This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

Editors' Picks Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

)

Presented by Nagaraja Kumar Pateti

CONTENTS

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS OP AMP OP-AMP APPLICATIONS ACTIVE FILTERS DATA CONVERTERS

o ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS o DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTERS

DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS LOGIC FAMILIES COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS ICs SEQUENTIAL CIRCUIT ICs

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT (IC)

IC is a miniature, low cost, hi speed electronic device consisting of both active and passive elements joined irreparably on a single crystal of silicon

Size

Cost Power Reliability Speed Accuracy Weight

IC CLASSIFICATION BASED ON OPERATION Digital IC Analog IC BASED ON FABRICATION Monolithic IC Hybrid IC BASED ON COMPLEXITY SSI MSI LSI VLSI ULSI GSI .

Operational Amplifier (OP-AMP) Positive Power supply Non.Inverting terminal Inverting terminal Negative Power supply An operational amplifier (op-amp) is a DC-coupled highgain electronic voltage amplifier with a differential input .

LM 741 Pin Configuration .

Ideal OP-AMP Characteristics Open Loop Gain AOL Input resistance Output resistance Bandwidth ∞ ∞ 0 ∞ DC offset 0 .

Modes Of Operation Inverting Mode .

Inverting Mode .Non .

Differential Mode .

V2 𝑽𝒐 𝑨𝒅 = 𝑽𝒅 .Differential Gain (𝑨𝒅) The Gain with which the Differential amplifier amplifies the difference between the two input signals is called as the differential gain V𝒅 =V1 .

Common Mode Gain (𝑨𝒄)_ Ideal Case If V1=V2 then the difference in input voltages is V1-V2 =0 𝑽𝟏 + 𝑽𝟐 𝑽𝒄 = 𝟐 𝑽𝒐 𝑨𝒄 = 𝑽𝒄 Practical Case The output voltage not only depends on the difference voltage but is proportional to the common mode signal voltage Vc .

It is defined as the ratio of the differential voltage gain ‘Ad’ to the common mode voltage gain ‘Ac’. 𝑨𝒅 𝑪𝑴𝑹𝑹 = 𝑨𝒄 .Common Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR) CMRR is the ability of a differential amplifier to reject a common mode signal .

Amp Characteristics DC Characteristics Input Bias Current Input Offset Current Input Offset Voltage Total Output Offset Voltage Thermal drift AC Characteristics SLEW RATE Frequency Response .Practical Op.

Input Bias Curent(𝑰𝑩) It is defined as the average of the currents entering into the inverting and non inverting terminals of an OP-AMP + − Typical value is 500nA 𝑰 + 𝑰 𝑰𝑩 = 𝑩 𝑩 𝟐 Input Offset Current (𝑰𝒐𝒔) It is defined as the algebraic difference of the currents entering into the inverting and non inverting terminals of an OP-AMP Typical value is 200nA 𝑰𝒐𝒔 = 𝑰𝑩 − 𝑰𝑩 + − .

Input Offset Voltage (𝐕𝐢𝐨𝐬 ) It is defined as the voltage to be applied at the input terminals of an OP-AMP to nullify the output 𝑹𝒇 Typical value is 6mV 𝑽𝒐 = 𝟏 + 𝐕𝐢𝐨𝐬 𝑹 Total Output Offset Voltage (𝑽𝒐𝑻) It is defined as the offset voltage produced at the output of an OPAMP due to the input bias current or input offset voltage 𝑹𝒇 𝑽𝒐𝑻 = 𝟏 + 𝐕𝐢𝐨𝐬 + 𝑹𝒇𝑰𝑩 𝑹 .

Thermal Drift It is defined as the average rate of change of the parameter per unit change in temperature 𝑻𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒂𝒍 𝒅𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒕 𝒊𝒏 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒊𝒏𝒑𝒖𝒕 𝒐𝒇𝒇𝒔𝒆𝒕 𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒕 = ∆𝑰𝒐𝒔 ∆𝑻 ∆𝑰𝑩 𝑻𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒂𝒍 𝒅𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒕 𝒊𝒏 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝑰𝒏𝒑𝒖𝒕 𝑩𝒊𝒂𝒔 𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒕 = ∆𝑻 ∆𝑽𝒊𝒐 𝑻𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒂𝒍 𝑽𝒐𝒍𝒕𝒂𝒈𝒆 𝒅𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒕 = ∆𝑻 ∆𝑰𝒊𝒐 𝑻𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒎𝒂𝒍 𝒄𝒖𝒓𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒅𝒓𝒊𝒇𝒕 = ∆𝑻 .

SLEW RATE It is defined as the maximum rate of change of output voltage with respect to time It is Expressed in 𝒗/µ𝒔𝒆𝒄 𝟐∏𝒇𝑽𝒑 𝑺𝒍𝒆𝒘 𝑹𝒂𝒕𝒆 = 𝟏𝟎𝟔 𝒗/µ𝒔𝒆𝒄 .

OP-AMP IC 741 Features High Input Voltage range Offset voltage Nullify capability Short circuit protection Excellent temperature stability It is a Monolithic IC Useful for feedback amplifications Available in all the packages .

OP-AMP Applications ADDER SUBTRACTOR AC AMPLIFIER DIFFERENTIATOR INTEGRATOR V TO I CONVERTER I TO V CONVERTER SAMPLE AND HOLD SCHMITT TRIGGER MULTIVIBRATORS VOLTAGE REGULATORS .

OP-AMP ADDER .

OP-AMP subtractor 𝐕𝐨𝐮𝐭 = 𝐕𝟐 − 𝐕𝟏 .

OP-AMP Differentiator The output voltage of the differentiator is proportional to the derivative of the input voltage .

OP-AMP Integrator The output voltage of the Integrator is proportional to the Integral of the input voltage .

OP-AMP AC Amplifier An AC Amplifier blocks the DC signals and amplifies the AC signal Capacitor used in the input side blocks the DC signals .

Digital ICs QUAD 2-INPUT GATES 7400 quad 2-input NAND 7402 quad 2-input NOR 7403 quad 2-input NAND 7408 quad 2-input AND 7409 quad 2-input AND 7432 quad 2-input OR 7486 quad 2-input EX-OR 74132 quad 2-input NAND TRIPLE 3-INPUT GATES 7410 triple 3-input NAND 7411 triple 3-input AND 7412 triple 3-input NAND 7427 triple 3-input NOR DUAL 4-INPUT GATES 7420 dual 4-input NAND 7421 dual 4-input AND HEX NOT GATES 7404 hex NOT 7405 hex NOT 7414 hex NOT .

Logic Families RTL DTL TTL ECL I2L CMOS HTL ECL is the fastest logic family ECL & HTL have High power consumption CMOS has the lowest power consumption CMOS family has the high fanout .

lica

lica

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd