he would have got his answers. temples and churches. mental courage and true pride or self-esteem (Gaurav). Any open minded reader will learn some new points about Ashtang Yoga. cars. Yoga is a perfect Science of Spirituality. give me the Serenity of mind. utensils. Yoga students and teachers will notice a scientific approach to Yoga in this book. A Yogi inspires others to do divine benevolent deeds. Bhakti Yoga. Section: I Introduction: 2. The Gita describes nearly 18 types of Yoga. psychics. Yoga study removes inferiority complex and creates selfrespect (Swa-maan).Yoga is useful at all places and at all times for every individual of global mankind. Arth. To remember the purpose and scope of Yoga. A Yoga student has to study other Darshans like Sankhya and Vedanta. But above all give me the Wisdom to understand the Difference between the two. & Moksha. It is applicable to all. Most psychiatrists. faith or God. All above spiritual scriptures deal with a common subject of Self-Knowledge (Adhiatma Vidya). Achieve Four Goals of 100 years of life. houses. A. living in any part of the world. blissful mind and true religious life. We speak and hear sentences like 'Be Yourself'. to understand things that I can Change. Immortal Soul is the final point to be reached by meditation. speaking any language and believing. Buddhism and Jainism in India. 'God helps those who help themselves' etc. and a few chapters of the Gita after Yoga study. Spiritual healers and Indian Yoga Gurus do understand Mind.. Dharm. In outer world we see many man made objects like clothes. Good thoughts and actions (Karma). Yoga is Wisdom of Sages of India since Ages. T. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------We start this study with a nice Prayer of a Western Philosopher. Yoga and Gita teach true religion. Y.

. rejuvenate brain cells and all organs. mind. air. to revise religions The study of 8 steps of Ashtang brings this wisdom (Pragna) and leads to NIRVANA. intellect. Alcohol. fishes and many aquatic creatures. at all places for all individuals of either sex. . God assumes human forms. Hence Yoga is becoming a popular business in recent times in America and Western countries. Any great king or a highest military power cannot change the laws of Mother Nature (Prakruti or God). Then he feels the presence of God at all places. digestive. and must be revised with progress of science and passage of time”. a Yoga student learns that some invisible but perfect laws govern all material objects (Jad) and all living creatures (Chetan) in an equal manner. birds. light. frustrations. Atma) within. A physical scientist discovers the eternal laws of Mother Nature (or God) which govern all non-living objects. religious beliefs. have seeped into our daily life. suicidal thoughts. at any age period in any religion or a nation. Intellect. • Controls Passions. houses and any man made thing..We also see living beings like insects. They appear more or less constant. Desires and Knowledge are different aspects (areas) of human brain. but a man cannot change God made things and God made laws. millions of stars and galaxies in the universe. trees and plants etc. Buddha. This Vision of God comes by knowing ever-changing body. Dharm Sanstapanaarthaya Sambhavami Yuge Yuge(Gita Ch-4 V-7. A biologist discovers biological laws governing all living creatures. It means that the principles work at all times. Brahman. Ego-centric desires (Vasana). Courage & ability of Reading Thoughts of all People. A man can alter or destroy roads. frustrations etc. mind. • Psycho-Somatic Healing: Cures and heals many Psycho-somatic diseases like blood pressure. They declare “God Is One”. but they constantly change their relative positions in this Dynamic Universe.8). prevents and cures heart diseases. • Develops art of making quick decisions and correct actions and “Will power in Mind” to control wrong habits like Smoking. headeaches etc. Gandhi)). knowledge. laws and living animal bodies change with the passage of TIME. • Explains true and false Religious Beliefs and need of a true Religion in life. moon. man made political rules. • Yoga has been appreciated in prevention of diseases and promotion of health by developing a perfect balance between body. diabetes. These are not man made. and loss of sleep (insomnia). Mahavira. at all times. H. bones and joints. Mind is called the sixth sense in the Gita (Ch-15). Mind. Constitutions. The above prayer could be answered like this. The last five steps of Yoga meditation teach 3 different levels of conscious and dreaming mind.. • Yoga has great application in the modern times when depression. cultivate immunity to environmental pressures and thus impart vigor and vitality. and various beliefs. Divine Soul within and finally uniting with ‘God of Universe’. K.. preachings. snakes. Atman) and creats a sense of Human Equality. Yoga has universal application. • Pranayam practices of Yoga improve oxygenation. depressions. “Man can change man made laws and man made things. By meditating upon Self and Death. and food habbits responsible for over weight. at intervals of some centuries. Drugs etc. Yoga is an art and science of living in harmony with Mother Nature and Universe. • Helps in mental tensions. But any average man can change laws of countries made by politicians or kings. acidity. They revise old religious beliefs and wrong customs. • Removes Inferiority and Superiority complexes. heat or fire. neurosis. excretory systems and bladder problems. sun. Angers and sensual Temptations: • Creates Self-Confidence. Ego.. etc. water. (From Mahatma Gandhi -book By Dr. animals. etc. respiratory and circulatory systems. social customs and religious beliefs of the past can be changed. worries. • Unfolds Holy Spirit (Self. space.. traditions. We can know and understand with spoken human words. They are not man made. social customs. These are God made living beings. Mohammad and Mahatma Gandhi get divine vision of God. * * * * * Special Note: Shri Aurobindo defines Yoga as methodological effort towards self-perfection and development of an individual's latent potential. but the changeless Soul (Spirit. All man made physical objects. There are non-living objects like land. Only a few individuals like Jesus.

It is a path of knowing Relationship between Self and God. A Yoga student learns each step slowly under the guidance and supervision of a well-read. no unwanted elations. In USA and India a rare Yoga teacher may be teaching these ‘Ten Yoga Words’ of Eternal Religion of Humanity (Sanatan Dharm) to his students. Removes fear of Death. Its four sections were known as SamadhiPada (51 Verses). no stress. No angers. All these sections were jointly called Yoga Sutra* It appears that Saint Patanjali has revised above Yoga study. Vibhooti Pada (56 verses) and Kaivalya Pada (38 Verses). no depressions. no fears and no worries. Never think of suicide. Pratyahara. Pranayama. no tensions. many Yoga practices were going on in India since Vedic times.). To Remember Benefits of Yoga Study Remember the spelling of P A T A N J A L I P eace of Mind. Section: I Introduction: 3. Dhayana and Samadhi. Patanjali had picked up important 8 Sanskrit words Yama. self-realized and non-greedy Guru. Dharana. with about 200 verses (yog-sutras). There is similar message in Old Testaments. and these first two steps of Ashtang Yoga. From the above Yoga Sutra. Yog-Sadhna (study) is a part and parcel of religious and cultural heritage of India. It is also called “Raj Yoga’. and arranged them into a ladder of 8 steps of Morals. 4 . There was a Chatus-Pad (4 step) Yoga. This revised 8 step Yoga is the Real Astanga-Yoga. or Patanjali Yoga or ASHTANG YOGA. there is root and perfect science of world religions. BRIEF HISTORY OF PATANJALI YOGA.. Yoga Postures and self-meditation. Prior to the period of Lord Buddha (6th Cent BC. New Testaments of Christianity. Asans. and Saint Patanjali (? 2nd Cent BC). It brings worldly Fame & Material Successes. Jainism. Sadhan Pada (55 verses). Preaches “Universal Religion”. He had developed it into a perfect art and science.• • • Karm Yoga teaches noble behavior. Niyama. etc. In the Ten Words of first two steps.

A Yogi has no fear of death. . Times of unhappiness come to every body. First introductory class explains the meaning and purpose of Ashtang Yoga study. rich or poor. It is called Veda. N irvana. Freedom from all material desires. Then only one gets liberated from all false Egos. like "I am a Hindu. any person lives an animal life of sensual joys at mind level and behaves worse than an animal like a devil (Rakshasa). I am an American or an Indian. Rammurti Mishra M. etc. Ability and Wisdom of giving correct commands. A agna Chakra: Develops Leadership (Gan-pati) qualities. Imparts ability of making correct and quick decisions and actions with self-confidence and courage. and mother nature. USA). I am a Christian. a king.D. doctors. but pure soul".". Many right and wrong notions prevail about benefits of Yoga in India and abroad. who am I? Knowledge is Power and invisible Wealth of a person. True self-realization occurs when one reaches this understanding. He never gets frustrated. a military general. Sat-Sang. I. This is like Salvation. and clear vision of future goals and dreams. Power of Mass Hypnosis and ability of reading thoughts and intentions of people. Cosmic Light of God may be seen when all egos disappear. Three Tense Vision (Tri-kal-gyan). By Yoga study when a student reaches the Samadhi stage. name. In Yoga one studies this Self knowledge or Who am I? The study of a few early steps like Yoga postures (Asana) and Breathing Exercises (Pranayama). L earn Moral Duties Dharm. a lawyer. Desh-Kal Smruti or Chitta-shakti. The ultimate goal of life is Nirvana. not mind or a bundle of endless desires. Gnyan or Vidya. Without knowledge of obligatory duties (DHARMA) towards SELF. Yoga is a wonderful Art and Science of India’s heritage and culture. A Yogi gets Moksha.. a priest. Company of good learned people brings correct knowledge. Self-knowledge (Atma Gyan). impart immediate peace of mind. family. But there is a second knowledge. Moksha or Kaivalya. control and cure of Blood Pressure in many cases. worries and tensions and creates a sense of well-being. he understands "I am not physical body. The Text Book of Yoga. or I am a doctor. By Swami Brahmanand Saraswati formerly a neuro-physician Dr. This is the general knowledge or education one receives in school and colleges. J oining with Good People. This develops wonderful memory power. They become blind followers of many Hypnotizing and money minded Indian Gurus. depressed or thinks of committing suicide. fame and many material achievements. Yoga knowledge helps one to firmly face all adverse situations. *(Ref. good sleep (in cases of insomnia). Kundalini imparts hopes of bright future. This is a popular belief in Jainism and many Indian religions. meaning liberation from a birth-death cycle of soul. a great scholar. Ashram in Spring vally NY. A rt of finding a way-out in difficult situations with “Clear and Firm Mind”. Memory of past events (Smruti). It is called ParKaya Pravesh. awareness of present problems. Such a person does many humanitarian deeds without any Ego as a true Devotee of God. etc. Yoga study unfolds dormant divine SELF within and leads to conviction of Universal God. society. positive thoughts and mental tranquility. 5 After mastering the 7th step of concentration (Dhayan) and the 8th step of Samadhi (Bliss state of mind) one understands perfect rules of Mother Natura and Omnipresence of God."I am a human being just like any other living human being”. worldly bondages and true liberty.A waken Kundalini Shakti. T IME-PLACE Awareness. Yoga meditation alleviates anxiety. a king or a prisoner. Many intellectuals like teachers. country and entire mankind. are unaware of such hidden powers of mind. lawyers. with perfect Time-Place Sense. This is called Spiritual Vision.

kshama ch janani. Pranayama practices and chanting of OM. does not criticize others. "Every one proclaims. He must have basic knowledge of biology and other sciences. 1. but it is difficult to find a true saint. "I am a saint. Take sufficient time in finding a Guru. It also means an elderly person and any man of wisdom and experience. Yet a Guru is necessary for learning Yoga. non-greedy. It demands life long practice (Sadhana). observe his temperament. I am a Yogi". alcohol. RELATIVES OF A YOGI. and Truthfulness is his Son. kasmad bhayam Yoginaha. shantihi chiram gahini. Beware of disciples talking about wonderful powers of their Guru. Eternal Peace (Bliss) of mind is his Wife. is simple in life style. Simple commonsense says that a bachelor Guru cannot teach good family values to married men or women. because lions do not live in herds and mountains of gold are not found in the world." 2. knowledgeable teacher is always needed for learning Yoga up to the seventh step of Dhyan. Oh my friend. smoking. maya tyaje moha tyaje. Any agitated mind experiences a wonderful peace by doing any Pranayama. Morality (religion). daya ch bhagini. Sant sant sabkoi kahe sant biral sansara. bhrata manah sanyamaha. has no anger or jealousy. AD). aru mana. tell me how such a Yogi will ever be afraid of anybody.. "These are four obvious signs to recognize a true devotee of God quickly. Meditation and Spiritual divine knowledge is his Food. The word ‘Guru’ means a teacher. Yoga is a subjective study of one's own self. People also want love. any thing. He is a man of Compassion. doing miracles etc. gyanamrutam bhojanam Eite yasya kutumbino vada sakhe. Sinhanka tola nahi Introduction: 4. desireless person who has conquered 'Maya' (family attachments). describes in following manner all mental states. 2. A saintly king (Rajarshi) Bhartuhari (8th Cent. Also find Guru’s greed for money. Char chinh hari bhaktake pragat dikhai det.. Devotion to God. 3. in same way one cannot learn Yoga by seeing postures and reading Yoga books. Inquire how he became a spiritual teacher. Peace of mind and Perseverance are 3 most important “Ps” in Yoga study. Indian Gurus frequently quote sentences like these. and helps other in difficulties without any ego or expectation of rewards". Yoga students must try to find the past life and family background of a Guru and judge about his worldly general knowledge. Shayya bhumitalam." A saint is a selfless. food habits. The psycho6 "Patience is his Father. Harsha shoka ninda tyaje.Section: I Saint Kabir (12th Cent. attitude towards poor. kanchanka na pahad Yoga is a religious and spiritual study. "Do not inquire about the past of a Guru or a Sadhu". enjoy wealth. All people need Peace of Mind to think well. self-realized. Satyam sunurayam. females and untouchability etc. 'Hurry makes Curry'. and some Mantras immediatedly pacify all minds for a short time. also gives some important tips for judging a true Guru or a Saint. 'Patience. and live in good family relations and harmony in society.. kahe Kabir sant jan. never feels insulted by criticism nor elated by praise. Personal guidance and supervision of a spiritually enlightened.as relatives of a Yogi in his following famous verse. Daya dharma aadhintaa par dukhko har let. is not in illusion (Moha). Dhairyam yasya pita. at any time in the world?” . But this is wrong. 1. Compassion is his Sister and always a well Controlled Mind is his Brother. has no fear of death. Summary. and not attached to political position.Swa-adhyaya. and Forgiveness is his Mother. Just as one cannot learn music by knowing musical keys and reading a few music books. Aash tyaje. dishopi vasanam. GURU SEARCH FOR YOGA STUDY. Contemplation. vices like drugs. Never get impressed by the number of disciples any Yoga Guru possesses.AD?). 3. He sleeps on hard Ground and Ten Directions are his clothes (is completely naked). 4.

Krishna asks to fight and kill Arjuna his own Guru. They distribute God's love on earth to all people. Mother and Mother-land are higher than heaven. (Upanishad Mantra) (5). Section: I Introduction: 5. Sarve bhadrani pashyantu. Peace invocations or Shanti Path is done before starting Yoga classes. This is called 'Par-Kaya-Pravesh'. Desho ayam kshobha rahitaha. ramante tatra devataha". mantra chanting. Some start with simple Pranayam and Mantra chanting. 8. 5. "Janani Janmabhumi cha Swargad api Gariyasi".Om sarvesham swastir bhavatu. Prayers. commonly found in all world religions. They create a heaven in home and that land". Sarvesham shantir bhavatu Sarvesham purnam bhavatu. Hinduism places women next to God. Look at the life of Lord Krishna in Mahabharat from above point. The Mantra suggest purpose. Sarvesham mangalam bhavat. children born from them become deities. (2) Om swasti prajabhyaha paripalayantam Nyayyen margane mahim mahishaha. Do 3 Maha-Pranayam followed by 3 long (OM) Chanting. (Five minutes) Chant following verses in a chorus. (1). 9. living together is Yoga. "Matru Devo Bhava". (Samhita Mantra) (4). All participants join in chanting Shanti Path like a musical chorus. Krishna preaches. “SHANTI PATH” (PEACE INVOCATIONS). Try to establish a kingdom of equal justice for all”. Ma kashchid dukhabhag bhavet. Brahmana santu nirbhayaha. It needs to be studied with some other Darshans like Sankhya. that the first two steps of Yoga teach Eternal (Sanatan Dharm) morals of Religion.Om sarve bhavantu sukhinaha. Go Brahmanebhyo shubham astu nityam Loka samasta sukhino bhavantu. diet control and regular scriptural study are integral parts of Yoga study. (Upanishad Mantra) 7 . (Samhita Mantra) (3) Kale varshantu parjanyaha. This is the preaching of Upanishads. meaning of prayers and correct attitudes towards all people. by teaching how to do correct Karma. Living in family love and harmony. 7. Pruthivi sashya-shalini. ego-blinded ruler and his arrogant sons.physiological effects of conscious breathing and chanting Mantra are universal. The following Mantra are recited in morning Yoga classes. "Yatra Naryastu pujyante. Where ladies are respected as Goddesses. “Become a Saintly-King Rajarshi. Any individual doing meditation practices at home should recite a few long OM chantings at beginning. Later it brings Spiritual Vision and Joy during this very life. 6. Yoga study creates wonderful ability of reading thoughts of other people. Vedanta and the Bhagavat Gita. and not in next life after death as many Gurus talk and preach in India. Sarve santu niramaya. Patanjali’s Ashtang Yoga is only one Hindu Darshan. PEACE INVOCATIONS SHANTI PATH We will observe in coming chapters. This must be the final aim and goal of every Yoga student. The study of Yoga brings material happiness (Siddhies). Mothers are living Goddesses. because the Guru had failed to deliver justice and was on side of evil minded.

Yama is imaginary Deity God of Death in Hinduism. MEANING: (2). Saucham (Cleanliness of body. Introduction: 6. purnam eedam purnat purnam udachyate Purnasya purnam adaya purnamev avshishyate. peace prevail. Let happiness of all kinds come to everybody. Yoga liberates one from natural fear of death. Good Health of Body and Mind. Let all be happy and healthy. Five words must get translated in life to “Postpone Death”. Pranayam: Various Breathing exercises. Ishvara Parinidhanam (Surrender to God. But the theoretical knowledge of 8 steps will help any curious student. but even if any perfect goes out from perfect. still perfect remains. intellect and/or soul) is perfect. We will learn more about each step in other chapters. Relaxing Asana like Sabasana and Pranayama (Breathing exercises) are done in between different Asana. (6). etc. OM Shanti Shanti Shanti. Ahimsa (non violence). Yama: Fear of death. Remember the points expressed in Shanti Path. (4). material wealth or political high positions etc). Oh Lord. let all people see good things in life and let unhappiness of any kind not come to anyone. 4. Nearly 96 types of Pranayam are described in different Yoga books.Om purnam adaha. 2. 3. Asana : Nearly 300 Asana (body postures) are shown in different Yoga books. 1. (5). Let people of all classes be happy and prosperous in all respects. a day or two. Let there be timely rainfall. The “Path of Yoga” is not Easy. Lead me to Truth from untruth. thrust etc. Swadhyay (Observing one’s own self by daily meditation). (7). The last verse declares that perfect rules of Mother Nature apply to all human beings.). for a few hours. let everyone be perfect. The Old-Wine of Self-knowledge (AtmaGyan) is presented in a new bottle of “Modern Science”. (Bhrada-Aranyak Upnishad) Section: I (7).(6). lead me to Light from darkness. Niyama: Well Disciplined Life. let our mother-land remain ever green and give plenty of food and flowers. prosperous and joyful. and men of knowledge. this (my body. The same limitations apply to all other human beings in exactly same and perfect manner. Let us have a brief over view of the 8 steps of Yoga. (3). Let peace prevail. ASATO MAM SAD GAMAYA: TAMASO MAM JYOTIR GAMAYA MRUTOR MAM AMRUTAM GAMAYA. wisdom and vision ever remain fearless. Asteya (no thefts. how to achieve material wealth and successes and finally Art of Uniting with Universal God (Yoga with God) by mastering the last step of Samadhi. Yoga study is done to achieve above Goals. EIGHT STEPS OF YOGA IN BRIEF. They are static postural exercises for preserving full mobility of all joints and tone of muscles. all events occurring in daily life). riots and unrest in the country. no dishonesty). That (Universe) is perfect. These are Satyam (Truth). and Brahamcharyam (Sex-Control). Santosh (satisfaction with any situation in life). Aparigraha (no greed of money. Pranayam brings the ‘sub-conscious vital system of respiration 8 . mind. Let rule of equal justice of a mighty king protecting all people prevail in our land. plants and animals in a perfect manner. let peace come to all families. positive attitudes. OM TAT SAT. (Isha-vasya Upanishad) Om shantihi shantihi shantihi. Let there be no crimes. God is Absolute reality and Ultimate Truth. enduring some hardships like hunger. peace prevail. Eternal Universal Religion of Global Mankind or Sanatan Dharm. perfect arises from perfect. self-confidence and removal of all inferiority complexes. which in turn creates a sense of equality. nd Five more words are indicated in this 2 step for health of body and mind. time and place. lead me to Immortality from (by my) death. The eight steps of Yoga teach. food. water. air. Tapa (Vegetarian diet. He will start correct Yoga practices in daily life. Let cattle and men of wisdom ever remain happy. By meditation and study of the Gita one understands one's own limitations of knowledge. This understanding comes by Self Meditation.

intellect and soul. Think like this. Do all activities. Live a simple but purposeful life. Sanyasa-Ashrama. One sees Cosmic Light of Universal God. alcohol. Pay perfect attention in job or study and do all deeds in an excellent manner. smoking. 7..3 & 4. Meditate on Self and Soul and try to win the natural fear of death. successes and ever remain in a state of mental bliss. wealth. 5. Its practical meaning is ‘Partial Retirement’. Teach ‘Ten words of Morality’ preached in all World Religions. happiness and satisfaction. Contemplate daily upon short term plans and current age related main goal of life (Swadhyay). Life of 100 years is divided into four age related quarters (Ashrama).today and now’. by thinking about one's own Day and moment of Death. Summary : • Steps No. One important vow indicated during student-age is Celibacy.Karma. I will die”. feeling of well being and tension free Mind. with a sense of moral duty. KNOW and Unite with Supreme (One) God. when he/she overcomes the natural fear of death.under conscious’ voluntary control. developing Will Power and how to achieve of all possible goals by daily Meditation. The moment of my death is my next breath or next heart beat. 5. • Steps No. Van-prastha word means ‘Go to Jungle’. This creates wonderful peace of mind. drugs etc. Dhyan: Perfect attention and one pointed Contemplation is Dhyan. Kaivalya or Moksh. Become a desireless saint. Tapashcharya teach victory over sensual cravings of short term joys. This ‘Law of Death’ applies to every living human being and animal. 6. Dhyan means perfect attention and full concentration in any job you are doing ‘at the present place. 8. In deep Samadhi "you are looking at your own dead body". taste of eating. Arjuna hitting bird's eye (bulls eye) Target in Mahabharat story is a good example of Dhyan. just like you. Teach Good health of body by postures Asana and breathing exercises. TIPS: • Don’t try for Samadhi step before age of 75. • Remember this Law. But ‘Today and Now’ is life. Associate the moment of your death with respiration and heart beats. 9 . Listen to words of wisdom from all Gurus but never become a hypnotized blind disciple of any one Guru. Pratyahar: Self control practices of the five senses and five organs of actions (Karm-Indriya) start with this step. e. Samadhi : In Samadhi state one tries to identify the physical body and soul as two separate elements. 6 & 7. During Grahastha-Ashrama. Most Yoga teachers are vague about Dhayan and Samadhi steps. enjoy good health. One goal must be achieved during one Age Quarter. but doing some social service activities in village areas. When my heart stops. Life goes on as long as God is dwelling in my heart. No anger at any time. During Vanprastha-Ashrama. deal with Mind control. (second age-quarter) live a family life in home. and welcome Atithi or home coming guests. During Vidyaarthi-Ashrama (first 25 years). meaning fulfill all Desires. wealth and material comforts. • Steps No. “I am alive as long as I am breathing and my heart is beating. (3rd age quarter). Yoga is a perfect science for good health of body.the perfect maker of Universe. Be prepared now to meet death (Yama) on any day. Achieve one goal in one age quarter and observe some vows also. 1 & 2. Sanyas means “renouncing with good understanding” all high positions in jobs. Marry and Raise good children. Dharana : Purpose or Goals of Human Life. Four Age related goals are indicated in scriptures. Goal indicated is Earn Money (Artha). at any time.g. get education from parents and teachers (Gurus) in school and colleges. Yoga teaches how to live a noble and happy well united family life (Sansara-Yoga). • Spiritual Vision or Seeing Cosmic Light is an individual’s unique self experience (Swa-anubhuti). mind. Also learn moral codes of good conduct (Dharm). Goal is Kama. • No Guru can show you God or teach Samadhi. earn fame and name. This leads to a mental state of Nirvana. • The 8th step leads a true seeker to SEE. All living Gurus are Mortal Human beings.

No greed and Chaste sex life. FL. they help to postpone death and remove Fear of Death. If these words are well understood and translated in daily actions (Karma). Ahimsa Satyam Asteyam Aparigrahaha Braham-charyam eeti Yamaha Sadhan Pada. The name of first step is Yama. Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 7. No thefts. This fear of death vanishes and mind becomes fearless (Abhaya) when one th reaches the last (8 step) of Samadhi by Yoga study. and knows the presence of “Absolute Reality (God)” as Immortal Soul within. Yama is an Imaginary mystic God of Death in Hinduism. (Dr. yet it is also a common FEAR (Bhaya) in all living human beings and animals. 10 By: Swami Dwiroopanand. Death comes earlier. The Bhagavat Gita (Ch-2) declares this perfect and eternal law of Mother Nature or God. One also understands true relationship between living and non-living Universal bodies. USA) . surely going to occur in future life. All animals and mankind have this natural fear of death. Jacksonville.ASHTANG YOGA ART AND SCIENCE OF HEALTH. 1. YAMA. These words are like commandments found in all world religions. "Jatasya hi dhruvo mrutum". If one does not observe these five principles in daily life. Death is the final and natural End of Life. always present in all living beings. STEP NO. namely Death. Its practice promises a Long and Healthy Life. In Samadhi one realizes that he/she is “Divine Immortal Soul”. Gandhi – in past life. The first step in Ashtang Yoga makes us aware of a definite event. WEALTH & SPIRITUAL LIFE. Truth. This step teaches five moral words. V-30 These five words mean Non-violence.K. "Every born creature has got to die".H.

. no stealing. money. This changeless reality is called by various names in scriptures as Soul. correct. Air. is LOBHA. .. Brahmaya Charati eeti Brahamchari. or murder innocent people even if you do cannot love them. 11 That is Truth. Desires of collecting great material wealths. All species try to create young ones at certain age period. and help people in need with compassion and sense of universal brotherhood and friendship. But by traditional usage this word means a girl or a boy who has not done any sex activity at all in life. Children are ever indebted to parents and teachers. Karma Yoga in the Gita teaches practical Asteya in family relations. He is called a Brahmchari. a living representative of God on earth. etc. Brahmacharyam or mental control of sex desires (Kama) is an important aspect in Yoga study. But Patanjali and Lord Buddha teach that our body is made up of 5 basic elements (Panch-Mahabhuta). which drags them all to do many actions (Pravrutti. Bhraman. All living beings want to live.). Honest and Nonviolent. Atman. “There is no dispute. Only a few points are given below. 2500 BC. Brahmin is the highest class in the four-class system socio-political structure started by King Manu (approx. A Yogi has a mental attitude of detachment (Alobha) from all material things. either in family. Aparigraha = No greed (Alobha). Thus everything in Universe is True and not false. Fire or Light (Energy) and Space”. in political fight for independence of India against the British Rule. Love is provided by both parents but more by the mother. false or unreal". Be Truthful. How to serve parents in old age is nicely indicated in story of Shravan in the Ramayan. breathing. Tatva meaning pure essence. Ahimsa = Non violence. love and care with a sense of gratitude. “Satyam Vada. This is a common doctrine in all world religions. Good. Chetna. right. Ahimsa teaches attitude of a positive universal love. Do not kill lower forms of life like insects. they are thieves according to Gita. because they give only short-term happiness and pleasures. The instinct of survival is an inborn natural instinct (vrutti) in all living beings. etc. animals and plants. Race preservation instinct is also another natural instinct. The desire of sex (Kama = passion) starts at teenage. Most Indian Gurus teach that this world (Jagat) and our physical bodies are "Mithya. Saha. Brahama symbolizes totality of spirits in all living creatures. Unrestricted sex activity leads to diseases likes AIDS. In human families mental control of passion is needed for a happy and healthy family and social life. Holy Spirit. Search God by search of “Holy Spirit” or “Immortal Soul” within all living beings. This is also a reality and truth. Tat. society or international issues. Remember: Tatva Gyana means Spiritual Knowledge. He said. Karm) like eating. Developing mental control of thoughts of sex desires is real celibacy. which cannot be solved by adopting “Nonviolence and Truth” . (Virgin Girl or Man). No injury to any life or property. because they are ever changing and perish one day. Gandhiji had adopted “Nonviolence and Truth”. Manu Smruti dictates moral laws (Dharma =duties) for all men and women in all four classes. Sat means Truth. Asteye = No thefts.3-V-12) Mother-hood and father-hood are natural instincts of love and care for young ones in all species. Do not be greedy about money and material things. A man of good qualities is called Sat-jan. The 5 moral vows and practice of the first step of Yoga keeps Yama or 'death' away. These are “Earth. and Atma Gyan means Self Knowledge. Sajjan (Jan = man). Dharmam Chara”. Mahatma Gandhi said. Goona means qualities. (Ch. clothes. kingdoms etc. a noble gentleman. Water. cars.Each word needs some good discourses. He used it nicely and brought Freedom (liberty) for its people in 1947. and Truth is God”. Satyam = “God is Truth. drinking. Truth is God. Brahma-charyam= Chastity or celibacy in sex life. houses. Mother is respected as a living Goddess (Devi) in Hinduism. Syphilis and early death. Om Tat Sat. If they do not return their debts by serving them in old age with respect. The Karma of sex act is done by all insects and vertebrates. This is not a simple negative commandment. Brahamchari is a person who travels far and wide for spiritual quest. two moral words preached in Yoga and all world religions. It is preached with great stress in Jainism and also in Buddhism and Hinduism. A person who knows Brahman is a Brahmin. furniture. Lord Brahama is an imaginary creator God of “Life on earth” in Hindu mythology. moving. for self preservation. A perfectly celibate individual is highly respected at all places. By translating the five moral codes in life one lives a long life of many achievements without any psycho-somatic problems and diseases. estates. an angel. All religions peach sex control.

A false ego of superiority or "I am always right" prevents such confessions. A Yoga student should not participate in such activities. 3.by every individual (Atma). smell and appearance of food make them miserable. FIVE important rules or codes of conduct are indicated in this step. hunger.g. All human beings are limited by Time and Place (DeshKal). This means clean food. If something do not happen as one wishes. All days are not green and rosy days. “Fire worship by orthodox Bhramins”. They SEE only the effects (of events) with senses and minds. endurance. etc. It must be taught by parents and learned by children during young age. mind and intellect. People throw garbage near temples and on roadside. Most people live at physical body level only. Swadhyaya: Self study and self analysis. becomes unhappy. All such practices are wrong according to this step of Saucham. Happiness or unhappiness arises in mind. as they must happen according to rules (Niyama) of Mother Nature (Prakruti). regulations. flies and mosquitoes. thirst etc. Ishvera parinidhani = Total surrender to God. air. for a few days. The 10 words of 'Yama and Niyama'. Swadhyaya = Self study and practices of unfoldment of inner self (Anter-Atma). obedience. The purpose of penances is to gain control over mind and senses. One must learn to endure some difficulties like pain. Orthodox Priests explain such events as anger of Lord Shiva. dress. Tapa: Austerities or penances. depressed or angry. One learns to confess. Mostly they do not try to find the causes (reason) of such events. 1. Tapa = Penance are done for purification of body. Santosha Tapa. They get upset with slightest change in their comforts and surroundings. Real Swadhaya occurs when one reaches the last step of Samadhi in Yoga which comes by Self-Meditation 12 . This makes the water polluted. These bring either happiness or unhappiness. jaundice and typhoid break out. 2. many rituals are done e. Swadhyaya. One will find great similarity of moral doctrines in all religions in first two steps of Yoga. contentment. Soul or Spirit (PURE ATMAN). clothes and comforts. Their attachments to taste. Thousands of people take bath in holy rivers like Ganges. compromising attitude in any and all situations in life. sex desires. The residual milk create an ideal breeding pot for bacteria. he/she is either happy or unhappy. etc. All kinds of false egos gradually (Mada) disappear by meditation. home and land.. mind and intellect by restrains of senses and actions.Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 8. Tapa is a religious training. This is the Last Day of creation of Universe (!). Events in life happen. Verse. In name of religion. By learning Tapa. the journey of all human beings and animals reach a day called Today. the student develops mental control over natural instincts like thirst. Yoga teaches to develop a sense of satisfaction (Santosh) in material terms for whatever and whereever you are in life Today and Now. Epidemics like cholera. curd. Tapa teaches how to control sensual cravings arising in mind for objects of sensual joys. It develops good human qualities like discipline. honey etc as 'Abhisheks’ on Shiva Linga. water and air. can be compared with TEN commandments of Christianity and all religions. This makes atmosphere and surroundings unhygienic. Swadhyaya teaches realizing and accepting one's own mistakes. Sadhan Pada. Tapa prepares mind for unexpected hardships likely to come in future life. Santosha: A sense of Satisfaction with the present situation in life. tolerance. and demanded by five senses. water. he/she gets upset. The word Niyama means rules. say “sorry” and apologize for one’s mistakes (Sins). After birth. Develop an attitude of accepting all events (including deaths of relatives) occurring in life. 4. Yoga practice starts with understanding of these morals. hunger. food. and learns tolerance. as destined by God or Laws of Mother Nature..32. Saucham: Cleanliness of body. In military training one learns many Tapas in hard training schedules. Santosha = Satisfaction. They pour milk. frustrated. 'Tapa' training creates “Will Power” for facing odds in life's journey. STEP NO 2 NIYAMA Shaucham. laws or commandments. It is mostly due to likes and dislikes for food items and drinks. According to Karma done in past. Ishvara-Pranidhanani eeti Niyamaha. Shaucham = Cleanliness of body.

major illness. SEVEN GOLDEN RULES OF ASANA AND PRANAYAMA. on all material creations in the world and universe. The slow movements create a great mind power. Asana for Vital Systems PART-I. & Surya Namaskara. These two can be done by any one – even sick. Wishes and desires of all human beings are endless. When a disease is well established. (iii) side bending and rotation of spine. etc. 3 ASANA (STATIC POSTURAL EXERCISES) PART-I. Hridaya Chakra. moral conduct and good manners and behavior. They prevent many psychosomatic diseases. Seven golden rules of asana and pranayama. Place. must get their family doctor's opinion before doing ANY ASANA. brain. always occur. Savasan. Ishvera-prainidhanai. (C).. BP. except:(1) MAHA-PRANAYAMA (Step No 4) and (2) SAVASANA. PART-II. bones. Knowledge and Mistakes (sins) committed in the past life. just and perfect manner on all living bodies and non-living objects. 1. Yoga books describe many Chakras like Kamal (Lotus) Chakra. but by Yoga meditation one learns that there is some perfect law and wonderful order in Mother Nature. Slogans like “do to others what you want them to do to yourself” come from understanding of a divine self within all of us. eyes. STEP NO. Partial relief or complete cure in many psychosomatic diseases like blood pressure. PART-IV. They are important steps of Yoga before learning any other ASANA. Padmasana. and arthritis etc. control of mind and will power. Niyama step teaches strict discipline. one cannot not expect magic cures. Persons with history of diabetes. PART-III. One becomes aware of one's limitations of Time. Surrender to God's wish. diabetes and many chronic diseases occurs to many people. ALL ASANA MUST BE DONE VERY SLOWLY AND WITHOUT JERKS. Ishvara sarva Bhutanam Hridaye tishti Arjuna. 2. But some relief in digestive diseases. 13 . (B) (i) asana for backward bending of spine and neck. BP. Ishvara is a fraction of the Holy Spirit ever present in the hearts of all living beings. heart attacks. Seven golden rules of asana and pranayama. (Gita-Ch-18) In anatomical terms words of modern science one can say “God or Ishver” is sitting at AV node in heart and ‘Bundle of HIS'. lung. The art of surrendering to wish of God or as design of God is Ishvera-prainidhanai. These can be understood as AV-node located in heart (AtmaVishuddhi-Chakra). One gradually understands that the laws of Mother Nature work in an equal. insomnia. One may believe in God or not. Love and compassion towards lower forms of life and preservation of living creatures including animals and plants is the divine quality and noble attitude of any pure hearted man. Ishvara is one of the many names for supreme God in the Upanishads. (A) Asana for limbs. Niyama lay great stress on purity of body and mind and help to remove negative thoughts. God is maker of the perfect laws of Mother Nature (Prakruti). This God could be realized in an indirect way by self meditation only. Pranayama and Asana go hand in hand. Founder Prophets of all religions explain God as invisible maker of laws like gravity.. Yoga Asana are like vaccine shots.(Adhiatm-Chintan) only. asthma. pregnancy. 5. digestive problems. (ii) asana for forward bending of spine. Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 9. Their devoted practices bring wonderful mental and physical results. A Good warning before doing any Asana and/or Pranayama. and mastered perfectly. God Is Truth. PART-IV. All this is achieved by self meditation. Niyama help to develop a mental balance of desires and give courage to face and endure any unhappy situation in life.. bondage of time-place for all living beings and so on. history of operations etc. All acts mst be done as work of and for God. Om Tat Sat.

help to stop progress of many diseases.. hiccups. have to avoid Asana like 'Shirsasana'. and happy long life. Yoga meditation and Asana are time tested tools of pacifying mind. daily meditation on Self. These are linked with many ASANA. For example the "Matsya-asana" is like a fish. etc. bone and joint diseases like headaches. usually combined with simple postural exercises and Pranayama . constipation. acidity. birds. back and neck stiffness and joint aches. If both are well united (in Yoga) with intellect.. (inhale). have high BP. etc. Body is important and must be cared well. Correct practices of Dharma (religion) are indicated in the first two steps of Yoga". They also prevent and cure brain. inner Kumbhak and outer Kumbhak and Rachak. They cannot be compared with muscle developing Aerobic exercises or Fitness Gyms. 14 . but pure Atma. 6.. ulcers etc. 4. Take a very deep breath.. Asana are firm static body postures. Some Asana are not advisable during pregnancy. Some Asana cure digestive problems like loss of appetite. You are immortal soul". many times during a day. The human body is wonderful design. highest creation and gift of God. Do not spend more than 15 to 30 minutes for Asana and Pranayama at one time in a day. The purpose of Asana is to maintain good health and mobility of all joints in limbs. a chair or a throne. Flex and extend toes and fingers in between ASANA. and purification of intellect for higher mediation. 5. cures many psycho-somatic diseases. soul or spirit. Do such Asana daily for longer times. flatulence. sound mind. a perfect human personality is created". Pranayama and Savasana are good for aged people. Asana means a seat. after removing shoes and stockings.. BP. The names of Asana vary in different books. the "Salabhasana" is like a grass hopper. 7. excretions and digestive organs. Surya-Namaskara. Pranayam teaches how to develop a partial control even for a few minutes. and lastly do not take next breath (outer Kumbhak). migraines. whenever possible. insects. circulation. if you are doing long standing jobs for hours. as long as posible. suitable for his or her age period and need. In spiritual talks of Indian Gurus one hears like this: “You are not body. STATIC BODY POSTURES. Jogging or fast running is not advisable after the age of sixty or seventy. Any adult individual can easily control “rate and depth” of air intake at will.. Remember little fingers also do very important jobs. Patanjali and Lord Buddha had realized the importance of a healthy body. perishable. walking. ever changing etc. Asana and Pranayama if done regularly. Do relaxing Savasana in-between and/or after completion of Asana. Learn and master art of Maha-Pranayama before starting any Asana. Maha-Pranayama (MP): Longest Possible One Breath. "A healthy body keeps the mind healthy and healthy mind keeps the body healthy.3. history of heart diseases. Always learn Asana under supervision of a knowledgeable and experienced teacher (Guru). This takes very long time. Yoga Asana are Static Postural exercises. and devoted study of Yoga for years to reach this final point of Nirvana or Spiritual Consciousness. Then exhale as slowly as possible (Rachak). cramps in legs etc. over this involuntary vital system of body. Respiration is partly voluntary and partly involuntary. Learn and master Maha-Pranayama. and geometric figures etc. in cases of injuries of spine and so on. These 4 steps of one longest possible breath cycle make one MahaPranayam (MP). The bliss state of mind (thoughtless consciousness) produced by Pranayama and meditation. preferably having background of modern medicine. master a few selected ASANA advised by the teacher which are useful for your age and other conditions. Asana and Postures are named after animals. Some simple Asana can be easily done for ten to fifteen minutes at home or in office if one finds a little “Free Time”. ankle and leg problems. not mind. Hold the air in lungs as long as possible (Kumbhak). spine and vital systems like respiration. In stead of doing many ASANA daily. One needs to learn only a few. the "Kukutta-asana" is like a cock. Body is mortal. hip. This leads to quick recovery from many diseases like digestive problems. not intellect. Avoid long standing Asana. knee. Good health of body and inner Vital Systems is important for long life and all happiness. "Shariram adyam khalu Dharma Sadhanam " "Body is the first important tool for living a healthy. the "Sarp Aasana or Bhujang Asana" is like a snake and so on. Nearly three hundred Asana are described in Yoga Books. People in old age and/or diseases like BP. The first four steps of Yoga teach Eternal Religion and how to keep Body and Mind in perfectly fit condition. insomnia.

to only 2 or 3 breaths per minute. Yoga teachers show various tricks to master Savasana. Following tips will help. SAVASANA IS A THOUGHTLESS WORRYLESS CONSCIOUS RELAXED STATE OF MIND DURING WHICH ALL OPPOSING GROUPS OF VOLUNTARY MUSCLES REMAIN IN A RELAXED STATE.inhale. 500 cc. If well mastered Savasana can induce sleep at will. Savasana brings great relaxation to joints. Count breathing by numbers from one to fifty. Lie flat on ground and close both eyes completely. By altering normal breathing rate from 15 to 18 per/Min to 4 to 6 per/Min. any average person can easily breath. or any long Mantra. hold it in for some time. Steps for Mastering Savasan. Shab means a dead-body. and then releases it. in two to five minutes. actors. muscles. Use a firm mattress and a rolled towel under the nape of neck. mental peace and physical energy for next important jobs. internal sphincters. even in noisy places. Some Asana are good only for youth and not advisable for old people. This reduces the normal breathing rate of 15 to 18. Savasana can be done either in PRONE or in SUPINE positions. Do all Asans slowly. SAVASAN OR SHABASAN: DEAD BODY POSTURE. sportsmen and athletes during their spells of mental or physical fits demanding extra energy will be benefited. Savasan. Mind soon becomes fresh and pacified immediately. Lie flat on hard ground and pretend as if you are like a dead body. dancers. the limb falls on ground like a lifeless block of wood. Savasana appears easy but it is a difficult Asana to master. We will learn only a few common and useful Asana with important points and benefits. If one lifts the hand or leg of a person in real Savasana. poets. It should be done in a quiet and dimly lighted room if possible. 3 times (1500c. Savasana and Pranayama help Lawyers drafting important documents. done prior to diving give a longer under-water time to all swimmers. if the hard ground is uncomfortable for back and head.c) air. Measure your MPs with a wristwatch. Lying face down is called Prone position. This sleeping posture or a dead body posture is called Savasana or Shabaasana. without jerks and only to your capacity and age limits. No sleeping pills will be needed. all vital organs and creates immediate peace in agitated minds. Try to do 4 to 8 MPs of about 30 seconds. and do one MP. the 8th step of Yoga. • Imagine that your body is very light and floating in a cloud of golden light. Do not try any more. One gets a dreamless sound sleep within a few minutes. are not similar mental states as many Yoga Gurus believe and teach. & Surya Namaskara. By doing long in-holds (Kumbhak) more time is allowed for a larger volume of air for purification (oxygen exchange) in lungs. Lying on ground with face towards sky is called Supine position. PART-II. But in final stage all chanting must stop. Doctors performing many operations one after another. A few minute Savasana done at any place during jobs demanding great mental attention and concentration helps to create new and fresh ideas. worries¸ insomnia and mental tensions. A student must note that ‘dreamless sleep state’ and Samadhi. Shava means sleep. Try to develop a thoughtless consciousness or a total void in mind. A few minutes of Savasana will create new ideas.Normal respiration rate is 15 to 18 breaths/minute. try to relax all body muscles. General rule: Before starting any Asana a student should learn and master Maha-Pranayama. spine twisting Asana should be avoided. 15 . • Do two or three Maha-Pranayama. Similarly writers. Make your self very comfortable at first. Savasana is very useful in relieving tensions. In one breath. A few Maha-Pranayama. Padmasana. or chant name of God you like. singers. In pregnancy and in case of injuries of back. Before trying any difficult Asana consult family doctor. (breath-in holds).. Business people making important decisions like buying or selling shares or property etc. air is breathed in and out in 4 seconds normally. Savasana should be done inbetween other Asana which require more KUMBHAKS. or chanting in mind Long OM mantra.

two or three Gayatri Mantras of Sun worship. The temperature of exhaled air is higher than that of inhaled air under normal circumstances. so that he/she can shine in world with newer self uplifting ideas for entire mankind on Earth. Indian Yogis knew such tricks since thousands of years. Any comfortable sitting posture is called Sukha-asana. Savasana is an important and preliminary Asana. Padmasan. The teacher suggests procedures and supervises performance of students. Learn Asana and Pranayama in small groups. (Lotus Posture). During one Surya-Namaskara. Dhyana and Samadhi. Meditation postures:- postures according to ability and level of the student. There are three main variations. This practice immediately brings a short time mental peace to any fresh Yoga student. try to chant two or three Gayatri mantra. and people with leg joint problems in chair. After some practice try to complete one Gayatri mantra with one Maha-Pranayama in one spell of a Surya Namaskara. Many such tricks are described in Yoga books and taught by different Yoga teachers. Most popular sitting Asana for Yoga is the “Lotus posture or Meditation posture”. Sit in any comfortable position. When any meditation posture is maintained for a long time it is called Siddhasana. Chant OM or some prayer Mantra. Try to feel this fine temperature difference. (2) Siddhasana (Success posture). It gives good exercise to both limbs and spine. which must be learned and mastered before practicing other Asana and higher steps of deep meditation like Dharana. relieves tensions from confused and worrying thoughts in mind. Five to ten SUN Salutations is a very good daily exercise and a good daily Yoga routine. Siddhasana Sukhasan. Pranayama and Asana are correlated. Feet are placed on opposite thighs. Surya Namaskaras. Padmasana. The ten toes make a figure like a lotus in the lap. When Surya-namaskaras is combined with chanting Gayatri Mantra. Combine them with deep breathing exercises. It relaxes body muscles. (1). Combine one SUN SALUTATION with chanting of one. it makes devotional ritual of Sun-worship. One observes that in a simple looking Asana like Savasana there is need of a teacher. complimentary and interdependent practices. Experiences of other students help when they discuss their own subjective experiences. Surya-namaskaras provides a full body exercise of all joints. Yoga Meditation is generally done in above 16 . Meditation can be done by old. • Try to hear the sound and rhythm of your own heart beats. SUN SALUTATIONS. familiar in West.• Try to feel the temperature difference of exhaled and inhaled air at the tip of nose. Two feet are firmly crossed over each other. In Gayatri Mantra the student requests the Sun God to give him/her “Intellect as bright” as the Sun. With more practice of Self Meditation (Adhiatma Chintan) newer ideas and positive thoughts of bright future are created in mind. (3) Sukhasana (Comfort posture). even in a chair or sofa. It is combination of lift-ups and stretch-outs.

Sit on both flexed knees and ankles pointing backwards. good for one’s age period and specific needs. Do such 2-3 min. but never over do this or any difficult posture longer than your limit of tolerance. spells changing right and left hands and feet. 2. a well balanced human personality is the final result. Asana for limbs. Foreword spine bending Asana. This Asana is very useful for the western people who are not used to sit on ground or use toilet in squatting position for excretory functions. ASANA OR STATIC BODY POSTURES. 17 . The pictures of many other Asana and more details are available in many Yoga books and work out Yoga videos available today. Backward spine bending Asana (ii). HIPS AND KNEES POSTURE. Asana for the vital systems (A) ASANA FOR LIMBS. If some simple Asana are done regularly from young age. Good health of body and all Vital Systems is important for long life and to enjoy material happiness. Try to separate both feet slowly outwards according to your tolerance. Asana for the spine and neck. Only a few popular Asana will be described in these chapters. but one needs to learn only a few useful Asana. and lower limb like ankles. B. Rotation and side to side spine bending Asana. Garudasana. Stand on one leg. The limitation of joint movements and various diseases occurring in joints of hands and legs bring crippling state to any person. Complete flexion of knees and rotation of hips prevents old age arthritis. A healthy body keeps mind healthy and healthy mind keeps the body healthy. (i). (A) Asana for limbs. All Yoga Asana can be classified into following main groups. These can be sub-divided into 3 groups. (iii). EAGLE POSTURE. A. They preserve the fullest range of mobility of all major joints of upper and lower limbs. Do similar wrapping of one hand on a semi-flexed elbow of other hand. Vajrasana. elbows and wrists. Maintain this position for a few minutes. C. Maintain this posture as long as you can. These Asana maintain and increase the full range of movements in major joints of upper limb like shoulders. knees and hip joints. Nearly three hundred Asana are described in Yoga Books. a very useful long and healthy life is the real gain. When Body and Mind are in Yoga with Intellect.PART-III. Wrap the other leg around it.

DIAMOND POSTURE. but useful for youth and adults. This leads to a constant strain on the back muscles of spine. Full. Mayurasana. This is a difficult Asana. The fatigue of the back muscles is responsible for many minor backaches and loss of mood during work hours. Most people stoop forewords during normal daily activities. Chalit Shalabhasana. Moving two legs one after another make a Chalit Shalabhasana. Upper limbs can be placed in various poses like facing sky. 1. These postures can also be done in sitting or lying down positions. Stronger spinal muscles prevent backaches and future slip-disk problems. Raise heels and keep two palms on loins.3. the spinal back muscles get toned up. 4. Can be done in standing or sitting positions. knees facing outwards. Carry out this. Two legs raising done together makes a full Shalabhasana. By doing Back bending Asana the range of backward movement of spinal column is increased. keeping two hands by the sides. Try to synchronize and link with one Maha-Pranayama each spell of leg raising. LOCUST POSTURES. 18 . Half. Stand on toes. PEACOCK POSTURE. Shalabhasana.. Hirak-asana. Chalit. alternately 5 or 10 times on both sides. Posture looks like an Indian colorful bird peacock. (B) (i) asana for backward bending of spine and neck. Two palms and forearms flexed at elbow support the straight and horizontally extended body in prone position. PART-IV. or back of neck etc. By doing forward bending Asana. Lying in prone position raise head and neck and extended one by one leg as up as you can.

Keep two legs together. Try to keep each spell for 2-3 min. bend knees forewords. Short spells of 10 to 30 seconds of Breath In-holds. Dhanurasana.the meditation posture. Kumbhaks. each. “A Sitting Triangle” made with (i) base by legs. HALF WHEEL POSTURE. (ii) thigh and trunk straight.are useful. 5. Ooshtrasana. Do 2-3 spells. 6. try to bend backwards making a half arch of body looking like a half wheel. Breathing is allowed. (iii) two hands behind taking support on two ankles: (iv) Keep neck thrown backwards. Breathing permitted. Do not forget to do a Savasan in between. BOW POSTURE (perfect). 4. lie on back. Matsyasana. Lying in prone position raise Head and Chest keeping both legs fully straight. Kumbhaks done for 10 to 30 seconds. can be done. SERPENT OR COBRA POSTURE. BOW POSTURE (easy). FISH POSTURE. but can be done in Supine positions. lying in prone position try to hold two ankles with two hands on the backside making shape of a bow. Do such 3 to 5 spells of 2-3 min. Breathing permitted. Do such 4 to 8 spells and one or two Savasana in between. Chakrasana. 19 . Do Padmasana. Breathing allowed. Usually done in Standing.2. Support of two elbows is allowed. Maintain for 2-3 minutes. After doing above two Asana No 1 and 2. CAMEL POSTURE. Maintaining the flexed knees. Maintain for 2 or 3 minutes. Bhujangasana. 3. Then bend neck backwards and lift abdomen and chest upwards. Difficult for adults and aged.

B (ii). and a good quadriceps exercise for thigh. Breath out. Lye supine. making a triangle supported by shoulders and feet. This is a very good Asana for back of spine. ASANA FOR FORWARD BENDING OF SPINE. Lying supine lift abdomen and chest with half flexed knees. It is very easy for most people. Do such 8 to 10 spells with each leg. raise one leg up (keeping straight) to 30 to 45 degrees from ground. These are not indicated for people with bone diseases. and doing a Kumbhak. This is a good Asan for reducing fat from abdomen.1. These Asana can be done lying on ground in Supine or Standing positions.Katiutthanasana. (Half-full & Chalit). Maintain this for 2-3 min. STRAIGHT LEG RAISING.Uttanpadasana. Lumbgo. 20 . Do 3 to 5 spells of MahaPranayama. pregnancy etc. and legs. Raising two legs together is full UP-Asan. Part-IV. 1. Bring leg down. tumors. Keep for 10 sec. Keep two hands by sides. slip-disk cases. Breathing permitted. Moving legs in with Kumbhaks make it a Chalit Uttanpadasana. (Bridge Posture of PT Exercises) THIGH-TRUNK-CHEST-RAISING POSTURE. Do Savasana in between.

4.Sirshasana (Head-down legs-up posture). Hands remain straight on opposite side of legs.head down posture with extreme flexion of neck. This Asana is like a half. TOE TOUCH AND HEAD-KNEE POSTURE. Sarvangasana. BOAT POSTURE. Halasana. This Asana can be done in standing position also. 5. Sit with extended legs in front. Pashchimottasana. Legs up . Lying in supine position raise two straight legs and two straight hands at 45 degrees position towards the sky.3. ALL LIMBS POSTURE. Try to touch two big toes with fingers of hands bending forwards. PLOUGH POSTURE. From Sarvangasana further flex trunk. Naukasan. 6. stretching legs and feet backwards to touch ground. Support body with two hands on buttocks. Raise legs and trunk up. 21 . Try to bring face down to touch the knees.

PART-IV. This is half Asana. Do 2-3 min. Matsyandrasana. 2-3 min. making curvature like a half-moon. spells. Do not do this asana during early Asana training. Breathing allowed. (B) (iii) side bending and rotation of spine. 3. Done in standing position with two legs 18" apart. After mastering Halasana. TRIANGLE POSTURE. Keep one straight leg on ground. Breathing is permitted. EARS BETWEEN KNEES POSTURE. Raise one hand towards sky and keep that way. Alternate sides. Done in standing position. Alternate sides. For complete Asana. 2. standing and lying on ground in supine or Prone positions. HALF-MOON POSTURE. Bend one knee. Trikonasana. Flex other leg in knee-up position. HALF AND FULL TWIST POSTURES. Ardha-Chandrasana. Karnasana. neck bent also on same side. same side hand touches ground. 1. Legs together. This is a difficult Asana for adults and aged. Half and full Matyendrasana and many spine twisting postures are done sitting.7. try to make a complete curvature of spine by placing head and ears between two knees. Twist and pass opposite hand and shoulder over the raised knee. other hand straight. 22 . spells. Bring other hand as down from knee towards ankle. flex the straight and try to catch the toes of flexed leg with other hand from behind. or Vakrasana.

Flex two legs. bend head towards knee and do a breath out (RACHAK) forcefully. Many Indian priests chant these words during fire rituals without understanding their meanings. MONKEY POSTURE. Flex both knees. raise hips and trunk. Take support of a wall to start with. Pavan-Muktasana. (i) Prana= Respiratory. (C). both arms stretched forwards. past history of brain stokes and neck problems. Do Kapalbhati. Repeat on second knee. Keep face on one side.Kumbhak help all inner vital organs of body by circulating more oxygenated blood to brain and all abdominal organs. Do in between Kapalbhati. Complete head down position. It cures many headeaches. This is opposite of above Asana.Part IV. Kumbhaks and RACHAK Pranayama. Kumbhaks and Rachaks. (v) Udana= nervous. These systems are subconsciously controlled by autonomic nervous system. Do this for only 2-3 minutes initially. (iv) Apana= excretory. Deep breathing exercises and ASANA done with 'Breath Inholds. Asana for Vital Systems Human body is equipped with five vital systems. Press them by two arms making a Lithotomy position in Gynecology operations. This Asana should not be done by people with high BP. 3. (iii) Samana= circulatory. Some Yoga exercises help to develop a partial control over these systems. namely. Vanarasana. Shirsaasana. GAS-RELIEVING POSTURES In Supine position. It is done in Prone position. 1. stops progress and/or cures cases of reading glass numbers and many eye and nasal problems. 2. flex one knee. 23 . HEAD-DOWN LEGS-UP POSTURE. (ii) Vyana= digestive.

• Do not mimic someone doing difficult and surprising body postures. (Vyana) Nervous (Udaan) and Circulatory (Samaan). When the breath stops one dies. • Never forget the smaller finger joints of hands and feet. The pressure was low and close to the new standards issued by the medical profession some time ago. Saturday night I took my blood pressure. Pranayama Cures Blood Pressurein 90 % of cases. I would like to record an Email response of a new friend who had tried only one short session of Maha Prayanama. Ashtang Yoga: 10. This State of Mind is not easy to achieve as it looks. creates great will power. “Dear Doctor Gandhi. 24 . STEP NO. One should not try to mimic other people. Respiratory system (Prana) is one of the five vital systems of physiology in all human beings and animals. This is called Nirvana. even for a short time. Pranayama:-Breathing Exercises. neck and spine. • Try to develop your own suitable routine of Asans and stick to that regularly preferably in early morning hours. • In Aerobic exercises the purpose is shape of body and developing muscle power. Whenever you get time. 4 PRANAYAMA. People in circus can do wonderful body postures. Pranayama practices create a state of peace of mind called thoughtless consciousness (Nirvichar Jagruti). He wrote. The other four vital systems are Excretory (Apaana). It was my pleasure to meet you at the Thanksgiving dinner. • Never over do any Asana or any extreme joint stretching exercises. I waited about 10 minutes and did the breathing exercise and took my pressure after finishing. self-realization (Atma-Gyan) and spiritual or universal consciousness. Its voluntary control. In long run it leads mind into a higher state of self-awareness. Digestive. • A student must remember the purpose of a particular Asana and try to do it slowly and without jerks. Mostly these are not under voluntary control of any person. Pranayama Cures Blood Pressurein 90 % of cases. I can give thanks that we happened to meet and engage in a very interesting conversation about Yoga. months and years. To reach Nirvana one needs regular Yoga and Pranayama practices for days.Section: II Summary: • Asana names will vary in different Yoga Books. The aim of Yoga Asana is to maintain tone of muscles and preserve fullest range of movements of all smaller and larger joints of limbs. Breathing is a most important involuntary vital system. • In all Asana for upper and lower limbs try to flex or extend all joints to their fullest range. It was above normal at 146 over 95. • Osteo arthritis of most joints could be prevented and cured to a fair degree by doing regular exercises and correct Yoga Asana. One can realize God indirectly by understanding that this Law of Mother Nature (God) work on all human beings and animals in an equal manner. remember to flex and extend these little joints. (Breathing Exercises) BREATHING EXERCISES.

which is partly under control of your will. etc. Breathing is partly voluntary and partly involuntary. singing skills (Aalap) etc. Pranayama practices teach how to develop will control over this partly involuntary vital system of body. Worries. This is a worth learning step of Yoga even if one does not wish to learn and practice other steps or play above sports. self-upliftment and vision (Darshan) of invisible God (Samadhi. Four Goals of Life (Dharna. kidneys. constipation. accelerates the recovery and shortens the bed stay. intestines etc.the maker of your own destiny. A pacified mind is needed to learn any subject in school or doing any good job or mental activity of meditation. Ron Ferster. backaches. The benefits of Pranayama are totally any Individual’s subjective experience (Atma-Anubhuti). They are studied with Upanishads. coronary arteries (supplying blood to heart). In simple words “the cause is not known”. The arteries become hard and loose their elasticity. I will put time aside on Monday to read thru the material. They teach how to control five Senses (Pratyahar Step -5). Art of 100 % Concentration (Dhyan. gastric ulcers. Deep breathing produces more oxygenated blood in lungs and at the same time wipes out accumulated carbon-dioxide. One immediately feels good and becomes worries and tension free. the thoughts cropping up in mind disappear at once like criminals running away upon hearing the siren of a police car. and arteries of brain and other systems. running. all worrying and confusing thoughts cropping up in mind like sparks of wild fire. This helps all persons in sports like swimming.disease in 90% of cases in medical books. fevers and headaches in a short time. 25 When one consciously controls the rate and depth of respiration. Pranayama is the threshold for entering Yoga Meditation The art of Meditation starts with Pranayama and last four steps of Yoga. * * * * It is possible to live long by regulating the Prana (life breath). Vedanta and the Bhagavat Gita (Divine song of God). stiffness. destiny). Normally the respiratory system is functioning subconsciously. diving (in particular). Immediate relief of worries. create a wonderful sense of well-being. Sometimes it is discovered during routine medical check ups for insurance. The ancient Indian Rishies had observed another important mental activity associated with breath control. stress. Thank you for the additional information you gave me today at church. heart. liver. diabetes. setting of age related goals and art of positive thinking. basket ball. tensions and confusion of thoughts is experienced. by some practice can develop a good control over the rate and depth of air intake at will for some minutes. The satisfied vital organs like lungs. step 8). etc. mind becomes pacified. All vital organs of body like brain. angina. The next thing I MUST do is discipline myself to take the time to do the breathing exercises regularly. Blood pressure is described as idiopathic. or in lying positions during recovery from heart attacks and other surgical procedures.or a monkey jumping from one branch to another disappear for that short period of time. (Bhag or Bhagya means Luck. When it remains untreated for a long time it gets established and starts affecting other vital organs like kidneys. alertness and better performance. intestines and liver start working better immediately because they get oxygenated fresh blood. Any adult individual. by selfknowledge. Pranayama when combined with chanting of OM and Prayer Mantras provide a handy tool of pacifying the confused mind for any individual at all times and at all places. By bringing it under voluntary (conscious) control of mind.126 over 85. joint diseases. Mind remains attentive and creative if it is calm. There is no need for smoking or drinking tea or coffee or alcohol. Regards. I am impressed and interested in discovering more about the practice of Yoga. asthma. Many known cases of blood pressure are permanently cured by simple Pranayama practices. Your life is partly in your hands by the free will for actions (Karma) given to only human beings by God. Darshans like Sankhya. Pranayama and Mantra chanting cures and/or prevents other psycho-somatic diseases like sinus problems. It is a silent disease having no symptoms during the early onset period. recurrent attacks of colds.. With Pranayama and chanting OM. tennis. One has to confirm by self-experiment and observing all short and long term results. You are Bhagvan . heart rate falls and this increases cardiac out put per minute.” Pranayama done in chair. This can be compared to two aspirin tablets relieving joint pains.. 7th step) and spiritual realization of Self. 6th step). Thanks again and I hope to see you soon. These steps teach mind control. stress and tensions are well-recognized psychological causes responsible for many cases of idiopathic blood pressure. kidneys.. . Besides blood pressure. acidity. The mind is peaceful.

Measure also the length of each part. 4. It changes the normal pH of blood. 2. heath preserving. One can easily master Maha-Pramayam (MP) and a few other Pranayama. and thus helps to cure many diseases. sick or healthy.Nearly 96 types of Pranayama are described in different Yoga books. In MP Yoga student learns to reduce normal rate of breathing of 15 to 18 per minute to one or two breaths per minute. MPs create a general sense of well-being. This is a wonderful design of God. Bhrastrika. During same one minute the heart beats 72 times. alcoholic drinks and other intoxicating drugs. lungs. During one breath cycle (inhalation and exhalation) a person at rest takes-in and exhales-out nearly 500 cc of air. Different combinations of above procedures Combined with OM and Mantra Chanting. People take breaks during work hours to refresh their tired bodies and minds. Do not take next breath as long as you can. When respiration rate is reduced from normal of 18 per minute. Besides the results will be far superior. kidneys. It is comparable to fuel and air mixing devices of automatic sensors of modern carburetors in cars and airplanes. Whereas 150 cc of air 26 remains in the ‘dead space’ area made up of bronchi. two or three breaths per minute. The carbon-dioxide level in blood falls due to deep breath ins/outs. and give immediate mental benefits. Above 4 parts of one breath cycle make One Maha-Pranayam (1MP). There is a physiological reason. only 350 cc of air enters into the inner most sponge like portion of lung (alveoli) for oxygen exchange. Maha Pranayama is a very simple deep breathing exercise. Breath out slowly. and can do such 4 to 8 MP session of two to four minutes at very first trial. In MP normal rate of breathing of 15 to 18 per minute is reduced to one. Normally an adult at rest takes 15 to 18 breaths per minute or one breath in 4 seconds. improve tone of all body muscles. Kapal-Bhati. SOME IMPORTANT PRANAYAMA: 1. physiology. Long inhalation. freshness of mind. Lastly. Maha-Pranayama: (MP) Longest Possible One Breath. Anybody can easily do 3 or 4 MPs of average 30 seconds each. 3. This knowledge also help during life threatening situations like entrapped in mines. Tratak: Combined with different Eyes exercises and Pranayama. males or females. pharynx and nasal sinuses. caves or fallen buildings during earth-quakes. liver and heart. Even if you wish you will not be able to do more than 5 to 10 MPs. land slides. Only a few useful and important are described below. which harm liver. They send messages to ‘the vital center of respiration’ located in brain stem (Medulla Oblongata) to stop this activity. 2. smokes due to fire hazards. One heartbeat takes about 0. Keep long outer breath hold – Bahya Khumbhak. MPs refresh all vital organs of body like brain. 5. Any inexperienced person can easily breath-in 3 times than normal air intake. Learn Pranayama under the guidance of a non-greedy teacher (Guru) having background of modern medical subjects like anatomy. and Mouth Breathing. at all age periods. Various tricks of Nasal breathing. if done regularly. 5 to 10 MPs done at intervals during work intervals or recovery period in hospital beds. It is simple to learn and easy to practice.. Measure this with a wristwatch. Instead a few MPs. Nasal Pranayama.c. By doing such a long in-hold (Kumbhak) more time is allowed for a bigger volume of air for oxygen exchange in lungs. lungs and general health. But do not try such long MP stunts in early practice. Take a deepest possible in-breath. Long Exhale. MPs provide more oxygenated blood to diseased organs during recovery period in sicknesses. Deep forced Breath outs with forceful use of diaphragm and the recti (abdominal) muscles. in/out from right and/or left noses. MP is a very useful and wonderful breathing exercise for all individuals. 3. to 2 or 3 breaths per minute. poisonous gases etc. With more practice one can increase 1 MP time to one breath per minute or one breath in 2 or 3 minutes. Maha-Pranayama (MP): Longest possible single breath. Hold breath in as long as possible.8 seconds. He can hold it in. In-hold (Kumbhak). will have no side effects and they do not cost a cent. it gives nearly 30 seconds of time for 1300 cc of a “block of fresh air” in the lungs for purification during one MP. 1. (MP is author’s name of this Pranayam). short in hold. 1. improve general tone of body muscles and all joints. Rachak.nearly 1300 to 1500c. 4.long exhalation. trachea.short out hold. But they smoke cigarettes. pharmacology and diseases. the breathed air for some more time. Mastering MP is foundation stone for all Pranayama Practices. take tea or coffee. Rapid Deep Breathings. There are nerve sensors located in the carotid arteries. Out of this 500 cc of air inhaled. . Maximum Inhalation. Recently I watched on TV one 8 minute long breath-hold (KUMBHAK) by some under water diver. which supply blood to the brain.

The abdominal in-drawing exercises reduce abdominal fat. circumference of belly and belt size. Parkinson’s disease. which improves tone of all abdominal organs like. Do maximum 4 sessions in one day. Do 5 to 8 sessions of 4 to 8 MPs daily at two or three hourly intervals. after taking bath. a spell of Bhastrika helps to increase under water time. They give some other benefits in specific conditions. This compresses the lungs to its maximum. You can teach this Pranayama to many friends after observing its benefits upon yourself. Summary: Maha Pranayama is simple to learn and useful for all individuals. hepatic diseases. Try to force out maximum air from lungs with all possible efforts of chest and abdominal muscles. recovery periods from sickness in hospital beds. Migraine. Imbalance of these is responsible of many diseases. KB Pranayama creates a balance of all three humors. MPs can be done at any time in a day. Acidity and Gastric Ulcers. and cures fibroids of uterus. getting up from bed. You will soon start experiencing its mental peace and benefits in recovery of Blood Pressure and other disease conditions. Than do next the next session after 2 to 4 hours interval. Paresis of limbs. During quick breaths try to make a whistling sound like a Steam Engine from nostrils and throat. Asthma. Do at two or four hourly intervals. a dome shaped muscle separating abdomen and chest. Advise: Do not do more than 8 MPs in one session at one time. Tip: How to remember four daily sessions of MPs and Bhastrika. Blood pressure and Heart diseases. From deepest parts of lungs carbon dioxide containing air is thrown out by pulling abdomen inwards with diaphragm. or any free time. 1. Long inhalation. 3. In Bhastrika the normal rate of breathing of 15 to 18 is raised to 25 to 30 per minute. Before diving. and sticky mucous) are described in Aur-Vedic texts. Chronic Bronchitis. All other Pranayam practices are some variations of the different phases of MPs. and also in one session. Before Dinner. Kapal-Bhati. Getting up from bed. * * * * 2.Imagine during Maha Pranayam that God as Universal Air (Vayu Dev) and Cosmic Light Energy (Vishva -Jyoti) is entering your body and purifying all internal organs and mind. Let your breath come down to normal breathing rate for a few minutes. All phases must be smooth and gradual without any jerks. then try to do before going to bed. master and try to practice 20 minutes sessions of MPs. Liver and kidney diseases. Master each part gradually up to its full capacity. Pitt and Couf (gases. Take rest and come back to normal breathing for two to three minutes. Then only start next 8 Mps and stop. Bhastrika is opposite of MPs. KB helps to develop control over urgency and frequency of urination. Rapid Deep breathings. (2). males or females. In Kapal Bhati one does “Deep forced Breath outs with use of diaphragm and in-drawing the abdominal Recti muscles.g. Before Break Fast 3.short outer hold – All done in one breath. e. cures minor prostrate problems and early cancer cases. 27 . Do such 15 to 30 quick breaths up to tolerable limit in one cycle. In case you forget one session. The forced expiration awakens Swadhistan Chakra. during work intervals. long exhalation. and genital organs in males and females. This is a useful and worth mastering Pranayam for both sexes. at all age periods. Do 15 to 20 minutes MPs sessions in one sitting. before prayers. Benefits: KB produces an abdominal massage. intestines. Helps in cases of cirrhosis of liver. In normal breathing adults do not use abdominal muscles in breathing like young children. etc. You will soon start seeing its mental. Before Lunch. Learn. during day or before going to bed at night. pancreas. Tips: (1). controls diabetes and cholesterol. Try to count how many breaths you rapidly took in one minute. but never overdo any part of a MP to extreme limit. liver. One spell can be of 2 minutes to start with and increased up to 5 minutes maximum. Benefits: Bhastrika is useful in many Headaches. physical and benefits in High Blood Pressure cases and recovery of other disease conditions. 4.. Try this for 3 to 5 days regularly. sick or healthy. short in hold. 2. Bhastrika Pranayam. Never over do any Pranayam beyond your capacity and comfort limit. “Never do Bhastrika more than that limit”. It helps in regulation of menstrual cycles. (3). Three humors Vat. Keep one hand on abdomen and press while exhaling. kidneys. located in chest region. Again start a second cycle of Bhastrika. bile.

Down. Nasal & Oral Pranayama. Many successful intellectuals worship more than 1000 Mortal Living Gurus as “Living Gods”. become perfect by Tratak practices. Tratak develops fullest attention of eyes and mind. This washes out dust particles from eyes. Longer Outer Breath Holds: Take few Deep breaths then do a short In-hold and Exhale quickly. This can be done when eyes are tired due to constant use in writing or reading. Awakening of Muladhar Chakra. liberation from family and material attachments like money and victory over sensual pleasures. England and USA. 5. The higher steps of Yoga require sacrifice of time. Side to Side and at Tip of Nose without moving head are good Yoga Exercises. He/she is not supposed to blink even if tears run profusely from the eyes. Do not do more than three spells in one sitting. Fixing eyes on a bright object. Eyes are important sense organs. when one is in Tratak with some one. Work out. This is very difficult practice for many people. With tips of thumb and middle fingers of R hand. Tratak falls under Hath Yoga practices. like calculations of numbers. Keep position of flexed neck during BKP. In Tratak students are asked to focus Eyes on some Objects like bright Lamps. KB cures early cases of asthma. Pranayama and the first three steps of Yoga create a wonderful sense of well being of body and mind and give inner joy. sinusitis. KB practices push fresh blood on face. High blood pressure is a silent disease and root cause of many heart diseases Improvement of kidney tone removes toxins from blood and reduction of blood pressure. press nose at top and bring fingers down wards. They can easily hypnotize and influence them. Their movements like looking Up. A. Conscious mind is fully concentrated upon the object observed. These are easy to start and practice for all. Bahya Kumbhak . and sinusitis. Try these Nasal practices before doing Nasal Pranayama. giving two sides of nose a gentle massage. allergies. Best time is early morning before breakfast. snoring at night. 4. improve sexual functions in EDS (Erectile Dysfunction Syndrome) cases in males and similar state in females leading to joy (anand) of sexual life. KB helps in other abdominal conditions like. selfconfidence and positive attitude to many individuals. * * * * Only a few successful and intellectual individuals have real curiosity to know true religion and God. an Idol of a deity God. Measure outer breath hold time with a wrist-watch. ascend and decent of airplane. photo of a Guru or a great past personality like Lord Buddha. All jobs requiring pinpointed attention and fullest concentration. Tratak. fine painting. Flex neck and touch chin to chest and Hold. Tratak mastery (Sadhna) imparts ability of mind reading. prolapsed uterus in females and prostrate conditions in males. driving a car in heavy traffic. Yoga Eyes Exercises. Bandha like Jalander Bandha can be combined with this Pranayam. This gives a mild heat pad like soothing effect on Eyes. Not advised in later months of pregnancy. KB develops attention and concentration powers in all activities. Do not do KB after food. the 7th step in Yoga. Mastering BKP is useful in swimming for remaining under water for longer times. Do 5 to 10 KB in one spell with intervals of some rest in between. located in pelvis. Modern psychics and police officers know this trick. Nose Massage. Do this for 10-15 times. Yogis who have cultivated this ability can read thoughts of weak minded people. The student looks at a fixed bright object usually a candle or a bright lamp. 28 . This is going on to maximum degree at present in India. In sports Tratak helps to concentrate and win a game. wrist watch repairing. in after noon after 4 hours of meals and after 3 hours of dinner before going to bed. In Karate fights also Tratak is taught to students. They donate millions of Dollars to build hudge temples as per wish whims and dreams of such Gurus. Different Yoga teachers and schools teach various Tratak tricks. It is believed that KB awakens the Muladhar Chakra. etc. Tips. This is a popular trick for achieving concentration (Dhyan). Other exercises teach wide opening and closing firmly of both eyes alternately. Do such 3 to 5 BKP after each session of KB. Now do not take next breath until you are forced to take next breath.Pranayam. After above exercises press softly both eyes with base of palm after rubbing palms.KB helps to pass out hard stools from bowels and relieves constipation when done on a toilet seat. Without any cosmetics the face looks brightened up.

You will observe its benefits within a week. Keep Spine Erect. Nasal & Oral Pranayama. Lom Anulom (Vilom) Pranayam. Press and Push nose gently on L side with R thumb. The reverse of Surya Pranayam is Chandra Pranayama. stress. E. Some palm poses Mudras are done. Shitli Pranayama. This will be Sun or Surya Pranayam. This will be Moon or Chandra Pranayam. In case you forget one session. Udgith Pranayam. A. Padmasan Lotus Posture or Siddhasan for Pranayama practices. During early learning phase try to do 10 to 15 breaths in one session. Do this way every time. Sit in Sukhasan Comfort Posture. Take deep inbreath. B. Measure the length of hummmm by wrist watch. In yoga books two important Nadies. reduces body weight by 1 lb/month without any diet changes. While doing nasal Pranayama. and negative thoughts. Little and Ring fingers extended and keep Index and Middle fingers flexed. In Yog Mudra. It can be done at any time during free work interval for quitting habit of smoking. Long Loud Laughters. Then place index finger on forehead. This pranayam helps in Asthma cases and Recurrent Sinus problems. They increase defense capacity of mucous membrane. keep the left hand on left knee. Helps in varicose veins of legs and blockage of Brain and Coronary arteries. Temperature Cooling Pranayama. If combined with proper food and Calories control it helps to reduce Obesity. When it is exhaled the hot air carries away the heat. 29 It is claimed that 4 Sun Pranayama done in one session. Inhale from mouth through teeth and exhale via Nose. Do reverse of this with Left Thumb for 15 times. (AtmaSanyam) self confidence (Atma Shraddha) and concentration (Dhyan) in jobs. A. Bhramari Pranayam. Two nostrils can be expanded and contracted to some extent by voluntary muscles around two nostrils. Try to maintain the rate of breathing about 8 to 10 per minute. It creates self control. It awakens Agna Chakra and gives ability of making firm decisions. This is useful in cold weathers. C. Benefits: This Pranayam helps to relieve mental tensions. worries. Use only right hand for nasal Parnayama. This will become one session of a Sun Pranayam. and come down to normal breathing in-between. Nose Twistings. The air entering on moist tongue gets cooled and reduces temperature of blood in lungs. Lom Anulom (Vilom) Pranayam To close left and right nose alternately make a Mudra (hand pose) with Right hand. B. Nose Expansion Exercises. Then while exhaling try to produce a constant humming noise (hum-m-m-m) like that of a Bumblebee. In Vayu Mudra. (1). If such 4 sessions are done in one day. Keep only Thumb. (2). and such 4 sessions done in a day. family upsets and business problems. alcohol and drugs. F. (3). Do such 30 Moon Pranayams in one session. Ujjayai Pranayam. This is useful in cases of high temperature. With remaining fingers partially close two sides of nose. Do 3 to 5 Bhramari Pranayam in early morning and before going to bed. the index finger is firmly pressed at the base of the thumb with three fingers extended. Hasya Pranayama. Benefits. Also helps in High BP. Nose and Pingla runs in Left nose. IDA (also called Sun or Surya–Nadi) and PINGLA (also called Moon or Chandra–Nadi) are described. Opposite of above breathing is breath-in via Nose and exhale via mouth. Some teachers ask to make a tube like protruded tongue while doing Shitli Pranayama. You will experience a loud hum in your ear drums.B. Bhramari Pranayam. one makes a circle with index finger and thumb keeping other three fingers extended. and help to prevent attacks of recurring cold. it helps to increase body weight by 1lb in a month. Inhale via Right and Breath-out via Left nostril every time. then do it before going to bed. . Inhale via Right and Breath-out via Left Nose. Second time Inhale via Left and Breath-out via Right Nose. the inner lining of nose. Inhale via Left and Breath-out via Right nostril. D. Above Nasal exercises can be done at any time during a day. Shitli Pranayama. Chandra Pranayam helps to gain weight by increasing appetite. C. Take rest. C. Determine to do regularly 3 to 4 such sessions daily. Try to do this expansion exercise 10 to 15 Times. Also helps in Arthritis by producing joint fluids and regenerating cartilages in early cases of Osteo-Arthritis. Do such 30 breathings in one session. Repeat for 10-15 times. Place two thumbs of two hands into ears to close any sound coming from outside. Ida runs in R.

Also clears throat stickiness and clears vocal cords and improves quality of voice for singers. or 12 letter Mantras like “Om Namo Bhagavate Vasu Devaya”. Uoom during inhaling phase. Prayers. or some short poetry lines. Singh Mudra: This is a funny variation of Pranayam. When OM or any Mantra is spoken repeatedly and loudly with breath control a powerful pacification of mind occurs. start laughing “as loudly as you can in a non stop manner” until your breath is exhausted. Keep eyes closed and do this chanting with devotional mood of prayers to God. residing in paradise at the other end of Universe. Take deep breath. In this Pranayama each MP is combined with OM or Mantra chanting. F. During chanting imagine as if you are sending your message or praises to King of Universe (Jagdish. Flex neck and touch chin to chest. a sound like the Roar of a Lion is done. This creates a joyful mood in mind and in surrounding people also. having background of modern medical sciences and diseases. or musical sounds during breath out phase is Udgith Pranayama. Narayana)-or God. Long Loud Laughter This is done in sitting or standing positions. creates a happy atmosphere. Indian Yoga Gurus earn lot of money by teaching such simple time tested tricks of breathing. A pose of sitting Lion is done. The sound produced during OM Chanting is called Pranav. Sinus and night snoring problems. and abdomen drawn in like Kapal Bhati. After taking a deep breath. Average Swamies and Yoga teachers who know this trick hypnotize rich and famous and many other people easily. Regular Laughing Clubs movement is going on in many places in India. It creates a funny atmosphere around. Ujjayai Pranayam. Later on you will be able to teach such Pranayama to others after observing its benefits upon yourself. Later try to chant longer 16 sound Mantras like Gayatri Mantra or Hare-Rama. Speaking becomes Karma or activity. when done in small groups. For giving some Mantra to chant Indian Gurus charge lot of money.Krishna Mantra in one breath. tensions. This trick pacifies any worrying and confused mind. Measure length of OM with wrist watch. . Verses. Hasya Pranayama. Try to speak 5 letter Mantras like “Om Namah Shivaya”. This develops singing ability and is very useful for budding singers. Uoo. Udgith Pranayam. Association of Speaking or Chanting OM Mantrta. Usually we are not able to produce any sound or noise while breathing in. Try slowly two or three noises in the beginning.Follow up this Pranayama by Udgith Pranayam or Mantra Chanting. But with some practice it is possible to make such a sound. It creates self-confidence in the mind of the doer. Mantra Chanting and Religious group Prayers. Hare. Sky) of Universe. hold and try to speak a long and loud OM while exhaling air. 30 Repeat such long laughs for 3 to five minutes. Note that any Mantra is possible during out breathing phase only. Imagine your sound is merging with the spoken words of all people of past and present times in Infinite Space (Aakash. Initially learn Pranayam and Asana practices and master some popular Pranayama under the guidance of a non-greedy teacher (Guru). Benefits: Helps to cure Thyroid problems. which can be done only at present moment “Today and Now”. All worries and confusing thoughts disappear for that short or long spell of time. New and positive ideas arise only in a cool mind. The pacified mind is more receptive to fresh knowledge. While breathing try to produce a sound like Uoo. Summary: Yoga students must learn and master some simple Asana and these Pranayama. soothing music. Songs. They will soon observe its subjective beneficial effects on Body and worrying agitated Mind. This activity helps to over come stress. The wandering and agitated mind soon becomes quiet. Gradually increase up to 5 to 8 in one session. Hasya Pranayama. Then tongue is protruded to maximum limit. Combination of devotional songs with music produces wonderful mind pacifying effects. They mint money by teaching such simple age-old psycho-physiological tricks for pacifying confused minds. D. After taking a deep breath. In Hindu temples group Mantra Chanting of scriptures like Ramayana or Gita is done in a nonstop manner for hours. E. All these create a short-term peace in any agitated mind. and sad moods in friend circles and social groups. Such practices are seen in Islamic and Christian group prayers also.

and knowledge based upon memories of one's own experiences remain clear in awakened and ever conscious mind. When any one speaks 'I'. called SPIRIT or SOUL (Brahman). family expectations. Skin. Mahatma Gandhi has shown an easy way to develop such a mind. status or position in life and many relations.the first person singular pronoun. Seeing. beliefs and false notions. bank balance. Thus each person understands a number of vague things for himself or herself. Part-1. Most Indian Gurus and priests understand. The Sanskrit term for soul or spirit in the Vedas is BRAHAMAN and the word for 'self' is 'Atma'. It also means Self or “I”. Yoga Meditation is study of Self or “Who am I?” With this step starts the analysis of one’s own likes and dislikes at material and senses level.namely Hearing. Roop. When one thought gets erased. Vasnas) and actions (Karma) done to satisfy these desires by self. Swa-vishava samprayoge Chittasya swaroopanukara. Tongue as taste organ and Nose. Any conscious mind is able to possess only one thought at one time. Meditation brings to memory and consciousness many past experiences like a recall on calculators and computers. Grammatically speaking "I" is 'first person singular pronoun'. The Sanskrit word for "I" (Aham) has two meanings. within dimensions of Universal Space/Place -Time (Chitta-Shakti) and developing control over the senses is Pratyahara”. 'Aham' means Ego. "Nothing belongs to me. Verse 54. When false egos are conquered. ambitions. eve indriyanam pratyaharahe. separations and meetings etc. wealth. and their 5 subjects . The student now reaches the 5th step of Yoga ladder. One learns this important psychological fact. By 31 tricks shown during Yoga meditation student has to reach and find inner pure divine Self. Many misunderstandings would get clarified if the word ATMA is strictly translated as Self and 'Brahaman' is translated as soul or spirit. self-confidence and firm convictions (Atma-shraddha) develops. This is not correct understanding or translation. Eyes. true self (Nij-Swaroop) unfolds. But in sub-conscious mind he/she is aware of the name. True beliefs and correct goals indicated by scriptures. Who am I"? Self meditation starts with this question. This is only the first level of self consciousness. wants. Removal of a variety of false Egos in a short time is very difficult. I don't know so many things. Whatever money. unhappiness (Dukkha). who transcendents into divine spiritual zone of universal or God consciousness. Touching. In this step "Mind is with drawn from sense objects and the senses are withdrawn from their subjects". As one climbs higher steps all false beliefs and egos get slowly reduced.. By self meditation one understands that I am Brahaman. sex. much faster than any computer in the world. a care taker of whatever I have and possess". thoughts of sensual happinees (Sukkha).Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 11. I don't possess any thing. . passions or sex urges (Kama. education (knowledge). then only a second thought can enter and occupy the conscious mind. Third Eye of Shiva is within you. nationality. Sadhana Pada. This is not possible without help of a trust worthy teacher and regular meditation practices. 5. This brings complete mastery over the 5 senses namely Ears. Then real self control over all senses and organs of actions develop. 'Atman is Brahaman'.. All past events that have occurred in own life. A super-human genious and a saintly personality is born. speak and translate the word ‘ATMA’ in the sense of spirit or soul only. PRATYAHARA. knowledge and power I have is limited and it is for a limited time only". achievements of goals and failures etc. It is the consciousness of one's own physical body or self. "Ayam atma Brahamaha" is a great short sentence or Vedic Maha Vakya. When Kundalini and Agna Chakra (the highest intellect and universal mind) awakes one is able to switch from remote pasts to near future. mostly he/she means gross physical body. He learns the art of understanding inner natural desires or instincts (Vrutties) like hunger and thirst. “Understanding one’s Self. Meditation teaches how to discriminate between true and false egos. Ras and Gandha). desires. how great a scholar he/she may be. When true self unfolds. Many false religious and political beliefs come to an end. This is true for any human being. One gradually learns to reduce false egos. "I am just a trustee. Tasting and Smelling (Shabda. Sparsha. STEP NO. hopes. all pleasures and joys (Ananad) occurring are meditated upon.

marriage. In Swadhyaya one brings to memory of one’s own past. and behaves sometimes like a lost path soul. Anatomically it is the frontal lobe area of human brain just behind the forehead. Vyaye krute vardhat avam nityam Vidya dhanam sarva dhanam pradhanam. physiological and psychological parts of brain. Swadhyaya in simple words means Self examination. But without Self knowledge (Adhiatma-Vidya) and Self realization any person having great knowledge remains in darkness. Thinking is done by anatomical. Spoken words of any language are only sound variations of OM. It is gained by the use of ears and eyes in home and schools.. Step of Niyama). German or Spanish. (2) Atma-Sanyama (Self-control over senses and sensual joys). or events occurring in a city or country. meaning human voice or ‘spoken sound’ in all Eastern religions. Because a thief cannot steal it. OM is a holy Symbol of Knowledge or Vedas. OM is at the root of all spoken human languages. Knowledge is power. One cannot think well when lower mind is in grip of feelings 32 like. Worries and tensions arise due to likes. etc. Mostly they are related to money. and emotions like angers. Knowledge is the real wealth of any individual. Na chor choryam na cha raj haryam. knowledge is the top most wealth. called mind (lower or animal mind). This is material knowledge of the world explored by different sciences and seers of the past. Many Indian people make Tilaks or various colorful religious decorations in forehead. But most people do not know the meaning of Tilak and tricks of meditation of activating Kundalini or making proper use of intellect or Buddhi. Then the ability of correct thinking. produce their first doping effects upon the nerve cells located in this area. It is called Pranav. decrease by spending (!)". jewelry. Until recent times the exact function of the frontal lobes was not known to medical science. any Logy (like geology. Thinking usually occurs in mother tongue at all places. a king cannot confiscate it. Third Eye of Shiva is within you. etc. Thoughts and dreams constantly arise in conscious mind during waking or sleeping hours. graduation. But the topmost quality of knowledge is this. Part-2. cocaine. chitta and intellect (Buddhi). opium etc. It has always inspired me to learn new ideas and skills every day. This is worldly knowledge. . These events are perceived with Ears and Eyes mainly. Knowledge is God. remembers all important events of life like deaths in family. Thinking in all human minds occur with words and all ideas are mainly communicated by Speech. The intellect (or Kundalini) is located in the front part of human brain. cardiology. You can write a short autobiography. Knowledge is wealth. buying a house. The student analyzes his likes and dislikes of past and present time events. in past life. A blind operation of Pre-frontal Lobotomy was performed in severe cases of schizophrenia. (1) Swadhyaya (Refer this word in the 2nd. In this step the student must clearly understand two important Yoga words. birth of children. behavior of relatives and neighbors. it cannot be divided among brothers like other material property. the world and so on. Any useful knowledge is the greatest wealth of a person. a new car. th I learned the following Sanskrit verse in the 5 grade of my school days. (1). We hear such sentences. "Among all kinds of wealth. dislikes and many false fears. It is called Ved or Vidya. family problems. and it is not heavy during traveling. Alcohol and hallucinating drugs like Cannabis Indica (Bhang). and selfish desires (Krodha and Kama)”. This area was known as silent area of brain. Knowledge is the real wealth of any individual. desires and actions is dulled or lost.). Control over all Karma Indriyas is lost and people behave like lunatics and devils under the influence of such intoxicating drinks and drugs. his/her behavior at such occasions and the joys and pains produced by such events. etc. sicknesses. It symbolizes “Lord Shiva’s third eye” located at this point. “likes and dislikes (Raga and Dwesha). I am still a student.. Swadhyaya (self-analysis) means thinking about one’s own past life starting from childhood till today. Na bhratru bhajyam na cha bharakari. It increases by spending whereas other material wealth like money. Self analysis. I cannot think in French. This is easier than thinking or meditating in mind.Asana and Pranayama prepare the student to create a peaceful and thoughtless state of mind. judging right and wrong. Similarly a French man cannot think in any Indian language if he has not learnt it.

This recorded or 95 % blank tape exists as Chitta-Shakti or sub-conscious mind in all human brains. perceived mainly as ‘Hearing by Ears’ and other four senses. false egos and soul as different parts of Self (Atma). teachers and unknown people (Atithi). These help him to develop control of mind over objects of material world and lead him to higher steps of selfstudy and better use of intellect. The Sanskrit word Veda means knowledge. greed and superstitions. The same principle applies in Self-knowledge also.. called feelings and emotions. air. but mainly by ‘seeing with eyes (Smruti = memory) and (Shruti) hearing words with ears’. Desires for gratification of senses constantly arise in mind for getting contact of material objects of the world. nonvegetarian foods. Means:. This is very difficult for a family man during early years of life. raised. Sanyama or Self control is gained by renunciation of wrong beliefs (Avidya). jealousy (dwesha) etc. 'Prati' means 'daily or towards'. etc.not speaking for a day. “Maunam”.. moved.Without genuine interest (Jignasa) one cannot learn and no teacher can teach Self Knowledge. It is stored as words of the spoken language listened by the child. It is food of a Yogi. This visible universe is an ever changing world of perishable objects. The knowledge of worldly material objects is gained by the five senses. the real quest of knowing one’s spiritual self arises only in a few people. By use of intellect and Sanyama one learns how to control the agitated mind. martial arts (Dhanur-Ved). as Audio-knowledge or shruti-gyan”. (2). mind. and events observed with eyes. Remain a curious student. legs. alcohol. To reach the highest steps of Dhyana and Samadhi (7th and 8th steps) more penances are needed. and 'Aahara' means food. “95 % of any human being’s knowledge is Audio-knowledge gained by hearing words from parents. dislikes (hates). half or full day fasts etc. Abstinence from smoking. eyes. Food of a true Yogi is nectar of all knowledge. tongue as taste organ.one in a thousand or one in a million. The Vedas contain the knowledge and prayers of mother nature’s visible material objects like the sun. Nirvana or Moksha (Mukti) is reached when mind gets totally liberated from all worldly desires and attachments. Meditate upon this point. as any young child grows in any part of the world. nose and skin and (B) Control over 5 organs of actions Karma Indriyas. Thus Vedic knowledge is like audio-visual recording on mind's blank VCR memory tape. Medicine (Aur-ved). and also upon spiritual knowledge in which one understands correctly body. wherever he/she was born. Knowledge and Intellect are different human abilities. newer ideas and inventions. tongue as organ of speech. Thoughts are mostly about past experiences of gaining happiness from material objects. Yoga Meditation is a mental exercise of “knowing and understanding one's own self” (Atma-Gyana). economics (Arth-ved) were the branches of different Vedas or material knowledges. namely. 33 . so do not get too much attached to them. revise your worldly knowledge and religious beliefs. namely. Veda is stored in the Chitta part of brain. In studies like Yoga. sense objects and past experiences of pains or pleasures stored in mind as memories. Indian Religions lay great stress upon gaining worldly knowledge (Veda). called the 6th sense organ in the Gita is generally attached to the five senses. water. The conscious mind. which make the total personality of any individual. But these must be observed and practiced for higher goals (indicated in next . All material knowledge changes with passage of time.. 'Gyan-amrutam Bhojanam'. volumes of knowledge in subconscious memory compartment or ‘Chitta’. mainly as memory (OM or listened words). fire.6th step of Yoga). greed (lobha). lived and educated until TODAY. ears. celibacy. ego centric desires. Human brain has wonderful capacity of acquiring and storing. passions. Vedic knowledge means knowledge of material objects of the world. He has spiritual quest and is always trying for self realization. The mind is always in the grip of such emotions when it is attached to senses. and learn new things every day. Atma-Sanyama. hands. Intellect (Buddhi) works like a computer with the data (memory or data) stored in different parts of brain and memories of past events as audio-visual impressions. There is a second meaning of the word Pratyahara. The Vedic knowledge and beliefs need to be revised and updated with passage of time and fresh inventions of science. Yoga student takes some vows of abstinence from such sense joys and strictly observes them. excretory organs and sex organs. always keep eyes and ears open. intellect. are some simple vows. Guru indicates penances for students according to level of his mind. music and fine arts (Gandharva-Ved). rain.(A) Self-Control by Intellect over mind and 5 senses -the Gyana Indriyas. Desires arise in mind due to likes (Ragas). land.

In Gita Ch-3-V-41, Lord Krishna indicates a way of controlling one's wandering mind. "Lord Says; Oh the mightiest (like a bull) in mankind, develop control over thy sense organs, and slain all ego centric (selfish) desires and angers, because they drag you to do wrong deeds (sins). They destroy your knowledge and intellect (discriminative ability -judgment, talent, scientific skills etc,). Summary. 1. Pratyahara means victory over temporary sensual joys and control of 5 organs of actions, in which controls of speech and sex desire are most important penances. Learn to develop control of tastes, smell and sight of foods. 2. Self control brings a long healthy life, with good name, fame and immortality. Real Sanyama, (Self control) comes at a later age period after self realization. 3. Active involvement in deeds of selfless humanitarian services makes any person a living Angel, Manifest God or Goddess. 4. Samadhi state and “Total Surrender to God’s will” requires years of Yoga and living a truly religious life. 5. Golden Rule: Do not try Samadhi Step before age of 75 and over. In Samadhi Step one meditates like this. For days, months and sometimes years a Yoga student searches answers to following questions step by step. “How small I am in the universal dimensions of TIME and SPACE in this ever changing endless universe?" How and when I came to this life? What factors maintain my daily life? How long would I like to live? How many people know me in this city, country and on Globe Earth? What will happen to my property, family and city and the world when I die? How big would be my funeral? In what manner I would like to die, if I am given a choice of a disease before my death?

Section: II

Ashtang Yoga: 12. STEP NO. 6. DHARANA.
Part-1. Deshabandh Chittasya Dharana. Vibhhoti Pada. Verse. 1. “Awareness of Time, Place and clear Goals (purpose of life) in subconscious mind (Chitta) is Dharana”. Awareness of Dharm, Artha, Kama and Moksha, four Goals of Life, is Dharna.. Some Yoga books and Yoga teachers explain Dharana like this:1.“Concentration of mind in spiritual consciousness within the body”. 2.“Fixing attention on some deity forms like sun, moon or a statue of deity God, or Guru within mind and in universal show”. 3. Some Gurus teach Hath Yoga practices in Dharna step like ‘Tratak’, Naity, etc,. In future articles and next step of Dhyan, we will learn more about ‘Tratak’. th 4. I present a new angle of studying the 6 step- Dharna. Dharna means intensions, will, goals, aim and purpose of life. Awareness of four Life Goals is Dharna. Hinduism preaches four age-quarters related Goals. We will learn about purpose of human life and four goals (Ashrama-Dharma) called, Dharm, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Conscious and subconscious mind of all human beings are ever filled with endless wants, hopes, wishes (Asha), and desires (Kama). Most desires get satisfied according to Karma done by every individual (Atma) to achieve them. But desires go on growing as one grows in age. The endless ‘Chain of Desires’, never comes to a final full point in mind, called st nd ‘Satisfaction’ in life journey. (Look at 1 word Santosh - in the 2 step of Niyama). Noble desires are always worth keeping in mind as good goals and dreams of life. Subconscious goals (Dharna) give a definite 34

direction to daily activities (Karma). Instincts (Vrutties), dreams and desires (Kama) are at the root of all human activities (Pravrutti). They drag a person to do Karma and deeds (Karya). This is called Mother Nature’s (Prakruti) Law of cause and effects, or Karya Karana Sidhanta. The Sanskrit word Dharm is usually translated as religion by most Indian Gurus but it has many meanings. Visit www.gandhigitadharm.com. To learn 8 different meanings of word Dharm. The subconscious mind is filled with many desires. SelfKnowledge (Atma-Gyan) and correct actions (Karma Yoga) bring fulfillment of most desires, wishes and all possible dreams in life. Achievement of a goal is called success (Siddhi) or victory (Vijaya). Successes bring mental happiness and joys. This creates Self confidence and Self-esteem (Gaurav). A Karma-Yogi is clear in mind about his/her past actions, present needs and what actions he needs to do for achieving all future noble goals. What do you want? The Desires (Kama) are divided into two major groups. (a) Natural Instincts (Vrutties, Kama) like, eating food for hunger, drinking water for thirst, breathing air for survival and sex activities for propagation of race. These are common in all living beings, human beings, animals and plants. (b) Material wants. There are many material wants in human society, like houses, clothes, money, jewelry, transport vehicles, etc, These are common desires of only human beings, at all places. Ahara, Nidra, Bhaya, maithunam cha Samanyam etat pashunam naranam, Dharmo hi eko adhiko visheshaha Dharmana hina pashubhi samana. To Eat (Hunger), Drink (Thirst), Sleep, Live in many fears and Passions and Sex Desires are common in animals and human beings. But Religion (=Dharm meaning ‘Sense of Duty’ and Self-control) is unique quality of human beings. People without Self-control and Dharma behave like animals. When any human mind gets attached to money and material pleasures gained by material things with money, he/she forgets natural instincts and runs after material things. People try to get more and more money, political power, etc,. Only a few are conscious aboutwhat are natural wants and what are unnatural desires; what are

correct age related goals of life and what are wrong desires at young or old age periods. A child of five years wants toys and candies. The same toy or candy does not give him same joy when he grows to 10 or 15. At teenage there is natural drag of sex desires (kama) and other material things. The desires again change in middle age period. New desires of touring the world, buying new cars, ornaments, fancy dresses, homes etc, arise in mind. This chain of desires goes on and on until old age starts and diseases and fears of death arise in Mind. Even at moments of death some desires always remain unfulfilled, but one has to die. The ancient Indian King Manu (2500, BC) had divided the population of his kingdom into four job-oriented Classes- or Varna. The Classes were based upon different jobs done by the people. The word Dharm was used in meaning of ‘duty’ in times of Manu. 1. Brahmins were men of Knowledge. They (teachers, Gurus) made the highest or top class. They knew laws of biology (BhramaVidya) and herbal medicine. They guided all lower three classes in matters of morality or obligatory duties and gave judgments and punishments. 2. Kshatriya were men of strength. They knew use of weapons. They were kings, rulers and warriors. Their duty was protection of people and punishing wrong or evil ones. 3. Vaishya were men doing agriculture, sale and transport of goods. Morals like no cheating, no greed, honesty, etc., were prescribed as their Dharm. They knew economics and business skills. 4. Shudra, the fourth major class was made up of all remaining people. They included carpenters, weavers, blacksmiths, masons and all others who did some manual labor. Their Dharma was to serve upper 3 classes as employees, servants, slaves or laborers. All four classes were expected to do their assigned jobs with a sense of Dharm (duty). Today this word is usually translated as ‘Religion’ into English. But it means “Duty or Responsibility of a person in a particular class” in Hinduism. The classes were Job Oriented and not Birth-rights imparting classes to start with. There were no untouchables in earlier times. But with passage of time these classes turned into hierocratic (VIP) privileges imparting and preaching classes. • Brahmins (men of knowledge) guided other three classes in all moral codes, laws, sociology, economics and political matters. Knowledge was passed over and preserved by creation of short sentences, Mantra, proverbs and musical hymns and verses. (Sam Veda Hymns).

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• A woman was property of her husband. A man could marry more than one woman, but a widow could not remarry. Wives were burnt alive upon the death of husbands (Sati system). • Inter-class marriages were forbidden. But a Brahmin male could marry any girl from lower three classes, a Kshatriya could marry a girl from lower two classes. A Vaishya could marry a Shudra girl, but not from higher two classes. The stories of Ramayan and Mahabharat indicate such practices. • Birth as Female, or as a Vaishya or Shudra was believed to be due to sins committed in previous lives. • The majority class of Shudra had no right to speak Sanskrit Veda-Mantra, learn weapons or do any trade. They were supposed to remain lifelong servants or employees of the upper three classes. Such verses were added in Manu Smruti by the Brahmins of the later ages so that their sons might enjoy all privileges and rights of the higher class created in name of religion. th • The Bhagavat Gita (in the 5 Cent BC) redefines these class privileges and declares that ‘all human beings (men and women) are equal in eye and laws of God. They have right (Adhikara) of doing Karma and worship God’. • Hinduism was a Veda (Knowledge) oriented culture and a male privileged socio-political Culture or Religion. • There was no idol worship before the 15th Cent AD and start of Vaishnavism by Shri Vallabha-acharya. Only Shiva temples were present in ancient cities like Benaras, Somnath in Gujarat, etc. • The Shudras were not untouchables to start with. It is the greatest black spot in Hinduiam Today. All great saints of past and recent times have preached that all human beings- men and women- are equal creations of God. Hinduism is called Varn-Ashram-Dharm. After my study of world religions for last 22 years, a few observations about the condition of Hinduism at the present times are listed above. This is worth revising condition for all Indian intellectual people. Four-class system or VarnaDharma giving special privileges to only a few, has down graded Hinduism during the course of last 800 years. Ashram-Dharma teach four life goals. This is a very useful section in Hinduism, applicable at all places in any land, and worth studying by all Yoga students. We will now study the Ashrama-Dharma part.

Part-2. Sanyasa. Search of Self, God and Union (Yoga) or merging with God is his only Desire of Life. In Hindu scriptures Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha are four popular words. They indicate four goals of Life. One goal is to be th achieved during one age quarter. The 6 step of Dharana teaches how to achieve the four age quarter related goals. The Karma Yoga, preached in the Gita teaches how to achieve life goals by doing correct Actions (Karma). Yoga Meditation teaches Time Consciousness, present age related goal and plans for perfect actions. To achieve a goal one has to do some effort (purushartha) or correct actions (karma). All Karma must be guided by Dharma (duty consciousness), intellect and perfect knowledge of doing that job. Life expectancy of human beings was well studied by the ancient Rishies, the men of great wisdom. They observed that a human being may expect to live at the most 100 years. The span of 100 years of life was divided into 4 age quarters, each quarter called one Ashrama. One goal was indicated for one Ashrama. Some vows for Ashrama were also indicated. The following table indicates one goal for each Ashrama, and gives a plan of a perfectly happy and healthy life of 100 years. BrahmCharya-Ashrama. Age period. 1 to 25 Yrs. Gain worldly knowledge and also Learn DHARMA or moral duties. (No Sex activity during student age.) Grahastha-Ashrama. Age period. 25 to 50 Yrs. Get Married, Earn ARTHA (Money), raise children, Respect home coming guests (Atithi-Dev) as God. Vanprastha-Ashrama. Age period. 50 to 75 Yrs. Vanprastha means go to jungle. Partial retirement. Try to Fulfill all KAMA (Desires). Sanyasa-Ashrama. Age Period. 75 to 100Yrs. Goal - MOKSHA or Nirvana. Liberty from Fear of death and no or minimum expectations from others. Socio-economic and obligatory duties towards family, neighborhood, town, state (mother land) must be taught by parents to 36

1 step of Yoga). particularly in backward villages. (See st Yama. Buddhism and Jainism for achieving this state of mind. A truly liberated Sanyasi has renounced all desires of high positions.growing children along with school education during the first and most important age quarter of life. In HinduSthan or Land of Hindus (India). Sanyasa Ashrama means mental Freedom from family bondages and money attachments. According to decisions made and actions done during the past life. dreams and wants. Dharmam Chara. painting. Live family life in home. Salvation. Remember your young age's desires. MOKSHA. Sanyasa means an attitude of detachment from joys of material objects. The goal indicated during this important Grahastha-Ashram of living in home with family. honesty. Dharma teaches speaking truth. 3. Become a good and responsible parent was the advice. and Kaivalya are similar terms used in Christianity. Write autobiography. Observe by meditation that most of your desires are fulfilled today or not. wealth and experience to the next generation during Vanprastha and Sanyasa age. God and Union (Yoga) or merging with God is his only Desire of Life. sightseeing. money. today Religion has turned into big business corporations and organizations (Sampradays) of earning money and enjoying all material comforts by average priests. etc.student (Vidyarthi) age. Earn money or wealth by path of Dharma. Praja Tantum Ma Vivatchhetsi. Education of morals is called religious education. Ignorant. In past times most Gurus were married and not BalBrahmcharies as we see in many recent religious Guru Cults (Sampradaya). property and family relations. These are fundamental principles of good manners and morality or religion at all places. Do not break family lineage. money. Search of Self. but remain active in selfless community services like education and medical help to needy and old. traveling. It is called Swa-Dharm in the Gita. disputes. hypnotized. Remember your childhood’s unfulfilled desires like learning dancing. give them good education and also teach them Dharm or moral values.. Get married with proper partner. Some methods of achieving set goals that have worked in my life are suggested below. no thefts. During the 3rd quarter a sense of “having lived a satisfactory life” must arise in mind (Santosha presched nd in the 2 step) and desire of earning more and more money must come to some end. you have reached the present place (Home in any country) and position in life Today and Now. you are either enjoying or suffering Today. produce and raise children. Brahmcharya Ashrama. Money is necessary for a house-holder (Grahastha). (Speak the truth). (keep sense of duty in life and walk on the path of morality). What advise a young BramChari or BramCharini will give to a house-holder (Grahastha) in matter of family relations. These are commonly preached in all world religions. Preserve Family Lineage and ‘No Sanyas at young age’ was the advice of the Gurus. 1. Second meaning of Artha is “Purpose of Life”. Religion is linked with an Individual Self or Atma. Set 37 . You will observe that according to Perfect Laws of accumulation of (Sanchit) Karma of God. obedience to parents and teachers. The Upanishad Rishies gave following advises (moral commandments) to students going home after their study in the Rishi Schools. It means Liberty. was to earn money by honest and fair means. love and harmony when they have not lived a family life? ARTHA = money. A matured wise Karm-Yogi gives benefits of his knowledge. Nirvana. Laxmi. KAMA = Fulfill all desires with the money earned and positions achieved during life. humbleness. 2. If health is good then gradually withdraw from job and family works. Moksha is the last goal during 4th age quarter. material wealth and property. Keep a confidential notebook or Taperecord your own short life-story in your own words of important events. Satyam Vad. These values must be taught to children during the teenage period. misguided but rich intellectuals mostly support such activities. music. etc. non-violence. Meditate upon your correct goal of the present age quarter and try to achieve it by practicing Dharma and dreams of future called dharana. Installation of Idols of Deity Gods and ownership of temples lead by Dynasties of Gurus is a great unreligious activity going on.

These are different Tratak and Hath Yoga practices and not Dhyan. No two physical or material bodies can occupy the Same Space at Same Time. A Yogi is in state of deep spiritual meditation or Trans. Awareness and Concentration in any and all activities (Pravrutties). Dhyan = Fullest (100%) attention. Study scriptures of all religions with open mind. Different Indian Yoga Gurus teach this step in different ways. pleasures or pains and is ready to die for any noble humanitarian cause. (More about Meditaion See Additional Articles in Sec-III ) OM Tat Sat. C. th Dhyan is the 7 step of Ashtang Yoga. meditation. A trust worthy Guru is necessary until one is liberated from all material attachments and expectations from family members and relatives. DHYAN. Dhyan is usually translated as Meditation by many Yoga Gurus and books. In Samadhi the eyes are closed. REMEMBER THIS GOLDEN RULE. air etc. etc. or who will live in the future. or who lived in the past. body comforts. living (Chetan) and non-living (Jad). B. Others place a candle or bright object in a dark room and ask students to look at it without blinking eyes. This applies to any great man. any great religious Guru or any Political Head. concentration in present activity. The sun. 7. land. Always try to gain new knowledge in free time. Write or make a list of present desires and goals. STEP NO 7. Some Tips for Meditation. In Dhyan the person is engrossed in some important activity with fullest attention.are synonymous words. Some ask students to focus eyes on some idol of a deity God for long time and then close eyes to bring that idol in mind. This Law of Alibi of Mother Nature applies to all. water. learning or study one is doing at the present Place and Time (Desh-Kal). The meaning in different Yoga Books and its teachings by different Yoga Teachers 38 awareness and . God bless You to achieve every short term goal and all four goals of life. The priorities. Part-1. Vibhooti Pada. Verse 2. and practices of the last two steps of Ashtang Yoga. water. teaching. satisfaction and Self confidence. This ‘Time’ is always Today and Now. Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 13. Always look at others as good and equal fellow human beings. You will notice that most desires will get fulfilled.short-term goals and try to fulfill them. In Dhyan. 4.the eyes are open. a priest or a politician living on Globe Earth Today. Record important events of recent past and analyze your actions and reactions. have similar effects on all living beings. provided there is no attachment to money and they do not depend upon help of other family members or mercy of other human beings. Then try to achieve your remaining goals. There is great confusion about correct meaning. 6. He has conquered all sensual desires of worldly pleasures and joys. moon. Meditate in early morning. Do not neglect daily duty bound actions towards job and family members. air. A. fire. What is Real Dhyan? DHYAN means perfect Attention. Pick only one issue or think about only one natural object like the sun. think with a pen and paper. Conscious mind can occupy only one thought at one time.. law of TIME-PLACE Bondage. personal need. He is beyond any family attachment. Tatra pratikata eti Dhyanm. This understanding creates a sense of equality. Meditate and/or seek advice from parents and good friends. goals and actions must change with passage of time and age. Material things and family relations constantly change with passage of Time. 5. When confused about goals and priorities. namely job. Give them a Time-Place frame. Remember these most important points. There is Perfect Time-Place or Time-Space bondage to all material bodies. moon. Meditate upon. Develop an attitude of making financial compromises in life and close family relations. Most Gurus understand Dhyan and Samadhi.

sins and/or accidents.After some time. Following common incidents will explain the correct meaning of this important Sanskrit word ‘Dhyan’. It was standing there with only Red Lights on and no flashing signals. “What do you see? Do you see the tree. used in Yoga study. Next time he replied “I SEE BIRDS EYE ONLY. This is called Dhyan. ”I see Bird’s head only”. In those days German bombers were raiding England oft and on during the years of 1938-39.the bird’s eye at a distance on a tree. But it will remain in our memory for ever for remaining life. his staff thought Doctor will naturally hear sounds of siren and come down in shelters. Guru Drana during a practical examination. Arjuna. from Jacksonville FL (USA). is shown to hit a fine target. He said. We all will forget about this event after some time. his wife called 911 and informed about the stalled car in Left lane on this highway.Saved all from a very bad Accident. Allah. “Yes”. Concentration and awareness of surroundings in any job one is doing is called Dhyan. Guru Asked again “Now what do you see?”. Yashovah.(Gurus) also vary a great deal. they saw doctor still working in laboratory. debating. he told he did not know anything about raid and siren sounds about attacks of German bombers. When warning sirens started. the Pandava prince. The famous inventor of wonder medical drug Penicillin did not hear the sounds of warning Siren’s sound when was fully concentrated during research work in his office. intellectual atheists. Daily Examples of Dhyan. and also before any audience. when the staff returned. (a) One nice example of Dhyan is narrated in the epic of Mahabharat. My son had very little time to shift to Right lane due to traffic in the Right side.” Guru then asked him to let go the arrow. Mind and Intellect. which hit bird’s eye perfectly. This is 100% attention. Perfect attention in whatever “I am doing Today Now and Here” means Dhyan. (b). At physical level the goal of Yoga is to achieve a perfect harmony of Body. he said first. The following event occurred recently in my son’s life on August th 12 -2007. Keep awareness in speaking with any person. to help his elder daughter to change her Apartment at start of a new college term. had gone to Miami Florida located about 400 miles South from our home in Jacksonville. the sky and all us present here?” Most students answered. Keep awareness of traffic lights and stop signals while driving car. All started praying and thanked God for saving them from a bad car accident. asks one by one all participating students while shooting a target. He was following a fast running car in the left (fast) lane. He had instructed his staff not to disturb him while he was working in lab alone. Students need practical examples and some stories of events occurring in daily life to understand correct meaning of Dhyan.). My son with his wife and two daughters. Dhyan. Suddenly 39 the front car took a quick shift in the Right slow lane because there was a totally stopped car ahead of the front fast moving car. To prevent other car accidents.even your family members. keeping fullest attention and perfect control of steering. quick and right decision of shifting on the grass curb than what would have happened is matter of only speculations. She is studying in a college in Miami. concentration or Dhyan. The raid was over. Even a little loss of attention (Dhyan) will lead to making mistakes. While returning from Miami at night. This accident was prevented because my son had perfect attention and concentration in driving. They all were horrified. When Arjun’s turn came. Alexander Flaming does not hear Sirens. He brought back gradually his car in original Left lane. Religious devotees believing in some Supreme maker of Universe (God. She informed about approximate mile zone on HW-95. This is a very good example of Dhyan. compared to more educated. “I see only the Bird and Tree”. What is Dhyan? Complete awareness in the present situation and activity one is doing at a ‘Place and Time’ is Dhyan. Many such common examples in everyday life can be listed. When they asked about that recent raid. and carefully moved in the slow moving Right lane. . When we think of “Ifs and Buts” of this little incident an essay can be written. ‘IF’ my son had not taken that correct. (c). reach Dhyan and Samadhi stages quickly and easily. It also explains the meaning of 7 step of “Dhyan-Yoga”. These are just a few examples of Dhyan in daily life.with an arrow. Jesus or Bhagavan etc. he was driving North on HW95. But our common sense can say and predict that a bad accident would have taken place with all its unhappy consequences of injuries or perhaps deaths. So to prevent a bad accident he quickly turned his car to left side of the front halted car and drove for some yards in unpaved sloping grass curb.

and they are re-translate into English by their average disciples. Learn how to develop Kundalini-Powers to achieve material successes in the life first. It is difficult to find a Guru who has seen such light of God. Only a few try to understand fine points about the last two steps of Dhyan and Samadhi. making correct decisions and doing right actions (Karma Yoga). When important Sanskrit key-words are translated by any Guru in some Indian language. and Do not talk on Cell Phone while Driving Car”. is equal on all (Purusha) bodies of all living beings. because this is totally a subjective experience. a true seeker of God is able to reach Samadhi and see the cosmic light of God”. Drive while you drive. also helps in developing art of Dhyan. Remember this message of Lord Krishna in the Gita. This is my simple advice to all new Yoga students. The 3rd step and 4th step of Asana and Pranayama are for body’s good health. Tip for today’s young generation. Part-2. Physiological changes in body may be observed as reduction of blood pressure and arrest of diseases like acidity. “Do not Drive in Hurry. or about the four life goals and ultimate purpose of Yoga study. Do not try for deep Samadhi. morals and family values. This is a simple and practical way of mastering Dhyan. in chronological order. From 7th step onwards the student enters a zone of transcendental meditation. The first two steps teach moral codes of good behavior (Sanatan Dharm) like truth (satyam)and non-violence. Never try to reach the Samadhi Step in short times. Pranayama and Mantra chanting methods. Cold. headaches. One English verse says. Review of previous 6 steps. “Work while you work. It is a dangerous practice if one tries to reach it. that is the way to be Happy and Gay”. Psychological changes like recovery from depressions and experience of mental happiness and joyful mood can be observed by friends and relatives. Study of Sankhya Darshan of Kapil Rishi and Vedanta Darshana of Ved-Vysa. .. cleanliness etc. The 6th step teaches 4 correct age related goals. (See coming Chapters). Meditate on 10 deity Gods linked with 5 senses and 5 organs of actions and do some self experiments as suggested in the previous step of Dharana. These are common preaching in all religions. and setting higher goals of future life. Read while you read. We can add. physiology and psychology. From Vedanta Darshan one learns that the effect of all natural elements (Prakruti) like Sun. Only a few people study scriptures with spiritual zeal and open mind. Don’t talk on Mobile Phones or don’t do anything else”. The last four steps of Yoga are for meditation. compromising attitudes (Santosh).. This is perfectly understood by the student in the Dhyan step. Most Yoga Gurus do not know or talk about the first two steps. celibacy. Pranayama prepares foundation stone for meditation. 40 As step by step the journey of life progresses. water. Mind experiences a wonderful peace and divine mood. The Sanskrit words used for Chakra can be explained with equivalent words of modern anatomy. developing control over all 5 sense organs and mind. art of positive thinking. Anybody can become a Yoga teacher by learning few Asana. Fire. He can think about events that have occurred with himself in the past with perfect sense of ‘Place-Time’ (Desh-Kal). “Only one in a million. Some dangers and risks are associated in this last step. “Cook while you cook. air. The effects of deep breathing and chanting OM or any Mantra is similar and universal upon all human beings. Eat while you eat. before mastering the other 7 steps.In real Dhyan a student learns how to unite (do Yoga of) his conscious Mind and sub-conscious (Chitta) mind with intellect (Buddhi). Majority of Yoga Gurus in India do not know good English. Kundalini Shakti and Agna-Chakra are Mental Power Centers (Chakra) located in Brain and Spinal cord. arthritis and so on. Limitations and bondage of same ‘Time -Place’ apply to all living (Chetan) and non-living (Jad) physical bodies. play while you play.. This is experienced by the student himself only and cannot be shown to others. The 5th and 6th steps are of self analysis. A new and unfamiliar student experiences immediate peace of mind from stress and worries by simple Asana and Pranayama. many a times correct meanings of key words get distorted. Rain. Dhyan and Samadhi Steps teach how to develop Kundalini powers or 3-tensesense and art of positive thinking. He learns how to turn mind from zone of material objects of outer world to the spiritual zone and SELF within and understanding of False Egos and True Pride. etc. Heat.

This is the first stage of Self Realization. selfish and business minded priests and politicians. Spiritual evolution (uplifting) takes place in following order. A Yogi becomes one with God and fearless. 5. two legs. material body and pure spirit by constant meditation during the steps of Dharana. How small I am in this Universe? So is everyone. It comes only when all false Egos of superiority vanish. namely. This is called self-confidence.will greatly quicken your power and enable you to do thoroughly and speedily everything you undertake. A true Yogi believes that no body is superior and no one is inferior. His body dies but his noble preaching remains for ever. Mad and Matser). he is able to and can give moral guide lines and commandments to masses as his/her AgnaChakra unfolds. many saints and true devotees of God all over the world is same. 8. think of your dress only but do try to practice a speech or a song at the same time. (Indriya Sanyama. After mastering the 6th and 7th steps. “I can also do 41 it. Krodha. Make short term material goals and try to achieve them all. and if someone has done it in the past then. It is with grace of God that I am alive here Today and Now at this moment”. Control of 5 senses. orthodox. Do not worry or brood over what you did not do yesterday and in past life. a hopeful attitude develops. All inferiority complexes vanish: When positive thinking starts. Any Action (Karma) can be done “Today and Now” only.” He/she becomes self-reliant. All successful men of the world are those who have learned above mentioned habits and practiced daily. They have acquired the art of concentrating upon above indicated simple points. These are some atheist Darshans in India. 6. speech. 4. He is not afraid of death. think of tying that shoe lace until it is tied perfectly and do not try to read a news-paper at the same time. namely. “I am zero as one individual (ATMA). Desires. When you are tying your shoe. two hands. Make a possible wish and do perfect actions. Note also that bondage of Time-Place will always occur to all actions done by you. Write your autobiography. They were engaged in a life-long fight for delivering the true message of morality (religion) and God. Your wish will be fulfilled soon if your actions are perfect and do not depend upon other persons. real self confidence develops. In Dhyan a Yogi maintains an unbroken flow of thoughts for the goal indicated in the 6th step and has perfect awareness of the present “Place and Time” for doing actions (Karma) and also inaction (Akarma) also. Jesus Christ.A good way of concentration is to form the habit of concentrating your thoughts upon any and all activities and things that you do in daily life.Kundlini develops after conquering six inner major enemies. Any curious and devoted student of Yoga can reach the mental level of all great prophets by mastering the Samadhi Step. The next breath or next heart beat can become my last moment of life. 7. The life stories of Buddha. This develops by learning how to control many random sensual desires arising in mind. Jainism and Buddhism. Remember the names of 5 organs of actions. Such simple and regular habits and practices of concentration in present. Moha. positive helping nature towards others should also develop. Do not worry too much about day after tomorrow. excretory organs and sex organs. After mastering the Samadhi Step. illusions. The date of my death is fixed by God or Mother Nature. Real spiritual Self unfolds only after mastering the Samadhi step. Summary: • Raj Yoga of Patanjali is a theistic philosophy believing in one supreme creator. • One concentrates mind upon the relationship between self or “I”. . Mohammed. When you are dressing for a dinner party. by practicing the 5th step). If others can do it. Understand well that only wishes and desires do not work at all times. angers. Foresight and Vision: Three tense sense. 1. He is ready to die performing his duty towards God and humanity at large. greed. He thus becomes an immortal (Amar-Atma) soul. • Find 15 to 30 minutes Time to meditate daily in morning about what you will and can do Today and tomorrow. 2. We are all mortal human beings. Self confidence develops: Only after developing an attitude of equality towards all human beings. less expectant or dependent upon help from other people nearby. compared to Nir-ishver Sankhya of Kapil. He dies a martyr’s death fighting against traditional. Mahavira. Dhyan and Samadhi. Correct actions are also required to get wishes fulfilled. 3. We are all equal human beings in the laws of Mother Nature and eyes of God. false egos and jealousy (Kama. Lobh. He does not believe in man made class system and man made unjust laws.

and has conquered false fears and angers (56). in the light of these verses.Matsara. They give temporary short lived happiness and joys. One should memorize these 18 golden verses.Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 14.sits. and behaves ?" When the last step of Samadhi in Raj Yoga is reached.a Wise Man.‘desires and angers’ arise in mind and where they lead an individual to in end. and unproductive jelousy . SAMADHI = BRAHAMA-NIRVANA. A vivid word picture of a Yogi in Samadhi is described in these verses. When others sleep. He is not unhappy in unhappy events. Naturally a question arises. "A liberated soul. (67). SAMADHI STEP 8. consciousness is replaced by illusion (slumber = Sammoha). Illusion leads to loss of memory (Smruti-vibhramaha=Amnesia). Gita II-54. one commits many sins and falls in life. Loss of memory leads to loss of intellect (power of logical thinking). This is recorded in his autobiography. Hate is opposite of true LOVE. The other four Satans are false egos (Mada). because they cannot use their intellect and wisdom (Pragna). Gandhiji learned these verses for the first time from an English translation of the Gita (by Arnold Edwin) when he was a student of law in London. creates attachments to sweets. Dhyayato vishayan punshaha sangat eshup jayate Sangat sanjayate Kamah Kamat Krodhobhi jayate. a Buddha. Sthitdhihi kim prabhashate Kim aaseet vrajet kim. run in all directions. Worldly objects come in contact with five senses." These two verses explain how two powerful Satans. He got attracted to this scripture and it changed his thinking and life. thirst and is always in a blissful mood (59). greed of money and power (Lobha). By remaining attached to all such objects of sensual joys. who has reached Samadhi . Krodhat bhavati Sammoha Sammohat Smruti-vibhramaha Smruti bhranshat Buddhi nasho Buddhi nashat pranashyati. Samadhi-sthasya Keshava. a man of clear vision and foresight. Desires to repeat the previous pleasurable experiences arise in mind. please tell me how a man of firm mind.Nirvana or Samadhi State of mind. a Yogi is awake. For example a dish of sweets gives joy to tongue when it makes contact with tongue.II-62 & 63. when others are awake he sleeps (69). speaks. The pleasure experienced by tongue. One likes contact of soft and cold things with skin (Sparsha Sukh) and likes fragnence of flowers and nice flavours in food items. and try to meditate upon Self. Such and similar verses of the Gita had changed the life of Mahatma Gandhiji..material objects giving sensual joys) and gets attached to those objects. walks. When the (desires) are not satisfied. with Universal Mind and Spiritual Sthitpragnsya ka Bhasha. pure intellect and wisdom. He can endure hunger. firm mind and purified (unbiased and liberated) intellect (Sthitdhihi). a Yogi becomes Sthita Pragna. Lord Says:"A person runs after material things (Vishaya.the life of people living for joys gained from senses and sense objects. All these tendences create a sense of 'HATE'. understand their meanings. Gita:-Ch. One likes to hear only good news and praises and generally dislikes bad news and critism with another sense organ ‘Ears’. and dislikes dirty things or ugly faces of some people. anger is the result. wrong beliefs arising from ignorence (Maya or Avidya). "My experiments with truth". Arjuna asks: “Oh Keshava. Similarly one likes to see with eyes only beautiful things and persons. The last 18 verses (54 to 72) of the 2nd chapter of The Gita nicely describe the state of Brahma. disasters and down fall of the person. People do not like bad smells and dirty odours. What is sin? Like a wind dragging a boat without a steering wheel in any direction. When mind is in grip of anger. he is free from attachments and pleasures gained by sense objects. 42 . Likes and dislikes (Ragas and Dwandwas) for other food items get created in mind. (Budhi-Yog) Yoga of Intellect Consciousness. or is elated in happy situations. Thus loss of intellect (Buddhi-nasha) brings peril. in Bhrama-Nirvana state has conquered all desires and is satisfied and peaceful within himself (55).

The person gets disoriented from the present time-place sense and the world of reality. It is anti-religious (Adharma). trance. family life and leadership positions. They neglect their young children. do not yield to their demands. and not to become a Superman or God. Others give hallucinating drugs and intoxicating herbs. Such practices are seen in Jainism. The last verse describes mental state of Bhram Nirvana.g. friends. They are also mortal human beings. Never be in a hurry to reach the last step of Samadhi in short time. Many so called “Yogis of Himalayan cults in Hinduism” also move naked in small and big groups (Naga Bava). smoking. when one is just a student of the 1st grade in a school. Esha Brahmi sthiti Partha nainam prapya vimuhyati I Sthitvasyam anta kalepi Bhrama Nirvanam uchhyate II Gita. 43 These drugs induce a temporary Samadhi like state of mind. rich food dishes. It is risky. detachment from money. Penances are meant to develop self control over natural desires of hunger. like Cannabis Indica (Bhang). Many young and promising youth. and leaving family life. Orthodox Hath Yogies teach to with-hold passing urine and stools for long hours "Moolbandha". marijuana (Charas). money and many other things. It is like studying in a Ph. or a blissful state of mind. etc. in any society or country. There is great risk of becoming an escapist." Such a soul merges with the Absolute Bhraman (God) after death and is not born again. cocaine and narcotics. do not preach practices like. 2. wealth. When a group of Hath-Yogis visit some village in India. Many young and important family members have died or have became lost path souls while attempting Dhyana and Samadhi under such teachers. etc. “You cannot get Moksha or See God. to identify that soul is different from body. Nirvana stage comes to a true seeker slowly and automatically. One. The purpose of Yoga study is to unfold hidden noble and divine qualities within Self. and is conscious of his limitation of Time and Place (71). and at time of their own death. He is not an escapist but is ready to fight and die performing his obligatory duties for noble causes. alcohol. sex. To exhibit their great sex control and high degree of celibacy. (January -2001). is a man of clear vision. create a short euphoria. they harass illiterate and ignorant village people. He is a man of firm opinion and is always calm in mind during war or peace.. Some Yogis teach control of heart rate by practices of long Kumbhaks and Rachaks in Pranayama. some Yogis (Sadhus) move totally naked (Digamber) in the society.. He wants nothing. People are afraid of such Naked Sadhus and try to satisfy their demands. Wrong teachings for Samadhi. Such drugs. Do not try to Reach Samadhi State hurriedly. II-72. People run away from family responsibilities and duties towards children. who has not attained it. There are many wrong beliefs and notions among Indian people. These are not real Yoga practices. I know a case of a medical doctor in Bombay who died while practicing Dhyana Yoga and Samadhi. They do not teach the earlier steps in a systematic manner. seen on TV in Kumbh-Mela.. One who has reached it is unshaken at the time of his death.D. but it is not Nir-Vikalp-Samadhi. This is wrong practice at young age. society and country. He gets Nirvana and merges with Divine Supreme Brahaman (God). Do not try for Samadhi during early steps of Yoga study. Hindus and Jains. opium (Afim).NOW.He is liberated from sense of possessions. Ashtang Yoga of Patanjali and the Gita. just like us. dangerous and suicidal. Summary of important points:1. A Yogi is convinced about the perfect laws of Nature and has no duality in mind. taught by famous intellectual YOGA TEACHER. is goal of Yoga study. All individuals who gain mastery over the first seven steps. If one has courage. Become a king or a good and noble leader to guide the King. They have conquered the fear of death. experience a mental state of pure universal spiritual at all times during their future years. is always in illusion (Moha). Raj means King. go to Himalaya to learn spirituality and Yoga. . Some teach long fasts for days and months. Lord Says :-"This is the state of Samadhi. class. thirst. Some demand sweets. false egos and material desires. A student on path of so called spirituality is highly respected in society and considered a divine soul in India (!). e. LATE Acharya Rajanish. wives and old parents. This is a common practice in one division of Jainism (Sthanakvasi Jains). and such other Bandhas.

obstinacy of a wife (woman). ability of tolerance of hardships to some limit and an attitude of compromises. Today there are nearly 1000 or more living Gurus.without a Guru”. Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 15. If children are not trained in this manner. but it develops a higher thresh-hold for pain endurance. air. and depend upon each other. and Body without Brahman. or training of enduring some hardships like fasting and not eating tasty foods or water for some hours etc. Only a Guru can liberate from birth death cycle is another wrong notion. Four types of Haths are well known since age old times which are described in various Indian scriptural stories. The correct meaning of the Sanskrit word "Hath" is will power. only after mastering the 7th steps. etc. one identifies. Stree-Hath. WHAT IS HATH YOGA? WHAT IS HATH YOGA? In different Yoga books HATH YOGA is described as a group of various difficult postures. He preaches the higher morals by his own example of selfless. obsession or stubbornness. and ever peaceful mind and manners. firm mind or unshakable determination. It means tenacity or adamant behavior of children. and noble humanitarian deeds. firm resolution of a king or government officer with weapons. This is possible by understanding 'who am I?'. Raj-Hath and Yogi-Hath. But any true seeker can SEE THE LIGHT OF GOD by the path of Yoga meditation. get diseases or some unhappy situation occurs in their future life. Body and Soul as two separate things. “Only their Guru” is a super human divine soul and a Living Image of God! 4. who are worshipped as living Gods. frustrated and depressed when they suffer minor injuries. 5. Any self realized soul can SEE and merge with God by the path of Devotion (Bhakti) and total surrender to God’s will in all events of happiness and unhappiness occurring during life. believe in their preaching and teachings. and perseverance or firm beliefs of many religious people or any true YOGI. Some Tapascharya (see Step 2 Niyama) during young age and teenage periods. Hath Yoga does not lead to vision of God. by first practicing himself. 44 . This creates a will power.. they become miserable. No human being can ever 'BE GOD OR BECOME GOD'. These are great misconceptions. The sum total of all such training is development of courage and Self confidence (Atma-Shraddha). These are called BalHath. The purpose of Raj Yoga study is to develop unshakable faith in God. Soul can’t exist without material elements like water. These blind followers believe that. No Guru can show God face to face (Sakshatkar). Their hypnotized sheep like disciples. There is voluminous literature on Hath Yoga in most yoga books. 8. A good Yoga Guru can teach up to 7 steps of Yoga. will power to walk on the path of morality (religion) and do noble deeds and perform right actions. Then by self meditation the final peak of Samadhi is reached by ‘Closing Eyes’ and looking at one’s own dead body with conscious mind. is important and necessary part of moral and cultural training (Sanskara imprinting). It also means obstinacy. and /or in many different ways by different Yoga teachers. and the limitations of time-place that apply to one's own self. But do not forget also that they both are ever united (in Yoga). In this way. The last Hath is exhibited by all great prophets who have got no attachments of the other three and conquered likes and dislikes of five senses. 3. simple life style. 9. 7.. 6. Each teacher has his own belief about Hath Yoga and explains it according to his understanding of this subject. spirit or soul is a dead mass of bones and flesh. and accepting them as perfect design of Universal God (Vishva Pita or Universal Father). No Guru can show or teach Samadhi to any student. A true Guru guides his disciple on path of morality (Dharma).

Yoga students should understand the purpose of such penances and their limitations. out dated and not required today. and good control over involuntary physiological systems like respiratory.T doctors. But one must learn such tricks during normal times as an additional side step of yoga training. Basti or Enema at will without any instruments. vomiting. Naiti. 1. 3. Dhoti or Stomach lavage. either by two nostrils or one nostril directly from a glass of water or some take help of a rubber tube placed in one nose. spitting. partial fasts. are some simple Hath Yoga practices. remaining thirsty for twelve hours. These are good for body health. Some other one would use a hollow stem (tube) and suck water into terminal parts of colon using abdominal muscles. This is preached as a sub-step of Yama. Pranayama. They are not supposed to blink any moment.. This is indicated as another sub-step in Niyama. By learning these tricks one develops wonderful control over natural instincts and desires like thirst and hunger.the 1st step of Yoga. Then the water and cloth are vomited out. nose is cleaned.. preached in all the religions and all civilized communities. 2. Anybody can learn these and practice easily. A thin strip of wet cloth. digestive. etc. A long bandage like strip of soft cloth is swallowed slowly with plenty of water. or a fixed statue or a picture of deity God or in the eyes of Yoga Guru. Fixing eyes on a bright object. This procedure removes accidentally ingested wrong food items or poisons.about 2 feet long is dipped in plain water or saline.nearly 3 to 4 liters. and avoidance of some food items like salt. A wonderful faith and attitude of devotion to God or some noble cause is created by association of famous festivals and religious days and historic legends with such practices Pranayam and Asana can also be looked upon as Hath Yoga to some extent. or Nose cleaning methods. called Saucham. Students are asked to look at some bright object . Pratyahara and in higher meditation like Dhyan etc. even if tears run profusely from the eyes. In ancient times. They can be called enemas of the ancient times. Many age old tricks and practices of Hath Yoga are obsolete.. Some Hath Yoga procedures are described in 45 other steps like the Asana. But long term fasts done in the name of false religious beliefs upset and harm digestive organs and other vital systems.. They are important and essential hygienic manners in home life and neighborhood. Then by to and fro slow movements of the cloth strip. sour tasting foods. Different "Basti" tricks are mastered and demonstrated in public shows by some Yogis. diet control for a day or two. Victory over taste of food. Mool-Bandhas mean control of excretory functions of body like passing of stools and urine. Celibacy became an important vow. a bright lamp. It is only for the purpose of general knowledge and not for practicing. Yogis claim wonderful cures of recurrent colds and chronic sinusitis in some patients. Some one would sit in a tub filled with water and suck in (drink) the water via anal route by relaxing the anal sphincter at will. These controls are a part of good social behaviors and manners in every day life. similar procedures were used to relieve chronic constipation. coughing etc. taking only fruits and/or only milk for a day or a week. Some Hath Yogis can drink water. It is claimed that "Tratak mastery (Sadhna)" imparts ability of reading minds and thoughts of other people when a master is in 'Tratak' with some new student.N. Simple and useful Hath Yogas.usually a candle. They get established as good habits in the course of time. . Six well-recognized Hath Yoga procedures (Bandhas) are described below. Tratak. This is a popular trick of achieving very good concentration (Dhyana) of mind . It was a way of treating nasal colds which can be compared to scraping of nasal polyps by modern E. excretory and reproductive system like sex desires.Hath Yoga is only a sub-step (Tapa) described in the second step of Niyama in Ashtang or Raj Yoga. Many wrong things are taught in the name of Hath Yoga. 4. Yet they are taught by many orthodox Yoga teachers. These should be practiced first by parents and Gurus and then taught to children. Then it is passed from one nostril and taken out from mouth or the other nostril. This type of concentration of eyes washout any dust particles from eyes.which is the 7th step of Raj Yoga. missing a meal. Weaknesses of males and females in sex urges (passions) arising during teenage periods was very well recognized by the ancient Rishies.. This is like a crude type of gastric lavage. It is an important moral code. Some Hath Yoga practices were developed in ancient India when emergency medical aids were not available.

The other names of Ida and Pingla Nadies are Chandra Nadi (Moon Nadi) and Surya Nadi (Sun Nadi) respectively. 6. digestive organs. the student does one long and forced exhalation. but can be done in standing position also. by Pranayama and some other 46 . A circular coiled up rope is also called Kundal. In Karate fights also. Kapal Bhati.Modern psycho-analysts and police officers know such tricks of concentration and looking into eyes. it helps to relieve gases and constipation. They are called the Rectii muscles in anatomy. Ida and Pingla Nadies arise from left and right nostrils respectively and travel up towards brain. Part-1. any student (Sadhak) can develop great will control over these muscles. and can hypnotize and influence them. physiology and psychology). sex desires. Forced deep exhalations. This is a kind of very popular Pranayama. This is usually done in sitting. This expiration can be linked with foreword bending of body. Spleen etc. Kundalini arousing means developing mastery over all voluntary muscles in Body (Karma Indriyas) and also a few involuntary systems of body like breathing. In many sports Tratak helps to concentrate and win a game. wrist watch repairing. By mastering postural exercises of the abdominal muscles. mind. This big head is referred to as Kundalini in some Yoga books. which many Yoga teachers talk about? Some Yoga books and teachers describe Kundalini as a lotus (Kamal Chakra) with thousand petals. which is discussed in th the 4 step of Yoga. He can move the right and left rectus muscle separately and can churn his abdomen by rhythmic movements of these muscles. This trick removes gases and chronic constipation and gives gentle message to all internal abdominal organs like Kidneys. etc. Kundal means a round ornament worn in ears. get done perfectly by Tratak and Dhyana practices. In Yoga books one finds description of three main nerves (Nadies) and some plexuses (Chakras) located in brain and spinal cord. driving a car in heavy traffic or an airplane. Control of abdominal muscles. Susumna is the third Nadi located in spinal cord. like calculations of numbers. After doing some rapid. Kundalini power means a three-tense time (tri-kalgyana) and place sense or perfect orientation of time-place.. Nauli. Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 16. short forced exhalations by using the abdominal muscles and diaphragm. Kundalini is the head or lotus like part of Susumna Nadi. excretory functions. Wandering sub-conscious mind gets fully concentrated upon the object observed. All jobs requiring pin-pointed attention and fullest concentration. etc. intellect and complete alertness. Second meaning of Kundal is gold. Kapal Bhati is a good Hath Yoga exercise which needs to be learnt from a well experienced Yoga teacher. Thus Kundalini is explained in different books with different symbolisms and a new curious student gets confused. Tratak means fullest attention and tuning of eyes. He can then make them stand out forewords while the remaining part of abdomen is withdrawn. Some Yoga postures of foreword bending can be combined with Kapal Bhati. Others indicate that the lotus or Kamal Chakra is located in the heart region. 5. Liver. Susumna nadi also travels upwards to reach brain where it fans out like thousand heads of a snake. What is Kundalini Power (Kundalini Shakti). Stomach. WHAT IS KUNDALINI AND AAGNA CHAKRA? (A scientific approach to above frequently used words in Yoga study in light of anatomy. fine painting. Yogis who have cultivated this ability can read thoughts of weak minded people.. Then they descend in spinal cord. It is described as a sleeping serpent with its tail located in pelvis or the lowest point of spinal cord and genital organs. Two long strip like muscles run from chest to mid-pubic region located in lower front of abdominal wall... If done slowly while sitting on a toilet seat. such Tratak tricks are taught to students.

Pingla and Susumna cross with each other and/or from left to right. Mahavira. People obey his commands. In Anatomical terms. excretions and sex organs. A good leader is respected by all people. We will now try to understand these words in the light of modern medical terms and facts of anatomy. Buddha. Orthodox Yogis believe that when Kundalini is aroused a Yogi gets united with Universal God. He becomes a noble political leader like Mahatma Gandhi or a spiritual leader and founder of religions like Jesus. It is the tail of Susumna Nadi. What is 'Agna Chakra'? A Chakra literally means a wheel. Mohammed. Through Corpus Callosum area run afferent and efferent nerve fibers which carry messages to and from brain cells and spinal cord.. Moses. the lowest Chakra is located in pelvis. Shankaracharya. mid brain and spinal cord are connected like net work of a gigantic telephone exchange. Siddhi and Riddhi (success and wealth) are two wives of Ganapati. Leadership brings self esteem and prosperity. urine and sex organs.) Part-2. The Chakras are the locations in spinal cord where the 3 main Nadies. Please remember that this is not a correct thing or a true statement. At this point he might get divine inspirations or awakening of spiritual powers which give him ability of giving commandments like a prophet. Manipura Chakra (Nabhi or Ganesh Chakra) is located in Navel or umbilical region. called various plexuses. heart rate. Kundalini could be looked upon as the Corpus Callosum part and nearby areas of brain. These are called Chakras in Yoga books. Muladhara Chakra. They are located in brain and spinal cord. The involuntary system is called autonomic nervous system.tricks. In anatomy. Their cells are located in higher brain and spinal cord which produce a network of millions of nerves. The Nadies and Chakras could be looked upon as parts of voluntary and involuntary nervous systems. These look like petals of a white lotus or thousand heads of a snake to nacked eyes when brain is opened. It is symbolized in Puranic stories as the 3rd eye of Lord Shiva. limbs and spine. the frontal and occipital (back) lobes. The elephant headed Hindu deity God 'Ganapati' is symbol of such a leader. Autonomic nerve ganglia control spinchtors of internal organs of digestion. Kundalini Awakening and use of Agna Chakra imparts ability of mass hypnosis and one becomes a “Ganapati”. The voluntary nerves are under control of will and wishes of all persons. Manasa Chakra (Mind). Kundalini Shakti (power) is understood by some as super human will power. The voluntary nervous system controls all muscles of neck..Ida. physiology and psychology. In this way right and the left hemispheres of brain. (Gana= mass of people and Pati= master. rate of respiration. Unfoldment of "Aagna Chakra" makes a person a SiddhaPurusha (Vibhooti). Vishuddhi Chakra (Nad-Chakra. It regulates intestinal movements. appetite. It regulates excretions (Upastha or Apana) like passage of stools. Scientific meanings of Kundalini and Agna Chakra. It has two further sub-divisions. a great leader in any field. desire for food and water. The highest Agna Chakra is located between two eye brows. If a worry-less peaceful state of mind is maintained the inner systems function normally and the person lives a long healthy life. Shankha Chakra or Speech Chakra) is located in throat and neck region. This is the aim of Yoga study and practices. 47 . The ganglia of both groups form nerve net-works. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Swami Sahajananda etc. Some Yogis are able to reduce or increase their heart rate at will by such Hatha. (1) Sympathetic nerves and (2) Para-sympathetic nerves. boss or a leader.Yoga tricks called Tapascharya. Only after development of Kundalini. These nerves are usually not under the will control of any person. Through Corpus Callosum pass white fibers of ascending and descending nerves crossing from right and left parts of brain. namely voluntary and involuntary nerves. It is not easy thing to develop Kundalini powers for all students and also not needed in regular daily yoga practices. the nervous system is divided into two main parts. a Yogi should try for the last two steps of Yoga called Dhyana and Samadhi. Surya Chakra (Sun) and Kamal Chakra (Lotus) are located in Chest and Heart regions.

Control of sex desires (Vasana. If mind is peaceful the autonomic nervous system. digestive. and chemicals work in perfect order. if we do not worry. spinchtors of stomach.. The parasympathetic nerve centers are located within the brain and spinal cord. pituitary hormones. They secrete adrenaline which regulates the tone of blood vessels and maintains normal blood pressure.. Blood circulation to different organs occur according to their needs by automatic adjustment of heart and respiration rates. It has a double nerve supply. one learns to control rate and depth of breathing and desire of speaking.. he has mastered Muladhar-Chakra and Ganesh or Nabhi Chakra. chest. male and female hormones. Whatever we eat is converted into body-heat by these systems. and teach denial of sex act at improper time. skull and vertebral bodies. The muscles of bronchi in lungs. Vrutties) is celibacy. Vyana. 48 The diaphragm is a dome shaped muscle plate. Apana. Gradually one learns to conquer the likes and dislikes of smell and taste of different food items. or the significance of the fire ritual. In fire rituals (Yagnas) Hindu priests chant these five words and speak SWAHA. and hormones like adrenaline etc. It controls blood flow in sex organs in both sexes during sex activity. lumber and sacral regions. wrong place and student age period. Sex desires (Kama) arise in mind from sight of sex parts or smell of perspiration of opposite sex in all animals (including human beings) during reproductive age period. adrenal secretions.When sliced like a bread. Brain cells and Nerve cells of autonomic nervous systems are greatly influenced by smoking. 1. sympathetic nerves. They are conducted to brain via olfactory nerves (Ida and Pingla Nadies). . whereas the sympathetic centers and ganglia are located outside the brain. The Manipura Chakra of Yoga books could be looked upon as different ganglia in abdominal region. without understanding of any meaning of these words. arouse sex desires. We hardly think (meditate) about such wonderful gifts of God and the amazing internal functions. Kundalini could be understood at three different levels. The rate of respiration and heart. potassium. body temperature etc. When any person is able to control such natural animal urges and functions. and thoughts are fairly well known to medical science. sodium and internal secretions like insulin. Two chains of sympathetic ganglia run by the two sides of vertebral bodies in neck. As one grows old. Kundalini and Agna Chakra decide proper time and place. They control all vital systems like respiration rate. the voluntary nerves from near by spinal nerves and involuntary nerves from the Vagus (the 10th cranial nerve). Similarly the secretions collected in seminal vesicles and prostate glands. one learns to control desires of hunger and thirst arising in stomach and abdomen. Today the exact functions of different areas of brain which control body’s voluntary muscles. thyroid etc. all digestive sphincters and movements of intestines are regulated by the balancing actions of parasympathetic nerves like Vagus. All these five vital systems work in harmony. At body level we can easily understand it is awareness of a full urinary bladder and stool in rectum. Its control means diaper training in childhood. Autonomic nerve centers are located in medulla oblongata. By meditation and religious training. bile duct. This can be looked upon as Chakra Bhedan of Muladhara Chakra. 2. These systems are referred to as five MahaPranas (vital systems) in Upanishad texts. This mid-brain area function like a computerized subconscious control room of respiratory. The adrenal glands in abdomen are the biggest sympathetic (Chakra) ganglia. Chemical substances like calcium. At average human being's mind level. and ability to with hold these desires for some time till proper rest room is found. The change of erection occurring in male sex organs is regulated by the Vagus nerve. hormones. which is a part of brain stem connecting Brain and spinal cord. This nerve starts from brain and ends in sex organs. harmony and balance. reproductive and circulatory systems. alcohol and many drugs. The words used for these vital systems are Prana. SWAHA after each word. blood pressure. the Corpus Callosum and nearby brain area look like a lotus to naked eyes. stomach and intestines. bladder and anus are regulated by autonomic nerves. It separates lungs and heart located in chest from abdominal organs like liver. God could be understood as a maker of all wonderful organs in body. Udana and Samana respectively. excretory. also regulate internal systems and general metabolism. speech. Human body is equipped with a wonderful nervous system. The real fire is the body-heat and curiosity of learning new ideas. It means gaining control or mastery over the organs of passing stool and organs of sex activity. sight. heart rate. do not have any tensions and keep peaceful mind.

Higher meditation for Samadhi should only practiced after mastering first seven steps. By meditating upon past experiences and use of higher intellect.V-3).. Remember that he is also a mortal human being just like you.3. hates and selfish desires. who has seen the God’s Light. It is rare to find a true Yoga Guru. jealousy. They are Half-Self Realized misguiding teachers. Remember that No Guru can ever show you God. and end worries and tensions. KUNDALINI POWER MEANS A THREE-TENSE TIME (TRI-KALGYANA) AND PLACE SENSE OR PERFECT ORIENTATION OF TIME-PLACE. A religious teacher is supposed to teach good morals like truthfulness. Such a person is one in a million. These teachings ultimately lead to understanding of equality of all non-living and living beings and universal creations. One has to do his or her own efforts and study of Yoga in scientific manner. sports. Prayers and the simple method of OM chanting cures many psychosomatic diseases and insomnia. one learns to control animal emotions like anger. It helps to induce sleep. A non greedy teacher who has studied scriptures like the Gita and some Hindu Upanishads can teach a few points about morals of religion. Manushyanam Sahatreshu Kaschit yatati siddhaya Siddhanam api sahatranam Kaschit mam vatthi tatvataha (The Gita Ch-VII.VII-18) Remember the meaning of the word Siddhi. The self-knowledge (Adhiyatma Vidya) can be learned by selfstudy alone. financial. and out of such thousand successful Siddhas only one knows ME (God) perfectly”. or political achievements. The following Gita verses give statistical figures of a true Guru. “Only one in a thousand tries to get some material success (Siddhi) in life. acting. “After many lives only one person can touch me by the path of self-knowledge” (The Gita Ch. Never become a hypnotized disciple of any Indian Guru or any religious teacher. A wise man is called Pragna-Chakshu person. getting name and fame in any field like music. nonviolence etc. Never spend money for so called spiritual Guru’s classes which ask for donations for building temples or Ashramas in India or costly audio and video tapes.. It is a wrong belief that a Guru is needed for seeing the God. a wonderful awareness and the art of perfect attention in doing the present job or learning new skills develops with some practice and experience. It means material successes like victory in war. great discriminative ability develops. When a student (Sadhaka) reaches the seventh step of Dhyana. knowledge etc.. He can also give you worldly knowledge like all teachers in schools and colleges. By practicing meditation in the higher steps. 49 . dance. The 4th step of Pranayama immediately makes the mind thoughtless and peaceful.. It is called wisdom (Pragna). Bahunam Janamnam ante Gyanvan mam Prapadyate. At psychological level. honesty. their qualities (Goona) limitations and bondage of Time-Space etc.

Attend regularly religious meetings and share food as gift of God (Prasadum) in groups. speech). proper actions (Karma). Gita. Linking them with holy events creates a divine will power. spiritual upliftment leading to Moksha or Nirvana in later years and vision of God. Long term fasts of weeks and months are practiced by many Jain Yogies and their followers. He presents and teaches in the way he has learned from his Guru (teacher) or from some ancient scriptures. Yoga prepares a student to achieve all above goals by correct training of body and mind. A Yogi achieves many successes (Siddhies) during 100 years of life. Various Diet practices are dictated in many religions. in monsoon season. and not strong. taking only fruits for few days. Annad Bhvanti Bhutani. Mind. missing one meal in a week. proper gestures and expressions (on face. Proper goal oriented dreams and correct actions to achieve them are advised in Gita. Religious fasts are linked with many holy events. If some one over-eats. he/she looses strength and normal health. Lord Says: "From different 8 elements of mother nature (prakruti). Body. Yukta swapnavabodhascha Yogo bhavati dukhkhaha.Section: II Ashtang Yoga: 17. quality and quantity of food. namely. Short fasts and feasts are good for health. Bhumiraponalovayu kham mano buddhirev ch Ahamkarm eetiyam may bhinna prakruti ashtadha. short term fasts. Gita Ch-III-14 Physical bodies of all creatures are made by food. developing control of the taste and smell of foods are a few early vows needed in Yoga study. Space. with good name and fame. Short term fasts are good for every body.I have created physical bodies and mental make up of all living human beings. proper dreams (goals) and correct knowledge of self liberates a person from many unhappy situations in life". In India the Jains observe 24 hours continuous fasts for 8 days during 'Paryushana' week. taste. a noble soul. By learning and doing correct actions (Karma Yoga) an ordinary person becomes an extra-ordinary person. Knowledge of proper food items in Yoga practices means Yoga of Body and Mind. There is voluminous literature on the subject of Yoga and Hatha-Yoga in English.VII. happy and active life. Physical strength depends on muscle mass. plenty of fruits. a divine angle or a super soul (Vibhooti). Ch-VI-17. Choice of food items. Many Yoga are described in the Gita. Earth (Food). This is Yoga of divine food and diet. Intellect and Ego . DIET AND YOGA Yukta-ahar Viharah ch Yukta Karmacha Chestasu. air and energy. proper movements (from one place to another). Water. They teach correct mental attitudes and duty bound actions. remaining thirsty for few hours are some simple (Tapascharyas) Yoga practices. Every author has his own understanding of this complex subject. power and condition of mind and energy obtained from food. All living beings depend on proper food. Long term fasts weaken digestive and other vital organs.4. These should be practiced by the parents and taught to their children. Energy (Agni). They remain hungry and thirsty for weeks. More vegetarian foods. The aim of Yoga study (and religion) is to live a healthy. Gita. Intellect and Ego. . Hindus observe fast of one day on a fixed week or a fortnight day. In the month of Ramadan (in Islamic calendar) devoted Moslems observe strict fasts during day time and break them at night. water. Physiologically these are wrong practices 50 and should not be practiced by any intellectual person. Such fasts are followed by feasts and celebrations. mind. One will find about 50 books on this subject in any average library in USA. People observe them with great faith. "Proper diet. Air. Children trained in this manner during young age remain calm and can bear hunger easily for few hours and days in adverse circumstances. he/she becomes fat. and if one starves.

because I was busy delivering sweets to relatives for the birth of a son in family”. Good health of Body is the first and most important thing for all religious practices (Dharma). But the operation went smooth and a grand son was born. for delivery. We had expected a crash in share . His pregnant wife was admitted in hospital fifth time. His well-educated sons had taken over all responsibilities of businesses and estates. Doctor told she needed a C-section. Beside fear of death. Santosh Kumar. like loss of money. I will refer him as Mr. 18. Truth and Non-violence are first two words in the step of Yama. The third step of Yoga Asana teaches “Different Postures” to preserve good mobility of all joints for good health of body. But moral advises always need some practical examples. all married by now. Yoga books and Yoga schools in USA mainly teach Body postures or Asana. During one of my trip of India I met an old school friend after 30 years. “Don’t Kill and Speak the Truth”. and in summer they want Rain. Money and Material pleasures are not denied in Yoga Study. I was shocked and thought something serious must have happened in Mr. Before we learn Asana. Santoshi’s life. "My eldest son Puranchandra has four daughters. They apply at all Places. loss of high political position. They are never Satisfied with what they have got Today. Yama niyama & Sanatan Dharm Lesson 2. But by divine grace he inherited a million dollar worth business and estate of a childless distant relative. at all Times in all countries. Lesson 1. By observing truthfulness and nonviolent attitude one becomes a good person in any society. don't ask me anything. Life is very miserable. The last week was a hell of experience and the worst time in my life”. Niyama (No-Yama) must be observed. In a rainy season they want clear sky. "Shariramadyam.Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. His two grown up daughters were studying in medical college. Some people have got everything in their life and family. etc. Most people are always unhappy even with their present good situations in life. Karma Yoga (Gita-Ch-3) teaches how to achieve material successes (Siddhies) and enjoy material happiness at youth age period. The first two steps of Yama and Ni-Yama teach “Ten Eternal Morals” or Sanatan Dharm”. I had learned about his weath and family from a common friend. He got married to a beautiful good nature girl and had three grown up sons. they want a hot Sun. let us summarise practical message of Yama and Niyama. He said. "Oh my friend. a few Breathing Exercises and some age old tricks of meditation. old age and diseases. Ten practical points for a happy life. For last 4 day I have not slept. All world religions preach these two important religious doctrines. they complain it is very hot. unfold spiritual self and Self Upliftment by meditation. Lesson 3. He continued his story without a pause. Such preachings are observed in all world religions. Following short story explains the correct meaning of word Santosh. Knowledge and practice of Yama and Ni-Yama guidelines postpone death (No-Yama) and bring good mental and physical health. Yoga is science of self study (atmagyana or swadhyay) and art of living a divine perfect life. In later five steps we will learn how to liberate Mind and Intellect (Buddhi) from material attachments and develop concentration (Dhyan) in present job. SANATAN DHARM IN YAMA NIYAMA Lesson 1. Morals are like Eternal good guiding principles. 51 Yama is an imaginary deity God of Death in Hinduism. in material terms. preached in Niyama. If one wants to keep Yama (Death) away. The following event will explain this mental attitude of ever dis-satisfaction. In reply he tells me following story. people live in many worldly fears.the correct name of Hinduism. loss of job. We were worried. Such fears create tensions and worries. Most Indian Yoga Gurus. He kept C grades in our class. “Santoshat Param Sukham”. Yama Niyama & Sanatan Dharm Yama is afraid of Niyama. We entered in a nearby café and I congradulaed him for his present status and family. On Sunday if there is hot Sun. On a cold Monday. worries and tensions. “Yesterday the war between India and Pakistan ended. khalu Dharma sadhanam".

and wise men in the neighborhood (Gurus). Ten practical points for a happy life. Try to learn daily new skills like computers car driving. Prayers. After hearing above story of my friend I perfectly understood the exact meaning of the word 'Santosh' preached in the 2nd step of Niyama. She wanted to marry Him. well-wisher friends. I was in great tension. Yoga teaches how to conquer attachments of taste. 6. and worried for my daughter’s choice of life partner. studying with her. 5. Niyama are best learned in a week’s well planned Yoga camp.. can be prepared. She misses Pizza while in India. Liberate SELF from such vices. music. preferably in early morning. I don't know what will happen to the newly born grand son. Don’t smoke or talk while driving. Respect and take good care of mother. sisters. In fact all good events had happened in Santoshilal’s life during that week. A daily time-table. Find time for Asana. Vegetarian foods and proper intervals between meals are simple and easy Niyama. Either Learn something or Earn something. lunch and dinner at proper times and avoid eating anything in-between. Men and women are always interdependent and never independent. Drink about 20 ounces of Luke-warm water as first thing after getting up from bed. I am most miserable person living in hell today. brothers. Keep learning curiosity alive and remain a busy student. Yet he was an ever dis-satisfied soul. Any accident can occur if attention is lost even for a second. welcome new thoughts. 8. if you are slave of vices like smoking or drinking. “While I was worried about this tax problem. Take pure and healthy foods. alcoholic drinks and drugs. relatives and other people. how we will pay the taxes. These are important for health. This is most important requirement for achieving any social. We were in search of a suitable match for her since last one year. if you can do them ‘today and now’. Develop Good Food habits and learn to be Satisfied with any food. But this news shocked me. Then health will remain in a fairly good and happy mood. father. My grand daughter wants pizza from Pizza-Hut only. smell and look of food. drink clean water and breath fresh air at all times. A daily timetable. Save time by avoiding fruitless talks and chit-chatting. Try to be punctual at all jobs and meetings. exercises etc. Lesson 2. my daughter Shila came home and introduced to me a smart and handsome boy of other caste. You have no right to say you are a liberated man. The law of “Fullest attention in the present Job or Karma” gets violated if you talk while driving vehicles like cars or airplanes etc. Take breakfast. Maha-Kaleshver. OM and Mantra Chanting and Pranayama. Also find time to look at the progress of children and remain alert about their company of good or bad friends. but don’t waste time. she wants “Pani-Puri” an Indian dish not easily available in USA. 7. lunch and dinner. but the most important thing is to adhere to it. 3. economic or political success. Never remain idle. and any other pizza is “Yaki”. . Observe simple regulations of proper food. I suggest a ten point formula for a happy healthy. successful and long practical life. DIET.market and great loss. Parents are deity Gods near by is preaching of Hindu Upanishads. Lord Shiva is God of Universal Time. For practical understanding of good manners (sad-aachar) preached in Yama and Niyama. Will she be happy with the boy whom we don't know at all? We will have to arrange for Dowry and lot of marriage expenses". When she is back from India. Quit habits of smoking. drinking habits. MATRU AND PITRU KARMA.. Observe proper timings of breakfast. trust worthy relatives. But my second son Ramesh told me that we had made a good profit of half a million. etc. Think and Meditate about only Today's important jobs and obligations. Do not postpone important jobs for tomorrow. During free times read books. How she can finalize her life partner without my consent?” “You see my friend. Niyam means Punctuality. Keep a perfect Time sense. according to needs be prepared. 1. But the most important thing is to adhere to it. Develop some creative activity and hobby. Do them daily for about 30 minutes. These are health preserving vital rituals. Give an order of priority (ak-agrata). Make a list of jobs to be done and points to be discussed with friends. magazines etc. Punctuality. 4. and Don’t answer mobile phones. according to one’s job needs. What is the meaning of the statue of 'Liberty' in New York harbour? Does it mean one could behave in any manner as one likes? We all live in bilateral family relations. But now we will have to pay 50% in the taxes”. 52 2. Punctuality means sense of time.

Jainism and Buddhism. then finish it TODAY. noon. Always Listen well. Patience (Dhiraj). Atma. “Do not remain idle towards lectures and discourses of spiritual subjects”. This is called SatSang. Religious discourses provide daily or weekly tune up service of intellect and mind. do not feel shy in asking questions in a group. daily prayers. or Earn something. Summary: 1. Biology is the correct translation of Brahm-Vidya. Keep perfect Time and Place sense. 3. Yoga has developed during millenniums in Hinduism. Yoga is one of the six Hindu Darshans or philosophies belonging to group of Spiritual scriptures of India. are the different words used to mean Brahman (soul or spirit). all make this group of spiritual scriptures. Brahma Vidya means knowledge of soul (spirit of life) in all living beings. In some scriptures the word used for soul is only pronoun ‘tat’ meaning “That”. These 5-Ps bring every successes in life. It needs daily service and good steering and breaks. Niyama form the basis of successes in present and all future times of life ahead. Find time of 15 to 30 minutes. “Swadhyaya Pravachanabhyam ma Pramaditavyam”. SAT-SANGA. Many good Niyama can be mastered by attending a week in a trust worthy Yoga camp. Try to attend spiritual discourses of well read teachers of all religions. Maximum knowledge is gained by listening.99 % Indian people understand the word Atma as Soul or Spirit of Life. 2. The Sanskrit word Atma is understood in four different meanings during the millenniums of evolution of Hindu scriptures. Note that the above 10 rules and steps indicated are not difficult. An Upanishad Mantra says. The Upanishads (about 240). In the Vedas the word Brahman was used in meaning of Spirit or Soul. Remain in company of good friends and avoid fruitless political and religious discussions with colleges having different beliefs. The Correct meaning of popular word ATMA. Pay full attention (listen well) when others are speaking. eyes and mind open. and night. Peace of mind. If you do not understand. It is called Brahm-Vidya or Adiatma-Vidya. Try to attend such lectures at all times. Let us first learn about different meanings of this most important word ATMA. Yoga teaches all these by meditation and SELF knowledge. It is wrong. whenever possible. You can become a good leader if you listen well. Yoga is science of self study and art of living a divine perfect life. Become a great leader with good knowledge of many subjects and help others is message of Ganesh. frequently used in many Indian religious scriptures. 9. nameless That (Tat). 10. Body is like a car. Persistence of actions and Punctuality. Tatva. 5. Chetana. for exercise and meditation. Most Gurus and 99. but Don’t waste Time. next day or week. .a man of great knowledge”. sociology etc. Keep record of thoughts and important works to be done in next hours. 53 4. The word Atma is commonly understood as Spirit or Soul.Any one can do one thing at one time. Brahaman and not Atma is the correct word for Soul or Spirit. politics. Keep Curiosity to learn and revise right or wrong beliefs about religion. Keep a pocket diary. Learn something. Lesson 3. Do it best is the golden rule for material success. Record good thoughts as they crop up in mind during day's work. (Atmagyana or swadhyay) Yoga is science of Self study SWADHYAY (Atma-Gyana) and art of living a Divine life. and by the study of Gita and good religious discourses. Jiva. Yama and Niyama teach a well disciplined life-style. Listen well. Sah. The symbolic meaning of elephant head Hindu deity God Ganasha (Ganpati) is a good leader. Remember Five Ps in Life. It suggests “Keep Big Ears like an elephant and a Big head symbolizes. Keep company of good friends (sat-sang) and keep ears. 6 Hindu Darshans and the Gita. Preservation of life (non-violence). If you can do tomorrow’s work today. in morning.

then there is nothing like “Time and Space”. Buddha Jana and Satsang. Eyes. Nose and Skin. Body – Soul = a dead body. 1. Mind is always filled with endless desires. (kama). Eastern religions declare that without Atma Gyana even a highly educated person remains in Avidya and does many wrong activities (sins) in name of Religion and God. 54 Agyan (Tamas) means ignorance. One living human being. Then the fear of death is gone forever. Five senses are the horses. Vyakta means manifest as opposed to Avyakta or unmenifest. SELF: This is correct translation of the Vedic word ATMA. changeless. incorrect knowledge. Atma-Gyana (=Self Knowledge) teaches “Who am I?” as one individual. the word ATMA is used as changeless soul. In ending words Yama says. In Kathopnishad. This is due to a fact that most people do not study their own scriptures with open mind and in a systemic manner. . Ears. and laws of society and country. Agyana can be removed by company of good teachers. 2. In the ending dialogue between Yama (deity God of Death) and Nachiketa. oceans and mountains are made-up of fine atoms. “There is nothing higher than divine soul (or self) within”.. These must be controlled by Intellect or Higher Mind. an animal. but they have only superficial knowledge of all universal bodies and perfect laws of Mother Nature.Body is symbolized as a Chariot. Intellect must be the driver of all desires arising in Mind. . By Yoga Meditation one has to search an answer to this standard question. He has proved by his famous equation of Relativity that “Time and Space” are relative concepts of human mind. The horses (senses) symbolize the five senses. Tongue as taste organ. All Indian Gurus and scriptures that came up after the period of Adi-Shankara (7th cent AD) understand and explain the word ATMA in the popular meaning of soul today. Manifest Soul (Vyakta Atma). a plant or a tree. If there are no material bodies in universe. 3. Most people live with Avidya. and search of Divine Self within. By deep meditation (Samadhi) one perfectly understands that events like death and birth also occur according to perfect laws of God. invisible etc.‘Thesaurus’ of the word ATMA. immortal innermost spark of life in living beings. (a curipus young boy).particularly. A child is ignorant about names of many material things. The reins must be in hand of Unbiased Unattached Intellect (Krishna). Adults possess this average worldly information. ATMA = Body + mind + Intellect + Ego + Soul. Water and Earth. false beliefs and wrong opinions.Avidya and Agyana of Atma or SELF. namely. The union of ‘Body with Spirit’ and TIME-SPACE bondage of body can be understood by self-meditation only. unborn. 4. half knowledge etc. Body + Soul = a living creature. formless. It is easy to remove Agyana but it is difficult to remove Avidya. fears (Bhaya) and emotions like Angers. Mind or Conscious Self is the rider (Arjuna). It can be called common sense also. Soul or Pure Spirit. a famous Upanishad. one individual (Vyakti). Avidya means wrong information. Soul is Divine. Intellect (Buddhi) is the unique human ability not present in animals. spiritually enlightened souls. The changes occurring in all physical bodies are perceptible with five senses which can be understood by mind and intellect in a SpaceTime continuum. Any one living creature. undying. All visible living bodies and non-living objects like rivers. These fine Atoms unite and make Air. Agyana and Avidya appear like synonyms but they have different meanings. This is the ability of reason or logic within all of us. Yoga study removes . True understanding of Religion and conviction about One Omnipresent God occurs to any individual (Vyakti) by Self Realization in Yoga study. wrong and rigid (Jad) beliefs in religious field. But most people never use intellect in revising their wrong religious beliefs and remain attached to their wrong religious beliefs for entire life. This leads to Self-realization and understanding of the perfect laws of Mother Nature (Prakruti) or God of Universe. and Not Soul or Spirit. Albert Einstein declares that the Sun Light (Energy) is also fine matter particles (atoms) traveling in Universal Space at great speed. Intellect (Nyaya Buddhi) is the discriminative power by which one arrives at judgment. lack of information. A yoga student has to search and understand soul as a separate element from Body by Self-meditation.

fame and prosparity (Siddhi and Riddhi)) in life. Nirvana. This will pacify wandering mind and create a void or ‘thoughtless consciousness’ for a few minutes. Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. Mind becomes fresh and pacified. various possibilities and probabilities. Observe this important psychological effect subjectively during Pranayama which is an entry step for higher Meditation. He will sit there with closed eyes in meditation posture for 30 mins to one hour in beginning. Babas and/or Pundits. the Eternal Religion (Sanatan Dharm) and God. Om Tat Sat. Indian Yoga Gurus. No human being is perfect. But there is a hidden spark of God Divine within all human beings. By developing a helping nature and attitude of forgiveness and renunciation (Tyag) of all Ego-centric desires (Vasana). It works like a magic pill. answers for “causes of effects seen and events occurring in daily life”. The student must remain physically and mentally fit. instincts (Vrutties) and Selfish attitudes (Swarthi Swabhav). ART AND SCIENCE OF MEDITATION Article 1. any one can reach the mental level. The student must find a quite isolated place. for few minutes. There is no need to pay high fees to Yoga Swamies. Karma are done by Body. The answers are confirmed by studying Karma done by self and others. Out of such thousand successful people only a rare soul is interested in knowing Spiritual Divine Self (soul) within. Start with chanting some Mantra. Ignorance and Idleness are ever present in all human beings. Pranayama or Breathing exercises and some well-known tricks of meditation. This was reached by all great religious founders of past like Buddha. A student has to try these tricks upon his or her self to experience and get convinced that mind does become thoughtless and pacified by 55 th . Muhhamod etc. and will power of positive thinking. God Search and knowledge of true Religion comes only by use of Intellect and not by reading books. Some Guidelines for Meditation. and meditating about events of past and present positions in life. Hands and Feet are most important organs with which all human beings do their daily actions.. You will soon find Right answers and correct plans of actions about solving all present problems and situation. Only a few intellectuals possess this faculty and achieve material successes. Think by writing your thoughts about the present worrying situations of your life.Yoga teaches how to use intellect for developing self-control (Sanyama). but isolated during meditation from friends and relatives. Before we study the 5 Step of Pratyahara. books and Yoga schools in USA mainly teach Body postures or Asana. Meditation is a mental exercise or “scientific way of thinking and reasoning to find consciously. This God Nature or Good nature gradually unfolds by Yoga meditation. 19. long OM. Beliefs regarding God and religions will vary with all individuals. let us learn something about Art and science of Meitation. Think about their causes. Saints. Random thoughts cropping up in conscious mind disappear immediately. Jesus. God Is Truth. and a few Pranayama like MPs described in the 4th step. Speech and hands are important human “Karma Indriya” not present in animals.

This is reached only by a few great prophets like Buddha. Only a few common Yoga words are listed here. Where is God. examples. Sub-conscious mind. Thoughts in mind usually run after short term pleasures derived from the five senses. Pranayama develop “voluntary control” over an involuntary physiological system and will power. This is a unique human faculty not present in lower animals. By Self Meditation a student studies his body. the higher mind or intellect (Buddhi) starts working in a positive manner. The final aim of Yoga meditation is to discover Divine Pure Soul within. When Chitta is not working properly one forgets the sense of time-place. and meanings explained in different Yoga books. The correct translation of ATMA is SELF and not Soul. 1.as pure element. names of relatives etc. Intellect is the ability of logical thinking with data of past memories stored in Chitta. and unite with the maker of Universe (God). Gurus and teachers vary a great deal. Yoga meditation starts with the 4th step of Pranayama and ends on reaching the 8th step of Samadhi. events of past. presence of material objects and their properties (goona). The following description will help any intellectual student to understand these levels. Perfectly waking normal state of mind during day time. months and years. The religion of Buddhism is based upon use of this ability of Human brain. (Diwa-swapnastha mind). Thinking about past or future events. Chitta is like a “StoreHouse” of past memories (Smruti) or a Read Write Memory -Disc of human brain’s computer. They are not rigid water tight compartments. Mohammed or true saints in all countries of the world. imagine a 100 volts electric bulb regulated by a rheostat switch. one's own Self. In subconscious mind all past experiences are stored as memories. Randomly thinking and/or worried mind. This is comparable to anesthesia. Psyche. 4. (Chitta or Ardha-jagruta mana). Knowledge (Veda) means simple memory (Smruti) of events of past life. During meditation this mental power is to be activated to its maximum limit. This word is translated and understood as soul by most religious Gurus and also Indian people. Atma. When mind is peaceful. Jesus. Waves of new thoughts and new ideas will start flowing in your conscious mind. Dharana and Dhyana are middle three steps and different zones of mind. Breathing is partly voluntary and partly involuntary vital system of the body. Its closest English word is 'sub-conscious mind'. During sound sleep mind is sleeping or is in a state of zero consciousness. This is mostly Audio Visual information recorded in Chitta. This is called Amnesia (Chitta-bhrama). Mahavira. Five different levels of consciousness states of mind are described for understanding Yoga Meditation. Day dreaming or imagining mind. Samadhi state of mind. 5.such practices. 56 During early sleep one sees vague dreams (Swapnastha mana). All voluntary muscles are relaxed and the person does not respond to external stimuli of noise and mild pains. Ved. Dreaming mind or hypnotized mind (Tandrit mana). The second meaning of Atma is ‘One Living Individual’ or Vyakti. There is great misunderstanding about some key words. Buddhi = Intellect. These states merge into oneanother. (Jagruta mana). explanations. When breath stops we all die. They are vaguely and poorly translated into English by Yoga Gurus or their English knowing disciples. Most Indian Gurus translate Atma in sense of Spirit or soul. Gyana = Knowledge of material objects gained as past experiences with five senses. 2..for days. mind. The subject of study and the object of study is one and same. Before learning higher steps of Yoga a student must learn and master some Pranayama. devoid of any matter). Chitta is a frequently used word in Yoga books. . This provides a data-base for logical thinking. Self realization by meditation is not as easy as it sounds. Gita and Sanskrit texts. Mana = Mind. The word Meditation needs correct understanding.viz. Exact or nearest English meanings of some Sanskrit and Yoga words. It shines at 100 volts when full switch is open. 3. imagining and reasoning during meditation. What is Yoga Meditation? In Yoga Meditation the student searches answers to questions like “Who am I?. Total darkness is deep sleep or deep anesthesia state. To understand these levels. Correct Sanskrit word for Spirit (soul) is Brahman (Bios. Conscious mind. Any other state is less than 100 % light are lower zones of subconscious mind or Chitta. Levels of Mind Consciousness in Meditation. Dementia or Memory loss. Pratyahara. true and false Egos and conscious Self. It is the second side of conscious mind like two sides of a coin. What is true Religion and its need in life. The terminology.

Adhiatma Chintan = Self Meditation. running. Sir Isaac Newton saw an apple falling from a tree. dancing with music etc. but not a 100% translation. This works like a rubber eraser clearing shabby writings from a paper and making it clear for new writing. It does not develop in a day. Article 2. history of old monuments or a possible plan of future actions is 'Chintan'. They become professional priests or popular story tellers (Kathakar) and earn great wealths. Koran and Bible by Manan. a month or even years. But I am also one Unique Unit within this perfect Universe. This well known time tested trick is used by many Gurus in India. Chintan is art of pin pointed thinking for finding hidden qualities within objects or effects perceived by five senses (Karya Karana Siddhanta). Actors and lawyers who memorize dialogues do Manan. By reciting simple Mantras like OM. Sanskrit word for I is ‘Aham’. Searching symbolic meaning of deity God’s idols. agitated mind becomes pacified. Memory of past events and perfect conscious state of mind and intellect are needed for Chintan. The closest Sanskrit word for meditation is Chintan.viz. one's own Self.. For receiving a ‘Mantra’ from a Guru. There is no originality in talks of average priests who give religious lectures from verses of scriptures. A few Swamies hypnotize rich people and turn them blind followers of their personal Guru faiths. which also means EGO. Dhyan is not meditation. Constant Mantra Jap done for 10 to 15 minutes arrests vague and worrying thoughts and helps to erase bad memories of events of past. or Math Tables in schools by repeated chanting and cramming is called manan. the student tries to find an answer to a standard question "WHO AM I ?" The subject and the object of study is one and same. singing.. finding an answer to a question “Who am I? What do I understand or refer to when I speak “I”? Yoga is a science of self knowledge (Atma-Gyan). By constant Chintan he discovered its cause . ignorant disciples pay lots of money to Indian Gurus. There are such countless Guru cults (Sampradays) in India Today. or of long prose or poetry is Manan. By repeated speaking. notions and ideas about Meditation. politicians. Two Sanskrit words. The highest ability of human mind is intellect (Buddhi). Manan is an age-old way for developing memory powers. By constantly thinking about Self. clapping. Mantra Jap and prayers in groups in religious places create temporary peace in worried minds. Manan and Chintan are quite different mental exercises. Children memorize math tables in schools by repeated chanting. Manan. What is Chintan? Science roots from Intellect and Chintan. Religious students commit to memory verses of scriptures like Ramayana. Every Yoga Guru has his own concept. Some answers to the above question are given in scriptures..the natural laws of inertia. and Yoga Gurus. a poetry. also make mind thoughtless. Repeated chanting of short sentences (Mantra) like ‘Om Namah Shivaya'. All kinds of Karma like walking. Removal of all false Egos and development of correct Egos is learnt by Yoga practices. They are in business of religion for earning money and building their private temples. motions and gravity. What is Manan The art and practice of memorizing a verse. loudly or silently in mind. slogans. chanting or writing any one can remember long paragraphs. The 57 . Manan (Remembering and Speaking other’s thoughts) does not create positive thoughts. "WHO AM I?" (Adiatma-Vidya) Yoga meditation first teaches to look towards own Self.Dhayan means perfect attention in the present job of learning or activity. ‘I’ is first person singular pronoun in all languages. actors. scriptural stories. calm and thoughtless for a short time by 'Mantra Jap'. Worries and tensions of the present time get reduced or come to end for a few moments or permanently. Manan is a familiar practice to all public orators. verses and poetry or long passages of prose.very close to. ways. I am ever bound to a Zero Time and occupying Zero Space in Universe. I can be present only at one Place at one time on Earth. The nearest English word translation of Meditation in Sanskrit will be Chintan and not Manan. This is called Kundalini Shakti or power. 'Hare Krishna Hare Rama' etc. playing some musical instrument. phrases. the audience is carried away in a zone of religious trans. "I am a very small living being.'Manan and Chintan' must be well understood before learning more about meditation. religious priests. All agitated minds become pacified. Re-thinking about some past event with a new angle is also Chintan. They are confirmed by observing own self in daily life. Then one learns how to direct the flow of vague thoughts to a new event or another object. Gita. Later on when they speak with emotions and acting.

or this very night. family and city and the world when I die? Will it go on without me? How big would be my funeral? How or in what manner I would like to die? If I am given to choose a disease before my death. Now answer these questions about your future. Develop a habit of ‘Thinking with Perfect Sense of Time and Place’. What changes have occurred in my body after my birth in an ever changing endless show of universe?" What is my present age and how long I am likely to live? Now think about dreams of childhood. What will happen to my property. country and globe earth. Yoga Meditation and Kundalini? Kundalini Shakti in Yoga study means ‘ability of thinking about. There is a mystic or symbolic story in the Bhagvat Purana. financial gains and losses etc. hate and jealousy etc. Ask yourself if most of your past wishes and dreams of young age are fulfilled or become true TODAY or not? Try to create in mind a perfect picture of remaining wishes and definite goals of future and ways and means of fulfilling them. different job experiences. beauty. “I want to be myself”. adult life and events like marriage. Yoga meditation teaches exactly this particular subject. A simple and easy trick for meditation is to write your autobiography. How and when I came in this world and got this body? Had I any choice to select my sex. race or religion? How small I am in universal dimensions of TIME and SPACE? How small I am in this village. Unbiased Intellect (Buddhi) eliminates negative emotions like angers. Then try to answer these questions. "Be yourself" is a popular phrase in the West. Make a short term plan of near future. compassion.. past. but we are not conscious of this law and behave as if we are not going to die at all. Devoted effort for five to twelve years is an average time needed to realize pure spiritual self and reach Samadhi. some ancient king in North India. Guru or a Satan”. Eight Steps of Yoga are like a ladder. physical fitness. greed. “Jatasyahi dhruvo mrutu” Every born has to die”. deaths of relatives.bondage of Time . . Meditation creates self uplifting positive thoughts and removes all negative emotions. nationality. We all know this law. Write Your Own Auto-Biography. Parikshit. which will be Tomorrow. forgiveness and compromises. The Gita declares a perfect law of God. This mental ability develops by regular practice of self-meditation.a king or a beggar.Place (desh-Kal). 58 . teenage. Meditation is not as simple as it appears in Yoga books and classes of Yoga teachers. A student cannot jump to last step in short time. Understanding of limitations and equality of all human beings creates positive emotions of love.. what choice I would make? If you know that you are going to die exactly after seven days what will you do? Write in your notes a few points about such a situation. etc. city. I may not see the morning of Tomorrow“. that apply to my body also apply to all living beings on the Earth . present and future events with perfect awareness and vision of sequence of past events in a time-place frame and awareness of the order of sequence’. Start with your birth date. Apply this message to your own self. It is not difficult to write about memories of childhood. Yoga is an art of first knowing and than becoming ‘one-self’. “I can die today evening. We make endless plans of future and forget this. If Yoga is studied with devotion it creates courage and self esteem. The curse declared that king will die on the seventh day by snake bite. gets a curse from a Saint’s son for his egoistic behavior with his saint father. any great priest. He is advised to climb the ladder slowly step by step.

you really do not know your true self. Being the only male son in family. Her only hope and goal was my good cultural growth and education. You will know it better after writing your own short biography in your own hand writing and words. I was 10 years old. I remember all events of her death as if it occurred only yesterday. It will be a day. when I was only six months old and my mother Sitaben was 17. Do you think that you really know your true self better than your spouse or kids and friends? No.C. I remember I had cried for days and months. enjoy and some story to tell. a village near city of Ahmedabad. This law applies to every living human being on Globe Earth. my mother wanted to know details of business and annual balance sheet from the cousin grand father. successes and achievements and lessons I learned. my story will come to an end. My father Kantilal died at his age of 19 years. It was a moment of great grief and sorrow for me and my widow mother.Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. Gandhi in Past Life!) Part I. SELF-REALIZATION . We all have memories of past only and existence at present moment. share. Yet people called it “TODAY”.WRITE AUTOBIOGRAPHY. She remained widow for her entire life. (1934). SAMPLE By Swami Dwiroopanand (Dr H. (the birth year of Mahatma Gandhi) my grand-father Ambaidas Gandhi was an adventurous and successful business man. So my mother filed a court suit. After the death of my father in 1925. After the death of grand-mother in 1934. Her second son Mangaldas had died at young age of 13 by drowning in a lake.J. I was born on Nov. or Mr. It was a challenge for my mother to run home and arrange funds for my school education and other needs. and third in Ahmedabad. We were financially hard pressed in my young days. second in Bombay. Everyone has something to remember. After her death our financial conditions worsened. In Hinduism a woman generally cannot remarry after death of husband. My Birth Date. She died in 1974. Roopaliba managed our home until her death in 1934. young age and student days in school and college. K. After his death two firms were taken over by local partners. But in fact one really does not know his or her true SELF or real “I”. My Memories of Childhood. I will write about independence movement of India and part I played. My grand-mother Roopaliba was a very beautiful but illiterate lady having no knowledge of business. in Gujarat. 59 . and some message to give to growing young generation. K. births of children and death events of family members and friends.(Knowledge). I see a dead body.-16-1924 in Naroda. (Name). It was the ‘Last Day of Universal Time’. We used to receive only Rs. George B. Someone will say I am a “Doctor or an Engineer”. I will write about my failures. I remember her beautiful Mona Lisa like face and immense love for me. She lived for 25 years after the death of my grand father and gave me wonderful love and moral support to my mother. 20. India. I will write about my childhood. I present a sample of my autobiography. Gandhi and Brothers" firm in Ahmedabad in 1934. It went on for next ten years. 25 ($4) per month from our "A. I was forced by relatives to walk to the cremation place on the bank of river Sabarmati for performing final fire rites according to Hindu custom. Our Ahmedabad firm was managed by cousin brother of my grand father. Only thing needed is your ‘will and desire’. what will be your answer? You will say I am Mr. I will write about my marriage. Old records indicate that he was running three firms in the year of his death 1910. One in Rangoon (Burma). Born in 1869. For the first time I was looking at motionless and speechless dead body of my loving grand-mother. Start with determination and continue in nonstop manner. Who are you? (Who Am I?) If some one asks this question. You can also try and write a few pages in this manner. Gandhi H. Up to age of six years I used to sleep with her. called “Today”. Others will say I am American or an Indian (Nationality). Accounts and any increase in monthly maintenance were denied by the managing partner. He was made a partner by my grand father. When I have written all events of my past years and of yesterday. Thus it is not difficult to write an autobiography.

We moved from Naroda to Ahmedabad in our own bungalow on C. She was a fighter of truth and a woman of self-respect. I had passed with good grades in high school. but I have always secured A grades in class from the start. I was first in Ahmedabad center (among 42. in 1974. living Goddess in the world. who were in America. rules the world. love and care she gave me in young age. Mostly we stayed with joint family of four maternal uncles at Naroda.. I became father of first daughter Ila. Now she started her pilgrimages and visited many temples of India. Part II. My second daughter Varsha was born in 1950. She was a devoted 60 and compassionate lady. She will not allow me to play in the street with other boys if I had not completed my home work. When I retired from private practice. I can never forget the discipline. Day and night she would sing devotional songs. She did many religious activities. Sitaba took interest in finding husbands for her many nieces and daughter's of many relatives. moral support and help in the legal cases going on in the courts. I will never be able to repay her debts. Marriage. It was a big and caring family. My two daughters Ila and Varsha. So I was married on March-8-1943. My brave widow mother Sitaba. But now I understand that it is the mother and not the wife. This is the age for playing. Wife enters the life of a man in late twenties. my mother Sitaba and me were only two individuals in our home.Ultimately we had to make some compromise in 1944 and give up the right over the firm after getting some cash money only. I joined school at age of seven. Most people understand that this woman is wife. in 1946. Parents want their children to become genius doctors like Doughy Houser and scholars like Einstein. To add a family member. clothes. In spite of poverty she was very hospitable and social. but above all faith in God. the last year of medical college. guidance and wisdom in 1944-45. It was a village located 5 miles from Ahmedabad. my mother and uncles wished I should get married. She had raised me with great moral and financial support. We have a custom of early marriages. I am always a student. self respect. She suffered a short illness of stomach cancer. Parents and teachers can only mold their characters by teaching good morals and teaching history. In India marriages are arranged by parents and elderly people and not by dating. A hand that rocks the cradle. But they forget that geniuses are born and not made by sending children to school at very early age. food etc. She was very strict. Boys of my age were getting married. I feel piety for them. arguments or protest. devotion. which she received from her mother and four brothers in Naroda. She was very happy to see her five well educated grand-children at the time of her death (at her age of 67). is very firm and not easily changeable.000 students) in the high school graduation test (Matric) of Gujarat State in 1941. Sitaba faced many difficulties and hardships in her young age. She has written a nice travelogue of her pilgrimages. why I got married during my student age. due to wish of my mother and relatives. All court cases got settled with his compromising attitudes. to offer prayers to Lord. Daily she would go to a nearby Shiva temple in early morning at 5 a.G. It was an arranged marriage by relatives.m. My mother Sitaba had played both the roles. By this time 90 % of the personality make up of a boy is already formed. But her penance (Tapascharya) were rewarded in later life. Mother is the greatest teacher. She always guided me on the right path of family love and respect for the elderly uncles. I converted my clinic into a charitable medical center and created a charitable trust in her name in 1981. The moral support and good advice of my father-in-law Kunvarlal Bapuji worked. "Behind every successful man there is a woman". endurance of hardships. rushed to India on hearing the news of her terminal illness. I remember all the good grades in schools and colleges I scored. My maternal grand father Ishverbhai Patel was a leading farmer (Mukhi) in Naroda. The cultural mind of child is molded more by the mother than the father. now a part of mega-city of Ahmedabad. She filed a court case to get our due share and money from grand father's firm. Seeing a poor beggar she would give alms. Today in India and abroad I see three year old kids sent to K. for want of service minded doctors and devoted staff. But I had to close it within two years. as our scriptures say. After the death of grand mother. She always welcomed guests and treated them well. My rank remained first or second in all grades. the first year of medical college. She selected the girl and I got married without dating. I was first .G Road in Ellisbridge area in 1961. Let me explain. She was very happy at this place with her grand children. children and family. She taught me truth and honesty. A good mother gives love and a good father gives money for education and teaches discipline. maths etc.

relatives and my economic conditions have changed. Then I was a student of many teachers (Gurus) in schools and colleges. I passed M. (Ch. My score was 66 % without great preparations. This is an ever changing universe. Bombay in 1950. Do not sell knowledge. and learn new skills every day. With our own eyes we can see.class first in biology. a good portion of your memory disk (called Chitta) ever remains blank. gaining knowledge. family responsibility and lack of time for studies. Give gained knowledge to others who want it. Gujarat. There is always plenty of room for new thoughts and new ideas. I wanted to continue my studies and become a surgeon. IX. Finally I graduated in medicine from K. then a father of five children. Lords says:Mayaadhyakshane prakrutihi sooyete sacharaacharam Hetunanena Kaunteya jagat viparivartate The Gita. But I am still a young and curious student. Hopes and dreams of bright future give courage and keep us alive. A new born baby becomes a child. understand and experience these changes. With spoken words and knowledge gained we can understand these changes. medical billing courses and income tax courses in USA to learn the tax laws of this country. mind. I can never forget the days of economic difficulties (Tapas) that a bright student has to face for getting education in early years of life. All material things are constantly changing according to fixed laws of mother nature. views. knowledge is such a wonderful wealth that it increases by spending!".M. Keep your mind. He was a good teacher and popular physician of Ahmedabad.education or knowledge is the greatest . We are never conscious of the constant changes occurring in our body. For the first time I failed in this exam. Regular students needed two or three trials to pass this. Once I was son of my mother and father. and it is weightless. Mehta. After coming to America I appeared for the E. To fulfill my dream of becoming a surgeon. These changes occur according to fixed laws of God. I became a husband. It does not change and my knowledge is ever increasing. I always read new thoughts from any corner on any subject.Intermediate Science (B-Group) examination of Gujarat university in 1945 and third among all the students admitted to medical college in Bombay State of British India. and financial responsibilities. But now I spend more time in reading and writing on religious subjects. magazines. Knowledge is God with you and within your self. P. "I pervade inside and outside every (non-living and living.S (part I) at the first trial. and State of Maharastra. Today I am grand-father of 10 grandchildren. But the 61 changeless soul within me is same. This kind of attitude is described in the Gita as “NishKama Karma Bhav”. After my marriage in 1943. All material bodies undergo fixed changes. places where I lived. progress and getting financial prosperity for self and family members. If you do not learn new thoughts and views of other people. eyes and ears open and daily learn new things. I did part time jobs to continue my studies. intellect.M. na ch raj haaryam Na bhratru bhajayam na ch bharkari Vyaye krute vardhat ave nityam Vidya dhanam sarva dhanam pradhanam "Knowledge is the greatest wealth of any individual. I know it was due to increasing practice.C. I have no aim of any financial gains. Give it free. Because I know that if I don't give out my thoughts. The following verse of great wisdom has always inspired me during my entire life. I enrolled as an external PG student in 196O after 10 years of practice. A king cannot tax it. P. I had to get loans for books and fees from relatives and friends besides some scholarships from charitable institutions. and gained knowledge and personal experiences by writing or speaking on audio-tapes.F.E. Vidharbha. It is with this kind of self realization. Constant changes occur in the gross bodies according to fixed rules (laws of mother nature . Hospital. I joined computer courses. I also do not know who will read my literature. but I was not aware of this in my young days and youth period.10). But I had to give up my dream of surgery and start family practice in a village for earning money due to family needs. at suggestion of my old friend Dr. Bombay State included districts of Sindh (today in Pakistan). Vidya. Na chor choryam. brothers cannot divide it. my acquired knowledge will die with me. and an old man. Economic conditions now improved. But we forget God until diseases. knowledge and ever changing human relations. old age and difficulties arrive in life. There is a blank unrecorded empty disk in every brain. With passage of time my gross body. then a teenager. The diseases and death also occur according fixed design of God.Jad and Chetana) object in the universe.Prakruti) made and supervised also by ME". This is nicely said in the following verse. and grand-son of my grand-mother. We do many activities (Karma) for survival.G. a thief cannot steal it. booklets and short flyers since last 10 years. in 1983. a youth. But I feel like writing and I write. But above all. without expecting any rewards. I write books. I appeared for final part II in 1964 (after 3 years).

I also joined the medical college as external part time student to fulfill my dream of becoming a surgeon. Economic conditions improved in course of TIME. I have mentioned earlier that I wanted to become a surgeon. in simple Gujarati language to help average people. One by one. Sweet and sour memories of joys. She was my first child who came to USA. and Stories of practical messages of true religious life (Kul-Dharma) for happy and united family living. Hinduism is not an organized religion. Karma done by all the family members get accumulated. But it is a worth studying age old culture and heritage. We immigrate to USA. Remember that divine knowledge cannot be sold. Memories of medical practice. a different place than Ahmedabad or India. People staying in any country are like a big family. and some failures also. Koran. A medical doctor wrote a book on immigration laws of USA. correct decisions and right Karma by all family members are necessary. we moved our residence from Naroda to Ahmedabad in 1960. difficulties.D. TODAY we all are in USA. Buddha and Mahatma Gandhi. and always keep positive attitudes. After studying Immigration Laws from this experience. According to our joint efforts and accumulated (Sanchit) Karma we (my family) were rewarded in 1982. lead to country's prosperity and progress. until I closed my clinic in 1982. two times to run my well established practice of ten years in Naroda area. In 1957 I tried to enter into politics. contest an election and become a congressman. pharmaceuticals and radio dealership and so on. It was my dream of college days. Good thoughts must be propagated free without expectations of money or rewards. It has many Scriptures. which I tried. The student in me also was inspired. After marriage in India. In 1981. But we should forget all disappointments and failures. I daily drove 15 miles two ways. Joint efforts (Purusharth) of family members are visible as progress. She got the 3rd preference Visa for USA. This is Real Hindu Heritage or Vedic culture. Read scriptures of all religions like Bible. I started first private practice in the city of Ahmedabad which I shifted to Naroda within six months. My second daughter Varsha (Dentist) and her husband Mahesh Patel (Ph. (TIMEPLACE BONDGE). The attitude of caring. I do not know why. We are all fairly well set and happy in USA. My dream of 1958 became a reality in 1981. There were successes and failures in profession and other businesses. I practiced at this place for next 32 years. United hands of the people of a country (national unity). but by some inner instinct I wanted to send all my children to USA. I continued this life style and driving for next 20 years. In 1981 I decided to close my practice and stay permanently in USA. sharing and sense of sacrifice is called LOVE. It will increase and not decrease.wealth of any individual. achievements of set goals. My will (Hath-Yoga) to come to USA was very strong.A. To achieve this duty bound goal. with children. prosperity. Sometimes I thought of leaving medical practice and start business of building construction. But I was able to give best education to all my children in the colleges located in our area. I wrote my first book on immigration laws of USA. The dream of sending my children to USA became a reality in 1972 when my eldest daughter Ila graduated in pharmacy as first class first student in her college. That dream always remained in my subconscious mind (Chitta).. For family unity and prosperity leadership. Learn new thoughts and remove wrong beliefs by self knowledge (Atma-Gyana) and the Gita study in a scientific manner. I do not know about tomorrow. Give its benefits to others at all times. Love is fostered by giving cultural training and moral discipline (religion). I failed in my last examination of surgery. me. It brings joy and happiness to all members. The laws of Karma have worked so far. Read the life and thoughts of all great men of divine vision like Jesus. other children followed. my third daughter Daksha (M. For the college education of growing children. my wife Jashoda and youngest son Rupesh (born in 1963) came to USA. in computer engineering) had immigration problems due to our ignorance of immigration laws. ALWAYS REMAIN A LIFE LONG STUDENT IS MY MESSAGE FOR EVERYONE.. I became a partner in 62 . born in 1951) came to USA in 1978. Then my doctor son Pankaj (born in 1953) and his wife Kshama came to USA in 1980. from 1951 to 1982. Develop your (Sad-Buddhi) unbiased intellect to think with broad vision without any material attachments. without going to any law school. After my graduation in 1950. Part III. stories from the Ramayan and Mahabharat etc. separations and reunions are linked with the years between 1972 and 1980.

“the doctor patient relationship and faith in doctor”. 5/.a radio-agency and a pharmaceutical company. To see such a patient healthy after 25 years was a moment of great joy. first session. Naroda in those days was a central bigger village between 30 surrounding smaller villages. medical and surgical. If a doctor treats his patients with devotion and care. The patients pay premiums in advance for receiving treatment in future. adults.during night hours. When Deepak (my nephew) informed me that you were coming here. I have forgotten the memories of thousands of patients and their illnesses. The facilities of transport were poor. for adults and 50 paise (cents) for the children. Once I was visiting my nephew in Chicago. 3/. My fees were only One Rupee.. In 1957 only. then a two wheeler motor cycle. There was no medical insurance system. Faith in the words of a family doctor is a very important factor in healing and recovery from sickness. I am Ramesh. You were our family doctor for many years. and during hot summer days of tropical climate. No plan worked. "Dr. and 5-30 p. and a sense of satisfaction and pride. My patients had great faith in my (little) knowledge and in my honest practice.during day time and Rs. But I lost money as I WAS A SLEEPING PARTNER. Some people could not afford fees for car expenses so they brought their bullock carts.m. This I have experienced in thousands of cases. HMOs and Medicare systems. You can forget me but how can I forget you. My parents had lost all hopes of my survival. as second session.m. there were no mal-practice law suits. Everything was included in the fees for medicines dispensed from the clinic. who had moved in his new home. I have treated hundreds and thousands of patients. An Indian neighbor came to meet me. During early years. This vital element has practically disappeared. I had to make home visits to villages within range of 20 to 30 miles.p. gynecology. We examined patients and gave all the medicines from our clinic. mischievous behavior and the drama he used to create in my clinic. Canada and UK. 1700. Home visits charge was Rs. our patients. There were no separate consultation fees. "No. children. It was a moment of great surprise. and treat the case immediately with whatever medicine was available. The visitor said. the memories of a doctor always remain permanently engraved in minds of his patients. I think and believe this after my experiences and conviction after 32 years of family practice. by the families. A complicated billing system and many text books of availability of benefits have emerged. This is the greatest earning of any doctor. As required by the need of local people. do you remember this young guy? He is from our place Naroda". I wanted to meet and see you after 25 years and apologize for the misbehavior of my young age". our overhaul results were fairly good. Uncle. I used it for next 8 years. But you have given me a new life. We were respected like angles (living Gods). I had many dreams and plans of becoming rich in a short time in the early days of my slowly growing medical practice. For 32 years as medical doctor. I had tuberculosis in childhood. ophthalmology and orthopedics. I feel that we did a far better job with less equipment. But you had cured me from a serious disease. Except for an occasional mishap. If something went wrong. There were no pharmaceutical drug stores in Naroda. and the village community. due to drug reaction or non-availability of proper drugs. I used to cry at the top of my voice. at nights. unexpected joy and divine happiness for me to meet that naughty boy Ramesh and see him healthy and well placed in life. Today the practice of medicine in advanced countries is getting more and more complicated by the entry of intermediate agencies like the health insurance. Only my medical knowledge was rewarding me slowly but steadily. I had to accept this method of transport and make home visits in surrounding villages nearly daily or on alternate days. It was not my medicine nor the diagnosis. viz. I don't remember" I replied. son of Krishnakant Joshi. My nephew asked. burns and injuries and what not! We had to make a quick clinical judgment.m. Uncle. abused and cursed you. One most important factor in mental healing of a patient is sacrificed. When I compare this style of medical practice with the prevalent medical system in foreign countries like USA. my office hours were from 8-30 a. It included all types of cases.. I used to treat nearly 100 to 150 patients per day. but their faith in me was the greatest factor in their cure. cases of delivery. fewer diagnostic tools and limited transport facilities. We charged Rs 2 to 5 for injection shots. in rainy seasons. etc. to 1-30. (Only half day holiday on Sundays). to 9-00 p. "Dr. seven days a week. There were . I had no knowledge of those trades..m. and the burden is born 63 by honest tax payers and the healthy people. Our patients were highly satisfied with what ever we gave. but the doctors also pay premiums for mal practice law suits. I used bicycle. I recollected immediately the memories of his abuses. During first ten years I was the only qualified medical doctor in this area. Whenever my mother brought me for shots. Ultimately the costs get accumulated. But all my patients remember me as their savior. It created an atmosphere of a thunder storm in your clinic. I was able to buy my first second-hand car for Rs.

I remained active in its growth and all its academic. children of relatives and all the people of Naroda. I start a new branch of IMA. D. a branch of IMA. Naroda Lions club started an English medium school for the Non-Gujarati Indian families working in different industries. My Social public-service Activities and memories of Naroda Lions Club. and president in 1975. We learned many new things in fast developing medical science. its growth and many social. I had faced great difficulties during my student days for high school education. Ford in the republican party. It has nearly 3000 students. I visited Lions International head quarters in Chicago during my first visit of USA. Once I was Jt. After a few years of practice. He was an average school teacher in nearby Sabarmati high school. having nearly 1500 members. legal and other difficulties we faced to bring this high school to its present status. At this point I wish to pay my respect and tributes to its first principal Mr. I have always remained active in medical politics and activities of Ahmedabad Medical Association. and the classes run from KG to early college grades. Part IV. It has grown into a big tree having classes from K. My Educational activities in Naroda. I had to walk daily a distance of three miles. I have memories of fund raising projects. I had to waste nearly 3 hours daily in going to and coming from school. We collected donations and purchased a good plot of land. We started an independent Naroda Branch of Indian Medical Association. Both these projects are nicely running today. The high school in Naroda area was started in 1958. secretary. I took the initiative and enrolled nearly 40 members. Once I became the vice president of the Gujarat State branch of IMA. I joined it as a Charter Member. I believe that the true earnings of a doctor is to see such cured patients and the sense of gratitude and joy of life on their faces. There was no maternity facility or ambulance service. We gave him fullest freedom and tried to meet all financial needs. one communist minded worker assassinated 64 .no ill feelings in my mind either then or now. a branch of Lions International was starting in Naroda in 1970. Reagan loosing the presidential nomination against Mr. I became close friend of a devoted Lion. My eldest daughter Ila . We arranged family gatherings of local doctors. I was active on its Working Committee for five years or more. In the year 1981. We worked hand in hand during all humanitarian projects and activities of Naroda Lions Club. during the years 1957-58. A new Lions Club. During these years (1970 to 1981). I had ever remained active in educational field during my medical practice. His noble nature always inspired me. We arranged regular clinical meetings by inviting leading doctors from Ahmedabad.now 12 years old.G to 12th grades. V. So I decided to start a new branch of Indian Medical Association in Naroda area. Under the auspices of Lions Club we started a maternity facility and a free polio vaccination center. I have learned from this experience that when the trustees of a charitable institution give such freedom to a visionary teacher. Then I became its treasurer. It helped us to solve local problems and was very instrumental in avoiding unfair competition. The institution grows.the year of bicentennial celebrations of America's independence. I became first founder president of Naroda branch of IMA. We agreed with his all reasonable and good decisions in the interest of students and community. in 1976. All are benefited in long run. We arranged every year free diagnostic camps and sometimes Free cataract operation camps. There was no high school in Naroda. The high school was started with five classes and 250 students. God gave me a chance to serve the community from which I was earning.was facing similar difficulties for going to a high school in Ahmedabad. Delivery cases requiring emergency treatment were at great risk. Secretary in Ahmedabad. He was general manager of the Ruby coach builders. humanitarian and social activities until I came to USA. Naroda was rapidly transforming into an industrial township. he works with his fullest devotion and zeal. This activity brought unity. I believed in giving the best education to my children. and travel by train or bus from Naroda to Ahmedabad. Now I will record some of my public life and social activities. It was a distance of 15 miles. Doctors staying and practicing in Naroda area were not able to attend the clinical meetings held during the night hours in Ahmedabad. So I took an initiative and started a non-profit charitable education trust with the co-operation of local people in 1958. Mr. a branch of Indian Medical Association (IMA). and later on in the Naroda Medical Association. Himatlal Shah. prospers. I have memories of Mr. I invited him to join our budding high school. It gave me many good friends and opportunities to serve people. harmony and friendship among the medical community in Naroda area. Chandarana.

he had resigned from a good government job. professors. we prepared a list. PP noted unusual waves suggesting ventricular fibrillation (Heart changes before death). He reduced the pace of work. financial. Shah. This divine soul died performing his duties like a martyr on the battle field. It brought many friends and families close. One day we were gossiping about old friends. even after knowing as a cardiologist that smoking is harmful for the heart. He was a true Lion. No rest. Mehta was pre-written by God. and started a packing industry of his own in Naroda area. In 1964 I started a re-union of the old class friends who studied in the Inter-Science class of Gujarat college in 1945. teachers. and return at mid-night. Mehta. Now oft and on for check up he would visit our common friend Dr. divine and cherished at all places. But in a fraction of second. KG. He was four years younger than me. Himatlal Shah was a friend of poor and ever helping brother of all Lions. P P. love and a true servant of suffering humanity. At this age period of our lives. We could remember many old friends and the idea of re-union gripped our minds.M. A cardiologist and personal friend could not save his friend's life with all the facilities at his hand. After division of Gujarat and Maharastra States in 1958. no body was ready to believe it. like doctors. All were in different walks of life. Mehta. The memories of friendship of school and college days are always selfless. all the Lion members. The local Ahmedabad group started regular monthly dinner meetings and family gatherings. They came from distant places with their families. Dr. friends and entire village of Naroda. lawyers. Cambay. I will not record these events. DR. P. Before KG could speak a word. P. I have dedicated my first religious book 'Egos and Desires' to this true LION. smart. my family members. PP was a chain smoker. He was burnt alive in his office. Patel had worked as police officer in the crime branch of Bombay for some years. They were arranged in Bombay. With the help of similar minded friend. Dr. dating and got married. In a small matter of trifling demand. Cardiogram machine was recording heart beats.). He was younger than me in age but he was my Guru in many social and economic matters.who is where and what he or she is doing. and ignited fire. Both old friends were chit chatting about medical politics of the city. Mr. We started working on it.m. KG. He died within a few minutes on the spot. Some friends became in-laws when their children started knowing each other. I went to see him at his residence while he was recovering from this attack. legal and medical problems. and renowned cardiologist of Ahmedabad. and brother of my past birth.Dr.G. Dr. but the memories of many college friends are ever in my heart. business-men. friend philosopher and guide for me.this divine soul. and PP could do anything. When the news were disclosed to family members and friends. and good positions in government. no vacation. Mr. he had reduced the number of cigarettes per day but not stopped completely. P. not agreed by the management. the murderer entered his cabin with liquid thinner. One day KG got a minor heart attack but with God’s grace recovered from the first attack. PP. physician and a leading cardiologist of Ahmedanbad. Dr. a. Patel. Anand and sometimes at holiday resort places. But I record one sad event of the death of one InterScience group friend. I had the misfortune of attending the cremation ceremony of my great buddy. I do not remember names of many school friends. He was a living angle of kindness. K. secretary and treasurer without any funds to manage. He was a family member for my children and a brother. . even for a few more minutes or seconds. Dr. Mr. politicians. I had always doubts regarding the mercy and omnipresence of God. a true Jain. 65 Baroda. was once on the examination table in the office of Dr. Mehta (MD. He was a busy family physician of Ahmedabad.. only devotion to duty and work. PP got a severe heart attack. Re-union of old college friends. I can only say that the PLACE and TIME of death (destiny) of Dr. Nor he could extend KG's life span. P P. an inspiration for all Lion friends and all who came in his contact. The death of a healthy doctor in this set of circumstances was impossible. After suffering from some pancreatic trouble. This activity continued for next 15 years and all loved it. Mr. We were able to help their children and widows in many ways. We decided to continue this activity and arrange one annual reunion every year at different places. During my trip of India in 1988. threw it on Mr. Mehta was a famous teacher. Most of us were meeting after an interval of 20 years. He would leave his home in the morning at 6. Always jolly. The story of Krishna and Sudama tells us such inspiring messages. This was his routine for 360 days of a year. Sorrowful memories of many friends who died during these years are also with me. Today when I reflect upon this event. It was a day of great joy and jubilation for all of us. He could not quit this most addictive habit. heart of KG stopped for ever. I remained its permanent president. It was a day of great sorrow and mourning for his wife. The first grand re-union of nearly 50 college friends was arranged within six months. Everything was fine and within normal limits at the start. Himatlal Shah. judges. our sons and daughters were studying in the Inter-science classes of different colleges. engineers.

He wanted to hear from me talks on religion and God. We think of impossible dreams and improbable events to happen in our future lives. I regained little consciousness. God heard their prayers and gave me a new birth! My wife and two sons came running at a moments notice. During that week of deep unconscious state a big crowed (nearly 1500 people) of relatives. I received news that the heart of a famous cardiologist of Ahmedabad had stopped for ever. Air flights were confirmed. because God wanted and wants me to live and do HIS work. staff. actions done good and bad. Philadelphia and New York. I established a charitable trust in the memories of my mother and converted my private practice into a charitable clinic where only cost of medicines were charged. My face and left half of body showed paralytic signs. But it was my birth place. But on the third day of this meeting. binds every individual slowly and steadily to his or her destiny in a perfect but invisible manner. 3000 Rupees. I was able to recognize them. I got little fever in the afternoon and became completely unconscious in the evening. 1982. I drive from Florida to Michigan. But with grace of God I am able to drive on American high ways. Some families pay their bills on monthly basis. All children and wife were in USA. Every one knew me in Naroda.active. He agreed. I come back from heaven. It was a serious sicknesses. My closest doctor friends like PP and many other doctors treating me in the hospital had lost all hopes of my recovery. Only after 10 years in 1960. My economic positions and attitudes. friends. cheerful and ever talkative Dr. Doctors are poor accountants. The control over the urinary and stool functions was lost. In those years I learned Indian style double entry book keeping. I was practically a dead person. I had started my first clinic in Ahmedabad in 1951 by borrowing money from relatives and friends. Two days prior to this date. in a state of total paralysis. I had no bank balance to start my practice. I had to close my Ahmedabad Clinic within six months for these reasons. there were many obligations and debts to be paid. Most of us forget this eternal law of God. Naroda. It was an attack of cerebral ischemia. In next year I purchased a new car and extended 2 fllors on bungalow with Life Insurance Loan in 1967-68. a new doctor has to wait for some years before he is able to enroll some permanent families and make both ends meet. All the signs suggest a state of deep coma and poor or no hope of recovery. I taught this simple Indian method of book keeping to some doctor friends. The salary of doctor. doctors have a system of giving personal credits to patients. It helped me to file my income tax returns. My date of return to USA was Jan 17. But for the first ten years. I was admitted to V. All the memories of past years are as sharp as one could observe from this biography. I was able to purchase a plot and built my residential bungalow in Ahmedabad. I had come to India to close my clinic. After learning it some doctor friends thanked me for teaching this accounting system. The time of death for every born is today and now. I remained in bed for three months. PP appeared silent and depressed. S. and my family members in USA were informed by phone. utilities and rent were paid from the trust funds. All my religious books were written and published after that sickness of 1982. Part V. 66 . and I knew my financial position and assests. Again by borrowing loans from relatives and friends I completed its construction in 1962 and I repaid all debts by 1966. In the city practice of India. From the very first day my practice started with a good swing. Hospital. After a week of their arrival. Compared to insurance system abroad. In a city like Ahmedabad. (=$ 100). My net savings and bank balance after ten years of practice were only Rs. This phase of extra money came nearly after 16 years of hard life and active practice. I know with fullest conviction that I am alive today. drugs and alcohol. It was a village without electricity in those days. the fees are paid after receiving the treatment and not in advance of some expected sickness. "Jatasya hi Dhruvo mrutum". I was completely unconscious. In this way the families remain attached to doctors. It was a severe brain stroke. They were praying for my recovery. After immigrating to USA in 1981. Only a few new and unknown patients come and pay cash. and patient families from Naroda and surrounding villages was gathering in the premises of the Hospital. I was informed later. pupils were dilated and not reacting to light. I advised him to withdraw from very busy practice and partially retire. The Gita says. Now I started investing surplus money in Shares and bonds. I had lived there as an orphan child. But we forget that the laws of Karmas. I shifted my practice to a less competitive but known place. and run after temporary sensual pleasures like smoking. but many pay on yearly basis. Every born has got to die.

Sometimes I say to my friends that God inspires me to write this type of spiritual literature. I saw divine cosmic light one night. I started real study of 67 the Gita and other Upanishads by reading translations of authors like S.000 people was gathering daily. This was during the years 1965 to 1970.-16-1924 in India.the 3rd chapter of the Gita. HE wants me to become HIS spokesman and instrument. one day I got inspirations to write a prayer in English. and great leaders like Gandhiji and Nehru. Everyone had some difference in their approach and translation of these Sanskrit words and the text. To keep my self busy. narrating magical wonders of Bhrama. Dada Athavleji and many others. It is based upon the theme of all Upanishads and the Gita . medical aid. Jagat. I have . though I wanted to be a great surgeon in a big city. my mother. In morning hours Swamiji was teaching the famous text of VivekChudamani of Adi-Shankaracharya. never inspired any faith in my mind. It was arranged on the historic and famous open ground of Gujarat College. These lectures ignited a spiritual quest for the first time in my mind. Sometimes I ask myself.. Buddha and also preached in the Gita. All these years I was slave of sensual joys and circumstances. Jesus. Radhakrishnan. This I believed during the years of sixties and seventies. life’s goals and activities.additional informative articles for this poem). Vishnu and Shiva. having many dreams?. Once in Oct. He was a great scholar. I heard a week's discourse on the 3rd Chapter of the Gita. KG. attitudes. An atheist turns to spiritual study During the days of busy medical practice there was no time for any religious study or activity. uncles. ABC of Hinduism for the Indian children staying abroad. etc. In it I have given my observations of the post -independence years of India and the causes of economic down fall of Indian currency. Himatlal Shah. My present activities. Once in a while I would attend religious lectures. Am I the same individual (Atma) who was born on Nov. in India without any background of Christian faith in childhood. I had studied in this college during my pre-medical years of college. I published my dream book. A crowd of nearly 25. poor and suffering humanity as preached by late Swami Vivekanand. People spend years to see this divine light of God. It changed my mind. Ahmedabad. I was attending both these sessions with fullest devotion and attention. I had started a bimonthly magazine "Vignana-Dharma Sandesh" (Science and religion). and constantly meditated upon the scientific meanings of key words like Dharma Karma. is worship of God. I memorized the Sanskrit verses of Karma Yoga. I do not worry who will read them and what rewards they will bring to me.a Hindu scripture? This is still an unanswered question for me. religion and God in his later life. by Rev. and world religions. In 1992. Karma Yoga. I think. acts or deeds. service of the needy. Dr. “Mahatma Gandhi”.Many relatives like my maternal grand mother in Naroda. People who know me could never imagine that an atheist doctor would be writing books on theology. Swami Chinmayananda. To write and publish my thoughts and experiences is the only goal of my remaining life. (See Sec-III . I was disappointed. I have described this event in all my books and magazines. What do we understand when we use the word Karma? It is generally translated as actions. Within three months of devoted study of this one chapter of the Gita. 1979. and with study of only one chapter of the Gita? Why I was selected by God to see the “light of holy Cross of Jesus Christ” at a particular date and time of Christian calendar. two books on Yoga-Vedanta Darshan in Gujarati and one book in English. cousins. who wanted to be a surgeon. Vishva. I have perfect memories of all these deaths and all great historic events. if there was some famous speaker or a noble religious teacher. He spoke on religious subjects with intellectual appeal and logical approach to religion and God. Mahatma Gandhiji. temples or Gurus in those days. Bhraman.A prayer to One Infinite God of Universe. Ambassador of God for the 21st century. I write books on Hinduism. a politician. Education.. Besides I had no faith in God. During my interim visits of India. PP. and struggling to be rich in short time. Mr. friends like Dr. During last ten years I have wrote and published four chapters of the Gita. in the first English book-“ABC of Hinduism”. While I was recovering from that sickness. But I also know that nobody believes such statements and remarks. a businessman. Atma. while reading the Gita. It is a religio-political book. Swami Shree Chinmayanandji. Why I was rewarded in such a short time. But after four issues I had to close it due to lack of devoted staff. I used to close my evening clinic to attend these lectures. I published it in 1988. great scientists like Einestine and many leaders of Europe have died during the span of my life. The mythological stories of Hindu Puranas. But when he declared himself as Bhagavana (Living God). I practiced medicine for 32 years in a small village. For nearly two or three years I was under hypnotic influence of late Acharya Rajanish. I was always searching the scientific meanings of Sanskrit words.

This is not difficult. H. This is the story of every human being and his or her limitations of place and time. activities. now Swami Dwiroopanand. Such new and radical religious thoughts take some time to get well rooted. His father died when he was six month old child. in intellect as common sense and good thoughts. “Mrutor mam Amrutam Gamaya”. He is alive today in 2008. In 1982 he suffered from a severe brain stoke but he recovered. which he now believes is due to wish and grace of God. His imperishable (Akshara-atman) soul has not changed and not left his ever changing body. No one knows what is going to happen “TOMORROW”.additional informative articles for this poem). I just suggest for them who want to understand . Naroda. to grow into a big tree and give fruits. I have come to understand my true Self. To gain this knowledge. is and shall ever be at all times and at all places.Real Spiritual-Self (Soul) and world of material objects seen and perceived by five senses. subjects and skills. But my conscious and inner most 'Self' has become enlightened. present and the world history. His worldly knowledge has increased with age. In the Mahatma Gandhi book I wrote second English poetry. 68 . go to Himalayas to find some Guru. in the mind as sympathy and compassion. and fixed rules of God. It is based upon a famous Upanishad Mantra. This is a new method. though he was God incarnate. But now he knows with conviction that he is going to die on a day called “Today". Even Lord Rama did not know. His places of residence and goals (Desires) in life have changed many times. knowledge. It will bring true world peace. people in India renounce family life. Dr. Yet the endless ocean of knowledge ever remains unknown. I know many things about my past. After 15 years of study of world religions Dr.Gandhi Dharma Sangh.K Gandhi was a poor boy. His Karma have given him all desired fruits. even after it leaves my present physical gross body". needs. It is like a rigid and un-tresspassable dead end. he turned to religious study. I now understand the short proclamations of Upanishad Rishies like. Become a third person and tell your story. * * * * * Summary:After writing these events of life (autobiography). immortal and divine in nature. Another Way of writing Autobiography. I have suggested a new idea of International Gita. applies to every human being who refer her/him Self . Anyone can know and learn many things. This “Perfect Law of God”. God is within every human being in the heart as love. who can show them God by path of Self Realization. It is TODAY and NOW. My soul is changeless.both are part and parcel of the supreme Brahaman or GOD. "I have tasted a teaspoonful of water from the endless ocean of divine knowledge. I indicate a simple method of self realization. (See Sec-III . He believes in giving good education to children. I know this but this a mission of my remaining life. Now I perfectly know the exact date of my death. as “I”. I have clear memories of all events that have occurred during my life. called Adhiatma Vidya. Like humble words of Sir Isaac Newton on his death bed. I also say. He became a medical doctor and practiced as a family doctor for 32 years in a village. "I am Brahaman. imperishable. Signs and symptoms of old age and physical limitations are visible. from Bhrad-Aranyak Upanishada. Write a few lines as if a third person is giving your introduction to your family members or to some unknown audience. Today he writes books on religious and philosophical subjects.made constructive suggestions regarding the changes to be made in constitution of India. I pray God only this “Please keep me a life long student". It was. "Born in 1924. Gandhi. He was raised by a widow mother. (IGDS) for religious education of the future generation in any part of the world. Try to write only one or two pages. In later life at age of 55. believes that TODAY is the last day of Universal TIME or “Dooms day”. or “Day of Judgement” for all living beings on Earth. places and time are ever changing. The journey of life has reached this last day of creation of universe. I will try my best to propagate this idea of IGDS as long as God permits me to breath in His world. Now I know that my body and soul . This is Self Realization. He wanted to send them to USA. “Immortal Soul”. Relations. I am the immortal soul or undying ‘ATMAN’.

Last Note. is and shall ever be bound to the last day of universal time. Jagat (world). and four more books. Death of every born occurs at a fixed moment. looking back on my past and the life I lived so far. 5000 copies each. I have not wasted my life. 3. 5. political changes and vision of India of Mahatma Gandhiji. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Above notes were written in 2000. duty or Dharma. 2. I have a dream of starting some service projects in the places of my grand parents and places from where I have earned my wealth and living. I wish to start a Gandhi Gita Dharm Sandesh Magazine in India and USA). 2008). These are some dreams of Swami Dwiroopanand TODAY. and a few more words. Karmas. 6. My cardiologist son will not be able to change the moment of my death even if I am under his care in the Mayo clinic of USA. I have earned good will. To repay such debts is my religion. Besides discharging family responsibilities. By writing religious books today. This I have understood after study of scriptures for last 20 years. -‘Prarabdh and Purusharth. I have a dream of starting a college. 7. Thinking positively. the last day and moment of universal time. Two are in Gujarati. and two books are in English -“Will Power of Positive Mind” and this last one “Ashtang Yoga” in May. The eternal laws of God could only be understood by the path of self realization. respect and blessings of countless patients and friends. and a Gandhi-Gita Ashrama some where in USA. 69 . the teachers. like Atma. During last 8 years (From 2001 to 2008). We all are equally created human beings. They do not know me and I do not know them. I have published Gita Ch-12 and 15. the doctors and business community at large are not ready TODAY for my radical religious and political thoughts. a hospital and a Yoga Ashrama in Naroda area. the minds of the people. This moment is always TODAY and NOW. I am trying to help the future generations.1. Entire mankind was. friends and the community. The blessings of innumerable students and countless mothers is the real earning of my life. and Vignanna Rushio’. Dharma. I was instrumental in starting a high school and maternity facility in a rural area like Naroda. 4. We all will die according to His fixed rules. I am aware of the political system in India. 8. Vishva (Universe) and SPACE AND TIME. I can say this. Magazines. Politicians of India are not ready for decentralization of central powers. I was able to help relatives.

Learning all such great family names the king welcomed Swetketu and offered him a respectful chair in the court. This ancient land is associated with the name of Panchali. What happens to all human being’s souls after death? Where do they go ? Swetketu said. Swetketu used to defeat many Brahmins who were men of average learning. The learned father gave all the knowledge of Vedas. many millions souls after death have gone to the same unknown land (Parlok) heaven or hell). He straightaway walked out and went home. a little water (meaning semen. Yet why there is no over crowding in that region? Do you know the reason for this? Swetketu replied. Let us go to this king. I do not know. even I do not know the answers to any of these questions. It was the style of those days. respected Swetketu. used to rule that land in those days. I think that only the king knows the true answers. or that of following path of parent worship (Pitru-Marg)? It is said that ‘Father is Heaven’ (Swarga) and Mother is Land (Prithvi). Having understood his complete defeat. Do you know the name of this object? With great humiliation Swetketu had to admit that he had no knowledge of the spiritual field. the king immediately recognized that this boy has great Ego of Vedic knowledge. He was son of Aruna. the king humbly said these words to Swetketu. Q: 5. Then he told. *There was going to be a debate in the open court next day. He was also a grand son of famous Aruna Rishi. Do you know the ways and the means of following the path of (DevMarg) divine life." Q. Traveling in this manner. So he came to the court of king Pravahan and gave an open challenge to all Pandits. 3. In between these two paths there is a constantly moving object. It was a moment of great dishonor and shame for me". Swetketu left the court. The king asked me only five questions. After learning all the Vedas Swetketu started moving around in the country from one kingdom to another to earn money." Q. He was looking at Pandits as if they were little cats and rats. VIRYA in Sanskrit). The king asked him to join the royal lunch that day and tried to give him some gifts. Sir" was the answer from Sweketu. She was daughter of the king of Panchal). a man of great wisdom and learning. After how many transformations (Changes) and transmutations (Aahuties). "No. Noble kings used to invite scholars of knowledge and arrange scriptural debates of religions and morality in their courts. who was his teacher. how do those same souls come back in this world again and again? Swetketu had to admit he had no answer to this question. Hearing such arrogant words from a young boy. Knowledge is like an endless ocean. Gaining many victories in this manner in different kingdoms. good name and fame. Having gone to different places (Lokas). Panchaab = land of five rivers). The king inquired about the teacher who gave knowledge to Swetketu. 4. Swetketu had heard this news. I ask only five questions to you”. the ancient holy scripts to his son Swetketu. (It was Draupadi's second name. (men well read in scriptures) and gave prizes to all winners. They were not well read in the Vedas. In opening the discussion. 1. Swetketu told that he was the son of a well-known father Gautama. Swetketu became very arrogant and egoistic. (A story from Upnishad) In the land of ancient India. Since times immemorial. Knowledge is no body's monopoly. my dear son. BEGGER OF KNOWLEDGE. Gautam. there lived a great Rishi. he had no mood to wait for a moment in the court. Swetketu was a young son of Gautam. He encouraged learned people in his court and kingdom. also. Q. "Swetkelu. Daily he arranged conferences of Pandits.Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. "Great grandson of Aruna and son of a great Rishi Gautama. In the discussions at the courts of different kings. Swetketu entered the hall with a sense of ego and pride. Father learned about the five questions from Swetketu. "Is there any body who can defeat me in knowledge of Vedas'' He declared. But living there with the shame of a defeat. Ashtang Yoga: 21. But I could not answer a single question of an ordinary king. One must try to gain knowledge from any body. 2. Q. "I do not know. He complained to his learned father and told that you had given me all the knowledge of the Vedas in this world. Swetketu came to a region known as Panchal (Old Panjab. who 70 . assumes the form of a human embryo (Garbha)? Do you know anything about this? ''No. A well read and noble king Pravahan.

Their eagerness to get knowledge about the spirit or soul is very great. at early age. and encouraged wellread people in their kingdoms. agreed to give "The Alms of the Knowledge". He told his father “You may go alone.. like a small frog in a well.A. it is going to take a long time to give you this knowledge. Gautam Rishi approached the king Pravahan. The ancient Vedic Bhramins did not know much about the spirit or soul. A life long attitude of a student should be cultivated. and used to give them gifts etc." The rishi agreed to be a true pupil of the king. "Oh great Rishi. begged and begged only for the spiritual knowledge. They used to pay respect to Brahmins. "yada kinchid gyno aham. 2. This has played a great roll in deterioration of the noble ethical heritage. from great masters to genuine students. that he should ask the Devas for this knowledge. 4. "I have come to you to learn the answers of the five questions that you had asked to Swetketu. But the egoistic Brahmin boy Swetketu. He was a mortal human being. * * * * * Gautam Rishi was the first person to get this Divine knowledge. Gautam said." The king was in a great dilemma. We will 71 conclude this short story of Swetketu and his father Gautam Rishi. In this matter an attitude of respect and humbleness towards the teacher is a must. then I realized that I was a great fool. remained devoid of this supreme knowledge. about the knowledge in the Vedas. They are not attracted by the worldly wealth. It was in this way that the Knowledge of Soul. The king said. But the curious Rishi. 1. Knowledge must be gained from any country or person. Pravahan. The Upanishad Rishies lived family life and did not take Sanyas (Priesthood). They taught whatever they learned from their fathers to their sons and to all curious students. 3. 5. But untouchability was not there. But his arrogant son Swetketu. It is in the Upanishads that we get some glimpses of the great heritage of Hinduism. In this manner accumulated knowledge was preserved and passed over from generation to generation. with a verse from "Bhartuhari Niti Shatak. 'Brahman' was made known to Brahamins. He could give him material wealth that can help him a great deal in this worldly life. It was against the religious and ethical tradition of those times. A Kshatriya cannot teach a Brahmin. No body is born knowledgeable. After that time it was passed over to true seekers. in a teacher-pupil tradition. and that was the Divine Knowledge of soul and body. Message of the Story. my son. The kings were knowledge worshippers. In those days this divine knowledge of body and soul relationship (Upanishads) was known to Kshatriyas only. never allow this difference to enter in your mind. Then my false ego of knowledge vanished like fever coming down with a tablet of aspirin (antipyretic). But gradually on various occasions. The great seeker of true knowledge. from this great Rishi. he needed only one wealth. The King gave great respect and welcome to the Rishi and inquired about his mission for coming to his court.has some knowledge. Only such students can get this divine knowledge from self-realized and knowledgeable teachers. Otherwise you will never learn. For any moment during your studentship. Looking to the real quest of learning. With gaining of knowledge humbleness must enter our mind and not an “Ego of Knowledge”. Let us go to him and beg for this divine knowledge".S. did not agree to the proposal of his father. tada sarvagnosmi eeyi bhavad valiptam mama manah! yada kinchit kinchit budh jana sakashadvagatam tada murkhosmi eeti jwar eve mado may vyapagatah !! Meaning: When I knew little. This short story carries a great message. It is time that we all try to reorganize true religion for meeting the needs of our children in U. I thought that I knew everything in the world. Here we see some similarity between the story of Nachiketa and this Gautam Rishi. dwipeve madandha samabhavam. I am Kshatriya and you are Brahmin. The king requested Gautam Rishi. He stayed there for many years and learned the divine knowledge from a Kshatriya." This verse beautifully shows the relationship between knowledge and humbleness. This king seems to be a man of great knowledge and wisdom. Being a Brahmin. the land of great religious freedom. when I came in contact with wise and learned people. A . It has become a great evil in Hinduism today. He was a Kshatriya (warrior). my mind was living in great pride. The class system appears to be present in those days also. I will not come with you”.

Forgive us. I Praise Thy Glory. is the only way to a higher path of living. 6. You are Water and Land. Together We Pray. In Mecca. and Birds and Bee. and Mind and Brain. (3) You are Mountains and Trees. and Food for Me.constant self-evaluation is a good practice. and Mithra. and every where Oh Lord In the Smile of a Child You are Present my God. Veda knowing Brahmins possessed a false Ego of knowledge of Vedas. with Bent my Knees Forgive me. Curiosity (Jignasa). learn new things. Through Brave and Noble. To Depressed and Needy the Joy of Being. Knowledge is the real Wealth of an individual. Human mind has a wonderful capacity to stock a heap of knowledge. Gyan or Veda. Remain a life long student is the message of this story). Oh Lord Oh Thee. and Buddha. (4) You are Cows and Cattle. is an endless ocean. Together. and Mohammed and Me. and the Air I Breath. You are Plants and Flowers. (Gyana Pipasa) and continuous effort (Purusharth) to gain knowledge. Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. and Rivers and Sea. Oh Merciful God. With Folded Our Palms and Bent our Knees. of Saints You Dwell. You are Stars and Suns and Moons I See. Thy Sons Oh! God. A Message of Courage and Confidence. Thy Sound I Hear. Shall Care. (2) You are Father and Mother. 72 . You are Friend and Guide. Together. in Giving. You are Near and Far. and Moses and Christ. (6) Thou Sendth Thy Message of Love and Faith. Hindu Upanishads had developed after the Vedic Era and four class system kingdom of an Aryan King Manu (2500-BC). Beyond Heaven and Hell. You are Clouds and Rains and Sky and ZEE. (7) In North and South. In Wisdom and Hearts. Shall Share. (5) You are TIME and SPACE. which can be cultivated by meditation. for Sinful Deeds. 0m Shanti Shanti Shanti (From Book ABC of Hinduism) (Knowledge. As Tao. and Brother Oh Lord. and West and East. As Krishna and Rama. So Life and Death. ONE INFINITE GOD OF UNIVERSE (Prayer-1) A PRAYER ON UPANISHAD THEME FOR GROWING CHILDREN (1) Oh Lord! Almighty. and Feel THY Smell. interest. This story teaches a great message to all students and Vedic rituals minded Indian Bhramin priests. Shall Bear WE Say. 22. In Bethle Oh Thee.

This prayer expresses Hindu belief of One Invisible Supreme Infinite God. In Unity and Diversity. Together. and my ignorance if gone. SHREE = Wealth. Shah. I Pray Shall Share. Someone is Jumping and someone is Stumbling.com Dwiroop Email. Formless invisible God could only be realized by a path of Bhakti.The Beginning or The End. who is visible in HIS diversity of forms and qualities. C/O (2) Mob: 94260-51251 Mr. It covers the theme of all Vedas. I search Thee Oh Lord.gandhigitadharm.(1) C/O (904)-733-1579 in FL (2) Mob: 904. Millions do not know what things they need. ZEE = Zero. INDIA: (1) Mob: 94290-24051. Someone is Leading and someone is Following. all Upnishads and the Gita. with Love Divine. Someone is Laughing and someone is Crying. I SEE THEE Oh Lord. I Feel thy Presence. Why few are Blissful and millions so Sad? They know not in fact . No human can give. I Say 23…JESUS & MAHATMA GANDHI ARE IMMORTAL SOULS. dwiroop@yahoo.in Sanskrit) I wrote this prayer in 1983 while I was recovering from a serious attack of hemiplegia. With Folded my Hands and Bent my Knees. Contact : Phones: USA:. Then Fear of Death is gone. and Cults and Creeds. practice of Karma Yoga and Self -Meditation. Someone is Barking and someone is Singing. (9 As Father and Mother. Shell Suffer with Joy. For Free Yoga Classes and Week End workshops. Together. Thy kingdom is Perfect. Only a few are Strong but Millions are Weak. For more Info. Millions are Bitter. Someone is Wedding and someone is Separating. Only a few are Green but Millions are Pale.K. Beyond Nations and Flags. only a few are Sweet!. (10) I Thank THEE Oh Lord for THY Gift of Life. and courage is born. Money. Someone is Sitting and someone is Running. Someone is Awaking and someone is Sleeping. Why people are morose and think of Dying? They know not the Limits.(8) Thy Cross let Enrich Our Scripts and Spirits. Vinod Bhatt. Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. (Prayer-2) (Based on famous Upanishad Hymn Mrutor Mam Amrutam Gamaya) Someone is Coming and someone is Going. where Eagles are flying. which I learnt during my school days.472-6857. They are called Devas (angles) and Devies in scriptures. Thy Mercy as Conviction. and Mystery of Thy joy. and Knowledge and SHREE As Friend. (I AM VERY SMALL Zero in universal diamentions). K. shall I SEE THEE Oh God? THY LIGHT if seen. Only a few are conscious of the gifts they've got. Millions are Blue and Millions are Red. Visit – www. C/O (3) Mob: 98245-53043 Mr. Its theme comes from a popular Gujarati poem of poet Nanalal. and Brother and Teacher you help Me. all things people want. Only Wise really know what one should Seek. My Death is near. Together. and Amazing Oh! God. By Swami Dwiroopanand. in Truthful Deeds. (Laxmi.com 73 .

The laws of mother-nature or Maker of the Universe (GOD) work in an equal manner upon all human beings. Every born has to Die. 13. It means “Lead me to immortality from (by) my death”. Previously (in 2nd chapter). Mrutor mam Amrutam Gamaya. The 5 Important Words of this Darshan must be well understood.Satas Rajas and Tamas. (Shreya)" Ch. The possession of money. moons and all Galaxies. People remember such souls for centuries. SANKHYA DARSHAN OF KAPIL Darshan literally means Seeing with Eyes..III. Lord Krishna Says : "Lokesmin dwividha nishtha. 24. I have told you. stars. (2) Poorva Mimansa by Jaimini. The 2nd chapter is called Sankhya Yoga. pura prokta mayanagha. but they do not want to die for going to heaven ! “Every born has to die”. And all are singing Divine songs for Living. The word Sankhya means Numbers. makes a person to commit great sins. Who Gives with Faith and holy Vows. there are two paths by which a person can become happy. no Fears. political power etc. which will make him/her immortal. True Scientists and Seers (of God) are IMMORTAL SOULS. Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES.3. The above poem shows a path for living with noble goals and dying like a martyr in religious field.V. (3) Vedanta Darshana by Veda Vyasa (4) Ashtanga Yoga or Raja Yoga of Patanjali. The spiritually evolved soul asks God to give him/her the death of a martyr. Jesus and Gandhiji died as martyrs having firm faith in God and God’s work.2. Gyana Yogan Sankhyanam. plants. discuss three Guna. property. an old Darshan of a Rishi. suns. (5) Nyaya Darshan of Gautam (6) Vaishashik Darshan of Kanad. Prakruti and Purush). A girl can sing. One should not be afraid of dying for any good and noble cause. (Chapters 2. animals. 74 . Show me only one definite way to gain all kinds of success and hapiness. It is a complicated philosophy based upon Vedic ways and rituals of Hindu Worship of natural elements as Gods. “Oh. is Eternal law of God. is a famous mantra and prayer to God from Brahad-Aranyak Upanishad. Jaimini declares that ‘Veda or Knowledge within us is God’. No Worries. In religious terminology it means perfect understanding or cosmic vision and experience of a seeker of God. From Hell who came. There are six major Hindu Darshans. Such attachments and desires to get more (Lobh) Greed. (Karma Yoga = Dutiful correct Actions)." Ch.perceptible with five senses is in a non-stop motion or TIME-SPACE continuum.III. Some believe that Poorva Mimansa is the first Darshana. no Guns. (1000 BC). (1) Sankhya Darshan is believed to be first Darshan. creates false Egos and illusions in minds. In Gita. Arjuna asks Krishna. and 14 of Gita. Karma Yogena Yoginam. Everything.I dream of that day when all are in Cheers. She has Divine goals. "How can I be happy in all respects?. and to Heaven who went.V. no Hate for Foes. With Love Divine. Such a death leads to immortality. Jaimini. remembered and meditated upon. No one is Crying and Youth is Dancing. Only Prophets like Jesus and men like Gandhi. When Forgiveness of Jesus pervades all souls. Sinless. People want to go to heaven after death. Gyana Yoga mostly refers to Sanhky Yoga. no Hunger. the Gita has said. One path is of Knowlwdge of Sankhya (Numbers of objects and their properties) and the other path is of correct dutiful actions.

means existance or presence. and Bhumi (Earth). The likely period of Kapil is between 10th and 8th century B. including human beings. Prakruti (Mother Nature) is also governed by fixed laws. Brahma Sutra or Vedanta is the name given to revised Sankhya philosophy. Sat. Three types of activities are observed in nature. No Darshana by itself is perfect including Yoga and Sankhya. Their physical bodies are made of five basic natural elements. and Sat. Therefore Sankhya philosophy is called a Nir-Ishver-Vadi Darshana. The great Veda Vyasa (Badarayana) had accepted many points of Kapil in his Vedanta Darshan. He also accepts presence of many natural elemental Gods and tries to merge these deities into One Supreme God. These make total of 17. where as all other material things are subject to fixed and predictable changes (Vikruti). Maintanance and Destruction. Gita was written in the 5th century B. Rajas and Tamas. This is not true according to other Darshanik Rishies. . Only Living creatures create living creatures.Mind. I. II. Purusha meaning soul is changeless. Purusha means a human being.Vishaya.C. 5. This Darshan is very popular among the western scholars because it is based on sound scientific principles and maths. Soul is eternal and changeless. Rice gives crop of rice and not wheat. Kapil’s ‘Mahat Tatve’ means. Creation (Birth). Human body is looked upon as a physical object made from these five Tamasic or inert objects of Nature. It is responsible for life. Rajas and Tamas. namely. Sankhya describes Purusha in the meaning of divine soul and Prakruti in the meaning Mother Nature and human nature (swabhav) also. Sankhya and Vedanta Darshans along with the Gita. Aapa (Water). true faith in God (Shraddha) begins. There is constant movement of the stars. the last Darshan.Ego merged with three Gunas”. a popular Hindu Puran. called Tan-matras. There are 18 Mythological Scriptures about Brahama. Kapil explains God and Human life with only two words. Intellect can judge these changes. This law of Mother Nature applies to all living creatures. Vedanta means “End of Veda or Knowledge”. which come from five inert things (Jad) seen in universe. Vishnu. These don't come from nothing or Zero.Sankhya Darshana Means :Study and Understanding of Purusha and Prakruti. In Gita nearly two chapters are devoted to explain the three Gunas (qualities) of human nature described by Kapil. (Athist Darshan). We also find some reference of Kapil in Bhagavatum. Prukruti means Nature. Human beings also come from previous human beings only. higher Intellect or Soul. Logic of Kapil. But it also accepets many real as well as imaginary deity Gods which act upon the 10 organs (Indriya) in an equal manner. In many verses of the Gita and talks of Indian Swamies. The Gita refers Kapil as one of ‘God's Vibhooti’ or manifestations in the 10th chapter.C. (Truth. Body.sense organs. Prakruti is ever changing or Rajasic. Sat. These two words are found in many chapters of the Gita. Vayu (Air). A bean seed would produce a bean tree. are found in human beings. by three words. The word Sankhya means a number. God is beyond description by words of any language or any branch of Human Knowledge. Mind. Kapil explains “Perfect laws of nature (Prakruti)” by three kinds of activities seen in nature. These are bound with time and place. 75 (These activities are supposed to be done by three mythological deity Gods of Hindu Purana. but it might be on the river Ganges in Bengal. its existance or presence for some time. Kapil explains this entire Universe and the activities going on in it. Rajas and Tamas. Vedanta is called nearly a perfect Darshan. Purusha of Kapil is the changeless soul within. Similar types of human natures (Personalities or Swabhavas). elements. Wheat would yield crop of wheat and not rice. Rajas means activity or actions. The other meaning of word “Purusha” is a male human being or man. 1. Kapil declares “all human beings are equal and made up of 5Tanmatras (MAHABHUTA). Sun rises in East and sets in West. but grow with help of previous similar seeds only. The name of a great Rishi Kapil is linked with this Darshan. The place where the Sage Kapil lived is not certain. Tejus (Light). Creation. one hears these words very often. and its destruction (Death). Tamas means inaction or inertia. 5. Vedanta is also called Utter Mimansa. These are Akasha (Space). This is Life-spark or Chaitanya." All visible and perceivable material objects could be understood as having three qualities Goona. ‘Prakruti and Purusha’. A Yoga student must study. and Shiva) Kapil never believed in One supreme formless God. " Sat. Selfishness and Ignorence). and Intellect etc are ever changing things. (Purusha = Male & Stree = Female). planets and galaxies. 1. When knowledge ends.

Yellow and Blue. But body is subject to fixed changes of old age. Intellect starts thinking and the experience (Anubhuti) is stored in memory as likes and dislikes (Dwandwa) kind of experiences with that object. Physical body is made up of these five elements. mainly seen with eyes and heard by ears. The exact sense in which each author interprets these words is confusing to many students. It is called Anoobhuti (Experience). Kapil refers to human mind as Purusha. hot. Material Objects make contact with sense organs (Sanga). 3. (which is past experience). Creative. (Audio visual experiences). Kapil expalins knowledge like this. Sat. These can be understood with analogy of the primary three colours. or DashIndriya. Red. Eye sees an object. make the ten important organs of body. Kapil uses these words to explain his theory of changes occuring in mother nature. As age advances the memories get build up into ‘Ego of Knowledge’. The sense in which the Nyaya Darshana uses these three words is different than that used in Sankhya Darshana by Kapil. as some well read teachers of Vedanta do). Kapil adds his three Special words. These are perceived by Self. Gyana. These are stored in brain as knowledge or memory (Smruti). soul. cold. and Ego determines the behavior of any person.. correct actions with understanding. Ego. The ten horses that drive this chariot are these ten organs. or higher intellect.or Knowledge?. From this "Mahat Tatwa" becomes the menifest-Vyaktitwa (A human personality) or Ego or "Aham" which is wrapped in layers of five tanmatras or the five basic Mahabhutas refered above. Actions done with selfish desirea. 1. "Ahankara" or Ego cannot exist without these five elements. Thus knowledge in fact is only memories of past events and things. That experience is stored in Memory (Smruti) as object seen.) and Shabda (Vani or listening spoken Words). Sat = Truth. It depends upon knowledge. In same manner human beings are born with varying mixtures of basic three qualities (Gunas). Mind perceives. "Sat . The differences in natures of human beings that we see is due to varying degrees of mixtures of these the three Gunas. and Destructive. Compared to EYE the other senses play a less important roll in Knowledge of material (Vyakta or Sakar) things. Everybody likes to live and live forever. rough. Kapil refers to this as 'Totality of Intellect'. The five senses are attached to five subjects (Vishayas) called Gunas. (Prakruti – Vikruti) 76 constantly take place. Inaction. Brahama creates life. there is reference of Three Gunas or qualities. Seeing is believing. In this manner changes in nature. Roop (Shape or Form). Preservative.Rajas . MAHAT TATWA. Prakruti (In born Nature) -> Vikruti (Changing nature) Prakruti + Vikruti (Changes occuring according to laws of Nature). III. 6. Sankhya explains human Nature (Prakruti) with following twenty five words. in this Darshan. Rasa (Taste). feels and gets agitated. Knowledge is a chain of scattered experiences. Most people in world live in ignorance or 'Tamas'. Rajas and Tamas. What is Veda. They are fooled and misguided by selfish priests in nearly all religions. true knowledge. But it cannot be translated as "Atma" or soul. 2. 4. one can create many different colors. . In many Hindu scriptures and Gita. The mixture of three qualities or Guna. (The word Purusha exactly translates as a male human being. Vishnu maintains it and Shiva destroys life). The five organs of knowledge (Five senses) and five organs of actions (Karma Indriyas). The Basic quality of Mahat Tatwa is Sat (good) but Intellect according to Kapil. This is Truth or Sat. To the above Twenty two words. 5. In between the Mahat tatwa and body there are other things. disease and death. But in general sense it can be understood as any human being. Actions done in ignorance without proper understanding. Tamas = Darkness. Mind (Purusha) and Intellect of that particular individual (Vyakti or Atma). spoken words get linked with names objects and this makes deep memory of material things and experiences. But in human societies. Sparsha (Touch sense. A student must always keep in mind the following simple English translation to understand the meaning of these "Three Quality Indicating Words.and Tamas”. Gandha (Smell). Rajas = Vibrating or Unsteady Mind. Idelness.Three kinds of human personalities are also observed. smooth etc. For example. Experience of any body is always limited. (Three mythological Gods in Hinduism explain these activities. Ignorance. Body is symbolized as a chariot. By mixing these colors in varying proportions.

When objects make contact with senses. becomes an adult. a human being. Rajas and Tamo Guna. FIVE SENSES OR ORGANS OF KNOWLEDGE (Gyana Indriya) Shrotrum. Brahm. the words Prakruti and Purusha are used in the sense of body (Sharira) and soul (Atma). "God is truth and this world is also true. ROOPA. "Brahma (God) created this world from Zero. The nearest meaning is generally neglected. is un-manifest. With aid of Vedanta Chart and Yoga charts the understanding of desires (VASANAS) becomes clear. Skin. (5) FIVE VISHAYA OR SUBJECTS OF SENSUAL JOYS (5) SHABDA. Ears. The picture of self become clear by study of all these three Darshans along with some Chapters of the Gita. (1) MAHAT TATVA IN SANKHYA IS HIGHER INTELLECT (Buddhi. an individual. Intellect is beyond three Guna is called Mahat tatva by Kapil. light. feelings of happiness and unhappiness arise in mind which in turn produce angers or frustrations. air. It is the Lower Intellect. Mind feels emotions. (3) MIND or MANAS. The word PURUSHA has many meanings. Ego exists with Sat. is not true according to Sankhya Darshana. I AM MANIFEST BRAHAMAN (SOUL) PRAKRUTI = Mother nature.made of five elements. serves both purposes. a man. (2) AHAMKARA OR EGO is always intermingled with Three Gunas. The second meaning of Prakruti is inborn human instincts or nature (Swabhava). a male. Touch. is inner sixth sense which receives messages from five senses. desires and aversions. a human being (male or female). ATMA = Pancha Mahabhuta + mind + intellect + Ego or I. English word Nature. Like animals Millions of people live at this level. (5). "Purusha" should mean an individual. In many verses of Gita. SWADA AND GANDHA.D. Spirit. "Bhahm Satyam. any human being. Tongue and Nose bring knowledge of worldly objects when they make contact with the sense organs. water & earth (5) PURUSHA = HUMAN NATURE (Atma or Self). Mind was wonderfully studied by the Upanishad and Darshnik Rishies. Taste.Summary of important points of Sankhya Darshan. "Prakruti" should mean mother nature. Mind. PARAM BRAHAMAN. soul or Atma or spirit. Meditation upon these two words along with other three other words "Sat. (Words. Body is subject to fixed and predictable changes (Vikruties). and Smell). Jagat Satyam". Rajas and Tamas". and not by mind. Chakshu. All pervading soul or pure spirit is changeless. Karma Indriyas are organs of action. 77 . It means a male in any bisexual species. would explain many events and changes taking place in the world of material objects and behavior of human beings and their nature or mind. Sparsha Rasana and Ghrana. The perfect maker of universe God. SPARSHA. Seeing this obvious mistake some later Acharyas declared. and then turns into an old person. not soul). OR ONE SUPREME FORMLESS GOD. This we understand as process of ageing. male or female. Different experts translate these words in English in different meanings and this creates great confusions in the minds of students. Jiva or a creature. Understanding of Karma Indriya is very clear in Vedanta Darshana only. But Soul cannot exist independent of Prakruti or physical body. an individual and so on. Eyes. MANIFEST BRAHAMN. The above Chart summarizes the Sankhya Darshan in brief.) statemant of "Brahm Satyam. Beauty. Chart of Sankhya Darshan. [Pancha Mahabhutas= space. Thinking is done by Buddhi. it becomes a teenager. Jagat Mithya". God is beyond TIME AND SPACE." We find two more words in this Darshana. and only one supreme God of universe. Pure Buddhi is not attached to senses or worldly objects. A child is born. Conscious mind is usually linked to five senses." Kapil declares that neither this world nor anything can be created from Zero. Shankaracharya's (7th century A. These are predictable changes of physical body. We hear sometimes. They are mostly attached to senses. For a student of Indian philosophy this creates great confusions. "Purusha and Prakruti". (4). Thus the word Purusha is translated as Soul.

TONGUE: AS ORGAN OF TASTE. 1. Rasana or Swada Indriya. WATER: Varuna . Remember that Spirit or Brahaman within us is Not Supreme God. 4. SKIN: Sparshanam or tvacha. (Hindu priests chant names of these five systems in Yagnas . Mana and Chitta' are two sides of same coin.(needs meditation and explanation by teacher). They . falls in next group of Karma-Indriyas). (Reproductive organs. 3. Vayu or Air. Directionless Endless Sky. logic. Deva. Deva of Chitta is universe and Space. 4. It's Deva is Fire or Agni. Prana.. is Symbolism of a man who has 3 tense sense. and Spirit and Time Place bondage to all Creations is “Supreme God”. Dharati etc. 1. in universe) FIVE ORGANS OF ACTIONS: (Karma Indriya). Janan Indriyas. NOSE: Ghranam or Nasika. By this study one Understands that all humans are equal. Agni. 2. TONGUE AS ORGAN OF SPEECH: Vani. awareness or JAGRUTA MAANAS.. (2) Lungs & breathing. (Gross body and universe. FIVE SENSES OR ORGANS OF KNOWLEDGE (Pancha Gyana Indriyas. judgement= common sense. Indra.Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. HEAT OR LIGHT : Energy (Power. EARS: Shrotrum or Karnas. Tejus. stars. the maker of all living and nonliving things like galaxies. 4. Udana. EYES: Chakshu or Natra. EARTH: Pruthvi. Apana. This makes the Gita and Upanishads. FIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL WORDS OF VEDANTA. Note Assotiation of Agni. Water or Varuna. 78 25. Maruta means air in motion or wind.. (1) Circulatory system with heart.(Why Yama is linked here?) 5. ORGANS OF SEX. Samana. SUBCONSCIOUS MIND: (CHITTA): Possesses real sense of time and place. (Krishna in the Gita. both are made of above 5 material things). Bhumi. Water makes 3/4 th surface of earth and 3/4 weight of body. The Sun or Surya. Only here 2 sexes differ). Worries. 5. EXCRETORY ORGANS: Upastha. Deva of Buddhi is Vasudeva or Krishna. FIVE BASIC ELEMENTS: (Pancha Maha-Bhuta). Yoga and Darshans meaningful. Brahama". Memorize these 25 parts of body and names of Devas which make trios with various organs. 2. Mano Bhava 1. SPACE: Akasha. Memory (Smrutee) of past events (=knowledge) is stored in Chitta. Tongue as organ of Speech. suns moons clouds and rain etc. Their Deva is Vishnu. Individual must learn control SANYAMA of 5 Karma Indriya. TWO LEGS: Padaha. 5.(Meditate upon the trios made by different Devas. PARAMBRAHAMA. FIVE INVOLUNTARY PHYSIOLOGICAL VITAL SYSTEMS Panch Maha Prana. Their Deva is Indra or God of Heaven. TWO HANDS: Panihi or Hastayoho. also called "Prajapati. Their Deva is Yama. AIR: Vayu. VEDANTA DARSHAN OF VED VYAS VEDANTA Really means “END OF KNOWLEDGE”. Deva. 3. (4) Excretory system. Deva. Vishnu. MIND: (MANAS) Conscious. (5) Nervous System. INTELLECT:(BUDDHI) Ability of discrimination. Ojus. KAMA-deva is God of SEX. Yama and Brahama with different (Karma Indriyas) organs of actions. (I am master of my mind). and Awareness of Duty. Vyana. 3. Body Organs. or 3-D Empty Universal Space. Fears and Tensions produce psycho-somatic diseases of these vital systems). are made by Supreme God. Deva "Ashvinikumars" or horseheaded Gods. This is the aim of Vedant study. 10 Digpals or Deva in 10 Directions.God of Death.): 1.fire rituals). LORD VISHNU'S UNIVERSAL FORM MEANS TOTALITY OF ABOVE (5) INERT GROSS MATERIAL ELEMENTS. 2. Deva is Self or Atman. 2. reason. Inner Mental Attitudes. SHIVA-SHAKTI. But the MAKER of 5 Mahabhutas. Strength) within us. (3) Digestive system. 3.

Changeless. I AM SHIVA -the Formless. makes any person master of himself/ herself. Eternal Reality. not speech. material desires and wrong beliefs come to an end. • Self-realization occurs when one reaches a state of mind like this: "I am not a doer but only an actor. Above 25 and some more elements and Indriyas are described like this:“I am not mind. not hands. Hopes (Asha or Trushna).4. Wishes (Iccha). Meditation creates union (YOGA) of Chitta & Buddhi. This is Moksha or Nirvana state of mind. greed (Lobha) etc. Brahaman. etc. I am Blissful Eternal Joy. 5. False Egos of physical strength. I am Shiva. political positions. Shivo Aham”. Nothing belongs to me. not food. “Shivo Aham. Wants. • Famous poem “Nirvana-Shtakam” of Shankaracharya describes spiritual self (Shiva. money. not water. Analyze your instincts. not organs of sex and excretions. Atman or Spirit) in a negative manner. Egos are great obstacles in path of spiritual evolution for a student of Yoga. VEDANTA MEANS END OF KNOWLEDGE (Vedasya antah). not Chitta (subconscious mind). True divine self will unfold. Everything I possess TODAY is God's gift". not even Moksha. false beliefs (AVIDYA) and ignorence of God & Religion must vanish. Controlling ten organs (Dash-Rath) and mind by ones own pure unbiased intellect (sanyam). 79 . EGOS: (AHAMKAR). not air. not religion. not intellect. not desires. DESIRES: (VASANAS): These are natural instincts (Vritties) of hunger and thirst. I am SATCHIDA-ANAND-SWAROOPA. Expectations (Apekshas). etc. not money. not feet. • Spiritual upliftment starts when all evil thoughts. not ahamkara (ego). not earth. desires (Word used in scriptures is KAMA) and behaviours. I am Shiva.

Books of DR. H. K. Gandhi.
Gujatari Books.
1. Ahamkar and Vasana - Gaurav and Purusharth. (Egos & Desires) (Convert Ego into Pride and Desires into Efforts.) 2. Mana, Chitta and Buddhi. (Krishna is God of Buddhi in you) (Mind, Memories and Intellect - Yoga & Human Psychology.) 3. Karma Yoga Gita Ch-3. (A Scientific Approach) (Essays on History of Gita and Perfect Laws of Karma). 4. Bhkti Yoga Gita Ch-12. (A Scientific Approach) (Essays on AUM and Spiritual Self - or word Atma) 5. Raj Yoga Gita Ch-9. (A Scientific Approach) () (Essay on Panch Mahabhuta -5 Basic Universal Elements.) 6. Purushottama Yoga Gita Ch-15. (A Scientific Approach). (Einestein’s Theory of E= MC2, and Mystic Hindu Trinity) 7. Shree Krishna Sharanam Mam. (1994) (5000 Free Copies
distributed. 3 Different Krishnas in Bhagavatum, Mahabharat and Gita)

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Yoga is Science of Spirituality. It promises Good Health of Body, Mind, and Long Active Successful Life of 100 Years. • • • Who can arrange Yoga Classes? Any one interested in Yoga, Learning Meditation & Self Knowledge. Form a study group of 5, 10 or more interested students. Decide tentative Place and Time. Than Contact Teacher.
• • • • • This Study is particularly useful for :Medical and Para-medical groups. Social Workers and Business owners and CEO’s. Teenagers in Schools and Colleges and their parents. Spiritual Study groups in Temples & Churches. God search by path of logic and reason and selfrealization.

8. Prarabdh and Purushartha. (16 Inspiring Stories- (2001) 9. Vignan na Rushio. (2004)

English Books.
(10). ABC OF HINDUISM. (1988) Basics of Hinduism for Growing Youth Staying Abroad. (11). MAHATMA GANDHI - Ambassador of GodFor Entire Mankind in 21st Century. (1992). Gandhiji, Religious and Political Problems, & Suggested for changes in constitution of India. Proof of One God. (12). WILL POWER OF POSITIVE MIND. Goldin, Gita and God. (2003) Paul Goldin’s book ‘Wind Mill of Mind’ - compared with Yoga Meditation and Positive Thinking in the Gita. Recently Published English Books: (14). ASHTANG YOGA. – (2008) (15) PRANAYAMA Cures Blood pressure in 90 % Cases. (2008).

• •

A. First FREE Introductory Class. (1 Hr and 30 mins). Subjects discussed in introductory class: “What is YOGA?”. OM Chanting, Prayers and Peace Invocations. A few Breathing Exercises and 1st level of meditation. (Question answers - in end). After first introductory FREE Class, interested students register for B. 1st Primary Lectures Course of the 8 steps of Yoga. Time required 8-12 hours. This is a course of 8 theoretical lectures, divided into 4 to 6 sessions. The 8 steps of Raj-Yoga explain Morality (Sanatan Dharma), Good manners, Diet habits, Yoga Exercises and Positive attitudes, and high goals. These are explained with practical examples of Karma Yoga, in daily life. One course of 8-12 Hrs. can be arranged on week-ends, e.g., Fri-/Sat - Sundays.

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Visit www.gandhigitadharm.com. Email. dwiroop@yahoo.com YOGA Study Imparts Many Benefits Like, Cure of Blood Pressure in 90 % cases. * Prevents Heart attacks. Control of angers and passion. * Overcome Depressions, Stress & worries Etc,.

80

Section: III

ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES.

26.

IS GOD FACT OR FICTION OR MYTH?

Scientists are men of reason. They ask, “Where is God? Questions regarding Omni-presence of God might be satisfied to some extent if one reads the following three experiences occurring to three different types of people, of different faiths, at different places, yet in recent times. A. North Florida University Student Says:First I record here the experience of a young student of North Florida University. In April (1995), I gave a talk on Hinduism to students of comparative religions class in NFU. They were mostly Christian students. When I described my following experience of SEEING the Holy cross, in 1979, and then after my life’s turn towards study of world religions, all students were spell bound. (Read last C). After the question answer session at end of talk, we were dispersing. A young girl approached me and placed the following note in my hand. She had never studied religious scriptures in depth. But her experience of seeing “divine light” is worth reading. She wrote: "Thank you for your wonderful seminar. Almost 2 years ago, I had similar experience, though there was no one religion which struck me, rather what (after studying) is most similar to BRAHMAN reaching ATMAN. As you say seeming crazy; for this reason I have stopped trying to tell people. But this seed was planted and I too came to the same conclusion that “all religions should be respected and merged in a way that the world community can love one another”. Any how if you have any type of mailings please include me. Amenda Mehrtens. B. Berkly University Professor Sees Lord Shiva. During the year 1981 I read a book, THE TAO OF PHYSICS by Fritj of Capra, Prof. of High Energy Physics at Berkeley University, California. Mr. Capra also describes similar experience of SEEING cosmic light and the figure of Lord Shiva (Nataraj), a deity God worshipped by the Hindus. He saw SHIVA in open sky during daytime. This inspired him to write his book which discusses eastern religions, science and philosophies. 81

With help of the famous equation of Albert Einstein, E=MC2 Prof. Capra beautifully correlates science and verses of The Gita and Upanishads, Energy, Space and Time. In the preface of his book Mr. Capra writes:"I 'saw' cascades of energy coming from the outer space, in which particles were created and destroyed in rhythmic pulses; I 'saw' the atoms of these elements and those of my body, participating in this cosmic dance of energy; I felt its rhythm and I 'heard' its sound, and at that moment I KNEW that this was the Dance of Shiva, The Lord of dancers, worshipped by the Hindus" C. I SEE THE HOLY CROSS. Now I describe my own experience of seeing “Cosmic Divine Light of God and HOLY CROSS. "It was a cold winter night. I was fast asleep on the second floor of my clinic at Naroda- a suburb of the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat-India. I woke up perspiring like a moist sponge. My clothes were soaked with sweat. Body hairs were raised in elation, amazement and surprise. I wiped my face and eyes. I saw a shining ball of dazzling light outside the window. The brightness of light was greater than thousand suns in the sky. From the East window a ball of dazzling light entered the room. It pervaded in all objects like table, chairs, books etc., and then it entered my body. For a few seconds I felt and experienced as if I was weightless and floating in a soft cloud of light. My total existence and everything in the room was in tune and oneness with this cosmic light. I realized as if everything was made up of that light. There was no sun in the sky at night. I knew this was something else. I saw at my wrist watch. The time was EXACTLY 12.00 at Midnight, The Zero hour between the years 1979 and 1980 and The Date was DEC, 31- 1979.
I PERFECTLY REMEMBER THAT I SAW A SHINING CROSS ALONG WITH THIS BRIGHT LIGHT IN THE BACKGROUND. AT A LATER DATE I UNDERSTOOD THAT IT WAS 'COSMIC LIGHT' OF GOD, AND THE HOLY SPIRIT OF JESUS CHRIST”.

I did not understand any significance of that event at that time. Even today, after sixteen years I do not know its meaning. Whatever I saw that night was not a dream or imagination. I am very positive about this. It was a real experience in fullest conscious state of mind. Only three months prior, I attended a week’s discourse on ‘Karma Yoga’ (Ch-3 of Gita) by Rev. Swami Chinmayanandji in Ahmedabad during October-1979, I got interested in study of Gita for the first time in

my life. I had no background of Christianity, nor had any attachments to Hinduism, any religion or even God. I never believed in myth or rituals. My knowledge of Hinduism was hear say, I did not meditate, nor practiced Yoga. But I had started writing notes of my scattered thoughts on religious subjects after Oct., 1979. I recorded this event and experience next morning in my note book. It is still a question for me and I have no answers. Why I was chosen in India by Almighty God to SEE (Darshana) this light of HOLY CROSS exactly at a particular time of Christian Calendar? This is called Shakshatkara or DIVINE EXPERIENCE in Hindu scriptures. Today in retrospect, I understand its some meaning. God had chosen me to be HIS instrument in linking Eastern and Western religious thoughts. This I say “today” in January 1997, after my study of world religions in an unattached manner for last eighteen years. Devoted Christians believe that the resurrected HOLY SPIRIT OF JESUS CHRIST is pervading everywhere. Later I read, Swami Vivekanand had similar experience of seeing Spirit of Jesus Christ during his meditation practices under guidance of his Guru Swami Ram Krishna Parmhans. After this experience I lost interest in my well established medical practice of 30 years. I withdrew from practice and social commitments. By the end of 1982 I closed my clinic and immigrated to USA. I was a crazy reader from the childhood. Now I turned to reading subjects like world history, history of religions, history of sciences, life stories of scientists and philosophers etc. I had never read these subjects before. A man of reason and science wants proof of God, direct or indirect. The theory of Karma, preached in Gita provides a proof of the Laws of Mother Nature, which govern all individuals in an equal manner. Happiness and sorrows come to a person according to right and wrong Karma done by him or even not done by him (Akrama) at proper times. (Theory of Karma, Akarma and Vikarma). It is time that all intellectual people of reason and spiritual quest must study all world religions with open minds as Gandhiji has recommended. Lord Mountbatton had said these words to Attenborough, the producer of movie 'Gandhi,' “Mr. Attenborough you are making a movie of a man of caliber of Jesus Christ and Buddha. Please see that you do not do any injustice to this great soul (Mahatma).”
The Upanishads, Patanjali Yoga and Gita provide a time tested path of SEEING the Formless God (Nirakara but not Nirguna God).

Section: III

ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES.

27.

WHAT IS

I.G.D.S. ?.

International Gandhi- Gita Dharma Sangh. (IGDS) IGDS is a study FORUM for systematic study of all religions in a scientific manner. International Gandhi Gita Dharma Sangh (IGDS) is a new idea and movement. All unbiased, educated Gita and Gandhi lover Gujaraties or people of any Indian State may join this movement in order to learn and practice true culture of India, Sanatan Dharma. Indians of faiths like Islam, Christianity, Zoroastrians, Shiks, etc. can also join IGDS. The younger generations growing in any place or land have common questions. Where is God? What is religion? These questions are answered in a logical manner in the Bhagavat Gita. The study of Gita provides understanding of need of religion and proof of One God. Children in 21st century will live in a better religio-political harmony if they understand One God, True Religion and need of some morals in a scientific manner. The gifts of science like T.Vs, Telecommunications, Internet, International trade and Transport facilities has made world into a global village. Religio-Political Views of Gandhiji will bring real world peace. Aims and Goals of IGDS: • The main goal of IGDS is to bring peace and happiness to every human being on earth by better understanding of religions and One God. • To establish an ideal political system in all countries of the world. IGDS will propagate views of Mahatma Gandhi in political field. • IGDS Members will try to build Gandhi Asramas and many Gandhi Halls in townships, cities and villages of all countries of the world instead of Temples of Deity Gods. How you can Start a local IGDS unit ? Find five Gandhi lovers and Gita curious families staying nearby. The families will meet every week regularly for prayers and devote 3 to 4 hours followed by nice Lunch or Dinners (Prasad). Do this for 2 or 3 months, by rotation in members homes. Invite more families to join. 82

creed and political views can join this international. form a legal body. either sex. inspiring quotes and views in local language and distribute FREE to people of other religions. Long Live Mahatma Gandhiji. Who can join or become members ? All people believing in – • • • • • • Gandhiji as a prophet. • Informative talks on state laws. painting. • . any country. IGDS guests. The Halls and Ashrams will also become important centers of Education and spiritual activities for active seniors. temples and mosques. Every IGDS unit must publish GGDS.S. H. and divine messages of all prophets can join this movement.. Details in www. interfaith movement without renouncing their religious and political beliefs. Pankaj. libraries. 32257.. guests and short times visitors. Proposed activities of IGDS. about Gandhi’s life-events. Jacksonville. for learning different skills of livelihood to teenagers of local community. Muhammad. ethical and cultural education of young generation. tax laws and medical subjects for members. • Library for Youth Education. • Run Vegetarian kitchens at low rates for seniors and other residents. Name it GGDS of (name of local town area). Declare firm and clear noms and guidelines before getting donations from others. an Avatara (Incarnation) of God like Jesus.G.D.D. 83 To carry out above activities IGDS will build Gandhi Halls and Ashrams in different cities and villages of all countries.com). This was the dream of Gandhiji of Basic Education. ‘Buniadi Talim’ or real education. ** Eleven Commandments and Seven Sins indicated by Mahatma Gandhi. will also be found in above website. • Ashramas will provide Residential/recreational facility for local seniors..D.Publish GGDS. sports.magazine of Gandhian thoughts by getting local Ads support. FL. drawing. caste. I. • Residential hostels for students. • Free or low cost legal and medical help to needy growing children of I.G. More details of I. K. Main activities of IGDS will be:• Moral. C/O Dr.S. Plan a fund raising project for a ‘Gandhi Hall or Ashrama’. Adopt constitution like Rotary or Lions Clubs. OM Tat SAT = God is TRUTH. Gandhi) Ph No. music lessons. Appoint trustees and office bearers. sewing and fine arts etc.Gandhi (904)-733-1579 (FL) Add: 9120. newly arriving students in local colleges from other towns. rituals or their churches. Adopt Legal Constitution. When about 20 devoted families join. Men and women of any religion. classes of maths. philosophical and Gandhian Books will be maintained in Gandhi Halls and Ashramas. institutions. • Free Gita Classes and Yoga Classes at low rates for local residents. Seekers of vision of God by Yoga and Gita study. a messiah.G. etc. like YMCAs. has no religious or political taboos or borders. Register as non profit religious organization. color. seniors and handicapped. Loans and scholarships for deserving bright students of members. **. Believers or Non Believers of “One God of Universe”. Members will observe vows of non-violence and avoid religious and political wars and conflicts.S. schools etc.gandhigitadharm. churches. Contact:Swami Dwiroopanand: (Dr. or Lord Buddha. seniors. Beauclerc Cir-W. Build a Gandhi Hall and a Gandhi Ashrama. Gandhi Halls & Ashramas will provide :• A cultural facility for Education Courses like dance. Jai shri Krishna. Libraries of religious books. member families. visiting guests of local families. Gita as a scripture to be studied for moral codes in life. methods of worship of God prayers.

g. (2) Sub-step of Yama. brotherhood and friendship. (2) Imperishable. immutable. infinite space. Incorrect knowledge. etc. One of the 5 basic body element. Apana Vayu = Exhaled air. Avidya = Wrong teaching or information. (3). permanent. like a commander of army. indestructible. worries and tensions. which is pure Spirit or Bhraman. Ahimsa = Non violence. This is correct translation of Vedic word 'Atma'. Agni = (1) Fire. lack of information. Spiritual Trance like state. Bandhas = Fixing and controlling inner organs by fixed body postures. Agyan = Ignorance. consciousness of one's presence. (2) Desire. A child is ignorant about laws. (Nearest scientific meaning of Sanskrit words used in Yoga study) Aap = (1) Water. . untrue. Manifest Soul. One has to unfold and understand it by deep meditation. kingdoms. Atma = Used in many different meanings. unreal. Non injury. True (spiritual) enlightenment comes by correct knowledge. Akasha = Sky. Asanas = Static postural poses and exercises. Soul is the pure and undying innermost life element. Agna Chakra = A Chakra located between eye brows. One of the 5 basic elements of gross body. Bhaya = Fear. It is difficult to remove Avidya. Abhaya = Fearlessness. (2) Varuna = Water. a boss in a shop. by immoral means. Non-existent. God. Asteye = A religious commandment in all religions. love and a sense of gratitude. blissful state of mind. Ego. or Consciousness. Yoga study leads to this mental freedom. Akshara = (1) Alphabets. Joy and happiness are different states of Mind. 3rd step of Raj Yoga. Joy of leaning. Abhyasa = Study. eternal. Most people live with Avidya in religious and many other fields. Opposite word is . sacrifices and devotion to duty. Joy of eating. Freedom from desires of collecting great wealth and estates. Yoga removes Bhaya. Artha = (1) Money. Brahaman. (5) Aim or goal. self. Ability of giving commandments or orders. Joy of victory.(4) purpose. They must remember and return the debts of parents by caring for and serving them in old age with respect. sense. repeated attempts to memorize a verse (Manan) or a sentence. It is called Nirvana or Moksha. self-esteem. Bhoo = Earth. (Matru bhoomi = mother land). constant practice of hitting a ball or shooting a target by arrows or bullets. or a religious leader giving commandments and sermons. Bhoomi = Land. worries. practice. heat. Soul is described in this manner. wrong beliefs and false opinions. One of the 5 basic element of gross body. Bhava = Moods. but most adults are misinformed about religion. immortal. or religious beliefs. (3) Meaning. Any living being. transient. Ananda = Joy. emotional states of mind resulting from happy and unhappy events and situations occurring in daily life. Self. It is not a negative commandment in Eastern religions but has a positive aspect of universal love. changeless truth.Section: III ADDITIONAL INFORMATIVE ARTICLES. a king making rules in a country. Joy occurs at spiritual level by getting the results of deeds (Karma) done. etc. Freedom from all fears. 28. Children are ever indebted to parents and teachers. not grabbing others things. e. It has a positive aspect of remembering and returning the debts to creditors. Self knowledge. and body becomes a 'dead body' without soul.living and non-living. (2). (1). Some Yoga books describe Apana as intestinal gases passed out from anus with the act of excretion of stool. country. Joy of sex. No thefts. the 1st step of Raj Yoga. Asmita = Egotism. Ahamkara = 1st person singular pronoun. no stealing. DICTIONARY OF SANSKRIT WORDS DICTIONARY OF COMMON SANSKRIT WORDS FOR YOGA STUDY. (Agyana and Avidya are quite different words. Asat = False. A soul cannot exist without body. not soul or spirit. but easy to remove Agyana). (Urdu word Aab). 84 Aparigraha = No greed (Lobha). Bhakti = Surrender. Soul or pure spirit.Abhaya. Atma Gyana = Knowledge of one's true inner most self. one living individual (Vyakti). opposite of Sat or truth. or to master some skill. (2) One of the 5 basic elements which make all gross bodies. Happiness is at material level.

celibacy. (2) One who knows 'Brahman' or soul is a Brahmin. animosity. Chakshu = Eyes. aims.g. Most people today know Dharma as tribal traditions. Pure soul is Guna-less (Nirguna) or Gunatit (Beyond Gunas). Hath Yoga = Search of self by practicing penances and denials to comforts. "Brahmaya Charati eeti Brahamchari". to wet is Guna of water. (opposite of Raga = likes).Bija = Seed. mistake. inter-play of emotions. Buddhi = Discriminative ability. Chakra = Literally a wheel or a circle. Spiritual knowledge. selection. Most Yoga books and Gurus translate this word as pure intellect. Thinking about anything with perfect sense of time and place (Chitta) is meditation or Chintan. Chintan = Meditation: One pointed thinking. Chetana. Nyaya Darshan by Gautama. consciousness. desires and actions are related to body. to burn is Guna of fire. intellect. (2) ability of reason (Buddhi) and (3) ability of correct decision making. = Some Past Prophets started religions) are also called Dharmas. fragrance.= (1) A man in the highest class in the four class system of Manu. observing. Chitta = Sub conscious mind. according to Yoga books is totality of ego. the 1st step of Raj Yoga. Speech. sweetness is Guna of cane sugar. Dharma = This word is usually translated as Religion. Braham Vidya = Knowledge of living beings and Spirit. Dharana = Goals. dreams. sin.. In Yoga meditation the object and subject of thinking is one's own self.thinking and understanding. (3) Sectarian religions (Sampradaya. Dosha = Fault. Guna = Quality. visions. Brahmcharyam = Chastity in life. fullest concentration in study or action. a point. The bondage of time and place. Garbha = A fetus or an embryo in womb. By traditional usage this word means a boy or a girl who has not done sex act during life. the cause of the effects seen. One among many names of God. Symbolic 3rd eye of Lord Shiva = sharp time sense. reason. Indriyas = 5 organs of perception (Senses or Gyana Indriyas or eyes. the different organs of perishable body (Kshara sharira) and eternal imperishable (Akshara) soul. a grain. There are three Gunas in all human beings viz. Dwesha = Dislikes. (2) Consciousness of 'moral duties'. hatred. a perfectly chaste person. skin and tongue as taste organ) and 5 organs of actions or (Karma Indriyas viz. (scriptures of spiritual knowledge) viz. about an event or an object. perception etc.. ears. nameless 'that' (Tat). Various nerves (Nadies) and plexuses located in spinal cord and brain. Chandra = Moon. Divya Chakshu = divine eye of mind or pure intellect. Dharma Kshatra = Field of religion. Brahaman = Atma. excretions. Chitta. no sex at all. Dukkha = (1) Unhappiness. Spirit. legs. economics. Darshana = Literal meaning Seeing. Jiva. Dharma Shastra = A religious scripture. maintenance. logic. e. Sat. and Vedanta Darshana by Ved-Vyasa. Memories of past events and experiences are stored in Chitta as knowledge. Brahmin. politics. Eakagrata = Selecting one topic and giving it the top priority. But Dharma has many meanings. as A-V node and bundle of HIS. A Substep of Yama. and destruction. and rejection. Ishvara = God or supreme being. Brahamchari = One who travels for spiritual quest. Desha = Place. Bindu = A drop. a small particle. Bios. like field of medicine. sperm or ovum. soul. Biology. Virgin girl. nose. . Path of rigorous discipline and self control (Tapas). One gradually understands the ever changing desires in mind. Dhyana = Attention. Complete awareness in the present place and the present time. (2) Pain. Chitta experiences joys and sorrows. located in heart. Sankhya Darshana by Kapil. Vaishashik Darshana by Kanad. thoughts. country. Brahama = Imaginary (mythological) creator God of life on earth. (1) Gunas or qualities in material objects. common sense. (3) Bad events in life. Mother nature (Prakruti) has three Gunas. The 6th step of Patanjali Yoga. Rajas and Tamas.consciousness made up by (1) mind and its ability of attention. Hinduism has 6 main 85 Darshans. a celibate individual. Poorva Mimansa by Jaimini. very popular in Jainism even today. creation... Buddha = A wise and intelligent man. etc. It is the 7th step of Patanjali Yoga. or secular groups of people following strictly scriptural commandments of the founders or prophets. hands. error etc. & sex organs). YOGA DARSHANA by Patanjali. intellect. Totality of all spirits in plants and animals. Gandha = Smell. spiritually enlightened and evolved soul. God's divine spark present in all living beings. Vision.

Kumbhaka = Part of Pranayama.head located in brain (Corpus Callosum). with name MahaKaleshvara. Guru. Roots from unsatisfied Kamas or desires. wants. Mantra = Short prayer of words. Maya = Attachments to relatives. Nyaya = Justice. property. Moksha state or Kaivalya state of mind. Nirvana = Blissful state. 2nd step of Patanjali Yoga. Niyama = Regularity. Kundalini power or shakti = Visualization in mind of past events. Karma always bind all human beings. foundation. body etc. Jainism come from this. questions. religion. Jagruti = Awakened state. Punctuality and observance of rules. Om (AUM) = Pranava or a long sound made by human phonatory system. This is my son. brother. air. Padma = Lotus Padmasana = A sitting meditation posture. present. foot. desires.. Moha = Illusions and false attachments encircling intellect. country. I or Self. Awareness of surroundings. heads of states. sect. Then planning for future based upon experiences of past. In a broad sense any ego centric sensual desire is called Kama or Vasana. including animals and plants. water. or planned projects of the future. Jiva-Atma = Individual soul. arranging them in chronological order. lust. They are preservation of living creations. Mada = False egos. This inner most enemy must be conquered first during the early steps of Yoga Sadhana. Time-place awareness and order of priority and preference.Ishvera Parinidhani = Total surrender to God or destined by God. codes of proper conduct. deeds done by an individual under the drag of desires. Kundalini = Susumna Nadi's . Karma = Acts. namely earth. Mahat Tatva = Refereed to as higher intellect. political power and wealth. They 'Come and Go' as the non stop wheel of time spins on and on. Birth and Death are linked with the wheel of Universal TIME. Japa = Repeated chanting of short prayer words (Mantras) or God's name. my country. Kala Chakra = Wheel of time. Body filled with desires is symbolized as a pot. Imaginary God of Sex. Brahm Jignasa = Questions about soul. Frontal area of brain. wishes etc. Two feet crossed make a lotus like look. Moksha = Freedom from sensual attachments and ego centric desires. Kumbha = A pot for storing water. Happy and unhappy situations are linked with body mind and intellect. discipline. Jitendriya = One who has conquered 5 senses and 5 organs of actions. expectations. Lobha = Greed of money.. A respiratory exercise in which inspired air is with-held for a long time like water filled in a pot. (Anidra = Insomnia or lack of sound sleep). Karya = Works done in the past. I want to live not to die. fire or light (energy) and Space (Akasha). spirit and/or soul in Sankhya Darshan of Kapil. a verse of devotional poetry. Nadi = Different Nerves described in Yoga books. God of people and children (Parents). Kama = Passions. Also means arteries and veins in anatomical terminology. agitated mood. a single living creature. Pancha Mahabhutas = 5 basic elements of gross body. Another Darshana like Yoga in Indian Philosophy. children. only all pervading Pure soul is beyond the bondage of constantly revolving Kala Chakra. ambitions. Pragna = Wisdom or perfect knowledge gained by self experience. Praja = People. Basic instinct in all life. obedience. or one human being. A person in ‘Moha’ is not able to think and judge without bias and arrive to correct judgment. Military generals like 86 Napolion are examples of Kundalini Shakti in wars. Symbolized as Mystic Deity Shiva. children and grand children Prajapati = Creator. Moola = Root of a tree. Nidra = Sleep. Krodha = Angers. my religion. A kind of ego-centric obsession.a sleeping serpent’s . base. Dharma Jignasa= To learn about religion. Jignasa = Curiosity.. moral obligations. successful detectives etc. Pad = step. three tense sense. All actions to be done as works of God.. Life consciousness. my house. successful business men running big enterprises.. arriving at reasonable judgment. wife. Loma = Hair. Refereed to as 'Kamadev' in some scriptures. sex urges. Loma-Harsha = raising of body hairs during moments of extreme emotions. Ahamkara. hopes. Kala = Time. etc. Mamta = Sense of possessions or my-ness. qualities of material objects etc. Jijivisha = Instinct of survival. The words Jain. restless mind. .

Rasa = Taste. Shravan = Listening. chairman etc. Samadhi = Thoughtless consciousness or awareness.. Shri = Wealth. Speech and a language arises from Shabdas. Shakti = Psychic power. Purushartha = Efforts done to achieve four goals (Dharanas) in life. virtuous. to be studied with Yoga. word is Dwesha). Satyam = Truth or absolute changeless reality. God is the king of this universe. pure soul or spirit etc. Shukra = Semen. The state of Nirvana or Moksha is reached by prophets like Jesus. not a Purana. Sharira = Physical gross body. Rudra = Another name of Shiva = merciful God. Shunya = Zero. (Puranas are books of mythology). Artha (money). benevolent. moral or religious heritage. Purusha = Literal meaning a male being.g. A boss. Film star. Shaastra = A book of science. pious religious leader.Prakruti = Mother Nature. developed by Tapas. Virile. All spoken words root from OM. Raja = A king. gorgeous. Sankhya = Number. Shabda = Word. perfect creator of mother nature. Shubha = Good. Void. (Opp. also means Shiva’s cosmic Shakti. Sakshi = A witness or a seer. Angry Shiva is called Rudra. A Hindu scripture of Manu Smruti (2500 BC) indicates duties and punishments for the four classes at different age periods for both the sexes. respect worthy. Sadhaka = Student of Yoga. Yoga is a Shaastra. Shaucham = Cleanliness of body and mind and intellect. God is truth. search and research. Used in different meaning in different Scriptures e. study. also called 'Karana Sharira'. Universe.. Santosha = Satisfaction. and joys. Hearing with full attention (Dhyana) is listening. the Vedas. Pratyahara = 5th step of Yoga. e. noble politician. The last. 87 Sanskrit = An Ancient and very rich language of Aryans.= Mental control or restrains. Planet Venus. salty. Sadhana = Practice. Successful businessman. Amnesia). shape. famous singer.. Regulation and control of respiration. Karma are done by Sharira. Sanyamas. The 4 goals given to a Hindu are Dharma (Duties). . Controlling sensual desires by will power. Satva = Pure essence. good qualities (Goona) in any human being. Siddhis = Successes or victories. This creates great confusions in minds of students of Gita and Yoga. Yogas and Sanskaras. celebrity. are other words used for a student of Yoga. Another name of the earliest Hindu scriptures. Sanskruti = Culture: noble.. Roop = Form. Six different tastes in foods like sweet. beauty. sour. Bhagavatum is a Purana which describes 10 major incarnations of Lord Vishnu a mythological deity of all gross matter seen in universe. Rachaka = Withholding breath after exhaling in the Pranayama practice (See 4th step of Raj Yoga). in present times. Sat = truthfulness. Sajjana = Gentle people. Kama (Desires) and Moksha (liberty). Rajasik = A quality of human nature (Svabhava) or Prakruti. Supreme one God. money. Important sense organ of learning or gaining knowledge by hearing words. Prana = Spark of Life or spirit. a president. Vidyarthi etc. mental strength. An important Philosophy (Darshan). Mumukshu. Rajas = One of the three Gunas of Prakruti. Shruties = Audio knowledge. Substep of Niyama. pungent. hot (Chilies) and bitter. Actions done with a desire or a definite purpose. auspicious. Famous person. One of three tree Gunas in human nature. real. (Opposite Vismruti = loss of memory. Mohammed who give religious commandments and sermons after self realization. compromising attitude. Good qualities. Uniting with this King is Raj Yoga. Smruti = Memory. A Rajasik person does activities for achieving dictating and commanding position in life. Most Hindu scriptures are written in Sanskrit language. joy giving. Shrotrum = Ears. Breathing activity. knowledge stored in brain. Good company. Sanskara = Moral training given to children during childhood. Shishya. Pranayamas = 4th step of Yoga. Tongue gets attached to these in course of time. Inborn nature of any individual. 8th step of Raj Yoga.. Siddhas = Rishi. universal cosmic energy. Buddha. Sports champion.g. Ragas = Attachments to objects of temporary sensual pleasures. Shukracharya is a mystic character in Hindu Puranas who is able to bring life in dead bodies. true. contentment.

This develops obedience. hopes. To unite. Does actions in ignorance. One of the 5 basic elements. power or position are satisfied and over. 5 senses have 5 Vishayas. hard. The 1st step of Raj Yoga starts with understanding of this deity. sickness. books of knowledge. Nameless address to spirit or God. Vacha = Speech. Our knowledge is very little in fact. To marry. Hunger. expectations etc. Vedanta = Literally means END of knowledge. thirst. Ability of skin to perceive hot. to remain in family and social bondage and cooperation etc. touch and smell. Varuna = Deity God of water. political powers etc. Vigyana = Science. Vidya = Knowledge. Yagna = Sacrifice. Tatva = Essence of a thing or a short summary of a subject of study. Kama is general term for all types of desires. Turya avastha = Thoughtless conscious state of Mind. Also called Shruties because knowledge is revealed by speaking and preserved by listening and memorizing. Giving knowledge free is Gyana Yagna. Act of speaking (One of the Karma Indriya. Vasana = Ego centric desires and passions. 88 . illness. ignorance. are un-natural desires. To meet. Tat = That. Yama = An imaginary or mystic Deity God of death. logic. skill or technique learned by practice.Sparsha = Touch sense. namely form. Brilliance. Deep sleep. All forms of material bodies of plants and animals are also made up of these 5 basic elements. Swapna avastha = Dreaming state of mind. Swadhyaya = Self study.. Pingla Nadi's other name is Surya Nadi. excellent. Inborn Guna of human nature. Surya = Sun. Vishaya = Subject of study. wants and wishes or Vasanas. sex urge. Serving and helping others without expectation of rewards is Seva-Yagna. material things etc. A person gets attached to these Vishayas when objects make contact with 5 senses. (Human nature = Prakruti). Vani). Tratak = Glazing or fixing eyes at some object without blinking of eyelids. One of the 5 basic elements of body and visible universe. cold. Susupti avastha = Dreamless state of mind during sleep. Glory. spirit and body. Luster. high positions. Vac. Vayu = Air. wants wishes. to get welded to. Sound sleep. Tamas = Darkness. Sthita Pragna = A man of firm judgment.. Upanishads = Spiritual Hindu scriptures dealing with the subject of soul. Vyadhi = Disease. mind and intellect by strict restrains and discipline. Yoga = To Join. Tejus = Light. endurance. Vishnu = Puranic God of life preservation and visible material universe. wisdom and free from all attachments. reason and repeated self experiences. reason. 5 basic elements make Vishnu's universal body. but achieves great heights in any field. By meditation one recognizes the attachments and tries to get liberated. Water is deity God near us. Vedas = Most ancient Hindu scriptures. tolerance. Vibhooti = A person born with adversities. ambitions. Vrutti = Desires. Tapa = Penances done for purification of body. A Deity God. The relationship between cause and effects are searched. unfoldment of inner self (Anter Atma). mind and self-search. Vasudev = Name of Lord Vishnu. A fire ritual of Hindus. are natural Vrutties. It is one of the popular Darshan or Philosophy which is studied as supplement to Yoga. highest. top most. political power. Thoughts are mostly expressed by speech or writings. studied and confirmed by intellect. word. soft etc. The Supreme God's accountant for all people's good (Punya) and bad or evil deeds (sins). Greed of money. During light sleep a person sees dreams. judgment ability. austerities etc. Swabhava = In born nature of an individual. soul or ATMAN. taste. Tyagi = A man who has renounced wealth. a great celebrity. Vairagi = Whose desires of wealth. very close to Samadi. instincts which lead to do activities (Pravutti). Father of Krishna in Bhagavat stories. Vichara = Thought. sharp. Tamasik = Quickly getting upset and angry type of personality. Uttama = Best.. desire to pass urine. Viveka = Discrimination.