2008-11-3

Security Level:

How to Analyze Crossed Feeder Issue by DT

www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Outline • What is crossed feeder issue • The problems raised by crossed feeder issue • How to detect crossed feeder issue by DT .

For Example. LTD. A. consider a new cell site that has three sectors.. Huawei Confidential Page 3 .What is crossed feeder issue (1) The term crossed feeder is used to describe the problem that arises when the feeders for two or more sectors in a site are inadvertently connected incorrectly. and C: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. B.

Huawei Confidential Page 4 . This is what we might see: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. When this happens. suppose we run a drive test through the area served by the cell whose feeders are crossed display the ServBCCH attribute on the Map while the cell sectors are colored by BCCH. For example. However. the parameters storing the sectors' BCCH and lists of adjacent sectors would be swapped. the network parameters for the two sectors are also reversed.. For example.What is crossed feeder issue (2) The crossed feeder problem would arise if the feeder for sector A is connected to sector C and vice versa. LTD. the sectors typically continue to provide good coverage.

LTD.What is crossed feeder issue (3) There are server types of crossed feeder: Crossed transmit feeders Crossed receive feeders Crossed transmit and receive feeders HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Huawei Confidential Page 5 ..

. Huawei Confidential Page 6 . LTD.The problems raised by crossed feeder issue Normal Situation Crossed Feeder Situation HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Huawei Confidential Page 7 . such as: A greater degree of interference A poor uplink signal strength A poor performance of handover HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.The problems raised by crossed feeder issue Crossed feeder will raise many problems..

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. In DT. we will find that the handset receives the single which shouldn't have been received in the current cell..How to detect crossed feeder issue by DT Crossed transmit feeders Crossed transmit feeders will result in the swap of 2 or more sectors BCCH frequency and TCH’s. Huawei Confidential Page 8 . LTD. As the sectors are pointing in the incorrect direction. performance will suffer as the frequency plan has been changed and a greater degree of interference will be present.

Huawei Confidential . Page 9 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. It indicates that TX feeders were crossed between Cell D3 and Cell D2. but the handset at point A receives the stronger signal of Cell D2.. LTD. point A is in the area of coverage of Cell D3.How to detect crossed feeder issue by DT Crossed transmit feeders In the example shown above.

the statistics for the cell would help us to detect the fault: Uplink signal strength would be very poor Link balance would be larger than expected Handover success rate would be very low HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. However. because the BCCH frequencies will appear exactly as they were designed. Huawei Confidential Page 10 ..How to detect crossed feeder issue by DT Crossed receive feeders It is not easy to detect this fault by DT.

.How to detect crossed feeder issue by DT Crossed receive feeders The MR measurement is very useful in detecting this type of feeder cross. crossed receive feeder is a possible problem. if the uplink-and-downlink balance is always in level 10 or level 11. LTD. For example. Huawei Confidential Page 11 . Uplink-and-Downlink Balance Measurement per TRX and TCH Receive Level Measurement per TRX maybe are the most useful statistics . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. we can consider that there is something wrong in the receive path of the site.

How to detect crossed feeder issue by DT Crossed transmit and receive feeder The symptom is similar with the fault “crossed transmit feeder”. LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 12 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. and we can detect the fault by DT easily .

com .huawei.Thank you www.

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