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BEAMANAL (Metric) Copie

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# "BEAMANAL" --- SINGLE-SPAN and CONTINUOUS-SPAN BEAM ANALYSIS

Program Description:
"BEAMANAL" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of either single-span or continuous-span beams subjected to virtually any type of loading configuration. Four (4) types of single-span beams and two (2) through (5) span, continuous-span beams, considered. Specifically, beam end reactions as well as the maximum moments and deflections are calculated. Plots of both the shear and moment diagrams are produced, as well as a tabulation of the shear, moment, slope, and deflection for the beam or each individual span. Note: this is a metric units version of the original "BEAMANAL.xls" spreadsheet workbook. This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Single-Span Beam Continuous-Span Beam

Description
This documentation sheet Single-span beam analysis for simple, propped, fixed, & cantilever beams Continuous-span beam analysis for 2 through 5 span beams

Program Assumptions and Limitations:
1. The following reference was used in the development of this program (see below): "Modern Formulas for Statics and Dynamics, A Stress-and-Strain Approach" by Walter D. Pilkey and Pin Yu Chang, McGraw-Hill Book Company (1978), pages 11 to 21. 2. This program uses the three (3) following assumptions as a basis for analysis: a. Beams must be of constant cross section (E and I are constant for entire span length). b. Deflections must not significantly alter the geometry of the problem. c. Stress must remain within the "elastic" region. 3. On the beam or each individual span, this program will handle a full length uniform load and up to eight (8) partial uniform, triangular, or trapezoidal loads, up to fifteen (15) point loads, and up to four (4) applied moments. 4. For single-span beams, this program always assumes a particular orientation for two (2) of the the four (4) different types. Specifically, the fixed end of either a "propped" or "cantilever" beam is always assumed to be on the right end of the beam. 5. This program will calculate the beam end vertical reactions and moment reactions (if applicable), the maximum positive moment and negative moment (if applicable), and the maximum negative deflection and positive deflection (if applicable). The calculated values for the end reactions and maximum moments and deflections are determined from dividing the beam into fifty (50) equal segments with fifty-one (51) points, and including all of the point load and applied moment locations as well. (Note: the actual point of maximum moment occurs where the shear = 0, or passes through zero, while the actual point of maximum deflection is where the slope = 0.) 6. The user is given the ability to input two (2) specific locations from the left end of the beam to calculate the shear, moment, slope, and deflection. 7. The user is also given the ability to select an AISC W, S, C, MC, or HSS (rectangular tube) shape to aide in obtaining the X-axis moment of inertia for input for the purely analysis worksheets. 8. The plots of the shear and moment diagrams as well as the displayed tabulation of shear, moment, slope, and deflection are based on the beam (or each individual span) being divided up into fifty (50) equal segments with fifty-one (51) points. 9. For continuous-span beam of from two (2) through five (5) spans, this program utilizes the "Three-Moment Equation Theory" and solves a system simultaneous equations to determine the support moments 10. This program contains numerous “comment boxes” which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a “comment box” is denoted by a “red triangle” in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

Fvx = Fmx = Fqx = F Dx =

0 0 0 0

Fvx = Fmx = Fqx = F Dx =

0 0 0 0 (continued)

Formulas Used to Determine Shear, Moment, Slope, and Deflection (continued) Initial summation values at left end (x = 0) for shear, moment, slope, and deflection: Simple beam: Vo = Mo = qo = Do = Propped beam: Vo = Mo = qo = Do = Fixed beam: Vo = Mo = qo = Do = Cantilever beam: Vo = Mo = qo = Do =

-1/L*S(FmL) 0 1/L*S(FDL)+L/(6*E*I)*S(FmL) 0

-3*E*I/L^3*S(FDL)-3*E*I/L^2*S(FqL) 0 3/(2*L)*S(FDL)+1/2*S(FqL) 0

-12*E*I/L^3*S(FDL)-6*E*I/L^2*S(FqL) 6*E*I/L^2*S(FDL)+2*E*I/L*S(FqL) 0 0

0 0 -S(FqL) -S(FDL)-L*S(FqL)

Summations of shear, moment, slope, and deflection at distance = x from left end of beam: Shear: Moment: Slope: Deflection: Vx = Mx = qx = Dx = Vo+S(Fvx) Mo+Vo*x+S(Fmx) qo+Mo*x/(E*I)+Vo*x^2/(2*E*I)+S(Fqx) -(Do-qo*x-Mo*x^2/(2*E*I)-Vo*x^3/(6*E*I)+S(FDx)

Reference: "Modern Formulas for Statics and Dynamics, A Stress-and-Strain Approach" by Walter D. Pilkey and Pin Yu Chang, McGraw-Hill Book Company (1978)

"Three-Moment Theory" Used for Continuous-Span Beam Analysis: The "Three-Moment" Equation is valid for any two (2) consecutive spans as follows: Ma*L1/I1+2*(Mb)*(L1/I1+L2/I2)+Mc*L2/I2 = -6*(FEMab*L1/(6*I1)+FEMba*L1/(3*I1))-6*(FEMbc*L2/(3*I2)+FEMcb*L2/(6*I2)) =-(FEMab+2*FEMba)*L1/I1-2*(FEMbc+FEMcb)*L2/I2 where: Ma = internal moment at left support Mb = internal moment at center support Mc = internal moment at right support L1 = length of left span I1 = moment of inertia for left span L2 = length of right span I2 = moment of inertia for right span FEMab = total Fixed-End-Moment for left end of left span FEMba = total Fixed-End-Moment for right end of left span FEMbc = total Fixed-End-Moment for left end of right span FEMcb = total Fixed-End-Moment for right end of right span N = actual number of beam spans "Dummy" spans are used to model the left end and right end support conditions for the beam. A pinned end is modeled as a very flexible span (very long length and very small inertia). A fixed end is modeled as a very stiff span (very short length and very large inertia). Thus, the theoretical number of spans used is = N + 2. By writing an equation for each pair of consecutive spans and introducing the known values (usually zero) of end moments, a system of (N+1) x (N+1) simultaneous equations can be set up to solve for the unknown support moments.

Note:

Reference: AISC Manual of Steel Construction - Allowable Stress Design (ASD) - 9th Edition (1989), page 2-294

TEMA DE CASA
Dimensionarea unui dig de retinere
Student: Curs: SE CERE Dimensionarea unui dig de ritinere cunoscand: 3.80 ml 1. deschiderea de calcul : h= p = 2. presiune orizontala: 315.00 kN/mp a Din considerente constructive se alege o armare rigida cu profile laminate, dispuse la distanta de: 3. distanta intre armatura rigida : b= 0.60 ml REZOLVARE NOTA : Pentru calculul de rezistenta se considera o grinda incastrata la ambele capete, de latime egala cu dinstanta dintre armatura rigida , solicitata de o incarcare uniform distribuita de valoare : q = pa x b = 189.00 kN /ml Ivancu Aurel Constructii miniere Profil I.P.C.M. - Master anul I

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A . Calculul eforturilor:
Versiunea 1.0

Introducere date:
d

c
Rez & Rez Rez & Inc Inc & Inc

Date despre grinda: Tip grinda Inc & Inc Deschidere, L = 3.8000 m Mod. el, E = 200000 MPa Inertie, I = 605.00 cm^4 Incarcari: Permanente: p= Utile Distribuite:
#1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6: #7: #8:

b a +P + qb +p E,I L x RR RL +M + qe

Liber & Inc

-189.00 kN/m
Start End

b (m) 0.0000

qb (kN/m) 0.0000

d (m) 0.0000

REZULTATE: qd (kN/m) Reactiuni / Forta taietoare [ kN ]: RL = RR = 0.0000 -359.10 ML = MR = 227.43 Momentul Max. [ kN*m ] / pozitia [m]: +M(max) = @x= 227.43 -M(max) = @x= -113.72 Sageata Max. [mm] / pozitia [m]: -D(max) = @x= 0.000 +D(max) = @x= 84.816 D(ratio) = L/45 Diagrama fortei taietoare

-359.10 227.43 0.000 1.900 0.000 1.900

Concentrate:
#1: #2: #3: #4: #5: #6: #7: #8: #9: #10: #11: #12: #13: #14: #15:

a (m) 0.0000

P (kN) 0.00

400.0 300.0 200.0

Forta (kN)

100.0 0.0 0.00 0.23 0.46 0.68 0.91 1.14 1.37 1.60 1.82 2.05 2.28 2.51 2.74 2.96 3.19 3.42 3.42 -100.0 -200.0 -300.0 -400.0 3.65 3.65

x (m)

Digrama de moment
250.0

Moment (kN-m)

200.0 150.0 100.0 50.0 0.0 0.00 0.23 0.46 0.68 0.91 1.14 1.37 1.60 1.82 2.05 2.28 2.51 2.74 2.96 -50.0 -100.0 -150.0 3.19

Momente:
#1: #2: #3: #4:

c (m) 0.0000

M (kN-m) 0.00

x (m)

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B. DIMENSIONARE
INCOVOIERE Sectiuni dreptunghiulare simplu armate

B.1.
C12/15 OB 37 b 600 (mm) a=

DIMENSIONARE ARMATURI
h 800 (mm) 70 Rc 9.50
2

Ra 210.00
2

(N/mm ) (N/mm ) ho= 730 mb=0,42ptr.OB37 mb=0,40ptr.PC m<=mb?

M 227,430,000 (N*mm) m=

Aa nec 1546 (mm2) 0.075

DA z= Aa= 0.078 1546 p= 0.35 p<0,10%? NU Aa= Adica: Armat.constructiva Armat.rezistenta SE ALEGE: Armat.constructiva Armat.rezistenta 1546 (mm2)

0 0

0 0 0.1

O.B. U 12

5 14 1 1700 TOTAL(arm.rez.) nr.buc 5 1 f/A 14 U 12

769.30 1,701.00 1,701.00 Aa ef

(mm2) (mm2) (mm2)

0

OK! > 1,546

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1.2 B. 2.

INCOVOIERE

Sectiuni dreptunghiulare simplu armate

DETERMINAREA / VERIFICAREA CAPACITATII PORTANTE
b 600 (mm) 70 h Rc 800 9.50 (mm) (N/mm2) ho= 730 zb= Ra 210.00 (N/mm2) p= Aa / Aef Mcap 1,701.00 261,227,580 (N*mm) (mm2) 0.39 %

a=

z=

0.09

0,60 ptr. OB 37 0,55 ptr. PC z<=zb ?

DA m= Mcap= 0.086 261,227,580

(N*mm)

p<=0,10%? NU

Pentru verificare: REZULTA : OK

! - Seciunea se verifica -

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1.1 C12/15 OB37

INCOVOIERE
b 600 (mm) a= DIMENSIONARE ARMATURI h Rc Ra 800 (mm) 70 9.26
2

Sectiuni dreptunghiulare simplu armate M 227,430,000.36 (N*mm) m= 0.077
2

Aa nec 1545 (mm2)

210.00

(N/mm ) (N/mm ) ho= 730 mb=0,42ptr.OB37 mb=0,40ptr.PC m<=mb?

DA z= Aa= 0.08 1545 p= 0.35 p<0,10%? NU Aa= Adica: Armat.constructiva Armat.rezistenta 1545 (mm2)

0 0

0 0 0.1

O.B. U 12

SE ALEGE: Armat.constructiva Armat.rezistenta

5 14 1 1700 TOTAL(arm.rez.) nr.buc f/A 5 14 1 U 12

769.30 1,701.00 1,701.00 Aa ef

(mm2) (mm2) (mm2)

0

OK! >

1,545

1.2

INCOVOIERE
b 600 (mm) 70

a=

Sectiuni dreptunghiulare simplu armate DETERMINAREA / VERIFICAREA CAPACITATII PORTANTE Mcap h Rc Ra Aa / Aef 254,607,778 800 9.26 210.00 1,701.00 (mm) (N*mm) (N/mm2) (N/mm2) (mm2) ho= 730 p= 0.39 % z= zb= 0,60 ptr. OB 37 0,55 ptr. PC z<=zb ?

0.09

DA m= Mcap= 0.086 254,607,778 (N*mm)

p<=0,10%? NU

Pentru verificare: REZULTA : OK ! - Seciunea se verifica -

Ra OB37 PC52 PC60 C12/15 C16/20 C20/25 210 300 350 j0 3.3 3 2.8

Ea 210000 210000 210000 R c *= 210

Rck/gbc
24000 27000 30000 9.26 12.30 15.19

Rtk/gtc
0.79 0.95 1.10 Beton Armat Rc N/mm2 6.94 7.87 Rc*= 9.259259 Rt*= 0.793333

Rt Stalpi, diafragme cu h<1,5m Grinzi, Diafragme, Grinzi de cuplare la incovoiere Placi (orice grosime) b<300mm b≥300mm

N/mm2

Rt

N/mm2

Beton Simplu Rc N/mm2 6.25 7.08 0.00 7.08 8.33 0.00 8.33

0.60 0.67

b<200mm 0.67 7.87 b≥200mm 0.793333 9.259259 0.793333 9.259259

0.54 0.61 0.00 0.61 0.71 0.00 0.71

N/mm2

N/mm2 N/mm3

Incovoiere sectiuni dreptunghiulare dublu armate
Rc N/mm2 Rt N/mm2

C12/15 b= h= Aa'= Aa= Ea= Eb= M = MEld= a= h0= a'= j=
E

9.26 0.793333333 diametru 8 12 10 12 nr. Bare Aa'= 0F 0F 10 F 0F

OB37 600 mm 800 mm 0 mm2 785 mm2 210000 N/mm2 24000 N/mm 24590000 Nmm = 24590000 Nmm 32.5 mm =
2

24.59 24.59

kNm kNm

Aa=

767.5 mm 32.5 mm 3.0 pt. cond normale de lucru si BC20 tabel 4 0.17 0.00 0.58 44.7 44.7 13.3 1.000 7680 27.34 0.047 0.000 0.262 8.516E+09 mm4 N/mm2 % % N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 peconomic={0,6…1,2)

p=Aa/bh0*100= p'=Aa'/bh0*100=

sb max=M /Ibi*xh0=
E

< < < <

9.26 210 210 210

N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

sa=ne*ME/Ibi*(1-x)h0= sa=ne*sbmax*(1-x)/x= sa'=sa*(x-a'/h0)/(1-x)=
v=MEld/ME= Eb'=0,8Eb/(1+0,5vj)= ne=Ea/Eb'= a=nep/100= a'=nep'/100=

x=(a+a'){[1+2(a+a'a'/h0)/(a+a')2]0,5-1}= Ibi=[x3/3+a(1-x)2+a'(x-a'/h0)2]bh03=

Ra OB37 PC52 PC60 C12/15 C16/20 C20/25 210 300 350 j0 3.3 3 2.8

Ea 210000 210000 210000

Rck/gbc
24000 27000 30000 9.26 12.30 15.19

Rtk/gtc
0.79 0.95 1.10 Beton Armat Rt N/mm2 Rc N/mm2 6.94 7.87 Beton Simplu Rt N/mm2 0.54 0.61 0.00 0.61 0.71 0.00 0.71 Rc N/mm2 6.25 7.08 0.00 7.08 8.33 0.00 8.33 Rc*= 9.259259 N/mm2 Rt*= 0.793333 N/mm3

Stalpi, diafragme cu h<1,5m Grinzi, Diafragme, Grinzi de cuplare la incovoiere Placi (orice grosime)

b<300mm b≥300mm

0.60 0.67

b<200mm 0.67 7.87 b≥200mm 0.793333 9.259259 0.793333 9.259259

Dimensionare la forta taietoare pentru incovoiere sectiuni dreptunghiulare dublu armate
Sectiunea se afla intr-o zona potential plastica ? DA/NU

Ra N/mm2 C20/25 b= h= Aa'= Aa= Q = a'= a= h0= ne= Ae=
E

da 210.00 15.19 0.94 diametru F F F F 25 25 25 25 F 10 F 8 100 mm nr. Bare

Rc N/mm2 Rt N/mm2

OB37 250 mm 400 mm 2454 mm2 2454 mm2 300000 N = 32.5 mm 32.5 mm 367.5 mm 3.00 78.54

300

kN

Aa'=

3 2 3 2

Aa=

nr. bare intersectate mm
2

ne= 3.00 Ae= 3 0.00 ae=

Qeb=qeb*bh0Rt redus= Qb=q*bh0Rt redus= petr=ne*Ae/(aeb)*100= p'=Aa'/bh0*100= p=Aa/bh0*100=

364240.24 N 3000 0.94 2.67 2.67 % % % 14.72 33.27 424.01 3.49 peconomic={0,6…1,2)

OK

si/h0=(100p0,5/petr*Rt redus/(0,8Ra))0,5= si/h0≤2,5 si/h0>2,5 qeb=2(petrp 0,8Ra/(100Rt redus)) = qeb=p0,5/2,5+petrRa/(50Rt redus)= q=Q/bh0Rt= daca q>1,0 0.01 0.01 349.23
0,5 0,5

ms=(3-q)/2= Rt redus=msRt= qrecalculat=Q/(bh0Rt redus)= q≤4?

F

Ra OB37 PC52 PC60 C12/15 C16/20 C20/25 210 300 350 j0 3.3 3 2.8

Ea 210000 210000 210000

Rck/gbc
24000 27000 30000 9.26 12.30 15.19

Rtk/gtc
0.79 0.95 1.10 Beton Armat Rt N/mm2 Rc N/mm2 11.39 12.91 12.91 15.18519 Rc*= 15.18519 N/mm2 1.1 Rt*= N/mm3

Beton Simplu Rt N/mm2 0.74 0.84 0.00 0.84 0.99 0.00 Rc N/mm2 10.25 11.62 0.00 11.62 13.67 0.00 13.67

Stalpi, diafragme cu h<1,5m

b<300mm b≥300mm b<200mm b≥200mm

0.83 0.94 0.94 1.1

Grinzi, Diafragme, Grinzi de cuplare la incovoiere

Placi (orice grosime)

1.1

15.18519

0.99

OK

detr>=1/4dmax long 6mm pt. h<=800mm 8mm pt. h>800mm ae<=15dmin long b>400mm -> etrieri cu minim 4 ramuri

8

50.26548 mm2

Calcului grinzilor continue Versiunea 1.0

CALCULUL - G R I N Z I L O R
( maxim 5 deschideri ) Den. Investitie: Den.Lucrare : Introducere date: Tip material : Sectiune : Date despre grinda: Nr. Deschid., N = Tip sport - stg = Tip sport - dr. = Modul elast., E = Moment inertie I= 3 Rez.simp. Rez.simp. 210,000 12,778
Reazem # 1 Reazem # 4 MPa (cm^4) - Se alege Ix sau Iy Deschd. #1 Deschd. #2 Deschd. #3

CONTINUE

Sumarul rezultatelor: Grinda continua cu 3- deschideri:
Momentul pe reazeme: M1 = Cod Inv.: M2 = Versiune:
c

Reactiuni pe reazemes: R1 = R2 = R3 = R4 = R5 = R6 = -28.75 -82.98 -70.36 -22.31 -----

0.00 38.73 27.57 0.00 -----

kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m

Reabilitare …. Traversare retea canalizare _parau ……" Km 0.0000 Intocmit:

Ing. Ivancu Aurel

0

M3 = M4 = M5 = M6 =

Metal
W12x40

Ix = 12778.30 => Iy =
1

cm^4 cm^4

e b
3 4 5 6

1835.58
2

a +P +M +wb +we

Momentul Maxim pe grinda: +M(max) = -M(max) =
+w

Pozitia pe grinda
@ @

38.73 -28.31

kN-m kN-m

x= x=

5.000 1.969

Deschd. #4

Deschd. #5

5.00

8.50

4.00 Schita grinzi

[m]
E,I VL x L VR

Sageata maxima pe grinda: -D(max) = +D(max) = D(ratio) = -0.071 2.217 L/2255
mm mm

Pozitia pe grinda
@ @

x= x=

0.400 2.200

Date despre lungimea deschiderilor:

Schita incarcarilor

Deschd. #1 Deschidere, L (m) = Inertie, I (cm^4) = 5.00 12,778.30 Incarcarii - Permanente: Distrib. - w (kN/m) = -14.60 Incarcarii - Utile
Start End Start

Deschd. #2 5.00 12,778.30

Deschd. #3 4.00 12,778.30

Deschd. #4 0.00

Deschd. #5 0.00

-14.60

-14.60

-14.60

-14.60

End

Start

End

Start

End

Start

End

Distribuite:
#1: #2: #3:

b (m)

wb (kN/m)

e (m)

we (kN/m)

b (m)

wb (kN/m)

e (m)

we (kN/m)

b (m)

wb (kN/m)

e (ft.)

we (kN/m)

b (m)

wb (kN/m)

e (m)

we (kN/m)

b (m)

wb (kN/m)

e (m)

Concentrate:
#1: #2:

a (m)

P (kN)

a (m)

P (kN)

a (m)

P (kN)

a (m)

P (kN)

a (m)

P (kN)

Momente:
#1: #2:

c (m)

M (kN-m)

c (m)

M (kN-m)

c (m)

M (kN-m)

c (m)

M (kN-m)

c (m)

M (kN-m)

Forta.taiet. cosola_ Stanga =

0.00

kN

Moment. cosola_ Stanga =

0.00

kN-m

Forta.taiet. cosola_ Dreapta =

0.00

kN

Moment. cosola_ Dreapta =

0.00

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Shear (kN)
-20

Moment (kN-m)
-50
20

-40 10 30 40 50 0

-30

-10

REZULTATE: F. taietoare (kN): Reactiuni ( kN) :

1 Momente (kN*m): 0.00

-40
20 30 40 50

-30 10 0 0.0000 0.4000 0.8000 1.2000
1.6000 1.2000 0.8000 0.4000

-20 0.0000 1.6000 2.0000 2.4000 2.8000 3.2000 3.6000 4.0000
4.4000 4.8000

-10

-28.75 -28.75

2.0000

-28.31

2.4000
2.8000

3.2000 3.6000
4.0000

Deschd. #1

4.4000 4.8000

2
5.1000

38.73

5.1000

5.5000 5.9000
6.3000

5.5000 5.9000 6.3000 6.7000 7.1000 7.5000 7.9000 8.3000
8.7000 9.1000 9.5000

44.25 -38.73 -82.98

6.7000 7.1000
7.5000

Deschd. #2

-12.65

7.9000 8.3000
8.7000

9.1000 9.5000

9.9000

9.9000 10.1600 10.4800 10.8000 11.1200 11.4400 11.7600

3

27.57

10.1600 10.4800 10.8000 11.1200 11.4400 11.7600
12.0800

34.27 -36.09 -70.36

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Deschd. #3

-17.04

x (m)

12.0800
12.4000 12.7200

Shear Diagram

DIAGRAMA

x (m)
12.4000 12.7200
13.0400

13.0400 13.3600 13.6800

13.3600 13.6800
14.0000

4

22.31 ---22.31

DE
0.00

14.0000

MOMENTE

#DIV/0! ----#DIV/0! -----

Calcului grinzilor continue Versiunea 1.0

6/28/2013 7:52 AM

Calcului grinzilor continue Versiunea 1.0

deschideri:
kN kN kN kN kN kN

pe reazemes:

m (Deschd. #1) m (Deschd. #1)

m (Deschd. #2) m (Deschd. #1)

hd. #5

00

.60

End

we (kN/m)

P (kN)

M (kN-m)

kN-m

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Calcului grinzilor continue Versiunea 1.0

-----

---

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scribd
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