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LEDs for Beginners

LEDs for Beginners

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Published by boon1961
The basics on using LEDs, or how not to burn them up in your projects.
The basics on using LEDs, or how not to burn them up in your projects.

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Published by: boon1961 on Jun 29, 2013
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LEDs for Beginners
by noahw on December 14, 2006 Table of Contents LEDs for Beginners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intro: LEDs for Beginners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 1: Get some LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 2: The LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 3: Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 4: Resistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 5: One LED, no resistor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 6: One LED with a resistor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 7: Wiring up multiple LEDs in series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 8: Wiring up multiple LEDs in parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Step 9: Extrapolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related Instructables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 9

Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

http://www.instructables.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/

but I think that there could still be some use for a detailed step by step explanation about the basics of LEDs for anyone who could use it. needle nose pliers. I figured that would allow me to mix and match and make enough different voltage combinations to make something light up . neither have I. solder. I got: 2760307 5mm Red LED 1.but be warned their prices are really high for this kind of stuff and there are all kinds of low cost places to buy LEDs online. and since so many projects on instructables use LEDs.5V AA's.1 V 2760036 Flasher Red LED 5 V 2760041 2 Pack Red LED 2. electrical pliers. Consider yourself warned. If you want to learn about what these materials are check out these wikipedia entries: LEDs Power supply Resistors Materials: LEDs . I wasn't too sure what I would need in terms of resistors here either.LED Throwies. I gathered up a soldering gun.4V Power Supply . ***If you have wired up LEDs before.instructables.Intro: LEDs for Beginners This instructable shows how to wire up one or more LEDs in a in a basic and clear way.Again. LED Beginner Project: Part 2 and 9v LED flashlight .7 V 2760351 5MM Yellow LED 2.I really didn't know what I would need to power them so I bought some 9V batteries and some 1. I thought I might as well teach myself and post about it too. From what I have read from other LED instructables wiring in a resistor is almost always a good idea.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ .teh best evarrr!. I know that there are many projects already posted that contain information about how to wire LEDs for simple projects . this explanation might seem overly simplistic. For this project I ended up going to Radioshack because its close and a lot of people have access to it . http://www. some primary wire and electrical tape too since I thought they might be useful. Resistors . but I never really knew what I was doing.I have used LEDs once or twice before for simple applications.*** Step 1: Get some LEDs So I wasn't completely honest .I basically just reached into the drawer at Radioshack and pulled out anything that wasn't more than $1 or $2 per LED. To light up an LED you need at the very minimum the LED itself and a power supply.6 V 2760086 Jumbo Red LED 2.or at least burn those little suckers out in a puff of smelly plastic smoke. Never done any work before with LEDs and don't know how to use them? Its ok. so I just bought a variety pack of 1/2 Watt Carbon Film Resistors (2710306). The first step was to buy some supplies and figure out what I would need to experiment with. Since I got a whole bunch of different LEDs with various voltages I knew that I would need a couple different types of resistors.

You can also take a look inside the LED itself and see whats going on. voltages. This is the annode or the positive ( ) electrode. Image Notes 1. The bigger piece inside means it should be the negative electrode. Generally speaking the longer wire is the positive electrode and the shorter wire is the negative electrode.Step 2: The LED LEDs come in different sizes. This is the cathode or the negative (-) electrode. but it has the longer of the two leads coming off and in actuality turned out to be the positive electrode. Once I knew what was positive and what was negative I just had to remember what the voltage of each LED was. But be warned . The smaller of the metal pieces inside the LED connects to the positive electrode and the bigger one is the negative electrode (see picture below). The first thing I did with the LEDs was figure out which wire (its called an electrode) was positive and which was negative.in the LEDs I picked up I didn't always find this to be true and some of the LEDs had the longer electrode on the negative when it should be on the positive. Image Notes 1. but the selection at Radioshack is pretty small and so I just picked up a couple different LEDs from what they had in a few different brightnesses and voltages. Go figure . 2. colors and beam patterns. http://www.instructables.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ . I kept close track of what LED was what voltage because I didn't want to accidentally send too much current through one of the low voltage LEDs. brightnesses.its OK though. 2. 20mA is standard for most LEDs. All my LEDs recommended 20mA of current. if it didn't light up I just flipped it around. The longer wire here turned out to be the positive electrode even though it connected to the bigger piece of metal in the LED itself.

Do it yourself or Have it done for you I'll go through the examples of how I calculated the values myself in the next few steps when I start wiring up my LEDs.Step 3: Power supply To make the power supplies I just soldered some wire onto the ends of the batteries I had bought so that I could easily attach the LEDs to them.5V) power supply.instructables. Step 4: Resistors I opened up the assortment pack to find that resistors aren't labeled with what value they are. For the time being I just admired their little colored stripes and moved on to trying to get just one LED to light up. Here are two pages which explain in depth about how to calculate resistor values. I didn't use alligator clips on the ends of the wire. http://www. but they would have been helpful here. The 9V battery served as my 9V power supply.5V = 4.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ . The pack said it contained a whole bunch of different resistors from 100 ohms to 1 Meg ohm so I set out to see what was what.5V power supply and three AA batteries bundled together made a 4.5V (1. When I poked around online I found that all resistors have a coding system on them that tells you what value they are.5V + 1. one AA battery made a 1.5V + 1.

. Sometimes if you give them too little voltage they wont light at all. no resistor I thought that I would start as simply as I possibly could .com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ .. LEDs require sufficient voltage to light them.5V and I knew I wouldn't kill the LED with too much power.5V power supply would light the 1. or even be slightly less.7V LED since the battery outputs 1. First I had to decide what power source to use and which LED to light up.instructables. but this was my first time through so I might as well be as clear as possible. or you can use a resistor that allows you use a higher voltage power supply with a lower voltage LED. http://www. other times they will just shine dimly with low voltage. change the LED your using.just one LED with no resistor. The color bands on the resistors indicate what value they are. For now I just wanted to get one lit up so I chose my the power supply that had the lowest voltage .let there be LED light! This first experiment was pretty easy to do .7V LED without need a resistor. I wrapped my positive wire from the battery to the positive electrode of the LED and wrapped the negative wire from the battery to my negative electrode and presto .the single AA battery which outputs 1.5V. So ideally you would like the voltage of the LED to match the voltage of your power supply.Image Notes 1. Too much voltage is bad and can burn out the LED instantaneously. Step 5: One LED. you can find whatever value resistor you need. Using the websites I linked to above. I chose to light the red 1. This may seem obvious. To do this you can do a couple of things: change your power supply voltage.just some wire twisting and enough knowledge to know that the 1.

the resistors I got all have 5% tolerance and 5% is represented by gold Check out the decoder page link above if this isn't making sense.Step 6: One LED with a resistor It was just a coincidence that I bought an LED that was 1. Using a lower value could burn out your LED. The 150 ohm resistor stopped enough of the 4. a 150ohm resistor should have the following color code. So the math is. Again. This is just the process that I went through to figure out what resistor to use with my particular LED with my particular power supply.7V) / . Its always better to use the next closest value resistor greater than what you calculated. I looked through all the resistors.V2) / I where: V1 = power supply voltage V2 = LED voltage I = LED current (usually 20mA which is .enough power to burn out my 1. it takes 20mA (which is . R = (4. and wired it in line on the positive electrode of the LED...and many other instructables reference this as a good one.7V and that it ended up working being able to be powered by my 1.7V. Low and behold.5V . To figure out which resistor to use I used the formula: R = (V1 .5V.1.02A) Now there are lots of calculators online that will do this for you . the math really isn't too hard and so I wanted to go through the calculation myself and understand whats going on. To figure out the color code you basically break down the first two digits of the resistor value. so I would have to use a resistor. gold.02 A) of current and my supply is 4.5V .02 A R = 140 ohms Once I knew that I needed a resistor of 140 ohms to get the correct amount of voltage to the LED I looked into my assortment package of resistors to see if I could find the right one.. Knowing the value of a resistor requires reading the code from the color bands on the resistor itself.7V LED that it lit up safely and kept it from burning out.5V power supply from reaching the 1.. Using the color to number secret decoder website found here. the LED lit up once again. Gold . however. Brown because the first digit in the value resistor I needed is 1 Green because the fifth digit is 5 Brown because in order to get to 150 you have to add one 0 to 15 to get to 150.instructables. green. use the third digit to multiply the first two by and then assign the fourth digit as an indicator of tolerance. (Whenever using a resistor on an LED it should get placed before the LED on the positive electrode). For this second setup I decided to use the same LED. my LED is 1. That sounds a lot more difficult than it really is. The package didn't come with a 140 ohm resistor but it did come with a 150 ohm one. found the one that was brown.7V LED. You can easily use the formula above to figure out what value resistor to use with whatever LED and power source you happen to be using. http://www.5V power supply without the use of a resistor. but up my power supply to the three AA batteries wired together which output 4. brown.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ .

. R = (9V .Step 7: Wiring up multiple LEDs in series Now that I knew how to wire one LED with various combinations of LED voltages and power supplies. (Thanks beanwaur and shark500 for pointing this out. Instead of wiring them in series. http://www. LEDs wired in series are connected end to end (the negative electrode of the first LED connects to the positive electrode of the second LED and the negative electrode of the second LED connects to the positive electrode of the third LED and so on and so on. two 100 Ohm resistors wired together in series will equal 1 200 Ohm resistor (100 + 100 = 200). What that means is that if I had a 12V car battery.aside from my little confusion between wiring resistors in series and in parallel. When it comes to wiring more than one LED to a power supply there are two options. So.2V) / . 6. 2. Just like LEDs.02A R = 190 Ohms Next higher resistance value . there was LED light! With three different combinations of LEDs and battery power supplies and no puffs of plastic smoke yet things were looking good . I could power 4. I had originally wanted to wire two 100 Ohm resistors together to equal the 200 Ohms of resistance I needed to protect my LEDs. I'm going to cover wiring LEDs in series first. in the most simplified sense. I learned this key point after I wired my resistors together for the experiment.200 Ohms Now the variety package of resistors didn't come with a 190 or 200 Ohm resistor. as it should have been. resistors can be wired together in either series or parallel (see next step for an explanation on wiring things together in parallel). Hypothetically this could also work to power 12. The first option is to wire them in series and the second is to wire them in parallel. Unfortunately.) I took my resistors and placed them in front of the positive lead of the first LED that was wired in series and hooked them up to the battery and once again. The main advantage of wiring things in series is that it distributes the total voltage of the power source between all of the LEDs. Having too much power getting to the LEDs would probably burn them out in the long term. 2V LEDs. let's try wiring 2. 3V LEDs (attaching a resistor to each of them). To see an in depth explanation about the difference between series and parallel check out this page.6V LEDs in series to the 9V power supply and run through the math.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ . When same value resistors are wired together in parallel you divide the value of the resistor by the number of resistors wired together.. or even 1 12V LED if such a thing existed. but it did come with other resistors which I could use to make a 200 Ohm resistor. I wired my resistors in parallel (did I mention I am beginner with resistors?) So my resistors were only providing 50 Ohms of resistance . it was time to explore how to light up multiple LEDs.).5. When same value resistors are wired together in series you add their resistance. Two 100 Ohm resistors wired together in parallel will equal one 50 Ohm resistor (100 / 2 = 50). Ok.which apparently worked out OK on my LEDs in the short duration of the experiment.instructables. 1V LEDs.

just two 1.and now I have learned a valuable lesson about wiring resistors in series and in parallel. I decided to do two different parallel setups.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ .04A. I connected the two positive electrodes on the LEDs to the positive wire coming from the battery and connected the two negative electrodes on the LEDs to the negative wire coming from the battery. Wiring them in parallel means that each LED will receive the total voltage that the power supply is outputting.7V LEDs didn't require a resistor because the 1. LEDs wired in parallel use one wire to connect all the positive electrodes of the LEDs your using to the positive wire of the power supply and use another wire to connect all the negative electrodes of the LEDs your using to the negative wire of the power supply. LED's wired in series Step 8: Wiring up multiple LEDs in parallel Unlike LEDs that are wired in series. I ended up just repeating the mistake that I made in the last step again though. And my values for the formula this time were: R = (9V . a 12V battery wired to four 3V LEDs in series would distribute 3V to each of the LEDs. And finally. and wired them together in parallel by mistake and so the two 100 Ohm resistors only ended up providing 50 Ohms of resistance.enough to burn out the LEDs for sure! Wiring LEDs in parallel allows many LEDs to share just one low voltage power supply. the were drawing more current from the battery and would thus make the battery drain faster. In short.V2) / I where: V1 = supply voltage V2 = LED voltage I = LED current (we had been using 20 mA in our other calculations but since wiring LEDs in parallel draws more current I had to multiply the current that one LED draws by the total number of LEDs I was using. they would draw even more current from the battery and drain it even faster. This is the safer http://www.7V) / . just some warnings. wiring in series divides the total power supply between the LEDs. these LEDs were particularly forgiving of my mistake . It also only works if all the LEDs you are using have exactly the same power specifications. R = (V1 .5V AA battery.I.Image Notes 1. they all share it.wiring in parallel drains your power supply faster than wiring things in series because they end up drawing more current from the power supply..7V LEDs were lit by the 1.while I put my resistor in front of both LEDs it is recommended that you put a resistor in front of each LED. Again. now onto to actually doing the thing. These LED's were forgiving.but since they were wired in parallel there is a slight change to the formula when it comes to the current . For the second setup.7V LEDs wired in parallel to a single 1. Wiring things in parallel has some distinct advantages over wiring things in series. OK. but not more than the LEDs voltage .5 Ohms Again.04A R = 182.certainly too much juice for the LEDs alone so I would have to use a resistor for sure. I decided to put everything I had learned together and wire the two LEDs in parallel to my 9V power supply . Two 100ohm resistors were wired together in parallel to provide 50 Ohms of resistance. since the variety pack didn't come with that exact value resistor I attempted to use the two 100 Ohm resistors bundled together in series to make 200 Ohms of resistance. So. To figure out what value I should use I went back to the trusty formula . I had meant to wire them together in series to provide the 200ohms of resistance that the LED's needed. If you wire a whole bunch of LEDs in parallel rather than dividing the power supplied to them between them.instructables. (This set up is not pictured) Both of the 1. but remember. 20 mA x 2 = 40 mA.5V power supply.so there was no risk of burning it out. say two AA batteries putting out a total of 3V and each of the LEDs would get the 3V they need. We could take those same four 3V LEDs and wire them in parallel to a smaller power supply. 2.5V coming from the battery was enough to light the LED. or . Do NOT mix and match different types/colors of LEDs when wiring in parallel.. But that same 12V battery wired to four 3V LEDs in parallel would deliver the full 12V to each LED . The first one I tried was as simple as it could be . The 1. One last note about wiring LEDs in parallel . If there were more LEDs connected to the battery.1.

but for the most part. or using web sites that do it for you.7V LEDs connected to the 9V battery lit up . this information can be used to make all kinds of cool things! The take away concepts hopefully were: .all be it if I sent a little too much juice through them towards the end of the experiment. The 1.Wire LEDs in series or in parallel depending on the application.and I learned a whole lot along the way. This is where I made a mistake .these two resistors were wired together in parallel when they should have been wired together in series and placed before the positive electrode of each of the LED's.and my small adventure into LED land was completed. Related Instructables Parallel and Series Circuit by tjayfowler LED CAR SIGNAL LIGHTS by jerpelea LEDs (Article) by howitgoes Hood Light LED Mod by XOIIO Beginners wiring projects: LED banks by Firebert010 LED Beginner Project: Part 2 by Willd http://www. .instructables. I ended up providing only 50 Ohms of resistance for the LED's when I had wanted to give them 200 Ohms. .Make calculations to determine what resistor is needed using the formula. . and with relatively little knowledge I was able to light them up .Power a whole bunch of different value LEDs using the same basic principals. I don't fear the LED now.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ . Image Notes 1.Make LEDs light up! This was the most basic kind of walk through for LEDs possible . LED arrays and wiring schemes can get significantly more complicated .and also ensures that you don't make the mistake that I did accidentally. They are my friends. .Figure out what is the positive electrode and what is the negative electrode of an LED by looking at it and testing it.better way to wire LEDs in parallel with resistors . . or combinations of resistors wired together in series or in parallel to supply the correct amount of power to the LED. Step 9: Extrapolation While I didn't actually end up making anything besides a couple of lit LEDs. LEDs are pretty simple to work with.Use resistors.

Then.. 11:29 AM REPLY No. 50 x .. or take cover until they pop Im not sure this is following the "positive" policy. cover the batteries and throw them outside.Comments 50 comments Add Comment view all 509 comments babylonfive says: Mar 10. but its more to protect people from my experience. take heed the warnings: 1.. justaj says: Thanks for your reply! Sorry I wasn't clear. either grab a towel. because one LED uses more current for the same forward voltage. and it nearly blinded me. 2007. you would use the same working configuration for a single leg or multiple legs. 2009. and an LED that uses 20mA at 3V. does the resistor have to be the full value? So for example he used two 100ohm resistors in series above. it's brighter. sometimes by a lot. 2009. David justaj says: Apr 9. 2011. In fact. babylonfive says: Apr 9. sfrazier2 says: Jul 2. remember that mA are thousandths of Amps.or think of it really as a curve of current over forward voltage.12A etc. the higher forward voltage LED winks out.. 3:26 AM REPLY It seem you know a lot about led i'm looking to go to led on my reef aquarium to save energy and money I have now metal halide total 500 watts. 2011. 8:08 PM REPLY If you mean about 200 ohms (i. Wear goggles! 2. batteries can do much better than 1A without much voltage reduction. 180 ohms) on each leg.so that if one LED burns out (becomes an open) the remaining LED would use twice the current (overcurrent) and then fail as well . would it be a 200ohm resistor for each? My guess would be yes but I am new to this. If the batteries get seriously hot. you can keep adding legs with an LED and a resistor. the heat is crazy hot and the light bill is through the roof. Finally. Each leg draws the 20mA as a separate subsystem. It's like a warning to prevent lawsuits.e.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ .so that the current and brightness will be somewhat equalized Imagine a situation with two LEDs of the same type but a sightly different forward voltage at the specific current . 5:09 PM REPLY babylonfive says: Apr 9. 2009. http://www. 2009. 3 will use . 2V/100ohms = .5 Ohms So in that case it would be a 200ohm resistor for each correct? Apr 9.. The only limitation would be the maximum current available at the + point. then yes. Two will use 80mA. stop immediately 3.1. 11:40 PM REPLY I'd be careful soldering those batteries... up to the limit of the power supply. 11:53 PM REPLY If you do decide to try it anyway.safety . If he did what you said.020A (20mA). as it's own circuit. You should see it as if the + point in the drawing above were two independent batteries. because the frequent violence heat applied to them from soldering could make them explode. I was referring to step 8 where he used the 9V and wired the two LEDs in parallel. so a power supply rated 1A @ 5V would provide enough power for 50 LEDs.. R = (9V . Please reply with any questions or comments. I just tried.020A (20mA) = 1A. If you hear the batteries emit a sizzling sound. I personally DO NOT recommend it Pieman27 says: Jan 25. 1:23 PM REPLY The two big reasons why you place a resistor in series with each LED are: . So: in your example above you have a 5V supply. Thus each leg would correctly function with a 100ohm resistor.instructables. up to the limit the 9V battery will source. and reducing battery life obviously. 10:09 AM REPLY So if you add a resistor in series with each LED.04A R = 182.7V) / . when the battery voltage falls. I know. what would you recommend for a 60"x10" strip Pieman27 says: Jan 25. 2011. I hope this helps you think about this in a way that allows you work with LEDs and resistors in the future. it'll keep adding current. then the voltage 'left over' across the resistor on any one leg is 2V.

do you know what configuration that you want the LEDs hooked up in (parallel or series)? Lastly.5V is because the Alkaline Battery has an internal resistance. dang that's a lot.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ . What would be the best way to hook them up and with what ohm of resistor? Thanks Jun 2. 12:13 PM REPLY Natrix2494 says: so. what do you want to power the LEDs with (i. no. what are the electrical values associated with the LEDs (Forward Voltage and forward current)? sko56 says: Jul 14. My project is to light up 8 LEDs. the LEDs started to get hot. (1+1+1+1) + (1+1+1+1). electrical tape. 2010. 9:12 PM REPLY The only reason the LED doesn't Fry from adding 1. 2011. i actually meant electrical pliers. Apr 25. 4:08 PM REPLY so i need a soldering gun (would a soldering iron also work?). I say. theawesomedude92 says: by wire strippers. 2011.08ohm right? then it would require no resistor since 6v-6v=0 right? Or would that get too hot and require resistors? any help is appreciated!!! Thanks!! http://www. Ohms Law Holds true I (current) = V(volts)/R(resistance in ?) . what kind of battery).e. can i do this without the soldering gun? lemme guess.08ohm) + (3V. then 2 of 4 pararell LEDs in series. so I'm thinking (3V. 2011. same reason a "throwie" works without a resistor. and wire strippers. 8:29 AM REPLY m144578 says: Can someone help me out? I have two 5 Volt LEDs from radio shack. i can wire 6 1. I have a question but btw.2 Current: 20ma Battery: 6V Mar 26. you have an awesome website for ppl like me who's interested in learning to light up some LEDs!!! Forward voltage: 3. damadtatter says: How do you make an ohm's symbol on a keyboard? May 5. 9:56 AM REPLY Alright. 2011. 11:28 PM REPLY gt_cochran says: Jun 20. 2011. so like. 2011. well. batteries. If there was no resistance the current would be near Infinity causing the Wattage to go through the roof as well (W=I^2*R). I first tested my 2 of my LED. wire. 2011. 1:31 PM REPLY ahwang says: Hi. 6:32 PM REPLY theawesomedude92 says: tell them i said hi Apr 30.dreamberry says: Safety is always positive. First of all. 9:20 PM REPLY theawesomedude92 says: Apr 25. Secondly. solder. Getting ready to try my first led project. .instructables. 4:11 PM REPLY dthomas-1 says: ok.0-3. in a series without any resistors to my 6V and baam! it lit up! thanks! but after about 20 secs. 8:31 AM REPLY 1. . that explains a LOT! I'll send the tired girls home now and get back to work Apr 29. Thanks! Jul 1. 2011.5v leds up to a 9v battery and not need a resistor? Jun 25. you need to know a few things. 2011.08ohm) so it would be 6V with . 4 pararell LED each side. Following your instruction. Is that normal? I don't think I'd need any resistors or I wouldn't even know how since I would get 0 ohm resistor value 2. 2011. LED lights.

2011.Its enough two leds of 2 vlts or i need a resistor. 7:20 AM REPLY Mr.. 2011. It's the Voltage that'll kill the LED.com/id/USB-DRAGONFLY-STEAMPUNK-LAMP/ thnk u again for the help Jan 17. It's always best to have a resistor with LED's. I have a question i must ask a question from quoting the series ? calculation descrtiption: Dec 6. 11:07 AM REPLY It's actually the CURRENT that will kill the LED as the current provides the heating-effect that will destroy the crystal.. It won't work at full volume but it Will work up to 1/4 volume quite nicely. The LED is rated for a typical VOLTAGE. 2010. 9:30 AM REPLY What about to conect Leds to an USB power source.talkingelectronics.08 amps Jul 19. I suggest doing some more research and test your views prior to posting. 5:47 PM REPLY thisisradionick says: What is the project? Jan 16. 10:31 AM REPLY From the wikipedia entry.no more.. USB is 5V. 2011. 2011. 12 is the key. 4:52 AM REPLY your_dragon113 says: Jul 20... I car battery has hundreds of amps. Mr. 11:01 PM REPLY Mr...5.Amps tell you how Many and how Long you can run it/them.talkingelectronics.2V) / . If you take a car stereo and hook it up to a 1 Amp power supply then.com/ http://www. let's try wiring 2. 2010.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ . Voltage says what you can run. 2011.. 2010. by your way of thinking. As soon as you supply a voltage higher than the CHARACTERISTIC VOLTAGE of the LED (about 1. colin55 says: Mar 25. A 100ohm resistor should be fine..Sanchez says: This project was a winner in an artist convention. 2010.html Colin Mitchell lions3 says: What are the watts rating on the resistors you're using? Does it matter? Feb 2.so I got to better things up http://www.6V LEDs in series to the 9V power supply and run through the math.man I really need that info.. 2011. And you can use any kind of batteries bobbubbles says: iv only got a couple of 4.02A R= 190 Ohms Next higher resistance value . 6:59 AM REPLY I'm sorry but you're wrong.com/projects/30%20LED%20Projects/30%20LED%20Projects. See 30 LED Projects on Talking Electronics website: http://www.. 2011. 9:35 AM REPLY I think they have a thing called lilypad for clothing and you can use thread thats conductive look at sparkfun. R = (9V . so I guess it depends on the level of quality and reliability you want from your project. 2. thisisradionick says: Jan 16.7 kohms resistors could i use this?? (sry couldent upload image its yellow violet red gold) Jan 17.com they have it also you would probably want to use smaller leds maybe SMD.instructables. Otherwise when you hook it up in the car it'd blow up due to the "hundreds of amps". 2011.Sanchez says: Thnk u so much I did it and work so much better Jan 16.7v for a red LED) the LED will want to take a very high current and it is this CURRENT that will over-heat the LED. it would burn it out. The unit needs 12VDC and about 4 Amps to run at peak performance. 5:49 AM REPLY "Ok. you can use that in your calculations.Sanchez says: Dec 3... It will ONLY draw the current that it NEEDS.arduinoer says: If you wired a car battery to any amount to leds. 2011. Jan 18.instructables. I have gotten by without one. 7:53 AM REPLY kawaii kappuke-ki says: Could you use button batteries? I want to use the LED's on clothing and those big batteries are to bulky.? I´ll really apreciate the info. 1:37 PM REPLY Munchys says: Jan 22. it shouldn't work. It will ONLY take the Amps that it needs.200 Ohms" I know Ohms law and all but i am curious to know http://www... Leds take . 6:08 PM REPLY Its Giggles says: Hi thank you so much for this info on LEDs.

Let me tell you rules number 1. 2010. "Power" or Voltage doesnt kill leds (unless you hook them up the way you did) its actually current that burns them up. 5:48 PM REPLY Umm Yes and NO. Aug 7.why is it that the 5. 2007.. 7:08 AM REPLY kamenkoo says: I want to connect LED to my speakers. Next time either 1 hook a resistor up and/or wear safety gogles.instructables. UgniusR says: Nov 16. Batteries have an internal resistance value.. 10:05 PM REPLY http://www... i am trying to learn here.. 6:06 PM REPLY jrgcool35 says: Mar 16. please be patient.. But thank you for the additional help. if you have 2 3V LEDs in series. 9:06 PM REPLY -. 10:06 PM REPLY killrsheep says: Mar 21.6V))= 3. (its a very small one ands its just because perfect batteries dont exist. LEDS are fun: its basic electronics only calculus you will ever need to do is subtraction and ohms law jrgcool35 says: Mar 21. 2010... 9:13 AM REPLY Its Giggles says: Well.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ ... Dec 23..5V battery".2v is subtracted from the 9v? Considering that in series. 6:04 AM REPLY You don't need a resistor is the voltage is right.7v LED or then i WILL explode (personal experiences) jrgcool35 says: it* I wont explode lol Mar 21.. 1. 2010.8V / . 2010. robert0joe says: hohum says: A USB OutPut. and you hook up 6v. 2011. you don't need a resistor. I'd be realllly careful about pushing a few amps thru an LED Feb 20. -m Dec 23.you must not know much about LEDs.8V V=I*R V/I=R 3. " my led did not die out with a 1. in a perfect battery. NEVER EVER hook a LED up to a battery without a resitor becasue it can/will explode in your face possibly sending the plastic shards ino your eyes. it's just easier to help when you disclose know your actual skill level. 2007. It doesn't explode in my face or go boom! I sometimes even live it for an hour or two. trust me its not nice. . 10:04 PM REPLY Oh i didn't notice that he was using almost identical voltages then its ok but to be safe only put it on with a resistor and dont hook up a 9v battery to a 1. For example. current would rise to infinity in this setup) wich means that the only thing limititng the current on that led is the battery.. .8V 400mAh rechargeable battery. .and do you 'really' understand Ohm's law? Dec 21.. NEVER EVER hook a led without a resistor. but it wont explode. But why in your calculations is this subtraction? thanks :) -m mxc1090 says: Total Voltage = 9V Voltage drop per LED = 2.6V Voltage "left" to drop over resistor = (9V-(2*2. i appreciate it alot. because... 2007. 2010. 2010. Think before you write something. :)) How can i do that ?? :)) What should i do?? :)) Thanks :))) Nov 24. 2007. Voltage total= v1+v2+v3.. 6:34 AM REPLY mxc1090 says: Anytime.02A = R R = 190ohms .5amp. (i havent tried on voltages over 9V) it will only burn up and produce a very dimm light: why you say?. 9:35 PM REPLY I power 2 LEDs in parallel with USB(5V and a few amps) or sometimes a 4.. is 5vdc and .

on a vehicle application.barring that would it be better to get a light strip already to plug up to my system? Jul 19.engineer. 5:15 PM REPLY well i'm just fullblown confused.??????????????or.. steelersfan32 says: Well in some extreme case you could too! Jul 14.resistance.. 2010. Since it's a series circuit. depreciation. but series circuits are a d9ifferent ball game.ohms.02 A). and assuming you're not taking into consideration the cost of the motor. 10:20 PM REPLY ok cyber. 2010. 2010. It is the voltage that kills LEDs.3 V / 0. 4:16 PM REPLY Hey I feel like i've figured out this resistor thing. 5/0. i will be up till 3 am est.i just need to know. 10:10 PM REPLY tlinder says: Nov 12. view all 509 comments http://www. 2:07 PM REPLY no it dosn't because if your like me and you put an LED on a 12v computer power supply it goes really bright and then goes off and the plastic melts. 2010. etc. have you ever seen a copy of UGLYSELECTRICAL-REFERENCES ? if not look at series and parall circuits again.com/id/LEDs-for-Beginners/ .. 412-335-3508 frankentrike says: petre says: cactushugger says: Aug 20. useful life. The resistor size will be determined by the current the circuit needs to draw: 20 mA -. discounting the size of the power cable? do you that not one could not answer correctly..geekman101 says: Jul 19. Say you have a 5V power supply (USB) and one LED that will optimally draw 20 mA and have a 3. but my resistor is getting very hot while the lights are AOK. if i have a motor is it cheaper to run it on 240 or 120.. if you are talking parall circuits you are correct. here is my number..This time use 5V.3V voltage drop.. i have worked with many engeneers young and old and here is one question that i asked them. 6:17 PM REPLY mickgoth says: i must say it is fun to line about 30 in series and watch them explode.02= 250 Ohms..can i wire 4 leds together[12v rated each for automotive use] together in series with a 5 amp fuse [or higher]and run them off an automotive power supply[car battery or alternator]as an accesory light. does it matter if I am using 2 different kinds of leds choosing to calculate through the lower voltage kind when wiring in parallel? Sep 4. without going to a book.instructables. just subtract the 165 Ohms to get 85 Ohms. 2010.. 10:30 AM REPLY The 240 because it will draw less current. assuming you're talking about a DC supply. 2010.voltage[i kinda understand the last one] never was a whiz on math.. i get bored Aug 8. Use Ohm's Law to analyze a simple series circuit: V=IR. Bump it up to 100 for good measure and a readily available resistor..(R=V/I again) -. 2010. That means it will have a resistance of 165 Ohms in that circuit (R=V/I=3.

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