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Lala Har Dayal
Born Died Har 13 October Delhi, British India Dayal 1884
4 March 1939 Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) U.S.A. Our Educational Problem, Thoughts on Education, Hints for Self Culture, Glimpses of World Religions and The Bodhisatva Doctrines in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature
Philosophy Universal Fraternity Literary works
Lala Har Dayal was an Indian nationalist revolutionary who founded the Ghadar Party in America. He was a polymath who turned down a career in the Indian Civil Service. His simple living and intellectual acumen inspired many expatriate Indians living in Canada and the USA to fight against British Imperialism during the First World War.
Har Dayal was the sixth of seven children of Smt. Bholi Rani and Shri Gauri Dayal Mathur. Gauri Dayal Mathur was Reader in the District Court. At the age of 17 he was married to Sundar Rani, (in English a Gracious Queen) who was extremely pretty girl. Their son, born two years later, died in infancy, but their daughter, born in 1908, survived. At an early age he was influenced by Arya Samaj. He was associated with Shyamji Krishna Verma, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Bhikaji Cama. He also drew inspiration from Giuseppe Mazzini, Karl Marx and Mikhail Bakunin. He was, according to Emily Brown as quoted by Juergensmeyer, "in sequence an atheist, a revolutionary, a Buddhist, and a pacifist". He studied at the Cambridge Mission School and received his bachelor's degree in Sanskrit from St. Stephen's College, Delhi, India and his master's degree also in Sanskrit from Punjab University. In 1905, he received two scholarships of Oxford University for his higher studies in Sanskrit. In a letter to The Indian Sociologist, published in 1907, he started to explore anarchist ideas, arguing that "our object is not to reform government, but to reform it's [sic?] away, leaving, if necessary only nominal traces of it's [sic?] existence." The letter led to him being put under surveillance by the police. Later that year, saying "To Hell with the ICS", he gave up the prestigious Oxford scholarships and returned to India in 1908 to live a life of austerity. But in India too, he started writing harsh articles in the leading news papers, When the British Government decided to impose a ban upon his writing Lala Lajpat Rai advised him to leave and
Whilst here he wrote Some Phases of Contemporary Thought in India subsequently published in Modern Review. They lived together in a rented apartment close to the University of California. Anarchist activism in America He moved to the United States in 1911. In a statement outlining the principles of the Fraternity of the Red Flag he said they proposed "the establishment of Communism. who was put on trial for printing The Indian Sociologist. Guy Aldred later related that this religion's motto was to be Atheism. The organisation aligned itself with the Regeneración movement founded by the exiled Mexicans Ricardo and Enrique Flores Magón. where he founded the Bakunin Institute of California. his wife's cousin. where he started living a life of austerity. An Arya Samaj Missionary.either to Cuba or Japan. He had a designated post of a lecturer in Indian philosophy and Sanskrit at Leyland Stanford University.000 m2) of land and a house in Oakland. Cosmopolitanism and moral law. Having developed an Indian Nationalist perspective. where he became involved in industrial unionism. Darisi Chenchiah and Gobind Behari Lal. A little over a year later. California. After all he went to Martinique. Berkeley. sleeping on the floor and meditating in a secluded place. There too. he established his house as a home for these students. where he wrote an idyllic account of life in the United States. a rich farmer from Stockton. The two discussed founding a new religion modelled on Buddhism. and the abolition of private property in land and capital through industrial organisation and the general strike. He also started studying the works of Karl Marx. With the personal help of Teja Singh. Amongst the six students who responded to the offer were Nand Singh Sehra. Parmanand persuaded him by letter to return to California. He had developed contacts with Indian American farmers in Stockton. With Shyamji Krishna Verma's India House in London. It was during this period that he came into the friendship of the anarchist Guy Aldred. But he was not very happy in Paris.he was unhappy and wondering whether to go. Emily Brown and Erik Erikson have described this as a crisis of "ego-identity" for him. he set up Guru Govind Singh Sahib Educational Scholarship for Indian students.Page 2 of 6 go abroad. which he described as "the first monastery of anarchism". Har Dayal was living an ascetic life eating only boiled grain and potatoes. Parmanand says that Har Dayal agreed to go to the United States to propagate the ancient culture of the Aryan Race. Tarak Nath Das and Arthur Pope and funding from Jwala Singh. and found him lonely and isolated. Hardayal went straight from Boston to California. ultimate abolition of the coercive organisation of government". He moved to Paris in 1909 and became editor of the Vande Mataram. he encouraged young Indians to gain a scientific and sociological education. During his stay he made friends with Japanese Buddhists. (later a National Bolshevik after he had left IWW and joined the Communist Workers Party of Germany). so he left the Paris and moved to Algeria. However. He then moved on to Honolulu in Hawaii where he spent some time meditating on Waikiki Beach. He had also served as secretary of the San Francisco branch of the Industrial Workers of the World alongside Fritz Wolffheim. this group was given 6 acres (24. Bhai Parmanand went there to look for him. . he was forced to resign because of embarrassment about his activities in the anarchist movement.
composed of Indian students. when the wicked ones on the Earth seem exalted to the sky and nothing appears to withstand their might. ye Dilli hai !!" "Take care of your turban Mr Mir ! (Note: Here Mir is Quoted for Britishers. Lord Hardinge. Germany. WE REJOICE IN HIS ASSERTION OF HUMAN EQUALITY AND DIGNITY. HOW GREAT WE FEEL WHEN SOMEONE DOES THE HEROIC DEED? WE SHARE IN HIS MORAL POWER. When the strong and cunning in the pride of their power parade their glory before their helpless victims. in that tense moment. In 1932. He quickly brought out a pamphlet called the Yugantar Circular in which he eulogised about the bombing: HAIL ! HAIL ! HAIL ! BOMB OF 23 DECEMBER 1912 HARBINGER OF HOPE AND COURAGE DEAR REAWAKENER OF SLUMBERING SOULS CONCENTRATED MORAL DYNAMITE THE ESPERANTO OF REVOLUTION “Who can describe the moral power of the bomb? It is concentrated moral dynamite. when human nature is ashamed of itself.) This is not just any town. in that hour of shame. he was arrested by the United States government for spreading anarchist literature and fled to Berlin. he was still a vigorous anarchist propagandist and had very little to do with the nationalist Nalanda Club. which ended with the following couplet of the Urdu poet Mir Taqi 'Mir' of Delhi (India): "Pagari apani sambhaliyega 'Mir' ! Aur basti nahin. a bomb preaches the eternal truth of human equality and sends proud superiors and Viceroys from the palace and the howdah to the grave and the hospital.Page 3 of 6 The assassination attempt on Viceroy of India At the time.D. then in that dark hour. 1912 had a major impact upon him. and the United States. he got his book Hints For Self Culture published and embarked on a lecture circuit covering Europe. for the glory of humanity comes the bomb. when the rich and naughty set themselves on a pedestal and ask their slaves to fall down before them and worship them. which lays the tyrant in the dust. He delivered a rousing lecture. the bomb declares the vanity of power and pomp and redeems us from our own baseness. He received his Ph. It tells all the cowering slaves that he who sits enthroned as God. degree in 1930 from the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London. Then. on December 23. Hardayal excitedly told his anarchist friends of what one of his men had done in India. is a mere man like them. Then. this is Delhi. He subsequently lived for a decade in Sweden. India Okay !!' The hostel then became a party with dancing and the singing of Vande Mataram. India." —Lala Hardayal (Yugantar Circular:1913) In April 1914. . However Basanta Kumar Biswas's attempt on the life of the Indian Viceroy. He visited the Nalanda Club Hostel to tell them this news at dinner.
com/books/our_educational_problem/OurEducationalProble m. Lahore in the year 1922. 5. . 6. (Ref:Patriotic s Banned by the Raj) 4. Writings of Lala Har Dayal: This book was published in 1920 by Swaraj Publishing House. as per details given in the book of Dr.33. the India Department of Posts issued a commemorative stamp in his honour. within the series of "India's Struggle for Freedom". Social Conquest of Hindu Race: A booklet containing 21 pages was proscribed by British Raj is kept in National Archives of India under Acc. London when Lalaji was living in Sweden.Page 4 of 6 He died in Philadelphia on March 4. It was published by Lajpat Rai Prithviraj Sahni from Lohari Gate.S. It can be seen in Seth Surajmal Jalan Library. Jaico Publishing House published it in 1977 from Bombay by obtaining a copyright from its original publisher in 1961. 1939. London (U.92. Vishwa Nath Prasad Verma's book 'Adhunik Bhartiya Rajneetik Chintan' on page 389. saint.S. Lala Hanumant Sahai did not accept the death as natural. In the National Library. Hints for Self Culture: This famous book of Lala Har Dayal was published by Hy. Most of these articles were written against the Education Policy of British Government in India.hindustanbooks.King and Sons.Rc. Its Hindi Translalation has also been published from Kitab Ghar. soft spoken and selfless servant of his motherland. 7. Ganga Narayan Shukla in 1922.No. But a very close friend of Lala Hardayal and the founder member of Bharat Mata Society (established in 1907). Lala Har Dayal Ji Ke Swadhin Vichar: This book was translated in Hindi by Sri Narayan Prasad Arora and was published in Raghunandan Press.html 2.Polak and Co. His idealistic thoughts and cited expressions in the available books written by him are really impressive. Delhi (India) in 1997 under the title 'Vyaktitva Vikas-Sangharsh aur Safalata'. Literature of Lala Har Dayal Lala Har Dayal was sober. simple. Thoughts on Education: Lalaji had written so many articles in 'Punjabi'( published from Lahore) and 'Modern Review' (published from Calcutta). Mr Hem Chand Kaushik Alias Varadachari Pandit had given to this author this book which he had published in July 1969. 8. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthy has quoted so many references of this book into his book Kranti Ka Udghosh. Available as PDF for download from Hindustan Books at http://www. Some of his famous books with available references are listed hereunder: 1. Kanpur by Pt. No doubt his precious writings are few drops of elixir to the deep well of mankind. 3. Our Educational Problem: Collection of Lalaji's articles published in 'Punjabi'(published from Lahore) published as a book in 1922 with introduction from Lala Lajpat Rai. he suspected it as poisoning.K) in 1934. Calcutta.Varanasi. Amrit me Vish: This was the Hindi Translation of above book 'Thoughts on Education'. In the evening of his death he delivered a lecture as usual where he had said "I am in peace with all". Calcutta under catalogue no 181. In 1987.74.L. Forty Four Months in Germany and Turkey: This book was published in 1920 by P.
theology and religious philosophy. Glimpses of World Religions: It was the presentation of several religions by Lala Har Dayal from so many angles of history. Chapter VI defines different stages of spiritual progress in the aspirant`s long journey to the goal of final emancipation. rebirth. ISBN 0-8165-0422-9.Verma (2006). he decided to remain in London. Princeton: Princeton University Press. It reflects the individuality of every religion in a rational way of thinking. 10. This book contains comprehensive notes and references besides a general index appended at the end. Paul (1988). ^ Avrich. The last Chapter VII relates the events of the Gautama Buddha`s past lives as Bodhisattva. New Delhi-110002 (India): Praveen Prakashan. In 1927 when Har Dayal was not given permission by British Government to return to India. M. spiritual cultivation. .' The Bodhisatva Doctrines in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature This 392 pages work of Lala Hardayal consists of total 7 chapters which deal with the Bodhisattva doctrine as expounded in the principal Buddhist Sanskrit Literature. • • • • • • • In Chapter I the nature of the Bodhisattva doctrine with particular stress on the distinct chatacteristics of arhat. p. p.L. Bodhisatva Doctrines: Lala Lajpat Rai. had suggested him to write an authentic book based on the principles of Gautam Buddha. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Emily C. 30. who was a mentor of Har Dayal. Har Dayal: Hindu Revolutionary and Rationalist. It was published from London in the year 1932. Footnotes 1.D. serenity. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers of India published this book in 1970 with a title 'The Bodhisatva Doctrines in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature. This book has been written particularly in a lucid style which exhibits scholarly acumen and mastry of Lala Hardayal in literary art.'Krant'. 2. Chapter II recounts the different factors including the influence Persian religio-cult. ^ Brown. Chapters IV describes thirty-seven practices and principles conducive to the attainment of Enlightenment. ^ Dr. In Chapter V ten perfections that lead to welfare. ISBN 0-691-00609-1. ethics. and supreme knowledge have been explained. The book was approved for Ph. Bodhisattva and sravaka has been described. Anarchist Portraits. and a Doctorate was awarded to him in 1932. In Chapter III the production of the thought of Enlightenment for the welfare and liberation of all creatures has been expounded. ISBN 81-7783-120-8. Swadhinta Sangram Ke Krantikari Sahitya Ka Itihas (Vol-2). Greek art and Christian ethics which contributed the rise and growth of the Boddhisattva doctrine. 452. (1975).Page 5 of 6 9. This book was also published by Jaico Publishing House India from Bombay. 3. He wrote this book and presented it to the University as a thesis.
The Journal of Asian Studies.L. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. Swadhinta Sangram Ke Krantikari Sahitya Ka Itihas (Vol-2). Puri. Har Dayal. Har Dayal 1969 New Dehi-110024 India Vivek Swadhyay Mandal. Organisation and Strategy by Harish K. p. 70.digital archive at archive. Vardachari (1969).'Krant'. review by Mark Juergensmeyer.Page 6 of 6 4. New Dehi110024 (India): Vivek Swadhyay Mandal. 1970 Pandit Vardachari Thoughts On Education by L. External links • • • • • • Our Educational Problem . Understanding revolutionary idol Lala Hardayal http://www. 1932. 76. ^ Pandit.org A tribute to the great revolutionary – an article by Khushwant Singh Har Dayal materials in the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA) Yogendra Bali.collection of Lala Har Dayal's articles published in Punjabi (published from Lahore) Forty-four months in Germany and Turkey . Har Dayal. p. 453 to 458.php/Serial%20Number/1231/LALA%20HARDA YAL . ^ Dr. Thoughts On Education by L. ^ Pandit.indianpost. 1983 Har Dayal: Hindu Revolutionary and Rationalist by Emily C. 1975 Har Dayal: Hindu Revolutionary and Rationalist. References • • • • • Ghadar Movement: Ideology. Brown. New Dehi110024 (India): Vivek Swadhyay Mandal.com/viewstamp.Verma (2006). 5. Guru Nanak Dev University Press. The University of Arizona Press. New Delhi (India): Praveen Prakashan. p. 6. Thoughts On Education by L. M. Vardachari (1969). 1976 The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature by Har Dayal. ISBN 81-7783-120-8.
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