International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering Case Study Series: Access to HIV Treatments in Developing Countries
Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies
M.J. Peterson Version 1, June 2010
Table 1: The 12 Largest Pharmaceutical Companies
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Company Johnson&Johnson Pfizer GlaxoSmithKline Roche Group Sanofi-Adventis Novartis AstraZeneca Abbott Laboratories Merck Wyeth Bristol-Myers Squibb Eli Lilly Fortune global 500 rank 107 143 151 175 178 181 265 312 332 381 427 453 US$ assets (millions) 61,095 48,148 45,447 40,315 39,977 39,800 29,559 25,914 24,198 22,400 19,977 18,364 % change 2006-08 15 -8 6 16 8 8 12 15 7 10 12 19 US$ sales %change (millions) 2006-08 10,576 8,144 10,432 8,135 7,204 11,946 5,595 3,606 3,275 4,616 2,165 2,953 -4 -58 5 29 43 67 -7 110 -26 10 37 11
Source: Fortune, 21 July 2008. Access November 17, 2010 from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/global500/2008/industries/21/index.html.
This case was created by the International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering (IDEESE) Project at the University of Massachusetts Amherst with support from the National Science Foundation under grant number 0734887. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. More information about the IDEESE and copies of its modules can be found at http://www.umass.edu/sts/ethics. This case should be cited as: M.J. Peterson. 2010. “Access to HIV Treatments in Developing Countries.” International Dimensions of Ethics Education in Science and Engineering. Available www.umass.edu/sts/ethics.
© 2010 IDEESE Project
#427 in Fortune Global 500 2008
. a pharmaceutical company based in Bangladesh Amgen. Apotex. Germany. USA and Cambridge. #155 on Fortune Global 500 list 2008 Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd. a vaccine development company with offices in Cambridge. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in the UK formed in 1999 through the merger of Astra AB and Zeneca Group PLC. the Republic of Macedonia Alkermes. Canada Astellas Pharma. an Australian wholly owned subsidiary of Merck KGaA making generics Altana Pharma AG. a Portuguese company Biovail. a Swedish company Boehringer-Ingelheim. a generic pharmaceutical company based in Toronto. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in Germany Bosch Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd. based at Chennai. California. Anthus Pharmaceuticals Pvt. headquartered in Irvine. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in Berlin. Spain Alphapharm. a USA-based vaccine manufacturer and a subsidiary of Emergent BioSolutions Biotecnol. based in Skopje. Pakistan's leading pharmaceutical company specializing in Cephalosporins. #312 in Fortune Global 500 2008 Acambis.. a Spanish multinational. Canada Barr. 2009
(includes but not limited to makers of HIV treatments)
3M Pharmaceuticals. Bayer (Bayer Schering Pharma AG). United Kingdom Alcon. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in the USA. now owned by the Nycomed Group Amico Laboratories. Ltd. the largest Canadian pharmaceutical company Biovitrum. a specialty pharmaceutical company based in the USA. skin. a diversified technology company based in USA Abbott Laboratories. a specialty pharmaceutical company based in Quebec. part of 3M Corporation. a Portuguese pharmaceutical company Biogen Idec. headquartered in Barcelona. Penicillins. a USA-based company BioPort. #265 in Fortune Global 500 2008 Axcan Pharma. a pharmaceutical company based in Bangladesh Bial.Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies
List of Large Drug Companies. India. a Swiss pharmaceutical company specializing in ophthalmology Alkaloid. Massachusetts. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in the USA. USA. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in the USA. producing eye. Massachusetts. a USA-based company formed in 2003 through the merger of Biogen and Idec Pharmaceuticals Biolex. Quinolones and Biotech products Bristol-Myers Squibb. is a global specialty company. and neurological products and best known for BOTOX Almirall Prodesfarma. Allergan. a pharmaceutical company in Cambridge. a Japanese company formed in 2005 through the merger of Fujisawa Pharmaceutical and Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical AstraZeneca.
Maryland Eskayef Bangladesh Limited. a Pakistani based company focused solely on Gastroenterology Ferring Pharmaceuticals. a New Zealand based pharmaceuticals manufacturing company DSM Pharmaceuticals Products (DPP).. a nutrition conglomerate Élan Corporation. such as malaria. UK Dow Pharmaceutical Sciences.. specialist in anti-viral preventive and therapeutic medicines. the largest company in Bangladesh Cephalon. one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in Bangladesh.. a pharmaceutical company based in Ireland Eli Lilly and Company. a subsidiary of Zydus Cadila. a Dutch biotechnology company specializing in vaccines Curix Pharma. HIV and HBV Evotec Ltd. significant exporter of pellet-form products Ethypharm. Switzerland and focused exclusively on Dermatology
. a biopharmaceutical company specializing in the comprehensive management of diabetes. using virosomal technology or measles attenuated viruses to develop vaccines against infectious diseases. gastroenterology. a Swiss pharmaceutical company Diabetology Ltd. Italy. accredited by the UK MHRA. specializes in dermatology Emergent BioSolutions. endocrinology and osteoarthritis. an Indian company best known as a manufacturer of anti-AIDS drugs Crucell. obstetrics. based in Jersey. a Japanese holding company established in 2005 for the management integration of Sankyo and Daiichi Pharmaceuticals Debiopharm. A USA-based biopharmaceutical company that specializes in drugs for neural disorders and neurodegenerative diseases Chemiron International. specializing in developing treatments for sleeping disorders and obesity Ferozsons Laboratories. based on Catania. a German based company with a branch in North America focused on kidney disorders. German company with research sites in the UK and California. a part of DSM. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in the USA Elorac. a French company specializing in drug delivery solutions for the pharmaceutical industry Etnabiotech. a specialty pharmaceutical company based in the United States Daiichi Sankyo. Fresenius Medical Care. a pharmaceutical company based in Nigeria Cipla. based in the USA. a Switzerland based biopharmaceutical company focused on infertility. Inc. Galderma. Inc. urology. an Indian pharmaceutical company Cypress Pharmaceutical. based in Lausanne.. headquartered in Rockville. a USA-based company focused on topical therapeutics Douglas Pharmaceuticals.Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies
Chemico Laboratories Ltd. Sicily.
part of Roche Group. a USA-based company Knoll Pharmaceuticals. manufacturing branded and nonbranded generic and in-licensed pharmaceutical products Hoffmann-La Roche. UK. Gilead Sciences. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in Switzerland IMULAN BioTherapeutics. acquired by Abbott in 2001 Krka. Inc. a Polish generic pharmaceutical manufacturer JN-International Medical Corporation. the largest pharmaceutical company in the Baltic States Guangxi Wonder Pharma. a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson Janssen-Cilag.Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies Genentech. specializing in immunobiology and infectious diseases iNova Pharmaceuticals (Australia) Pty Limited. a multinational pharmaceutical company based in London. Britain's largest pharmaceutical company #151 in Fortune Global 500 2008 Glenmark. a British healthcare company using its proprietary cell therapy technology to develop regenerative medicine products to restore skin and hair Isis Pharmaceuticals. the largest pharmaceutical company in Pakistan Genix Pharma. subsidiary of Hexal International Group Hexal International Group. a Slovenian generic pharmaceutical and cosmetics manufacturer Kurve Technology. India's leading research-based pharmaceutical company GPC Biotech. Pakistan-based rapidly growing part of Genix Health Care Ltd. d. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in the USA #107 on global Fortune 500 2008 King Pharmaceuticals. d. Sydney-based company that develops and markets over-the-counter and prescription medicines Institute for OneWorld Health.. a USA-based company focused on developing vaccines and diagnostics for infectious disease for developing countries Johnson & Johnson. a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson Jelfa SA. a nonprofit USA-based pharmaceutical company focused on developing infectious disease drugs for developing countries Intercytex. a USA-based biopharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline. a German biopharmaceutical company Grindex. a USA-based biopharmaceutical company taken over by Roche Genzyme. a USA-based company focused on development of RNA-based therapeutics Janssen Pharmaceutica Products.. LLC. also known as GSK. one of the leading Corticosteroid manufacturers in China Hetero Drugs. a German generic pharmaceutical manufacturer Hikma. formerly the pharmaceutical division of BASF. a USA-based company Getz Pharma. a vertically integrated Indian generic pharmaceutical company Hexal Australia. a USA company specialized in development of drug delivery solutions
Drug Delivery Technology provider Napp Pharmaceuticals. a Danish company Mepha Ltd. bulk actives and intermediates for Indian and International markets Nutra Pharma. and infectious diseases Ochoa Laboratories Limited. UK Neucon Pvt. one of the fastest growing pharmaceutical companies in India Okasa Pharma Pvt Ltd. DNA sequencing reagents. and commercialization of pharmaceutical products and technologies for neurological disorders. bulk actives and intermediates for Indian and international markets Macquin's International Pharmaceutical Manufactures.Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies
Lundbeck. located in Olaine. cancer. a US biotechnology company specializing in the acquisition. a leading pharmaceutical company of India Olainfarm. headquartered in Cambridge. generics manufacturer with some development capacity based in India Novo Nordisk. (Merix Health Care Products). based in Germany Medopharm. manufactures Releev. specializing in the field of pain control. an Italian Pharmaceutical Group. based in Florence. one of the largest drugs & medicine manufacturers and exporters in Bangladesh Ordain Health Care. manufactures branded and generic dosage forms. Branded Generic Pharmaceutical Company based in Switzerland Macleods Pharmaceuticals. a top 30 pharmaceutical company. India. a pharmaceutical company based in India
. an Indian pharmaceutical company Merix Pharmaceutical Corp. an over the counter cold sore and shingles ointment Meyer Organics Private Limited. of Jersey (British Isles) MG PRIME Pharmaceutical Inc. Ltd. Karachi Novartis. manufactures branded and generic dosage forms. USA. pharmaceutical generic manufacturer company in India (Mohali) Natco Pharma Limited. a pharmaceutical company based in India Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma. India.. based in Mumbai. with the highest global market share of insulin & insulin delivery devices Nucleics. based in Illinois. an Australian pharmaceutical company acquired by Hospira in 2007 Menarini. headquartered in Hyderabad. a pharmaceutical company based in Osaka. Switzerland-based Novartis AG – researches. Japan NanoBio services. services & software Nuclius Lifesciences India.. a top 20 pharmaceutical company. a US affiliate of Basel. marketing subsidiary of Gulshan e Iqbal. a generic pharmaceutical company based in Mumbai. based in Pakistan Nanomi. licensing. Italy Merck & Co. India Mayne Pharma. autoimmune. was founded in 1986 in collaboration with Omega-Meyer Ltd. based in the USA #332 in Fortune Global 500 2008 Macquin's International.. a pharmaceutical company based in the Philippines Mint Life Sciences. Pharmaceutical Manufactures in Pakistan Merck KGaA. Latvia Opsonin Pharma Limited. develops and markets patent-protected prescription drugs Nectar Lifesciences Ltd.
private company.. safe and effective treatments to advance patient care Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. manufactured Claritin and Clarinex Searle Pakistan Limited (SPL).Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical. Renovo. UK Respa Pharmaceuticals. Depression.CZ Praha a. a US based pharmaceutical company merged with Merck & Co.S. Ohio PRO. a USA-based solid dosage manufacturer/distributor Roche Group. private company. Croatia Popular Pharmaceuticals Ltd. based in India PharmEvo Pvt Ltd. is a Fortune 500 American multinational corporation headquartered in Downtown Cincinnati. world’s largest pharmaceuticals company #143 in Fortune Global 500 2008 Pharmacosmos. manufacturer of generic Biotech formulations (Human Insulin) in Bangladesh Procter & Gamble.MED. specializing in the manufacture of solid medicinal forms. one of the leading pharmaceutical companies in Pakistan Sepracor.. a US based company providing innovative. Literature s. Patient Education Programmes Ranbaxy. maker of Oxcycontin Pharmapick. one of the leading drug distributor based in the Philippines OZ Biosciences S. fastest growing marketing support company. Generic arm of Daichi Sankyo Rhys Healthcare Pvt Ltd.. Denmark Pierre Fabre Group. high quality. third largest French pharmaceutical company Pliva. among the top five fastest growing companies.A. Venous Disease
. a growing pharmaceutical company from India Schering-Plough.. a growing pharmaceutical company whose products include Lunesta and Xopenex Servier Laboratories. pharmaceutical company based in India Onox Interworld Ent. a French pharmaceutical company specialized in Cardiology. a global top-20 pharmaceutical company based in France #178 on Fortune Global 500 2008 Sanquin Pharmaceutical Services. research-focused healthcare firm with pharmaceutical and diagnostics products #175 in Fortune Global 500 2008 Sanofi-Aventis. a Dutch company Sara Pharmaceuticals. Inc. the largest pharmaceuticals company by turnover in Central and Eastern Europe with headquarters located in Zagreb. based in Denmark Pharmed Medicare. develops and produces reagent-based molecular delivery systems Pak Fah Yeow International Limited. known for the Hoe Hin brand Pfizer.s. Diabetes. a leading pharmaceutical company of Pakistan Pharma Nord. based in Japan Orchid Pharmaa. based in Prague Czech Republic Purdue Pharma.. is a biopharmaceutical company based in Manchester. makers of Visual Aids.
one of the best quality makers in China Siza International Limited.. rown to become a global Group active in Chemistry. A 20. make pharmaceuticals and specialty Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) for domestic and international markets Swiss Health SwissPharmatech Co.. Belgium Square Pharmaceuticals Limited. an independent pharmaceutical manufacturer making branded generic drugs for other companies with production sites in Germany. a Swiss pharmaceutical company. Torrent Pharmaceuticals. neurology. and oncology XL Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. a top-20 pharmaceutical company based in Japan Temmler. Ireland.. USA-based #381 on Fortune Global 500 2008 Xian Janssen.. infectious disease. headquartered in Mumbai. a USA-based company Vion Pharmaceuticals. focused on dermatology Strides Arcolab Limited. India. an Australian company Sinoway Pharmaceuticals Manufacturer. Italy and Switzerland Teva Pharmaceutical Industries. formerly ICN Pharmaceuticals. a global Pharmaceutical Firm focusing on Cardiovascular and Antidiabetic Drugs based in the Philippines.Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies Shire Pharmaceuticals Group. an India company with major national top brand generics.8 million dollar company Wyeth. one of the 5 largest pharmaceutical companies in China Sigma Pharmaceuticals Limited. a global manufacturer of mainly generic pharmaceuticals. specializing in gastrointestinal. having presence in more than 22 nations
. one of the world leaders in softgel capsules Sun Pharmaceuticals. a manufacturer of mainly generic pharmaceuticals. Takeda. one of the world's leading specialty biopharmaceutical companies based in the UK. Shuzhong Pharmacy Co. a USA-based company Wings Pharmaceuticals Pvt. a USA-based company Vanguard Group of Companies. based in India UCB.Ltd. an India-based manufacturing and exporting company. one of China's largest pharmaceutical company.. Inc. based in Israel. largest pharmaceutical company in Bangladesh Stratpharma AG. based in India T&G Medicare. immunology. an India based company Vertex Pharmaceuticals. pain control. Ltd. a Pakistani company Solvay Group. a Belgian biopharmaceutical company Valeant. a global top-20 manufacturer of mainly generic pharmaceuticals. a USA-based company ViroPharma.. based in Brussels. psychiatry.
a Spanish holding company whose Biotechnological Sector subsidiaries includes PharmaMar.Appendix G: Pharmaceutical Companies
Zeltia.A.. Zentiva.A. manufacturing and marketing of branded equivalents <end>
.U. a Czech company specializing in the development. Neuropharma and Sylentis S.. S. Genomica.U.